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Title:
POLYMER COMPOSITION COMPRISING POLYCARBONATE AND ABS WITH IMPROVED HEAT AGEING AND SURFACE APPEARANCE PROPERTIES.
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/104215
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a polymer composition comprising: - polycarbonate; - acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and ≥ 0.001 and ≤ 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. Such polymer composition demonstrates a reduction of surface defects in the form of silver streaks, whereas further demonstrating a desired balance of mechanical properties, thermal properties and processing properties.

Inventors:
ZHOU, Jiaoyan (P.O. Box 3008, 6160 GA Geleen, 6160 GA, NL)
SHAN, Wei (P.O Box 3008, 6160 GA Geleen, 6160 GA, NL)
SHEN, Miao (P.O Box 3008, 6160 GA Geleen, 6160 GA, NL)
Application Number:
EP2017/081348
Publication Date:
June 14, 2018
Filing Date:
December 04, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V. (Plasticslaan 1, 4612 PX Bergen op Zoom, 4612 PX, NL)
International Classes:
C08L69/00; C08K3/32; C08L55/02
Foreign References:
US20140275375A12014-09-18
EP2390282A12011-11-30
EP2189497A12010-05-26
EP2006333A12008-12-24
US20030047839A12003-03-13
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SABIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY GROUP (P.O. Box 3008, 6160 GA GELEEN, 6160 GA, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

Polymer composition comprising:

polycarbonate;

acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Polymer composition according to claim 1 , wherein the phosphate salt is a monobasic phosphate salt, a dibasic phosphate salt or a tribasic phosphate salt.

Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-2, wherein the phosphate salt is a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, monobasic calcium phosphate, dibasic calcium phosphate, tribasic calcium phosphate, monobasic magnesium phosphate, dibasic magnesium phosphate, tribasic magnesium phosphate, monobasic sodium phosphate, dibasic sodium phosphate, tribasic sodium phosphate, monobasic potassium phosphate, dibasic potassium phosphate, tribasic potassium phosphate, or combinations thereof.

Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate.

Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-4 wherein the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt% of the phosphate salt with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-5, comprising:

- ≥ 50.0 and < 95.0 wt% of the polycarbonate;

≥ 5.0 and < 80.0 wt% of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer

with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

7. Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein the polycarbonate comprises a polycarbonate comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane.

Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-7, wherein the polycarbonate is a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight of less than 45000 g/mol, and second polycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight of at least 50000 g/mol. 9. Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-8, wherein the polycarbonate is a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, and wherein the polymer composition comprises≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

10. Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-9, wherein the acrylonitrile- butadiene-styrene copolymer is a copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene.

1 1 . Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-10 wherein the acrylonitrile- butadiene-styrene copolymer comprises≥ 10.0 wt% and < 70.0 wt% of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer.

12. Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-1 1 , wherein the acrylonitrile- butadiene-styrene copolymer comprises a mixture of a first copolymer and a second copolymer, the first copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene.

13. Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-12, wherein the acrylonitrile- butadiene-styrene copolymer comprises a mixture of a first copolymer and a second copolymer, and wherein the first copolymer comprises≥ 40.0 wt% and < 70.0 wt% of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the first copolymer.

Polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-13, wherein the acrylonitrile- butadiene-styrene copolymer comprises a mixture of a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer consists of polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene, wherein the polymer composition comprises < 15.0 wt% of the first copolymer and < 15.0 wt% of the second copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition; and wherein the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt% of a phosphate salt being a monobasic phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the monobasic phosphate salt accounts for >90.0 wt% of the total of phosphate salts present in the polymer composition.

Injection moulded article produced using the polymer composition according to any one of claims 1-14.

Description:
Polymer composition comprising polycarbonate and ABS with improved heat ageing and surface appearance properties.

The present invention relates to a polymer composition comprising polycarbonate and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS), wherein the polymer composition

demonstrates improved heat ageing properties and improved surface appearance properties.

