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Title:
PAD AND SPRING ASSEMBLY FOR A DISC BRAKE CALIPER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/120800
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An assembly (1) for a disc brake caliper (100), in which, when said caliper (101) is arranged astride a disc (3) of a disc brake (100) having a defined rotation axis (C), said assembly (1) defines an axial direction (X-X) parallel to said rotation axis (C), a radial direction (R-R) orthogonal to said axial direction (X-X) and a tangential or circumferential direction (T-T) orthogonal to both the axial direction (X-X) and the radial direction (R-R), said assembly (1) comprises: - a first pad (10) comprising a friction material (12), defining a friction surface, and a support plate (13) which supports said friction material (12) and is adapted to release the braking action onto the caliper (101) of the disc brake (100), in which - said support plate (13) comprises at least one lateral projection (14) which extends in a direction substantially coplanar to the plate (13) and is placed at an end of the support plate (13), and in which said at least one lateral projection (14) is adapted to be accommodated in a pocket (19) obtained in the body of the caliper (101); - said assembly (1) further comprising at least one spring (30), in which said spring (30) is connected to said lateral projection (14) of said support plate (13), and in which - said spring (30) being adapted to be accommodated in a seat (34) obtained in the body of the caliper (101) at said pocket (19), and in which - said spring (30) is adapted to be inserted in said seat (34) to be fastened in an undercut manner against said undercut surface (34) to bias said pad (10) in the axial direction (X-X).

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Inventors:
TOMASZ WOLOSZYN (IT)
BERRA SIMONE (IT)
RATTI MARCO (IT)
Application Number:
IB2016/050403
Publication Date:
August 04, 2016
Filing Date:
January 27, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
FRENI BREMBO SPA (IT)
International Classes:
F16D55/2265; F16D65/097
Foreign References:
US20140367208A12014-12-18
DE102011118736A12013-05-23
DE4318744C11994-09-01
US4082166A1978-04-04
US20080087507A12008-04-17
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CRIPPA, Paolo Ernesto et al. (Via Senato 8, Milano, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An assembly (1) for a caliper of a disc brake (100), wherein, when said caliper (101) is arranged astride a disc (3) of a disc brake (100) having a defined rotation axis (C) , said assembly (1) defines an axial direction (X-X) parallel to said rotation axis (C) , a radial direction (R-R) orthogonal to said axial direction (X-X) and a tangential or circumferential direction (T-T) orthogonal to both the axial direction (X-X) and the radial direction (R-R) , said assembly (1) comprising:

- a first pad (10) comprising a friction material (12), defining a friction surface, and a support plate (13) which supports said friction material (12) and is adapted to release the braking action onto the caliper (101) of the disc brake (100), wherein

- said support plate (13) comprises at least one lateral projection (14) which extends in a direction substantially coplanar to the plate (13) and is placed at an end of the support plate (13), and wherein

said at least one lateral projection (14) is adapted to be accommodated in a pocket (19) obtained in the body of the caliper (101) ;

- said assembly (1) further comprising at least one spring (30), wherein said spring (30) is connected to said lateral projection (14) of said support plate (13), and wherein

- said spring (30) being adapted to be accommodated in a seat (34) formed in the body of the caliper (101) at said pocket (19), said seat (34) being delimited by at least one seat wall (60),

characterized in that

- said support plate (13) comprises at least one pair of opposite lateral projections (14) which extend in direction substantially coplanar with the plate (13) and are placed at opposite ends of the support plate (13), and said assembly (1) comprises at least one pair of springs (30) , wherein each spring (30) is connected to each lateral projection (14) of said plate (13), and wherein

- each of said springs (30) is adapted to be inserted in a respective seat (34) to be fastened onto said seat wall (60) to bias said pad (10) in axial direction (X-X) .

2. An assembly (1) for a caliper of a disc brake (100), according to claim 1, wherein

- said seat (19) being adapted to put the surface of the body of the caliper (101) facing the disc (3) into communication with an opposite surface (35) arranged undercut with respect to said support plate (13), and wherein

- said spring (30) being adapted to be at least partially interposed between said lateral projection (14) of the plate (13) and said pocket (19), and wherein

- said spring (30) being adapted to cooperate with walls of said pocket (19) to bias said pad (10) with respect to the caliper (101) in the radial direction (R-R) , and wherein

- said spring (30) is adapted to be inserted in said seat (34) to be fastened in an undercut manner against said undercut surface (35) to bias said pad (10) in the axial direction (X-X) .

3. An assembly (1) according to claim 2, wherein

- said spring (30) is a spring in one piece, and wherein

- a first end (31) of said spring (30) is adapted to be at least partially interposed between said lateral projection (14) of the support plate (13) and said pocket (19) to bias the pad (10) with respect to the caliper (101) in the radial direction (R-R) , and wherein

- a second hooked end (36) of said spring (30) is adapted to be inserted in said seat (34) to be fastened in an undercut manner against said undercut surface (35) to bias said pad (10) in the axial direction (X-X) .

4. An assembly (1) according to claim 2 or 3, wherein said spring (30) is a leaf spring which is adapted to be snap-fastened, like a clip spring, in an undercut manner in the body of the caliper (101) .

