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Title:
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/099375
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention is directed to a coaxial connecting member (1) for transmitting radiofrequency signals between a first and a second circuit board (2, 3). The connection member (1) comprises an inner conductor (4), an outer conductor (5) and an insulating member (6) arranged between the inner conductor (4) and the outer conductor (5). The inner conductor (4) and/or the outer conductor (5) comprise a first and a second end section (7, 8) to interconnect the inner conductor (4) to the first and the second circuit board (2, 3). The first and the second end section (7, 8) are interconnected to each other by at least one elastically deformable transversal section (9) to compensate axial and/or lateral misalignment of the first and the second circuit board (2, 3) with respect to each other.

Inventors:
WAGNER MARTIN (CH)
MANSER FRANZ (CH)
HILDEBRAND RUDOLF (DE)
STUFFER MICHAEL (DE)
Application Number:
EP2019/080975
Publication Date:
May 22, 2020
Filing Date:
November 12, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HUBER & SUHNER AG (CH)
International Classes:
H01R12/91; H01P1/202; H01P9/00; H01R13/24; H01R24/50; H01R12/70; H01R12/73; H01R24/42; H01R103/00
Foreign References:
US20140004722A12014-01-02
US20110039448A12011-02-17
US20150118899A12015-04-30
JP2010050653A2010-03-04
US20070190868A12007-08-16
US20140329421A12014-11-06
JPH0298074A1990-04-10
EP2780985B12016-12-14
US9300063B22016-03-29
US7491069B12009-02-17
CN107819262A2018-03-20
CN108346874A2018-07-31
CN108346876A2018-07-31
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
RENTSCH PARTNER AG (CH)
Download PDF:
Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS

1. Coaxial connecting member ( 1 ) for transmitting radio-freguency signals be tween a first and a second circuit board (2, 3 ) spaced a distance apart from each other, comprising

5 a. an inner conductor (4) and an outer conductor (5) extending in the direction of a center axis ( 1 1 ) and an insulating member (6) ar ranged between the inner conductor (4) and the outer conductor (5), b. wherein the inner conductor (4) and/or the outer conductor (5)o comprise i. a first and a second end section (7, 8) to interconnect the in ner conductor (4) and/or the outer conductor (5) to the first and the second circuit board (2, 3 ) and ii. wherein the first and the second end section (7, 8) are inter-5 connected to each other by a section which comprises a pat tern of transversal sections (9) and stay sections ( 1 4) which are delimited from each other by slots ( 1 2) forming a mean der shaped grid section (3 1 ). 2. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to claim 1 , wherein the me ander shaped grid section (31 ) is elastically deformable to compensate axial and/or lateral misalignment of the first and the second circuit board (2, 3 ) with respect to each other. 3. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the previous claims, wherein the inner conductor (4) and/or the outer conductor (5) comprise at least two meander shaped grid sections (3 1 ) interconnected to each other by at least one intermediate section ( 1 0).

4. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to claim 3, wherein at least one intermediate section ( 1 0) is at least partially made from isolating material

(21 ) .

5. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the transversal sections (9) with respect to the center axis ( 1 1 ) of the coaxial connection member ( 1 ) are arranged opposite to each other. 6. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the meander shaped grid section (3 1 ) is forming part of an electrical filter. 7. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the inner conductor (4) and/or the outer conductor (5) has a tub ular shape.

8. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the inner conductor (4) and/or the outer conductor ( 5) are made from one piece of material.

9. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the inner conductor (4) is made from bent sheet metal.

10. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to claim 9, wherein the bent sheet metal in the longitudinal direction of the inner conductor (4) connects to each other along a join ( 1 3 ).

1 1. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to claim 9, wherein the sheet metal along the join ( 1 3 ) is interconnected to each other by a process out of the following group of processes: laser welding, soldering. 12. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the transversal sections (9) and/or the intermediate sections ( 1 0) are delimited from each other by at least one slot ( 1 2). 13. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to claim 1 2, wherein the at least one slot ( 1 2) is in general arranged perpendicular with respect to the center axis ( 1 1 ).

14. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one transversal section (9) is ring shaped.

15. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein two transversal sections are interconnected to each other by a stay section ( 1 4).

16. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one intermediate section ( 1 0) has a ring shaped cross- section.

17. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the inner and /or the outer conductor (4) comprises at least one fas tening means ( 1 5) to fasten the inner and/or the outer conductor (4) with respect an adjacent member (6).

18. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the first and/or the second end section (7, 8) comprises at least one connecting element ( 1 7) to interconnect the inner conductor (4) to a circuit board (2, 3 ) or a cable. 19. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the outer conductor ( 5) comprises at least one strap-like shielding element (35) extending from an end edge (36) of the outer conductor (5) at least partially above a thereto related grid section (31 ). 20. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to claim 1 9, wherein the in sulating member (6) interacts with the at least one shielding element (35) from the inside thereby pressing the terminal section (39) of the at least one shielding element (35) against the wall segment (33 ) forming an electrical contact. 21. The coaxial connection member ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the outer conductor (5) has a polygonal cross section.

Description:
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTOR

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a printed circuit board connector (PCB Connector).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION EP2780985B1 , published in December 201 6 and US9300063B2 published in

March 201 6, both in the name of Rosenberger Hochfrequenztechnik GmbH, are directed to a connector for the electrically conductive connection of two compo nents. The coaxial connector is configured to connect two printed circuit boards for transmitting radio-frequency signals. It comprises a center conductor, an outer conductor and an insulating member arranged between the center conductor and the outer conductor. The outer conductor includes a first conductor having a tubu lar shell, which has at least one opening to reduce axial stiffness. The outer conduc tor includes a first conductor and a second conductor, which is likewise of a tubular form. The first conductor is in electrical conductive contact with the second con- ductor. The electrically conductive contact is also axially mobile in relation to a por tion of the first conductor. The second conductor is solidly connected to the first conductor over a portion. The contact between the first and the second conductors is provided in particular in a portion of the first conductor in which the openings are introduced into the shell. US7491069B1 , published in February 2009, in the name of Centipede Systems Inc., is directed to a self-cleaning socket for contacting terminals on a microelec tronic device. The first end of compliant tubular contactors rotate and wipe against terminals urged downwardly against the first end of the contactors. A rotational wipe of a contactor against a mating terminal breaks through any surface contam ination layers on the terminal thereby producing good electrical contact. Rotation of the first end of a contactor is caused by a downward deflection of a collar sup ported by two or more helical legs along a midsection of the contactor. Deflection of the collar distorts the resilient helical legs, each of which exerts a force on the collar which add up to produce a torsional force on the collar, thereby providing a rotational wipe in response to a downward urging of a terminal against the contac tor. A void along the axis of the tubular contactor provides a reservoir to hold debris dislodged from the terminal and to keep the debris from interfering with operation of the contactor. CN107819262, published in March 201 8 in the name of Tyco Electronics Shang hai Co, is directed to a connector, which comprises a single integrated external ter minal, a single integrated central terminal and an insulator. The single integrated central terminal is arranged in the external terminal. The insulator is arranged be tween the external terminal and the central terminal to isolate the external terminal from the central terminal. The external terminal is of an elastic structure, so that the external terminal is enabled to perform elastic deformation at least on the axial di rection thereof. In addition, two end parts of the central terminal are respectively provided with at least one axial slot. The at least one axial slot divides the end part of the central terminal into multiple petals. Each end part of the central terminal is enabled to be an elastic finger with a multi-petal structure. The external terminal is integrated with the elastic structure, so that there is no need to provide additional springs for the external terminal. CN108346874A, published in July 201 8 in the name of Tyco Electronics Shanghai

Co., Ltd., provides an electrical connector, which includes a center contact assem bly and a peripheral contact assembly. The peripheral contact assembly includes an inner peripheral guide torch body and an outer guide torch body. The inner guide torch body includes a first circuit board electrically connected to the first flange. Elastic pieces are configured to be resiliently deformable to achieve the outer guide torch body relative to the inner conductive barrels, a reciprocating motion.

CN108346876, published in July 201 8 in the name of Tyco Electronics Shanghai Co., Ltd., provides a connector which comprises an insulating body having a co lumnar body portion, a first terminal of the columnar body portion disposed within the insulator and a plurality of second terminals, circumferentially disposed on the insulator. The plurality of second terminals respectively have an elastic arm and are formed on a top end of said resilient arm, adapted to a first electrical contact with the electrical contacts of the circuit board. The plurality of second terminals are at the bottom end connected to a common cylindrical base. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to a coaxial connecting member for transmitting radio-freguency signals between a first and a second printed circuit board spaced apart from each other. The coaxial connecting member comprises an inner conduc- 5 tor and an outer conductor and an insulating member arranged between the inner conductor and the outer conductor. For better performance, the inner and the outer conductor are arranged coaxially with respect to each other extending along a center axis. Depending on the design, the inner and/or the outer conductor can be designed deformable to a certain extend as described hereinafter in more detail.o They may comprise a first and a second end section to interconnect the respective inner and /or outer conductor to the first and the second printed circuit board. The coaxial connecting member according to the invention can also be adopted to con nect a coaxial cable to a printed circuit board, i.e. instead of connecting a first and a second printed circuit board to each other the coaxial connecting member can be5 interconnected at one end to a coaxial cable and on the opposite end to a circuit board.

