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Title:
PRECAST TRAFFIC BARRIER ATOP RETAINING WALL SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/004892
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Disclosed herein is an embodiment of a roadside barrier to sit on top of a retaining wall to provide impact resistance to vehicular traffic. The precast concrete traffic barrier unit is designed to have a counterweight from soil backfill on the horizontal stem portion of the precast unit that acts to resist overturning pressures from vehicle impact on the precast traffic barrier portion which extends above the roadway surface. The horizontal stem is an exemplary designed triangular in shape to capture more of the backfill soil than typically what soil backfill rest directly above the horizontal stem or counterweight portion. Therefore, the triangular horizontal stem with its arching effect between adjacent units will allow more of the soil backfill to resist impact loading and reduce the amount of concrete needed to provide adequate vehicle restraint protection. An alignment seat locks the traffic barrier unit to the retaining wall below.

Inventors:
RAINEY, Thomas, L. (1427 Walcutt's Way, Marietta, GA, 30064, US)
Application Number:
US2013/048286
Publication Date:
January 03, 2014
Filing Date:
June 27, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
EARTH REINFORCEMENT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC. (437 Creekstone Ridge, Woodstock, GA, 30188, US)
International Classes:
E01F15/04; E01F15/08
Foreign References:
US20110318100A12011-12-29
US4494892A1985-01-22
US5131786A1992-07-21
US4059362A1977-11-22
US3195312A1965-07-20
US5471811A1995-12-05
Other References:
"Median Barrier Wall for Superelevated Sections or for Variable Roadway Profile Grades.", FDOT DESIGN STANDARDS, 1 January 2011 (2011-01-01), pages 1, XP055184512
See also references of EP 2885463A4
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SCHOEN, Randy, R. (Thomas | Horstemeyer, LLP.400 Interstate North Parkway,Suite 150, Atlanta GA, 30339, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

Therefore, at least the following is claimed:

1. A precast traffic barrier configured for assembly on a top portion of an underlying concrete earth retaining wall comprising a horizontal cantilever triangular stem, the horizontal cantilever triangular stem comprising:

a horizontal stem extending outwardly from a rear surface of a front portion;

a diagonal portion connecting the rear surface of the front portion to the horizontal stem; and

an alignment seat extending along at least a portion of the horizontal stem.

2. The precast traffic barrier of claim 1 , wherein the horizontal stem comprises at least:

a left protrusion extending outwardly from a bottom left side of a vertical center portion of the horizontal stem; and

a right protrusion extending outwardly from a bottom right side of the vertical center portion of the horizontal stem.

3. The precast traffic barrier of claim 2, wherein the alignment seat engages at least:

the top portion of the underlying earth retaining wall;

the rear surface of the front portion;

a bottom surface of the left protrusion; and

a bottom surface of the right protrusion.

4. The precast traffic barrier of claim 2, wherein the alignment seat comprises:

a left aligning element extending rearward along at least a portion of the left protrusion and downwardly from a bottom surface of the left protrusion; and a right aligning element extending rearward along at least a portion of the right protrusion and downwardly from a bottom surface of the right protrusion.

5. The precast traffic barrier of claim 4, wherein the left aligning element comprises a left protruding lug and the right aligning element comprises a right protruding lug.

6. The precast traffic barrier of claim 4, wherein a front face of the left aligning element is parallel with the rear surface of the front portion and a front face of the right aligning element is parallel with the rear surface of the front portion.

7. The precast traffic barrier of claim 2, wherein the left protrusion and the right protrusion are triangular.

8. A precast traffic barrier configured for assembly on a top portion of an underlying concrete earth retaining wall comprising a horizontal cantilever triangular stem, the horizontal cantilever triangular stem comprising:

a front portion comprising a front surface, a rear surface, a top surface, and a bottom surface;

a stem extending outwardly from the rear surface of the front portion, the stem comprising at least a left protrusion, a right protrusion, and a diagonal portion, wherein:

the left protrusion extends outwardly from a bottom left side of a vertical center portion of the stem;

the right protrusion extends outwardly from a bottom right side of the vertical center portion of the stem;

the left protrusion is triangular to the right protrusion; and the diagonal portion connects the rear surface of the front portion to the stem; and

an alignment seat extending along at least a portion of the stem, the alignment seat connected to at least:

the top portion of the underlying earth retaining wall;

the rear surface of the front portion;

a bottom face of the left protrusion; and a bottom face of the right protrusion.

