Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
POWER TAKE-OFF ARRANGEMENT, POWERTRAIN, AND VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/212702
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Herein a power take-off arrangement (1) for a vehicle (5) is disclosed. The arrangement (1) comprises an input shaft (7), a main transmission member (9), and a main coupling device (11). The arrangement (1) further comprises a first power take-off unit (13) a second power take-off unit (17), a first coupling device (15), and a second coupling device (19). The first coupling device (15) and the second coupling device (19) are configured to, in an engaged state, connect a respective power take-off unit (13, 17) to the main transmission member (9). The first and second coupling devices (15, 19) are connected to the main coupling device (11) such that the main coupling device (11) is controlled to be in the engaged state when any one of the first and second coupling devices (15, 19) is in the engaged state. The present disclosure further relates to a powertrain (3) and a vehicle (5).

Inventors:
NORBERG, Peer (Östergatan 5, Södertälje, 152 43, SE)
ARNELÖF, Per (Albatrossvägen 5, Vendelsö, 136 66, SE)
PETERSEN, Daniel (Lingonstigen 5, Södertälje, 152 51, SE)
Application Number:
SE2018/050494
Publication Date:
November 22, 2018
Filing Date:
May 14, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
SCANIA CV AB (151 87 Södertälje, 151 87, SE)
International Classes:
B60K17/28; B60K25/06; B60W30/188
Domestic Patent References:
WO2014189456A12014-11-27
Foreign References:
EP2681983A12014-01-08
DE267021C1913-11-11
US20050072254A12005-04-07
US20080000322A12008-01-03
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HAGSTRÖM, Åsa (Scania CV AB, Södertälje, 151 87, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
A power take-off arrangement (1 ) for a vehicle (5), wherein the arrangement (1 ) comprises:

- an input shaft (7), a main transmission member (9) and a main coupling device (1 1 ), wherein the main coupling device (1 1 ) is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the main transmission member (9) to the input shaft (7),

- a first power take-off unit (13) and a first coupling device (15), wherein the first

coupling device (15) is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the first power take-off unit (13) to the main transmission member (9),

- a second power take-off unit (17) and a second coupling device (19), wherein the second coupling device (19) is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the second power take-off unit (17) to the main transmission member (9),

wherein the first and second coupling devices (15, 19) are connected to the main coupling device (1 1 ) such that the main coupling device (1 1 ) is controlled to be in the engaged state when any one of the first and second coupling devices (15, 19) is in the engaged state.

The arrangement (1 ) according to claim 1 , wherein the main coupling device (1 1 ) is arranged to assume a disengaged state when all of the first and second coupling devices (15, 19) are in a disengaged state.

The arrangement (1 ) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the arrangement (1 ) further comprises:

- a first actuator (21 ) configured to control the first coupling device (15) between a disengaged state and the engaged state, and

- a second actuator (22) configured to control the second coupling device (19)

between a disengaged state and the engaged state,

wherein the first coupling device (15) is connected to the main coupling device (1 1 ) via a first portion (23) of the first actuator (21 ), and wherein second coupling device (19) is connected to the main coupling device (1 1 ) via a second portion (24) of the second actuator (22).

The arrangement (1 ) according to claim 3, wherein the connection between the first portion (23) and the main coupling device (1 1 ) is such that the first portion (23) abuts against a portion (25) of the main coupling device (1 1 ), at least when the first coupling device (15) is in the engaged state, and wherein the connection between the second portion (24) and the main coupling device (1 1 ) is such that the second portion (24) abuts against a portion (26) of the main coupling device (1 1 ), at least when the second coupling device (19) is in the engaged state.

The arrangement (1 ) according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the first actuator (21 ) comprises a first actuator arm (27), and the second actuator (22) comprises a second actuator arm (28), wherein the first portion (23) is a portion of the first actuator arm (27), and wherein the second portion (24) is a portion of the second actuator arm (28).

The arrangement (1 ) according to any one of the claims to claim 3 - 5, wherein the first actuator (21 ) is configured to control the first coupling device (15) from the disengaged state to the engaged state by displacing the first coupling device (15) in a first direction (d1 ),

wherein the second actuator (22) is configured to control the second coupling device (19) from the disengaged state to the engaged state by displacing the second coupling device (19) in the first direction (d1 ), and

wherein the main coupling device (1 1 ) is arranged to assume the engaged state by being displaced in the first direction (d1 ).

