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Title:
POST-FOAMING COMPOSITION FOR PROTECTION AGAINST FIRE AND/OR HEAT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/008419
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a post-foaming composition for protection against fire and/or heat, has a propellant ingredient of inert gas 0.5-6% by weight, alkali and/or alkaline earth metal silicate, as a fire-resistant component- to protect against fire and/or heat, less than 75% by weight; solvent medium, eg. water. The characteristic feature of the invention is that it has a booster gas or gas mixture component in addition to the inert gas, with atmospheric boiling point is under 20 ° C and vapor pressure at 20 ° C is between 1-5 bar (abs) added, in the amount of 0.1-10% by weight; and contains further fatty acids and/or fatty alcohols and/or their salts, and/or esters, and/or aldehydes, and/or amides thereof, as a carrier material, 0.5 to 20 % by weight, suitable for the capture of at least a portion of propellant gas or mixture of gases.

Inventors:
LOVAS, Laszlo (Viragos u. 3, Göd, H-2132, HU)
Application Number:
IB2017/054066
Publication Date:
January 10, 2019
Filing Date:
July 06, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SWISS FIRE PROTECTION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT AG (Kernserstrasse 17, 6060 Sarnen, 6060, CH)
International Classes:
A62D1/02
Foreign References:
US3656553A1972-04-18
US3609074A1971-09-28
GB1349508A1974-04-03
FR961899A1950-05-24
EP1561777A22005-08-10
ZA200002234B2001-11-19
FR2078186A51971-11-05
CA2115922A11993-03-04
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KATZAROV SA (19 rue des Epinettes, 1227 Genève, 1227, CH)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Post-foaming composition for protection against fire and/or heat, has a propellant ingredient of inert gas 0.5-6% by weight, alkali and/or alkaline eart metal silicate, as a fire-resistant component- to protect against fire and/or heat, less than 75% by weight; solvent medium, eg, water; character- Bed in thai it has a booster gas or gas mixture component in addition to the inert, gas, with atmospheric boiling point is under 20 ° C and vapor pressure at 20 ° C is between 1-5 bar (abs) added, in the amount of 0.1 -10% by weight; and contains further fatty acids and/or fatty alcohols and/or their salts, and/or esters, and/or aldehydes, and/or amides thereof, as a carrier material, 0.5 to 20 % by weight, suitable for the capture of at least a portion of propellant gas or mixture of gases.

2. Post-foaming composition according to claim 1, characterized by that, an additional booster gas component of the propellant gas can be characterized by that it contains aliphatic hydrocarbons and/or dimethyl ether and/or nitrous oxide.

3. post-foaming composition according to claim 2, characterized by that the aliphatic hydrocarbon gas component of the booster gas component may be propane and/or n-propane and/or isopro- pane and/or butane and/or n-butane and/or isobutane and/or pentane and/or n-pentane and/or isopen- tane and/or neopentane.

4. Post-foaming composition according to any of claims 1-3, characterized by that the carrier is stearic acid and/or myristic and/or palmitic and/or lauric acid and/or other C4-C36 atom fatty acids or fatty alcohols and/or fatty acids animal or vegetable origin or their related compounds.

5. Post-foaming composition according to any of claims 1-4, characterized by that the inert gas used for propel lant gas component is argon and/or nitrogen and/or helium and/or xenon.

6. Post-foaming composition according to any one of claims 1-5, characterized -by that the fire- resistant component is made of aqueous solution of sodium silicate and/or potassium silicate and/or calcium silicate and/or aluminum silicate and/or magnesium silicate and/or lithium silicate, and/or cesium silicate.

7. Post-foaming composition according to any of claims 1-6, characterized by that it supplemented with up to 18% by weight of foam enhancement component, which is made of organic and/or inorganic soap-forming base and/or surfactants and/or wetting agent and/or viscosity enhancing substances.

8. Post-foaming composition according to claim 7, characterized by that the organic soap- forming base of foam enhancement component consists of triethanolamine and/or diethanolamine and/or monoethanolamine and/or morpholine and/or iso-propanol amine, and/or amino methyl propane!, and/or aminomethyl-propanediol.

