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Title:
PALLET AND BUILDING FORMED BY A PLURALITY OF INTERCONNECTED PALLETS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/141830
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a pallet for transporting goods or materials. The pallet has a body (12); a bar (16), releasably attachable to the body and movable between a transport position, and a connection position; and a fixing (18), configured to releasably secure the position of the bar and/or releasably secure the pallet to an adjacent pallet. The bar and clip function to enable pallets to be connected together. The invention further resides in a building (100), such as a dwelling, formed by a plurality of interconnected bodies, bars and clips of a plurality of pallets.

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Inventors:
HARDING BYRON (GB)
Application Number:
EP2019/051304
Publication Date:
July 25, 2019
Filing Date:
January 20, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
HARDING BYRON (GB)
International Classes:
B65D19/26; E04B1/02; B65D81/36
Domestic Patent References:
WO2010128261A22010-11-11
WO2017023163A12017-02-09
WO2007145666A12007-12-21
Foreign References:
AT506044A12009-05-15
US9060606B12015-06-23
US20130032064A12013-02-07
US20070175132A12007-08-02
US20160090209A12016-03-31
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
STANNERS, David (GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A pallet for transporting goods or materials, wherein the pallet is movable by lifting devices such as a forklift vehicle or a pallet-truck, the pallet having:

a body;

a bar, releasably attachable to the body and movable between

a transport position, and

a connection position; and

a fixing, configured to

releasably secure the position of the bar and/or

releasably secure the pallet to an adjacent pallet.

2. A pallet according to claim 1 , wherein the body has an upper and lower support having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, which are arranged to be substantially parallel, and wherein the bar is positioned between said supports.

3. A pallet according to claim 2, wherein the or each support has a recess shaped to receive the fixing such that the fixing in a secured position extends in the direction of said planes and is flush to the surface of the support and, preferably, lies between the planes defined by the surface of the supports.

4. A pallet according to claim 3, wherein the or each support has a plurality of recesses.

5. A pallet according to claim 4, wherein the or each support has a plurality of recesses, and at least one recess on at least two of the opposing sides.

6. A pallet according to any of claims 2 to 5, wherein the body has a structure configured between, and secured to, an upper and lower support.

7. A pallet according to any preceding claim, wherein the body has substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein the bar is positioned between said supports.

8. A pallet according to claim 7, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side.

9. A pallet according to claim 8, wherein in the transport position the bar is mounted upon the body such that no part of the bar extends beyond the access-side of the body, and in the connection position the bar extends beyond the access-side of the body.

10. A pallet according to claim 9, wherein in the connection position the bar extends up to half its length beyond the access-side of the body.

11. A pallet according to any preceding claim, wherein the fixing is a clip, having a limb configured to releasably engage with a recess on a support and a rod configured to connect with the bar, and releasably secure the position of the bar.

12. A pallet according to any preceding claim, further having a transit body removably connectable to a side of the body with the fixing or clip.

13. A pallet according to claim 12 wherein the transit body has an upper and lower support having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, which are arranged to be substantially parallel, and wherein the transit body, when connected to the body, provides an extension of the upper and lower faces of the body to increase the footprint of the pallet in a transport configuration.

14. A pallet according to claim 13, wherein the or each support of the transit body has a recess shaped to receive a fixing such that the fixing in a secured position lies between the planes defined by the surface of the supports on both the body and the transit body.

15. A pallet according to any of claims 12 to 14, wherein the transit body has a structure configured between, and secured to, an upper and lower support.

16. A pallet according to claim 15, wherein the transit body releasably connects to a beam-side of the body and has a beam that is aligned substantially parallel with a beam in the body.

17. A pallet according to claim 16, wherein a cavity is formed between the body and the transit body when connected, and the bar is releasably secured therein.

18. A pallet according to any of claims 12 to 17, wherein the fixing is a clip, having a first limb configured to releasably engage with a recess on a support on the body, a second limb configured to releasably engage with a recess on a support on the transit body, and a rod configured to connect with the bar, and releasably secure the transit body to the body and the bar therebetween.

19. A pallet according to any preceding claim, further having an engagement bar or connector removably mounted between an upper and lower support having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, which are arranged to be substantially parallel.

20. A pallet according to claim 19 wherein the body has opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the connector or engagement bar is configured to releasably engage with the access-sides of the body and inhibit the support from deforming between beam-sides of the body.

21. A pallet according to claim 19 or 20, wherein the body has opposing edges defining a beam- side of the body and other opposing edges defining a first access-side and a second access-side of the body, wherein the engagement bar is configured to releasbly engage with the first access-side of a first pallet and releasably engage with the second access-side of a second pallet.

22. A pallet according to any preceding claim, wherein the body has substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein a bracket is removably mounted between said supports and configured to guide a lifting device, such as guide the forks of forklift vehicle or pallet-truck.

23. A pallet according to claim 22, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and the bracket is removably mounted within the cavity.

24. A pallet according to any preceding claim, having:

a transport configuration, wherein the body of the pallet has a transit body removably connectable to a side of the body with the fixing or clip, and with the transit body mounted to the body the footprint of the pallet is a shape suitable for grid-pattern tessellation when a plurality of panels are arranged together; and an assembly configuration, wherein the body of the pallet alone, is a shape suitable for grid-pattern tessellation when a plurality of panels are arranged together

25. A building, such as a dwelling, formed by a plurality of interconnected bodies, bars and clips of a plurality of pallets according to any preceding claim.

26. A building according to claim 25, wherein the building has a first body, a second body, a bar and a clip releasably securing the bar between the first and second body, which are arranged adjacent each other.

27. A building according to claim 26, wherein the building has a third body, a fourth body and a second clip, wherein the bar releasably secured between the first and second body extends perpendicularly from a perimeter defined by the first a second body and the second clip releasably secures the extended portion of the bar between the third and fourth body, such that the first, second, third and fourth bodies are arranged adjacent each other in tessellated configuration.

28. A building according to claim 25, wherein two pallets are connected and a body has substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein a bar is positioned between said supports, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and wherein the beam-side of the two panels are releasably connected by a fixing or clip.

