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Title:
PROCEDE DE PRODUCTION DE BROSSES A DENTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1993/021796
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Des touffes individuelles de soie sont prélevées dans un stock de soies précoupées ayant des extrémités arrondies du côté utilisation, puis sont transférées à un étau. L'étau comprend une pluralité d'orifices débouchants agencés selon un motif correspondant à celui des touffes sur les brosses à dents finies. Pendant que les touffes de soies sont retenues dans les orifices débouchants de l'étau, leurs extrémités faisant saillie des deux côtés, une matrice ayant une face profilée est avancé jusqu'à ce qu'elles viennent en contact avec les extrémités des soies et les déplace axialement à travers les orifices de l'étau et les unes par rapport aux autres jusqu'à ce que les deux extrémités des soies soient alignées dans des plans parallèles de forme correspondant à celle de la face profilée. Les touffes de soies sont ensuite serrées dans l'étau et transférées à la tête du corps de la brosse, où elles sont implantées.

Inventors:
First, 93/006 World 93/052
Application Number:
PCT/EP1993/001025
Publication Date:
November 11, 1993
Filing Date:
April 28, 1993
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Boucherie, Leonel P.
Boucherie, Bart G.
International Classes:
A46D3/04; A46B3/22; A46D3/00; (IPC1-7): A46D3/04
Foreign References:
EP0346646B11994-09-21
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Claims:
CLAIM5
1. A method of producing tooth brushes, comprising the steps of: • a) providing a base member for each brush to be produced, said base member having a front face and a rear face and a plurality of holes passing between said front and rear faces and arranged in a pattern corresponding to a pattern of bristle tufts to be implanted in said base member; a) providing a supply of precut bristles of equal length in an axially aligned and radially compressed state wherein each bristle has a rounded end and an opposed base end; b) providing a vise having a number of through holes arranged in a pattern corresponding to that of said base member, each through hole being associated with clamping means for releasably clamping a tuft of bristles inserted therein; c) picking individual tufts of bristles from said supply and introducing each tuft into one of said through holes of said vise, said clamping means being in a released state, and at least one of said bristle ends projecting from said through holes; d) providing a die member having a profiled face and simultaneously engaging said projecting ends with said profiled face to push said bristles axially within said through holes so that both bristle ends are aligned in parallel surfaces corresponding in shape to said profiled face; e) engaging said clamping means to hold said bristles in said vise while their ends are in an aligned state; f) introducing the base ends of said bristles into the holes of said base member and affixing the bristles to said base member; g) releasing said clamping means of said vise; and h) withdrawing the bristles from the through holes of said vise.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein step d) comprises providing a counterdie"member having a profiled face complementary to that of said die member, both of said bristle ends projecting from said through holes of said vise, and engaging one of said bristle ends with the profiled face of said die member and simultaneously the other of said bristle ends with said face of the counterdie member.
3. The method of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein step c) comprises providing a picking tube with an internal channel corresponding in cross section to a desired crosssectional shape of said bristle tufts, penetrating with said picking tube into said supply of bristles, removing said picking tube from said supply of bristles and entraining a tuft of bristles engaged in said channel, introducing said entrained tuft of bristles into one of said through holes of said vise, engaging said clamping means of said vise and removing said picking tube from said vise.
4. The method of claim 3, wherein a piston member is used to assist introduction of said tuft.of bristles from said channel into said through hole of the vise.
5. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein said clamping means comprises a slit resilient sleeve member with a conical outer surface for each of said through holes and a cam member with a conical opening complementary in shape to said conical outer surface, said sleeve member and said cam member being axially movable with respect to each other.
6. The method of claim 5, wherein a plurality of said cam members is formed in a common cam plate.
7. The method of claim 5 or claim 6, wherein a plurality of said sleeve members are mounted in a common carrier plate.
8. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein said base member is a brush body head having a recess in said rear face, said base ends of the bristles extending into said recess, and said recess being closed with a cover plate or filled with a molding material.
9. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein said base member is a base plate adapted to be mounted in a recess of a brush body head.
10. The method of claim 8 or claim 9 wherein each tuft of bristles is formed with a head portion connecting together the bristles of each tuft and retaining said tuft on said base member.
11. The method of any of claims 1 to 7, wherein said vise forms part of one of the members of an injection mould delimiting a mould cavity wherein a brush body is moulded.
12. The method of claim 11, wherein said base ends of the bristles are fused together prior to the step of moulding of the brush body.
Description:
A method of producing tooth brushes

The present invention relates to a method of producing tooth brushes with particular profiles of the tufts implanted in the head of the brush body.