5. An assembly (1) according to any one of the claims from 2 to 4, wherein

- said at least one lateral projection (14) comprises a pin (32), and wherein said pin (32) comprises a dissymmetrical cross section, and wherein

- said spring (30) comprises a dissymmetrical opening (33) adapted to cooperate with said pin (32) to orient the position of the spring (30) with respect to the support plate (13) .

6. An assembly (1) according to claim 1, wherein

- said pair of springs (30) are springs in one piece, and wherein

- each of said springs (30) is adapted to bias the pad (10) with respect to the caliper (101) in radial direction (R-R) .

7 . An assembly (1) according to claim 1 or 6, wherein said spring (30) is a leaf spring which is adapted to be press-fastened, like a clip spring, in the seat (34) provided in the body of the caliper (101) .

8. An assembly (1) according to any one of the claims 1 or 6 or 7, wherein

- said at least one lateral projection (14) comprises a pin (32), and wherein said spring (30) comprises an opening (33) adapted to cooperate with said pin (32) to geometrically couple the spring (30) to the plate (13), and/or wherein

- said at least one lateral projection (14) comprises a pin (32), and wherein said spring (30) comprises an opening (33) adapted to cooperate with said pin (32) to geometrically couple with the force of spring (30) to the plate (13) .

9 . An assembly (1) according to claim 1 or 8, wherein

- each spring (30) of said pair of springs comprises at least two mutually opposed elastic arms (51) adapted to be abutted against the wall (60) of said seat (34) to fasten said spring (30) to said seat (34) by means of a force coupling; and/or wherein

each spring (30) comprises a plurality of arms (51) circumferentially distributed, like petals, and substantially protruding transverse to said lateral projection (14); and/or wherein

- said plurality of arms (51) project from an anchoring base (52) provided with a coupling hole (33) adapted to fit with interference a pin (32) provided on each of said lateral projections (14); and/or wherein

- each of said elastic arms (51) projects from said anchoring base (52) spreading to then taper towards a free end thereof to form a converging end portion (53) adapted to form a lead-in chute for coupling the spring (30) to the respective seat by means of an axial movement (X-X) of the plate (13) towards the caliper; and/or wherein

- each of said springs (30) is obtained from a sheared and bent leaf; and/or wherein

- each of said seats (34) has a predetermined width transverse to the longitudinal extension thereof, e.g. coinciding with the axial direction (X-X), and wherein said at least two elastic arms (51) are mutually opposed and, in extended condition not coupled to the seat

(34), have at least one portion thereof which is distanced from the opposed portion of the facing arm (51) by a distance which is greater than the predetermined transverse width of the seat (34), so as to guarantee a force coupling between said spring (30) and the respective seat (34) thereof.

10. A caliper (101), wherein

- said caliper (101) comprises a caliper body (2), and wherein

- said caliper body (2) comprises an inner side (21) or support side (21), and an outer side (11), or reaction side (11);

- said outer side (11) comprises an inner surface (37) able to face a pad (10) and the brake disc (3) and an opposite outer surface (38) ;

- and wherein said outer side (11) comprises at least one pocket (19) adapted to accommodate at least one lateral projection (14) of a pad ( 10 ) , and

- at least one seat (34) adapted to accommodate at least one spring (30) ,

- at least one seat wall (60) adapted to cooperate with said spring (30) , and wherein

- said outer side (11) comprises an assembly (1) according to any one of claims 1 and from 6 to 9 adapted to face one side of an associable brake disc (3) ;

- and wherein said inner side (21) comprises a second pad (20) opposite to the first pad (10) and adapted to face the opposite side of an associable brake disc (3) .

11. A caliper (101) according to claim 10, wherein said caliper (101) is a floating caliper comprising a bracket (4) adapted to be arranged on one side of the brake disc (3), said bracket (4) is adapted to support the caliper body (2) in sliding manner.

12. A caliper (101) according to claim 10 or 11, wherein said pocket (19) is made in the form of a through hole in the caliper body (2) with a closed cross section, and/or wherein

- said pocket (19) comprises walls adapted to define a guide (18) adapted to accommodate a protuberance (17) made on a portion of said pad (10), and/or wherein

- said pocket (19) is adapted to apply tangential clearance between said pad (10) and the walls of said pocket (19) .

13. A caliper (101) according to any one of claims 10 to 12, wherein

- said first pad (10) and said second pad (20) are adapted to be arranged substantially at the same distance from the center of rotation (C) of an associable brake disc (3), and/or wherein

- said first pad (10) has a first center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad (10) on the corresponding facing braking surface of the brake disc (3) and said second pad (20) has a second center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad (20) on the corresponding facing braking surface of the brake disc (3), and wherein

- the lines ( Ri , ϊ½) joining the projections of the first center of thrust with the rotation axis (C) of the brake disc (3) and the second center of thrust with the rotation axis (C) of the brake disc (3), both evaluated on a plane parallel to a brake disc (3) associable with said caliper (101), mutually define a predetermined angle (a) . 1 . A disc brake (100) comprising a caliper (101) according to any one of claims 10 to 13.

15. A method for installing an assembly (1) for a caliper of a disc brake (100), comprising the steps of:

- providing an assembly (1) as defined in any one of claims 1 and from 6 to 9;

- coupling the spring (30) with the support plate (13) of the pad (10) ;

- inserting the protuberance (17) of said pad (10) in the guide (18) obtained in the pocket (19) of the caliper body (2);

- moving the pad (10) with respect to the guide (18) so as to insert said spring (30) into the seat (34) obtained in the outer side (11) of the caliper body (2);

- moving the pad (10) in the axial direction (X-X) so as to couple with force said spring (30) against said seat wall (60) obtained in the caliper body (2) .