The arrangement (1 ) according to claim 6, wherein the main coupling device (1 1 ) is biased in a second direction (d2) being opposite to the first direction (d1 ).

The arrangement (1 ) according any one of the preceding claims, further comprising: a first transmission member (29) and a second transmission member (30) each being connected to the main transmission member (9),

- a first shaft (31 ) connected to the first power take-off unit (13), and

- a second shaft (32) connected to the second power take-off unit (17),

wherein the first coupling device (15) is configured to connect the first power take-off unit (13) to the main transmission member (9) by connecting the first transmission member (29) to the first shaft (31 ), and

wherein the second coupling device (19) is configured to connect the second power take-off unit (17) to the main transmission member (9) by connecting the second transmission member (30) to the second shaft (32).

The arrangement (1 ) according to claim 8, wherein the main transmission member (9), the first transmission member (29) and second transmission member (30) each comprises a gear wheel.

10. The arrangement (1 ) according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the input shaft (7), the first shaft (31 ) and the second shaft (32) are arranged in parallel.

1 1 . The arrangement (1 ) according to any one of the claims 8 - 10, wherein at least a portion of the input shaft (7) is arranged between the first shaft (31 ) and the second shaft (32).

12. The arrangement (1 ) according to any one of the claims 8 - 1 1 , wherein the first coupling device (15) is slidably arranged at the first shaft (31 ), the second coupling device (19) is slidably arranged at the second shaft (32) and the main coupling device (1 1 ) is slidably arranged at the input shaft (7).

13. The arrangement (1 ) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the main coupling device (1 1 ) and the first and second coupling devices (15, 19) each comprises a dog clutch.

14. A powertrain (3) for a vehicle (5), wherein the powertrain (3) comprises a power source (4) and a transmission (6), wherein the power source (4) is configured to provide motive power to the vehicle (5) via the transmission (6), and wherein the powertrain (3) comprises a power take-off arrangement (1 ) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the input shaft (7) of the power take-off arrangement (1 ) is connected to a shaft (37) of the powertrain (3).

15. A vehicle (5) comprising a powertrain (3) according to claim 14.

Description:
Power Take-off Arrangement, Powertrain, and Vehicle

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to power take-off arrangement for a vehicle. The present invention further relates to powertrain for a vehicle, as well as a vehicle comprising a powertrain.

BACKGROUND

A power take-off arrangement, generally abbreviated as PTO, is an arrangement for taking power from a propulsion unit of a vehicle, such as a running engine, and transmitting it to a second unit such as an attached implement or a separate machine. Most PTO arrangements comprise an input shaft connected to a shaft of a powertrain of the vehicle, such as a lay shaft of a gearbox of the vehicle. Some PTO arrangements comprise a PTO unit in the form of a splined output shaft designed so that an input shaft of a second unit can be easily connected to the splined output shaft. As an alternative to the splined output shaft, or in addition thereto, a PTO arrangement may comprise a PTO unit in the form of a hydraulic pump, or similar. The hydraulic pump may be connected to, and drive, a temporarily attached hydraulic unit, and/or a hydraulic unit permanently arranged at the vehicle, such as a hydraulic unit configured to tilt a tipper body of a tipper truck, a crane, or the like. A common feature of the above described PTO arrangements is that they allow implements to draw energy from a power source of a vehicle, such as an engine.

Some vehicles, such as heavy trucks, comprise two or more PTO units. Such two or more PTO units are preferably individually disconnectable from the power source. This in order to be able to use one PTO unit at the time, to lower losses when a PTO unit is not in use, and in order to not cause any parts of the PTO unit to move when the PTO unit is not in use. As is well known, environmental concerns require an efficient use of power of a power source of a vehicle. The technology development in the vehicle industry has led to increasingly energy efficient vehicles, which is an important aspect for the future, also for vehicles which are at least partially driven by an electric machine.

The addition of different functions and components to a vehicle usually add cost and weight to the vehicle and take up space. In addition, generally, today's consumer market requires high quality products which can be manufactured in a cost-efficient manner, while being reliable and durable. SUMMARY

It is an object of the present invention to overcome, or at least alleviate, at least some of the above-mentioned problems.

