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Title:
PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF BENZYLSULFONYLARENES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2008/157216
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention provides a process for the manufacture of an arylmethyl-sulfonylarene, R1CH2SO2R2, wherein R1 and R2 are each independently an optionally substituted phenyl or naphthyl group which process comprises reacting an arylmethylhalide, R1CH2-Hal wherein R1 is as defined hereinabove and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate R2SO2Na wherein R2 is as defined hereinabove in the presence of a base optionally in the presence of a solvent. Also provided is the use of the inventive process in the manufacture of a 3-arylsulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand.

Inventors:
LEVENT, Mahmut (27 Donald Street, Apt. D.Bloomfield, NJ, 07003, US)
Application Number:
US2008/066680
Publication Date:
December 24, 2008
Filing Date:
June 12, 2008
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
WYETH (Five Giralda Farms, Madison, NJ, 07940, US)
RAVEENDRANATH, Sanjay (2 Whitman Place, Monroe, NY, 10950, US)
RAVEENDRANATH, Vijay (163 Brevator Street, Albany, NY, 12206, US)
RAVEENDRANATH, Girija (2 Whitman Place, Monroe, NY, 10950, US)
LEVENT, Mahmut (27 Donald Street, Apt. D.Bloomfield, NJ, 07003, US)
International Classes:
C07C315/04; A61K31/416; A61P25/00; C07C317/14; C07D231/56
Foreign References:
US20030232828A12003-12-18
Other References:
DATABASE CA [online] CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS SERVICE, COLUMBUS, OHIO, US; ZHAO, HUA-RONG ZHAO, HUA-RONG: "Synthesis of sulfones from sodium phenylsulfinate via alkylation under microwave irradiation Synthesis of sulfones from sodium phenylsulfinate via alkylation under microwave irradiation", XP002501013, retrieved from STN Database accession no. 2002:783787
MARCH, JERRY: "Advanced Organic Chemistry", 1992, WILEY, XP002501012
DATABASE BEILSTEIN [online] BEILSTEIN INSTITUTE FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, FRANKFURT-MAIN, DE; XP002501038, Database accession no. 585304 (Reaction ID)
DATABASE BEILSTEIN [online] BEILSTEIN INSTITUTE FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, FRANKFURT-MAIN, DE; XP002501014, Database accession no. 10516481 (Reaction ID)
DATABASE BEILSTEIN [online] BEILSTEIN INSTITUTE FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, FRANKFURT-MAIN, DE; XP002501015, Database accession no. 2285752 (Reaction ID)
DATABASE BEILSTEIN [online] BEILSTEIN INSTITUTE FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, FRANKFURT-MAIN, DE; XP002501016, Database accession no. 9873638 (Reaction ID)
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SZAKIEL, Gloria, K. (Wyeth, Patent Law DepartmentFive Giralda Farm, Madison NJ, 07076, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A process for the manufacture of an arylmethyl sulfonylarene, R 1 CH 2 SO 2 R 2 , wherein R 1 and R 2 are each independently an optionally substituted phenyl or naphthyl group which process comprises reacting an arylmethylhalide, R 1 CH 2 -HaI wherein R 1 is as defined hereinabove and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate R 2 SO 2 Na wherein R 2 is as defined hereinabove in the presence of a base optionally in the presence of a solvent.

2. The process according to claim 1 wherein the base is an alkali metal carbonate.

3. The process according to claim 1 or 2 wherein the solvent is an ether, an amide, an aromatic hydrocarbon or an aprotic solvent.

4. The process according to claim 3 wherein the solvent is tetrahydrofuran, dimethylformamide, toluene or acetonitrile.

5. The process according to any of the preceding claims wherein the arylmethylhalide is a compound of formula I

(I) wherein R 3 , R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N 1 0 or S; and Hal is Cl, Br or I.

6. The process according to claim 5 wherein R 3 is NO 2 .

7. The process according to claim 6 wherein if R 5 is NR 6 R 7 , the process comprises preparing a compound of formula I by reacting HNR 6 R 7 with a compound of formula Ic:

wherein G a is an activating group and R 4 and Hal are as described above for formula I.

8. The process according to claim 7 wherein G 3 is Cl, Br or I.

9. The process according to claim 7 or 8 wherein NR 6 R 7 is an optionally substituted ring of formula Vl:

wherein m and n are each independently an integer of 1 to 3;

Y is CH or N with the proviso that if Y is N, n is 2 or 3; and

R 10 and each R 11 are independently selected from H, C 1 -C 6 alkyl, C 1 -C 6 alkoxy, C 1 -C 6 alkylamino or di-C 1 -C 6 alkylamino.

10. The process according to any of the preceding claims wherein the sodium arylsulfinate is a compound of formula Il

wherein R 8 and R 9 are each independently H, halogen, an optionally substituted alkyl or optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and R 9 when attached to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6- membered aromatic aryl ring.

11. The process according to claim 10 wherein the arylrπethyl sulfonylarene is of formula (Ilia)

wherein R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N, O or S; and R 8 and R 8 are each independently H, halogen, an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and R 9 when attached to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring.