9 Post-foaming composition according to claim 7 or 8, characterized by that the soap-forming inorganic base of foam enhancement component is sodium hydroxide and/or potassium hydroxide,

10. Post-foaming composition according to any of claims 7 - 9, characterized by that surfactants of the foam enhancement component composed of at least one of polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol stearate, alkyl polyglycosides, sodium stearate, potassium stearate, polyethylene glycol alkyl ether, octaetylene glycol monododecyl ether, pentaethylene glycol mono- dodecyl ether, polypropylene glycol alkyl ether, glucoside alkyl ethers, decyl glucoside, lauryl glycoside, oety! glucoside, polyethylene glycol octyl phenyl ethers, polyethylene glycol alkyl ethers, glyceryl laurate, polysorbate, cocamide MEA, cocaraide DBA, cocamide dodecyl oxide, polyethox- ylated tallow amine, polyoxyethy!ene, stearyl ether.

11. Post-foaming composition according to any of claims 7 - 10, characterized by that, the wetting agent of the foam enhancement component is made of at least one of glycerol and/or ethylene glycol and/or propylene glycol and/or butylene glycol and/or sorbitol.

12. Post-foaming composition according to any of claims 7 - 11, characterized by that, the a viscosity enhancing substance of the foam enhancement component material consists at least one of carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, ethyl cellulose, hydroxybutyl methyl cellulose, alkyl glycol, polyacrylie acid, alkyl -modified cellulosic polymer, guar gum, xanthan gum, agar, aiginic acid, gum arable, carrageenan, starch.

13. Post-foaming composition according to any of claims 1 - 12, characterized by that, the boosting gas or gas mixture added up to the ratio of the lower explosive limit value, and concentration of boosting gas in the gas or liquid phase of the composition is less than the lowest explosive limit.

Description:
Post-foaming composition for protection a ainst fire and/or heat

The task of invention is a post-foaming composition for protection against, fire and/or heat which contains inert gas as a propeliant, 0,5-6% by weight, fire resistant ingredient up to 75% by weight selected of alkal and/or alkaline earth metal silicates, as well as solvent medium, eg, water.

In order to preserve, protect the environment and human assets and prevent or reduce damage on several occasions, it is necessary to put out fires and protect against their heating effect, For fire extinguish, many different materials and practices has already made known.

For firefighting, in many cases, silicates, including sodium silicate substances used in fire extin- guishant materials.

The patent ZA200002234 for example, presents a solution, where solid silicate belonging to the group of micas and vermieulites used as flame retardant powder. In use, the additive with the raw materiai forms carbonaceous precipitate, which is iniumescent if exposed to heat and thus have heat insulating properties. In the patent FR2078186 a composition became known, wherein aqueous solution of sodium or potassium silicate is used to neutralize the fire.

With these solutions, the use of silicates favorable because they have heat-curing characteristics and so, form a closed layer at the surface and thereby increase the flame-retardant effect. The disadvantage, however, that the application of extinguish material on the target surface is difficult and even dangerous depending on the situation also. The stability of conventional fire extinguishant foams is very low and consistency does not allow use on vertical surfaces,

A known method is, in which the foam mixed of liquid and gaseous components in place and ejected in the area or even on the protected surface. After the dispensed material mixed and foamed well, the physical and/or chemical properties leads to be able to defend against the fire, and therefore the combustible materials separated from the flames.

The registered patent CA 21 15922 describes a foam obtained from concentrate by dilution with water, and form traditional foam by an air-foam nozzle.

Such compositions, however has some disadvantages. On the one pail the composition is expensive due to the raw materials, and on the second part, the well composed and applied foam is not sufficiently long-lasting, and on inclined surfaces, especially on the surfaces adjacent to vertical, does not stick well, sliding down, and thus it does not able to protect the surface satisfactorily against, fire,

So, these foams are not suitable for thermal insulation in emergency.

