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Title:
PLUMBING FITTINGS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/023196
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present disclosure relates to plumbing fittings and methods of manufacturing plumbing fittings for use in drain-waste-vent systems. The plumbing fitting comprises a housing having at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in a receiving member, said at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with said piping member; an annular locking member dimensioned for receiving said piping member therethrough and comprising teeth extending inwardly for locking said piping member within said receiving member; and an annular releasing member inserted within said receiving member and movable between a locking position and a releasing position whereat said beveled portion of said annular releasing member presses against said teeth for releasing said piping member.

Inventors:
CARDINALE, Claudio (12st Avenue, Montreal, Québec H1E 7M4, H1E 7M4, CA)
Application Number:
CA2017/050919
Publication Date:
February 08, 2018
Filing Date:
July 31, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
9352-4585 QUÉBEC INC. (12e Av, Montréal, Québec H1E 7M4, H1E 7M4, CA)
International Classes:
F16L21/08; E03C1/12; E03C1/22; F16L21/03; F16L37/08; F16L37/091; F16L47/04; F16L47/08; F16L47/12
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BERESKIN & PARR LLP/S.E.N.C.R.L., S.R.L. (40th Floor, 40 King Street WestToronto, Ontario M5H 3Y2, M5H 3Y2, CA)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1 . A plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, said at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in said receiving member, said at least one annular seal being dimensioned to sealingly engage with said piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking said piping member within said receiving member, said annular base being inserted within said receiving member, said annular locking member dimensioned for receiving said piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within said receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, said annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive said piping member therethrough, and said annular releasing member being movable within said receiving element between a locking position for locking said pipe into said receiving member whereat said beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface, and a releasing position whereat said beveled portion presses against said teeth of said annular locking member for releasing said piping member.

2. A plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, said at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in said receiving member, said at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with said piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking said piping member within said receiving member, said annular base being dimensioned for contacting a receiving element inserted in said receiving member, said annular locking member dimensioned for receiving said piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within said receiving element and said receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, said annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive said piping member therethrough, and said annular releasing member being movable within said receiving element between a locking position for locking said pipe into said receiving member whereat said beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of said receiving element, and a releasing position whereat said beveled portion presses against said teeth of said annular locking member for releasing said piping member.

3. A plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, said at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in said receiving member, said at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with said piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking said piping member within said receiving member, said annular base being inserted within a receiving element that is inserted in a first chamber formed in said receiving member, said annular locking member dimensioned for receiving said piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within said receiving element and said receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, said annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive said piping member therethrough, and said annular releasing member being movable within said receiving element between a locking position for locking said pipe into said receiving member whereat said beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of said receiving element, and a releasing position whereat said beveled portion presses against said teeth of said annular locking member for releasing said piping member.

4. The plumbing fitting of claim 2 or 3, wherein said receiving element maintains said annular locking member and said at least one annular seal inside said receiving member.

5. The plumbing fitting of claim 4, wherein said receiving element is glued into said receiving member.

6. The plumbing fitting of claim 4, wherein said receiving element is snap fitted into said receiving member.

7. The plumbing fitting of claim 6, wherein said receiving element comprises at least one nipple effective for locking into a matching groove defined into said receiving member.

8. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 7, further comprising a spacer disposed between said annular locking member and said annular seal, said spacer being urging the teeth of the locking member inwardly.

9. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 8, further comprising at least one another annular seal, said seal being connected at a receiving end of said receiving member whereat the piping member is to be received.

10. A plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, said at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in said receiving member, said at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with said piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking said piping member within said receiving member, said annular base being inserted within a first chamber formed in said receiving member, said annular locking member dimensioned for receiving said piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within said receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, said annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive said piping member therethrough, and said annular releasing member being movable within said receiving member between a locking position whereat said beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of said receiving member, and a releasing position whereat said beveled portion presses against said teeth for releasing said piping member. lumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, said at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in said receiving member, said at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with said piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking said piping member within said receiving member, said annular base being inserted within a first chamber formed in said receiving member, said annular locking member dimensioned for receiving said piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within said receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, said annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive said piping member therethrough, and said annular releasing member being movable within said receiving member between a locking position whereat said beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of said receiving member, and a releasing position whereat said beveled portion presses against said teeth for releasing said piping member, wherein said annular releasing member is actuatable in the absence of a tool.

12. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 1 1 , wherein said annular releasing member is hand actuatable.

13. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein said at least one receiving member is disposed at an extremity of said housing.

14. The plumbing fitting of claim 10 or 1 1 , wherein said at least one annular seal and said annular groove are integrally formed.

15. The plumbing fitting of anyone of claims 1 to 14, wherein the inner diameter of said at least one annular seal is inferior to the inner diameter of said housing.

16. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein said at least one annular seal is an o-ring.

17. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein said plumbing fitting comprises two annular seals.

18. The plumbing fitting of claim 17, wherein said two annular seals are o-rings.

19. The plumbing fitting of claim 17 or 18, wherein said two annular seals are noncontiguous to one another.

20. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 1 9, wherein said teeth are dimensioned for preventing rotational movement and longitudinal movement of said piping member within said receiving member.

21 . The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 20, wherein said annular base of said annular locking member comprises at least one locking tab extending outwardly therefrom for reducing rotational and longitudinal movement of said annular locking member within said receiving member, said at least one locking tab is inserted in a locking groove formed in said receiving member.

