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Title:
Orbital Tensioner
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/177812
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A tensioner comprising a base, a ring engaged with the base, the ring rotatable about a center "C" within a base opening, a pulley journalled to the ring, a pivot arm pivotally engaged with the ring, a pulley journalled to the pivot arm, a torsion spring disposed between the ring and the pivot arm for urging the pivot arm, a damping assembly frictionally disposed between the base and the ring, a spring applying a normal load to the damping material, and the damping material having a resistance in the range of greater than 0 up to approximately 10,000.

Inventors:
SINGH, Sukhdeep (1310 Gabrieau Street, Lasalle, Ontario N9H 0E1, 0E1, CA)
KIM, Sangkyu (396 Baverstock Cres, Milton, Ontario L9T-5L1, L9T-5L1, CA)
BHALLA, Anil (1990 Westwick Walk, London, Ontario N6P 0A2, 0A2, CA)
KOPPESER, Michael (11894 Savanna Street, Windsor, Ontario N8P 1P1, 1P1, CA)
Application Number:
US2019/020793
Publication Date:
September 19, 2019
Filing Date:
March 05, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
GATES CORPORATION (a Delaware Corporation, 1144 15th StreetSuite 140, Denver Colorado, 80202, US)
International Classes:
F16H7/08; F16H7/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO2009011796A12009-01-22
Foreign References:
US20180010670A12018-01-11
US20040174651A12004-09-09
US20020010045A12002-01-24
JPH0660969A1994-03-04
EP2128489A22009-12-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
THURNAU, Jeffrey A. (a Delaware Corporation, GATES CORPORATION1144 15th Street, Suite 140, Denver Colorado, 80202, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

I claim:

1. A tensioner comprising:

a base 10;

a ring 50 engaged with the base, the ring rotatable about a center "C" within a base opening, a pulley 51 journalled to the ring;

a pivot arm 90 pivotally engaged with the ring, a pulley journalled to the pivot arm, the pivot arm pivot axis is offset from center "C";

a torsion spring 53 disposed between the ring and the pivot arm for urging the pivot arm;

a damping material 230 frictionally disposed between the base and the ring, a spring 250 applying a normal load to the damping material; and

the damping material partially comprising stainless steel fibers and having a resistance in the range of greater than 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW.

2. The tensioner as in claim 1, wherein the damping material comprises by weight approximately 3% to approximately 5% stainless steel fibers.

3. The tensioner as in claim 2, wherein the damping material further comprises Nylon 66.

4. The tensioner as in claim 1, wherein the spring comprises a wave spring.

5. The tensioner as in claim 1, wherein a retaining member attached to the base retains the ring to the base.

6. The tensioner as in cla

bushing between the ring and the base, the bushing comprising stainless steel fibers and a resistance in the range of greater than 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW.

7. The tensioner as in claim 1, wherein the resistance is less than approximately 5000W.

8. The tensioner as in claim 6, wherein the resistance is less than approximately 5000W.

9. The tensioner as in claim 1, wherein the stainless steel fibers have a length in the range of 4mm to 6mm.

10. The tensioner as in claim 1, wherein the stainless steel fibers have a diameter of approximately 8 microns.

11. A tensioner comprising:

a base;

a ring engaged with the base, the ring rotatable about a center "C" within a base opening, a pulley journalled to the ring;

a pivot arm pivotally engaged with the ring, a pulley journalled to the pivot arm;

a torsion spring disposed between the ring and the pivot arm for urging the pivot arm;

a damping material frictionally disposed between the base and the ring, a spring applying a normal load to the damping material; and

the damping material having a resistance in the range of greater than 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW.

12. The tensioner as in cla

material comprises stainless steel fibers.

13. The tensioner as in claim 12, wherein the stainless steel fibers comprise by weight approximately 3% to approximately 5% of the damping material.

14. The tensioner as in claim 12, wherein the stainless steel fibers have a length in the range of approximately 4mm to 6mm.

15. The tensioner as in claim 12, wherein the stainless steel fibers have a diameter of approximately 8 microns.

16. A tensioner comprising:

a base;

a ring engaged with the base, the ring rotatable about a center "C" within a base opening, a pulley journalled to the ring;

a pivot arm pivotally engaged with the ring, a pulley journalled to the pivot arm;

a torsion spring disposed between the ring and the pivot arm for urging the pivot arm;

a damping assembly frictionally disposed between the base and the ring, a spring applying a normal load to the damping mechanism; and

the damping assembly comprising damping material having a resistance in the range of greater than 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW.

17. The tensioner as in claim 16, wherein the damping material comprises stainless steel fibers.

18. The tensioner as in clai]

steel fibers comprise by weight approximately 3% to approximately 5% of the damping material. 19. The tensioner as in claim 17, wherein the stainless steel fibers have a length in the range of approximately 4mm to approximately 6mm.

