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Title:
PLASTIC ENCLOSURE FOR ENCLOSING INDUSTRIAL COMPONENTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/092303
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a plastic enclosure (1) for enclosing industrial components. The enclosure comprising a case (2) made of plastics. The case comprises a rectangular rear wall (3) and four side walls (4, 5, 6, 7) delimiting an interior (8) having four corners (9, 10, 11, 12) at the junctures of side walls. The rear wall and the side walls together form a monolithic unitary box-like container which has a mouth opening (13) at one side enabling access to the interior. Each corner comprises fastening means for fastening of one or more panels (P; P1) inside the interior in parallel and at a desired distance relative to the rear wall. The fastening means comprises a pair of rib members (14, 15) molded integrally as unitary monolithic structures with the side walls. The rib members extend along the side walls between the rear wall and the mouth opening. Each rib member comprises a plurality of equally spaced grooves (16)xtending at right angle relative to the longitudinal direction of the rib member. The grooves (16) in the pair of the rib members (14, 15) of each corner are arranged as pairs of grooves which are mutually aligned, mutually located at the same level and facing each other. A support block (17) made of plastics having at least one pair of tongues (18) is adapted to be inserted into the at least one pair of grooves (16) to form tongue-and-groove joints at the two sides of the support block for holding the support block when installed to the corner. The support block (17)has a fastening element (19)for fastening of the panel (P; P1) to the support block.

Inventors:
MATTILA, Reijo (Katrintie 26, Vantaa, 01400, FI)
TUOMISTO, Timo (Jaanankuja 8 A, Helsinki, 00760, FI)
NIEMI, Markus (Rannikonmäenkuja 6, Nurmijärvi, 01900, FI)
HEISKA, Turkka (Agricolankatu 7 B 46, Helsinki, 00530, FI)
Application Number:
FI2017/050766
Publication Date:
May 16, 2019
Filing Date:
November 08, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ENSTO OY (Ensio Miettisen katu 2, Porvoo, 06100, FI)
International Classes:
G12B9/04; H05K5/02; A01K97/06; B25H3/02; B25H3/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO1997040652A11997-10-30
Foreign References:
US6098816A2000-08-08
US20080272071A12008-11-06
US20090303666A12009-12-10
US6604798B12003-08-12
US5084596A1992-01-28
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PAPULA OY (P.O. Box 981, Helsinki, 00101, FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A plastic enclosure (1) for enclosing industrial components, the enclosure comprising a case (2) made of plastics, the case comprising a rectangular rear wall (3) and four side walls (4, 5, 6, 7) delimiting an interior (8) having four corners (9, 10, 11, 12) at the junctures of side walls, the rear wall and the side walls together forming a monolithic unitary box¬ like container which has a mouth opening (13) at one side enabling access to the interior, each corner comprising fastening means for fastening of one or more panels (P; PI) inside the interior in parallel and at a desired distance relative to the rear wall, wherein the fastening means comprises

- a pair of rib members (14, 15) molded inte¬ grally as unitary monolithic structures with the side walls, the rib members extending along the side walls between the rear wall and the mouth opening, each rib member comprising a plurality of equally spaced grooves (16) extending at right angle relative to the longitudinal direction of the rib member, and the grooves in the pair of the rib members of each corner are arranged as pairs of grooves which are mutually aligned, mutually located at the same level and facing each other, and

- a support block (17, 40) made of plastics having at least one pair of tongues (18) adapted to be inserted into the at least one pair of grooves (16) to form tongue-and-groove joints on two sides of the sup- port block for holding the support block when installed to the corner, the support block (17) having a fastening element (19) for fastening of the panel to the support block.

2. A plastic enclosure according to claim 1, wherein the support block (17, 40) comprises an upper face (20) onto which a corner region of the panel (P; PI) can be placed and fastened to the fastening element (19) of the support block.

3. A plastic enclosure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the fastening element (19) comprises a first hole (41) into which a self-threading screw, such as a PT screw, can be screwed.