Connectors known from the prior art for a similar purpose, are often based on spring loaded pin solutions for center contact in order to achieve an axial float char acteristic. Furthermore, they often comprise a multipart outer conductor in order to0 achieve axial float characteristics and good RF screening. The mechanical spring characteristic, which is used for axial misalignment compensation, is separate from the electrical path of the connector, mainly because of undesirable electrical ef fects. The mechanical spring part and the electrical path comprise multiple elements with at least two parts and a sliding contact each for center and outer contact. This results in a complex and cost intensive design. The invention allows combining the electrical path and the mechanical spring part for the inner and /or the outer conductor in a special manner. The advantages are a much simpler design, lower cost and the possibility to avoid moving and/or vi brating galvanic contacts as known from the prior art. If reguired, the connection member can be designed as a filter for specific freguencies as explained in more detail hereinafter. A coaxial connecting member according to the invention nor mally comprises an inner conductor and an outer conductor and an insulating member arranged between the inner conductor and the outer conductor. The inner conductor (center conductor) and the outer conductor are preferably arranged co axial with respect to each other and held with respect to each other by the insulat- ing member. Axial and transversal misalignment can be compensated by a specially designed inner conductor and/or an accordingly designed outer conductor (here inafter usually called conductor when referred to at least one or both) not having any abrasion, wear off, etc. The inner and the outer conductor normally extend along a center axis. They normally comprise a first and a second end section to in- terconnect to a first, respectively a second circuit board. Depending on the field of application the inner and/or the outer conductor according to the invention can be combined with conventional inner, respectively outer conductors as known form the prior art. The first and the second end section of the conductor preferably are interconnected to each other electrically and mechanically by at least one meander shaped grid section as described in more detail hereinafter, which, if required, can be designed as an elastically deformable spring section to compensate axial and/or lateral mis- alignment of the first and the second circuit board with respect to each other to certain extend. Alternatively or in addition, they can be arranged non-deformable. Depending on the design, the meander shaped grid section, when viewing the con nection member from the side, comprises at least two transversal sections inter connected to each other in the axial direction by at least one intermediate section. The intermediate section can be designed electrically passive or electrically active as such or in context with the neighboring elements and sections, taking frequency- dependent influence on the transmission behavior of the signal. The inner conduc tor can be in certain regions arranged at least partially displaceable with respect to the outer conductor. This can be achieved in that the inner conductor is arranged at least partially displaceable relative to the insulation member.

Preferably, the transversal sections are - when viewed from the side - with respect to the center axis of the coaxial connection member arranged essentially perpen dicular to the center axis, preferably extending alternatively from the left to the right and in the following row from the right to the left and so forth. Good results, namely with respect to axial stability and transmission characteristics, can be achieved when the conductor according to the invention has a tubular shape. In this case, the transversal sections may have a ring shaped design as described here inafter in context with the drawings. The conductor is preferably made from bent sheet metal in which the slots forming later the meander shaped grid structure are punched out. Alternatively or in addition, the conductor can be made by turning and/or grinding, etc. Preferably, the bent sheet metal, in the longitudinal direction of the inner conductor, connects to each other along a join. The join can be estab- lished e.g. by a process out of the following group of processes: Laser welding, sol dering. Good results can be achieved when the at least one conductor is made from copper alloys, e.g. Cu-Be, spring steel and if appropriate plated with one material out of the group of tin, silver, gold, etc.

The transversal sections and/or the intermediate sections of the conductor are preferably delimited from each other by at least one slot (recess). Good results can be achieved when the at least one slot is arranged essentially perpendicular with respect to the center axis. In the case, the conductor has a tubular shape, when looking at the conductor in a side view, the slots preferably extend across the whole cross-section of the conductor. If e.g. made from sheet metal, the slot can be made before bending of the sheet metal. Alternatively or in addition, the slot can be made by recessing the inner connector by a tool from the side in the direction of the slot resulting in the meander structure. Depending on the design and the field of appli cation, one or several slots can be arranged at an angle with respect to the center axis. Furthermore the at least one slot can have a curved, non-linear design taking influence on the deformation behavior during mechanical compensation and/or the freguency dependent electrical transmission properties. Under certain condi tions, unwanted tilting effects can be compensated by other openings and/or thin places arranged accordingly. Good results can be achieved when the at least one transversal section is ring shaped and the ring sections are mainly charged with bending forces due to compression of the conductor in axial direction (direction of the center axis). The insulating member (insulator) encompassing the inner con ductor can be foreseen to support the inner and/or the outer conductor in lateral direction during mechanical deformation. In the case of two or more transversal sections, the transversal sections can be interconnected to each other by a stay sec tion, which is arranged between two transversal sections in a longitudinal and/or transversal manner. The stay section causes, that the transversal sections remain spaced a distance apart from each other. In a preferred variation, when looking in a side view, the conductor has a meander shape comprising a seguence of at least one transversal section with alternately arranged intermediate sections, transversal sections and if present at least one stay section. More than one transversal sections can connect to a stay section and/or an intermediate section.