20. The tensioner as in claim 17, wherein the stainless steel fibers have a diameter in the range of approximately 6 microns to approximately 10 microns.

Description:
Title

Orbital Tensioner

Field of the Invention

The invention relates to a tensioner, and more particularly, to a tensioner having a damping material having a resistance in the range of 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW.

Background of the Invention

Belt tensioners are used to impart a load on a belt. Typically the belt is used in an engine application for driving various accessories associated with the engine. For example, an air conditioning compressor and alternator are two of the accessories that may be driven by a belt drive system. A belt tensioner may include a pulley journalled to an arm which is pivotable on a base. A spring is connected between the arm and a base. The spring may also engage a damping assembly. The damping assembly may include frictional surfaces in contact with each other. The damping assembly damps an oscillatory movement of the arm caused by operation of the belt drive. This in turn enhances a belt life expectancy and the tensioner life expectancy, by minimizing wear on movable components.

Orbital tensioners have been applied to single belt drives which have load reversals, such as starter- generator applications, in order to tension either or both of two spans of the same belt. Since such tensioners work in concert on a single belt, they typically have a single torsion spring. Market demands can include reduction of emissions and increases in fuel economy by lowering the wei<

reducing the number of under-the-hood components.

An approach taken toward these goals involves combining the function of the starter motor and the function of the alternator into a single device, a motor generator unit or MGU. Also toward the goal of increasing fuel economy, the MGU promotes the use of a feature called "stop-in-idle". This feature is where the engine is allowed to die when it would ordinarily idle, then be restarted when the automobile is expected to resume motion. This feature substantially increases the demands placed upon accessory belt drives. In this type of application the starter/generator is placed in mechanical communication with the crankshaft via the accessory belt drive .

Representative of the art is EP patent no. 2128489B1 which discloses a belt tensioning device for a belt drive which comprises a driving machine with a driving belt pulley drivable by a driveshaft around a driving axis, and a plurality of further belt pulleys, and with an infinite belt which is wrapped around the driving belt pulley and the further belt pulleys, wherein the belt tensioning device comprises a housing in which two tensioning arms are supported so as to be pivotable around a common pivot axis, in which tensioning arms there are supported tensioning rollers with axes of rotation extending parallel to the driving axis, wherein the tensioning arms are supported relative to one another by spring means, wherein the housing can be mounted, in presence of the driving belt pulley being mounted at the driving machine, in that the housing is contact-free relative to the driving machine in an annular region surrounding the driveshaft of the driving belt pulley, characterized in that the pivot axis of the tensioning arms is arranged inside the d:

pulley .

An MGU generates an electric field in operation. The electric field can cause a charge to be developed on a tensioner pivot arm, leading to sparking between the pivot arm and ground. The pivot arm is typically electrically isolated from ground by virtue of the damping material used. Most damping materials are a form of plastic which is electrically isolating and non- conductive. This can lead to creation of an electrical potential between the pivot arm and ground.

What is needed is a tensioner having a damping material having a resistance in the range of 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW. The present invention meets this need .

Summary of the Invention

The primary aspect of the invention is to provide a tensioner having a damping material having a resistance in the range of 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW.

Other aspects of the invention will be pointed out or made obvious by the following description of the invention and the accompanying drawings.

The invention comprises a tensioner comprising a base, a ring engaged with the base, the ring rotatable about a center "C" within a base opening, a pulley journalled to the ring, a pivot arm pivotally engaged with the ring, a pulley journalled to the pivot arm, a torsion spring disposed between the ring and the pivot arm for urging the pivot arm, a damping material frictionally disposed between the base and the ring, a spring applying a normal load to the damping material, and the damping material havin

of greater than 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW.

Brief Description of the Drawings

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and form a part of the specification, illustrate preferred embodiments of the present invention, and together with a description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the tensioner.

Figure 2 is a cross sectional view of the tensioner.

Figure 3 is a detail of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is an exploded view of the tensioner.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the tensioner. Tensioner 1000 comprises base 10. Ring 50 rotates about a center "C" on base 10. Center "C" is within a base opening 12. Opening 12 can receive a pulley attached to an MGU (not shown) . Center "C" does not project on the body of the tensioner.

Pivot arm 90 is pivotally attached to ring 50. Pulley 51 is journalled to ring 50 through a fastener 52. Pulley 91 is journalled to pivot arm 90 through a fastener 92. Base 10 comprises one or more mounting bosses 11 for attaching the tensioner to a mounting surface, such as an engine motor generator unit (MGU) . A belt (not shown) is typically routed from pulley 51, around an MGU pulley (not shown) to pulley 91. The axis of rotation of the MGU pulley aligns with center "C". The pivot axis A-A of pivot arm 90 is not aligned with center "C", it is offset from center "C". Pivot arm 90, base 10 and ring 50 comprise a metallic material known in the art, for example steel, aluminum or any suitable alloys. Tensioner 1000 is als

tensioner .

