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Title:
PERIPHERAL INTRAVENOUS CATHETERS HAVING FLOW DIVERTING FEATURES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/067176
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
PIVCs with extension sets can include one or more flow diverting features for maximizing the amount of flushing that occurs within the interior of the catheter adapter. These flow diverting features can therefore minimize the amount of residual blood, medicament, or other fluid that may exist within the catheter adapter after the PIVC has been flushed via the extension set. The flow diverting features may be in the form of structural modifications to the side port of the extension set, separate components that are contained within the side port or catheter adapter, integrated components within the side port or catheter adapter, other features or some combination of any of these features.

Inventors:
BIHLMAIER, Bryan (1379 Jordan Ave, Provo, Utah, 84604, US)
BURKHOLZ, Jonathan Karl (1971 S. Wasatch Dr, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84108, US)
WANG, Bin (233 E. Silver Willow Dr, Sandy, Utah, 84070, US)
Application Number:
US2018/049725
Publication Date:
April 04, 2019
Filing Date:
September 06, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY (1 Becton Drive, Mail Code 110Franklin Lakes, New Jersey, 07417-1880, US)
International Classes:
A61M25/00; A61M25/01; A61M25/06; A61M39/00; A61M39/10; A61M39/12; A61M39/16; F16L35/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2016036468A12016-03-10
WO2017074675A12017-05-04
WO1994015665A11994-07-21
WO2017075507A12017-05-04
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
METCALF, Craig (KIRTON MCCONKIE, 36 South State StreetSuite 190, Salt Lake City Utah, 84111, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An IV access device comprising:

a catheter adapter having a proximal end and a distal end and a sidewall forming a lumen that extends therebetween;

a catheter that extends from the distal end;

a side port that extends outwardly from the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the side port being in fluid communication with the lumen of the catheter adapter; and

a flow diverting feature configured to divert fluid flowing through the side port and into the lumen in a proximal direction.

2. The IV access device of claim 1, wherein the flow diverting feature comprises a protrusion from a sidewall of the side port.

3. The IV access device of claim 2, wherein the protrusion has a face that is oriented inwardly.

4. The IV access device of claim 3, wherein the face is curved.

5. The IV access device of claim 3, wherein the face has a spiraling contour.

6. The IV access device of claim 1, wherein the flow diverting feature comprises a diverter that is positioned centrally within an opening of the side port to thereby form a distal channel and a proximal channel around the diverter for fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen.

7. The IV access device of claim 6, wherein the diverter extends between opposing sides of the side port.

8. The IV access device of claim 1, wherein the flow diverting feature comprises a protrusion from a portion of the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the portion of the sidewall being positioned opposite the side port.

9. The IV access device of claim 8, wherein the protrusion includes a proximally directed face.

10. The IV access device of claim 1, wherein the flow diverting feature comprises an insert.

11. The IV access device of claim 10, wherein the insert is positioned at least partially within the lumen and includes openings forming channels through the insert, at least one of the channels directing fluid flowing from the side port in a proximal direction within the lumen.

12. The IV access device of claim 10, wherein the insert is positioned at least partially within the side port.

13. The IV access device of claim 10, wherein the insert is at least partially formed of a material that elutes an antimicrobial agent.

14. The IV access device of claim 10, wherein the insert is positioned distal to the side port, the insert having a proximal face that extends proximally overtop an opening of the side port.

15. The IV access device of claim 1, wherein a longitudinal axis of the side port is offset relative to a plane of a longitudinal axis of the catheter adapter such that fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen is directed at an angle that diverges from the plane.

16. The IV access device of claim 1, wherein a longitudinal axis of the side port is substantially parallel to but offset from a plane of a longitudinal axis of the catheter adapter.

17. A peripheral intravenous catheter comprising:

a catheter adapter having a proximal end and a distal end and a sidewall forming a lumen that extends therebetween;

a catheter that extends from the distal end;

a side port that extends outwardly from the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the side port being in fluid communication with the lumen of the catheter adapter; and a flow diverting feature configured to divert fluid flowing through the side port and into the lumen in a proximal direction.

