Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PORTABLE ELECTRIC CUTTING AND SCORING SAW
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1993/003894
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A portable electric cutting and scoring saw (10) for use on laminated or venner products (78, 80), is disclosed. The scoring saw (14) is disposed in front of the cutting saw (12) and turns in the opposite direction (82 and 84). The saw includes a housing (62) with a front handle (54) and a rear handle (56) with a trigger switch (66). The housing is attached to a base plate (58) and contains a drive motor which through two gears (20, 26), drives a cutting saw shaft (28) and blade (12); and through two additional gears (34, 42), drives a scoring saw shaft (44) and blade (14); saw guard (60) protects against the scoring and cutting blades (14, 12). In another embodiment, the housing is attached to the base plate (58) through two brackets (106, 130) which allow for an angle of cut adjustment. Additional features (100) are provided for a depth adjustment. Different embodiments allow for use of electric motors changing the motor size (110), use of helical gears, conical teeth (126) on the scoring blade, and a battery power-pak for a cordless version (134).

Inventors:
Fiala, Paul
Application Number:
PCT/US1992/006901
Publication Date:
March 04, 1993
Filing Date:
August 14, 1992
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
Fiala, Paul
International Classes:
B23D45/10; B23D45/16; B27G19/10; (IPC1-7): B27B9/00
Foreign References:
US4245390A
US4706535A
EP0324444A2
US3120777A
DE3318507A1
US5148732A
US5136910A
DE3230869A1
EP0129754A1
US4181164A
US5117722A
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims
1. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw for use on a workpiece having a top portion and a bottom portion with laminate or veneer bonded to the top portion or the bottom portion, comprising: housing means containing a front handle at one end and a rear handle with a trigger switch on the other end; drive means contained in said housing means; a drive shaft attached to said drive means; a cutting saw shaft geared to said drive shaft; a cutting saw blade connected to said cutting saw shaft; an idler shaft geared to said drive shaft; a scoring saw shaft geared to said idler shaft wherein said cutting saw blade and a scoring saw blade are directly driven by a set of gears; said scoring saw blade connected to said scoring saw shaft; and guard means covering said scoring saw and said cutting saw.
2. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said housing means comprises a motor housing, a saw blade housing and a gearbox housing.
3. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said drive means attached to said drive shaft is a high speed electric motor.
4. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said drive shaft has a helical gear attached thereto.
5. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said cutting saw shaft has a helical gear attached thereto.
6. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said idler shaft has a helical gear attached thereto.
7. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said scoring saw shaft has a helical gear attached thereto.
8. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said drive shaft, said cutting saw shaft, said idler shaft and said scoring saw shaft contain bearings pressed thereon.
9. A portable electric riming and scoring saw as described in Claim 8 wherein said bearings are of the selflubricating type.
10. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said scoring saw blade and said cutting saw blade lie in the same plane and are in perfect alignment by indexing off of a common surface.
11. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said scoring saw blade contains teeth of the conical tooth design.
12. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said cutting saw blade and said scoring saw blade turn in opposite directions.
13. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said scoring saw blade cuts a depth of 1/8 inch (032 cm) and said cutting saw blade cuts a minimum depth of 3/4 inches (1.91 cm) and a maximum depth of 1 3/4 inches (4.44 cm), said 3/4 inch (1.91 cm) and said 1 3/4 inches (4.44 cm) depths obtained by changing said cutting saw blades of different diameter.
14. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said scoring saw blade has a cut width greater than the cut width of said cutting saw blade whereby said scoring saw blade cut width is approximately .002 inches (0.0051 cm) on each side of two planes formed by the cutting saw cut width.
15. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 whereby said guard means is spring biased and rotates around the shaft of said cutting saw.
16. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 1 wherein said rear handle contains a spring biased trigger switch for turning on said drive means.
17. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 3 wherein said electric motor has a battery powerpak attached thereto to result in a cordless embcidimenL.
18. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 17 wherein said battery powerpak is at least 9.6 volts.
19. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw for use on a workpiece having a top portion and a bottom portion with laminate or veneer bonded to the top portion or the bottom portion, comprising: housing means containing a front handle at one end and a rear handle with a trigger switch on the other end, said housing means having a base plate attached to said housing means; a drive means contained in said housing means; a drive shaft attached to said drive means; a cutting saw shaft geared to said drive shaft; a cutting saw blade connected to said cutting saw shaft; an idler shaft geared to said drive shaft; a scoring saw shaft geared to said idler shaft wherein said cutting saw blade and a scoring saw blade are directly driven by a set of gears; said scoring saw blade connected to said scoring saw shaft; guard means covering said scoring saw blade and said cutting saw blade; means to adjust the depth of cut of said cutting saw blade and said scoring saw blade; means to adjust the angle of cut of said cutting saw blade and said scoring saw blade; and means to change said drive means in said housing means.
20. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 19 wherein said drive means attached to said drive shaft is a high speed electric motor, said high speed electric motor having a quick release mechanism in order to be able to replace said motor with a motor having different horsepower and/or R.P.M.
21. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 19 wherein said scoring saw blade turns at least 5,000 R.P.M.
22. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 19 wherein said electric motor has a power cord attached thereto.
23. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 19 wherein said means to adjust the depth of cut of said cutting saw blade and said scoring saw blade is by means of a locking nut on a slotted guide bracket to set and hold the desired depth.
24. A portable electric cutting and scoring saw as described in Claim 19 wherein said means to adjust the angle of cut of said cĪ€itting saw blade and said scoring saw blade is by means of a locking bolt on a slotted guide bracket to set and hold the desired angle of cut.
25. A method of cutting a workpiece having a laminate or veneer on the top side or on the top and bottom side with a portable electric cutting and scoring saw comprising: providing a housing to contain a high speed electric motor, a set of gears, bearings, a cutting saw shaft, a scoring saw shaft, and an idler shaft, respectively, said blades lying in the same plane, said scoring saw blade is approximately 0.002 inches (0.0051 cm) wider on each side of two planes formed by the cutting saw blade width; turning said ratting saw and scoring shafts by said high speed electric motor; gearing said electric motor to said cutting and scoring saw shafts; using said set of gears to directly drive said cutting saw blade and said scoring saw blade such that the cutting saw blade and scoring saw blade turn in opposite directions at least 5,000 RPM; providing an adjustment to control the depth of cut; providing an adjustment to control the angle of cut; providing a removable and replaceable motor in said housing; providing a rechargeable battery powerpak to drive said high speed electric motor; providing a rear handle having an on and off spring biased trigger switch to turn on and off said electric motor, said rear handle also used to push said portable electric cutting and scoring saw across said workpiece; providing a front handle to guide the cutting and scoring saw; aligning the cutting and scoring saw with the said workpiece to prepare for the cut; activating the cutting and scoring saw electric motor by means of a trigger switch; pushing on said rear handle and quiding said portable cutting and scoring saw by said front handle; and scoring the top surface of said workpiece ahead of said cutting blade allowing a smooth cut to be made on said workpiece.
Description:
Portable Electric Cutting and Scoring Saw

Technical Field

The present invention relates in general to a portable electric cutting and scoring saw to be 10 used by an experienced cabinet maker where minates or veneers that are to be cut he on the top surface or on the top and bottom surfaces of a workpiece.

Background Art

15 There are many cutting and scoring saws of the large industrial bench type available on the market. These bench type cutting and scoring saws are designed for a factory that manufactures furniture or kitchen cabinets. Some of these manufacturers are Altendorf, Grand Rapids, Michigan; Frama-Tech Inc., Paramount, California; Magic s.p.a., Modena, Italy; Kunang Yung Machinery Co. Ltd, Taiwan R.O.C., Holz, Jersey City, New Jersey and Griggio, Palova, Italy. 20 All of these above companies manufacture equipment that have a separate motor for the cutting and scoring saws; some of the cutting saws use motors as large as 10 H.P. U.S. Patent No. 4,706,535 describes and claims a scoring saw assembly for use with a conventional bench saw having a table with a longitudinal opening.

