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Title:
POSITIVE LOCK SYSTEM FOR RESTRAINED JOINTS OF DUCTILE IRON SPUN PIPES AND FITTINGS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/172922
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
This present invention relates to novel positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes and fittings which are able to take all the thrust loads produced due to transmitting fluids pressure and provide certain angular deflections to the axis of two pipes. For ductile iron pipe to be joined, a socket (bell shape) and a spigot (plain end) sections are provided in pipes. For joining plain end is inserted in bell shape end. As the water pressure surges, the joint tends to disengage due to increasing axial loads. To take these axial loads, a circumferential chamber is provided in bell shape end and plain end is provided with a weld bead of suitable size. Axial forces generated due to water pressure is transmitted to pipe socket through welding via locking segments. Locking segments are inserted in circumferential chamber and they stays between chamber and welding bead. Circumferential chamber has suitable clearances to provide the required angular deviations at the joint.

Inventors:
SHRIVASTAVA, Anurag (Plot No. 95, Sector 40 Gurgaon, Haryana, IN)
RAJASEKARAN, V. (A-6 Jindal Saw Colony, Village- SamaghoghaMundra Taluk, Kachch District, Gujarat 5, 370415, IN)
BOSE, Partha (B -8/2 Savitri Vihar, Jindal SAW New Colony Village-,Samaghogha, Mundra Taluk, Kutch District, Gujarat 5, 370415, IN)
SUBRAMONIAN, K. (CS-0S, Old Housing Colony Jindal Saw Limited ,Samaghogha Village, Mundra Taluk, Kutch District, Gujarat 5, 370415, IN)
Application Number:
IB2018/051843
Publication Date:
September 27, 2018
Filing Date:
March 20, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
JINDAL SAW LTD (Jindal Centre, 12 Bhikhaji Cama Place, New Delhi 6, 110066, IN)
International Classes:
F16L17/00; F16L37/00
Foreign References:
OA4282A1979-12-31
EP0455490B11995-09-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GARG, Vidisha et al. (Anand and Anand Advocates, B-41 Nizamuddin East, New Delhi 3, 110013, IN)
Download PDF:
Claims:
We claim:

1. A positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes and fittings

comprising :

• a bell shape socket 1 and a plain ended spigot 2 provided on ductile iron pipes such that the plain ended spigot 2 is pushed in pipe socket 1 to do the jointing of two pipes;

• an elastomeric/rubber gasket 5 placed in a gasket chamber 7 provided in bell socket 1;

• a weld bead 4 provided on the circumferential periphery of the plain end 2 of the pipe;

« a series of lock segments 3 inserted through the cutout window 8 and rotated in between the weld bead 4 and the circumferential chamber 6 inner surface 9;

• a chamber 12 is provided to have clearance of the plain end 2 of pipe and chamber 11 with the socket 1 inner wall;

wherein the inner diameter of the gasket 5 is less than the plain end 2 outer diameter to enable plain end 2 of the pipe to compress the gasket 5 radially to make the joint water tight;

wherein the bell shape socket 1 is further provided with ring 10, to act as mechanical stopper to limit the angular deflection at maximum allowed and work as a design safety feature at higher fluid pressures.

wherein lock segment 3 has a front face 15 at a suitable angle to dissipate all the axial forces in required direction and a rear circular/spherical face 14 to match to the socket chamber face 9 for smooth sliding during axial angular deflection at the joint; wherein the radius and center of the circumferential face 9 and 14 is calculated such that the maximum axial forces can be transferred to pipe socket 1 at the required angular deflection of two axis; and

wherein the thrust loads generated due to transmitting fluid pressure is transferred from weld bead 4 to the lock segment 3 and from lock segment 3 to the circumferential chamber 6 of the socket 1.

2. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lock segment 3 is always on the outer periphery of the plain end 2 of the pipe.

3. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the radius of the bottom face 16 of lock segment 3 is equal to or under required limits to the outer radius of the plain end 2 periphery.

4. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein both the face 14 and 9 have same radii to enable better match and smooth sliding during the joint axial deflection and load transmission.

5. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clearance 6A is provided between front face 15 of the lock segment 3 and chamber 6 end face to facilitate the angular deflection of the joint.

6. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the height of the protruded block and face

14 of lock segment 3 is calculated such that it is sufficient to transmit the loads in required direction and minimum magnitude.

7. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein a series of lock segments 3 remain on the outer periphery of the plain end 2 of the pipe with the help of a tying belt 18.

8. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein lock segments 3 are provided with end stoppers 17 projected outwards to give housing for tying belt 18 and facilitate lock rotation during assembly.

9. The lock system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the plain end 2 and bell shape socket 1 are made of ductile iron.

Description:
POSITIVE LOCK SYSTEM FOR RESTRAINED JOINTS OF DUCTILE IRON SPUN PIPES AND

FITTINGS

Field of the invention:

The present invention relates to positive lock jointing system for ductile iron spun pipe and fittings. More particularly the invention relates to positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes and fittings and its assembling process thereof.

Background of the invention:

Ductile iron spun pipes are being used for distribution of drinking and sewerage water since late 1950s. This type of pipe is a direct development of earlier cast iron pipe because of its better structural properties and various other features.

Ductile iron pipes are manufactured by centrifugal casting of molten metal. Several types of rubber-gasket joints are available with ductile-iron pipe and fittings to accommodate a wide variety of applications. In addition to the flanged joints following two type of joints are possible: a. Push-on joint,

b. Restrained Joints Most widely used joint is normal-push-on joint. Ductile iron pipes comprise of socket and spigot ends. The inside surface of the socket has grooves to hold the rubber gasket. The gasket has a hard part called the 'heel' which gets engaged in the groove of the socket to firmly hold the gasket. The other part of the gasket is the bulb portion which is comparatively softer than the heel portion of the gasket. Both softer bulb and the harder heel portions of the gaskets are vulcanized to form a circular single part. The spigot of the next pipe will have a taper portion to facilitate smooth insertion of the spigot end in to the socket of the pipes. The spigot is inserted into the socket holding the rubber gasket. The spigot exerts uniform circumferential pressure over the soft portion of the rubber gasket and the pipe is pushed in to the socket until one line of the insertion mark gets into the socket and the other insertion mark is visible.

The internal hydrostatic pressure acts perpendicularly on any plane with a force equal to the pressure times the area of the plane. All components of these forces acting radially within a pipe are balanced by circumferential tension in the wall of the pipe. Axial components acting on a plane perpendicular to the pipe through a straight section of the pipe are balanced internally by the force acting on each side of the plane.

l However, in the case of a bend, the forces acting axialiy along each leg of the bend are not balanced. The vector sum of these forces is the thrust force. To prevent separation of the joints, a reaction equal to and in the opposite direction of thrust force must be established. Conventional ductile iron pipe joints are push-on type joints. These joints do not offer any significant resistance to joint separation.

The unbalanced thrust forces are generated in following conditions:-

• Change in directions

• Thrust at Bends - Horizontal/Vertical

β Thrust at a Tee of Wye

• Thrust at a Reducer

• Thrust at a Dead End or Valve.

There are two ways to take care the unbalancing above thrust load:

a) Using thrust block/ concrete block;

b) Using restrained pipe.

Thrust Block is one of the most common methods of providing resistance to thrust forces is the use of thrust blocks. Resistance is provided by transferring the thrust force to the soil through the larger bearing area of the block such that the resultant pressure against the soil does not exceed the bearing strength of the soil. Design of thrust blocks consists of determining the appropriate bearing area of the block for a particular set of conditions.

An alternative method of providing thrust restraint is the use of restrained joints. A restrained joint is a special type of push-on joint that is designed to provide longitudinal restraint. Restrained-joint systems function in a manner similar to thrust blocks, insofar as the reaction of the entire restrained unit of piping with the soil balances the thrust forces.

Thus, alternate to above concrete thrust block concepts is to use restrained pipe solutions like mechanical bolted restrained joint with gland and tensioning ring, K-type joint etc. However, the existing restrained joints are having limitations in terms of ease and speed of assembly, requirement of huge number of components, pressure rating of the joint.

Therefore, there is need of technically advanced restrained jointing system in ductile iron pipe jointing which can decrease the assembly timing and difficulties as well widen the scope of ductile iron pipe applications areas. Object of the invention

In order to obviate the drawbacks of the prior art, the present invention aims to provide lock jointing system for ductile iron spun pipe and fittings. Further object of the present invention is to provide a positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes and fittings.

