Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PEPTIDE DEFORMYLASE INHIBITORS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/122450
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a compound of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, corresponding pharmaceutical compositions, compound preparation and treatment methods directed to bacterial infections and inhibition of bacterial peptide deformylase (PDF) activity.

Inventors:
AUBART, Kelly, M. (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
BENOWITZ, Andrew, B. (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
FANG, Yuhong (930 Heritage Drive, Eagleville, PA, 19403, US)
HOFFMAN, James (2425 Chestnut Avenue, Ardmore, PA, 19003, US)
KARPINSKI, Joseph, M. (507 W. Vine Street, Stowe, PA, 19464, US)
KNOX, Andrew, Nicholson (506 South 22nd Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19146, US)
LIAO, Xiangmin (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
QIN, Donghui (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
SHI, Dongchuan (1042 Greenes Way Circle, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
SPLETSTOSER, Jared, T. (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
Application Number:
US2012/028424
Publication Date:
September 13, 2012
Filing Date:
March 09, 2012
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
GLAXOSMITHKLINE LLC (One Franklin Plaza, 200 North 16th StreetPhiladelphia, PA, 19102, US)
AUBART, Kelly, M. (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
BENOWITZ, Andrew, B. (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
FANG, Yuhong (930 Heritage Drive, Eagleville, PA, 19403, US)
HOFFMAN, James (2425 Chestnut Avenue, Ardmore, PA, 19003, US)
KARPINSKI, Joseph, M. (507 W. Vine Street, Stowe, PA, 19464, US)
KNOX, Andrew, Nicholson (506 South 22nd Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19146, US)
LIAO, Xiangmin (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
QIN, Donghui (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
SHI, Dongchuan (1042 Greenes Way Circle, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
SPLETSTOSER, Jared, T. (1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA, 19426, US)
International Classes:
G01N30/36
Foreign References:
US20060183742A12006-08-17
US20110020386A12011-01-27
US20090306066A12009-12-10
US5250700A1993-10-05
US5574169A1996-11-12
US20090069294A12009-03-12
US20050222412A12005-10-06
Other References:
See references of EP 2684039A2
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HSU, Grace, C. et al. (GlaxoSmithkline, Corporate Intellectual Property UW2220,709 Swedeland Road, P.O. Box 153, King of Prussia PA, 19406-0939, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A compound of Formula (I):

(I)

wherein:

X— Y is -C(H)2-N(Ra)- or -C(H)=N-;

R is -C(0)N(H)OH or -N(OH)C(0)H;

R1 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R2 is aryl, -(CH2)n-aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH2)heteroaryl;

R3 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R4 is -H, halo, -OH, C C3 alkoxy, -NR6R7 or CrC6 alkyl;

R5 is -H, halo, -OH, C C3 alkoxy, -NR6R7 or Ci-C6 alkyl;

R9 is -C3-C6 cycloalkyl or -C C6 alkyl;

wherein:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5;

Ra is -H or -C C3 alkyl;

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R8 groups;

R6 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R7 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R8 each independently is selected from -CrC6 alkyl, -d-C6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR1°, -OR10, -NR10R11, -O(CH2)2NR10R11, - (CH2)NR10R11 or -N(H)(CH2)3-NR10R11;

wherein:

R10 or R11 each independently is -H or -CrC6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one

R12 group;

wherein:

R is -Ci-C6 alkyl, -NR R , -ORlb or halo; wherein:

R13, R14 or R15 each independently is -H or -C C6 alkyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 2. A compound of Formula (II):

wherein:

Ra is -H or -d-Cs alkyl;

R is -C(0)N(H)OH or -N(OH)C(0)H;

R1 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R2 is aryl, -(CH2)n-aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH2)heteroaryl

R3 is -H or -Ci-C6 alkyl;

R9 is -C3-C6 cycloalkyl or -C C6 alkyl;

wherein:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5;

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R groups;

R8 each independently is selected from -CrC6 alkyl, -CrC6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR1°, -OR10, -NR10R11, -O(CH2)2NR10R11, (CH2)NR10R11 or -N(H)(CH2)3-NR10R11;

wherein:

R10 or R11 each independently is -H or -CrC6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one R12 group;

wherein:

R is -Ci-C6 alkyl, -NR R , -ORlb or halo;

wherein: R , R or R each independently is -H or -C C6 alkyl; or

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 3. A compound of Formula (III):

wherein:

R is -C(0)N(H)OH or -N(OH)C(0)H

R1 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R2 is aryl, -(CH2)n-aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH2)heteroaryl

R3 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

wherein:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5;

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R8 groups;

R8 each independently is selected from -CrC6 alkyl, -CrC6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR1°, -OR10, -NR10R11, -O(CH2)2NR10R11, - (CH2)NR10R11 or -N(H)(CH2)3-NR10R11;

wherein:

R10 or R11 each independently is -H or -CrC6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one R12 group;

wherein:

R12 is -Ci-C6 alkyl, -NR13R14, -OR15 or halo;

wherein:

R13, R14 or R15 each independently is -H or -C C6 alkyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

4. A compound of Formula (IV)

wherein:

Ra is -H or -d-Cs alkyl;

R2 is aryl, -(CH2)n-aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH2)heteroaryl ;

wherein:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5;

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R8 groups;

R8 each independently is selected from -CrC6 alkyl, -CrC6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR1°, -OR10, -NR10R11, -O(CH2)2NR10R11, - (CH2)NR10R11 or -N(H)(CH2)3-NR10R11;

wherein:

R10 or R11 each independently is -H or -CrC6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one R12 group;

wherein:

R12 is -Ci-C6 alkyl, -NR13R14, -OR15 or halo;

wherein:

R13, R14 or R15 each independently is -H or -C C6 alkyl; or

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

5. A compound which is

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(3- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N- (3,4-dimethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(6- ethyl-3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-4- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(6- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(4- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-1 ,3- thiazol-2-yl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-(5-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-3- isoxazolyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- phenyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[3- (methyloxy)phenyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(4- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(3- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/- (4,5-dimethyl-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/- phenyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-2- pyridinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-3- pyridinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-3- pyridazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[4- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(2- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[4- (trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(2- pyridinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(6- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[6- (trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/- (4,6-dimethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

Ethyl 5-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl} propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-1 ,3,4-oxadiazole-2-carboxylate;

(3S)-/V-(6-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[6- (4-morpholinyl)-3-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-5- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-1- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-2- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -Λ -3- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -Λ/-{5- [4-(methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -Λ/-{5- [3-(methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A-5- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -Α/-[6- (4-morpholinyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl /V- (1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydro-5-quinolinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A-8- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A-[5- (4-fluorophenyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A-[6- (methyloxy)-1 ,5-naphthyridin-3-yl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A-(5- fluoro-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A-(5- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -/V-(1 - oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

Methyl 6-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino methyl} propanoyl) -3-pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-2-pyridinecarboxylate;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A-(5- methyl-3-isoxazolyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -A -(2- fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl -/V-(1 - oxido-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-1 H-1 ,2,3-Benzotriazol-5-yl-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-2-pyrazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[2-(methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[6-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(3- fluoro-4-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-4- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-2- pyrazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-4- pyridinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[6- (1 /-/-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[5- (1 /-/-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(3- fluoro-4-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(2- quinolinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-5- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[6- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(4- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(7- methyl-7H-purin-6-yl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(3- quinolinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- methyl-2-pyrazinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[6- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[3- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(2- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (4-methyl-1 -piperazinyl)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (dimethylamino)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(4- pyrimidinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(2/?)-2,4-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(2- {[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]oxy}-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(2- {[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]amino}-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(3S)-3-(dimethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-2- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-{6- [(2/?)-2,4-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (4-methyl-4,7-diazaspiro[2.5]oct-7-yl)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[5- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[4- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-2-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-4- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-2- pyrazinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(2- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- methyl-2-pyrazinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N-2-pyridinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N-(1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)

amino]methyl} heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(1- oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-1 H- imidazol-2-yl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-N-1 H-Benzimidazol-2-yl-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy) amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(5S)-/V-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} heptanoyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-/\/-2-pyridinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-/\/-4-pyrimidinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-/\/-3-pyridazinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (4-morpholinyl)-5-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/-(1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/-4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

4-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)benzoic acid;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5- hydroxy-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

6-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid; 2- ({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-4-pyridinecarboxylic acid;

3- ({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)benzoic acid;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(4- hydroxy-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(3- hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(4- hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (2-pyridinyl)-5-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/-3-pyridazinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/-2-pyridinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-[4- (2-pyridinyl)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N-2- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N-(6- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N-(5- fluoro-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N,N- dimethyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-N-hydroxy-4-[(5S)-5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxobutanamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N- phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N-(6- ethyl-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; (5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N-2- pyridinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; or

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 6. A compound which is (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide:

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

7. A compound which is (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide:

8. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

9. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (II) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

10. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (III) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

1 1 . A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (IV) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically

acceptable excipient. 12. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound according to claim 5 and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

13. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound according to claim 8 and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

14. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound according to claim 9 and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

15. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof to a human in need thereof.

16. The method according to claim 15, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

17. The method according to claim 16, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics;

Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

18. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formula (II) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof to a human in need thereof. 19. The method according to claim 18, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus. 20. The method according to claim 19, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics; Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

21 . A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formula (III) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof to a human in need thereof. 22. The method according to claim 21 , wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus. 23. The method according to claim 22, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics;

Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia; Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus. 24. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formula (IV) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof to a human in need thereof.

25. The method according to claim 24, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma,

Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

26. The method according to claim 25, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics; Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus. 27. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound according to claim 5 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof to a human in need thereof.

28. The method according to claim 27, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma,

Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

29. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound according to claim 8 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof to a human in need thereof

30. The method according to claim 29, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

31 . The method according to claim 30, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics;

Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium,

Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

32. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound according to claim 9 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

33. The method according to claim 32, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

34. The method according to claim 33, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics;

Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium,

Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

35. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 8 to a human in need thereof.

36. The method according to claim 35, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

37. The method according to claim 36, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics; Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

38. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 9 to a human in need thereof.

39. The method according to claim 38, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

40. The method according to claim 39, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics;

Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria; Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

41 . A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 10 to a human in need thereof.

42. The method according to claim 41 , wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

43. The method according to claim 42, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics; Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

44. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1 1 to a human in need thereof.

45. The method according to claim 44, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

46. The method according to claim 45, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by: Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics; Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus. 47. A method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 12 to a human in need thereof.

48. The method according to claim 47, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma,

Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus.

49. The method according to claim 48, wherein the bacterial infection is caused by:

Streptococcus selected from S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes;

Staphylococcus selected from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophytics; Moraxella selected from M. catarrhalis;

Haemophilus selected from H. influenza or Neisseria;

Mycoplasma selected from M. pneumonia;

Legionella selected from L. pneumophila; or

Chlamydia selected from C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium or Peptostreptococcus.

Description:
PEPTIDE DEFORMYLASE INHIBITORS

FIELD OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

In general, the present invention relates to PDF inhibitor compounds, which are a class of antibacterial agents with a novel mode of action covering a broad spectrum of pathogens. Compounds of the present invention are useful as inhibitors of bacterial peptide deformylase (PDF) activity, and in treatment of associated bacterial infections.

In particular, the present invention relates to novel compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof,

corresponding intermediates, preparation methods and pharmaceutical

compositions thereof.

The present invention also relates to methods for treatment of bacterial infections, which comprise administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a corresponding pharmaceutical composition to a human in need thereof.

BACKGROUND OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

Bacterial protein synthesis starts with N-formyl-methionyl-tRNA and, as a consequence, all newly synthesized polypeptides contain an N-formyl-methionine terminus (Figure I). Peptide deformylase (PDF) is a metalloenzyme that removes the N-formyl group of the polypeptides as they emerge from the ribosome during the elongation process [Adams, J.M. (1968) J. Mol. Biol. 33, 571 -589; Livingston, D.M. and Leder, P. (1969) Biochemistry 8, 435-443; Ball, L.A. and Kaesberg, P. (1973) J. Mol. Biol. 79, 531 -537]. Depending on the nature of their second amino acid, polypeptides are further processed by methionine amino peptidase (MAP) to yield the mature protein. Deformylation plays an indispensable role in protein maturation as MAP, an essential enzyme for bacterial growth, cannot hydrolyze N-blocked peptides [Solbiati, J., Chapman-Smith, A., Miller, J.L., Miller, C.G. and Cronan Jr., J.E. (1999) J. Mol. Biol. 290, 607-614].

Figure I. Role of PDF in protein synthesis

Ribosome PDF

► Met-pp PDF is ubiquitous in bacteria, with at least one pdf gene present in all bacterial genomes sequenced to date [Guilloteau, J. P., Mathieu, M., Giglione, C, Blanc, V., Dupuy, A., Chevrier, M., Gil, P., Famechon, A., Meinnel, T. and Mikol, V. (2002) J. Mol. Biol. 320, 951-962], and it has been shown to be essential for growth in a number of bacterial species [Mazel, D., Pochet, S. and Marliere, P. (1994) EMBO J. 13, 914-923; Meinnel, T. and Blanquet, S. (1994) J. Bacteriol. 176, 7387-7390; Margolis, P.S., Hackbarth, C.J., Young, D.C., Wang, W., Chen, D., Yuan, Z., White, R. and Trias. J. (2000) Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 44, 1825-1831 ; Margolis P., Hackbarth, C, Lopez, S., Maniar, M., Wang, W., Yuan, Z., White, R. and Trias. J. (2001 ) Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 45, 2432-2435].

PDF does not play a role in eukaryotic cytoplasmic protein synthesis which does not involve N-formylation, but nuclear-encoded PDF proteins, containing a chloroplast/mitochondria localization signal, have been identified in parasites, plants and mammals, including humans [Giglione, C, Serero, A., Pierre, M., Boisson, B. and Meinnel, T. (2000) EMBO J. 19, 5916-5929]. PDF is essential in plant and parasite organelles [Bracchi-Ricard, V., Nguyen, K., Zhou, Y., Rajagopalan, P.T.R., Chakrabarti, D. and Pei, D. (2001 ) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 396, 162-170; Serero, A., Giglione, C. and Meinnel, T. (2001 ) J. Mol. Biol. 314, 695-708] since their genomes encode for a number of proteins which require deformylation for activity [Giglione, C. and Miennel, T. (2001 ) Emerging Ther. Targets 5, 41 -57], but there is evidence to suggest that this is not the case in animals. In fact, characterization of human mitochondrial PDF has shown that it is much less active than its bacterial counterpart. Furthermore, PDF inhibitors which are active against the human PDF enzyme in vitro have no effect on the growth of normal human cell lines [Nguyen, K.T., Hu, X., Colton, C, Chakrabarti, R., Zhu, M.X. and Pei, D. (2003) Biochemistry 42, 9952-9958].

PDF inhibitors represent a promising new class of antibacterial agents with a novel mode of action covering a broad-spectrum of pathogens. The present inventors have discovered novel compounds, which are inhibitors of PDF activity. Such derivatives are useful in the treatment of bacterial infections associated with such PDF activity.

In light of the above, a need exists to develop PDF inhibitor compounds of the present invention, which has a mode of action that covers a broad spectrum of pathogens, corresponding compositions and treatment methods for bacterial infections.

The present invention is directed to overcoming these and other problems encountered in the art.

SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

In general, the present invention relates to PDF inhibitor compounds, which are a class of antibacterial agents with a novel mode of action covering a broad spectrum of pathogens. Compounds of the present invention are useful as inhibitors of bacterial peptide deformylase (PDF) activity, and in treatment of associated bacterial infections.

In particular, the present invention relates to novel compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, corresponding intermediates, preparation methods and pharmaceutical compositions thereof.

The present invention also relates to methods for treatment of bacterial infections, which comprise administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a corresponding pharmaceutical composition to a human in need thereof.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

In general, the present invention relates to PDF inhibitor compounds, which are a class of antibacterial agents with a novel mode of action covering a broad spectrum of pathogens. Compounds of the present invention are useful as inhibitors of bacterial peptide deformylase (PDF) activity, and in treatment of associated bacterial infections.

In particular, the present invention relates to novel compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, corresponding intermediates, preparation methods and pharmaceutical compositions thereof.

The present invention also relates to methods for treatment of bacterial infections, which comprise administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a corresponding pharmaceutical composition to a human in need thereof. Compounds

In general, the present invention relates to PDF inhibitor compounds, which are a class of antibacterial agents with a novel mode of action covering a broad spectrum of pathogens. Compounds of the present invention are useful as inhibitors of bacterial peptide deformylase (PDF) activity, and in treatment of associated bacterial infections.

In particular, the present invention relates to novel compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, corresponding intermediates, preparation methods and pharmaceutical compositions thereof.

In one aspect, th resent invention relates to a compound of Formula (I):

where:

X— Y is -C(H) 2 -N(R a )- or -C(H)=N-;

R is -C(0)N(H)OH or -N(OH)C(0)H;

R 1 is -H or -C C 6 alkyl;

R 2 is aryl, -(CH 2 ) n aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl.

R 3 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R 4 is -H, halo, -OH, C C 3 alkoxy, -NR 6 R 7 or Ci-C 6 alkyl;

R 5 is -H, halo, -OH, C C 3 alkoxy, -NR 6 R 7 or Ci-C 6 alkyl;

R 9 is -C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl or -C C 6 alkyl;

where:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5;

R a is -H or -Ci-C 3 alkyl;

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R 2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups;

R 6 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R 7 is -H or -Ci-Ce alkyl; R 8 each independently is selected from -C C 6 alkyl, -C C 6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR 1 °, -OR 10 , -NR 10 R 11 , -O(CH 2 ) 2 NR 10 R 11 , - (CH 2 )NR 10 R 11 or -N(H)(CH 2 ) 3 -NR 10 R 11 ;

where:

R 10 or R 11 each independently is -H or -CrC 6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one R 12 group;

where:

R 12 is -Ci-C 6 alkyl, -NR 13 R 14 , -OR 15 or halo;

wherein:

R 13 , R 14 or R 15 each independently is -H or -C C 6 alkyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In a second aspect, the present invention relates to a compound of Formula

(II):

where:

R a is -H or -d-Cs alkyl;

R is -C(0)N(H)OH or -N(OH)C(0)H;

R 1 is -H or -C C 6 alkyl;

R 2 is aryl, -(CH 2 ) n aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl.

R 3 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R 9 is -C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl or -C C 6 alkyl;

where:

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R 2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups;

R 8 each independently is selected from -CrC 6 alkyl, -CrC 6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR 1 °, -OR 10 , -NR 10 R 11 , -O(CH 2 ) 2 NR 10 R 11 , -(CH 2 )NR 10 R 11 or - N(H)(CH 2 ) 3 -NR 10 R 11 ; where:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5;

R 10 or R 11 each independently is -H or -CrC 6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one R 12 group;

where:

R 12 is -Ci-C 6 alkyl, -NR 13 R 14 , -OR 15 or halo;

where:

R 13 , R 14 or R 15 each independently is -H or -C C 6 alkyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In a third aspect, compound of Formula (III):

where:

R is -C(0)N(H)OH or -N(OH)C(0)H

R 1 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

R 2 is aryl, -(CH 2 ) n aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl.;

R 3 is -H or -d-Ce alkyl;

where:

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R 2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups;

R 8 each independently is selected from -CrC 6 alkyl, -CrC 6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR 1 °, -OR 10 , -NR 10 R 11 , -O(CH 2 ) 2 NR 10 R 11 , -(CH 2 )NR 10 R 11 or - N(H)(CH 2 ) 3 -NR 10 R 11 ;

where:

R 10 or R 11 each independently is -H or -CrC 6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one R 12 group;

where:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5; R 12 is -C C 6 alkyl, -NR 13 R 14 , -OR 15 or halo;

where:

R 13 , R 14 or R 15 each independently is -H or -C C 6 alkyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In a fourth aspe compound of Formula (IV)

IV)

where:

R a is -H or -d-Cs alkyl;

R 2 is aryl, -(CH 2 ) n aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl;

where:

each aryl or heteroaryl as defined in R 2 optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups;

R 8 each independently is selected from -CrC 6 alkyl, -CrC 6 haloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, -C(0)OR 1 °, -OR 10 , -NR 10 R 11 , -O(CH 2 ) 2 NR 10 R 11 , -(CH 2 )NR 10 R 11 or - N(H)(CH 2 ) 3 -NR 10 R 11 ;

where:

n is 0 or an integer from 1 to 5;

R 10 or R 11 each independently is -H or -CrC 6 alkyl;

heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl optionally is substituted with at least one R 12 group;

where:

R 12 is -Ci-C 6 alkyl, -NR 13 R 14 , -OR 15 or halo;

wherein:

R 13 , R 14 or R 15 each independently is -H or -C C 6 alkyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

It is to be understood that reference to compounds of Formulas (I), (II), (III), or (IV), respectively, above and following herein, refers to compounds within the scope of the aforementioned compound formulas as defined above or following with respect to X— Y, R a , R, R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , R 10 , R 11 , R 12 , R 13 , R 14 or R 15 , as defined herein, i.e., unless specifically limited otherwise.

In one aspect, X— Y is -C(H) 2 -N(R a )-, wherein R a is -H or -C1-C3 alkyl; or - C(H)=N-. In another aspect, X— Y is -C(H) 2 -N(R a )- and R a is -H. In another aspect, X— Y is -C(H) 2 -N(R a )- and R a is -C C 3 alkyl. In another aspect, X— Y is -C(H) 2 - N(R a )- and R a is -CH 3 . In another aspect, X— Y is -C(H)=N-.

In one aspect, R is -C(0)N(H)OH or -N(OH)C(0)H. In another aspect, R is - C(0)N(H)OH. In another aspect, R is -N(OH)C(0)H.

In one aspect, R 1 is -H or -Ci-C 6 alkyl. In another aspect, R 1 is -H. In another aspect, R 1 is -CrC 6 alkyl.

In one aspect, R 2 is aryl, -(CH 2 ) n aryl, heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl;

In one aspect, R 2 is aryl or -(CH 2 ) n aryl, each of which optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups or heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl , each of which optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups.

In one aspect, R 2 is aryl or -(CH 2 ) n aryl, each of which is optionally substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups.

In one aspect, R 2 is aryl or -(CH 2 ) n aryl, each of which optionally is substituted with one R 8 groups. In another aspect, R 2 is aryl or -(CH 2 ) n aryl, each of which optionally is substituted with two R 8 groups. In a further aspect, R 2 is aryl or - (CH 2 ) n aryl, each of which optionally is substituted with three R 8 groups.

In one aspect, R 2 is heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl, each of which optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups.

In one aspect R 2 is heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl, each of which optionally is substituted with one R 8 groups. In another aspect, R 2 is heteroaryl or - (CH 2 ) n heteroaryl, each of which optionally is substituted with two R 8 groups. In a further aspect, R 2 is heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl, each of which optionally substituted with three R 8 groups. R 8 .

In one aspect, R 2 defined as heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl, respectively, is selected from pyridinyl, oxidopyridinyl, -(CH 2 ) n oxidopyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, - (CH 2 )npyrimidinyl, oxidopyrimidinyl, -(CH 2 ) n oxidopyrimidinyl, quinolinyl, (CH 2 ) n quinolinyl, napthyridinyl, -(CH 2 ) n napthyridinyl, purinyl, -(CH 2 ) n purinyl, isoquinolinyl, -(CH 2 ) n isoquinolinyl, thiazolyl, -(CH 2 ) n thiazolyl, isoxazolyl, (CH 2 ) n isoxazolyl pyridazinyl, -(CH 2 ) n pyridazinyl, oxadiazolyl, -(CH 2 ) n oxadiazolyl , pyrazinyl, -(CH 2 ) n pyrazinyl, imidazolyl, -(CH 2 ) n imidazolyl, benzimidazolyl, or -(CH 2 ) n benzimidazolyl, each of which optionally is substituted with one, two, or three R groups.

In another aspect, R 2 defined as heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl, respectively, is selected from pyridinyl, -(CH 2 ) n pyridinyl, oxidopyridinyl, -(CH 2 ) n oxidopyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, -(CH 2 ) n pyrimidinyl, oxidopyrimidinyl, -(CH 2 ) n oxidopyrimidinyl, quinolinyl, - (CH 2 ) n quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, -(CH 2 ) n isoquinolinyl„ pyridazinyl, -(CH 2 ) n pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, or -(CH 2 ) n pyrazinyl, all optionally substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups.

In one aspect, R 2 defined as heteroaryl or -(CH 2 ) n heteroaryl, respectively, is selected from pyridinyl, -(CH 2 ) n pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, or -(CH 2 ) n pyrimidinyl, all optionally substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups. In one aspect, R 2 is pyridinyl or

-(CH 2 )npyridinyl, optionally substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups. In another aspect, R 2 is pyrimidinyl or -(CH 2 ) n pyrimidinyl, optionally substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups.

In one aspect, R 2 is aryl selected from phenyl, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl, or 1 ,2,3-benzotriazolyl, all optionally substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups. In another aspect, R 2 is phenyl, optionally substituted with one, two, or three R 8 groups.

In one aspect, R 3 is -H or -C- -C e alkyl. In another embodiment, R 3 is -H. In another aspect, R 3 is -CrC 6 alkyl.

In one aspect, R 4 is -H, halo, -OH, C C 3 alkoxy, -NR 6 R 7 or d-C 6 alkyl. In another aspect, R 4 is -H.

In one aspect, R 5 is -H, halo, -OH, C C 3 alkoxy, -NR 6 R 7 or Ci-C 6 alkyl. In another aspect, R 5 is -H.

In one aspect, R 6 is -H or -Ci-C 6 alkyl. In another embodiment, R 6 is -H. In another aspect, R 6 is -CrC 6 alkyl.

In one aspect, R 7 is -H or -Ci-C 6 alkyl. In another embodiment, R 7 is -H. In another aspect, R 7 is -CrC 6 alkyl.

In one aspect, each R 8 is independently halo, -C C 6 alkyl, -C(0)OR 1 °, -OR 7 , -

NR 6 R 7 , -0(CH 2 ) 2 NR 6 R 7 , -(CH 2 )NR 6 R 7 , -N(H)(CH 2 ) 3 -NR 6 R 7 , -CF 3 , heterocyclyl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group, aryl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group, or heteroaryl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group.

In one aspect, each R 8 is independently -CI, -F, -CH 3 , -CH 2 CH 3 , - C(0)OCH 2 CH 3 , -C(0)OCH 3 , -C(0)OH, -OCH 3 , -OH, -N(CH 3 )CH 3 , - OCH 2 CH 2 N(CH 3 )CH 3 , -CH 2 N(CH 3 )CH 3 , -CH 2 N(CH 3 )CH 3 , -N(H)CH 2 CH 2 N(CH 3 )CH 3 , - CF 3 , imidazolyl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group, pyridinyl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group, phenyl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group, morpholinyl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group, piperazinyl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group, pyrrolidinyl optionally substituted with at least one R 11 group.

In one aspect, R 9 is -C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl or -CrC 6 alkyl. In one aspect, R 9 is -C 3 - C 6 cycloalkyl. In one aspect, R 9 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl. In one embodiment, R 9 is cyclopentyl.

In one aspect, R 9 is -CrC 6 alkyl. In one aspect, R 9 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, or isopropyl, n-butyl, or n-pentyl. In one aspect, R 9 is n-butyl.

In one aspect, R 10 is -H or -CrC 6 alkyl. In another aspect, R 10 is -H. In another aspect, R 10 is -CrC 6 alkyl. In another aspect, R 10 is methyl or ethyl.

In one aspect, R 11 is -OR 7 , -CrC 6 alkyl, -NR 6 R 7 , or halo. In another aspect, R 11 is -OR 7 , wherein R 7 is -H or -CrC 6 alkyl. In another aspect, R 11 is—OR 7 , wherein R 7 is -methyl. In another aspect, R 11 is -CrC 6 alkyl. In another aspect, R 11 is methyl. In one aspect, R 11 is -NR 6 R 7 . In one aspect, R 11 is -N(CH 3 )CH 3 . In one aspect, R 11 is halo. In one aspect, R 11 is -F.

In one aspect, R 12 is -C C 6 alkyl, -NR 13 R 14 , -OR 15 or halo; where R 13 , R 14 or R 15 each independently is -H or -CrC 6 alkyl.

Also, it is understood in another aspect that the figure "— " between X and Y is either a single or a double bond.

Representative compound of the present invention, include, but are not limited to:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(3- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N- (3,4-dimethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(6- ethyl-3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-4- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(6- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(4- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-1 ,3- thiazol-2-yl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-(5-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-3- isoxazolyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(5- phenyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[3- (methyloxy)phenyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(4- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(3- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/- (4,5-dimethyl-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/- phenyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-2- pyridinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-3- pyridinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-3- pyridazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-[4- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(2- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[4- (trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(2- pyridinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(6- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[6- (trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/- (4,6-dimethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

Ethyl 5-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl} propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-1 ,3,4-oxadiazole-2-carboxylate;

(3S)-/V-(6-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidineca rboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[6- (4-morpholinyl)-3-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-5- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-1- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-2- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-3- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-{5- [4-(methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide ;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-{5- [3-(methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide ;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-5- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[6- (4-morpholinyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl (1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydro-5-quinolinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -Λ -8- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -Λ -[5- (4-fluorophenyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -A-[6- (methyloxy)-1 ,5-naphthyridin-3-yl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -A-(5- fluoro-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -A-(5- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -/V-(1 - oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

Methyl 6-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino methyl} propanoyl) -3-pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-2-pyridinecarboxylate;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -A-(5- methyl-3-isoxazolyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -A -(2- fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl -/V-(1 - oxido-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-1 H-1 ,2,3-Benzotriazol-5-yl-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl 1 - methyl-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl N-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl 1 - methyl-N-2-pyrazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl 1 - methyl-N-[2-(methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxa mide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl 1 - methyl-N-[6-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxami de; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(3- fluoro-4-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxami de;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-4- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-2- pyrazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-4- pyridinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-[6- (1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-[5- (1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(3- fluoro-4-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(2- quinolinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-5- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-[6- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(4- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(7- methyl-7H-purin-6-yl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-[2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(3- quinolinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(5- methyl-2-pyrazinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[6- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[3- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(2- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[2- (4-methyl-1 -piperazinyl)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[2- (dimethylamino)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(4- pyrimidinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(2/?)-2,4-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazoli dinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(2- {[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]oxy}-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinec arboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(2- {[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]amino}-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidi necarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(3S)-3-(dimethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-2- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-{6- [(2/?)-2,4-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazoli dinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[2- (4-methyl-4 ,7-diazaspiro[2.5]oct-7-yl)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecar boxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[5- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[4- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-2-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-{2- [(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxa mide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-4- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(5- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-2- pyrazinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(2- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(5- methyl-2-pyrazinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarbo xamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N-4- pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N-2- pyridinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N-(1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(1- oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-1 H- imidazol-2-yl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-N-1 H-Benzimidazol-2-yl-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy ) amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(5S)-/V-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)am ino]methyl} heptanoyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-/\/ -2-pyridinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-/\/ -4-pyrimidinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-/\/ -3-pyridazinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[2- (4-morpholinyl)-5-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/-( 1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2/?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/- 4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

4-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]met hyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)benzoic acid;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(5- hydroxy-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

6-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]met hyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid;

2-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]met hyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-4-pyridinecarboxylic acid;

3-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]met hyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)benzoic acid;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(4- hydroxy-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(3- hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-(4- hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide; (3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/V^ (2-pyridinyl)-5-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-/V-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)am ino] methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/-3 -pyridazinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-/\/-2 -pyridinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[4- (2-pyridinyl)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N-2- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N-(6- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N-(5- fluoro-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N,N- dimethyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-N-hydroxy-4-[(5S)-5-(4-morpholiny lcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxobutanamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N- phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N-(6- ethyl-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide;

(5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N-2- pyridinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; or

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one aspect, a compound of the present invention includes, but is not limited to:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide:

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a compound which is (3S)- 2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl (hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide:

Substituent Definitions

As used herein the term "alkyi" refers to a straight- or branched-chain monovalent hydrocarbon radical having from one to twelve carbon atoms. Such alkyi groups may have a specified number of carbon atoms. For example, the term "CrC 6 alkyi" refers to an alkyi group, as defined above, containing at least 1 , and at most 6 carbon atoms and the term "CrC 3 alkyi" refers to an alkyi group, as defined above, containing at least 1 , and at most 3 carbon atoms. Examples of "alkyi" as used herein may include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, and the like.

As used herein, the term "alkylene" refers to a straight or branched chain divalent hydrocarbon radical having from one to ten carbon atoms. Such alkylene groups may have a specified number of carbon atoms. For example, the term "Ci.C 3 alkylene" refers to an alkylene group, as defined above, which contains at least 1 , and at most 3, carbon atoms. Examples of "Ci.C 3 alkylene" groups useful in the present invention may include, but are not limited to, methylene, ethylene, n-propylene, isopropylene, and the like.

As used herein, the term "halogen" refers to fluorine (F), chlorine (CI), bromine (Br), or iodine (I) and the term "halo" refers to the halogen radicals: fluoro (-F), chloro (-CI), bromo(-Br), and iodo(-l). As used herein, the term "cycloalkyl" refers to a non-aromatic cyclic hydrocarbon ring containing from 3 to 10 carbon atoms and which optionally includes a C- .C 3 alkylene linker through which it may be attached. In a like manner the term "C 3- C 6 cycloalkyl" refers to a non-aromatic cyclic hydrocarbon ring having from three to six carbon atoms which optionally includes a Ci.C 3 alkylene linker through which it may be attached. The Ci.C 3 alkylene group is as defined above. Exemplary "C3-C 6 cycloalkyl" groups useful in the present invention may include, but are not limited to, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, and cyclohexyl and the like which may optionally be attached through a Ci.C 3 alkylene linker such as methylene.

As used herein, the term "heterocyclyl" refers to a monovalent three to twelve- membered non-aromatic heterocyclic ring, being saturated or having one or more degrees of unsaturation, containing one or more heteroatom substitutions selected from S, S(O), S(0) 2 , O, or N, Such a ring may be optionally fused to one or more other "heterocyclyl" ring(s) or cycloalkyl ring(s). Examples of "heterocyclyl" moieties may include, but are not limited to, pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, dihydrofuranyl, pyranyl, tetrahydropyranyl, dihydropyranyl, tetrahydrothienyl, pyrazolidinyl, oxazolidinyl, thiazolidinyl, piperidinyl, homopiperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl, azepinyl, 1 ,3-dioxolanyl, 1 ,3-dioxanyl, 1 ,4-dioxanyl, 1 ,3-oxathiolanyl, 1 ,3-oxathianyl, 1 ,3-dithianyl, azetidinyl, isoxazolidine, azabicylo[3.2.1 ]octyl, azabicylo[3.3.1 ]nonyl, azabicylo[4.3.0]nonyl, 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1 ]heptane, octahydropyrrolo[1 ,2-a]pyrazine, octahydropyrazino[2, 1 -c][1 ,4]oxazine, oxabicylo[2.2.1 ]heptyl and the like.

As used herein, the term "aryl" refers to a monovalent benzene ring or to a monovalent benzene ring system fused to one or more optionally substituted benzene rings or fused to one or more cycloalkyl ring(s) to form, for example, anthracenyl, phenanthrenyl, napthyl, indanyl ring systems. Examples of "aryl" groups may include, but are not limited to, indanyl, phenyl, 2-naphthyl, 1 -naphthyl, biphenyl and the like.

As used herein, the term "heteroaryl" refers to a monovalent monocyclic five to seven membered aromatic ring, or to a fused bicyclic or tricyclic aromatic ring system comprising two of such monocyclic five to seven membered aromatic rings. These heteroaryl rings contain one or more nitrogen, sulfur, and/or oxygen heteroatoms, where N-oxides and sulfur oxides and dioxides are permissible heteroatom substitutions. Examples of "heteroaryl" groups used herein, may include, but is not limited to pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, furanyl, furazanyl, thienyl, triazolyl, pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, triazinyl, tetrazinyl, tetrazolyl, indolyl, isoindolyl, indolizinyl, indazolyl, purinyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, quinoxalinyl, quinazolinyl, pteridinyl, cinnolinyl, benzimidazolyl, benzopyranyl, benzoxazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, benzofuranyl, isobenzofuranyl, benzothiazolyl, benzisothiazolyl, benzothienyl, furopyridinyl, napthyridinyl, pyrazolopyridyl, pyrazolopyrimidinyl, substituted versions thereof and the like.