According to a first aspect of the invention, the object is achieved by a power take-off arrangement for a vehicle. The arrangement comprises an input shaft, a main transmission member and a main coupling device. The main coupling device is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the main transmission member to the input shaft. The arrangement further comprises a first power take-off unit and a first coupling device. The first coupling device is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the first power take-off unit to the main transmission member. The arrangement further comprises a second power take-off unit and a second coupling device. The second coupling device is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the second power take-off unit to the main transmission member. The first and second coupling devices, are connected to the main coupling device such that the main coupling device is controlled to be in the engaged state when any one of the first and second coupling devices, is in the engaged state.

Thereby, a power take-off arrangement is provided in which the main coupling device is controlled to be in the engaged state when any one of the first and second coupling devices is in the engaged state, i.e. when any one of the first and second power take-off unit is in use. Thereby, the need for a separate actuator controlling engagement of the main coupling device is circumvented. Instead, as an example, by arranging a first actuator controlling engagement of the first coupling device and a second actuator controlling engagement of the second coupling device, an arrangement is provided comprising only two actuators capable of controlling engagement of three different coupling devices.

As a result, a less complex arrangement is provided comprising fewer parts. Thus, an arrangement is provided which can be manufactured in a cost-efficient manner, while saving space and weight.

Accordingly, an arrangement is provided overcoming, or at least alleviating, at least some of the above-mentioned problems. As a result, the above-mentioned object is achieved. Optionally, the main coupling device is arranged to assume a disengaged state when all of the first and second coupling devices, are in a disengaged state. Thereby, an arrangement is provided automatically disconnecting the main transmission member from the input shaft when all of the first and second coupling devices, are in a disengaged state, i.e. when all of the first and second the first and second power take-off units are not in use. Thereby, the need for a separate actuator controlling the main coupling device to the disengaged state is circumvented. In addition, losses caused by the arrangement, when not in use, are minimized in a simple and efficient manner since the main transmission member is disconnected from the input shaft when all of the first and second coupling devices are in a disengaged state. As a result, an arrangement is provided potentially reducing consumption of power of a powertrain comprising the arrangement. Optionally, the arrangement further comprises a first actuator configured to control the first coupling device between a disengaged state and the engaged state, and a second actuator configured to control the second coupling device between a disengaged state and the engaged state, wherein the first coupling device is connected to the main coupling device via a first portion of the first actuator, and the second coupling device is connected to the main coupling device via a second portion of the second actuator. Thereby, a power take-off arrangement is provided which comprises two actuators capable of controlling engagement of three different coupling devices in a simple and efficient manner. Further, a power take-off arrangement is provided saving space, cost and weight. Optionally, the connection between the first portion and the main coupling device is such that the first portion abuts against a portion of the main coupling device, at least when the first coupling device is in the engaged state, and wherein the connection between the second portion and the main coupling device is such that the second portion abuts against a portion of the main coupling device, at least when the second coupling device is in the engaged state. Thereby, the connections are provided in a simple and efficient manner. Thus, the above given advantage of being capable of controlling engagement of three different coupling devices using two actuators is achieved in a simple, reliable and efficient manner.

Optionally, the first actuator comprises a first actuator arm, and the second actuator comprises a second actuator arm, wherein the first portion is a portion of the first actuator arm, and wherein the second portion is a portion of the second actuator arm. Thereby, the connections are provided in a simple and efficient manner. Thus, the above given advantage of being capable of controlling engagement of three different coupling devices using two actuators is achieved in a simple, reliable and efficient manner.

Optionally, the first actuator is configured to control the first coupling device from the disengaged state to the engaged state by displacing the first coupling device in a first direction, wherein the second actuator is configured to control the second coupling device from the disengaged state to the engaged state by displacing the second coupling device in the first direction, and wherein the main coupling device is arranged to assume the engaged state by being displaced in the first direction. Thereby, an arrangement is provided capable of controlling engagement of three different coupling devices using two actuators in a simple, reliable and efficient manner.

Optionally, the main coupling device is biased in a second direction being opposite to the first direction. Thereby, the main coupling device will disconnect the main transmission member from the input shaft, when all of the first and second coupling devices are in a disengaged state, in a simple, reliable and efficient manner. Accordingly, also the need for a separate actuator controlling the main coupling device to the disengaged state is circumvented.