Polymer compositions comprising polycarbonate and ABS are well known polymeric materials that find their application in a wide variety of technical fields. ABS is a copolymer of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene. A particular area of application where such compositions find their use is in automotive parts, such as injection moulded parts. Because of their suitable balance of properties, both with regard to the quality of the moulded part as well as with regard to the ease and quality of use during the moulding process, polymer compositions comprising polycarbonate and ABS are widely used for such applications.

As a results of amongst others developments in design of automotive parts, it is increasingly desired to be able to produce parts having a particularly large size using such polymer compositions. Such large parts also contain larger surface areas. The polymer compositions comprising polycarbonate and ABS according to the state of the art however are prone to surface defects that occur when moulded into a part having a large surface area via injection moulding.

A particular indicator for the presence of such surface defects is the presence of so-called silver streaks. This phenomenon is discussed in for example US20030047839A1 .

US20030047839A1 mentions it to be occurring in injection moulding processes of amongst others compositions comprising polycarbonate and ABS, and seek to provide a solution to this issue by using a particular type of injection moulding machine having a defined dimension of the shot volume related to the screw stroke. This process however provides significant

disadvantages, a main being the fact that being confined to such particular geometry of the injection moulding machine it requires a particular design for each particular injection moulding process, where in practise it is desired to use a particular screw design of an injection moulding machine in combination with different moulds that may require variation of the shot volume. It is therefore desirable to have access to a polymer composition that demonstrates a reduced tendency to silver streak formation and can be used without being confined to a particular design of the injection moulding machine that is used in the production of injection moulded parts using the polymer composition. Further, in particular when producing large area or volume articles via injection moulding, the molten polymer composition may, in certain circumstances or process conditions, during the injection moulding process be exposed to a certain long residence time in the melt phase at elevated temperatures, particularly temperatures above the melting point of the thermoplastic components in the polymer composition. Such lengthy exposure can lead to polymer degradation to occur, which may affect the weight average molecular weight of the polymers in the polymer composition, for example of the polycarbonate. It is therefore further also desired to have access to thermoplastic compositions wherein the degradation occurring as a result of exposure to temperatures above the melting temperature is particularly low.

The above clearly presents that there is a desire to obtain polymer compositions comprising polycarbonate and ABS that do provide the desired properties with regard to part quality and processability via injection moulding, but which show an improved quality of the surface area of parts produced via injection moulding.

This has now been achieved according to the present invention by a polymer composition comprising:

polycarbonate;

acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Such polymer composition demonstrates a reduction of surface defects in the form of silver streaks, whereas further demonstrating a desired balance of mechanical properties, thermal properties and processing properties. Further, such polymer composition demonstrates a particularly low decrease of the weight average molecular weight upon lengthy exposure to temperatures above the melting temperature of the polymer components of the composition, such as a temperature of 300°C or above.

The polymer composition according to the present invention comprises polycarbonate. Polycarbonate in the context of the present invention may for example relate to polymers or mixtures of polymers comprising polymeric units according to the formula I:

formula I wherein R1 is a moiety comprising at least one aromatic ring. Preferably, at least 60% of the polymeric units in the polycarbonate are units according to formula I. More preferably, at least 80% of the polymeric units in the polycarbonate are units according to formula I. Even more preferably, at least 90%, or at least 95%, or at least 98% of the polymeric units in the polycarbonate are units according to formula I. In a particular embodiment, the polycarbonate is a homopolymer comprising repeating units according to formula I.

In a particular embodiment, R1 is a moiety having a molecular formula R2-R3-R2, wherein each R2 individually is a monocyclic divalent aryl moiety and R3 is a bridging moiety wherein each R2 is bound to the same atom of moiety R3. For example, R3 may be a hydrocarbon moiety, for example a hydrocarbon moiety comprising 1 -10 carbon atoms. In a particular embodiment, R3 is a moiety selected from methylene, cyclohexylidene or isopropylidene.

It is particularly preferred that each R2 is phenyl and R3 is isopropylidene.

The polycarbonate that may be used in the polymer composition according to the present invention may for example be produced via interfacial polymerisation processes or via bulk polymerisation processes. The polycarbonate preferably comprises polymeric units comprising moieties derived from 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane. Preferably, the moieties R1 according to formula I are moieties derived from 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane.