29. A building according to claim 25 or 28, wherein two pallets are connected and the body has substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein the bar is positioned between said supports, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and wherein

the bar extends from one pallet beyond the access-side of the body and extends in to the access-side of the other pallet and the bar is releasably secured to both the one pallet and the other pallet by at least two fixings.

30. A building according to any of claims 25, 28 or 29, wherein four pallets are connected and the body has substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein the bar is positioned between said supports, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and wherein

the beam-side of the two panels are releasably connected by a fixing or clip, and wherein

the bar extends from one pallet beyond the access-side of the body and extends in to the access-side of the other pallet and the bar is releasably secured to both the one pallet and the other pallet by at least two fixings.

31. A building according to any of claims 25 or 28 to 30, wherein the building has four sides, a floor and/or a roof and wherein at least one of the sides, floor or roof has two pallets releasably connected along a beam-sides and/or two pallets releasably connected along an access-side.

32. A building according to any of claims 25 or 28 to 31, wherein the building has four sides, a floor and/or a roof and wherein each of the sides, floor and/or roof has two pallets releasably connected along a beam-sides and/or two pallets releasably connected along an access-side. 33. A building according to claims 29 or 30, wherein the body has substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein a bracket is removably mounted between said supports and configured to: guide a lifting device, such as guide the forks of forklift vehicle or pallet-truck, when in use as a pallet, and be released from between the supports and releasably secured to a bar arranged to extend vertically to support a bar within a pallet arranged to extend horizontally.

34. A building according to claim 25, wherein the bars, clips and brackets connect to form part of a skeleton structure of the building, said skeleton residing primarily between the supports of the bodies of the pallets.

35. A building according to claim 32, wherein the skeleton has legs protruding in a downward direction to support the floor of the building off the ground, said legs preferably independently adjustable in length.

Description:
PALLET AND BUILDING FORMED BY A PLURALITY OF INTERCONNECTED PALLETS

The invention relates to a pallet of the type used to facilitate the transportation of goods. The pallet of the invention has additional functionality. As well as carrying goods it is reconfigurable to provide a module for building structures, such as buildings or dwellings. The invention further resides in a building, structure or dwelling having a plurality of assembled or interconnected pallets.

Known pallets, of the type for transportation of goods, are designed and constructed to be strong, low cost and re-usable as pallets - they are not suitable for being reconfigured. Such pallets are often constructed with minimal materials, such as slatted support surfaces, and robust connections, having glued portions or nails, which are purposively extremely difficult to disassemble - even with a claw-hammer or crow-bar - never mind doing so without damaging them.

There are many known ‘do-it-yourself’ (DIY) projects, with instructions on how to re configure transportation pallets. These projects assume that the builder has a degree of skill and/or a plurality of tools and fixings to hand, such as hammers, saws, screws etc. to implement these projects. In addition to skills, precious time is often required to transform known pallets in to something useful.

Known pallets are such an integral part in the transportation industry that the space that they occupy is taken for granted, and written-off - no longer considered, thus becoming an assumed overhead in the cost of transportation. Known pallets, therefore, can be considered as an inefficient overhead in transportation - in terms of at least space, cost and materials - because they have a single purpose and limited life.

The problems associated with known pallets are exacerbated when, in particular, the space occupied by the pallet is desperately needed, and the pallet has no purpose or tangible value at the destination - such situations arise when known pallets are used to ship goods for disaster or humanitarian relief, e.g. in response to hurricanes, famine or civil war. Even in non-emergency scenarios, the space and resource of known pallets could be better utilised.

Summary of the invention

According to one aspect the invention resides in a pallet for transporting goods or materials, wherein the pallet is movable by lifting devices such as a forklift vehicle or a pallet-truck, the pallet having: a body; a bar, releasably attachable to the body and movable between a transport position, and a connection position; and a fixing, configured to releasably secure the position of the bar and/or releasably secure the pallet to an adjacent pallet. In the transport position the bar can reside within the perimeter volume of the pallet or the body. In the connection position the bar can extend from the perimeter volume of the pallet. In the connection configuration the bar can reliably attach to another body of another pallet.

The body can have an upper and lower support having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, which are arranged to be substantially parallel, and wherein the bar is positioned between said supports. The upper surface can support goods to be transported thereon. The lower surface is the surface upon which the pallet can rest.

The or each support can have a recess shaped to receive the fixing such that the fixing in a secured position extends in the direction of said planes. The clip can be, and is preferably, flush to the surface of the support. Preferably, the clip can lie between the planes defined by the surface of the supports, within the recess. The recess can be a countersunk slot or machined area. The recess can have slots to receive limbs of a clip - thus prevent rotation about axis defined by the spine and/or the rod of the clip. The pallet can have a plurality of recesses. The recesses can be on the or each support. A plurality of recesses can provide for flexible reconfiguration and/or positioning of the bar and/or body in the connection position.

The or each support can have a plurality of recesses, and at least one recess on at least two of the opposing sides.

The body can have a structure configured between, and secured to, an upper and lower support. The body can have a substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein the bar is positioned between said supports.

The structure can have two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access- side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side.

The pallet can have at least two, or at at least three, recesses configured on a beam-side. The pallet can have at least one recess on each face of a beam-side. The pallet can have at least two recesses, with one on each face, on each beam-side. The recesses can be evenly spaced along the length of the beam-side. Six recesses can be configured on each beam-side.

The or each recess can be a semi-recess. That is, a recess can have two sides, or semi -recesses. The semi-recesses can be aligned with each other when two bodies are aligned or the body and transit body 14 are aligned. Therefore, one side of the recess can reside on the body of the pallet and the other side of the recess can reside on the transit body. If no transit body is utilised in a pallet then the recess and both sides thereof can reside solely on the body.

In the transport position the bar can be mounted upon the body such that no part of the bar extends beyond the access-side of the body, and in the connection position the bar extends beyond the access-side of the body. In the connection position the bar can extend by up to half its length beyond the access-side of the body.