As used herein, the term "aralkyl" refers to an aryl or heteroaryl group, as defined herein, attached through a Ci.C 3 alkylene linker, wherein the Ci.C 3 alkylene is as defined herein. Examples of "aralkyl" may include, but are not limited to, benzyl, phenylpropyl, 2-pyridylmethyl, 3-isoxazolylmethyl, 5-methyl-3-isoxazolylmethyl, quinolinylmethyl, 2-imidazolyl ethyl and the like.

As used herein, the term "alkoxy" refers to the group R a O-, where R a is alkyl as defined above and the terms "Ci.C 3 alkoxy" and "Ci.C 6 alkoxy" refer to an alkoxy group as defined herein wherein the alkyl moiety contains at least 1 , and at most 3 or 6, carbon atoms. Exemplary "Ci.C 3 alkoxy" and "Ci.C 6 alkoxy" groups useful in the present invention may include, but are not limited to, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, t-butoxy and the like.

As used herein, the term "substituted" refers to substitution with the named substituent or substituents, multiple degrees of substitution being allowed unless otherwise stated.

As used herein, the term "optionally substituted" means that a group, such as, which may include, but is not limited to alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl and the like, etc., each aforementioned term may be unsubstituted, or the group may be substituted with one or more substituent(s) as defined herein. In the case where groups may be selected from a number of alternative groups the selected groups may be the same or different.

The term "independently" means that where more than one substituent is selected from a number of possible substituents, where those substituents may be the same or different.

The alternative definitions for the various groups and substitutent groups of

Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, provided throughout the specification are intended to particularly describe each compound species disclosed herein, individually, as well as groups of one or more compound species. The scope of this invention includes any combination of these group and substituent group definitions. It is recognized that the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof of the present invention as defined above may exist in forms as stereoisomers, regioisomers, or diastereiomers. These compounds may contain one or more asymmetric carbon atoms and may exist in racemic and optically active forms. For example, compounds of the present invention may exist as a racemic mixture of R(+) and S(-) enantiomers, or in separate respectively optical forms, i.e., existing separately as either the R(+) enantiomer form or in the S(+) enantiomer form. Certain of the compounds of the present invention described herein may contain one or more chiral atoms, or may otherwise be capable of existing as individual enantiomers. The compounds of this invention include mixtures of enantiomers as well as purified enantiomers or enantiomerically enriched mixtures. All of these individual compounds, isomers, and mixtures thereof are included within the scope of the present invention.

Also included within the scope of the present invention are the individual isomers of the compounds represented by Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, above as well as any wholly or partially equilibrated mixtures thereof. The present invention also covers the individual isomers of the compounds represented by the formulas above as mixtures with isomers thereof in which one or more chiral centers are inverted. Also, it is understood that any tautomers and mixtures of tautomers of the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, respectively, are included within the scope of said compounds.

As used herein, the term "enantiomeric excess" or "ee" is the excess of one enantiomer over the other expressed as a percentage. As a result, since both enantiomers are present in equal amounts in a racemic mixture, the enantiomeric excess is zero (0% ee). However, if one enantiomer was enriched such that it constitutes 95% of the product, then the enantiomeric excess would be 90% ee (the amount of the enriched enantiomer, 95%, minus the amount of the other enantiomer, 5%).

As used herein, the term "enantiomerically enriched" refers to products whose enantiomeric excess is greater than zero. For example, enantiomerically enriched refers to products whose enantiomeric excess is greater than 50% ee, greater than 75% ee, or greater than 90% ee.

As used herein, the term "Enantiomerically pure" refers to products whose enantiomeric excess is 99% ee or greater. SALTS

Because of their potential use in medicine, the salts of the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, are suitably pharmaceutically acceptable salts. Suitable pharmaceutically acceptable salts include those described by Berge, Bighley and Monkhouse J.Pharm.Sci (1977) 66, pp 1-19.

Typically, the salts of the present invention are pharmaceutically acceptable salts. Salts encompassed within the term "pharmaceutically acceptable salts" refer to non-toxic salts of the compounds of this invention. Salts of the compounds of the present invention may comprise acid addition salts derived from a nitrogen on a substituent in the compound of formula (I). Representative salts include the following salts: acetate, benzenesulfonate, benzoate, bicarbonate, bisulfate, bitartrate, borate, bromide, calcium edetate, camsylate, carbonate, chloride, clavulanate, citrate, dihydrochloride, edetate, edisylate, estolate, esylate, fumarate, gluceptate, gluconate, glutamate, glycollylarsanilate, hexylresorcinate, hydrabamine, hydrobromide, hydrochloride, hydroxynaphthoate, iodide, isethionate, lactate, lactobionate, laurate, malate, maleate, mandelate, mesylate, methylbromide, methylnitrate, methylsulfate, monopotassium maleate, mucate, napsylate, nitrate, N-methylglucamine, oxalate, pamoate (embonate), palmitate, pantothenate, phosphate/diphosphate, polygalacturonate, potassium, salicylate, sodium, stearate, subacetate, succinate, tannate, tartrate, teoclate, tosylate, triethiodide, trimethylammonium and valerate. Other salts, which are not pharmaceutically acceptable, may be useful in the preparation of compounds of this invention and these form a further aspect of the present invention.

Compound Preparations

The compounds according to Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, are prepared using conventional organic syntheses.

Suitable synthetic routes are depicted below in the following general reaction schemes. The skilled artisan will appreciate that if a substituent described herein is not compatible with the synthetic methods described herein, the substituent may be protected with a suitable protecting group that is stable to the reaction conditions. The protecting group may be removed at an necessary or suitable point in the reaction sequence to provide a desired intermediate or target compound. Suitable protecting groups and the methods for protecting and de-protecting different substituents using such suitable protecting groups are well known to those skilled in the art; examples of which may be found in T. Greene and P. Wuts, Protecting Groups in Chemical Synthesis (3rd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, NY (1999). In some instances, a substituent may be specifically selected to be reactive under the reaction conditions used. Under these circumstances, the reaction conditions convert the selected substituent into another substituent that is either useful as an intermediate compound or is a desired substituent in a target compound.

Scheme 1

As shown in Scheme 1 , (1 1 ) can be prepared by reacting an appropriate acid chloride (2) with a chiral agent, such as (S)-(-)-4-benzyl-2-oxazolidinone (Evans' chiral oxazolidinone), in the presence of a base, such as n-butyl lithium, to afford the chiral intermediate (3). Treatment of the compound (3) with a base, such as diisopropylethylamine, in the presence of a chelating agent, such as titanium tetrachloride, in a solvent, such as tetrahydrofuran, followed by addition of an electrophile, such as benzyloxymethylchloride, provides compound (4). Conversion of compound (4) to the corresponding hydroxyacid (7) can be achieved by a sequence comprising oxidative cleavage of the chiral oxazolidinone, using, for example H2O2 and lithium hydroxide, to the respective intermediate (5), followed by hydrogenolysis, to afford intermediate (7). Compound (3) can also be converted to intermediate (7) in an alternative two-step procedure. For this transformation, (3) can be treated with a base, such as diisopropylethylamine, in the presence of a chelating agent, such as titanium tetrachloride, in a solvent, such as tetrahydrofuran, followed by addition of trioxane or a suitable alternative formaldehyde equivalent to provide compound (6), which is then submitted to oxidative cleavage of the chiral oxazolidinone, using, for example H2O2 and lithium hydroxide, to the respective acid (7). Coupling of acid (7) with benzyloxyamine in the presence of coupling agents, such as EDC and DMAP, yields the amide (8). This can be cyclized to azetidin-2-one (9) using Mitsunobu conditions. Hydrolysis of the azetidin-2-one (9), using for example lithium hydroxide in an appropriate solvent, gives the corresponding acid (10). Conversion of compound (10) to product (1 1 a) can be achieved using an appropriate formylating agent, such as formic acid/acetic anhydride or methyl formate, in neat reagents or in an appropriate solvent, such as dichloromethane. The chemistry describing specific examples of this type can also be found in WO 2009/061879. Treatment of compound (1 1 a) with cyanuric fluoride in the presence of a base such as DIEA or pyridine in an appropriate solvent such as DCM can yield compound (1 1 b). Scheme 2

As shown in Scheme 2, THP-protected intermediate (15) can be prepared by hydrogenation of azetidin-2-one (9) using a catalyst, such as 10% Pd/C, in an appropriate solvent, such as ethanol to provide (12). Treatment of (12) with dihydropyran under acid catalysis, such as pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate, in an appropriate solvent, such as methylene chloride, provides THP-protected azetidin-2- one (13). Hydrolysis of azetidin-2-one (13), using for example lithium hydroxide in an appropriate solvent, gives the corresponding acid (14). Conversion of compound (14) to the product (15a) can be achieved using an appropriate formylating agent, such as formic acid/acetic anhydride or methyl formate, in neat reagents or in an appropriate solvent, such as dichloromethane. Conversion of compound (14) to product (15a) can also be accomplished using 5-methyl-2-thioxo-[1 ,3,4]thiadiazole-3-carbaldehyde (Yazawa, Hisatoyo; Goto, Shunsuke; Tetrahedron Lett. 26; 31 ; 1985; 3703-3706) as a formylating agent in an appropriate solvent, such as acetone. Intermediate (15a) can also be prepared according to literature procedures [Bracken, Bushell, Dean, Francavilla, Jain, Lee, Seepersaud, Shu, Sundram, Yuan; PCT Int. Appl. (2006), WO 2006127576 A2]. . The chemistry describing specific examples of this type can also be found in WO 2009/061879. Treatment of compound (15a) with cyanuric fluoride (2,4,6-trifluoro-1 ,3,5-triazine) in the presence of a base such as DIEA or pyridine in an appropriate solvent such as DCM can yield compound (15b).

Scheme 3

(20a) P 1 = CBZ (21 a) P 1 = CBZ; P = Bn (20b) P 1 = Alloc (21 b) P 1 = Alloc; P = THP

(21 c) P 1 = CBZ; P = THP As shown in Scheme 3, treating (16) with TMS-diazomethane in an appropriate solvent such as toluene, THF, or hexane can provide (17). Intermediate (18) can be obtained by the treatment of (17) with Boc anhydride and a base such as TEA in an appropriate solvent such as DCM or THF. Intermediate (19a and/or 19b) can be obtained by the treatment of (18) with an appropriate reducing agent such as NaCNBH 3 in an acidic solvent such as AcOH, followed by nitrogen protection using a suitable protecting reagent such as benzyl chloroformate or allyl chloroformate in an appropriate base such as K 2 C0 3 , in an appropriate solvent such as MeCN, THF, or DCM. Intermediate (20a and/or 20b) can be obtained by the treatment of (19a and/or 19b) with TFA and water in an appropriate solvent such as DCM. Alternatively, (20a and/or 20b) can be obtained directly from (17) by treatment with NaCNBH 3 in an acidic solvent followed by nitrogen protection described above. Finally, intermediate (21 a) can be obtained by treating (1 1 b) with (20a) and an appropriate base such as DIPEA in an appropriate solvent such as DMF or DCM. Likewise, (21 b) can be obtained by treating (15b) with (20b) and an appropriate base such as DIPEA in an appropriate solvent such as DMF or DCM. Similarly, (21 c) can be obtained by treating (20a) with (15b) and an appropriate base such as DIPEA in an appropriate solvent such as DMF or DCM. Scheme 4

(21 a) P 1 = CBZ; P = Bn (24) P 1 = CBZ; P = Bn (21 c) P 1 = CBZ; P = THP (25) P 1 = CBZ; P = THP

As outlined in Scheme 4, (24) and/or (25) can be obtained by separation of the appropriate diastereomers (21 a) and/or (21 c) by silica gel column chromatography using appropriate solvents such as ethyl acetate and hexanes and/or re-crystallization from an appropriate solvent such as MeCN or by reverse-phase HPLC using appropriate solvents such as MeCN and water.

Scheme 5

As shown in Scheme 5, intermediates (26) and/or (27) can be obtained by treating either (1 1 b) or (15b) with (25) and an appropriate base such as DIPEA in an appropriate solvent such as DMF or DCM. Additionally, (26a) and/or (27a) can be obtained by separation of the appropriate diastereomers (26) and/or (27) by silica gel column chromatography using appropriate solvents such as ethyl acetate and hexanes and/or re-crystallization from an appropriate solvent such as MeCN or by reverse-phase HPLC using appropriate solvents such as MeCN and water. Scheme 6

As shown in Scheme 6, intermediates (21 a-c) can be treated with an appropriately substituted amine with a coupling agent such as EDC or PyBOP with an amine such as DIPEA in a solvent such as DMF to obtain (28a-c). Alternatively, compounds (28a-c) can be obtained by treating intermediates (21 a-c) with a coupling agent such as DMTMM with an appropriately substituted amine in the presence of a base in a suitable solvent, or by the treatment of intermediates (21 a-c) with mesyl chloride and a suitable base such as 1 -methyl imidazole and a suitable amine in a solvent such as DCM or DMF. Additionally, intermediates (28a-c) can be obtained by the treatment of intermediates (21 a-c) with 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride and an appropriate base in a suitable solvent such as THF or toluene followed by the addition of an appropriately substituted amine. The appropriate diasteromer (30a-c)) can be obtained either by reverse phase HPLC or by chiral super critical fluid chromatography. Compound (31 a and 31 c) can be obtained either by treatment with a catalyst, such as 10% Pd/C, in an appropriate solvent, such as ethanol, in the case that P is Bn or by treatment with 80% acetic acid-water at room temperature or 40 °C in the case that P is THP. Compound (31 b) can be obtained by treatment with a catalyst such as (PPh 3 ) 4 Pd in the presence of a base such as morpholine in a solvent such as DCM followed by THP deprotection using a mixture of acetic acid and water.

Scheme 7

As shown in Scheme 7, intermediates (26) and/or (27) can be treated with an appropriately substituted amine with a coupling agent such as EDC or PyBOP with an amine such as DIPEA in a solvent such as DMF to obtain (32) and/or (33). Alternatively, compounds (32) and/or (33) can be obtained by treating intermediates (26) and/or (27) with a coupling agent such as DMTMM with an appropriately substituted amine in the presence of a base in a suitable solvent, or by the treatment of intermediates (26) and/or (27) with mesyl chloride and a suitable base such as 1- methyl imidazole and a suitable amine in a solvent such as DCM or DMF. Additionally, intermediates (32) and/or (33) can be obtained by the treatment of intermediates (26) and/or (27) with 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride and an appropriate base in a suitable solvent such as THF or toluene followed by the addition of an appropriately substituted amine. The appropriate diastereomer (34) and/or (35) can be obtained either by reverse phase HPLC or by chiral super critical fluid chromatography. Compound (36) can be obtained either by treatment with catalyst, such as 10% Pd/C, in an appropriate solvent, such as ethanol, in the case that P is Bn or by treatment with 80% acetic acid-water at room temperature or 40 °C in the case that P is THP.

Scheme 8

( 43 )

(3S)-1-{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarbox ylic acid (43) can be prepared as described in Scheme 8. The enantiomerically pure lactone (39) can be prepared from (D)-Malic acid (1 ) in a three-step process according to literature (Denmark, S. E. and Yang, S.-M. J. Am. C em. Soc. 2004, 126, 12432-12440). Opening of the lactone (39) with iodotrimethylsilane (TMSI) in the presence of methanol can afford alcohol (40). The alcohol (40) can be converted into a triflate and then reacted with Cbz-NHNH 2 to afford compound (41 ), which can readily cyclize in the presence of K 2 C0 3 to afford the methyl ester (42). Finally, hydrolysis of the ester (42) with lithium hydroxide can afford the acid (43).

Scheme 9

I

(47) (20)

According to Scheme 9, 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (20) can be prepared by the treatment of hydrazine with a protecting group such as CBZ-CI under basic conditions to afford intermediate (44) which then can be cyclized to (45) by the treatment of (44) with an alkylating agent such as 1 , 1-dimethylethyl-2,4-dibromobutanoate under basic conditions at elevated temperature in a solvent such as acetonitrile. (45) can then be converted to (46) under hydrogenolysis conditions followed by salt formation. (46) can then be converted to (47) by the addition of acylating agent such as CBZ-succinimide using a base such as TEA in a solvent such as DCM. Finally, (20) can be obtained by the treatment of (47) with an acid such as HCI in a solvent such as DCM or ether. Scheme 10

(46) (47) (20) (43) According to Scheme 10, dihydro-2(3H)-furanone can be converted to (48) by the addition of bromine and tribromophosphine at elevated temperature followed by the esterification to (49) under acidic conditions in a solvent such as DCM. (50) can be prepared using standard conditions (Protecting Groups in Organic Synthesis; Greene and Nuts; 3 rd ed) using an acylating agent such as CBZ-CI under basic conditions. (45) can be obtained by the treatment of (50) with (49) under basic conditions at elevated temperature in a solvent such as acetonitrile. Additionally, (46) can be obtained from (45) using standard hydrogenolysis conditions using a catalyst such as Pd/C in a solvent such as methanol. Intermediate (47) can be obtained from (46) using standard conditions with an acylating agent such as CBZ-succinimide using a base such as TEA in a solvent such as methanol. Intermediate (20) can be obtained by the treatment of (47) with an acid such as HCI. Finally, intermediate (43) can be obtained by the resolution of (20) with an optically active amino alcohol (Tsuda, M. et al; Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho; (2002)) in a solvent such as acetonitrile. Scheme 11

As shown in Scheme 11 , intermediate (51 ) can be obtained by the treatment of (18) with with an appropriate reducing agent such as NaCNBH 3 in an acidic solvent such as AcOH, followed by reductive alkylation with an aldehyde such as formaldehyde and an appropriate hydride source such as sodium triacetoxyborohydride in a solvent such as DCE or DCM. Intermediate (52) can be obtained by the treatment of (51 ) with TFA and water in an appropriate solvent such as DCM. Finally, intermediate (53) can be obtained by treating (52) with (1 1 b) and an appropriate base such as DIPEA in an appropriate solvent such as DMF or DCM followed by diastereomeric separation as outlined in Scheme 4. Intermediate (54) can be obtained by (53) with an appropriately substituted amine using conditions found in Scheme 6. Finally (55) can be obtained from (54) according to conditions found in Scheme 6.

Certain embodiments of the present invention will now be illustrated by way of example only. The physical data obtained for the compounds exemplified is consistent with the assigned structure of those compounds. Pharmaceutical Compositions

The present invention relates to novel compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively,or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof and corresponding pharmaceutical compositions.

The compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively,or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention will normally, but not necessarily, be formulated into pharmaceutical compositions prior to administration to a patient. Accordingly, in another aspect, the present invention is directed to pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively,or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention and one or more pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients.

In particular, the present invention also may relate to a pharmaceutical composition or formulation, which comprises a compound as defined by Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and pharmaceutically acceptable adjuvants, carriers or excipients, and optionally one or more other therapeutic ingredients.

Pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention may be prepared and packaged in bulk form wherein a safe and effective amount of a compound of the present invention can be extracted and then given to the patient such as with powders or syrups. Alternatively, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention may be prepared and packaged in unit dosage form wherein each physically discrete unit contains a safe and effective amount of a compound of the present invention. When prepared in unit dosage form, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention typically contain from 25 mg to 1.5 g of compound of the present invention.

The pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention typically contain at least one compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. However, in certain embodiments, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention may contain more than one compounds or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of the present invention. For example, in certain aspects, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention may contain at least two compounds Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt(s) thereof of the present invention. In addition, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention may optionally further comprise one or more additional pharmaceutically active compounds.

As used herein, "pharmaceutically-acceptable excipient" means a pharmaceutically acceptable material, composition or vehicle involved in giving form or consistency to the pharmaceutical composition. Each excipient must be compatible with the other ingredients of the pharmaceutical composition when commingled such that interactions which would substantially reduce the efficacy of the compound of the present invention when administered to a patient and interactions which would result in pharmaceutical compositions that are not pharmaceutically acceptable are avoided. In addition, each excipient must of course be of sufficiently high purity to render it pharmaceutically-acceptable.

At least one compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, of the present invention and the pharmaceutically-acceptable excipient or excipients will typically be formulated into a dosage form adapted for administration to the patient by the desired route of administration.

For example, dosage forms include those adapted for: (1 ) oral administration such as, but not limited to, tablets, capsules, caplets, pills, troches, powders, syrups, elixers, suspensions, solutions, emulsions, sachets, cachets and the like; (2) parenteral administration such as, but not limited to, sterile solutions, suspensions, powders for reconstitution and the like; (3) transdermal administration such as, but not limited to, transdermal patches and the like; (4) rectal administration such as, but not limited to: suppositories and the like; (5) inhalation such as dry powders, aerosols, suspensions, solutions and the like; and (6) topical administration such as, but not limited to: creams, ointments, lotions, solutions, pastes, sprays, foams, gels and the like.

As used herein, "pharmaceutically-acceptable excipient" means a material, composition or vehicle involved in giving form or consistency to the composition. Each excipient must be compatible with the other ingredients of the pharmaceutical composition when commingled such that interactions which would substantially reduce the efficacy of the compound of the present invention when administered to a patient and interactions which would result in pharmaceutical compositions that are not pharmaceutically-acceptable are avoided. In addition, each excipient must of course be of sufficiently high purity to render it pharmaceutically-acceptable.

Suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients will vary depending upon the particular dosage form chosen. In addition, suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for a particular function that they may serve in the composition.

For example, certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to facilitate the production of uniform dosage forms. Certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to facilitate the production of stable dosage forms. Certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to facilitate the carrying or transporting of the compound or compounds of the present invention once administered to the patient from one organ, or portion of the body, to another organ, or another portion of the body. Certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may be chosen for their ability to enhance patient compliance.

Moreover, pharmaceutical compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, etc., may conveniently be presented in unit dosage form and may be prepared by any of the methods well known in the art of pharmacy. All methods include the step of bringing the active ingredient into association with the carrier which constitutes one or more accessory ingredients. In general, pharmaceutical compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, etc. are prepared by uniformly and intimately bringing into association the active ingredient with liquid carriers or finely divided solid carriers or both and then, if necessary, shaping the product into the desired formulation.

Suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients include, but are not limited to, the following types of excipients: diluents, fillers, binders, disintegrants, lubricants, glidants, granulating agents, coating agents, wetting agents, solvents, co-solvents, suspending agents, emulsifiers, sweetners, flavoring agents, flavor masking agents, coloring agents, anticaking agents, hemectants, chelating agents, plasticizers, viscosity increasing agents, antioxidants, preservatives, stabilizers, surfactants, buffering agents and the like.

The skilled artisan will appreciate that certain pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients may serve more than one function and may serve alternative functions depending on how much of the excipient is present in the formulation and what other ingredients are present in the pharmaceutical compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, etc.

Skilled artisans possess the knowledge and skill in the art to enable them to select suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients in appropriate amounts for use in the present invention.

In addition, there are a number of resources that are available to the skilled artisan which describe pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients and may be useful in selecting suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients. Examples include Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences (Mack Publishing Company), The Handbook of Pharmaceutical Additives (Gower Publishing Limited), and The Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients (the American Pharmaceutical Association and the Pharmaceutical Press).

The pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention are prepared using techniques and methods known to those skilled in the art. Some of the methods commonly used in the art are described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences (Mack Publishing Company).

The compounds of the present invention and the pharmaceutically-acceptable excipient or excipients will typically be formulated into a dosage form adapted for administration to the patient by the desired route of administration.

In one aspect, the present invention is directed to a solid oral dosage form such as, but not limited to, tablet or capsule which comprises a safe and effective amount of a compound of the present invention and a diluent or filler and the like.

Suitable diluents and fillers, include, but are not limited to, lactose, sucrose, dextrose, mannitol, sorbitol, starch (e.g. corn starch, potato starch, pre-gelatinized starch and the like.), cellulose and its derivatives (e.g. microcrystalline cellulose and the like.), calcium sulfate, dibasic calcium phosphate and the like. The oral solid dosage form may further comprise a binder.

Suitable binders include starch (e.g. corn starch, potato starch, pre-gelatinized starch and the like), gelatin, acacia, sodium alginate, alginic acid, tragacanth, guar gum, povidone, cellulose and its derivatives (e.g. microcrystalline cellulose) and like.

Oral solid dosage forms may further comprise a disintegrant. Suitable disintegrants, include, but are not limited to: crospovidone, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmelose, alginic acid, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and the like.

The oral solid dosage form may further comprise a lubricant. Suitable lubricants include, but are not limited to: stearic acid, magnesuim stearate, calcium stearate, talc and like.

In one aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient(s).

In one aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (II) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient(s).

In one aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (III) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient(s).

In one aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (IV) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient(s). In one aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound according to claim 5 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient(s).

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition, which comprises a compound which is (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl (hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide:

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition, which comprises a compound which is (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl (hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Administration - Routes of Administration

It will also be recognized by one of skill in the art that the optimal quantity and spacing of individual dosages of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof will be determined by the nature and extent of the condition being treated, the form, route and site of administration, and the particular patient being treated, and that such optimums can be determined by conventional techniques.

It will also be appreciated by one of skill in the art that the optimal course of treatment, i.e., the number of doses of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof given per day for a defined number of days, can be ascertained by those skilled in the art using conventional course of treatment determination tests.

The amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof which is required to achieve a therapeutic effect will, of course, vary with the particular compound, the route of administration, the subject under treatment, and the particular disorder or disease being treated.

As used herein, the term "effective amount" means that amount of a drug or pharmaceutical agent that will elicit the biological or medical response of a tissue, system, animal or human that is being sought, for instance, by a researcher or clinician. Furthermore, the term "therapeutically effective amount" means any amount which, as compared to a corresponding subject who has not received such amount, results in improved treatment, healing, prevention, or amelioration of a disease, disorder, or side effect, or a decrease in the rate of advancement of a disease or disorder. The term also includes within its scope amounts effective to enhance normal physiological function.

While it is possible that, for use in therapy, therapeutically effective amounts of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, may be administered as the raw chemical, it is possible to present the active ingredient as a pharmaceutical composition. Accordingly, the present invention further provides pharmaceutical compositions, which include therapeutically effective amounts of compounds of the Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, diluents, or excipients. Compounds of the Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof are as described herein.

The carrier(s), diluent(s) or excipient(s) must be acceptable in the sense of being compatible with the other ingredients of the formulation and not deleterious to the recipient thereof. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention there is also provided a process for the preparation of a pharmaceutical formulation including admixing a compound of the Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or salts thereof, with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, diluents or excipients.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, may be presented in unit dose forms containing a predetermined amount of active ingredient per unit dose. Such a unit of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, typically depends on the condition being treated, the route of administration and the age, weight and condition of the patient, or pharmaceutical formulations may be presented in unit dose forms containing a predetermined amount of active ingredient per unit dose. Preferred unit dosage formulations are those containing a daily dose or sub-dose, as herein above recited, or an appropriate fraction thereof, of an active ingredient. Furthermore, such pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, etc. may be prepared by any of the methods well known in the pharmacy art.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, etc., may be adapted for administration by any appropriate route, for example by the oral (including, but are not limited to: buccal, sublingual and the like), rectal, nasal, topical (including, but are not limited to: buccal, sublingual, transdermal and the like), vaginal or parenteral (including, but are not limited to: subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, intradermal and the like) route. Such pharmaceutical compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, may be prepared by any method known in the art of pharmacy, for example by bringing into association the active ingredient with the carrier(s) or excipient(s).

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for oral administration may be presented as discrete units such as, but are not limited to: capsules or tablets; powders or granules; solutions or suspensions in aqueous or non-aqueous liquids; edible foams or whips; or oil-in-water liquid emulsions or water-in-oil liquid emulsions.

For instance, for oral administration in the form of a tablet or capsule, the active drug component can be combined with an oral, non-toxic pharmaceutically acceptable inert carrier such as, but are not limited to: ethanol, glycerol, water and the like. Powders are prepared by comminuting the compound to a suitable fine size and mixing with a similarly comminuted pharmaceutical carrier such as, but are not limited: an edible carbohydrate, such as, but is not limited to, for example, starch or mannitol and the like. Flavoring, preservative, dispersing, coloring agent and the like, can also be present in the present invention.

Capsules are made by preparing a powder mixture, as described above, and filling formed gelatin sheaths. Glidants and lubricants such as, but are not limited to: colloidal silica, talc, magnesium stearate, calcium stearate or solid polyethylene glycol and the like, can be added to the powder mixture before the filling operation. A disintegrating or solubilizing agent such as, but are not limited to: agar-agar, calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate and the like, can also be added to improve the availability of the medicament when the capsule is ingested. Moreover, when desired or necessary, suitable binders, lubricants, disintegrating agents and coloring agents can also be incorporated into the mixture. Suitable binders may include, but are not limited to, starch, gelatin, natural sugars such as glucose or beta-lactose, corn sweeteners, natural and synthetic gums such as acacia, tragacanth or sodium alginate, carboxymethylcellulose, polyethylene glycol, waxes and the like. Lubricants used in these dosage forms may include, but are not limited to: sodium oleate, sodium stearate, magnesium stearate, sodium benzoate, sodium acetate, sodium chloride and the like. Disintegrators may include, but are not limited to, without limitation, starch, methyl cellulose, agar, bentonite, xanthan gum and the like. Tablets are formulated, for example, by preparing a powder mixture, granulating or slugging, adding a lubricant and disintegrant and pressing into tablets, etc. A powder mixture is prepared by mixing the compound, suitably comminuted, with a diluent or base as described above, and optionally, with a binder such as carboxymethylcellulose, an aliginate, gelatin, or polyvinyl pyrrolidone, a solution retardant such as paraffin, a resorption accelerator such as a quaternary salt and/or an absorption agent such as, but are not limited to: bentonite, kaolin, dicalcium phosphate and the like. The powder mixture can be granulated by wetting with a binder such as, but are not limited to: syrup, starch paste, acadia mucilage or solutions of cellulosic or polymeric materials and the like, forcing through a screen. As an alternative to granulating, the powder mixture can be run through the tablet machine and the result is imperfectly formed slugs broken into granules. The granules can be lubricated to prevent sticking to the tablet forming dies by means of the addition of, but are not limited to: stearic acid, a stearate salt, talc, mineral oil and the like. The lubricated mixture is then compressed into tablets. The compounds of the present invention can also be combined with a free flowing inert carrier and compressed into tablets directly without going through the granulating or slugging steps. A clear or opaque protective coating consisting of a sealing coat of shellac, a coating of sugar or polymeric material and a polish coating of wax can be provided. Dyestuffs can be added to these coatings to distinguish different unit dosages.

Oral fluids such as solution, syrups and elixirs can be prepared in dosage unit form so that a given quantity contains a predetermined amount of the compound. Syrups can be prepared by dissolving the compound in a suitably flavored aqueous solution, while elixirs are prepared through the use of a non-toxic alcoholic vehicle. Suspensions can be formulated by dispersing the compound in a non-toxic vehicle. Solubilizers and emulsifiers such as, but are not limited to: ethoxylated isostearyl alcohols, polyoxy ethylene sorbitol ethers, preservatives, flavor additive such as, but are not limited to: peppermint oil, natural sweeteners, saccharin, other artificial sweeteners, and the like can also be added.

Where appropriate, dosage unit pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, for oral administration can be microencapsulated. The formulation can also be prepared to prolong or sustain the release as for example by coating or embedding particulate material in polymers, wax or the like.

The compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, of the present invention can also be administered in the form of liposome delivery systems, such as, but are not limited to: small unilamellar vesicles, large unilamellar vesicles, multilamellar vesicles and the like. Liposomes can be formed from a variety of phospholipids, such as, but are not limited to: cholesterol, stearylamine, phosphatidylcholines and the like.

The compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may also be delivered by the use of monoclonal antibodies as individual carriers to which the compound molecules are coupled.

The compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may also be coupled with soluble polymers as targetable drug carriers. Such polymers can include, but are not limited to: polyvinylpyrrolidone, pyran copolymer, polyhydroxypropylmethacrylamide -phenol, polyhydroxyethylaspartamidephenol, polyethyleneoxidepolylysine substituted with palmitoyl residues and the like. Furthermore, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be coupled to a class of biodegradable polymers useful in achieving controlled release of a drug, for example, such as, but are not limited to: polylactic acid, polepsilon caprolactone, polyhydroxy butyric acid, polyorthoesters, polyacetals, polydihydropyrans, polycyanoacrylates and cross-linked or amphipathic block copolymers of hydrogels and the like.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for transdermal administration may be presented as discrete patches intended to remain in intimate contact with the epidermis of the recipient for a prolonged period of time. For example, the active ingredient may be delivered from the patch by iontophoresis as generally described in Pharmaceutical Research, 3(6), 318 (1986). Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for topical administration may be formulated such as, but are not limited to, ointments, creams, suspensions, lotions, powders, solutions, pastes, gels, sprays, aerosols, oils and the like.

For treatments of the eye or other external tissues, for example mouth and skin, the pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like of the present invention are preferably applied as a topical ointment or cream. When formulated in an ointment, the active ingredient may be employed with either a paraffinic or a water-miscible ointment base. Alternatively, the active ingredient may be formulated in a cream with an oil-in-water cream base or a water-in-oil base.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for topical administrations to the eye include eye drops wherein the active ingredient is dissolved or suspended in a suitable carrier, especially an aqueous solvent.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for topical administration in the mouth include, but are not limited to: lozenges, pastilles, mouth washes and the like.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for rectal administration may be presented as, but are not limited to: suppositories or as enemas and the like.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for nasal administration wherein the carrier is a solid, which may include, but are not limited to: a coarse powder having a particle size for example in the range 20 to 500 microns which is administered in the manner in which snuff is taken, i.e. by rapid inhalation through the nasal passage from a container of the powder held close up to the nose. Suitable pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, wherein the carrier is a liquid, for administration as a nasal spray or as nasal drops, include, but are not limited to aqueous or oil solutions of the active ingredient.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for administration by inhalation include, but are not limited to fine particle dusts or mists, which may be generated by means of various types of metered, dose pressurised aerosols, nebulizers or insufflators and the like. Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for vaginal administration may be presented as, but are not limited to pessaries, tampons, creams, gels, pastes, foams, spray formulations and the like.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, adapted for parenteral administration, include, but are not limited to aqueous and non-aqueous sterile injection solutions, which may include, but are not limited to contain anti-oxidants, buffers, bacteriostats, solutes and the like, which render the formulation isotonic with the blood of the intended recipient; and aqueous and nonaqueous sterile suspensions which may include, but are not limited to suspending agents, thickening agents and the like.

Pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, may be presented, but are not limited to in unit-dose or multi-dose containers, for example sealed ampoules, vials and the like, and may be stored in a freeze-dried (lyophilized) condition requiring only the addition of the sterile liquid carrier, for example water for injections, immediately prior to use. Extemporaneous injection solutions and suspensions may be prepared from, but are not limited to sterile powders, granules, tablets and the like.

It should be understood that in addition to the ingredients particularly mentioned above, the pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, may s but are not limited to other agents conventional in the art having regard to the type of pharmaceutical formulations, compositions, formulations, dosage forms, and the like, in question, for example those suitable for oral administration may include, but are not limited to flavouring agents.

A therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, of the present invention will depend upon a number of factors including, for example, the age and weight of the human or other animal, the precise condition requiring treatment and its severity, the nature of the formulation, and the route of administration, and will ultimately be at the discretion of the attendant physician or veterinarian.

However, an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively,or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of a bacterial infection will generally be in the range of 0.1 to 100 mg/kg body weight of recipient (mammal) per day and more usually in the range of 1 to 10 mg/kg body weight per day. Thus, for a 70 kg adult mammal, the actual amount per day would usually be from 70 to 700 mg and this amount may be given in a single dose per day or more usually in a number (such as two, three, four, five or six) of sub-doses per day such that the total daily dose is the same.