4. A plastic enclosure according to any on the claims 1 to 3, wherein the support block (17) comprises at least one second hole (42) into which a self-threading screw, such as a PT screw, can be screwed.

5. A plastic enclosure according to claim 1, 2 or 4, wherein the fastening element (19) comprises a metal insert bushing mounted inside the support block (17), the metal insert bushing having an inner thread (21) into which a fastening screw (22) can be screwed.

6. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 5, wherein the tongues (18) are wedge- shaped and the grooves (16) have a corresponding wedge-shape .

7. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 6, wherein the support block (17) compris¬ es first snap-fit means (23) for gripping to longitu¬ dinal edges of the rib members (14, 15) .

8. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the support block (17) compris¬ es second snap-fit means (24) for gripping a snap-fit counterpart (25) arranged on the rear wall (3) .

9. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 8, wherein the grooves (16) in each pair of grooves are directed in directions which are at an angle (a) relative to each other, the angle (a) being in the range of 0° - 45°, and the tongues (18) of the support block (17) are arranged in a corresponding mutual angle (a) . 10. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 9, wherein the side walls (4, 5, 6, 7) and/or the rib members (14, 15) comprise level mark¬ ings (26) to assist in installation of four support blocks (17) at an equal level relative to the rear wall (3) and/or relative to the mouth opening (13) .

11. A plastic enclosure according to claim 10, wherein the level markings (26) are arranged at intervals along the rib members (14, 15) and/or along the side walls (4, 5, 6, 7) near to the rib members.

12. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 11, wherein the grooves (16) are arranged along the rib members (14, 15) with a density of 5 grooves per inch, i.e. 5 grooves per 25,4 mm.

13. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 12, wherein, seen in the perpendicular direction of the upper face (20), the support block (17) has a general shape of a right-angled isosceles trian¬ gle with a hypotenuse side (27) facing the interior (8) of the case (2) when installed into the corner (9,

10, 11, 12) of the case, and catheti sides (28, 29) having the tongues (189 formed into cutouts of the ca- theti sides, and the metal insert bushing (19) is ar¬ ranged at an imaginary altitude (A) of the hypotenuse side (27), and the right angle of the isosceles trian- gle is flattened to allow a space (S) between the cor¬ ner of the case and the installed support block for inserting a tool therebetween for releasing the installed support block.

14. A plastic enclosure according to claim 13, where¬ in the support block (17) comprises two hook for¬ mations (30) arranged at the catheti sides (28, 29) near to rounded corners between the catheti sides and the hypotenuse side (27), the hook formations (30) be¬ ing arranged to hook behind longitudinal edges of the rib members (14, 15) thereby forming the first snap- fit means (23) . 15. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 8 to 14, wherein the rear wall (3) comprises a protrusion (31) at each corner (9, 10, 11, 12) of the case (2), the protrusion (31) having a rigid clip (32) thereon to form the snap-fit counterpart (25) .

16. A plastic enclosure according to claim 15, wherein the support block (17) comprises a lower face (33) facing to opposite direction relative to the upper face (20), the lower face comprising a recess (34) to receive the protrusion (31) therein, and a lip portion (35) to cover the recess (34), the lower face having an indentation (36) adapted to receive the clip (32) therein to form the second snap-fit means (24) when the support block (17) is installed at the lowest po- sition near to the rear wall (3) in the interior (8) of the case (2 ) .

17. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 12, wherein the support block (40) com- prises a hinge (H) for hinging a swing-out panel (PI) attached to the support block (40) .

18. A plastic enclosure according claim 17, wherein the support block (40) comprises a first support block member (43) comprising the tongues (18) and a second support block member (44) which is hinged by the hinge (H) to the first support block member, the second sup¬ port block member (44) having the fastening element (19) for fastening of the swing-out panel (PI) to the second support block member (44) . 19. A plastic enclosure according claim 18, wherein the first support block member (43) comprises a hinge pin (45) and the second support block member (44) com¬ prises a pin seat (46) to receive the hinge pin there¬ in, so that the second support block member is rotat- able around the hinge pin.