The fixing can be a clip, the clip having a limb configured to releasably engage with a recess on a support. The limb can be configured to grip or clinch two bodies together. The clip can have a rod. The rod can be configured to connect with the support and/or bar, and releasably secure the position of the bar. The clip can have a spine configured to extend across the boundary between two bodies being held together by the clip.

The clips can function to releasably secure the body to a transit body, or secure the body to another body. The clip can achieve this is one or more of the following ways: the limbs extend from the spine and are resiliently biased, or sprung, such that they grasp the recess in to which they extend; the limbs can have formations, such as teeth-like protrusions, which engage with the beam; the beam can be shaped, such as having grooves, configured to receive the ends of the limbs; the rod extending from the spine inhibits uncontrolled movement or creep of the spine from the recess by inhibiting rotation of the spine; or the clip can be secured with additional fixings that reliably secure the spine of the clip to the recess in which it is mounted.

The clip can be“U” shaped. The clip can also be“W” shaped. End pieces can project in to panels to which they are fixed, the arms holding them together. The centre piece - like the middle of the“w” can inserts in to the bar and/or the panel to engage with those parts.

The pallet can have a transit body removably connectable to a side of the body with the fixing or clip. The transit body can have an upper and lower support having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, which are arranged to be substantially parallel, and wherein the transit body, when connected to the body, provides an extension of the upper and lower faces of the body to increase the footprint of the pallet in a transport configuration.

The or each support of the transit body can have a recess shaped to receive a fixing such that the fixing in a secured position lies between the planes defined by the surface of the supports on both the body and the transit body. The recess on the transit body can be configured in the same manner, layout and as the recess described above in relation to the body and the features are not repeated. The transit body can have a structure configured between, and secured to, an upper and lower support. The transit body can releasably connect to a beam-side of the body and have a beam that is aligned substantially parallel with a beam in the body. In other words, both the body of the pallet and the transit body, if provided, have beams that function like a spine and extends substantially across the body or transit body. When the transit body and body are aligned, the beams in the respective bodies are aligned. A cavity can be formed between the body and the transit body when connected, and the bar can be releasably secured therein.

The bar can be telescopic. The bar can have a sleeve and a core, movable within the sleeve. A plurality of holes or formations can be provided on the sleeve and/or core such that the core can be releasably secured in multiple positions with respect to the sleeve.

The fixing can be a clip, having a first limb configured to releasably engage with a recess on a support on the body, a second limb configured to releasably engage with a recess on a support on the transit body, and a rod configured to connect with the bar, and releasably secure the transit body to the body and the bar therebetween.

An engagement bar or connector can be removably mounted between an upper and lower support having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, which are arranged to be substantially parallel. The body can have opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the connector or engagement bar is configured to releasably engage with the access-sides of the body and inhibit the support from deforming between beam-sides of the body.

The body can have opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and other opposing edges defining a first access-side and a second access-side of the body, wherein the engagement bar is configured to releasbly engage with the first access-side of a first pallet and releasably engage with the second access-side of a second pallet.

The body can have substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein a bracket is removably mounted between said supports and configured to guide a lifting device, such as guide the forks of forklift vehicle or pallet-truck.

The structure can have two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access- side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and the bracket is removably mounted within the cavity.

The pallet can have a transport configuration, wherein the body of the pallet has a transit body removably connectable to a side of the body with the fixing or clip, and with the transit body mounted to the body the footprint of the pallet is a shape suitable for grid-pattern tessellation when a plurality of panels are arranged together; and an assembly configuration, wherein the body of the pallet alone, is a shape suitable for grid-pattern tessellation when a plurality of panels are arranged together.

In another aspect the invention resides in a kit of parts having a pallet as hereinbefore described.

In another aspect, the invention resides in a building, such as a dwelling, formed by a plurality of interconnected bodies, bars and clips of a plurality of pallets according to any preceding claim.

The building can have a first body, a second body, a bar and a clip releasably securing the bar between the first and second body, which are arranged adjacent each other. In this configuration, the beam-sides of the bodies can be abutted against each other and the edges of the access-sides aligned.

The building can have a first body, a second body, a bar and a clip releasably securing the bar between the first and second body, which are arranged adjacent each other. In this configuration, the access-sides of the bodies can be abutted against each other and the edges of the access-sides aligned.

The building can have a third body, a fourth body and a second clip, wherein the bar can be releasably secured between the first and second body and extend perpendicularly from a perimeter defined by the first a second body and the second clip releasably secures the extended portion of the bar between the third and fourth body, such that the first, second, third and fourth bodies are arranged adjacent each other in tessellated configuration. In this configuration the four bodies can form a rectangular footprint.

Two pallets can be connected and a body can have substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein a bar is positioned between said supports, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam- side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and wherein the beam-side of the two panels are releasably connected by a fixing or clip. Two pallets can be connected and the body can have substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein the bar is positioned between said supports, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam- side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and wherein the bar extends from one pallet beyond the access-side of the body and extends in to the access-side of the other pallet and the bar is releasably secured to both the one pallet and the other pallet by at least two fixings.

Four pallets can be connected are connected and the body has substantially parallel upper and lower supports having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein the bar is positioned between said supports, wherein the structure has two beams arranged adjacent opposing edges of the pallet, said opposing edges defining a beam-side of the body and the other opposing edges defining an access-side of the body, wherein the body has a space or cavity between the supports and the beams and said space or cavity is open on the or each access-side, and wherein the beam-side of the two panels are releasably connected by a fixing or clip, and wherein the bar extends from one pallet beyond the access-side of the body and extends in to the access-side of the other pallet and the bar is releasably secured to both the one pallet and the other pallet by at least two fixings.

The building can have four sides, a floor and/or a roof and wherein at least one of the sides, floor or roof has two pallets releasably connected along a beam-sides and/or two pallets releasably connected along an access-side. The roof can be optional and, alternatively, be formed by a tent-like structure.

