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Title:
PORTABLE SAWMILL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1995/025619
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A portable sawmill with lateral and longitudinal stability which comprises: (a) first and second substantially rectangular end frames (11, 12), each end frame comprising two horizontal and two vertical members; (b) longitudinal, horizontal rails (21, 22) slidably connected by means of brackets (19) to corresponding first and second vertical members; (c) first and second winding means (20) in combination with respective first and second upper horizontal members (13); (d) idler wheels located at the bottom of each vertical member, wherein each bracket is connected by use of flexible joining means, as defined herein, by way of the respective winding means and the respective idler wheels, to the bottom of the respective end frame in such a manner that positive up-and-down winding of the rails is achieved.

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Inventors:
Lucas
Rex
Cameron
Application Number:
PCT/AU1995/000163
Publication Date:
September 28, 1995
Filing Date:
March 23, 1995
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Lucas
Rex
Cameron
International Classes:
B27B3/10; B23D45/02; B27B3/14; B27B3/24; B27B7/00; B27B7/02; B27B11/08; (IPC1-7): B27B3/10; B27B3/14; B27B3/24; B27B7/00; B27B11/08
Foreign References:
AU3497489A
AU2731488A
AU6327486A
AU3198384A
Other References:
See also references of EP 0760735A1
Download PDF:
Claims:
The claims defining the invention are as follows:
1. A portable sawmill with lateral and longitudinal stability which comprises: (a) first and second substantially rectangular end frames, each end frame comprising two horizontal and two vertical members; (b) longitudinal, horizontal rails slidably connected by means of brackets to corresponding first and second vertical members; (c) first and second winding means in combination with respective first and second upper horizontal members; (d) idler wheels located at the bottom of each vertical member, wherein each bracket is connected by use of flexible joining means, as defined herein, by way of the respective winding means and the respective idler wheels, to the bottom of the respective end frame in such a manner that positive upanddown winding of the rails is achieved.
2. A selfenergising brake in combination with one or each winding means as claimed in claim 1.
3. A portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1, wherein brace means are used connected to the upper region of one or both vertical members of the end frames, and wherein the means of connection is such that each brace means may be altered in attitude and length with respect to its respective vertical member to provide lateral support to the sawmill or to align the sawmill with the log.
4. A support bracket which is suitable for use with a portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1 which comprises: a bracket body, comprising • support means adapted to hold a rail at a selected height above the ground; and • • sliding means adapted to fit a vertical member and permit the bracket body to be moved up and down thereby holding the rails at the selected height, wherein end frames forming part of the sawmill may be positioned at selected positions along the rails.
5. A braced support and sleeve combination which is suitable for use with a portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1 which comprises: (a) a vertical extending.braced support; and (b) a sleeve adapted to extend at least partially around the vertically extending braced support and movable along that support, wherein the sleeve is attachable to a rail whereby the rail and hence the sawmill may be supported.
6. A drive means which is suitable for use with a portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1 which comprises: an engine comprising a driveshaft, wherein the centreline of the driveshaft is mounted below and as close as possible to the axis through which a sawblade forming part of the sawmill pivots.
7. A movement control means which is suitable for use with a portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1 which comprises: a resilient elbowed strut adapted to travel from a first elbowed position to a second elbowed position through a position in which the strut is straight, the strut connecting an engine mount to a mount for a saw means through a pivot point, wherein a rotational force applied to the strut straightens the strut and then rotates it through centre whereby the saw means may take up two stable positions at right angles to each other and travel speed is hydraulically controlled between the two stable positions.
Description:
TITLE OF INVENTION: Portable sawmill

FIELD OF THE INVENTION:

This invention relates to a portable sawmill with improved lateral and longitudinal stability.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:

A timber sawing device comprising a single circular sawblade, which pivots through 90 * to act in both the horizontal and vertical planes, is known. As is known, this sawblade is mounted together with an engine on a laterally movable carriage which in turn is mounted on a longitudinally movable cross-bed which may travel along two rails between which the operator has access. Again, as is known, these rails have been mounted on end frames located in a predetermined position and the rails have been manually and independently raised and lowered at the two support points on each rail.

One object of the invention is to improve the stability of the frame of the sawmill. Another object of the invention is to improve the operation and stability of the saw means, its ease of erection, assembly and operation, for example, by a single operator even in rough conditions.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

This invention relates to a portable sawmill with lateral and longitudinal stability which comprises:

(a) first and second substantially rectangular end frames, each end frame comprising two horizontal and two vertical members;

(b) longitudinal, horizontal rails slidably connected by means of brackets to corresponding first and second vertical members;

(c) first and second winding means in combination with respective first and second upper horizontal members;

(d) idler wheels located at the bottom of each vertical member, wherein each bracket is connected by use of flexible joining means, as defined herein, by way of the respective winding means and the respective idler wheels, to the bottom of the respective end frame in such a manner that positive up-and-down winding of the rails is achieved.

