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Title:
ORAL CARE PRODUCT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/182239
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An oral care product comprising a spatula and an oral care composition, the spatula comprising a wide, substantially flat application surface projecting from a shaft, the application surface having protruding from its surface a curved protrusion in which the length of the protrusion is greater than the height.

Inventors:
BLASCO, Alessandro (Unilever Italy Holdings S.r.l. Via Lever Gibbs 3, Casalpusterlengo, 26841, IT)
LANDI, Giovanna (Via Rocco Galdieri 18, Salerno, 84129, IT)
MUCCIO, Manuela (Unilever UK Limited Wood Street, Port Sunlight, Wirral Merseyside CH62 4ZD, CH62 4ZD, GB)
Application Number:
EP2017/057327
Publication Date:
October 26, 2017
Filing Date:
March 28, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UNILEVER PLC (a company registered in England and Wales under company no. of Unilever House, 100 Victoria Embankment, London Greater London EC4Y 0DY, EC4Y 0DY, GB)
UNILEVER N.V. (Weena 455, 3013 AL Rotterdam, 3013 AL, NL)
CONOPCO, INC., D/B/A UNILEVER (800 Sylvan Avenue AG West, S. WingEnglewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 07632, US)
International Classes:
A61Q11/00; A46B1/00; A46B9/00; A61C3/00
Domestic Patent References:
2013-04-11
Foreign References:
JP2001000457A2001-01-09
DE102011011323A12012-08-16
FR2989868A12013-11-01
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
TANSLEY, Sally, Elizabeth (Unilever Patent Group Colworth House, Sharnbrook, Bedford Bedfordshire MK44 1LQ, MK44 1LQ, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

An oral care product comprising a spatula and an oral care composition, the spatula comprising a wide, substantially flat application surface projecting from a shaft, the application surface having protruding from its surface at least one curved protrusion in which the length of the protrusion is greater than the height.

An oral care product according to according to claim 1 in which the spatula is formed from a semi-flexible material such that the application surface can move forwards and backwards freely.

An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the application surface of the spatula extends perpendicularly to the centre line of the shaft.

An oral care product according to any preceding claims in which comprises a plurality of protrusions.

An oral care product according any claim in which the protrusions comprise concentric rings.

An oral care product according to any one of claims 1 to 4 in which the protrusions of the spatula are arranged in rows perpendicular to a line positioned on the application surface close to the shaft.

An oral care product according to any preceding claim in according to any preceding claim in which the number of protrusion(s) of the spatula is from 1 to 10.

An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the number of protrusion(s) of the spatula is from 3 to 8.

An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the width of the protrusion on the spatula is less than the height of the protrusion.

10. An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the length of the protrusion on the spatula is at least 15 times the width of the protrusion.

11. An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the spatula is made from an elastomeric material.

12. An oral care product according to any one of claims 1 to 3 in which the protrusion of the spatula is in the form of a coiled rib.

13. An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the composition has a

viscosity from 8,000 to 40,000 at 25°C.

14. An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the composition comprises a polymeric thickener.

15. An oral care product according to any claim 14 in which the polymeric thickener is selected from the group consisting of xanthan gum , gellan gum and mixtures thereof.

16. An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the composition comprises a deposition aid.

17. An oral care product according to any claim in which the deposition aid is polymer based on a copolymer of methyl vinyl ether and maleic anhydride.

18. An oral care product according to any preceding claim in which the composition further comprises an ingredient that mitigate tooth sensitivity.

19. An oral care product according to any preceding claim comprising hydrated silica.

20. An oral care product according to any preceding claim for use in treating tooth

hypersensitivity.

Description:
ORAL CARE PRODUCT

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to product and methods for treating dental hypersensitivity.

Background and Prior Art

Dental hypersensitivity is a painful condition affecting up to 20% of the adult population.

Hypersensitive teeth may be sensitive to cold, heat, air or sugary foods. Dental hypersensitivity is believed to be related to the general increase in exposed root surfaces of teeth as a result of periodontal disease, toothbrush abrasion, or cyclic loading fatigue of the thin enamel near the dento- enamel junction.

There are two categories of therapy for the treatment of tooth hypersensitivity based upon two modes of action. The first category, nerve-depolarising agents, are pharmaceutical agents such as potassium nitrate, which function by interfering with neural transduction of the pain stimulus.