Further object of the present invention is to provide a positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes and fittings, which are easy to assemble and can be used in restrained conditions.

Further object of the present invention is to a process of assembling positive lock system restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes and fittings.

Summary of the Invention:

In order to obviate the drawbacks of the prior art and achieve the afore-said objectives the present invention a novel positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes. The positive locked joint between two ductile iron pipes is obtained by inserting the plain end of one pipe into the bell end of the other pipe. Positive locking is obtained by inserting series of lock segments in between the weld bead available on plain end and circumferential chamber of the bell socket of other pipe. The joint comprises of a

a. Bell shape socket 1 of a pipe made of ductile iron,

b. Plain end 2 of another pipe made of ductile iron,

c. Radially compressed elastomer gasket 5 inserted between the outer peripheries of plain end and inner peripheries 7 of socket 1

d. Weld bead 4 which is made on plain end of pipe at suitable location and

e. Series of lock segments 3, inserted through the cutout window 8 and rotated in between the weld bead and circumferentially protruded downwards chamber 6. The new pipe is having one additional chamber to conventional ductile iron pipe socket. This chamber acts as locking chamber'. A weld bead is made on the spigot of the pipe. In assembly the total thrust load produced in the pipe line is transferred to the locking chamber of the socket from weld bead through specially designed ductile iron lock segments. The chamber is designed in such a way as to absorb all the axial loads generated by the internal pressure or the pulling forces, therefore the desired angular deflections can be achieved. In this manner all the thrust load are converted to axial load which is shared by series of pipes along the subject joint and finally transferred to its surrounding external soil/earth by its bearing resistance. The complete assembly form the self-restraining joint, thus eliminating the need for thrust blocks. Apart from above the invention permits the use of such pipe joints in trenchless method of pipeline laying by horizontal drilling of bore and pulling of pipelines due to its capacity to sustain very high traction forces. These invented Ductile iron pipes with a positive lock jointing system are quick to assemble and well suited to be used in seismic zones, fault crossings, liquefaction zones, and connections to structures, floating pipelines, across river sea or water bodies, laying on steep slopes, mine dewatering and tailings pipelines without thrust blocks or external restraining requirements, snow making application.

The positive locking system can be prepared in various size ranges from DN100 to DN1800 as per EN545/ISO10804-1 with a suitable range of fittings. However, the construction of the socket locking chamber varies as per size with respect to pressure rating design traction forces. The new positive locking system has widen the scope for ductile iron pipe application thus proved to be an advanced restrained jointing system.

Detailed description of the drawings:

The foregoing and further objects, features and advantages of the present subject matter will become apparent from the following description of exemplary embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like numerals are used to represent like elements.

It is to be noted, however, that the appended drawings illustrate only typical embodiments of the present subject matter, and are therefore, not to be considered for limiting of its scope, for the subject matter may admit to other equally effective embodiments.

For a fuller understanding of the nature and object of the present invention, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 illustrates longitudinal section of the joint on axis A-A in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 illustrates front face view of the assembly in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. Figure 3 illustrates detailed view of the assembly parts in aligned position of both pipes in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. Figure 4 illustrates side view of lock segment showing protruded block for locking in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 5 illustrates front face of the lock segment in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 6 illustrates isometric view of Lock segment in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. Detailed description of the invention:

The following presents a detailed description of various embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The embodiments of the present invention are described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to these embodiments which are only provided to explain more clearly the present subject matter to a person skilled in the art of the present disclosure. In the accompanying drawings, like reference numerals are used to indicate like components. The specification may refer to "an," "one," "different" or "some" embodiment(s) in several locations. This does not necessarily imply that each such reference is to the same embodiment(s), or that the feature only applies to a single embodiment. Single features of different embodiments may also be combined to provide other embodiments. As used herein, the singular forms "a," "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless expressly stated otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms "includes", "comprises", "including" and/or "comprising" when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof. It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "attached" or "connected" or "coupled" or "mounted" to another element, it can be directly attached or connected or coupled to the other element or intervening elements may be present. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations and arrangements of one or more of the associated listed items.

The figures depict a simplified structure only showing some elements and functional entities, all being logical units whose implementation may differ from what is shown. Unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this disclosure pertains. It will be further understood that terms, such as those defined in commonly used dictionaries, should be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with their meaning in the context of the relevant art and will not be interpreted in an idealized or overly formal sense unless expressly so defined herein.

The present invention described herein relates to a restrained semi flexible joint for ductile iron pipes. It is a self-restrained, semi-flexible jointing system of socket and spigot pipe. The joint can be deflected up to the designed angle as a function of the size range. Water or other fluids passing through the pipeline exert an internal pressure on the walls of the pipe barrel and the same force is transferred to the adjacent pipe. Said locking system helps in transferring the thrust forces generated to the next pipe through a welded bead shaped on the spigot of each pipe via lock segments. The complete jointing assembly forms the self-restraining joint, thus eliminating the need for thrust blocks, and facilitates trenchless laying of ductile iron pipelines. Ductile iron pipes with the present jointing system are quick to assemble and well suited to be used in seismic zones, fault crossings, liquefaction zones, and connections to structures, floating pipelines, hydro power plants, laying on steep slopes, firefighting water mains, and mine dewatering pipelines without thrust blocks or external restraining requirements.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, locking is achieved between the pipe socket and the weld bead, made on the other pipe spigot, with the help of specially manufactured locks. The chamber is designed in such a way as to absorb all the axial loads generated by the internal pressure or the pulling forces, therefore the desired angular deflections can be achieved.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the ductile iron pipes are designed in such a way that individual pipes are connected using the lock system to form one complete system without need of welding, screwing, testing, surface treatment or without having problem of loosening.

According to conventional design, the ductile iron pipes are supplied to suit and facilitate restrained jointing in which the axial Movement of the pipe is arrested by mechanical means. The ductile iron pipes with these joints are ideally suitable for the pipe line to be laid over loose soil or marshy land where one cannot provide anchor blocks at Tee points, or bends etc. This joint comprises an assembly two pipes of socket and spigot type with glands, split ring, and a set of hook bolts, nuts, and washers. The spigot end of the pipe is to be provided with a weld bead. The socket of the pipe to be joined will have a circumferential projected collar. In accordance with an embodiment, present invention relates to novel positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron pipes and ductile iron fittings which are able to take all the thrust loads produced due to transmitting fluids pressure and provide certain angular deflections to the axis of two pipes. Each ductile iron pipe suitable for this type of joint is provided with a bell shape socket 1 and a plain ended spigot 2. Normally plain ended spigot 2 is pushed in pipe socket 1 to do the jointing of two pipes. An elastomeric/rubber gasket 5 is placed in a gasket chamber 7 provided in bell socket 1. The inner diameter of the gasket 5 is less than the plain end 2 outer diameter. So during assembly the plain end 2 of a pipe compresses the gasket 5 radially to make the joint water tight. For the positive locking joint a weld bead 4 is made on the circumferential periphery of the plain end 2 of the pipe. A series of lock segments 3 are inserted in the circumferential chamber 6. The lock segments 3 are always staying between the weld bead 4 and the circumferential chamber 6 inner surface 9. The lock segment 3 is designed in such a way that it has a front face 15 at a suitable angle to dissipate all the axial forces in required direction and a rear circular face 14 so that it can match to the socket chamber face 9 to have smooth sliding during axial angular deflection at the joint. The radius and center of the circumferential face 9 and 14 is calculated so that the maximum axial forces can be transferred to pipe socket 1 at the required angular deflection of two axis. As per invention the thrust loads generated due to transmitting fluid pressure should be transferred from weld bead 4 to the lock segment 3 and from lock segment 3 to the circumferential chamber 6 of the socket 1.

In accordance with another embodiment, the positive locked joint between two ductile iron pipes as shown in FIG-1 is similar to the type of joint explained in US3684320 and other referred patent are EP1460325A2, US6062611, US28883899, US7806445B2 except the structure of the lock segment 3, center and radius of the circular face 14 of lock segment and 9 of pipe socket 1.

