Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PAIR OF SAW BLADES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2002/092298
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A pair of saw blades comprises a first blade (1), which is adapted to rotate in a first direction about an axis of rotation (r), and a second blade (2), which is adapted to rotate in a second direction opposite to said first direction about the same axis of rotation (r), wherein each blade (1, 2) has a blade body (3, 4) and cutting elements (5, 6), which are provided along the periphery of the blade body (3, 4) and adapted to run close and in parallel to each other when the blades (1, 2) are rotating. A spacer means (7), which extends into a space between the two blades (1, 2), is attached to at least the blade body (4) of one of the blades (2) in order to support itself against and slide along a peripheral part of theother opposite blade (1).

Inventors:
Ericsson, Hans (Vickleby bygata 41 Färjestaden, S-386 93, SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE2002/000930
Publication Date:
November 21, 2002
Filing Date:
May 16, 2002
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
NORD CENTER I KALMAR AB (Box 6070 Kalmar, SE-390 06, SE)
Ericsson, Hans (Vickleby bygata 41 Färjestaden, S-386 93, SE)
International Classes:
B27B33/08; B23D45/10; B23D61/02; B23D61/04; (IPC1-7): B27B5/29
Foreign References:
FR2192483A5
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
AWAPATENT AB (Box 5117 Malmö, S-200 71, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. Pair of saw blades comprising a first blade (1), which is adapted to rotate in a first direction about an axis of rotation (r), and a second blade (2), which is adapted to rotate in a second direction opposite to said first direction about the same axis of rotation (r), wherein each blade (1,2) has a blade body (3,4) and cutting elements (5,6; 10,11; 13,14), which are arran ged along the periphery of the blade body and adapted to run close and in parallel to each other when the blades (1,2) are rotating, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that a spacer means (7; 12; 15), which extends into a space between the two blades (1,2), is attached to at least the blade body (4) of one of the blades (2) in order to support itself against and slide along a peripheral part of the other opposite blade (1).
2. Pair of saw blades according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the cutting elements (5,6 ; 10,11; 13,14) are saw teeth made of hard metal.
3. Pair of saw blades according to claim 2, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the spacer means comprises a part (7) of saw teeth (6) of said one blade (2), said part being prolonged in a direction towards the axis of rotation of that blade (2).
4. Pair of saw blades according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the cutting elements are diamond clad segments.
5. Pair of saw blades according to claim 1,2 or 4, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the spacer means comprises at least one strip part (12), which is cemented onto the blade body (4) of said one blade (2) symmetrically with regard to the axis of rotation of that blade (2).
6. Pair of saw blades according to claim 4, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the strip part (12) is made of sheet metal.
7. Pair of saw blades according to claim 4, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the strip part (12) is made of plastics.
8. Pair of saw blades according to claim 4, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the strip part (12) is made of ceramics.
9. Pair of saw blades according to claim 1,2 or 4, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the spacer means comprises at least a surface coating part (15), which is applied onto the blade body (4) of said one blade (2) symmetrically with regard to the axis of rotation (r) of that blade (2).
Description:
PAIR OF SAW BLADES Technical field The present invention concerns a pair of saw blades comprising a first blade, which is adapted to rotate in a first direction about an axis of rotation, and a second blade, which is adapted to rotate in a second direction opposite to said first direction about the same axis of rotation, wherein each blade has a blade body and cutting elements, which are arranged along the periphery of the blade body and adapted to run close and in parallel to each other when the blades are rotating.

State of the art In order to render cooperation possible of two saw blades according to the preamble it is vital that a gap exists between their blade bodies. Traditionally this gap is created by turning down the adjacent sides of the blade bodies relatively to the periphery with the cutting elements, so that a circumferential ring is left along the periphery. This ring comprises both an unturned part of the blade body as well as said cutting elements.

Drawbacks of the state of the art One drawback of the state of the art is that one when turning down must pay attention to that the lathe tool does not contact the cutting elements, because that might damage either the lath tool or the cutting ele- ments. Furthermore the turning can give rise to stresses in the saw blade. Another drawback with the state of the art is that one when optionally grinding the cutting ele- ments must avoid contact between the grinding disc and the blade body, because one otherwise risks clogging of the grinding disc by the relatively soft material of the blade body.

The object of the invention Against that background the object of the invention is to improve a pair of saw blades according to the pre- amble in such a way that the drawbacks of the state of the art are obviated.

Summary of the invention According to the invention this is achieved in a pair of saw blades according to the preamble in that a spacer means, which extends into a space between the two blades, is attached to at least the blade body of one of the blades in order to support itself against and slide along a peripheral part of the other opposite blade.