A conductor according to the invention preferably has a tubular design extending in the direction of a center axis. The conductor normally comprises a first and a second end section that are interconnected to each other by a pattern of transversal sections, stay sections and/or intermediate sections delimited from each other by slots forming a meander shaped grid section. The slots which, when looking at the conductor in a side view, may extend in viewing direction completely across the cross section, such that when looking at the conductor alone, it would be possible to look freely across the conductor despite the stay sections and/or the intermedi ate sections which interconnectthe transversal sections in axial direction. The trans versal sections normally extend from left to right and in the next row from right to left being part of the meander shaped structure. The transversal sections, respec tively the slots of different rows can be arranged such that they overlap with respect to each other in axial direction. Alternatively or in addition they can be arranged at the same position. Thereby the stay section would be in line with respect to each other.

If appropriate, the conductors can be designed, that the meander shaped grid sec tion of the inner and/or the outer conductor in conjunction with the outer conduc tor (or vice versa) behave electrically like a planar microstrip line routed in mean ders. In analogy, they correspond to two parallel micro strip lines with variable cross-sections and electrical coupled at specific points (see e.g. Figure 10 through Figure 1 2). Such a structure has the effect of a high order low pass filter and re- guires special dimensioning (over the whole range of movement) to fit the electrical reguirements and avoid unwanted damping at the freguencies to transmit which is one important aspect to be able to simplify design. The line width between the slots allow design of high impedance (small width) and low impedance (wide width) sections of the line. The overall impedance level could be lowered by reducing the distance between inner and outer conductor and filling it with a dielectric material with high permittivity. A spiral spring center contact would increase the impedance of this section and build a low pass filter with very low cut of freguency (some MHz) hindering RF-radio transmission.

Therefore, the inner and/or the outer conductor along with the insulating member arranged there between can be designed such that in combination they act as a high pass filter and/or a band pass filter. The at least one transversal section can be foreseen to compensate axial movement and tilting. The electrical path is preferably through the material of the inner conductor without additional sliding or other con tact elements. If appropriate, the inner and/or the outer conductor can comprise at least one section made from insulating material, which is arranged in and inter rupting the electrical path in a defined manner.

The design of the pattern of the slots, respectively the transversal sections allow to adjust spring characteristic in respect to force and deflection. E.g. Spring force in the range of 0.5-5 N allows proper contact depending on the plating of the PCB and the connector. Depending on the design of the coaxial connection member, axial misalignments between two PCB boards of up to + 1 .2 mm or more can be compensated.

The inner conductor may comprise at least one fastening means to fasten the inner conductor with respect to the insulating member. Good results can be achieved when the end sections, are ring shaped and comprise contact means in the form of contact notches protruding in the direction of the center axis, e.g. for even distri bution of contact pressure. Alternatively or in addition, the contact means can com prise one or several contact latches to establish contact to the related circuit board. The contact latches are preferably bend inwardly. If necessary, the contact pressure per unit area can be in the range of 5 N /mm 2 or higher to assure good contact and to avoid micro-movements and fretting. If appropriate, at least one of the end sec tions can be foreseen to be attached to the related circuit board (or alternatively to a cable) in a rigid manner, e.g. by soldering. Combining two of the transversal sec tions with a ridged section in-between allows also compensation of axial misalign ment between two contact points by bending. This allows compensating certain angle deviations between two printed circuit boards, e.g. 5°, and/or misalignment between the axes of upper and lower printed circuit board. The compensation val ues depend on the total length e.g. up to +/- 1 mm with 20mm distance between the two circuit boards.

