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Title:
PIPERAZINE WITH OR-SUBSTITUTED PHENYL GROUP AND THEIR USE AS GLYT1 INHIBITORS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2005/014563
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to compounds of formula (I) wherein the substituents are described in claim 1. The compounds may be used in the treatment of illnesses based on the glycine uptake inhibitor, such as psychoses, pain, neurodegenerative disfunction in memory and learning, schizophrenia, dementia and other diseases in which cognitive processes are impaired, such as attention deficit disorders or Alzheimer's disease.

Inventors:
Jolidon, Synese (Stutzhalde 2, Blauen, CH-4223, CH)
Narquizian, Robert (4 Rue de Montreux, St. Louis, St. Louis, F-68300, FR)
Nettekoven, Matthias Heinrich (Winkelmatten 9, Grenzach-Wyhlen, 79639, DE)
Norcross, Roger David (Alte Saline 20, Rheinfelden, CH-4310, CH)
Pinard, Emmanuel (7 rue de Pujo, Linsdorf, Linsdorf, F-68480, FR)
Stalder, Henri (St. Johanns-Ring 145, Basel, CH-4056, CH)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2004/008633
Publication Date:
February 17, 2005
Filing Date:
August 02, 2004
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
F. HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE AG (Grenzacherstrasse 124, Basel, CH-4070, CH)
Jolidon, Synese (Stutzhalde 2, Blauen, CH-4223, CH)
Narquizian, Robert (4 Rue de Montreux, St. Louis, St. Louis, F-68300, FR)
Nettekoven, Matthias Heinrich (Winkelmatten 9, Grenzach-Wyhlen, 79639, DE)
Norcross, Roger David (Alte Saline 20, Rheinfelden, CH-4310, CH)
Pinard, Emmanuel (7 rue de Pujo, Linsdorf, Linsdorf, F-68480, FR)
Stalder, Henri (St. Johanns-Ring 145, Basel, CH-4056, CH)
International Classes:
A61P25/28; C07D213/85; C07D239/42; C07D241/20; C07D251/42; C07D257/04; C07D263/32; C07D271/06; C07D295/192; C07D309/12; (IPC1-7): C07D295/192; A61K31/495; A61K31/497; A61P25/28; C07D213/74
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Poppe, Regina (Grenzacherstrasse 124, Basel, CH-4070, CH)
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Claims:
Claims
1. Compounds of general formula wherein Ar is unsubstituted or substituted aryl or 6membered heteroaryl, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, and wherein the aryl and the heteroaryl groups may be substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, NO2, CN, (C1C6)alkyl, (C1C6)alkyl substituted by halogen, (C1C6)alkyl substituted by hydroxy, (CH2)n(C1C6)alkoxy, (C1C6)alkoxy substituted by halogen, NR7R8, C (O) R9, SO2R10, C (CH3) =NOR', or by a 5 membered aromatic heterocycle, containing 14 heteroatoms, selected from N and O, which is optionally substituted by (ClC6)alkyl ; R'is hydrogen or (ClC6)alkyl ; R2 is hydrogen, (ClC6)alkyl, (C2C6)alkenyl, (ClC6)alkyl substituted by halogen, (ClC6)alkyl substituted by hydroxy, (CH2) n(C3C7)cycloalkyl optionally substituted by (ClC6)alkoxy or by halogen, or is CH (CH3) (C3C7)cycloalkyl, (CH2) n+1C (O)R9, (CH2) n+1CN, bicyclo [.
2. 1] heptyl, (CH2) n+iO (ClC6)alkyl, (CH2)nheterocycloalkyl, (CH2)naryl or (CH2)n5 or 6membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three heteroatoms, selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulphur or nitrogen wherein aryl, heterocycloalkyl and heteroaryl are unsubstituted or substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, (ClC6)alkyl or (ClC6)alkoxy ; R3, R4 and R6 independently from each other are hydrogen, hydroxy, halogen, (C1C6)alkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy or 0 (C3C6)cycloalkyl ; R5 is NO2, CN, C (O) R9 or SO2R10 ; R7 and R8 independently from each other are hydrogen or (ClC6)alkyl ; R9 is hydrogen, (ClC6)alkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy or NR7R8 ; Rl° is (ClC6)alkyl optionally subtituted by halogen, (CH2) n (C3C6)cycloalkyl, (CH2) n(C3C6)alkoxy, (CH2)nheterocycloalkyl or NR7R8 ; n is 0, 1, or 2 ; and to pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts thereof, with the proviso that 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 (3chlorophenyl)piperazine, 1 [5(aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4(4fluorophenyl)piperazine, 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 [3 (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]piperazine, 4 (3amino4nitrophenyl)1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2 methylpiperazine, 1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyl4 (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyl1 (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 1(2chloro4nitrophenyl)4[4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine, 1 [4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]4(2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine, 1(4chloro2nitrophenyl)4[4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine and 4 [4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]1(2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine are excluded.
3. 2 Compounds of formula wherein Ar is substituted aryl or unsubstituted or substituted 6membered heteroaryl, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, and wherein the aryl and the heteroaryl groups are substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, NO2, CN, (ClC6)alkyl, (C1C6)alkyl substituted by halogen, (ClC6)alkoxy, (CiC6)alkoxy substituted by halogen, NR7R8, C (O) R9 or SO2R10 ; Rl is hydrogen or (ClC6)alkyl ; R2 is (ClC6)alkyl, (ClC6)alkyl substituted by halogen, (C3C6)cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, (C1C6)alkyl(C3C6)cycloalkyl, (C1C6)alkylheterocycloalkyl, (CiC6)alkylC (O)R9, (CiC6)alkylCN, (C2C6)alkylOR'3, (C2C6)alkyl NR7R8, aryl or 6membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, (ClC6)alkylaryl or (ClC6)alkyl5 or6membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three heteroatoms, selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulphur or nitrogen wherein aryl, heterocycloalkyl and heteroaryl are unsubstituted or substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, (C1C6)alkyl or (C1C6)alkoxy; R3, R4 and R6 independently from each other are hydrogen, hydroxy, halogen, CN, (C1C6)alkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy or NR7R8 ; R5 is NO2, CN, C (O) R9, SO2R10 or NRllRl2 ; R7 and R8 independently from each other are hydrogen or (ClC6)alkyl ; R9 is hydroxy, (C1C6)alkyl, (C3C6)cycloalkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy or NR7R8 ; R10 is (ClC6)alkyl, (C3C6)cycloalkyl or NR7R8 ; R11 and R12 independently from each other are hydrogen, C (O)(CIC6)alkyl, SO2(ClC6)alkyl, or form together with the Natom a 5membered heteroaryl group, optionally substituted by halogen, (ClC6)alkyl, (ClC6)alkyl substituted by halogen or (C3C6)cycloalkyl ; R13 is hydroxy, (ClC6)alkyl or (C3C6)cycloalkyl ; and pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts thereof, with the proviso that 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 (3chlorophenyl)piperazine, 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 (4fluorophenyl)piperazine, 1 [5(aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 [3(trifluoromethyl) phenyl]piperazine, 4 (3amino4nitrophenyl)1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2 methylpiperazine, 1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyl4 (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyll (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 1(2chloro4nitrophenyl)4[4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine, 1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]4 (2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine, 1 (4chloro2nitrophenyl)4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine and 4 [4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]1(2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine are excluded.
4. Compounds of formula I according to claim 1, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (ClC6)alkyl and R5 is S (0) 2CH3 or S (0) 2CH2CH3.
5. Compounds of formula I according to claim 3, wherein the compounds are : 1{3fluoro4 [4 (2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]phenyl} ethanone, 3fluoro4 [4(2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 2Fluoro4 [4 (2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, 1 {3fluoro4 [4 (2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]phenyl} ethanone, 4 [4(2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 3fluoro4 [4(2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 2fluoro4 [4(2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, (2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone, [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl](2isobutoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazinlyl] (2isobutoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, [4(2fluoro4methanesulfonylphenyl)piperazin1yl](2isobutoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, [4 (2fluoro4methanesulfonylphenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, 2, 3difluoro4 [4(2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl] benzonitrile, 2, 3difluoro4 [4(2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl] benzonitrile, 2, 5difluoro4 [4(2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl] benzonitrile, 2, 6difluoro4 [4 (2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl] benzonitrile, 3, 5difluoro4 [4(2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl] benzonitrile, 4 [4(2tertbutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 3difluoro benzonitrile, 5chloro2 [4(2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 4 [4(2tertbutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 5difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4 (2tertbutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluorobenzonitrile, (2tertbutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, (2tertbutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (2, 5difluoro4methanesulfonylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, 1 (4 {4 [2 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylbenzoyl]piperazin1yl}3 fluorophenyl)ethanone, 4 {4 [2 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylbenzoyl]piperazin1yl} benzonitrile, 4{4[2(2,2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylbenzoyl]piperazin1yl}3fluoro benzonitrile, 4{4[2(2,2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylbenzoyl]piperazin1yl}2fluoro benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [2 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylphenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [2(2, 2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylphenyl] [4(2fluoro4trifluoromethyl<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [2 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylphenyl] [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethyl phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, [2 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)5methanesulfonylphenyl] [4(2fluoro4ethanesulfonyl <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> rac1{4 [4(2secbutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl}ethanone, rac4 [4 (2secbutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro benzonitrile, rac4 [4(2secbutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2fluoro benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> rac (2secbutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, rac (2secbutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, (2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4triffuoromethanesulfonylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, (2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethanesulfonylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, 2 [4(2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]5trifluoromethyl benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1 {2fluoro4 [4 (2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]phenyl} ethanone, [4 (3fluoro4methanesulfonylphenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isobutoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, 1{2fluoro4 [4(2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]phenyl} ethanone, 2 [4 (2isobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]5trifluoromethyl benzonitrile, (5ethanesulfonyl2isopropoxyphenyl) [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [4 (4difluoromethyl2fluorophenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, [4(3chloro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl](2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, <BR> <BR> <BR> 3fluoro4 [4(2isopropoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzaldehyde,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [4 (4ethanesulfonyl2fluorophenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isobutoxy5methanesulfonyl phenyl)methanone, <BR> <BR> <BR> rac (2secbutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4ethanesulfonyl2fluorophenyl)<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [4 (4cyclobutanesulfonyl2fluorophenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, [4 (4cyclopentanesulfonyl2fluorophenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, [4 (4cyclopropanesulfonyl2fluorophenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isobutoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone and [4 (4cyclopropanesulfonyl2, 5difluorophenyl)piperazin1yl] (2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone.
6. Compounds of formula I acoording to claim 1, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (CH2)n(C3C7)cycloalkyl and R5 is S (O) 2CH3.
7. Compounds of formula I according to claim 5, wherein the compounds are : <BR> <BR> <BR> 1 {4 [4(2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl}ethanone, 4 [4(2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4 (2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2fluoro benzonitrile, (2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethyl phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethyl phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, 1 {4 [4 (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro phenyl}ethanone, 4 [4(2cydopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2fluoro benzonitrile, (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin 1yl]methanone, Rac [2 (1cyclopropylethoxy)5methanesulfonylphenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethyl phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, 4 [4(2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 3difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 5difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2fluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4 (2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro benzonitrile, (2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1 {4 [4 (2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl}ethanone, 2 [4 (2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]5 trifluoromethylbenzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 3difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 5difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4 (2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3, 5difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4 (2cyclobutylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 6difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3, 5difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3, 5difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 6difluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4 (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2, 6difluoro benzonitrile, 5chloro2 [4 (2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl] benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclohexyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cydohexyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluoro benzonitrile, 4 [4(2cyclohexyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2fluoro benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> (2cyclohexyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin 1yl]methanone, (2cyclohexyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, <BR> <BR> <BR> (2cyclohexyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4(2fluoro4methanesulfonylphenyl)<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl]methanone, 1{4[4(2cyclobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluorophenyl} ethanone, 4 [4(2cyclobutoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]3fluorobenzonitrile, (2cyclobutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethanesulfonylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, 1{4[4(2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]2fluoro phenyl}ethanone, 2 [4(2cydopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]5trifluoromethyl benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> (2cyclopropylmethoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4ethanesulfonyl2fluoro<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4ethanesulfonyl2fluorophenyl)<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclohexyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4ethanesulfonyl2fluorophenyl) <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4cyclopropanesulfonyl2fluoro<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclohexyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (4cyclopropanesulfonyl2fluoro <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (2cyclobutoxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4(4cydopropanesulfonyl2fluoro phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone.
8. Compounds of formula I according to claim 1, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (C1C6)alkyl substituted by halogen and R5 is S (0) 2CH3.
9. Compounds of formula I according to claim 7, wherein the compounds are : 1(3fluoro4{4[5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 2trifluoroethoxy)benzoyl]piperazin1 yl}phenyl)ethanone, 3fluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoroethoxy)benzoyl]piperazin1yl} benzonitrile, [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2tri fluoroethoxy)phenyl]methanone, [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2tri fluoroethoxy)phenyl]methanone, [4(2fluoro4methanesulfonylphenyl)piperazin1yl][5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 2 trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methanone, 3fluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (3, 3, 3trifluoropropoxy)benzoyl]piperazin1yl} benzonitrile, [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (3, 3, 3 trifluoropropoxy)phenyl]methanone, [4(2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl][5methanesulfonyl2(3, 3, 3 trifluoropropoxy)phenyl]methanone, 1 (3fluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (3, 3, 3trifluoropropoxy)benzoyl]piperazin1 yl}phenyl)ethanone, 2, 5difluoro4 [4 (5methanesulfonyl2trifluoromethoxybenzoyl)piperazin1yl] benzonitrile, 2, 3difluoro4 {4 [2 (2fluoro1fluoromethylethoxy)5methanesulfonylbenzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, 2fluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3pentafluoropropoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3pentafluoropropoxy)phenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethyl phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, 2, 3difluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3pentafluoropropoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, 3, 5difluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3pentafluoropropoxy)benzoyl] <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl}benzonitrile,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 2 {4 [2 (2fluoro1fluoromethylethoxy)5methanesulfonylbenzoyl]piperazin1yl} 5trifluoromethylbenzonitrile, rac2, 3difluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, 2Fluoro4{4[5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 3, 3tetrafluoropropoxy)benzoyl]piperazin 1yl}benzonitrile, 3fluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 3, 3tetrafluoropropoxy)benzoyl]piperazin 1yl}benzonitrile, [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 3, 3tetrafluoropropoxy)phenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethyl phenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 3, 3 tetrafluoropropoxy)phenyl]methanone, 2, 3dinuoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 3, 3tetrafluoropropoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, 3, 5Difluoro4{4[5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 3, 3tetrafluoropropoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, [4 (3, 4dichlorophenyl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoroethoxy) phenyl]methanone, rac5chloro2 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, rac3, 5difluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, rac2, 5difluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, rac2, 6difluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, rac4{4[5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl]piperazin1 yl}benzonitrile, rac3fluoro4 {4 [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, rac2fluoro4{4[5methanesulfonyl2(2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzoyl] piperazin1yl}benzonitrile, rac5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl][4(4 trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, rac [4 (2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl]methanone, rac [4 (3fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl]methanone, [4(2fluoro4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl][5methanesulfonyl2((S or R) 2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl]methanone, [5methanesulfonyl2((S or R)2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl] [4 (4 trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone and [5methanesulfonyl2 ( (R or S)2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl] [4 (4 trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone.
10. Compounds of formula I according to claim 1, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (ClC6)alkyl, (ClC6)alkyl substituted by halogen, CH2) n(C3C7)cycloalkyl, bicycle [2. 2. 1] heptyl, (CH2) nO(ClC6)alkyl or CH2) nheterocycloalkyl and R5 is NO2.
11. Compounds of formula I according to claim 9, wherein the compounds are 1 (3fluoro4 {4 [2 (2methoxyethoxy)5nitrobenzoyl]piperazin1yl}phenyl) ethanone, (2isopropoxy5nitrophenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone, (2cyclopropylmethoxy5nitrophenyl) [4(4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone, (2cyclobutylmethoxy5nitrophenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone, (2butoxy5nitrophenyl) [4(4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, [2 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)5nitrophenyl] [4(4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1 yl]methanone, (2isobutoxy5nitrophenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone, (2cyclopentyloxy5nitrophenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone, (5nitro2propoxyphenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl]methanone, (2cyclobutoxy5nitrophenyl) [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1ylj methanone, Rac(2secbutoxy5nitrophenyl)[4(4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone, [5nitro2 (2, 2, 3, 3tetrafluoropropoxy)phenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, [5nitro2 (2, 2, 2trifluoroethoxy)phenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1 yl]methanone, [2 (bicyclo [2. 2. 1] hept2yloxy)5nitrophenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone, [2 (2chloroethoxy)5nitrophenyl] (4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1yl] methanone and [5nitro2 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3pentafluoropropoxy)phenyl] [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazin1yl]methanone.
12. Compounds of formula I according to claim 1, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (ClC6)alkyl, (ClC6)alkyl substituted by halogen or (CH2) n(C3C7)cycloalkyl and R5 is S (O) 2NHCH3.
13. Compounds of formula I according to claim 11, which compounds are 3 [4 (4Cyano3fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]Nmethyl4trifluoromethoxy benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano3fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4isobutoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano3fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclopentyloxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano3fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclobutoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano3fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclobutylmethoxyN methylbenzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyanophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4isobutoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyanophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclopentyloxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyanophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclobutylmethoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4isobutoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)N methylbenzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4isopropoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclopentyloxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclobutoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclopropylmethoxyN methylbenzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclobutylmethoxyN methylbenzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4acetyl2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4isobutoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4acetyl2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)N methylbenzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4acetyl2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclopentyloxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4acetyl2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclobutoxyNmethyl benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4acetyl2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4cyclopropylmethoxyN methylbenzenesulfonamide, 4isobutoxyNmethyl3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1carbonyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4 (2, 2dimethylpropoxy)Nmethyl3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1 carbonyl]benzenesulfonamide, 4isopropoxyNmethyl3 [4(4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1carbonyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4cyclopentyloxyNmethyl3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1carbonyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4cyclobutoxyNmethyl3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1carbonyl] benzenesulfonamide, 4cyclopropylmethoxyNmethyl3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1 carbonyl]benzenesulfonamide, 4cyclobutylmethoxyNmethyl3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1 carbonyl]benzenesulfonamide, Nmethyl3 [4(4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]4(3, 3, 3trifluoro propoxy)benzenesulfonamide, 3 [4 (4cyano2fluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]Nmethyl4 (2, 2, 2trifluoro ethoxy)benzenesulfonamide, Nmethyl4 (2, 2, 2trifluoroethoxy)3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine1 carbonyl]benzenesulfonamide, racNmethyl4 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)3 [4 (4trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazine1carbonyl]benzenesulfonamide, rac3 [4 (4cyano2, 5difluorophenyl)piperazine1carbonyl]Nmethyl4 (2, 2, 2 trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzenesulfonamide and rac3 [4 (4cyano2, 3difluorophenyl)piperazinelcarbonyl]Nmethyl4 (2, 2, 2 trifluoro1methylethoxy)benzenesulfonamide.
14. Compounds of formula I according to claim I, wherein Ar is a substituted 6membered heteroaryl group, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, Ruz ils (ClC6)alkyl or CH2) n (C3C7)cycloalkyl, and R5 is SO2CH3.
15. Compounds of formula I according to claim 13, which compounds are [4 (3chloro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] (2cyclopropylmethoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, 6 [4(2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylbenzoyl)piperazin1yl]nicotinonitrile, (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl) piperazin1yl]methanone, [4 (3chloro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] (2cydopentyloxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone, (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (6trifluoromethylpyridin3yl) <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin1yl]methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [4 (3fluoro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] (2isopropoxy5 methanesulfonylphenyl)methanone and (2cyclopentyloxy5methanesulfonylphenyl) [4 (3fluoro5trifluoromethylpyridin2 yl)piperazin1yl]methanone.
16. Compounds of formula I according to claim 1, wherein, wherein Ar is a substituted 6membered heteroaryl group, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, R2 is (ClC6)alkyl substituted by halogen and R5 is SO2CH3.
17. Compounds of formula I according to claim 15, which compounds are rac [4 (3chloro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl]methanone, rac [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl] [4 (5 trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl]methanone, rac [4 (5bromopyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1 methylethoxy)phenyl]methanone, rac [4 (3fluoro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl]methanone, rac [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl] [4 (6 trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl]methanone, [5methanesulfonyl2((S or R)2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl] [4 (5 trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl]methanone, [5methanesulfonyl2((R or S)2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl] [4 (5 trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl]methanone, [4 (3fluoro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 ( (S) 2, 2, 2trifluoro1methylethoxy)phenyl]methanone and [4 (3fluoro5trifluoromethylpyridin2yl)piperazin1yl] [5methanesulfonyl2 (2, 2, 2trifluoro1, ldimethylethoxy)phenyl]methanone.
18. A process for preparing a compound of formula I as defined in claim 1, which process comprises a) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula in the presence of an activating agent such as TBTU (2 (lHbenzotriazole1yl)1, 1, 3, 3 tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate) to a compound of formula wherein the substituents are as defined above, or with a compound of formula R2OH optionally in the presence of a catalyst, such as Cu (I) I and a base like potassium carbonate, cesium carbonate or sodium, to a compound of formula wherein X is halogen and the other substituents are as defined above, or c) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula R2x in the presence of a base and optionally in the presence of microwaves to a compound of formula wherein X is halogen, mesylate or triflate and the other substituents are as defined above, or d) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula R2OH under Mitsunobu conditions in the present of a phosphine to a compound of formula wherein the substituents are as defined above, or e) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula ArX to a compound of formula wherein X is halogen and the other substituents are as defined above, or f) reacting a compound of formula with a corresponding amine or alcohol in the presence of an activating agent to a compound of formula wherein R9 is (ClC6)alkyl, (C3C6)cycloalkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy or NRR ; and the other substituents are as defined above, or g) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula RONH2 to a compound of formula wherein R is H or alkyl and the other substituents are as defined above, or h) reacting a compound of formula with a reducing agent like sodium borohydride (when R is H) or an alkylating agent like alkyllithium (when R is alkyl) to a compound of formula wherein R is H or alkyl and the other substituents are as defined above, and if desired, converting the compounds obtained into pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts.
19. A compound according to claim 1, whenever prepared by a process as claimed in claim 17 or by an equivalent method.
20. A medicament containing one or more compounds as claimed in claim 1 or containing <BR> <BR> <BR> 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 (3chlorophenyl)piperazine,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 (4fluorophenyl)piperazine, 1 [5(aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 [3(trifluoromethyl) phenyl]piperazine, 4 (3amino4nitrophenyl)l [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2 methylpiperazine, 1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyl4 (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyl1 (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 1(2chloro4nitrophenyl)4 [4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine, 1 [4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]4(2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine, 1 (4chloro2nitrophenyl)4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine and 4 [4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]1(2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine. and pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.
21. A medicament according to claim 19 for the treatment of illnesses based on the glycine uptake inhibitor.
22. A medicament according to claim 20, wherein the illnesses are psychoses, pain, disfunction in memory and learning, schizophrenia, dementia and other diseases in which cognitive processes are impaired, such as attention deficit disorders or Alzheimer's disease.
23. The use of a compound as claimed in claim 1 or of 1 [5(aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 (3chlorophenyl)piperazine, 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 (4fluorophenyl)piperazine, 1 [5 (aminosulfonyl)2methoxybenzoyl]4 [3(trifluoromethyl) phenyl]piperazine, 4 (3amino4nitrophenyl)1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2 methylpiperazine, 1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyl4 (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]2methyl1 (4nitrophenyl) piperazine, 1 (2chloro4nitrophenyl)4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine, 1 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]4 (2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine, 1 (4chloro2nitrophenyl)4 [4 (dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl] piperazine and 4 [4(dimethylamino)2methoxy5nitrobenzoyl]1(2, 4dinitrophenyl)2methyl piperazine. for the manufacture of medicaments for the treatment of psychoses, pain, neurodegenerative disfunction in memory and learning, schizophrenia, dementia and other diseases in which cognitive processes are impaired, such as attention deficit disorders or Alzheimer's disease.
24. The invention as herein before described.
Description:
PIPERAZINE WITH OR-SUBSTITUTED PHENYL GROUP AND THEIR USE AS GLYT1 INHIBITORS The present invention relates to compounds of the general formula I

wherein Ar is unsubstituted or substituted aryl or 6-membered heteroaryl, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, and wherein the aryl and the heteroaryl groups may be substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, NO2, CN, (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (CI-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl substituted by hydroxy, (CH2) n-(C1-C6)-alkoxy, (C1-C6)-alkoxy substituted by halogen, NR7R8, C (O) R9, SO2R10, -C (CH3) =NOR7, or by a 5- membered aromatic heterocycle, containing 1-4 heteroatoms, selected from N and 0, which is optionally substituted by (Cl-C6)-alkyl ; Rl is hydrogen or (Cl-C6)-alkyl ; R2 is hydrogen, (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (C2-C6)-alkenyl, (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen, (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by hydroxy, (CH2) n-(C3-C7)-cycloalkyl optionally substituted by (Cl-C6)-alkoxy or by halogen, or is CH (CH2)-(C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, (CH2) n+1-C (O)-R9, (CH2) n+1-CN, bicyclo [2. 2. 1] heptyl, (CH2) n+l-O- (C1-C6)-alkyl, (CH2) n-heterocycloalkyl, (CH2) n-aryl or (CH2) n-5 or 6-membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three heteroatoms, selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulphur or nitrogen wherein aryl, heterocycloalkyl and heteroaryl are unsubstituted or substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl or (Cl-C6)-alkoxy ;

R3, R4 and R6 independently from each other are hydrogen, hydroxy, halogen, (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkoxy or O- (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl ; R5 is NO2, CN, C (O) R9 or SO2R10 ; R7 and R8 independently from each other are hydrogen or (Cl-C6)-alkyl ; R9 is hydrogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkoxy or NR7R8 ; R10 is (C1-C6)-alkyl optionally subtituted by halogen, (CH2) n-(C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (CH2) n- (C3-C6)-alkoxy, (CH2) n-heterocycloalkyl or NR7R8 ; n is 0, 1, or 2 ; and to pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts thereof, with the proviso that 1- [5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- (3-chlorophenyl)-piperazine, 1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- (4-fluorophenyl)-piperazine, 1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- [3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-piperazine, 4- (3-amino-4-nitrophenyl)-1- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-2- methyl-piperazine, 1- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-2-methyl-4- (4-nitrophenyl)- piperazine, 4- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-2-methyl-l- (4-nitrophenyl)- piperazine, 1- (2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl)-4- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]- piperazine, 1- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-4- (2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-2-methyl- piperazine, 1- (4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl)-4- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]- piperazine and 4- [4-(dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-1-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-2-methyl- piperazine are excluded.

The compounds 1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- (3-chlorophenyl)-piperazine,

1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- (4-fluorophenyl)-piperazine and 1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- [3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-piperazine are specifically described in EP 0171636, possessing inhibiting activity towards carbonic anhydrase which plays a determining role in many physiological and pathological processes.

The other excluded compounds are commercially available products.

The present invention relates to compounds of general formula I, to pharmaceutical composition containing them and their use in the treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. It has surprisingly been found that the compounds of general formula I are good inhibitors of the glycine transporter 1 (GlyT-1), and that they have a good selectivity to glycine transporter 2 (GlyT-2) inhibitors.

Schizophrenia is a progressive and devastating neurological disease characterized by episodic positive symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders and psychosis and persistent negative symptoms such as flattened affect, impaired attention and social withdrawal, and cognitive impairments (Lewis DA and Lieberman JA, Neuron, , 28 : 325-33, 2000). For decades research has focused on the"dopaminergic hyperactivity" hypothesis which has led to therapeutic interventions involving blockade of the dopaminergic system (Vandenberg RJ and Aubrey KR., Exp. Opin. Ther. Targets, 5 (4) : 507-518, 2001 ; Nakazato A and Okuyama S, et al., Exp. Opin. Ther. Patents, 10 (1) : 75-98, 2000). This pharmacological approach poorly address negative and cognitive symptoms which are the best redictors of functional outcome (Sharma T., Br. J.

Psychiatry, 174 (suppl. 28) : 44-51, 1999).

A complementary model of schizophrenia was proposed in the mid-1960'based upon the psychotomimetic action caused by the blockade of the glutamate system by compounds like phencyclidine (PCP) and related agents (ketamine) which are non- competitive NMDA receptor antagonists. Interestingly in healthy volunteers, PCP- induced psychotomimetic action incorporates positive and negative symptoms as well as cognitive dysfunction, thus closely resembling schizophrenia in patients (Javitt DC et al., Biol. Psychiatry, 45 : 668-679, 1999). Furthermore transgenic mice expressing reduced levels of the NMDAR1 subunit displays behavioral abnormalities similar to those observed in pharmacologically induced models of schizophrenia, supporting a model in which reduced NMDA receptor activity results in schizophrenia-like behavior (Mohn AR et al., Cell, 98 : 427-236, 1999).

Glutamate neurotransmission, in particular NMDA receptor activity, plays a critical role in synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, such as the NMDA receptors appears to serve as a graded switch for gating the threshold of synaptic plasticity and memory formation (Wiley, NY ; Bliss TV and Collingridge GL, Nature, 361 : 31-39, 1993).

Transgenic mice overexpressing the NMDA NR2B subunit exhibit enhanced synaptic plasticity and superior ability in learning and memory (Tang JP et al., Natur, 401-63-69, 1999).

Thus, if a glutamate deficit is implicate in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, enhancing glutamate transmission, in particular via NMDA receptor activation, would be predicted to produce both anti-psychotic and cognitive enhancing effects.

The amino acid glycine is known to have at least two important functions in the CNS. It acts as an inhibitory amino acid, binding to strychnine sensitive glycine receptors, and it also influences excitatory activity, acting as an essential co-agonist with glutamate for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function. While glutamate is released in an activity-dependent manner from synaptic terminals, glycine is apparently present at a more constant level and seems to modulate/control the receptor for its response to glutamate.

One of the most effective ways to control synaptic concentrations of neurotransmitter is to influence their re-uptake at the synapses. Neurotransmitter transporters by removing neurotransmitters from the extracellular space, can control their extracellular lifetime and thereby modulate the magnitude of the synaptic transmission (Gainetdinov RR et al, Trends in Pharm. Sci., 23 (8) : 367-373, 2002).

Glycine transporters, which form part of the sodium and chloride family of neurotransmitter transporters, play an important role in the termination of post-synaptic glycinergic actions and maintenance of low extracellular glycine concentration by re- uptake of glycine into presynaptic nerve terminals and surrounding fine glial processes.

Two distinct glycine transporter genes have been cloned (GlyT-1 and GlyT-2) from mammalian brain, which give rise to two transporters with-50 % amino acid sequence homology. GlyT-1 presents four isoforms arising from alternative splicing and alternative promoter usage (la, lb, lc and ld). Only two of these isoforms have been found in rodent brain (GlyT-la and GlyT-lb). GlyT-2 also presents some degree of heterogeneity.

Two GlyT-2 isoforms (2a and 2b) have been identified in rodent brains. GlyT-1 is known to be located in CNS and in peripheral tissues, whereas GlyT-2 is specific to the CNS.

GlyT-1 has a predominantly glial distribution and is found not only in areas corresponding to strychnine sensitive glycine receptors but also outside these areas, where it has been postulated to be involved in modulation of NMDA receptor function (Lopez-Corcuera B et al., Mol. Mem. Biol., 18 : 13-20, 2001). Thus, one strategy to enhance NMDA receptor activity is to elevate the glycine concentration in the local microenvironment of synaptic NMDA receptors by inhibition of GlyT-1 transporter (Bergereon R. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 95 : 15730-15734, 1998 ; Chen L. et al., J.

Neurophysiol., 89 (2) : 691-703, 2003).

Glycine transporters inhibitors are suitable for the treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. The majority of diseases states implicated are psychoses, schizophrenia (Armer RE and Miller DJ, Exp. Opin. Ther. Patents, 11 (4) : 563-572, 2001), psychotic mood disorders such as severe major depressive disorder, mood disorders associated with psychotic disorders such as acute mania or depression, associated with bipolar disorders and mood disorders, associated with schizophrenia, (Pralong ET et al., Prog. Neurobiol., 67 : 173-202, 2002), autistic disorders (Carlsson ML, J. Neural Trans,.

105 : 525-535, 1998), cognitive disorders such as dementias, including age related dementia and senile dementia of the Alzheimer type, memory disorders in a mammal, including a human, attention deficit disorders and pain (Armer RE and Miller DJ, Exp.

Opin. Ther. Patents, 11 (4) : 563-572, 2001).

Thus, increasing activation of NMDA receptors via GlyT-1 inhibition may lead to agents that treat psychosis, schizophrenia, dementia and other diseases in which cognitive processes are impaired, such as attention deficit disorders or Alzheimer's disease.

Objects of the present invention are the compounds of formula I per se, the use of compounds of formula I and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts for the manufacture of medicaments for the treatment of diseases related to activation of NMDA receptors via Glyt-1 inhibition, their manufacture, medicaments based on a compound in accordance with the invention and their production as well as the use of compounds of formula I in the control or prevention of illnesses such as psychoses, disfunction in memory and learning, schizophrenia, dementia and other diseases in which cognitive processes are impaired, such as attention deficit disorders or Alzheimer's disease.

The preferred indications using the compounds of the present invention are schizophrenia, cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease.

Furthermore, the invention includes all racemic mixtures, all their corresponding enantiomers and/or optical isomers.

As used herein, the term"alkyl"denotes a saturated straight-or branched-chain group containing from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, for example, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, i-butyl, 2-butyl, t-butyl and the like. Preferred alkyl groups are groups with 1-4 carbon atoms.

The term"halogen"denotes chlorine, iodine, fluorine and bromine.

The term"aryl"denotes a monovalent cyclic aromatic hydrocarbon radical consisting of one or more fused rings in which at least one ring is aromatic in nature, for example phenyl, benzyl, naphthyl, biphenyl or indanyl.

The term"6-membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms" denotes a monovalent aromatic carbocyclic radical, for example pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl or 1, 3, 5-triazinyl.

The term"heterocycloalkyl"denotes a non aromatic hydrocarbon radical, for example oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydropyranyl, azetidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl or thiomorpholinyl.

The term"5-membered aromatic heterocycle, containing 1-4 heteroatoms, selected from N and 0"denotes for example 1, 2, 4-oxadiazolyl, oxazolyl, 1, 3, 4-oxadiazolyl or tetrazolyl.

The term"5 or 6-membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three heteroatoms, selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulphur or nitrogen"denotes a monovalent aromatic carbocyclic radical, for example pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl, triazinyl, thiazolyl, thienyl, furyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl or isoxazolyl.

The term"alkyl, substituted by halogen"denotes for example the following groups : CF3, CHF2, CH2F, CH2CF3, CH2CHF2, CH2CH2F, CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2CH2CF3, CH2CH2C1, CH2CF2CF3, CH2CF2CHF2, CF2CHFCF3, C (CH3) 2CF3, CH (CH3) CF3 or CH (CH2F) CH2F.

The term"alkyl, substituted by hydroxy"denotes for example the following groups : CH (OH) CH3, CH2CH (OH) CH3, CH2CH (CH3) CH20H, (CH2) 20H, (CH2) 30H or CH2C [(CH3)] 2-CH20H.

The term"pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts"embraces salts with inorganic and organic acids, such as hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, acetic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, methane-sulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid and the like.

One embodiment of the invention are compounds of the general formula

wherein Ar is substituted aryl or unsubstituted or substituted 6-membered heteroaryl, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, and wherein the aryl and the heteroaryl groups are substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, NO2, CN, (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, (Cl-C6)-alkoxy substituted by halogen, NR7R8, C (O) R9 or SO2R10 ; R'is hydrogen or (Cl-C6)-alkyl ; R2 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl-(C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl-heterocycloalkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkyl-C (O)-R9, (Cl-C6)-alkyl-CN, (C2-C6)-alkyl-O-R13, (C2-C6)-alkyl- NR7R8, aryl or 6-membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, (Cl-C6)-alkyl-aryl or (Cl-C6)-alkyl-5 or-6-membered heteroaryl containing one, two or three heteroatoms, selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulphur or nitrogen wherein aryl, heterocycloalkyl and heteroaryl are unsubstituted or substituted by one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, halogen, (Cl-C6)-alkyl or (Cl-C6)-alkoxy ; R3, R4 and R6 independently from each other are hydrogen, hydroxy, halogen, CN, (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy or NR7R8 ; R5 is NO2, CN, C (O) R9, SO2R10 or NR11R12; R7 and R8 independently from each other are hydrogen or (Cl-C6)-alkyl ; R9 is hydroxy, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy or NR7R8 ; Rlo is (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl or NR7R8 ; R11 and R12 independently from each other are hydrogen, C (O)-(C1-C6)-alkyl, SO2-(C1-C6)-alkyl, or form together with the N-atom a 5-membered heteroaryl group, optionally substituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen or (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl ;

R13 is hydroxy, (C1-C6)-alkyl or (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl; and pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts thereof, with the proviso that 1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- (3-chlorophenyl)-piperazine, 1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- (4-fluorophenyl)-piperazine, 1- [5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)p henyl]-piperazine, <BR> <BR> <BR> 4- (3-amino-4-nitrophenyl)-1- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-2- methyl-piperazine, 1- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-2-methyl-4- (4-nitrophenyl)- piperazine, 4- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-2-methyl-1- (4-nitrophenyl)- piperazine, 1-(2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl)-4-[4-(dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5- nitrobenzoyl]- piperazine, 1- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-4- (2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-2-methyl- piperazine, 1- (4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl)-4- [4- (dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]- piperazine and 4- [4-(dimethylamino)-2-methoxy-5-nitrobenzoyl]-1-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-2-methyl- piperazine are excluded.

Another embodiment of the present invention are compounds of formula Ia wherein R is hydrogen or halogen ; R is hydrogen or halogen ; R"is CN, C (O)- (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (Ci-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen or S (0) 2-(C1-C6)- alkyl ;

R is hydrogen ; Rus ils S (0) 2-(C1-C6)-alkyl, S (0) 2NH2 or NO2 ; and R2 is (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl-(C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen,-(CH2) 20-(Cl-C6)-alkyl, benzyl or aryl, optionally substituted by halogen ; and pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts thereof, with the exception of 1- [5- (aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4- (3-chlorophenyl)-piperazine and 1- [5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-methoxybenzoyl]-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)p henyl]-piperazine.