The polycarbonate may for example have a weight average molecular weight of≥ 20000 g/mol, preferably≥ 25000 g/mol, more preferably≥ 30000 g/mol, more preferably≥ 35000 g/mol, more preferably≥ 40000 g/mol. The polycarbonate may for example have a molecular weight of < 100000 g/mol, preferably < 80000 g/mol, more preferably < 70000 g/mol, more preferably < 60000 g/mol. The polycarbonate may for example have a weight average molecular weight of≥ 20000 and < 100000 g/mol, preferably≥ 25000 and < 80000 g/mol, more preferably ≥ 30000 and < 80000 g/mol, more preferably≥ 35000 and < 70000 g/mol, more preferably≥ 40000 and < 60000 g/mol. Such polycarbonate provides desirable processing properties combined with desirable properties of the moulded product.

The polycarbonate that is used in the polymer composition according to the present invention is in a particular embodiment a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate. It is preferred that the first polycarbonate has a different weight average molecular weight than the second polycarbonate. It is preferred that the first polycarbonate has a lower weight average molecular weight than the second polycarbonate. This first

polycarbonate may for example have a weight average molecular weight of≥ 20000 and < 50000 g/mol, preferably≥ 30000 and < 45000 g/mol, more preferably≥ 35000 and < 42000 g/mol. The second polycarbonate may for example have a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 100000 g/mol, preferably≥ 50000 and < 80000 g/mol, more preferably≥ 52000 and < 60000 g/mol. It is particularly preferred that the polycarbonate is a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, wherein the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 20000 and < 50000 g/mol and wherein the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 100000 g/mol. It is further is particularly preferred that the polycarbonate is a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, wherein the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 30000 and < 45000 g/mol and wherein the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 70000 g/mol. Alternatively, the polycarbonate may be a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight of less than 45000 g/mol, and second polycarbonate having a weight average molecular weight of at least 50000 g/mol.

The weight average molecular weight M w may for example be determined using size- exclusion chromatography using polycarbonate standards, such as for example via the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012).

It is preferred that the polymer composition according to the present invention comprises≥ 30.0 wt% of polycarbonate, more preferably≥ 40.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 50.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 60.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 70.0 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. It is preferred that the polymer composition comprises < 95.0 wt% of polycarbonate, more preferably < 90.0 wt%, more preferably < 85.0 wt%, more preferably < 80.0 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

It is particularly preferred that the polymer composition comprises≥ 30.0 wt% and < 95.0 wt% of polycarbonate, more preferably≥ 50.0 wt% and < 90.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 60.0 wt% and < 85.0 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

In the embodiment of the invention where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the polymer composition comprises≥ 10.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate and≥ 10.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. More preferably, the polymer composition comprises≥ 20.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate and≥ 20.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. Even more preferably, the polymer composition comprises≥ 30.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate and≥ 30 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Preferably, the polymer composition comprises < 45.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate and < 45.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. More preferably, the polymer composition comprises < 40.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate and < 40.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Particularly preferably, the polymer composition comprises≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. More preferably, the polymer composition comprises≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Further particularly preferably, the polymer composition comprises≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 20000 and < 50000 g/mol and wherein the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 100000 g/mol. More preferably, the polymer composition comprises≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 30000 and < 45000 g/mol and wherein the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 70000 g/mol.

It is particularly preferred that where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, one of the first polycarbonate and the second polycarbonate is produced via interfacial polymerisation. It is further particularly preferred that where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, one of the first polycarbonate and the second polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation. It is particularly preferred that where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, one of the first polycarbonate and the second polycarbonate is produced via interfacial polymerisation and the other of the first polycarbonate and the second

polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation.

Even further particularly, it is preferred that where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate has a lower weight average molecular weight than the second polycarbonate, and the first polycarbonate is produced via interfacial polymerisation. It is also particularly preferred that where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate has a lower weight average molecular weight than the second polycarbonate, and the second polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation. It is even further particularly preferred that where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate has a lower molecular weight than the second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate is produced via interfacial polymerisation, and the second polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation.