16. A caliper (101), wherein

- said caliper (101) comprises a caliper body (2), and wherein

- said caliper body (2) comprises an inner side (21) or support side (21), and an outer side (11), or reaction side (11);

- said outer side (11) comprises an inner surface (37) able to face a pad (10) and the brake disc (3) and an opposite outer surface (38) ;

- and wherein said outer side (11) comprises at least one pocket (19) adapted to accommodate at least one pad (10), and

- at least one seat (34) adapted to accommodate at least one spring (30) ,

- at least one undercut surface (35) with respect to said inner surface (37) adapted to cooperate with a second hooked end (36) of said spring (30), and wherein

- said outer side (11) comprises an assembly (1) according to any one of claims from 2 to 5 adapted to face one side of an associable brake disc ( 3 ) ;

- and wherein said inner side (21) comprises a second pad (20) opposite to the first pad (10) and adapted to face the opposite side of an associable brake disc (3) .

17. A caliper (101) according to claim 16, wherein said caliper (101) is a floating caliper comprising a bracket (4) adapted to be arranged only on one side of the brake disc (3), said bracket (4) is adapted to support the caliper body (2) in sliding manner.

18. A caliper (101) according to claim 16 or 17, wherein said pocket (19) is made in the form of a through hole in the caliper body (2) with a closed cross section, and wherein

- said pocket (19) comprises walls adapted to define a guide (18) adapted to accommodate a protuberance (17) made on a portion of said pad (10), and/or wherein

- said pocket (19) is adapted to apply tangential clearance between said pad (10) and the walls of said pocket (19) .

19. A caliper (101) according to any one of claims 16 to 18, wherein

- said first pad (10) and said second pad (20) are adapted to be arranged substantially at the same distance from the center of rotation (C) of an associable brake disc (3), and/or wherein

- said first pad (10) has a first center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad (10) on the corresponding facing braking surface of the brake disc (3) and said second pad (20) has a second center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad (20) on the corresponding facing braking surface of the brake disc (3), and wherein

- the lines (Rl, R2) joining the projections of the first center of thrust with the rotation axis (C) of the brake disc (3) and the second center of thrust with the rotation axis (C) of the brake disc (3), both evaluated on a plane parallel to a brake disc (3) associable with said caliper (101), mutually define a predetermined angle (a) . 20. A disc brake (100) comprising a caliper (101) according to any one of claims 16 to 19.

21. A method for installing an assembly (1) for a caliper of a disc brake (100), comprising the steps of:

- providing an assembly (1) as defined in any one of claims from 2 to 5;

- coupling the spring (30) with the support plate (13) of the pad (10) ;

- inserting the protuberance (17) of said pad (10) in the guide (18) obtained in the pocket (19) of the caliper body (2);

- moving the pad (10) with respect to the guide (18) so as to insert said spring (30) into the seat (34) obtained in the outer side (11) of the caliper body (2);

- moving the pad (10) in axial direction (X-X) so as to snap-fasten said spring (30) against the undercut opposite surface (35) obtained in the outer side (11) of the caliper body (2) .

Description:
DESCRIPTION

"Pad and spring assembly for a caliper"

***

[ 0001 ] . Field of the invention [ 0002 ] . The present invention relates to a pad and spring assembly for a brake caliper of a brake disc.

[ 0003 ] . In particular, the present invention relates to a pad and spring assembly for an asymmetric type caliper.

[ 0004 ] . For example, a floating caliper of the asymmetric type comprises a caliper body and a bracket, in which the caliper body is adapted to be arranged astride the brake disc, extending from an inner side of the caliper, or side facing towards the vehicle, or support side, to an outer side of the caliper, or side facing towards the vehicle wheel, or reaction side; the bracket comprises elements for fixing the disc brake caliper to a respective support, e.g. seats or eye-bolts for accommodating screw studs or fastening bolts; the caliper body is sliding with respect to the brake along an axial direction (X-X) ; the caliper comprises coupling elements between the caliper body and the bracket, adapted to allow the relative sliding between caliper and bracket parallel to the axial direction (X-X) ; the bracket extends at the inner side of the caliper only and delimits a first seat for housing at least one first pad to exert the braking action on an inner face or inner braking surface of the brake disc. The caliper body delimits a second seat, axially opposed to the first seat but angularly offset therefrom, so as to house at least one second pad in order to exert a braking action on an outer face, or outer braking surface, of the brake disc facing towards the outer side of the caliper. The coupling means between caliper and brake comprise two guiding pins which allow and guide a relative sliding along the axial direction (X-X) of the caliper body with respect to the bracket.

[0005] . Background art

[0006] . Floating calipers, or "sliding" disc brake calipers in other words, having moveable caliper bodies on guides fixed to support brackets are known. In these known calipers, the braking action is exerted by thrust means, cylinder-piston means, positioned only on one side of the caliper body, the inner side or side facing towards the vehicle, to exert a thrust on friction elements, typically brake pads against a first braking surface which faces the inner side of the brake body.

