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Title:
PROCESS FOR MAKING CRYSTALLINE FORM A OF GEFITINIB
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/114735
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a process for preparation of crystalline Form 1 of gefitinib of formula (1) characterized by a XRPD powder diffraction pattern comprising, inter alia, peaks at about 7.14, 11.26, 14.25, 15.86, 24.33 and 26.40 degrees 2 theta ( ±0.2 degrees 2 theta), the process comprising the steps: 1. Dissolving gefitinib in a solvent mixture comprising water and an alcohol selected form ethanol and butanol, wherein the ratio between water and alcohol is between 1:16 and 1:25 (vol:vol) 2. Isolating gefitinib Form 1.

Inventors:
MELŠA PETR (CZ)
SKOUMAL RADOMÍR (CZ)
Application Number:
EP2016/082322
Publication Date:
July 06, 2017
Filing Date:
December 22, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SYNTHON BV (NL)
International Classes:
C07D239/94; A61K31/517; A61P35/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2006090413A12006-08-31
Foreign References:
CN101973944A2011-02-16
EP1480650A12004-12-01
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MENDIVIL-GIL, Maria Dolores (6503 GN Nijmegen, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A process for making crystalline gefitinib Form 1 of formula (1),

characterized by a XRPD powder diffraction pattern comprising the peaks at about 7.14, 11.26, 14.25, 15.86, 24.33 and 26.40 degrees 2 theta ( ^0.2 degrees 2 theta), when measured with CuKal radiation (λ = 1.54060 A), the process comprising the steps:

1. Dissolving gefitinib in a solvent mixture comprising water and an alcohol

selected form ethanol and butanol, wherein the ratio between water and alcohol is between 1: 16 and 1:25 (vokvol);

2. Isolating gefitinib form 1.

2. The process according to claim 1, wherein the ratio between water and the alcohol is between 1: 18 and 1:20 (vohvol).

3. The process according to claims 1 or 2 wherein the ratio is 1:20 (vohvol).

4. The process according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the concentration of gefitinib in the mixture is between 0.08 g/ml and 0.15 g/ml.

Description:
PROCESS FOR MAKING CRYSTALLINE FORM A OF GEFITINIB

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an improved process for making gefitinib crystalline Form 1.

Gefitinib, chemically 4-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenylamino)-7-methoxy-6-[3-(4- morpholinyl)propoxy] quinazoline of formula (1),

is a pharmaceutically active compound acting as a selective inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor's (EGFR) tyrosine kinase. Gefitinib is used as a medicament for the treatment of e.g., locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and is available, e.g., under the brand name Iressa®, as gefitinib 250 mg tablets for oral administration.

Gefitinib was generically disclosed in EP566226. Specifically, gefitinib and its salts were disclosed in EP 823900, whereas different polymorphic forms of gefitinib base were disclosed in EP1480650 (Form 1, anhydrate and Form 5, trihydrate) and WO2006/090413 (Form 6, monohydrate).

Among the solid state forms of gefitinib, the crystalline Form 1 of EP1480650 is particularly preferred in the pharmaceutical industry as it is sufficiently stable and non- hygroscopic with a good processability and compatibility with pharmaceutical excipients for making solid state dosage forms. Processes for preparation of gefitinib Form 1 have been disclosed in several prior art documents for example in CN 103102316 or CNIO 1973944. The drawback of the processes is a use of high volumes of solvents due to low solubility of gefitinib.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a straightforward process for making crystalline gefitinib Form 1, as defined hereinafter, which is effective in a reliable production environment on an industrial scale without the need of using high volumes of solvents for dissolving gefitinib.

The first object of this invention is a process for preparation of crystalline Form 1 of gefitinib of formula (1) characterized by a XRPD powder diffraction pattern comprising, inter alia, peaks at about 7.14, 11.26, 14.25, 15.86, 24.33 and 26.40 degrees 2 theta ( + 0.2 degrees 2 theta),

the process comprising the steps:

1. Dissolving gefitinib in a solvent mixture comprising water and an alcohol selected form ethanol and butanol, wherein the ratio between water and alcohol is between 1: 16 and 1:25 (vol: vol);

2. Isolating gefitinib Form 1.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figure 1 depicts the X-Ray Powder Diffractogram (XRPD) of Form 1 of gefitinib obtained by the process of Example 2. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a process for making crystalline Form 1 of gefitinib. Throughout the disclosure and claims, the "Form 1" of gefitinib is a crystalline form characterized by a XRPD powder diffraction pattern comprising, inter alia, peaks at about 7.14, 11.26, 14.25, 15.86, 24.33 and 26.40 degrees 2 theta ( + 0.2 degrees 2 theta) obtained when measured with CuKal radiation (λ = 1.54060 A). The XRPD pattern of gefitinib Form 1 obtainable by the process of the present invention substantially corresponds to that disclosed for gefitinib Form 1 in EP1480650. "Substantially corresponds" is meant to cover variations/differences in the pattern that would not be understood by a worker skilled in the art to represent a difference in crystal structure, but rather differences in technique and sample preparation.

The Form 1 of gefitinib produced by the process of the present invention has an excellent batch-to-batch uniformity in the size and shape of the formed crystals. According to one particular aspect of the invention, the gefitinib Form 1 crystals produced by the process of the present invention are preferably substantially free from other crystalline forms of gefitinib. In this respect, the "substantially free" means that less than 10%, and more preferably less than 5% of other crystalline forms are present in the precipitated and/or isolated product comprising the Form 1 of gefitinib.