In particular, where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, it is preferred that the first polycarbonate is produced via interfacial

polymerisation and the second polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation, wherein the polymer composition comprises≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. Further particularly, where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, it is preferred that the first polycarbonate is produced via interfacial polymerisation and the second polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation, wherein the polymer composition comprises≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Even further particularly, where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, it is preferred that the first polycarbonate is produced via interfacial polymerisation and the second polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation, wherein the polymer composition comprises≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 10.0 and < 45.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 20000 and < 50000 g/mol and wherein the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 100000 g/mol. More further particularly, where the polycarbonate is a mixture of a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, it is preferred that the first polycarbonate is produced via interfacial polymerisation and the second polycarbonate is produced via melt polymerisation, wherein the polymer composition comprises≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the first polycarbonate, and≥ 30.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the second polycarbonate, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 30000 and < 45000 g/mol and wherein the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 70000 g/mol. The polymer composition according to the present invention comprises acrylonitrile- butadiene-styrene copolymer. The acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer is also referred to as ABS.

The polymer composition according to the present invention may for example comprise≥

5.0 wt%, preferably≥ 10.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 15.0 wt%, or even more preferably≥ 20.0 wt% of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

The polymer composition according to the present invention may for example comprise < 80.0 wt%, preferably < 60.0 wt%, more preferably < 50.0 wt%, or even more preferably < 40.0 wt% of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Preferably, the polymer composition according to the present invention comprises≥ 5.0 and < 80.0 wt%, preferably≥ 10.0 and < 60.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 20.0 and < 40.0 wt% of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

The ABS may for example be a copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene. The ABS may for example be a copolymer comprising≥ 10.0 wt% and < 70.0 wt% of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the ABS. Preferably, ABS may is a copolymer comprising≥ 20.0 wt% and < 60.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 30.0 wt% and < 50.0 wt% of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the ABS.

In a particular embodiment, the ABS comprises a mixture of a first copolymer and a second copolymer. The first copolymer may be a copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene. The second copolymer may be a copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene.

In the embodiment of the invention where the ABS is a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, where first copolymer is a copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene and the second copolymer is a copolymer comprising polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene, it is preferred that the first copolymer comprises≥ 40.0 wt% and < 70.0 wt%, more preferably≥ 40.0 and < 60.0 wt%, of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the first copolymer.

In a particular embodiment of the invention, the ABS is a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer comprises polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene.

Preferably, the ABS is a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer comprises polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene, wherein the second copolymer does not comprise moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene.

More preferably, the ABS is a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer consists of polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene.

Further preferably, the ABS is a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer comprises polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene, wherein the polymer composition comprises < 15.0 wt% of the second copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. Even more preferably, the ABS is a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer comprises polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene, wherein the polymer composition comprises < 15.0 wt% of the first copolymer and < 15.0 wt% of the second copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

The polymer composition according the invention may for example comprise:

- ≥ 50.0 and < 95.0 wt% of the polycarbonate;

≥ 5.0 and < 80.0 wt% of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

The polymer composition according to the present invention comprises≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. The phosphate salt may be a monobasic phosphate salt, a dibasic phosphate salt or a tribasic phosphate salt. The phosphate salt may be a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, monobasic calcium phosphate, dibasic calcium phosphate, tribasic calcium phosphate, monobasic magnesium phosphate, dibasic magnesium phosphate, tribasic magnesium phosphate, monobasic sodium phosphate, dibasic sodium phosphate, tribasic sodium phosphate, monobasic potassium phosphate, dibasic potassium phosphate, tribasic potassium phosphate, or combinations thereof.

It is preferred that the phosphate salt is a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, monobasic calcium phosphate, dibasic calcium phosphate, tribasic calcium phosphate, monobasic magnesium phosphate, dibasic magnesium phosphate, tribasic magnesium phosphate, or combinations thereof.

It is particularly preferred that the phosphate salt is a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, or combinations thereof.

It is even more particularly preferred that the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate.