After tufts of bristles have been implanted in the head por¬ tion of a brush body in conventional manner, the ends of the bristles can be trimmed to provide a desired profile dif¬ ferent from a configuration wherein the ends of the bristles are aligned in a common plane. After the trimming of bris¬ tles, their ends are rounded to eliminate sharp edges. Such trimming and rounding of the bristle ends are additional finishing operations complicating the production of the tooth brushes and adding to the production costs.

The present invention provides a method of producing tooth brushes with particular desired profiles of tufts wherein the finishing steps of trimming and rounding of the bristle ends are eliminated.

More specifically, the present invention provides a method of producing tooth brushes wherein base members having through " holes arranged in a pattern corresponding to the desired pattern of bristle tufts are provided and individual tufts of bristles to be implanted in these holes are picked from a supply of pre-cut bristles of equal length and having rounded utilization-side ends. Before their introduction into the holes of the base member, the tufts of bristles are intro¬ duced into through holes of a vise which are arranged in a pattern corresponding to that of the base member. Each hole of the vise is associated with clamping means for releaεably clamping a tuft of bristles inserted therein. The ends of the bristles project from both sides of the vise. While the clam¬ ping means of the vise are in a released state, a die member having a profiled face is advanced with its face into engage¬ ment with the projecting ends of the bristles to push the bristles axially within the through holes, so that both ends of the bristles are aligned in parallel surfaces correspon¬ ding in shape to the profiled face. The clamping means are then engaged to hold the bristles in the vise while their ends are in an aligned state. The base ends of the bristles are then introduced into the holes of the base member. After the base ends of the bristles have been affixed to the base member, the clamping means of the vise are released, and the base member with the bristles attached thereto is removed from the vise. The base member with the bristles affixed thereto may then be further processed to yield a finished tooth brush. In a first embodiment, the base member is a brush body head having a recess in its rear face, the base ends of the bristles extending into this recess, and the recess is closed with a cover plate or filled with a molding material.

In another embodiment, the base : •* jer is a base plate adapted to be mounted in a recess of a brush body head. In another embodiment, the vise is part of one of the members of an injection mould delimiting a cavity wherein a brush body is moulded. In this embodiment, plastic material, is injected around the base ends of the bristles.

According to a preferred embodiment, a counter-die member having a profiled face complementary to that of the die mem¬ ber is used, and the counter-die member is moved with its profiled face into engagement with those ends of the bris¬ tles opposite the ends engaged by the profiled face of the die member. The counter-die member is used to stop actual movement of the bristles pushed by the die member so that the bristle ends will be precisely aligned in a surface having the desired profile and configuration.

The supply of pre-cut and rounded fibers or bristles may be similar to that used in conventional tooth brush filling mechanisms, but the utilization-side ends of the bristles should be rounded so that a separate rounding step after im¬ plantation of the bristle tufts in the brush body head is avoided.

In order to pick individual tufts of bristles from the supply, a picking tube is used in the preferred embodiment. The picking tube has an internal channel corresponding in cross section to a desired cross-sectional shape of the bristle tufts. When the picking tube penetrates into the supply of bristles, a tuft of bristles is retained in its internal channel, and when the picking tube is removed from the supply, the tuft is entrained so that it can be trans¬ ferred to the vise to be inserted into one of its through holes.

In a preferred embodiment the clamping means comprises a re¬ silient sleeve member for each of the through holes of the vise. The sleeve member has a conical outer surface. A cam

member with a conical opening, complementary in shape to the conical outer surface of the sleeve is used to control the clamping and released states of the sleeve member by moving the cam member and sleeve axially with respect to each other. A plurality of cam members is formed in a common cam plate. Likewise, a plurality of sleeve members are mounted in a common carrier plate.

The method of producing tooth brushes will now be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, where¬ in:

Fig. 1 schematically shows a supply of pre-cut and pre- rounded bristles and a picking tube for picking individual tufts of bristles from the supply;

Fig. 2 shows a prospective view of the picking tube on an enlarged scale?

Fig. 3 shows a schematic sectional view of a vise;

Fig. 4 shows a schematic view illustrating the step of axially moving bristles held in the vise of Fig. 3 by en¬ gagement with a die member;

Fig. 5 illustrates the step of transferring profiled tufts of bristles held in the vise to the brush body head;

Fig. 6 a, 6b, 6c show different profiles of tooth brushes which may be produced with the method of the invention;

Fig. 7 illustrates the step of fixing tufts of bristles in the brush body head; and

Fig. 8 illustrates an alternative step of mounting a base member with tufts of bristles in a brush body head.