12. The process according to claim 10 or 11 wherein R 8 and R 9 are attached to adjacent carbon atoms and are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring .

13. The process according to claim 12 wherein R 8 and R 9 are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted naphthyl ring.

14. The process according to claim 11 which comprises the further step of manufacturing a 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV

(IV)

wherein R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N, O or S; and R 6 and R 9 are each independently H, halogen, an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and R 9 when attached

to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring which further step (2) comprises reacting the compound of formula IHa of claim 11 with reducing agent to give an amine of formula V

optionally in the presence of a solvent; and

3) reacting said formula V amine with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the desired 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV.

15. The process according to claim 14 wherein the reducing agent is Sn, HCI or H 2 , Pd catalyst.

16. The process according to any of claims 14 to 15 for the manufacture of a formula IV compound wherein R 4 is H and R 5 is an optionally substituted alkoxy group or an NReR 7 group; and R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a piperizine ring.

17. The process according to any of claims 14 to 16 for the manufacture of a formula IV compound wherein R 8 and R 9 are attached to adjacent carbon atoms and are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring.

18. The process according to claim 16 for the manufacture of a formula IV compound wherein Rs is an optionally substituted alkoxy group.

19. The process according to claim 18 wherein said optionally substituted alkoxy group is a 3-(dialkylamino)propoxy group.

20. A process for the manufacture of a 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV

wherein R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; Re and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-rnembered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N, O or S; and R 8 and R 9 are each independently H, halogen, an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and R 9 when attached to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring which comprises the following steps:

1) reacting a 2-nitrobenzylhalide of formula Ia

wherein R 4 and R 5 are as described hereinabove for formula IV and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate of formula Il

wherein R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove for formula IV in the presence of a base to give a compound of formula MIa

(Ilia) wherein R 4 , R 5 , R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove;

2) reacting said formula Ilia compound with reducing agent to give an amine of formula V

optionally in the presence of a solvent; and

3) reacting said formula V amine with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the desired 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV.

21. A process for the manufacture of a compound of formula IV

wherein R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N, O or S; and R 8 and R 9 are each independently H, halogen, an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and R 9 when attached to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring which comprises the following steps:

1) reacting a compound of fo

(Ib) wherein X is either an activating group G 3 or R 5 ; R 4 and R 5 are as described hereinabove for formula IV and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a compound of formula Il

wherein R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove for formula IV in the presence of a base to give a compound of formula IHb

wherein X, R 4 , R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove, wherein, where X in formula Ib is R 5 and R 5 is NR 6 R 7 , the process optionally comprises reacting a compound of formula Ic

with HNR 6 R 7 to give the compound of formula Ib;

with the proviso that if X of formula IHb is G 3 and R 5 of formula IV is NR 6 R 7 , then the process further comprises reacting said compound of formula HIb with HNR 6 R 7 to give the compound of formula HIb wherein X is R 5 and R 5 is NR 6 R 7 ;

2) reacting said compound of formula IHb wherein X is R 5 with a reducing agent optionally in the presence of a solvent to give a compound of formula V

; and

3) reacting said compound of formula V with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the compound of formula IV.

Description:

PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF BENZYLSULFONYLARENES

FIELD

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of an arylmethylsulfonylarene compound. The invention further relates to the use of this process in the manufacture of 5-hydroxytryptamine-6 (5-HT6) ligands.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Arylsulfonylindazoles are an important class of 5-hydroxytryptamine-6 (5-HT6) ligands useful in the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disorders related to or affected by the 5-HT6 receptor, such as cognitive disorders or anxiety disorders. Novel 3-arylsulfonylindazole compounds and their use as 5-HT6 ligands are described in US 2004/0167122; US 2007/0037802; US 6,727,246; US 6,995,176; and US 2007/0054896, the contents each of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety. A key intermediate in the preparation of said 3-arylsulfon- ylindazole compounds is a benzylsulfonylarene compound such as a benzylsulfonylnaphthalene or a benzylsulfonylbenzene.

SUMMARY

The present invention provides a process for the manufacture of an arylmethylsulfonylarene, R 1 CH 2 SO 2 R 2 , wherein Ri and R 2 are each independently an optionally substituted phenyl or naphthyl group which process comprises reacting an arylmethylhalide, RiCH 2 -HaI wherein R 1 is as defined hereinabove and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate R 2 SO 2 Na wherein R 2 is as defined hereinabove in the presence of a base optionally in the presence of a solvent. Also provided is the use of the inventive process in the manufacture of a 3- arylsulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand. In particular, the present invention provides a process for the manufacture of a 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV

(IV)

wherein R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N, O or S; and R 8 and R 9 are each independently H 1 halogen, an

optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and Rg when attached to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring which comprises the following steps:

1) reacting a 2-nitrobenzylhalide of formula Ia

wherein R 4 and R 5 are as described hereinabove for formula IV and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate of formula Il

wherein R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove for formula IV in the presence of a base to give a compound of formula IHa

wherein R 4 , R 5 , R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove;

2) reacting said formula HIa compound with reducing agent to give an amine of formula V

optionally in the presence of a solvent; and

3) reacting said formula V amine with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the desired 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV.