An effective amount of a salt thereof, may be determined as a proportion of the effective amount of the compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,per se. It is envisaged that similar dosages would be appropriate for treatment of the other conditions referred to above.

Methods of Use

The present invention also relates to methods for treatment of bacterial infections, which comprise administering an effective amount of a compound of

Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a corresponding pharmaceutical composition to a human in need thereof.

The compounds of the present invention are inhibitors of microbial peptide deformylase and are, therefore, capable of or used in preventing bacterial growth. Compounds of the present invention are useful in the treatment and/or prevention of infectious diseases wherein the underlying pathology is (at least in part) attributable to a variety of prokaryotic organisms.

Examples include, but are not limited to, Gram positive and Gram negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from the genera Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia,

Bacteroides, Fusobacterium and Peptostreptococcus. More particularly, examples include, but are not limited to, Gram positive and Gram negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from the genera Streptococcus, e.g. S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes, Staphylococcus, e.g. S. aureus, S. epidermidis, and S. saprophytics, Moraxella, e.g. M. catarrhalis, Haemophilus, e.g. H. influenzae, Neisseria,

Mycoplasma, e.g. M. pneumoniae, Legionella, e.g. L. pneumophila, Chlamydia, e.g.

C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, and

Peptostreptococcus.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Streptococcus, more suitably S. pneumoniae or S. pyogenes.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Staphylococcus, more suitably S. aureus, S. epidermidis, or S. saprophyticus.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Moraxella, more suitably M. catarrhalis.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Haemophilus, more suitably H. influenzae.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Neisseria.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Mycoplasma, more suitably M. pneumoniae.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Legionella, more suitably L. pneumophila.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof,of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Chlamydia, more suitably C. pneumoniae.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Bacteroides.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Clostridium.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Fusobacterium.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Propionibacterium. Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by Peptostreptococcus.

The compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention also relates to use or treatment of bacterial infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to β-lactam, quinolone, macrolides, ketolides, glycopeptide, and oxazolidinone classes of antibiotics. Such drug resistant bacterial infections include, but are not limited to, penicillin, macrolide or levofloxacin resistant S. pneumoniae; methicillin or macrolide resistant, and vancomycin intermediate S. aureus; methicillin resistant S. epidermidis; and oxazolidinone resistant S. aureus.

The compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use to treat, prevent and/or reduce the severity of a bacterial infection. Such infections include, but are not limited to, ear infections, sinusitis, upper and lower respiratory tract infections, genital infections, skin and soft tissue infections, bacterial endocarditis and antibacterial prophylaxis.

The compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention may also relates to use to prevent a bacterial infection in mammals, specifically humans, such as a bacterial infection that may result from medical or dental procedures.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use to treat ear infections.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use to treat sinusitis.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use to treat upper and lower respiratory tract infections.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use to treat genital infections. Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use to treat skin and soft tissue infections.

Suitably, the compounds of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the present invention relates to use to treat bacterial endocarditis.

The methods of treatment of the present invention, specifically methods for the treatment infectious diseases including bacterial infections, comprise administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof.

The methods of treatment of the present invention comprise administering a safe and effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof.

In one embodiment, the present invention relates to a method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof.

In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof.

In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof.

In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof.

In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof. In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound which is (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a method for treatment of a bacterial infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound which is (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl (hydroxy) amino] methyl}propanoyl)-/V-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

For each of the method embodiments described herein for the present invention, the bacterial infection is caused by, but may not be limited to Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Moraxella, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, or Peptostreptococcus. More particularly, examples include, but are not limited to, Gram positive and Gram negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from the genera Streptococcus, e.g. S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes, Staphylococcus, e.g. S. aureus, S. epidermidis, and S. saprophytics, Moraxella, e.g. M. catarrhalis, Haemophilus, e.g. H. influenzae, Neisseria, Mycoplasma, e.g. M. pneumoniae, Legionella, e.g. L. pneumophila, Chlamydia, e.g. C. pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Propionibacterium, and Peptostreptococcus.

As used herein, "infectious disease" refers to any disease characterized by the presence of a microbial infection, such as a bacterial infection. As used herein, "treat" in reference to a condition means: (1 ) to ameliorate or prevent the condition or one or more of the biological manifestations of the condition, (2) to interfere with (a) one or more points in the biological cascade that leads to or is responsible for the condition or (b) one or more of the biological manifestations of the condition, (3) to alleviate one or more of the symptoms or effects associated with the condition, or (4) to slow the progression of the condition or one or more of the biological manifestations of the condition.

As indicated above, "treatment" of a condition includes prevention of the condition. The skilled artisan will appreciate that "prevention" is not an absolute term. In medicine, "prevention" is understood to refer to the prophylactic administration of a drug to substantially diminish the likelihood or severity of a condition or biological manifestation thereof, or to delay the onset of such condition or biological manifestation thereof.

As used herein, "safe and effective amount" in reference to a compound of the present invention or other pharmaceutically-active agent means an amount of the compound sufficient to treat the patient's condition, but low enough to avoid serious side effects (at a reasonable benefit/risk ratio) within the scope of sound medical judgment. A safe and effective amount of a compound will vary with the particular compound chosen (e.g., consider the potency, efficacy, and half-life of the compound); the route of administration chosen; the condition being treated; the severity of the condition being treated; the age, size, weight, and physical condition of the patient being treated; the medical history of the patient being treated; the duration of the treatment; the nature of concurrent therapy; the desired therapeutic effect; and like factors, but can nevertheless be routinely determined by the skilled artisan.

As used herein, "effective amount" in reference to a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof, of the present invention means an amount of the compound sufficient to treat the patient's condition, but low enough to avoid serious side effects (at a reasonable benefit/risk ratio) within the scope of sound medical judgment. An effective amount of a compound will vary with the particular compound chosen (e.g., consider the potency, efficacy, and half-life of the compound); the route of administration chosen; the condition being treated; the severity of the condition being treated; the age, size, weight, and physical condition of the patient being treated; the medical history of the patient being treated; the duration of the treatment; the nature of concurrent therapy; the desired therapeutic effect; and like factors, and can be routinely determined by the skilled artisan.

As used herein, "patient" refers to a human or other animal.

The compounds of the present invention may be administered by any suitable route of administration, including both systemic administration and topical administration. Systemic administration includes oral administration, parenteral administration, transdermal administration, rectal administration, and administration by inhalation. Parenteral administration refers to routes of administration other than enteral, transdermal, or by inhalation, and is typically by injection or infusion. Parenteral administration includes intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous injection or infusion. Inhalation refers to administration into the patient's lungs whether inhaled through the mouth or through the nasal passages. Topical administration includes application to the skin as well as intraocular, intravaginal, and intranasal administration.

The compounds of the present invention may be administered once or according to a dosing regimen wherein a number of doses are administered at varying intervals of time for a given period of time. For example, doses may be administered one, two, three, or four times per day. Doses may be administered until the desired therapeutic effect is achieved or indefinitely to maintain the desired therapeutic effect. Suitable dosing regimens for a compound of the present invention depend on the pharmacokinetic properties of that compound, such as absorption, distribution, and half-life, which can be determined by the skilled artisan.

In addition, suitable dosing regimens, including the duration such regimens are administered, for a compound of the present invention depend on the condition being treated, the severity of the condition being treated, the age and physical condition of the patient being treated, the medical history of the patient being treated, the nature of concurrent therapy, the desired therapeutic effect, and like factors within the knowledge and expertise of the skilled artisan. It will be further understood by such skilled artisans that suitable dosing regimens may require adjustment given an individual patient's response to the dosing regimen or over time as individual patient needs change.

Typical daily dosages may vary depending upon the particular route of administration chosen. Typical daily dosages for oral administration range from 50 mg to 3 g. Additionally, the compounds of the present invention may be administered as prodrugs. As used herein, a "prodrug" of a compound of the present invention is a functional derivative of the compound which, upon administration to a patient, eventually liberates the compound of the present invention in vivo. Administration of a compound of the present invention as a prodrug may enable the skilled artisan to do one or more of the following: (a) modify the onset of the compound in vivo; (b) modify the duration of action of the compound in vivo; (C) modify the transportation or distribution of the compound in vivo; (d) modify the solubility of the compound in vivo; and (e) overcome a side effect or other difficulty encountered with the compound. Typical functional derivatives used to prepare prodrugs include modifications of the compound that are chemically or enzymatically cleaved in vivo. Such modifications, which include the preparation of phosphates, amides, esters, thioesters, carbonates, and carbamates, are well known to those skilled in the art.

The present invention also provides a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof, of the present invention for use in medical therapy, and particularly in bacterial infections. Thus, in a further aspect, the present invention is directed to the use of a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof, in the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of bacterial infections.

As stated above, the compounds of the present invention according to Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof are PDF inhibitors, which are useful in treatment of bacterial infections.

The biological activity of the a compound of Formulas (I) to (IV), respectively, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, to a human or patient in need thereof , can be determined using suitable assays such as those measuring inhibition of the enzymatic activity of PDF and those evaluating the ability of the compounds to inhibit bacterial growth in vitro or in animal models of infection. PDF IC50 Assays

Assay 1 :

Enzymatic activity of PDF was measured using a formate dehydrogenase (FDH)-coupled assay [Lazennec and Meinnel (1997) Anal. Biochem. 244, 180-182]. Once formate is released from methionine by PDF, it is oxidized by FDH thereby reducing one molecule of NAD to NADH and resulting in an increase in absorbance at 340 nm. Reactions were initiated by adding PDF to microtiter plates containing all other reaction components and were continuously monitored for 20 min at 25°C. The final reaction composition for the Staphylococcus aureus PDF (SaPDF) assay was 50 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.6, 5 units/mL FDH, 7 mM NAD, 1 % DMSO, 0.01 % CHAPS, 1 nM SaPDF, and 3 mM formyl-Met-Ala-Ser in 40 μΙ_ total volume. Serial dilutions of inhibitors were performed in DMSO. Reagents and assay format were identical for Haemophilus influenzae PDF except that formyl-Met-Ala-Ser was 6 mM final. In the Streptococcus pneumoniae PDF assay, reaction conditions were similar but contained 30 pM enzyme, 4 mM NAD and 4 mM formyl-Met-Ala-Ser. The varying formyl-Met-Ala-Ser concentrations reflect K M values for substrate using the different PDF isozymes. IC 50 s were determined by fitting to the equation: %lnhibition = 100/1 +(IC 50 /[I]) S , where s is a slope factor, I is the inhibitor concentration and the IC 50 is the concentration of compound that causes 50% inhibition. Assay 2:

Enzymatic activity of PDF was measured using a formate dehydrogenase (FDH)/NAD+/Diaphorase-coupled Fluorescence detection assay. Once formate is released from methionine by PDF, it is oxidized by FDH, thereby reducing one molecule of NAD to NADH. Diaphorase then catalyzes the conversion of Resazurin to Resarufin using the NADH produced by the FDH reaction. The fluorescence intensity of Resarufin is monitored by excitation at 525nm and emission at 598nm. The reaction is assembled by first adding the NAD, f-MAS and Resazurin to each well of a 384 well plate containing 50nl of test compounds. Reactions were initiated by adding PDF in reaction buffer containing FDH and Diaphorase. The final reaction composition for the Staphylococcus aureus PDF (SaPDF) assay was 50 mM potassium phosphate, 0.025% CHAPS pH 7.6, 0.25 units/mL FDH, 0.156 U/ml Diaphorase; 0.025mg/ml BSA; 1 mM NAD, 0.5% DMSO, 1 mM formyl-Met-Ala-Ser; 5uM Resazurin, and 1 nM SaPDF, in 10 μΙ_ total volume. Serial dilutions of inhibitors were performed in DMSO. Reagents and assay format were identical for the Haemophilus influenzae PDF; in the Streptococcus pneumoniae PDF assays, assay composition was the same, except that 150 pM enzyme was used. The endpoint of each reaction was chosen to ensure that all data were collected within the linear range of catalysis. IC 50 s were determined by fitting to the equation: %lnhibition = 100/1 +(IC 50 /[I]) S , where s is a slope factor, I is the inhibitor concentration and the IC 50 is the concentration of compound that causes 50% inhibition. Results

Representative examples 1-2, 5-8, 10-12, 14-21 , 23-26, 30-32, 34-44, 46-48, 59, 61 -64, 66-68, 74-79, 92-93, 96-97, 100, and 127-128 were tested under Assay 1 conditions and inhibit S. aureus, H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae PDF activities with IC50s < 1 uM.

Representative examples 50-57, 81 , 84, 87-91 , 101 , 103-121 , and 123 were tested under Assay 2 conditions and inhibit S. aureus, H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae PDF activities with IC50s < 1 uM.

Antimicrobial Activity Assay

Whole-cell antimicrobial activity was determined by broth microdilution using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI, formerly NCCLS) recommended methodology (NCCLS Document M7-A7, "Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically; Approved Standard - Seventh Edition", 2006). Compounds were tested in serial two-fold dilutions ranging from 64 to 0.06 μg/mL against a panel of at least 1 1 strains. This panel consisted of the following laboratory strains: Staphylococcus aureus Oxford, Staphylococcus aureus WCUH29, Enterococcus faecalis I, Enterococcus faecalis 7 or Enterococcus faecalis X7501 , Haemophilus influenzae Q1 , Haemophilus influenzae NEMC1 or Haemophilus influenzae H128, Moraxella catarrhalis 1502, Streptococcus pneumoniae 1629, Streptococcus pneumoniae N1387, Streptococcus pneumoniae Ery2 and Escherichia coli 7623 or Escherichia coli 3. All compounds were also tested against Haemophilus influenzae H128 or Escherichia coli 7623 efflux minus mutants (strains in which the AcrA efflux pump had been deleted) to ascertain the extent in which the molecules were effluxed out of the bacteria. In addition, the antibacterial activity of some compounds against Streptococcus pyogenes 1307006P and Streptococcus pyogenes 1308007P was also analyzed. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined as the lowest concentration of compound that inhibited visible growth. A mirror reader was used to assist in determining the MIC endpoint. Results

Each of the Examples 1 -128 have a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) < 4 μς/ΓηΙ. against at least one of the organisms listed above. For at least one strain of every organism listed above, at least one example had an MIC < 4 μg/mL.

Antimicrobial Activity data (MIC's in g/mL) for specific Examples is given in Table 2.

Table 2

Animal models of infection

All procedures were performed in accordance with protocols approved by the

GSK Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, and meet or exceed the standards of the American Association for the Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC), the United States Department of Health and Human Services and all local and federal animal welfare laws.

Rat respiratory tract infection (RTI) model with H. influenzae or S. pneumoniae.

In this model, anesthetized rats (male Sprague Dawley [Cr1 :CD (SD] 100g) (Charles River) are infected by intrabronchial instillation of 2-3 x10 6 bacterial CFU/rat in 100 μΐ of agar directly into the lungs [G. Smith (1991 ) Lab Animals vol 25, 46-49]. Animals (n = 6 per group) are dosed with different amounts of compound (2-fold dilution ranging from 37.5 to 300 mg/kg) by oral gavage twice daily for 4 days starting 1 h after infection. Control animals are dosed with diluent on the same schedule. The rats are euthanized 96 h post infection and the lungs removed aseptically and homogenized in 1 ml. of sterile saline with a stomacher machine. Ten fold serial dilutions are done in sterile saline to enumerate viable bacteria numbers. This rat lung infection model has been shown to be able to predict human efficacy in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by S. pneumoniae [Hoover J. L, C. Mininger, R. Page, R. Straub, S. Rittenhouse, and D. Payne. (2007). Abstract A-17. Proceedings of the 47th ICAAC, Chicago, Illinois].

Murine groin S. aureus abscess model of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI).

In this model, anesthetized mice (male CD1 , 20 g) (Charles River) are infected with S. aureus in semi-solid agar (1 x10 6 CFU/mouse) subcutaneously in the groin area (Jarvest, R.L., Berge, J.M., Berry, V., Boyd, H.F., Brown, M.J., Elder, J.S., Forrest, A.K., Fosberry, A.P., Gentry, D.R., Hibbs, M.J., Jaworski, D.D., O'Hanlon, P.J., Pope, A.J., Rittenhouse, S. Sheppard, R.J., Slater-Radosti, C. and Worby, A. (2002) J. Med Chem., 45, 1959-1962). The animals (n=6 per group) are dosed with different amounts of compound (2-fold dilution ranging from 37.5 to 300 mg/kg) by oral gavage twice daily starting 1 h after infection. Control animals are dosed with diluent on the same schedule. Mice are euthanized 96 h post infection and the abscesses are aseptically removed and homogenized. Ten fold serial dilutions are done in sterile saline to enumerate viable bacteria numbers.

Results

Some of the examples described herein have demonstrated oral efficacy in one or more of the above animal models of infection, reducing the amount of bacteria recovered from lungs or abscesses, with respect to the untreated control animals, by > 3 log io CFU/mL.

EXAMPLES

The following examples illustrate the present invention. These examples are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, but rather to provide guidance to the skilled artisan to prepare and use the compounds, compositions, and methods of the present invention.

While particular embodiments of the present invention are described, the skilled artisan will appreciate that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Some of chemical compounds or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof of the present invention may be made by different chemical reaction methods or preparative procedures.

As used herein the symbols and conventions used in these processes, schemes and examples are consistent with those used in the contemporary scientific literature, for example, the Journal of the American Chemical Society or the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Standard single-letter or three-letter abbreviations are generally used to designate amino acid residues, which are assumed to be in the L- configuration unless otherwise noted. Unless otherwise noted, all starting materials were obtained from commercial suppliers and used without further purification. Specifically, the following abbreviations may be used in the examples and throughout the specification:

1. g (grams); mg (milligrams);

2. L (liters); ml. (milliliters);

3. μΙ_ (microliters); psi (pounds per square inch);

4. M (molar); mM (millimolar);

5. i. v. (intravenous); Hz (Hertz);

6. MHz (megahertz); mol (moles);

7. mmol (millimoles); rt (room temperature);

8. min (minutes); h (hours);

9. mp (melting point); TLC (thin layer chromatography);

10. T r (retention time); RP (reverse phase);

1 1 . MeOH (methanol); / ' -PrOH (isopropanol);

12. TEA (triethylamine); TFA (trifluoroacetic acid);

13. TFAA (trifluoroacetic anhydride); THF (tetrahydrofuran);

14. DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide); EtOAc (ethyl acetate);

15. DME (1 ,2-dimethoxyethane); DCM (dichloromethane);

16. DCE (dichloroethane); DMF (/V,/V-dimethylformamide);

17. DMPU (Λ/,Λ/'-dimethylpropyleneurea); (CDI (1 , 1-carbonyldiimidazole);

IBCF (isobutyl chloroformate); HOAc (acetic acid);

18. HOSu (/V-hydroxysuccinimide); HOBT (1-hydroxybenzotriazole);

19. mCPBA (meta-chloroperbenzoic acid; EDC (ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride);

20. BOC or Boc (ferf-butyloxycarbonyl); 21 . FMOC (9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl);

22. DCC (dicyclohexylcarbodiimide); CBZ (benzyloxycarbonyl);

23. Ac (acetyl); atm (atmosphere);

24. TMSE (2-(tri methy Isilyl )ethyl ); TMS (trimethylsilyl);

25. TIPS (triisopropylsilyl); TBS (f-butyldimethylsilyl);

26. DMAP (4-dimethylaminopyridine); BSA (bovine serum albumin)

27. ATP (adenosine triphosphate); HRP (horseradish peroxidase);

28. DMEM (Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium);

29. HPLC (high pressure liquid chromatography);

30. BOP (bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic chloride);

31 . TBAF (tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride);

32. HBTU (0-Benzotriazole-1 -yl-N,N,N',N'- tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate);

33. Red Al (sodium bis(2-methoxyethoxy)aluminum hydride;

34. HEPES (4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1 -piperazine ethane sulfonic acid);

35. DPPA (diphenylphosphoryl azide); PCC (pyridinium chlorochromate);

36. fHN0 3 (fumed HN0 3 ); EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid);

37. Dess-Martin periodinane or Dess-Martin reagent (1 ,1 , 1-tris(acetoxy)- 1 , 1 -dihydro-1 ,2-benziodoxol-3-(1 H)-one); and

38. Seyferth-Gilbert reagent or Gilbert-Seyferth reagent (dimethyl 1 -diazo-

2-oxopropylphosphonate).

39. All references to ether are to diethyl ether; brine refers to a saturated aqueous solution of NaCI. Unless otherwise indicated, all temperatures are expressed in °C (degrees Centigrade). All reactions are conducted under an inert atmosphere at room temperature unless otherwise noted.

40. 1 H NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian VXR-300, a Varian Unity- 300, a Varian Unity-400 instrument, or a General Electric QE-300. Chemical shifts are expressed in parts per million (ppm, δ units). Coupling constants are in units of hertz (Hz). Splitting patterns describe apparent multiplicities and are designated as s (singlet), d (doublet), t (triplet), q (quartet), m (multiplet), br (broad).

41 . Low-resolution mass spectra (MS) were recorded on a JOEL JMS- AX505HA, JOEL SX-102, or a SCIEX-APIiii spectrometer; high resolution MS were obtained using a JOEL SX-102A spectrometer. All mass spectra were taken under electrospray ionization (ESI), chemical ionization (CI), atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI), electron impact (El) or by fast atom bombardment (FAB) methods. Infrared (IR) spectra were obtained on a Nicolet 510 FT-IR spectrometer using a 1 - mm NaCI cell. All reactions were monitored by thin-layer chromatography on 0.25 mm E. Merck silica gel plates (60F-254), visualized with UV light, 5% ethanolic phosphomolybdic acid or p-anisaldehyde solution. Column chromatography was performed on silica gel (230-400 mesh, Merck) or on an ISCO Sg100c chromatography instrument.

42. Reported HPLC retention times (rt) were obtained on a Waters 2795 instrument attached to a Waters 996 diode array detector reading 210-500 nm. The column used was a Synergi Max-RP (50 x 2 mm) model #00B-4337-B0. Solvent gradient was 15% methanohwater to 100% methanol (0.1 % formic acid) over 4 or 6 min. Flow rate was 0.8 mL/min. Injection volume was 3 microliters.

INTERMEDIATES Intermediate Example 1

(3S)-1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Method A:

As outlined in Scheme 8

Part A:

Methyl (2 ?)-2-hydroxy-4-iodobutanoate. To a solution of (3R)-3-hydroxydihydro- 2(3H)-furanone (1.6 g, 16 mmol) and methanol (0.65 g, 16 mmol) in dichloromethane (50 mL) under N 2 at -10°C was added TMSI (3.4 g, 17 mmol) over 0.5 hour. The mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 1 hour and was then allowed to warm up to room temperature and stirred for another 3 hours. TLC (PE:EA = 1 :1 ) showed that the reaction was completed. The mixture was washed with saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 (20 mL), 2% aq. Na 2 S 2 0 3 (20 mL) and brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), and concentrated in vacuo to provide methyl (2R)-2-hydroxy-4-iodobutanoate as a yellowish oil (3.35 g, 85%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 4.26-4.23 (m, 1 H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.29-3.26 (t, 2H), 2.83 (s, 1 H), 2.38-2.25 (m, 1 H), 2.19-2.01 (m, 1 H).

Part B:

Phenylmethyl 2-{(1 S)-3-iodo-1 - [(methyloxy)carbonyl]propyl}hydrazinecarboxylate. To a solution of methyl {2R)-

2- hydroxy-4-iodobutanoate (3.35 g, 13.7 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) under N 2 at -70°C was added 2,6-lutidine (5.67 g, 55 mmol), followed by triflate anhydride (4.07 g, 144.4 mmol) dropwise. Stirring continued at the same temperature for 1 hour. Phenylmethyl hydrazinecarboxylate (2.74 g, 16.5 mmol) was added in one portion, and the reaction mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and stirred for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the crude oil was purified by column chromatography (PE:EA = 20: 1 to 1 : 1 ) to provide phenylmethyl 2-{(1 S)-3-iodo-1 - [(methyloxy)carbonyl]propyl}hydrazinecarboxylate as yellow oil (3.7 g, 83%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCIs) δ 7.35-7.34 (m, 5H), 6.51 (s, 1 H), 5.13 (s, 2H), 4.27 (s, 1 H), 3.76- 3.70 (m, 4H), 3.42-3.30 (m, 2H), 2.25-2.06 (m, 2H).

Part C:

3- Methyl 1 -(phenylmethyl) (3S)-1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate. To a solution of phenylmethyl 2-{(1 S)-3-iodo-1 -[(methyloxy)carbonyl]propyl}hydrazinecarboxylate

(3.38 g, 8.6 mmol) in CH 3 CN (500 mL) was added K 2 C0 3 (2.38 g, 17.2 mmol), and the mixture was stirred overnight at rt. LC-MS showed that all starting material was consumed. The mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated to provide the crude 3-methyl 1 -(phenylmethyl) (3S)-1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate as an oil (2.77 g, 100%) without further purification.

Part D:

(3S)-1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid. To a solution of 3-methyl 1 -(phenylmethyl) (3S)-1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate (2.77 g, 10.5 mmol) in THF (20 mL) at 0 °C was added a portion of LiOH monohydrate. The mixture was warmed up to rt and stirred for 2 hours. TLC showed that the starting material was consumed completely. THF was distilled off, and the mixture was cooled to 0 °C. Citric acid (4.8 g, 25.2 mmol) in water (20 mL) was then added dropwise. The aqueous mixture was extracted with DCM (8 x 20 mL), the combined organic phases were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to provide (3S)-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as yellowish solid (1 .8 g, 83%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-D6) δ 7.43-7.29 (m, 5H), 5.07 (s, 2H), 3.76-3.71 (m, 1 H), 3.52-3.37 (m, 2H), 2.25-2.06 (m, 2H). Method B:

As outlined in Scheme 10

(3S)-1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Part A:

2,4-Dibromobutanoic acid

Dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one (3000 g, 34.88 mol) was charged into a 20 L four necked round bottomed flask with a reflux condenser. Tribromophosphine (70 g, 0.26mol) was added under N2 (gas). The mixture solution was heated at 110 ° C . Bromine (5800 g, 36.25 mol) was added dropwise to the above solution while maintaining the temperature at 100 ° C~110 ° C (The addition completion around 7 h). The mixture solution was reacted for an additional 1 hour. The mixture solution was cooled to room temperature. N2 (gas) was introduced into the reaction solution to remove excess bromine. The crude acid (8000 g, 32.79 mol, 96%) was obtained as brown oil, which was used in the next step without any purification. Part B:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl 2,4-dibromobutanoate

2,4-Dibromobutanoic acid (the crude product from above) dissolved in DCM (10L) in a 50 L-reactor. 2-Methylpropan-2-ol (12000 g, 162.16 mol) and boron andydride (8000 g, 114.29 mol) were added to the above solution. 1680 g of H 2 S0 4 was added dropwise to the above solution under N2 (gas) while maintaining the temperature at room temperature (25-30 °C). The mixture was allowed to react for 24 h at room temperature. Then 15 L aqueous Na 2 C0 3 (sat.) was added to quench the reaction. The organic phase was separated and dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The solvent was removed under vacuum to give the crude product, which was purified by silica gel column chromatography to give tert-butyl 2,4-dibromobutanoate as a brown oil (3800 g, 12.58 mol, 39%). Part C:

Bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2-hydrazinedicarboxylate

A solution of sodium hydroxide (2.50 kg, 62.5 mol) in water (40 L) was charged into an 100 L reactor. Hydrazine hydrate (2.00 kg, 40 mol) and THF (8 L) were added into the above solution. The mixture solution was cooled at 0 °C. A pre-prepared solution of Cbz-CI (13.60 kg CbzCI, 61 .99 mol) in 2 L THF was added dropwise to the solution while maintaining the temperature at 0 °C. The reaction was allowed to stir for an additional 4 h and a solid precipitated from the solution. The solid was collected by filtration, which was suspended in toluene (5 L). The suspended solution was heated at 80 °C, which became clear. The water in the crude product was removed completely under reflux using a Dean-Stark apparatus. The resulting solution was cooled to room temperature and the product precipitated. The product was obtained after filtration to afford bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2-hydrazinedicarboxylate (7.8 Kg, 26 mol, 65%) as a white solid.

Part D:

3-(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl) 1 ,2-bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2,3-pyrazolidinetricarboxylate

A solution of bis(benzyloxycarbonyl)hydrazine (2.65 g, 8.83 mol) in acetonitrile (30 L) was charged into 100 L-reactor. Cesium carbonate (6.00 kg, 18.4 mol) and tert- butyl 2,4-dibromobutyrate (2.65 kg, 8.83 mol) were added into the above solution. The mixture solution was heated at 50 °C for 2.5 h until the two starting materials were completely consumed. The mixture solution was cooled to room temperature. A filtration was performed to remove some undissolved materials. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to afford product (4000 g crude product) as a brown oil.

Part E:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylate

A solution of 3-(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) 1 ,2-bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2,3- pyrazolidinetricarboxylate (2.00 kg, 4.54 mol) in 10 L methanol was charged into a 20L four-necked round-bottomed flask under N2 (gas). Then 200 g Pd/C (10%, 65% water) was added carefully to the mixture solution. H2 (gas) was introduced to exchange N2 (gas) three times. The mixture solution was allowed to react at 25 °C under 1 atm of H2 for 8 h until the starting material was consumed completely. N2 (gas) was introduced to remove excess H2 (gas). A filtration was performed to remove the catalyst. The filtrate can be used in the next step without further purification.

Part F:

3-(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl) l -(phenylmethyl) 1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate

A solution of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylate as the filtrate from above, was charged into a 50 L reactor. TEA (1.389 kg, 13.75 mol, 1 .1 eq) was added to the above solution under N2 (gas). The mixture solution was cooled to 0°C. Then the pre-prepared solution of Cbz-Osu (3.429 kg, 13.77 mol) in DCM (8 L) was added to the mixture solution while maintaining the temperature at 0°C. The reaction was allowed to react for 1 h. The solvent was removed under vacuum and the crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography to give the desired crude product (1000 g) as a yellow oil. To this mixture was added 1500 ml. of ether. A solid precipitated from the solution. A filtration was performed and the cake was collected to give the product (500g, 1 .63mol, 18% for 3 steps) as a white solid.

Part G:

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a solution of hydrogen chloride (10 L,12.2% wt) charged into a 20-L, round- bottomed flask was added 3-(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) l-(phenylmethyl) 1 ,3- pyrazolidinedicarboxylate (1000 g, 3.27 mol at room temperature. The mixture solution was heated at 35 °C for 4 h. The mixture solution was poured into 10 kg of ice and the pH was adjusted to 4 using aqueous NaOH (5M) solution. The product precipitated out and a filtration was performed to give the product (690 g, 1.32 mol, 84%) as a white solid.

Part H:

(3S)-1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

1-{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (500 g, 1.99 mol) and (1 R,2R)-2-amino-1 -phenyl-1 ,3-propanediol (334 g, 1 .99 mol) (Tsuda, Makoto; Yamamoto, Keiichiro; Koga, Ichiro. Preparation of optically active pyridyl ketone derivatives and method for preparation thereof by optical resolution using chiral amines. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (2002)) were dissolved into a solution of MeCN (3.32 L) and water (0.83 L). The resulting solution was heated under reflux for 1 h. The mixture solution was cooled to 0 °C and stirred slowly for 4 h while maintaining the temperature at 0 °C. The undesired salt precipitated out from the mixture solution. A filtration was performed and the filtrate was concentrated to give 750 g of the salt of (3S)-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxyli c acid as a white solid (Chiral purity: >70%). The 750 g was dissolved into 2 L of ethanol. The solution was heated under reflux for 1 h. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C and allowed to stir slowly at 0 °C for 5 h. The product was filtered and the filtrate cake was washed with cooled alcohol (500 mL) and acetonitrile (1000 ml x 2). The cake was collected and dried in the air to give 300 g of the salt of (3S)-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (ee%≥99%) as a white solid. The resulting 300 g salt was dissolved in 1 .5 L water under a nitrogen atmosphere. The pH value was adjusted to 3-4 using HCI (6M) while maintaining the temperature at 0°C. The suspended solution was stirred for 0.5 hour. The product was again filtered and dried under vacuum (40 °C) to give afford 115 g of (3S)-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (ee%≥99%,y=23%) product as white solid.

Intermediate Example 2

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

As outlined in Scheme 9

Method A:

Part A:

Bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2-hydrazinedicarboxylate

Benzyl chloroformate (19.73 mL, 140 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of hydrazine (2 mL, 63.7 mmol) in methanol (200 mL). Approximately half way through the addition, dropwise addition of a solution of sodium carbonate (14.86 g, 140 mmol) in water (150 mL) commenced. The resulting slurry was stirred for about 45 min before being filtered under suction, isolating a solid which was washed with ice water. The resulting filtrate was concentrated to remove the methanol, yielding a small quantity of solid material upon filtration. This solid material was again washed with ice water. The combined solids were recrystallized from straight toluene. The resulting white solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 60 °C for 5 hours. This yielded bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2-hydrazinedicarboxylate (13.74 g, 45.8 mmol, 71.8 % yield) as a white crystalline solid.

Part B:

3-(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl) 1 ,2-bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2,3-pyrazolidinetricarboxylate

Bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2-hydrazinedicarboxylate (5.91 g, 19.68 mmol) was placed in a 500 ml round bottomed flask and acetonitrile (150 ml) was added followed by cesium carbonate (14.1 1 g, 43.3 mmol). 1 , 1 -Dimethylethyl 2,4-dibromobutanoate (4.00 ml, 19.68 mmol) was added dropwise and the reaction was heated to 60 °C and stirred overnight. The resulting solution was cooled to room temperature and passed through a pad of celite. The filtrate was concentrated and purified via combiflash silica gel chromatography (0-100% EtOAC in hex) yielding 3-(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl) 1 ,2- bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2,3-pyrazolidinetricarboxylate (5.3 g, 12.03 mmol, 61 .1 % yield) as a pale yellow oil.

Part C:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylate

3-(1 , 1 -Dimethylethyl) 1 ,2-bis(phenylmethyl) 1 ,2,3-pyrazolidinetricarboxylate (5.30 g, 12.03 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (100 ml.) and 10% Pd/C (degussa type) (1 .06 g, 0.996 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred under a balloon of hydrogen for 60 min. LCMS showed clean deprotection. HCI in ether (6.02 ml_, 12.03 mmol) was added, and the mixture was stirred 5 min. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated, yielding 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylate. HCI (2.45 g, 1 1 .74 mmol, 98% yield) as an orange solid.

Part D:

3-(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl) l -(phenylmethyl) 1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate

At 0 °C, to a 50 ml. round bottomed flask charged with 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 3- pyrazolidinecarboxylate (0.054 g, 0.259 mmol) and stirrer in dichloromethane (DCM) (3 ml_), was added triethylamine (0.079 ml_, 0.569 mmol). After a couple of minutes, N-(benzyloxycarbonyloxy)succinimide (CBz-OSu) (0.064 g, 0.259 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (1.5 ml.) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture stirred at 0 °C for one hour, then warmed to r.t. After 2hr at r.t, the solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in EtOAc (30 ml_), washed with water (15 mL x 2), sat. NaHC0 3 (15 ml), brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated to afford the crude product as a colorless gum (88 mg).

Part E:

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

At r.t., to a 50 mL round bottomed flask containing crude 3-(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) 1 - (phenylmethyl) 1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate (88 mg) in dichloromethane (DCM) (0.5 mL), was added HCI in ether (2M) (3.59 mL, 7.18 mmol), then the reaction vessel was equipped with a glass stopper. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 48 hr. The solid was filtered and washed with ether, providing the product as an off-white solid. (58.4 mg, 71 % over two steps).

Method B:

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate

To a solution of t-butyl acrylate (17 g, 133 mmol) dissolved in toluene (200 mL) and n-hexanes (200 mL) was added TMS-diazomethane (99 mL, 199 mmol) over 10 minutes. After 1 h the reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue diluted with DCM ( 300 mL) and TFA (20.44 mL, 265 mmol) was added slowly over 15 minutes. After 30 minutes the reaction mixture was concentrated, basified with with 1 N NaOH and extracted into DCM (400 mL). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, concentrated, and purified by filtration through a pad of silica gel eluting the product with 50% ethyl acetate/hexanes to afford 10 g (54.6 mmol) of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate as a yellow oil.. LC-MS (ES) m/e 170.91 (M + H) + .

Part B:

3-(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl) 1 -(phenylmethyl) 1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate

To a solution of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (5 g, 29.4 mmol) dissolved in acetic acid (75 mL) was added sodium cyanoborohydride (3.69 g, 58.8 mmol) over 10 minutes. After 30 min. the reaction mixture was concentrated. The intermediate was diluted with ethyl acetate and basified with sat. Na 2 C0 3 . The ethyl acetate was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated. The intermediate was diluted with tetrahydrofuran (THF) (75 ml_), and triethylamine was added (8.19 ml_, 58.8 mmol), followed by Cbz-CI (2.1 ml_, 14.69 mmol). After 2h, the organic salts were filtered and the crude product was purified by silica gel column using 20-80% EtOAc/hexanes to afford 2.8 g (9.14 mmol) of 3-(1 , 1-dimethylethyl) 1- (phenylmethyl) 1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate. LC-MS (ES) m/e 307.0 (M + H) + .

Part C:

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a solution of 3-(1 , 1-dimethylethyl) l-(phenylmethyl) 1 ,3-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate (2.8 g, 9.14 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (50 ml.) was added TFA (42.2 ml_, 548 mmol) and 10 mL of water. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 72 h. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give 1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (2.2 g, 8.79 mmol,) which was used directly without further purification. LC-MS (ES) m/e 250.8 (M + H) + .

Method C:

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate

1 , 1 -Dimethylethyl 2-propenoate (10.25 ml, 70 mmol) was added to a round-bottom flask equipped with a stirring bar and charged with toluene (100 ml) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 ml) under nitrogen, and then TMS-diazomethane (42.0 ml, 84 mmol) was added. After 4h, the reaction solvents and excess TMS-diazomethane were removed in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in dichloromethane (150 mL). TFA (6.26 ml, 84 mmol) was added at 0 °C and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After this time, the reaction was quenched with sat. Na2C03 and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over

Na2S0 - The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give the crude product as yellow oil, which was purified by silica gel chromatography (Combiflash, 120g column, hexane/ethyl acetate 0-30% 60min) to yield the desired product 1 , 1- dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (9.7 g, 81 % yield) as yellow oil. Part B:

Bis(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl) 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-1 ,5-dicarboxylate

To a solution of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (9.7 g, 57.0 mmol) and bis(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) dicarbonate (14.93 g, 68.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (86 ml) was added triethylamine (15.89 ml, 1 14 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 days at 25 °C. The reaction solution was then washed with 1 N HCI (1 X 500ml_), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated to give a residue. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, column: 220g, 0- 50% ethyl acetate in hexane, 60 min) to afford the desired product as light yellow oil.

Part C:

Di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 ,5-dicarboxylate

Di-tert-butyl 4,5-dihydropyrazole-1 ,5-dicarboxylate (12.65 g, 46.8 mmol) was dissolved in acetic acid (69.2 ml), and the solution was cooled in a water bath. Sodium cyanoborohydride (5.88 g, 94 mmol) was added portionwise under N 2 . The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 5 hrs. The solvent was then removed under reduced pressure to give a residue. The residue was diluted with EtOAc (150 mL), and Na 2 C0 3 (sat.) (100 mL) was cautiously added to the solution. The layers were separated and the aq. solution was extracted with EtOAc (2 X 30 mL), and the organics were dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give the crude product di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 5-dicarboxylate (12.74 g) as light yellow oil, which was used directly in the next step. Part D:

1 -Benzyl 2,3-di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 2, 3-tricarboxylate

Sat. aq. K 2 C0 3 (210 mL) was added into a solution of benzyl chloroformate (12.0 ml, 84 mmol) and crude di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 5-dicarboxylate (12.74 g, assumed 46.8 mmol) in acetonitrile (137 ml) at 0 °C. The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 4.5 hrs. The aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc (3 X 100 mL), and the organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The solvents were removed in vacuo, and the crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, Column: 220g; 0-35% ethyl acetate in hexane; 60 min) to provide the desired product 1 -benzyl 2,3-di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 2,3- tricarboxylate (14.15 g, 74% yield) as a white solid. Part E:

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

1- Benzyl 2,3-di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 ,2,3-tricarboxylate (14.15 g, 34.8 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (68.6 ml) under N 2 at room temperature. TFA (80 ml,

1045 mmol) and water (9.41 ml, 522 mmol) were then added in one portion. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 2 days. The solvent was then removed under reduced pressure to give 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (8.72 g, 34.8 mmol, 100% yield).

Intermediate Example 3

2- [(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)p ropanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Part A:

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride

To a solution of (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoic acid (as prepared in Scheme 1 ; also described in WO 2009061879) (5.2 g, 17.03 mmol) dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) (75 mL) was added 2,4,6-trifluoro-1 ,3,5-triazine (1 .5 mL, 17.9 mmol) followed by pyridine (1.51 mL, 18.7 mmol) . The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 2 h, and then the reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (100 mL) and washed (1 x 50 mL) with 5% citric acid followed by 50 mL of sat. NaHC0 3 . The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated to give (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl fluoride as a pale yellow oil. LC- MS (ES) m/e 306.8 (M + H) + . Part B:

2-[(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)p ropanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid To a solution of (2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl fluoride (3.24 g, 10.55 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) was added 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (2.2 g, 8.79 mmol) followed by DIPEA (3.07 mL, 17.58 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 18 hrs. The reaction was concentrated and purified by reverse- phase HPLC to afford 2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as a mixture of diastereomers. LC-MS (ES) m/e 538.8 (M + H) + .

Additionally, 2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid can be purified by silica gel chromatography, producing a mixture of diastereomers enriched in the desired diastereomer, (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid.

2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino }methyl)propanoyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid can also be purified by automated chiral prep SFC, providing the pure diastereomer, (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid.

Intermediate Example 4

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Method A:

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoy fluoride (see Intermediate 3, Part A) (4 g, 13.0 mmol) was added into a solution of (3S)-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (3.58 g, 14.3 mmol) in dichloromethane (52.9 ml), followed by Hunig's base (6.80 ml, 39.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 2.5 hrs. The reaction was then diluted with dichloromethane (200 ml), and acetic acid (9 ml) was added. The resulting solution was washed with aqueous NH 4 CI (200 mL). The aqueous solution was extracted with dichloromethane (2 X 50 mL). The combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to provide a residue. The desired product crashed out after the addition of a few milliliters of ethyl acetate. The desired product was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate, providing 3.49 g as a white solid. The filtrates were purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash; Column: 40g; 0-100% ethyl acetate in hexane; 30 min). The third peak was collected, and the solvent was removed to provide a solid. The solid was washed with approximately 10ml of acetonitrile, and the mixture was filtered to give a second batch of the desired product (870 mg) as a white solid. Both batches were combined to yield the final batch of prod uct, (3S)-2-[(2 R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(p henylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (4.36 g, 8.1 mmol, 62 % yield).

Method B:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Part A:

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride

2,4,6-Trifluoro-1 ,3,5-triazine (10.7 g, 79 mmol) was added into a solution of pyridine (6.4 ml, 79 mmol) and (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoic acid (WO 2009061879) (22 g, 72.0 mmol) in dichloromethane (348 ml) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred overnight. Dichloromethane (300 mL) was added to the reaction solution, followed by 1000 mL of 5% citric acid, and the mixture was filtrated. The solids were washed with DCM (300 ml). The organic layer of the filtrate was separated and washed with sat. NaHC0 3 (2 x 300 ml_). The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to yield a yellow oil, which was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, Column: 220g; 0-20% ethyl acetate in hexane; 50 min) to provide (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride (14.32 g, 64.7% yield) as a colorless oil.

Part B:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride (8.18 g, 26.6 mmol) was added into a solution of 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (8.65 g, 34.6 mmol) in dichloromethane (85 ml), and followed by Hunig's base (23.2 ml, 133 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 5 hrs. The reaction was then diluted with DCM (50 ml), and acetic acid (6 ml) was added. The resulting solution was washed with aqueous NH 4 CI (2 X2 OOmL). The aqueous solution was extracted with DCM (2 X 100ml_). The combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to provide a residue. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, Column: 220g; 0- 100% ethyl acetate in hexane; 40 min). The first 2/3 of the eluting fractions were combined, and the solvent was removed to give a residue. Acetonitrile (~5 ml) was added to the residue. The diastereomer (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid remained as a white solid. The white solid was filtered, washed with MeCN (3 X 0.5ml_), and air dried to give (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as a white solid (1.94 g). The solvent was removed from the filtrates, and ethyl acetate was added. Solid precipitated again, and the solvent was removed by filtration to give another portion of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as a white solid (274 mg). The filtrates were dried to give a oily residue. The oily residue was dissolved into ethyl acetate (5 ml), hexane was added, and the solvent was decanted to give a residue. This procedure was repeated several times to yield another portion of solid (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (250 mg). The three batches of desired product were combined to form the final batch of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (2.46 g, 17.% yield).

Intermediate Example 5

(3S)-2-[(2 ?)-2-({Formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl) oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

Part A:

(4S)-3-Hexanoyl-4-(phenylmethyl)-1 ,3-oxazolidin-2-one

To a 3000 mL RB flask was added (4S)-4-(phenylmethyl)-1 ,3-oxazolidin-2-one (100 g, 0.564 mol) in THF (1500 mL). The solution was cooled to -78 °C and n-butyl lithium (1 .6 M in hexanes, 387 mL, 0.62 mol) was added dropwise. Stirring continued for 30 min. Hexanoyl chloride (74.8 g, 0.62 mol) was then added dropwise and the reaction was monitored by TLC. The reaction was quenched by addition of NH 4 CI (400 mL), and extracted with DCM (2 x 500 mL). The product was purified by flash column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :50 to 1 :20) to afford the title compound (1 18 g, 76%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 276.1.

Part B:

(4S)-3-[(2 ?)-2-(Hydroxymethyl)hexanoyl]-4-(phenylmethyl)-1 ,3-oxazolidin-2-one

To a 3000 mL RB flask was added (4S)-3-hexanoyl-4-(phenylmethyl)-1 ,3-oxazolidin- 2-one (3) (1 18 g, 0.429 mol) in DCM (1500 mL). The solution was cooled to 0°C and TiCI 4 (50 mL, 0.45 mol) in DCM (40 mL) was added dropwise. After 10 min, DIPEA was added dropwise. The mixture became dark-red and was stirred at 0°C for 1 h. Trioxane (46.3 g, 0.515 mol) in DCM (400 mL) was then added dropwise, followed by another portion of TiCI 4 (50 mL, 0.45 mol) in DCM (40 mL). TLC indicated the reaction was completed after 80 min. The reaction was quenched by sat NH 4 CI (1200 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 500 mL). the combined organic solution was washed with water (700 mL), brine (700 mL), and dried (MgS0 4 ). The organic solvent was removed to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (147 g, 1 12%).

Part C:

(2 ?)-2-(Hydroxymethyl)hexanoic acid

To a 2000 mL roundbottom flask was added (4S)-3-[(2R)-2-(hydroxymethyl)hexanoyl]- 4-(phenylmethyl)-1 ,3-oxazolidin-2-one (4) (82 g, 0.268 mol) in THF/water (4:1 , 750 mL). The solution was cooled to 0°C and H 2 0 2 (130 mL, 1.07 mol) was added dropwise, followed by lithium hydroxide monohydrate (22.58 g, 0.537 mol) in water (130 mL). The reaction mixture was warmed up to rt and stirred overnight. THF was removed under vacuum, and the aqueous solution was washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous solution was then acidified to pH -3.0 and extracted with ethyl acetate. The extracts were dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to provide the title compound (42 g, 107%). LCMS: (2M+H) + : 313.2.

Part D:

(2 ?)-2-(Hydroxymethyl)-A -[(phenylmethyl)oxy]hexanamide

To a 3000 mL roundbottom flask was added (2/?)-2-(hydroxymethyl)hexanoic acid (5) (77 g, 0.527 mol) in THF/water (4:1 , 1800 mL), followed by benzylhydroxylamine hydrochloride (100 g, 0.632 mol). The mixture was cooled to 0°C and was adjusted with 1 N HCI to pH -4.5. EDCI (202 g, 1.05 mol) was added in one portion. The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2 h, while the pH of the mixture was maintained at -4.5 by addition of 1 N HCI. THF was then removed under vacuum, and the white solid was collected by filtration to afford the titled compound as a crude mixture (100 g). Further purification by flash column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :10) provided the pure product (52 g, 39%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 252.2.

Part E:

(3 ?)-3-Butyl-1 -[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2-azetidinone

To a solution of (2/?)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-/V-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]hexanamide (6) (52 g, 0.21 mol) and Ph 3 P (60 g, 0.23 mol) in THF (1500 mL) at 0°C was added DIAD (41 .8 g, 0.21 mol). The mixture was warmed up to rt and stirred overnight. TLC indicated completion of the reaction. THF was removed under vacuum. The residue was titurated with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :10) and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash column chromatography to provide the title compound (52.8 g, 1 10%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 234.2.

Part F:

(2 ?)-2-({[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoic acid

To a solution of (3R)-3-butyl-1 -[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2-azetidinone (7) (52.8 g, 0.23 mol) in THF/MeOH (3: 1 , 1500 mL) at 0°C was added Lithium hydroxide monohydrate (1 1 .4 g, 0.27 mol) in water (375 mL). The mixture was warmed up to rt and stirred overnight. TLC indicated completion of the reaction. Organic solvents were removed under vacuum, and the aqueous solution was washed with DCM, acidified with 4 N HCI to pH -2.0, and extracted with DCM. The extracts were dried, filtered and concentrated to provide the title compound (40 g, 69%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 252.2.

Part G:

(2 ?)-2-({Formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoic acid

To a solution of 1 H-1 ,2,3-benzotriazole-1 -carbaldehyde (26 g, 0.18 mol) in THF (200 ml) at 0°C was added dropwise a solution of (2R)-2- ({[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoic acid (8) (40 g, 0.16 mol) in THF (200 mL). The reaction mixture was warmed up to rt and stirred overnight. LC/MS indicated completion of the reaction. To the reaction mixture at 0°C was added water (400 mL), Na 2 C0 3 (36 g), and Boc 2 0 (43.6 g, 0.36 mol). The mixture was stirred for 3 h. THF was removed under vacuum. The aqueous mixture was washed with ether and then acidified to pH -2.0 with acetic acid, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The extracts were dried and concentrated to provide the title compound (36.8 g, 80%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 280.2.

Part H:

(2 ?)-2-({Formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoyl fluoride

To a solution of (2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoic acid (9) (1 .7 g, 6.1 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added pyridine (0.53 g, 6.7 mmol), followed by 2,4,6-trifluoro-1 ,3,5-triazine (0.86 g, 6.4 mmol) dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 h and TLC indicated completion of the reaction. The reaction mixture was washed with 10% aqueous citric acid and brine, dried over Na2S04, and concentrated to provide the title compound (1 .7 g, 100%) as red oil. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ ppm 0.86 (t, J = 6.7 Hz, 3 H), 1 .16 - 1 .38 (m, 4 H), 1 .57 (m, 2 H), 3.03 (m, 1 H), 3.87 (m, 2 H), 4.91 (s, 2 H), 7.41 (m, 5H).

Part I:

(3S)-2-[(2 ?)-2-({Formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a solution of 1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid 91 .52 g, 6.1 mmol) and DIPEA (3.15 g, 24.4 mmol) in DMF (8 mL) was added {2R)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoyl fluoride (10) (1 .7 g, 6.1 mmol) in DMF. The reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight and LC/MS indicated completion of the reaction. The mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (20 mL), and washed with 5% aqueous citric acid, brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :1 ) followed by DCM/MeOH (200: 1 ) to provide the title compound (0.48 g, 32%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 512.0. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ ppm 0.79 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 3 H), 1 .10 (m, 4 H), 1 .40 (m, 1 H), 1 .57 (m, 1 H), 1 .77 (m, 1 H), 2.17 (m, 1 H), 2.97 (m, 2 H), 3.25 - 3.69 (m, 1 H), 4.13 (m, 3 H), 4.56-4.93 (m, 2 H), 5.12 (s, 2H), 7.34 (m, 10 H), 7.74 (s, 0.3 H), 8.36 (s, 0.6 H).

Intermediate Example 6

4,5-Dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

To a solution of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (5.0 g, 29.4 mmol) (see Intermediate Example 2) in dichloromethane (DCM) (56 mL) was added TFA (56 mL, 734 mmol) at room temperature, and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight. LCMS indicated that the reaction was complete. The solvent and TFA were removed under reduced pressure to afford the product, 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole- 5-carboxylic acid. MS: 1 15 ([M+H].

Intermediate Example 7

1 -{(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoyl}-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-fluoro-4-oxobutanoate

To a solution of (2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 , 1-dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoic acid (Tetrahedron, 2001 , 57(36), 7675-7683) (4.0 g, 15.60 mmol) in DCM was added pyridine (1 .38 ml, 17.2 mmol) and a solution of 2,4,6-trifluoro-1 ,3,5-triazine (2.3 g, 17.2 mmol) in DCM (10 ml_). The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solution was then washed with citric acid (20 ml. 2) and brine (20 ml_), then concentrated to provide the crude product, 1 , 1-dimethylethyl (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-fluoro-4-oxobutanoate, as a yellow oil (3.8 g, 57 % yield), which was used directly in the next step. MS: 257([M-H]+).

Part B:

1 -{(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoyl}-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

To a solution of 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (1.44 g, 8.8 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (62 ml) at 0 °C was added Hunig's base (9.25 ml, 53.0 mmol) followed by 1 , 1-dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-fluoro-4-oxobutanoate (3.8 g, 8.8 mmol) in 10 mL DCM. The resulting mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 4 hours. The mixture was then cooled to 0 °C and acetic acid (2.5 ml, 44.1 mmol) was added, followed by sat. aq ammonium chloride (15 mL). The phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted once with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated to yield a yellow oil. This crude product was purified by Combiflash automated silica gel chromatography (0-100 % EtOAc in hex) to afford 1- {(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (1 .78 g, 5.05 mmol, 57% yield) as a clear oil. MS: 353 «M+H]+). Intermediate Example 8

(5S)-1 -{[(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

Part A:

(3S)-2-{[(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a 100 ml round bottom flask was added (3S)-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1.98 g, 7.9 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (40 mL), followed by triethylamine (1.3 mL, 9.5 mmol) and (Boc) 2 0 (1.9 mL, 8.3 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The organic solution was concentrated under vacuum and the residue was dissolved in DCM (30 mL) and extracted with ice-cooled 0.5 M LiOH (2 x 25 mL). The combined aqueous solution was cooled to 0°C and acidified to ~pH 2.0 with 6 N HCI, and then extracted with DCM (3 X 30 mL). The combined organic solution was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford (3S)-2-{[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1.84 g, 5.25 mmol, 66% yield) as a foamy solid.

Part B:

(3S)-2-{[(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a 100 ml round bottom flask was added (3S)-2-{[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1 .84 g, 5.25 mmol) in methanol (30 mL), followed by Pd(OH) 2 on carbon (20%, wet) (24.7 mg, 0.035 mmol). The mixture was degassed and stirred under an H 2 atmosphere (balloon) at room temperature until LCMS indicated completion of the reaction (1 h). The catalyst was filtered off, and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to afford (3S)-2-{[(1 , 1- dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1.03 g, 4.77 mmol, 91 % yield) as an off white solid. Part C:

(5S)-1 -{[(1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

To a 50 ml round bottom flask was added (3S)-2-{[(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (431 mg, 1.99 mmol) in methanol (15 mL), followed by iodobenzene diacetate (770 mg, 2.39 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 10 min, and LCMS indicated the reaction was complete. The organic solvent was removed under vacuum, and the residue was taken up in 1 M aq. NaHC0 3 (30 mL). The aqueous mixture was washed with DCM (3 x 20 mL), acidified with 6 N HCI to ~pH 2.0, and then extracted with DCM (3 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, and concentrated under vacuum to afford (5S)-1-{[(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (273 mg, 1 .27 mmol, 64% yield) as a clear oil.

COMPOUND EXAMPLES Example 1

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methy l}propanoyl)-N-(3- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}- 1-pyrazolidine

carboxylate To a solution of 2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy] amino} methyl) propanoyl] -1 -{[(phenylmethyl) oxy]carbonyl} -3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (as a mixture of diastereomers enriched in (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmet 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid) (250 mg, 0.465 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (3 ml) was added Ν,Ν-diisopropylethylamine (405 μΙ, 2.325 mmol) and 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride (0.087 mL, 0.558 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 2 h and then the solvent was evaporated. The residue was then diluted with toluene (3 mL). The resulting suspension was treated with 2-amino-3-methylpyridine (61 mg, 0.56 mmol) followed by DMAP (1 1.3 mg, 0.093 mmol). After 2 h, 15 minutes, the solvent mixture was removed. The residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by reverse-phase HPLC to afford 179 mg (61 %) of the title compound as a white solid. LC/MS: (M+H)+: 628.5.

Part B:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(3-methyl-

2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(3-me thyl-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (179 mg, 0.285 mmol)

in methanol (6 ml) was added 20% palladium hydroxide on carbon (72 mg, 0.285 mmol). The mixture was hydrogenated under balloon pressure for 1 h 15 min and then filtered. The mixture was purified by reverse-phase HPLC to yield (3S)-2-((2R)-

3- cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(3- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (44 mg, 0.105 mmol, 37 % yield). LC/MS: (M+H)+: 404.

The following Examples 2 to 18 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 1 except that the resulting suspension in Part A, Example 1 was treated with the indicated compound instead of 2-amino-3-methylpyridine.

Example 2

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(3,4- dimethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-5,6-dimethylpyridine (68.2 mg, 0.558 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H)+: 417.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) ppm 1.04 - 1 .26 (m, 2 H) 1.32 - 1 .48 (m, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.69 (m, 4 H)1.69 - 1.99 (m, 4 H) 2.14 - 2.32 (m, 4 H) 2.41 (s, 3 H) 2.46 - 2.62 (m, 1 H) 2.80 - 3.01 (m, 1 H) 3.16 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.62 - 3.86 (m, 2 H) 3.95 (dt, J=9.35, 4.67 Hz, 1 H) 4.57 - 4.79 (m, 1 H)7.49 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H) 7.80 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 7.88 (s, 1 H).

Example 3

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(6- ethyl-3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-3-ethyl-6-methylpyridine (78 mg, 0.558 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H)+: 432.2

Example 4

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-4- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-aminoisoquinoline (97 mg, 0.67 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 440.9.

Example 5

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(6- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-6-ethylpyridine (84 mg, 0.67 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 417.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .03 - 1.24 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1.48 (m, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.70 (m, 4 H) 1 .70 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 2.16 - 2.36 (m, 1 H) 2.55 (ddd, J=12.13, 6.32, 2.53 Hz, 1 H) 2.83 - 3.01 (m, 1 H) 3.15 -3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=13.89, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.86 (m, 2 H) 3.96 (dt, J=9.41 , 4.77 Hz, 1 H) 4.70 (t,J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 6.99 (d, J=7.33 Hz, 1 H) 7.67 (t, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 7.79 - 7.97 (m, 2 H).

Example 6

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(4- ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-4-ethylpyridine (84 mg, 0.67 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 417.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .05 - 1.23 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1.48 (m, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.70 (m, 4 H)1.70 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 2.18 - 2.36 (m, 1 H) 2.44 - 2.62 (m, 1 H) 2.82 - 3.01 (m, 1 H) 3.16 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.63 - 3.85 (m, 2 H) 3.95 (dd, J=9.09, 4.80 Hz, 1 H) 4.59 - 4.82 (m, 1 H) 7.01 (dd,J=5.05, 1.52 Hz, 1 H) 7.88 (s, 1 H) 7.98 (s, 1 H) 8.17 (d, J=5.05 Hz, 1 H).

Example 7

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-1 ,3- th i azol -2-y I -3 -py razol i d i neca rboxam i de

2-aminothiazole (69 mg, 0.67 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 396.0.

Example 8

(3S)-N-(5-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[form yl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-5-chloropyridine (86 mg, 0.67 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 423.7. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .02 - 1.27 (m, 2 H) 1.29 - 1.48 (m, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.69 (m, 4 H) 1 .69 - 1 .99 (m, 4 H) 2.16 - 2.35 (m, 1 H) 2.54 (ddd, J=12.06, 6.25, 2.40 Hz, 1 H) 2.79 - 3.05 (m, 1 H) 3.15 -3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.62 - 3.85 (m, 2 H) 3.95 (dt, J=9.41 , 4.77 Hz, 1 H) 4.62 - 4.80 (m, 1 H) 7.79 (dd, J=8.97, 2.65 Hz, 1 H) 7.87 (s, 1 H) 8.14 (d, J=8.84 Hz, 1 H) 8.24 - 8.34 (m, 1 H).

Example 9

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-3- isoxazolyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

3-aminoisoxazole (59 mg, 0.67 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 380.4.

Example 10

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(5- phenyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-5-phenylpyridine (92 mg, 0.539 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 466.0. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .14 (dd, J=7.20, 3.92 Hz, 2 H) 1 .42 (dd, J=7.58, 5.56 Hz, 1 H) 1.46 - 1 .65 (m, 4 H) 1 .70 - 1.94 (m, 4 H) 2.14(qd, J=9.89, 7.45 Hz, 1 H) 2.52 (td, J=12.63, 6.32 Hz, 1 H) 2.89 (dd, J=10.23, 5.43 Hz, 1 H) 3.18 - 3.33 (m, 2 H) 3.66 - 3.82 (m, 2 H) 4.43 - 4.67(m, 3 H) 7.33 (dd, J=7.07, 5.31 Hz, 1 H) 7.49 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 7.82 (td, J=7.71 , 1.77 Hz, 1 H) 8.49 (d, J=4.80 Hz, 1 H). Example 11

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[3- (methyloxy)phenyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

m-anisidine (76 mg, 0.614 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 419.0. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .17 (br. s., 2 H) 1 .42 (dd, J=12.88, 5.81 Hz, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.69 (m,4 H) 1 .77 (d, J=13.89 Hz, 2 H) 1 .91 (br. s., 2 H) 2.12 - 2.29 (m, 1 H) 2.53 (br. s., 1 H) 2.91 (br. s., 1 H) 3.28(br. s., 1 H) 3.44 - 3.58 (m, 1 H) 3.74 (br. s., 2 H) 3.95 (br. s., 1 H) 4.44 - 4.69 (m, 1 H) 6.69 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H) 7.08 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 7.22 (t, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 7.29 (br. s., 1 H) 7.86 (s, 1 H).

Example 12

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(4- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-fluoroaniline (74 mg, 0.670 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 407.2. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1.00 - 1 .27 (m, 2 H) 1 .31 - 1 .49 (m, 1 H) 1.49 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1.68 - 1 .85 (m, 2 H) 1.85 - 2.03 (m, 2 H) 2.07 - 2.31 (m, 1 H) 2.54 (dd, J=5.68, 2.65 Hz, 1 H) 2.92 (d, J=6.32 Hz, 1 H) 3.43 - 3.60 (m, 1 H) 3.69 - 3.83 (m, 1 H) 3.88 - 4.07 (m, 1 H) 4.46 - 4.72 (m, 1 H) 6.94 - 7.15 (m, 2H) 7.42 - 7.71 (m, 2 H) 7.86 (s, 1 H).

Example 13

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(3- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

3-fluoroaniline (99 mg, 0.893 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 407.1 . Example 14

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(4,5- dimethyl-1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-4,5-dimethyl thiazole hydrochloride (147 mg, 0.893 mmol). LC/MS: (M 423.8.

Example 15

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W- phenyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Two batches of an intermediate prepared with methods similar that of Example 1 , Part A were prepared from aniline (21 mg, 0.223 mmol) and aniline (35 mg, 0.379 mmol). The batches were combined (70 mg, 0.1 14 mmol), and the Title Compound prepared according to methods similar to Example 1 , Part B. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 388.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 0.97 - 1 .21 (m, 2 H) 1.37 - 1.65 (m, 5 H) 1.77 (t, J=7.58 Hz, 3H) 2.28 - 2.44 (m, 1 H) 2.44 - 2.69 (m, 1 H) 2.94 (d, J=6.82 Hz, 1 H) 3.25 - 3.37 (m, 1 H) 3.55 (dd, J=13.77,3.92 Hz, 1 H) 3.69 - 3.98 (m, 1 H) 4.64 - 4.87 (m, 1 H) 7.02 - 7.10 (m, 1 H) 7.15 (t, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 7.21 -7.33 (m, 2 H) 7.36 - 7.53 (m, 2 H) 7.85 (s, 1 H) 9.39 (s, 1 H). Example 16

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine (77 mg, 0.690 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 408.1. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ ppm 0.93 - 1 .17 (m, 2 H) 1.28 (t, J=12.76 Hz, 1 H) 1.35 - 1.51 (m, 2 H) 1 .56 (d, J=7.33 Hz, 2 H) 1.63 (br. s., 1 H) 1.80 (br. s., 2 H) 2.03 (d, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 2.39 (br. s., 1 H) 2.75 (d, J=6.57 Hz, 1 H) 3.51 - 3.75 (m, 2 H) 4.59 (t, J=7.71 Hz, 1 H) 5.44 (d, J=4.04Hz, 1 H) 7.75 (td, J=8.72, 3.03 Hz, 1 H) 8.10 (dd, J=9.09, 3.79 Hz, 1 H) 8.33 (d, J=3.03 Hz, 1 H) 10.48 - 10.70 (m, 1 H).

Example 17

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -2- pyridinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-aminopyridine (58.9 mg, 0.626 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 389.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1.16 (dd, J=1 1.49, 6.95 Hz, 2 H) 1.43 (dd, J=13.14, 5.81 Hz, 1 H) 1 .49 - 1.67 (m, 4 H) 1 .72 - 1 .97 (m, 4 H)2.27 (td, J=4.80, 2.53 Hz, 1 H) 2.53 (dd, J=6.32, 2.53 Hz, 1 H) 2.83 - 3.00 (m, 1 H) 3.28 (d, J=9.60 Hz, 1 H) 3.65 - 3.88 (m, 2 H) 4.72 (t, J=7.45Hz, 1 H) 7.12 (dd, J=7.33, 5.05 Hz, 1 H) 7.73 - 7.84 (m, 1 H) 8.10 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 8.30 (d, J=4.55 Hz, 1 H). Example 18

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -3- py ri d i ny I -3 -py razol i d i necarboxam i de

3-aminopyridine (56 mg, 0.600 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 389.8. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-o ) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1 .24 (m, 2 H) 1.42 (dd, J=13.26, 5.43 Hz, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.68(m, 4 H) 1 .68 - 1 .98 (m, 4 H) 2.12 - 2.30 (m, 1 H) 2.41 - 2.68 (m, 1 H) 2.94 (dd, J=10.1 1 , 6.57 Hz, 1 H) 3.21 -3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.52 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.68 - 3.83 (m, 2 H) 3.94 (dd, J=9.35, 4.80 Hz, 1 H) 4.62 (q,J=7.49 Hz, 1 H) 7.32 - 7.52 (m, 1 H) 7.87 (s, 1 H) 8.12 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H) 8.24 - 8.34 (m, 1 H) 8.69 - 8.82 (m, 1 H).

The following Examples 19 to 28 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 1 except that the resulting suspension in Part A, Example 1 was treated with the indicated compound instead of 2-amino-3- methylpyridine, and (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid) was used as a single diastereomer instead of 2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy] amino} methyl) propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl) oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid as a mixture of diastereomers.

Example 19

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-3- pyridazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

-aminopyridazine (54 mg, 0.569 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H)+: 390 Example 20

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[4- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (45 mg, 0.279 mmol) LC/MS: (M+H) + : 456.9. Example 21

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(2- fluorophenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-fluoroaniline (37 mg, 0.335 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 407.2 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .16 (dd, J=12.51 , 7.71 Hz, 2 H) 1 .32 - 1 .58 (m, 3 H) 1.62 (br. s.,2 H) 1.67 - 1.96 (m, 4 H) 2.21 - 2.42 (m, 1 H) 2.43 - 2.64 (m, 1 H) 2.91 (br. s., 1 H) 3.45 - 3.62 (m, 1 H) 3.67 -3.87 (m, 2 H) 3.88 - 4.1 1 (m, 1 H) 4.67 - 4.81 (m, 1 H) 7.01 - 7.28 (m, 3 H) 7.88 (s, 1 H) 7.96 - 8.1 1 (m, 1 H).

Example 22

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

6-fluoro-2-pyridinamine (28 mg, 0.251 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 408.1. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1.16 (dd, J=12.51 , 7.20 Hz, 2 H) 1.43 (dd, J=7.71 , 5.68 Hz, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.67 (m, 4 H) 1 .71 - 1 .96 (m, 4 H) 2.22(td, J=7.20, 3.28 Hz, 1 H) 2.54 (ddd, J=9.54, 6.63, 2.27 Hz, 1 H) 2.91 (dd, J=10.36, 6.57 Hz, 1 H) 3.26 (dd, J=1 1 .12, 5.05 Hz, 1 H) 3.76 (ddd,J=17.18, 7.45, 7.20 Hz, 1 H) 4.69 (t, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 6.74 (dd, J=7.96, 2.40 Hz, 1 H) 7.88 (q, J=7.92 Hz, 1 H) 7.88 (s, 1 H) 7.95 - 8.07 (m, 1 H).

Example 23

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[4- (trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinamine (46 mg, 0.285 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 458.0.

Example 24

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(2- pyridinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-pyridyl ethylamine (29.2 mg, 0.270 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 404.0. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .14 (dd, J=7.20, 3.92 Hz, 2 H) 1.42 (dd, J=7.58, 5.56 Hz, 1 H) 1.46 - 1.65 (m, 4 H) 1.70 - 1.94 (m, 4 H) 2.14(qd, J=9.89, 7.45 Hz, 1 H) 2.52 (td, J=12.63, 6.32 Hz, 1 H) 2.89 (dd, J=10.23, 5.43 Hz, 1 H) 3.18 - 3.33 (m, 2 H) 3.66 - 3.82 (m, 2 H) 4.43 - 4.67 (m, 3 H) 7.33 (dd, J=7.07, 5.31 Hz, 1 H) 7.49 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 7.82 (td, J=7.71 , 1.77 Hz, 1 H) 8.49 (d, J=4.80 Hz, 1 H).

Example 25

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(6- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-6-methyl pyridine (52.6 mg, 0.487 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 404.3. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1.20 (t, J=7.07 Hz, 2 H) 1 .07 - 1 .30 (m, 1 H) 1.44 (dd, J=7.58, 5.56 Hz, 1 H) 1 .49 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1.73 - 1.97(m, 4 H) 2.18 - 2.37 (m, J=4.89, 4.89, 4.74, 2.91 Hz, 1 H) 2.45 (s, 3 H) 2.53 (ddd, J=6.19, 3.03, 2.91 Hz, 1 H) 2.91 (t, J=10.61 Hz, 1 H) 3.27 (dd,J=7.83, 2.78 Hz, 1 H) 3.45 - 3.58 (m, 1 H) 3.64 - 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.69 (t, J=7.96 Hz, 1 H) 6.99 (d, J=7.33 Hz, 1 H) 7.65 (t, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 7.81 -7.95 (m, 2 H).

Example 26

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[6- (trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-amino-6-trifluoromethyl pyridine (49.5 mg, 0.305 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 458.2.