Optionally, the arrangement further comprises a first transmission member and a second transmission member each being connected to the main transmission member. Further, the arrangement may comprise a first shaft connected to the first power take-off unit, and a second shaft connected to the second power take-off unit. The first coupling device may be configured to connect the first power take-off unit to the main transmission member by connecting the first transmission member to the first shaft, and the second coupling device may be configured to connect the second power take-off unit to the main transmission member by connecting the second transmission member to the second shaft.

Thereby, the first and second power take-off units can be connected to the main transmission member in a simple and reliable manner. Optionally, the main transmission member, the first transmission member and second transmission member each comprises a gear wheel. Thereby, transfer of power from the input shaft to the respective power take-off unit can be performed in a simple, efficient and reliable manner. Optionally, the input shaft, the first shaft and the second shaft are arranged in parallel.

Thereby, transfer of power from the input shaft to the respective power take-off unit can be performed in a simple, efficient and reliable manner. Further, a compact power take-off arrangement can be provided. Optionally, at least a portion of the input shaft is arranged between the first shaft and the second shaft. Thereby, transfer of power from the input shaft to the respective power take-off unit can be performed in a simple, efficient and reliable manner. Further, a compact power take-off arrangement can be provided since space is utilized in an efficient manner.

Optionally, the first coupling device is slidably arranged at the first shaft, the second coupling device is slidably arranged at the second shaft and the main coupling device is slidably arranged at the input shaft. Thereby, engagement of the respective coupling device can be performed in in a simple, reliable and efficient manner. Further, since the respective coupling device is slidably arranged at the respective shaft, less complex actuators can be used for controlling engagement of the coupling devices. This since actuators can be used which only operates in one or two directions for displacing a respective coupling device.

Optionally, the main coupling device and the first and second coupling devices, each comprises a dog clutch. Thereby, engagement of the respective coupling device can be performed in in a simple, reliable and efficient manner. Further, since the respective coupling device comprises a dog clutch, less complex actuators can be used for controlling engagement of the coupling devices. This since actuators can be used which only operates in one or two directions for displacing a portion of the respective dog clutch.

According to a second aspect of the invention, the object is achieved by a powertrain for a vehicle, wherein the powertrain comprises a power source and a transmission, wherein the power source is configured to provide motive power to the vehicle via the transmission, and wherein the powertrain comprises a power take-off arrangement according to some embodiments, wherein the input shaft of the power take-off arrangement is connected to a shaft of the powertrain. Since the powertrain comprises a power take-off arrangement overcoming, or at least alleviating, at least some of the above-mentioned problems, a powertrain is provided overcoming, or at least alleviating, at least some of the above- mentioned problems.

As a result, the above-mentioned object is achieved.

According to a third aspect of the invention, the object is achieved by a vehicle comprising a powertrain according to claim. Since the vehicle comprises a powertrain overcoming, or at least alleviating, at least some of the above-mentioned problems, a vehicle is provided overcoming, or at least alleviating, at least some of the above-mentioned problems.

As a result, the above-mentioned object is achieved. Further features of, and advantages with, the present invention will become apparent when studying the appended claims and the following detailed description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Various aspects of the invention, including its particular features and advantages, will be readily understood from the example embodiments discussed in the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 schematically illustrates a power take-off arrangement, according to some

embodiments,

Fig. 2 illustrates the power take-off arrangement illustrated in Fig. 1 with the first coupling device in the engaged state,

Fig. 3 illustrates a powertrain for a vehicle, and

Fig. 4 illustrates a vehicle comprising the powertrain illustrated in Fig. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Aspects of the present invention will now be described more fully. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout. Well-known functions or constructions will not necessarily be described in detail for brevity and/or clarity.

Fig. 1 schematically illustrates a power take-off arrangement 1 , according to some embodiments. The arrangement 1 comprises an input shaft 7, a main transmission member 9 and a main coupling device 1 1 . The main coupling device 1 1 is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the main transmission member 9 to the input shaft 7. According to the embodiments illustrated in Fig. 1 , the main transmission member 9 comprises a gear wheel. Further, according to the illustrated embodiments, the arrangement 1 comprises a first transmission member 29 and a second transmission member 30, each comprising a gear wheel arranged to engage with the gear wheel of the main transmission member 9. The arrangement 1 further comprises a first power take-off unit 13, a first coupling device 15, a second power take-off unit 17, and a second coupling device 19.