The second category, known as occluding agents, function by physically blocking the exposed ends of the dentinal tubules, thereby reducing dentinal fluid movement and reducing the irritation associated with the shear stress described by the hydrodynamic theory. An example of an occluding agent is found in US 5,270,031 which describes a tubule occluding desensitizer comprising a polyacrylic acid such as Carbopol® polymeric materials. Another tubule occluding composition is disclosed in US 5,374,417 which discloses a potassium salt of a synthetic anionic polymer, such as a polycarboxylate. There is a continuing need for effective products aid application of composition to the teeth and which mitigate the effects of hypersensitivity. Description of the Invention

The present invention relates to an oral care product comprising a spatula and an oral care composition, the spatula comprising a wide, substantially flat application surface projecting from a shaft, the application surface having protruding from its surface at least one curved protrusion in which the length of the protrusion is greater than the height.

The invention further relates to an oral care product according to any preceding claim for use in treating hypersensitivity.

Detailed Description

The oral care product of the invention comprises a spatula for applying an oral care product to the teeth. The shape of the spatula is such that product adheres to the spatula and yet can be easily applied to the teeth. The spatula comprises a wide, substantially flat application surface projecting from a shaft, the application surface having protruding from its surface a plurality of protrusions in which the length of the protrusion is greater than the height. Preferably, the edge of the application surface at the opposite end to the shaft is curved.

The spatula is preferably formed from a semi-flexible material such that the application surface can move forwards and backwards freely. More preferably the spatula is made from an elastomeric material, most preferably the elastomeric material is a thermoelastic material.

Preferably, the application surface of the spatula extends perpendicularly to the centre line of the shaft.

Preferably, the length of the protrusions on the spatula are less than the height of the protrusion. It is also preferable if the length of the protrusion on the spatula is at least 5 times, more preferably 10 times the width of the protrusion. If the protrusion is in the form of a continuous ring the length is taken as the distance the circumference of the ring.

In one embodiment of the invention, the protrusions of the spatula are arranged in rows substantially perpendicular to a line positioned on the application surface close to the shaft. Preferably the line is perpendicular to the shaft. Preferably, the number of protrusions of the spatula is from 3 to 8. Preferably a rim is present between the application surface and the shaft.

Preferably, the protrusions of the spatula are in the form of ribs. In a second embodiment, the protrusion of the spatula is in the form of concentric rings.

Compositions of the invention are preferably in the form of a serum having a stable viscosity from 6000 to 100000 mPas, more preferably from 10 to 60000 mPas, most preferably from 15 to 40,000 mPas. Viscosity should be measured at 25°C, using a Brookfield viscometer with Helipath Stand and a T-bar, TB spindle, rotating at 5 rpm. The sample jar in which the measurement should be taken has a minimum diameter of 5 cm and a minimum height of 10 cm. The viscosity value should be recorded 60 seconds from the start of the measurement. In the context of the present invention, stable viscosity means that the viscosity does not significantly change on storage; this occurs usually after 3 weeks or greater after the manufacture of the composition.

Compositions according to the invention will usually contain an aqueous continuous phase. The amount of water generally ranges from 40 to 89% by weight based on the total weight of the composition, more preferably from 50 to 70 wt%. Preferably, compositions according to the invention will further comprise humectants. The amount of humectant generally ranges from 10 to 50%, more preferably from 15 to 40% by weight based on the total weight of the composition. Preferred humectants that are present at the above levels include polyols, particularly preferred are sorbitol, glycerol and mixtures thereof. It is preferred if the composition comprises a gum, more preferably gellan gum and/or xanthan gum.

It is particularly preferred if the gum is Xanthan gum. It is preferred if the level of xanthan gum is from 0.05 to 1.2 wt% of the total composition, more preferably from 0.1 to 1.0 wt%.

Preferably the composition comprises ingredients that mitigate tooth sensitivity, a preferred ingredient for this effect is hydrated silica. Preferably the hydrated silica has a mean particle size lower than Ιδμηη, more preferably lower than 10, most preferably from 1 to 6 μηη. It is preferable if the hydrated silica described above is present at levels from 1 to 10 wt% of the total composition, more preferably form 3 to 8 wt% of the total composition.

Compositions of the invention may comprise a potassium salt selected from citrate, lactate or chloride, preferably the metal salt is a citrate salt. It is preferable if the level of potassium salt, in particular potassium citrate salt is from is from 1 to 10 wt% of the total composition, more preferably from 2 to 5 wt% of the total composition. Such salts help prevent dental sensitivity.

A further agent that mitigates tooth sensitivity is HAP (Calcium Hydroxyapatite). Preferably the level of HAP is from 0.5 to 10 wt% of the total composition, more preferably from 1 to 8 wt% of the total composition.

Compositions of the invention comprise a zinc salt, preferably zinc sulphate, zinc citrate or zinc chloride, more preferably zinc sulphate. Preferably the level of zinc salt is from 0.05 to 1.0 wt% of the total formulation more preferably from 0.1 to 0.5 wt%.

It is preferable if the level of ethanol in the total composition is less than 0.1 wt%.

