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Title:
OIL PUMP, ENGINE COVER AND ENGINE COMPRISING THE SAME
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/143483
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An oil pump is provided. The oil pump comprises a shell (1), a rotor mounting part (11) on the shell (1), and a rotor mechanism (2) disposed on the rotor mounting part (11). The shell (1) has an inlet (161) and an outlet (162) and defines a low-pressure oil chamber (12) and a high-pressure oil chamber (13) therein. A buffer chamber (14) is defined between the low-pressure oil chamber (12 and the high-pressure oil chamber (13), and a barrier wall (41) is disposed between the buffer chamber (14) and the low-pressure oil chamber (12). An engine cover comprising the oil pump and an engine comprising the engine cover are also provided.

Inventors:
ZHENG, Junli (No. 3009, BYD Road Pingsha, Shenzhen Guangdong 8, 518118, CN)
LIU, Jing (No. 3009, BYD Road Pingsha, Shenzhen Guangdong 8, 518118, CN)
LI, Haibin (No. 3009, BYD Road Pingsha, Shenzhen Guangdong 8, 518118, CN)
LIN, Jinchen (No. 3009, BYD Road Pingsha, Shenzhen Guangdong 8, 518118, CN)
Application Number:
CN2013/073368
Publication Date:
October 03, 2013
Filing Date:
March 28, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SHENZHEN BYD AUTO R&D COMPANY LIMITED (Part B, 1/F Bldg#B2,Yucan Industrial Area,Lanzhu Road, Shenzhen Export Processing Zone, Shenzhen Grand Industrial Zon, Shenzhen Guangdong 8, 518118, CN)
BYD COMPANY LIMITED (No. 3009, BYD Road Pingsha, Shenzhen Guangdong 8, 518118, CN)
International Classes:
F16N13/20; F01M1/02
Foreign References:
CN202546211U2012-11-21
CN202546203U2012-11-21
CN202596832U2012-12-12
CN202596831U2012-12-12
JP2011038403A2011-02-24
JPH08100620A1996-04-16
CN201723266U2011-01-26
CN201778850U2011-03-30
Other References:
See also references of EP 2831487A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
TSINGYIHUA INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LLC (Room 301, Trade Building Zhaolanyuan,Tsinghua University, Qinghuayuan, Haidian District, Beijing 4, 100084, CN)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An oil pump, comprising:

a shell having an inlet and an outlet and defining a low-pressure oil chamber and a high-pressure oil chamber therein, the low-pressure oil chamber having a low-pressure oil passage communicated with the inlet, and the high-pressure oil chamber having a high-pressure oil passage communicated with the outlet;

a rotor mounting part on the shell and having a rotor supporting structure; and

a rotor mechanism disposed on the rotor mounting part,

wherein a buffer chamber is defined between the low-pressure oil chamber and the high-pressure oil chamber, and a barrier wall is disposed between the buffer chamber and the low-pressure oil chamber.

2. The oil pump according to claim 1, wherein the barrier wall is disposed at a side of the inlet and parallel to an inflowing direction of an oil flowing into the low-pressure chamber through the inlet.

3. The oil pump according to claim 1, wherein a top end face of the barrier wall is a circular arc surface. 4. The oil pump according to claim 1, further comprising a flow limiting wall disposed in the buffer chamber, wherein the flow limiting wall divides the buffer chamber into an inflowing buffer chamber and an outflowing buffer chamber communicated with the inflowing buffer chamber via a pressure relief mechanism. 5. The oil pump according to claim 4, wherein the shell comprises a main shell body and a cover jointed with the main shell body, the inlet and outlet formed in the cover;

wherein the flow limiting wall comprises a first flow limiting wall portion formed on the cover, and a second flow limiting wall portion formed on the main shell body;

wherein a through hole communicating the inflowing buffer chamber and the outflowing buffer chamber is formed in the flow limiting wall, and the pressure relief mechanism is disposed in the through hole.