According to the illustrated embodiments, the arrangement 1 comprises a first shaft 31 connected to the first power take-off unit 13 and a second shaft 32 connected to the second power take-off unit 17. The first transmission member 29 is rotatably arranged at the first shaft 31 , the second transmission member 30 is rotatably arranged at the second shaft 32 and the main transmission member 9 is rotatably arranged at the input shaft 7. The first coupling device 15 is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the first power take-off unit 13 to the main transmission member 9. The second coupling device 19 is configured to, in an engaged state, connect the second power take-off unit 17 to the main transmission member 9. According to the illustrated embodiments, the first coupling device 15 is configured to connect the first power take-off unit 13 to the main transmission member 9 by connecting the first transmission member 29 to the first shaft 31 . Likewise, the second coupling device 19 is configured to connect the second power take-off unit 17 to the main transmission member 9 by connecting the second transmission member 30 to the second shaft 32.

In Fig. 1 , all of the main coupling device 1 1 , the first coupling device 15 and the second coupling device 19 are illustrated in a disengaged state. According to the illustrated embodiments, the first coupling device 15 is slidably arranged at the first shaft 31 , the second coupling device 19 is slidably arranged at the second shaft 32, and the main coupling device 1 1 is slidably arranged at the input shaft 7. According to the illustrated embodiments, the main coupling device 1 1 and the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 each comprises a dog clutch. However, one or more of the main coupling device 1 1 and the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 may comprise another type of coupling device, such as a disc coupling or cone coupling.

The first and second coupling devices 15, 19 are connected to the main coupling device 1 1 such that the main coupling device 1 1 is controlled to be in the engaged state when any one of the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 is in the engaged state. In the engaged state, the main coupling device 1 1 rotationally locks the main transmission member 1 1 to the input shaft 7.

Thereby, the need for a separate actuator controlling engagement of the main coupling device 1 1 is circumvented. Instead, as illustrated in Fig. 1 , the arrangement 1 may comprise a first actuator 21 and a second actuator 22. The first actuator 21 is configured to control the first coupling device 15 between a disengaged state and the engaged state. When the first coupling device 15 is in the disengaged state, the first transmission member 29 may rotate relative the first shaft. When the first coupling device 15 is in the engaged state, the first coupling device 15 rotationally locks the first transmission member 29 to the first shaft 31 . Likewise, the second actuator 22 is configured to control the second coupling device 19 between a disengaged state and the engaged state. When the second coupling device 19 is in the disengaged state, the second transmission member 30 may rotate relative the second shaft 32. When the second coupling device 19 is in the engaged state, the second coupling device 19 rotationally locks the second transmission member 30 to the second shaft 32.

The first actuator 21 is configured to control the first coupling device 15 from the disengaged state to the engaged state by displacing the first coupling device 15 in a first direction d1 .

Fig. 2 illustrates the power take-off arrangement 1 illustrated in Fig. 1 with the first coupling device 15 in the engaged state. Further, the first coupling device 15 is connected to the main coupling device 1 1 such that the main coupling device 1 1 is controlled to be in the engaged state when the first coupling device 15 is in the engaged state. Thus, upon displacement of the first coupling device 15 from the disengaged state, illustrated in Fig. 1 , to the engaged state, illustrated in Fig. 2, the main coupling device 1 1 is displaced to the engaged state. This since the main coupling device 1 1 , according to the illustrated embodiments, is arranged to assume the engaged state by being displaced in the first direction d1 . As a result, the main transmission member 9 is rotationally locked to the input shaft 7 and the first transmission member 29 is rotationally locked to the first shaft 31 , when the first coupling device 15 in in the engaged state. Thereby, torque can be transferred from the input shaft 7 to the first power take-off unit 13. The first actuator 21 comprises a first actuator arm 27. The first coupling device 15 is connected to the main coupling device 1 1 via a first portion 23 of the first actuator arm 27. The connection between the first portion 23 of the first actuator arm 27 and the main coupling device 1 1 is such that the first portion 23 abuts against a portion 25 of the main coupling device 1 1 , at least when the first coupling device 15 is in the engaged state. For example, as seen in Fig. 2, the first portion 23 of the first actuator arm 27 abuts against the main coupling device 1 1 when the first coupling device 15 is in the engaged state.