18. The peripheral intravenous catheter of claim 17, wherein the flow diverting feature comprises one or more of:

a protrusion from a sidewall of the side port;

a diverter that is positioned centrally within an opening of the side port to thereby form a distal channel and a proximal channel around the diverter for fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen;

a protrusion from a portion of the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the portion of the sidewall being positioned opposite the side port; or

an insert that is positioned within the lumen or within the side port.

19. The peripheral intravenous catheter of claim 18, wherein:

a longitudinal axis of the side port is offset relative to a plane of a longitudinal axis of the catheter adapter such that fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen is directed at an angle that diverges from the plane; or

a longitudinal axis of the side port is substantially parallel to but offset from a plane of a longitudinal axis of the catheter adapter.

20. An IV access device comprising:

a catheter adapter having a proximal end and a distal end and a sidewall forming a lumen that extends therebetween;

a catheter that extends from the distal end;

a septum positioned within the lumen at the proximal end of the catheter adapter;

a side port that extends outwardly from the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the side port being in fluid communication with the lumen of the catheter adapter; and

one or more flow diverting features comprising one or more of:

a protrusion from a sidewall of the side port; a diverter that is positioned centrally within an opening of the side port to thereby form a distal channel and a proximal channel around the diverter for fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen;

a protrusion from a portion of the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the portion of the sidewall being positioned opposite the side port; or

an insert that is positioned within the lumen or within the side port.

Description:
PERIPHERAL INTRAVENOUS CATHETERS

HAVING FLOW DIVERTING FEATURES

BACKGROUND

[0001] A peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) is an intravenous device that is designed to be placed into a peripheral vein. A PIVC may oftentimes be configured as a "closed" or "integrated" IV device which refers to the fact that the device is configured to prevent blood from escaping the device during insertion of the catheter. Typically, such PIVCs are designed with an integrated extension set to accomplish this.

[0002] Figure 1 provides an example of a typical PIVC 100 that includes an integrated extension set. PrVC 100 includes a catheter adapter 101 having a distal end from which a catheter 102 extends and a proximal end within which a septum 103 is positioned. Although not shown, PIVC 100 would initially include an insertion needle that would extend from the proximal end of catheter adapter 101, through septum 103, and out through the distal end of catheter 102. Septum 103 functions to seal the interior of catheter adapter 101 after this insertion needle (or any other inserted device) is withdrawn. The extension set of PrVC 100 is formed by a side port 104 which is fluidly coupled to the interior of catheter adapter 101, an extension tube 105, and an adapter 106. Fluid injected into extension tube 105 via adapter 106 will flow into the interior of catheter adapter 101 via side port 104 and ultimately into the patient via catheter 102. In this way, a fluid, such as a medicament, can be administered to the patient without requiring direct access to the interior of catheter adapter 101.

[0003] While a PIVC is inserted into a patient's vein, it may be necessary to flush the

PIVC. For example, during the insertion of catheter 102, blood may flow proximally through catheter 102 and into the interior of catheter adapter 101. It is typically desirable to flush the blood from catheter adapter 101 to prevent the growth of bacteria or other pathogens. On the other hand, when a medicament is administered through the extension set, some of the medicament will likely remain within catheter adapter 101. Again, it is typically desirable to flush any residual medicament from catheter adapter 101 into the patient. This flushing is typically accomplished by injecting saline into catheter adapter 101 via the extension set.

[0004] With existing PrVCs, it is difficult to completely flush catheter adapter 101 by injecting saline through the extension set. For example, due to the angle of side port 104 relative to the longitudinal axis of catheter adapter 101, the saline will flow into catheter adapter 101 in a distal direction towards catheter 102. To accommodate septum 103, the interior of catheter adapter 101 may be elongated in a proximal direction relative to the opening of side port 104. Although there will be some diversion, the primary flow of the saline will be directly between the opening of side port 104 and catheter 102 as represented by the arrows in Figure 1A. As a result, it is likely that residual blood, medicament, or other fluid that is located in this "proximal elongated region" will not be adequately flushed from catheter adapter 101.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] The present invention is generally directed to PIVCs with extension sets where the

PIVCs include one or more flow diverting features for maximizing the amount of flushing that occurs within the interior of the catheter adapter. These flow diverting features can therefore minimize the amount of residual blood, medicament, or other fluid that may exist within the catheter adapter after the PIVC has been flushed via the extension set. The flow diverting features may be in the form of structural modifications to the side port of the extension set, separate components that are contained within the side port or catheter adapter, integrated components within the side port or catheter adapter, or other features.