The aim of creating post-foaming composition according to the invention was to create a composition to overcome shortcomings of conventional materials made with known mechanism of action, with use of favorable cost substances as ingredients, which can be readily prepared, and yet fire resistance, and durability on the surface, as well as the consistency is appropriate to fight against fire or heat and provide a long-term thermal insulation and/or fire-retardant coating on the protected surface,

The invention of post-foaming composition based on the recognition that, if a known good fire resistant alkali metal or alkaline earth metal silicate solution mixed into such foamable carrier material, which bonds it in its molecular structure, and able to be solved in water containing some dissolved inert gas, and, to capture and put on hold some further hydrocarbon gas onto the solution, then such liquid and gas phase fire extinguishing and/or thermal insulation material can created and stored in containers under pressure, which produces large volume firefighting foam upon dispensed, in the way of the inert gas dissolved in the water and the hydrocarbon gas solved in the carrier may expand on decrease of the ambient pressure - including the carrier and the fire resistant components as the major volume of extinguishing foam- while the fire resistant components in the carrier hardens by heat and forms a solid porous, insulating and heat-resistant material, to protect the surface from heat and fire, and so the task will be solved.

Other part of the invention is that according to the results of our investigation, certain appropriate molecular weight fatty acids, fatty alcohols and their salts, amides, esters, aldehydes as carriers on the one hand, are able to bond at molecular level to produce a gel-like stable structure, and on the other hand, in special cases, they can dissolved in water, and so, can form a solution with water, containing certain silicates and solved inert gas, to form a stable solution under pressure, in which carrier, absorption of hydrocarbon gases result an increased expansion ratio, so at the site the easily, safely and quickly dispensed solution will have excellent fire resistance due to the large amount of silicates in the carrier solution, a good expansion ratio due to the foaming properties of hydrocarbon gases, a stable, solid and long-lasting structure due to the carrier material, with inflammability by the optimal amount of inert gas dissolved in the solution and mixed in the gas phase, which fire in- sulating foam is more efficient compared to traditional insulating foams, and therefore the target is achievable.

In accordance with the set aim, the invention relates to a post-foaming composition for protection against fire and/or heat, has a propellant ingredient of inert gas 0.5-6% by weight, alkali and/or alkaline earth metal silicate, as a fire-resistant component- to protect against fire and/or heat, less than 75% by weight, solvent medium, for instance water; is set up in such a way, it has a booster gas or gas mixture component in addition to the inert gas, with atmospheric boiling point is under 20 0 C and vapor pressure at 20 ° C is between 1-5 bar (abs) added, in the amount of 0.1-10% by weight and contains further fatty acids and/or fatty alcohols and/or their salts, and/or esters, and/or aldehydes, and/or amides thereof, as a canier material, 0.5 to 20 % by weight, suitable for the capture of at least a portion of propellant gas or mixture of gases,

Further characteristic feature of the invention is that the booster gas component of the propellant gas can contains aliphatic hydrocarbons and/or dimethyl ether and/or nitrous oxide. in another possible embodiment of the invention the aliphatic hydrocarbon gas component of the booster gas may contain propane and/or n-propane and/or isopropane and/or butane and/or n-butane and/or isobutane and/or pentane and/or n-pentane and/or isopentane and/or neopentane.

For the post foaming composition, it is beneficial when carrier is stearic acid and/or myristic and/or palmitic and/or lauric acid and/or other C4-C36 atom fatty acids or fatty alcohols and/or fatty acids animal or vegetable origin or their related compounds. Further, the inert gas used for propellant gas component can be argon and/or nitrogen and/or helium and/or xenon.

According to one possible embodiment of the invention the fire-resistant component is made of aqueous solution of sodium silicate and/or potassium silicate and/or aluminum silicate and/or magnesium silicate and/or lithium silicate, and/or cesium silicate.

Still another embodiment of the post-foaming composition if it supplemented with up to 18% by weight of foam enhancement component, which is made of organic and/or inorganic soap-forming base and/or surfactants and/or wetting agent and or viscosity enhancing substances. Wherein the organic soap-forming base of foam enhancement component consists of triethanolamine and/or di- ethanolamine and/or monoethanol amine and/or morpholine and/or iso-propanol amine, and/or amino methyl propanol, and/or aminomethyl-propanediol, while the soap-forming inorganic base is sodium hydroxide and/or potassium hydroxide. in the further different embodiment of the invention the surfactants of the foam enhancement component composed of at least one of polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol stearate, alkyl polyglycosides, sodium stearate, potassium stearate, polyethylene glycol alky! ether, octaetylene glycol monododecyl ether, pentaethylene glycol monododecyl ether, polypropylene glycol alkyl ether, glucoside alkyl ethers, decyl glucoside, lauryl glucoside, octyi glucoside, polyethylene glycol octyl phenyl ethers, polyethylene glycol alkyl ethers, glyceryl laurate, polysorbate, cocamide ME A, cocamide DBA, cocamide dodecyl oxide, polyethoxylated tallow amine, polyoxy- ethylene, stearyl ' ether.