[0007] . For example, international patent application

WO2012/156849 by the same applicant, shows calipers of the floating type for brake disc, in which, in order to reduce dimensions and weight, the supporting bracket is provided on only one side of the caliper, particularly on the inner side, and the sliding of the brake body with respect to the bracket, i.e. in axial direction, occurs on guiding pins .

[0008] . However, because of their lightness and dimensions, the known calipers of floating type described here are subject to considerable deformation when subject to the braking action.

[0009] . In particular, as known from patent FR1360566, the imbalance of the axial and tangential forces acting on the caliper body of the floating type tends to move the barycenter of the pressure areas on an associable brake disc, generating a self- locking effect of the caliper, and consequently localizing maximum wear on the side edges of the pads in contact with an associable brake disc.

[0010] . The need is thus felt to compensate the imbalance of the braking action defined by the deformation of the caliper body and accentuated by the fact that the aforesaid guiding pins impose even minimum clearances in the sliding of the caliper body with respect to the bracket.

[0011] . For example, from documents US2007/0256900A1, EP0145593B1, EP0489452A1 and JPH0932870A floating type calipers are known in which the pads or braking elements arranged on opposite sides of the brake caliper and facing towards opposite surfaces of an associable brake disc are arranged in misaligned position, i.e. in shifted position with respect to one another according to the circumferential coordinate of an associable brake disc, and particularly the inner braking element is arranged in advance relative to the sense of rotation of an associable brake disc. In these known solutions, a moment it thus generated on the caliper body which tends to compensate the imbalance of the braking action described above.

[0012] . In particular, document US2014/0251736A1 shows a caliper of the floating type in which a set of springs of different type and shape cooperate to fix the outer braking element, or outer pad, to the central upper portion of the brake caliper. [0013] . However advantageous, such solutions do not fully solve the problem because the braking element of the outer side of the brake body, the side free from supporting bracket, is constrained in weak manner to the caliper body itself, thus being able to turn on itself and/or be arranged differently according to the degree of wear, thus thwarting at least in part the accurate design of the geometric misalignment of the opposite, facing braking elements, made to compensate for the structural deformation of the brake caliper .

[0014]. Other solutions are known from documents US 2014/367208, DE 10 2011 118736, DE 43 18 744 and US 4 082 166.

[0015] . Solution

[0016]. It is the object of the present invention to solve the drawbacks of the prior art and to provide a solution to the need of providing a floating type caliper which is light-weight but has an accurate braking action.

[0017] . Advantageously, an improved accuracy of the braking action allows to reduce the dimensions of the braking system or to obtain better braking performance, the dimensions being equal.

[0018]. This and other objects are achieved by means of a pad and spring assembly for floating caliper according to claim 1, as well as a floating caliper associable to a brake disc according to claim 10 and 16, and a disc brake according to claim 14 and 20, and a method according to claim 15 and 21.

[0019]. Some advantageous embodiments are the object of the dependent claims. [0020] . Figures

[0021] . Further features and advantages of the assembly and method according to the invention will be apparent from the description provided below of preferred embodiments thereof, given by way of non-limiting example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0022] . - figures 1 and 2 are perspective views of a floating caliper according to the invention;

[0023] . - figure 3 is a top view taken from the side indicated by the arrow III in figure 1;

[0024]. - figure 4 shows a caliper assembly placed astride a brake disc in which the pads on support or vehicle side and the pads on reaction or wheel side are highlighted;

[0025] . - figure 5 is a perspective view of the bracket;

[0026] . - figures 6 and 7 are a front view of the caliper body on outer side or reaction side of the caliper in figure 1, observed axially and externally, and a circumferential section along a middle plane of an associated brake disc of the caliper body observed from the position of the disc in axial direction towards the outer side;

[0027] . - figure 8 is a perspective view of a pad on reaction side,

[0028] . - figure 9 is a section view taken along the line IX-IX in figure 7;

[0029] . - figure 10 is an enlarged perspective view of a spring according to an embodiment of the invention;

[0030] . - figure 11 is a perspective view according to a further variant embodiment of the invention;

[0031] . - figure 12 is a front view of the caliper in figure 11, taken along the side indicated by arrow XII in figure 11;

[0032] . - figures 13 and 14 are perspective views of a floating caliper according to a further embodiment of the invention;

[0033] . - figure 15 shows the caliper assembly in figure 14 placed astride a brake disc in which the pads on support or vehicle side and the pads on reaction or wheel side are highlighted;

[0034]. - figure 16 is a front view of the caliper body on outer or reaction side of the caliper in figure 13 observed axially and externally;

[0035] . - figure 17 is a perspective view of a pad on reaction side ;

[0036] . - figure 18 is a section view taken along the line IX-IX in figure 16;

[0037] . - figure 19 is an enlarged perspective view of a spring according to a further embodiment of the invention;

[0038] . - figure 20 is a perspective view of a further variant embodiment of the invention;

[0039] . - figure 21 is a front view of the caliper in figure 20, taken along the side indicated by arrow XII in figure 20.

[0040] . Description of some preferred embodiments

[0041] . Common elements or element parts in the embodiments described below will be indicated using the same reference numerals.

[0042] . With reference to the figures, a caliper assembly for disc brake is globally indicated by reference numeral 1. [0043] . An assembly 1 for a disc brake caliper 100 has, when said caliper 101 is arranged astride a disc 3 of a disc brake 100 having a defined rotation axis (C) , an axial direction (X-X) parallel to said rotation axis (C) , a radial direction (R-R) orthogonal to said axial direction (X-X) and a tangential or circumferential direction (T-T) orthogonal to both the axial direction (X-X) and to the radial direction (R-R) .