The starting material for the process of the invention, gefitinib, is either commercially available or may be produced according to known procedures, e.g. according to that disclosed in WO96/33980.

The object is a process for preparation of crystalline Form 1 of gefitinib of formula (1) characterized by a XRPD powder diffraction pattern comprising, inter alia, peaks at about 7.14, 11.26, 14.25, 15.86, 24.33 and 26.40 degrees 2 theta ( ±_0.2 degrees 2 theta),

the process comprising the steps:

1. Dissolving gefitinib in a solvent mixture comprising water and an alcohol selected form ethanol and butanol, wherein the ratio between water and alcohol is between 1: 16 and 1:25 (vohvol);

2. Isolating of gefitinib Form 1.

In the first step of the process of the present invention, the compound of formula (1) is combined, typically under stirring, with a solvent mixture comprising water and an alcohol selected from C1-C6 aliphatic alcohol, preferably ethanol or butanol. Butanol might be either 1 -butanol or 2-butanol or a mixture thereof. The ratio between water and an alcohol is between 1: 16 and 1:25 (vohvol), preferably between 1: 18 and 1:20 (vohvol), the most preferred ratio is 1:20 (vohvol). Solvent mixtures with higher water content show presence of different polymorphs from polymorph 1 (for example hydrated forms of gefitinib) in the isolated gefitinib. The mixture of solvents and gefitinib can be heated, for example to the reflux temperature of the mixture, to dissolve gefitinib in the solvent mixture. After dissolving of the gefitinib in the mixture, the mixture can be cooled to a temperature between 50 - 75°C, preferably at 75°C. The mixture is then preferably seeded with gefitinib Form 1 particles. The mixture can be further cooled at a temperature between -10°C and the room temperature (20 - 25°C), preferably at the room temperature. The mixture is stirred at this temperature for 5 - 20 hours, preferably for 10 - 16 hours wherein the crystalline gefitinib Form 1 precipitates from the mixture. The solvent mixture comprising water and an alcohol selected from ethanol or butanol and their ratio are essential for the presented invention. Gefitib Form 1 can be precipitate from the mixture by any technique, e.g. crystallization, evaporation of the solvents etc.

The precipitated product can be isolated from the mixture by conventional techniques, e.g. filtering or centrifugation, and can be washed and dried.

Using the disclosed process the amount of solvent(s) used for crystallization of gefitinib Form 1 can be surprisingly decreased comparing to the prior art processes.

The gefitinib Form 1 prepared by the process of the present invention can be formulated and used in pharmaceutical compositions. For instance, a suitable pharmaceutical composition may comprise gefitinib Form 1 and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

The gefitinib Form 1 prepared by the process of the present invention is suitable for the treatment of a wide range of conditions including e.g., locally advanced or metastatic non- small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The invention will be further described with reference to the following non-limiting examples.

EXAMPLES

Example 1

A suspension of gefitinib (10 g, 22.29 mmol) in 2-butanol (85.3 ml) and water (4.7 ml) was heated to 94 °C (reflux) with stirring to obtain a clear solution. The solution was cooled to 75 °C with stirring. It was seeded with gefitinib Form 1 and a resulting suspension was stirred at 75 °C for 1 hour. Then it was cooled to 23 °C over 2 hours, stirred for additional 12 hours, filtered, washed with 2-butanol (10 ml) and dried to afford Gefitinib Form 1 in 87 % yield. Example 2

A suspension of gefitinib (10 g, 22.29 mmol) in 2-butanol (88 ml) and water (4.4 ml) was heated to 94 °C (reflux) with stirring to obtain a clear solution. The solution was cooled to 75 °C with stirring. It was seeded with gefitinib Form 1 and a resulting suspension was stirred at 75 °C for 1 hour. Then it was cooled to 23 °C over 2 hours, stirred for additional 12 hours, filtered, washed with 2-butanol (10 ml) and dried to afford Gefitinib Form 1 in 85 % yield.

Example 3

A suspension of gefitinib (10 g, 22.29 mmol) in ethanol (88 ml) and water (4.4 ml) was heated to reflux with stirring to obtain a clear solution. The solution was cooled to 75 °C with stirring. It was seeded with gefitinib Form 1 and a resulting suspension was stirred at 75 °C for 1 hour. Then it was cooled to 23 °C over 2 hours, stirred for additional 13 hours, filtered, washed with ethanol (10 ml) and dried to afford Gefitinib Form 1 in 86 % yield.

An XRPD (Presented in figure 1) that corresponds to gefitinib Form 1 was then obtained using the following measurement conditions:

Bruker-AXS D8 Vario diffractometer with Θ/2Θ geometry (reflection mode), equipped with a Vantec PSD detector

Start angle (2Θ): 2.0°

End angle (2Θ): 35.0°

Scan step width: 0.02°

Scan step time: between 0.2-2.0 seconds

Radiation type: Cu

Radiation wavelengths: 1.5406A (Keel), primary monochromator used

Exit slit: 6.0 mm

Focus slit: 0.2 mm

Divergence slit: Variable (V20)

Antiscatter slit: 11.8 mm

Receiving slit: 20.7 mm