22. The plumbing fitting of claim 21 , wherein said annular base of said annular locking member comprises two locking tabs inserted in two locking grooves formed in said at receiving member.

23. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 22, wherein said annular locking member is made of a non-corrosive metal or plastic.

24. The plumbing fitting of claim 23, wherein said non-corrosive metal is stainless steel.

25. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 24, wherein said teeth comprise jagged edges.

26. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 25, wherein said beveled portion rests in a second chamber formed in said receiving member.

27. The plumbing fitting of claim 26, wherein a ledge projecting from said second chamber forms said shoulder against which said beveled portion abuts.

28. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 27, wherein when said annular releasing member is in said releasing position, said beveled portion presses against said teeth which are displaced towards the surface of said receiving member thereby releasing said teeth from said piping element.

29. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 28, wherein said annular releasing member further comprises a flanged end opposing said beveled portion.

30. The plumbing fitting of claim 29, wherein said flanged end extends radially outwardly from said annular releasing member.

31 . The plumbing fitting of claim 29 or 30, wherein said flanged end abuts against said receiving member so as to limit movement of said annular releasing member within said housing.

32. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 29 to 31 , wherein pressing of said flanged end presses said beveled portion against said teeth thereby releasing said teeth from said piping member.

33. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 32, wherein releasing said piping element from said teeth does not require recourse to a tool.

34. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein said annular releasing member is actuatable in the absence of a tool.

35. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 34, wherein said housing comprises two receiving members that are in fluid flow communication with one another.

36. The plumbing fitting of claim 35, wherein said two receiving members comprise a tubing body therebetween.

37. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 36, wherein said housing comprises three receiving members.

38. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 37, wherein said plumbing fitting is an end cap, a coupling fitting, a Y fitting, a T fitting, a TY fitting, an 45 elbow fitting or a 90 elbow fitting.

39. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 38, wherein said at least one receiving member is comprised of a first receiving member portion and a second receiving member portion combined together.

40. The plumbing fitting of claim 39, wherein said first receiving member and second receiving member are integrally formed.

41 . The plumbing fitting of claim 39 or 40, wherein said first receiving member and second receiving member comprise female edges and male edges for secure coupling therewith.

42. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 41 , further comprising a spacer for urging and/or maintaining theeth of said locking member inwardly.

43. The plumbing fitting of any one of claims 1 to 41 , further comprising a spacer for for preventing teeth of said locking from moving outwardly beyond a desired position.

44. A method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting, comprising:

obtaining a first half of a receiving member;

inserting into said first half of said receiving member at least one annular seal member, an annular locking member and an annular releasing member; and

combining together said first half portion of said receiving member with a second half portion of a said receiving member so as to sandwich said at least one annular seal member, said annular locking member and said annular releasing member therebetween.

45. The method of claim 44, wherein when said receiving member portions are combined together, an annular groove for receiving said at least one annular seal is formed.

46. The method of claim 44 or 45, wherein when said receiving member portions are combined together, a first chamber for receiving an annular base of said annular locking member is formed.

47. The method of any one of claims 44 to 46, wherein when said receiving member portions are combined together, a second chamber for receiving a beveled portion of said annular releasing member is formed.

48. A method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting, comprising:

obtaining a first portion of a receiving member; inserting into said first portion of said receiving member at least one annular seal member, an annular locking member and an annular releasing member; and

combining together said first portion of said receiving member with a second portion of a said receiving member and a third portion of a said receiving member so as to sandwich said at least one annular seal member, said annular locking member and said annular releasing member therebetween.

49. A method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting according to any one of claims 1 to 43, comprising:

obtaining a first half of a receiving member;

inserting into said first half of said receiving member at least one annular seal member, an annular locking member and an annular releasing member; and

combining together said first half portion of said receiving member with a second half portion of a said receiving member so as to sandwich said at least one annular seal member, said annular locking member and said annular releasing member therebetween.

50. A method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising:

inserting said least one annular seal into said annular groove formed in said receiving member;

inserting said annular locking member into said receiving element; inserting said annular releasing member into said receiving element; and inserting said receiving element into said first chamber of said receiving member.

51 . A method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising:

inserting said least one annular seal into said said receiving member; inserting said annular locking member into said receiving member; inserting said receiving element into said receiving member; and inserting said annular releasing member into said receiving member.

52. A method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising:

inserting said least one annular seal into said said receiving member; inserting said least one spacer into said said receiving member; inserting said annular locking member into said receiving member;

inserting said receiving element into said receiving member; and inserting said annular releasing member into said receiving member.

53. A kit comprising:

at least one plumbing fitting;

at least one annular seal;

at least one annular locking member for locking a piping member into said plumbing fitting; and

at least one annular releasing member for urging outwardly teeth of said locking member and releasing said piping member.

54. A kit comprising:

at least one plumbing fitting as defined in any one of claims 1 to 41 ;

at least one annular seal as defined in any one of claims 1 to 41 ; at least one annular locking member as defined in any one of claims 1 to

41 ; and

at least one annular releasing member as defined in any one of claims 1 to 41 .

55. A method for connecting a plumbing fitting and a piping member, said method comprising:

inserting said piping into an annular locking member comprised within said fitting; and

releasing teeth of said locking member so that the teeth move into a locking position for locking said pipe into said fitting.

56. A method for connecting a plumbing fitting and a piping member, said method comprising:

inserting said piping into said annular locking member and said fitting and pushing outwardly teeth of an annular locking member disposed within said plumbing fitting so as to put them in a release position; and releasing pressure applied against said teeth so that the teeth move back into a locking position for locking said pipe into said fitting.