20. A plastic enclosure according to any one of the claims 1 to 19, wherein the enclosure (1) comprises a lid (37) molded from plastics for covering the case (2), the lid being hinged by one or more hinges (38) .

21. A plastic enclosure according to claim 20, wherein the enclosure (1) comprises one or more a latch devic¬ es (39) for locking the lid (37) relative to the case (2) .

Description:
PLASTIC ENCLOSURE FOR ENCLOSING INDUSTRIAL COMPONENTS FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a molded plastic en- closure for enclosing industrial components.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Enclosures are available for protecting industrial equipment in numerous applications from various exter- nal risk factors, among them dust, water, moisture, impacts and tampering. Such enclosures are commonly called as industrial enclosures. The industrial compo ¬ nents to be enclosed in such an enclosure may be e.g. electrical components, electronic components, and/or equipment that does not involve electricity, such as pneumatic equipment, hydraulic equipment, fiber optics equipment, such as optic fiber splices, optic fiber connectors, optic fiber amplifiers etc. The enclosure must also provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the equipment enclosed in the enclosure. Further, the enclosure must provide a degree of protection against the surrounding environment for enclosed equipment. Frequent access to the components within such enclosures is common for ad- justments, maintenance, and inspection of the compo ¬ nents. The enclosure comprises a case made of plas ¬ tics. The enclosure may also comprise a lid to cover the case. The lid may be hinged to the case to be openable and closable and to be sealed thereto. The case comprises a rectangular rear wall and four side walls delimiting an interior having four corners at the junctures of side walls. The rear wall and the side walls together form a monolithic unitary box-like container which has a mouth opening at one side ena- bling access to the interior. Each corner comprises fastening means for fastening of one or more panels inside the interior in parallel and at a desired dis ¬ tance relative to the rear wall. The panel serves as an installation substrate for the industrial compo ¬ nents. In prior art, e.g. from US 5, 084, 596 and US 6,604,798, are known fastening means arranged in the corners for fastening of panels which fastening means include ribs or flanges arranged as guides or tracks. For the sake of simplicity of structure, the ribs or flanges are molded integrally as unitary monolithic structures with the side walls. The flanges or ribs extend along the side walls between the rear wall and the mouth opening. The panels are mounted by mounting brackets which are fastened to these flanges or ribs. The mounting brackets can be slid along the guides provided by the flanges or ribs to a desirable level relative to the rear wall or mouth opening and at ¬ tached stationary to hold the panels at said level. A drawback of using such guides along which the sliding mounting bracket can slide is that for the installer it is difficult to place all the four brackets in the corners of the case at exactly the same level. There ¬ fore it would be desirable to have an enclosure where ¬ in the structure of the case and the panel fastening system is as simple as possible with the rib members being molded integrally as unitary monolithic struc ¬ tures with the side walls, and, at the same time, has fastening means that enable exact and precise placing of the panels at an exact level relative to the case. OBJECTIVE OF THE INVENTION

The objective of the invention is to alleviate the disadvantages mentioned above.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