The polymer composition according to the invention in a preferred embodiment comprises ≥ 0.001 and < 0.400 wt% of the phosphate salt, more preferably≥ 0.002 and < 0.300 wt%, even more preferably≥ 0.005 and < 0.200 wt%, even more preferably ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. It is particularly preferred that the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.001 and < 0.400 wt% of the phosphate salt, more preferably≥ 0.002 and < 0.300 wt%, even more preferably≥ 0.005 and < 0.200 wt%, even more preferably ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the phosphate salt is a monobasic phosphate salt, a dibasic phosphate salt or a tribasic phosphate salt.

More particularly, it is preferred that the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.001 and <

0.400 wt% of the phosphate salt, more preferably≥ 0.002 and < 0.300 wt%, even more preferably≥ 0.005 and < 0.200 wt%, even more preferably ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the phosphate salt is a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, monobasic calcium phosphate, dibasic calcium phosphate, tribasic calcium phosphate, monobasic magnesium phosphate, dibasic magnesium phosphate, tribasic magnesium phosphate, monobasic sodium phosphate, dibasic sodium phosphate, tribasic sodium phosphate, monobasic potassium phosphate, dibasic potassium phosphate, tribasic potassium phosphate, or combinations thereof. Even more particularly, it is preferred that the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.001 and < 0.400 wt% of the phosphate salt, more preferably≥ 0.002 and < 0.300 wt%, even more preferably≥ 0.005 and < 0.200 wt%, even more preferably ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the phosphate salt is a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, monobasic calcium phosphate, dibasic calcium phosphate, tribasic calcium phosphate, monobasic magnesium phosphate, dibasic magnesium phosphate, tribasic magnesium phosphate, or combinations thereof. Even more particularly, it is preferred that the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.001 and < 0.400 wt% of the phosphate salt, more preferably≥ 0.002 and < 0.300 wt%, even more preferably≥ 0.005 and < 0.200 wt%, even more preferably ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the phosphate salt is a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, or combinations thereof. Further particularly, it is preferred that that the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.005 and < 0.200 wt%, of the phosphate salt, more preferably ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the phosphate salt is a compound selected from monobasic zinc phosphate, dibasic zinc phosphate, tribasic zinc phosphate, or combinations thereof. Even further particularly, it is preferred that that the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.005 and < 0.200 wt%, of the phosphate salt, more preferably≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate.

Particularly, it is preferred that the polymer composition comprises≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt%, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition of a phosphate being a monobasic phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, preferably zinc, wherein the monobasic phosphate salt accounts for >90.0 wt%, preferably >95.0 wt% of the total of phosphate salts present in the polymer composition.

A further embodiment of the present invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

polycarbonate; acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 35000 and < 70000 g/mol as determined in accordance with the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012).

In yet a further embodiment, the present invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

- ≥ 50.0 and < 95.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 5.0 and < 80.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 35000 and < 70000 g/mol as determined in accordance with the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012).

In a further particularly preferred embodiment, the present invention also relates to a polymer composition comprising:

- ≥ 50.0 and < 95.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 5.0 and < 80.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

- ≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 35000 and < 70000 g/mol as determined in accordance with the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012); and wherein the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate.

Further, a particular embodiment of the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

polycarbonate;

acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

- ≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate is a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 30000 and < 45000 g/mol and the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 70000 g/mol.

More particularly, the present invention also relates in one of its embodiments to a polymer composition comprising:

- ≥ 50.0 and < 95.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 5.0 and < 80.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate is a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 30000 and < 45000 g/mol and the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 70000 g/mol. Further more particularly, the present invention relates in yet another embodiment to a polymer composition comprising:

- ≥ 50.0 and < 95.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 5.0 and < 80.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate is a mixture comprising a first polycarbonate and a second polycarbonate, the first polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 30000 and < 45000 g/mol and the second polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 50000 g/mol and < 70000 g/mol, and wherein the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate.

In another particular embodiment, the polymer composition comprises

polycarbonate;

≥ 20.0 and < 40.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Also, an embodiment of the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising: ≥ 50.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 20.0 and < 45.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and ≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

More particularly, the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

≥ 50.0 wt% polycarbonate;

- ≥ 20.0 and < 45.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate. In a particularly desired embodiment, the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising

polycarbonate;

≥ 20.0 and < 40.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer comprising≥ 20.0 wt% and < 60.0 wt%, of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

Also, an embodiment of the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising: ≥ 50.0 wt% polycarbonate;

- ≥ 20.0 and < 45.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer comprising≥ 20.0 wt% and < 60.0 wt%, of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition.