Compositions of the invention may comprise a preservative. A preferred preservative is sodium benzoate, more preferably a system formed from ethylhexylglycerin, phenoxyethanol and benzyl alcohol. Preferably, the level of preservative in the case of the mixed system described, is from 0.5 to 2 wt% of the total composition. This level refers to the total level of preservative system.

It is preferable if the pH of the composition at 25°C is from 5,6 to 8,0, more preferably from 6,0 to 7,5.

The composition of the invention may comprise a deposition aid. The term "deposition aid" in the context of this invention generally means a material that aids deposition of agents that mitigate tooth sensitivity from the composition.

Use of the composition in the context of this invention typically involves application of the composition to the teeth by use of the applicator described above.

Suitable deposition aids for use in the invention will generally dissolve or disperse in water at a temperature of 25°C.

Preferred deposition aids for use in the invention are water soluble. The term "water-soluble" in this particular context generally means that the deposition aid has an aqueous solubility of at least 10g L at 25°C, and more preferably at least 30g L at 25°C (where the solubility is determined in un- buffered distilled water). It is particularly preferable that the deposition aid remains water soluble after drying, so that it can be re-dissolved. This prevents undesirable build up of the deposition aid on the teeth after repeated usage of the composition.

Suitable deposition aids for use in the invention include polymeric materials, preferably polymeric materials which are water soluble as defined above.

Polymeric materials for use as deposition aids in the invention may be naturally or synthetically- derived, and may be ionic or nonionic in nature. Preferably such polymeric materials are high molecular weight. The term "high molecular weight" in this particular context generally means that the polymeric material has a molecular weight of at least 50,000, more preferably at least 500,000 g mol. A suitable method to determine the molecular weight of such polymeric materials is gel permeation chromatography against a polyethylene glycol standard.

Specific examples of suitable classes of polymeric material for use as deposition aids in the invention include:

Water-soluble, high molecular weight linear homopolymers of ethylene oxide characterised by the general formula H(OCH2CH2) n OH. These materials are generally termed polyethyleneoxides (or alternatively, polyoxyethylenes, or polyethylene glycols). In the general formula, n usually has an average value of at least 2000, preferably at least 50,000.

Water-soluble, high molecular weight cellulose ethers such as methylcellulose,

hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, hydroxybutyl methylcellulose, hydroxyethyl ethylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and sodium carboxymethyl hydroxyethylcellulose.

A preferred class of polymeric material for use as deposition aids in the invention includes water- soluble, high molecular weight polymers having anionic side groups along the polymer main chain.

Specific examples of such materials include poly(carboxylic acid) polymers. Poly (carboxylic acid) polymers are typically polymers which include -COOH groups in their structure, or groups which are derived from -COOH groups such as salt, ester or anhydride groups. For example, the poly(carboxylic acid) polymers may include:

-[C(R 1 )(COOH)-]- units in their structure, in which R i 11 is selected from hydrogen, alkoxy or

C-i-3 hydroxyalkyl. Preferably R 1 iiss hydrogen.

A preferred type of poly (carboxylic acid) polymer includes adjacent:

-[C(R 1 )(COOH)-]- units in its structure (where R 1 is as defined above), for example polymers based on maleic acid, which typically include:

~{-CH(COOH)-CH(COOH)-]- units, and/or salts or esters of such units, or such units in anhydride form in which -COOH groups on adjacent carbon atoms are cyclised to form a ring system.

For example, the poly(carboxylic acid) polymers may comprise units with pairs of carboxylic acid groups on adjacent polymer chain carbon atoms, for example polymers comprising:

-[-C(R 1 )(R 2 )-C(R 3 )(R 4 )-C(R 5 )(COOH)- C(R 6 )(COOH)-]- units in its structure (and/or salts or esters of such units, or such units in anhydride form in which -

COOH groups on adjacent carbon atoms are cyclised to form a ring system); in which

R 1 ,R 2 ,R 3 ,R 4 ,R 5 and R 6 are each independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl or C1-3 alkoxy. Preferably R 1 and R 2 are hydrogen, R 3 is hydrogen and R 4 is methoxy and R 5 and R 6 are hydrogen. Such a poly(carboxylic acid) polymer may be described as the polymer based on a copolymer of methyl vinyl ether and maleic anhydride, and is commercially available for example under the trade name Gantrez®.

A particularly preferred example of such a polymer comprises:

-[-CH^CH(OCH 3 )-CH(COOH)-CH(COOH)-]- units in its structure, in which the -COOH groups are in free acid form. Such polymers may be linear or cross-linked. More preferably the polymer is linear. Polymers of this type are commercially available for example under the trade name Gantrez® S. Most preferably such a polymer has a molecular weight of at least 500,000 g/mol (e.g. Gantrez® S-96), ideally at least 1 ,000,000 g/mol (e.g. Gantrez® S-97).