According to a first aspect, the present invention provides a plastic enclosure for enclosing industrial components. The enclosure comprises a case made of plastics. The case comprises a rectangular rear wall and four side walls delimiting an interior having four corners at the junctures of side walls. The rear wall and the side walls together form a monolithic unitary box-like container which has a mouth opening at one side enabling access to the interior. Each corner comprises fastening means for fastening of one or more panels inside the interior in parallel and at a de- sired distance relative to the rear wall. The fas ¬ tening means comprises a pair of rib members molded integrally as unitary monolithic structures with the side walls. The rib members extend along the side walls between the rear wall and the mouth opening. Each rib member comprises a plurality of equally spaced grooves extending at right angle relative to the longitudinal direction of the rib member. The grooves in the pair of the rib members of each corner are arranged as pairs of grooves which are mutually aligned, mutually located at the same level and facing each other. The fastening means further comprises a support block made of plastics having at least one pair of tongues adapted to be inserted into the at least one pair of grooves to form tongue-and-groove joints on two sides of the support block for holding the support block when installed to the corner, the support block having a fastening element for fastening of the panel to the support block. The invention provides an enclosure which has a fas ¬ tening means for installing of panels providing, the fastening means providing exact and precise levelling for the panels at an exact level relative to the case. The invention further provides a robust and simple and structure for the enclosure which is cheap to manufac ¬ ture In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises an upper face onto which a corner region of the panel can be placed and fastened to the fastening element of the support block.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the fastening ele ¬ ment comprises a first hole into which a thread- forming screw, such as a PT screw, can be screwed. PT screw is a thread-forming self-tapping screw having a sharp thread which can displace the plastics material without removing it.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises at least one second hole into which a thread-forming screw, such as a PT screw, can be screwed .

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the fastening ele ¬ ment is a metal insert bushing mounted inside the sup- port block, the metal insert bushing having an inner thread into which a fastening screw can be screwed.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the tongues are wedge-shaped and the grooves have a corresponding wedge-shape.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises first snap-fit means for gripping to longi ¬ tudinal edges of the rib members

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises second snap-fit means for gripping a snap- fit counterpart arranged on the rear wall. In an embodiment of the enclosure, the grooves in each pair of grooves are directed in directions which are at an angle relative to each other, the angle being in the range of 0° - 45°, and the tongues of the support block are arranged in a corresponding mutual angle.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the side walls and/or the rib members comprise level markings to as ¬ sist in installation of four support blocks at an equal level relative to the rear wall and/or the mouth opening . In an embodiment of the enclosure, the level markings are arranged at intervals along the rib members and/or along the side walls near to the rib members.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the grooves are ar- ranged along the rib members with a density of 5 grooves per inch (5 grooves per 25,4 mm) .

In an embodiment of the enclosure, seen in the perpen ¬ dicular direction of the flat upper surface, the sup- port block has a general shape of a right-angled isos ¬ celes triangle with a hypotenuse side facing the inte ¬ rior of the case when installed into the corner of the case, and catheti sides having the tongues formed into cutouts of the catheti side. The metal insert bushing is arranged at an imaginary altitude of the hypotenuse side. The right angle of the isosceles triangle is flattened to allow a space between the corner of the case and the installed support block for inserting a tool therebetween for releasing the installed support block.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises two hook formations arranged at the catheti sides near to rounded corners between the catheti sides and the hypotenuse side, the hook formations be ¬ ing arranged to hook behind longitudinal edges of the rib members thereby forming the first snap-fit means. In an embodiment of the enclosure, the rear wall com ¬ prises a protrusion at each corner of the case, the protrusion having a rigid clip thereon to form the snap-fit counterpart.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises a lower face facing to opposite direction relative to the upper flat face, the lower face com- prising a recess to receive the protrusion therein, and a lip portion to cover the recess, the lower face of the cover portion having an indentation adapted to receive the clip therein to form the second snap-fit means when the support block is installed at the low- est position in the case near to the rear wall.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises a hinge for hinging a swing-out panel at ¬ tached to the support block.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the support block comprises a first support block member comprising the tongues and a second support block member which is hinged by the hinge to the first support block member, the second support block member having the fastening element for fastening of the swing-out panel to the second support block member.

In an embodiment of the enclosure, the first support block member comprises a hinge pin and the second sup ¬ port block member comprises a pin seat to receive the hinge pin therein, so that the second support block member is rotatable around the hinge pin. In an embodiment of the enclosure, the enclosure com ¬ prises a lid molded from plastics for covering the case, the lid being hinged by one or more hinges. In an embodiment of the enclosure, the enclosure com ¬ prises one or more a latch devices for locking the lid relative to the case.