57. A method for sealingly engaging a plumbing fitting and a piping member, said method comprising:

inserting said piping into an annular locking member comprised within said fitting and contacting said piping member with at least one seal disposed within said fitting; and

releasing pressure applied against teeth of said locking member so that the teeth move back into a locking position for locking said pipe into said fitting.

58. A method for sealingly engaging a plumbing fitting and a piping member, said method comprising:

inserting said piping into said annular locking member and said fitting by pushing outwardly teeth of an annular locking member disposed within said plumbing fitting so as to put them in a release position;

contacting said piping member with at least one seal disposed within said fitting; and

releasing pressure applied against said teeth so that the teeth move back into a locking position for locking said pipe into said fitting.

59. The method of any one of claims 55 to 58, wherein inserting said piping member into said plumbing fitting by applying a pressure on said piping member by pushing said piping member into said plumbing fitting causes said teeth to move outwardly into said release position and wherein releasing said piping member causes said teeth to move back into said locking position.

60. The method of any one of claims 55 to 58, wherein inserting said piping member into said plumbing fitting by pushing said piping member into said plumbing fitting causes said teeth to move outwardly into said release position and wherein releasing said piping member causes said teeth to move back into said locking position.

61 . The method of any one of claims 55 to 58, further comprising disconnecting said plumbing fitting and said piping member from one another by applying a pressure on a releasing member disposed within said plumbing fitting, wherein applying pressure on said releasing member urges said teeth outwardly in said release position so as to free said piping member; and pulling said piping member from said plumbing fitting.

62. The method of any one of claims 55 to 58, wherein said method is carried out in the absence of glue.

63. The method of any one of claims 55 to 58, wherein said method is carried out in the absence of plumbing tool.

64. The method of any one of claims 55 to 58, wherein said method is carried out solely with the use of hands.

Description:
PLUMBING FITTINGS CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001 ] The present application claims priority to US provisional application No 62/369,1 19 filed on July 31 , 2016; US provisional application No 62/376,942 filed on August 19, 2016; US provisional application No 62/474,043 filed on March 20, 2017; and US provisional application No 62/482,721 filed on April 7, 2017. These documents are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0002] The present disclosure relates to plumbing fittings for use in drain, waste and vent (DWV) systems, and more particularly to plumbing fittings for connecting pipes together without the use of glue or any other type of fusion that may exist on any type of piping.

BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0003] Installation of a plumbing fitting for DWV systems typically requires a form of glue between the pipe and the fitting. Inadequate sealing of the fitting to the pipe can lead to various types of leaks that can cause an undesirable mess and potential damage.

[0004] Typically, a fitting that is glued or fused to any type of plastic pipe for use in a DWV system must be cut off from the pipe in the event that it is not correctly connected and furthermore if there is some water flowing through the pipe the glue or fusing, the DWV system will not work properly, leading to a potential risk of water leakage and odor. Moreover, installation of the fittings presents a high level of difficulty for some users.

[0005] Various types of plumbing fittings not requiring gluing or other fusing have been developed. However, a remaining drawback is that special tools for separating the piping from the fitting, for example disconnecting clips or tongs, are required. These tools can be difficult to use in awkward or small spaces. SUMMARY

[0006] It would thus be highly desirable to be provided with an apparatus or method that would at least partially address the disadvantages of the existing technologies.

[0007] In one aspect, there is provided a plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, the at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in the receiving member, the at least one annular seal being dimensioned to sealingly engage with the piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking the piping member within the receiving member, the annular base being inserted within the receiving member, the annular locking member dimensioned for receiving the piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within the receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, the annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive the piping member therethrough, and the annular releasing member being movable within the receiving element between a locking position for locking the pipe into the receiving member, and a releasing position whereat the beveled portion presses against the teeth of the annular locking member for releasing the piping member.

[0008] In another aspect, there is provided a plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, the at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in the receiving member, the at least one annular seal being dimensioned to sealingly engage with the piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking the piping member within the receiving member, the annular base being inserted within the receiving member, the annular locking member dimensioned for receiving the piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within the receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, the annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive the piping member therethrough, and the annular releasing member being movable within the receiving element between a locking position for locking the pipe into the receiving member whereat the beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface, and a releasing position whereat the beveled portion presses against the teeth of the annular locking member for releasing the piping member.

In another aspect, there is provided a plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, the at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in the receiving member, the at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with the piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking the piping member within the receiving member, the annular base being dimensioned for contacting a receiving element inserted in the receiving member, the annular locking member dimensioned for receiving the piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within the receiving element and the receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, the annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive the piping member therethrough, and the annular releasing member being movable within the receiving element between a locking position for locking the pipe into the receiving member whereat the beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of the receiving element, and a releasing position whereat the beveled portion presses against the teeth of the annular locking member for releasing the piping member.

[0010] In another aspect, there is provided a plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, the at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in the receiving member, the at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with the piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking the piping member within the receiving member, the annular base being inserted within a receiving element that is inserted in a first chamber formed in the receiving member, the annular locking member dimensioned for receiving the piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within the receiving element and the receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, the annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive the piping member therethrough, and the annular releasing member being movable within the receiving element between a locking position for locking the pipe into the receiving member whereat the beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of the receiving element, and a releasing position whereat the beveled portion presses against the teeth of the annular locking member for releasing the piping member.