In addition, there are portable saws with devices attached thereto that provide a sharp scoring

25 wheel mounted ahead of the cutting saw that cuts into the outer surface. U.S. Patent 4,245,390 describes a scoring attachment on a spring arm that forces the wheel into the surface as the portable saw is pushed across the workpiece. U.S. Patent 4,711,147 describes an attachment containing two scoring wheels mounted ahead of the cutting saw where the two wheels score a width equal to the saw cut. Again, the saw must be pushed by the operator and the scoring wheels are spring biased. Neither

30 of the above patents have a portable powered scoring saw as in the present invention that is also adjustable for depth and angle of cut. In addition, none of the above patents have a portable powered

. scoring saw as in the present invention that contains a removable and replaceable motor and also a battery power-pak. What is needed is a portable electrical powered cutting saw in combination with

; a powered scoring saw that can be used on-the-job by a skilled cabinet maker when cutting laminates

35 or veneer. Accordingly, a fuller understanding of the invention may be obtained by referring to the summary of the invention and the detailed description of the invention, in addition to the scope of the invention defined by the claims taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Disclosure of Invention

It is the object of the present invention to provide a portable electric cutting and scoring saw. It is another object of the present invention to provide a portable electric cutting and scoring saw where the cutting blade and scoring blade turn in opposite directions.

It is yet another object of the present invention to have the cutting saw and scoring saw lie in the same plane.

It is still another object of the present invention where the scoring saw cut is wider than the cutting saw cuL It is another object of the present invention where the depth of cut and the angle of cut can be adjusted.

It is yet another object of the present invention where the motor can be easily removed and replaced to obtain a change in horsepower and/or RJ?aM.

It is another object of the present invention to use a rechargeable battery power-pak attached to the electric motor to drive the electric motor which makes the present invention completely portable and self contained.

Briefly, in accordance with the present invention, there is provided a portable cutting and scoring saw that is used primarily by a cabinet maker that must custom-make laminate or veneer workpieces on-the-job. The saw blades are attached to shafts that are fitted with ball bearings and placed inside a casing. The saw shafts contain helical gears that mesh with helical gears attached to electrical power means. The saws in one embodiment are fixed where the scoring saw cuts a depth of 1/8 inch (032 cm) and the cutting saw can cut a depth of 3/4 to 1 3/4 inches (1.91 to 4.45 cm) depending on the diameter of the cmtting saw blade. It is estimated that these cutting depths will cover a good portion of all the requirements that a on-the-job cabinet maker will have. The saws in another embodiment utilize a depth of cut adjustment and an angle of cut adjustment. In addition, in this embodiment, the motor can be removed and replaced with a motor of different horsepower and/or

RJPJvi. The cutting saw plane lies inside the scoring saw plane and the scoring saw blade has approximately a .002 inch (0.0051 cm) width on each side of the cutting saw blade.

The novel features which are believed to be characteristic of the invention as to the system together with future objects and advantages thereof, will be better understood from the following description in connection with the accompanying drawings in which the presently preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated by way of example. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for purposes of illustration and description only, and are not intended as a definition of the limits of the invention.

Brief Description of Drawings

Figure 1 is a cut away view that shows the drive shaft, helical gears, ball bearings, and the cutting and scoring saws lying in the same plane. Figure 2 shows the scoring saw blade and cutting saw blade relative thickness.

Figure 3 is a side view showing the motor, housing, saw handles and the bottom part of the blade guard.

Figure 4 is a top view of the scoring and cutting saw assembly. Figure 5 shows a rear view of a scoring and cutting saw assembly. Figure 6 shows the two blades in relation to each other.

Figure 7 is a side view showing the removable motor, housing, saw handles, bottom part of the blade guard, the base plate, and also showing pivot points for angle adjustment.

Figure 8 is a top view of the scoring and cutting saw assembly showing the pivot point for depth adjustment. Figure 9 shows the cutting and scoring blades in relation to each other and also showing a conical scoring saw tooth.