In a further embodiment of the post-foaming composition the wetting agent of the foam enhancement component is made of at least one of glycerol and/or ethylene glycol and/or propylene glycol and/or butylene glycol and/or sorbitol, and a viscosity enhancing substance of the foam enhancement component material is some of carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, hy- droxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, ethyl cellulose, hydroxybutyl methyl cellulose, alkyl glycol, polyacrylic acid, alkyl -modified cellu- losic polymer, guar gum, xanthan gum, agar, alginic acid, gum arable, carrageenan, starch.

Further embodiment of present invention reach its advantageous properties if the boosting gas or gas mixture added up to the ratio of the lower explosive limit value, and concentration of boosting gas in the gas or liquid phase of the composition is less than the lowest explosive limit.

Post-foaming composition according to the invention offers numerous advantages. The most important of them is that despite it is produced of readily available, reasonably priced components, forming a high consistency and well-adherent foam even on vertical surfaces, and by the effect of the given molecular structure of carrier material and physical characteristics of fire resistant component and propeliant gases, it is not combustible, and forms a solid ceramic structure if exposed to heat, hold its characteristics up to 810°C temperature, so that fire-resistant hard shield covers the object.

It comes from further advantage is that the composition is not only useful for firefighting, but for insulation it can also be used immediately on emergency situations.

It i s also considered to be a significant advantage in case of a hydrocarbon firefighting the foam sprayed on a burning liquid hydrocarbons forms a thin layer flowing, well spreads over, and have a good adhesion to the hot metal surface, for example thereby it can inhibit combustion beside the sidewall of hydrocarbon reservoirs. Furthermore, on the surface of the liquid hydrocarbon can also form a protective layer, therefore, the flames cannot devastate the foam.

It should be mentioned, an important advantage is that the composition is alkaline, and therefore is not corrosive for ferrous metals, does not attack or solve the material of a metal container, so it can safely stored for a prolonged period.

The foam is environmental friendly, and easy to wipe off after usage.

The amount of hydrocarbons may be introduced into the material can be slightly decreased, in which case a very high fire-resistance foam is generated with little expansion ratio, which is different from a conventional inert gas-propelled foams in the long-time stable structure of the carrier material (up to several days) while fire-resistant and insulating properties provided by the effect of the silicate additive continuously, also after total dehydration.

Further advantage of the invention is that the insulating foam already dispensed has water vapor emission, due to silicate in solution upon contact of fire, which greatly reduces the amount of foam destruction, so it is proved experimentally, that insulation character} sties, durability and fire resistance of the foam obtained is far superior to the conventional foams.

Another main advantage of the invention is that the foam obtained -contrary to conventional foams- does not show any water drop even after one week of storage, due to the stable structure of the carrier material. For this reason, it seems to appropriate for extinguishing such boiling liquids, which are in a serious risk of boiling over due to water precipitation from the foam.

In case of use for thermal insulation it can be considered as a significant advantage, due to its composition, adheres well to vertical surfaces as much as 10 em layer thickness, and does not slip off. Using additional fire resistant component, durability of foam still reach as much as 6-12 hours, despite the lower ratio of carrier component. Some compositions achieve unlimited durability, which means that it keeps its volume until total dehydration, after it an extremely durable structure remains, reminds to a sea-sponge, with soft chalk consistency. It carries a further advantage that it provides a long time protection after use.

Environmental advantage of the composition is, that it is biodegradable, so in the case of applied on forest fires, does not pollute the environment after application. Economic benefits can be evaluated as to its fire retardant effect is superior with the ability to protect interior and exterior values, natural environment, vegetation, and after the defense completed, lower minor restoration costs will emerge, compared to the known fire extinguishant materials. Mechanism of action of the post-foaming composition according to the invention as follows. Inert and hydrocarbon gases such as propellant gases maintain a pressure in the bottle to ensure the composition to dispense to the intended destination. The carrier release soluble hydrocarbon gases and the water drops dissolved inert gases, so the liquid is inflated and creates upstanding foam.