More particularly, the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

≥ 50.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 20.0 and < 45.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer comprising≥ 20.0 wt% and < 60.0 wt%, of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

- ≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate. In a further particularly desired embodiment, the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising

polycarbonate;

≥ 20.0 and < 40.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer comprising≥ 20.0 wt% and < 60.0 wt%, of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate may has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 35000 and < 70000 g/mol as determined in accordance with the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012).

Also, an embodiment of the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising: ≥ 50.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 20.0 and < 45.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer comprising≥ 20.0 wt% and < 60.0 wt%, of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 35000 and < 70000 g/mol as determined in accordance with the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012).

More particularly, the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

≥ 50.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 20.0 and < 45.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer comprising≥ 20.0 wt% and < 60.0 wt%, of moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene, with regard to the total weight of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer; and

≥ 0.001 and < 0.500 wt% of a phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition;

wherein the phosphate salt is monobasic zinc phosphate; and

wherein the polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of≥ 35000 and < 70000 g/mol as determined in accordance with the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012).

Further preferably, the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

≥ 70.0 wt% polycarbonate; ≥ 15.0 and < 30.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer being a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer consists of polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene; and

≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt% of a phosphate salt being a monobasic phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium

with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

≥ 70.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 15.0 and < 30.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer being a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer consists of polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene; and ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt% of a phosphate salt being a monobasic phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium

with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition

wherein the monobasic phosphate salt accounts for >90.0 wt% of the total of phosphate salts present in the polymer composition.

Even further particularly preferred is an embodiment wherein the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

≥ 70.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 15.0 and < 30.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer being a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer consists of polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene, wherein the polymer composition comprises < 15.0 wt% of the first copolymer and < 15.0 wt% of the second copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition; and ≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt% of a phosphate salt being a monobasic phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium

with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition

wherein the monobasic phosphate salt accounts for >90.0 wt% of the total of phosphate salts present in the polymer composition.

Also particularly preferred is an embodiment wherein the invention relates to a polymer composition comprising:

≥ 70.0 wt% polycarbonate;

≥ 15.0 and < 30.0 wt% acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer being a mixture comprising a first copolymer and a second copolymer, wherein the first copolymer comprises moieties derived from acrylonitrile, moieties derived from 1 ,3-butadiene and moieties derived from styrene, and the second copolymer consists of polymeric units comprising moieties derived from acrylonitrile and moieties derived from styrene, wherein the polymer composition comprises < 15.0 wt% of the first copolymer and < 15.0 wt% of the second copolymer, with regard to the total weight of the polymer composition; and

≥ 0.010 and < 0.100 wt% of a phosphate salt being a monobasic phosphate salt of zinc, sodium, calcium, potassium or magnesium

wherein the monobasic phosphate salt is the only phosphate salt present in the polymer composition.

The invention also relates to an injection moulded article produced using the polymer composition according to the present invention.

The invention will now be illustrated by the following non-limiting examples.

For the experiments that were performed to demonstrate the present invention, the materials as listed in table I below were used.

Table I: Materials

PC1 Lexan ML5221 -1 1 1 N, a bisphenol-A based polycarbonate produced via

interfacial polymerisation, having M w of about 41000 g/mol, obtainable from SABIC PC2 Lexan 102L-1 1204, a bisphenol-A based polycarbonate produced via melt polymerisation, having M w of about 55000 g/mol, obtainable from SABIC

ABS ABS HR181 , an acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer produced via

emulsion polymerisation, comprising 50.0 wt% of units derived from butadiene, obtainable from Kumho

SAN SAN INP581 , an acrylonitrile-styrene copolymer produced via mass

polymerisation, obtainable from SABIC

PETS Pentaerythritol tetrastearate, CAS reg. no. 1 15-83-3, obtainable from FACI

AO Irganox 1076, CAS reg. no. 2082-79-3, obtainable from BASF

PH Irgafos 168, Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphite, CAS reg. no. 31570-04-4, obtainable from BASF