The body can have upper and lower supports extending in a parallel manner having surfaces defining upper and lower faces or planes, and a structure configured between, and secured to, the supports, wherein a bracket is removably mounted between said supports and configured to: guide a lifting device, such as guide the forks of forklift vehicle or pallet-truck, when in use as a pallet, and be released from between the supports and releasably secured to a bar arranged to extend vertically to support a bar within a pallet arranged to extend horizontally.

The bars, clips and brackets can connect to form part of a skeleton structure of the building, said skeleton residing primarily between the supports of the bodies of the pallets. The skeleton can have legs protruding in a downward direction to support the floor of the building off the ground, said legs preferably independently adjustable in length.

In light of the teaching of the present invention, the skilled person would appreciate that aspects of the invention were interchangeable and transferrable between the aspects described herein, and can be combined to provide improved aspects of the invention. Further aspects of the invention will be appreciated from the following description.

Brief description of the Figures

In order that the invention can be more readily understood, reference will now be made, by way of example, to the drawings in which:

Figures la and lb are top and bottom plan views, respectively, of a body of pallet, together with a transit body separate and adjacent thereto;

Figures 2a and 2b are an end-elevation views of a beam-side and an access-side, respectively, of the body of the pallet of Figure 1 ;

Figures 3a and 3b are top and bottom plan views, respectively, of two pallet bodies, together with fixings in position on each panel prior to said bodies being connected on their beam-side when used in an assembly;

Figures 4a and 4b are top and bottom plan views, respectively, of a pallet in a transport configuration, together with fixings and ancillary parts in position on each pallet, including an attached transit body;

Figure 5 a is a plan view of the bottom of a pallet in transportation configuration with the forks of a pallet-truck located in a lifting position, and Figure 5b is an elevation view of Figure 5 a;

Figure 6 is a perspective view of two pallet bodies in an assembly configuration;

Figures 7a and 7b are, respectively, views of a fixing or clip and bracket, together with bolts;

Figures 8a to 8d are a selection of perspective views of the bar of the invention;

Figure 9a is a perspective view of a beam-side of the body of the pallet to which the bar is mounted, while Figure 9b is a perspective view of the body in a transport configuration including the bar and the transit body, releasably held together by clips;

Figures lOa to lOc are views of a custom pallet;

Figure 11 is a perspective view of a partially completed structure illustrating pallets connected together to provide a floor, sides and part of a walkway of a dwelling;

Figure 12 is a vertical section view through the completed structure of Figure 11, with a walkway;

Figure 13 is a vertical section view through the structure of Figure 12; Figure l4a is a section view through the walls of the structure of Figure 12, showing the top of the floor, while Figure 14b is a perspective view of a corner between the walls having two connectors engaging with clips;

Figure 15 is a section view through the walls of the structure of Figure 12, showing the underside of the floor;

Figures 16 and 17 are perspective views of the structure of Figure 12;

Figure 18 is a perspective view of the interconnected bars, fixings and brackets forming a skeleton within the structure of Figure 12; and

Figure 19 is a two-level variation of the structure of Figures 12 to 17 formed by connected pallets.

Detailed description

Figures la through to 10 show a pallet in different configurations and orientations. Various cross-sections are also shown. The pallet 10 has two main components - a body 12 and an optional transit body 14, which can be used when pallet sizes vary. As described below the pallet, by way of example, has a standard 1000mm x 1200mm footprint. In the example embodiments shown an optional transit body is used. Together the body and transit body enable the pallet to transform and change from a transport configuration, in which the body and transit body are connected, and an assembly configuration in which the body and transit body 14 are separated. Without the transit body the footprint of the body 12 of the transport and assembly configurations are the same. A pallet 10 that has no transit body, can be differentiated between the transport and assembly configuration by the reconfiguration of other components of the pallet. The inventor, however, considers an embodiment of the invention with a transit body to be adaptable.

The body 12 is used as the primary component in forming a building 100, or part thereof, comprising a plurality of pallets, as shown in Figures 11 to 19.

The pallet 10 in the transport configuration can be used to transporting goods or materials. This configuration is illustrated best in Figures 4a and 4b, and also in Figures 5 a and 5b, wherein the pallet is shown together with the forks of a pallet-truck PT. A bar 16, shown in Figure 5b is retained within the perimeter or volume defined by the pallet 10. A fixing or clip 18 is shown securing the body 12 and the transit body 14 together. The clip 18 can, additionally secure the position of the bar with respect to the body 12. The pallet 10 is provided with three clips.

The body 12 and the transit body 14 have upper and lower support surfaces 20 defining upper and lower faces or planes of the pallet 10. These surfaces are arranged to be substantially parallel such that goods would rest on the upper surface while the lower surface would rest on a floor. Note that the lower surface 20 can have four spaces formed by displacing knock-out panels 22 that, when removed, form four apertures. Alternatively, the pallet is provided without knock-out panels and four apertures are provided. The apertures enable the wheels of a pallet-truck PT moving the pallet 10 to access the floor on which a pallet is resting to facilitate movement of the pallet. This is best illustrated by Figure 5a and 5b.

The pallet 10 has a recess 24 shaped on the surfaces to receive the clip 18. The recess 24 enables the fixing or clip to form a secure hold of the body 12 and/or transit body 14. Each recess 24 has two sides, or semi-recesses, which align with each other when the body 12 and transit body 14 are aligned - thus one side of the recess resides on the body 12 of the pallet and the other side of the recess resides on the transit body 14. If no transit body is utilised in a pallet 10 then the recess and both sides thereof reside solely on the body 12. On the opposite side of the body semi -recesses are also provided - these match the semi-recess on an adjacent body - for configurations in which connect in an assembly configuration. When the body is adjacent the transit body to form the pallet 10, each side of the recess (i.e. each semi-recess) is aligned such that the clip 18 engages with the transit body and the body and bridges the interface therebetween to hold these two parts together.

If a transit body 14 is used it is removed for the assembly configuration, when two bodies 12 are aligned and adjacent with each other then the semi-recess of each pallet - that is the sides of the recess on each pallet body 12 - are aligned such that the clip 18 engages with each body to releasably hold the two together.

If no transit body is used and the pallet 10 comprises a body 12 then additional recesses can be provided to retain the clip within the perimeter or envelope of the pallet 10 before clips 18 are repositioned to span between two bodies such that the clip lies in a recess on each part of the body in the same way it would if connecting to a transit body.

The recess is preferably shaped to accommodate the clip such that the clip does not protrude beyond a plane defined by the surface 20 of the pallet 10. In other words the clip can be countersunk within the support or surface of the pallet 10. The clip 18 additionally or alternatively engages with the bar 16. The bar in the transport configuration resides between the body 12 and the transit body 14 and can also be held with the clip.

Each of the body 12 and transit body 14 have a structure 26 configured between, and secured to, the upper and lower support 20. The structure on the body has three beams 26, while the transit body has a single beam. The longitudinal sides of the beams 26 located adjacent the edge of the surfaces are set back from said edges. In the transport configuration a cavity 28 is formed between the beams 26 of the body and transit body and the support surfaces 20 by the beams being set-back. The bar 16, and position of the beams, are configured such that the bar is enclosed, in the cavity. Figure 5b shows the bar 16 located is the transportation configuration. If no transit body is used then the bar is stored in the body 12 between the beams 26. Both the beam 26 of the body 12 and the beam 26 of the transit body 15, if provided, function like a spine and extends substantially across the body or transit body as shown. When configured together their beams 26 extend parallel to one another. In other words, when the transit body and body are aligned, the beams in the respective bodies are aligned.

It is to be noted that a structure formed by beams has been described by way of example only and alternative structures, such as a glass-reinforced-plastic (GRP) type assembly could provide the same functionality and similar shape or form to the pallets shown in the Figures.

The body 12 of the pallet 10 has two beams 26 arranged adjacent opposite edges of the pallet, said edges defining a beam-side 30 of the body. The other opposing edges define an access-side of the body 32, wherein the body has a space between the supports and said space is open on the or each access-side.

The pallet includes a connector 34, shown in Figure 2a. Figure 4a and 5b illustrate the connector removably connected to the pallet in the transport configuration. Figure 4a and 5b also show a bracket 36 removably connected to the pallet in the transport configuration. These components can aid guidance of a pallet truck PT when the pallet is used for transporting goods. Their function changes when the pallet is reconfigured to an assembly configuration for forming part of the building 100. The connector and bracket can be secured using, for example, coach-bolts and wing-nuts, such that no tools are required for the removal or attachment of these components.

Figures 7a and 7b show the clip 18 and bracket 36, respectively, in more detail. The bracket is triangular in shape, typical of a corner bracket used for bracing structures together. The bracket has a triangular footprint with at least two flanges extending therefrom. Reinforcement forming can be provided. A plurality of mounting holes are provided for securing the bracket to a beam 26 of the pallet 10 as shown in Figure 5b. Removable bolts are used for fixing the bracket.

Figure 9b and Figure 5b show the clip 18 in position when the pallet is in the transport configuration i.e. holding the body 12 to the transport body 14 such that the pallet can accommodate goods for shipping thereon. The clip has a main body or spine l8a, that extends substantially parallel to the surfaces 20 of the pallet 10. A limb l8b at each end of the spine extends perpendicularly from the spine. The limbs extend, preferably, in to slots in the recess 24. The limbs l8b clamp the body and transit body together providing a removable hold or lock therebetween. When a body 12 is aligned adjacent another body 12 the clip 18 couples both the body 11 and the another body - in the same way that it is releasably and securably held to a transit body. The semi-recesses 24 in each body are aligned and the spine l8a of the clip spans the join or interface and each limb l8b extends in to a slot in the respective recesses. A rod l8c extends perpendicularly from a central portion of the spine l8a. The rod l8c is configured to locate within the bar 16. Fixings can be used to further secure the clip 18 to the body 12 and transit body. Such fixings can further secure or hold the spine l8a in position in the recess. A portion, such as the end portion, of the rod l8c can be provided with a thread to, at least in part, engage with the bar 16. Additionally or alternatively to a thread a bayonet fixing can be provided.

Figures 8a and 8b show a sleeve l6a and a core l6b of the bar, respectively, while Figure 8c shows the core located in the sleeve, with an optional foot 38 that can fit within the end of the core l6b. The core and sleeve are provided with holes, slots or apertures for receiving the rod l8c of the clip 18. Figure 8d shows the rod l8c of clips 18 in partial engagement with the bar. The sleeve l6a, when installed in the pallet can be fixedly secured to the body 12, and separable from the transit body 14. Alternatively, the sleeve can also be removable from the body 12. The core l6b can move within the sleeve to be releasably held in position by the rod l8c of the clip. The dimensions of the rod l8c and holes of the bracket 36 are such that they enable co-operation with the bolt-type fixings and the bar 16.

Returning to Figure 9a, the clip 18 is shown engaged with one body 12 only. The spine l8a lies in one side of a recess 24 upon the surface 20 of the body. A limb l8b extends in to the body. The beam 26 is set-back, or positioned slightly inward of the edge of the surface 20 such that the rod l8c extends, as shown, to be adjacent a space or void at the side of the body because the bar is not shown. Figure 9a is for illustrative purposes only - indicating the body in an assembly configuration (i.e. without a transit body 14) with three clips and recesses on each beam-side 32 of a body. Four semi-recesses are provided on one support surface 20 and two semi-recesses are provided on the opposite support 20. The support having four recesses can be the lower-most support in use, resting on the floor because this is considered to provide a suitably strong surface. Six semi-recesses, however, can be provided on each support surface in order to provide a choice of position during assembly. On each beam-side 30 the recesses are evenly distributed along its length. This provides for optimum distribution of a load upon the pallet through the support surface, via the clip to the bar.

In use, the assembly configuration is such that another body abuts the body 12 to form a structure. The clip 18 shown connected to the body 12 in Figure 9a connects in an identical manner to the other body. This occurs because the recesses 24 align between the bodies to receive the spine and limbs of the clip. In the assembly configuration the rod l8c does not extend in to a void between the bodies but instead engages with the bar 16 that is connected to one of the bodies.

The connection between the body 12 and the transit body 14, shown in Figure 9b, is analogous to the connection between two bodies 12. As seen in Figure 9b the edge of the body 12 adjacent the beam 26 are of the same dimensions such that the bar 16 sits between them, while fixed to the body (one of them). Thus the clip can releasably secure the transit body 14 in the same manner as it would secure another body. It is to be noted that the clip can extend in to a recess to engage with the bar between the bodies. The beam 26 can have a recess or similar feature for enabling the limb 18b of a clip to engage.

The clips can function to releasably secure the body 12 to a transit body 14, or secure the body 12 to another body 14, in one or more of the following ways: the limbs l8b extending from the spine 18a are resiliently biased, or sprung, such that they grasp the recess in to which they extend; the limbs have formations, such as teeth-like protrusions, which engage with the beam 26; the beam 26 can be shaped, such as having grooves, configured to receive the ends of the limbs; the rod l8c extending from the spine inhibits uncontrolled movement or creep of the spine from the recess by inhibiting rotation of the spine; or the clip can be secured with additional fixings (see Figure 5b) that reliably secure the spine of the clip to the recess in which it is mounted.

Custom pallet

Figures lOa to lOc show a custom-pallet, which is a variation or modification of the aforementioned pallet of Figures 1 to 9, which accommodates a window and/or door function while retaining the beam-side 30 and access-side 32 connectivity using clips 18 together with the bar 16 (not shown in Figure 10). When arranged to extend horizontally the custom pallet functions as a void for passing therethrough e.g. for a stairwell.

A stairwell can be implemented by arrangement of bars 16, connected with clips 16 angled at 45 degree to the horizontal, with brackets 36 releasably secured thereon to support the transit body 14 resting on the bracket 36.

A portion 40 of the support surface 20 is hinged to provide a central, preferably hinged, opening 42. The hinged portion configured to open can be made of the same material as the support 20, or be provided as a Perspex™ portion or similar transparent material. As an alternative to a transparent solid window like material the aperture can be provided with a mesh that forms a barrier to insects and, therefore, functioning as a fly-screen or mosquito-net. To retain sufficient strength in a transport configuration inserts or reinforcements (not shown) can be provided, such as around the periphery of the opening 42.

In an assembly configuration any transportation reinforcements are removed to provide a U- shaped frame with the same peripheral or configuration as the panels shown in Figures 1 to 9 and, therefore, this custom pallet is arrangeable or connectable to the pallets shown in Figures 1 to 9 in the same manner. Two of these U-shaped panels aligned with the open ends facing one another can function as a door-frame. These custom panels can be seen installed in Figures 11 to 19.

Pallet bundles

Goods shipped on pallets vary in their size and form - some of which do not permit further pallets to be stacked thereon. For example, if a portable generator were mounted on a pallet the shape and form would be irregular making the space above the pallet-generator combination (e.g. between the generator and the ceiling height of the transport unit in which it was being transported) effectively useless or dead-space. In practice, therefore, a number of pallets 10, perhaps including custom pallets for windows and doors, can be stacked, and secured together with, irregular-shaped goods stored thereon, thus optimising the volume of space available for transportation of goods.

Assembly confisuration

The pallet 10 has been described above in a transport configuration and, in part, its assembly configuration. The aim of the invention, however, is to provide a pallet that is reconfigurable to function as a building module. This is achieved, at least, by the connectivity of the body 12 of the pallet to another body of, preferably, the same kind of pallet, when pallets are in an assembly configuration.

The buildings or dwellings described herein use a pallet with a common interface and common dimensions or size. In light of the teaching herein it would be possible to connect pallets of different sizes, which had the same interface. The term interface is used to describe edges of bodies 12 that connect using clips, as described above in relation to Figures 1 to 10, and illustrated in Figure 9b. Each body 12 can connect to another body along its beam-side 30 and/or its access-side 32. The additional functionality of the clip 18, bar 16, connector 34, bracket 36 and transit body 14 can facilitate the assembly of the building.

Each pallet has three recesses and clips 18, equally spaced along the beam-side 30 - two clips on one surface 20, one on the other. As shown in the Figures the clips are evenly spaced along the beam-side. The position of the clips and their associated recesses are such that the load can be evenly distributed throughout a building or structure formed from the pallets of the invention. Other recess positions are configurable depending on the size of the pallet, number of clips available and load to be supported.

Not only are the positions of the recesses important but the size can be matched to engage with a clip positioned therein. This can further inhibit movement of the clip when engaging two pallet bodies thus increasing the strength of a floor, wall or ceiling of a building or dwelling.

From the transport configuration all the removable components are separated. The sleeve of the bar 16 can be secured to the body 12 and partially exposed by the removal of the transit body 14. With the clips removed the core l8b of the bar can extend beyond the perimeter of the body 12 partially out of the sleeve l8a.

Two connected bodies (set)

An arrangement of two connected bodies involves a second body 12 from another panel being aligned with the beam-side 30 edge of the first body to enclose the sleeve of the bar between. With the bodies adjacent, the core of the bar is drawn out to extend perpendicularly from the bodies. The three clips are re-inserted into the recesses - the recesses on the bodies being aligned. The rod 18c of one of the clips engages with the sleeve only, because the core 18b has been displaced from that part of the sleeve. The core is extended such that the other two rods of clips can engage with the sleeve and the core, thus securing the core in an extended position from the adjoining connected panels. Three clips now hold the two bodies together, with two of the three clips securing the core of the bar in a fixed position within the sleeve. A substantially rigid module of two pallet bodies is formed.

Note that two bodies can connect along their access-sides, with an optional connector 34 therebetween. In such a configuration the clips would hold the bar against a beam-side of each body.

It is preferred that two clips are provided and configured on the underside, or lowermost, surface 20 when holding two bodies together. This is because a mass pressing down upon the uppermost surface can cause the core l6b located in a sleeve l6a to attempt to rotate within the sleeve thus applying a sheer force to the rod l8c. With two clips and rods l8c on the underside the sheer force can be distributed evenly.

Four connected bodies (two connected sets)

If the arrangement of two connected bodies, referred to as a set, as described above, is duplicated by joining another two panels to create a second set, then the first and second set can be connected along their access-sides 32. The second set is aligned such that the access-sides 32 of the first connected panels is adjacent the access side of the first set. In this arrangement the core l6b of the first set of panels is arranged to extend in to the sleeve l6a of the bar 16 of the second set of adjoining panels. When the clips are inserted to connect the second set of panels the core of the first set of adjoining panels is secured with a portion of the sleeve of the second set of panels thus releasably securing panels adjacent the access-side.

In addition to arranging a first set adjacent a second set, the access sides 32 are configured to accommodate and locate the connector 34 between the supports 20, while the opposite access side has beams formed with slots to receive a protrusion on the connector. This is illustrated clearly in Figure 2a, wherein on one access-side the beams are set-back from the edge of the support to accommodate a connector, while on the opposite access side the beams are keyed to receive the connector 34. In this way the connector facilitates the engagement of the access-sides 32 of the bodies 12. The connector improves the planar strength of the connected first and second sets of pallet bodies i.e. four bodies 12 arranged in a square-grid pattern. A substantially rigid module of four pallet bodies is formed.

In an alternative configuration of the connector 34 it has a rectangular cross-sectional profile and the recesses on the access-sides 32 of the body 12 both receive a portion of the connector. To be clear, each access-side of a pallet can receive a portion of a connector 34.

Transformation

Typically, in use, a number of pallets would arrive at a location supporting a shipment of goods thereon - this could be for a music festival, a research expedition or an emergency scenario, such as an earthquake or typhoon. After the goods are unloaded the pallets, still in their transport configuration, can easily be carried to where they are needed.

Clips, and additional fixings where used, can be removed to allow the bar 16 to be repositioned, if required. All removable components are disassembled. No special tools are required. If a transport body 14 is used it too is removed.

With the components removed the bodies 12 of two pallets are aligned. On the beam-side 30 clips are re-applied such that the edges of the pallet bodies are releasably secured together. If bodies are to be placed on the access-side 32 then the core l6b of the bar is slid partly out of its sleeve l6a until the core extends in to the sleeve of the bar 16 located in the body aligned against the access side. The clips 18 re-applied in to the recesses between the bodies can, therefore, not only releasably secure an adjacent body on a beam-side 30 the body, but releasably secure the body 12 to another body on the access-side 32 of the body. The clips 12 can releasably secure a body to each of the four adjacent sides. The grid-pattern arrangement, or tessellation, of bodies can be arranged to implement a wide range of shapes and dimensions of planar structures. The maximum dimensions of, for example, a planar floor formed of grid-tessellated panels is determined by the load it must support and the materials used in fabricating the supports 20, bars 16, clips 12, beams 26 etc. A practical example of a dwelling formed from grid-pattern planar structures is described below.

It is important to consider, however, that as well as providing a dual-function i.e. an optimum use of pallet space for transporting materials that can be readily converted for use as a building component in remote and/or emergency scenarios the dwelling described below - indeed any dwelling assembled using pallets - can be deconstructed and transformed from the assembly configuration back in to a transport configuration. To be clear, any building assembled by transforming or assembling pallets of the invention can be done so easily and with minimal skill levels and, similarly, can the building can be transformed or be disassembled to provide a collection of parts that can be assembled to form pallets.

In light of the ability to transform it is envisaged that, for example, a family displaced due to war and residing in a dwelling 100 while displaced from their original home could, if possible, disassemble the dwelling, and ship the component parts, perhaps in the form of pallets 10, back to their original home such that on their return they would have at least a dwelling in which to reside on their return (i.e. by reassembling the dwelling again.

The pallet of the invention is agnostic to the shape and type of building that a collection of pallets can be transformed in to a first building, disassembled to be transformed in to a second building and finally disassembled to create the original pallets.

The invention, therefore, provides for a low-impact and environmentally friendly building or structure because, in effect, pallets can be recycled in to buildings, buildings can be recycled in to a dwelling having a different size and buildings or dwellings can be recycled back in to pallets.

Buildins / dwelling

Figure 11 is a partially completed dwelling or building 100 having a plurality of connected pallets 10 that have been reconfigured to form the walls, floor and balconied walkway. The completed dwelling is shown in Figures 16 and 17, while Figures 12 to 15 show sections through said dwelling. Figure 18 shows the connections between the bars 16, clips 18 and brackets 36 of the building 100. The connected bars form a skeleton within the support or skin 20 of the structure.

In light of the teaching herein a skilled person would be able to construct various buildings of sizes and dimensions, whose shape and format is possible by taking pallets 10, breaking them down in to their constituent parts, where parts are releasably secured i.e. the only remaining fixed connection can be the connection between the support 20 and the beam or structure 26 - all other parts can be releasably secured, and released, from the pallet. The releasably secure fixing is possible with only simple tools and levers, such as spanners, Allen-keys. By way of example, Figure 19 shows a two- level structure, which can be formed using these techniques.

The floors and walls of the dwelling are formed by making sets of bodies, connected in a grid- pattern, as described above, and not repeated in detail again.

Figures 12 and 13 show sections through the floor and roof of the building. The core l6b of the bar 16 on the lower-most body 12 in each of the walls and walkway is slid downward from within these vertically orientated bodies 12 to rest upon the ground on which the building will rest. The hashed-lines indicate the location of a bar 16 extending within between the skin 20 of the building.

The balconied walkway shown in Figure 12 can, alternatively, be located on the other side (i.e. the face-on side as viewed).

The position is secured, as has been described above, using a clip. The core l8b functions as a leg such that the building can be kept substantially level on uneven ground. The foot 34 can be used to improve stability on certain types of ground. The position of each is adjustable and determined by the alignment of holes on the core with holes in the sleeve and their fixing with the rod 18c of the clip (see Figure 8). With the floor level of the building levelled by the extension of the core around the perimeter of the building brackets 36 are then fixed, also to the core, to enable horizontally orientated panels to rest thereon. The transit body 14 can be utilised around the junction between the floor and the wall, around the perimeter, as a joist to support the walls and/or to provide reinforcement.