This foam keeps the texture and water content up to 6-24 hours, depending on the ratio of the fire-resistant component. As heat reaches foam, heat resistant silicate component become activated. Strong heat cause evaporation of the moisture of the carrier, then the bound water of silicates to evaporate from the foam, a honeycomb-structure left behind, which is a good thermal insulator, able to protect the object. Above approx. 350 ° C a ceramic protective layer forming, while the water content of the foam inside the foam migrates outwards towards the dry crust. For this reason, the crust thickens quickly, the inside of the foam will be emptied. The crust shields up to 810 ° C.

The inert gas contents of propellant gases are responsible for the inflammability of the gas mixture, so the hydrocarbon gas dissolved in the foam material and left in the bottle could not reach flammable concentration, By filling additional inert gas in the bottle large part of combustible gas will dissolve, the composition of the gaseous mixture left in the bottle, will be formed based on the partial pressures.

The post-foaming composition of the invention is well suited against fire of solid objects, as well as hydrocarbon tank fires, due to the mechanism of action of the hydrocarbon gas - inert gas mixture in the composition.

Hereinafter examples of post-foaming composition of this invention described in detail. It should be noted that the disclosed compositions do not take up all the possible components, but their related compounds in the respective component shown substantially the same effects in the compositions.

By the preparation of the foam composition firstly aqueous solution is made of fatty acids or fatty alcohols and their salts, esters, or aldehydes, amides used as a carrier. During dissolution of the carrier material, the water to be heated, to the melting point of the carrier, and the solution is made by saponification and hydrolysis. For this, both the well-known soap-cooking alkalis ( aOH, OH) or other soap-forming material (eg, Triethanolamine) can be used.

After this, the fire-resistant silicate additive can be dissolved in the prepared soap solution.

The solution is cooled thickening, and become gelatinous consistency which may be gelled further as needed with the known thickening agents of the industry (eg. sodium carboxyl-methyl cellulose, xanthan gum, etc.) Foaming, and water drop properties of the composition may be slightly improved further, by addition of small amount of surfactant material (eg. polyethylene glycol).

1. composition preparation example:

In the given composition 170 g of water heated over 70 ° C, then 22 g of stearic acid as a carrier, 10 g of triethanolamine soap-forming organic base of foam enhancement ingredient was added, and heating was discontinued after the stearic acid dissolved. Subsequently 4 g of carboxymethyl cellulose viscosity enhancement of foam enhancement ingredient w f as admixed. The solution cooled down to the temperature near 0 ° C and diluted by adding 100 g ice.

Then 4 g of polyethylene glycol stearate, 12 g of polyethylene glycol powder was added to the cooled solution as surfactant foam enhancement ingredient, and agitated vigorously while a uniform white mass is formed,

Then, depending on the desired degree of fire resistance, up to 100g 5 in this case 70 g of sodium silicate solution was added with vigorous stirring to the mass obtained. Then, to avoid further thickening 155 g of ice and/or water was added, and the mixture was maintained near 0 0 C temperature. Finally, after 30 minutes, thinned to reach flowable consistency by some more water added, The obtained liquid mixture was then filled into a pressure-resistant bottle equipped with a valve, which was evacuated below 0.05 bar (a) previously, and then sealed.

After the bottle filled with the specific mixture, 5g per kilogram isobutane hydrocarbon propellent material ingredient and argon gas as inert propellant gas was filled over, until that the cylinder pressure not exceeded the design pressure, but a minimum pressure of 20 bar reached.

The mixture shaken well and thus brought the finished composition ready for use, By spread over the specific composition, we found that if applied on a wood block, 2 cm thick layer of foam already provided sufficient protection against direct gasoline fire even after 9 minutes. 2. composition preparation example:

The exemplary version of the composition prepared of cooking oil, frying fat triglycerides, as follows. 330 g nsed frying oil and 108 g stearic acid were mixed as carriers, and the mixture heated to a temperature above 70 ° C, the heating and stirring continued until the stearic acid dissolved,

Simultaneously, 266 g of water, and 28 g of potassium hydroxide and 17 g of sodium hydroxide, as inorganic soap-forming base of foam enhancement ingredient were charged into a vessel made of suitable material, and heated to about 80 0 C, besides continuous mixing of the components.