[0044]. Said assembly 1 comprises a first pad 10 comprising a friction material 12, defining a friction surface, and a support plate 13 which supports said friction material 12 and is adapted to release the braking action onto the caliper 101 of the disc brake 100.

[0045] . Said support plate 13 comprises at least one lateral projection 14, which extends in a direction substantially coplanar with the plate 13 and is placed at an end of the support plate 13.

[0046]. Said at least one lateral projection 14 is adapted to be accommodated in a pocket 19 obtained in the body of the caliper 101.

[0047]. Said assembly 1 further comprises at least one spring 30. Said spring 30 is connected to said lateral projection 14 of said plate 13.

[0048] . Said spring 30 is adapted to be accommodated in a seat 34 obtained in the body of the caliper 101 at said pocket 19.

[0049]. Said seat 34 is delimited by at least one seat wall 60.

[0050] . Advantageously, said spring 30 is adapted to be inserted in said seat 34 to be fastened to said seat wall 60 to bias said pad 10 in the axial direction X-X .

[0051] . Furthermore, said support plate 13 advantageously comprises at least one pair of opposite lateral projections 14 which extend in direction substantially coplanar with the plate 13 and are placed at opposite ends of the support plate 13, and said assembly 1 comprises at least one pair of springs 30, and each spring 30 is connected to each lateral projection 14 of said plate 13.

[0052] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, each of said springs of said pair of springs 30 is a spring in one piece, and each of said springs 30 is adapted to bias the pad 10 with respect to the caliper 101 also in radial direction R-R.

[0053] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said spring 30 is a leaf spring which is adapted to be press-fastened, like a clip spring, in the seat 34 provided in the body of the caliper 101.

[0054]. According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said at least one lateral projection 14 comprises a pin 32. Said spring 30 comprises an opening 33, e.g. a through hole, adapted to cooperate with said pin 32 to geometrically couple, e.g. by forcing, said spring 30 to the plate 13.

[0055] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, each spring 30 of said pair of springs comprises at least two mutually opposed elastic arms 51 adapted to be abutted against the wall 60 of said seat 34 to fasten said spring 30 to said seat 34 by means of a force coupling, which is firm during operation, but easy to insert and remove for fast, accurate and safe replacement of the pads or in all cases for brake caliper maintenance.

[ 0056 ] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, each spring 30 comprises a plurality of arms 51, e.g. eight arms, circumferentially distributed, like petals, and substantially protruding transverse to said lateral projection 14.

[ 0057 ] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said plurality of arms 51 project from an anchoring base 52 provided with a coupling hole 33 adapted to fit with interference a pin 32 provided on each of said lateral projections 14.

[ 0058 ] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, each of said elastic arms 51 projects from said anchoring base 52 spreading to then taper towards a free end thereof to form a converging end portion 53 adapted to form, with an outer surface thereof facing towards the seat 34, a lead-in chute for coupling the spring 30 to the respective seat by means of an axial movement X-X of the plate 13 towards the caliper.

[ 0059 ] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, each of said springs 30 is obtained from a sheared and bent leaf.

[0060] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, each of said seats 34 has a predetermined width transverse to the longitudinal extension thereof, longitudinal direction e.g. coinciding with the axial direction X-X, and in which said at least two elastic arms 51 are mutually opposed and, in extended condition not coupled to the seat 34, have at least one portion thereof which is distanced from the opposed portion of the facing arm 51 by a distance which is greater than the predetermined transverse width of the seat 34, so as to guarantee a force coupling between said spring 30 and the respective seat 34, so that by entering in its seat the spring elastically compresses, folding the arms, forcing onto the walls of the seat to exert a friction action in axial direction X-X and an elastic action in radial direction R-R.

[0061] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, a caliper 101 comprises a caliper body 2.

[0062] . Said caliper body 2 comprises an inner side 21 or support side 21, and an outer side 11, or reaction side 11.

[0063] . Said outer side 11 comprises an inner surface 37 able to face a pad 10 and the brake disc 3 and an opposite outer surface 38.

[0064]. Said outer side 11 comprises at least one pocket 19 adapted to accommodate at least one lateral projection 14 of a pad 10, and at least one seat 34 adapted to accommodate at least one spring 30, and having at least one seat wall 60 adapted to cooperate with said spring 30.

[0065] . Said outer side 11 comprises an assembly 1 according to any one of the embodiments described above and adapted to face a side of an associable brake disc 3.

[0066] . Said inner side 21 comprises a second pad 20 opposite to the first pad 10 and adapted to face the opposite side of an associable brake disc 3.

[0067] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said caliper 101 is a floating caliper comprising a bracket 4 adapted to be arranged on one side of the brake disc 3, said bracket 4 is adapted to support the caliper body 2 in sliding manner.

[0068] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said pocket 19 is made in the form of a through hole in the caliper body 2 with a closed cross section.

[0069] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said pocket 19 comprises walls adapted to define a guide 18 adapted to accommodate a protuberance 17 made on a portion of said pad 10.

[0070] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said pocket 19 is adapted to apply tangential clearance between said pad 10 and the walls of said pocket 19. [0071] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said first pad 10 and said second pad 20 are adapted to be arranged substantially at the same distance from the center of rotation C of an associable brake disc 3.