In accordance with another embodiment, as shown in FIG -3, the joint comprises of a bell shape socket 1 of a pipe, a plain end 2 of another pipe, radially compressed elastomer gasket 5 between the outer peripheries of plain end 2 and inner peripheries of socket 1, a weld bead 4 which is made on plain end 2 of pipe at suitable location and series of lock segments 3 inserted through the cutout window 8 shown in FIG-2 and rotated in between the weld bead 4 and circumferentially protruded downwards chamber 6. Lock segment 3 always remain on the outer periphery of the plain end 2 of the pipe. The radius of the face 16 in FIG-5 of lock segment 3 should be equal or under required limits to the outer radius of the plain end 2 periphery. Both the plain end 2 and be!! shape socket 1 are made of ductile iron. The lock segment 3 are casted from ductile iron as well. The joint is water sealed with the help of elastomer gasket 5 by it compressible property. The inner diameter of the gasket 5 is less than the outer diameter of the plain end 2 of the pipe to be inserted in the gasket 5. So after insertion the gasket 5 got compressed between the plain end 2 of one pipe and the gasket chamber 7 of the socket 2 of other pipe.

During water or other fluid transmission the pressure inside the pipe body increases. It leads to generation of circumferential loads and axial loads. Circumferential loads are taken care by the pipe body itself. Due to axial loads the joint tends to dismantle itself. The axial load produced due to water pressure transmits to the plain end 2 of the pipe. In positive locking joint the axial load from plain end 2 is perceptible in weld bead 4 as it is bonded to the former. This axial load produced is transmitted to the lock segment 3 from weld bead 4 as both have a face contact with each other. The face 15 in FIG-4 of the lock segment 3 is in contact with the weld bead 4. The inclination the lock segment 3 face 15 is designed in such a way the axial load can be transmitter in required direction towards rear circular face 14 of the lock segment 3. Axial load transmitted to lock segment 3 from weld bead 4 is then transmitted to the socket 1 if the pipe. This load is transmitted through rear face 14 of the lock segment 3 to radial face 9 of circumferential chamber 6 socket 1. Socket 1 of pipe is to be designed in such a way that it should be able to take all the axial force transmitted to it whether it is due to working pressure of transported fluid, loads due to surge etc.

Both the face 14 and 9 should have same radii for better match and smooth sliding during the joint axial deflection and load transmission at the same time. The clearance is provided between front face 15 of the lock segment and chamber 6 starting position to facilitate the angular deflection of the joint. The width of the face 14 of the lock segment 3 is calculated to have maximum contact during the highest angular deflection of the joint so that maximum axial loads can be transmitted. The height of the protruded block and face 14 of lock segment 3 is calculated so that it may be sufficient to transmit the loads in required direction and minimum magnitude. A proper combination of height and width of the face 14 results to optimize the axial loads transmission to the pipe socket 1 and reactions of these loads to plain end 2 of the pipe so that pipe can be produced with optimum body thickness.

Chamber 12 is provided to have clearance of the plain end 2 of pipe and chamber 11 with the socket 1 inner wall.

Ring 10 will act like a mechanical stopper to the higher angular deflections than recommended.

According to another embodiment of the invention, a series of lock segments 3 as a part of joint always remain on the outer periphery of the plain end 2 of the pipe with the help of tying belt 18. The radius of the bottom face 16 of the lock segment 3 is kept equal or under required limits to the outer radius of the plain end periphery. Lock segments 3 are provided with end stoppers 17 (FIG-6) projected outwards to give housing for tying belt and help in lock rotation during assembly. Lock segments 3 are provided with rear spherical face 14 with highest sphere diameter to get maximum tangential angle. Highest spherical diameter of the rear spherical face 14 of lock segment 3 as part of the joint assembly leads to higher axial load absorption capacity of socket. Lock segments are provided with front face 15 which is at some inclination with the horizontal to direct the axial loads in required direction.

Socket is having clearance 6A between the lock face 15 and chamber 6 end face to give enough room for the lock segment during angular deflection of the joint. Each lock segment is a sector of certain angle in circular ring with protruded projection designed in such a way that uniform load distribution achieved on socket circumferential chamber 6 and can be rotated freely during assembly.

Bell shape socket 1 is provided with ring 10, which work as mechanical stopper to limit the angular deflection at maximum allowed and work as a design safety feature at higher fluid pressures. The diameters are selected as such to achieve the maximum allowable angular deflection in any case.