According to the illustrated embodiments, the second actuator 22 and the second coupling device 19 is of identical, but mirrored, design as the first actuator 21 and the first coupling device 15. Thus, the second actuator 22 comprises a second actuator arm 28, wherein the second coupling device 19 is connected to the main coupling device 1 1 via a second portion 24 of the second actuator arm 28, in a corresponding manner as described above with reference to the first actuator arm 27. According to the illustrated embodiments, the first actuator arm 27 and the second actuator arm 28 are arranged such that they only may transfer force onto the main coupling device 1 1 in the first direction d1 . According to the illustrated embodiments, the second portion 24 of the second actuator arm 28 do not abut against the main coupling device 1 1 . This since the first coupling device 15 is in the engaged state and the second coupling device 19 is in the disengaged state. When the first coupling device 15 is in the engaged state, and accordingly also the main coupling device 1 1 is in the engaged state, but the second coupling device 19 is in the disengaged state, as illustrated in Fig. 2, no torque is transferred to the second power takeoff unit 17 since the second transmission member 30 may rotate relative the second shaft 32. However, the second actuator 22 may control the second coupling device 19 from the disengaged state to the engaged state by displacing the second coupling device 19 in the first direction d1 . When the second coupling device 19 and the first coupling device 15 are in the engaged state, torque can be transferred from the input shaft 7 to the second power take-off unit 17, as well as to the first power take-off unit 13. When one of the actuators 21 , 22 is controlling one of the coupling devices 15, 19 to the disengaged state, the main coupling device 1 1 will remain in the engaged state. For example, if the first actuator 21 is controlling the first coupling device 15 to the disengaged state, the main coupling device 1 1 will remain in the engaged state, since the second portion 24 of the second actuator arm 28 will abut against the main coupling device 1 1 . When also the second actuator 24 is controlling the second coupling device 19 to the disengaged state, by displacing the second actuator arm 28 in the second direction d2, and thus also the second coupling device 19, in the second direction d2, the main coupling device 1 1 will assume the disengaged state. Thereby, losses caused by the arrangement 1 are minimized when none of the power take-off units 13, 17 are in use. The main coupling device 1 1 will assume the disengaged state since the main coupling device 1 1 is arranged to assume a disengaged state when all of the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 are in a

disengaged state. According to the illustrated embodiments, this is achieved by the main coupling device 1 1 being biased in the second direction d2 by a spring. According to the illustrated embodiments, the first direction d1 is a direction towards the respective

transmission unit 29, 32, 1 1 , and the second direction d2 is opposite to the first direction d1 , i.e. a direction from the respective transmission unit 29, 32, 1 1 .

Since the second actuator 22 and the second coupling device 19 is of identical, but mirrored, design as the first actuator 21 and the first coupling device 15, the features described herein applies mutatis mutandis if the second actuator 22 and the second coupling device 19 is supplemented with the first actuator 21 and the first coupling device 15, and vice versa. In addition, all possible combinations of engaged and disengaged first and second coupling devices 15, 19 are not illustrated in the figures and described in detail herein for the reason of brevity and/or clarity. According to the illustrated embodiments, the possible combinations of engaged and disengaged states of the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 are: 1 . The first and second coupling devices 15, 19 in the disengaged state, as illustrated in

Fig. 1 ,

2. The first coupling device 15 in the engaged state and the second coupling device 19 in the disengaged state, as illustrated in Fig. 2,

3. The second coupling device 19 in the engaged state and the first coupling device 15 in the disengaged state, not illustrated, and

4. The first and second coupling devices 15, 19 in the engaged state, not illustrated.

Since the main coupling device 1 1 is arranged to assume the disengaged state when all of the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 are in a disengaged state, the main coupling device 1 1 will be in the disengaged state in the combination 1 above.

Since the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 are connected to the main coupling device 1 1 such that the main coupling device 1 1 is controlled to be in the engaged state when any one of the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 is in the engaged state, the main coupling device 1 1 will be in the engaged state in the combinations 2 - 4 above.