[0072] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, said first pad 10 has a first center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad 10 on the corresponding facing braking surface of the brake disc 3 and said second pad 20 has a second center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad 20 on the corresponding facing braking surface of the brake disc 3. The lines Rl, R2 joining the projections of the first center of thrust with the rotation axis C of the brake disc 3 and the second center of thrust with the rotation axis C of the brake disc 3, both evaluated on a plane parallel to a brake disc associable with said caliper 101, mutually define a predetermined angle a.

[0073] . According to a possible embodiment, not necessarily comprising all the other features presented here, a brake disc 100 comprises a caliper 101 according to any one of the embodiments described herein.

[0074]. The present invention also relates to a method for installing an assembly 1 for a brake disc 100, comprising the steps of:

[0075] . - providing an assembly 1 as defined in any one of the embodiments described herein;

[ 0076 ] . - coupling the spring 30 with the support plate 13 of the pad 10;

[ 0077 ] . - inserting the protuberance 17 of said pad 10 in the guide 18 obtained in the pocket 19 of the caliper body 2;

[ 0078 ] . - moving the pad 10 with respect to the guide 18 so as to insert said spring 30 into the seat 34 obtained in the outer side 11 of the caliper body 2;

[ 0079 ] . - moving the pad 10 in the axial direction X-X so as to couple with force said spring 30 against said seat wall 60 obtained in the caliper body 2.

[ 0080 ] . According to a further general embodiment of the present invention, an assembly 1 for a disc brake caliper 100, in which, when said caliper 101 is arranged astride a disc 3 of a disc brake 100 having a defined rotation axis C, said assembly 1 defines an axial direction X-X parallel to said rotation axis C, a radial direction R-R orthogonal to said axial direction X-X and a tangential or circumferential direction T-T orthogonal to both the axial direction X-X and the radial direction R-R, said assembly 1 comprises a first pad 10 comprising a friction material 12, defining a friction surface, and a support plate 13 which supports said friction material 12 and is adapted to release the braking action onto the caliper 101 of the disc brake 100, in which said support plate 13 comprises at least one lateral projection 14 which extends in a direction substantially coplanar to the plate 13 and is placed at an end of the support plate 13, and in which said at least one lateral projection 14 is adapted to be accommodated in a pocket 19 obtained in the body of the caliper 101.

[0081] . Said assembly 1 further comprises at least one spring 30, said spring 30 is connected to said lateral projection 14 of said support plate 13, and said spring 30 is adapted to be accommodated in a seat 34 formed in the body of the caliper 101 at said pocket 19.

[0082] . Said seat 34 is adapted to put the surface of the body of the caliper 101 facing the disc 3 into communication with an opposite surface 35 arranged undercut with respect to said support plate 13, and in which said spring 30 is adapted to be at least partially interposed between said lateral projection 14 of the plate

13 and the pocket 19.

[0083] . Said spring 30 is adapted to cooperate with walls of the pocket 19 to bias said pad 10 with respect to the caliper 101 in the radial direction R-R.

[0084]. Said assembly is characterized in that said spring 30 is adapted to be inserted in said seat 34 to be fastened in an undercut manner against the undercut surface 35 to bias the pad 10 in the axial direction X-X.

[0085] . Said spring 30 is a spring in one piece, in which a first end 31 of said spring 30 is adapted to be at least partially interposed between said lateral projection 14 of the support plate 13 and said pocket 19 to bias the pad 10 with respect to the caliper 101 in the radial direction R-R, and in which a second hooked end 36 of said spring 30 is adapted to be inserted in said seat 34 to be fastened in an undercut manner against said undercut surface 35 to bias said pad 10 in the axial direction X-X.

[0086] . Particularly, said first end 31 of said spring 30 exchanges a force F r in radial direction R-R with said walls of said pocket 19 and said lateral projection 14 of the plate 13.

[0087] . Particularly, said second hooked end 36 of said spring 30 is adapted to exchange a force F x in axial direction X-X with said undercut surface 35.

[0088] . According to an embodiment, said spring 30 is a leaf spring which is adapted to be snap-fastened, like a clip spring, in an undercut manner in the body of the caliper 101.

[0089] . According to an embodiment, said spring 30 in one piece may be obtained with two or more spring portions welded firmly to one another, e.g. either riveted or welded or glued.

[0090] . Advantageously, said spring 30 is inserted in the seat 34 obtained in the body of the caliper 101 and the coupling of the spring 30 to an opposite surface 35 arranged undercut by passing through the body of the caliper 101 occurs by inserting a separate component, such as for example a pin, in the body of the caliper 101.

[0091] . Indeed, a solution which envisages the use of a pin then coupled by a separate spring imposes a complex insertion operation of the pad, of the pin and of a separate, thus losable, component, such as, for example, a split pin, consequently making it necessary to operate on two sides of the body of the caliper 101, while the invention allows to insert the pad 10 only on one side of the body of the caliper 101, because the spring 30, and particularly said second hooked end 36 of the spring 30, is able to close by entering in the seat 34 to then spread in undercut manner upon exiting.

[ 0092 ] . According to an embodiment, said at least one lateral projection 14 of the support plate 13 comprises a pin 32, said pin

32 comprises a dissymmetrical cross section, and said spring 30 comprises a dissymmetrical opening 33 adapted to cooperate with said pin 32 to orient the position of the spring 30 with respect to the support plate 13.