Figure 10 shows a rear view of the scoring and cutting saw assembly, the depth adjustment slot, and a pivot point for the angle adjustment.

Figure 11 is an isolated view showing the angle adjustment bracket. Figure 12 is an isolated front view of the bracket which provides pivots points for both depth and angle adjustments.

Modes for Carrying Out the Invention

Turning now to Figure 1 there is shown a cutaway drawing 10 of the cutting saw blade 12, scoring saw blade 14 and a member of the gearbox housing 16. Also shows is dri haft 18 that is attached to a motor (not shown) in the motor housing 64 in Figure 4. Drive shaft lo contains drive gear 20 and drive shaft bearings 22 and 24. Drive gear 20 is in meshing relationship with cutting saw gear 26 which is fitted on cutting saw shaft 28. Cutting saw shaft 28 contains bearings 30 and 32. Drive gear 20 is also in meshing relationship with idler gear 34 which is fitted on idler gear shaft 36. Idler gear shaft 36 contains bearings 38 and 40. Idler gear 34 is in meshing relationship with scoring saw gear 42 which is fitted on scoring saw shaft 44. Scoring saw shaft 44 contains bearings 46 and 48. Drive shaft 18 is driven such that the minimum speed is 20,000 R.P.M. The drive shaft gear 18 provides a 4 to 1 relationship with the cutting saw gear 26 and idler gear 34. Since the scoring saw gear 42 and the idler gear 34 are the same diameter, the minimum speed of the cutting saw 12 and scoring saw 14 is 5,000 R.P.M. It is noted that the gears 20, 26, 34 and 42 are all helical gears. It was

determined that this type of gear is best suited for high speed which is required for the scoring saw 12. The bearings 30, 32, 22, 24, 38, 40, 46 and 48 are all self -lubricating types.

Turning now to Figure 2 there is seen an exaggerated edge profile of the cutting saw blade 12 and scoring saw blade 14. The thickness of the cutting edge of the scoring saw blade 14 is .004 inches (0.010 cm) greater than that of the cutting saw blade 12. Since the center plane of the cutting saw blade 12 and the center plane of the scoring saw blade 14 lie in the same plane, the scoring saw blade 12 thickness is approximately .002 inches (0.010 cm) greater on each side than the thickness of the cutting saw blade 14. This is shown by 50 and 52 in Figure 2 which is an edge view of the portable electric cutting and scoring saw. Turning now to Figure 3, there is shown a front handle 54, a blade guard 60, a saw housing

62, and a motor housing 64. Trigger switch 66 which is spring biased is shown fitted in handle 56. Scouring teeth 70 can be seen protruding below the base plate guard 60. The power cord 72 can be seen at the bottom of handle 56. The electric motor could be powered by a rechargeable battery (shown in Figure 5). Figure 4 shows a top view of the portable electric cutting and scoring saw. Base plate 58 contains a groove 74 where the scoring saw blade 14, cutting saw blade 12 protrudes, and blade guard 60 rotates. Also seen in this view is the saw housing 62, the gear housing 76, motor housing 64, front handle 54 and rear handle 56. Trigger switch 66 is shown in phantom and power cord 72 is also shown. Figure 5 shows a rear view of the portable electric cutting and scoring saw. Base plate 58, motor housing 64, saw housing 62, gear housing 76, and blade guard 60 are also shown in this view. Rear handle 56, trigger switch 66 shown in phantom, and power cord 72 is also shown. Power-Pak 134 is also shown, representative of those embodiments not using a power cord (cordless).