Example 27

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(4,6- dimethyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4,6-dimethyl-2-pyridinamine (39.8 mg, 0.326 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 418.2. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .13 (d, J=4.29 Hz, 2 H) 1 .39 (dd, J=13.14, 6.06 Hz, 1 H) 1 .45 - 1.64 (m, 4 H) 1 .69 - 1.94 (m, 4 H) 2.22 (d,J=10.1 1 Hz, 1 H) 2.29 (s, 3 H) 2.37 (s, 3 H) 2.49 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 2.74 - 2.98 (m, 1 H) 3.14 - 3.28 (m, 1 H) 3.29 (s, 1 H) 3.56 - 3.81 (m, 2 H) 4.66 (t, J=7.20 Hz, 1 H) 6.81 (s, 1 H) 7.71 (s, 1 H). Example 28

Ethyl 5-({[(3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl} propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-1 ,3,4-oxadiazole-2-carboxylate

ethyl 5-amino-1 ,3,4-oxadiazole-2-carboxylate (59.3 mg, 0.377 mmol). LC/MS:

(M+H)+: 453.0.

Example 29

(3S)-A -(6-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy) amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(6-chloro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2 ?)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1 - py razol i d i neca rboxy I ate To a solution of 2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-py razolidine carboxylic acid (as a mixture of diastereomers enriched in (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl )oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid) (300 mg, 0.558 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 ml) was added 1 -methylimidazole (133 μΙ, 1.674 mmol) and cooled to 0 °C. Mesyl chloride (56 μΙ_, 0.725 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C and stirred for 1 hr at rt. The mixture was then treated with 2-amino-6-chloropyridine (86 mg, 0.67 mmol). The solvent mixture was removed. The residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by reverse- phase HPLC to afford 268 mg (0.413 mmol, 74%) of the title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 648.3. Part B:

(3S)-A -(6-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarbo xamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(6-chloro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2/?)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1- pyrazolidinecarboxylate (268 mg, 0.413 mmol) in methanol (8 ml) was added 20% palladium hydroxide on carbon (80 mg, 0.413 mmol). The mixture was hydrogenated under balloon pressure for 1 h 20 min. and then filtered. The filtrate was purified by reverse-phase HPLC to yield (3S)-/V-(6-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarbo xamide (55 mg, 0.129 mmol, 31 % yield). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 423.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .06 - 1.31 (m, 2 H) 1.31 - 1 .47 (m, 1 H) 1 .47 - 1.69 (m, 4 H)1.69 - 1.98 (m, 4 H) 2.1 1 - 2.37 (m, 1 H) 2.40 - 2.66 (m, 1 H) 2.79 - 3.01 (m, 1 H) 3.17 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.61 - 3.85 (m, 2 H) 3.95 (td, J=9.54, 4.93 Hz, 1 H) 4.60 - 4.76 (m, 1 H) 7.14 (d,J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 7.75 (t, J=7.96 Hz, 1 H) 7.88 (s, 1 H) 8.08 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H).

The following Examples 30 to 42 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 29 except that the mixture in Part A was treated with the indicated compound instead of 2-amino-6-chloropyridine.

Example 30

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[6-(4- morpholinyl)-3-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

6-morpholinopyridin-3-amine (124 mg, 0.67 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 474.8. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .01 - 1 .28 (m, 2 H) 1.30 - 1.48 (m, 1 H) 1 .50 - 1.69 (m, 4 H) 1 .71 - 1 .96 (m, 4 H) 2.05 - 2.34 (m, 1 H) 2.46 - 2.62 (m, 1 H) 2.78 - 3.05 (m, 1 H) 3.15 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.40 -3.63 (m, 5 H) 3.63 - 3.83 (m, 6 H) 3.94 (dd, J=9.22, 4.67 Hz, 1 H) 4.58 (q, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 6.83 (d, J=9.09 Hz, 1 H) 7.79 - 7.98 (m, 2 H) 8.22 - 8.43 (m, 1 H).

Example 31

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -5- isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-aminoisoquinoline (98 mg, 0.670 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 439.9. Example 32

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -1 - isoquinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

1-aminoisoquinoline (98 mg, 0.670 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 439.8. Example 33

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-2- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-aminoquinoline (97 mg, 0.670 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H)+: 439.8. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ ppm 1.02 - 1.28 (m, 2 H) 1.39 - 1.69 (m, 5 H) 1 .71 - 2.00 (m, 4 H)2.20 - 2.46 (m, 1 H) 2.47 - 2.73 (m, 1 H) 2.83 - 3.09 (m, 1 H) 3.16 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.53 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.62 - 3.88 (m, 2 H) 3.97 (td, J=9.47, 5.05 Hz, 1 H) 4.77 (br. s., 1 H) 7.37 - 7.57 (m, 1 H) 7.70 (ddd,J=8.46, 6.95, 1 .52 Hz, 1 H) 7.79 - 8.00 (m, 3 H) 8.13 - 8.41 (m, 2 H).

Example 34

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -3- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

3-aminoquinoline (192 mg, 1.33 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 439.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .01 - 1 .30 (m, 2 H) 1.31 - 1.49 (m, 1 H) 1 .49 - 1 .71 (m, 4 H)1 .71 - 2.01 (m, 4 H) 2.17 - 2.36 (m, 1 H) 2.52 - 2.70 (m, 1 H) 2.88 - 3.1 1 (m, 1 H) 3.53 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.63 - 3.89 (m, 2 H) 3.97 (dd, J=9.09, 4.80 Hz, 1 H) 4.62 - 4.78 (m, 1 H) 7.44 - 7.74 (m, 2 H) 7.75 - 8.02(m, 2 H) 8.53 - 8.76 (m, 1 H) 8.83 - 9.01 (m, 1 H). Example 35

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-{5-[4- (methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

5-[4-(Methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinamine

An-oven dried Schlenk tube was charged with Pd2(dba)3 (37 mg, 0.04 mmol), S-Phos

(66 mg, 0.16 mmol), 4-methoxyphenyl boronic acid (0.912 g, 6.0 mmol), powdered, anhydrous K3PO4 (1.70 g, 8.0 mmol) and 2-amino-5-chloropyridine (0.514 g, 4.0 mmol).

The tube was capped with a rubber septum, evacuated and backfilled with

To this mixture was added n-butanol (8 mL) via syringe. The septum was then replaced with a Teflon screwcap and the Schlenk tube was sealed. The reaction mixture was heated to 120 °C for 24 h. The reaction was cooled to rt and filtered through a silica pad and washed with EtOAc to afford the title compound (670 mg, 3.35 mmol, 84%).

A procedure similar to Example 29 Parts A and B was used, except that 5-[4- (methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinamine (209 mg, 1 .042 mmol) was used instead of 2- amino-6-chloropyridine to treat the mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 496.1 .

Example 36

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-{5-[3- (methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

5-[3-(Methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinamine

An-oven dried Schlenk tube was charged with Pd2(dba)3 (37 mg, 0.04 mmol), S-Phos (66 mg, 0.16 mmol), 3-methoxyphenyl boronic acid (0.912 g, 6.0 mmol), powdered, anhydrous K3P04 (1.70 g, 8.0 mmol) and 2-amino-5-chloropyridine (0.514 g, 4.0 mmol).

The tube was capped with a rubber septum, evacuated and backfilled with N2. To this mixture was added n-butanol (8 ml.) via syringe. The septum was then replaced with a Teflon screwcap and the Schlenk tube was sealed. The reaction mixture was heated to 120 oC for 24 h. The reaction was cooled to rt and filtered through a silica pad and washed with EtOAc to afford the title compound (538 mg, 2.69 mmol, 67%).

A procedure similar to Example 29, Parts A and B was used, except that 5-[3- (methyloxy)phenyl]-2-pyridinamine (209 mg, 1 .042 mmol) was used instead of 2- amino-6-chloropyridine to treat the mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 496.1 .

Example 37

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -5- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-aminoquinoline (150 mg, 1 .042 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 439.9.

Example 38

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-[6-(4- morpholinyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

6-(4-Morpholinyl)-2-pyridinamine

6-Chloro-2-pyridinamine (1 g, 7.78 mmol) was dissolved in morpholine (6.80 ml, 78 mmol) and heated to 225 °C in a microwave reactor for 60 minutes (-400W; 5 mbar). The reaction was cooled to rt and concentrated. The crude product was taken up in DCM (50 ml_). After filtration of white solids the crude product was concentrated and purified by silica gel column chromatography eluting with 20-50% EtOAc/hexanes to afford 1 g (5.58 mmol, 72%) of the title compound as a pale yellow solid. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 179.9.

A procedure similar to Example 29, Parts A and B was used, except that 6-(4- morpholinyl)-2-pyridinamine (173 mg, 0.967 mmol) was used instead of 2-amino-6- chloropyridine to treat the mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 475.2. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1.27 (m, 2 H) 1.38 - 1.46 (m, 1 H) 1 .47 - 1.68 (m, 4 H)1.69 - 1 .99 (m, 4 H) 2.13 - 2.35 (m, 1 H) 2.41 - 2.64 (m, 1 H) 2.77 - 3.01 (m, 1 H) 3.16 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.58 -3.75 (m, 1 H) 3.96 (dt, J=9.47, 4.86 Hz, 1 H) 4.60 - 4.81 (m, 1 H) 6.52 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H) 7.42 (d, J=7.83 Hz,1 H) 7.54 (t, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 7.87 (s, 1 H). Example 39

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(1 , 2,3,4- tetrahydro-5-quinolinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-aminoquinoline (150 mg, 1 .042 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 443.9. Example 40

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -8- quinolinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

8-aminoquinoline (192 mg, 1.33 mmol). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 439.9. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1.30 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1.65 (m, 5 H) 1 .74 (ddd, J=1 1.87, 7.71 , 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 1 .79 - 2.09 (m, 3 H) 2.22 - 2.51 (m, 1 H) 2.51 - 2.71 (m, 1 H) 2.84 - 3.01 (m, 1 H) 3.56 (dd,J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.83 (td, J=13.77, 10.1 1 Hz, 1 H) 4.05 (dd, J=8.72, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 7.46 - 7.75 (m, 3 H)7.91 (s, 1 H) 8.20 - 8.43 (m, 1 H) 8.69 (d, J=7.58 Hz, 1 H) 8.87 (dd, J=4.17, 1.64 Hz, 1 H). Example 41

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-[5-(4 fluorophenyl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

5-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-pyridinamine

An-oven dried Schlenk tube was charged with Pd2(dba)3 (37 mg, 0.04 mmol), S-Phos

(66 mg, 0.16 mmol), 4-fluorobenzeneboronic acid (0.840 g, 6.0 mmol), powdered, anhydrous K3PO4 (1.70 g, 8.0 mmol) and 2-amino-5-chloropyridine (0.514 g, 4.0 mmol).

The tube was capped with a rubber septum, evacuated and backfilled with

To this mixture was added n-butanol (8 ml.) via syringe. The septum was then replaced with a Teflon screwcap and the Schlenk tube was sealed. The reaction mixture was heated to 120 °C for 24 h. The reaction was cooled to rt and filtered through a silica pad and washed with EtOAc to afford the title compound (594 mg, 3.16 mmol, 79%).

A procedure similar to Example 29, Parts A and B was used, except that in Part A DMF was used instead of dichloromethane and 5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-pyridinamine (105 mg, 0.558 mmol) was used instead of 2-amino-6-chloropyridine, to provide the Title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 483.9.

Example 42

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-[6- (methyloxy)-1 ,5-naphthyridin-3-yl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

6-(Methyloxy)-1 ,5-naphthyridin-3 -amine

Dissolved 4-bromo-6-(methyloxy)-1 ,5-naphthyridin-3-amine (as prepared in WO2006081 179 A1 ) (372 mg, 1 .464 mmol) in methanol. Added sodium bicarbonate (246 mg, 2.93 mmol) followed by 10% palladium on carbon (312 mg, 0.293 mmol). The mixture mixture was flushed with nitrogen and hydrogenated under balloon pressure for 1 h. After 1 h, filtered reaction mixture and concentrated to afford 155 mg (0.885 mmol, 60 %) of the title compound as a white solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) d ppm 4.05 (s, 3 H) 6.90 (d, J=9.09 Hz, 1 H) 7.38 (br. s., 1 H) 8.16 (d, J=8.84 Hz, 1 H) 8.54 (br. s., 1 H).

A procedure similar to Example 29, Parts A and B was used, except that in Part A DMF was used instead of dichloromethane, 6-(methyloxy)-1 ,5-naphthyridin-3-amine (65.2 mg, 0.372 mmol) was used instead of 2-amino-6-chloropyridine, and (3S)-2- [(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methy l)propanoyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid) was used as a single diastereomer instead of 2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy] amino} methyl) propanoyl]-1-{[(phenylmethyl) oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid as a mixture of diastereomers to provide the Title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 470.8. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1.20 (br. s., 2 H) 1 .30 (br. s., 1 H) 1.37 - 1.53 (m, 1 H) 1 .53 -1 .73 (m, 4 H) 1.80 (br. s., 1 H) 1 .86 - 2.10 (m, 3 H) 2.25 (br. s., 1 H) 2.60 (br. s., 1 H) 3.01 (br. s., 1 H) 3.54 (d,J=10.61 Hz, 1 H) 3.78 - 3.95 (m, 1 H) 4.71 (br. s., 1 H) 7.01 (dd, J=14.27, 8.97 Hz, 1 H) 7.86 (br. s., 1 H) 8.01 (dd, J=17.68, 8.84 Hz, 1 H) 8.50 (d, J=9.60 Hz, 1 H) 8.65 - 8.88 (m, 1 H). Example 43

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(5- fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carb onyl}-1 - py razol i d i neca rboxy I ate

To a solution of 2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (600 mg, 1.1 16 mmol) in dichloromethane (7 ml) was added 1 - methylimidazole (374 μΙ, 4.69 mmol) and cooled to 0 °C. Mesyl chloride (1 12 μΙ_, 1.451 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C, and the resulting mixture was stirred for 30 min at rt. The mixture was then treated 2-amino-5-fluoropyridine (163 mg, 1.451 mmol). The solvent mixture was removed. The residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by reverse-phase HPLC to afford 101 mg (0.160 mmol, 14%) of the title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 632.2.

Part B:

Phenylmethyl 2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(5-fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1 - py razol i d i neca rboxy I ate

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl [(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(5-fluoro-2-p yridinyl) amino] carbonyl}-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (101 mg, 0.16 mmol) in DCM (4 ml.) cooled to 0

°C was added mCPBA (107 mg, 0.48 mmol, 77 wt%) and stirred for 16 hr. The reaction was quenched by the addition of sat. aq. NaHCC^ and extracted into dichloromethane. The organic solvent was removed to give the crude product which was used without further purification to yield 104 mg (0.161 mmol, 100%) of the title compound as a foam. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 648.2. Part C:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(5- fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl 2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(5-fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1- pyrazolidinecarboxylate (104 mg, 0.161 mmol) in methanol (4 ml) was added 20% palladium hydroxide on carbon (50 mg, 0.161 mmol). The mixture was hydrogenated under balloon pressure for 1 h and then filtered. The filtrate was purified by reverse- phase HPLC to yield (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-/\/-(5-fluoro-1- oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (13 mg, 0.028 mmol, 18 % yield). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 423.8. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1.00 - 1 .27 (m, 2 H) 1 .39 - 1 .69 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 1.99 (m, 4 H)2.25 - 2.45 (m, 1 H) 2.45 - 2.64 (m, 1 H) 2.84 - 3.03 (m, 1 H) 3.18 - 3.30 (m, 1 H) 3.53 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.74 - 3.88 (m, 1 H) 3.98 (td, J=9.28, 4.93 Hz, 1 H) 4.74 - 4.87 (m, 1 H) 7.37 - 7.54 (m, 1 H) 7.89 (s, 1 H) 8.37 - 8.60 (m, 2 H).

Example 44

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(5- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}- 1 - py razol i d i neca rboxy I ate

Batch 1 :

To a solution of 2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (250 mg, 0.465 mmol) in DMF (3.5 ml) was added 1-methylimidazole (156 μΙ, 1 .953 mmol) and cooled to 0 °C. Mesyl chloride (40 μΙ_, 0.512 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C, and the resulting mixture was stirred for 40 min. at rt. The mixture was then treated with 6-amino-3-picoline (60 mg, 0.558 mmol). The solvent mixture was removed. The residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by reverse-phase HPLC to afford 94 mg (0.150 mmol, 32%) of the title compound.

Batch 2:

To a solution of 2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (290 mg, 0.539 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (3 ml) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (470 μΙ, 2.7 mmol) and 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride (0.101 ml_, 0.647 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 2 h and then the solvent was evaporated. The residue was then diluted with toluene (3 ml_). The resulting suspension was treated with 6-amino- 3-picoline (64 mg, 0.593 mmol) followed by DMAP (13.2 mg, 0.108 mmol). After 18 h, the solvent mixture was removed. The residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by reverse-phase HPLC to afford 48 mg (0.076 mmol, 14%) of the title compound as a white solid. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 628.5.

Part B:

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(h^

methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(5-me thyl-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (combined from Part A, Batches 1 and 2, 142 mg, 0.226 mmol) in methanol (6 ml) was added 20% palladium hydroxide on carbon (70 mg, 0.226 mmol). The mixture was hydrogenated under balloon pressure for 1 h 30 min. and then filtered. The mixture was purified by reverse-phase HPLC to yield (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)- A/-(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidine carboxamide (68 mg, 0.170 mmol, 75 % yield). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 404.0. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .06 - 1 .26 (m, 2 H) 1 .35 - 1.48 (m, 1 H) 1.48 - 1 .69 (m, 4 H) 1 .69 - 1.99 (m, 4 H) 2.17 - 2.31 (m, 3 H) 2.45 - 2.64 (m, 1 H) 2.80 - 3.01 (m, 1 H) 3.16 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.66 - 3.84 (m, 2 H) 3.95 (dt, J=9.35, 4.67 Hz, 1 H) 4.70 (td, J=7.96, 4.04 Hz, 1 H) 7.61 (dd, J=8.08, 2.02 Hz, 1 H) 7.88 (s, 1 H) 7.98 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H) 8.13 (d, J=2.27 Hz, 1 H). Example 45

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(1 - oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1 - pyrazolidinecarboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)

oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (176 mg, 0.327 mmol) in DMF (2 ml) was added 1-methylimidazole (52 μΙ, 0.655 mmol) and cooled to 0 °C. Mesyl chloride (27 μΙ_, 0.344 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C, and the resulting mixture was stirred for 30 min followed by the addition of 2-amino pyridine N-oxide (36 mg, 0.327 mmol). The reaction was warmed to rt. After 2 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with methanol, and purified by reverse phase HPLC to afford 105 mg (0.167 mmol, 51 %) of the title compound. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 629.8.

Part B:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(1 - oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1-pyrazolidine carboxylate (105 mg, 0.167 mmol) in methanol (10 ml) was added 10% palladium on carbon (17.75 mg, 0.017 mmol). The mixture was hydrogenated under balloon pressure for 72 h and then filtered. The mixture was purified by reverse-phase HPLC to yield (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-/\/-(1 - oxido-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (35 mg, 0.086 mmol, 52 % yield). LC/MS: (M+H) + : 06.4. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .07 - 1.28 (m, 3 H) 1.39 - 1.69 (m, 5 H) 1 .69 - 1 .84 (m, 2 H)1 .84 - 2.02 (m, 2 H) 2.29 - 2.46 (m, 1 H) 2.46 - 2.64 (m, 1 H) 2.84 - 3.00 (m, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.46 -3.61 (m, 1 H) 3.76 - 3.90 (m, 1 H) 3.93 - 4.14 (m, 1 H) 4.76 - 4.87 (m, 1 H) 7.10 - 7.34 (m, 1 H) 7.58 (t, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 7.90 (s, 1 H) 8.34 (d, J=6.32 Hz, 1 H) 8.49 (dd, J=8.59, 1 .52 Hz, 1 H).

The following Examples 46 to 49 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 45 except that to the mixture in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of 2-amino pyridine N-oxide.

Example 46

Methyl 6-({[(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl) -3-pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-2-pyridinecarboxylate

methyl 6-amino-2-pyridinecarboxylate (43.9 mg, 0.288 mmol). LC/MS

447.9.

Example 47

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(5- methyl-3-isoxazolyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-methyl-3-isoxazolamine (29.9 mg, 0.305 mmol. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 394.2. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1.04 - 1 .27 (m, 2 H) 1 .41 (dd, J=7.71 , 5.43 Hz, 1 H) 1 .52 - 1 .69 (m, 4 H) 1.70 - 1 .95 (m, 4 H) 2.10 - 2.31 (m,J=7.23, 4.78, 4.78, 2.65 Hz, 1 H) 2.40 (s, 3 H) 2.46 - 2.61 (m, 1 H) 2.91 (dd, J=10.1 1 , 6.57 Hz, 1 H) 3.18 - 3.33 (m, 2 H) 3.62 - 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.61 (t, J=7.33 Hz, 1 H) 6.60 (s, 1 H).

Example 48

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(2- fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Example 48 was prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 45 except that to the mixture in Part A was added 3-amino-2-fluoropyridine instead of 2-amino pyridine N-oxide, and palladium hydroxide on carbon was used in Part B instead of palladium on carbon. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 408.1. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .16 (dd, J=12.13, 7.07 Hz, 2 H) 1.39 - 1 .47 (m, 1 H) 1.48 - 1.67 (m, 4 H) 1 .71 - 1 .96 (m, 4 H) 2.20 - 2.40 (m, 1 H) 2.44 - 2.64 (m, 1 H) 2.92 (dd, J=10.36, 6.57 Hz, 1 H) 3.26 (t, J=8.21 Hz, 1 H) 3.65 - 3.86 (m, 2 H) 4.75 (td, J=7.96, 3.54 Hz, 1 H) 7.30 (dd,J=7.96, 4.93 Hz, 1 H) 7.92 (d, J=4.80 Hz, 1 H) 8.60 (dd, J=17.68, 1.52 Hz, 1 H).

Example 49

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(1 - oxido-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

4-Pyrimidinamine 1-oxide

A rb flask equipped with a stirring bar was charged with 4-aminopyrimidine (462 mg, 4.86 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (25 ml_). To this was added m-CPBA (1 198 mg, 5.34 mmol). After 2, the mixture was concentrated and purified by washing through a pad of silica eluting with 80:20:1 :DCM:MeOH:NH40H to afford 350 mg (3.15 mmol, 65%) of the title compound. LC/MS: (M+H)+: 1 1 1 .8.

A procedure similar to Example 45, Parts A and B was used, except that 4- pyrimidinamine 1-oxide (124 mg, 1.1 16 mmol) was used instead of 2-amino pyridine N-oxide to treat the mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound. LC/MS:

(M+H)+: 407.3.

Example 50

(3S)-W-1 H-1 ,2,3-Benzotriazol-5-yl-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidineca rboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-3-[(1 H-1 ,2,3-benzotriazol-5-ylamino)carbonyl]-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1 - py razol i d i neca rboxy I ate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (103.1 mg, 0.192 mmol), 1 H-1 ,2,3-benzotriazol-5-amine (56.6 mg, 0.422 mmol), and N-methylmorpholine (46.4 μΙ, 0.422 mmol) in acetonitrile (1 .87 ml) was added DMTMM tetrafluoroborate (69.2 mg, 0.21 1 mmol). The solution was stirred for 3 days, and then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc (100 ml_), and washed with 1 N aq. HCI (50 ml_), followed by 5% aq. NaHC03. The organic phase was dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by Gilson RPLC (20% to 90% MeCN in water, 8 min gradient), and the desired fractions were combined, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was azeotroped with MeOH (2 x 30 mL) to give phenylmethyl (3S)-3-[(1 H- 1 ,2,3-benzotriazol-5-ylamino)carbonyl]-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl- 2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (87.2 mg, 0.133 mmol, 69.6 % yield) as a light yellow oil. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 654.5.

Reference for DMTMM tetrafluoroborate: Raw, S. A. Tetrahedron Lett. 2009, 50, 946.

Part B:

(3S)-W-1 H-1 ,2,3-Benzotriazol-5-yl-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarbo xamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-3-[(1 H-1 ,2,3-benzotriazol-5-ylamino)carbonyl]-2- [(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methy l)propanoyl]-1- pyrazolidinecarboxylate (87.2 mg, 0.133 mmol) in methanol (2.7 ml) was added 20% palladium hydroxide on carbon, 50% water (18.73 mg, 0.133 mmol). The mixture was hydrogenated under balloon pressure for 3 h, and was then filtered through a 0.2 μηη PTFE membrane. The solution was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was azeotroped with EtOAc (10 mL). The residue was triturated with 30% EtOAc in hexanes, and the solid was collected by vacuum filtration to give (3S)-N-1 H-1 ,2,3- benzotriazol-5-yl-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)a mino]methyl}propanoyl)-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (43.2 mg, 0.101 mmol, 75% yield) as a white solid. LC/MS: (M+H) + : 430.1.

Example 51

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methy l}propanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate

A 1 L rb flask was charged with t-butylacrylate (1 1.33 mL, 78 mmol) in toluene (100 mL) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 mL). To this was added via addition funnel TMS- diazomethane (50.5 mL, 101 mmol) dropwise over 25 minutes under N 2 . The reaction mixture was stirred at 25° C for 4.5 h. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was dissolved in dichloromethane (70 mL) and cooled in an ice bath. To this solution was added TFA (7.21 mL, 94 mmoL) dissolved in 30 mL of dichloromethane via addition funnel. After addition was complete the mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 0.5 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was neutralized by the addition of sat. NaHC0 3 and extracted into DCM. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by automated silica gel column chromatography (column: 120 g, 0- 38% ethyl acetate in hexane, 34 min). The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to afford 8 g (47 mmol, 60%) of 1 ,1 -dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxylate as pale yellow oil. LC-MS (ES) m/e 171 .1 (M + H) + .

Part B:

Bis(1 ,1 -dimethyl)4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-1 ,5-dicarboxylate

Boc-anhydride (18.27 mL, 78.67 mmol) and 1 , 1-dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxylate (8 g, 47.0 mmol) were dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) (71 mL). To this mixture was added TEA (13.10 mL, 94 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 72 h. The reaction solution was washed with 1 N HCI (1 x 500 mL), extracted with DCM, dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. The crude product was purified by automated silica gel column chromatography (column 300g: 0-50% ethyl acetate in hexane) to afford 8.89 g ( 32.9 mmol, 70%) of bis(1 , 1 -dimethyl)4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-1 ,5-dicarboxylate as pale yellow oil. LC-MS (ES) m/e 271.2 (M + H) + .

Part C:

Di-tert-butylpyrazolidine-1 ,5-dicarboxylate

Bis(1 , 1 -dimethyl)4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-1 , 5-dicarboxylate (8.5 g, 31.4 mmol) was dissolved in acetic acid (50 mL) and the solution was cooled in ice-water bath. Sodium cyanoborohydride (3.95 g, 62.9 mmol) was added into the reaction mixture in portions under N 2 . The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a residue which was diluted with ethyl acetate (208 mL) and saturated Na 2 C0 3 solution (140 mL). The crude product was extracted into the ethyl acetate solution and dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the resulting crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography to afford 7 g (25.7 mmol, 82%) of di-tert- butylpyrazolidine-1 ,5-dicarboxylate as a colorless oil. LC-MS (ES) m/e 273.3 (M + H) + . Part D:

Bis(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl) 2-methyl-1 ,5-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate

To a solution of di-tert-butylpyrazolidine-1 ,5-dicarboxylate (7 g, 25.7 mmol) dissolved in 1 ,2-dichloroethane (DCE) (80 mL) were added HCHO (2.224 g, 69.4 mmol), sodium triacetoxyborohydride (14.71 g, 69.4 mmol), and acetic acid (8 mL). The reaction was stirred at rt for appropriate time. The solvent was then removed and the residue was diluted with DCM and saturated NaHCC^ (150 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried over Na2S0 , filtered, and evaporated. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography to afford 4g (13.97 mmol, 54.3 % yield) of bis(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) 2-methyl-1 ,5- pyrazolidinedicarboxylate as a pale yellow oil. LC-MS (ES) m/e 287.1 (M + H) + .

Part E:

1 -Methyl -3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a solution of bis(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl) 2-methyl-1 ,5-pyrazolidinedicarboxylate dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) (25 mL) was added TFA (30.7 mL, 398 mmol) and water (3.59 mL, 199 mmol). The reaction was stirred at rt and monitored by LCMS. When the reaction was deemed complete, the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a residue which was azeotroped from toluene (50 mL X 3) in order to remove the TFA and water. The crude product was obtained as a colorless oil (97% yield based on TFA Salt), which was used directly for the next step. LC-MS (ES) m/e 130.9 (M + H) + .

Part F:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -methyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a solution of (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl fluoride (3.14 g, 10.21 mmol) in DMF (10mL) was added 1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1.727 g, 13.27 mmol) and DIPEA (14.23 ml, 82 mmol) in DMF (30mL) . The solution was stirred at 25 °C. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and then washed with sat. NH 4 CI solution (2 x 30 ml_). The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc followed by CHCI 3 :MeOH: 80:20. The organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 . The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a pale yellow residue which was purified via reverse-phase HPLC (30x100mm, 10 min, 30-95% MeCN in H20, 45 ml/min) to afford 1 .1 g (2.63 mmol, 26%) of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-methyl- 3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as a white solid. Part G:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl

[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -methyl-N-4^yrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

1-Methylimidazole (38.2 μΙ, 0.479 mmol) was added into a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.240 mmol) in 1.0 ml of DMF. The solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (24.26 μΙ, 0.31 1 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. 4-Aminopyrimidine (34.2 mg, 0.359 mmol) dissolved in another 1 .0 ml of DMF was then added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3.5 h at rt. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by RP-HPLC to afford (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 -methyl-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (95 mg, 0.192 mmol, 80%) as a white foam solid. LC-MS (ES) m/e 495.3 (M + H)+.

Part H:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o}methyl)propanoyl]-1- methyl-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (120 mg, 0.243 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (14 ml_). To this mixture was added palladium hydroxide on carbon (34.1 mg, 0.049 mmol). The reaction mixture was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H2. After 2 h, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by RP-HPLC to afford (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1 -methyl-N-4-pyrimidin

pyrazolidinecarboxamide (70 mg, 0.173 mmol, 71 .3 % yield) as white foam solid. LC-MS (ES) m/e 405.3 (M + H)+. Example 52

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl -3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

1-Methylimidazole (38.2 μΙ, 0.479 mmol) was added into a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propano yl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.240 mmol) in 1.0 ml of DMF. The solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (24.26 μΙ, 0.31 1 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C and then 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine (40.3 mg, 0.359 mmol) dissolved in another 1.0 ml of DMF was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3.5 h at rt. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by RP- HPLC to afford (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl)propanoyl]-N-(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (84 mg, 0.164 mmol, 68.6 % yield) as a white solid. LC-MS (ES) m/e 512.3 (M + H)+.

Part B:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2 ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-N- (5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (84 mg, 0.164 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (9.66 ml). To this mixture was added 20% palladium hydroxide on carbon (23.06 mg, 0.033 mmol). The reaction mixture was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 . After 2 h, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by RP-HPLC to afford (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(5-fluoro-2-pyrid inyl)-1-methyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (40 mg, 0.095 mmol, 57.8 % yield) as white foam solid. LC-MS (ES) m/e 422.1 (M + H)+. The following Examples 53 to 57 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 52 except that to the solution in Part A was added the indicated compound (dissolved in 1.0 ml DMF if necessary) instead of 5- fluoro-2-pyridinamine. Example 53

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-1 - methyl -N-2-pyrazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-aminopyrazine (34.2 mg, 0.359 mmol). LC-MS (ES) m/e 405.3 (M + H)+.

Example 54:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[2-(methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxa mide

2-(methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine (67.4 mg, 0.539 mmol). LC-MS (ES) m/e 435.3 (M +

H)+. Example 55

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[6-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxami de

6-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine (67.4 mg, 0.539 mmol). LC-MS (ES) m/e 435.4 (M + H)+.

Example 56

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl -3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

6-fluoro-2-pyridinamine (60.4 mg, 0.539 mmol). LC-MS (ES) m/e 422.1 (M + H)+.

Example 57

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(3- fluoro-4-pyridinyl)-1 -methyl -3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

3-fluoro-4-pyridinamine (60.4 mg, 0.539 mmol). LC-MS (ES) m/e 422.0 (M + H)+. Example 58

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxami de

Part A:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o}methyl) propanoyl]-1 -methyl-N-[3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidine carboxamide 4-Methylmorpholine (47.4 μΙ, 0.431 mmol) was added into a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (150 mg, 0.359 mmol) and 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4-ium (141 mg, 0.431 mmol) in acetonitrile (5.94 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C and stirred at 0 °C for 15 min. To the reaction mixture was added 3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine (67.4 mg, 0.539 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 days at rt. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was dissolved in DCM, washed with saturated NaHC0 3 solution, followed by brine. The solution was dried over sodium sulfate and filtered. The solvent was removed to give a residue which was redissolved in DMF(3.75 ml) and purified by RP-HPLC to afford (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1-methyl-N-[3- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidine carboxamide (96 mg, 0.183 mmol, 51 % yield) as a white solid. LC-MS (ES) m/e 525.5 (M + H)+. Part B:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-1 - methyl-N-[3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxami de

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o}methyl) propanoyl]-1 - methyl-N-[3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxami de (96 mg, 0.183 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (1 1 mL). To this mixture was added 20% palladium hydroxide on carbon (26.8 mg, 0.038 mmol). The reaction mixture was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 . After 1 h, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by RP-HPLC to afford (3S)-2-((2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1-met hyl-N-[3-(methyloxy)-2- pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (45 mg, 0.104 mmol, 54.3 % yield) as white foam solid. LC-MS (ES) m/e 435.4 (M + H)+.

Example 59

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-4- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Method A:

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate

1 , 1 -Dimethylethyl 2-propenoate (10.25 ml, 70 mmol) was added to a round-bottom flask equipped with a stirring bar and charged with toluene (100 ml) and

tetrahydrofuran (THF) (100 ml) under nitrogen, and then TMS-Diazomethane (42.0 ml, 84 mmol) was added. After 4h, the reaction solvents and excess TMS- Diazomethane were removed in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in

dichloromethane (150 ml_). TFA (6.26 ml, 84 mmol) was added at 0 °C and the resulting mxture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After this time, the reaction was quenched with sat. Na2C03 and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over Na2S04- The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give the crude product as yellow oil, which was purified by silica gel chromatography (Combiflash, 120g column, hexane/ethyl acetate 0-30% 60min) to yield the desired product 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (9.7 g, 81 % yield) as yellow oil.

Part B:

Bis(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl) 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-1 ,5-dicarboxylate

To a solution of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (9.7 g, 57.0 mmol) and bis(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) dicarbonate (14.93 g, 68.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (86 ml) was added triethylamine (15.89 ml, 1 14 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 days at 25 °C. The reaction solution was then washed with 1 N HCI (1 X 500ml_), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated to give a residue. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, column: 220g, 0- 50% ethyl acetate in hexane, 60 min) to afford the desired product as light yellow oil.

Part C:

Di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 ,5-dicarboxylate

Di-tert-butyl 4,5-dihydropyrazole-1 ,5-dicarboxylate (12.65 g, 46.8 mmol) was dissolved in acetic acid (69.2 ml), and the solution was cooled in a water bath. Sodium cyanoborohydride (5.88 g, 94 mmol) was added portionwise under N 2 . The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 5 hrs. The solvent was then removed under reduced pressure to give a residue. The residue was diluted with EtOAc (150 ml_), and Na 2 C0 3 (sat.) (100 ml.) was cautiously added to the solution. The layers were separated and the aq. solution was extracted with EtOAc (2 X 30 ml_), and the organics were dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give the crude product di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 5-dicarboxylate (12.74 g) as light yellow oil, which was used directly in the next step. Part D:

1 -Benzyl 2,3-di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 2, 3-tricarboxylate

Sat. aq. K 2 C0 3 (210 ml.) was added into a solution of benzyl chloroformate (12.0 ml, 84 mmol) and crude di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 5-dicarboxylate (12.74 g, assumed 46.8 mmol) in acetonitrile (137 ml) at 0 °C. The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 4.5 hrs. The aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc (3 X 100 ml_), and the organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The solvents were removed in vacuo, and the crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, Column: 220g; 0-35% ethyl acetate in hexane; 60 min) to provide the desired product 1 -benzyl 2,3-di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 , 2,3- tricarboxylate (14.15 g, 74% yield) as a white solid.