[ 0093 ] . Advantageously, the dissymmetrical pin 32 and the opening

33 of the spring 30 cooperate to orient the relative position of the spring 30 and the plate 13 during the step of installing of the spring 30 on the plate 13.

[ 0094 ] . According to an embodiment, said spring 30 is made starting from laminated metallic material and is mounted on the support plate 13 of the pad 10 by means of a riveting process.

[ 0095 ] . According to an embodiment, said support plate 13 comprises at least one pair of opposite lateral projections 14 which extend in direction substantially coplanar with the plate 13 and are placed at opposite ends of the support plate 13, and said assembly 1 further comprises at least one pair of springs 30, in which each spring 30 is connected to each lateral projection 14 of said plate 13.

[0096] . According to an embodiment, said caliper 101 comprises a caliper body 2, in which said caliper body 2 comprises an inner side 21, or support side 21, or side facing the vehicle, and an outer side 11, or reaction side 11, or side facing the vehicle wheel.

[0097] . The caliper body 2 may be of the single block type or may comprise a pair of half bodies 9 joined by means of connection means, e.g. screws or rivets. The caliper body 2 may further comprise a plurality of ribs 5 which extend astride an associable brake disc 3, defining ventilation openings 6 between consecutive ribs .

[0098] . Said outer side 11 comprises an inner surface 37 able to face a pad 10 and the brake disc 3 and an opposite outer surface 38.

[0099] . Said outer side 11 of the caliper body 2 comprises at least one pocket 19 adapted to accommodate at least one first pad 10, at least one seat 34 adapted to accommodate at least one spring 30, at least one undercut surface 35 with respect to said inner surface 37 adapted to cooperate with said second hooked end 36 of said spring 30, and in which said outer side 11 comprises an assembly 1 as described above.

[00100] . According to an embodiment, said pocket 19 is made in the form of a through hole in the caliper body 2 with a closed cross section, and said pocket 19 comprises walls adapted to define a guide 18 adapted to accommodate a protuberance 17 made on a portion of said pad 10. [00101] . Advantageously, said protuberance 17 made on a portion of said pad 10 cooperates with said guide 18 contained in the caliper body 2 to bias the installation of said assembly 1 for brake disc caliper 100 in the caliper body 2.

[00102] . According to an aspect of the invention, a method for installing an assembly 1 for a caliper of a disc brake 100 in the caliper body 2 comprises the steps of:

[00103] . - providing an assembly 1 as defined above;

[00104]. - coupling the spring 30 with the support plate 13 of the pad 10;

[00105] . - inserting the protuberance 17 of said pad 10 in the guide 18 obtained in the pocket 19 of the caliper body 2;

[00106] . - moving the pad 10 with respect to the guide 18 so as to insert said spring 30 into the seat 34 obtained in the outer side 11 of the caliper body 2;

[00107] . - moving the pad 10 in axial direction X-X so as to snap- fasten said spring 30 against the undercut opposite surface 35 obtained in the outer side 11 of the caliper body 2.

[00108] . Advantageously, the method described above allows to install an assembly 1 for caliper of a brake disc 100 in the caliper body 2 simply by operating from one side of the caliper body 2, and the assembly 1 may be installed by an operator using one hand.

[00109] . According to an embodiment, a noise-deadening sheet 15 is arranged in contact with the support plate 13 of said first pad 10 and interposed between said support plate 13 and the walls of said pocket 19 obtained in the caliper body 2.

[00110] . Advantageously, said noise-deadening sheet 15 comprises folded shoulders 16 which cooperate with said pad 10 in tangential direction T-T in order to release the braking action on the pad 10 in tangential direction T-T.

[00111] . According to an embodiment, said pocket 19 is adapted to impose a clearance in tangential direction T-T between said pad 10 and the walls of said pocket 19 to minimize the efforts in tangential direction T-T acting on the lateral projections 14 of the support plate 13 of the pad 10, already burdened by the stresses in axial direction X-X and in radial direction R-R and subject to potential displacement during the braking action as a consequence of the connection to the caliper body 2 by means of spring 30.

[00112] . According to an embodiment, the inner side 21 of the brake body 2 comprises a second pad 20 opposite to the first pad 10 and facing an associable brake disc 3 on the opposite side.

[00113] . According to an embodiment, said first pad 10 and said second pad 20 are arranged substantially at the same distance from the center of rotation C of an associable brake disc 3, i.e. the braking band of an associable brake disc 3 is substantially the same for both pads 10, 20.

[00114]. In particular, said first pad 10 has a first center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad 10 on the corresponding facing braking surface of the brake disc 3, and said second pad 20 has a second center of thrust or barycenter of the biasing actions of the pad 20 on the corresponding facing braking surface of an associable brake disc 3. The lines Ri, ϊ joining the rotation axis C of an associable brake disc 3 and the projections of the first center of thrust and of the second center of thrust on a plane parallel to a brake disc 3 associable with said caliper 101 mutually define a predetermined angle a.

[00115] . Advantageously, said misalignment of the opposite pads 10, 20 facing opposite sides of an associable brake disc 3 allows to counterbalance the moment generated by the friction forces, e.g. F' and F' ' , exchanged between the braking surfaces of an associable brake disc 3 and facing friction surfaces of pads 10, 20.