Then the two mixtures combined and uniformly mixed. Then, 560 g of sodium silicate solution as fire resistant ingredient, and secondly, 3200 g of water was added with vigorous stirring. The resulting low viscosity solution was cooled down to a temperature of about 5 0 C,

The obtained liquid mixture was then filled into a pressure-resistant bottle equipped with a valve, which was evacuated below 0.05 bar (a) previously, and then sealed.

After the bottle filled to 2/3 part with the specific mixture, 20g per kilogram isobutane hydrocarbon propellani material ingredient and argon gas as inert propellant gas was filled over, until that the cylinder pressure not exceeded the design pressure, but a minimum pressure of 20 bar reached.

The mixture shaken well and thus brought the finished composition ready for use. After spreading over the specific composition, we found that the composite solidified depending on the ambient temperature. According to the lire resistance, it reached a lower level compared to the previous example composition.

3, composition preparation example;

In the third version of the example 9 grams cetyl stearyl alcohol (C14-C16), and 6 grams m ristic acid as a carrier were mixed with 100 g of water and heated above 56 0 C until the alcohol melted and formed an oily layer on the water surface,

Then with continued stirring, triethanolamine as an organic soap-fomiing base was added until the oily layer completely dissolved. In our case, it took about 8 grams. Then, 3 grams of polyeth- ylene glycol stearate as surfactant, and 50 g of sodium silicate solution as fire resistant component were mixed, and then approximately 1 gram methyl cellulose viscosity-increasing additive was added and the solution was well mixed.

The obtained liquid mixture was then cooled down and filled into a pressure-resistant bottle equipped with a valve, which was evacuated below 0,05 bar (a) previously, and then sealed.

After the bottle filled to 2/3 part with the specific mixture, lOg per kilogram isobutane hydrocarbon propellant material ingredient and nitrogen gas as inert propellant gas is filled over, until that the cylinder pressure not exceeded the design pressure, but a minimum pressure of 20 bar reached.

The finished post-foaming composition was then ready for use, after application it had an expansion ratio of about 4, forming a highly viscous, stable layer and adhered to surfaces up to about 1 cm thick layer, Fire resistance was excellent, unchanged even in direct flame. The foam material floated well on hydrocarbon fluids (eg, petrol) surface, and not dissolved therein.

4. composition preparation example:

In the fourth version of the example about 20 grams of lauric acid as a carrier were mixed in 200 g of water, and then heated above 60 0 C and 2 to 3 g of potassium hydroxide as inorganic soap- forming base were mixed, until the oily layer was dissolved. Then 10 grams of polyethylene glycol stearate as a surfactant and 100 g of sodium silicate solution as fire resistant component were mixed, and then 4 grams of methyl cellulose and 15 grams of xanthan gum as viscosity-increasing additives was added to the solution and well mixed.

The obtained, liquid mixture was then cooled down and filled into a pressure-resistant bottle equipped with a valve, which was evacuated below 0.05 bar (a) previously, and then sealed.

After the bottle filled to 2/3 part with the specific mixture, !Og per kilogram propane hydrocarbon propellant material ingredient and argon gas as inert propellant gas was filled over, until that the cylinder pressure not exceeded the design pressure, but a minimum pressure of 20 bar reached.

After application, the specific composition was completely hardened, suitable to cut with a knife, it was springy consistency, and excellent fire retardant properties, Density was about 0.3 g/cni3. The foam material floated well on hydrocarbon fluids (eg. petrol) surface, and not dissolved therein. Another sample of the resulting liquid mixture was further diluted with 500 g water per kilogram of base material and filled to a bottle identically to the first sample.

The mixture shaken well and thus brought the finished composition ready for use. After spreading off the specific composition, it was found that after application of the composition it was similar to whipped cream consistency and had excellent fire retardant properties. The foam material floated well on hydrocarbon fluids (eg. petrol) surface, and not dissolved therein.

5. composition preparation example: in the fifth version of the example about !Ogramm cetyl-stearyl alcohol (C14-C16) and 10 g of magnesium stearate as a carrier mixed into 200 g of water and then heated above 80 0 C. Then 2-4 g of potassium hydroxide inorganic soap-forming base foam improvement ingredient were mixed until the carrier is completely dissolved. Then about 100 grams of sodium silicate as fire resistant ingredient and 5 grams of xanthan gum viscosity enhancer mixed in, and the solution cooled down and thinned with about 50 grams of ice.