By specific dimensioning of the herein described slotted structure, it is possible to obtain a high order low pass filter. It reguires special dimensioning over the whole range of movement to fit the electrical reguirements and avoid unwanted damping at the freguencies to transmit which is the key to be able to simplify the connector. The structure can also be designed to create specific high pass and/or low pass filtering and by this integrate the filter function in the connector without the need of additional components. As mentioned above, the conductor can be designed so that the electrical behavior is freguency selective. The slots in the conductor, which are electrically high-imped- ance and thus behave inductively over a defined length, are interrupted by low- impedance sections (i.e. intermediate sections, resp. stay sections), which behave capacitively over a defined length. Depending on the dimensioning, low-pass filters with different freguency-selective properties can be obtained by a seguence of high-impedance and low-impedance sections of a micro-strip or coaxial line, such as Chebyshev, Bessel or Butterworth filters. If the DC pad of the inner conductor is interrupted by a capacitive coupling, bandpass filters can be produced with similar structures. The spring element can be used for an individual contact but also in an coaxial arrangement for one or both contact elements or multi contact.

Good results can be achieved when the insulating member is having a two part- design comprising a first and a second part, which can be inserted from both ends into the outer conductor and encompassing the inner conductor. The first and the second part can be designed such that they can snap together to be fixed inside the outer contact. The insulating member comprises an opening on the inside in which the inner conductor is arranged. The opening is shaped such that the inner conduc- tor can deform as foreseen without hindering influence. Depending on the design, the insulator can also be one part and holding inner and outer contact by snap fit allowing axial and radial play.

Advantages of the coaxial connection member according to the invention are a more cost efficient and reliable solution of a planar contact to PCB compared to a e.g. spring loaded pin solution as known form the prior art.

The coaxial connection member can be arranged in an opening of an outer housing, which can be designed as an electrical shielding device.

A coaxial connection member can e.g. be used as single channel board-to-board connector and/or multi-channel board-to-board connector (e.g. 2 x 2) by having an additional housing out of plastic such or metal or a combination thereof. De pending on the field of application, only the center pin can be used in connection with an insulator. The outer contact can e.g. be incorporated as a shielding cover.

If appropriate especially the outer conductor as described above and hereinafter may comprise at least one shielding element which is preferably forming an integral part of the sheet metal which is used to form the outer conductor. Good results can be achieved when the shielding element is a strap-like flap which extends from the upper and/or the lower rim of the outer conductor and which is bent inwardly such that it extends essentially parallel to the grid section. Depending on the field of ap- plication, the shielding elements can be bend outwardly. A shielding element ac cording to the invention is preferably arranged at a certain distance from a single or a group of slots of the grid section on the inside of the respective connector. It thereby reduces electromagnetic leakage which may occur across the slots. As the shielding element preferably forms an integral part of the sheet metal used to form the outer connector, it solves the problem of unwanted leakage but - in difference to the prior art which is based on two-part connector elements as described above - prevents the difficulties and extra expenses which result from the two part de signs. The outer conductor comprising a shielding element still has a one-piece de sign for the outer conductor. The outer conductor which comprises a specific shielding element bent inwards in order to bypass the elastic slot elements. The in wardly bend elements make then a sliding contact to the actual body at the not slotted part (solid part). The electrical electromagnetic field runs therewith not over the elastic slots but rather over the inwardly bend shielding element. The shielding elements must be designed depending on the general design of the outer contact itself. Usually, the inwardly bend flaps should have the same size like the slotted outer structure itself and preferably completely cover them.

Good results can be achieved, when the at least the outer conductor has a polygo- 5 nal cross-section, preferably trigonal, sguare or pentagonal cross-section. To achieve a good bypass each side edge of the polygon needs an inwardly bent shielding element. Depending on the number of corners of the outer conductor (polygon structure) as well as the type of inner conductor (round, flat, polygon, diameter) the inwardly bent shielding element must be designed accordingly. Theo polygonal cross section of the outer conductor preferably results from flat wall seg ments made from sheet metal which merge into each other by bends. At the first and/or the second end section strap-like shielding elements may extend from an end edge. They are bend inwardly and extend on the inside of the outer conductor above a thereto related grid section thereby reducing negative electromagnetic5 leakage from the outer conductor. The shielding elements usually comprise a in wardly bend lead-in which connects to the end edge of the outer conductor and which merges into a strap. The strap extends above the related grid section. At the end opposite to the lead-in, the strap may comprise a terminal section which is bend outwardly away from the center axis and which may form an electrical con-0 tact to the wall segment arranged underneath. It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description present embodiments, and are intended to provide an over view or framework for understanding the nature and character of the disclosure. The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding, and 5 are incorporated into and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illus trate various embodiments, and together with the description serve to explain the principles and operation of the concepts disclosed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The herein described invention will be more fully understood from the detailed de- o scription given herein below and the accompanying drawings, which should not be considered limiting to the invention described in the appended claims. The draw ings are showing:

Fig. 1 a first variation of a coaxial connecting member according to the inven tion with a first and a second circuit board in a perspective view during5 mounting;