Alternative polymers which may be used comprise the units as described above in anhydride form, i.e. in which the two adjacent -COOH groups are cyclised to form a ring system. Such polymers are commercially available under the tradename Gantrez® AN, e.g. Gantrez® AN-119, Gantrez® AN-903, Gantrez® AN-139 and Gantrez® AN-169.

Other alternative polymers which may be used comprise the units as described above in partial salt form, for example in which some of the free -COOH groups are converted into a metal salt of a Group I or Group II metal such as either sodium or calcium, or a mixed sodium-calcium salt. Such polymers are commercially available under the tradename Gantrez® MS, e.g. Gantrez® MS-955.

Other alternative polymers which may be used comprise the units as described above in partial ester form, for example in which some of the free -COOH groups are esterified with C1-3 alkyl, e.g. ethyl or n-butyl. Such polymers are commercially available under the tradename Gantrez® ES, e.g. Gantrez® ES-225 or Gantrez® ES-425.

Mixtures of any of the above described materials may also be used.

The amount of deposition aid (as defined above) in compositions of the invention suitably ranges from 0.001 to 5.0%, preferably from 0.005 to 4.0wt%, more preferably from 0.01 to 2.0wt% by total weight deposition aid (as defined above) based on the total weight of the composition.

The composition may contain low levels of surfactant based on the total weight of the composition. If present, the surfactant is preferably present at levels of less than 3 wt% of the total composition, more preferably at levels from 0.2 to 2 wt%, most preferably at levels of less from 0.5 to 1.5 wt% of the total composition.

Suitable surfactants include anionic surfactants, such as the sodium, magnesium, ammonium or ethanolamine salts of Cs to Cis alkyl sulphates (for example sodium lauryl sulphate), Cs to Cis alkyl sulphosuccinates (for example dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate), Csto Cis alkyl sulphoacetates (such as sodium lauryl sulphoacetate), Cs to Cis alkyl sarcosinates (such as sodium lauryl sarcosinate), Cs to Cie alkyl phosphates (which can optionally comprise up to 10 ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide units) and sulphated monoglycerides.

Other suitable surfactants include nonionic surfactants, such as optionally polyethoxylated fatty acid sorbitan esters, ethoxylated fatty acids, esters of polyethylene glycol, ethers of polyethylene glycol, ethoxylates of fatty acid monoglycerides and diglycerides, and ethylene oxide/propylene oxide block polymers. Other suitable surfactants include amphoteric surfactants, such as betaines or sulphobetaines. Mixtures of any of the above described materials may also be used. Steareth 30 an ether of polyethylene glycol is particularly preferred.

Compositions of the present invention may also contain further optional ingredients customary in the art such as fluoride ion sources, anticalculus agents, buffers, flavouring agents, sweetening agents, colouring agents, opacifying agents, further antisensitivity agents and antimicrobial agents. Figure 1 plan view is an example of a comparative spatula.

Figure 2 is a plan view of a first embodiment of a spatula according to the invention.

Figure 3 is a plan view of a second embodiment of a spatula according to the invention.

Figure 2 shows a spatula (1 ) having a shaft (2)having at one end a flat application surface (3). The flat application surface provided with a series of ribs (4). The ribs being positioned such that they are substantially perpendicular to a rim (5) between the application surface and the shaft. Figure 3 shows a spatula (6) having a shaft (7) having at one end a flat application surface (8). The flat application surface provided a coiled rib (9). There being a rim (10) between the application surface and the shaft.

The invention will now be illustrated by the following non-limiting Examples.

Examples

A composition was prepared according to Example 1 Ingredient Wt%

Water and minors To 100

Non-crystallisable sorbitol 15.0

Glycerine 15.0

Hydrated Silica 5.0

Potassium Citrate 3.0

Hydroxyapatite 2.0

Steareth-30 1.0

Xanthan Gum 0.75

Methylvinylether and maleic acid 0.5

copolymer

Zinc Sulphate 0.20

Sodium Monofluorophosphate 0.17

Gellan Gum 0.05

Dentine discs from sound, caries-free human molars were polished to approx. 500 μηη thickness. Hydraulic conductance equipment was used to measure the hydraulic conductance on the discs before and after application of Example 1 using one of spatulas of figure 1 , 2 or 3.

Table 1 shows the average reduction in fluid flow rate, expressed as a percentage from the pre-treated baseline after treatment.

A comparison of the fluid flow rate reduction for the three brush applications in this study shows that Brush C is directionally superior at reducing the fluid flow rate compared to B and is statistically superior compared to Brush A. The reduction in fluid flow rate followed the scheme:

Brush C = Brush B > Brush A.




 
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