Part E:

1 -{[(Phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

1-Benzyl 2,3-di-tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 ,2, 3-tricarboxylate (14.15 g, 34.8 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (68.6 ml) under N 2 at room temperature. TFA (80 ml, 1045 mmol) and water (9.41 ml, 522 mmol) were then added in one portion. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 2 days. The solvent was then removed under reduced pressure to give 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (8.72 g, 34.8 mmol, 100% yield).

Part F:

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride

2,4,6-Trifluoro-1 ,3,5-triazine (10.7 g, 79 mmol) was added into a solution of pyridine (6.4 ml, 79 mmol) and (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoic acid (WO 2009061879) (22 g, 72.0 mmol) in dichloromethane (348 ml) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred overnight. Dichloromethane (300 ml.) was added to the reaction solution, followed by 1000 ml. of 5% citric acid, and the mixture was filtrated. The solids were washed with DCM (300 ml). The organic layer of the filtrate was separated and washed with sat. NaHC0 3 (2 x 300 ml_). The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to yield a yellow oil, which was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, Column: 220g; 0-20% ethyl acetate in hexane; 50 min) to provide (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride (14.32 g, 64.7% yield) as a colorless oil.

Part G:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride (8.18 g, 26.6 mmol) was added into a solution of 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (8.65 g, 34.6 mmol) in dichloromethane (85 ml), and followed by Hunig's base (23.2 ml, 133 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 5 hrs. The reaction was then diluted with DCM (50 ml), and acetic acid (6 ml) was added. The resulting solution was washed with aqueous NH 4 CI (2 X2 OOmL). The aqueous solution was extracted with DCM (2 X 100ml_). The combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to provide a residue. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash, Column: 220g; 0- 100% ethyl acetate in hexane; 40 min). The first 2/3 of the eluting fractions were combined, and the solvent was removed to give a residue. Acetonitrile (~5 ml) was added to the residue. The diastereomer (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid remained as a white solid. The white solid was filtered, washed with MeCN (3 X 0.5ml_), and air dried to give (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as a white solid (1.94 g). The solvent was removed from the filtrates, and ethyl acetate was added. Solid precipitated again, and the solvent was removed by filtration to give another portion of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as a white solid (274 mg). The filtrates were dried to give a oily residue. The oily residue was dissolved into ethyl acetate (5 ml), hexane was added, and the solvent was decanted to give a residue. This procedure was repeated several times to yield another portion of solid (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (250 mg). The three batches of desired product were combined to form the final batch of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phen ylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (2.46 g, 17.% yield).

Part H:

Phenylmethyl(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-3-[(4- pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

1-Methylimidazole (0.53 ml, 6.7 mmol) was added into a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1.2 g, 2.23 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (15.9 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (0.18 ml, 2.34 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. Then 4- pyrimidinamine (0.255 g, 2.68 mmol) was added, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h at room temperature. The reaction solution was purified via reverse phase HPLC (Gilson) to yield phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-[(4-pyr imidinylamino)carbonyl]- 1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (1.21 g, 88% yield). Part I:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-4- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

A mixture of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-[(4- pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]- 1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (1.21 g, 1 .96 mmol) and Pearlman's catalyst (0.276 g, 0.39 mmol) in methanol (109 ml) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at 25 °C. After 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated. Purification by reverse phase HPLC (Gilson) provided (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-4-pyrimidinyl- 3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (554 mg, 70% yield).

Method B:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-4- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[(4-pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

1-Methylimidazole (1.78 ml_, 22.3 mmol) was added into a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (4 g, 7.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (50.8 ml_). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then methanesulfonyl chloride (0.6 ml_, 7.8 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was added 4-pyrimidinamine (849 mg, 8.9 mmol) and stirring continued for 1.5 h at ambient temperature. The reaction solution was filtered to remove unreacted 4-pyrimidinamine, and the filtrate was concentrated to provide a residue. The residue was dissolved in a mixed solution of ethyl acetate and acetonitrile, and was purified by silica gel chromatography (CombiFlash; Column: 220g; 0-85% ethyl acetate in hexane; 60 min). The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to yield the desired product, phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl -2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-[(4- pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (4.22 g, 92 % yield). (ES+) m/z

615.2 (MH + ). Part B:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-4- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

A mixture of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[(4- pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (4.22 g, 6.87 mmol) and Pearlman's catalyst (964 mg, 1.37 mmol) in methanol (381 ml.) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at 25 °C. After 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give a crude residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to provide (3S)- 2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propan oyl)-N-4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide as a foamy solid (1 .8 g, 67% yield). The material was dissolved and evaporated from acetonitrile (2 x 5 ml.) to provide a white solid. MS

(ES+) m/z 391.2 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.06 - 1 .23 (m, 2 H) 1 .34 - 1.47 (m, 1 H) 1.47 - 1 .67 (m, 4 H) 1 .69 - 1.97 (m, 4 H) 2.15 - 2.29 (m, 1 H) 2.45 - 2.60 (m, 1 H) 2.85 - 2.99 (m, 1 H) 3.20 - 3.28 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=13.89, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.85 (m, 1 H) 3.94 (dt, J=9.41 , 4.77 Hz, 1 H) 4.64 - 4.74 (m, 1 H) 7.86 (s, 0.7 H) 8.17 (dd, J=6.06, 1 .26 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H) 8.60 (d, J=6.06 Hz, 1 H) 8.82 (s, 1 H).

The following Examples 60 to 82 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 59, Method B, except that to the reaction mixture in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of 4-pyrimidinamine. Example 60

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-2- pyrazinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-pyrazinamine (58.4 mg, 0.614 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 391.3 (MH + ). Example 61

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-4- py ri d i ny I -3 -py razol i d i necarboxam i de

4-pyridinamine (38.5 mg, 0.409 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 390.3 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.05 - 1.23 (m, 2 H) 1.33 - 1.45 (m, 1 H) 1 .45 - 1 .68 (m, 4 H) 1.68 - 1 .98 (m, 4 H) 2.12 - 2.27 (m, 1 H) 2.45 - 2.60 (m, 1 H) 2.85 - 3.00 (m, 1 H) 3.21 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 - 3.93 (m, 3 H) 4.59 (q, J=7.75 Hz, 1 H) 7.59 - 7.69 (m, 2 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H) 8.26 (s, 0.3 H) 8.38 (d, J=5.05 Hz, 2 H)

Example 62

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[6- (1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

6-(1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinamine (65.5 mg, 0.409 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 455.7

(MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.05 - 1.21 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1 .66 (m, 5 H) 1.68 - 1 .97 (m, 4 H) 2.17 - 2.32 (m, 1 H) 2.47 - 2.62 (m, 1 H) 2.86 - 3.00 (m, 1 H) 3.21 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.63 - 3.85 (m, 1 H) 3.95 (tt, J=9.51 , 4.89 Hz, 1 H) 4.68 - 4.78 (m, 1 H) 7.13 (s, 1 H) 7.30 - 7.38 (m, 1 H) 7.81 - 7.91 (m, 2.7 H) 8.01 - 8.10 (m, 1 H) 8.27 (s, 0.3 H) 8.50 (s, 1 H) Example 63

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[5- (1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-(1 H-imidazol-1 -yl)-2-pyridinamine (65.5 mg, 0.409 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 455.7

(MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.03 - 1.23 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1 .66 (m, 5 H) 1.68 - 1 .98 (m, 4 H) 2.17 - 2.32 (m, 1 H) 2.47 - 2.62 (m, 1 H) 2.84 - 2.99 (m, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.50 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.85 (m, 1 H) 3.95 (tt, J=9.51 , 4.89 Hz, 1 H) 4.66 - 4.78 (m, 1 H) 7.17 (s, 1 H) 7.59 (s, 1 H) 7.87 (s, 0.7 H) 7.98 (dd, J=9.09, 2.78 Hz, 1 H) 8.16 (s, 1 H) 8.22 - 8.32 (m, 1.3 H) 8.54 (d, J=2.53 Hz, 1 H).

Example 64

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(3- fluoro-4-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

3-fluoro-4-pyridinamine (41.7 mg, 0.372 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 408.0 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .02 - 1 .22 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1.66 (m, 5 H) 1.67 - 1 .95 (m, 4 H) 2.25 - 2.41 (m, 1 H) 2.42 - 2.54 (m, 1 H) 2.83 - 2.99 (m, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.86 (m, 1 H) 3.96 (tt, J=9.57, 4.96 Hz, 1 H) 4.73 - 4.83 (m, 1 H) 7.87 (s, 0.7 H) 8.06 - 8.29 (m, 1 .3 H) 8.32 - 8.38 (m, 1 H) 8.41 (d, J=2.78 Hz, 1 H) Example 65

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(2- quinolinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

(2-quinolinylmethyl)amine (80 mg, 0.409 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 453.8(MH + ).

Example 66

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -5- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-pyrimidinamine (38.9 mg, 0.409 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 391.2(MH + ). Example 67

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[6- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

6-(methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine (38.4 mg, 0.307 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 420.8(MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.05 - 1 .22 (m, 2 H) 1 .40 (dd, J=12.63, 6.57 Hz, 1 H) 1.46 - 1.66 (m, 4 H) 1.66 - 1 .96 (m, 4 H) 2.14 - 2.30 (m, 1 H) 2.42 - 2.57 (m, 1 H) 2.83 - 2.98 (m, 1 H) 3.18 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.84 (m, 1 H) 3.84 - 4.00 (m, 4 H) 4.62 - 4.74 (m, 1 H) 7.46 (s, 1 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H) 8.44 (s, 1 H) Example 68

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(4- methyl-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-methyl-2-pyridinamine (30.2 mg, 0.279 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 404.0 (MH + ).

1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .14 (dd, J=1 1.75, 6.95 Hz, 2 H) 1.33 - 1.46 (m, 1 H) 1.46 - 1 .67 (m, 4 H) 1.68 - 1 .96 (m, 4 H) 2.16 - 2.29 (m, 1 H) 2.35 (s, 3 H) 2.42 - 2.59 (m, 1 H) 2.78 - 2.97 (m, 1 H) 3.17 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=13.89, 4.29 Hz, 1 H) 3.58 - 3.84 (m, 1 H) 3.84 - 4.01 (m, J=9.13, 4.93, 4.59, 4.59 Hz, 1 H) 4.69 (t, J=7.20 Hz, 1 H) 6.95 (d, J=5.05 Hz, 1 H) 7.86 (s, 0.7 H) 7.92 (s, 1 H) 8.12 (d, J=5.05 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3H)

Example 69

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(7- methyl-7H-purin-6-yl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

7-methyl-7H-purin-6-amine (45.8 mg, 0.307 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 444.9(MH + ).

1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1.23 (m, 2 H) 1 .37 - 1 .67 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 2.25 - 2.39 (m, 1 H) 2.48 - 2.65 (m, 1 H) 2.87 - 3.05 (m, 1 H) 3.23 - 3.30 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.67 - 3.85 (m, 1 H) 3.90 - 4.01 (m, 1 H) 4.03 (s, 3 H) 4.76 - 4.86 (m, 1 H) 7.88 (s, 0.7 H) 8.27 (s, 0.3 H) 8.49 (s, 1 H) 8.53 - 8.63 (m, 1 H)

Example 70

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

2-(Methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (150 mg, 1 .158 mmol) and sodium methoxide (188 mg, 3.47 mmol) in methanol (2.9 ml) was heated to 100 °C via a Biotag microwave for 40min. The crude product mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to give 2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine (73 mg, 0.583 mmol, 50% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 126.0(MH + ).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 2-(methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine (34.9 mg, 0.279 mmol) was used instead of 4- pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound.

MS (ES+) m/z 421.2(MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) δ ppm 1.15 (dd, J=12.51 , 7.20 Hz, 2 H) 1 .32 - 1 .45 (m, 1 H) 1 .47 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1.69 - 1.97 (m, 4 H) 2.16 - 2.28 (m, 1 H) 2.45 - 2.60 (m, 1 H) 2.84 - 3.00 (m, 1 H) 3.17 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=13.89, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.58 - 3.84 (m, 2 H) 3.96 (s, 3 H) 4.69 (q, J=7.49 Hz, 1 H) 7.77 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H) 8.37 (d, J=5.81 Hz, 1 H).

Example 71

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(5- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

5-Fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 4-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidine (200 mg, 1 .509 mmol) and ammonia (3.3 ml, 45.3 mmol) in methanol (580 μΙ) was heated to 1 10 °C via a microwave reactor for 30 min. The reaction was filtered and the solid was dried to give 5-fluoro-4- pyrimidinamine (100 mg, 0.875 mmol, 58% yield) as a white solid. MS (ES+) m/z

1 14.1 (MH + ).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 5-fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine (47.3 mg, 0.419 mmol) was used instead of 4- pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound.

MS (ES+) m/z 409.1 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.05 - 1 .23 (m, 2 H) 1 .34 - 1 .44 (m, 1 H) 1.45 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1 .68 - 1 .97 (m, 4 H) 2.22 - 2.36 (m, 1 H) 2.49 - 2.63 (m, 1 H) 2.85 - 3.03 (m, 1 H) 3.21 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.50 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.58 - 3.85 (m, 1 H) 3.95 (tt, J=9.47, 4.93 Hz, 1 H) 4.78 - 4.86 (m, 1 H) 7.86 (s, 0.7 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H) 8.63 (d, J=3.03 Hz, 1 H) 8.71 (d, J=2.02 Hz, 1 H)

Example 72

(3S)-2 yl}propanoyl)-A -(3- quino

(3-quinolinylmethyl)amine (58.9 mg, 0.372 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 453.9(MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .05 (m, J=15.44, 15.44, 1 1.94, 7.89, 7.89 Hz, 2 H) 1 .31 - 1 .57 (m, 5 H) 1.59 - 1.65 (m, 1 H) 1.67 - 1.84 (m, 3 H) 2.05 - 2.18 (m, 1 H) 2.49 (m, J=12.32, 8.27, 6.13, 6.13 Hz, 1 H) 2.75 - 2.93 (m, 1 H) 3.18 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.43 - 3.61 (m, 1 H) 3.64 - 3.94 (m, 2 H) 4.47 - 4.62 (m, 2 H) 4.62 - 4.72 (m, 1 H) 7.57 - 7.67 (m, 1 H) 7.71 - 7.80 (m, 1 H) 7.82 - 7.91 (m, 0.7 H) 7.94 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 8.01 (d, J=8.59 Hz, 1 H) 8.20 - 8.24 (m, 0.3 H) 8.28 - 8.37 (m, 1 H) 8.82 (br. s., 1 H) Example 73

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(5- methyl-2-pyrazinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

5-methyl-2-pyrazinamine (45.7 mg, 0.419 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 405.1 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1 .24 (m, 2 H) 1.34 - 1.45 (m, 1 H) 1.45 - 1 .68 (m, 4 H) 1.68 - 1.97 (m, 4 H) 2.16 - 2.30 (m, 1 H) 2.49 (s, 3 H) 2.51 - 2.58 (m, 1 H) 2.83 - 2.98 (m, 1 H) 3.20 - 3.28 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.58 - 3.84 (m, 1 H) 3.93 (tt, J=9.47, 5.05 Hz, 1 H) 4.63 - 4.75 (m, 1 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H) 8.26 (s, 1 H) 9.21 (s, 1 H)

Example 74

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[6- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

6-(Methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine

A mixture of 6-chloro-2-pyrazinamine (200 mg, 1 .544 mmol) and sodium methoxide (250 mg, 4.63 mmol) in methanol (3.9 ml) was heated to 130 °C via a microwave reactor for 60min. The crude product mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to give 6- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine (154 mg, 1.231 mmol, 80% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 125.8(MH+).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 6-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine (52.4 mg, 0.419 mmol) was used instead of 4- pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound.

MS (ES+) m/z 420.9 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .07 - 1.24 (m, 2 H) 1 .34 - 1 .45 (m, 1 H) 1.47 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1 .70 - 1 .97 (m, 4 H) 2.14 - 2.29 (m, 1 H) 2.46 - 2.61 (m, 1 H) 2.84 - 2.99 (m, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.50 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.61 - 3.81 (m, 1 H) 3.86 - 4.01 (m, 4 H) 4.72 (q, J=7.49 Hz, 1 H) 7.86 (s, 0.7 H) 7.88 - 7.94 (m, 1 H) 8.26 (s, 0.3 H) 8.89 (s, 1 H)

Example 75

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[3- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

3-(Methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine

A mixture of 3-chloro-2-pyrazinamine (200 mg, 1 .544 mmol) and sodium methoxide (250 mg, 4.63 mmol) in methanol (3.9 ml) was heated to 130 °C via a microwave reactor for 60min. The crude product mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to give 3- (methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine (1 13 mg, 0.903 mmol, 59% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 125.8

(MH + ). A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 3-(methyloxy)-2-pyrazinamine (52.4 mg, 0.419 mmol) was used instead of 4- pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound.

MS (ES+) m/z 420.8 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1.21 (m, 2 H) 1 .36 - 1 .63 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 1.91 (m, 4 H) 2.30 - 2.44 (m, 1 H) 2.44 - 2.55 (m, 1 H) 2.82 - 2.98 (m, 1 H) 3.20 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.86 (m, 1 H) 3.96 (td, J=9.47, 4.80 Hz, 1 H) 4.03 (s, 3 H) 4.79 - 4.87 (m, 1 H) 7.79 - 7.94 (m, 2.7 H) 8.26 (s, 0.3 H) Example 76

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(2- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

2-Fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2,4-difluoropyrimidine (200 mg, 1.723 mmol) and ammonia (1600 μΙ, 22.18 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (2 ml) was stirred at -21 °C (Salt-Ice bath) for 5 min. The MeOH (1 mL) was added to the reaction mixture, and then the crude product was purified by RP-HPLC to give 2-fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine (94 mg, 0.831 mmol, 48% yield) as a white solid. MS (ES+) m/z 1 14.1 (MH + ).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 2-fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine (44.2 mg, 0.391 mmol) was used instead of 4- pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound.

MS (ES+) m/z 409.1 (MH + ). Example 77

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-[2-(4- methyl-1 -piperazinyl)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

2-(4-Methyl-1 -piperazinyl)-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (300 mg, 2.316 mmol) and 1-methylpiperazine (771 μΙ, 6.95 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3 ml) was heated to 220 °C via a microwave reactor for 60 min. The reaction was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 2-(4- methyl-1 -piperazinyl)-4-pyrimidinamine (300 mg, 1.552 mmol, 67% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 194.2 (MH + ). A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 2-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-4-pyrimidinamine (81 mg, 0.419 mmol) was used instead of 4-pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound. MS (ES+) m/z 489.2 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.15 (dd, J=1 1.24, 7.20 Hz, 2 H) 1.33 - 1.44 (m, 1 H) 1 .46 - 1 .68 (m, 4 H) 1.69 - 1.97 (m, 4 H) 2.14 - 2.28 (m, 1 H) 2.33 (s, 3 H) 2.48 (t, J=5.05 Hz, 5 H) 2.79 - 2.98 (m, 1 H)

3.18 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=13.89, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.70 - 3.86 (m, 5 H) 3.93 (tt, J=9.54, 4.86 Hz, 1 H) 4.60 - 4.75 (m, 1 H) 7.32 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H)

8.19 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H)

Example 78

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[2- (dimethylamino)-4-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

A 2 ,A 2 -Dimethyl-2,4-pyrimidinediamine

40% Dimethylamine in water (1466 μΙ, 1 1.58 mmol) was added into the mixture of 2- chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (300 mg, 2.316 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (1 .5 ml). The resulting reaction mixture was heated in a microwave reactor at 220 °C for 30 min. The reaction mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to yield N,N-dimethyl-2,4- pyrimidinediamine (290 mg, 2.099 mmol, 91 % yield) as a white solid. MS (ES+) m/z

139.2 (MH + ).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that N,N-dimethyl-2,4-pyrimidinediamine (57.8 mg, 0.419 mmol) was used instead of 4- pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound.

MS (ES+) m/z 434.1 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .05 - 1.23 (m, 2 H) 1 .34 - 1 .44 (m, 1 H) 1.44 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1 .69 - 1 .96 (m, 4 H) 2.13 - 2.27 (m, 1 H) 2.43 - 2.57 (m, 1 H) 2.81 - 2.97 (m, 1 H) 3.13 (s, 6 H) 3.19 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.84 (m, 1 H) 3.94 (tt, J=9.51 , 4.89 Hz, 1 H) 4.68 (q, J=7.33 Hz, 1 H) 7.28 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H) 8.15 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H)

Example 79

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(4- pyrimidinylmethyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

(4-pyrimidinyl methyl)amine (65.0 mg, 0.446 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 405.3 (MH + ).

Example 80

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-{2- [(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

2-[(2 ?)-2,4-Dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (300 mg, 2.316 mmol), Hunig's base (809 μΙ, 4.63 mmol) and (3R)-1 ,3-dimethylpiperazine (Ref.: WO2009061879 (A1 )) (650 mg, 3.47 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3 ml) was heated in a microwave reactor at 220 °C for 60 min. The reaction mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 2-[(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (88 mg, 0.425 mmol, 18% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 208.0 (MH + ).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 2-[(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (75 mg, 0.363 mmol) was used instead of 4-pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the

Title compound. MS (ES+) m/z 503.0 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .06 - 1 .22 (m, 2 H) 1 .26 (d, J=6.82 Hz, 3 H) 1 .34 - 1.45 (m, 1 H) 1 .45 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1 .68 - 1 .95 (m, 4 H) 2.00 (td, J=1 1.87, 3.54 Hz, 1 H) 2.14 - 2.26 (m, 2 H) 2.26 - 2.34 (m, 3 H) 2.43 - 2.55 (m, 1 H) 2.79 (d, J=1 1 .37 Hz, 1 H) 2.84 - 2.96 (m, 2 H) 3.14 (td, J=12.88, 3.03 Hz, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.57 - 3.85 (m, 1 H) 3.94 (tt, J=9.57, 4.96 Hz, 1 H) 4.45 (d, J=13.39 Hz, 1 H) 4.68 (q, J=7.49 Hz, 1 H) 4.78 - 4.87 (m, 1 H) 7.31 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.84 (s, 0.7 H) 8.19 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H).

Example 81

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-(2- {[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]oxy}-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinec arboxamide

Pre Step A:

2-{[2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl]oxy}-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (300 mg, 2.316 mmol), sodium ethoxide (189 mg, 2.78 mmol) and 2-(dimethylamino)ethanol (349 μΙ, 3.47 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (2.9 mL) was heated to 180 °C via a microwave reactor for 30 min. The reaction was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 2-{[2- (dimethylamino)ethyl]oxy}-4-pyrimidinamine (1 1 1 mg, 0.609 mmol, 26% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 183.0 (MH + ).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that 2-{[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]oxy}-4-pyrimidinamine (66.1 mg, 0.363 mmol) was used instead of 4-pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the

Title compound. MS (ES+) m/z 478.0 (MH + ). Example 82

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(2- {[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]amino}-4-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidi necarboxamide

Pre Step A:

N2-[3-(Dimethylamino)propyl]-2,4-pyrimidinediamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (300 mg, 2.316 mmol), DBU (419 μΙ, 2.78 mmol) and N,N-dimethyl-1 ,3-propanediamine (437 μΙ, 3.47 mmol) was heated to 220 °C via a microwave reactor for 30 min. The reaction mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to yield N2-[3-(dimethylamino) propyl]-2,4-pyrimidinediamine (256 mg, 1.31 1 mmol, 57% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 196.2 (MH+).

A procedure similar to Example 59 (Method B), Parts A and B was used, except that N2-[3-(dimethylamino) propyl]-2,4-pyrimidinediamine (72.6 mg, 0.372 mmol) was used instead of 4-pyrimidinamine to add to the reaction mixture in Part A, to provide the Title compound. MS (ES+) m/z 491 .4 (MH + ). Example 83

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -{2- [(3S)-3-(dimethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidine

carboxamide

/

Part A:

2- [(3S)-3-(Dimethylamino)-1 ^yrrolidinyl]-4^yrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (200 mg, 1 .544 mmol), Hunig's base (539 μΙ, 3.09 mmol) and (3S)-N,N-dimethyl-3-pyrrolidinamine (294 μΙ, 2.316 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (2 ml) was heated to 220 °C via a microwave reactor for 30 min. The reaction mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 2-[(3S)-3- (dimethylamino)-1-pyrrolidinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (205 mg, 0.989 mmol, 64% yield).

MS (ES+) m/z 208.0 (MH + ). Part B:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl) propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}met hyl)propanoyl fluoride (1 1.37 g, 37 mmol) in 50 mL of DMF was added into the solution of 1-(benzyloxy carbonyl)pyrazolidine-3-carboxylic acid (12.04 g, 48.1 mmol) and Hunig's base (25.8 ml, 148 mmol) in 70 ml of DMF. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 5 hrs. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate, and the resulting solution was washed with aqueous NH 4 CI (2X200 ml). The aqueous solution was extracted with ethyl acetate (5X100 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give a residue. The residue was purified by silica Gel chromatography and then recrystallization from ethyl acetate and hexane to yield (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o}methyl)propanoyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (2.834 g, 5.27 mmol, 14% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 538.1 (MH + ).

Part C:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(3S)-3-(dimethyla

amino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

4-Methylmorpholine (36.8 μΙ, 0.335 mmol) was added into the solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-

3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (150 mg, 0.279 mmol) and 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4-ium (1 10 mg, 0.335 mmol) in acetonitrile (4.7 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and it was stirred at 0 °C for 15min. To the reaction mixture was added 2-[(3S)-3- (dimethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (69.4 mg, 0.335 mmol). After stirring for 2 days at ambient temperature, the reaction mixture was concentrated to yield a residue. The residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with aqueous saturated Na 2 S0 4 and brine, respectively. The solvent was removed to yield a residue again. The residue was purified by RP-HPLC to yield phenylmethyl (3S)-2- [(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenyl methyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-3-[({2- [(3S)-3-(dimethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}amino) carbonyl]-1- pyrazolidinecarboxylate (91 mg, 0.125 mmol, 45% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 727.2 (MH + ). Part D:

(3S)-2-((2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)am

[(3S)-3-(dimethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidinyl]-4^yrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolid

carboxamide

A mixture of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(3S)-3-(dimethylamino)- 1-pyrrolidinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}amino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (91 mg, 0.125 mmol) and Pearlman's catalyst (17.58 mg, 0.025 mmol) in methanol (7.4 ml) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at ambient temperature. After 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl

(hydroxy )amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-{2-[(3S)-3-(dimethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidinyl]-4- pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (45 mg, 0.089 mmol, 71 % yield). MS (ES+) m/z 503.1 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .05 - 1 .23 (m, 2 H) 1.33 - 1.45 (m, 1 H) 1.45 - 1.68 (m, 4 H) 1.69 - 1.96 (m, 5 H) 2.12 - 2.31 (m, 2 H) 2.34 (s, 6 H) 2.42 - 2.57 (m, 1 H) 2.83 - 2.96 (m, 2 H) 3.18 - 3.30 (m, 2 H) 3.40 - 3.53 (m, 2 H) 3.65 - 3.83 (m, 2 H) 3.84 - 3.99 (m, 2 H) 4.68 (q, J=7.16 Hz, 1 H) 7.34 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H) 8.16 (d, J=5.81 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H)

Example 84

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-2- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

2,3-Bis(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl) 1 -(2-propen-1 -yl) 1 ,2,3-pyrazolidinetricarboxylate

Allyl chloroformate (0.488 ml, 4.59 mmol) was added dropwise to the solution of di- tert-butyl pyrazolidine-1 ,5-dicarboxylate (1 g, 3.67 mmol) and pyridine (0.371 ml, 4.59 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (1.79 ml) at 0 °C. The resulting solution was allowed to warm up to ambient temperature and stirred for 30 min. The reaction was filtered, and to the filtrate was added EtOAc. The solution was washed with brine. The organic layers were separated and dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 . The crude product was purified by RP-HPLC to give 2,3-bis(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) 1-(2-propen-1 -yl) 1 ,2,3- pyrazolidinetricarboxylate (749 mg, 2.101 mmol, 57% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 357.3

(MH + ).

Part B:

1 -[(2-propen-1 -yloxy)carbonyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

2,3-Bis(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl) 1 -(2-propen-1-yl) 1 ,2,3-pyrazolidinetricarboxylate (1.2 g, 3.37 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) (6.63 ml) under N 2 at ambient temperature. TFA (15.56 ml, 202 mmol) and water (1 .820 ml, 101 mmol) were added in one portion. The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 days. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give crude 1-[(2-propen-1 - yloxy)carbonyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (0.674 g, 3.37 mmol, 100% crude yield).

MS (ES+) m/z 201 .0 (MH + ). Part C:

2 -((2 R) -3 -Cy c I o pen ty I -2 -{[f o r my I (tetra hy d ro -2 H-py ra n -2 -y I oxy )a m ino]methyl} propanoyl)-1 -[(2-propen-1 -yloxy)carbonyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy )amino]methyl}propanoyl fluoride (784 mg, 2.6 mmol) was added into the solution of 1 -[(2-propen-1- yloxy)carbonyl]-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (677 mg, 3.38 mmol) and Hunig's base (181 1 μΙ, 10.40 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (1 1.1 ml). The reaction was stirred for 5 hrs at ambient temperature. The reaction was purified by RP-HPLC to give 2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy )amino] methyl} propanoyl)-1-[(2-propen-1 -yloxy)carbonyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (428 mg,

0.889 mmol, 34% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 482.0 (MH + ). Part D:

2-Propen-1 -yl (3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-[(2-pyrimidinylamino)carbony l]-1 - py razol i d i neca rboxy I ate

1-Methylimidazole (38.1 μΙ, 0.478 mmol) was added into the solution of 2-((2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amino]met hyl}propanoyl)-1-[(2- propen-1-yloxy)carbonyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1 15 mg, 0.239 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (1.6 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (19.41 μΙ, 0.251 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was added 2-pyrimidinamine (34.1 mg, 0.358 mmol). After stirring for 3.5 hrs at ambient temperature, the reaction solution was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 2-propen-1 -yl (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy) amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-[(2-pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1-p yrazolidine carboxylate

(32 mg, 0.057 mmol, 24% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 559.0 (MH + ). Part E:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-A -2-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pd(Ph 3 P) 4 (4.63 mg, 4.01 mol) was added to a solution of 2-propen-1-yl 2-((2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amino]met hyl}propanoyl)-3-[(2- pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (32 mg, 0.057 mmol) and morpholine (15.87 μΙ, 0.182 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (0.8 ml). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 15 min. The solvent was removed to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amino] methyl}propanoyl)-N-2-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (13 mg, 0.027 mmol, 60% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 475.1

(MH + ).

Part F:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-2- pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

A mixture of (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-N-2-pyrimidinyl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (20 mg, 0.042 mmol) in the solution of Acetic Acid (2 ml) and Water (0.500 ml) was stirred at 25 °C for overnight. The solvent was removed to give a residue. The residue was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-2-pyrimidinyl-3-p yrazolidine carboxamide

(9 mg, 0.023 mmol, 54% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 391 .3 (MH + ).

Example 85

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -{6- [(2 ?)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

6-[(2 ?)-2,4-Dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 6-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (200 mg, 1 .544 mmol), Hunig's base (1.2 ml, 6.95 mmol) and (3R)-1 ,3-dimethylpiperazine (Ref.: WO2009061879 (A1 )) (433 mg, 2.316 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (2 ml) was heated to 220 °C via a microwave reactor for 15min. The reaction mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 6-[(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (76 mg, 0.367 mmol, 24% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 208.0 (MH + ). Part B:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propano

1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}amino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

4-Methylmorpholine (73.6 μΙ, 0.670 mmol) was added into the solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)- 3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)prop anoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (300 mg, 0.558 mmol) and 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4-ium (220 mg, 0.670 mmol) in acetonitrile (9.3 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and it was stirred at 0 °C for 15min. To the reaction mixture was added 6-[(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1 - piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (139 mg, 0.670 mmol). After stirring for 2 days at ambient temperature, the reaction mixture was concentrated to yield a residue. The residue was dissolved in DCM, and the resulting solution was washed with Na 2 S0 4 (sat.) and brine. The solvent was removed to give a residue again. The residue was purified by RP-HPLC to give an impure product. The impure product was purified by using Silica Gel chromatography (DCM/MeOH/NH40H = 9/1/0.002) to yield phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({6-[(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4- pyrimidinyl}amino) carbonyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (71 mg, 0.098 mmol, 18% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 727.1 (MH + ). Part C:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -{6- [(2 ?)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

A mixture of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({6-[(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1 - piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}amino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (71 mg, 0.098 mmol) and Perrlman's catalyst (13.72 mg, 0.020 mmol) in methanol (5.4 ml) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at ambient temperature. After 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-{6-[(2R)-2,4-d imethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4- pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (42 mg, 0.083 mmol, 85% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 503.2 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .05 - 1 .22 (m, 2 H) 1.27 (d, J=6.82 Hz, 3 H) 1.36 - 1.45 (m, 1 H) 1 .46 - 1 .67 (m, 4 H) 1.69 - 1 .95 (m, 4 H) 2.03 (td, J=1 1 .94, 3.41 Hz, 1 H) 2.22 (dd, J=1 1.62, 4.04 Hz, 2 H) 2.26 - 2.34 (m, 3 H) 2.41 - 2.56 (m, 1 H) 2.81 (d, J=1 1 .62 Hz, 1 H) 2.85 - 2.98 (m, 2 H) 3.10 - 3.27 (m, 2 H) 3.49 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.84 (m, 1 H) 3.84 - 3.99 (m, 1 H) 4.17 (d, J=13.14 Hz, 1 H) 4.53 (br. s., 1 H) 4.61 - 4.72 (m, 1 H) 7.41 (s, 1 H) 7.86 (s, 0.7 H) 8.24 (s, 1.3 H).

Example 86

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[2-(4- methyl-4 -diazaspiro[2.5]oct-7-yl)-4^yrimidinyl]-3^yrazolidinecarboxa mide

Part A:

2-(4-Methyl-4,7-diazaspiro[2.5]oct-7-yl)-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (200 mg, 1 .544 mmol), Hunig's base (1348 μΙ, 7.72 mmol) and 4-methyl-4,7-diazaspiro[2.5]octane (Ref.: WO2009061879 (A1 )) (338 mg, 1 .698 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (1 .7 ml) was heated to 120 °C via a microwave reactor for 15 min. The reaction mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 2-(4-methyl-4,7-diazaspiro[2.5]oct-7-yl)-4-pyrimidinamine (1 13 mg, 0.515 mmol,

33% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 220.1 (MH + ).

2-(4-methyl-4,7-diazaspiro[2.5]oct-7-yl)-4-pyrimidinamine (98 mg, 0.446 mmol) was utilized instead of 6-[(2R)-2,4-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine in a similar method to Example 85 Parts B and C to give the Title Compound. MS (ES+) m/z

515.4 (MH + ). Example 87

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-{2- [(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

2-[(2S)-2,4-Dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (200 mg, 1 .544 mmol), Hunig's base (1348 μΙ, 7.72 mmol) and (3S)-1 ,3-dimethylpiperazine (Ref.: WO2009061879 (A1 )) (318 mg, 1.698 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (1.7 ml) was heated to 220 °C via a microwave reactor for 15min. The reaction mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to yield

2- [(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (88 mg, 0.425 mmol, 28% yield).

MS (ES+) m/z 208.0 (MH + ). Part B:

(3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl) propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl )propanoyl fluoride (4 g, 13.01 mmol) was added into the solution of (3S)-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-

3- pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (3.58 g, 14.32 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (52.9 ml), and followed by adding Hunig's base (6.80 ml, 39.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2.5 hrs at ambient temperature. The reaction was diluted with DCM (200ml), and then acetic acid (9ml) was added. The resulting solution was washed with aqueous NH 4 CI (200 ml). The aqueous solution was extracted with DCM (2X50 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give a residue. The desired product was precipitated while ethyl acetate (a few ml) was added. The desired product was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. 3.49 g of desired product as a white solid was collected. The filtrate was purified by silica Gel chromatography (0-100% Ethyl acetate in Hexane). The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give a solid. The solid was added about 10ml of MeCN. The desired product (870mg) as a white solid was collected via filtration. All desired products were combined to yield the final batch of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (4.36 g, 8.1 1 mmol, 62% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 538.1 (MH + ).