Fig. 2 the coaxial connecting member according to Figure 1 in a perspective, partially cut view;

Fig. 3 an inner conductor of the coaxial connecting member according to Fig ure 2 in a first perspective view; 0 Fig. 4 the inner conductor according to Figure 3 in a second perspective view; Fig. 5 the inner conductor according to Figure 3 in a side view; Fig. 6 a second variation of a coaxial connecting member according to the in vention in a perspective, partially cut view;

Fig. 7 a third variation of a coaxial connecting member according to the inven

5 tion in a perspective, partially cut view;

Fig. 8 details of the third variation according to Figure 7 in a magnified manner and partially cut;

Fig. 9 an example of a conductor in an unwound manner; Fig. 1 0 two strip lines according to Figure 9; 0 Fig. 1 1 a first example of conductor having a tubular design; Fig. 1 2 a second example of a conductor having a tubular design;

Fig. 1 3 an exploded view of fourth variation of a coaxial connecting member according to the invention;

Fig. 1 4 a sectional view of the inner elements of the fourth variation according5 to Figure 1 3;

Fig. 1 5 a fifth variation of a coaxial connecting member according to the inven tion. DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

Reference will now be made in detail to certain embodiments, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which some, but not all features are shown. Indeed, embodiments disclosed herein may be embodied in many dif- ferent forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will satisfy applicable legal reguirements. Whenever possible, like reference numbers will be used to refer to like components or parts.

Figure 1 illustrates a first variation of a coaxial connecting member 1 according to the invention, arranged between a first and a second circuit board 2, 3. In the final position, the first and the second circuit board are spaced apart from each other by a certain distance. In the shown drawing, the second circuit board 3 is shown in a detached manner. The direction of assembly is schematically indicated by a dotted line 1 6. Figure 2 illustrates the coaxial connecting member 1 in more detail in a perspective, partially sectionized view. The coaxial connecting member 1 comprises a tubular inner conductor 4 and a tubular outer conductor 5 arranged coaxially with respect to center axis 1 1 . An insulating member 6 is arranged between the inner conductor 4 and the outer conductor 5. The inner conductor 4 further features at least one fastening means 1 5 to fasten the inner conductor 4 with respect to the insulating member 6, respectively to an outer housing. In the shown variation, the fastening means is a flap 1 5 turned out above the outer contour of the tubular inner conduc tor 4.

The insulating member 6 of the shown variation and as best visible in Figure 2 has a two part-design comprising a first and a second part 1 8, 1 9, which during mounting are inserted into the outer conductor 5 encompassing the inner conduc tor 4. The first and the second part 1 8, 1 9 are interconnected to each other by a snap connection 20. The insulating member 6 comprises an opening 20 on the in side extending in axial direction in which the inner conductor 4 is arranged. The opening is shaped such that the inner conductor 4 can deform as foreseen without hindering influence. Depending on the design, the insulating member 4 can also be made in one piece.

The tubular shape of the inner conductor 4 is preferably made from bent sheet metal. The sheet metal connects to each other along a join 1 3 (see Figure 3) in the longitudinal direction (z-axis) of the inner conductor 4. However, depending on the field of application, other shapes of the inner conductor 4 are also possible, as explained based on selected embodiments (see Figures 6 and 7) in more detail below. The outer conductor 5 can have a similar design. Therefore, what is said with respect to the inner conductor 4 may apply accordingly to the outer conductor 5. At the end, the combination of the inner and the outer conductor 4, 5 and the insulating member 6 are important for the performance. The inner conductor 4 comprises a first and a second end section 7, 8 to intercon- nect the inner conductor 4 to the first and the second circuit board 2, 3. For an even distribution of a contact pressure acting on the circuit boards and for electrical con tact, the end sections 7, 8 each comprise a latch 1 7, which is bend inwardly ex- tending to the center of the inner conductor 4. It establishs the contact to the boards 2, 3 along the centerline of the arrangement.