MZP Z 21 -82, Monobasic zinc phosphate, CAS reg. no. 13598-37-3, obtainable from

Budenheim

PA Phosphorous acid 45%, CAS reg. no. 10294-56-1 , obtainable from Sinopharm

CB M800, a carbon black, CAS reg. no. 1333-86-4, obtainable from Cabot

Using the above listed materials, a number of polymer compositions were prepared via melt compounding according to the formulations as presented in table II below. The melt compounding was performed in a Toshiba twin screw extruder having a screw length of 1517 mm, at a barrel temperature of 260°C, a screw speed of 400 rpm and a throughput of 60kg/h. Formulations 1 and 2 present polymer compositions according to the present invention.

Formulations 3-6 present comparative examples.

Table II: Formulations of polymer compositions

PA 0.05 0.10

CB 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50

The quantities as presented in table II represent parts by weight.

Of each of the polymer compositions that were prepared, various properties including materials properties, processing properties and surface appearance properties were determined as presented in table III.

. Properties of experimental polymer compositions.

MFR is the melt mass flow rate as determined in accordance with ASTM D1238 (2013), at a temperature of 260°C and a loading of 5.00 kg, expressed in g/10 min. The MFR may be considered an indicator for the processability of the polymer composition. A higher melt mass flow rate indicates a less viscous and thus better flowing polymer composition.

Izod 23 is the notched Izod impact strength as determined in accordance with ASTM D256 (2010) at 23°C, expressed in J/m.

Izod -30 is the notched Izod impact strength as determined in accordance with ASTM D256 (2010) at -30°C, expressed in J/m.

TM is the tensile modulus as determined in accordance with ASTM D638 (2014), expressed in MPA.

HDT is the heat deflection temperature as determined in accordance with ASTM D648 (2016) using samples of 6.4 mm under a load of 1.82 MPa, expressed in °C. PC AMw is the reduction of the molecular weight M w of the polycarbonate in the polymer composition after subjecting the polymer composition to abusive moulding conditions by exposure for a period of 20 min to a temperature of 300°C in a moulding machine. The M w of the polycarbonate was determined on the polymer composition as prepared by melt compounding (M w 1 ) and on the polymer composition obtained after subjecting the polymer composition to the abusive conditions (M w 2). The M w was determined via size-exclusion chromatography using polycarbonate standards, via the method of ISO 16014-1 (2012). AM W is expressed in % and was calculated as:

M w l - M w 2

M W = w w * 100%

SSR is the reduction of silver streaks on the surface of moulded plaques compared to a standard, expressed in %. For determination of the silver streak reduction, composition 5 was taken as standard; it represent the polymer composition without any measures taken to improve the surface properties in term of silver streaks. For determination of the quantity of silver streaks, a quantity of material of each of the polymer compositions was subjected to a dwell time in an injection moulding machine of 20 min at 300°C, upon which plaques were moulded having a length of 90 mm, a width of 60 mm and a thickness of 2.0 mm. By visual inspection, the quantity of silver streaks on each plaque was determined. The reduction of silver streaks SSR for each of the polymer compositions was determined via:

SSR n =— ^ ss— 5 - * 100 %

Wherein

SSR n = the silver streak reduction for a given polymer composition n; SS n = the number of silver streaks observed on sample plaques of polymer composition n; and

SS5 = the number of silver streaks observed on sample plaques of polymer composition 5.

A positive SSR indicates a reduction of silver streaks; a negative SSR indicates an increase of silver streaks.

The above examples show that the polymer composition according to the present invention demonstrates desirable materials properties, as indicated by the Izod impact strength and the tensile modulus, desirable thermal properties as indicated by the heat deflection temperature, desirable processing properties as indicated by the melt mass flow rate, and provide an unexpected reduction of the quantities of sliver streaks. It is further demonstrated by polymer composition 2 that incorporation of a quantity of≥ 0.02 and < 0.10 wt% of zinc phosphate provides a particular reduction of the quantity of silver streaks combined with a particular low reduction of the molecular weight of the polycarbonate after abusive moulding.