It is to be understood that the aspects and embodi ¬ ments of the invention described above may be used in any combination with each other. Several of the aspects and embodiments may be combined together to form a further embodiment of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are included to pro ¬ vide a further understanding of the invention and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the de ¬ scription help to explain the principles of the inven ¬ tion. In the drawings: Figure 1 is an axonometric view of the plastic enclo ¬ sure according to an embodiment of the invention, seen obliquely from above,

Figure 2 is a plan view of the enclosure of Figure seen from above,

Figure 3 shows an axonometric explosion view of a sup ¬ port block of the enclosure of Figures 1 and 2, Figure 4 shows an axonometric explosion view of the assembly of the support block and a corner region of a panel ,

Figure 5 shows the enclosure of Figure 1 with a panel installed into the interior of the case with support blocks of Figure 3, Figure 6 shows a detail B from Figure 5, seen from above as a plan view,

Figure 7 is a cross-section VII-VII from Figure 6,

Figure 8 is a cross—section VIII-VIII from Figure 6, a support block being installed near to the rear wall of the case, Figure 9 shows the enclosure of Figure 1 with a panel installed at the uppermost position in the case with the support blocks of Figure 3, and having a rim flange attached to the support blocks. Figure 10 is a cross-section X-X from Figure 9,

Figures 11 and 12 show axonometric views of a support block designed for supporting a swing-out panel, Figure 13 shows the enclosure of Figure 1 equipped with a swing-out panel positioned in the uppermost po ¬ sition in the case,

Figure 14 is a cross-section XIV-XIV from Figure 13, and

Figure 15 shows the enclosure of Figure 1 equipped with a swing-out panel positioned in the interior of the case.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Figure 1 shows a plastic enclosure 1 for enclosing in ¬ dustrial components or equipment. Industrial compo- nents to be enclosed in the enclosure 1 may be e.g. electrical components, electronic components, and/or equipment that does not involve electricity, such as pneumatic equipment, hydraulic equipment, fiber optics equipment, such as optic fiber splices, optic fiber connectors, optic fiber amplifiers etc. The enclosure comprises a case 2 made of plastics. The case 2 com- prises a rectangular rear wall 3 and four side walls 4, 5, 6, 7 which delimit an interior 8 having four corners 9, 10, 11, 12 at the junctures of side walls. The rear wall 3 and the side walls 4, 5, 6, 7 together form a monolithic unitary box-like container which has a mouth opening 13 at one side enabling access to the interior 8. The enclosure 1 comprises a lid 37 molded from plastics for covering the case 2. The lid 37 is hinged by one or more hinges 38. The enclosure 1 fur ¬ ther comprises two latch devices 39 for locking the lid 37 relative to the case 2.

Each corner 9, 10, 11, 12 of the case 2 comprises fas ¬ tening means for fastening of one or more panels P (see also Figure 5) inside the interior of the case 2 in parallel and at a desired distance relative to the rear wall 3. The fastening means comprises a pair of rib members 14, 15 molded integrally as unitary mono ¬ lithic structures with the side walls 4, 5, 6, 7. The rib members 14, 15 extend along the side walls between the rear wall and the mouth opening in each corner 9, 10, 11, 12. Each rib member 14, 15 comprises a plural ¬ ity of equally spaced grooves 16 extending at right angle relative to the longitudinal direction of the rib member 14, 15. In one example, the grooves 16 are arranged along the rib members 14, 15 with a density of 5 grooves per inch (= 5 grooves per 25,4 mm) .