[0006] In one embodiment, the present invention is implemented as an IV access device that includes: a catheter adapter having a proximal end and a distal end and a sidewall forming a lumen that extends therebetween; a catheter that extends from the distal end; a side port that extends outwardly from the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the side port being in fluid communication with the lumen of the catheter adapter; and a flow diverting feature configured to divert fluid flowing through the side port and into the lumen in a proximal direction. In some cases, the flow diverting feature may be in the form of at least one of a protrusion from a sidewall of the side port; a diverter that is positioned centrally within an opening of the side port to thereby form a distal channel and a proximal channel around the diverter for fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen; a protrusion from a portion of the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the portion of the sidewall being positioned opposite the side port; an insert; or a combination of such features.

[0007] In another embodiment, the present invention is implemented as a peripheral intravenous catheter that includes: a catheter adapter having a proximal end and a distal end and a sidewall forming a lumen that extends therebetween; a catheter that extends from the distal end; a side port that extends outwardly from the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the side port being in fluid communication with the lumen of the catheter adapter; and a flow diverting feature configured to divert fluid flowing through the side port and into the lumen in a proximal direction. In some cases, the flow diverting feature may comprise one or more of: a protrusion from a sidewall of the side port; a diverter that is positioned centrally within an opening of the side port to thereby form a distal channel and a proximal channel around the diverter for fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen; a protrusion from a portion of the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the portion of the sidewall being positioned opposite the side port; or an insert that is positioned within the lumen or within the side port.

[0008] In another embodiment, the present invention is implemented as an IV access device that includes: a catheter adapter having a proximal end and a distal end and a sidewall forming a lumen that extends therebetween; a catheter that extends from the distal end; a septum positioned within the lumen at the proximal end of the catheter adapter; a side port that extends outwardly from the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the side port being in fluid communication with the lumen of the catheter adapter; and one or more flow diverting features comprising one or more of: a protrusion from a sidewall of the side port; a diverter that is positioned centrally within an opening of the side port to thereby form a distal channel and a proximal channel around the diverter for fluid flowing from the side port and into the lumen; a protrusion from a portion of the sidewall of the catheter adapter, the portion of the sidewall being positioned opposite the side port; or an insert that is positioned within the lumen or within the side port.

[0009] These and other features and advantages of the present invention may be incorporated into certain embodiments of the invention and will become more fully apparent from the following description and appended claims, or may be learned by the practice of the invention as set forth hereinafter. The present invention does not require that all the advantageous features and all the advantages described herein be incorporated into every embodiment of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS

[0010] In order that the manner in which the above-recited and other features and advantages of the invention are obtained will be readily understood, a more particular description of the invention briefly described above will be rendered by reference to specific embodiments thereof that are illustrated in the appended drawings. These drawings depict only typical embodiments of the invention and are not therefore to be considered to limit the scope of the invention.

[0011] Figure 1 illustrates a prior art PIVC that includes an extension set;

[0012] Figure 1A illustrates how an area of reduced flushing may exist within prior art

PIVCs;

[0013] Figure 2 illustrates a PIVC that includes a flow diverting feature that is integrated into the side port of an extension set;

[0014] Figure 2A illustrates how the flow diverting feature of Figure 2 enhances the flushing of the catheter adapter;

[0015] Figure 2B illustrates a curved embodiment of the flow diverting feature of Figure

2;

[0016] Figure 2C illustrates how a flow diverting feature can be integrated into the center of the side port;

[0017] Figure 3A illustrates a PIVC that includes a side port that has a central axis that is offset relative to the central axis of the catheter adapter;

[0018] Figure 3B illustrates a PIVC that includes a side port that has a central axis parallel to but spaced apart from the central axis of the catheter adapter;

[0019] Figure 4 illustrates a PIVC that includes a flow diverting feature that is positioned on a sidewall of the catheter adapter opposite the side port of the extension set;

[0020] Figure 5A illustrates a PIVC that includes a flow diverting insert that is positioned within the catheter adapter;