[001 1 ] In another aspect, there is provided a plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, the at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in the receiving member, the at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with the piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking the piping member within the receiving member, the annular base being inserted within a first chamber formed in the receiving member, the annular locking member dimensioned for receiving the piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within the receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, the annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive the piping member therethrough, and the annular releasing member being movable within the receiving member between a locking position whereat the beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of the receiving member, and a releasing position whereat the beveled portion presses against the teeth for releasing the piping member.

In another aspect, there is provided a plumbing fitting, comprising: a housing having at least one receiving member, the at least one receiving member defining a cylindrical bore for receiving a piping member therein; at least one annular seal fittingly inserted in an annular groove formed in the receiving member, the at least one annular seal dimensioned to sealingly engage with the piping member; an annular locking member comprising an annular base and teeth extending inwardly for locking the piping member within the receiving member, the annular base being inserted within a first chamber formed in the receiving member, the annular locking member dimensioned for receiving the piping member therethrough; and an annular releasing member inserted within the receiving member and comprising a beveled portion, the annular releasing member being dimensioned to receive the piping member therethrough, and the annular releasing member being movable within the receiving member between a locking position whereat the beveled portion abuts against a shoulder formed in an inner surface of the receiving member, and a releasing position whereat the beveled portion presses against the teeth for releasing the piping member, wherein the annular releasing member is actuatable in the absence of a tool.

[0013] In a further there is provided herein a method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting, comprising: obtaining a first half of a receiving member;

inserting into the first half of the receiving member at least one annular seal member, an annular locking member and an annular releasing member; and

combining together the first half portion of the receiving member with a second half portion of a the receiving member so as to sandwich the at least one annular seal member, the annular locking member and the annular releasing member therebetween.

[0014] In another aspect, there is provided a method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting, comprising: obtaining a first portion of a receiving member;

inserting into the first portion of the receiving member at least one annular seal member, an annular locking member and an annular releasing member; and

combining together the first portion of the receiving member with a second portion of a the receiving member and a third portion of a the receiving member so as to sandwich the at least one annular seal member, the annular locking member and the annular releasing member therebetween.

[0015] In another aspect, there is provided a kit, comprising: at least one plumbing fitting;

at least one annular seal;

at least one annular locking member for locking a piping member into the plumbing fitting; and

at least one annular releasing member for urging outwardly teeth of the locking member and releasing the piping member. [0016] In another aspect, there is provided a kit, comprising: at least one plumbing fitting as defined in the present disclosure;

at least one annular seal as defined in the present disclosure; at least one annular locking member as defined in the present disclosure; and

at least one annular releasing member as defined in the present disclosure.

[0017] In another aspect, there is provided a method for connecting a plumbing fitting and a piping member, the method comprising: inserting the piping into an annular locking member comprised within the fitting; and

releasing teeth of the locking member so that the teeth move into a locking position for locking the pipe into the fitting.

[0018] In another aspect, there is provided method for connecting a plumbing fitting and a piping member, the method comprising: inserting the piping into the annular locking member and the fitting and pushing outwardly teeth of an annular locking member disposed within the plumbing fitting so as to put them in a release position; and

releasing pressure applied against the teeth so that the teeth move back into a locking position for locking the pipe into the fitting.

[0019] In another aspect, there is provided a method for sealingly engaging a plumbing fitting and a piping member, the method comprising: inserting the piping into an annular locking member comprised within the fitting and contacting the piping member with at least one seal disposed within the fitting; and

releasing pressure applied against teeth of the locking member so that the teeth move back into a locking position for locking the pipe into the fitting. [0020] In another aspect, there is provided a method for sealingly engaging a plumbing fitting and a piping member, the method comprising: inserting the piping into the annular locking member and the fitting by pushing outwardly teeth of an annular locking member disposed within the plumbing fitting so as to put them in a release position;

contacting the piping member with at least one seal disposed within the fitting; and

releasing pressure applied against the teeth so that the teeth move back into a locking position for locking the pipe into the fitting.

[0021 ] The plumbing fittings, kits and methods herein disclosed provide ease of installation and removal. A piping element can be simply pushed into the plumbing fitting, thus providing a secure seal with no need for toxic and odorous adhesives or other fusing means. The fitting can be removed if needed without requiring cutting the plumbing fitting or piping element. Moreover, the plumbing fitting can be removed without required recourse to disconnecting tools. For example, the piping or tube can be removed by simply pushing by hand on the annular releasing member (e.g. the release collar).

DRAWINGS

[0022] The following drawings represent non-limitative examples in which:

[0023] Fig. 1 illustrates a frontal view of an end cap enclosing a receiving member, according to one exemplary embodiment;

[0024] Fig. 2 illustrates a perspective view of the annular releasing member (e.g. release collar) according to one exemplary embodiment;

[0025] Fig. 3 illustrates a front view of the annular locking according to one exemplary embodiment;

[0026] Fig. 4 illustrates a cross-sectional front view of an end cap enclosing a receiving member, according to one exemplary embodiment; [0027] Fig. 5 illustrates a cross-sectional exploded view of the end cap enclosing a receiving member of Fig. 4;

[0028] Fig. 6 illustrates a cross-sectional front view of the end cap of Fig. 1 , 2, 3, 4, and 5;

[0029] Fig. 7 illustrates a perspective view of an elbow fitting that comprises two receiving members at each extremity, in accordance with an alternative exemplary embodiment.

[0030] Fig. 8 illustrates a cross-sectional exploded view of the elbow fitting of Fig.