6. The oil pump according to claim 4, wherein the outflowing buffer chamber further comprises a pressure relief channel adapted to change an outflowing direction, the pressure relief channel comprising first and second pressure relief ports disposed symmetrically with each other.

7. The oil pump according to claim 6, wherein the first and second pressure relief ports each has a right-angled trapezoid shaped cross-section.

8. The oil pump according to claim 1, further comprising a partition wall disposed between the low-pressure oil chamber and the high-pressure oil chamber for partitioning the low-pressure oil chamber and the high-pressure oil chamber.

9. The oil pump according to claim 8, wherein the partition wall comprises

a main body portion adjacent to the outlet, and

an extending portion extending from the main body portion to the rotor mounting part.

10. The oil pump according to claim 9, wherein a side of the extending portion facing to the high pressure oil chamber is inclined.

11. The oil pump according to claim 8, wherein the partition wall comprises a bolt hole formed at an end of the partition wall adjacent to the rotor mounting part.

12. The oil pump according to claim 11, wherein a width of the partition wall is 1.5 to 2 times of the maximum value of a diameter of the bolt hole.

13. An engine cover, comprising:

an engine cover body, and

an oil pump according to any one of claims 1-12 and disposed on the engine cover body, the shell of the oil pump is integral with the engine cover.

14. An engine comprising an engine cover according to claim 13.

Description:
OIL PUMP, ENGINE COVER AND ENGINE COMPRISING THE SAME

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims priority to and benefit of Chinese Patent Application Serial No. 201210087056.6 and 201220124121.3 both filed with the State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) of P. R. China on March 29, 2012, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD

The present disclosure relates to field of automobile, particularly to an oil pump, an engine cover comprising the oil pump, and an engine comprising the engine cover.

BACKGROUND

The statements in this section merely provide background information related to the present disclosure and may not constitute prior art.

Generally, the oil pump of a vehicle engine is usually a rotor pump. The rotor pump comprises a shell, and inner and outer rotors eccentrically disposed in the shell. The shell comprises an inlet communicated with a low-pressure oil chamber, and an outlet communicated with a high-pressure oil chamber. When the engine is in operation, the inner rotor is driven to rotate with the outer rotor. With the rotation of the inner rotor and the outer rotor, the low-pressure oil injected through the inlet is transformed to high-pressure oil and then discharged from the outlet. However, in conventional oil pumps, the pressure relief oil may be released directly into the low-pressure oil passage of the low-pressure oil chamber, and the pressure relief oil may impact against the oil flowing in the main flowing direction in the low-pressure oil passage, thus causing unnecessary eddy and reducing the efficiency of the oil pump.

SUMMARY

This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used as an aid in determining the scope of the claimed subject matter. In viewing thereof, the present disclosure is directed to solve at least one of the problems existing in the art. Accordingly, an oil pump is provided, which may reduce the impact force applied by the pressure relief oil, to avoid the unnecessary eddy and to improve the efficiency of the oil pump.

Embodiments according to an aspect of the present disclosure provide an oil pump. The oil pump may comprise a shell, a rotor mounting part on the shell and having a rotor supporting structure, and a rotor mechanism disposed on the rotor mounting part. The shell has an inlet and an outlet and defines a low-pressure oil chamber and a high-pressure oil chamber therein. The low-pressure oil chamber has a low-pressure oil passage communicated with the inlet, and the high-pressure oil chamber has a high-pressure oil passage communicated with the outlet. A buffer chamber is defined between the low-pressure oil chamber and the high-pressure oil chamber, and a barrier wall is disposed between the buffer chamber and the low-pressure oil chamber.

With the buffer chamber defined between the high-pressure oil chamber and the low-pressure oil chamber, the flowing direction of the pressure relief oil is changed and the flowing speed thereof is reduced, thus stabilizing flowing of the pressure relief oil. Further, with the barrier wall disposed between the outflowing buffer chamber and the low-pressure oil chamber, the pressure relief oil may flow along the barrier wall smoothly, thus avoiding the unnecessary eddy, so that the efficiency of the oil pump can be improved.