[0021] Figure 5B illustrates a PIVC that includes a flow diverting insert that is positioned within the side port;

[0022] Figures 6A and 6B each illustrate a PIVC that includes a side port that is positioned proximate to a septum housed within a proximal end of the catheter adapter;

[0023] Figure 7 illustrates a PIVC that includes a flow diverting insert that is positioned within the catheter adapter distal to the side port; and

[0024] Figure 7A illustrates a detailed perspective view of the flow diverting insert shown in Figure 7. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0025] Figure 2 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a PIVC 200 that can be configured to include one or more flow diverting features in accordance with embodiments of the present invention. Similar to PIVC 100, PrVC 200 includes a catheter adapter 201, a catheter 202 that extends from a distal end of catheter adapter 201, a septum 203 that is positioned within a proximal end of catheter adapter 201, a side port 204 that extends from a sidewall of catheter adapter 201 and provides a fluid pathway into an interior of catheter adapter 201, and an extension tube 205 that is coupled to side port 204. Although the general structure of PIVC 200 is shown as being similar to the general structure of PIVC 100, this need not be the case. The flow diverting features of the present invention can be incorporated into many different configurations/designs of PrVCs with extension sets.

[0026] In Figure 2, PIVC 200 is configured with a flow diverting feature in the form of a protrusion 210 from the sidewall of side port 204. Protrusion 210 extends into the path of fluid that flows into catheter adapter 201 from the extension set. Two primary characteristics of protrusion 210 are provided in Figure 2: (1) an angle of the face 210a of protrusion 210 relative to the sidewall of side port 204; and (2) a height of protrusion 210. In the embodiment shown in Figure 2, the angle of face 210a is 85° which implies that face 210a will be nearly perpendicular to the primary direction of fluid flow into catheter adapter 201. The height of protrusion 201 as depicted is 0.016 inches (0.4064 mm). This height is measured as the distance between the tip of face 210a and the point where the axis of the sidewall of side port 204 intersects the sidewall of catheter adapter 201 (i.e., the point where the opening of side port 204 would have started if the side wall did not include protrusion 210). This height therefore defines how far protrusion 210 extends proximally into the opening of side port 204 along the axis of the sidewall of catheter adapter 201.

[0027] Variations in the angle and/or height of protrusion 210 can be made to accomplish different levels of flushing with different impacts on the pressure of the flushing fluid. For example, based on simulations, when protrusion 210 has the depicted angle and height, a 57% in flushing efficiency may be obtained relative to PIVC 100 with an increase in pressure of only 0.2 psi. Other variations that have proven to increase the flushing efficiency include a height of 0.012 inches (0.3048 mm) and an angle of 85°, a height of 0.020 inches (0.508 mm) and an angle of 85°, and a height of 0.016 inches (0.4064 mm) and an angle of 60°. These variations are provided as examples only and should not be construed as limiting the invention to any particular dimensions.

[0028] Figure 2A generally illustrates how protrusion 210 can increase the flushing efficiency of PIVC 200. As represented by the arrows, fluid flowing through side port 204 and into catheter adapter 201 will be diverted by protrusion 210 to create an eddy towards the proximal end of catheter adapter 201. This eddy will minimize the amount of blood, medicament, or other fluid that may remain at the proximal end of catheter adapter 201 after flushing. As mentioned above, this can be accomplished with a relatively trivial increase in the pressure of the flushing fluid (i.e., a trivial increase in force will be required to flush PIVC 200).

[0029] Protrusion 210 can be formed in any suitable way. For example, a mold that is used to produce catheter adapter 201 and side port 204 could be modified to form protrusion 210. Alternatively, protrusion 210 could be formed as a separate component that is coupled to side port 204 in any suitable manner. In cases where it is formed as a separate component, protrusion 210 can be formed of a material that is designed to apply antimicrobial benefits to the fluid contained within catheter adapter 201 as will be further described below.

[0030] Figure 2B illustrates an embodiment where protrusion 210 has a curved face 210a.

In some embodiments, configuring face 210a to be curved has resulted in a reduction in the pressure of the flushing fluid and has provided a slight increase in the flushing efficiency. A curved face 210a can be employed on any of the above-described variations of protrusion 210 as well as on any other reasonable variation. Although not shown, in some embodiments, face 210a can be curved in a spiraling manner. This spiraling can be accomplished by varying the height of protrusion 210 along the various cross-sections. This variation in the height will cause the fluid to be redirected at slightly different angles along the depth of protrusion 210 which in turn can impart a spiraling pattern to the resulting eddy.

[0031] Figure 2C illustrates an embodiment where a diverter 220, which has the same general cross-sectional shape as protrusion 210, is positioned centrally within the opening of side port 204. Although not visible in Figure 2C, diverter 220 could extend between the "upper" and "lower" sidewalls of side port 204 to thereby form fluid channels along the proximal and distal sides of side port 204. As with protrusion 210, diverter 220 has a height and includes a face 220a with an angle. Both the height and angle of diverter 220 can be similar to the variations described above for protrusion 210. Simulations have shown that diverter 220 can further improve the flushing efficiencies beyond those obtained with protrusion 210 albeit with an increase in the flushing pressure.

[0032] Figures 3A and 3B each illustrate an embodiment of a PIVC 300 that can have a similar overall structure as the previously described PIVCs. For example, PIVC 300 is shown as including a catheter adapter 301, a catheter 302, a septum (not shown), a side port 304, and an extension tube 305. Unlike the previous figures, Figures 3A and 3B are cross-sectional views taken perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of catheter adapter 301 and through side port 304.

[0033] In contrast to PIVC 200 where the longitudinal axis of side port 204 was assumed to be in the same plane as the longitudinal axis of catheter adapter 201, the longitudinal axis of side port 304 is either offset relative to the plane of the longitudinal axis of catheter adapter 301 (Figure 3A) or is parallel to but spaced apart from this plane (Figure 3B).

[0034] More particularly, in Figure 3A, although the opening of side port 304 is intersected by the plane of the central axis of catheter adapter 301, the central axis of side port 304 is angled downwardly (or upwardly depending on the orientation of the PrVC) relative to this plane (as represented by the less-than 180° angle between the two axes). As a result, fluid flowing into catheter adapter 301 via side port 304 will enter catheter adapter 301 at an angle that deviates from the central axis and will thereby cause the fluid to flow in a swirling or spiraling manner within catheter adapter 301 to increase the flushing efficiency.

[0035] A similar swirling or spiraling flow of the flushing fluid can be achieved by configuring side port 304 so that its central axis is substantially parallel with but spaced from the central axis of catheter adapter 301 (by some non-inconsequential distance x) as shown in Figure 3B. In this way, the opening of side port 304 will be offset towards a bottom (or top depending on the orientation of the PIVC) of catheter adapter 301.

[0036] In both embodiments of PIVC 300, the flow of flushing fluid as it exits side port

304 will be directed towards a portion of the sidewall of catheter adapter 301 that is below the central axis. The generally circular shape of catheter adapter 301 will then cause flow to be diverted upwardly in a curving and spiraling manner which will minimize the amount of residual blood, medicament, or other fluid after flushing. In some embodiments, a side port of a PIVC could be configured in accordance with both Figures 3 A and 3B (i.e., the side port could be angled relative to and offset from the central axis of catheter adapter 301). [0037] Figure 4 illustrates an embodiment of a PIVC 400 where a flow diverting feature is formed along a sidewall of the catheter adapter opposite the side port. As shown, PIVC 400 includes a catheter adapter 401, a catheter 402, a septum 403, a side port 404, and an extension tube 405 and therefore has a similar general structure as the previously described PIVCs. Additionally, PIVC 400 includes a flow diverting feature in the form of a protrusion 410 from the sidewall of catheter adapter 401. Protrusion 410 can be positioned opposite side port 404 so that fluid flowing out from side port 404 will be incident on protrusion 410. Protrusion 410 can include a proximally directed face 410a and a distally directed face 410b. Face 410a can cause fluid to be diverted in a proximal direction to thereby create an eddy towards the proximal end of catheter adapter 401.