By attaching a spacer means on the blade body of at least one of the blades it is made possible in an easy way to provide the necessary gap without having to turn down the main blade bodies. Furthermore the spacer means leads to the whole main blade body lying on a level with regard to the face of the saw blade beneath the cutting elements, so that these can be machined without the blade body being affected thereby.

According to one embodiment of the invention the cutting elements are saw teeth made of hard metal, the spacer means preferably comprising a part of the saw teeth of said one blade, said part being prolonged in a direction towards the rotational axis of that blade.

This solution is very easy to achieve and does not require more measures than such saw teeth do require normally, i. e. soldering onto the blade body and subse- quent grinding of the saw teeth.

According to another embodiment of the invention the cutting elements are diamond clad segments.

In this context segments include both segments that are distinctly separated from each other by incisions in the periphery of the blade bodies as well as segments defined by trenches in the diamond cladding itself.

According to an embodiment especially suiting the solution with the diamond clad segments but of course even suiting the solution with the saw teeth the spacer means comprises at least one strip part, which is cemen- ted onto the blade body of said one blade symmetrically with regard to the rotational axis of that blade.

The advantage of this solution is that it is very easy to achieve and that it renders possible the use of a plurality of materials for the strip part, such as sheet metal, plastics or ceramics.

According to a further embodiment of the invention the spacer means comprises at least one strip part, which is cemented onto the main blade of said one blade symme- trically with regard to the rotational axis of that blade.

The advantage of this solution is that it is very easy to accomplish and that it is well suited for cost- effective mass production.

Brief description of the drawing Preferred embodiments of the invention will be described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein: Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a part of a pair of saw blades according to a first embodiment of the invention; Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a part of a pair of saw blades according to a second embodiment of the invention; and Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a part of a pair of saw blades according to a third embodiment of the invention.

Description of the three embodiments The pair of saw blades in Fig. 1 is provided for sawing wood and metal and comprises two blades 1,2. Of these the first one is arranged to rotate about an axis

of rotation r in a first direction, in this case towards the drawing surface, which is indicated by an empty ring.

The other one of the two blades is arranged to rotate about the same axis of rotation in a second direction opposite to said first direction, i. e. out of the drawing surface, which is indicated by a ring with a dot in its centre.

Both saw blades 1,2 have a blade body 3,4, which is made of steel sheet and extends to the periphery of the blades. Along the periphery both blades have saw teeth made of hard metal, the saw teeth 6 of the second blade 2, as can be seen, having in the direction towards said axis of rotation r a prolonged part 7 compared to the saw teeth of the first blade.

Like the saw teeth 5,6 the part 7 is ground in a suitable way, which means that said part 7 is surfaced, so that a smooth bearing surface 8 is created for the peripheral blade body portion 9 of the opposing first saw blade 1, the height of the bearing surface 8 above the blade body of the second blade 4 being chosen in such a way, that the blade bodies 3,4 of both blades 1,2 keep a desired distance when the bearing surface 8 abuts the blade body 3 of the first blade.

Like the embodiment in Fig. 1 the embodiment in Fig.

2 concerns a pair of saw blades 1,2 provided for sawing wood and metal. It is shown in the same manner as the embodiment in Fig. 1 and therefore only the difference between the embodiments is raised in the following.

The difference lies in that the saw teeth 10,11 of the two blades 1,2 are equally long and that instead of a prolonged portion of the saw teeth of the second blade 2 separate strip pieces 12 are arranged along the peri- phery of the blade body 4 of this blade 2. These strip pieces 12 are suitably made of metal, such as stainless steel, but even other materials, such as plastics or ceramics, are possible.

Like the embodiments in Figs. 1 and 2 the embodiment in Fig. 3 concerns a pair of saw blades 1,2 provided for sawing wood and metal. It is also shown in the same way as the embodiment in Fig. 1 and therefore only the dif- ference between the two embodiments is raised in the following.

The difference lies in that the saw teeth 13,14 of the two blades 1,2 (as with the embodiment in Fig. 2) are equally long and that instead a prolonged portion at the saw teeth of the second blade a surface coating por- tion 15 is applied along the periphery of the blade body of this blade 2. The surface coating portion 15 can be a solvent based layer, a layer of a two-component material or a layer applied in a electrolytic way, such as NEDOX, which is sufficiently durable for the purpose and suffi- ciently hard to ensure that the blade bodies 3,4 of the two blades 1,2 keep the correct distance from each other.

It is obvious that the embodiments of the saw blades 1, 2 described above can be altered in different ways within the scope of the claims. Thus, it is possible to arrange the spacer means mentioned in the claims on both blades and to use blades with other cutting elements than saw teeth of hard metal.