In one variation of the general embodiment above, a self-energising brake may be used in connection with one or each winding means.

In another variation of the general embodiment above, brace means are used connected to the upper region of one or both vertical members of the end frames, wherein the means of connection is such that each brace means may be altered in attitude and length with respect to its respective vertical member to provide lateral support to the sawmill or to align the sawmill with the log.

This invention further provides a support bracket which is suitable for use with a portable sawmill as defined above which comprises:

• a bracket body, comprising

• • support means adapted to hold a rail at a selected height above the ground; and

• • sliding means adapted to fit a vertical member and permit the bracket body to be moved up and down thereby holding the rails at the selected height, wherein end frames forming part of the sawmill may be positioned at selected positions along the rails.

This invention yet further provides a braced support and sleeve combination which is suitable for use with a portable sawmill as defined above which comprises:

(a) a vertically extending braced support; and

(b) a sleeve adapted to extend at least partially around the vertically extending braced support and movable along that support, wherein the sleeve is attachable to a rail whereby the rail and hence the sawmill may be supported in the horizontal plane.

This invention even further provides a drive means which is suitable for use with a portable sawmill as defined above which comprises:

• an engine comprising a driveshaft, wherein the centreline of the driveshaft is mounted below and as close as possible to the axis through which a sawblade forming part of the sawmill pivots.

This invention yet further provides a movement control means which is suitable for

use with a portable sawmill as defined above which comprises:

• a resilient elbowed strut adapted to travel from a first elbowed position to a second elbowed position through a position in which the strut is straight,

• the strut connecting an engine mount to a mount for a saw means through a pivot point, wherein a rotational force applied to the strut straightens the strut and then rotates it through centre whereby the saw means may take up two stable positions at right angles to each other and travel speed is hydraulically controlled between the two stable positions.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:

The accompanying drawings illustrate one embodiment of the invention which:

Figure 1 is an isometric view from one side of the framework in the set-up position;

Figure 2 is a similar view to Figure 1 but refers to the operating position with rails added and brace means turned 90°;

Figure 3 is a similar view to Figure 2 with the addition of a support means for an engine and saw means;

Figure 4 is a similar view to Figure 3 with the addition of the engine and saw means;

Figure 5 is a front view of an end frame showing the position of winding means;

Figure 6 is a side view of the end frame of Figure 5;

Figure 7 is a top view in partial cross-section of a support means together with a saw means coupled to an engine;

Figures 8 and 9 are successive end views of the saw means and engine illustrated in Figure 7 illustrating the use of a strut means;

Figure 10 is a similar view to Figure 2 but showing the use of a brace means in connection with a rail; and

Figure 11 is a side view of the brace means illustrated in Figure 10.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION:

The "flexible joining means" referred to in the specification and claims means such things as ropes (natural, synthetic or wire) and chains.

A self-energising brake is constructed so as to store energy which may be used to provide braking power. Thus such a brake may be combined with a winch to control the operation of the winch.

In the case of the resilient elbowed strut, it is preferred to use an oil filled gas strut. The oil modulates the speed of operation of the piston.

The reason for mounting the engine driveshaft low relates to the desirability perceived by the inventor of keeping the centre of gravity of the engine to where the saw engages the timber.

Turning to the drawings, a rectangular framework is indicated generally by numeral 10, comprising rectangular end frames 11 and 12. Thus end frame 11 comprises upper and lower members 13 and 14 respectively and side members 15 and 16 respectively. A telescope brace means 17 is shown as propping end frame 11 by way of side member 16. Side members 15 and 16 are fitted with slidable brackets 18 and 19 respectively. A winding means 20 is shown associated with upper member 13 and side member 15.

In Figure 2, longitudinal rails 21 and 22 are shown as joining the insides of the side members of end frames 11 and 12. Each side rail is adjustable up or down using slidable brackets 18, 19 etc. Brace means 17 is shown in the operating position.

In Figure 3, a support means 23 has been added for carriage of an engine and saw means combination 25; see Figure 4. A wheel means 24 is indicated - this wheel means, and three others, support the support means 23 movably on rails 21 and 22.

Turning to Figures 5 and 6, these figures provide detail of the operation of winding means 20, shown in combination with end frame 11. Thus a rope 40 is shown wrapped around rotatable upper member 13; see journalled portion 131. Rope 40 is attached to first lug 41 on slidable bracket 18. The other end of rope 40 runs around idler wheel 42 at the bottom of side member 15 to a second lug 43 positioned about one half the way up slidable bracket 18.

56. The actual saw blade is indicated by numeral 57.

Turning to Figures 10 and 11, a braced support 60 is supported by a secondary prop 61. A sleeve means 62 joins support 60 to rail 21. This sleeve means is connected to rail 21 by bolt 63. A hole 64 is indicated in the other rail 22 and accommodates a bolt similar to bolt 63. A spike 65 is positioned at the bottom of braced support 60 to assist its placement in the ground.




 
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