A further embodiment of the invention are those compounds of formula la, wherein R is hydrogen or fluoro ; R is hydrogen or fluoro ; R is CN, C (O) CH3, CF3 or S (0) 2-CH3 ; R is hydrogen ; Rs is S (0) 2-CH3, S (0) 2NH2 or NO2 ; and R2 is (Cl-C6)-akl,-CH2-cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl,-CH2-CF3, or -(CH2)2-O-CH3, benzyl or phenyl substituted by fluoro ; for example the following compounds : 2-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ben zonitrile, [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, 1- {3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-phen yl}- ethanone, 4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-benz onitrile, 3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-benz onitrile, 2-fluoro-4- [4-(2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-b enzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone, [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone or [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone.

A furher embodiment of the present invention are compounds, wherein R5 is S (0) 2-CH3 and R2 is CH2-cyclopropyl, for example the following compound : 4- [4-(2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazi n-1-yl]-3-fluoro- benzonitrile.

Compounds of formula Ia are further those, wherein R5 is S (0) 2-CH3 and R2 is CH2CF3, for example the following compounds : [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-tri- fluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone or [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-tri- fluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone.

Compounds of formula Ia are further those, wherein R5 is S (0) 2-CH3 and R2 is cyclopentyl, for example the following compounds : 4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -3-fluoro- benzonitrile or 4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -2-fluoro- benzonitrile.

Preferred compounds of formula I of the present invention are those, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (CI-C6)-alkyl and R5 is S (0) 2CH3 or S (0) 2CH2CH3.

The following specific compounds relate to this group : <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1- {3-fluoro-4- [4-(2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- phenyl}- ethanone, 3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ben zonitrile, 2-Fluoro-4- [4-(2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- benzonitrile, [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-(2-is opropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, 1- {3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-phen yl}- ethanone, 4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-benz onitrile, 3-fluoro-4- [4-(2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-b enzonitrile, 2-fluoro-4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-benz onitrile, (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone,

[4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, [4-(2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-(2-is obutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, [4-(2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-(2-is opropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, 2, 3-difluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile, 2, 3-difluoro-4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile, 2, 5-difluoro-4- [4- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile, 2, 6-difluoro-4- [4-(2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile, 3, 5-difluoro-4- [4-(2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-tert-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -2, 3-difluoro- benzonitrile, 5-chloro-2- [4-(2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-tert-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -2, 5-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-tert-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -3-fluoro-benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-tert-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-tert-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4-(2, 5-difluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1-(4-{4- [2-(2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl]-piperazin-1-y l}-3- fluoro-phenyl)-ethanone, 4- {4- [2- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl]-piperazin-l-y l}- benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 4- {4- [2- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl]-piperazin-1-y l}-3-fluoro- benzonitrile, 4-{4-[2-(2,2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl]-pi perazin-1-yl}-2-fluoro- benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> [2- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-

piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [2- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [2- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [2-(2,2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl]-[4-(2-fl uoro-4-ethanesulfonyl- <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> rac-1- {4- [4- (2-sec-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-3-f luoro-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl}-ethanone, rac-4- [4-(2-sec-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- 3-fluoro- benzonitrile, rac-4- [4-(2-sec-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- 2-fluoro- benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> rac- (2-sec-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> rac- (2-sec-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenyl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, 2- [4-(2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- 5-trifluoromethyl- benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> 1-{2-fluoro-4- [4-(2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- phenyl}- ethanone, [4- (3-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, 1-{2-fluoro-4-[4-(2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-pip erazin-1-yl]-phenyl- ethanone, 2- [4-(2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5 -trifluoromethyl- benzonitrile, <BR> <BR> <BR> (5-ethanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy-phenyl)- [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [4- (4-difluoromethyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, [4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone,

3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ben zaldehyde, [4- (4-ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-methanone, <BR> <BR> rac- (2-sec-butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [4-(4-cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-( 2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, [4- (4-cyclopentanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, [4- (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone and [4- (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 5-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone.

A further preferred group of compounds of formula I are those, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (CH2) n- (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl and R is S (0) 2CH3, for example the following compounds 1-{4- [4- (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l -yl]-3-fluoro- phenyl}-ethanone, 4- [4-(2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazi n-1-yl]-benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1 -yl]-3-fluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazi n-1-yl]-2-fluoro- benzonitrile, (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, <BR> <BR> 1- {4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl] -3-fluoro-<BR> <BR> phenyl}-ethanone, 4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -3-fluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-2-fluoro- benzonitrile,

(2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone, Rac- [2- (1-cyclopropyl-ethoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, 4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -2, 3-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl] -2, 5-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin -1-yl]-2-fluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cydobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-y l]-3-fluoro- benzonitrile, (2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1- {4- [4- (2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-3-fluoro-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl}-ethanone, 2- [4-(2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin -1-yl]-5- trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-2, 3-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-2, 5-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin -1-yl]-3, 5-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin -1-yl]-2, 6-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazi n-1-yl]-3, 5-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-3, 5-difluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4- (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-2, 6-difluoro- benzonitrile,

4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-2, 6-difluoro- benzonitrile, 5-chloro-2- [4-(2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazi n-1-yl]- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclohexyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-y l]-benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclohexyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-y l]-3-fluoro- benzonitrile, 4- [4-(2-cyclohexyloxy-5methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl ]-2-fluoro- benzonitrile, (2-cyclohexyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone, <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-cyclohexyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclohexyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1- {4- [4- (2-cyclobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-3- fluoro-phenyl}- ethanone, 4- [4-(2-cyclobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -3-fluoro-benzonitrile, (2-cydobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenyl)- <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 1- {4- [4- (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1 -yl]-2-fluoro-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl}-ethanone, 2- [4-(2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-5-trifluoromethyl- benzonitrile, (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclohexyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-[4-(4-ethanesulfo nyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)- <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-cydopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-cyclohexyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,

(2-cyclobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Preferred are further compounds, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen and R5 is S (0) 2CH3. The following compounds relate to this group : 1- (3-fluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin-1- yl}-phenyl)-ethanone, 3-fluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- benzonitrile, [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-3-fluoro - 2, 2-tri- fluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, [4-(3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-[5-me thanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-tri- fluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, [4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- trifluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, 3-fluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- benzonitrile, [4-(3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-[5-me thanesulfonyl-2-(3, 3, 3- trifluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-[5-me thanesulfonyl-2-(3, 3, 3- trifluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, 1- (3-fluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin-1- yl}-phenyl)-ethanone, 2, 5-difluoro-4- [4- (5-methanesulfonyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-y l]- benzonitrile, 2, 3-difluoro-4-{4-[2-(2-fluoro-1-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-methan esulfonyl-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, 2-fluoro-4-{4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, 2, 3-difluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, 3, 5-difluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile,

2- {4- [2- (2-fluoro-1-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}- 5-trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile, rac-2, 3-difluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, 2-Fluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin- 1-yl}-benzonitrile, 3-fluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin- 1-yl}-benzonitrile, [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3- tetrafluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, 2, 3-difluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, 3, 5-Difluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-propoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, [4- (3, 4-dichloro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- phenyl]-methanone, rac-5-chloro-2- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, rac-3, 5-difluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, rac-2, 5-difluoro-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, rac-2, 6-difluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, rac-4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin-1- yl}-benzonitrile, rac-3-fluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, rac-2-fluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile, rac-5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, rac- [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl 5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, rac- [4-(3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-[5-me thanesulfonyl-2-

(2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, <BR> <BR> <BR> [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2-( (S or R)- 2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, [5-methanesulfonyl-2-((S or R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone and [5-methanesulfonyl-2-((R or S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone.

Preferred compounds of formula I of the present invention are further those, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen, CH2) n- (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, bicycle [2. 2. 1] heptyl, (CH2) n-O- (Ci-C6)-alkyl or CH2) n-heterocycloalkyl and R5 is NO2, for example the following compounds : 1-(3-fluoro-4-{4-[2-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)-5-nitro-benzoyl]-pipe razin-1-yl}-phenyl)- ethanone, (2-isopropoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone, (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]- methanone, (2-cyclobutylmethoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone, (2-butoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [2- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-5-nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-methanone, (2-isobutoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]- methanone, (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone, (5-nitro-2-propoxy-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone, (2-cyclobutoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone, Rac- (2-sec-butoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- methanone, [5-nitro-2- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [5-nitro-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-methanone,

[2- (bicyclo [2. 2. 1] hept-2-yloxy)-5-nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [2- (2-chloro-ethoxy)-5-nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]- methanone and [5-nitro-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone.

Preferred are further compounds, wherein Ar is substituted phenyl, R2 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen or (CH2) n-(C3-C7)-cycloalkyl and R5 is S (0) 2NHCH3.

3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- trifluoromethoxy- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-isobutoxy -N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]-4-cyclopent yloxy-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclobuto xy-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclobuty lmethoxy-N- methyl-benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]-4-isobutoxy-N-methyl - benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclopentyloxy-N-m ethyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclobutylmethoxy- N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]-4-isobutoxy -N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4-(4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-N- methyl-benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]-4-isopropox y-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]-4-cyclopent yloxy-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]-4-cyclobuto xy-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide,

3- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cycloprop ylmethoxy-N- methyl-benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclobuty lmethoxy-N- methyl-benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-acetyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-isobutox y-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-acetyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4- (2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-N- methyl-benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-acetyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclopen tyloxy-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-acetyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclobut oxy-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-acetyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-cyclopro pylmethoxy-N- methyl-benzenesulfonamide, 4-isobutoxy-N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]- benzenesulfonamide, <BR> <BR> <BR> 4-(2, 2-dimethyl-propoxy)-N-methyl-3- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1- carbonyl]-benzenesulfonamide, 4-isopropoxy-N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]- benzenesulfonamide, 4-cyclopentyloxy-N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]- benzenesulfonamide, 4-cyclobutoxy-N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]- benzenesulfonamide, 4-cyclopropylmethoxy-N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1- carbonyl]-benzenesulfonamide, 4-cyclobutylmethoxy-N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1- carbonyl]-benzenesulfonamide, N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- propoxy)-benzenesulfonamide, 3- [4- (4-cyano-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- ethoxy)-benzenesulfonamide, N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1- carbonyl]-benzenesulfonamide, rac-N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazine-1-carbonyl]-benzenesulfonamide, rac-3- [4-(4-cyano-2, 5-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-N-methyl-4-(2, 2, 2-

trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzenesulfonamide and rac-3- [4- (4-cyano-2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2- trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzenesulfonamide.

A further preferred group of compounds of formula I are those, wherein Ar is a substituted 6-membered heteroaryl group, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, R2 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl or CH2) n- (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, and R5 is SO2CH3, for example : <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, 6- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl] -nicotinonitrile, (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone, <BR> <BR> <BR> (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> [4- (3-fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone and (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone.

Further preferred are compounds of formula I, wherein Ar is a substituted 6- membered heteroaryl group, containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms, R2 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl substituted by halogen and R5 is S02CH3, for example the following compounds : rac- [4- (3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, rac- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, rac- [4- (5-bromo-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, rac- [4- (3-fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-l-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone, rac- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-[4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [5-methanesulfonyl-2-((S or R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone,

[5-methanesulfonyl-2-((R or S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone, [4- (3-fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)- 2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone and [4- (3-fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone.

The present compounds of formula I and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts can be prepared by methods known in the art, for example, by processes described below, which process comprises a) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula in the presence of an activating agent such as TBTU (2- (lH-benzotriazole-1-yl)-1, 1, 3, 3- tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate) to a compound of formula wherein the substituents are as defined above, or b) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula R2OH optionally in the presence of a catalyst, such as Cu (I) I and a base like potassium carbonate, cesium carbonate or sodium, to a compound of formula

wherein X is halogen and the other substituents are as defined above, or c) reacting a compound of formula

with a compound of formula R2x in the presence of a base and optionally in the presence of microwaves to a compound of formula wherein X is halogen, mesylate or inflate and the other substituents are as defined above, or

d) reacting a compound of formula with a compound of formula R20H under Mitsunobu conditions in the present of a phosphine to a compound of formula wherein the substituents are as defined above, or e) reacting a compound of formula

with a compound of formula ArX to a compound of formula wherein X is halogen and the other substituents are as defined above, or f) reacting a compound of formula

with a corresponding amine or alcohol in the presence of an activating agent to a compound of formula

wherein R9 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkoxy or NR'R8 ; and the other substituents are as defined above, or g) reacting a compound of formula

with a compound of formula RONH2 to a compound of formula wherein R is H or alkyl and the other substituents are as defined above, or h) reacting a compound of formula

with a reducing agent like sodium borohydride (when R is H) or an alkylating agent like alkyllithium (when R is alkyl) to a compound of formula

wherein R is H or alkyl and the other substituents are as defined above, and if desired, converting the compounds obtained into pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts.

The compounds of formula I may be prepared in accordance with process variant a) to h) and with the following schemes 1 to 8. The starting material is commercially available or may be prepared in accordance with known methods.

Scheme 1 0 0'R 2 ArX + r N'Y 1. coupling rNH TBTU I R3 ArX I HN 2 optionai Ar'N9JR1 R2 Ar'AJ, R f R4 1 R R HO I w R3 R I X : halogen Y : H or protective group (i. e. boc) R ; R Ru ici R2 DH /copper catalyst 0 X Ho-\. rY HO R IV RS IV

Compounds of general formula I can be prepared by reacting piperazine derivatives of formula II with a corresponding acid of formula III in the presence of an activating agent like TBTU (2- (1 H-benzotriazole-1-yl)-1, 1, 3, 3-tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate).

The acid of formula III can be prepared by reaction of an acid of formula IV with an alcohol of formula R20H, optionally in the presence of a copper salt like Cu (I) Br.

Piperazine derivatives of formula II can be prepared by heating of the corresponding piperazine with ArX or by reacting of a N-protected piperazine with ArX in the presence of palladium catalyst followed by cleavage of the protective group. The protective group is typically tert-butoxycarbonyl (Boc).

Scheme 2 o x HO Ar 4 IV 0 x R20H r NH R R3 Copper catalyst N-rN 11 IN II Ar R R TBTU R X : Halogen R2 O O' N \ Rs A oNJ R6<R4 R1 R 5 1 Aternatively, compounds of general formula I can be prepared by reaction of an acyl- piperazine of formula V and an alcohol of formula R20H, optionally in the presence of a copper salt like Cu (I) I. Acylpiperazine derivatives of formula V can be prepared by reaction of an acid of formula IV with piperazine derivatives of formula II in the presence of an activating agent like TBTU (2- (1 H-benzotriazole-1-yl)-1, 1, 3, 3- tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate).

Scheme 3 O OH O O O ovR _ 1J N N s I/a Ar 1 R R Ar R R R Rs R Vu Compounds of general formula I can be prepared by reacting a compound of formula VI with an electrophile of formula R2X in the presence of base like potassium carbonate and optionally in the presence of microwaves, wherein X is an halogen, mesylate or triflate.

Scheme 4 if 0 0 N \ Rs o oy Ar'N 1'R6 I R4. H 'O O R I (R : benzyl) CN) +R3 ? t N R4 R Vu O OH N, HO R3"TBTU R2 OH Ar'N + R6 Ra Mitsunobu o o, R O O, Rz N \ Rs r'N R R R' R Compounds of general formula I can be prepared by reacting phenol of formula VI with an alcohol of formula R2OH under Mitsunobu condition, in the presence of a phosphine like triphenylphosphine or diphenyl-2-pyridylphosphine, and a dialkylazadicarboxylate like diethylazadicarboxylate or di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate.

The compound of formula VI can be prepared by deprotection (for example using hydrogen) of a phenol protected as a benzyl ether (I with R2 : benzyl).

Alternatively a compound of formula VI can be prepared by reacting piperazine derivatives of formula II with an acid of formula VII in the presence of an activating agent like TBTU (2- (lH-benzotriazole-1-yl)-1, 1, 3, 3- tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate).

Scheme 5

Compounds of general formula I can be prepared by reacting a piperazine of formula VIII with ArX.

Scheme 6 wherein R9 is (CI-C6)-alkoxy or NR7R8 ; Compounds of general formula Ib wherein R9 is as defined above can be prepared by reacting an acid of formula la with a corresponding amine or alcohol in the presence of an activating agent like carbonyldimidazole.

Scheme 7 Compounds of general formula Id can be prepared in accordance with scheme 7 by reacting a compound of formula Ic bearing a carbonyl group, with a compound of formula RONH2, wherein R is H or alkyl and R9 is (C-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (Cl-C6)-alkoxy or NR7R8.

Scheme 8

Compounds of general formula Ie wherein R is H or alkyl and R9 is (Cl-C6)-alkyl or (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl can be prepared by reacting a compound of formula Ic bearing a carbonyl group, with a reducing agent like sodium borohydride (when R is H) or an alkylating agent like alkyllithium (when R is alkyl).

Racemic mixtures of chiral compounds of formula I can be separated using chiral HPLC.

The acid addition salts of the basic compounds of formula I may be converted to the corresponding free bases by treatment with at least a stoichiometric equivalent of a suitable base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, ammonia, and the like.

The following 660 examples illustrate the present invention without limiting it. All temperatures are given in degree Celsius.

The following abbreviations were used in the examples : RT : room temperature ; n-Boc-piperazine : tert-Butyl 1-piperazinecarboxylate, oxone@ : (potassium peroxymonosulfate) 2KHS05KHS04K2S04, EtOAc : ethyl acetate ; THF : tetrahydrofuran ; TBTU : 2- (1 H-benzotriazole-1-yl)-1, 1, 3, 3-tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate ; DIPEA : diisopropylethylamine, DMF : N, N-dimetyhylformamide Example 1. 1 Preparation of 1- (2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine (a) 4-(2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxyli c acid ter-butyl ester

A mixture of 20 mmol 1-bromo-2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-benzene, 24. 7 mmol n-Boc- piperazine, 0. 1 mmol Tris (dibenzylideneacetone) dipalladium chloroform complex, 28. 8 mmol sodium-t-butoxide and 0. 4 mmol 2- (dicyclohexylphosphino) biphenyl in 50 ml toluene was heated for 16 h at 80 °C. After cooling to RT the mixture was treated with 15 g Isolute HM-N and all volatiles were removed under vacuum. The residue was purified on silica eluting with a gradient of heptane/EtOAc to yield after evaporation the title compound.

(b) 1-(2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine A mixture of 9 mmol 4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 20 ml dioxane was treated with 8. 93 ml 4N HCl in dioxane for 2 h at 80°C. The mixture was concentrated and treated with 20 ml water, 20 ml 2M Na2CO3 and extracted with 50 ml EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with 30 ml saturated NaCl. All aqueous phases were combined and extracted with 50 ml EtOAc. The combined organic phases were dried with MgS04 and evaporated to yield the title compound 1. 1.

1-H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) 8= 7. 50 (d, J = 13. 3 Hz, 1H, H-3), 7. 45 (d, J = 8. 8 Hz, 1H, H-5), 7. 16 (dd, J1 = 8. 8 Hz, J2 = 8. 8 Hz, 1H, H-6), 3. 5-3. 2 (s, br, 1H, NH), 3. 04 (m, 4H, piperazine), 2. 87 (m, 4H, piperazine).

MS (m/e) : 249. 2 (MH+, 100%) Example 1. 2 Preparation of 2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (a) 2-Chloro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid To 99 mmol 2-chloro-5- (methylthio) benzoic acid in 400 ml methanol at 0 °C 296 mmol oxone was added and the mixture was allowed to stir at RT for 3. 5 h. The precipitate was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted 3 x with 400 ml ethyl acetate and the combined organic phases washed 2 x with 300 ml 1N HCl and with 300 ml saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried with MgS04.

Evaporation under reduced pressure yielded the title compound.

(b) 2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid A mixture of 2. 13 mmol 2-chloro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid, 0. 64 mmol Cu (I) Br in 5 ml NEt3 and 25 ml isopropanol was heated to 120 °C for 16 h in a sealed tube. The

volatiles were removed under vacuum and the residue was taken up in 70 ml 1N HCI.

Extraction with ethyl acetate drying of the combined organic fractions and evaporation yielded a residue which was purified by reversed phase preparative HPLC eluting with an acetonitrile/water gradient. Evaporation of the product fractions yielded the title compound 1. 2.

MS (m/e) : 257. 0 (MH-, 100%) In analogy to Example 1. 2 (b) compounds 1. 3 to 1. 7 of the following table were prepared from 2-chloro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid and the appropriate alcohol : Compound name Alcohol MS (m/e) 1. 3 2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-isobutanol 271. 1 (MH-, benzoic acid 100 %) 1. 4 2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methane-cyclopropyl-methanol 269. 1 (MH-, sulfonyl-benzoic acid 100 %) 1. 5 5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-tri-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethanol 297. 0 (MH-, fluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 100 %) 1. 6 2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methane-cyclopentanol 282. 9 (MH-, sulfonyl-benzoic acid 100 %) 1. 7 2- (4-fluoro-phenoxy)-5-methane- 4-fluoro-phenol 309. 1 (MH-, sulfonyl-benzoic acid 100 %) (in THF)

Example 1. 8 Preparation of 1- {3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-fluoro-5-nitro-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- phenyl}-ethanone A solution of 0. 261 mmol 2-fluoro-5-nitro-benzoyl chloride [CAS : 7304-32-7 ; Feng and Burgess, Chem. Europ. J. EN, 5 : 3261-3272 (1999)] in 1 ml dioxane was treated with 0. 522 mmol triethylamine and then with a solution of 0. 261 mmol 1-(3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1- yl-phenyl)-ethanone (CAS : 189763-57-3 ; WO 97/14, 690) in 1 ml dioxane. The mixture was stirred at RT for 30 min. The solvent was removed in vacuo. The crude oil was taken up in water. The aqueous layer was extracted 3 times with CH2C12. The combined

extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The crude gum was purified on silicagel (eluent : heptane/ethylacetate 0%-20% (10 min) to provide the title compound 1. 8.

MS (m/e) : 390. 2 (MH+, 100%) Example 1. 9 Preparation of (2-iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone (a) 2-Amino-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid A mixture of 4. 26 mmol 2-chloro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid, 0. 39 mmol Copper powder and 10 ml ammonium hydroxide 25% was heated at 125-130°C with stirring for 18 hours. Mixture was cooled to room temperature and filtered. The solid was washed with methanol. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was acidified with HCl IN to pH=2. The obtained solid was washed with water and dried (HV, 50°C, 1 hour) to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 214. 1 (M-H, 100%) (b) 2-Iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid To a suspension of 3. 0 mmol 2-amino-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid in a mixture of 1. 7 ml sulfuric acid and 1. 7 ml water was added dropwise a solution of 3. 92 mmol sodium nitrite in 1. 7 ml water at such rate that the temperature did not exceed 3°C. The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour. A solution of 3. 0 mmol KI in 1. 7 ml water was added dropwise at 0°C. The brown suspension was allowed to warm to rt and stirred for 30 minutes. Excess iodine was destroyed by addition of a few drops of a sodium hydrogenosulfite solution. The solid was filtered, washed with water and dried (HV, 50°C, 1 hour) to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 325. 0 (M-H, 100%) (c) (2-iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-f[4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1- yll methanone To a solution of 9. 2 mmol 2-iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid in 20 ml dimethylformamide 11. 5 mmol TBTU, 46. 0 mmol N-ethyldiisopropylamine and 11. 0 mmol 1- (4-trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazine (ABCR F07741NB, [30459-17-7]) were successively added. The reaction was then stirred at RT for two hours, concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography (Si02, 50 g, CH2CI2/MeOH/NH3 100/0/0 to 95/4. 5/0. 5), to give the title compound 1. 9. MS (m/e) : 539. 1 (M+H+)

Example 5 Preparation of [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-(2- isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone A mixture of 0. 05 mmol 2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (Compound 1. 2), 0. 06 mmol 1- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine, 0. 055 mmol TBTU and 0. 25 mmol DIPEA in 1 ml DMF was stirred at RT for 16 h. 0. 5 ml MeOH/HCOOH 1/1 was added and the mixture was subjected to reversed phase preparative HPLC separation eluting with an acetonitrile/water gradient yielding the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 489. 2 (MH+, 100%) In analogy to Example 5 compounds 1 to 4, 6 to 46 and 52-54 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : Expl.-Systematic Name Starting materials MW found No. (MH+) 1 1- {3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy- 1-(3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 463. 2 5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and piperazin-l-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone Compound 1. 2 2 4- [4-(2-isopropoxy-5-methane- 4-piperazin-1-yl- 428. 2 sulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-benzonitrile and yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1. 2 3 3-fluoro-4-[4-(2-isopropoxy-5- 3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 446. 2 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-benzonitrile and piperazin-l-yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1. 2 4 [4-(2-isopropoxy-5-2-fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)- benzonitrile and 446.2 piperazin-1-yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1.2 5 4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- 1-(2-fluoro-4- 489. 2 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 2 6 [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- 1- (3-fluoro-4- 489. 2 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-iso- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- propoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 2 7 1-{3-fluoro-4-[4-(2-isobutoxy-5- 1-(3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 477. 2 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and piperazin-l-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone Compound 1. 3 8 4-[4-(2-isobutoxy-5- 4-piperazin-1-yl- 442. 2 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-benzonitrile and piperazin-1-yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1. 3 9 3-fluoro-4-[4-(2-isobutoxy-5- 3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 460. 3 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-benzonitrile and piperazin-1-yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1. 3 10 2-fluoro-4- [4-(2-isobutoxy-5-2-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-460. 3 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-benzonitrile and piperazin-1-yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1. 3 11 (2-isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-1- (4-trifluoromethyl- 485. 3 phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazine and phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-Compound 1. 3 methanone 12 [4-(2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-l-(2-fluoro-4-503. 2 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-iso- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 3 13 [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- 1- (3-fluoro-4- 503. 1 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-iso- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 3 14 [4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- 1- (2-fluoro-4- 513. 3 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-(2-iso-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phen-piperazine and Compound yl)-methanone 1. 3 15 1- {4- [4- (2-cyclopropylmethoxy- 1- (3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 475. 2 5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and piperazin-l-yl]-3-fluoro-phenyl}-Compound 1. 4 ethanone 16 4- [4- (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5- 4-piperazin-1-yl-440. 3 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piper-benzonitrile and azin-1-yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1. 4 17 4- [4-(2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-458. 3 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piper-benzonitrile and azin-1-yl]-3-fluoro-benzonitrile Compound 1. 4 18 4- [4-(2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-2-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-458. 3 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piper-benzonitrile and azin-1-yl]-2-fluoro-benzonitrile Compound 1. 4 19 (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-meth-1- (4-trifluoromethyl- 483. 2 anesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-tri- phenyl)-piperazine and fluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-Compound 1. 4 1-yl]-methanone 20 (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-meth-1- (2-fluoro-4- 501. 2 anesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methan-1. 4 one 21 (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-1- (3-fluoro-4- 501. 2 methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4-(3- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methan-1. 4 one 22 (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-5-meth-1- (2-fluoro-4- 511. 3 anesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-1. 4 methanone 23 1-(3-fluoro-4-{4-[5-methane- 1-(3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 503. 1 sulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- yl-phenyl)-ethanone and ethoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin-1- Compound 1. 5 yl}-phenyl)-ethanone 24 4- {4- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- 4-piperazin-1-yl-468. 1 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- benzonitrile and benzoyl]-piperazin-l-yl}-Compound 1. 5 benzonitrile 25 3-fluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfon- 3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 468. 2 yl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- benzonitrile and benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-Compound 1. 5 benzonitrile 26 2-fluoro-4-{4-[5-methanesulfon- 2-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 486. 2 yl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- benzonitrile and benzoyl]-piperazin-l-yl}-Compound 1. 5 benzonitrile 27 [5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-tri- 1-(4-trifluoromethyl- 511. 2 fluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4-tri- phenyl)-piperazine and fluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-Compound 1. 5 1-yl]-methanone 28 [4- (2-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- 1- (2-fluoro-4- 529. 2 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-tri- piperazine and Compound fluoro-ethoxy)-phenyl]-1. 5 methanone 29 [4- (3-fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-1- (3-fluoro-4-529. 2 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-meth-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- anesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- piperazine and Compound ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone 1. 5 30 4-(2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- 1-(2-fluoro-4 539. 2 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5-meth-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- anesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-piperazine and Compound ethoxy)-phenyl]-methanone 1. 5 31 1-{4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5- 1-(3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 489. 2 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piper-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and azin-1-yl]-3-fluoro-phenyl}- Compound 1. 6 ethanone 32 4- [4-(2-cyclopentyloxy-5- 4-piperazin-1-yl- 454. 2 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-benzonitrile and piperazin-1-yl]-benzonitrile Compound 1. 6 33 4- [4- (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-meth- 3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-472. 2 anesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-benzonitrile and 1-yl]-3-fluoro-benzonitrile Compound 1. 6 34 4-[4-(2-cyclopentyloxy-5-meth- 2-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 472. 2 anesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-benzonitrile and 1-yl]-2-fluoro-benzonitrile Compound 1. 6 35 (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methane-1- (2-fluoro-4- 515. 2 sulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine and Compound piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 1. 6 36 (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methane-1- (3-fluoro-4- 515. 2 sulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine and Compound piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 1. 6 37 (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methane-1- (2-fluoro-4- 525. 3 sulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine and Compound piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 1. 6 38 1-(3-fluoro-4-{4-[2-(4-fluoro- 1-(3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 515. 2 phenoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and benzoyl]-piperazin-l-yl}-Compound 1. 7 phenyl)-ethanone 39 4- {4- [2- (4-fluoro-phenoxy)-5-4-piperazin-1-yl-480. 2 methanesulfonyl-benzoyl]-benzonitrile and piperazin-1-yl}-benzonitrile Compound 1. 7 40 3-fluoro-4- {4- [2- (4-fluoro-phen- 3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-498. 2 oxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzonitrile and benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-benzo- Compound 1. 7 nitrile 41 2-fluoro-4- {4- [2- (4-fluoro-phen- 2-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-498. 2 oxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzonitrile and benzoyl]-piperazin-l-yl}-benzo-Compound 1. 7 nitrile 42 [2-(4-fluoro-phenoxy)-5-meth- 1-(4-trifluoromethyl- 523. 3 anesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- (4-tri- phenyl)-piperazine and fluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-Compound 1. 7 1-yl]-methanone 43 [2- (4-fluoro-phenoxy)-5- 1- (2-fluoro-4- 541. 2 methanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- (2- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-1. 7 methanone 44 [2-(4-fluoro-phenoxy)-5- 1-(3-fluoro-4- 541.2 methanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- (3- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- 1. 7 methanone 45 [4-(2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- 1-(2-fluoro-4- 551. 3 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [2- (4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- fluoro-phenoxy)-5-methane-piperazine and Compound sulfonyl-phenyl]-methanone 1. 7 46 [4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- 1- (2-fluoro-4- 499. 2 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine and Compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 2 52 3- [4- (4-acetyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin- 434. 2 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-1-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and methoxy-benzenesulfonamide 2-methoxy-5-sulfamoyl- benzoic acid 53 3- [4- (4-acetyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin- 448. 2 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-ethoxy-1-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and benzenesulfonamide 2-Ethoxy-5-sulfamoyl- benzoic acid 54 1- (3-Fluoro-4- {4- [2- (2-methoxy- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin- 446. 1 ethoxy)-5-nitro-benzoyl]-1-yl-phenyl)-ethanone and piperazin-1-yl}-phenyl)-ethanone 2- (2-Methoxyethoxy)-5- nitrobenzoic acid

Example 47 Preparation of 1- {3-fluoro-4- [4- (2-methoxy-5-nitro-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- phenyl}-ethanone To a solution of 0. 257 mmol 1-{3-fluoro-4- [4-(2-fluoro-5-nitro-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-phenyl}-ethanone (Compound 1. 8) in 1. 5 ml dioxane 102 mg sodium methoxyde was added portionwise. The mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 4h. The reaction mixture was diluted with 10 ml water, neutralized with 1N HCl and then extracted with ethylacetate (3 x 10 ml). Combined organic phases were concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel : eluent : heptane/ethylacetate 0%-30% (10 min) to provide compound 47.

MS (m/e) : 402. 2 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 48 Preparation of (2-benzyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone A mixture of 0. 19 mmol (2-iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone (Compound 1. 9), 0. 037 mmol Cul, 0. 37 mmol Cs2C03, 0. 074 mmol 1, 10-phenanthroline and 0. 4 ml benzylic alcohol was heated at 110 °C for 16 hours. The mixture was cooled to RT, diluted with ethylacetate and filtered.

The organic layer was washed twice with water, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The crude oil was purified on silica gel, eluent : heptane/ethylacetate 0 %-50 % (25 min) to provide compound 48.

MS (m/e) : 519. 2 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 48 compounds 49 to 51 of the following table were prepared from (2-iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone (Compound 1. 9) and alcohols : , MW Expl.- No Systematic Name Starting materials found No Starting materials (2-ethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-tri- Compound 1. 9 and Compound 1. 9 and 49 fluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethanol 457. 2 ethanol methanone (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4- Compound 1. 9 and 50 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-471. 2 isopropylalcohol methanone (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- Compound 1. 9 and 51 [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- 497. 2 cyclopentanol methanone

Example 1. 10 Preparation of S-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2-methory-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (a) 2-Amino-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid A mixture of 4. 26 mmol 2-chloro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2a), 0. 39 mmol Copper powder and 10 ml ammonium hydroxide 25% was heated at 125- 130°C with stirring for 18 hours. Mixture was cooled to room temperature and filtered.

The solid was washed with methanol. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was acidified with HCl 1N to pH=2. The obtained solid was washed with water and dried (HV, 50°C, 1 hour) to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 214. 1 (M-H, 100%) (b) 2-Iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid To a suspension of 3. 0 mmol 2-amino-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid in a mixture of 1. 7 ml sulfuric acid and 1. 7 ml water was added dropwise a solution of 3. 92 mmol sodium nitrite in 1. 7 ml water at such rate that the temperature did not exceed 3°C. The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour. A solution of 3. 0 mmol KI in 1. 7 ml water was added dropwise at 0°C. The brown suspension was allowed to warm to rt and stirred for 30 minutes. Excess iodine was destroyed by addition of a few drops of a sodium hydrogenosulfite solution. The solid was filtered, washed with water and dried (HV, 50°C, 1 hour) to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 325. 0 (M-H, 100%)

(c) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- v-ethoxy)-benzoic acid To a solution of 1. 6 mmol 2-iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid in 30 ml 2- methoxyethanol and 6 ml triethylamine were added 79 mg copper (I) bomide and the reaction mixture heated to 120°C for 4 h. The solvent was distilled off and the residue dissolved in 90 ml IN HCI. The aqueous phase was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and the pooled organic extracts washed twice with water and once with brine. The organic layer was dried with Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated to yield the title compound 1. 10.

MS (m/e) : 273. 1 (MH-, 100%).

Example 1. 11 Preparation of5-Cyano-2- (2-methoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (a) 2-Bromo-5-cvano-benzoic acid To a suspension of 7. 1 mmol copper (II) bromide in acetonitrile (30 ml) was added dropwise 8. 63 mmol tert-butylnitrite at 0°C within 2 minutes. 6. 17 mmol 2-Amino-5- cyano-benzoic acid (CAS : 99767-45-0 ; W09518097) was added portionwise within 10 minutes at 0°C. The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2 hours and then at room temperature overnight. Half of the solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was taken in HCl IN (15 ml) and ethyl acetate (30 ml). The organic layer was extracted with NaOH IN (3x10 ml). The aqueous layer was acidified with HCl 2N. The resulting solid was filtered, washed with water and dried (high vacum, 50°C) to provide the title compound MS (m/e) : 227. 1 (M+H+, 100%) (b) 5-Cyano-2-(2-methoxy-ethoxv)-benzoic acid To a solution of 0. 16 mmol 2-bromo-5-cyano-benzoic acid in 6 ml 2-methoxyethanol and 1. 2 ml triethylamine were added 23 mg copper (I) bromide and the reaction mixture heated to 120°C for 4 h. The solvent was distilled off and the residue dissolved in 20 ml IN HCI. The aqueous phase was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and the pooled organic extracts washed twice with water and once with brine. The organic layer was dried with Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated to yield the title compound 1. 11. MS (m/e) : 220. 4 (MH-, 100%).

Example 1. 12 Preparation of 5-Cyano-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic acid

A mixture of 11. 3 mmol sodium in 66 mmol 2, 2, 2-trifluoroethanol was heated to 100°C until all sodium was dissolved (20 min.). Then a solution of 5. 5 mmol 5-cyano-2-iodo- benzoic acid [CAS : 219841-92-6 ; W09901455] in 2 ml N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone and 0. 5 mmol copper (I) bromide were added and the reaction mixture heated to 120° C for 2 h.

The reaction mixture was poured onto water, acidified to pH 2 with conc. HCl and extracted 3x with ethyl acetate. The pooled organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. Flash chromatography on silica gel with heptane/ethyl acetate provided the title compound 1. 12. MS (EI) (m/e) : 245. 1 (M+, 94%), 146. 0 ( [M-CF3CH20r', 100%).

In analogy to Example 1. 12 compounds 1. 13 to 1. 16 of the following table were prepared from 5-cyano-2-iodo-benzoic acid and the appropriate alcohol : Compound name Alcohol MS (m/e) 1. 13-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid isopropanol 204. 1 (M-H-, 100%) 1. 14 5-Cyano-2-cyclopropylmethoxy-cyclopropyl-methanol 216. 1 (M-H-, benzoic acid 100 %) 1. 15 5-Cyano-2-isobutoxy-benzoic acid isobutyl alcohol 218. 3 (M-H-, 100 %) 1. 16 5-Cyano-2-cyclopentyloxy-benzoic cyclopentanol 230. 1 (M-H-, acid 100 %)

In analogy to Example 5 compounds 55 to 61 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : mu Expl.- Systematic Name Starting materials found No. No. (MH+) 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- yl-phenyl)-ethanone methanesulfonyl-2- (2-methoxy- (W09714690) and 5- 55 479. 5 ethoxy)-benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2- phenyl)-ethanone methoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 10) 1-(4-Trifluoromethyl- 4- (2-Methoxy-ethoxy)-3- [4- (4- Dhenyl)-plperazme and 5- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- tnnuoromethyl-phenyl)- 56 ryano-2- (2-methoxy- 434. 5 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- ethoxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 1. 11) 4- (2, 2, 2-Trifluoro-ethoxy)-3- [4- (4- trifluoromethylphenyl) piper trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 57 azine and 5-Cyano-2-(2, 2, 2- 458. 4 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 12) 1- (4- 4-Isopropoxy-3- [4-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethylphenyl) piper trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 58 azine and 5-Cyano-2-418. 3 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- isopropoxy-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 1. 13) 1- (4- trifluoromethylphenyl) piper 4-Cyclopropylmethoxy-3- [4- (4- azine and 5-Cyano-2- 59 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-cyclopropylmethoxy-430. 6 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 1. 14) 1- (4- 4-Isobutoxy-3- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethylphenyl) piper 60 azine and 5-Cyano-2-432. 5 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- piperazine-1-carbonyl]- isobutoxy-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 1. 15) 1- (4- 4-Cyclopentyloxy-3- [4- (4- trifluoromethylphenyl) piper trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 61 azine and 5-Cyano-2-444. 5 piperazine-1-carbonyl J-,,, cyclopentyloxy-benzoic acid benzonitrile j i 1 (compound 1. 16)

Example 2. 1 Preparation of (2-Hydroxy-S-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-methanone Compound 2. 1 was prepared in analogy to Example 5 using 2-hydroxy-5-nitrobenzoic acid [96-97-9] and 1- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine. MS (m/e) : 394. 0 (M-H, 100%) Example 2. 2 Preparation of (2-Hydroxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-l-yl]-methanone Compound 2. 2 was prepared in analogy to Example 5 using 2-hydroxy-5- (methylsulfonyl) benzoic acid [68029-77-6] and 1- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine.