The first and/or second actuator 21 , 22 may comprise a pneumatic, a hydraulic, or an electric actuator. The first and/or second actuator 21 , 22 may be arranged to displace the respective actuator arm 27, 28 in the first direction d1 and in the second direction d2. As an alternative, the first and/or second actuator 21 , 22 may be arranged to displace the respective actuator arm 27, 28 in one of the first and second directions d1 , d2, wherein the respective actuator arm 27, 28 is biased in the other direction of the first and second directions d1 , d2.

According to the illustrated embodiments, at least a portion of the input shaft 7 is arranged between the first shaft 31 and the second shaft 32. Further, the input shaft 7, the first shaft 31 and the second shaft 32 are arranged in parallel. However, the shafts 7, 31 , 32 may not be arranged in parallel, for example, one or more of the main transmission member 9, the first transmission member 29 and the second transmission member 30 may comprise a bevelled gear.

According to still further embodiments, the power take-off arrangement 1 may comprise more than two power take-off units 13, 17, such as three, four, five, or six power take-off units. According to such embodiments, each power take-off unit may be connected to the main transmission member 9, for example via a gear. Further, each power take-off unit may comprise a coupling device connected to the main coupling device 1 1 such that the main coupling device 1 1 is controlled to be in the engaged state when the coupling device is in the engaged state. Each power take-off unit may comprise an actuator arranged to control the coupling device between an engaged state and a disengaged state. In such embodiments, the connection may, as the illustrated embodiments, comprise a portion of an actuator arm of the actuator. The connection between the first and second coupling devices 15, 19 and the main coupling device 1 1 , as well as the connection between further coupling devices and the main coupling device 1 1 , may comprise a linkage ensuring that the main coupling device 1 1 is controlled to be in the engaged state when any one of the coupling devices is in the engaged state, and ensuring that main coupling device 1 1 assumes the disengaged state when all coupling devices are in the disengaged state. Such a linkage may be a mechanical linkage, a pneumatic linkage, a hydraulic linkage, and/or a magnetic linkage.

Fig. 3 illustrates a powertrain 3 for a vehicle. The powertrain 3 comprises a power source 4 and a transmission 6. The power source 4 may comprise a combustion engine, such as a diesel engine or an Otto engine configured to operate on gasoline, ethanol, or similar volatile fuel. As an alternative, or in addition thereto, the power source 4 may comprise one or more electric machines. The transmission may comprise a clutch, a gear box, one or more shafts, and one or more differentials being arranged to transfer power from the power source 4 to one or more wheels of a vehicle.

Fig. 4 illustrates a vehicle 5 comprising the powertrain 3 illustrated in Fig. 1 . The power source 4 of the powertrain 3, illustrated in Fig. 3, is configured to provide motive power to the vehicle 5 via the transmission 6. The powertrain 3 illustrated in Fig. 3 comprises a power take-off arrangement 1 as illustrated in Fig. 1 and 2. The input shaft 7 of the power take-off arrangement 1 is connected to a shaft 37 of the powertrain 3. According to the illustrated embodiments, the input shaft 7 of the power take-off arrangement 1 is connected to a lay shaft 37 of the transmission 6. However, the input shaft 7 of the power take-off arrangement 1 may be connected to another type of shaft of the powertrain 3, such as a shaft of the power source 4 or a shaft of the transmission 6. The vehicle 5 illustrated in Fig. 4 is a truck. However, the powertrain 3, and thus also the power take-off arrangement 1 , may be comprised in another type of manned or unmanned vehicle for land or water based propulsion such as a lorry, a bus, a construction vehicle, a tractor, a car, a ship, a boat, etc.

It is to be understood that the foregoing is illustrative of various example embodiments and that the invention is defined only by the appended claims. A person skilled in the art will realize that the example embodiments may be modified, and that different features of the example embodiments may be combined to create embodiments other than those described herein, without departing from the scope of the present invention, as defined by the appended claims.

The terms engaged and disengaged state, may also be referred to as the engaged and disengaged position. The terms first actuator arm and second actuator arm may also be referred to as a first actuator fork and a second actuator fork.

As used herein, the term "comprising" or "comprises" is open-ended, and includes one or more stated features, elements, steps, components or functions but does not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, elements, steps, components, functions or groups thereof.