Figure 6 shows an isolated view of the scoring saw blade 14 and cutting saw blade 12. The blades rotate in opposite direction as indicated by the arrows 82 and 84 on the face of the scoring saw blade 14 and cutting saw blade 12. A workpiece 78 with a laminate or veneer 80 bonded thereto is shown being cut by the portable electric cutting saw blade 12 and scoring saw blade 14. The laminate or veneer 80 is shown bonded to both sides of the workpiece 78. However, on most of the on-the-job tasks, the laminate or veneer 80 will be bonded to the top side of the workpiece 78. The diameter of the scoring saw blade 14 is fixed at 3 3/8 inches (8.57 cm) which allows a cutting depth of 1/8 inch

(032 cm). The cutting saw blade 12 depth of cut varies from 3/4 inch to 1 3/4 inches (1.91 to 4.44 cm). Blade diameters available are 4 1/2, 5, 5 1/2, 6 and 6 1/2 inches (11.43. 12.70, 13.97, 1524, and

16_51 cm). The 4 1/2 inch (11.43 cm) diameter blade provides a 3/4 inch (1.91 cm) depth of cut and the 6 1/2 inch (16.51 cm) blade provides a 1 3/4 inch (4.44 cm) depth of cut. Since neither blade is adjustable in one embodiment, the only way the blade depth can be varied is by changing blades.

Retaining nut 86 must be removed, the desired blade placed on shaft 28 and the retaining nut 86 replaced and tightened to obtain a different depth of cut It is estimated that a depth of cut from 3/4

to 13/4 inches (1.91 to 4.44 cm) will cover a good portion of the requirements of an on-the-job cabinet maker. The operation of the portable electric cutting and scoring saw is such that the scoring saw blade 14 leads into the workpiece. The scoring saw 14 and the cutting saw blade 12 turning in the opposite direction allows the scoring saw blade 14, whose thickness is greater than the cutting saw blade 12, to provide a path whereby the laminate 80 bonded to workpiece 78 will be cut smoothly without any chipping or tear-out.

Turning now to Figure 7, there is seen another embodiment which is similar to the embodiment shown in Figure 3, except that angle and depth adjustments have been added. Bracket 104 has been added to provide pivot points for both angle and depth on the front end of the saw. An adjusting slot 101 is provided in bracket 100 to adjust the depth of cut of the cutting saw blade 12. Bracket 100 is also in form of a channel for the saw housing 62 to slide up or down in during depth adjustments. An adjusting slot 107 (shown in detail in figure 11) is provided in bracket 106 to allow the saw assembly to be tilted up to 45 degrees. This view also shows a different type of motor housing 108 which is adapted to allow motor 110 to be removed and replaced by quick change bolts 112. In this manner a motor of different horsepower and/or R.P.M. may be tailored to the type of material being cut.

Figure 8 shows a top view of the cutting and scoring saw assembly and pin 102 which provides the pivot point for the depth adjustment. The adjusting slot 101 in bracket 100 allows the depth of cut to be secured by tightening wing nut 114 on bolt 116 fixed to housing 62. The channel in bracket 100 acts as a guide for the saw housing during depth adjustments. In Figure 8 there is also seen pivot pins 118 and 120 that allow the saw assembly to tilt with respect to the base plate 58. The adjusting slot 107 in bracket 106 allows the angle of cut to be secured by tightening bolt 122 into nut 124.

Figure 9 is the same as Figure 2 except there is shown a conical type tooth 126 on the scoring saw blade which is the preferred type of tooth for the scoring saw blade in all embodiments. Figure 10 shows a rear view of the cutting and scoring saw assembly. Seen in this view is pivot pin 120, bracket 100 with adjusting slot 101, locking wing nut 122, and bolt 124. Bracket 130 containing a pin 120 is attached to base plate 58. Bracket 100 with adjusting slot 101 provides the depth adjustment to the cutting and scoring saw.

Figure 11 is an isolated view of the angle adjustment bracket 106 shown on figure 8, which shows the adjusting slot 107 and the pivot point for pin 118.

Figure 12 is an isolated front view of bracket 104 which provides pivots points for both depth and angle adjustments.

The present disclosure included that contained in the appended claims, as well as that of the foregoing description. Although this invention has been described in its preferred form with a certain degree of particularity, it is understood that the present disclosure of the preferred form has been made only by way of example and that numerous changes in the details of construction and the combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without department from the spirit and scope of the

invention. What is claimed is: