Press for compacting material with the consistency of particleboard, characterized in that it consists of a squeezing mechanism with the punch (1 ) and the portioning mechanism (2), and a feeding hopper (3) of the material tank (4), the housing (5), electric motor actuators, hydraulic (6), wherein the punch contains a feeding hopper (3) for bulk materials, combined with a pressing chamber (1) is powered material from the reservoir (4) into the reservoir contains an electric motor that drives the hydraulic pump of the squeezing mechanism, and the a pressing chamber (1 ) is arranged a mechanism (2), the portioning compacted material blocks, which are then pushed by a pusher (10).
The object of the invention is the press for compacting materials, especially with the consistency of particle board, intended for example for briquetting of combustible materials.
From the description of PL 218 531 is known for biomass briquetting press for bulk materials with shredded corn stalks, straw, sorghum, cane, peat and other raw materials like shredded paper, sawdust, shavings, wood waste, characterized in that the press comprises a body baling chamber (11) disposed in the bale chamber (17), the punch (6) with a replaceable tip squeeze (7) which is attached to a beam (5) connected to a hydraulic cylinder and a vertical column (20), wherein between the guides (19 ) is a two-socket ironing movable mold (18) connected to the hydraulic cylinder (21) which is fixed shackle (22) on the upper surface of the vertical column (20). From the description of PL 215589 is known, press for briquetting loose materials characterized in that the press comprises a cylinder (7), in which the movable stamp compression (8) of the hydraulic cylinder (9), the baling chamber (10) and die (1 1 ) and the cylinder (7) from the die (1 1 ) is connected to the component terminal equipped with a movable right jaw (12) of the hydraulic cylinder (13) and left movable jaw (14) of the hydraulic cylinder (15), and material into the baling chamber (10) is supplied feeder containing the worm in the housing (5), driven by hydraulic motor (6).
Prior art compactors have several drawbacks, among other things, bulky, which are the consequence of the horizontal orientation of the squeezing mechanism, and low stability of the structure due to the press forces odziatywujacych the compression mechanism.
Another problem is the high curb weight equipment, caused the necessity of adequate strength equipment, low productivity and complicated opening / closing mechanism of the pressing mechanism.
The essence of the invention is the design of the press compacting particulate materials, by their pressing under high pressure, a vertical construction, umozliwiajacwej in effect, reduce the device size and weight. Another advantage of this construction is higher mechanical strength of the strain resulting " from the operation of the device.
Press consists of a squeezing mechanism with the punch mechanism of the portioning, a feeding hopper, the material tank housing the electric motor, hydraulic cylinders, wherein the punch contains a feeding hopper bulk material connected to the squeeze chamber, the materials supplied from a tank at the tank contains an electric motor driving a hydraulic pump of the squeezing mechanism, and the chamber is a press mechanism, the portioning compacted material blocks, which are then pushed by a pusher.
Design provides clumping particulate material - the density by forcibly forcing material through an orifice of decreasing diameter in a matrix of any shape. The matrix has the shape of a funnel. Once these blocks of material is then cut into smaller components of the material while being compressed under high pressure. The device consists of a piece acting as a reservoir, the compression elements hydraulic cylinders and elements of the drive. The elements are embedded in a metal body. The resulting metal blocks can be used in metallurgical processes.
Press operates in piaszyznie vertical, which increases the stability of the structure and reduces its mass and dimensions. The construction of the press solves the problem of large area occupation by the machine. The solution is a vertical design so that the device does not need to be sufficiently broad. Vertical actuator assembly strengthens the entire structure in which therefore do not appear in the stresses caused by uneven distribution of particulate materials on a horizontal surface, which affects the reduction in weight of the unit since it is not required to have additional transverse steel reinforcements.
The device according to the invention consists of a squeezing mechanism with the punch (1 ) and the portioning mechanism (2), and a feeding hopper (3) of the material tank (4), the housing (5), an electric motor, hydraulic cylinders (6).
Press thickening is built on the square. In the four corners of the base of vertical placed steel supports (7), on which the structure of the pressing mechanism (1) with a punch (8). The squeeze mechanism (1 ) is mounted above the base. Housing (9) hydraulic cylinders (6) punch (8) of the press extends beyond the outline of the press. In the punch contains a feeding hopper (3) for bulk materials, combined with a pressing chamber (1 ). The hopper is supplied with material from the reservoir (4) of loose material. Under the tank contains an electric motor that drives a hydraulic pump squeezing mechanism. In the pressing chamber (1) there is a mechanism (2), which dispense the compressed material blocks, then pushed to the outside by means of a pusher (10).