MS (m/e) : 427. 5 (M-H, 100%) Example 66 Preparation of (2-Butoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-methanone A solution of (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l- yl]-methanone (50 mg), potassium carbonate (87 mg) and 1-bromobutane (0. 15 mL) in dimethylacetamide (0. 3 mL) was heated at 150°C for 15 minutes in a microwave oven.

The reaction mixture was then concentrated and purified by column chromatography (Si02) to give the title compound (55 mg).

In analogy to Example 66, compounds 62 to 97 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : MW Expl.- Systematic Name Starting materials found No. (MH+) (2-Hydroxy-S-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Isopropoxy-5-mtro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- phenyl)- [4-(4- 62 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 438. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- .. (compound 2. 1) and 2- piperazin-1-yij-methanone bromopropane (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- . (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- mtro-phenyl)- [4-(4- 63 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 450. 5 tnfluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and piperazin-1-yl]-methanone cyclopropylmethylbromide (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- . (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- mtro-phenyl)- [4-(4- 64 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 464. 5 tnfluoromethyl-phenyl)- .. (compound 2. 1) and piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Cydobutylmethylbromide (2-AUyloxy-5- (2-Hydroxy-5-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- 65 [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-469. 5 phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone (compound 2. 2) methanone and cyclopropylbromide (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Butoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl- 66 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 452. 4 phenyl)-pipera2in-1-ylJ- (compound 2. 1) and methanone bromobutane Rac- [2- (2-Hydroxy- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- propoxy)-5-nitro-phenyl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 67 [4-(4-trifluoromethyl-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 454. 6 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 2. 1) and rac-1- methanone Bromo-2-propanol (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [2- (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)- (4-triffuoromethyl-phenyl)- 5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4- 68 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-PlPerazin-1-yl]-methanone 466. 6 (compound 2. 1) and 1-Bromo- (compound 2. 1) and 1-Bromo- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 2, 2-Dimethylpropane (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [2-(3-Methyl-butoxy)-5- . (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (4-tnuuoromethyl-phenyl)- nitro-phenylj- [4- (4- 69 trifluoromethyl-perazin-1-yl]-methanone 466. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 1-Bromo- 3-methylbutane 3-methylbutane (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Isobutoxy-5-nitro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- phenyl)- [4-(4- 70 piperazin-1-ylj-methanone 452. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 1-Bromo- 3-methylpropan 3-methylpropan (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-nitro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- phenyl)- [4- (4- 71 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 464. 5 (compound 2. 1) and (compound 2. 1) and piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Cyclopentyl bromide (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (5-Nitro-2-propoxy-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone phenyl)- [4- (4- (compound 2. 1) and 1- 438. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Bromopropane piperazin-1-yl]-methanone (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Cycloheptyloxy-5-nitro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- phenyl)- [4-(4- phenyl)- plperazm-1-yl]-methanone 492. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Bromocycloheptane . (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Cyclobutoxy-5-mtro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- phenyl)- [4-(4- 74 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 450. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- .. (compound 2. 1) and piperazin-I-yl]-methanone Bromocyclobutane [2-(2-Ethoxy-ethoxy)-5- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [2- (2-Ethoxy-ethoxy)-5- nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4- 4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4- 75 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 468. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 2- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Bromoethyl-ethylether [2- ( (R)-3-Hydroxy-2- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- methyl-propoxy)-5-nitro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 76 phenyl]- [4-(4-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone 468. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and (R)- (-)-3- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone bromo-2-methyl-1-propanol (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2-Ethoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- 77 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 424. 4 phenyl)-piperazin-I-yl)- (compound 2. 1) and 2-Bromo- methanone 1-ethoxy-1, 1, 2-trifluoro-ethane Rac- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro- Rac- (2-sec-Butoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- Rac- (2-sec-Butoxy-5-mtro- phenyl)- [4- (4-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- 78. methanone (compound 2. 1) and 452. 5 tnfluoromethyl-phenyl)- .. 2-Bromobutane piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 2-Bromobutane [2- (2-Hydroxy-ethoxy)-5- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [2- (2-Hydroxy-ethoxy)-5- / L (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- nitro-phenyl]- [4-(4- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 440. 4 tnfluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 2-Bromo- 1-ethanol l-ethanol [5-Nitro-2- (2, 2, 3, 3- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- tetrafluoro-propoxy)- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 80 phenyl- [4-(4-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 510. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 1-Iodo- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 2, 2, 3, 3,-tetrafluoropropane (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (5-Nitro-2- (4, 4, 4-trifluoro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- butoxy)-phenylJ- (4- (4- 81 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 506. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 1-Bromo- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 4, 4, 4,-trifluorobutane [2- (2-Fluoro-ethoxy)-5- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- nitro-phenyl (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 82]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 442. 5 phenyl)-pip (compound 2. 1) and 1-Bromo- erazin-1-yl]-methanone 2-fluoroethane [2- (3-Hydroxy-2, 2- dimethyl-propoxy) (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- - 5-nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 83 trifluoromet piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 482. 6 hyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 2. 1) and 3-Bromo- methano 2, 2-Dimethyl-2-propan-1-ol ne (5-Nitro-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- ethoxy) - phenyl]- [4- (4- 4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- trifluoromethyl-phen trinuoromethyl-phen (compound 2. 1) and 1, 1, 1- yl)-plperazin-l-yl]- Trifluoro-2-jodo-ethane methanone [2- (l-Ethyl-propoxy)-5- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- nitro-phenyl (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 85]- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone 466. 5 phenyl)-pip (compound 2. 1) and 3-Bromo- erazin-1-yl]-methanone pentane (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [5-Nitro-2- (oxetan-3- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- yloxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 86 452. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and Toluene-4- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone sulfonic acid oxetan-3-yl ester ( CAS : 26272-83-3) (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (2- (3-Hydroxy-propocy)-5- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- . (compound 2. 1) and (compound 2. 1) and piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Bromopropanole [2-(Bicyclo [2 2 l] hept-2- .. (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- yloxy)-5-n yloxy)-5-n (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- itro-phenyl]- [4- (4- 88 itro-phenyl]- [4-(4-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 490. 5 trifluoromethyl- (compound 2. 1) and exo-2- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- Bromonorbornane methanone [2- (2-Methoxy-ethoxy)-5- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- nitro-pheny (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 89 1]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 454. 5 phenyl)-pi (compound 2. 1) and 2- perazin-1-yl]-methanone bromoethylmethylether (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [2-(3, 3-Dimethyl-butoxy)- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 5-nitro-phenyl]- [4-(4- 90 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 480. 8 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and l-bromo- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 3, 3-dimethylbutane [2-(1-Ethoxy- . (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- cyclopropoxy)-5-mtro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- phenyl]- [4- (4- 91. piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 480 6 trifluoromethyl-pheny trifluoromethyl-pheny (compound 2. 1) and 1-Bromo- 1)-plperazm-1-yl]- 1-ethoxy-cyclopropane methanone [2- (2-Chloro-ethoxy)-5- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- nitro-phenyl (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 92]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 458. 4 phenyl)-pip (compound 2. 1) and 2- erazin-1-yl]-methanone Chloroethanol (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- {4-Nitro-2- (4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- trinuoromethyl-phenyl)- 93 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 435. 4 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (compound 2. 1) and phenoxy}-acetonitrile ompound 2. 1) and bromoacetonitrile (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [5-Nitro-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- propoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- 94 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 492. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- ''' (compound 2. 1) and 1, 1, 1- (compound 2. 1) and 1, 1, 1- Trifluoro-1-Iodopropan (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [5-Nitro-2- (tetrahydro- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- pyran-4-yloxy)-phenyl]- [4- 95 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 480. 4 (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 4-chloro- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone tetrahydropyrane (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- [2-(2, 2-Difluoro-ethoxy)-5- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- nitro-phenyl]- [4-(4-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 96 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 1) and 1-bromo-460. 5 piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 2, 2-difluoroethane [2- (1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3-Hexafluoro- (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- propoxy)-5-nitro-phenyl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 97 [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 546. 3 phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- (compound 2. 1) and 3- methanone Hexafluoropropane

Example 98 Preparation of (2-Difluoromethoxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone In analogy to a procedure published in W09749710, a solution of (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro- phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone (50 mg), potassium carbonate (1 eq), and ethyl chlorofluoroacetate (1 eq) in DMF (1 mL) was stirred at 65°C for 16 hours. After such time the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography (SiO2) to yield the title compound (26 mg). MS (m/e) : 446. 0 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 99 Preparation of 5-Nitro-2- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-cyclobutylmethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Example 99 was prepared in analogy to Example 66 using 1- (chloromethyl)-2, 2, 3, 3- tetrafluorocyclobutane [356-80-9]. MS (m/e) : 536. 3 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 100 Preparation of [5-Nitro-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone To a refluxing solution of 50 mg of (2-hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone in acetone (2 mL) containing potassium carbonate (35 mg) was added 2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoropropyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (54 mg) over 10 min. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 20 hours before being concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography (Si02, CH2Cl2/MeOH) to yield the title compound as a colorless solid (66 mg). MS (m/e) : 569. 0 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 101 Preparation of [2- (2-Fluoro-l-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-nitro-phenyl]- [4- (4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone

A solution of (2-hydroxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-tnuuoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l- yl]-methanone (50 mg), 1, 3-difluoro-2-propanol [453-13-4] (27 mg), triphenylphosphine (76 mg) and diisopropylazodicarboxylate (48mg) was refluxed overnight, concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography (Si02) to yield the title compound as a colorless solid (68 mg). MS (m/e) : 474. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

In analogy to Example 48, compounds 102 to 104 of the following table were prepared from (2-Iodo-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l- yl]-methanone (compound 1. 9) and an alcohol : MW Expl.- Systematic Name Starting materials found No. No. (MH+) [2- (l-Ethyl-propoxy)-5- (2-Iodo-5-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-phenyl]-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- 102 [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-499. 5 phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 9) and methanone 3-Pentanol [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (3- (2-Iodo-5-methanesulfonyl- methyl-oxetan-3-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- 103 ylmethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-513. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 9) and piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Methyloxethanemethanol Rac- [2- (1-Cyclopropyl- (2-Iodo-5-methanesulfonyl- ethoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- 104 phenyl]- [4- (4- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-497. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 9) and piperazin-1-yl]-methanone rac-1-cyclopropylethanol

Example 2. 3 Preparation of (2-Fluoro-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone

Compound 2. 3 was prepared in analogy to Example 5 using 2-fluoro-5- (methylsulfonyl) benzoic acid [247569-56-8] and 1- (5-trifluoromethyl-2- pyridyl) piperazine [132834-58-3]. MS (m/e) : 432. 4 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 105 Preparation of [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)- phenyl]- [4- (5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone A solution of (2-fluoro-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazin-1-ylj-methanone (compound 2. 3) (20 mg), 2-trifluoromethyl-2-propanol (0. 053 mL), potassium carbonate or cesium carbonate (3 equivalents) in dimethylacetamide was heated at 150°C for 30 min and then at 180°C for lh in a microwave oven. After such time the reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by column chromatography (Si02) to yield the title compound as a light yellow solid (4. 9 mg). MS (m/e) : 540. 3 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 4 Preparation of (2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl-metha none trifluoro-acetic acid A solution of 2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2, 1. 0 g), tert- butyl 1-piperazinecarboxylate (0. 78 g), TBTU (1. 4 g) and N-ethyldiisopropylamine (4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. After such time, the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography (Si02) to give 4- (2- Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazine-1-carboxyli c acid tert-butyl ester as a colorless foam (1. 6 g). The latter was dissolved in dichloromethane (11 mL) and treated with trifluroacetic acid (4. 2 mL) for 30 minutes. After such time the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound (1. 6 g) as light yellow oil.

MS (m/e) : 327. 1 (M+Ht, 100%).

Example 2. 5 Preparation of 4-Chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine 6-Trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-ol ([1546-78-7], 5 g) was refluxed in phosphorus oxychloride (17 mL) for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was carefully concentrated in vacuo and the residue was distilled (Kugelrohr) under reduced pressure (bp = 30-55°C @ 10 mbar) to yield the title compound ( [37552-81-1], 1. 4 g). MS (EI) : 182. 0 (M).

Example 106 Preparation of (2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (5-nitro-pyridin-2- yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone A solution of (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl-metha none trifluoro-acetic acid (compound 2. 4, 80 mg) 2-chloro-5-nitro-pyridine (29 mg), potassium carbonate (50 mg) in 1-butanol (3 mL) was stirred at 120°C for 20 hours.

After such time the solution was concentrated in vacuo, and purified by column chromatography (Si02) to yield the title compound as white foam (81 mg). MS (m/e) : 449. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 107 Preparation of (2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (6-trifluoromethyl- pyrimidin-4-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone Example 107 was prepared in analogy to example 106 using 4-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl- pyrimidine [37552-81-1]. MS (m/e) : 473. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 6 Preparation of 2- (4-fluorophenoxy)-5-nitrobenzoic acid 2- (4-Fluoro-phenoxy)-5-nitro-benzoic acid can be prepared by a similar method to that described in the literature (e. g. W09938845) by reaction of 2-Chloro-5-nitro-benzoic acid ethyl ester [16588-17-3] with 4-Fluoro-phenol [371-35-7] yielding 2- (4-Fluoro- phenoxy)-5-nitro-benzoic acid ethyl ester. 2- (4-Fluoro-phenoxy)-5-nitro-benzoic acid ethyl ester can then be hydrolysed with sodium hydroxide for example to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 276. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 7 Preparation of 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro-acetic acid (a) 4- (4-Cyano-2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester To a solution of N-Boc-Piperazine (0. 65 g) in DMA (20 mL) was slowly added a solution of 2, 3, 4-trifluorobenzonitrile (0. 49 g) in DMA (10 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours at 80°C. After such time the solvent was removed in vacuo and purified by column chromatography (SiO2) to yield the title compound as white solid (0. 76 g).

(b) 23-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1-vl-benzonitrile-triSuoro-acetic acid

To a solution of 4- (4-Cyano-2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (0. 72 g) in dichloromethane (5 mL) was added trifluoroacetic acid and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. After such time the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound (0. 63 g). MS (m/e) : 224. 3 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 8 Preparation of 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro-acetic acid Example 2. 8 was prepared in analogy to Example 2. 7 using 2, 4, 5-trifluorobenzonitrile.

MS (m/e) : 224. 3 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 9 Preparation of 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid (a) 5-Chlorosulfonyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid A solution of 2-trifluoromethoxy benzoic acid [1979-29-9] (1. 0 g) was added in small batches to chlorosulfonic acid (3. 2 mL) at 0°C. After completion of the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at 70°C for 4 hours then left at room temperature overnight and heated at 75°C for another 3 hours. After such time the reaction was slowly poured onto ice, and the precipitate was then filtered, washed with water and dried to yield the title compound as a white solid (1. 2 g). MS (m/e) : 303. 3 (M-H, 100%).

(b) 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid To a solution of 5-Chlorosulfonyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid (0. 15 g) in dichloromethane (1. 5 ml) was added a solution of methylamine in methanol (8M, 0. 31 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 minutes after precipitation was compele.

The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo and the residue was dissolved in IN NaOH (2 mL) and extracted with diethylether. The aqueous phase was then acidified using 3 N hydrochloric acid solution (2 mL) and the solution was extracted with dichloromethane (2 x 10 mL). The combined organic phases were dried with sodium sulfate and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound as a white solid (0. 12 g).

MS (m/e) : 298. 0 (M-H, 100%).

Example 2. 10 Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid

(a) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxv)-benzoic acid methyl ester A solution of methyl 5- (methanesulfonyl)-salicylate [101371-44-2] (50 mg), triphenylphosphine (65 mg) 3, 3, 3-trifluoro-1-propanol and di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate (55 mg) in THF (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour.

The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo purified by column chromatography (Si02) to yield the title compound as a white solid (65 mg). MS (m/e) : 327. 5 (M+H+, 100%).

(b) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trinuoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid To 5-methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester (620 mg) in ethanol at 60°C was added 1N NaOH solution (3. 8 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 15 minutes. After such time 3. 8 ml of 1N HC1 was slowly added to the reaction mixture and the ethanol was evaporated in vacuo. The precipitate was then washed with water several times to give the title compound (497 mg). MS (m/e) : 311. 0, M-H+, 100%).

Example 2. 11 Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (tetrahydro-pyran-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid Compound 2. 11 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 10 using tetrahydro-2H-pyran- 4-ol. MS (m/e) : 299. 4 (M-H, 100%).

Example 2. 12 Preparation of 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid Compound 2. 12 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 10 using cyclobutyl methanol.

MS (m/e) : 299. 4 (M-H, 100%).

Example 2. 13 Preparation of 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile trifluoro-acetic acid Compound 2. 13 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 7 using 3, 4, 5- trifluorobenzonitrile. MS (m/e) : 224. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 14 Preparation of 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile trifluoro-acetic acid

Compound 2. 14 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 7 using 2, 4, 6- trifluorobenzonitrile. MS (m/e) : 224. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 15 Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid (a) 5-Sulfino-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid 5-chlorosulfonyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid (1. 0 g, compound 2. 9. a) was added portionwise onto a solution of sodium sulfite (3. 1 g) in 16 mL of water. The reaction mixture was kept under basic conditions by the addition of the proper amount of 20% NaOH and was stirred at room temperature for 45 minutes. After such time the reaction mixture was cooled down with an ice bath and was then acidified by the addition of 20% H2SO4 solution until reaching pH 2. The solution was then extracted several times with diethyl ether and ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound as a white solid (0. 88 g).

(b) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid To 5-Sulfino-2-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid (0. 82 g) in DMF (5 mL) was added 1. 3 g of potassium carbonate and the reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes before methyl iodide (0. 66 mL) was added. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 60 hours. After such time the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was treated with IN NaOH (10 mL) and THF (4 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for a further 2 hours at room temperature. After such time the solution was acidified with concentrated HC1 solution. THF was then removed in vacuo and the precipitate was isolated by filtration and washed several times with water to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 283. 0 (M-H, 100%).

Example 2. 16 Preparation of 2, 4-Difluoro-6-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile trifluoro-acetic acid Compound 2. 16 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 7 using 2, 4, 6- trifluorobenzonitrile of. MS (m/e) : 224. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 2. 17 Preparation of 2- (2-Fluoro-l-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid

Compound 2. 17 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 10 using 1, 3-difluoro-2- propanol. MS (m/e) : 293. 1 (M-H, 100%).

Example 2. 18 Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid (a) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxv)-benzoic acid methyl ester A solution of methyl 5- (methanesulfonyl) salicylate [101371-44-2] (0. 50 g), trifluor- methanesulfonic acid 2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propyl ester (0. 67 g) and potassium carbonate (0. 60 g) in acetone was stirred at 60°C for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography (Si02) to yield the title compound as a white solid (0. 44 g). MS (m/e) : 363. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

(b) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid To 5-methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester (414 mg) in THF (5 mL) was added a solution of lithium hydroxide monohydrate (72 mg) in water (5 mL), and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. After such time 1. 72 mL of IN aqueous hydrochloric acid solution was added. The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo and the resulting precipitate was then washed several times with water to yield the title compound as a white solid (367 mg). MS (m/e) : 347. 1 (M-H, 100%).

Example 2. 19 Preparation of 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (a) 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methyl ester To a solution of methyl 5- (methanesulfonyl)-salicylate [101371-44-2] (0. 50 g) in toluene (5 mL) was added N, N-dimethylformamide-di-tert-butylacetal and the reaction mixture was strirred at 80°C for 1 hour. After such time the reactiom mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography to yield the title compound as colourless oil (258 mg). MS (m/e) : 304. 4 (M+NH4+, 100%).

(b) 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid To 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methyl ester (1. 58 g) in THF (25 mL) was added a solution lithium hydroxide monohydrate (0. 35 g) in water (25 mL) and the

reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. After such time the THF was removed in vacuo and to the remaining aqueous solution was added 8 mL of 1N HC1 solution leading to precipitation of the compound. The precipitate was filtered off and washed several times with water to yield the title compound (1. 00 g) as a white solid. MS (m/e) : 289. 9 (M+NH4').

Example 2. 20 Preparation of 1-(2, 5-Difluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine trifluoro-acetic acid (a) 2, 4, 5-Trifluoro-benzenesulfinic acid 2, 4, 5-Trifluoro-benzenesulfonyl chloride ( [220227-21-4], 2. 5 g) was added portionwise onto a solution of sodium sulfite (10. 3 g) in 50 mL of water. The reaction mixture was kept under basic conditions by the addition of the proper amount of 20% NaOH and was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Methanol was added to the reaction mixture and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for another hour. After such time the reaction mixture was cooled down with an ice bath and was then acidified by the addition of 20% H2SO4 solution until reaching pH 2. The aqueous solution was then extracted several times with diethyl ether and ethyl acetate. The aqueous solution was further extracted with etyl acetate using a Kutscher-Steudel apparatus (continuous extraction). The combined organic phases were dried (sodium sulfate) an concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound as a white solid (2. 1 g).

(b) 1, 2, 4-Trifluoro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzene To 2, 4, 5-trifluoro-benzenesulfinic acid (2. 0 g) in DMF (17 mL) was added 4. 3 g of potassium carbonate and the reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes before methyl iodide (2. 2 mL) was added. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 60 hours. After such time water (30 mL) was poured onto the reaction mixture and the reaction mixture was extracted with diethylether several times. The combined organic phases were dried with sodium sulfate and the remaining mixture was distilled to yield the title compound as a light yellow oil (2. 1 g).

(c) 1- (2, 5-Difluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine trifluoro-acetic acid The title compound was obtained in analogy to example 2. 7 using 1, 2, 4-Trifluoro-5- methanesulfonyl-benzene. MS (m/e) : 277. 1 (M+H+).

Example 2. 21 Preparation of 1- (3, 5-Difluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine trifluoro-acetic acid Compound 2. 21 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 20 using 2, 4, 6-trifluoro- benzenesulfonyl chloride [172326-59-9]. MS (m/e) : 277. 1 (M+H+).

Example 2. 22 Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid Compound 2. 22 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 18 using 2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-1- propyl triflate. MS (m/e) : 329. 1 (M-H).

Example 2. 23 Preparation of 1-(2, 6-Difluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine trifluoro-acetic acid Compound 2. 23 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 20 using 3, 4, 5-trifluoro- benzenesulfonyl chloride [351003-43-5]. MS (m/e) : 277. 1 (M+Ht).

Example 2. 24 Preparation of 4-Piperazin-1-yl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine trifluoro-acetic acid Compound 2. 24 was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 7 using 4-chloro-6- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine [37552-81-1]. MS (m/e) : 233. 1 (M+H+).

Example 2. 25 Preparation of 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine (a) 2-(4-Benzyl-piperazin-l-yl)-5-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine To a solution of (3-Dimethylamino-2-trifluoromethyl-allylidene)-dimethyl-ammo nium chloride ( [176214-18-9], 0. 60 g) in acetonitrile (10 mL) was added 4-Benzyl-piperazine- 1-carboxamidine hydrochloride ( [7773-69-5], 0. 66 g) and triethylamine (0. 87 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours at room temperature. After such time the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography to yield the title compound as a light yellow solid (0. 79 g). MS (m/e) : 323. 4 (M+H+).

(b) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5-trifluoromethvl-pyrimidine To a solution of 2- (4-Benzyl-piperazin-1-yl)-5-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine (0. 63 g) in methanol was added Palladium-C (Degussa LOIN ; 5%) and the reaction mixture was heated at 60°C under hydrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was then allowed to cool down to room temperature, the catalyst was filtered of and solvent was removed in vacuo to yield the title compound as a colorless solid (0. 41 g). MS (m/e) : 233. 1 (M+H+).

In analogy to Example 5 compounds 108 to 280 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : Expl.-MW found Systematic Name Starting materials No. (MH) [2- (4-Fluoro-phenoxy)- 1- (4-trifluoromethyl- 5-nitro-pheny phenyl) piperazine and 2- (4- 108 1]- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- fluorophenoxy)-5-490. 5 phenyl)-pi nitrobenzoic acid perazin-1-yl]-methanone (compound 2. 6) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Difluoro-4- (4- (2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- isopropoxy-5- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 109 methanesulfonyl-464. 3 and 2-Isonronoxv-5- benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4- [4-(2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- isopropoxy-5- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 110 methanesulfonyl-464. 1 and 2-Isopropoxy-5- benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) 111 carbonyl]-N-methyl-4-and 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-487. 1 trifluoromethoxy-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzenesulfonamide acid (compound 2. 9) 3-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (W09625414) 112 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-500 3 112'500. 3 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)- piperazin-1-yl}-benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 2. 10) 4-14- [5- 4-Piperazin-1-yl- Methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (commercial) 113 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-482. 3 113 482. 3 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)- piperazin-1-yl}-benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 2. 10) 2-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) 114 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-500 3 114 500. 3 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)- piperazin-1-yl}-benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 2. 10) [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- phenyl)-pipera propoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- zine (commercial) and 5-525. 2 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3- piperazin-1-yl]-trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 10) 1- (3-Fluoro-4- [4- (3-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 5. 1) piperazin-1-yl]- [5- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 116 methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)- 543. 3 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- benzoic acid (compound propoxy)-phenyl]-2. 10) methanone [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethyl-pheny piperazin-1-yl]- [5-l)-piperazine (compound 117 methanesulfonyl-2-1. 1) and 5-543. 2 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- Methanesulfonyl-2- (3, 3, 3- propoxy)-phenyl]-trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 10) l-(3-Fluoro-4-{4- [5-1-(3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l- methanesulfonyl-2-yl-phenyl)-ethanone 118 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- (WO9714690) and 5-517. 3 118 517 3 propoxy)-benzoyl]-Methanesulfonyl-2-(3, 3, 3- piperazin-1-yl}-phenyl)-trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoic ethanone acid (compound 2. 10) [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-l)-piperazine (commercial) 119 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-553. 2 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propoxy)- propoxy)-phenyl]-benzoic acid (compound methanone 2. 10) 4- {4- [5- 4-Piperazin-1-yl- Methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (commercial) 120 (tetrahydro-pyran-4-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-470. 0 120 0. 0 yloxy)-benzoyl]- (tetrahydro-pyr piperazin-1-yl}-an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 11) 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 2-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 121 (tetrahydro-pyran-4- (tetrahydro-pyr 488. 1 lo)-benzo 1 488. 1 yloxy)-benzoyl]-an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl}- (compound 2. 11) benzonitrile 3-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (W09625414) 122 (tetrahydro-pyran-4-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-488. 0 122'488. 0 yloxy)-benzoyl]- (tetrahydro-pyr piperazin-1-yl}-an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 11) l 1 (4 Trifluoromethyl- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- phenyl)-pipera (tetrahydro-pyran-4- zine (commercial) and 5- yloxy)-phenyl]- [4-(4- 123 Methanesulfonyl-2-513. 3 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (tetrahydro-pyr piperazin-1-yll- (tetrahydro-pyr plperazm-1-yl]- an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 2. 11) [4- (3-Fluoro-4- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-l-yl]- [5- piperazine (compound 5. 1) 124 methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-531. 0 (tetrahydro-pyran-4- (tetrahydro-pyr yloxy)-phenyl]-an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 2. 11) 1-(2-Fluoro-4- [4-(2-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-pheny triffuoromethyl-phen 1)-piperazine (compound yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5- 1. 1) and 5- 125 methanesulfo 531. 2 Methanesulfonyl-2- nyl-2- (tetrahydro-pyran- (tetrahydro-pyr 4-yloxy)-ph an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid enyl]-methanone (compound 2. 11) 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- {4- (5- yl-phenyl)-ethanone methanesulfonyl-2- (W09714690) and 5- (tetrahydro-pyran-4- 126 Methanesulfonyl-2-505. 1 yloxy)-benzoyl]- .. (tetrahydro-pyr plperazm-1-yl}-phenyl)- an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid ethanone (compound 2. 11) [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-l)-piperazine (commercial) 127 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-541. 3 (tetrahydro-pyran-4- (tetrahydro-pyr yloxy)-phenyl]-an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 2. 11) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Difluoro-4- (4- (2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- isobutoxy-5- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 128 methanesulfonyl-478. 1 and 2-Isobutoxy-5- benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-and 2-Isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-benzo benzonitrile ic acid (compound 1. 3) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 129 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-476. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfo 2, 3-difluoro-benzonitrile nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Difluoro-4- {4- [5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) (tetrahydro-pyran-4-,,., 130 and5-Methanesulfonyl-2-506. 4 yloxy)-benzoyl]- (tetrahydro-pyr piperazin-1-yl}- an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 11) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- 4- [4- (2-Cyclopentyloxy- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 5-methanesulfonyl- 131 and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-490. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl- 2, 3-difluoro-benzonitrile benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- sobutoxy-5- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 132 methanesulfonyl-478. 4 .. and 2-Isobutoxy-5- benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-and 2-Isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-benzo benzonitrile ic acid (compound 1. 3) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 133 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-476. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfo 2, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4- {4- (5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) (tetrahydro-pyran-4- 134 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-506. 4 yloxy)-benzoyl]- (tetrahydro-pyr (tetrahydro-pyr piperazin-1-yl}- an-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 11) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- 4- [4- (2-Cyclopentyloxy- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 5-methanesulfonyl- 135 and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-490. 5 benzoyl)-plperazm-l-yl]- methanesulfonyl- 2, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 4-Piperazin-l-yl- 4- [4- (2- benzonitrile (commercial) Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy- 136 methanesulfonyl-454. 6 5-methanesulfon benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- yl-benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 2. 12) 4- [4- (2-2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4-4- (2-' benzonitrile (WO 9808835) Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy- 137 methanesulfonyl-472. 3 5-methanesulfon benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- yl-benzoic acid (compound 2-fluoro-benzonitrile 2. 12) 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4- [4-(2- benzonitrile (W09625414) Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy- 138 methanesulfonyl-472. 3 5-methanesulfon benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- yl-benzoic acid (compound 3-fluoro-benzonitrile 2. 12) 2. 12) (2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- phenyl)-pipera methanesulfonyl- zme (commercial) and 2- phenyl)- [4-(4- 139 Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-497. 3 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- methanesulfon piperazin-1-yl]- yl-benzoic acid (compound methanone 2. 12) (2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazme (compound 5. 1) phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4- plperazine (compound 5. 1) 140 and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-515. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 5-methanesulfon piperazin-1-yl]- yl-benzoic acid (compound methanone 2. 12) 1- (2-Fluoro-4- (2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-trifluoromethyl-pheny methanesulfonyl-l)-piperazine (compound 141 phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- 1. 1) and 2-515. 4 141 L trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfon methanone yl-benzoic acid (compound 2. 12) 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- 1- {4- [4- (2- Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- (WO9714690) and 2- ,-, (W09714690) and2- methanesulfonyl- 142 Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-489. 5 benzoyl)-piperazm-1-yl]- methanesulfon 3-fluoro-phenyl}- yl-benzoic acid (compound ethanone 2. 12) 2. 12) (2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-1-(2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-pheny methanesulfonyl- l)-piperazine (commercial) phenyl)- [4-(2-fluoro-4- 143 and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-525. 3 methanesulfonyl- 5-methanesulfon phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- yl-benzoic acid (compound methanone 2. 12) 2-Piperazin-l-yl-5- trinuoromethyl-benzonitrile Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- (compound 5. 2) and 2- methanesulfonyl- 144 Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-522. 4 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfon 5-trifluoromethyl- yl-benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 2. 12) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 145 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-490. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfon 2, 3-difluoro-benzonitrile yl-benzoic acid (compound 2. 12) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 146 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-490. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfon 2, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile yl-benzoic acid (compound 2. 12) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 147 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-490. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfon 3, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile yl-benzoic acid (compound 2. 12) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 148 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-490. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfon 2, 6-difluoro-benzonitrile yl-benzoic acid (compound 2. 12) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4- {4- [5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2-acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 149 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-504. 0 benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- (2, 2, 2-trifluor benzonitrile o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 5) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Difluoro-4- {4- [5-yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2-acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 150 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-504. 1 benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- (2, 2, 2-trifluor benzonitrile o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 5) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4- [4-(5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 151 trifluoromethoxy-490. 0 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]- tnnuoromethoxy-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 15) 4- [4- (5- 4-Piperazin-1-yl- Methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (commercial) 152 trifluoromethoxy-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-454. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 15) 2-Fluoro-4- [4-(5-2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) 153 trifluoromethoxy-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-472. 1 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 15) 3-Fluoro-4- [4- (5- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (W09625414) 154 trifluoromethoxy-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-472. 0 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 15) (5-Methanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pipera phenyl)- [4- (4- zine (commercial) and 5-514. 2 155 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Methanesulfonyl-2- (M+NH4+) piperazin-1-yl]-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 15) [4- (3-Fluoro-4- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 532 2 156 piperazin-1-yl]- (5- piperazine (compound 5. 1) 532. 2 156 methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (M+NH4+) trifluoromethoxy-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 2. 15) 1-(2-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- tnnuoromethyl-pheny trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 1)-piperazine (compound piperazin-l-yl1- (5- 157 1. 1) and 5-515. 3 methanesulfonyl-2- Methanesulfonyl-2- trifluoromethoxy- trifluoromethoxy-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 2. 15) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Diffuoro-4- [4- (5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesultonyl-2-cny acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 158 tnnuoromethoxy- 158 trifluoromethoxy- benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 15) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 3, 5-Difluoro-4- [4-(5- yl-benzonitrile trifluor- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 507. 3 159 trifluoromethoxy-4+ benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (M+NH) benzoyl)-piperazm-l-yl]- trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 15) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 6-Difluoro-4- (4- (5- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 507. 4 160 trifluoromethoxy-4+ benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzoyl)-piperazm-l-ylj- trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 15) [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-I)-piperazine (commercial) 542. 0 161 (5-methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (M+NH trifluoromethoxy-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 2. 15) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile 2- [4- (5- (compound 5. 2) and 5- Methanesulfonyl-2-Methanesulfonyl-2-539. 2 trifluoromethoxy-539. 2 162 trifluoromethoxy-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-acid (compound 2. 15) (M+NH4+) 5-trifluoromethyl- benzonitrile 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 3, 5-Diffuoro-4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- isopropoxy-5- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 163 acetic acid (compound 2. 13) . and 2-Isopropoxy-5- and2-Isopropoxy-5- benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) 3, 5-Difluoro-4- [4-(2-3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 3, 5-Diffuoro-4- [4- (2-,, yl-benzonitrile trifluor- isobutoxy-5- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 478. 0 and 2-Isobutoxy-5- and 2-Isobutoxy-5- benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl-benzo benzonitrile ic acid (compound 1. 3) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 165 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-476. 1 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfo 3, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 3, 5-Difluoro-4- {4- [5- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2-acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 166 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-504. 1 benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- (2, 2, 2-trifluor benzonitrile o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 5) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- 4- [4- (2-Cyclopentyloxy- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 5-methanesulfonyl- 167 and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-490. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl- 3, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 6-Difluoro-4- [4-(2- yl-benzonitrile trifluor- isopropoxy-5- acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 481. 1 168 methanesulfonyl- and2-Isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4) benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 6-Difluoro-4- [4-(2- yl-benzonitrile trifluor- isobutoxy-5-495. 0 acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 169 methanesulfonyl- and 2-Isobutoxv-5-, sTT T +\ benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-and 2-Isobutoxy-5- (M+NH4+) methanesulfonyl-benzo benzonitrile ic acid (compound 1. 3) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 493. 0 170 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy- benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-5-methanesulfo (M+NH4+) 2, 6-difluoro-benzonitrile nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 6-Difluoro-4- {4- [5- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2-acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 521. 3 171 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (M+NH4+) benzonitrile o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 5) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- 4- [4- (2-Cyclopentyloxy- acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 507. 3 5-methanesulfonyl- 172 and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl- 2, 6-difluoro-benzonitrile benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 2, 4-Difluoro-6-piperazin-1- 2, 4-Difluoro-6- [4-(2- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- lsopropoxy-5-M01 A acetic acid (compound 2. 16) job. 173 methanesulfonyl- and2-Isopropoxy-5-/i. KTTjt benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-and 2-Isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4+) methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) 2-Fluoro-4- {4- [2- (2- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- fluoro-1-fluoromethyl-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) 174 ethoxy)-5-and 2-(2-Fluoro-1-482 3 174 482. 3 methanesulfonyl-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 17) 3-Fluoro-4- {4- [2- (2- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- fluoro-1-fluoromethyl-benzonitrile (W09625414) 175 ethoxy)-5-and 2-(2-Fluoro-1-482. 4 175 482. 4 methanesulfonyl-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 17) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Difluoro-4-{4- [2-(2- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- fluoro-1-fluoromethyl- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) ethoxy)-5- 176 and 2-(2-Fluoro-1-500. 3 methanesulfonyl- .. fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 17) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4- {4- [2-(2-yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- 2, 5-Dinuoro-4- {4- [2- (2-" acetic acid (compound 2. 8) fluoro-1-fluoromethyl- ethoxy)-5-and 2- (2-Fluoro-l- 177 fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-500. 3 methanesulfonyl- .. methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 17) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 3, 5-Difluoro-4-{4- [2-(2- yl-benzonitrile trifluor- fluoro-1-fluoromethyl- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) ethoxy)-5- 178 and2- (2-Fluoro-l- 500. 3 methanesulfonyl- fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 17) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 6-Difluoro-4-{4- [2-(2- yl-benzonitrile trifluor- fluoro-l-fluoromethyl- acetic acid (compound 2. 14) methoxy)-5- 179 ethoxy)-5-and 2-(2-Fluoro-1-500. 3 methanesulfonyl- .. fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 17) 2-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) 180 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-536. 3 180 536. 3 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- piperazin-1-yl}-propoxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 18) 3-Fluoro-4-{4- [5-3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (W09625414) 181 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 181 536. 3 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- piperazin-1-yl}-propoxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 18) 1-(4-Trifluoromethyl- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- phenyl)-plpera (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- phenyl)-pipera zine (commercial) and 5- propoxy)-phenyl- [4- (4- 182 Methanesulfonyl-2-561. 3 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- piperazin-1-yl]- propoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 2. 18) [4- (3-Fluoro-4- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-ylj- [5- piperazine (compound 5. 1) 183 methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-579. 0 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- propoxy)-phenyl]-propoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 2. 18) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Difluoro-4-{4- [5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- 184 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-554. 0 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- plperazm-1-yl}- propoxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 18) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4- {4- [5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- 185 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-554. 0 propoxy)-benzoyl]- '''' (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- plperazm-l-yl}- propoxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 18) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 3, 5-Difluoro-4-{4- [5- yl-benzonitrile trifluor- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- 186 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-554. 0 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- piperazin-1-yl}- propoxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 18) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 6-Diffuoro-4- {4- (5- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 14) (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro-571. 2 187 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- propoxy)-benzoylj-, (M+NH4) ''' (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- piperazm-1-yl3- propoxy)-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 2. 18) [4-(2-Fluoro-4-1-(2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-l)-piperazine (commercial) 188 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-589. 3 (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- (2, 2, 3, 3, 3-pentafluoro- propoxy)-phenyl]-propoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 2. 18) 4-Piperazin-1-yl- 4- {4- [2- (2-Fluoro-l-' benzonitrile (commercial) uuoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- 'and2- (2-Fluoro-l- 189 methanesulfonyl-and 2- (2-Fluoro-1- 464. 1 .. fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- benzonitrile methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 17) [2- (2-Fluoro-l- 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-phenyl)-pipera methanesulfonyl-zine (commercial) and 2- (2- 190 phenyl]- [4- (4- Fluoro-1-fluoromethyl-507. 3 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-ethoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl- piperazin-1-yl]-benzoic acid (compound methanone 2. 17) [2- (2-Fluoro-l- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine (compound 5. 1) 191 phenyl]- [4- (3-fluoro-4-and 2- (2-Fluoro-l- 525. 2 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 17) [2-(2-Fluoro-1-1-(2-Fluoro-4- fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-trifluoromethyl-pheny methanesulfonyl-l)-piperazine (compound 192 phenyl]- [4- (2-fluoro-4- 1. 1) and 2- (2-Fluoro-l- 525. 0 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 17) [2-(2-Fluoro-1-1-(2-Fluoro-4- fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-pheny methanesulfonyl-l)-piperazine (commercial) 193 phenyl- [4- (2-fluoro-4- and 2- (2-Fluoro-l- 535. 3 methanesulfonyl-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 17) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- 2- {4- [2- (2-Fluoro-l- fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- (compound 5. 2) and 2- (2- methanesulfonyl- 194 Fluoro-1-fluoromethyl-532. 2 benzoylj-piperazm-1-yl}- ethoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl- 5-trifluoromethyl- benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 2. 17) [4- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-piperazine (compound 5. 3) 195 [2- (2-fluoro-l- and 2- (2-Fluoro-l- 553. 2 fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5-fluoromethyl-ethoxy)-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl]-methanone acid (compound 2. 17) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- 196 methanesulfonyl-acetic acid (compound 2. 7) 478 3 196 478. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- 2, 3-difluoro-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl-ben zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 1-(2, 5-Difluoro-4- [4-(2, 5-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- .. piperazine trifluoro-acetic phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-534. 3 197. acid (compound2. 20) and + (2-isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4+) 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) ,, l- (3, 5-Difluoro-4- [4-(3, 5-Difluoro-4-1-(3, 5-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfbnyi- ,.,, piperazine trinuoro-acetic phenyl)-piperazm-l-ylj-534. 3 198 acid (compound 2. 21) and. (2-isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4) 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) 2-Piperazin-l-yl- 2- [4-(2-Isopropoxy-5- benzonitrile (commercial) methanesulfonyl- 199 and 2-Isopropoxy-5-428. 5 benzoyl)-plperazm-l-yl]- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) [4- (2-Fluoro-phenyl)- 1- (2-Fluoro-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]- (2- piperazine (commercial) 200 isopropoxy-5-and 2-Isopropoxy-5-421. 3 methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) [4- (4-Chloro-phenyl)- 1- (4-Chloro-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]- (2- piperazine (commercial) 201 isopropoxy-5-and 2-Isopropoxy-5-437. 3 methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) 5-Chloro-2- [4- (2- 5-Chloro-2-piperazin-1-yl- isopropoxy-5-benzonitrile (W09625414) 202 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Isopropoxy-5-462. 1 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) 1- (4-Chloro-2-fluoro- [4- (4-Chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-pipera phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-zine hydrochloride 203 (2-isopropoxy-5- (commercial) and 2-455. 4 methanesulfonyl-Isopropoxy-5- phenyl)-methanone methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) [4- (4-Chloro-3- 1- (4-Chloro-3- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethyl-pheny 204 piperazin-1-yl]- (2-1)-piperazine (commercial) 505. 3 isopropoxy-5-and 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) [4- (3, 4-Dichloro- 1- (3, 4-Dichloro-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-piperazine (commercial) 205 (2-isopropoxy-5-and 2-Isopropoxy-5-471. 0 methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) _ 1-(2-Fluoro-4-methyl- [4-(2-Fluoro-4-methyl- ,.., n phenyl)-pipera phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-phenyl)-pipera zine (compound 5. 4) and 2- 206 (2-isopropoxy-5-435. 3 Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- rac-2, 3-Difluoro-4-{4- [5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-535. 3 207 methyl-ethoxy)-and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl- (M+NH4+) 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor ,..., 2- (2, 2, 2-trinuor benzoy !]-piperazm-l-yl}- 1 t- o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 3. 1) 1- (4-Trifluoromethoxy- phenyl)-piperazine (2-Isopropoxy-5- (W003007954) and 2- methanesulfonyl-Isopropoxy-5- 208 phenyl)- [4- (4- methanesulfonyl-benzoic 487. 3 trifluoromethoxy-acid (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone 2-Fluoro-4-{4- [5-2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) 209 (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-535. 3 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetraf (M+NH4+) piperazin-1-yl}-luoro-propoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 22) 3-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- methanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (W09625414) 210 (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-535. 5 210 propoxy)-benzoyl]- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetraf (M+NH4+) piperazin-1-yl}-luoro-propoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 22) 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- (S-Methanesulfonyl-2- phenyl)-plpera (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro- zine (commercial) and 5- zine (commerclal) and 5- 211 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3- M+NH4+) tetra tetraf piperazin-1-yl]- luoro-propoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 22) l- (2-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- tnnuoromethyl-pheny triluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethyl-pheny 1)-piperazine (compound piperazm-l-yl]- [5- 1. 1) and 5-578. 2 212 methanesulfonyl-2- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 3, 3- (M+NH4+) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro- tetra propoxy)-phenyl]- luoro-propoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 22) 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 3-Difluoro-4- {4- (5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 7) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro- 553. 2 213 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-+ propoxy)-benzoyl]- (M+NH4) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetra piperazin-1-yI}- luoro-propoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 22) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 5-Difluoro-4-84- [5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro-553. 2 214 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- propoxy)-benzoyl]- (M+NH4+) piperazin-1-yl}- plperazm-l-yl}- luoro-propoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 22) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 3, 5-Diffuoro-4- {4- [5- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro- 553. 0 215 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-+ propoxy)-benzoyl]- (M+NH4) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetraf piperazin-1-yl}-22, 3, 3-tetraf .. (2, 2, 3, 3-tetraf plperazm-l-yl}- luoro-propoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 22) . 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 2, 6-Difluoro-4- {4- [5- yl-benzomtrile trlfluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 14) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetraauoro-,,, 553. 2 216 22, 3, 3-tetrafluoro- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-553. 2 + propocy)-benzoyl]- (M+NH4) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetra piperazin-1-yl}- luoro-propoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 2. 22) [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-I)-piperazine (commercial) 5ou. 3 217 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-and5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (M+NH4) (2, 2, 3, 3-tetrafluoro- (2, 2, 3, 3-tetra propoxy)-phenyl]-luoro-propoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 2. 22) 1-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- [4-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine trifluoro-acetic phenyl)-plperazln-1-yl]- 218 acid (compound 2. 23) and 517. 3 (2-isopropoxy-5- 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) 3-Chloro-4- [4- (2- 3-Chloro-4-piperazin-1-yl- isopropoxy-5-benzonitrile (WO 9625414) 219 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Isopropoxy-5-462. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) [4- (2-Chloro-4-nitro- 1- (2-Chloro-4-nitro- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-phenyl)-piperazine (EP 220 (2-isopropoxy-5-257864) and 2-Isopropoxy-482. 3 methanesulfonyl-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) 3-Piperazin-l-yl- 3- [4- (2-Isopropoxy-5- benzonitrile (W002068399) methanesulfonyl- 221 and 2-Isopropoxy-5-428. 4 benzoyl)-plperazm-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) 1- (3, 5-Dichloro-pyridin-4- [4- (3, 5-Dichloro- yl)-piper pyridin-4-yl)-piperazin-yl)-piper azyme (commercial) and 2- 222 1-yl]-(2-isopropoxy-5-474. 0 Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic phenyl)-methanone acid (compound 1. 2) 5-Chloro-2-piperazin-1-yl- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor 5-Chloro-2- {4- [5- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl-2- (compound 1. 5) 223 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- 502. 1 benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- benzonitrile 1- (4-Chloro-2-fluoro- r. phenyl)-pipera [4- (4-Chloro-2-fluoro- phenyl)-pipera zine hydrochloride phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (commercial) and 5- 224 (5-methanesulfonyl-2-495. 4 Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- trinuor phenyl]-methanone o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 5) 1- (4-Chloro-3- 1-(4-Chloro-3- [4- (4-Chloro-3- trifluoromethyl-pheny trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- tnnuoromethyl-phenyl)- 1)-piperazine (commercial) piperazin-l-yl]- [5- 225 and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-545. 3 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-trifluor o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid phenyl]-methanone (compound 1. 5) 1- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- [4- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine trifluoro-acetic 226 phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-acid (compound2. 20) and 574. 3 226 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (M+NH4+) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- triffuor phenyl]-methanone o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 5) 1- (2, 6-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazine trifluoro-acetic [4-(2, 6-Difluoro-4-acid (compound 2. 23) and methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-trifluor 227 557. 4 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- (compound 1. 5) phenyl]-methanone 5-Chloro-2-piperazin-1-yl- 5-Chloro-2- [4- (2- benzonitrile (W09625414) cyclopropylmethoxy-5- and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy- 228 methanesulfonyl-474. 1 5-methanesulfo benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile benzonitrile (compound 1. 4) 1- (4-Chloro-2-fluoro- phenyl)-pipera [4-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro- .. zine hydrochloride phenyl)-piperazin-1-yll-zine hydrochloride (commercial) and 2- 229 (2-cyclopropylmethoxy-467. 3 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- methanesulfo methanesulfo phenyl)-methanone nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-1- (3, 4-Dichloro-phenyl)- 5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine (commercial) 230 phenyl)- [4- (3, 4- and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-483. 3 dichloro-phenyl)-5-methanesulfo piperazin-1-yl]-nyl-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 4) 1- (4-Chloro-3- trifluoromethyl-pheny 1)-piperazine (commercial) [4- (4-Chloro-3- and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy- trifluoromethyl-phen 5-methanesulfo yl)-piperazin-l-yl]-(2-nyl-benzoic acid 231 cyclopropylm (compound 1. 4) 517. 0 ethoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-me thanone 1- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine trifluoro-acetic 232 phenyl)- [4- (2, 5-difluoro- acid (compound 2. 20) and 546. 3 232 4-methanesulfonyl-2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- (M+NH4+) phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfo methanone nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) 1- (2, 6-Difluoro-4- (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 5-methanesulfonyl-piperazine trifluoro-acetic 233 phenyl)- [4- (2, 6-difluoro- acid (compound 2. 23) and 546. 3 233 4-methanesulfonyl-2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- (M+NH4+) phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfo methanone nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- 234 methanesulfonyl-acetic acid (compound 2. 8) 478. 1 234 f g benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- 2, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl-ben zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5-yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- 235 methanesulfonyl-acetic acid (compound 2. 13) 478. 1 benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- 3, 5-difluoro-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl-ben zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- 4- [4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- 236 methanesulfonyl-acetic acid (compound 2. 14) 478. 1 236 g benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- 2, 6-difluoro-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl-ben zoic acid (compound 2. 19) (2-tert-Butoxy-5-1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- l)-piperazine (commercial) 530. 2 237 methanesulfonyl-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- (M+NH4+) phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- 2- [4-(2-tert-Butoxy-5- trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl- (compound5. 2) and2-tert- 527. 3 238 (compound 5. 2) and 2-tert-527. 3 238 benzoyl)-plperazm-1-yl]- Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- (M+NH4+) ben ben benzonitrile zoic acid (compound 2. 19) (2-tert-Butoxy-5-1- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 239 phenyl)- [4- (2, 3-difluoro- piperazine (compound 5. 3) 548. 3 239 4-methanesulfonyl-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- (M+NH4+) phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 1- (3-Chloro-S- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrid methanesulfonyl- in-2-yl)-piperazine phenyl)- [4- (3-chloro-5- in-2-yl)-piperazine 240 (commercial) and 2-tert-520. 3 tnfluoromethyl-pyrldm- Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 1- (5-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- (2-tert-Butoxy-5-piperazin methanesulfonyl-e (WO01062751) and 2-tert- methanesulfonyl- 241 phenyl)- [4- (5-chloro- Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-452. 3 pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-ben 1-ylj-methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) (2-tert-Butoxy-5-1- (5-Trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl-pyridin-2-yl)- 242 phenyl)- [4- (5- piperazine (commercial) 486. 4 242 486. 4 trifluoromethyl-pyridin-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4-4-2-tert-Butoxy-5-'' 'benzonitrile (WO 9808835) methanesulfbnyl- 243 and 2-tert-Butoxy-5-460. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-ylJ- methanesulfonyl-ben 2-fluoro-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl-ben zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4- [4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- benzonitrile (W09625414) methanesulfonyl- 244 and 2-tert-Butoxy-5-460. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfbnyl-ben 3-fluoro-benzonitrile zoic acid (compound 2. 19) (2-tert-Butoxy-5-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-pipera phenyl)- [4- (4- zine (commercial) and 2-485. 5 245 485. 5 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-tert-Butoxy-5- piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) (2-tert-Butoxy-5-1- (3-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- 246 phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4- piperazine (compound 5. 1) 503. 1 246 503. 1 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) (2-tert-Butoxy-5-1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-trifluoromethyl-pheny 247 phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- l)-piperazine (compound 503. 3 247 503. 3 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-1. 1) and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 6-Piperazin-1-yl- 6- [4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- nicotinonitrile methanesulfonyl- (commercial) and 2-tert- 248 443 4 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- nicotinonitrile ben zoic acid (compound 2. 19) l- (2, 5-Diuuoro-4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5-1- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine trifluoro-acetic phenyl)- [4- (2, 5-diftuoro- 548. 3 249 acid (compound 2. 20) and 4-methanesulfonyl- (M+NH4) 2-tert-Butoxy-5- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) l- (2, 6-Diauoro-4- 1-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- DlDerazme trlfluoro-acetlc phenyl)- [4- (2, 6-difluoro- piperazine trifluoro-acetic 548. 3 250 acid (compound 2. 23) and + 2-tert-Butoxy-5- .. 2-tert-Butoxy-5- phenyl)-piperazin-1-ylJ- methanesulfonyl-ben methanone zoic acid (compound 2. 19) 1- (3, 4-Dichloro-phenyl)- piperazine (commercial) piperazine (commercial) phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 251 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-511. 0 (2, 2, 2-trifluor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid phenyl]-methanone (compound 1. 5) 2-Piperazin-1-yl- nicotinonitrile 2- [4- (2-Isopropoxy-5- (commercial) and 2- 252 methanesulfonyl-Isopropoxy-5-429. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-benzoic nicotinonitrile acid (compound 1. 2) (2-Isopropoxy-5- 2-Piperazin-1-yl-4- methanesulfonyl- trifluoromethvl- phenyl)-[4-(4- pyrlmldme (commerclal) 253 trifluoromethyl-473. 0 ... and 2-Isopropoxy-5- pynmldln-2-yl)- methanesulfonyl-benzoic piperazin-1-ylj- acid (compound 1. 2) methanone 1-(2, 5-Difluoro-4- rac- [4- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine trifluoro-acetic phenyl)-plperazm-1-yl]- acid (compound 2. 20) and 254 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-571. 0 rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- ' (2, 2, 2-trinuor methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- methanone o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) l- (2, 6-Dinuoro-4- 1-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- rac-[4-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine trifluoro-acetic phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- acid (compound 2. 23) and 255 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-571. 2 rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- (2, 2, 2-trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) 5-Chloro-2-piperazin-1-yl- benzonitrile (W09625414) and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl- rac-5-CMoro-2- {4- 5- 2- (2, 2, 2-trinuor methanesulfonyl-2- o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic (2, 2, 2-triuuoro-l-,, 256 acid (compound 3. 1) 516. 2 methyl-ethoxy)- benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- benzonitrile 1- (4-Chloro-2-fluoro- rac- [4- (4-Chloro-2- phenyl)-pipera fluoro-phenyl)-pipera .. zme hydrochlonde ,,, zinehydrochloride (commercial) and rac-5- .,,., (commercial) and rac-5- 257 methanesulfonyl-2-509 3 Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- tnfluor methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) rac- [4- (3, 4-Dichloro- 1- (3, 4-Dichloro-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-piperazine (commercial) [5-methanesulfonyl-2-and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl- 258 525 2 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) rac- [4- (4-Chloro-3- 1- (4-Chloro-3- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-trifluoromethyl-pheny piperazin-1-yl]- [5-1)-piperazine (commercial) 259 methanesulfonyl-2-and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-559. 0 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) 3, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- rac-3, 5-Difluoro-4-{4- [5- yl-benzonitrile trifluor- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 13) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- 260 and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-518. 2 methyl-ethoxy)- 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic benzonitrile acid (compound 3. 1) 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- rac-2, 5-Diffuoro-4- {4- (S- yl-benzonitrile-trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 8) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- 261 and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-518. 0 methyl-ethoxy)- 2-(2, 2, 2-trifluor benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- .. o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic benzomtnle acid (compound 3. 1) 2, 6-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1- rac-2, 6-Difluoro-4-{4- [5- yl-benzonitrile trifluoro- methanesulfonyl-2- acetic acid (compound 2. 14) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- 262 and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-517. 8 methyl-ethoxy)- 2-(2, 2, 2-trifluor benzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- benzonitrile o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic benzomtnle acid (compound 3. 1) (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-2_Piperazin-1-yl-4- 5-methanesulfonyl- 5-methanesuifbnyl- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine phenyl)- [4- (4- (commercial) and 2- 263 trifluoromethyl-485. 1 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- pyrimidin-2-yl)- methanesulfonyl-benzoic piperazin-1-yl]- acid (compound 1. 4) methanone (2-Isopropoxy-5-4-Piperazin-1-yl-2- methanesulfonyl-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine phenyl)- [4- (2- trifluoro-acetic acid 264 trifluoromethyl- (W0030249) and 2-473. 1 pyrimidin-4-yl)-Isopropoxy-5- piperazin-1-yl]-methanesulfonyl-benzoic methanone acid (compound 1. 2) (2-tert-Butoxy-5- 1-(3-Fluoro-5- methanesulfonyl-ph trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- enyl)- [4- (3-nuoro-5-.. yl)-piperazine (compound 265 trifluoromethy 504. 0 5. 5) and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- l-pyridin-2-yl)- methanesulfonyl-benzoic piperazin-1-yl]-met acid (compound 2. 19) hanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- 2-Piperazin-1-yl-4- methanesulfonyl- trifluoromethyl- phenyl)- [4-(4- pyrimidme (commercial) 266 trifluoromethyl-487. 1 and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- pyrlmldm-2-yl)- methanesulfonyl-benzoic piperazin-1-yl]- , acid (compound 2. 19) methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-2-Piperazin-1-yl-4- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-trifluoromethyl- phenyl]- [4- (4- pyrimidine (commercial) 267 trifluoromethyl-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-513. 3 pyrimidin-2-yl)- (2, 2, 2-trifluor piperazin-1-yl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) rac- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-Piperazin-1-yl-4- 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-trifluoromethyl- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-pyrimidine (commercial) 268 [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-527. 0 pyrimidin-2-yl)-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor piperazin-1-yl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) l- (2, 5-Diffuoro-4- [4- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine trifluoro-acetic phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- acid and5- 269 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-571. 0 Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-triHuoro-l- 2, 2, 2-triffuoro-1-methyl- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- methanone methanone (compound 5. 6) 1- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazine trifluoro-acetic [4- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- acid (compound 2. 20) and methanesulfonyl-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (R)- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl- 270 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 571. 0 ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- (compound 5. 7) methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- methanone 1-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- [4-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine trinuoro-acetic acid (compound 2. 23) and acld (comDound 2. 23) and 271 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-571. 2 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-((S)- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- 2, 2, 2-triuuoro-l-methyl- methyi-ethoxy)-phenyl]- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 5. 6) 1- (2, 6-Diffuoro-4- 1-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- [4-(2, 6-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine trifluoro-acetic phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- acid (compound 2. 23) and 272 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-571. 2 . 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-( (R)- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trlfluoro-1- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-2>2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 5. 7) 4-Piperazin-1-yl-2- rac- [5-Methanesulfonyl- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- trifluoro-acetic acid methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (W0030249) and rac-5- 273 [4- (2-trifluoromethyl- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 527. 0 pyrimidin-4-yl)- pyrlmldm-4-yl)- trlfluor piperazin-1-yl]-ifluor o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) 4-Piperazin-1-yl-6- rac- [5-Methanesulfonyl- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine rac- [5-Methanesulfonyl- . trifluoro-acetic acid 2- (2, 2, 2-trlfluoro-1- (compound 2. 24) and rac-5- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- 274 [4- (6-trifluoromethyl- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 527. 2 - j- trifluor pyrimidin-4-yl)-trifluor piperazin-1-yl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic plperazm-l-yl]- methanone acid (compound 3. 1) methanone rac- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 2. 25) and rac-5- 275 [4- (5-trifluoromethyl- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 527. 2 pyrimidin-2-yl)-trifluor piperazin-1-yl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) (2-Isopropoxy-5- 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- methanesulfonyl- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine (compound 2. 25) and 2- 276 trifluoromethyl-473. 1 .... Isopropoxy-5- pyrimidin-2-yl)-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-benzoic piperazin-1-yl]- acid (compound 1. 2) methanone 4-Piperazin-1-yl-2- (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy- trinuoromethyl-pyrimidme 5-methanesulfonyl- trifluoro-acetic acid phenyl)- [4- (2- phenyl)-[4-(2- (W0030249) and 2- 277 trifluoromethyl-485. 1 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- pyrimidin-4-yl)- methanesulfo piperazin-1-yl]- nyl-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 4) 4-Piperazin-1-yl-6- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-trifluoro-acetic acid 5-methanesulfonyl- (compound 2. 24) and 2- phenyl)- [4- (6- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- 278 trifluoromethyl-methanesulfo 485. 5 pyrimidin-4-yl)-nyl-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 1. 4) methanone 4-Piperazin-1-yl-2- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-trifluoro-acetic acid (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- (W0030249) and 5- phenyl]- [4- (2- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 279 trifluoromethyl-trifluor 513. 3 pyrimidin-4-yl)-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 1. 5) methanone 4-Piperazin-1-yl-6- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- trlfluoromethyl-pyrlmldme (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine trifluoro-acetic acid phenyl]-[4-(6- (compound 2. 24) and 5- 280 trifluoromethyl-513. 3 pyrimidin-4-yl)-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- triffuor tnuuor piperazin-1-yl]- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) In analogy to Example 1. 2 (b) compounds 3. 1 to 3. 5 of the following table were prepared from 2-chloro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid and the appropriate alcohol : Expl. Compound name Alcohol MS (m/e) No rac-5-Methanesulfonyl- 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-rac-1, 1, l-Trifluoro-propan- 3. 1 311. 3 (MH-) methyl ethoxy)-benzoic 2-ol 311. 3 (MH-) acid (compound 3. 1) Cyclohexanol 2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- 3 2 3. 2 methanesulfonyl-benzoic 297. 3 (MH-) acid (compound 3. 2) 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 3. 3 propoxy)-5-2, 2-Dimethyl-propan- 285. 1 (MH-) methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 3. 3) 2-Cyclobutoxy-5- 3. 4 methanesulfonyl-benzoic cyclobutanol acid (compound 3. 4) rac-2-sec-Butoxy-5- 3 5. Butan-2-ol 271. 4 (MH-) methanesulfonyl-benzoic 271. 4 (MH-) acid (compound 3. 5) In analogy to Example 5 compounds 281 to 326 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives. ExpL-MW found Systematic Name Starting materials No. (MH+) 1- {4- (4- (2- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- phenyl)-ethanone clohexyloxy-5- 109714690) and 2- 281 thanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-503. 5 clohexyloxy-5- ) erazin-1-yl]-3-fluoro- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid enyl}-ethanone mpound 3. 2) 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 4- [4- (2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- mmercial) and 2- 282 thanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-clohexyloxy-5-468. 5 erazin-1-yl]-benzonitrile thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid mpound 3. 2) 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4- [4-(2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- benzonitrile (W09625414) and thanesulfonyl-benzoyl)- 283 yclohexyloxy-5-486. 5 zerazin-1-yl]-3-fluoro- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid nitrile ) mpound 3. 2) 4- [4- (2-Cyclohecyloxy- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4- [4-(2-Cyclohexyloxy- nzonitrile (WO 9808835) lethanesulfonyl-benzoyl)- 284 2-Cyclohexyloxy-5-486. 5 7erazm-1-yl]-2-fluoro- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid nitrile mpound 3. 2) 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- enyl)-pipera e (commercial) and 2- 2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- thanesulfonyl- thanesulfonyl- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid enyl)- [4- (4- 285) mpound 3. 2) 511. 5 uoromethyl-pheny iperazin-1-yl]- thanone (2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- 1-(2-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl- tluoromethyl-pheny enyl)- (4- (2-fluoro-4- piperazine (compound 1. 1) 286 fluoromet. 529 5 2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- -phenyl)-plperazln-1-yl]- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid than mpound 3. 2) 1- (3-Fluoro-4- uoromethyl-phenyl)- (2-Cyclohexyloxy-5-erazine (compound 5. 1) and thanesulfonyl-yclohexyloxy-5- enyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 287 uoromet) mpound 3. 2) 529. 3 -phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- thano (2-Cyclohexyloxy-5-1- (2-Fluoro-4- jthanesulfonyl- 'thanesulfonyl- thanesulfonyl-pheny enyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- iperazine (commercial) and 288 thanesulfo 539. 5 'yclohexyloxy-5- I-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- thano thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid than mpound 3. 2) 1- (4- {4- [2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- poxy)-5 phenyl)-ethanone 289 ethanesulfonyl-benzoyl]-09714690) and 2-(2, 2-491. 5 289'',. 491. 5 erazin methyl-propoxy)-5- yl}-3-fluoro-phenyl)-thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid anone mpound 3. 3) 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 4- {4- [2- (2, 2-Dimethyl-) mmercial) and 2- (2, 2- ) poxy)-5-me methyl-propoxy)-5- 290 mesulfonyl-benzoyl]-thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 456. 6 erazin-1-mpound 3. 3) - benzonitrile 4-{4- [2-(2, 2-Dimethyl--Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- ) poxy)-5- izonitrile (W09625414) and 291 thanesulfonyl-benzoyl]-2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- 474. 4 ) erazin-1-yl}-3-fluoro-thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid zonitrile mpound 3. 3) 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- nitrile (WO 9808835) 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)- 4- {4- [2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- ethanesulfonyl-benzoic acid Dpoxy)-5-me ) mpound 3. 3) 292 nesulfonyl-benzoyl]-mPound 3. 3) 474. 5 brain-1- -2-fluoro-benzonitrile 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- enyl)-pipera ) poxy)-5- poxy)-5-e (commercial) and 2-(2, 2- 293 thanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4-499. 4 methyl-propoxy)-5- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid erazin-1-yl]-methanone mpound 3. 3) 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- poxy)-S-methane uoromethyl-pheny fonyl-phenyl]- [4- (2-.. ' piperazme (compound 1. 1) 294 oro-4-tri''517. 5 oromethyl-phenyl)- oromethyl-phenyl)- .-j nethanesulfonyl-benzoic acid erazin-1-yl mpound 3. 3) nethanone [2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- poxy)-5-methane uoromethyl-phenyl)- poxy)-5-methane erazine (compound 5. 1) and fonyl-phenyl]- [4-(3- 295 oro-4-tri 2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5-517. 5 thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid oromethyl-phenyl)- mpound 3. 3) erazin-1-yl nethanone [2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- poxy)-5-thanesulfonyl-pheny thanesulfonyl-phenyl]- [4- iperazine (commercial) and 296 527. 3 fluoro-4-2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- thanesulfonyl-phenyl)-thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid erazin-1-yl]-methanone mpound 3. 3) 1-(3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- rac-1- (3-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- phenyl)-ethanone thanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-09714690) and rac-5- 297 uoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-thanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 517. 5 zoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-uor enyl)-ethanone-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic d (compound 3. 1) 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile mmercial) and rac-5- ,,.,.,.) mmercial) andrac-5- 'thanesulfbnyl-2- (2, 2, 2- thanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- thanesulfonvl-2- (2, 2, 2- 298 Suoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-Suor 482. 5 nzoyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- zonitrile-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic nzomtrlle d (compound 3. 1) 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- rac-3-Fluoro-4- {4- 5-''' zonitrile (W09625414) and thanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- :-5-Methanesulfbnyl-2- 299 fluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-500. 4 , n 2, 2-triuuor zoyl]-piperazin-l-yl}- zonitrile-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic rlzomtrlle d (compound 3. 1) 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- nzonitrile (WO 9808835) rac-2-Fluoro-4-44-[5- thanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- thanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 300 luoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-2, 2-trifluor 500. 4 .. I-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic lzoyl]-plperazm-1-yl}- zonitrile d (compound 3. 1) lzonitrile 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-enyl)-pipera 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-e (commercial) and rac-5- 301 oxy)-phenyl]- [4- (4- hanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 525. 3 uoromethyl-phenyl)-uor erazin-1-yl]-methanone-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic d (compound 3. 1) 1-(2-Fluoro-4- rac- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- rluoromethyl-pheny luoromethyl-phenyl)- ? iperazme (compound 1. 1) erazin-1-yl]- [5- 302 rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-543. 5 thanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-2, 2-trifluor 2, 2-tnnuor Quoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-,, - methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic enylj-methanone d (compound 3. 1) rac- [4- (3-Fluoro-4- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- uoromethyl-phen Ruoromethyl-phenyl)- -piperazin-1-yl]- [5-) erazine (compound 5. 1) and 303 thanesulfo-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-543. 5 1-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-2, 2-trifluor thyl-eth-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic y)-phenyl]-methanone d (compound 3. 1) 1-(2-Fluoro-4- rac- [4-(2-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-pheny thanesulfonyl-phenyl)-pheny iperazine (commercial) and ) erazin-l-yl]- [5- 304-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-553. 0 thanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-2, 2-trifluor 2, 2-tnnuor luoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)- -methyl-ethoxy)-benzolc enyl]-methanone d (compound 3. 1) 4- {4- [5-Methanesulfonyl-4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 2-methox mmercial) and 5- 305 thoxy)-benzoyl]-thanesulfonyl-2- (2- 444. 3 ) erazin-1-yl}-thoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid nzonitrile mpound 1. 10) 3-Fluoro-4- {4- [5-3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- thanesulfonyl-2-zonitrile (W09625414) and 306 methoxy-ethoxy)-ethanesulfonyl-2- (2- 462. 5 nzoyl]-piperaz thoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 1-yl}-benzonitrile mpound 1. 10) 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- nzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2-Fluoro-4- {4- [5- qethanesulfonyl-2- (2- thanesulfonyl-2-thoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 307 methoxy-ethoxy)-mpound 1. 10) 462. 5 nzoyl]-piperaz 1-yl}-benzonitrile [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- uoromethyl-phen uoromethyl-pheny -piperazin-1-yl]- [5- piperazine (compound 1. 1) 308 thanesulfo d 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2- -2-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)- ,.'thoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic add enyl]-me mpound 1. 10) nonne [4-(3-Fluoro-4-1-(3-Fluoro-4- -none l- (3-Fluoro-4- Suoromethyl-phen luoromethyl-phenyl)- -plperazm-1-yl]- [5- erazine (compound 5. 1) and 309 thanesulfo 505. 5 309 ! thanesulfo qethanesulfonyl-2- (2- 505. 5 - 2- (2-methoxy-ethoxy)- 'thoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid enyl]-me mpound 1. 10) none [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-phen thanesulfonyl-pheny thanesulfony-p en. - piperazin-1-yl]- [5- iperazine (commercial) and -plperazm-1-ylJ-15- 310 thanesulfo ethanesulfonyl-2- (2- 515. 5 310 thanesulfo thoxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid -2-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)- mpound 1. 10) ) mpound 1. 10) enyl]-me none 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- l- {4- [4- (2-Cydobutoxy- ethanesul nethanesul T09714690) and 2- 09714690) and 2- 311 Iyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-475. 4 clobutoxy-5- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid ro-phenyl}-ethanone ) mpound 3. 4) 4- [4- (2-Cyclobutoxy-5- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile thanesulfon) mmercial) and 2- 312 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-clobutoxy-5-440. 5 nzoni thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid Le) mpound 3. 4) 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- 4-4-2-Cydobutoxy-5-''' thanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-Zonitrile (W09625414) and 313 yclobutoxy-5-458. 5 313 _ydobutoxy-5-458. 5 erazin-1-yl]-3-fluoro- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid zonitrile ) mpound 3. 4) 4- [4- (2-Cyclobutoxy-5- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- thanesulfon zonitrile (WO 9808835) 314 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-d 2-Cyclobutoxy-5-458. 5 uor thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid enzonitrile) mpound 3. 4) 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl- (2-Cyclobutoxy-5- enyl)-pipera thanesulfonyl-ph e (commercial) and 2- 315 yl)-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-483. 5 enyl) thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid perazin-1-yl]-methanone impound 3. 4) (2-Cyclobutoxy-5-1- (2-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-ph uoromethyl-pheny l)-f4- (2-uuoro-4- piperazine (compound 1. 1) 501. 5 316 r fluoromethy d 2-Cyclobutoxy-5- henyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid thanone) mpound 3. 4) (2-Cyclobutoxy-5-1- (3-Fluoro-4- fluoromethyl-phenyl)- 317 [4- (3-fluoro-4-) erazine (compound 5. 1) and 501. 5 luoromethy yclobutoxy-5- henyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid thanone zmpound 3. 4) 1-(2-Fluoro-4- (2-Cyclobutoxy-5-1- (2-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-pheny thanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- piperazine (commercial) and 318 fluoro-4-. 511. 5 _ydobutoxy-5- thanesulfonyl-phenyl)- thanesulfonyl-benzoic acid erazin-1-yl]-methanone mpound 3. 4) 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1- rac-l- {4- [4- (2-sec- phenyl)-ethanone toxy-5-methanesulf .. 709714690) and rac-2-sec- 319 yl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-47 . 4 -3-flu toxy-5-methanesulfonyl- 1Z -phenyl}-ethanone acid (compound 3. 5) rac-4- [4- (2-sec-Butoxy-5- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile thanesulfony mmercial) and rac-2-sec- 320 enzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-toxy-5-methanesulfonyl-442. 5 nzonit nz acid (compound 3. 5) rac-4- [4-(2-sec-Butoxy-5-3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- thanesulfony zonitrile (W09625414) and 321 enzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-3--2-sec-Butoxy-5-460. 5 oro thanesulfonyl-benz nzonitrile acid (compound 3. 5) rac-4- [4- (2-sec-Butoxy-5- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- thanesulfony zonitrile (WO 9808835) 322 enzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-2-rac-2-sec-Butoxy-5-460. 5 oro thanesulfonyl-benz nzonitrile acid (compound 3. 5) 1-(4-Trifluoromethyl- rac- (2-sec-Butoxy-5- enyl)-plpera thanesulfonyl-phe enyl)-pipera e (commercial) and rac-2- 323)- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl-485. 5 --Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- enyl)- ruz erazin-1-yl]-methanone : acid (compound 3. 5) rac- (2-sec-Butoxy-5- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-phe uoromethyl-pheny 324 I)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- piperazine (compound 1. 1) 503. 3 324 503. 3 luoromethyl d rac-2-sec-Butoxy-5- henyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-thanesulfonyl-benz thanone : acid (compound 3. 5) rac- (2-sec-Butoxy-5- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-phe uoromethyl-phenyl)- 325)-[4-(3-fluoro-4-zerazine (compound 5. 1) and 4 luoromethyl :-2-sec-Butoxy-5- enyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-thanesulfonyl-benz thanone : acid (compound 3. 5) rac- (2-sec-Butoxy-5- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- thanesulfonyl-phe thanesulfonyl-pheny 326 [4-(2-fluoro-4-piperazine (commercial) and 513. 5 thanesulfonyl-2-sec-Butoxy-5- enyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-thanesulfonyt-benz thanone : acid (compound 3. 5)

Example 4. 1 Preparation of 6-Ethoxy-2-fluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (a) 3-Chlorosulfonyl-2, 6-difluoro-benzoic acid 95 mmol of 2, 6-difluorobenzoic acid in 19 ml of chlorosulfonic acid was stirred for 2 h at 150°. The mixture was poured into 200 ml of ice and stirred for 20 min. The resulting slurry was filtered, washed with water and dried (20° overnight in the dessicator) to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 279. 4 (MNat, 81%) (b) 2, 6-Difluoro-3-sulfino-benzoic acid 41 mmol of 3-chlorosulfonyl-2, 6-difluoro-benzoic acid was slowly added over 20 min. to a solution of 310 mmol sodium sulfite in 200 ml of water. The resulting mixture was stirred for one hour at room temperature, cooled to 0° C and acidified with 20% aqueous sulfuric acid. The sulfinic acid was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over MgS04 and concentrated to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 220. 9 (M-H, 100%) (c) 6-Ethoxy-2-fluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid A mixture of 27 mmol 2, 6-difluoro-3-sulfino-benzoic acid and 9 mmol Na2CO3 in 110 ml methanol was treated with 72 mmol of methyl iodide. The resulting mixture was stirred overnight at 60°, concentrated and the dark residue dissolved in 100 ml of ethanol.

100 ml of 2 molar aqueous NaOH is added and the mixture was refluxed for 2 hours.

Concentration to about 100 ml precipitated a yellowish solid which was filtered and

triturated with diethyl ether to give the crude title compound, which was used without further purification.

Example 4. 2 Preparation of 1- (4-Trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine A mixture of 1 mmol 1-Bromo-4-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-benzene [Nodiffet al., J. Org. Chem. 25, 60 (1960)], 3 mmol of piperazine and 2 mmol of potassium carbonate in 5 ml of acetonitrile was refluxed for 2 hours. The resulting mixture was poured into water, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried, concentrated and purified by column chromatography (Si02 ; Et20/cyclohexane) to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 295. 2 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 3 Preparation of 1- (2, 4-Bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 4-(2, 4-Bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester A mixture of 5 mmol 2, 4-bis (trifluoromethyl) bromobenzene, 6 mmol N-BOC- piperazine, 8 mmol NaOtBu, 0. 5 mmol rac-2, 2'-bis (diphenylphosphino)-1, 1'-binaphthyl and 1 mmol tris- (dibenzylideneacetone) dipalladium chloroform complex in 20 ml toluene was stirred at 80° C for 3 hours. The mixture was then diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried and purified by column chromatography (Si02 ; cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 9 : 1) to yield the title compound as a yellowish oil.

MS (m/e) : 399. 1 (MH+, 100%) (b) 1- (2, 4-Bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride 3 mmol of 4-(2, 4-Bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester was stirred in 10 ml of 1, 4-dioxane saturated with gaseous HC1. After 4 h at room temperature, the reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 299. 3 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 4 Preparation of 1- [4- (5-Methyl- [1, 2, 4] oxadiazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 4-f4- (5-Methyl- (1, 2, 41oxadiazol-3-yl)-phenyll-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert- butyl ester

A well stirred mixture of 0. 015 mmol of bis (tri-t-butylphosphine) palladium, 0. 01 mmol of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, 2 mmol of powdered potassium hydroxide, 2mmol of 3- (4-bromo-phenyl)-5-methyl- [1, 2, 4] oxadiazole and 2. 1 mmol of N-BOC- piperazine in 1 ml of toluene was heated under Ar to 90° C for 17 hours. The resulting reaction mixture was diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate and the product purified by column chromatography (Si02 ; cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 7 : 3) to yield the title compound as a yellowish solid. MS (m/e) : 345. 3 (MH+, 100%) (b) 1- [4- (5-Methyl-f 1, 2, 41 oxadiazol-3-yl)-phenyl1-piperazinehydrochloride 1 mmol of 4- [4- (5-Methyl- [1, 2, 4] oxadiazol-3-yl)-phenyl]-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester was stirred in 3 ml of 1, 4-dioxane saturated with gaseous HC1. After 2 h at room temperature, the reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 245. 1 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 5 Preparation of 1- (4-Oxazol-2-yl-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 4-Bromo-N- (2, 2-dimethoxy-ethyl)-benzamide A solution of 24 mmol aminoacetaldehyde dimethylacetal was dissolved in 30 ml of water and treated with 25 mmol of potassium hydrogencarbonate. A solution of 23 mmol of 4- bromobenzoyl chloride in 50 ml of acetone was slowly added under stirring over a period of 30 min. The acetone was evaporated and the aqueous phase extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate to yield the crude title compound as a slightly brown solid.

MS (m/e) : 287. 1 (M-H, 43%) (b) 2- (4-Bromo-phenyl)-oxazol A solution of 21 mmol of phosphorous pentoxide in 20 ml of methylsulfonic acid was treated with 7 mmol of 4-Bromo-N- (2, 2-dimethoxy-ethyl)-benzamide. The reaction mixture was heated for 5 hours at 130°, cooled to room temperature and poured into ice- water. The resulting solid was filtered off and dried to yield the crude title compound as a brownish solid. MS (m/e) : 224. 0 (MH+, 24%) (c) 4-(4-Oxazol-2-yl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester Prepared in analogy to example 4. 4 (a) from 2- (4-Bromo-phenyl)-oxazole and N-BOC- piperazine. MS (m/e) : 330. 3 (MH+, 100%)

(d) 1-(4-Oxazol-2-yl-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride Prepared in analogy to example 4. 4 (b) from 4- (4-Oxazol-2-yl-phenyl)-piperazine-1- carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester and hydrochloric acid in dioxane. MS (m/e) : 230. 1 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 6 Preparation of 1- [4- (5-Methyl- [1, 3, 4] oxadiazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 2- (4-Bromo-phenyl)-f 1, 3, 41 oxadiazole 12. 3 mmol of 4-bromo-benzoic acid hydrazide were dissolved in 26 ml of triethyl orthoformate. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at 140°, evaporated and the residue crystallized from ethanol to give the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 225. 0 (MH+, 100%) (b) 4- (4-f 1, 3, 410xadiazol-2-yl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester Prepared in analogy to example 4. 4 (a) from 2- (4-Bromo-phenyl)- [1, 3, 4] oxadiazole and N-BOC-piperazine.

MS (m/e) : 342. 2 (MH+, 100%) (c) 1-[4-(5-Methyl-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl)-phenyl]-piperazine hydrochloride Prepared in analogy to example 4. 4 (b) from 4- (4- [1, 3, 4] Oxadiazol-2-yl-phenyl)- piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester and hydrochloric acid in dioxane. MS (m/e) : 245. 3 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 7 Preparation of 1- [4- (2-Methyl-2H-tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl]-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 5- (4-Bromo-phenyl)-2-methyl-2H-tetrazole A mixture of 3. 5 mmol of 5- (4-bromo-phenyl)-2H-tetrazole, 0. 2 mmol of tetrabutyl ammonium bromide, 4. 4 mmol of methyl iodide, 6 ml of 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide and 6 ml of dichloromethane were stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was dried, evaporated and the product purified by column chromatography (SiOz ; cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 7 : 3). MS (m/e) : 239. 1 (MH+, 29%)

(b) 4-f4- (2-Methyl-2H-tetrazol-5-yhenyll-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester Prepared in analogy to example 4. 4 (a) from 5- (4-Bromo-phenyl)-2-methyl-2H-tetrazole and N-BOC-piperazine. MS (m/e) : 345. 1 (MH+, 41%) (c) 1-f 4- (2-Methyl-2H-tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyll-piperazine hydrochloride Prepared in analogy to example 4. 4 (b) from 4- [4-(2-Methyl-2H-tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl]- piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester and hydrochloric acid in dioxane. MS (m/e) : 245. 1 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 8 Preparation of 3, 4, 5, 6-Tetrahydro-2H- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-5'-carboxylic acid methyl ester hydrochloride (a) 2,3,5,6-Tetrahydro-[1,2']bipyrazinyl-4,5'-dicarboxylic acid 4-tert-butyl ester 5'- methyl ester A mixture of 17 mmol methyl-5-chloropyrazine-2-carboxylate, 18 mmol of N-BOC- piperazine and 20 mmol of K2CO3 in 20 ml of acetonitrile was heated under reflux for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The title compound was recrystallized from ethyl acetate to yield a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 323. 4 (MH+, 100%) (b) 3. 4. 5. 6-Tetrahydro-2H-fL2'1bipyrazinyl-5'-carboxvlic acid methyl ester hydrochloride Prepared in analogy to example 4. 4 (b) from 2, 3, 5, 6-Tetrahydro- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4, 5'- dicarboxylic acid 4-tert-butyl ester 5'-methyl ester and 1, 4-dioxane saturated with gaseous HC1. MS (m/e) : 223. 1 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 9 Preparation of 6'-Chloro-3, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro-2H- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl trifluoroacetate (a) 6'-Chloro-2, 3, 5,6-tetrahydro-[1,2']bipyrazinyl-4-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester A mixture of 10 mmol 2, 6-dichloropyrazine and 21 mmol of N-BOC-piperazine in 15 ml acetonitrile was heated under reflux for 1. 5 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by chromatography (SiO2 ; dichloromethane/methanol 95 : 5) to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 299. 2 (MH+, 100%)

(b) 6'-Chloro-3, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro-2H-[1,2']bipyrazinyl trifluoroacetate A solution of 2 mmol 6'-Chloro-2, 3, 5, 6-tetrahydro- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 10 ml of dichloromethane was treated with 3 mmol of trifluoroacetic acid and stirred at room temperature for 17 hours. Concentration and crystallisation from diethylether yielded the title compound as a colorless solid.

MS (m/e) : 198. 0 (M+, 100%) Example 4. 10 Preparation of 3, 4, 5, 6-Tetrahydro-2H- [1, 2] bipyrazinyl-5'-carboxylic acid amide hydrochloride (a) 5'-Carbamoyl-23, 5, 6-tetrahydro-fL2'bipyrazmvl-4-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester 3 mmol of 2, 3, 5, 6-Tetrahydro- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4, 5'-dicarboxylic acid 4-tert-butyl ester 5'-methyl ester (example 1. 13 (a)) was dissolved in a 7 molar solution of gaseous ammonia in methanol. The reaction vessel was tightly closed and heated overnight at 60° C. Cooling of the reaction mixtures led to crystallisation of the title compound. MS (m/e) : 308. 4 (MH+, 100%) (b) 3,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2H-[1,2']bipyrazinyl-5'-carboxylic acid amide hydrochloride 0. 25 mmol of 5'-Carbamoyl-2, 3, 5, 6-tetrahydro- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-carboxylic acid tert- butyl ester was stirred for 1 hour in 1 ml of dioxane saturated with gaseous HCI.

Concentration of the reaction mixture led to the title compound, as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 208. 3 (MHt, 100%) Example 4. 11 Preparation of Dimethyl- (4-piperazin-1-yl- [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)-amine (a) 4-(4-Chloro-[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester A solution of 11 mmol of 2, 4-dichlorotriazine (WO 02/083654) in 20ml of acetonitrile was chilled and treated with 11 mmol of triethylamine and 11 mmol of N-BOC- piperazine. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours at 0° C then for 2 hours at room temperature. Addition of 100ml brine and extraction with ethyl acetate yielded the crude product which was purified through trituration in ethyl acetate. MS (m/e) : 300. 3 (MH+, 100%)

(b) 4-(4-Dimethylamino-[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxy lic acid ter-butyl ester A solution of 2 mmol of 4- (4-Chloro- [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 15 ml of 2M dimethylamine in methanol was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Concentration and purification by chromatography (Si02 ; ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 1 : 1) yielded the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 309. 1 (MH+, 100%) (c) Dimethpiperazin-1-yl- 1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)-amine A solution of 1 mmol of 4- (4-Dimethylamino- [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)-piperazine-1- carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 10 ml dichloromethane was chilled and treated with 14 mmol of trifluoroacetic acid. The reaction mixture was heated to 40° C for 30 min. After cooling, 50ml of 2M aqueous sodium hydroxide is added. The organic layer was separated, dried and concentrated to yield the title compound as a yellowish oil. MS (m/e) : 267. 0 (M+CH3COO+, 100%) Example 4. 12 Preparation of 6'-Methoxy-3, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro-2H- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl (a) 6'-Methoxy-2,3,5,6-tetrahydro-[1,2']bipyrazinyl-4-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester 1 mmol of 6'-Chloro-2, 3, 5, 6-tetrahydro- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester [example 4. 9 (a)] was dissolved in a solution of sodium methanolate (prepared by dissolving 1 mmol of sodium in 10 ml of methanol). The mixture was heated overnight to 70°, concentrated and the product purified by chromatography (Si02 ; dichloromethane/methanol 99 : 1) to yield the title compound as a colorless foam. MS (m/e) : 295. 3 (MH+, 100%) (b) 6'-Methoxy-3. 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro-2H-f 1. 2'1 bipyrazinyl Prepared in analogy to example 4. 10 (c) from 6'-Methoxy-2, 3, 5, 6-tetrahydro- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester and trifluoroacetic acid. MS (m/e) : 195. 1 (MH+, 80%) Example 4. 13 Preparation of 2-Methoxy-4-piperazin-1-yl- [1, 3, 5] triazine (a) 4-(4-Methoxy-[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester

1 mmol of 4- (4-Chloro- [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester example 4. 11 a)] was dissolved in a solution of sodium methanolate (prepared by dissolving 1 mmol of sodium in 5 ml of methanol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour, concentrated and the the title compound purified by recrystallisation from ethyl acetate/cyclohexane. MS (m/e) : 296. 3 (MH+, 100%) (b) 2-Methoxy-4-piperazin-1-yl-[1,3,5]triazine Prepared in analogy to example 4. 10 (c) from 4- (4-Methoxy- [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)- piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester and trifluoroacetic acid. MS (m/e) : 196. 4 (MH+, 100%) Example 4. 14 Preparation of 2-Dimethylcarbamoyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (a) 2-Hydroxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid benzyl ester 5 mmol of N- (3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethyl-carbodiimid-hydrochloride was slowly added to a stirred suspension of 5 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid, 5 mmol of benzyl alcohol and 0. 5 mmol of 4-dimethylaminopyridine in 10 ml acetonitrile.

The mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, concentrated and treated with 10 ml of water. A few drops of diluted hydrochloric acid were added to acidify the solution. The resulting solid was filtered and the purified by chromatography (Si02 ; ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 3 : 7) to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 305. 0 (M-H, 100%) (b) 2-DimethylcarbamoyloxY-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid benzyl ester A mixture of 1 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid benzyl ester, 1. 5 mmol of N-methylmorpholine and 0. 2 mmol of 4-dimethylaminopyridine in 4 ml of dimethylformamide was treated with 1. 3 mmol of N, N-dimethyl-carbamoylchloride. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60° for 48 hours, concentrated in vacuo and the residue taken up in 5 ml of water. Acidification with diluted hydrochloric acid and extraction with ethyl acetate yielded a crude product which was purified by chromatography (SiO2 ; ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 1. 1). MS (m/e) : 378. 3 (MH+, 100%) (c) 2-Dimethylcarbamoyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid

1 mmol of 2-dimethylcarbamoyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid benzyl ester was dissolved in 5 ml of methanol. 25 mg of palladium 10% on charcoal was added and the reaction mixture hydrogenated at room temperature to yield the title compound as a slightly yellowish solid. MS (m/e) : 288. 0 (MH+, 66%) In analogy to Example 5 compounds 327 to 355 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : Expl.-MW found Systematic Name Starting materials No. No. (MH+) (6-Ethoxy-2-fluoro-3- 1- (4-Methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine (commercial) and phenyl)- [4-(4- 327 6-Ethoxy-2-fluoro-3-485. 4 methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-piperazin-1- (compound 4. 1) yl]-methanone (2-Isopropoxy-5- 1- (4- methanesulfonyl- Trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-[4-(4-.. 552 0 phenyl)-piperazine (compound 552. 0 328 trifluoromethanesulfo nyl-phenyl)-4. 2) and 2-Isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4+) nyl-phenyl)-ir i i.. +"4 methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 1. 2) methanone 1- (4- Trifluoromethanesulfonyl- (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-phenyl)-piperazine (compound methanesulfonyl-4. 2) and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- phenyl)- [4- (4- methanesulfonyl-578. 0 329 trifluoromethanesulfo benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) nyl-phenyl)- (M+NH4+) piperazin-1-yl]- methanone (2-Isobutoxy-5- 1- (4- methanesulfbnyl- Trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-[4-(4-.. 566 1 phenyl)-piperazine (compound 566. 1 330 trifluoromethanesulfo nyl-phenyl)-4. 2) and 2-Isobutoxy-5- (M+NH4+) nyl-phenyl)- (M+fsf methanesulfonyl-benzo piperazin-1-yl]- ic acid (compound 1. 3) methanone [4- (2, 4-Bis- 1- (2, 4-Bis-trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine 331 phenyl)-piperazin-l-hydrochloride (compound 4. 3) 539 2 331 539. 2 yl]-(2-isopropoxy-5-and 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) [4- (2, 4-Bis- 1- (2, 4-Bis-trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine 332 phenyl)-piperazin-1-hydrochloride (compound 4. 3) 565. 3 332 565. 3 yl]- (2-cyclopentyloxy- and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- 5-methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) [4- (2, 4-Bis- 1- (2, 4-Bis-trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine 333 !)-piperazin-l- hydrochloride (compound 4. 3) 553. 2 yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- and 2-Isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzo phenyl)-methanone ic acid (compound 1. 3) 1- [4- (5-Methyl- (2-Isobutoxy-5- [1, 2, 4] oxadiazol-3-yl)-phenyl]- methanesulfonyl-piperazine hydrochloride phenyl)- {4- [4- (5- (compound 4. 4) and 2- 334 methyl-Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-499. 1 [1, 2, 4] oxadiazol-3-yl)-benzo phenyl]-piperazin-l-ic acid (compound 1. 3) yl}-methanone (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-1- [4- (5-Methyl- methanesulfonyl- [1, 2, 4] oxadiazol-3-yl)-phenyl]- phenyl)- {4- [4- (5- piperazine hydrochloride 335 methyl- (compound 4. 4) and 2-511. 4 [1, 2, 4] oxadiazol-3-yl)-Cyclopentyloxy-5- phenyl]-piperazin-1-methanesulfonyl- yl}-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) (2-Isobutoxy-5-1- (4-Oxazol-2-yl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine ; hydrochloride phenyl)- [4- (4-oxazol- (compound 4. 5) and 2-484. 4 336 484. 4 2-yl-phenyl)-Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- piperazin-1-yl]-benzo methanone ic acid (compound 1. 3) 1- (4-Oxazol-2-yl-phenyl)- (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-piperazine ; hydrochloride methanesulfonyl- (compound 4. 5) and 2- 337 phenyl)- [4- (4-oxazol- Cyclopentyloxy-5-496. 4 337 496. 4 2-yl-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl- piperazin-1-yl]-benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) methanone (2-Isopropoxy-5-1- [4- (5-Methyl- methanesulfonyl- [1, 3, 4] oxadiazol-2-yl)-phenyl]- phenyl)- {4- [4- (5- piperazine hydrochloride 338 methyl- (compound 4. 6) and 2-485. 3 [1, 3, 4] oxadiazol-2-yl)-Isopropoxy-5- phenyl]-piperazin-1-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid yl}-methanone (compound 1. 2) (2-Isobutoxy-5-1- [4- (5-Methyl- methanesulfonyl- [1, 3, 4] oxadiazol-2-yl)-phenyl]- phenyl)- {4- [4- (5- piperazine hydrochloride 339 methyl- (compound 4. 6) and 2-499. 2 [1, 3, 4] oxadiazol-2-yl)-Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- phenyl]-piperazin-1-benzo yl}-methanone ic acid (compound 1. 3) (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-1- [4- (5-Methyl- methanesulfonyl- [1, 3, 4] oxadiazol-2-yl)-phenyl]- phenyl)- {4- [4- (5- piperazine hydrochloride 340 methyl- (compound 4. 6) and 2-511. 3 [1, 3, 4] oxadiazol-2-yl)-Cyclopentyloxy-5- phenyl]-piperazin-1-methanesulfonyl- yl}-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 1- [4- (2-Methyl-2H-tetrazol-5- yl)-ph enyl]-piperazine ; (2-Isobutoxy-5- hydrochloride (compound methanesulfonyl- 4. 7) and 2-Isobutoxy-5- phenyl)-{4-[4-(2- methanesulfonyl-benzo 341 methyl-2H !-tetrazol- 499. 1 5-yl)-phenyl]- 5-yl)-phenyl]- piperazin-1-yl}- methanone 3, 4, 5, 6-Tetrahydro-2H- 4-(2-Isopropoxy-5- [1, 2] blpyraz methanesulfonyl-b inyl-5'-carboxylic acid methyl enzoyl)-3, 4, 5, 6- ester ; hydrochloride 342 tetrahydro-2H-463. 4 (compound 4. 8) and 2- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-5'- Isopropoxy-5- carboxylic acid methyl methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid ester (compound 1. 2) 3, 4, 5, 6-Tetrahydro-2H- 4-(2-Isobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl- inyl-5'-carboxylic acid methyl benzoyl)-3, 4, 5, 6- ester ; hydrochloride 343 tetrahydro-2H-477. 1 (compound 4. 8) and 2- ,.., (compound 4. 8) and 2- [1, 2] blpyrazmyl-5- Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- carboxylic acid methyl benzo ester ic acid (compound 1. 3) (6'-Chloro-2, 3, 5, 6- 6'-Chloro-3, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro- tetrahydro-2H- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl ; trifluor- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4- acetic acid (compound 4. 9) 344 439. 1 yl)- (2-isopropoxy-5- and 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) 3, 4, 5, 6-Tetrahydro-2H- 4- (2-Isopropoxy-5- [1, 2] bipyrazinyl-5'-carboxylic methanesulfonyl- acid amide ; hydrochloride benzoyl)-3, 4, 5, 6- 345 (compound 4. 10) and 2-448. 3 tetrahydro-2H- Isopropoxy-5- [l, 2'] bipyrazinyl-5--. ... carboxylic acid amide methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid carboxyhc aad amlde (compound 1. 2) 4- (2-Isobutoxy-5- 3, 4, 5, 6-Tetrahydro-2H- methanesulfonyl- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-5'-carboxylic 346 benzoyl)-3, 4, 5, 6- acid amide ; hydrochloride 462. 3 346 462. 3 tetrahydro-2H- (compound 4. 10) and 2- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-5'-Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- carboxylic acid amide benzoic acid (compound 1. 3) [4- (4- Dimethylamino-Dimethyl- (4-piperazin-1-yl- [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)- [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)-amine 347 piperazin-1-yl]-(2- (compound 4. 11) and 2-463. 3 isobutoxy-5-Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 3) phenyl)-methanone [4- (4- Dimethyl- (4-piperazin-1-yl- Dimethylamino- ! 1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)-amine [1, 3, 5] triazin-2-yl)- (compound 4. 11) and 2- 348 piperazin-l-yl]- (2- 449. 3 Isopropoxy-5- isopropoxy-5- methanesulfbnyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone 6'-Methoxy-3, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro- (2-Isopropoxy-5- 2H- [1 methanesulfonyl- phenyl)- 2'Jbipyrazinyl ; trifluoro-acetic phenyl)- (6-methoxy- 349 acid (compound 4. 12) and 2-435. 2 2, 3, 5, 6-tetrahydro- Isopropoxy-5- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4- yl)-methanone methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid yl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) (2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-2-Methoxy-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)- [4- (4- [1, 3, 5] triazine (compound 350 methoxy-4. 13) and and 2-Isopropoxy-5-436. 4 [1, 3, 5 triazin-2-yl)- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 1. 2) methanone 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- Dimethyl-carbamic pipera acid 4- zine (commercial) and 2- methanesulfonyl-2- [4- 351 Dimethylcarbamoyloxy-5-500. 4 (4-trifluoromethyl- methanesul phenyl)-piperazine-1- fonyl-benzoic acid (compound carbonyl]-phenyl ester '''4. 14) Dimethyl-carbamic 1- (2-Fluoro-4- acid 2- [4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-pheny methanesulfonyl-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 352 phenyl)-piperazine-1-2-Dimethylcarbamoyloxy-5-528. 3 carbonyl]-4-methanesul methanesulfonyl-fonyl-benzoic acid (compound phenyl ester 4. 14) (2-1-Phenyl-piperazine Cyclopropylmethoxy- (commercial) and 2- 353 5-methanesulfonyl-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-415. 5 phenyl)- (4-phenyl- methanesulfo piperazin-1-yl)-nyl-benzoic acid (compound methanone 1. 4) (2- 1- (4-Methoxy-phenyl)- Cyclopropylmethoxy- piperazine (commercial) and 5-methanesulfonyl- 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- 354 phenyl)- [4-(4-445. 3 methanesulfo methoxy-phenyl)- nyl-benzoic acid (compound piperazin-1-yl]- 1. 4) methanone 4-Piperazin-1-yl-phenol Cyclopropylmethoxy- (commerclal) and 2- 5-methanesulfonyl- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- 355 phenyl)- [4- (4- methanesulfo 431. 4 methanesulfo hydroxy-phenyl)- nyl-benzoic acid (compound piperazin-1-yl]- , 1. 4) methanone

Example 356 Preparation of 1- {3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone oxime 0. 12 mmol of 1- {3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-phenyl}-ethanone was dissolved in 1 ml of a 1 : 1 mixture of ethanol and water. 0. 8 mmol of hydroxylamine hydrochloride was added, followed by 8. 4 mmol of sodium acetate. The resulting mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, diluted with water, filtered, washed and dried to yield the title compound as a colorless solid.

MS (m/e) : 478. 2 (MH+, 100%) Example 357 Preparation of 1- {3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone 0-methyl-oxime 0. 12 mmol of 1- {3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-phenyl}-ethanone was dissolved in 1 ml of a 1 : 1 mixture of ethanol and water. 0. 8 mmol of 0-methyl-hydroxylamine hydrochloride was added, followed by 8. 4 mmol of sodium acetate. The slurry was stirred overnight at room temperature, diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried and concentrated. The resulting gum was

triturated with diethyl ether/heptane to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 492. 3 (MHt, 100%) Example 4. 15 Preparation of (2, 6-Difluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone (a) 3-Chlorosulfonyl-2, 6-difluoro-benzoic acid 77 mmol of 2, 6-difluorobenzoic acid were dissolved in 15. 5 ml of chlorosulfonic acid and stirred for 2 h at 150° C. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and poured into 100 ml of ice/water. The solid was filtered and dried to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 255. 1 (M-H, 44%) (b) 2, 6-Difluoro-3-sulfino-benzoic acid 240 mmol of sodium sulfite were dissolved in 150 ml of water. 32 mmol of 3- Chlorosulfonyl-2, 6-difluoro-benzoic acid was added under stirring over a period of about 20 min. After stirring for an additional hour at room temperature, the mixture was chilled and acidified with 20% aqueous sulfuric acid. The product was extracted with ethyl acetate to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 221. 3 (M-H, 34%) (c) 2, 6-Difluoro-3-methanesulfonvl-benzoic acid A suspension of 18 mmol sodium carbonate and 9 mmol 2, 6-Difluoro-3-sulfino-benzoic acid in 30 ml of methanol was stirred at room temperature for 30 min, then heated to 60° C. 24 mmol of methyl iodide were added and the reaction mixture heated overnight at 60° C. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was discarded and the aqueous phase acidified by addition of concentrated hydrochloric acid. Extraction with ethyl acetate yielded the title compound as a slightly brownish solid. MS (m/e) : 235. 1 (M-H, 16%) (d) (2, 6-Difluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-f4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yll-methanone This compound was prepared in analogy to example 5 from 1-(2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine and 2, 6-difluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid.

MS (m/e) : 477. 0 (MHf, 67%)

Example 4. 16 Preparation of 4- [4- (2, 6-Difluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- benzonitrile Prepared in analogy to example 5 from 4-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile and 2, 6-difluoro-3- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid. MS (m/e) : 406. 3 (MH+, 84%) Example 358 Preparation of (2-Cyclopentyloxy-6-ethxy-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 0. 12 mmol of (6-Ethoxy-2-fluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (4-methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone (example 55) was added to a solution of sodium cyclopentanolate (prepared from 1 mmol sodium dissolved in 1 ml of cyclopentanol).

The mixture was heated for 1 hour at 80° C, poured on ice/water and extracted with ethyl acetate. Chromatography (Si02 ; ethyl acetate) yielded the title compound as a slightly yellow solid. MS (m/e) : 551. 1 (MH+, 29%) Example 359 Preparation of (2, 6-diisopropoxy-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 0. 27 mmol of 2, 6-difluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone (example 4. 15) was added to a solution of sodium isopropanolate (prepared by dissolving 3 mmol of sodium in 2 ml of isopropanol). The reaction mixture was heated under reflux for 5 hours, cooled, diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate, yielding the title compound as a slightly yellow solid.

MS (m/e) : 557. 3 (MH+, 66%) Example 360 Preparation of (2-Fluoro-6-isopropoxy-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone 0. 2 mmol of2, 6-difluoro-3-methanesulfbnyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone were dissolved in a solution of sodium isopropanolate (prepared by dissolving 0. 2 mmol of sodium in 1 ml of isopropanol). The reaction mixture was heated to 50° C for 2 hours, then stirred at room temperature for 48 hours. The solution was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The product

was purified by chromatography (Si02, ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 9 : 1) to yield the title compound as a colorless solid. MS (m/e) : 517. 1 (MH+, 100%) Example 361 Preparation of (6-Cyclopentyloxy-2-fluoro-3-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone The compound was prepared in analogy to example 358 from (2, 6-difluoro-3- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4-(2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone and sodium cyclopentanolate. MS (m/e) : 560. 5 (MNH4+, 43%) Example 362 Preparation of 4- [4- (2-Fluoro-6-isopropoxy-3-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin- 1- yl]-benzonitrile The compound was prepared in analogy to example 359 from 4- [4- (2, 6-difluoro-3- methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-benzonitrile and sodium isopropanolate. MS (m/e) : 446. 0 (MH+, 49%) Example 5. 1 Preparation of 1- (3-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine (a) 4- (3-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester A mixture of 4. 9 mmol 4-chloro-2-fluorobenzotrifluoride, 5. 9 mmol n-Boc-piperazine, 0. 05 mmol palladium acetate, 6. 9 mmol sodium-t-butoxide and 0. 49 mmol 2- (di-t- butylphosphino) biphenyl in 10 ml toluene was heated for 16 h at 80 °C. After cooling to RT, the mixture was diluted with ether, the suspension was filtered over decalite and the filtrate evaporated. The residue was purified on silica eluting with a gradient of heptane/ EtOAc to yield after evaporation the title compound.

(b) 1- (3-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine A mixture of 2. 87 mmol 4- (3-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 10 ml dichloromethane was treated with 14. 4 mmol trifluoroacetic acid and refluxed for 3 h. The mixture was concentrated and treated with 10 ml water, NaOH and extracted with dichloromethane. The combined organic phases were dried with MgS04 and evaporated to yield the title compound 5. 1. MS (m/e) : 249. 2 (MH+, 100%)

Example 5. 2 Preparation of 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5-trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 5. 1 from 2-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile (DE2550262). MS (m/e) : 256. 0 (MH+, 100%) Example 5. 3 Preparation of 1-(2, 3-Difluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 20 from 2, 3, 4-Trifluoro- benzenesulfonyl chloride (commercial). MS (m/e) : 277. 2 (MH+, 100%) Example 5. 4 Preparation of 1- (2-Fluoro-4-methyl-phenyl)-piperazine The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 1. 1 from 4-bromo-3- fluorotoluene (commercial). MS (m/e) : 195. 3 (MH+, 100%) Example 5. 5 Preparation of 1- (3-Fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 7 from 2, 3-Difluoro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyridine (EP0104715). MS (m/e) : 250. 2 (MH+, 100%) Example 5. 6 Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (a) rac-5-Methanesulfbnyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trinuoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester A mixture of 21. 7 mmol 2-Hydroxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methyl ester [68029-77-6], 32. 5 mmol trifluoro-methanesulfonic acid 2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl ester [212556-43-9], 43. 4 mmol potassium carbonate in 87 ml DMF was stirred at 80 °C for 48 hours. After cooling to RT, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo, taken in water and stirred for 1 hour. Filtration yielded the title compound.

(b) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester The title compound was obtained by separation of rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester by chiral HPLC (Chiralcel OD, 15 % ethanol/Heptane, flow 35 ml, 220 nm, retention time : 86 min.).

(c) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 10 (b) from 5-Methanesulfonyl- 2- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester MS (m/e) : 311. 0 (M- H, 100%) Example 5. 7 Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-((R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (a) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester The title compound was obtained by separation of rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester by chiral HPLC (Chiralcel OD, 15 % ethanol/Heptane, flow 35 ml, 220 nm, retention time : 74 min.).

(c) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-((R)-2. 2. 2-trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 10 (b) from 5-Methanesulfonyl- 2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester MS (m/e) : 311. 0 (M- H, 100%) Example 5. 8 Preparation of 2-Chloro-4-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile A mixture of 7. 0 mmol 2-chloro-4-fluorobenzonitrile (commercial), 10. 5 mmol piperazine in 4 ml N, N-dimethylacetamide was heated for 1 h at 85 °C. After cooling to RT and evaporation in vacuo, the mixture was diluted with dichloromethane and purified on silica eluting with a gradient of dichloromethane/MeOH to yield after evaporation the title compound. MS (m/e) : 222. 1 (MH+, 100%) Example 5. 9 Preparation of 1- (2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-phenyl)-ethanone The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 5. 8 from 2, 4- difluoroacetophenone (commercial). MS (m/e) : 223. 2 (M-H, 100%) Example 5. 10 Preparation of 1- (3-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine

The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 20 from 2, 4- difluorobenzenesulfonylchloride (commercial). MS (m/e) : 259. 1 (MH+, 100%) Example 5. 11 Preparation of 1- (4-Fluoro-2-piperazin-1-yl-phenyl)-ethanone The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 5. 8 from 2, 4- difluoroacetophenone (commercial). MS (m/e) : 223. 2 (M-H, 100%) Example 5. 12 Preparation of 6-Isopropoxy-isophthalamic acid The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 10 from 6-Hydroxy- isophthalamic acid methyl ester [89366-34-7]. MS (m/e) : 222. 1 (M-H, 100%) Example 5. 13 Preparation of 5-Ethanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid (a) 5-Ethanesulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid methyl ester The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 20 (b) from 2-Hydroxy-5- sulfino-benzoic acid [19479-88-0] and ethyliodide (b) 5-Ethanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 2. 10 from 5-Ethanesulfonyl-2- hydroxy-benzoic acid methyl ester. MS (m/e) : 271. 1 (M-H, 100%) Example 5. 14 Preparation of 1- (4-Difluoromethyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine (a) l-Chloro-4-difluoromethyl-2-fluoro-benzene 24. 7 mmol 4-Chloro-3-fluorobenzaldehyde was dissolved in DAST (5. 1 ml) under nitrogen. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours, at 50°C for 2 hours and then at room temperature for 65 hours. The solution was added dropwise to a saturated. bicarbonate solution (150 ml) under cooling. The aqueous layer was extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was purified on silica eluting with heptane to yield after evaporation the title compound.

(b) 1-(4-Difluoromethyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 1. 1 from 1-Chloro-4- difluoromethyl-2-fluoro-benzene. MS (m/e) : 231. 2 (M+Ht, 100%) Example 5. 15 Preparation of 1- (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)-piperazine The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 1. 1 from 5-Bromo-2- trifluoromethyl-pyridine [436799-32-5]. MS (m/e) : 232. 1 (M+H+, 100%) Example 5. 16 Preparation of 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-benzoic acid ethyl ester The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 5. 8 from Ethyl-3, 4- difluorobenzoate (commercial). MS (m/e) : 253. 2 (M+H+, 100%) Example 5. 17 Preparation of 1- (2-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin-4-yl)-piperazine The compound can be prepared from 4-Nitro-2-trifluoromethyl-pyridine 1-oxide [147149-97-1] in analogy to the procedure used for the preparation of 4-Bromo-2- methyl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine [615579-78-1] (W003087056). MS (m/e) : 227 (M+H+, 100%) Example 5. 18 Preparation of 1- (6-Methyl-pyridin-3-yl)-piperazine The compound was prepared in analogy to compound 1. 1 from 5-Bromo-2-methyll- pyridine (commercial). MS (m/e) : 178. 1 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 5 compounds 363 to 461 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : Expl.-MW found Systematic Name Starting materials No. No. (MH+) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- 2- [4-(2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl- (compound 5. 2) and 2- 363 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-496. 3 Isopropoxy-5- yl]-5-trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 1. 2) 4-Piperazin-l-yl-2- 4- [4- (2-Isopropoxy-5- trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl- (W00017163) and 2- 364 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-496. 3 Isopropoxy-5- yl]-2-trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid benzonitrile (compound 1. 2) 1- (4-Piperazin-1-yl-2- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- ethanone (WO0210277) and 1-14- [4- (2-Isopropoxy- 2-Isopropoxy-5- 5-methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 365 benzoyl)-piperazin-1- (compound 1. 2) 513. 4 yl]-2-trifluoromethyl- phenyl}-ethanone 2-Chloro-4-piperazin-1-yl- benzonitrile (compound 5. 8) and 2-Isopropoxy-5- 2-Chloro-4- [4-(2- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid isopropoxy-5- (compound 1. 2) 366 methanesulfonyl-462. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1- yl]-benzonitrile 1-{2-Fluoro-4- [4-(2-1-(2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- isopropoxy-5-phenyl)-ethanone (compound 367 methanesulfonyl-5. 9) and 2-Isopropoxy-5-463. 4 benzoyl)-piperazin-l-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid yl]-phenyl}-ethanone (compound 1. 2) [4- (3-Fluoro-4- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 368 phenyl)-piperazin-l-piperazine (compound 5. 10) 499. 3 368 " 499. 3 yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- and 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) 1-(2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 1- {4- [4- (2- phenyl)-ethanone (compound Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- 5. 9) and 2- methanesulfonyl- 369 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-475. 4 benzoyl)-piperazin-l- methanesulfo yl]-2-fluoro-phenyl}- nyl-benzoic acid (compound ethanone 1. 4) (2-1- (3-Fluoro-4- Cydopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine (compound 5. 10) 370 phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-4- and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-511. 4 methanesulfonyl-methanesulfo phenyl)-piperazin-l-nyl-benzoic acid (compound yl]-methanone 1. 4) 1- (3-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-Fluoro-4- piperazine (compound 5. 10) methanesulfonyl-and 2-Isobutoxy-5- 371 phenyl)-piperazin-1-methanesulfonyl-benzo 513. 4 yl]- (2-isobutoxy-5- ic acid (compound 1. 3) methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-methanone 1-{2-Fluoro-4- [4-(2-1-(2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- isobutoxy-5-phenyl)-ethanone (compound 372 methanesulfonyl-5. 9) and 2-Isobutoxy-5-477. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-methanesulfonyl-benzo yl]-phenyl}-ethanone ic acid (compound 1. 3) 2- [4- (2- 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- Cyclopentyloxy-5-trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile 373 methanesulfonyl- (compound 5. 2) and 2- 373, '.. 522. 4 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-Cyclopentyloxy-5- yl]-5-trifluoromethyl-methanesulfonyl- benzonitrile benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 2- [4- (2- 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- (compound 5. 2) and 2- methanesulfbnyl- 374 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-508. 6 benzoyl)-piperazm-l- methanesulfo yl]-5-trifluoromethyl- nyl-benzoic acid (compound benzonitrile 1. 4) 2-Piperazin-l-yl-5- 2- [4- (2-Isobutoxy-5-,, trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile methanesulfonyl- (compound 5. 2) and 2- 375 benzoyl)-piperazin-l-510. 6 Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- yl]-5-trinuoromethyl- benzo benzonitrile ic acid (compound 1. 3) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile 2-{4-[5- (compound 5. 2) and 5- Methanesulfonyl-2-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-triffuoro- trifluor 376 ethoxy)-benzoyl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 536. 5 piperazin-l-yl}-5- (compound 1. 5) (compound 1. 5) trifluoromethyl- benzonitrile rac- [4- (3-Fluoro-4- 1- (3-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazin-l-piperazine (compound 5. 10) 377 yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl- and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-553. 2 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- (2, 2, 2-trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic phenyl]-methanone acid (compound 3. 1) 1- (2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- rac-1-(2-Fluoro-4-{4- phenyl)-ethanone (compound [5-methanesulfonyl-2- 5. 9) and rac-5- (2, 2, 2-triuuoro-l- 378 Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 517. 4 trifluor trinuor benzoylj-piperazin-1- o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic yl}-phenyl)-ethanone acid (compound 3. 1) 1- {4-Fluoro-2- [4- (2- 1- (4-Fluoro-2-piperazin-1 yl- isopropoxy-5-phenyl)-ethanone (compound 379 methanesulfonyl-5. 11) and 2-Isopropoxy-5-463. 4 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid yl]-phenyl}-ethanone (compound 1. 2) 1-(2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- pheny trifluoromethyl- l)-nmerazme (compound 1. 1) 380 phenyl)-piperazine-1-r (compound 1. 1) 454. 6 and 6-Isopropoxy- carbonyl]-4- isophthalamic acid (compound isopropoxy-benzamide 5. 12) 5. 12) 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- pipera zine (commercial) and 6- 4-Isopropoxy-3- [4- (4- Isopropoxy-isophthalamic acid 381 trifluoromethyl- (compound 5. 12) 436. 4 436. 4 phenyl)-plperazine-1- carbonyl]-benzamide 3- [4- (3-Fluoro-4- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 382 phenyl)-piperazine-1-5. 1) and 6-Isopropoxy-454. 6 carbonyl]-4-isophthalamic acid (compound isopropoxy-benzamide 5. 12) 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny 383 phenyl)-piperazine-1-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 464. 4 carbonyl]-4-6-Isopropoxy-isophthalamic isopropoxy-benzamide acid (compound 5. 12) 3- [4- (2-Cyano-4- 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-benzonitrile 384 phenyl)-piperazine-l- (compound 5. 2) and 6-461. 4 carbonyl]-4-Isopropoxy-isophthalamic acid isopropoxy-benzamide (compound 5. 12) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 385 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (commercial) and 6-393. 2 385. i i i--j J73. 2 4-isopropoxy-Isopropoxy-isophthalamic acid benzamide (compound 5. 12) 3- [4-(4-Cyano-2- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- fluoro-phenyl)- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 386 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-.. 411. 4 6-Isopropoxy-isophthalamic 4-isopropoxy-jc acid (compound 5. 12) benzamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- fluoro-phenyl)-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) 387 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-and 6-Isopropoxy-411. 4 4-isopropoxy-isophthalamic acid (compound benzamide 5. 12) 3- [4- (4-Acetyl-2- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-ethanone 388 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (W09714690) and 6-428. 6 4-isopropoxy-Isopropoxy-isophthalamic acid benzamide (compound 5. 12) [4- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 389 phenyl)-piperazin-l-piperazine (compound 5. 3) 389 517. 4 yl]- (2-isopropoxy-5- and 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) (5-Ethanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- isopropoxy-phenyl)- [4- pipera 390 (4-trifluoromethyl-zine (commercial) and 5-485. 5 phenyl)-piperazin-1-Ethanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy- yl]-methanone benzoic acid (compound 5. 13) (5-Ethanesulfonyl-2-1-(2-Fluoro-4- isopropoxy-phenyl)- [4-methanesulfonyl-pheny 391 (2-fluoro-4-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 391 F methanesulfonyl-5-Ethanesulfonyl-2- phenyl)-piperazin-l-isopropoxy-benzoic acid yl]-methanone (compound 5. 13) 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4- [4- (5-Ethanesulfonyl- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2-isopropoxy-benzoyl)-,,,., 392 2-isopropoxy-benzoyl)-5_Ethanesulfonyl-2-460. 5 piperazin-1-ylJ-3- isopropoxy-benzoic acid fluoro-benzonitrile (compound 5. 13) (5-Ethanesulfonyl-2-1- (2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- isopropoxy-phenyl)- [4- pheny 393 (2-fluoro-4-I)-piperazine (compound 1. 1) 503. 3 trifluoromethyl-and 5-Ethanesulfonyl-2- phenyl)-piperazin-1-isopropoxy-benzoic acid yl]-methanone (compound 5. 13) [4-(2, 3-Difluoro-4-1-(2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 394 phenyl)-piperazin-1-piperazine (compound 5. 3) 531. 3 yl]- (5-ethanesulfonyl-2- and 5-Ethanesulfonyl-2- isopropoxy-phenyl)-isopropoxy-benzoic acid methanone (compound 5. 13) -- (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- 1-(2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- phenyl)- [4- (2, 3- piperazine (compound 5. 3) 395 difluoro-4-"'542. 1 and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonvl- phenyl)-piperazin-1- benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) yl]-methanone (2- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl- piperazine (compound5. 3) phenyl)- [4- (2, 3- 396 phenyl)-[4-(2, 3-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-529. 3 dlfluoro-4- methanesulfo methanesulfonyl- nyl-benzoic acid (compound phenyl)-piperazin-1- 1. 4) yl]-methanone [4- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazin-1-piperazine (compound 5. 3) 397 yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-557. 2 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- (2, 2, 2-trifluor ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) rac- [4- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazin-1-piperazine (compound 5. 3) 398 yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl- and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-571. 3 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- (2, 2, 2-trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic phenyl]-methanone acid (compound 3. 1) [4- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 399 phenyl)-piperazin-l-piperazine (compound 5. 3) 543. 2 yl]- (5-methanesulfonyl- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 2-trifluoromethoxy-trifluoromethoxy-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 2. 15) [4-(4-Difluoromethyl-_ 1-(4-Difluoromethyl-2-fluoro- 2-nuoro-phenyl)-.. phenyl)-piperazine (compound piperazin-1-yl]- (2- 400 5. 14) and 2-Isopropoxy-5-471. 1 isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4- (3-Chloro-5- 1- (3-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-pyrid pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-in-2-yl)-piperazine 401 1-yl]- [5- (commercial) and 5- 401 5463 methanesulfonyl-2-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- trifluor ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) 1- (5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- piperazine (commercial) and ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4-(5- 402. 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 512. 4 trifluoromethyl- -trifluor pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 1-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 5) 6-Piperazin-l-yl- 6- {4- [5- nicotinonitrile (commercial) Methanesulfonyl-2-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 403 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- (2, 2, 2-trifluor 469. 3 403'''tnnuor ethoxy)-benzoyl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl}- (compound 1. 5) nicotinonitrile 6- [4- (2- 6-Piperazin-1-yl- 6- [4- (2- ' nicotinonitrile (commercial) Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- methanesulfo methanesulfo benzoyl)-piperazin-1- nyl-benzoic acid (compound yl]-nicotinonitrile 1. 4) (2-1- (5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-2-yl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine (commercial) and 405 phenyl)- [4- (5- 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-484. 5 trifluoromethyl-methanesulfo pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1-yl]-methanone 1. 4) 1-(3-Chloro-5- [4- (3-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrid trifluoromethyl- in-2-yl)-piperazine pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- (commercial) and 2- 406 1-yl]- (2- 518. 3 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- cyclopropylmethoxy-5- methanesulfo methanesulfo nyl-benzoic acid (compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 4) 1. 4) rac- [4- (3-Chloro-5- 1- (3-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-pyrid pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-in-2-yl)-piperazine l-yl1-f5- (commercial) and rac-5-560. 3 407 560. 3 methanesulfonyl-2-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic phenyl]-methanone acid (compound 3. 1) 1- (5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)- rac- [5- piperazine (commercial) and Methanesulfonyl-2-rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- (2, 2, 2-trifluor 408 methyl-ethoxy)-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic 526. 2 408/ 7 77 phenyl]- [4- (5- acid (compound 3. 1) trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone rac-6-14- [5- 6-Piperazin-1-yl- Methanesulfonyl-2-nicotinonitrile (commercial) 409 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-483. 4 409'483 4 methyl-ethoxy)- (2, 2, 2-trifluor benzoyl]-piperazin-1-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic yl}-nicotinonitrile acid (compound 3. 1) l- (6-Chloro-5- 1-(6-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrid trifluoromethyl- m-2-yl)-piperazine pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- 410 1-ylJ- (2- (W003097636) and 2- 518. 3 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- cyclopropylmethoxy-5- methanesulfo methanesulfonyl- nyl-benzoic acid (compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 4) 1. 4) 6- [4- (2- 6-Piperazin-1-yl- Cyclopentyloxy-5-nicotinonitrile (commercial) 411 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-455. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-methanesulfonyl- yl]-nicotinonitrile benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-1- (5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- methanesulfonyl-2-yl)- phenyl)- [4- (5- piperazine (commercial) and 412 498. 3 trifluoromethyl-2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfonyl- 1-yl]-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 1- (3-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrid [4- (3-Chloro-5- in-2-yl)-piperazine triffuoromethyl- trifluoromethyl- (commercial) and 2- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-Cyclopentyloxy-5- 413 1-yl]- (2- methanesulfonyl-532. 3 cyclopentyloxy-5-benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-methanone 1-(6-Chloro-5- [4-(6-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrid tnnuoromethyl- trifluoromethyl- in-2-yl)-piperazme pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- 414 (W003097636) and 2-506. 3 1-yl]-(2-isopropoxy-5- Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) (2-Isopropoxy-5-1- (5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- methanesulfonyl-2-yl)- 415 phenyl)- [4- (5- piperazine (commercial) and 415 r//L <. r r 472. 2 trifluoromethyl-2-Isopropoxy-5- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid l-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 2) 6-Piperazin-1-yl- 6- [4-(2-Isopropoxy-5- nicotinonitrile (commercial) methanesulfonyl- 416 and 2-Isopropoxy-5-429. 5 benzoyl)-piperazm-1- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid ylj-nicotinonitrile (compound 1. 2) 1-(3-Chloro-5- [4- (3-Chloro-5- 1- (3-Chloro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrid trifluoromethyl- in-2-yl)-piperazme, pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- 417 (commercial) and 2-506. 3 Isopropoacy-5- Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) 1- (5-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazin rac- [4- (5-Chloro- e (WO01062751) and rac-5- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 1-yl]- [5-trifluor 418 methanesulfonyl-2-492. 3 418 methanesulfonyl-2-o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic 492. 3 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-acid (compound 3. 1) methyl-ethoxy)- phenyl]-methanone [4- 1-(5-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazin piperazin 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- e (WO01062751) and 2- 419 (2-cyclopentyloxy-5-464. 3 Cyclopentyloxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 1-(5-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazin piperazm 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2-e (W001062751) and 2- 420 Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-450. 4 cyclopropylmethoxy-5- methanesulfo methanesulfonyl- nyl-benzoic acid (compound phenyl)-methanone 1. 4) l- (5-CMoro-pyridin-2-yl)- 1- (5-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazin 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- e (W001062751) and 5- [5-methanesulfonyl-2- 421 Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 478. 2 trifluor -trinuor ethoxy)-phenyl]- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) l- (5-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazin piperazin 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-plperazm e (WO01062751) and 2- 422 (2-isopropoxy-5-438. 3 Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-methanone methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) 3-Chloro-6-piperazin-1-yl- Rac- [4- (6-Chloro- pyridazine (W002030405) and pyridazin-3-yl)-rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- piperazin-1-yl]- [5- (2, 2, 2-trifluor 423 methanesulfonyl-2-o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic 493. 3 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-acid (compound 3. 1) methyl-ethoxy)- phenyl]-methanone [4-(6-Chloro- 3-Chloro-6-piperazin-l-yl- pyridazin-3-yl)- pyridazine (W002030405) and piperazin-1-yl]-(2- 424 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-465. 4 cyclopentyloxy-5- methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl- benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) phenyl)-methanone (2-Isopropoxy-5- 1- (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- methanesulfonyl- 3-yl)-piperazine (compound phenyl)-4- (6- 425 5. 15) and 2-Isopropoxy-5-472. 2 trifluoromethyl- methanesulfbnyi-benzoic acid pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin- (compound 1. 2) l-yl]-methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-1- (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- 3-yl)-piperazine (compound 426 ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (6- 5. 15) and 5-Methanesulfonyl-512. 4 426 512. 4 trifluoromethyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 1-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 5) rac- [5-1- (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- Methanesulfonyl-2-3-yl)-piperazine (compound (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-5. 15) and rac-5- methyl-ethoxy)-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- methyl-ethoxy)-U 427 trinunr 526. 2 427 phenyl]- [4- (6- trifluor 526. 2 trifluoromethyl-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic trlfluoromethyl- .... acid (compound 3. 1) pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin-acid (compound 3. 1) 1-yl]-methanone 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2- benzoic acid ethyl ester isopropoxy-5- (compound 5. 16) and 2- 428 methanesulfonyl-Isopropoxy-5-493. 4 428 493. 4 benzoyl)-piperazin-l-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid yl]-benzoic acid ethyl (compound 1. 2) ester [4- (5-Bromo-pyridin- 1- (5-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-piperazine (WO 9534555) and 429 (2-isopropoxy-5-2-Isopropoxy-5-482. 4 methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- l- (6-Trmuoromethyi-pyridin- methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-[4-(6-3-yl)-piperazine (compound phenyl)- [4- (6- 430 5. 15) and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-498. 3 trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl- pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin- benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) 1-yl]-methanone (2-1-(6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-3-yl)-piperazine (compound methanesulfonyl-5. 15) and 2- 431 phenyl)- [4- (6- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-484. 5 trifluoromethyl-methanesulfo pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin-nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1-yl]-methanone 1. 4) [4- (5-Bromo-pyridin- 1- (5-Bromo-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-piperazine (WO 9534555) and 432 5-methanesulfonyl-2-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 522. 2 432,... 522. 2 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-trifluor ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) 1- (2-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 4-yl)-piperazine (compound 5. 17) and 5-Methanesulfonyl- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 2-(2, 2, 2-trifluor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid xy-hen 1-4-2 433 (compound 1. 5) 512. 4 trifluoromethyl- pyridin-4-yl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone (2-Isopropoxy-5- 1- (2-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- methanesulfonyl- 4-yl)-piperazine (compound phenyl)- [4- (2- 434 5. 17) and 2-Isopropoxy-5-472. 2 trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid pyridin-4-yl)-piperazin- (compound 1. 2) 1-yl]-methanone rac- [4- (5-Bromo- rac- [4-(5-Bromo- pyridm-2-yl)-pmerazin- piperazine (WO 9534555) and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 435 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trinuor (2, 2, 2-triffuoro-1- methyl-ethoxy)- methyl-ethoxy)- acid (compound 3. 1) phenyl]-methanone [4- (3-Fluoro-5- [4- (3-Fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine pyridin-2-yl)-piperazm- (compound 5. 5) and 5- 436 1-yl]- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 530. 3 methanesulfonyl-2-trifluor trinuor (2, 2, 2-trinuoro-. o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 1. 5) methanone [4- (3-Fluoro-5- 1- (3-Fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine 437 pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- (compound 5. 5) and 2-490. 4 437 490. 4 1-yl]-(2-isopropoxy-5-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-methanone (compound 1. 2) rac- [4- (3-Fluoro-5- 1_ (3-Fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl- nvrldm-2-Y1)-plperazme pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-ompound 5. 5) and rac-5- (compound 5. 5) and rac-5- 438 Y Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 544. 3 methanesulfonyl-2-trifluor trinuor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- methyl-ethoxy)- methyl-ethoxy)- acid (compound 3. 1) phenyl]-methanone (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-1-(3-Fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-5- (compound 5. 5) and 2-516. 4 439 516. 4 trifluoromethyl-Cyclopentyloxy-5- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfonyl- 1-yl]-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) (2-1-(3-Fluoro-5-trifluoromethyl- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine methanesulfonyl- (compound 5. 5) and 2- 440 phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-5- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-502. 3 trifluoromethyl-methanesulfo pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1-yl]-methanone 1. 4) rac- [5-1- (2-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- Methanesulfonyl-2- 4-yl)-piperazine (compound (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l- 5. 17) and rac-5- methyl-ethoxy)- 441 methyl-ethoxy)-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 526. 2 phenyl]- [4- (2- trifluor trifluoromethyl-,, trifluoromethyl-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic pyridin-4-yl)-piperazin-acid (compound 3. 1) acid (compound 3. 1) l-yl]-methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-1-(6-Methyl-pyridin-3-yl)- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-piperazine (compound 5. 18) ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (6- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 442 458. 4 methyl-pyridin-3-yl)- (2, 2, 2-trifluor piperazin-1-yl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) 1- (6-Methyl-pyridin-3-yl)- piperazine (compound 5. 18) (2-Isopropoxy-5-and 2-Isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 443 phenyl)- (4- (6-methyl- (compound 1. 2) 418. 3 pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-1-(6-Methyl-pyridin-3-yl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine (compound 5. 18) 444 phenyl)- [4- (6-methyl- and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-444. 4 pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfonyl- 1-yl]-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) (2-1- (6-Methyl-pyridin-3-yl)- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-piperazine (compound 5. 18) 445 methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-430. 5 445 430. 5 phenyl)- [4- (6-methyl- methanesulfo pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin-nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1-yl]-methanone 1. 4) [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-1- (5-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-piperazine (W003032996) and 446 ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (5- 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 446 458. 0 methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-trifluor piperazin-1-yl]-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 1. 5) (2-Isopropoxy-5-1- (5-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine (W003032996) and 447 phenyl)- [4- (5-methyl- 2-Isopropoxy-5-418. 3 pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 1-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 2) 1- (5-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- piperazine (W003032996) and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- (2-methanesulfo nyl-benzoic acid (compound Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- 1 4) 448 methanesulfonyl-1. 4) 430. 5 448 430. 5 phenyl)- [4- (5-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone rac- [5- 1-(5-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- Methanesulfonyl-2- piperazine (W003032996) and (2, 2, 2-triffuoro-1- 449 methyl-ethoxy)-472 3 (2, 2, 2-trifluor r (2, 2, 2-triHuor phenyl]- [4- (5-methyl- 2>2, 2-triluor o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- acid (compound 3. 1) 1-yl]-methanone rac- [5- l- (6-Methyl-pyridin-3-yl)- Methanesulfonyl-2- piperazine (compound 5. 18) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 450 methyl-ethoxy)-. 472. 2 (2 2 2-tnfluor phenyl]- [4-(6-methyl- o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic pyridin-3-yl)-piperazin- acid (compound 3. 1) 1-yl]-methanone 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 2-yl)-piperazine (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- (W002002529) and 5- ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4-(4- 451 Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 512. 4 trifluoromethyl- trinuor pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 1-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 5) (2-Isopropoxy-5-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- methanesulfonyl-2-yl)-piperazine phenyl)- [4- (4- (W002002529) and 2-472. 3 452 472. 3 trifluoromethyl-Isopropoxy-5- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 1-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 2) 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- (2-tert-Butoxy-5-2-yl)-piperazine methanesulfonyl- (W002002529) and 2-tert- phenyl)- [4- (4- Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-ben 453 trifluoromethyl-zoic acid (compound 2. 19) pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)-piperazin-l-I)-piperazine (commercial) and 570. 4 454 yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl- 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)- 2- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl- methyl-ethoxy)-ethoxy)-benzoic acid phenyl]-methanone (compound 5. 6) rac-5- 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- Methanesulfonyl-2- 2-yl)-piperazine (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- (W002002529) and rac-5- methyl-ethoxy)- 455 Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 526. 0 trifluor triuuor tnnuoromethyl- trifluoromethyl- pyridm-2-yl)-piperazin- pyndm-2-yl)-plperazm- acid (compound 3. 1) 1-yl]-methanone [4-(2-Fluoro-4-1-(2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-pheny phenyl)-piperazin-l-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 570. 4 456 yl]- [5-methanesulfonyl-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-( (R)-570. 4 (M+NH4) 2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl- 1-methyl-ethoxy)-ethoxy)-benzoic acid phenyl]-methanone (compound 5. 7) (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- methanesulfonyl-2-yl)-piperazine phenyl)- [4- (4- (W002002529) and 2-498. 2 457 '498. 2 trifluoromethyl-Cyclopentyloxy-5- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfonyl- 1-yl]-methanone benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) (2-Isopropoxy-5- 1- (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- methanesulfbnyl- 2-yl)-piperazine (EP 462638) phenyl)-4- (6- 458 and 2-Isopropoxy-5-472. 1 tnfluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl- pyrldln-2-yl)-piperazin- (compound 1. 2) (compound 1. 2) 1-yl]-methanone rac- [5- Methanesulfonyl-2-1- (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-2-yl)-piperazine (EP 462638) methyl-ethoxy)-and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 459 526. 0 phenyl]- [4- (6- (2, 2, 2-trifluor trifluoromethyl-o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-acid (compound 3. 1) l-yl]-methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-1- (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- 2-yl)-piperazine (EP 462638) 460 ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- (6- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-512. 2 460/ y j L /g trifluoromethyl- (2, 2, 2-trifluor pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid l-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 5) 3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2- 1- (4-Difluoromethyl-2-fluoro- isopropoxy-5-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 461 methanesulfonyl-5. 14) and 2-Isopropoxy-5-449. 1 benzoyl)-piperazin-l-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid yl]-benzaldehyde (compound 1. 2)

Example 462 Preparation of rac- {4- [2-Fluoro-4- (1-hydroxy-ethyl)-phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- (2- isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone 0. 086 mmol of 1- {3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoyl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone was dissolved in 1 ml ethanol and 0. 26 mmol sodium borohydride was added. The mixture was refluxed for 40 min., cooled to room temperature, quenched with water, acidified with HC1 IN and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was purified on silica eluting with heptane/ethylacetate to yield after evaporation the title compound. MS (m/e) : 465. 4 (M+H+, 100%) Example 463 Preparation of {4- [2-Fluoro-4- (l-hydroxy-l-methyl-ethyl)-phenyl]-piperazin-l- yl}- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone

To a solution of 0. 173 mmol 1- {3-Fluoro-4- [4- (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- benzoyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-phenyl}-ethanone in tetrahydrofuran (2 ml) was added dropwise 0. 190 mmol 1. 6M Methyllithium solution in ether at-75°C. The mixture was stirred for 2 hours and then allowed to warm to 0°C. The mixture was quenched with a 20% NH4C1 solution and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was purified on silica eluting with dichloromethane/MeOH to yield after evaporation the title compound. MS (m/e) : 479. 5 (M+H+, 100%) The examples 464-471 have been prepared by separation of the racemic material by chiral HPLC : MW ExpL-Separation MW Systematic Name Starting materials found No. Conditions (mut) rac- [5- [5-Methanesulfonyl-Methanesulfonyl-2- 2-((S or R)-2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-Chiralpak AD, trifluoro-1-methyl-methyl-ethoxy)-20 % coe 0 ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- phenyl]- [4- (5- Isopropanol/525. 8 464 (5-trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-Heptane, flow pyridin-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl)-35 ml, 254 nm, piperazin-1-yl]-piperazin-1-yl]-170 min. methanone methanone (example 408) rac- [5- [5-Methanesulfonyl-Methanesulfonyl-2- 2-((R or S)-2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-Chiralpak AD, trifluoro-l-methyl-methyl-ethoxy)-20% 525 3 ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- phenyl]- [4- (5- Isopropanol/525. 3 465 (5-trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-Heptane, flow (M) pyridin-2-yl)-pyridin-2-yl)-35 ml, 254 nm, piperazin-1-yl]-piperazin-1-yl]-245 min. methanone methanone (example 408) [4- (2-Fluoro-4- rac- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl- Chlralpak AD, phenyl)-piperazin-l-phenyl)-piperazin-l- 25% Isopropanol/ 466 methanesulfonyl-2-methanesulfonyl-2-543. 2 Heptane, flow ((S or R)-2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l- 35 ml, 220 nm, trifluoro-l-methyl-methyl-ethoxy)-141 min 141 min. ethoxy)-phenyl]-phenyl]-methanone methanone (example 302) [4- (2-Fluoro-4- rac- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-Chiralpak AD, ChiralpakAD, phenyl)-piperazin-l-phenyl)-piperazin-l-25% 25 % yl]- [5- yl]- [5- Isopropanol/ Isopropanol/ 467 methanesulfonyl-2-methanesulfonyl-2-543. 2 Heptane, flow ((R or S)-2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l- 35ml, 220nm, trifluoro-1-methyl-methyl-ethoxy)-199 min. 199min. ethoxy)-phenyl]-phenyl]-methanone methanone (example 302) rac-5- [5-Methanesulfonyl-Methanesulfonyl-2-Chiralpak AD, Chiralpak AD, 2-((S or R)-2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l- 25% 25% trifluoro-1-methyl-methyl-ethoxy)- Isopropanol/ 468 ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4- phenyl]- [4- (4- Isopropanol/525. 2 Heptane, flow (4-trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-35 ml, 220 nm, 35 ml, 220 nm, phenyl)-piperazin-1-phenyl)-piperazin-1-197 min. 197 min. yl]-methanone yl]-methanone (example 301) rac-5- [5-Methanesulfonyl-Methanesulfonyl-2-Chiralpak AD, ChiralpakAD, 2-((R or S)-2, 2, 2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-25 % 25% trifluoro-1-methyl-methyl-ethoxy)- Isopropanol/ 469 ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4-phenyl]- [4-(4-IsopropanoV 525. 2 Heptane, flow (4-trifluoromethyl-trifluoromethyl-35 ml, 220 nm, 35 ml, 220 nm, phenyl)-piperazin-1-phenyl)-piperazin-1-280 min. 280min. yl]-methanone yl]-methanone (example 301) rac- [4- (3-Fluoro-5- [4- (3-Fluoro-5- trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl-Chiralpak AD, pyndm-2-yl)- pyridin-2-yl)-"'20% piperazin-1-yl]- [5- piperazin-1-y [5-Isopropanol/ 470 methanesulfonyl-2-544 3 methanesulfonyl-2-Heptane, flow 2, 2, 2-triftuoro-l-' ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-,, 35 ml, 254 nm, 35 ml, 254 nm, 1-methyl-ethoxy)-methyl-ethoxy)-110 min. phenyl]-methanone phenyl]-methanone (example 438) rac- [4- (3-Fluoro-5- (4- (3-Fluoro-5- trifluoromethyl- trifluoromethyl-Chiralpak AD, .. pyrldm-2-yl)- pyridin-2-yl)- 0 ., r-piperazm-l-yl]- [5- piperazm-1-yl- [5- Isopropanol/ 471'methanesulfonyl-2-544. 0 methanesulfonyl-2-. Heptane, flow (2, 2, 2-trmuoro-l- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro- 35 ml, 254 nm, methyl-ethoxy)- 1-methyl-ethoxy)-145 min. phenyl]-methanone phenylJ-methanone (example 438)

Example 6. 1 Preparation of 2-isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid (a) 5-Chlorosulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid To 3. 26 mol chlorosulfonic acid at 0 °C was added 652 mmol salicylic acid in small portions and the mixture was then allowed to stir at RT for 1 h, then at 50 °C for 1 h, and finally at 70 °C for 1 h. The mixture was then added dropwise to 1000 ml ice-water with stirring and stirring continued for an additional 30 min. The ensuing white crystals were collected by filtration, washed three times with water, and then dried in vacuo at 45 °C for 16 h to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 236. 8 ( [ {C1} M-H]', 33%), 235. 0 ([{37C1} M- H]-, 100%) (b) 2-Hydroxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid To 63 mmol 5-chlorosulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid in 120 ml dichloromethane at RT was added dropwise 317 mmol methylamine (8 M solution in ethanol) and the mixture was allowed to stir at RT for 1 h. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was suspended in 1 M aq NaOH solution and extracted twice with ether. The aqueous phase was acidified with 5 M aq HC1, saturated with Name, and extracted 3 times

with THF. The combined THF extracts were washed twice with saturated aqueous NaC1 solution and dried with Na2SO4. Evaporation in vacuo yielded the title compound. MS (m/e) : 249. 0 (M+NH4+, 100%), 231. 9 (M+H+, 63%) (c) 2-Hydroxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester To 77 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid in 300 ml THF was added 85 mmol CDI and the mixture heated at 70 °C for 1 h. 770 mmol methanol was then added and the mixture was heated at 70 °C for 16 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane/dichloromethane 45 : 45 : 10) to afford the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 244. 1 ( [M-H]', 100%) (d) 2-Isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester To 2. 9 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester, 3. 1 mmol 2- methyl-l-propanol and 3. 3 mmol triphenylphosphine in 10 ml THF was added 3. 1 mmol di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate and the mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 2 : 3) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 300. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) (e) 2-Isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid To 3. 3 mmol 2-isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester in 10 ml THF was added 20 mmol 2 M aq NaOH and the mixture was heated at 50 °C for 2 h. The mixture was then cooled to RT and extracted twice with ether. The aqueous phase was acidified with 10% aq citric acid and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2S04. Evaporation in vacuo followed by trituration in ether afforded the title compound. MS (m/e) : 286. 2 ([M-H], 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 1 (d) and (e), compounds 6. 2 to 6. 10 of the following table were prepared from 2-hydroxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester and the appropriate alcohol, followed by hydrolysis with aqueous sodium hydroxide : Expl. Systematic Name alcohol MS (M/e) No 300. 2 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- . 2, 2-Dlmethyl-1-DroDanol methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid 272. 2 2-Isopropoxy-5- 6. 3 2-Propanol methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid (M-H) 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-298. 2 6. 4 Cyclopentanol methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid (M-H) 2-Cyclobutoxy-5-284. 1 6. 5 Cyclobutanol methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid (M-H) 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-284. 1 6. 6 Cyclopropyl-methanol methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid (M-H) 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-298. 2 6. 7 Cyclobutyl-methanol methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid (M-H) 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2- Tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- 6. 8 (tetrahydro-pyran-4-yloxy)- ol benzoic acid 2-(2-Methoxy-ethoxy)-5-288. 1 6. 9 2-Methoxy-ethanol methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2- (3, 3, 3- 326. 2 3, 3, 3-Tnfluoro-l- 6. 10 trifluoro-propoxy)-benzoic propanol propanol (M-H) acid Example 6. 11 Preparation of 5-methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic acid

(a) 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 2. 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester To 3. 3 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester and 3. 3 mmol potassium carbonate in 50 ml acetone was added dropwise 4. 9 mmol 2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethyl trifluoromethanesulfonate and the mixture was heated at 60 °C for 16 h. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was suspended in dichloromethane and filtered.

The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 3 : 7) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 328. 0 (M+H+, 100%) (b) 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 22-trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic acid To 2. 3 mmol 5-methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester in 10 ml THF was added 20 mmol 2 M aq NaOH and the mixture was heated at 50 °C for 2 h. The mixture was then cooled to RT and extracted twice with ether. The aqueous phase was acidified with 10% aq citric acid and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2SO4. Evaporation in vacuo followed by trituration in ether afforded the title compound. MS (m/e) : 312. 0 ([M-H]-, 100%) Example 6. 19 Preparation of rac-5-methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (a) rac-5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2. 2. 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester To 4. 1 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester and 4. 1 mmol potassium carbonate in 5 ml DMF was added dropwise 6. 1 mmol trifluor- methanesulfonic acid 2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl ester and the mixture was heated at 90 °C for 16 h. The mixture was then cooled to RT, poured onto water and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2SO4. Eva- poration in vacuo followed by chromatography on silica gel (eluant : dichloromethane) afforded the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 359. 2 (M+NH4+, 80%), 342. 0 (M+H+, 100%) (b) rac-5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid To 1. 6 mmol 5-methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester in 10 ml THF was added 20 mmol 2 M aq NaOH and the mixture was heated at 50 °C for 2 h. The mixture was then cooled to RT and extracted twice with ether. The aqueous phase was acidified with 10% aq citric acid and extracted twice with

ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2SO4. Evaporation in vacuo followed by trituration in ether and hexane afforded the title compound. MS (m/e) : 326. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) Example 6. 14 Preparation of 5-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid (a) 2-Hydroxy-5-sulfino-benzoic acid To 317 mmol sodium sulfite in 200 ml water at RT was added dropwise over 30 min a solution of 42. 3 mmol 5-chlorosulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid in 80 ml dioxane and stirring continued for a further 30 min. 5 M aq NaOH was then added dropwise until the reaction mixture was pH 14 and the mixture was then allowed to stir at RT for a further 2 h. The mixture was then cooled to 0 °C and concentrated H2SO4 added until the reaction mixture was pH 1. Ethyl acetate was added and the phases were separated. The organic phase was dried with Na2SO4. Evaporation in vacuo yielded the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 201. 0 ([M-H]-, 100%) (b) 5-(3-Chloro-propane-1-sulfonyl)-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid To 16. 7 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-sulfino-benzoic acid and 41. 7 mmol triethylamine in 40 ml DMF was added 18. 3 mmol 1-chloro-3-iodopropane and the mixture heated at 40 °C for 1 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : dichloromethane/methanol/acetic acid gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 279. 1 ([437C1} M-H]-, 33%), 277. 0 ([835C1} M-H]-, 100%) (c) 5-CXclopropanesulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid To 8. 0 mmol 5- (3-chloro-propane-1-sulfonyl)-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid in 30 ml THF at- 78 °C was added dropwise over 30 min 23. 9 mmol of a 0. 9 M solution of potassium bis (trimethylsilyl) amide in toluene. The reaction mixture was then allowed to warm to RT and stirring continued for a further 30 min at RT. The mixture was then diluted with THF/ethyl acetate (1 : 1) and washed sequentially with 1 M aq HC1 and saturated aqueous NaCI solution, dried with Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was triturated in ether/pentane to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 241. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) (d) 5-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid methyl ester

To 7. 2 mmol 5-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid in 20 ml dichloroethane containing a few drops of DMF was added dropwise 8. 7 mmol oxalyl chloride. After stirring for 90 min at RT, the reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C and then 144 mmol methanol was added followed by 72 mmol pyridine and stirring continued at RT for 1 h.