[00116] . Advantageously, counterbalancing said moment generated by the friction forces, e.g. F' and F' ' , exchanged between braking surfaces of an associable brake disc 3 and facing friction surfaces of pads 10, 20, allows to obtain a better accuracy of the braking action, the dimensions of the disc brake system 100 being equal, with respect to known solutions, or to reduce the dimensions of the brake disc system 100, the performance level being equal.

[00117] . From an analysis performed by the inventors, it arises that said misalignment biases the uniformity of the degree of wear of the friction material 12 of the pads 10, 20, in conditions of prolonged use of the braking system and depends on the choice of the value of the angle a. The choice of the value of said angle a depends on factors of geometric type, such as, for example, the thickness of a brake disc 3 associable to the caliper 101, and may be identified either mathematically or empirically.

[00118] . According to an embodiment, said caliper 101 is a floating caliper comprising a bracket 4 adapted to be arranged only on one side of the brake disc 3, said bracket 4 is adapted to support the caliper body 2 in sliding manner.

[00119] . Advantageously, the bracket 4 is adapted to be arranged only on one side of an associable brake disc 3, and particularly the inner side 21, or support side 21, allows to make a caliper 101 having improved features of lightness with respect to known solutions or solutions in which the bracket 4 is made on both sides of the caliper 101.

[00120] . According to an embodiment, said bracket 4 is "U"-shaped, comprising a crosspiece 5 and an upright 8 to each of the opposite ends of the crosspiece 7.

[00121] . The crosspiece 7 and the uprights 8 at least partially delimit a seat adapted to receive at least one second pad 20.

[00122] . According to an embodiment, the bracket 4 is made of aluminum or aluminum alloy, by means of a foundry process.

[00123] . According to a variant embodiment, the bracket 4 is made of steel or stainless steel or cast iron by means of a foundry process .

[00124]. Guiding means 40 for the relative sliding in axial direction X-X of the caliper body with respect to the bracket 4 are arranged on a portion of said uprights 8 of said bracket 4.

[00125] . According to an embodiment, said guiding means 40 are fixed to the bracket 4 by means of connection devices, such as for example screws or rivets.

[00126] . According to an embodiment, said guiding means 40 comprise a primary stud bolt 41, which guides the relative sliding between caliper body 2 and bracket 4 along the axial direction, i.e. parallel to X-X, and a secondary stud bolt 42, which, in addition to guiding the sliding, prevents the rotation of the caliper body 2 with respect to the primary stud bolt 41 (in known manner) .

[00127] . According to an embodiment, the primary and secondary stud bolts 41, 42 are made of aluminum or aluminum alloy.

[00128] . According to a variant embodiment, the primary and secondary stud bolts 41, 42 are made of steel or stainless steel or cast iron.

[00129] . According to an embodiment, a plurality of springs 50 is arranged on at least one portion of said uprights 8 and said springs 50 influence the sliding in axial direction X-X (in known manner) .

[00130] . According to an embodiment, said springs 50 are made of steel or stainless steel.

[00131] . According to an embodiment, the disc brake system 100 comprises at least one actuator 46 acting on the second pad 20, or pad positioned on the inner side 21, and said actuator 46 may be made in form of a hydraulic piston or an electrically actuated ratio motor 47 and may be used for service and/or parking braking.

[00132] . According to an embodiment, said caliper 101 is intended for applications as rear caliper for motor vehicles, such as for example cars and/or commercial vehicles, for service and/or parking braking .

[00133] . According to a variant embodiment, said caliper 101 is intended for applications as front caliper for motor vehicles, such as for example cars and/or commercial vehicles, for service and/or parking braking.

[00134]. Several changes, adaptations and replacements of elements with others which are functionally equivalent may be made by a person skilled in art to the embodiments described above in order to satisfy contingent needs without however departing from the scope of protection of the appended claims.

REFERENCES

1. Assembly

2. Caliper body

3. Brake disc

4. Bracket

5. Ribs

6. Ventilation openings

7. Crosspiece

8. Upright

9. Caliper half-body

10. First pad

11. Outer or reaction or wheel side

12. Friction material

13. Support plate

14. Lateral projections of the plate

15. Front noise-deadening sheet

16. Folded shoulder

17. Pad protuberance

18. Guide

19. Pocket

20. Second pad

21. Inner or support or vehicle side

30. Spring

31. First end of the spring

32. Pin

33. Dissymmetrical opening 34. Spring seat

35. Undercut surface

36. Second hooked end of the spring

37. Inner surface reaction side

38. Outer surface reaction side

40. Guiding means

41. Primary stud bolt

42. Secondary stud bolt

46. Actuator

47. Ratio motor

50. Axial sliding spring

51. Elastic arms

52. Anchoring base

53. Converging end portion

60. Seat wall

100. Disc brake

101. Caliper

X-X. Axial direction

T-T. Tangential or circumferential direction

R-R. Radial direction

Ri . Line joining the rotation axis of the brake disc and the projection of the first center of thrust of the first pad on a plane parallel to the brake disc

R.2. Line joining the rotation axis of the brake disc and the projection of the second center of thrust of the second pad on a plane parallel to the brake disc. Rotation axis of the brake disc

Offset angle

Friction force acting on the first pad Friction force acting on the second pad Axial force

Radial force