Embodiments according to another aspect of the present disclosure provide an engine cover. The engine cover comprises an engine cover body and the oil pump whose shell is integrally formed with the engine cover body.

Embodiments according to a further aspect of the present disclosure provide an engine comprising the engine cover.

Additional aspects and advantages of embodiments of present disclosure will be given in part in the following descriptions, become apparent in part from the following descriptions, or be learned from the practice of the embodiments of the present disclosure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other aspects and advantages of the disclosure will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following descriptions taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a front cross-sectional view of a cover of the oil pump according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, in which the arrows shows a flowing direction of the oil;

Fig. 2 is a front cross-sectional view of a shell of the oil pump according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the cover of the oil pump according to an embodiment of the present disclosure; and

Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the engine cover according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in detail in the following descriptions, examples of which are shown in the accompanying drawings, in which the same or similar elements and elements having same or similar functions are denoted by like reference numerals throughout the descriptions. It is to be understood that, the embodiments described herein are merely used to generally understand the present disclosure, but shall not be construed to limit the present disclosure.

In the following, detailed description of an oil pump will be given, in which like numerals refer to like elements through the accompanying figures.

As shown in Figs. 1-4, the oil pump according to an embodiment of the present disclosure comprises a shell 1, a rotor mounting part 11 on the shell, and a rotor mechanism 2 disposed on the rotor mounting part 11. The shell 1 has an inlet 161 and an outlet 162 and defines a low-pressure oil chamber 12 and a high-pressure oil chamber 13 therein. The low-pressure oil chamber 12 has a low-pressure oil passage 121 communicated with the inlet 161, and the high-pressure oil chamber 13 has a high-pressure oil passage 131 communicated with the outlet 162. The rotor mounting part 11 has a rotor supporting structure 111. A buffer chamber 14 is defined between the low-pressure oil chamber 12 and the high-pressure oil chamber 13, and a barrier wall 41 is disposed between the buffer chamber 14 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12.

With the buffer chamber 14 defined between the high-pressure oil chamber 13 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12, the flowing direction of the pressure relief oil is changed and the flowing speed thereof is reduced, thus stabilizing flowing of the pressure relief oil. Further, with the barrier wall 41 disposed between the buffer chamber 14 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12, the pressure relief oil may flow along the barrier wall 41 smoothly, thus avoiding the unnecessary eddy, so that the efficiency of the oil pump can be improved.

In some embodiments, the oil pump comprises a partition wall 3 disposed between the low-pressure oil chamber 12 and the high-pressure oil chamber 13 for partitioning and separating the low-pressure oil chamber 12 and the high-pressure oil chamber 13. The buffer chamber 14 is defined between the partition wall 3 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12, and a flow limiting wall 42 is disposed in the buffer chamber 14. The flow limiting wall 42 divides the buffer chamber 14 into an inflowing buffer chamber 142 and an outflowing buffer chamber 141 communicated with the inflowing buffer chamber 142 via a pressure relief mechanism 6.

In some embodiments, the barrier wall 41 is disposed between the outflowing buffer chamber 141 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12.

In some embodiments, the rotor mounting part 11 is disposed at an end of the shell 1. The high-pressure oil chamber 13, the buffer chamber 14 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12 are located at the same side of the periphery the rotor mounting part 11, for example, the high-pressure oil chamber 13 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12 are disposed side by side at the same side of the periphery the rotor mounting part 11 with the buffer chamber 14 is located therebetween.

In some embodiments, the shell 1 comprises a main shell body 15 and a cover 16 fitted with, for example, jointed with, the main shell body 15. The inlet 161 and the outlet 162 are formed in the cover 16.