The mixture was then washed with 1 M aq HCI, dried with Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 255. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) (e) 5-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid To 0. 6 mmol 5-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid methyl ester, 3. 7 mmol 2- propanol and 0. 9 mmol diphenyl-2-pyridylphosphine in 8 ml THF was added 0. 9 mmol di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate and the mixture was stirred at RT for 3 h. 4 mmol 5 M aq NaOH solution was then added and the mixture heated at 60 °C for 1 h. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was resuspended in ethyl acetate and washed twice with 1 M aq NaOH solution. The combined aqueous phases were then acidified to pH 1 by addition of 25% aq HCI and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were then dried with Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 282. 9 ([M-H]-, 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 14 (e), compounds 6. 15 to 6. 18 of the following table were prepared from 5-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-hydroxy-benzoic acid methyl ester and the appropriate alcohol, followed by hydrolysis with aqueous sodium hydroxide : Systematic Name alcohol MS (m/e) No 2971 5-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-297. 1 6. 15 2-Methyl-1-propanol 2-isobutoxy-benzoic acid (M-H) 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-309. 1 6. 16 cyclopropanesulfonyl-Cyclopentanol benzoic acid (M-H) 5-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-295. 2 6. 17 2-cyclopropylmethoxy-Cyclopropyl-methanol benzoic acid (M-H) 2-Cyclobutoxy-5-295. 2 6. 18 cyclopropanesulfonyl-Cyclobutanol benzoic acid (M-H)

Example 6. 12 Preparation of 1- (4-ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine (a) 3, 4-Difluoro-benzenesulfinic acid To 2. 47 mol sodium sulfite in 1120 ml water at RT was added dropwise over 20 min a solution of 329 mmol 3, 4-difluoro-benzenesulfonyl chloride in 560 ml dioxane and stirring continued for a further 30 min. 1 M aq NaOH was then added dropwise until the reaction mixture was pH 14 and the mixture was then allowed to stir at RT for a further 16 h. The mixture was then cooled to 0 °C and concentrated H2SO4 added until the reaction mixture was pH 1. The mixture was extracted three times with ethyl acetate and the combined organic phases washed with saturated aq NaCI solution and then dried with Na2SO4. Evaporation in vacuo yielded the title compound. MS (m/e) : 177. 1 ([M-H]- , 100%) (b) 4-Ethanesulfol-1, 2-difluoro-benzene To 3. 0 mmol 3, 4-difluoro-benzenesulfinic acid and 3. 0 mmol triethylamine in 10 ml DMF was added 7. 5 mmol iodoethane and the mixture heated at 90 °C for 9 h. The reaction mixture was then poured onto water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were then washed twice with saturated aq. NaCI solution, dried over Na2S04, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 7) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 206. 9 (M+H+, 100%) (c) 1-(4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine To 2. 0 mmol 4-ethanesulfonyl-1, 2-difluoro-benzene in 5 ml N, N-dimethylacetamidewas added 5. 6 mmol piperazine and the mixture was heated at 80 °C for 45 min. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 273. 0 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 12 (b) and (c), compounds 6. 13, and 6. 21 to 6. 23 of the following table were prepared from 3, 4-difluoro-benzenesulfinic acid and the indicated alkyl halides, followed by reaction with piperazine : Expl. MW found Systematic Name alkyl halide + No. (M+H+) 6. 13 Iodobutane 301. 1 fluoro-phenyl]-piperazine 1- [2-Fluoro-4- (propane-2- 6. 21.. 2-Iodopropane 287. 0 sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine 1- (4- Bromomethyl- 6. 22 Cyclopropylmethanesulfonyl-2-cylopropane and 299. 2 fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine NaI 1- [2-Fluoro-4- (2-methoxy- 1-Iodo-2-methoxv- 6. 23 ethanesulfonyl)-phenyl]-, 303. 1 ethane piperazine

Example 6. 20 Preparation of 1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine (a) 4-(3-Chloro-propane-1-sulfonyl)-1,2-difluoro-benzene To 28. 3 mmol 3, 4-difluoro-benzenesulfinic acid and 36. 8 mmol triethylamine in 100 rnl DMF was added 70. 7 mmol 1-chloro-3-iodopropane and the mixture stirred at RT for 1 h. The reaction mixture was then poured onto water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were then washed with saturated aq. NaCl solution, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 257. 2 ({37Cl}M+H+, 33%), 255. 1 (835C1} M+H+, 100%), (b) 4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-1, 2-difluoro-benzene

To 11. 8 mmol 4-(3-chloro-propane-1-sulfonyl)-1, 2-difluoro-benzene in 400 ml THF at- 78 °C was added dropwise over 30 min 14. 2 mmol of a 0. 9 M solution of potassium bis (trimethylsilyl) amide in THF. The reaction mixture was then allowed to warm to RT and stirring continued for a further 30 min at RT. The mixture was then quenched by addition of 1 M aq HC1 and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 5) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 219. 2 (M+H+, 100%) (c) 1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine To 0. 2 mmol 4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-1, 2-difluoro-benzene in 5 ml N, N- dimethylacetamide was added 0. 5 mmol piperazine and the mixture was heated at 80 °C for 90 min. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 285. 0 (M+Ht, 100%) Example 6. 24 Preparation of 1- (4-cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 4-Cyclobutanesulfonyl-1, 2-difluoro-benzene To 5. 6 mmol 3, 4-difluoro-benzenesulfinic acid and 6. 2 mmol triethylamine in 10 ml DMF were added 8. 4 mmol bromocyclobutane and 0. 2 mmol sodium iodide and the mixture heated at 100 °C for 48 h. The reaction mixture was then poured onto water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were then washed with saturated aq. NaCI solution, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 233. 1 (M+H+, 100%) (b) 1-(4-Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride To 2. 8 mmol 4-cyclobutanesulfonyl-1, 2-difluoro-benzene in 20 ml N, N- dimethylacetamide was added 8. 3 mmol piperazine and the mixture was heated at 80 °C for 45 min. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo and the residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/methanol gradient). The product- containing fractions were combined and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was resuspended in 100 ml dioxane and 6. 0 mmol HC1 (as a 4 M solution in dioxane) was added. After stirring for 10 min, the ensuing white crystals were collected by filtration, washing twice with ether, to afford the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 299. 1 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 24 (a) and (b), compound 6. 25 of the following table was prepared from the 3, 4-difluoro-benzenesulfinic acid, bromocyclobutane and sodium iodide, followed by reaction with piperazine and subsequent treatment with HC1 in dioxane : MW found Expl. No Systematic Name Starting Materials MW found (M+H) 1- (4- difluoro- 6. 25 Cyclopentanesulfonyl-2-benzenesulfinic acid 313. 3 fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine and hydrochloride) bromocyclopentane

Example 6. 26 Preparation of 1- [2-fluoro-4- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propane-1-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine (a) 1,2-Difluoro-4-(3,3,3-trifluoro-propylsulfanyl)-benzene To 3. 4 mmol 3, 4-difluoro-thiophenol and 5. 1 mmol 1-iodo-3, 3, 3-trifluoropropane in 5 ml acetone was added 3. 7 mmol potassium carbonate and the mixture heated at 140 °C for 3 h under microwave irradiation. The reaction mixture was then poured onto water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were then washed with saturated aq. NaCI solution, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated in ! vacuo to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 243. 1 (M+Ht, 100%) (b) ls2-Difluoro-4-(3n3s3-trifluoro-propane-l-sulfonyl)-benzene To 3. 0 mmol 1, 2-difluoro-4- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propylsulfanyl)-benzene in 5 ml dichloromethane was added 8. 3 mmol m-chloroperbenzoic acid and the mixture heated at 50 °C for 48 h.. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature and diluted with dichloromethane and washed three times with saturated aq NaHC03 solution. The organic phase was then washed with saturated aq. NaCI solution, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 275. 1 (M+H+, 100%) (c) 1- [2-Fluoro-4- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propane-1-sulfonyl)-phenyll-piperazine

To 0. 5 mmol 1, 2-difluoro-4- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-propane-l-sulfonyl)-benzene in 5 ml N, N- dimethylacetamide was added 1. 5 mmol piperazine and the mixture was heated at 80 °C for 90 min. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo and the residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : methanol/dichloromethane gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 341. 2 (M+Ht, 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 26 (a) to (c), compounds 6. 27 and 6. 28 of the following table were prepared from 3, 4-difluoro-thiophenol and the indicated alkylating agent, followed by oxidation with m-chloroperbenzoic acid and reaction with piperazine : MW Expl No Systematic name Alkylating agent found (M+H+) 1- [2-Fluoro-4- (tetrahydro-pyran-4-Toluene-4-sulfonic acid 6. 27 329. 1 sulfonyl)-phenyl]-tetrahydro-pyran-4-yl ester piperazine 1- (4- Cyclohexanesulfonyl-2- 6. 28 lodocyclohexane 327. 3 fluoro-phenyl)- piperazine

Example 6. 29 Preparation of 1-[2, 3-difluoro-4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 1, 2, 3-Trifluoro-4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-benzene To 20. 4 mmol 2, 3, 4-trifluoro-benzenesulfinic acid (prepared in analogy to example 2. 20 (a) from 2, 3, 4-trifluoro-benzenesulfonyl chloride) and 61. 2 mmol triethylamine in 20 ml DMF was added 40. 8 mmol 2-iodopropane and the mixture stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was then poured onto water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were then washed twice with saturated aq. NaCl solution, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 4) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 239. 1 (M+H+, 100%)

(b) 4-I2. 3-Difluoro-4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)-phenyll-piperazine-l-carbo xylic acid tert- butyl ester To 7. 6 mmol 1, 2, 3-trifluoro-4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-benzene in 20 ml N, N- dimethylacetamide was added 15. 9 mmol tert-butyl-1-piperazine carboxylate and the mixture was heated at 90 °C for 1 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 2) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 405. 2 (M+H+, 100%) (c) 1-[2,3-Difluoro-4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine hydrochloride To 7. 5 mmol 4- [2, 3-difluoro-4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 100 ml dioxane was added 30. 2 mmol HC1 (as a 4 M solution in dioxane) and the mixture was heated at 80 °C for 1 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and the ensuing white crystals were collected by filtration, washing twice with ether, to afford the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 305. 2 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 29 (a) to (c), compounds 6. 30, 6. 32 and 6. 33 of the following table were prepared from the indicated sulfinic acids and alkyl halides, followed by reaction with tert-butyl-1-piperazine carboxylate and hydrolysis with HUI in dioxane : MW found Expl. No Systematic Name starting material (M+H) 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 3- 2, 3, 4-trifluoro- 6. 30 difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine benzenesulfinic acid and 291. 2 hydrochloride iodoethane 1- [2, 5-Difluoro-4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- (propane-2-sultonyl)-, ,, 6. 32 benzenesulfinic acid and 305. 1 phenylj-piperazme 2-lodoDropane hydrochloride hydrocHoride 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 5- 2, 4, 5-Trifluoro- 6. 33 difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine benzenesulfinic acid and 291. 1 hydrochloride iodoethane

Example 6. 31 Preparation of 1- (4-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride (a) 1-(3-Chloro-propane-1-sulfonyl)-2, 3, 4-trifluoro-benzene To 30. 6 mmol 2, 3, 4-trifluoro-benzenesulfinic acid (acid (prepared in analogy to example 2. 20 (a) from 2, 3, 4-trifluoro-benzenesulfonyl chloride) and 91. 8 mmol triethylamine in 20 ml DMF was added 61. 2 mmol 1-chloro-3-iodopropane and the mixture stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was then poured onto water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were then washed twice with saturated aq. NaCl solution, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo.

The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 4) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 275. 2 ({37C1} M+H+, 33%), 273. 1 ( {35C1} M+H+, 100%), (b) 1-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3 4-trifluoro-benzene To 5. 9 mmol 1- (3-chloro-propane-l-sulfonyl)-2, 3, 4-trifluoro-benzene in 200 ml THF at - 78 °C was added dropwise over 30 min 7. 0 mmol of a 0. 9 M solution of potassium bis (trimethylsilyl) amide in THF. The reaction mixture was then allowed to warm to RT and stirring continued for a further 30 min at RT. The mixture was then quenched by addition of 1 M aq HC1 and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 4) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 237. 2 (M+H+, 100%) (c) 4-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonvl-2. 3-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert- butyl ester To 4. 2 mmol 1-cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3, 4-trifluoro-benzene in 20 ml N, N- dimethylacetamide was added 8. 9 mmol tert-butyl-1-piperazine carboxylate and the mixture was heated at 90 °C for 1 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : dichloromethane/ethyl acetate gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 403. 3 (M+H+, 100%) (d) 1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride

To 3. 7 mmol 4- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 100 ml dioxane was added 14. 9 mmol HC1 (as a 4 M solution in dioxane) and the mixture was heated at 80 °C for 1 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature and the ensuing white crystals were collected by filtration, washing twice with ether, to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 303. 2 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 31 (a) to (d), compound 6. 34 of the following table was prepared from the indicated sulfinic acid and alkyl halide, followed by treatment with potassium bis (trimethylsilyl) amide, reaction with tert-butyl-1-piperazine carboxylate and deprotection with HC1 in dioxane : MW Expel, Systematic Name starting materials found No (M+H) 1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 5- 2, 4, 5-Trifluoro- 6. 34 difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine benzenesulfinic acid and 2-303. 1 hydrochloride iodopropane

Example 6. 35 Preparation of rac-2-Methyl-l- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride (a) rac-3-Methyl-4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester To l-bromo-4-trifluoromethyl-benzene (1 g), rac-3-Methyl-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (1 g), in toluene (10 mL) was added sodium tert-butylate (0. 6 g), 2- (dicyclohexylphosphino) biphenyl (31 mg), and tris (dibenzylideneacetone) Pd-CHCl3 (23 mg). The reaction mixture was then stirred at 80°C overnight. Ethyl acetate was then added to the reaction mixture. Solids were filtered off. The filtrate was then concentrated in vacuo and the residue was purified by column chromatography to yield 0. 46 g of the title compound. MS (m/e) : 345. 2 (M+H+, 100%) (b) rac-2-Methyl-1- (4-trifluoromethyl-phen,-piperazine hydrochloride To 0. 58 mmol rac-3-methyl-4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 3 ml dioxane was added 8. 7 mmol HC1 (as a 4 M solution in dioxane) and the mixture was heated at 90 °C for 3 h. The mixture was then cooled 0 °C and

diluted with 10 ml ether. The ensuing white crystals were collected by filtration, washing with ether, and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 245. 1 (M+H+, 100%) Example 6. 36 Preparation of 5-Acetyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid (a) 5-Acetyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid methyl ester To 25. 8 mmol methyl-5-acetyl-2-hydroxybenzoate, 28. 3 mmol 2-propanol and 29. 6 mmol triphenylphosphine in 100 ml THF was added 28. 3 mmol di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate and the mixture was stirred at RT for 90 min. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 237. 1 (M+H+, 100%) (b) 5-Acetyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid To 25. 8 mmol 5-acetyl-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid methyl ester in 100 ml THF was added 400 mmol 2 M aq NaOH and the mixture was heated at 80 °C for 2 h. The mixture was then cooled to RT and extracted twice with ether. The aqueous phase was acidified with 15% aq hydrochloric acid and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2SO4. Evaporation in vacuo followed by trituration in ether afforded the title compound. MS (m/e) : 221. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) In analogy to Example 5 compounds 472 to 619 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : Mu Expl.- Systematic Name Starting materials found No. (mit) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 472 phenyl)-piperazine-1-benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2-433. 2 carbonyl]-4-ethoxy-Ethoxy-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (JP53050139) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro-2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 41 3 473 phenyl)-piperazine-l-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2-431. 3 473 carbonyl]-4-ethoxy-Ethoxy-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid (M-H benzenesulfonamide (JP53050139) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 3- [4-(4-Cyano-phenyl)- .. 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 413. 3 plperazme-l-carbonyl]- 474 (commercial) and 2-Ethoxy-5- 4-methoxy- 4-ethoxy-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid (JP53050139) (M-H) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- phenyl)-ploerazme-1- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- . benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- 475 carbonyl]-4-isobutoxy-475. 1 Isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- N-methyl-benzoic acid (compound 6, 1) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- carbonyl]-4-(2, 2- 476 (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- 489. 3 dimethyl-propoxy)-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- (compound 6. 2) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-nuoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- ' benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- Isopropoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 3) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine-1-2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 478 carbonyl]-4-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2-487. 3 478 487. 3 cyclopentyloxy-N-Cyclopentyloxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- methyl-benzoic acid (compound 6. 4) benzenesulfonamide 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- phenyl)-piperazine-1-Cyclobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- 479 carbonyl]-4-cyclobutoxy-benzoic acid (compound 6. 5) 473. 1 N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Cyano-3-fluoro-_ . 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-plperazine-1- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- carbonylj-4- 480 Cydopropylmethoxy-5-473 2 cyclopropylmethoxy-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- (compound 6 6) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-plperazme-1- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- carbonyl]-4- 481 Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-487. 3 cyclobutylmethoxy-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- (compound 6. 7) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-plperazme-l- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 5- carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- 482 Methylsulfamoyl-2- (tetrahydro- 503. 2 (tetrahydro-pyran-4- pyran-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid yloxy)- (compound 6. 8) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 2- 483 carbonyl]-4- (2-methoxy- (2-Methoxy-ethoxy)-5-477. 3 ethoxy)-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 9) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-plperazine-1- benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 5- carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- 484 Methylsulfamoyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- 515. 2 (3, 3, 3-trlfluoro- propoxy)-benzoic acid (compound propoxy)-6. 10) benzenesulfonamide 3-t4-(4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile piperazine-1-carbonylj- (commercial) and 2-(2-Methoxy- 485 4-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)-459. 1 ethoxy)-5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic N-methyl- acid (compound 6. 9) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (commercial) and-5- 486 N-methyl-4- (3, 3, 3- Methylsulfamoyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- 497. 0 trifluoro-propoxy)-propoxy)-benzoic acid (compound benzenesulfonamide 6. 10) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)-4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (commercial) and 5- 487 N-methyl-4- (tetrahydro- Methylsulfamoyl-2- (tetrahydro- 485. 2 pyran-4-yloxy)-pyran-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 8) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 488 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (commercial) and 2-Isobutoxy-5-457. 3 488'" 4-isobutoxy-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 1) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile piperazme-l-carbonyij-,,,, (commercial) and 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 489 4-(2, 2-dimethyl-471. 1 propoxy)-5-methylsulfamoyl- propoxy)-N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 2) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 490 piperazine-1-carbonyl3- (commercial) and 2-Isopropoxy-5-443. 2 490 J ; 4-isopropoxy-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 3) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-I-yl-benzonitrile piperazine-1-carbonyl]- piperazine-1-carbonyl]-,, (commercial) and 2-Cyclopentyloxy- 491 4-cyclopentyloxy-N-.. 469. 2 methyl-S-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid . (compound 6. 4) compound 6. 4) benzenesulfonamide 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- (commercial) and 2-Cyclobutoxy-5- 492 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid 455. 3 4-cyclobutoxy-N-methyl- (compound 6. 5) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (commercial) and 2- 493 4-cyclopropylmethoxy-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-455. 3 N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 6) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (commercial) and 2- 494 4-cyclobutylmethoxy-N-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-469. 2 methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 7) 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1-(2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-pheny phenol phenyl)-piperazme-l- 495 1)-piperazine (commercial) and 2-528. 0 carbonyl]-4-isobutoxy- Isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 1) benzenesulfonamide 4- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- propoxy)-3- [4- (2-fluoro-pheny 559. 2 4-methanesulfonyl-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 2- 496 (M+NH4 phenyl)-piperazine-1- (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- (M+NH4 carbonylJ-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 2) 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-pheny pheny phenyl)-piperazine-l-, 497 1)-piperazine (commercial) and 2-514. 1 carbonyl]-4-isopropoxy- Isopropoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl-benzoic acid (compound 6. 3) benzenesulfonamide 4-Cyclopentyloxy-3- [4- 1-(2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- (2-uuoro-4-5570 pheny methanesulfonyl- 498 1)-piperazine (commercial) and 2- phenyl)-piperazine-I- (M+NH4 Cyclopentyloxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- carbonyl]-N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 4) benzenesulfonamide 4-Cyclobutoxy-3- [4- (2- 1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- fluor-4- phenol methanesulfbnyl- 499 I)-piperazine (commercial) and 2-526. 0 phenyl)-piperazine-1- carbonyl]-N-methyl-Cyclobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- carbonyl]-N-methyl-/// -benzoic acid (compound 6. 5) benzenesulfonamide 4-Cyclopropylmethoxy-1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- 3- [4- (2-fluoro-4- pheny 500 methanesulfonyl-I)-piperazine (commercial) and 2-526. 0 500' Q phenyl)-piperazine-1-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- carbonyl]-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 6) 4-Cyclobutylmethoxy-3-1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- [4- (2-fluoro-4- pheny 557. 0 methanesulfonyl-I)-piperazine (commercial) and 2- 501 M+NH4 phenyl)-piperazine-1-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- (M+NH4 carbonyl]-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 7) 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-pheny 502 phenyl)-piperazine-l-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 2- (2- 530. 1 carbonyl]-4-(2-methoxy-Methoxy-ethoxy)-5- ethoxy)-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 9) 1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- pheny 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- l)-piperazine (commercial) and 5- methanesulfonyl-Methylsulfamoyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- phenyl)-piperazine-1-propoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 503 carbonyl]-N-methyl-4-6. 10) (M+NH4 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro-+) propoxy)- benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Cyano-2-fluoro-.. 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- ,,, benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2- benzonitrile (WO9625414) and 2- Isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 1) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazme-1- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2- carbonyl-4- (2, 2- 505 (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- 489. 0 dimethyl-propoxy)-N- methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid (compound 6. 2) (compound6. 2) benzenesulfonamide 3- (4- (4-Cyano-2-ffuoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl-478. 0 phenyl)-piperazme-l- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2- 506 carbonyl]-4-isopropoxy-Isopropoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- (M+NH4 Isopropoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 3) +) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine-1-3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- carbonyl]-4-benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2-487. 1 507 487. 1 cyclopentyloxy-N-Cyclopentyloxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- methyl-benzoic acid (compound 6. 4) benzenesulfonamide 3- (4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l- benzonitrile (W09625414) and- 508 carbonyl]-4-cyclobutoxy-472. 8 Cyclobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 5) benzenesulfonamide 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- 3- [4-(4-Cyano-2-fluoro- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2- phenyl)-piperazine-1- carbonyl]-4-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- 509 methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid 472. 8 cyclopropylmethoxy-N- methyl- (compound 6. 6) benzenesulfonamide 3- (4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- benzonitrile (WO9625414) and 2- carbonyl]-4- 510 Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-487. 1 cyclobutylmethoxy-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- . (compound 6. 7) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 5- carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- 511 Methylsulfamoyl-2- (tetrahydro- 503. 0 (tetrahydro-pyran-4- pyran-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid yloxy)- . (compound 6. 8) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l-benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2- (2- 512 carbonyl]-4- (2-methoxy- Methoxy-ethoxy)-5-477. 1 ethoxy)-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 9) 3- [4-(4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- benzonitrile (WO9625414) and 5- carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- 513 Methylsulfamoyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- 515. 1 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- propoxy)-benzoic acid (compound propoxy)- 6. 10) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-AcetyI-2-nuoro- 3- [4-(4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- phenyl)-ethanone (WO9714690) and 5-Isobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl1 N-methyl- N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 1) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 3- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-plperazme-1- phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and carbonyl]-4-(2, 2- 515 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- 506. 3 dimethyl-propoxy)-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- (compound 6. 2) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l- . phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and 516 carbonyl]-4-isopropoxy-478. 2 N-methyl-2-Isopropoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- // . benzoic acid (compound 6. 3) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1-(3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and carbonylJ-4- 517 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-504 2 cyclopentyloxy-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- . (compound 6. 4) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- phenyl)-ethanone (WO9714690) and 518 carbonyl]-4-cyclobutoxy-590 6 2-Cyclobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- N-methyl- benzoic acid (compound 6. 5) benzenesulfonamide 3- (4- (4-Acetyl-2-ffuoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-plperazme-1- phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and carbonyl]-4- 519 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-490. 2 cyclopropylmethoxy-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- (compound 6. 6) benzenesulfonamide 3-14-(4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-plperazme-1- phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and carbonyl]-4- 520 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-504. 2 cyclobutylmethoxy-N- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl- . (compound 6. 7) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4-(4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- 521'5-MethyIsuIfamoyI-2- (tetrahydro- 520. 3 (tetrahydro-pyran-4- pyran-4-yloxy)-benzoic acid . (compound 6. 8) (compound6. 8) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l-phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and 522 carbonyl]-4- (2-methoxy- 2- (2-Methoxy-ethoxy)-5- 494. 2 ethoxy)-N-methyl-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 9) 3- [4-(4-Acetyl-2-luoro- .. I-(3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1- phenyl)-plperazme-1-phenyl)-ethanone (WO9714690) and carbonyl]-N-methyl-4- 523. 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(3, 3, 3-532. 2 (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- tnnuoro-propoxy)-benzoic acid propoxy)- . (compound 6. 10) benzenesulfonamide 4-Isobutoxy-N-methyl-3- 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- zine (commercial) and 2-Isobutoxy- 524 phenyl)-piperazine-1-500. 2 5-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid carbonyl]- . (compound 6. 1) benzenesulfonamide 4- (2, 2-Dimethyl- 1-(4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera propoxy)-N-methyl-3- zine (commercial) and 2- (2, 2- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl- 525 Dimethyl-propoxy)-5-514. 2 phenyl)-piperazine-1- methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid carbonyl- (compound 6. 2) benzenesulfonamide 4-Isopropoxy-N-methyl- 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera 3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl- zme (commeraal) and 2- 526 phenyl)-piperazine-1-486. 2 Isopropoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- carbonyl3- benzoic acid (compound 6. 3) benzenesulfonamide 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera 4-Cyclopentyloxy-N-zine (commercial) and 2- methyl-3- [4- (4- Cyclopentyloxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- 527 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-benzoic acid (compound 6. 4) 512. 3 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- benzenesulfonamide 4-Cyclobutoxy-N-_ ,, l- (4-Trmuoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera methyj-3-f4- (4-. zine (commercial) and 2- 528 tnnuoromethyl-phenyl)-, 498. 2 Cyclobutoxy-5-methylsulfamoyl- piperazine-1-carbonylj- benzoic acid (compound 6. 5) benzenesulfonamide 4-Cyclopropylmethoxy-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera N-methyl-3- (4- (4- zine (commercial) and 2- 529 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-498. 2 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 6) 4-Cyclobutylmethoxy-N-1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera methyl-3- [4- (4- zine (commercial) and 2- 530 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-512. 3 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-methylsulfamoyl-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 7) N-M ethyl-3- (4- (4- tnfluoromethyl-phenyl)- triSuoromethyi-pheny !)- zine (commercial) and 5- piperazine-1-carbonyJJ- 531 Methylsulfamoyl-2- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- 540. 2 4- (3, 3, 3-triluoro- propoxy)-benzoic acid (compound propoxy)-6. 10) 6. 10) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- 2-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l-benzonitrile (WO 9808835) and 5- 532 carbonyl]-N-methyl-4-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro- 501. 1 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound benzenesulfonamide 6. 11) 4-Piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile (commercial) and 5- 3- [4- (4-Cyano-phenyl)- Methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- piperazine-1-carbonyl]-oxy). benzoic add (compound 533 N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2-6 11) 483. 3 trifluoro-ethoxy)- benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-l-benzonitrile (W09625414) and 5- 534 carbonyl]-N-methyl-4-Methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- 501. 1 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound benzenesulfonamide 6. 11) 3- [4- (4-Acetyl-2-fluoro- 1- (3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- phenyl)-piperazine-1-phenyl)-ethanone (W09714690) and 535 carbonyl]-N-methyl-4-5-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 518. 2 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- trifluoro-ethoxy)-benzoic acid benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 11) 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-pheny 536 phenyl)-piperazine-l-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 5-554. 1 carbonyl]-N-methyl-4-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound benzenesulfonamide 6. 11) N-Methyl-4-(2, 2, 2- 1-(4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera trifluoro-ethoxy)-3- [4- zine (commercial) and 5- (4-trifluoromethyl- Methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- 526. 0 phenyl)-plperazme-1- ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound carbonyl]- 6. 11) benzenesulfonamide [4-(4-Ethanesulfonyl-2- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-i. ../10 fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) piperazin-l-yl]-(2- 538 and 2-Isopropoxy-5-513. 3 isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (cornpound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone {4- [4-(Butane-1- 1- [4-(Butane-1-sulfonyl)-2-fluoro- sulfonyl)-2-fluoro- phenyl]-piperazine (compound 6. 13) phenylj-piperazin-1-yl}- 539 and 2-Isopropoxy-5-541. 0 (2-isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone 4- [4- (5- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-. 540 isopropocy-benzoyl)-benzonitrile (W09625414) and 5-42. 3 540 isopropoxy-benzoyl)-472. 3 Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy- piperazin-1-ylJ-3-fluoro- .. benzoic acid (compound 6. 14) benzonitrile (5- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- isopropoxy-phenyl)- [4- l)-piperazine (compound 1. 1) and 5- 541 (2-Quoro-4-, 515. 4 541 (2-fluoro-4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy-515. 4 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- benzoic acid (compound 6. 14) piperazin-1-yl]- methanone (5- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- isobutoxy-phenyl)- [4- (2- pheny 542 fluoro-4-l)-piperazine (commercial) and 5-539. 5 methanesulfonyl-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isobutoxy- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-benzoic acid (compound 6. 15) methanone 4- [4- (5- 4- [4- (5-3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-benzonitrile (W09625414) and 5- 543 isobutoxy-benzoyl)-. 486. 5 Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isobutoxy- piperazin-l-yl]-3-fluoro- benzoic acid (compound 6. 15) benzonitrile 1- (2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-pheny 1)-piperazine (compound 1. 1) and 5- (5-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isobutoxy- benzoic acid (compound 6. 15) Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- 544 isobutoxy-phenyl)- [4- (2- 529. 4 544 fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- methanone (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5-1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- cyclopropanesulfonyl-pheny 545 phenyl)- [4-(2-fluoro-4-l)-piperazine (commercial) and2- 545 551. 3 methanesulfonyl-Cyclopentyloxy-5- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-cyclopropanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanone (compound 6. 16) 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- 4- [4- (2-Cyclopentyloxy- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 2- 5-cyclopropanesulfonyl- 546 Cyclopentyloxy-5-498. 3 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-ylJ- ryclopropanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 3-fluoro-benzonltnle (compound 6. 16) (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- 1-(2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-pheny cydopropanesulfonyl- l)-piperazme (compound 1. 1) and 2- phenyl)- [4-(2-fluoro-4- 547 Cyclopentyloxy-5-541. 3 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- cyclopropanesulfonyl-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 6. 16) (5- 1-(2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- pheny cyclopropylmethoxy- l)-plperazme (commeraal) and 5- 548 phenyl)- [4- (2-Quoro-4-",,, 537. 4 Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- methanesulfonyl- cyclopropylmethoxy-benzoic acid phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 6. 17) methanone 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-l-yl- benzonitrile (W09625414) and 5- 4- [4- (5- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- 4- [4- (5-/ / cyclopropylmethoxy-benzoic acid Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- (compound 6. 17) 549 cyclopropylmethoxy-484. 5 benzoyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- 3-fluoro-benzonitrile (5- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-1- (2-Fluoro-4-trifluoromethyl-pheny cyclopropylmethoxy-I)-piperazine (compound 1. 1) and 5- 550 phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-527. 3 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-cyclopropylmethoxy-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 6. 17) methanone (2-Cyclobutoxy-5-1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- cyclopropanesulfonyl-pheny 551 phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- I)-piperazine (commercial) and 2-537. 4 551 /', /537. 4 methanesulfonyl-Cyclobutoxy-5- phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-cyclopropanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanone (compound 6. 18) (5- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-1- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- isopropoxy-phenyl)- [4-pheny 552 (2-fluoro-4-I)-piperazine (commercial) and 5-525. 3 methanesulfonyl-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-isopropoxy- phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-benzoicacid (compound6. 14) methanone rac-3- [4-(2-Fluoro-4- 1-(2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl- pheny ggg 1 phenyl)-piperazine-1-pheny 585. 1 I)-piperazme (commercial) and rac- l)-piperazine (commercial) and rac- S-Methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- , trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic +) methyt-ethoxy)- acid (compound 6. 19) benzenesulfonamide 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera rac-N-Methyl-4- (2, 2, 2- zine (commercial) and rac-5- trifluoro-1-methyl-Methylsulfamoyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro- 557. 2 ethoxy)-3-f4- (4- l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 554 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- (compound 6. 19) (M+NH4 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-+) benzenesulfonamide rac-3- [4- (4-Cyano-2- fluoro-phenyl)-3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- piperazine-l-carbonyl]-benzonitrile (W09625414) and rac-532. 3 555 N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2- 5-Methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (M+NH4 trifluoro-1-methyl-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic +) ethoxy)-acid (compound 6. 19) benzenesulfonamide [4- (4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 542. 2 556 piperazin-1-yl]-(2-and 2-Isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4 isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid +) methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone rac-3- [4- (4-Cyano-2, 5- 2, 5-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- diffuoro-phenyl)- benzonitrile-trifluoro-acetic acid 550. 1 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (compound 2. 8) and rac-5- 557 N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2- Methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- (M+NH4 trifluoro-l-methyl-.. 1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid ethoxy)- (compound 6. 19) benzenesulfonamide rac-3- [4- (4-Cyano-2, 3- 2, 3-Difluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl- difluoro-phenyl)- benzonitrile-trifluoro-acetic acid 550. 1 piperazine-1-carbonyl]- (compound 2. 7) and rac-5- 558 N-methyl-4- (2, 2, 2- Methylsulfamoyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro- (M+NH4 trifluoro-l-methyl- l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid +) ethoxy)- (compound 6. 19) benzenesulfonamide {4- (2-Fluoro-4- 14- [2-Fluoro-4- [2-Fluoro-4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-544 3 phenyl]-piperazine (compound 6. 21) phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- 559 and 2-Isopropoxy-5-M+NH4 (2-isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4 (2-isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4- (4- Cyclopropylmethanesulf 1- (4-Cyclopropylmethanesulfonyl-2- Ce. onyl-2-fluoro-phenyl)-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 556. 2 560 piperazin-1-yl]-(2- (compound 6. 22) and 2-Isopropoxy- (M+NH4 isopropoxy-5-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone {4- [2-Fluoro-4- (2- methoxy-1- [2-Fluoro-4- (2-methoxy- ethanesulfonyl)-phenyl]-ethanesulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine 560. 3 561 piperazin-1-yl}-(2- (compound 6. 23) and 2-Isopropoxy- (M+NH4 isopropoxy-5-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy- 1-(4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- 5-methanesulfonyl-542 2 phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) phenyl)- (4- (4- 562 phenyl)-[4-(4-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5- (M+NH4 ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- + phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-+ nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) methanone (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- methanesulfonyl-556. 1 methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) 556. 1 phenyl)- [4- (4- 563 Phenyl)- [4- (4- and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- ethanesulfonyl-2-luoro- (M+NH4 methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-+ benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) methanone 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- (2-Cyclohexyloxy-5-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) methanesulfonyl-and 2-Cyclohexyloxy-5-570. 2 phenyl)- [4- (4- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid 564 com ound 3. 2 M+NH4 ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- (compound 3. 2) (M+NH4 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-+) methanone [2- (2, 2-Dimethyl- propoxy)-5-1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) 558. 2 (M+ 565 phenyl]- [4- (4- and 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- NH4+) ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 3. 3) methanone methanone 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- uuoro-phenyl)- fluoro-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) piperazin-l-yl]-(2-544. 2 (M+ 566 and 2-Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- isobutoxy-5-NH4+) benzo methanesulfbnyl- ic acid (compound 1. 3) phenyl)-methanone (2-Cyclobutoxy-5- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- methanesulfonyl-542 3 phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) phenyl)- [4-(4- 567 ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-and 2-Cyclobutoxy-5- (M+NH4 M+NH4 methanesulfbnyl-benzoic acid phenyl)-piperazm-l-yl]-'' (compound 3. 4) methanone rac-(2-sec-Butoxy-5- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- methanesulfonyl-544. 2 phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) phenyl)- [4- (4- 568 ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-and rac-2-sec-Butoxy-5- (M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-benz methanesulfbnyl-benz phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- oic acid (compound 3. 5) methanone 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) (2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5-and 2-Cyclobutylmethoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfon 556. 1 phenyl)- [4- (4- yl-benzoic acid (compound 2. 12) 569 M+NH4 ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- (M+NH4 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-+) methanone [4- (4- Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride 556. 1 570 piperazin-1-yl]- (2- (compound 6. 24) and 2-Isopropoxy- (M+NH4 (M+NH4 isopropoxy-5-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid +) methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4- (4- Cyclopentanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Cyclopentanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride 570. 3 571 piperazin-1-yl]-(2- (compound 6. 25) and 2-Isopropoxy- (M+NH4 isopropoxy-5-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid +) methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4- (4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 572 piperazin-1-yl]-(2-and 2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-537. 2 cyclopropylmethoxy-5-methanesulfo methanesulfonyl-nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) phenyl)-methanone (2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- CQ r phenyl)- [4- (4- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 568. 0 573 cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-and 2-Cyclopentyloxy-5- (M+NH4 fluoro-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl-+) piperazin-1-yl]-benzoic acid (compound 1. 6) methanone (2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- CQ l phenyl)-4- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 582. 1 P Y) (-P Y)-PP (P 574 cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-and 2-Cyclohexyloxy-5- (M+NH4 fluoro-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid +) piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 3. 2) methanone [4- (4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 570. 2 575 piperazin-1-yl]- [2- (2, 2- and 2- (2, 2-Dimethyl-propoxy)-5- (M+NH4 dimethyl-propoxy)-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid +) methanesulfonyl- (compound 3. 3) phenyl]-methanone (2-Cyclobutoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)- [4- (4- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 576 cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-and 2-Cyclobutoxy-5-536. 9 fluoro-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 3. 4) methanone {4- [2-Fluoro-4- (3, 3, 3- trifluoro-propane-1-1- [2-Fluoro-4- (3, 3, 3-trifluoro- sulfonyl)-phenyl]-propane-1-sulfonyl)-phenyl]- 577 piperazin-1-yl}-(2-piperazine (compound 6. 26) and 2-581. 0 isopropoxy-5-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4- (4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 556. 1 578 piperazin-1-yl]-(2-and 2-Isobutoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- (M+NH4 isobutoxy-5-benzo +) methanesulfonyl-ic acid (compound 1. 3) phenyl)-methanone {4- [2-Fluoro-4- (tetrahydro-pyran-4-1- [2-Fluoro-4- (tetrahydro-pyran-4- rQ' sulfonyl)-phenyl]-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine 586. 2 579 piperazin-1-yl}-(2- (compound6. 27) and 2- (M+NH4 isopropoxy-5-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-+) methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- (2-tert-Butoxy-5- 1- [2-Fluoro-4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)- methanesulfonyl-55Q 2 phenyl]-piperazine (compound 6. 21) phenyl)-{4- [2-fluoro-4- 580 and 2-tert-Butoxy-5-M+NH4 (propane-2-sulfonyl)- ,,,,, methanesulfbnyl-ben, phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-+o zoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- methanesulfonyl- phenyl)- [4-(4-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) phenyl)- [4- (4- 581, and2-tert-Butoxy-5-. xTT-r 581 ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- (M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-ben phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-+ zoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)- [4- (4- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 556. 1 582 cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-and 2-tert-Butoxy-5- (M+NH4 fluoro-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl-ben +) piperazin-1-yl]-zoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone {4- [2-Fluoro-4-1- [2-Fluoro-4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine (compound 6. 21) 584. 1 phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 583 M+NH4 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-trifluor (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound +) phenyl]-methanone 1. 5) 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) [4- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2- and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- fluoro-phenyl)-trifluor 570. 3 584 PlPerazin-1-yl]- [5- o-eocy)-benzoic acid (compound methanesulfonyl-2-1. 5 (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)-+) phenyl]-methanone [4- (4- [4-(4-1-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) 582. 1 fluoro-phenyl)- fluoro-phenyl)-and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 585 piperazin-1-yl-5-,... j., triQuor (M+NH4 methanesulfnnyl-2-trifluor (M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-2- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound +) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- phenyl]-methanone rac {4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- [2-Fluoro-4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-piperazine (compound 6. 21) 598. 2 phenyl-piperazin-1-yl}- and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 586 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-trifluor (M+NH4 triluor (2, 2, 2-triluoro-1- o-l-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid +) methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 3. 1) methanone rac-f4- (4- rac- [4- (4-1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- Ethanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 12) 584. 1 phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 587 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-trifluor (M+NH4 trinuor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 3. 1) (compound 3. 1) methanone 1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 20) and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- rac- [4- (4- trifluor Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid fluoro-phenyl)- (compound 3. 1) 596. 2 piperazin-1-yl]- [5- 5g8 M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-+) methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- methanone [4- (4- Cyclohexanesulfonyl-2-1-(4-Cyclohexanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine (compound 6. 28) 584. 3 589 piperazin-1-yl]- (2- and 2-Isopropoxy-5- (M+NH4 isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid +) methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone {4- [2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1- [2, 3-Diauoro-4- (propane-2- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- suifbnyl)-phenylj-piperazme phenyi]-piperazin-1-yl}- 590 hydrochloride (compound 6. 29) and 545. 2 (2-1sopropoxy-5- (2-isopropoxy-5-2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl- benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4-(4-Ethanesulfonyl- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 3-difluoro- 2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazme hydrochloride piperazin-1-yl]- (2- 591 (compound 6. 30) and 2-Isopropoxy-531. 1 isopropoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4- (4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3- 2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)- difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 592 piperazin-1-yl]-(2-hydrochloride (compound 6. 31) and 543. 3 isopropoxy-5-2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone 1- [2, 5-Difluoro-4- (propane-2- {4- [2, 5-Difluoro-4- sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine (propane-2-sulfonyl)-hydrochloride (compound 6. 32) and 593 phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-545 2 (2-isopropoxy-5-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-methanone [4-(4-Ethanesulfonyl- . 1-(4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 5-difluoro- 2, 5-difluoro-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-(2-phenyl)-plperazme hydrochloride piperazin-l-yl]- (2-'/ 594. (compound 6. 33) and 2-Isopropoxy-531. 1 sopropoxy-5- 5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid methanesulfonyl- (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone [4- (4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 5- 2, 5-difluoro-phenyl)-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 595 piperazin-1-yl]-(2-hydrochloride (compound 6. 34) and 543. 3 isopropoxy-5-2-Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- phenyl)- [4- (4- phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride 596 cyclobutanesulfonyl-2- (compound 6. 24) and 2-tert-Butoxy-553. 6 fluoro-phenyl)-5-methanesulfonyl-ben piperazin-1-yl]-zoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- 1- [2, 3-Difluoro-4- (propane-2- methanesulfonyl-.. 503. 1 sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine phenyl)- {4- [2, 3-difiuoro- 597 hydrochloride (compound 6. 29) and 4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- (? 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-tBu+H phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- benzoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 3-difluoro- (2-tert-Butoxy-5-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride methanesulfonyl- (compound 6. 30) and 2-tert-Butoxy-489. 2 phenyl)- [4- (4- 489. 2 phenyl)- [4- (4- 5-methanesulfonyl-ben 598 ethanesulfonyl-2, 3- zoic acid (compound 2. 19) (M- difluoro-phenyl)-tBu+H) piperazin-1-yl]- methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3- phenyl)- [4- (4-difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 501. 1 599 cyclopropanesulfonyl-hydrochloride (compound 6. 31) and (M- 2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)- 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-tBu+H) piperazin-1-yl]-ben zoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- 1- [2, 5-Difluoro-4- (propane-2- methanesulfonyl-503. 2 sulfbnyl)-phenyl-piperazme phenyl)- {4- (2, 5-diluoro- Sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine 600 hydrochloride (compound 6. 32) and 4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)- (M 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- benzoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 5-difluoro- phenyl)- [4- (4- phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride 489. 1 601 ethanesulfonyl-2, 5- (compound 6. 33) and 2-tert-Butoxy- (M- difluoro-phenyl)-5-methanesulfonyl-ben tBu+H) piperazin-1-yl]-zoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone (2-tert-Butoxy-5- methanesulfonyl-1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 5- phenyl)- [4- (4- difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 501. 3 602 cyclopropanesulfonyl-hydrochloride (compound 6. 34) and (M- 2, 5-difluoro-phenyl)- 2-tert-Butoxy-5-methanesulfonyl-tBu+H) piperazin-1-yl]-benzoic acid (compound 2. 19) methanone [4- (4- 1- (4-Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2- phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride fluoro-phenyl)- ,, (compound 6. 24) and 5- (compound 6. 24) and 5- 603 piperazin-1-yl]- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluor 579. 1 methanesulfonyl-2- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound 1. 5) phenyl]-methanone {4- [2, 3-Difluoro-4-1- [2, 3-Difluoro-4- (propane-2- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine 602. 2 phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-hydrochloride (compound 6. 29) and 604 M+NH4 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound +) phenyl]-methanone 1. 5) [4- (4-Ethanesulfonyl- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 3-difluoro- 2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)- phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride 605 plperazin-1-yl]- (5- (compound 6. 30) and 5-571. 2 605 571. 2 methanesulfonyl-2-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound phenyl]-methanone 1. 5) [4- (4- 1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3- Cyclopropanesulfonyl- difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 600. 2 2, 3-difluoro-phenyl)- hydrochloride (compound 6. 31) and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-2- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound +) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- phenyl]-methanone {4- [2, 5-Difluoro-4-1- [2, 5-Difluoro-4- (propane-2- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine 602. 3 phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-hydrochloride (compound 6. 32) and 607 M+NH4 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound +) phenyl]-methanone 1. 5) 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 5-difluoro- phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride [4- (4-Ethanesulfonyl- (compound 6. 33) and 5- 2, 5-difluoro-phenyl)- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor 588. 3 piperazin-1-yl]- [5- 608 piperazin-1-yl]-[5-o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound methanesulfonyl-2-1. 5) (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- +) phenyl]-methanone [4- (4- [4-(4-1-(4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 5- Cyclopropanesulfonyl- difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 600. 2 2, 5-diffuoro-phenyl)- hydrochloride (compound 6. 34) and 609 piperazin-1-yl]- [5- 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2-trifluor (M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-2- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid (compound +) (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- phenyl]-methanone rac- [4- (4- Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-1- (4-Cyclobutanesulfonyl-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride piperazin-l-yl]- [5- (compound 6. 24) and rac-5-593. 2 610 593. 2 methanesulfonyl-2-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 3. 1) methanone rac- {4- [2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1- [2, 3-Difluoro-4-(propane-2- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-hydrochloride (compound 6. 29) and 611 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 599. 2 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 3. 1) 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 3-difluoro- phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride rac- [4- (4- (compound 6. 30) and rac-5- Ethanesulfonyl-2, 3- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor difluoro-phenyl)-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 602. 2 piperazin-1-yl]- [5- (compound 3. 1) 612 M+NH4 plperazm-1-yl]- [5- methanesulfonyl-2- (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-+) methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- methanone rac- [4- (4- Cyclopropanesulfonyl-1'4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 3- Cyclopropanesulfonyl- difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine 2, 3-dlfluoro-phenyl)- hydrochloride (compound 6. 31) and piperazm-1-yl-5-, \.-614. 3 (M+ 613 rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- methanesulfonyl-2-trifluor NH4+) trinuor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l- acid methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 3. 1) (compound 3. 1) methanone rac-4- [2, 5-Difluoro-4-1- [2, 5-Difluoro-4- (propane-2- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-piperazine phenyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-hydrochloride (compound 6. 32) and 616. 2 614 [5-methanesulfonyl-2-rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l- trifluor methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 3. 1) rac- [4- (4- Ethanesulfonyl-2, 5- 1- (4-Ethanesulfonyl-2, 5-difluoro- difluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride 602. 3 piperazin-1-yl]- [5- (compound 6. 33) and rac-5- 615 M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-2-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluor (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid +) methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 3. 1) methanone 1- (4-Cyclopropanesulfonyl-2, 5- difluoro-phenyl)-piperazine rac- [4- (4- hydrochloride (compound 6. 34) and Cyclopropanesulfonyl-rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 2, 5-difluoro-phenyl)- trifluor 614. 3 piperazin-1-yl]- [5-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 616 M+NH4 methanesulfonyl-2- (compound 3. 1) (M+NH4 (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l- +) methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- methanone [4- (4-Hydroxy-phenyl)- 4-Piperazin-l-yl-phenol plperazm-1-yl]-(2- (commercial) and 2-Isopropoxy-5- 617 isopropoxy-5-419. 1 methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) (compound 1. 2) phenyl)-methanone rac- (2-Isopropoxy-5- rac-2-Methyl-1- (4-trifluoromethyl- methanesulfonyl- phenyl)-piperazine hydrochloride pheny !)- 3-methyl-4-4-'' ' 618 phenyl)- [3-methyl-4- (4- (compound 6. 35) and 2-485. 2 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- Isopropoxy-5-methanesulfonyl- piperazin-1-ylj- benzoic acid (compound 1. 2) methanone 1- {4-Isopropoxy-3- [4- (4- 1- (4-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pipera 619 trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-zine (commercial) and 5-Acetyl-2- 619 77 7 g piperazine-1-carbonyl]-isopropoxy-benzoic acid (compound phenyl}-ethanone 6. 36)