The obtained liquid mixture w r as then filled into a pressure-resistant bottle equipped with a valve, which was evacuated below 0.05 bar (a) previously, and then sealed.

After the bottle filled to 2/3 part with the specific mixture, lOg per kilogram propane hydrocarbon propeliant material ingredient and argon gas as inert propeliant gas was filled over, until that the cylinder pressure not exceeded the design pressure, but a minimum pressure of 20 bar reached.

The mixture shaken well and thus brought the finished composition ready for use. After spreading over the specific composition, a thick, creamy foam generated, with an expansion ratio of about 10. The flame resistance of the foam was also very good. The foam material floated well on hydrocarbon fluids (eg. petrol) surface, and not dissolved therein,

6. composition preparation example:

In the sixth version of the example about 21 grams of stearic acid methyl ester as a carrier was added to 137 g of water and heated above about 60 ° C. Then, the carrier is melted and formed an oily layer on the liquid surface. Then 2-3 g of potassium hydroxide inorganic soap-forming base mixed into the hot liquid, while the carrier is completely dissolved. Then 73gramm sodium silicate as fire resistant component was added and stirred well. The solution suddenly thickened, so 150 grams of ice and water was added, until it is completely cooled. The liquid was mushy texture.

The obtained liquid mixture was then filled into a pressure-resistant bottle equipped with a valve, which was evacuated below 0,05 bar (a) previously, and then sealed.

After the bottle filled to 2/3 part with the specific mixture, 20g per kilogram isobutane hydrocarbon propellant material ingredient and argon gas as inert propellant gas was filled over, until that the cylinder pressure not exceeded the design pressure, but a minimum pressure of 20 bar reached.

The mixture shaken well and thus brought the finished composition ready for use, A thick, creamy foam generated after application, with an expansion ratio of about 10. The flame resistance of the foam is good, The foam material floated well on hydrocarbon fluids (eg. petrol) surface, and not dissolved therein.

After application of the foam it was completely balanced, moderate, creamy, the particles included in the solution were not found. Fire resistance and durability of the foam obtained was good.

7. composition preparation example:

In the seventh version of the example about 8 grams of stearic acid methyl ester and 8 g of cetyl stearyi alcohol as carrier components was added to 165 g of water and heated above about 60 0 C. Then, the carrier was melted and formed an oily layer on the liquid surface. Then 2 g of potassium hydroxide as inorganic soap-forming base were mixed in until the carrier is completely dissolved. Then SOgramm Sodium silicate as fire resistant component was added and stirred well. The liquid cooled down to a temperature close to 0 0 C by 122 grams of ice and water was added. Then 5 g of polyethylene glycol stearate as surfactant foam enhancement ingredient, 4 grams of methyl cellulose and 25 grams of carboxymethyl cellulose solution as viscosity enhancing components were mixed in. in the first application example of the 7. composition the obtained liquid mixture was then filled into a pressure-resistant bottle equipped with a valve, which was evacuated below 0.05 bar (a) previously, and then sealed.

After the bottle filled to 2/3 part with the specific mixture, 60g per kilogram isobutane hydrocarbon propellant material ingredient was added. in the second application example of 7. composition, the liquid mixture filled into a bottle in the same way, and then of 20 g per liter of isobutane hydrocarbon propeliant ingredient was added to the mixture through the filling valve. Finally, further argon gas as inert propeliant gas was filled over, until that the cylinder pressure not exceeded the design pressure, but a minimum pressure of 20 bar reached.

The mixture shaken well and thus brought the finished composition ready for use.

A creamy foam was obtained after application of the first case, with an expansion ratio of approximately 10, The foam has low fire resistance.

The foam obtained was more solid creamy consistency in the second case, with an expansion ratio of approximately 12. The foam had high fire resistance. Then we found that above the optimal hydrocarbon content, all properties of the foam decrease significantly.

The post-foaming composition according to the invention is widely useful in all cases, when large amount of cost-effective, durable, homogeneous, high expansion ratio, fire -proof, and good heat insulating foam should be generated quickly, and utilized against the effects of fire and/or heat for a long period.