In some embodiments, the partition wall 3 comprises a first partition wall portion 31 formed on the cover 16, and a second partition wall portion 32 formed on the main shell body 15. The second partition wall portion 32 is corresponding to and fluid-tightly joined with the first partition wall portion 31.

The buffer chamber 14 in embodiments of the present disclosure is adapted for releasing the pressure of the oil in the high-pressure oil chamber 13. With the buffer chamber 14 defined between the high-pressure oil chamber 13 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12, when the oil pressure in the high-pressure oil chamber 13 reaches a predetermined pressure, a part of the high-pressure oil (also referred as pressure relief oil hereinafter) in the high-pressure oil chamber 13 flows into the low-pressure oil chamber 12, thus releasing the oil pressure in the high-pressure oil chamber 13. In addition, by providing the buffer chamber 14, the flowing direction of the pressure relief oil is changed and the flowing speed thereof is reduced, thus stabilizing flowing of the pressure relief oil.

Further, with the barrier wall 41 disposed between the outflowing buffer chamber 141 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12, the pressure relief oil released from the inflowing buffer chamber 142 into outflowing buffer chamber 141 may flow along the barrier wall 41 smoothly and then enter into the low-pressure oil chamber 12, thus avoiding the unnecessary eddy generated by impacting of the pressure relief oil against the low-pressure oil entering the low-pressure oil chamber 12 through the inlet 161, so that the efficiency of the oil pump can be improved.

In some embodiments, the high-pressure oil chamber 13, the buffer chamber 14, and the low-pressure oil chamber 12 are provided at the same side of the periphery of the rotor mounting part 11, so that the oil pump is compact in structure and occupies a small space, which is advantageous for miniaturization of the oil pump as well as the engine having the oil pump.

In some embodiments, one end of the flow limiting wall 42 is connected with a lower portion of the rotor mounting part 111, and the other end of the flow limiting wall 42 is connected with the partition wall 3. The mounting part 111, the flow limiting wall 42, and the partition wall 3 define the inflowing buffer chamber 142. The flow limiting wall 42, the partition wall 3, and the barrier wall 41 define the outflowing buffer chamber 141. A through hole 421 communicating the inflowing buffer chamber 142 and the outflowing buffer chamber 141 is formed in the flow limiting wall 42, and the pressure relief mechanism 6 is disposed in the through hole 421.

Because the pressure and the speed of the pressure relief oil are higher than those of the oil entered the low-pressure oil chamber 12 through the inlet 16 respectively, if the pressure relief oil flows directly into the low-pressure oil passage 121 of the low-pressure oil chamber 12, the pressure relief oil may impact against the oil flowing in the main flowing direction in the low-pressure oil passage 121, thus causing unnecessary eddy and reducing the efficiency of the oil pump. In order to reduce the impact force applied by the pressure relief oil onto the oil in the low-pressure oil passage 121, to avoid the unnecessary eddy and to improve the efficiency, the barrier wall 41 is disposed at a side of the inlet 161 and parallel to an inflowing direction (main flowing direction) of an oil entering into the low-pressure oil chamber 12 through the inlet 161. A top end surface of the barrier wall 41 is a circular arc surface, thus facilitating a smooth flowing of the pressure relief oil.

In some embodiments, the low-pressure oil passage 121 and the high-pressure oil passage 131 may be disposed in the cover 16.

In some embodiments, the flow limiting wall 42 may comprise a cover flow limiting wall part 422 and a body flow limiting wall part 423 jointed with the cover flow limiting wall part 422. The cover flow limiting wall part 422 is formed on the cover 16, and the body flow limiting wall part 423 is formed on the main shell body 15.

In some embodiments, the through hole 421 communicating the inflowing buffer chamber 142 and the outflowing buffer chamber 141 is formed in the cover flow limiting wall part 422, and the pressure relief mechanism 6 is disposed in the through hole 421.

In some embodiments, the first partition wall portion 31 comprises a first main body portion 311 adjacent to the outlet 162, and a first extending portion 312 extending from the first main body portion 311 to the rotor mounting part 11. The second partition wall portion 32 comprises a second main body portion 321 adjacent to the outlet 162, and a second extending portion 322 extending from the second main body portion 321 to the rotor mounting part 11.

In some embodiments, a side (the right side in Fig. 1) of the first extending portion 312 and a side (the left side in Fig. 2) of the second extending portion 322 facing to the high pressure oil chamber is inclined, so as to facilitate to guide the flowing of the oil in the high-pressure oil chamber 13. Specifically, the inclined sides of the first extending portion 312 and the second extending portion 322 are inclined towards the high-pressure oil chamber 13.

In some embodiments, the first partition wall portion 31 has a first smooth partition surface 313, and the second partition wall portion 32 has a second smooth partition surface 323 joined with the first partition surface 313. Thereby, the first partition wall portion 31 may be joined more tightly with the second partition wall portion 32.

In some embodiments, the first and second partition wall portions 31, 32 each have a bolt hole. The bolt hole comprises a first bolt hole portion 314 formed in the first partition wall portion 31 and a second bolt hole portion 324 formed in the second partition wall portion 32 and corresponding to the first bolt hole portion 314. Thereby, the first and second partition wall portions 31, 32 may be secured by a bolt passing the bolt hole, thus enhancing the joining force between the first partition wall portion 31 and the second partition wall portion 32, and further preventing the oil leakage.

Alternatively, a plurality of bolt holes may be formed in different positions around the outlet 162. In that way, the joining force between the first partition wall portion 31 and the second partition wall portion 32 may be more uniform. In addition, it is advantageous for isolation between the low-pressure and high-pressure oil chambers 12, 13, and the oil leakage may be further prevented.

In an embodiment, a width of the partition wall 3 is 1.5 to 2 times of a maximum value of a diameter of the bolt hole.

In some embodiments, the bolt hole is formed at an end of the partition wall adjacent to the rotor mounting part 11. In an embodiment, the bolt hole is located in the middle of the partition wall, by way of example and without limiting, the bolt hole is located in the extension portion of the partition wall and at a side adjacent to the rotor mounting part 11. Thereby, the stability of the oil pump may be improved.

In some embodiments, the outflowing buffer chamber 141 may comprise a pressure relief channel adapted to change a flowing direction of the pressure relief oil in the outflowing buffer chamber 141. The pressure relief channel may be formed in the cover 16. The pressure relief channel may ensure a fluent flowing of the pressure relief oil along the axial direction of the pressure relief mechanism 6.

The pressure relief mechanism 6 comprises a relief valve 61, a spring mechanism 62, and a spring base 63, as shown in Fig. 4.

In some embodiments, the pressure relief channel comprises a first pressure relief port 1411 and a second pressure relief port 1412 disposed symmetrically with each other relative to the center axis of the through hole 421. In some embodiments, the first and second pressure relief ports 1411, 1412 each have a right-angled trapezoid shaped cross-section. Those having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that the cross-section of the first and second pressure relief ports 1411, 1412 may be configured as other shapes such as circular shape or triangular shape.

In some embodiments, the rotor mechanism 2 comprises an inner rotor 21 and an outer rotor 22. The inner rotor 21 is mounted on a rotor shaft. As shown in Fig.4, a groove 211 is formed in the inner wall of the inner rotor 21, and the inner rotor 21 is mounted on the rotor shaft by a spline or a pin fitted in the groove 211. The outer rotor 22 and the inner rotor 21 may be eccentrically disposed relative to each other in the shell 1. The rotation of the inner rotor 21 drives the out rotor 22 to rotate. In an embodiment, the inner rotor 21 has seven teeth, and the outer rotor 22 has eight teeth. In that way, the inner rotor 21 driven by the rotor shaft may drive the outer rotor 22 to rotate in the same direction but not synchronized with the inner rotor 21. Those having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that, by increasing the number of the teeth of the outer rotor 22, the oil pump is more compact in structure, the oil supplying amount is large, the oil supplying is uniform, the noise is reduced and the vacuum degree for pumping oil is increased. Thereby, a circular flowing of the oil in the lubricating system may be ensured. The tooth of each of the inner and outer rotors 21, 22 is designed to ensure that the inner and outer rotors 21, 22 are in constant point-contact when the inner and outer rotors 21, 22 rotate to any angle.

As shown in Fig. 1, the arrow shows the flowing direction of the oil. Due to disengage of the inner and outer rotors 21, 22, the volume of the low-pressure oil chamber 12 communicated with the inlet 161 is gradually increased, and then a vacuum is generated to suck the oil into the low-pressure oil chamber 12. With the continuing rotation of the rotor mechanism 2, the oil is brought into the side of the rotor mechanism 2 adjacent to the outlet 162. Then, the inner and outer rotors 21, 22 may engage with each other, and the pressure of the oil is increased. In this way, the oil may be pushed out through gaps between the teeth of the inner and outer rotors 21, 22 and flows into the high-pressure oil chamber 13 and the inflowing buffer chamber 142 respectively. The oil in the high-pressure oil chamber 13 flows out via the outlet 162. In the case the pressure of the oil is greater than a predetermined value, the relief valve 61 may be opened and a part of the oil may flow from the inflowing buffer chamber 142 into the outflowing buffer chamber 141.

According to embodiments of the present disclosure, the inflowing buffer chamber 142 and the outflowing buffer chamber 141 provide two stages of buffering for the pressure relief oil, so that the flowing direction of the pressure relief oil may be changed, and the pressure and the speed of the pressure relief oil are also reduced. The flowing direction of the pressure relief oil in the outflowing buffer chamber 141 is further changed via the pressure relief channel, so that the pressure relief oil may flow more stably. Because the barrier wall 41 is parallel to the flowing direction of the oil flowing into the low-pressure oil chamber 12 via the inlet 161, the pressure relief oil does not apply a greater impact onto the oil in the low-pressure oil chamber 12 when the pressure relief oil is flowing between the barrier wall 41 and the flow limiting wall 42. The pressure relief oil together with the oil entering the low-pressure oil chamber 12 via the inlet 162 may enter into a next cycle.

According to embodiments of the present disclosure, by provision of the partition wall 3, the high-pressure oil chamber 13 and the low-pressure oil chamber 12 are completely separated or isolated or partitioned with each other when the pressure relief valve 61 is closed. Thus, the pressure loss caused by oil leakage may be prevented, and the efficiency of oil pumping may be further improved.

An engine cover according to embodiments of the present disclosure will be disclosed below. The engine cover comprises an oil pump described with reference to the above embodiments.

The engine cover comprises an engine cover body on which the shell 1 of the oil pump is integrally formed. By way of example, as shown in Fig.4, the engine cover such as a front cover of the engine comprises an engine cover body 5, and the shell 1 of the oil pump is integral with the engine cover body 5.

Since the engine cover body is integral with the shell 1 of the oil pump, the engine may be simplified in structure, and the maintenance of the oil pump may be convenient.

According to embodiments of the present disclosure, an engine comprising the engine cover described with reference to the above embodiments is also provided. The engine comprises a cylinder cover, an engine cylinder block connected with a lower end of the cylinder cover, and an engine cover disposed at a front end of the cylinder cover and the engine cylinder block. A lower end of the engine cylinder block is connected with the shell 1 of the oil pump. In an embodiment, the engine cover comprises an engine cover body 5, and the shell 1 of the oil pump is integral with the engine cover body 5.

Although explanatory embodiments have been shown and described, it would be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, alternatives, and modifications may be made in the embodiments without departing from spirit and principles of the disclosure. Such changes, alternatives, and modifications all fall into the scope of the claims and their equivalents.