Figures 3 to 5 are showing the inner conductor 4 in more detail. As it can be seen best in Figure 5, which shows the inner conductor 4 in a side view, the inner con ductor has a meander shape, comprising a seguence of at least one transversal sec- tion 9 with alternately arranged intermediate sections 1 0, transversal sections 9 and stay sections 1 4 forming a meander shaped grid section 3 1 interconnecting the first and the second end sections 7, 8. Two transversal sections 9 are hereby interconnected to each other by at least one intermediate section 1 0 and delimited by slots 1 2, which are arranged between the transversal sections 9 and the inter- mediate sections 1 0. The slots 1 2 are arranged in general perpendicular with re spect to the center axis 1 1 . The intermediate sections 1 0 have a ring shaped cross- section, meanwhile the transversal sections 9 are ring shaped such that the ring sections are mainly charged with bending forces when the inner conductor 4 is compressed in axial direction. The stay sections 1 4 are arranged between two transversal sections 9, to space the sections a distance apart from each other. The first and the second end section 7, 8 are in the shown variation interconnected to each other by a section, which comprises a pattern of transversal sections 9, inter mediate sections 1 0 and stay sections 1 4 which are delimited from each other by slots 1 2 forming a meander shaped grid section 3 1 . The stay sections 1 4 are ar ranged alternately with respect to the center axis 1 1 . Other variations are possible. The slots 1 2, which, when looking at the inner conductor 4 in a side view, may - as shown here - extend in viewing direction completely across the cross section. Therefore when looking at the conductor alone, it would be possible to look freely across the slots 1 2 despite the stay sections 1 4 which interconnect the transversal sections 9 in axial direction.

Figure 6 schematically illustrates a second variation of an inner conductor 4 for a coaxial connecting member 1 according to the invention. The inner conductor 4 is shown in a perspective, partially sectionized view. In addition to the previously dis cussed features, it comprises an intermediate section 1 0, with an insulating mem ber 21 , which is at least partially made from an insulting material and which is ar ranged in the electrical path of the signal to be transmitted. The combination causes that the inner conductor 4 acts as a filter for certain freguencies. Depending on the design a high pass filter, a low pass filter or a band pass filter results. The insulating members 21 are designed as sleeves, which are put together in axial direction with the adjacent elements. The insulating members 21 comprise on the inside a pro jecting edge 22 which extends into the adjacent intermediate section 1 0 and thereby centers the two elements with respect to each other. Depending on the design and the envisaged transmission behavior, an inverse arrangement can be foreseen. Figure 7 illustrates a third variation of a coaxial connecting member 1 according to the invention, arranged between a first and a second circuit board 2, 3. In the final position, the first and the second circuit board are spaced apart from each other by a certain distance. In the shown drawing, the second circuit board 3 is shown in a detached manner. The direction of assembly is schematically indicated by a dotted line 1 6. The coaxial connection member 1 can be arranged in an opening 29 of an outer housing 30. The outer housing 30 can be designed as an electrical shielding device.

Figure 8 illustrates the coaxial connecting member 1 according to Figure 7 in more detail in a perspective, partially cutaway view. The coaxial connecting member 1 comprises a tubular outer conductor 5. The inner conductor 4 has a pin-like design and comprises a spring loaded pin arrangement 24 with a contact pin 25, which is arranged axially displaceable in a sleeve 27 against the force of a spring 26. The spring loaded pin arrangement 24 in an assembled position interacts with the first and the second printed circuit board 2, 3 as schematically indicated in Figure 7.

An insulating member 6 consisting of multiple parts 1 8, 1 9, 21 is arranged be tween the inner conductor 4 and the outer conductor 5. The insulating member 6 has a two part-design comprising a first and a second part 1 8, 1 9, which encom pass the inner conductor 4. The first and the second part 1 8, 1 9 are interconnected to each other by an additional insulating member 21 , which is arranged, in the electrical path of the outer conductor 5 forming part of the intermediate section 1 0. The insulating member 6 comprises an opening 20 on the inside extending in axial direction in which the inner conductor 4 is arranged. The inner conductor 4 has a spherical end face 27, which allows tilting of the inner conductor in lateral direction.

The inner conductor 4 comprises a first and a second end section 7, 8 to intercon- nect the inner conductor 4 to the first and the second circuit board 2, 3. For an even distribution of a contact pressure acting on the circuit boards and for electrical con tact, the end sections 7, 8 each comprise contact points 28 distributed along the circumference and which in axial direction (z-axis) protrude above an end surface of the respective end sections 7, 8. The contact points 28 are foreseen to establish contact with a related circuit board 2, 3. Other variations are possible.

Figure 9 schematically shows in an exemplary manner a conductor 4, 5 according to the invention in an unrolled state. The meander-shaped slotted structure of the conductor 4, 5 behaves in collaboration with the surrounding parts of the coaxial connection member 1 like a planar microstrip line routed in meanders. Figure 10 schematically indicates the analogy to two parallel microstrip lines with variating cross-sections comprising thinner sections 9 and thicker sections 1 0 which are electrical coupled at specific points 1 4. When properly designed, this structure in combination with the surrounding elements, can have the effect of a high order low pass filter and reguires special dimensioning (over the whole range of move- ment) to fit the electrical reguirements and avoid unwanted damping at the fre quencies to transmit which is an important aspect to be able to simplify the con nector. The structure can also be designed to create specific high pass, all pass or low pass filtering and by this integrate the filter function in the connector without the need of additional parts.