7;

[0031 ] Fig. 9 illustrates a cross-section partially exploded view of the elbow fitting of Fig. 7 and 8 mounted to a piping element;

[0032] Fig.10 illustrates an exploded view of another type of plumbing fitting, in accordance with a further exemplary embodiment;

[0033] Fig. 1 1 illustrates a cross-sectional exploded view using the plumbing fitting of Fig. 10;

[0034] Fig. 12 illustrates a cross-sectional view of another plumbing fitting mounted to a piping element, in accordance with a further exemplary embodiment;

[0035] Fig. 13 illustrates a cross-sectional view of another plumbing fitting in accordance with a further exemplary embodiment;

[0036] Fig. 14A illustrates an exploded view of another type of plumbing fitting, in accordance with a further exemplary embodiment;

[0037] Fig. 14B is another exploded view of the plumbing fitting of Fig.14A;

[0038] Fig. 14C is another exploded view of the plumbing fitting of Fig.14A;

[0039] Fig. 15A illustrates an exploded view of another type of plumbing fitting, in accordance with a further exemplary embodiment;

[0040] Fig. 15B is a cross section view of the plumbing fitting of Fig. 15A; [0041 ] Fig. 16 illustrates an exploded view of another type of plumbing fitting, in accordance with a further exemplary embodiment;

[0042] Fig. 17 illustrates an exploded view (right side) and an assembled view (left side) of another type of plumbing fitting, in accordance with a further exemplary embodiment; and

[0043] Fig. 18 illustrates an exploded view of two elements for the example of Fig. 17.

DESCRIPTION OF VARIOUS EMBODIMENTS

[0044] The word "a" or "an" when used in conjunction with the term "comprising" in the claims and/or the specification may mean "one", but it is also consistent with the meaning of "one or more", "at least one", and "one or more than one" unless the content clearly dictates otherwise. Similarly, the word "another" may mean "at least a second or more" unless the content clearly dictates otherwise.

[0045] As used in this specification and claim(s), the words "comprising" (and any form of comprising, such as "comprise" and "comprises"), "having" (and any form of having, such as "have" and "has"), "including" (and any form of including, such as "include" and "includes") or "containing" (and any form of containing, such as "contain" and "contains"), are inclusive or open-ended and do not exclude additional, unrecited elements or process steps.

[0046] For example, the annular releasing member is hand actuatable.

[0047] For example, the at least one receiving member is disposed at an extremity of the housing.

[0048] For example, the at least one annular seal and the annular groove are integrally formed.

[0049] For example, the inner diameter of the at least one annular seal is inferior to the inner diameter of the housing.

[0050] For example, wherein the at least one annular seal is an o-ring. [0051 ] For example, the plumbing fitting comprises two annular seals.

[0052] For example, the two annular seals are o-rings.

[0053] For example, the two annular seals are non-contiguous to one another.

[0054] For example, the teeth are dimensioned for preventing rotational movement and longitudinal movement of the piping member within the receiving member.

[0055] For example, the annular base of the annular locking member comprises at least one locking tab extending outwardly therefrom for reducing rotational and longitudinal movement of the annular locking member within the receiving member, the at least one locking tab is inserted in a locking groove formed in the receiving member.

[0056] For example, the annular base of the annular locking member comprises two locking tabs inserted in two locking grooves formed in the receiving member.

[0057] For example, the annular locking member is made of a non-corrosive metal or plastic.

[0058] For example, the non-corrosive metal is stainless steel. [0059] For example, the teeth comprise jagged edges.

[0060] For example, the beveled portion rests in a second chamber formed in the receiving member.

[0061 ] For example, a ledge projecting from the second chamber forms the shoulder against which the beveled portion abuts.

[0062] For example, when the annular releasing member is in the releasing position, the beveled portion presses against the teeth which are displaced towards the surface of the receiving member thereby releasing the teeth from the piping element.

[0063] For example, the annular releasing member further comprises a flanged end opposing the beveled portion. [0064] For example, the flanged end extends radially outwardly from the annular releasing member.

[0065] For example, the flanged end abuts against the receiving member so as to limit movement of the annular releasing member within the housing.

[0066] For example, the pressing of the flanged end presses the beveled portion against the teeth thereby releasing the teeth from the piping member.

[0067] For example, the releasing of the piping element from the teeth does not require recourse to a tool.

[0068] For example, the annular releasing member is actuatable in the absence of a tool.

[0069] For example, the housing comprises two receiving members that are in fluid flow communication with one another.

[0070] For example, the two receiving members comprise a tubing body therebetween.

[0071 ] For example, the housing comprises three receiving members.

[0072] For example, the plumbing fitting is an end cap, a coupling fitting, a Y fitting, a T fitting, a TY fitting, a 45 elbow fitting and a 90 elbow fitting.

[0073] For example, the at least one receiving member is comprised of a first receiving member portion and a second receiving member portion combined together.

[0074] For example, the first receiving member and second receiving member are integrally formed.

[0075] For example, the first receiving member and second receiving member comprise female edges and male edges for coupling therewith.

[0076] In a further there is provided herein a method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting, comprising: obtaining a first half of a receiving member; inserting into the first half of the receiving member at least one annular seal member, an annular locking member and an annular releasing member; and combining together the first half portion of the receiving member with a second half portion of a the receiving member so as to sandwich the at least one annular seal member, the annular locking member and the annular releasing member therebetween.

[0077] For example, the receiving member portions are combined together, an annular groove for receiving the at least one annular seal is formed.

[0078] For example, the receiving member portions are combined together, a first chamber for receiving an annular base of the annular locking member is formed.