The grooves 16 in the pair of the rib members 14, 15 of each of the four corners 9, 10, 11, 12 are arranged as pairs of grooves which are mutually aligned, mutu ¬ ally located at the same level and facing each other. The fastening means further comprises a support block 17 made of plastics having pair of tongues 18 adapted to be inserted into the pair of grooves 16 to form tongue-and-groove joints on two sides of the support block 17 for holding the support block 17 when installed to the corner. The support block 17 has a fas ¬ tening element 19 for fastening of the panel to the support block. As an example, Figure 1 shows three support blocks 17 installed at three different levels. One of the support blocks 17 is installed at a lowest level position near to the rear wall 3 to provide a fastening point for a back panel (not shown) . One of the support blocks 17 is installed at a highest level position near to the mouth opening 13 to provide a fastening point for a cover panel P (see also Figure 9) ) . One of the support blocks 17 is installed at an intermediate level position located between the lowest and highest level positions to provide a fastening point for an intermediate panel (shown in Figure 5) .

Referring to Figures 3 and 4, the support block 17 comprises a flat upper face 20 onto which a corner re ¬ gion of the panel P can be placed and fastened to the fastening element 19 of the support block. The fas- tening element 19 may be a metal insert bushing mount ¬ ed inside the support block 17. The metal insert bush ¬ ing 19 has an inner thread 21 into which a fastening screw 22 can be screwed via a screw hole 100 of the panel P. Alternatively, the fastening element may be a first hole 41 (without metal insert) into which a thread-forming screw, such as an PT screw, can be screwed. The support block 17 comprises also two sec ¬ ond holes 42 into which a self-threading screw, such as a PT screw, can be screwed. Figures 9 and 10 show an embodiment wherein the support blocks are installed at a highest level position near to the mouth opening 13 to provide a fastening point for a cover panel P. A rim flange R is installed to surround the cover panel P to cover the gap between the case and the cover pan ¬ el. The rim flange R can be fastened by thread-forming screws which are threaded into the second holes 42 of the support block 17.

As Figure 8 shows, since the support block 17 includes the fastening means 19 for supporting a panel P, there is no need to include any metal insert bushings having an inner thread to the material of the case 2. In pri ¬ or art, if the metal insert bushing (or its inner thread) embedded in the material of the rear wall of the case is damaged or destroyed, the whole case or enclosure 1 does not have to be replaced with an in- tact case or enclosure. In the enclosure of the inven ¬ tion, if the metal insert bushing 19 is damaged, only the support block 17 needs to be replaced, which is much cheaper than replacing the whole case. The tongues 18 are wedge-shaped and the grooves 16 have a corresponding wedge-shape with a wedge angle β as can be seen in Figure 8. The wedge angle β is pref ¬ erably 2°. The wedge angle of the grooves 16 enhances exact positioning and firm holding of the tongues 18 in the grooves 16, and also for releasing of injection mold parts which are for forming of the grooves 16.

As illustrated in Figures 2 to 4, the support block 17 comprises first snap-fit means 23 for gripping to lon- gitudinal edges of the rib members 14, 15. As seen in the perpendicular direction of the flat upper face 20, the support block 17 has a general shape of a right- angled isosceles triangle. The imaginary triangle has been drawn in Figures 2 and 3 with a dot-and-dash line as an envelope enclosing the support block 17. The triangular support block shape has a hypotenuse side 27 facing the interior of the case 2 when installed into the corner 9, 10, 11, 12 of the case 2, and ca- theti sides 28, 29. The tongues 18 are formed into cutouts of the catheti sides 28, 29. The metal insert bushing 19 is arranged at an imaginary altitude A of the hypotenuse side 27. The right angle of the isosce ¬ les triangle shape of the support block 17 is flat ¬ tened to allow a space S (see Figures 6 and 8) between the corner of the case 2 and the installed support block 17. A tool, such as a tip of a screwdriver or like, can be inserted into the space S for releasing the installed support block 17.

Referring to Figures 3, 4 and 6 the support block 17 comprises two hook formations 30 arranged at the ca- theti sides 28, 29 near to rounded corners between the catheti sides and the hypotenuse side 27. The hook formations 30 are arranged to hook behind longitudinal edges of the rib members 14, 15 thereby forming the first snap-fit means 23.