Figures 1 1 and 1 2 are showing two samples of conductors 5, namely outer con ductors 5 as shown in the variations of coaxial connection member 1 according to Figure 1 (corresponding to Figure 1 1 ) and Figure 7 (corresponding to Figure 12). The conductors 5 are having a tubular design extending in the direction of a center axis 1 1 . They comprise a first and a second end section 7, 8 that are inter connected to each other by a pattern of transversal sections 9 and stay sections 1 2 delimited from each other by slots 1 2 forming a meander shaped grid section 31 . The slots 1 2 which, when looking at the conductor in a side view, may - as shown here - extend completely across the cross section. Therefore when looking at the conductor alone, it would be possible to look freely across the conductor 5 despite the stay sections 1 4 which interconnect the transversal sections 9 in axial direction. The conductors 5 are made from sheet metal. The pattern of the slots 1 2 are here punched out when the sheet metal is still in a flat state (see sample according to Figure 9). Afterwards the sheet metal is bend to obtain the tubular structure. The sheet metal is interconnected along a join 1 3.

Figure 13 is showing a fourth variation of a coaxial connection member 1 in a dis assembled manner. With respect to the general description reference is made to the specification above, such that only special aspects are described hereinafter. Figure 14 is showing the fourth variation according to Figure 1 3 without outer housing 30 and spacer 32 which in the assembled position is arranged between the outer conductor 5 and the housing 30. As best cut view according to Figure 1 4, the outer conductor 5 is having a polygonal cross section with in the shown varia tion five corners 34. The polygonal cross section of the outer conductor 5 results from flat wall segments 33 made from sheet metal which merge into each other by bends 34. Atthe first and the second end sections 7, 8 strap-like shielding elements 35 extend from an end edge 36. They are bend inwardly and extend on the inside of the outer conductor above a thereto related grid section 3 1 thereby reducing negative electromagnetic leakage from the outer conductor. The shielding ele- ments 35 usually comprise am inwardly bend lead-in 37 which connects to the end edge 36 of the outer conductor 5 and which merges into a strap 38. The strap 38 extends above the related grid section 31 . At the end opposite to the lead-in 37, the strap 38 may comprise a terminal section 39 which is bend outwardly away from the center axis 1 1 and which may form an electrical contact to the (non-slot - ted) wall segment 33 arranged underneath. The insulating member 6 may be de signed to interact in the mounted position with the shielding elements 35 from the inside. The insulating member 6 can e.g. press on the strap 38 and/or the terminal section 39 which is thereby actively pressed from the inside against the wall seg ment 33 arranged on the outside and thereby forming an electrical contact. Figure 15 is showing a fifth variation of a coaxial connection member 1 according to the invention between a first and a second circuit board 2, 3. With respect to the general description reference is made to the specification above, such that only special aspects are described hereinafter. The outer conductor 5 here comprises a square cross-section with four wall segments 33 which merge into each other by bends 34 each interconnecting two adjacent wall segments 33. The outer conduc tor comprises latches 1 7 which are here bend to the outward and which are fore seen to attach the outer conductor 5, respectively the coaxial connection member 1 to the first circuit board 2. Connection to the second circuit board is established by contact points 28.

The words used in the specification are words of description rather than limitation, and it is understood that various changes may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

LIST OF DESIGNATIONS

1 Coaxial connection mem 1 8 First part (insulating mem- ber 25 ber)

2 First circuit board (first 1 9 Second part (insulating

5 printed circuit board) member)

3 Second circuit board (sec 20 Opening (insulating mem ond printed circuit board) ber)

4 Inner conductor 30 21 Insulating member

5 Outer conductor 22 Projecting edge

0 6 Insulating member (insula 23 Contact point

tor) 24 Spring loaded pin arrange

7 First end section ment

8 Second end section 35 25 Contact pin

9 Transversal section 26 Spring

5 1 0 Intermediate section 27 End face (inner conductor)

1 1 Center axis 28 Contact point

1 2 Slot 29 Opening (outer housing)

1 3 Join 40 30 Outer housing

1 4 Stay section 3 1 Grid section

0 1 5 Fastening means 32 Spacer

1 6 Dotted line (indicating di 33 Wall segment (outer con rection of assembly) ductor)

1 7 Connecting means (Latch) 34 Bend / Corner (outer con 37 Lead-in (shielding ele ductor) ment)

35 Shielding element (outer 38 Strap (shielding element) conductor) 39 Terminal section (shielding 36 End edge i o element)