Example 6. 37 Preparation of 4-isopropoxy-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]- benzoic acid <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (a) 4-Isopropoxy-3- 4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyll-benzonitri le To a solution of 3. 6 mmol 5-cyano-2-isopropoxy-benzoic acid (compound 1. 13) in 20 ml THF were added 4. 0 mmol TBTU, 21. 6 mmol N-ethyldiisopropylamine and 4. 0 mmol 1- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine (commercial). The reaction was then stirred at RT for 16 h, concentrated in vacuo, and purified by chromatography on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 1) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 418. 3 (M+H+, 100%) (b) 4-Isopropoxy-3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-ca rbonyll-benzoic acid To 3. 2 mmol 4-isopropoxy-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]- benzonitrile in 15 ml ethanol was added 30 mmol 2 M aq NaOH and the mixture was heated at 85 °C for 16 h. The mixture was then cooled to RT, diluted with water and acidified to pH 1 with conc HC1, and then extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried with Na2SO4, concentrated in vacuo, and the

residue purified by chromatography on silica gel (eluant : methanol/dichloromethane 5 : 95) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 435. 3 ( [M-H]-, 100%) Example 620 Preparation of 4-isopropoxy-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1- carbonyl]-benzoic acid methyl ester To 0. 3 mmol 4-isopropoxy-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]- benzoic acid in 2 ml DMF was added 0. 4 mmol CDI and the mixture heated at 50 °C for 30 min. 5. 2 mmol methanol was then added and the mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h.

The mixture was then cooled to room temperature, concentrated in vacuo, and the residue chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane 1 : 4) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 451. 2 (M+H+, 100%) Example 621 Preparation of 4-isopropoxy-N-methyl-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazine-1-carbonyl]-benzamide To 0. 3 mmol 4-isopropoxy-3- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazine-l-carbonyl]- benzoic acid in 2 ml DMF was added 0. 4 mmol CDI and the mixture heated at 50 °C for 30 min. 5. 2 mmol methylamine (41% aq solution) was then added and the mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature, concentrated in vacuo, and the residue chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 450. 1 (M+H+, 100%) Example 6. 38 Preparation of 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-hydroxy- benzenesulfonamide (a) 2-Hydroxy-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid Ammonia gas was bubbled through a solution of 107 mmol 5-chlorosulfonyl-2-hydroxy- benzoic acid in 250 ml acetone at 0 °C for 2 h. Argon gas was then bubbled through the reaction mixture for 1 h to purge excess ammonia. The mixture was then diluted with water, the pH adjusted to pH 14 by addition of 5 M aq NaOH solution, and the mixture was then extracted with ether/ethyl acetate (1 : 1). The aqueous phase was acidified with concentrated HC1, saturated with NaCl, and extracted twice with THF. The combined THF extracts were dried with Na2SO4. Evaporation of the solvent in vacuo followed by

drying of the residue by heating at 60 °C overnight in vacuo yielded the title compound.

MS (m/e) : 216. 1 ([M-H]-, 100%) (b) 2-Hydroxv-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester To 62 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid in 80 ml THF was added 80 mmol CDI and the mixture heated at 50 °C for 1 h. 616 mmol methanol was then added and the mixture was heated at 50 °C for 16 h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature, concentrated in vacuo, and the residue chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : dichloromethane/methanol 20 : 1). The product containg fractions were concentrated in vacuo and the residue suspended in ethyl acetate and washed with aq NaHC03 solution.

The organic phase was dried dried with Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 230. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) (c) 2-(4-Methoxy-benzyloxy)-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester To 4. 8 mmol 2-hydroxy-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester, 5. 2 mmol 4- methoxybenzyl alcohol and 5. 2 mmol triphenylphosphine in 8 ml THF was added 5. 2 mmol di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate and the mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 350. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) (d) 2- (4-Methoxy-benzyloxy)-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid To 2. 5 mmol 2- (4-methoxy-benzyloxy)-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid methyl ester in 6 ml THF was added 5 mmol 2 M aq NaOH and the mixture was heated at 60 °C for 30 min.

The mixture was then cooled to RT and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The aqueous phase was acidified to pH 1 with 5 M aq HC1 and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were washed with saturated aq NaCl and dried with Na2SO4.

Evaporation in vacuo afforded the title compound. MS (m/e) : 336. 1 ([M-H]-, 100%) (e) (3- [4-(4-Cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyll-4-(4-met hoxy-benzyloxy)- benzenesulfonamide To a solution of 3. 5 mmol 2- (4-methoxy-benzyloxy)-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid in 4 ml dimethylformamide and 12 ml THF were added 5. 3 mmol TBTU, 17. 5 mmol N- ethyldiisopropylamine and 3. 5 mmol 3-fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-benzonitrile (W09625414). The reaction was then stirred at RT for 1 h, concentrated in vacuo, and

purified by chromatography on silica gel (eluant : ethyl acetate/heptane gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 525. 1 (M+H+) (f) (3- [4-(4-Cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyll-4-hydrox y- benzenesulfonamide Hydrogen gas was bubbled through a solution of 1. 0 mmol (3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4- (4-methoxy-benzyloxy)-benzenesulfonamide in 40 ml THF containing 50 mg 10% palladioum on charcoal and a few drops of acetic acid for 6 h at RT. The reaction mixture was then purged with argon, filtered through celite, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (eluant : methanol/dichloromethane gradient) to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 403. 1 ([M-H]-, 100%) In analogy to Example 6. 38 (e) and (f), compounds 6. 39 and 6. 40 of the following table were prepared from 2- (4-methoxy-benzyloxy)-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid and the appropriate piperazine, followed by hydrogenolysis with catalytic palladium on charcoal :

Expl. name piperazine MS No (m/e) 6. 39 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- 3-Fluoro-4-piperazin-1-yl-403. 1 phenyl)-piperazine-1-benzonitrile (W09625414) carbonyl]-4-hydroxy- (M-H) benzenesulfonamide 6. 40 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 1- (2-Fluoro-4- 456. 2 methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-piperazine (commercial)'"' hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide

Example 622 Preparation of 3- [4- (4-cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-isobutoxy - benzenesulfonamide To 0. 1 mmol (3- [4- (4-cyano-3-fluoro-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-hydroxy- benzenesulfonamide (compound 6. 38), 0. 5 mmol 2-methyl-l-propanol and 0. 3 mmol diphenyl-2-pyridylphosphine in 4 ml THF was added 0. 3 mmol di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate and the mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 4 h. The mixture was then

diluted with ethyl acetate and washed twice with 5 M aq HC1 and then with saturated aq NaCl solution. The organic phase was then dried with Na2SO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was triturated in ether to afford the title compound. MS (m/e) : 459. 2 ([M-H]-, 100%) In analogy to Example 622, compounds 623 to 632 of the following table were prepared from compounds 6. 38 to 6. 40 and the appropriate alcohol : Expl. MW found name Starting materials No. (MH+) 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3- 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-471. 3 623 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide 4-cyclopentyloxy- (compound 6. 38) and (M-H) benzenesulfonamide cyclopentanol 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2- 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-445. 2 624 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide 4-isopropoxy- (compound 6. 39) and 2- (M-H) benzenesulfonamide propanol 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2- 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-459. 2 625 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide 4-isobutoxy- (compound 6. 39) and 2-methyl- (M-H) benzenesulfonamide 1-propanol 3- [4- (4-Cyano-2-fluoro- phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]- 4-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide 3-[4-(4-Cyano-2- (compound 6.39) and fluoro-phenyl)- 471.3 cyclopentanol 626 piperazin-1-carbonyl]- 4-cyclopentyloxy- (M-H) benzenesulfonamide 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 3-[4-(2-Fluoro-4-3-[4-(2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-512. 3 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4- 627 phenyl)-piperazine-1- hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide carbonyl]-4-isobutoxy- (M-H) (compound 6. 40) and 2-methyl- 1-propanol 1-propanol 4-Cyclopentyloxy-3- [4-3- [4-(2-Fluoro-4- (2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-524. 5 628 phenyl)-piperazine-1-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide (M-H) carbonyl]- (compound 6. 40) and benzenesulfonamide cyclopentanol 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3- 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-445. 1 629 piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide 4-isopropoxy- (compound 6. 38) and 2- (M-H) benzenesulfonamide propanol 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3- 3- [4- (4-Cyano-3-fluoro- fluoro-phenyl)-phenyl)-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-471. 3 630 piperazine-1-carbonyl3-4-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide 4-cyclobutylmethoxy- (compound 6. 38) and (M-H) benzenesulfonamide cyclobutanemethanol 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- 631 phenyl)-piperazine-1-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-498. 4 631 carbonyll-4-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide (M-H) isopropoxy- (compound 6. 40) and 2- benzenesulfonamide propanol 4-Cyclobutylmethoxy-3- [4- (2-Fluoro-4- 3- [4-(2-fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-piperazine-1-carbonyl]-4-524. 5 632 phenyl)-piperazine-1-hydroxy-benzenesulfonamide (M-H) carbonyl]- (compound 6. 40) and benzenesulfonamide cyclobutanemethanol

Example 7. 1 : Preparation of 3-Piperazin-1-yl-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridazine (a)-3-Chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridazine 5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridazin-3-ol [244268-34-6 (lg) was added to a stirred solution of phosphoryloxychloride and the reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 1 hour. After such time, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, poured onto ice and after 5 minutes was extracted twice from the aqueous solution with dichloromethane. The combined organic phases were dried with sodium sulfate and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was distilled in a Kugelrohr apparatus (bp = 80-100°C @ 12 mBar) to yield the title compound (0. 26g). MS (m/e) : 182. 0 (b) 4- (5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester 3-Chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridazine (200mg) was added to piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (231mg) in dimethylacetamide (3mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 100°C for 3 hours. After such time the reaction mixture was allowed to cool down to room temperature and diluted with ethyl acetate. The solid was filtered off and washed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was then concentrated in vacuo and then purified by column chromatography (Si02, Heptane/EtOAc) to yield the title compound as a white solid (364mg). MS (m/e) : 333. 4 (M+H+, 100%) (c) 3-Piperazin-1-yl-5-trifluoromethyl-pyridazine 4- (5-Trifluoromethyl-pyridazin-3-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (45mg) was dissolved in dichloromethane (0. 5 mL) and trifluoroacetic acid was added (0. 5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes before being concentrated in vacuo to afford the crude title compound which was used directly in the next step without further purification or analysis.

Example 7. 2 : Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid To 2-Fluoro-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (247569-56-8) (600 mg) in dimethylacetamide (10 mL) was added cesium carbonate at 170°C. 2-trifluoromethyl- propanol (0. 94 mL) was first added to the reaction mixture followed by additionally 0. 47 mL every 24 hours. After a total of 72 hours, the reaction mixture was acidified by

addition of formic acid, concentrated in vacuo and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound as a light brown solid (897 mg). MS (m/e) : 325. 3. (M-H, 100%) Example 7. 3 : Preparation of 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-piperazin-1-yl-pyrimidine (a) 3-Dimethylamino-2-methanesulfonyl-allylidene-dimethyl-ammoni um ; chloride To sulfonyl-acetic acid (1. 5g) in dimethylformamide was slowly added phosphorus oxychloride over 5 minutes and the reaction was then stirred at 70°C for 1 hour and then at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was then directly poured over a short column chromatography (Si02, 100 g) eluting successively with 500 mL of EtOAc, THF, EtOAc/EtOH (50/50), EtOH and finally MeOH to yield the title compound (1. 58g).

MS (m/e) : 204. 9 (M+).

(b) 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-piperazin-1-yl-pyrimidine The title compound was prepared in analogy to Example 2. 25 using 3-Dimethylamino-2- methanesulfonyl-allylidene-dimethyl-ammonium ; chloride as starting material. MS (m/e) : 243. 1 (M+H+, 100%).

Example 7. 4 : Preparation of 1- (5-Methanesulfonyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine trifluoro-acetic acid The title compound was prepared in analogy to Example 7. 1 (b-c) from 2-bromo-5- (methanesulfonyl) pyridine and piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester. MS (m/e) : 242. 1 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 5, compounds 633 to 644 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : MW Expl.- Systematic Name Starting materials found No. No. r, , 3-Piperazin-l-yl-5- rac- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- triuuoromethyl- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl-trlfluoromethyl- pyridazinyl (compound 7. 1) and ethoxy)-phenyl]- [4-(5- 633 rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 527. 0 triffuoromethyl-pyridazin- trinuor 3-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-trifluor o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1) [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1, 1-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine 634 dimethyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 2. 25) and 5- 634///J 0 [4-(5-trifluoromethyl-Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- pyrimidin-2-yl)-piperazin-trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)- 1-yl]-methanone benzoic acid (compound 7. 2) [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 2. 25) and 5-527. 2 635 527. 2 [4- (5-trifluoromethyl- Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)-2, 2, 2- pyrimidin-2-yl)-piperazin-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)- 1-yl]-methanone benzoic acid (compound 5. 6) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine (compound 2. 25) and 5- [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-l-,, methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)- methyl-ethoxy)-pheny !]- 636 benzoic acid (compound 5. 7) 527. 2 [4-(5-trifluoromethyl- pyrimidin-2-yl)-piperazin- 1-yl]-methanone [4- (3-Fluoro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- tnnuoromethyl-pyridm-2- pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5- (compound 5. 5) and 5- 637 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 558. 2 Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl- trifluoro-l, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)- ethoxy)-phenyl]- benzoic acid (compound 7. 2) methanone 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- methadone trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-ethoxy)- (compound 2. 25) and 5- phenyl1-4- (5-" 638 Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 513. 3 trifluoromethyl- trifluor pyrimidin-2-yl)-piperazin- o-ethoxy)-benzoic acid 1-yl]-methanone (compound 1. 5) 2-Piperazin-1-yl-5- (2-Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- (compound 2. 25) and 2- 639 [4- (5-trifluoromethyl- Cyclopropylmethoxy-5-485. 4 pyrimidin-2-yl)-piperazin-methanesulfo 1-ylj-methanone nyl-benzoic acid (compound 1. 4) [4- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 5-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]- [5- piperazine trifluoro-acetic acid 640 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (compound 2. 20) and 5-585. 3 trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- ethoxy)-phenyl]-trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)- methanone benzoic acid (compound 7. 2) [4-(2, 3-Difluoro-4- 1-(2, 3-Difluoro-4- methanesulfbnyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl3- [5- piperazine (compound 5. 3) and 641 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 585. 3 5-Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl- trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)- ethoxy)-phenyl]- benzoic acid (compound 7. 2) methanone [4- (2, 6-Difluoro-4- 1- (2, 6-Difluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]- [5- piperazine trifluoro-acetic acid 642 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- (compound 2. 23) and 5-585. 2 trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- ethoxy)-phenyl]-trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl-ethoxy)- methanone benzoic acid (compound 7. 2) rac- [4- (5- 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-piperazin- Methanesulfonyl- l-yl-pyrimidine (compound 7. 3) pyrimidin-2-yl)-piperazin- and rac-5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 643 l-ylHS-methanesulfonyl-537. 3 (2, 2, 2-trinuor 2-(2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- acid (compound 3. 1) methanone rac- [4- (5- 1- (5-Methanesulfonyl-pyridin- Methanesulfonyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine trifluoro-acetic 2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]- [5- acid (compound 7. 4) and rac-5- 644 methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- Methanesulfonyl-2- (2, 2, 2- 536. 3 trifluoro-1-methyl-trifluor ethoxy)-phenyl]-o-1-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic methanone acid (compound 3. 1)

Example 645 Preparation of (2-Allyloxy-5-nitro-phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- piperazin-1-yl]-methanone The title compound was prepared in analogy to example 62 from (2-Hydroxy-5-nitro- phenyl)- [4- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone (compound 2. 1) and cyclopropyl bromide. MS (m/e) : 436. 5 (MH*, 100%) Example 7. 5 : Preparation of 2-Benzyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid The title compound was prepared in analogy to example 2. 10 from methyl 5- (methanesulfonyl) salicylate and benzylalcohol. MS (m/e) : 305. 3 (M-H, 100%)

Example 646 Preparation of (2-Benzyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (3-fluoro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone The title compound was prepared in analogy to example 5 from 1- (3-Fluoro-5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine (compound 5. 5) and 2-Benzyloxy-5- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 7. 5). MS (m/e) : 538. 4 (MH, 100%) Example 647 Preparation of (2-Benzyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-methanone The title compound was prepared in analogy to example 5 from 1- (2-Fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-pheny l)-piperazine (commercial) and 2-Benzyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid (compound 7. 5). MS (m/e) : 547. 4 (MH+, 100%) Example 648 Preparation of [4- (2-Fluoro-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]- (2- hydroxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-methanone A mixture of 0. 915 mmol (2-benzyloxy-5-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- [4- (2-fluoro-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-piperazin-l-yl]-methanone, 0. 05 mmol palladium on charcoal (10%) in 12. 5 ml methanol was hydrogenated at atmospheric pressure at room temperature for 2 hours. After addition of chloroform, the mixture was filtered and the solvent was evaporated to provide the title compound. MS (m/e) : 474. 3 (M+NH4+, 100%) Example 7. 6 Preparation of 5-Piperazin-1-yl-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine (a) 5-Chloro-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine To a solution of 38 mmol trifluoroacetamidine in 70 ml acetonitrile was added 37. 92 mmol ( (Z)-2-Chloro-3-dimethylamino-allylidene)-dimethyl-ammonium hexafluoro phosphate (CAS : 291756-76-8) followed by 45. 5 mmol triethylamine. The yellow solution was stirred at room temperature for 5 hours, then poured onto water and extracted 3 times with ether. The combined extracts were dried over sodium sulfate,

filtered and distilled at 760 mm Hg to provide the title compound. MS (m/e) : 182. 2 (M+, 100%) (b) 4-(2-Trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-5-yl !-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid ter-butyl ester 0. 26 mmol 5-Chloro-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine was added to 0. 26 mmol piperazine- 1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester in 1. 5 ml dimethylacetamide and the reaction mixture was stirred at 150°C for 10 min. in a microwave oven. After such time the reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was then purified by column chromatography (Si02, Heptane/EtOAc) to yield the title compound. MS (m/e) : 333. 2 (M+H+, 100%) (c) 5-Piperazin-l-yl-2-trifluoromethWl-pyrimidine The title compound was prepared in analogy to Example 7. 1 (c) from 4- (2- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester MS (m/e) : 233. 0 (M+H+, 100%) Example 7. 7 Preparation of 5'-Trifluoromethyl-3, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro-2H- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl (a) 2-Bromo-5-trifluoromethyl-pyrazine To a suspension of 0. 423 mmol copper (II) bromide in THF (1 ml) was added dropwise 0. 51 mmol tert-butylnitrite at 0°C within 2 minutes. 0. 37 mmol 5-Trifluoromethyl- pyrazin-2-ylamine (CAS : 69816-38-2 ; W09518097) in solution in THF (0. 5 ml) was added dropwise within 5 minutes at 0°C. The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour, at room temperature for 21 hours and quenched with water. The aqueous phase was extracted with ether. The combined extracts were dried over sodium sulfate and filtered and concentrated at atmospheric pressure. The residue was then purified by column chromatography (Si02, ether) to yield the title compound.

(b) 5'-Trifluoromethyl-3 4. 586-tetrahydro-2H-[1. 2'lbipyrazinyl The title compound was prepared in analogy to Example 7. 6 (b-c) from 2-Bromo-5- trifluoromethyl-pyrazine MS (m/e) : 233. 0 (M+H+, 100%) Example 7. 8 Preparation of 3-Piperazin-1-yl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyridazine The title compound was prepared in analogy to Example 7. 6 (b-c) from 3-Chloro-6- trifluoromethyl-pyridazine (CAS : 258506-68-2). MS (m/e) : 233. 0 (M+H+, 100%) In analogy to Example 5, compounds 649 to 660 of the following table were prepared from the acid derivatives and piperazine derivatives : Expl.-MW found Systematic Name Starting materials No. No. (MH-') [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- tnnuoromethyl-pyrimidine methyl-ethoxy)-phenyll ~ (compound 7. 6) and 5- 649 [4- (2-trifluoromethyl-527. 2 Methanesulfonyl-2-((S)-2, 2, 2- pyrimidin-5-yl)- trinuoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)- plperazm-l-yl]- benzoic acid (compound 5. 6) methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 5-Plperazm-l-yl-2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- 5'Piperazin-1-yl-2- trmuoromethyl-pyrinudme trlfluoromethyl-pynmldme methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 7. 6) and 5- 650 [4- (2-triffuoromethyl- ompound 7. 6) and 5-527. 0 ... Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2- pyrlmldln-5-yl)- tnnuoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)- plperazm-l-yl]- benzoic acid (compound 5. 7) methanone (2-Isopropoxy-5- 5-Piperazin-1-yl-2- methanesulfonyl- tnnuoromethyl-pyrimidine phenyl)-[4-(2- (compound 7. 6) and 2- 651 trifluoromethyl-473. 0 pyrimidin-5-yl)- pyrlmldm-5-yl)- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 1. 2) methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-5'-Trifluoromethyl-3, 4, 5, 6- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-tetrahydro-2H- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl (compound 652 (5'-trifluoromethyl-7. 7) and 5-Methanesulfonyl-2-527. 2 2, 3, 5, 6-tetrahydro- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-methyl- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-yl)- ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 5. 6) [5-Methanesulfonyl-2-5'-Trifluoromethyl-3, 4, 5, 6- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1-tetrahydro-2H- methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl (compound 653 (5'-trifluoromethyl-7. 7) and 5-Methanesulfonyl-527. 2 2, 3, 5, 6-tetrahydro- 2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-yl)-methyl-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methanone (compound 5. 7) (2-Isopropoxy-5- 5'-Trifluoromethyl-3, 4, 5, 6- methanesulfonyl- l tetrahydro-2H- phenyl)-(5- [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl (compound 654 trifluoromethyl-2, 3, 5, 6- 473. 4 7. 7) and2-Isopropoxy-5- tetrahydro- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-yl)- (compound 1. 2) methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 3-Piperazin-l-yl-6- ( (S)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- 3'Piperazin-1-yl-6- trifluoromethyl-pyridazine methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 7. 8) and 5- 655 [4-(6-trifluoromethyl-527. 3 .. Methanesulfonyl-2-((S)-2, 2, 2- pyndazln-3-yl)- triffuoro-1-methyl-ethoxy)- piperazin-1-yl]- benzoic acid (compound 5. 6) methanone (2-Isopropoxy-5- 3-Piperazin-1-yl-6- methanesulfonyl- trifluoromethyl-pyridazine phenyl)- [4-(6- (compound 7. 8) and 2- 656 trifluoromethyl-473. 3 Isopropoxy-5- pyridazin-3-yl)- methanesulfonyl-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 1. 2) methanone methadone 3-Piperazin-l-yl-6- ( (R)-2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1- tnnuoromethyl-pyridazine methyl-ethoxy)-phenyl]- (compound 7. 8) and 5- 657 [4-(6-trifluoromethyl-527. 3 Methanesulfonyl-2- ( (R)-2, 2, 2- pyridazin-3-yl)- pyridazin-3-yl)-trifluoro-l-methyl-ethoxy)- plperazm-1-yl]- benzoic acid (compound 5. 7) methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 5-Piperazin-1-yl-2- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1, 1- trifluoromethyl-pyrimidine dimethyl-ethoxy)- (compound 7. 6) and 5- phenyl]- [4-(2- 658 Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 541. 3 trifluoromethyl- pyrimidin-5-yl)-trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl- pyrlmldm-5-yl)- ethoxy)-benzoic acid plperazm-l-yl]- (compound 7. 2) methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 3-Piperazin-1-yl-6- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1, 1- trinuoromethyl-pyridazme dlmethyl-ethoxy)- (compound 7. 8) and 5- phenyl]- [4-(6- 659. Methanesulfonyl-2-(2, 2, 2- 541. 3 trifluoromethyl- trifluoro-1, 1-dimethyl- pyridazin-3-yl)- ethoxy)-benzoic acid piperazin-1-yl]- (compound 7. 2) methanone [5-Methanesulfonyl-2- 5'-Trifluoromethyl-3, 4, 5, 6- (2, 2, 2-trifluoro-1, 1- tetrahydro-2H- dimethyl-ethoxy)- [1, 2') bipyrazinyl (compound phenyl]-(5'- 660 7. 7) and5-Methanesulfonyl-2-541. 3 trifluoromethyl-2, 3, 5, 6- ' (2, 2, 2-triuuoro-l, l-dimethyl- tetrahydro- ethoxy)-benzoic acid [1, 2'] bipyrazinyl-4-yl)- (compound 7. 2) methanone

The compounds of formula I and their pharmaceutically usable addition salts possess valuable pharmacological properties. Specifically, it has been found that the compounds of the present invention are good inhibitors of the glycine transporter I (GlyT-1).

The compounds were investigated in accordance with the test given hereinafter.

Solutions and materials DMEM complete medium : Nutrient mixture F-12 (Gibco Life-technologies), fetal bovine serum (FBS) 5 %, (Gibco life technologies), Penicillin/Streptomycinl % (Gibco life technologies), Hygromycin 0. 6 mg/ml (Gibco life technologies), Glutamine 1 mM Gibco life technologies)

Uptake buffer (UB) : 150 mM NaCI, 10 mM Hepes-Tris, pH 7. 4, 1 mM CaCl2, 2. 5 mM KC1, 2. 5 mM MgS04, 10 mM (+) D-glucose.

Flp-inTM-CHO (Invitrogen Cat n° R758-07) cells stably transfected with mGlyTlb cDNA.

Glycine uptake inhibition assay (rnGlyT-lb) On day 1 mammalian cells, (Flp-inTM-CHO), transfected with mGlyT-lb cDNA, were plated at the density of 40, 000 cells/well in complete F-12 medium, without hygromycin in 96-well culture plates. On day 2, the medium was aspirated and the cells were washed twice with uptake buffer (UB). The cells were then incubated for 20 min at 22°C with either (i) no potential competitor, (ii) 10 mM non-radioactive glycine, (iii) a concentration of a potential inhibitor. A range of concentrations of the potential inhibitor was used to generate data for calculating the concentration of inhibitor resulting in 50 % of the effect (e. g. IC50, the concentration of the competitor inhibiting glycine uptake of 50 %). A solution was then immediately added containing [3H]-glycine 60 nM (11-16 Ci/mmol) and 25 pM non-radioactive glycine. The plates were incubated with gentle shaking and the reaction was stopped by aspiration of the mixture and washing (three times) with ice-cold UB. The cells were lysed with scintillation liquid, shaken 3 hours and the radioactivity in the cells was counted using a scintillation counter.

The prepared compounds show an IC50 (pM) at GlyT-1 in the range of 0. 006-5. 0.

The preferred compounds show an ICso (µM) at GlyT-1 in the range of 0. 006-0. 05, as shown in the table below. Example No. IC50 (µM) Example No. ICso (1a) Example No. ICso (M) 1 0. 039 213 0. 021 430 0. 037 5 0. 012 215 0. 049 435 0. 029 15 0. 015 228 0. 047 437 0. 026 28 0. 012 234 0. 043 438 0. 047 54 0. 05 244 0. 042 439 0. 021 62 0. 017 247 0. 03 459 0. 04 63 0. 028 249 0. 032 461 0. 046 64 0. 025 250 0. 061 464 0. 02 66 0. 032 251 0. 032 465 0. 04 68 0. 008 256 0. 032 466 0. 026 70 0. 008 258 0. 086 468 0. 02 71 0. 008 260 0. 043 469 0. 02 72 0. 026 261 0. 043 470 0. 03 74 0. 016 262 0. 042 475 0. 04 78 0. 012 281 0. 021 481 0. 03 80 0. 029 282 0. 027 488 0. 039 84 0. 04 283 0. 008 491 0. 037 88 0. 007 284 0. 01 494 0. 03 92 0. 05 285 0. 042 504 0. 025 95 0. 035 287 0. 033 505 0. 024 100 0. 02 288 0. 025 506 0. 046 104 0. 046 289 0. 018 507 0. 031 105 0. 039 290 0. 017 408 0. 026 109 0. 021 291 0. 013 509 0. 03 111 0. 035 292 0. 021 510 0. 015 112 0. 024 293 0. 034 514 0. 045 116 0. 019 294 0. 037 515 0. 04 117 0. 044 295 0. 016 517 0. 035 118 0. 024 296 0. 043 518 0. 033 128 0. 02 298 0. 021 519 0. 035 131 0. 03 299 0. 044 524 0. 012 132 0. 038 300 0. 016 525 0. 021 135 0. 041 301 0. 03 526 0. 009 136 0. 027 302 0. 013 527 0. 006 137 0. 027 303 0. 006 528 0. 015 138 0. 017 311 0. 045 529 0. 013 139 0. 024 313 0. 018 530 0. 0057 142 0. 034 317 0. 041 531 0. 028 144 0. 045 319 0. 031 534 0. 049 145 0. 015 321 0. 018 537 0. 03 146 0. 019 322 0. 028 546 0. 035 147 0. 031 324 0. 039 554 0. 019 148 0. 036 325 0. 033 557 0. 042 164 0. 019 328 0. 032 558 0. 029 165 0. 47 329 0. 016 561 0. 038 167 0. 016 330 0. 018 562 0. 044 169 0. 012 363 0. 008 563 0. 043 170 0. 031 367 0. 036 564 0. 041 172 0. 019 369 0. 032 566 0. 03 180 0. 036 371 0. 041 568 0. 044 182 0. 03 372 0. 006 570 0. 046 184 0. 022 373 0. 035 571 0. 05 186 0. 048 375 0. 035 573 0. 037 194 0. 047 393 0. 032 574 0. 034 196 0. 041 400 0. 023 576 0. 039 202 0. 024 407 0. 027 578 0. 041 207 0. 023 408 0. 037 589 0. 032 209 0. 041 411 0. 045 595 0. 049 210 0. 039 412 0. 033 637 0. 047 211 0. 043 413 0. 03 212 0. 029 417 0. 046

The compounds of formula I and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of formula I can be used as medicaments, e. g. in the form of pharmaceutical preparations. The pharmaceutical preparations can be administered orally, e. g. in the form of tablets, coated tablets, dragees, hard and soft gelatine capsules, solutions, emulsions or suspensions. The administration can, however, also be effected rectally, e. g. in the form of suppositories, parenterally, e. g. in the form of injection solutions.

The compounds of formula I can be processed with pharmaceutically inert, inorganic or organic carriers for the production of pharmaceutical preparations.

Lactose, corn starch or derivatives thereof, talc, stearic acids or its salts and the like can be used, for example, as such carriers for tablets, coated tablets, dragees and hard gelatine capsules. Suitable carriers for soft gelatine capsules are, for example, vegetable oils, waxes, fats, semi-solid and liquid polyols and the like. Depending on the nature of the active substance no carriers are however usually required in the case of soft gelatine capsules.

Suitable carriers for the production of solutions and syrups are, for example, water, polyols, glycerol, vegetable oil and the like. Suitable carriers for suppositories are, for example, natural or hardened oils, waxes, fats, semi-liquid or liquid polyols and the like.

The pharmaceutical preparations can, moreover, contain preservatives, solubilizers, stabilizers, wetting agents, emulsifiers, sweeteners, colorants, flavorants, salts for varying

the osmotic pressure, buffers, masking agents or antioxidants. They can also contain still other therapeutically valuable substances.

Medicaments containing a compound of formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a therapeutically inert carrier are also an object of the present invention, as is a process for their production, which comprises bringing one or more compounds of formula I and/or pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts and, if desired, one or more other therapeutically valuable substances into a galenical administration form together with one or more therapeutically inert carriers.

The most preferred indications in accordance with the present invention are those, which include disorders of the central nervous system, for example the treatment or prevention of schizophrenia, cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease.

The dosage can vary within wide limits and will, of course, have to be adjusted to the individual requirements in each particular case. In the case of oral administration the dosage for adults can vary from about 0. 01 mg to about 1000 mg per day of a compound of general formula I or of the corresponding amount of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The daily dosage may be administered as single dose or in divided doses and, in addition, the upper limit can also be exceeded when this is found to be indicated.

Tablet Formulation (Wet Granulation) Item Ingredient mg/table 5 mg 25 mg 100 mg 500 mg 1. Compound of formula I 5 25 100 500 2. Lactose Anhydrous DTG 125 105 30 150 3. Sta-Rx 1500 6 6 6 30 4. Microcrystalline Cellulose 30 30 30 150 5. Magnesium Stearate 1 1 1 1 Total 167 167 167 831

Manufacturing Procedure 1. Mix items 1, 2, 3 and 4 and granulate with purified water.

2. Dry the granules at 50°C.

3. Pass the granules through suitable milling equipment.

4. Add item 5 and mix for three minutes ; compress on a suitable press.

Capsule Formulation Item Ingredients mg/capsule 5 mg 25 mg 100 mg 500 mg 1. Compound of formula I 5 25 100 500 2. Hydrous Lactose 159 123 148--- 3. Corn Starch 25 35 40 70 4. Talc 10 15 10 25 5. Magnesium Stearate 1 2 2 5 Total 200 200 300 600 Manufacturing Procedure 1. Mix items 1, 2 and 3 in a suitable mixer for 30 minutes.

2. Add items 4 and 5 and mix for 3 minutes.

3. Fill into a suitable capsule.