As shown in Fig. 1, a supply of pre-cut bristles 10 are aligned in parallel relationship between two opposed parallel walls 12, 14 in a packed and radially compressed state, as suggested by an arrow P. The bristles 10 are rounded on the utilization-side end. The wall 14 is provided with a hole 16. A picking tube 18 having an internal channel therein is pro¬ vided for removing individual tufts of bristles lo from the supply. The picking tube 18 is moved through the hole 16 and' penetrates into the supply of bristles 10. A tuft of bristles is enganged in the internal channel of the picking tube 18 and entrained with the picking tube when the latter is re¬ moved from the supply.

The tufts of bristles 10 engaged in a plurality of picking tubes 18 are then transferred to a vise which has a plurality of through holes arranged in a pattern corresponding to that of the tufts on the finished tooth brush. As shown in Fig. 3, the vise comprises a carrier plate 20 and a cam plate 22. The carrier plate 20 has a sleeve member 24 mounted in each of its through holes. The sleeve member 24 has a slit conical portion projecting from the carrier plate 20 in the direction of the cam plate 22. The cam plate 22 is provided with a plu¬ rality of conically shaped openings for cooperation with the correspondingly shaped conical portion of the sleeve members 24. As indicated by an arrow F in Fig. 3, the carrier plate 20 and cam plate 22 are adapted to be moved with respect to each other so that the conical portions of the sleeve members 24 are controlled by the cam plate 20 to clamp a tuft of bristles 10 introduced through the internal bore of each sleeve member 24 when the carrier plate 20 and cam plate 22 are close to each other and to release the tuft of bristles when the plates are spaced from each other.

After tufts of bristles have been introduced in the through holes of the vise, as shown in Fig. 3, the carrier plate 20 and cam plate 22 are approached to each other so that the tufts are safely clamped therein. The picking tubes 18 can

now be withdrawn. In this condition, the tufts of bristles 10 project from both sides of plates 20, 22.

The next step shown in Fig. 4 consists in slightly releasing the tufts of bristles held in the vise by slightly with¬ drawing cam plate 22 from carrier plate 20, and advancing a die member 26 against the adjacent ends of the bristles held - in the vise. As seen in Fig. 4, the die 26 has a profiled surface 28 which corresponds to the desired profile of the tufts on the tooth brushes to be produced. By advancing the die 26 its profiled face 28 engages the ends of the bristles 10, whereby the bristles are axially moved through the vise and with respect to each other until both ends of the bris¬ tles are aligned in parallel surfaces corresponding in shape to that of the profiled face 28. As further seen in Fig. 4, a counter-die 30 is provided which.has a profiled face 32, cor¬ responding in shape to that of the profiled face 28 of die 26. By pushing the bristles 10 until they abut the profiled face 32 of counter-die member 30, the bristles are precisely aligned in the desired configuration.

In this condition, as shown in Fig. 5, the tufts of bristles 10 are again clamped in the vise so that they can be safely transferred to a base member 40 which, in the embodiment shown in Fig. 5, is the head portion of a tooth brush body. This base member 40 is provided with a number of holes 42 arranged in a pattern corresponding to that of the tufts of bristles on the finished tooth brush. The tufts of bristles 10 are now introduced into these. holes 42 of the base member 40 so that the base ends of the bristles extend into a recess 44 formed on the rear side of the base member 40 in the head portion of the tooth brush body. To affix the tufts of bris¬ tles to the base member 40, their base ends can be fused in conventional manner, as shown at 11 in Fig. 7, and the recess 44 is then closed with a plate member 46. Alternatively, the recess 44 is filled with a molding material.

In the embodiment of Fig. 8, the base member 50 is a plate adapted to be mounted in a recess 52 on the front side of the brush body head portion.

In still another embodiment, the cam plate 22 of the vise is part of one of the members of an injection mould which de¬ limits a cavity wherein a brush body or base member 40 is moulded. In this embodiment, plastic material is moulded around the base ends of the bristles. It may be convenient to fuse the base ends of the bristles together in conventional manner before the injection step.

Figs. 6a., 6b, 6c show only three among the multiplicity of possible tuft profiles ' and configurations the inventive me¬ thod permits to be produced. Depending on the particular pro¬ file to be produced, it may be required to trim the base ends of the configured tufts before they are affixed to the base member.

It is readily apparent that generally flat tuft profiles can be achieved with the inventive method as well, if the die 26 is provided with a correspondingly flat "profiled" surface 28.