[0038] Figures 5A and 5B each illustrate an embodiment of a PIVC 500 that includes a flow diverting feature in the form of an insert. PIVC 500 includes a catheter adapter 501, a catheter 502, a septum 503, a side port 504, and an extension tube 505. As can be seen, the structure of PIVC 500 itself can be the same as PIVC 100 or any other PIVC that includes an extension set.

[0039] In Figure 5A, PIVC 500 includes an insert 510a that is positioned within catheter adapter 501 overtop the opening of side port 504. Insert 510a can include a number of openings forming channels through the insert including at least one channel that diverts flow of the flushing fluid in a proximal direction. A suitable insert can be configured with many different shapes, sizes, and orientations of openings to accomplish this diversion.

[0040] In Figure 5B, PIVC 500 includes an insert 510b that is positioned inside side port

504 and may extend partially into catheter adapter 501. As with insert 510a, insert 510b can include a number of openings forming channels for diverting flow of the flushing fluid in a proximal direction. The diversion of flow in the proximal direction can create an eddy to enhance the flushing efficiency as described above.

[0041] Figures 6A and 6B each illustrate how the relative position of the side port along the longitudinal axis of the catheter adapter can be adjusted to further enhance flushing efficiency. Each of these figures depicts a PIVC 600 having a catheter adapter 601, a catheter 602, a septum 603, a side port 604 and an extension tube 605. In Figure 6 A, side port 604 is positioned in a more proximal location proximate septum 603. By positioning side port 604 immediate to septum 603, the area within catheter adapter 601 that is proximal to side port 604 is minimized. By minimizing this area, the eddy and/or proximal diversions provided by the previously described flow diverting features may be more effective. In Figure 6B, side port 604 is further shown as being oriented at a greater angle relative to catheter adapter 601. In this case, the angle is acute but nearly 90°. With this near 90° angle, the amount by which the flushing fluid will need to be diverted to enhance flushing efficiency is reduced. This is especially true when side port 604 is also positioned proximate to septum 603 as shown in Figure 6B.

[0042] Repositioning of side port 604 to be more proximate to septum 603 and/or adjusting of the angle of side port 604 to be closer to 90° can be performed in conjunction with any of the previously described flow diverting features to enhance their effectiveness. For example, PIVC 600 could also include protrusion 210 or protrusion 410 to cause an eddy to be formed in the proximal end of catheter adapter 601. Due to the limited area of this proximal end, the formation of the eddy during flushing can result in significant improvements in flushing efficiency than were possible in prior art PIVCs. The same would be true by including insert 510a or 510b in PIVC 600 or by further configuring side port 604 in accordance with Figures 3 A or 3B.

[0043] Figure 7 illustrates a PIVC 700 having a catheter adapter 701, a catheter 702, a septum 703, a side port 704 and an extension tube 705. PIVC 700 also includes a flow diverting feature in the form of an insert 710 that is positioned distal to side port 704. As shown, insert 701 can have a generally annular shape (see Figure 7 A) and can be configured to fit snuggly within the sidewalls of catheter adapter 701 (e.g., via a compression fit). Insert 710 can include a proximal face 710a that is oriented outwardly and that extends proximally overtop the opening of side port 704. Face 710a can therefore function in a similar manner as protrusion 210 to divert flow of the flushing fluid in a proximal direction.

[0044] In some embodiments, inserts 510 and 710 can be formed of a material that provides antimicrobial benefits within the catheter adapter. For example, inserts 510 or 710 could be formed of or coated with a material that elutes an antimicrobial agent such as chlorhexidine. In some embodiments, these inserts could be formed primarily of a hydroscopic material that will swell when wetted to prevent dislodgment.

[0045] Although the various flow diverting features have been primarily described as being implemented separately on a PIVC, a combination of two or more of the described features could be employed on a single PIVC. Also, the described flow diverting features can be employed on any type or configuration of a PIVC that includes an extension set (i.e., on any PIVC that has a side port that is used for flushing). Further, although the description has been limited to PrVCs, the flow diverting features can be employed on any other IV access device that includes a side port.

[0046] The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from its structures, methods, or other essential characteristics as broadly described herein and claimed hereinafter. The described embodiments are to be considered in all respects only as illustrative, and not restrictive. The scope of the invention is, therefore, indicated by the appended claims, rather than by the foregoing description. All changes that come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are to be embraced within their scope.