9. The precast traffic barrier of claim 8, wherein the alignment seat comprises at least a left lug aligned with the rear surface of the front portion and a right lug aligned with the rear surface of the front portion.

10. The precast traffic barrier of claim 8, wherein the vertical center portion of the stem is at least 30 inches below a roadway.

Description:
PRECAST TRAFFIC BARRIER ATOP RETAINING WALL SYSTEM

BACKGROUND CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority to copending U.S. provisional application entitled "PRECAST TRAFFIC BARRIER ATOP RETAINING WALL SYSTEM" having serial no. 61 /665, 545, filed June 28, 2012, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

[0002] Conventional concrete earth retaining walls are commonly used for architectural, site development and roadway/highway construction applications. When roadways are located above or rest on top of the completed earth retaining wall, a traffic barrier is required to prevent vehicles from falling off of the retaining wall. Therefore, a traffic barrier is required to contain the impact from vehicles to keep them from falling over the retaining wall. The objective of the current invention is to minimize the concrete required for this purpose of using an exemplary shaped counterweight stem to capture more of the soil backfill weight located behind the earth retaining wall above the stem location to act as a counterweight and prevent barrier movement.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0003] Many aspects of the invention can be better understood with reference to the following drawings. The components in the drawings are not necessarily to scale, emphasis instead being placed upon clearly illustrating the principles of the present invention. Moreover, in the drawing s, like reference num erals desig nate corresponding parts throug hout the several views.

[0004] Figure 1 is a view of the exemplary precast traffic barrier in accordance various embodiments of the disclosure; [0005] Figure 2 is a cross sectional view of an earth retaining wall with the exemplary precast traffic barrier sitting on top of an earth retaining wall in accordance various embodiments of the disclosure;

[0006] Figure 3 is an elevation view of an earth retaining wall with the exemplary precast traffic barrier making up the top row of precast concrete units in accordance various embodiments of the disclosure;

[0007] Figure 4 is a side view of the exemplary precast traffic barrier in accordance various embodiments of the disclosure;

[0008] Figure 5 is a top view of the exemplary precast traffic barrier in accordance various embodiments of the disclosure;

[0009] Figure 6 is a back view of the exemplary precast traffic barrier in accordance various embodiments of the disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0010] Disclosed herein are different views of the exemplary precast traffic barrier related to the siting above an earth retaining wall to prevent traffic from falling over the earth retaining wall. Reference will now be made in detail to the description of the embodiments as illustrated in the drawings. Like reference numbers indicate like parts throughout the several views.

[0011] When roadways, driveways, or vehicle access is planned above an underlying earth retaining wall, a traffic barrier to prevent traffic from falling over the walls leading edge is required. Traditionally, a guard rail or poured in place concrete traffic barrier is installed above the underlying earth retaining wall to contain vehicles traveling on the planned drive isle or roadway above the underlying earth retaining wall. The exemplary invention is to expedite installation of the traffic barrier by making it a part of the earth retaining wall system where the traffic barriers can act as the top row of the modular precast retaining wall system and provide resistance to overturning by using the backfill soil weig ht resting on the horizontal cantilever triangular stem. The downward pres sure of the soil backfill beside and on top of the horizontal protruding stem provides the resisting pressure to have the exemplary precast traffic barrier act as a cantilever foundation with a vertical wall and resist impact loads from vehicles impacting the portion of the precast traffic barrier extending above grade.

[0012] Generally speaking , the portion of the precast traffic barrier extending above grade has a geometry and dimension defined by various state Department of Transportations t hat are standard or uniform throughout all traffic barriers installed along roadways, highways, and planned drive isles of the respective states.

Therefore, the geometry of the vertical portion of the precast traffic barrier that extends above the roadway grade may vary from state to state.