Referring to Figures 7 and 8, the support block 17 al ¬ so comprises second snap-fit means 24 for gripping a snap-fit counterpart 25 arranged on the rear wall 3. The rear wall 3 comprises a protrusion 31 at each cor- ner 9, 10, 11, 12 of the case 2. The protrusion 31 has a rigid clip 32 thereon to form the snap-fit counter ¬ part 25. The support block 17 comprises a lower face 33 which faces to opposite direction relative to the upper flat face 20. The lower face 33 comprises a re- cess 34 to receive the protrusion 31 therein. A lip portion 35 of the support block 17 covers the recess 34. The lower face 33 of the support block 17 has an indentation 35 adapted to receive the clip 32 therein to form the second snap-fit means 24, when the support block is installed at the lowest position in the case 2 near to the rear wall 3. As can be seen in Figure 2, the grooves 16 in each pair of grooves are directed in directions which are at an angle a relative to each other, the angle a be ¬ ing in the range of 0° - 45°. The tongues 18 of the support block 17 are arranged in a corresponding mutu ¬ al angle a.

Referring again to Figure 1, the side walls 4, 5, 6, 7 and the rib members 14, 15 comprise level markings 26. The level markings 26 assist in installation of four support blocks 17 at an equal level relative to the rear wall 3 and/or the mouth opening 13. The level markings 26 are arranged at intervals along the rib members 14, 15 and along the side walls 4, 5, 6, 7 near to the rib members.

Figures 11 and 12 show another embodiment of the sup ¬ port block 40. The support block 40 is made of plas ¬ tics having three pairs of tongues 18 adapted to be inserted into three grooves 16 of the rib members 14, 15 of the case to form tongue-and-groove joints on two sides of the support block 40 for holding the support block when installed to the corner of the case 2. The support block 17 has a fastening element 19 for fas- tening of a swing-out panel PI to the support block 40. The support block 40 comprises a hinge H for hing ¬ ing the swing-out panel PI attached to the support block 40. The support block 40 comprises a first sup ¬ port block member 43 comprising the two pairs of three tongues 18. The support block 40 also comprises a sec ¬ ond support block member 44 which is hinged by the hinge H to the first support block member 43. The sec ¬ ond support block member 44 has the fastening element 19 for fastening of the swing-out panel PI to the sec- ond support block member 44. The fastening element 19 may be a metal insert bushing 19 mounted inside the second support block member 44. The metal insert bush- ing 19 has an inner thread 21 into which a fastening screw 22 can be screwed via a screw hole 100 of the panel P. Alternatively, the fastening element may be a first hole 41 (without metal insert) into which a thread-forming screw, such as an PT screw, can be screwed. The first support block member 42 comprises also two second holes 42 into which a self-threading screw, such as a PT screw, can be screwed. Figure 13 shows an embodiment wherein the support blocks 40 and 17 are installed at a highest level position near to the mouth opening 13 to provide a fastening point for the swing-out panel PI. A rim flange R is installed to surround the cover panel P to cover the gap between the case 2 and the swing-out panel PI . The rim flange R can be fastened by thread-forming screws which are threaded into the second holes 42 of the support blocks 17 and 40. Referring to Figures 11 and 12, the first support block member 43 comprises a hinge pin 45 and the second support block member 44 comprises a pin seat 46 to receive the hinge pin therein to form said hinge H, so that the second support block member 44 is rotatable around the hinge pin 45.

Figure 15 illustrates that the support block 40 of Figures 11 and 12 having the hinge for hinging the swing-out panel PI can be positioned at any desired level inside the interior 8 of the case 2.

Although the invention has been the described in con- junction with a certain type of enclosure, it should be understood that the invention is not limited to any certain type of enclosure. While the present inven ¬ tions have been described in connection with a number of exemplary embodiments, and implementations, the present inventions are not so limited, but rather cov ¬ er various modifications, and equivalent arrangements, which fall within the purview of prospective claims.