[0079] For example, the receiving member portions are combined together, a second chamber for receiving a beveled portion of the annular releasing member is formed.

[0080] For example, the plumbing fitting can further comprising a spacer for urging and/or maintaining teeth of the locking member inwardly.

[0081 ] For example, the plumbing fitting can further comprising a spacer for preventing teeth of the locking from moving outwardly beyond a desired position.

[0082] In another aspect, there is provided a method of manufacturing a plumbing fitting, comprising: obtaining a first portion of a receiving member; inserting into the first portion of the receiving member at least one annular seal member, an annular locking member and an annular releasing member; and combining together the first portion of the receiving member with a second portion of a the receiving member and a third portion of a the receiving member so as to sandwich the at least one annular seal member, the annular locking member and the annular releasing member therebetween. [0083] For example, the plumbing fitting herein disclosed may be manufactured according to a method herein disclosed.

[0084] For example, the receiving element maintains the annular locking member and the at least one annular seal inside the receiving member.

[0085] For example, the receiving element can be glued into the receiving member.

[0086] For example, the receiving element can be snap fitted into the receiving member.

[0087] For example, the receiving element can comprise at least one nipple effective for locking into a matching groove defined into the receiving member.

[0088] For example, the fitting can further comprise a spacer disposed between the annular locking member and the annular seal, the spacer being urging the teeth of the locking member inwardly.

[0089] For example, the fitting can further comprise at least one another annular seal, the seal being connected at a receiving end of the receiving member whereat the piping member is to be received.

[0090] For example, inserting the piping member into the plumbing fitting by applying a pressure on the piping member by pushing the piping member into the plumbing fitting can cause the teeth to move outwardly into the release position and wherein releasing the piping member causes the teeth to move back into the locking position.

[0091 ] For example, inserting the piping member into the plumbing fitting by pushing the piping member into the plumbing fitting can cause the teeth to move outwardly into the release position and wherein releasing the piping member causes the teeth to move back into the locking position.

[0092] For example, the method can further comprise disconnecting the plumbing fitting and the piping member from one another by applying a pressure on a releasing member disposed within the plumbing fitting, wherein applying pressure on the releasing member urges the teeth outwardly in the release position so as to free the piping member; and pulling the piping member from the plumbing fitting.

[0093] For example the method can be carried out in the absence of glue.

[0094] For example the method can be carried out in the absence of glue in the absence of plumbing tool.

[0095] For example the method can be carried out solely with the use of hands.

[0096] The following examples are non-limitative and are used to better exemplify the materials and processes of the present disclosure.

EXAMPLES

[0097] Referring now to Fig. 1 , therein illustrated is a frontal view of an end cap 1 enclosing a receiving member (partially shown). The flanged end of the annular releasing member (release collar) 5 can be seen, along with a piping element 8 mounted on the receiving member.

[0098] According to various exemplary embodiments, the primary opening 5 may be sized according to a size of the piping layout.

[0099] Referring now to Fig. 2, therein illustrated is a perspective view of the annular releasing member (release collar) 5 which forms an L-shaped portion 14 for facilitating the removal of the fitting. This L-shaped portion consists of a flanged end 14 that extends radially outwardly from the annular releasing member 5. On the side opposed to the flanged end, a beveled portion 15 can be observed. When the user pushes on the flanged end 14, this leads to the release of the steel ring teeth 6 of the annular locking member (as shown in Fig. 3) from the piping element 8 (shown in Fig. 1 ).

[00100] According to various exemplary embodiments, the annular releasing member 5, the flanged end 14 and the beveled portion 15 are comprised of a solid part (any type of plastic that can be used in the plumbing industry). For example, the annular releasing member, its flanged end and beveled portion are integrally molded. [00101 ] Referring now to Fig. 3, therein illustrated is a frontal view of an annular locking member (steel ring) 4 with angled teeth 6 extending from the annular base of the annular locking member 4. When in use, the ends of at least one angled tooth 6 lock the piping element from longitudinal movement and the jagged edges 7 prevent the piping element from rotational movement (prevent the piping element from turning). In certain embodiments, as shown in Fig. 3 for example, longitudinal and rotational movement of the annular locking member 4 is further reduced with the aid of locking tabs 12 on one or more sides of the annular locking member 4. For example, there can be 2 or more locking tabs 12 around the annular locking member 4. These locking tabs are inserted in indents or locking grooves 18 formed within the receiving member.

[00102] According to various exemplary embodiments, the annular locking member 4, the teeth 6, jagged edges 7 and locking tabs 12 can be made of any hard material that is non corrosive. For example, they can be made of stainless steel.

[00103] Referring now to Fig. 4, therein illustrated is a cross-sectional view of the end cap 1 enclosing a receiving member. The end cap 1 may be fabricated in different ways but are illustrated here for example as a two-cavity mold (2 half portions of the receiving member) that when combined together form the annular grooves 16 (here two grooves can be observed) as well as the locking grooves (indents) 18. Further, it can be seen in Fig. 4 that a chamber 27 is formed in the receiving member to fit the annular base of the annular locking member 4 therein. The receiving member also comprises an angular portion 9. When in use, the teeth 6 are pushed against this angular portion 9 by the beveled portion 15 of the annular releasing member (as shown in Fig. 5 and 6).

[00104] According to various exemplary embodiments the end cap enclosing a receiving member as shown in Fig. 4, it is also shown that the bottom of the beveled portion of the annular releasing member abuts against the ledge 17. It will be understood that other elements that can be used to retain the annular releasing member in the receiving member. For example, a retaining shoulder can be used. In this example, a second chamber is formed in the receiving member. The beveled portion sits in this second chamber. In this example, one side of the beveled portion (the wider portion) abuts against the ledge projecting from the second chamber and the other side of the beveled portion (the narrower portion) abuts against the annular locking member 4.

[00105] According to various exemplary embodiments, the end cap enclosing a retaining member (as shown in Fig. 4) comprises female edges (slots) 22 and male edges (parts) 24 that can be securely coupled to one another. This overcomes the need to fuse or glue together the parts and allows joining both sides of the plumbing fitting 1. As a result, the two parts are integrally molded.

[00106] Referring now to Fig. 5 and 6, therein illustrated are views of the end cap 1 enclosing a receiving member and more particularly showing the female indent (or edge) 22, male part (or edge) 24, the annular grooves 16 , the locking grooves 18 for the locking tabs 12, the angular portion 9 of the receiving member, the first chamber 27 for receiving the annular base of the annular locking member 4 and the ledge 17 projecting from the second chamber that serves to secure the annular releasing member (release collar) 5. As shown, the annular releasing member 5 comprises a beveled portion 15 that, when is use, is pushed up by the pressing of the L-shaped flanged end 14 to release the teeth 6, 7 which are pressed towards the angular portion 9 of the receiving member.

[00107] Referring now to Fig. 7, therein illustrated is a perspective view of an elbow fitting 2. It will be understood that any other type of fitting such as (45, TY, Y, coupling, etc.) that are suitable for drains, waste or vent systems and also for central systems can be used. These fittings are also suitable for use in medical systems and medical devices as well as in HVAC systems (Heating, Ventilating/Ventilation, and Air Conditioning). Referring now to Fig. 8 and 9, therein illustrated are exploded cross- sectional views of an elbow fitting 2 and its components. In particular, it can be seen in Fig. 8 and 9 the female edge (indent) 22, male edge (part) 24, the annular grooves 16, the locking grooves 18, the angular portion 9 of the receiving member and the first chamber 27. Also shown is the ledge 17 that will secure the annular releasing member 5 from slipping out the receiving member. The beveled portion of the annular releasing member 15 is also shown. In use, the user pushes the flanged end 14 to release the teeth of the annular locking member 4. The teeth are pressed towards the angular portion 9 by the beveled portion which releases the piping element 8. [00108] According to various exemplary embodiments illustrated in Fig. 7, 8 and 9, the receiving member can be placed at either extremity of the fitting body 2. Any other type of fitting such as a 45 fitting, TY fitting, Y fitting, coupling, etc. that are used for drains, waste pipe, pool lines or vent systems and also central systems can be used. Also shown in Fig. 8 and 9 is a shoulder 31 that will ensure an even flow without any chance of blockage in the plumbing fitting.

[00109] Referring now to Fig. 10, therein illustrated is an exploded view of a trap adapter 3 comprising a tail piece 34, a piping element 8, a nut 19 and a nylon washer 37 with the annular releasing member 14.

[001 10] Referring now to Fig. 1 1 , 12, therein illustrated is a cross-sectional exploded view of a trap adapter 3 showing the female edge 22, male edge 24, the annular grooves 16, the locking grooves 18, the angular portion 9 of the receiving member and the chamber 27 that will receive the annular base of the annular locking member 4. Also shown is the ledge 17 for securing the annular releasing member 5. The annular releasing member 5 comprises a beveled portion 15 that when pushed up by the user by pressing the flanged end 14, releases the teeth 6,7 thus releasing the piping element 8.

[001 1 1 ] According to various exemplary embodiments, Fig. 1 1 , 12 also show that after inserting the tail piece 34 in the trap adapter 3, a nut 19 is screwed onto the male adapter 26 and is tightened by the nylon washer 37 to prevent leakage on the tail piece 34. Also shown is a shoulder in the fitting 31 to ensure an even flow without any chance of blockage in the plumbing fitting.

[001 12] According to another example, Fig. 13 shows a fitting having a slidable or retractable portion 99 that can be moved to select a given angle. This expandable fitting thus has this movable portion that acts as a telescopic portion that is configured to adopt a desired angle. This fitting is thus versatile and can be adjusted, for example, to adopt any angle of 0 to 90 degrees. For example, it can be a 45 or 90 degrees angle. As it can be seen from Fig. 13, the fitting is made of a malelfemale configuration, a male portion being slidably inserted into the female portion. Therefore, by sliding the portions (top and bottom) with respect to one another, the user can select the angle that will be adopted by the fitting. [001 13] According now to Figs. 14A, 14B and 14C, there is provided another example. The straight fitting 47 of Figs. 14A, 14B and 14C is similar to those presented in Figs. 7-9 but has some particularities. In fact, it has only one seal at each end. Moreover, it comprises a receiving element 46 for receiving the annular locking member 4. The annular releasing member 5 is also inserted into the receiving element 46 so as to form the combination 55. Once the seal 2 is introduced in the housing 47, the receiving element 46 having the locking member 4 and the releasing member 5 inserted therein can be inserted in the receiving member (more particularly the first chamber of the receiving member). That is eventually done at both ends of the housing 47 that has two receiving members. Then, the fitting is ready to be used and receive at both ends a piping element 8.

[001 14] In Figs. 14A, 14B and 14C, on the left side, the receiving element 46 is shown as having the locking member 4 and the releasing member 5 inserted therein (the combination 55), while on the right side, the received element 46 is show as having the locking member 4 inserted therein, but as being distant from the releasing member 5.