[0013] Referring to Figure 1 , the horizontal cantilever triangular stem 105 of the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 has a front portion 115, a horizontal stem 190, and an alignment seat 165. The front portion 115 has an above-grade front surface 130, a below-grade front surface 120, a top surface 140, a rear surface 180, and a slanted portion 150. The above-grade front surface 130 extends vertically above roadway grade and the below-grade front surface 120 extends vertically below roadway grade. The below-grade front surface 120 comprises the upper port ion of the underlying earth retaining wall. The top surface 140 of the front portion 115 is typically 32 to 36 inches above the roadway or driveway surface elevation. The rear surface 180 of the front portion 115 extends above grade. Vehicular impact would occur against the rear surface 180 as well as the slanted portion 150. The overall stability of the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 is prevented from overturning by a counterweig ht from backfill soil resting beside and above the horizontal stem 190. A protrusion 11 0 of the rear stem helps capture the surrounding backfill soils weight to add resisting force by means of downward weight on the horizontal stem 190. The vertical center portion 160 of the horizontal stem 190 is approximately 30 inches below the drive or roadway grade to allow the installation of utilities and pavement section not obscured by the precast traffic barrier 100 piece or unit. To keep the exemplary precast traffic barrier from sliding on top of the retaining wall, an alignment seat 165 comprising aligning elements 170 extend below the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 to lock into the top concrete precast unit of the earth retaining wall. The aligning elements 170 may comprise, for example, two protruding lugs.

[0014] Figure 2 shows a cross section 200 of the elevated roadway grade 220 sitting on top of the earth retaining wall. The horizontal stem 190 of the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 sits well below the pavement grade 220 to prevent interference. For installation of the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100, a square hole 240 is cast into the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 to facilitate lifting and hoisting into place. A diagonal portion 210 is required to transfer the downward cantilever pressure on the horizontal stem 190 to the front portion 115 of the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 to prevent impact on the rear surface 180 of the barrier-facing vehicular traffic. The exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 is aligned with the underlying earth retaining wall by the alignment seat 165, which is engaged to a top portion of the underlying earth retaining wall.

[0015] Figure 3 shows an elevation view 300 of the front face of the earth retaining wall, the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 makes up the top row of the concrete earth retaining wall to complete or top out the earth retaining wall soil retention requirements. The grade of the proposed roadway 220 is below the barrier portion of the precast traffic barrier 100 but above the horizontal cantilever triangular stem 105 of the precast traffic barrier 100. [0016] In Figure 4, the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 is shown. The aligning elements 170 extend below the bottom of the horizontal stem 190 to lock into the earth retaining wall system below. The aligning elements 170 extend downwardly from the bottom surface 185 of the protrusion 110 of the horizontal stem 190 and rearward along the protrusion 110 of the horizontal stem 190. The below- grade front surface 120 of the precast traffic barrier 100 is in vertical alignment with the underlying retaining wall face and the front face 175 of the aligning element 170 to complete the earth retaining wall vertical plane alignment. For example, the aligning elements 170 may be aligned in a parallel fashion with the rear surface 180 of the front portion 1 15.

[0017] Fig ure 5 shows the top view to illustrate the triangular protrusions 110 of the horizontal stem 190 that cover approximately 50% of the overall counterweight area of backfill soil that is available to provide weight for overturning resistance. The triangular protrusions 110 allow the reduced horizontal coverage area and hence save precast concrete area and volume. The triangular protrusions 110 extend outwardly from the bottom side 195 of the vertical center portion 160 of the horizontal stem 190. The diagonal portion 210 connects the rear surface 180 with the vertical center portion 160 of the horizontal stem 190.

[0018] Figure 6 is a rear view of the exemplary precast traffic barrier 100 which shows the diagonal portion 210 connecting the vertical center portion 160 of the horizontal stem 190 up to the vertical rear surface 180 of the front portion 115 of the precast traffic barrier 100.

[0019] It should be emphasized that the above described invention of the present disclosure is to implement an arching effect within the earth retaining wall backfill soils by the triangular stem to take advantage of the soil backfill vertical weight to provide resisting force from horizontal vehicular impact on the portion of the stem above the drive isle or roadway grade. The dimensions of the portion of the barrier above grade may vary depending upon various Department of Transportation guidelines for impact barriers along roadways.

[0020] It should be emphasized that the above-described embodiments of the present invention, particularly, any "preferred" embodiments, are merely possible non-limiting examples of implementations, merely set forth for a clear understanding of the principles of the invention. Many variations and modifications may be made to the above-described embodiment(s) of the invention without departing substantially from the spirit and principles of the invention. All such modifications and variations are intended to be included herein within the scope of this disclosure and the present invention.