In accordance with another embodiment, the present invention provides procedure for assembly installation of the positive lock system for restrained joints of ductile iron spun pipes and fittings. Said procedure involving following steps:

1. Socket preparation: Keeping the lock insertion chamber on the top side to facilitate the easy insertion of locks. Cleaning the socket internal grooves such as gasket seating groove, lock retaining chamber, etc. Removing all the dust and foreign particles. Fixing the gasket by lubricating the gasket groove with suitable lubricant. For this purpose, carefully wipe a thin film of lubricant supplied with the pipes by the manufacturer over the sealing groove surface. A loop is made in the gasket and said gasket is fixed into the socket so that the hard-rubber claw on the outside engages in the retaining groove in the socket. The lower part is first inserted in the retaining chamber of the gasket groove and then unlooping the heart shaper part to fix it into the gasket seating groove. Ram the gasket softly to fix the gasket in groove properly. Once the gasket is proper seated, a thin layer of lubricant is applied on the top face of the gasket.

2. Preparation of spigot: Cleaning the surface of spigot end with soft wire brush/ paint brush. Putting thin layer of lubricant on the spigot end of the pipe with weld bead particularly at the chamfer / bevel area just before assembly. 3. Assembly of the joint: once the spigot is ready, it seated in the socket. The pipes must not be at an angular deflection when being pulled in and till the lock segments are being fitted. Inserting the lock segments one by one through the window provided in the socket face and distributing them along the circumference of the pipe, working alternately left and right. Then moving all the segments round in one direction until the last segment can be inserted through the openings in the end-face of the socket and can be moved to a position where it provides secure locking. Only a small part of the humps on the last locking segment should be visible through the opening in the end-face of the socket. Should any segments jam, they should be moved to their intended position by gentle taps with a hammer by moving the pipe as it hangs on the sling.

4. Locking: all the lock segments are pulled back in the outward direction until they are in contact and pressed against the slope of the retaining chamber. Cable ties / nylon strap are clamped around outside periphery of lock segments as shown in the image and tightened sufficiently far enough to still allow the lock segments to be moved. Lock segments are lined up such that they are resting against the barrel of the pipe over their full circumference area without overlapping. One end of pipe is pulled (axially) towards the side under laying such that weld bead comes into contact with all lock segments. Ensuring that all lock segments are in line uniformly and tighten the clamping strap until the lock segments are bearing firmly against the pipe around the whole of its circumference. Now, further movement of the locking segments should not be possible. When the pipe is in an un-deflected state, all the lock segments should be approximately same longitudinal distance away from the socket face. Once the joint is fully assembled in aligned condition, pull the spigot outwards to maximum and set the angular deflection according to the requirement.

5. Disassembly: Ensure the assembly to be in aligned condition before disassembly. After aligned condition push the pipe into the socket along its axis until it is in abutment and remove the lock segments through the opening in the socket face. Remove all lock segments one by one and joints shall be disassembled with the help of tools and tackles.

Advantages over existing Restrained Joint:

1. High pressure ratings can be achieved, thus making this product to be used for high pressure lines without thrust blocks constructions.

2. Low assembly time: - The new designed joint can be assembled in 20-30 minutes (for average DN 1000 size) whereas the conventional restrained joint take 120-180 minutes for the assembly, thus enhancing speed of pipeline laying. 3. Less number of assembly parts: - The newly designed joint assembly is having much less number of assembly parts. Thus making the assembly process more efficient and convenient.

4. The higher permissible angular deflection of the invented joint design reduces the number of fittings requirements for the same pipeline. The combination of invented positive lock system for restrained joint DI Pipes with same joint fittings make entire pipeline system highly flexible and convenient in design as well laying.

5. Wider Area of Application: - New joint has widen the scope of application of restrained DI pipes. Due to positive locking system in DI pipes, these pipes can be laid by dragging techniques, such as Horizontal Directional Drilling, Floating pipe lines on through water bodies and laying pipes by dragging technique. Conventional restrained pipes or standard push on joint di pipes cannot be laid by these methods.

6. The invented product significantly reduces total cost of complete pipeline.

Areas of Application:-

1. Ductile iron pipe lines without thrust blocks.

2. High pressure applications.

3. Pipe lines on steep slopes.

4. Trenchless Ductile Iron pipe lines.

5. Bridge pipelines.

6. Snow making pipelines.

7. Firefighting mains.

8. Laying by horizontal directional drilling.

9. Floating Pipelines in marshy area / river or water bodies.

Although the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, this description is not meant to be construed in a limiting sense. Various modifications of the disclosed embodiments, as well as alternate embodiments of the invention, will become apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reference to the description of the invention. It is therefore contemplated that such modifications can be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention as defined.