Part C:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1 ^iperazinyl]-4^yrimidinyl} amino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

1-Methylimidazole (133 μΙ, 1.674 mmol) was added into the solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (300 mg, 0.558 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (4 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (45.4 μΙ, 0.586 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was added 2-[(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (127 mg, 0.614 mmol). After stirring for 1 h 40min at ambient temperature, the reaction solution was purified by RP-HPLC to yield phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1- piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}amino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (236 mg, 0.325 mmol, 58% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 515.4(MH + ). MS (ES+) m/z 727.3 (MH + ).

Part D:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-{2- [(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

A mixture of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1-pipe razinyl]-4- pyrimidinyl}amino) carbonyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (236 mg, 0.325 mmol) and Pearlman's catalyst (45.6 mg, 0.065 mmol) in methanol (1.81 ml) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at ambient temperature. After 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} propanoyl)-N-{2- [(2S)-2,4-dimethyl-1 -piperazinyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxamide (125 mg,

0.244 mmol, 75% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 503.1 (MH + ).

1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.05 - 1 .21 (m, 2 H) 1 .25 (d, J=6.82 Hz, 3 H) 1.35 - 1.67 (m, 5 H) 1.67 - 1.94 (m, 4 H) 1 .99 (td, J=1 1.87, 3.28 Hz, 1 H) 2.15 - 2.25 (m, 2 H) 2.28 (s, 3 H) 2.43 - 2.57 (m, 1 H) 2.79 (d, J=1 1.37 Hz, 1 H) 2.83 - 2.96 (m, 2 H) 3.13 (td, J=12.95, 2.91 Hz, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.28 (m, 1 H) 3.49 - 3.93 (m, 3 H) 4.45 (d, J=13.64 Hz, 1 H) 4.63 - 4.74 (m, 1 H) 4.77 - 4.87 (m, 1 H) 7.31 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.86 (s, 0.7 H) 8.18 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H)

Example 88

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[5- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

2-Propen-1 -yl (3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-({[5-(methyloxy)-2^yrimidiny l]amino} carbonyl)-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

1-Methylimidazole (158 μΙ, 1.987 mmol) was added into the solution of 2-((2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amino]met hyl}propanoyl)-1-[(2- propen-1-yloxy)carbonyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (319 mg, 0.662 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (4.5 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (53.8 μΙ, 0.696 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was added 5-(methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinamine (87 mg, 0.696 mmol). After stirring for 30 min at ambient temperature, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to yield 2-propen-1-yl (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-({[5-(methyloxy)-2-pyrimidin yl]amino}carbonyl)-1 - pyrazolidinecarboxylate (173 mg, 0.294 mmol, 44% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 589.1 (MH + ).

Part B:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amin o] methyl}propanoyl)-A -[5-(methyloxy)-2^yrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxami Pd(Ph 3 P) 4 (23.77 mg, 0.021 mmol) was added to a soultion of 2-propen-1-yl 2-((2R)- 3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amino]m ethyl}propanoyl)-3-({[5- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]amino}carbonyl)-1-pyrazolidinecarb oxylate (173 mg, 0.294 mmol) and morpholine (81 μΙ, 0.935 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (4.1 ml). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give a crude product which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro -2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amino] methyl}propanoyl)-N-[5-(methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazoli dine carboxamide (67 mg, 0.133 mmol, 45% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 505.2 (MH + ). Part C:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[5- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

A mixture of (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-[5-(methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl ]-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (67 mg, 0.133 mmol) in acetic acid (7 ml)/water (1 .8 ml) was stirred at ambient temperature for overnight. The solvent was removed to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-[5-(methyloxy)-2- pyrimidinyl]-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide (27 mg, 0.061 mmol, 46% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 421 .1

(MH + ). The following Examples 89 to 90 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 88 except that to the reaction mixture in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of 5-(methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinamine. Example 89

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[4- (methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-(methyloxy)-2-pyrimidinamine (96 mg, 0.768 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 421.1 (MH + ).

Example 90

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(5- fluoro-2-pyrimidinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Pre Step A:

5-Fluoro-2-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidine (280 μΙ, 2.264 mmol) and ammonia (5 ml, 68 mmol) in methanol (860 μΙ) was heated to 1 10 °C via a microwave reactor for 30 min. The reaction was filtered, and the solid was washed with MeOH. The solid was dried to give 5-fluoro-2-pyrimidinamine (247 mg, 2.184 mmol, 96% yield) as a white crystal solid. MS (ES+) m/z 1 14.0 (MH + ). 5-fluoro-2-pyrimidinamine (83 mg, 0.738 mmol).. MS (ES+) m/z 409.4 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .06 - 1.23 (m, 2 H) 1 .32 - 1 .43 (m, 1 H) 1 .51 - 1 .66 (m, 4 H) 1 .73 - 1 .94 (m, 4 H) 2.15 - 2.29 (m, 1 H) 2.48 - 2.63 (m, 1 H) 2.85 - 2.99 (m, 1 H) 3.20 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.49 (dd, J=14.02, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.69 - 3.84 (m, 1 H) 3.94 (tt, J=9.57, 4.83 Hz, 1 H) 4.76 (dd, J=6.82, 2.53 Hz, 1 H) 7.85 (s, 0.7 H) 8.25 (s, 0.3 H) 8.58 (s, 2 H) Example 91

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-{2- [(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxa mide

Part A:

2-(Dimethylamino)ethanimidamide

To a round bottom flask equipped with a stirring bar was added ammonium chloride (1 .272 g, 23.78 mmol) in toluene (6.78 ml). The slurry was cooled to 0 °C under N 2 . To this slurry was added trimethylaluminum (1 1 .89 ml, 23.78 mmol) via a syringe over 5 min. Once addition was completed, the reaction was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 1 hr until all NH 4 CI had reacted. To this mixture was added (dimethylamino)acetonitrile (1.15 ml, 1 1 .89 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated to 1 10 °C for 3 hrs. The reaction was cooled to ambient temperature and poured slowly into a vigorously stirred slurry of Si0 2 in CHCI 3 that was cooled in an ice bath. After quenching was completed, the slurry was poured onto a glass filtration funnel and washed with CHCI 3 (30 ml_). The solid was washed with the solvent mixture (CHCI 3 /MeOH/NH 4 OH = 80:20:2). The collected solution was dried to yield 2- (dimethylamino) ethanimidamide (1.909 g, 8.32 mmol, 70% crude yield) as a brown oily residue, which was used to next step without purification.

Part B:

2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-pyrimidinamine

To a solution of 2-chloro-2-propenenitrile (437 mg, 4.99 mmol) and 2- (dimethylamino)ethanimide amide (1 168 mg, 8.49 mmol) in ethanol (5 ml.) was added dropwise triethylamine (TEA) (12.53 ml_, 90 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hrs at ambient temperature, and then another portion of 2-chloro-2- propenenitrile (218 mg, 2.50 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 days at ambient temperature. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give a brown residue which was purified by silica gel chromatography (DCM/MeOH in 0.1 % NH 4 OH) twice to give 2-[(dimethylamino) methyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (279 mg, 1 .833 mmol, 37% yield) as a brown oil. MS (ES+) m/z 153.0 (MH + ). Part C:

(3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino} methyl) propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

(2/?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methy l)propanoyl fluoride (4 g, 13.01 mmol) was added into the solution of (3S)-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}- 3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid (3.91 g, 15.62 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (46.1 ml), followed by adding Hunig's base (6.80 ml, 39.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 5 hrs. The reaction was diluted with DCM, and acetic acid (10 ml) was added. The resulting solution was washed with aqueous NH 4 CI (200 ml). The aqueous solution was extracted with DCM (2X50 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give a residue. Ethyl acetate (a few ml) was added. The desired product was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. 3.21 g of desired product was collected as a white solid. The filtrate was purified by silica gel chromatography (0- 100% ethyl acetate in hexane) to give a solid. The solid was added to 10 ml of MeCN. Another batch of the desired product (1 .081 g) as a white solid was collected via filtration. These two batches of desired products were combined to yield (3S)-2-[(2R)- 3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy] carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (4.291 g, 7.98 mmol,

61 % yield). MS (ES+) m/z 538.0 (MH + ). Part D:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(dimethylamino) methyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}amino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate 1-Methylimidazole (178 μΙ, 2.232 mmol) was added into the solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-1-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (400 mg, 0.744 mmol) in DCM (4.08ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (60.5 μΙ, 0.781 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was added 2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-pyrimidinamine (147 mg, 0.967 mmol) in 1 ml of DCM. After stirring for 1 .5 hrs at ambient temperature, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to yield phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(dimethylamino) methyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}amino)carbonyl]-1 - pyrazolidine carboxylate (104 mg, 0.147 mmol, 20% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 672.2

(MH + ).

Part E

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-{2- [(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxa mide A mixture of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[({2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]- 4-pyrimidinyl}amino)carbonyl]-1-pyrazolidine carboxylate (104 mg, 0.155 mmol) and Pearlman's catalyst (21.74 mg, 0.031 mmol) in methanol (8.6 ml) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at ambient temperature. After 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-{2- [(dimethyl amino)methyl]-4-pyrimidinyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxamide (41 mg, 0.090 mmol, 58% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 448.2 (MH + ). Example 92

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -4- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

4,5-Dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

TFA (19.01 ml, 247 mmol) was added into the solution of 1 , 1-dimethylethyl 4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (1.4 g, 8.23 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (22.85 ml). The resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give a crude 4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (939 mg, 8.23 mmol, 100% crude yield). MS (ES+) m/z

1 15.1 (MH + ). Part B:

(5S)-1 -[(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

4,5-Dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (939 mg, 8.23 mmol) in 20ml of DCM was added into a solution of (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl fluoride (3035 mg, 9.88 mmol) in 21 .8 ml of DCM, and followed by Hunig's base (4.3 ml, 24.69 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hr. HOAc (8 ml) was added to neutralize the solution, and then it was purified by RP-HPLC to give (5S)-1-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (660 mg, 1 .644 mmol, 40% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 401.9

(MH + ). Part C:

(5S)-1 -[(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl] -A -4-pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

1-Methylimidazole (39.7 μΙ, 0.498 mmol) was added into the solution of (5S)-1 -[(2R)- 3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)prop anoyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.249 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (1 .8 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (20.24 μΙ, 0.262 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was added 4- pyrimidinamine (26.1 mg, 0.274 mmol). After stirring for 2h 10min at ambient temperature, the reaction solution was purified by RP-HPLC to yield (5S)-1 -[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-N-4-pyrimidinyl- 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (76 mg, 0.159 mmol, 64% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 478.8 (MH + ).

Part D:

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -4- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

A mixture of (5S)-1 -[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino} methyl) propanoyl]-N-4-pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (76 mg, 0.159 mmol) and Pearlman's catalyst (22.30 mg, 0.032 mmol) in methanol (8.8 ml) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at ambient temperature. After 1 h 50min, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (5S)-1 -((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-4-pyrimidinyl- 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide (58 mg, 0.148 mmol, 93% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 389.2 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1 .21 (m, 2 H) 1.37 - 1.67 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 1 .99 (m, 4 H) 3.05 - 3.20 (m, 1 H) 3.35 (d, J=1 1 .87 Hz, 1 H) 3.55 (dd, J=14.02, 4.67 Hz, 1 H) 3.75 - 3.90 (m, 1 H) 3.90 - 4.02 (m, 1 H) 4.99 (dd, J=1 1 .87, 5.81 Hz, 1 H) 7.1 1 (s, 1 H) 7.89 (s, 0.7 H) 8.14 (d, J=5.31 Hz, 1 H) 8.22 (s, 0.3 H) 8.60 (d, J=5.81 Hz, 1 H) 8.83 (s, 1 H)

Example 93

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

(5S)-1 -[(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl) propanoyl]-A -(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamid e

1-Methylimidazole (59.6 μΙ, 0.747 mmol) was added into the solution of (5S)-1 -[(2R)- 3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)prop anoyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (150 mg, 0.374 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (2.7 ml). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then mesyl chloride (30.4 μΙ, 0.392 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was added 5- fluoro-2-pyridinamine (46.1 mg, 0.41 1 mmol). After stirring for 2h 10min at ambient temperature, the reaction solution was purified by RP-HPLC to yield (5S)-1 -[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenyl methyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-N-(5-fluoro-2- pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (104 mg, 0.210 mmol, 56% yield).

MS (ES+) m/z 496.0 (MH + ). Part B:

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(5- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

A mixture of (5S)-1-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl) propanoyl]-N-(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (104 mg, 0.210 mmol) and Pearlman's catalyst (29.5 mg, 0.042 mmol) in methanol (12.3 ml) was degassed and placed under 1 atm of H 2 at ambient temperature. After 2 hrs, the reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give a residue which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (5S)-1 -((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(5-fluoro-2-py ridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide (71 mg, 0.173 mmol, 83% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 406.1 (MH + ) 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .12 (dq, J=1 1.78, 8.12 Hz, 2 H) 1.37 - 1.67 (m, 5 H) 1 .70 - 1.99 (m, 4 H) 3.05 - 3.19 (m, 1 H) 3.27 (s, 1 H) 3.54 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.75 - 3.89 (m, 1 H) 3.89 - 4.03 (m, 1 H) 4.97 (dd, J=1 1 .87, 5.81 Hz, 1 H) 7.1 1 (s, 1 H) 7.50 - 7.62 (m, 1 H) 7.89 (s, 0.7 H) 8.12 (dd, J=9.09, 4.04 Hz, 1 H) 8.18 (d, J=3.03 Hz, 1 H) 8.22 (s, 0.3 H)

The following Examples 94 to 99 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 93 except that to the reaction mixture in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine. Example 94

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(5- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Pre Step A:

5-Fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 4-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidine (200 mg, 1 .509 mmol) and ammonia (3.27 ml, 45.3 mmol) in methanol (580 μΙ) was heated to 1 10 °C via a microwave reactor for 30 min. The reaction was filtered to provide a solid. The solid was dried to give 5-fluoro-

4- pyrimidinamine (100 mg, 0.875 mmol, 58% yield) as a white solid. MS (ES+) m/z

1 14.1 (MH + ).

5- fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine (42.3 mg, 0.374 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 407.3 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1.02 - 1 .22 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1.66 (m, 5 H) 1 .70

- 1 .99 (m, 4 H) 3.09 - 3.22 (m, 1 H) 3.33 - 3.45 (m, 1 H) 3.55 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.74 - 4.04 (m, 2 H) 5.16 (dd, J=1 1.62, 5.31 Hz, 1 H) 7.12 (s, 1 H) 7.89 (s, 0.7 H) 8.21 (s, 0.3 H) 8.64 (d, J=3.03 Hz, 1 H) 8.71 (d, J=2.02 Hz, 1 H) Example 95

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -2- pyrazinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Pre Step A:

4,5-Dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

TFA (25.8 ml, 335 mmol) was added into a solution of 1 , 1-dimethylethyl 4,5-dihydro- 1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (1 .9 g, 1 1 .16 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (31.0 ml). The resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give crude 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxylic acid (1 .274g, 1 1 .17 mmol, 100% crude yield). MS (ES+) m/z 1 15.1 (MH + ). Pre Step B:

(5S)-1 -[(2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) propanoyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

4,5-Dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (1 .273 g, 1 1.16 mmol) in 26.6 ml. of DCM was added into a solution of (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl fluoride (4.12 g, 13.39 mmol) in 30 ml. of DCM, and followed by Hunig's base (5.83 ml, 33.5 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 hrs. HOAc (10 ml) was added to neutralize the solution, and then the solvent was removed to give a crude product which was purified by RP-HPLC to give (5S)-1-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (1.03 g, 2.57 mmol, 46% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 401 .9 (MH + ).

(5S)-1-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o}methyl)propanoyl]-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.249 mmol) and 2-pyrazinamine (35.5 mg, 0.374 mmol) were utilized using a similar method to Example 93 Parts A and B to give the Title Compound. MS (ES+) m/z 389.3 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .03 - 1 .22 (m, 2 H) 1 .38 - 1.68 (m, 5 H) 1 .71 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 3.09 - 3.21 (m, 1 H) 3.32 - 3.41 (m, 1 H) 3.55 (dd, J=14.02, 4.67 Hz, 1 H) 3.76 - 3.91 (m, 1 H) 3.91 - 4.03 (m, 1 H) 4.99 (dd, J=12.00, 5.94 Hz, 1 H) 7.12 (s, 1 H) 7.88 (s, 0.7 H) 8.21 (s, 0.3 H) 8.31 (d, J=2.53 Hz, 1 H) 8.35 - 8.42 (m, 1 H) 9.34 (s, 1 H) Example 96

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(2- fluoro-4-pyrimidinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

2-fluoro-4-pyrimidinamine (39.4 mg, 0.349 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 407.1 (MH + ).

Example 97

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(5- methyl-2-pyrazinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

5-methyl-2-pyrazinamine (40.8 mg, 0.374 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 403.0 (MH + ).

Example 98

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(6- fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

6-fluoro-2-pyridinamine (62.8 mg, 0.560 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 406.1 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .02 - 1 .23 (m, 2 H) 1.37 - 1.67 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 3.02 - 3.19 (m, 1 H) 3.27 - 3.35 (m, 1 H) 3.54 (dd, J=13.89, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.75 - 4.04 (m, 2 H) 4.95 (dd, J=1 1.75, 5.68 Hz, 1 H) 6.73 (dd, J=8.08, 2.27 Hz, 1 H) 7.10 (s, 1 H) 7.80 - 7.93 (m, 1 .7 H) 7.98 (d, J=7.33 Hz, 1 H) 8.21 (s, 0.3 H) Example 99

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Pre Step A:

2-(Methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine

A mixture of 2-chloro-4-pyrimidinamine (150 mg, 1 .158 mmol) and sodium methoxide (188 mg, 3.47 mmol) in methanol (2.9 ml) was heated to 100 °C via a microwave reactor for 40min. The crude product mixture was purified by RP-HPLC to give 2- (methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine (73 mg, 0.583 mmol, 50% yield). MS (ES+) m/z 126.0

(MH + ). 2-(methyloxy)-4-pyrimidinamine (56.1 mg, 0.448 mmol). MS (ES+) m/z 419.0 (MH + ). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .03 - 1.21 (m, 2 H) 1 .37 - 1 .67 (m, 5 H) 1.71 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 3.04 - 3.18 (m, 1 H) 3.27 - 3.39 (m, 1 H) 3.55 (dd, J=14.15, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 3.74 - 3.87 (m, 1 H) 3.90 - 4.05 (m, 4 H) 4.98 (dd, J=12.13, 5.81 Hz, 1 H) 7.10 (s, 1 H) 7.74 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.89 (s, 0.7 H) 8.21 (s, 0.3 H) 8.38 (d, J=5.56 Hz, 1 H)

Example 100

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridi

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] inecarboxamide

Part A:

(2R)-2-({Formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl fluoride

To a 250 mL round-bottomed flask was added (2R)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoic acid (WO 2003101442, also named (2R)-[(benzyloxyformylamino)methyl]heptanoic acid) (4.40 g, 15 mmol) in dichloromethane (60 mL), followed by pyridine (1.453 mL, 18.00 mmol) and 2,4,6- trifluoro-1 ,3,5-triazine (cyanuric fluoride) (2.168 g, 16.05 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, then was diluted with DCM, and washed with 5% Citric acid (150 mL) and sat. NaHC0 3 (150 mL). The organic layer was dried over MgS0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography to provide (2R)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl fluoride as a colorless oil (1.88 g, 42%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 296.0.

Part B:

(3S)-2-[(2R)-2-({Formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)he ptanoyl]-1 - {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid

To a 50 mL round-bottomed flask was added 1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (3.00 g, 8.23 mmol) and Hunig's base (DIPEA) (4.41 mL, 25.3 mmol) in DMF (15 mL). To this mixture was added (2R)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl fluoride (1 .87g, 6.33 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, then was stored in refrigerator for two days. HOAc (3 ml) was added to neutralize the excess Hunig's base. The resulting solution was purified by RP-HPLC to provide (3S)- 2-[(2R)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl] -1 -

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid as a white solid (1 .153 g, 35%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 526.0.

Part C:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2R)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl]-1 -pyrazolidine

carboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hepta noyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1 .015 g, 1 .931 mmol) in acetonitrile (30 mL) at 0 °C was added 4-methylmorpholine (0.467 mL, 4.25 mmol), followed by 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4-ium tetrafluoroborate (DMTMM) (0.559 g, 2.317 mmol). The solution was stirred for 15 min, then 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine (0.260 g, 2.317 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was warmed up to room temperature and stirred overnight. The solvent was evaporated, and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The solution was washed with 5% aq. NaHS0 4 followed by water, and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to afford a crude oil which was purified by RP-HPLC to yield phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2R)- 2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl]-1-pyraz olidinecarboxylate as a colorless gum (830 mg, 69%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 620.2.

Part D:

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-2^yridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amin o]methyl}

heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide To a 100 mL round-bottomed flask was added phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2R)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)o xy]amino}methyl) heptanoyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (696 mg, 1.123 mmol) in methanol (15 ml), followed by Pearlman's catalyst (120 mg). The mixture was stirred under a balloon of H 2 for 80 min. The catalyst was filtered off, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to provide (3S)-N-(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-

{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidineca rboxamide as a colorless oil. (420 mg, 94%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 396.0. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 0.75 - 1.00 (m, 3 H) 1.16 - 1 .39 (m, 6 H) 1 .47 (dd, J=8.59, 5.56 Hz, 1 H) 1 .52 - 1 .68 (m, 1 H) 2.02 - 2.31 (m, 1 H) 2.49 (ddd, J=12.06, 6.25, 2.65 Hz, 1 H) 2.86 (td, J=10.48, 6.06 Hz, 1 H) 3.36 (br. s., 1 H) 3.39 - 3.55 (m, 1 H) 3.59 - 3.89 (m, 2 H) 4.54 - 4.72 (m, 1 H) 7.53 (ddd, J=9.16, 7.89, 3.16 Hz, 1 H) 7.83 (s, 1 H) 8.03 - 8.20 (m, 2 H).

The following Examples 101 to 103 prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 100 except that to the reaction mixture in Part C was added the indicated compound instead of 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine. Example 101

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N-4- pyri

pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-pyrimidinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 379.0. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 0.82 - 1 .00 (m, 3 H) 1 .31 - 1.43 (m, 5 H) 1 .43 - 1.69 (m, 3 H) 2.10 - 2.38 (m, 1 H) 2.43 - 2.68 (m, 1 H) 2.83 - 3.06 (m, 1 H) 3.41 - 3.57 (m, 1 H) 3.68 - 3.90 (m, 2 H) 4.69 (dd, J=8.46, 3.92 Hz, 2 H) 7.87 (s, 1 H) 8.18 (dd, J=5.81 , 1.26 Hz, 1 H) 8.60 (d, J=5.81 Hz, 1 H) 8.83 (s, 1 H).

Example 102

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-N -2-pyridinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-pyridinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 378.2.

Example 103

(3S)-2-((2R)-2-{[Formyl(h yl)-N-(1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidine

2-pyridinamine 1-oxide. LCMS: (M+H) + : 394.0 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 0.80 - 0.93 (m, 3 H) 1.29 - 1 .47 (m, 6 H) 1 .49 - 1.61 (m, 1 H) 1.61 - 1.81 (m, 1 H) 2.38 (m, J=9.85, 5.05, 5.05, 2.27 Hz, 1 H) 2.53 (ddd, J=9.16, 6.13, 3.16 Hz, 1 H) 2.92 (td, J=10.61 , 6.57 Hz, 1 H) 3.20 - 3.30 (m, 1 H) 3.52 (dd, J=13.89, 4.29 Hz, 1 H) 3.60 - 3.75 (m, 1 H) 3.75 - 3.98 (m, 1 H) 4.64 (br. s., 1 H) 7.14 - 7.28 (m, 1 H) 7.52 - 7.66 (m, 1 H) 7.90 (s, 1 H) 8.34 (d, J=6.57 Hz, 1 H) 8.49 (dd, J=8.59, 1.52 Hz, 1 H)

Example 104

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy) amino]methyl} heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2R)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl]-1 -pyrazolidine

carboxylate

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2R)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (130 mg, 0.210 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (4 ml.) under nitrogen at 0°C was added 3-chlorobenzenecarboperoxoic acid (141 mg, 0.629 mmol) in one portion. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 10 min, then warmed up to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction was quenched by addition of sat. aq. NaHC0 3 and extracted with DCM twice. The combined organic extracts were dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to afford the crude product as a white semi-solid. The crude product was purified by RP-HPLC to provide phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-1-oxido- 2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2R)-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (103 mg, 77%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 636.0. Part B:

(3S)-N-(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2^yridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl}heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a 50 mL round-bottomed flask was added (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-1-oxido-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2R)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)o xy]amino}methyl) heptanoyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (103 mg, 0.162 mmol) in methanol (3 ml), followed by Pearlman's catalyst (10 mg). The mixture was stirred under a balloon of H 2 for 37 min, and the catalyst was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by RP-HPLC to provide (3S)-N-(5-fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-2- ((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} heptanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide (49 mg, 73%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 412.0. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 0.76 - 0.98 (m, 3 H) 1 .26 - 1 .46 (m, 6 H) 1 .48 - 1 .57 (m, 1 H) 1 .63 - 1 .77 (m, 1 H) 2.30 - 2.44 (m, 1 H) 2.46 - 2.59 (m, 1 H) 2.91 (td, J=10.67, 6.44 Hz, 1 H) 3.20 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 3.52 (dd, J=13.77, 4.42 Hz, 1 H) 3.77 - 3.96 (m, 2 H) 4.81 - 4.88 (m, 1 H) 7.47 (ddd, J=9.66, 7.14, 2.65 Hz, 1 H) 7.90 (s, 1 H) 8.40 - 8.61 (m, 2 H)

Example 105

(5S)-1 -((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propano yl)-N-(1 - oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}meth yl) propanoyl]-N-(1 -oxido-2^yridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (5S)-1-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl)propanoyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (88 mg, 0.219 mmol) in acetonitrile (4 mL) at 0 °C was added 4-methylmorpholine (0.053 mL, 0.482 mmol), followed by 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4-ium (DMTMM) (86 mg, 0.263 mmol). The solution was stirred for 15 min, and then 2- pyridinamine 1 -oxide (31 .4 mg, 0.285 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was warmed up to room temperature and stirred overnight. The solvent was evaporated away, and residue was dissolved in DCM. The solution was washed with 5% aq. NaHS0 4 followed by water. The organic phase was dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to afford a crude oil, which was purified by RP- HPLC to provide (5S)-1-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl]-N-(1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro- 1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide as a colorless gum (67 mg, 62%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 494.0.

Part B:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propano yl)-N-(1 - oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

In a 50 ml. round-bottomed flask was added (5S)-1 -[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-N-(1-oxid o-2-pyridinyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (67 mg, 0.136mmol) in methanol (3 ml), followed by Pearlman's catalyst (7 mg). The mixture was stirred under a balloon of H 2 for 35 min, then catalyst was filtered off. Removal of the solvent provided (5S)-1 -((2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-(1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide as a colorless oil. (27 mg, 48%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 404.3. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 1 .04 - 1.26 (m, 2 H) 1 .40 - 1.70 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 3.35 - 3.45 (m, 1 H) 3.50 - 3.75 (m, 2H) 3.76 - 4.04 (m, 2 H) 5.10 - 5.37 (m, 1 H) 7.09 - 7.34 (m, 2 H) 7.49 - 7.67 (m, 1 H) 7.91 (s, 1 H) 8.35 (d, J=6.57 Hz, 1 H) 8.46 (dd, J=8.46, 1 .64 Hz, 1 H)

Example 106

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-N-1 H- imidazol-2-yl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[(1 H-imidazol-2-ylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidine

carboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl]-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-py razolidinecarboxylic acid (121 mg, 0.225 mmol) in acetonitrile (4 ml.) at 0 °C was added 4- methylmorpholine (0.087 mL, 0.788 mmol), followed by 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5- triazin-2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4-ium (DMTMM) (89 mg, 0.270 mmol). The solution was stirred for 15 min, and then 1 H-imidazol-2-amine sulfate (38.7 mg, 0.293 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was warmed up to room temperature and stirred overnight. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified by RP-HPLC to provide phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amin o} methyl)propanoyl]-3-[(1 H-imidazol-2-ylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate as a colorless gum (39 mg, 29%)

LCMS: (M+H) + : 603.3.

Part B:

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methy l}propanoyl)-N-1 H- imidazol-2-yl-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a 50 mL round-bottomed flask was added phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)propan oyl]-3-[(1 H-imidazol-2- ylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (39 mg, 0.065 mmol) in methanol (3 ml), followed by Pearlman's catalyst (9 mg). The mixture was stirred under a balloon of H 2 for 40 min, the catalyst was filtered off. Removal of the solvent provided (3S)-2-((2R)- 3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-N-1 H-imidazol-2-yl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide as a off-white solid (23 mg, 92%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 379.4.

The following Example 107 was prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 106 except that to the reaction mixture in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of 1 H-imidazol-2 -amine sulfate. Example 107

(3S)-N-1 H-Benzimidazol-2-yl-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy ) amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

1 H-benzimidazol-2-amine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 429.0.

Example 108

(5S)-A -(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -((2 ?)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} heptanoyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

(5S)-W-(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1 -[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl) heptanoyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (5S)-1-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hept anoyl]- 4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) and 5-fluoro-2- pyridinamine (37 mg, 0.33 mmol) in acetonitrille (10 ml.) was added 4- methylmorpholine (39 mg, 0.39 mmol) and 2-chloro-4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazine (49.5 mg, 0.28 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt overnight. LCMS showed that the reaction was complete. The solvent was removed under vacuum and ethyl acetate was added. The mixture was washed with 10% KHS0 4 , sat. NaHC0 3 , brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography eluting with petroleum ether/ethyl acetate (3:1 to 1 :1 ) to provide the titled compound (108 mg, 85%) as a yellow oil. Part B:

(5S)-A -(5-Fluoro-2^yridinyl)-1 -((2 ?)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}

heptanoyl) -4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (5S)-/V-(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-1-[(2R)-2-

({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)heptanoyl]-4,5-di hydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5- carboxamide (180 mg, 0.37 mmol) in methanol (15 mL) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (105 mg, 20%, 44% wt). The mixture was stirred under a H 2 atmosphere for 30 min and the catalyst was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by HPLC to provide the titled compound (70 mg, 48%) as a white solid. LCMS: (M+H) + : 394.2.

The following Examples 109 to 110 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 108 except that to the solution in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine.

Example 109

(5S)-1 l)-A -2-pyridinyl-4,5- dihyd

2-pyridinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 376.2. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, METHANOL) δ ppm 0.83- 0.95 (m, 3 H), 1.15 - 1.87 (m, 8 H), 3.14 - 3.99 (m, 5 H), 5.00-5.05 (m, 1 H), 7.13 - 7.17 (m, 2 H), 7.74 - 7.88 (m, 1 H), 7.94 (s, 0.6 H), 8.12 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 8.26 (s, 0.4 H), 8.30-8.36 (m, 1 H).

Example 110

(5S)-1 -((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-A -4-pyrimidinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

4-pyrimidinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 377.2.

Example 111

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-A -3-pyrid

pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}

methyl)heptanoyl]-3-[(3-pyridazinylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hept anoyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (590 mg, 0.95 mmol), 3- pyridazinamine (100 mg, 1.05 mmol) and 2-chloro-4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazine (183 mg, 1 .05 mmol) in acetonitrile (30 mL) under N 2 was added 4-methylmorpholine (212 mg, 2.1 mmol) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at rt overnight. TLC showed that the reaction was complete. The mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with 5% citric acid, followed by brine. The organic phase was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography eluting with petroleum ether/ethyl acetate (2:1 ) to provide the titled compound (460 mg, 79%) Part B:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}heptanoyl)-W-3-pyridaziny l-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)heptanoyl]-3-[(3-pyridazinylamino) carbonyl]-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (460 mg, 0.764 mmol) in methanol (15 mL) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (300 mg). The mixture was stirred under an H2 atmosphere for 2 h and the catalyst was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by pre-HPLC to provide the titled compound (100 mg, 30%) as a yellowish solid. LCMS: (M+H) + : 379.2.

1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO - d6) δ ppm 0.73-0.85 (m, 3 H), 1.10 - 1.48 (m, 8 H), 2.00

- 2.09 (m, 1 H), 2.38 - 2.46 (m, 1 H), 2.70 - 2.80 (m, 1 H), 3.10 - 3.18 (m, 1 H), 3.41

- 3.87 (m, 3 H), 4.63 (t, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 5.28-5.65 (m, 1 H), 7.68 (dd, J = 9.0, 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.82 (s, 0.6 H), 8.17- 8.29 (m, 1 .4 H), 8.97 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1 H), 1 1.12 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H).

Example 112

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[2-(4- morpholinyl)-5-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

(3S)-2-((2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}p ropanoyl)-/\/-[2-(4- morpholinyl)-5-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide was prepared according to Example 1 1 1 , utilizing (3S)-2-[(2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino} methyl)propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidine carboxylic acid in place of (3S)-2-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)heptanoyl]-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazoli dinecarboxylic acid, and 2-(4-morpholinyl)-5-pyrimidinamine in place of 3-pyridazinamine in part A. LCMS: (M+H) + : 476.0. Example 113

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-A -(1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}

methyl)hexanoyl]-3-[(2-pyridinylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexa noyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (Intermediate 4) (150 mg, 0.3 mmol), 2-pyridinamine (32 mg, 0.33 mmol) and 2-chloro-4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5- triazine (58 mg, 0.33 mmol) in acetonitrile (4 mL) under N 2 was added 4- methylmorpholine (65 mg, 0.66 mmol) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at rt overnight. TLC showed that the reaction was complete. The mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with 5% citric acid, followed by brine. The organic phase was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography to provide the titled compound (1 10 mg, 70%). Part B:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl) hexanoyl]-3-{[(1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-2-({formyl [(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoyl]-3-[(2-pyridinylamino)carbonyl]-1- pyrazolidinecarboxylate (70 mg, 0.12 mmol) in EtOAc (6 mL) was added percarbamide (45 mg, 0.48 mmol) and 2-benzofuran-1 ,3-dione (71 mg, 0.48 mmol). The mixture was stirred overnight until TLC showed the completion of the reaction. The mixture was washed with aq. Na 2 C0 3 and brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography to provide the titled compound (86 mg, 85%) Part C:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-A -(1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl)hexanoyl]-3-{[(1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-1- pyrazolidinecarboxylate (85 mg, 0.14 mmol) in EtOH (15 mL) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (30 mg). The mixture was degassed and placed under H 2 atmosphere for 1 h at rt. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was purified by pre-HPLC to provide the titled compound (22 mg, 40%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 380.2.

Example 114

(3S)-A -(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2^yridinyl)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

(3S)-/V-(5-Fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2R)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide was prepared according to Example 1 13, utilizing 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine in place of 2-pyridinamine in part A. LCMS: (M+H) + : 398.0.

Example 115

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-A -4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2 ?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino} methyl) hexanoyl]-3-[(4-pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexa noyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (80 mg, 0.156 mmol) in acetonitrile (3 ml.) under N 2 was added 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4- methylmorpholin-4-ium tetrafluoroborate (103 mg, 0.313 mmol) and 4- methylmorpholine (47 mg, 0.468 mmol), followed by 4-pyrimidinamine (18 mg, 0.187 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 2 h and then warmed up to 35 °C overnight. The mixture was concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography eluting with petroleum ether/ethyl acetate (10:1 to 2:1 ) to provide the title compound (80 mg, 80%) Part B:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-A -4-pyrimidinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2R)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)hexanoyl]-3-[(4-pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-1-py razolidinecarboxylate (80 mg, 0.136 mmol) in ethanol (30 ml.) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (40 mg). The mixture was stirred under an H2 atmosphere for 1 h and the catalyst was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by pre-HPLC to provide the title compound (40 mg, 70%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 365.2.

Example 116

4-({[(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- 3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)benzoic acid

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy] amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(4-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl} phenyl)amino] carbonyl}-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]ami no} methyl)propanoyl]-1 -{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (300 mg, 0.558 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 ml.) under N 2 at 0°C was added 4- methylmorpholine (123 mg, 2.2 mmol), followed by 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin- 2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4-ium tetrafluoroborate (366 mg, 1.1 16 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 1 h and to this mixture was added phenylmethyl 4-aminobenzoate (191 mg, 0.837 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The mixture was concentrated, and the residue was purified by flash column chromatography eluting with petroleum ether/ethyl acetate (5:1 to 3:1 ) to provide the title compound (330 mg).

Part B:

4-({[(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- 3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)benzoic acid To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-[(2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl) oxy]amino}methyl)propanoyl]-3-{[(4-{[(phenylmethyl)

oxy]carbonyl}phenyl)amino]carbonyl}-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (330 mg, 0.442 mmol) in methanol (20 ml.) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (330 mg). The mixture was stirred at rt under H2 atmosphere for 2 h. The catalyst was filtered off, the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum, and the residue was purified by preparative HPLC to provide the title compound (100 mg). LCMS: (M+H) + : 482.2.

The following Examples 117 to 124 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 116 except that to the mixture in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of phenylmethyl 4-aminobenzoate.

Example 117

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(5- hyd roxy-2 -py ri d i ny I )-3 -py razol id i neca rboxa mi de

{4-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]phenyl}amine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 406.2.

Example 118

6-({[(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- 3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid

phenylmethyl 6-amino-3-pyridinecarboxylate. LCMS: (M+H) + : 434.2. Example 119

2-({[(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- 3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)-4-pyridinecarboxylic acid

phenylmethyl 2-amino-4-pyridinecarboxylate. LCMS: (M+H) + : 434.2. Example 120

3-({[(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- 3- pyrazolidinyl]carbonyl}amino)benzoic acid

phenylmethyl 3-aminobenzoate. LCMS: (M+H) + : 433.1.

Example 121

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(4- hydroxy-2-pyridinyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]-2-pyridinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 406.2. Example 122

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -(3- hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

3-aminophenol. LCMS: (M+H) + : 405.1 . Example 123

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-(4- hydroxyphenyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

4-aminophenol. LCMS: (M+H) + : 405.1.

Example 124

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[2-(2- pyridinyl)-5-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-(2-pyridinyl)-5-pyrimidinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 468.0. Example 125

(3S)-A -(5-Fluoro-2-pyridinyl)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2 ?)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-[(2/?)-2-({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexa noyl]-1- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (1 g, 1 .95 mmol) in THF (15 mL) under N 2 was added 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride (0.572 g, 2.34 mmol) and DIPEA (1 .68 mL, 9.75 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. THF was removed under vacuum and toluene (15 mL) was added. To this mixture was added 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine (0.262 g, 2.34 mmol) and DMAP (47.5 mg, 0.39 mmol). After being stirred at rt overnight, the mixture was diluted with EtOAc (50 mL) and washed with citric acid and brine. The organic solution was dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography eluting with EA/PE (1 :5) to provide the title compound (0.23 g, 19%) as colorless oil.

Part B:

(3S)-A -(5-fluoro-2^yridinyl)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino] methyl} hexanoyl)-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-3-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-2-[(2/?)-2- ({formyl[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}methyl)hexanoyl]-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate (230 mg, 0.38 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (230 mg). The mixture was degassed and then stirred under an H2 atmosphere for 3 h at rt. The catalyst was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by pre- HPLC to provide the title compound (67 mg, 48%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 382.2.

The following Examples 126 to 127 were prepared according to a method similar to that disclosed in Example 125 except that to the mixture in Part A was added the indicated compound instead of 5-fluoro-2-pyridinamine.

Example 126

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-A -3-pyridazinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

3-pyridazinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 365.2. Example 127

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-2-{[Formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}hexanoyl)-A -2-pyridinyl-3- pyrazolidinecarboxamide

2-pyridinamine. LCMS: (M+H) + : 364.2.

Example 128

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- A -[4-(2- pyridinyl)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

Part A:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2- yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-({[4-(2-pyridinyl)-2-pyrimid inyl]amino} carbonyl)-1 -pyrazolidinecarboxylate

To a solution of (3S)-2-((2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2/-/-pyran- 2- yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-1-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]carbonyl }-3- pyrazolidinecarboxylic acid (800 mg, 1 .5 mmol) in THF (10 mL) under N 2 was added 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride (477 mg, 2 mmol) and DIPEA (1.3 mL, 7.5 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. THF was removed under vacuum and toluene (10 mL) was added. To this mixture was added 4-(2-pyridinyl)-2-pyrimidinamine (337 mg, 2 mmol) and DMAP (37 mg, 0.3 mmol). After being stirred at rt overnight, the mixture was diluted with EtOAc (50 mL) and washed with 5% citric acid and sat. NaHC0 3 . The organic solution was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography to provide the title compound (400 mg, 39%). Part B:

Phenylmethyl (3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]

methyl}propanoyl)-3-({[4-(2^yridinyl)-2^yrimidinyl]amino} carbonyl)-1 - py razol i d i neca rboxy I ate

A solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran- 2-yloxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-({[4-(2-pyridinyl)-2-pyrim idinyl]amino}carbonyl)-1- pyrazolidinecarboxylate in AcOH/water (5 ml_, 4:1 ) was stirred at rt for 48 h. The solvents were removed under vacuum and the residue was purified by RP-HPLC to provide the title compound (32 mg, 9.1 %) as light-yellow gum.

Part C:

(3S)-2-((2 ?)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-{[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)- W-[4-(2- pyridinyl)-2-pyrimidinyl]-3-pyrazolidinecarboxamide

To a solution of phenylmethyl (3S)-2-((2/?)-3-cyclopentyl-2- {[formyl(hydroxy)amino]methyl}propanoyl)-3-({[4-(2-pyridinyl )-2- pyrimidinyl]amino}carbonyl)-1-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (32 mg, 0.053 mmol) in methanol (3 ml.) was added Pd(OH) 2 /C (7 mg). The mixture was degassed and then stirred under an H2 atmosphere for 2 h at rt. The catalyst was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by pre-HPLC to provide the title compound (14 mg, 56%). LCMS: (M+H) + : 468.2.

Example 129

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N-2- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(2- pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoate

1-Methyl-1 H-imidazole (0.24 mL, 3.0 mmol) was added into a solution of 1-{(2R)-2- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 , 1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (352 mg, 1.0 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (5.0 mL). The resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C, and then methanesulfonyl chloride (0.08 ml_, 1.05 mmol) was added dropwise at 0 °C. To the reaction mixture was then added 2-pyrimidinamine (105 mg, 1.1 mmol), and stirring continued for 30 min at room temperature. After this time, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure to provide a residue which was purified by Combiflash automated silica gel chromatography (80-100% EtOAc in Hex) to afford 1 ,1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(2-pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl ]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol- 1-yl}butanoate (270 mg, 0.63 mmol, 63% yield). MS: 430([M+H]+). Part B:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(2^yrimidinylamino)ca rbonyl]-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoic acid

To a solution of 1 , 1-dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(2- pyrimidinylamino)carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoate (0.21 g, 0.49 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (10.0 ml.) was added 4.0 M hydrochloric acid in 1 ,4-dioxane (6.1 1 ml_, 24.4 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The solvent was then removed by reduced pressure to afford the crude product (-100% yield), which was used directly in the next step. MS: 374([M+H]+).

Part C:

(5S)-1 -{(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2 - yloxy)amino]butanoyl}-N-2-pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(2-pyrimidinylamino)c arbonyl]- 4, 5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoic acid (183 mg, 0.49 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 mL) was added N-methylmorpholine (0.14 ml_, 1.27 mmol), 0-(tetrahydro- 2H-pyran-2-yl)hydroxylamine (69 mg, 0.59 mmol), EDC (1 12 mg, 0.59 mmol) and 3H- [1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-ol (67 mg, 0.49 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was then washed with water (5 mL) and NaHC0 3 solution (5 mL 3), and concentrated to provide the crude product as a mixture of diastereomers. This mixture was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19x50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-70% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4- [(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)amino]butanoyl}-N-2-pyrimidiny l-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide (80 mg, 34% yield). MS: 473 ([M+H]+). Part D:

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N-2- pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

A mixture of (5S)-1 -{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2 - yloxy)amino] butanoyl}-N-2-pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (80 mg, 0.17 mmol) in acetic acid (8 ml.) and water (2 ml.) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The solvent was then removed to provide a residue which was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19x50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-70% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4- (hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N-2-pyrimidinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide (24 mg, 35% yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 1 .15 (br. s., 2 H) 1 .37 - 1 .94 (m, 9 H) 2.41 (br. s., 1 H) 2.64 (br. s., 1 H) 3.24 (br. s., 2 H) 3.52 (br. s., 1 H) 3.83 (br. s., 1 H) 5.1 1 (br. s., 1 H) 6.99 - 7.07 (m, 2 H) 8.64 (d, J=4.80 Hz, 2 H) 9.21 (br. s., 1 H) 10.33 (s, 1 H).

Example 130

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2 xobutanoyl]-N-(6-ethyl- 2-pyridinyl)-4

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoate

To a solution of 1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4- oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (352 mg, 1.0 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) at 0 °C was added 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4- methylmorpholin-4-ium (656 mg, 2.0 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.28 mL, 2.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours. After this time, 6-ethyl-2- pyridinamine (159 mg, 1 .3 mmol) was added to the mixture, which was then allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 3 hours. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure, and water (5 mL) and DCM (15 mL) were added to the resulting residue. The phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted twice with DCM (15 mL), and the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The crude product residue was purified by Combiflash silica gel chromatography (0-100 % EtOAc in hex) to provide 1 , 1-dimethylethyl (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbon yl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoate (359 mg, 0.79 mmol, 79% yield) as a clear oil. MS: 457 «M+H]+).

Part B:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2^yridinyl)ami no]carbonyl}-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid

To a solution of 1 ,1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoate (359 mg, 0.79 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (10.0 mL) was added 4.0 M hydrochloric acid in 1 ,4-dioxane (9.8 mL, 39 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 5 hours. The solvent was then removed by reduced pressure to afford the crude product (3R)- 3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)amino]carb onyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid (314 mg, 100%), which was used directly in the next step. MS: 401 ([M+H]+).

Part C:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(6-ethyl-2-pyridiny l)-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)amino ]carbonyl}- 4, 5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid (314 mg, 0.79 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 mL) was added N-methylmorpholine (0.22 mL, 2.04 mmol), 0-(phenylmethyl)hydroxylamine hydrochloride (188 mg, 1.18 mmol), EDC (181 mg, 0.94 mmol) and 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-ol (107 mg, 0.79 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was then washed with water (5 mL) and NaHC0 3 solution (5 mL χ 3), and concentrated to provide the crude product as a mixture of diastereomers. This mixture was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19x50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1 -((2R)-2- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butano yl)-N-(6-ethyl-2- pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (157 mg, 39% yield). MS: 506 «M+H]+).

Part D:

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N-(6-ethyl- 2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

(5S)-1-((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)o xy]amino}butanoyl)-N- (6-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (157 mg, 0.31 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (8 ml_), and Pearlman's catalyst (43 mg, 0.06 mmol) was added to the solution. The mixture was stirred under 1 atm of H 2 for 4 hours. After 4 hours, the reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated and purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column19 x50 mm Flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4- oxobutanoyl]-N-(6-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (62 mg, 0.14 mmol, 45% yield) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ ppm 1.14 (m, J=5.81 Hz, 1 H) 1.29 (t, J=7.58 Hz, 3 H) 1.39 - 1 .68 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 1 .97 (m, 4 H) 2.27 (dd, J=14.53, 6.19 Hz, 1 H) 2.47 (dd, J=14.40, 9.09 Hz, 1 H) 2.76 (q, J=7.66 Hz, 2 H) 3.17 (m, J=5.68, 1.89 Hz, 1 H) 3.87 (tt, J=8.62, 6.03 Hz, 1 H) 5.00 (dd, J=1 1 .12, 5.05 Hz, 1 H) 7.04 (d, J=7.58 Hz, 1 H) 7.12 (s, 1 H) 7.72 (t, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 7.87 (d, J=8.59 Hz, 1 H). MS: 417 ([M+H]+).

Example 131

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N-(5- fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(5-fluoro-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoate

To a solution of 1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4- oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (352 mg, 1.0 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) at 0 °C was added 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4- methylmorpholin-4-ium (656 mg, 2.0 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.28 mL, 2.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours at 0 °C. After this time, 5-fluoro-2- pyridinamine (146 mg, 1 .3 mmol) was added to the mixture, which was then allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 3 hours. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure, and water (5 mL) and DCM (15 mL) were added to the remaining residue. The phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted twice with DCM (15 mL), and the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The remaining residue was purified by Combiflash silica gel chromatography (0-100 % EtOAc in hex) to give 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbo nyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoate (350 mg, 0.78 mmol, 78% yield) as a yellow oil. MS: 447 ([M+H]+). Part B:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amin o]carbonyl}-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid

To a solution of 1 ,1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(5-fluoro-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoate (323 mg, 0.72 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5.0 mL) was added 4.0 M hydrochloric acid in 1 ,4-dioxane (9.0 mL, 36 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. After this time, the solvent was removed by reduced pressure to afford the crude product, (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)amin o]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro- 1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid (283 mg, 100%), which was used directly in the next step. MS: 491 ([M+H]+).

Part C:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl) -4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(5-fluoro-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid (283 mg, 0.72 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 mL) was added N-methylmorpholine (0.20 mL, 1 .88 mmol), 0-(phenylmethyl)hydroxylamine hydrochloride (173 mg, 1 .08 mmol), EDC (167 mg, 0.87 mmol) and 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-ol (99 mg, 0.72 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was then washed with water (5 mL) and NaHC0 3 solution (5 mL 3), and concentrated to provide the crude product as a mixture of diastereomers. This mixture was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19x50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1 -((2R)-2- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butano yl)-N-(5-fluoro-2- pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (140 mg, 39% yield).

Part D:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(5-fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a stirring solution of (5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl) -4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole- 5-carboxamide (140 mg, 0.28 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (5 mL) under nitrogen at 0 °C was added 3-chlorobenzenecarboperoxoic acid (147 mg, 0.85 mmol) in one portion. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 10 min, then warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was quenched with sat. aq. NaHC0 3 and then extracted with DCM. The organics were dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated to provide the crude product which was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 χ 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1-((2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(5-fluoro-1-oxido-2 -pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide (90 mg, 0.18 mmol, 62% yield) as a white solid. MS: 512 «M]+).

Part E:

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N-(5- fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

(5S)-1-((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)o xy]amino}butanoyl)-N- (5-fluoro-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (90 mg, 0.18 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (8 mL), and Pearlman's catalyst (24 mg, 0.03 mmol) was added to the solution. The mixture was stirred under 1 atm of H 2 (balloon) for 1 hour. After 1 hour, the reaction mixture was filtered, concentrated, and purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 x 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4- oxobutanoyl]-N-(5-fluoro-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (38 mg, 0.09 mmol, 50% yield) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM- d) δ ppm 0.79 - 0.94 (m, 1 H) 1 .04 - 1.24 (m, 3 H) 1.41 - 1.68 (m, 7 H) 1 .72 - 2.32 (m, 18 H) 2.39 - 2.52 (m, 2 H) 2.58 - 2.74 (m, 2 H) 3.21 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 3.39 - 3.50 (m, 1 H) 3.69 - 3.81 (m, 1 H) 5.08 - 5.22 (m, 1 H) 7.03 - 7.07 (m, 1 H) 7.17 - 7.24 (m, 2 H) 8.23 - 8.29 (m, 1 H) 8.42 - 8.49 (m, 1 H) 10.92 - 1 1 .05 (m, 1 H). MS: 422 ([M+H]+).

Example 132

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N,N- dimethyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-{5-[(dimethylamino)carbonyl]- 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}-4-oxobutanoate

To a solution of 1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4- oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (353 mg, 1 .0 mmol), Hunig's base (0.35 ml, 2.0 mmol), EDC (231 mg, 1 .2 mmol) and aza-HOBt (136 mg, 1.0 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 ml) was added N-methylmethanamine (1 .0 ml, 2.0 mmol), which was in THF. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was then washed with water (5 ml_), NaHC0 3 solution (5 ml. 3), and concentrated to provide the crude product which was purified by Combiflash automated silica gel chromatography (0-50 % EtOAc in hex) to afford 1 , 1- dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-{5-[(dimethylamino)carbonyl]-4, 5-dihydro- 1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}-4-oxobutanoate (315 mg, 0.83 mmol, 83% yield) as a yellow solid. MS: 380 ([M+H]+). Part B:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-{5-[(dimethylamino)carbonyl]-4, 5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1 -yl}-4-oxobutanoic acid

To a solution of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-{5- [(dimethylamino)carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1-yl}-4-oxobutanoate (315 mg, 0.83 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5.0 mL) was added 4.0 M hydrochloric acid in 1 ,4-dioxane (10.4 mL, 42 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. The solvent was then removed by reduced pressure to afford the crude product, (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-{5-[(dimethylamino)carbonyl]-4, 5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl}-4-oxobutanoic acid (269 mg, 100% yield), which was used directly in the next step. MS: 324 ([M+H]+).

Part C:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N,N-dimethyl-4,5-dihy dro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide

To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-{5-[(dimethylamino)carbonyl]-4, 5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}-4-oxobutanoic acid (269 mg, 0.83 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 ml) was added 0-(phenylmethyl)hydroxylamine (133 mg, 1 .08 mmol), EDC (191 mg, 1 .0 mmol), 4-methylmorpholine (0.24 ml, 2.16 mmol), 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5- b]pyridin-3-ol (1 13 mg, 0.83 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was then washed with water (15 mL) and NaHC0 3 solution (15 mL χ 3), and concentrated to provide the crude product as a mixture of diastereomers. This mixture was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Columnn 19x50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1-((2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N,N-dimethyl-4,5-dihy dro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide (120 mg, 33% yield). MS: 429 ([M+H]+).

Part D:

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N,N- dimethyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (5S)-1-((2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N,N-dimethyl-4,5-dihy dro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide (120 mg, 0.28 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added Pearlman's catalyst (39 mg, 0.056 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred under 1 atm of H 2 for 1 hour. After 1 hour, the mixture was filtered, concentrated, and purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 χ 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1-[(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobut anoyl]-N,N- dimethyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (78 mg, 0.23 mmol, 82% yield) as a yellow solid. MS: 389 ([M+H]+). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 1.09 - 1.26 (m, 2 H) 1 .59 (br. s., 35 H) 1.78 - 1.97 (m, 5 H) 2.43 - 2.52 (m, 1 H) 2.62 - 2.73 (m, 1 H) 2.85 - 2.95 (m, 1 H) 3.01 (s, 3 H) 3.19 (s, 4 H) 3.58 - 3.67 (m, 1 H) 5.08 - 5.18 (m, 1 H) 6.88 - 6.97 (m, 1 H).

Example 133

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl pholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxobutanoate

To a solution of 1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4- oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (353 mg, 1 .0 mmol), Hunig's base (0.35 ml, 2.0 mmol), EDC (231 mg, 1 .2 mmol) and aza-HOBt (136 mg, 1.0 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 ml) was added morpholine (0.131 ml, 1.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After this time, the mixture was washed with water (5 ml.) and NaHC0 3 solution (5 ml. 3), and concentrated to provide the crude product which was purified by Combiflash automated silica gel chromatography (0-100 % EtOAc in hex) to afford 1 , 1- dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl]-4-oxobutanoate (244 mg, 0.58 mmol, 58% yield) as a white solid. MS: 422 ([M+H]+). Part B:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxobutanoic acid

To 1 , 1-dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxobutanoate (244 mg, 0.58 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5.0 mL) was added 4.0 M hydrochloric acid in 1 ,4-dioxane (7.25 mL, 29.0 mmol) at room temperature. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. The solvent was then removed by reduced pressure to afford the crude product (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5-dihydro -1 H-pyrazol-1-yl]-4- oxobutanoic acid (212 mg, 0.58 mmol, 100% yield), which was used directly in the next step. MS: 366 ([M+H]+).

Part C:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(5S)-5-(4-morpholinylcarbon yl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxo-N-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]butanamide

To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro- 1 H-pyrazol-1-yl]-4-oxobutanoic acid (212 mg, 0.58 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 ml) was added 0-(phenylmethyl)hydroxylamine (93 mg, 0.75 mmol), 4- methylmorpholine (0.17 ml, 1.5 mmol), 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-ol (79 mg, 0.58 mmol), and N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-N'-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (133 mg, 0.70 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was then washed with water (15 mL) and NaHC0 3 solution (15 mL 3), and concentrated to provide the crude product as a mixture of diastereomers. This mixture was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19x50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(5S)-5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl) -4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl]-4-oxo-N-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]butanamide (57 mg, 21 % yield). MS: 472 ([M+H]+).

Part D:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-N -hydroxy -4-[(5S)-5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxobutanamide

To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(5S)-5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl) -4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxo-N-[(phenylmethyl)oxy]butanamide (57 mg, 0.12 mmol) in methanol (5 mL) was added Pearlman's catalyst (17 mg, 0.024 mmol). The mixture then was stirred under 1 atm of H 2 for 1 hour. After 1 hour, the mixture was filtered, concentrated, and purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 x 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-N-hydroxy- 4-[(5S)-5-(4-morpholinylcarbonyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl]-4-oxobutanamide (19 mg, 0.047 mmol, 39 % yield) as a white solid. MS: 381 ([M+H]+). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ ppm 1.07 - 1.29 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1.48 (m, 1 H) 1.50 - 1.69 (m, 4 H) 1.72 - 2.03 (m, 5 H) 2.19 - 2.30 (m, 1 H) 2.36 - 2.53 (m, 1 H) 2.77 - 3.01 (m, 2 H) 3.46 - 3.98 (m, 10 H) 5.15 - 5.29 (m, 1 H) 7.03 - 7.07 (m, 1 H).

Example 134

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopen oxobutanoyl]-N-phenyl- 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5- [(phenylamino)carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoate

To a solution of 1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4- oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (352 mg, 1.0 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) at 0 °C was added 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4- methylmorpholin-4-ium (656 mg, 2.0 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.29 mL, 2.6 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 2 hours at 0 °C. Aniline (93 mg, 1.0 mmol) was added to the reaction, which was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 3 hours. The solvent was then removed under reduced pressure, and water (5 mL) and DCM (15 mL) were added to the residue. The phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted twice with DCM (15 mL), and the combined organics were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The resulting residue was purified by Combiflash silica gel chromatography (0-60% EtOAc in hex) to give 1 , 1 - dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl ]-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoate (386 mg, 0.90 mmol, 90% yield) as a yellow oil. MS: 428 ([M+H]). Part B:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl ]-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoic acid

To a solution of 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5- [(phenylamino)carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1-yl}butanoate (386 mg, 0.90 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5.0 ml.) was added 4.0 M hydrochloric acid in 1 ,4-dioxane (1 1 .3 ml_, 45.2 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. LCMS showed the reaction was complete. The solvent was removed by reduced pressure to afford (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl ]-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl}butanoic acid (336 mg, 100%), which was used directly in the next step.

Part C:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide

To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl ]-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoic acid (336 mg, 0.90 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 ml) was added 0-(phenylmethyl)hydroxylamine (167 mg, 1 .36 mmol), 4- methylmorpholine (0.26 ml, 2.35 mmol), 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-ol (123 mg, 0.90 mmol), and EDC (208 mg, 1.09 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction was left to warm to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction was washed with water (15 ml.) and NaHC03 solution (15 ml. χ 3), and then concentrated to give the crude product as a mixture of diastereomers, which was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 x 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN: H20) to afford (5S)-1 -((2R)- 2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}buta noyl)-N-phenyl-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (1 10 mg, 25% yield). MS: 477 ([M+H]). Part D:

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N-phenyl- 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

(5S)-1-((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)o xy]amino}butanoyl)-N- phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (1 10 mg, 0.23 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (8 ml_), and Pearlman's catalyst (37 mg, 0.05 mmol) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred under 1 atm of H 2 for 30 min. After 30 min, the mixture was filtered, concentrated, and purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 x 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1 -[(2R)-2- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-N-phenyl -4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide (60 mg, 0.15 mmol, 66 % yield) as a white solid. MS: 387 ([M+H]+). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ ppm 1 .13 (none, 2 H) 1 .37 - 1.68 (m, 5 H) 1.72 - 2.02 (m, 4 H) 2.20 - 2.33 (m, 1 H) 2.38 - 2.50 (m, 1 H) 3.05 - 3.21 (m, 1 H) 3.79 - 3.92 (m, 1 H) 7.08 - 7.15 (m, 2 H) 7.28 - 7.36 (m, 2 H) 7.54 - 7.59 (m, 1 H).

Example 135

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2- utanoyl]-N-(6-ethyl- 1 -oxido-2-pyri

Part A:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoate

To a solution of 1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4- oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (352 mg, 1.0 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) at 0 °C was added 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4- methylmorpholin-4-ium (656 mg, 2.0 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.29 mL, 2.6 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 2 hours at 0 °C, and then 6-(1 -methylethyl)-2- pyridinamine (177 mg, 1 .30 mmol) was added to the reaction. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 3 hours. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure, and then water (5 mL) and DCM (15 mL) were added. The phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted twice with DCM (15 mL), and the combined organics were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The resulting residue was purified by Combiflash silica gel chromatography (0-100 % EtOAc in hex) to give 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)amino]carbon yl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazol-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoate (368 mg, 0.81 mmol, 81 % yield) as a yellow oil. MS: 457 ([M+H]+). Part B:

(3R)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2^yridinyl)amino] carbonyl}-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid

To a solution of 1 ,1 -dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoate (368 mg, 0.81 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5.0 mL) was added 4.0 M hydrochloric acid in 1 ,4-dioxane (10.1 mL, 40 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. LCMS showed the reaction was complete. The solvent was then removed by reduced pressure to afford (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2- pyridinyl)amino]carbonyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid (323 mg, 100% yield), which was used directly in the next step. MS: 401 ([M+H]+).

Part C:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(6-ethyl-2-pyridiny l)-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(5-{[(6-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)amino ]carbonyl}- 4, 5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl)-4-oxobutanoic acid (323 mg, 0.81 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (10 ml) was added 0-(phenylmethyl)hydroxylamine (129 mg, 1.05 mmol), 4-methylmorpholine (0.23 ml, 2.1 mmol), 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin- 3-ol (1 10 mg, 0.81 mmol), and EDC (186 mg, 0.97 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction was left to warm to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction was then washed with water (15 mL) and NaHC03 solution (15 mL 3), then concentrated to provide the crude product as a mixture of diastereomers, which was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 χ 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN: H20) to afford (5S)-1-((2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(6-ethyl-2-pyridiny l)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole- 5-carboxamide (1 19 mg, 29% yield). MS: 506 ([M+H]+).

Part D:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(6-ethyl-1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a solution of (5S)-1-((2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(6-ethyl-2-pyridiny l)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-

5-carboxamide (1 19 mg, 0.24 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (5 mL) stirred under nitrogen at 0 °C was added 3-chlorobenzenecarboperoxoic acid (122 mg, 0.71 mmol) in one portion. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 10 min, then warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was then quenched with sat. aq. NaHC0 3 and extracted with DCM. The organic phase was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated to provide the crude product, which was purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4- {[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-(6-ethyl-1-oxido-2-pyr idinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H- pyrazole-5-carboxamide (61 mg, 0.12 mmol, 50% yield) as a white solid. MS: 522 ([M+H]+).

Part E:

(5S)-1 -[(2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -N-(6-ethyl- 1 -oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

(5S)-1-((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)o xy]amino}butanoyl)-N- (6-ethyl-1-oxido-2-pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (61 mg, 0.12 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (8 ml_), and Pearlman's catalyst (16 mg, 0.02 mmol) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred under 1 atm of H 2 for 30 min. After 30 min, the mixture was filtered, concentrated, and purified by Gilson HPLC (Sunfire Column 19 χ 50 mm, flowrate 25 mL/min, 10 min, 5-65% MeCN:H20) to afford (5S)- 1-[(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl ]-N-(6-ethyl-1 -oxido-2- pyridinyl)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (35 mg, 0.08 mmol, 68% yield) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ ppm 1 .01 - 1 .23 (m, 2 H) 1.34 (s, 3 H) 1 .43 - 1.65 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 1 .77 (m, 1 H) 1 .79 - 1.92 (m, 3 H) 2.21 - 2.37 (m, 1 H) 2.42 - 2.57 (m, 1 H) 2.87 - 3.04 (m, 2 H) 3.81 - 3.96 (m, 1 H) 5.1 1 - 5.20 (m, 1 H) 7.10 - 7.24 (m, 2 H) 7.45 - 7.56 (m, 1 H) 8.30 - 8.40 (m, 1 H). MS: 432 ([M+H]+).

Example 136

(5S)-1 -[(2 ?)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-A -2- pyridinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

Part A:

(5S)-4,5-Dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid, hydrochloride

To a 2000 ml round bottom flask was added (5S)-1-{[(1 , 1-dimethylethyl)oxy]carbonyl}- 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (34 g, 159 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) (600 ml_), followed by HCI (397 ml_, 1587 mmol) (4 M in dioxane). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 18 hours, and then ether (600 ml.) was added. After stirring for 5 min, the mixture was allowed to stand for 10 min and then the organic solvents were decanted. The solid was collected by filtration and dried under high vacuum to provide (5S)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid, hydrochloride (22.4 g, 149 mmol, 94% yield) as a pale yellow solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^): δ ppm 3.40 - 3.66 (m, 2 H) 4.75 - 4.84 (m, 1 H) 8.05 - 8.13 (m, 1 H).

Part B:

(5S)-1 -{(2 ?)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoyl}- 4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid

To a 1000 ml round bottom flask under N 2 was added (2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-

[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoic acid (Tetrahedron, 2001 , 57(36), 7675-7683)

(38.1 g, 149 mmol) in acetonitrile (650 ml.) at 0 °C, followed by N-methylmorpholine (82 ml_, 744 mmol) and 4-[4,6-bis(methyloxy)-1 ,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-4-methylmorpholin-4- ium (53.7 g, 164 mmol). The solution was stirred at the same temperature for 2 hours and then (5S)-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid, hydrochloride (22.4 g, 149 mmol) was added. The solution was allowed to warm up to room temperature and stirring continued overnight. LCMS showed that the reaction was complete. The acetonitrile was removed under reduced pressure, and the residue was taken up in DCM (500 ml.) and neutralized by the addition of 2 N HCI. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried over Na SO , filtered and concentrated. The residue was

2 4

purified by Combiflash automated silica gel chromatography (0-5% methanol containing 1 % formic acid/DCM) to provide (5S)-1-{(2R)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 , 1 - dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (27.7 g, 79 mmol, 53% yield) as a clear oil. LCMS: [M+H] + : 353.4. Part C:

1 ,1 -Dimethylethyl (3 ?)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{(5S)-5-[(2-pyridinylamino) carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoate

To a 1000 ml round bottom flask under N 2 was added (5S)-1-{(2R)-2-

(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-[(1 ,1 -dimethylethyl)oxy]-4-oxobutanoyl}-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/- pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (27.7 g, 79 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (700 mL) at

0°C, followed by 2-pyridinamine (14.79 g, 157 mmol), DIPEA (68.6 mL, 393 mmol), 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-ol (21.40 g, 157 mmol) and EDC (30.1 g, 157 mmol). The mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and stirring continued overnight. LCMS showed that the desired product was -56%. After another 24 h, LCMS indicated no starting material left. The organic solution was washed with water (300 mL), 10% citric acid (2 x 300 mL) and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, and concentrated to afford 1 , 1-dimethylethyl (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{(5S)-5- [(2-pyridinylamino)carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazol-1-yl}butanoate (29.1 g, 58.4 mmol, 74% yield) as a brown gummy solid. LCMS: [M+H] + : 429.2.

Part D:

(3 ?)-3-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{(5S)-5-[(2-pyridinylamino) carbonyl]-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoic acid

To a 500 ml round bottom flask was added 1 , 1-dimethylethyl (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{(5S)-5-[(2-pyridinylamino)carbo nyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/- pyrazol-1-yl}butanoate (29.1 g, 58.4 mmol) and 4 M HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane (240 mL, 960 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature and monitored by LCMS. After 90 min, no starting material remained. The mixture was concentrated to dryness and co-evaporated with dioxane (2 x 15 mL) to afford the crude (3R)-3- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{(5S)-5-[(2-pyridinylamino)carbo nyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 /-/- pyrazol-1-yl}butanoic acid, hydrochloride (34.0 g, 58.5 mmol, 100% yield) as a light brown foamy solid that was used directly for the next step. LCMS: [M+H] + : 373.2. Part E:

(5S)-1 -((2R)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-

{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butanoyl)-N-2^yridinyl-4,5-dihy dro-1 H-pyrazole-5- carboxamide

To a 1000 ml round bottom flask under N 2 was added (3R)-3-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4- oxo-4-{(5S)-5-[(2-pyridinylamino)carbonyl]-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazol-1 -yl}butanoic acid, hydrochloride (34 g, 58.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (DCM) (600 ml_), followed by O- benzylhydroxylamine, hydrochloride (13.98 g, 88 mmol), N-methylmorpholine (32.1 ml_, 292 mmol), 3H-[1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-ol (1 1.92 g, 88 mmol) and EDC (16.79 g, 88 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was then washed with water (300 ml.) and brine (300 ml_), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, and concentrated to a volume of -40 ml_. The mixture was loaded onto a 220 g redi-sep gold column and purified by Combi-Flash automated flash chromatography eluting with 0-80% ethyl acetate/hexanes. The pure fractions were collected and concentrated to dryness to afford 6.1 g white foamy solid. Fractions contaminated with the by-product diastereomer were combined and concentrated to -150 ml. and the white precipitates were collected by filtration to afford another batch of pure product (8.8 g). The filtrate was concentrated and purified again by CombiFlash to provide 3.2 g of the desired product. Total amount of purified product: (5S)-1-((2R)- 2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}buta noyl)-N-2-pyridinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (18.1 g, 37.9 mmol, 65% yield). LCMS: [M+H] + : 478.2. Part F:

(5S)-1 -[(2 ?)-2-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl]-A -2- pyridinyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide

To a 500 ml round bottom flask under N 2 was added (5S)-1 -((2R)-2- (cyclopentylmethyl)-4-oxo-4-{[(phenylmethyl)oxy]amino}butano yl)-N-2-pyridinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (15.2 g, 31 .8 mmol) in methanol (220 ml_), followed by Pearlman's catalyst (3.17 g, 4.5 mmol). The mixture was degassed and hydrogenated using a H 2 balloon. After 4 hours, LCMS indicated completion of the reaction. The mixture was kept under N 2 in a refrigerator overnight. The clear solution on the top was decanted and filtered through 4 Acrodisc CR 25mm Syringe Filters. The catalyst on the bottom was washed thoroughly with methanol (2x30 ml.) and filtered. The combined filtrates were concentrated to dryness to provide (5S)-1- [(2/?)-2-(cyclopentylmethyl)-4-(hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutanoyl] -/\/-2-pyridinyl-4,5- dihydro-1 /-/-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (1 1 .84 g, 30.6 mmol, 96% yield) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 1 .05 - 1.23 (m, 2 H) 1.37 - 1 .68 (m, 5 H) 1.70 - 2.00 (m, 4 H) 2.20 - 2.33 (m, 1 H) 2.44 (d, J=9.09 Hz, 1 H) 3.1 1 - 3.24 (m, 1 H) 3.29 - 3.37 (m, 1 H) 3.81 - 3.93 (m, 1 H) 4.96 - 5.08 (m, 1 H) 7.1 1 (s, 2 H) 7.73 - 7.83 (m, 1 H) 8.08 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H) 8.25 - 8.35 (m, 1 H) 8.30 (d, J=4.80 Hz, 1 H). LCMS: [M+H] + : 388.2.