[001 15] For example, the combination 55 can also be glued or soldered into the housing 7 in various manners.

[001 16] The embodiment presented in Figs. 14A, 14B and 14C allows for avoiding to connect together two portions or two halves of a receiving member (for example by using ultrasonic welding). Thus, simply by inserting the various members as described above, the fitting of Figs. 14A, 14B and 14C can be manufactured. For example, the plumbing fitting of Figs. 14A, 14B and 14C can comprise members that are all made of a single piece.

[001 17] The receiving element 46 can also have at least one a seal inserted therein.

[001 18] In the plumbing fitting of Figs. 15A and 15B, the seal 2 in introduced into the coupling or fitting 47. Then, the spacer 51 is inserted into the coupling or fitting 47. Such a spacer is used to maintain or urge the teeth of the locking member 4 inwardly. This allows for maintaining the plumbing fitting efficient even after several uses. The locking member 4 is then inserted into 47 and the receiving element 72 (squeeze cup) squeezes the locking member 4, the spacer 51 and the seal 2 into the fitting or coupling 47. The receiving element 72 also comprises at least one nipple 57 that is effective for locking it into the matching groove or recess 63 formed into the fitting or coupling 47. The recess or grove 63 could alternatively be a slot that is defined in the entire thickness of the fitting 47. The spacer 51 can be made of any type of hard plastic or rubber so that the teeth of the locking member 4 can have a spring back reaction. The receiving element 72 squeezes 4, 51 and 2 to it place in 47 having 57 following the slot and then at the end a small twist will lock the receiving element 72 as well as 4, 51 and 2 into place.

[001 19] Alternatively, the receiving element 72 can be glued into 47, and in such a case does not require the nipple 57 and matching groove or recess 63. The releasing member 5 is pushed or snapped into 72 at the end. The seal 2 can be any type of seal that is used to code.

[00120] Fig. 15B is a cross section of Fig. 15A with the exception of the seal 23 that replaces the seal 2 of Fig. 15A.

[00121 ] It can be seen from Fig. 15B that the plumbing fitting still have 31 that serves as a shoulder or pipe stopper to create an even flow.

[00122] The seal 23 can be of any shape, form or any material needed to create a seal with the pipe.

[00123] The fitting 1 is at one end 23 being a o-ring (or any other type of seal )

[00124] The spacer 51 between the seal 23 and 4 having a bevel in it for the locking member 4 to set on and can be made of any type of hard plastic or rubber so that the teeth can have a spring back reaction,

[00125] The receiving element 61 being a squeeze cup that squeezes locking member 4, spacer 51 and seal 23 into its place in fitting 1 .

[00126] The element 56 being the lock ring that is glued on fitting 1 at the end to hold 61 in place. [00127] The releasing member 5 being the release collar that is snapped into 61

[00128] The element 56 may not be needed if found that gluing or a snapping system of 61 is a better option.

[00129] In Figs. 17 and 18, there is shown a different version the releasing member 105 comprising a nipple 158 dimensioned to enter into slot 159 of the receiving element 172. The receiving element 172 comprises a nipple 157 adapted to be inserted into a slot shown at the bottom left part of fitting 147. The locking member 4, the spacer 51 and the seal 2 are as discussed regarding Fig. 15A. As shown in Fig. 17 (see left side), when all constituents 105, 172, 4, 51 and 2 are snap fitted into fitting 147, the nipple 159 is inserted into slot 161 . In order to release a piping member that would be inserted in all constituents 105, 172, 4, 51 , 2 and 147, a user can simply turn releasing member (see releasing member at left part of Fig. 17) upwardly to more back nipple 159 into slot 160 (rather than slot 161 ) and then push the releasing member 105 toward fitting 147 to urges the teeth of the annular locking member 5 outwardly and disengage the piping by pulling it outside of all constituents105, 172, 4, 51 , 2 and 147. To insert back a piping into fitting 147, the user simply need to insert back the piping into 105, 172, 4, 51 , 2 and 147 and then rotate downwardl member 105 so as to put back nipple into slot 161 (rather than slot 160), thereby locking the piping member into fitting 147.

[00130] It will be understood that any other type of fitting such as (45, TY, Y, coupling, etc.) can be used rather than the straight fitting shown in Figs. 14A, 14B 14C, 15A, 15B, 16, 17 and 18. Such a fitting can be ABS or PVC or any other type of DWV, HVAC or medical pipe being used for that purpose. It can be suitable for drains, waste or vent systems and also for central systems can be used. The fitting can be suitable for use in medical systems and medical devices as well as in HVAC systems (Heating, Ventilating/Ventilation, and Air Conditioning).

[00131 ] It was found that the fitting, methods and kits of the present disclosure are very useful since can avoid using ABS glue or PVC glue or primers that can be required before applying a glue. Moreover, thyn can be assembled without the use of plumbing tools. That can also be used without requiring a precise straight alignment (like conventional plumbing fittings). In conventional plumbing fitting, if the alignment is not almost perfectly straight, this may result in water leaking. Also, the fitting, allow for a rotation of the piping into the fitting. Glued conventional piping members and fittings cannot rotate with respect to one another. Also a user can easily disassemble a piping from a fitting by pressing the release member and rapidly reintroduce it. That cannot be done with a conventional glued piping and fitting combination. A lot of wasted time and material can be saved by using the fittings, kits and methods of the present disclosure.

[00132] The scope of the claims should not be limited by specific embodiments and examples provided in the disclosure, but should be given the broadest interpretation consistent with the disclosure as a whole.