The transit body 14, when utilised, can be used to support the corners of the dwelling. To enable this application of the transit body it can be disassembled to provide two support 20 components and a beam 26. A beam can be positioned in the corner to enable a clip 18 to engage with a bar 16 (via the rod 18c), the support 20 of a body 12 (via one limb l8b) extending vertically and with the beam (via the other limb l8b of the clip 18).

Upon the vertically orientated bodies 12, forming the wall, closest to the ground connectors 34 are configured upon the access-side 32 of the panel to facilitate engagement with the adjoining panel, which core l6b extends downwards in the sleeve of the panel below. Connectors 34 are also utilised in the floor and roof. Brackets 36 are additionally used to support the roof, which is formed in the same manner as the floor, to enable horizontally orientated panels to rest thereon. Brackets can additionally be used to connect the vertical sides of walls to increase stability.

Figures l4a and 15 show sections through the walls looking down on the topside and underside of the floor respectively. The hashed lines indicate the bars extending between the support or skin 20.

Figure l4b shows a configuration in which two connectors are arranged in the space between the bar 16. Each connector 34 has a number of with recesses, or apertures, to receive the limb l8b of a clip 18. In this configuration a clip can provide additional bracing or strengthening at the corners. This is achieved by one limb locating with a recess 24 of a support 20 on a body 12, the limb engaging with the bar 16 and the other limb engaging with the connector. In Figure l4b the clips 18 are shown only partially inserted into recess for illustrative purposes only - in use the spine 18c would lie flush upon the surface 20 and against the connector.

Custom pallets, as shown in Figure 10, can be seen in Figures 16 and 17, functioning as a door and window, respectively.

The inventor has presented the dwelling as shown to illustrate just one form of a building. The roof can be optional, and could alternatively be replaced by an alternative structure, or tarpaulin, or similar kind of covering. The walkway too is optional, but has been added because it is envisaged that a plurality of dwellings shown are adjoined and the walkway enables easy access therebewteen.

In the same way that a second room can be created above the first, as shown in Figure 19, to form a two-level dwelling, thus having the ceiling of one room form the floor of another - and reducing the overall number of pallets 10 required, two of the dwellings shown in Figures 16 and 17 can be joined together such that they share a wall. By having a party wall the overall number of pallets 10 required can be reduced.

Mention has been made above to the load distribution, which passes through the support 20 of each body 12, through the clip 18 to the bar 16 passing through the core of each body and via the brackets 36 upon which a bar rests, ultimately to the optional feet resting upon the ground or floor on which the dwelling rests.

The skeleton structure of the dwelling of Figures 16 and 17 is illustrated in Figure 18. The interconnection of the bars provides for improved load distribution.

Dimensions

Throughout the world the standard dimensions of known pallets vary by region. In North America they typically have a 48 inch by 40 inch footprint. In Asia there are three common footprints: lOOOmm x l200mm; 1 lOOmm x 1 lOOmm; and 800mm x l200mm. In Europe the standard footprints are often lOOOmm x l200mm, or and 800mm x l200mm. The inventor considers that the invention is suitable for all pallet footprints - even those not listed above, providing that the body 12 of the pallets are sized to be able to tessellate in to a grid pattern.

The difference in size between a body 12 that can be arranged in a grid-pattern and one of the standard dimensions can be accommodated by a transit panel of an appropriate size. The transit body, therefore, is optional - to enable flexibility and accommodate variation in the size.

The grid pattern is important because the bodies of the pallets, and the bar 16 therein, must align. In alignment, and when clipped together, the clips and the bars form part of a frame that distributes a load upon the supports 20 that are held to the frame via the clip 18.

Larger panel sizes than those standard dimensions listed in the above paragraph are possible and envisaged, in light of the teaching herein.

However, the inventor prefers to demonstrate the invention through a pallet having a lOOOmm x l200mm footprint. Not only because this is an industry standard size but pallets of standard sizes are manoeuvrable by a single able-bodied person. The invention is envisaged as being used in applications in which no mechanical lifting devices, such as cranes, are available. Further, it is anticipated that pallets of such dimensions can be manually carried over terrain that a wheeled or tracked vehicle would have difficulty traversing.

The inventor also prefers that a body 12 of the pallet is 900mm x l200mm because this size enables a floor formed by 12 pallets arranged in a 3x4 grid pattern, said floor being matched to walls having 8 pallets in a 2x4 grid pattern, in which the beam-side 30 of the pallets forming the walls extend vertically. Not only do two vertically aligned pallets (see Figure 11 , at least) in a wall provide for at least a 2.4m ceiling height, but the cores l6b of the bars can extend downwards beyond a plane defined by the floor to interface with the ground. In this way the floor can be arranged to extend horizontally by adjusting the length of the core extending out of the pallet, said adjustment being possible by the variation of the position of the rod 18c of the clip engaging with the body and bar. Options

A number of variations and options can be implemented. For example, in emergency scenarios tools and levers for releasing the clips and unfastening any fixings can be packed within the body of the pallet 10. These tools can consist of no more than a lever because, if required, fixings can be manually operable without the need for tools. The recess 24 can be used to package additional items to improve the habitability of the dwelling 100 formed by pallets 10. Component parts of additional items can be distributed amongst a plurality of pallets. Additional items can be provided to, for example, enable the dwelling 100 to be used as a storm shelter

Tarpaulin sheets, or a Tyvek™ type covering can be packed within the cavity of the pallets to provide at least a portion of a water-proof shell for covering the dwelling.

Transit bodies, which are optional, can be used to form steps, or the rungs of ladders, in conjunction with other materials, such as the bar 16 and brackets 36, should any be available from surplus pallets 10.

The materials used to form the support 20 and/or structure 26 can be treated to be fire-retardant.

The present invention has been described above purely by way of example, and modifications can be made within the scope of the invention, which extends to equivalents of the features described and combinations of one or more features described herein. The invention also consists in any individual features described or implicit herein.