Figure 2 is a cross sectional view of the tensioner. Torsion spring 53 is engaged between pivot arm 90 and ring 50. Torsion spring 53 urges pivot arm 90 into contact with a belt (not shown) . Pivot arm 90 pivots about shaft 93 on bushing 97 and bushing 96. Dust cover 95 prevents debris from contaminating bushing 96.

Figure 3 is a detail of Figure 2. Retaining member 210 retains ring 50 to base 10. Retaining member 210 is press fit to base 10. Bushing 220 facilitates rotational movement of ring 50. Wave spring 250 applies an evenly distributed normal load to damping assembly 240, thereby pressing it into frictional contact with surface 55 of ring 50. Damping assembly 240 comprises damping material 230 and a metallic backing plate 241. For the inventive tensioner damping material 230 is conductive.

In operation, a voltage potential (static charge) can occur between base 10 and ring 50, due to the electric field of the MGU. As a result of charge buildup, discharge or sparking can occur between the base 10 and the ring 50. Sparking can be detrimental to vehicle operation, longevity of the tensioner, and can be disconcerting to a vehicle operator.

To eliminate sparking, conductive damping material 230 comprises conductive ingredients to ground ring 50 to the engine through the MGU. For example, electrical resistance across damping material 230 drops from approximately 800GQ to less than approximately 5KW when the conductive damping material is used. The significantly reduced electrical resistance provides a conductive path which eliminates sparking between the pivot arm and the base. The electrical resistance range across damping material 230 is greater than 0W up to approximately IO,OOOW. Prefer

than approximately 5000W.

The electrical resistance is measured between a point on base 20 and a point on ring 50. The points are roughly adjacent to each other across the damping assembly 240, so, the resistance is measured across the damping assembly and the damping material.

While it is known to use carbon fiber as a conductive material, carbon fiber is about 10X more costly than glass fiber or aramid fiber and so carbon fiber is not cost effective. On the other hand, the inventive wear resistant conductive damping material comprises a minimal amount of stainless steel fibers (approximately 3% to approximately 5%) which makes the damping material sufficiently conductive when combined with a low cost glass fiber or aramid fiber.

By weight, the damping material comprises the following approximate amounts: Aramid fiber ~10%; PTFE plus molybdenum disulphide ~17%; Stainless steel fibers ~3% to ~5%; a balance of Nylon 66 (~70% to ~68%) depending on the amount of stainless steel fibers. Some variation of up to approximately ±2% of the amount of each ingredient other than the stainless steel fiber is possible with equal success. Glass fiber may be used in place of aramid fiber with equal success.

The aspect ratio of the stainless steel fibers must be large enough to easily conduct electricity at low loadings by weight, but small enough to be easily molded with the matrix polymer material into the final part. Accordingly, stainless steel fibers having a diameter of about 8 microns and a nominal length in the range of approximately 3mm to approximately 13mm are selected. Longer steel fibers can also be used depending on the design of the damping assembly. The diameter may be in the range of approximately 6 :

microns with equal success.

Bushing 96, bushing 97 and bushing 220 may each or all comprise the conductive damping material as well. This further reduces any tendency to spark by providing other conductive paths for electrical charge to dissipate to ground.

The conductive damping material can be used in any style of tensioner for the purpose of discharging a static charge.

Figure 4 is an exploded view of the tensioner. Wave spring 250 is captured between ring 50 and base 10. Wave spring 250 presses damping assembly 240 into contact with ring 50, generating a normal force. The normal force so applied to the damping assembly results in a frictional force which in turn damps a relative movement of ring 50 with respect to base 10.

Retaining member 210 clamps ring 50 to base 10. Retaining member 210 is fixed to base 10 and does not rotate with ring 50. Fastener 92 attaches pulley 91 to pivot arm 90. Fastener 52 attaches pulley 51 to ring 50. Dust shield 54 prevents debris from entering bearing 56. Dust shield 94 prevents debris from entering bearing 99.

Locking pin 98 removably engages between pivot arm 90 and ring 50. During installation, pin 98 locks pivot arm 90 in a pre-determined position with respect to ring 50. Once the tensioner is installed on an MGU and a belt routed, for example, pin 98 is removed which then frees pivot arm 90 to engage the belt (not shown) . Engagement with a belt applies a belt load which then enables power transmission by the belt, for example, from an engine crankshaft to an MGU (not shown) .

Although a form of the invention has been described herein, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that variations may be made

relation of parts and method without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention described herein.