The present invention also provides a process for the manufacture of a compound of formula IV described hereinabove

which comprises the following steps: 1) reacting a compound of formula Ib

(Ib) wherein X is either an activating group G a or R 5 ; R 4 and R 5 are as described hereinabove for formula IV and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a compound of formula Il

wherein R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove for formula IV in the presence of a base to give a compound of formula IHb

(IIIb) wherein X, R 4 , R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove, wherein, where X in formula Ib is R 5 and R 5 is NR 6 R 7 , the process optionally comprises reacting a compound of formula Ic

with HNR 6 R 7 to give the compound of formula Ib; with the proviso that if X of formula IIIb is G a and R 5 of formula IV is NR 6 R 7 , then the process further comprises reacting said compound of formula HIb with HNR 6 R 7 to give the compound of formula HIb wherein X is R 5 and R 5 is NR 6 R 7 ;

2) reacting said compound of formula 1Mb wherein X is R 5 with a reducing agent optionally in the presence of a solvent to give a compound of formula V

; and

3) reacting said compound of formula V with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the compound of formula IV.

Further provided is a process of preparing a compound of formula IV described hereinabove, which process comprises reacting a compound of formula V

wherein R 4 , R 5 , R 8 and R 9 are as described above for formula IV with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the compound of formula IV. Other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description. It should be understood, however, that the detailed description and the specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The ability of the 5-hydroxytryptamine-6 (5-HT6) receptor to bind a wide range of therapeutic compounds used in psychiatry, coupled with its intriguing distribution in the brain has stimulated significant interest in compounds which are capable of interacting with or affecting said receptor. Compounds known to be

5-HT6 ligands include 3-arylsulfonylindazole compounds such as those described in US 2004/0167122; US 2007/0037802; US 6,727,246; US 6,995,176; and US 2007/0054896. A key intermediate in the preparation of said 3-arylsulfonylindazole compounds is a benzylsulfonylarene compound such as a benzylsulfonylnaphthalene or a benzylsulfonylbenzene. Heretofor, this intermediate was formed by the vicarious nucleophilic substitution of the appropriate nitroarene with a chloromethylsulfone, CICH 2 SO 2 R, wherein R represents the desired aryl group. The chloromethylsulfone is prepared by reacting bromochloromethane with the appropriate sodium arylsulfinate. However, the process using bromochloromethane requires extreme temperatures of -45° C or lower and special handling of the reagent, as bromochloromethane is a known mutagen and a suspected ozone-depleting agent.

Surprisingly, it has now been found that arylmethylsulfonylarene compounds, including benzylsulfonylarene compounds, may be prepared effectively and efficiently by reacting an arylmethylhalide with a sodium arylsulfinate in the presence of a base, optionally in the presence of a solvent. Accordingly the present invention provides a process for the manufacture of an arylmethylsulfonylarence, R 1 CH 2 SO 2 R 2 , wherein R 1 and R 2 are each

independently an optionally substituted phenyl or naphthyl group which process comprises reacting an arylmethylhalide, R 1 CH 2 -HaI wherein R 1 is as defined hereinabove and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate R 2 SO 2 Na wherein R 2 is as defined hereinabove in the presence of a base optionally in the presence of a solvent. Advantageously, the process of the invention eliminates the use of bromochloromethane and does not require extreme low temperatures.

Bases suitable for use in the process of the invention include alkali metal carbonates such as K 2 CO 3 , Na 2 CO 3 , or the like; alkali metal bicarbonates such as KHCO 3 , NaHCO 3 , or the like; or any base known to be suitable for use in conventional synthetic procedures of coupling a sulfinate with an alkyl halide, preferably an alkali metal carbonate, more preferably K 2 CO 3 . Solvents suitable for use in the inventive process include ethers such as tetrahydrofuran; amides such as dimethyl formamide; esters such as ethyl acetate; aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene; aprotic solvents such as acetonitrile; or the like; preferably tetrahydrofuran.

Temperatures suitable for use in the process of the invention include temperatures in the range of 0° C to the boiling point of the solvent. It is understood that the reaction rate is directly related to the reaction temperature, i.e. the higher the temperature the faster the reaction rate and the shorter the reaction time. However, excessively high reaction temperatures may lead to lower yields and product purity due to the potential increase in undesired side reactions. In general, reaction temperatures of about 0°C to 70° C, are suitable. in actual practice, one equivalent of an arylmethylhalide is admixed with at least one equivalent of a base such as an alkali metal carbonate or bicarbonate, preferably K 2 CO 3 , optionally in the presence of a solvent such as tetrahydrofuran, dimethyl formamide, ethyl acetate, toluene or acetonitrile, preferably tetrahydrofuran, to form a reaction mixture; the mixture is cooled to about 0° to 10° C; the cooled reaction mixture is treated with one equivalent of a sodium arylsulfinate and stirred at 60°-70° C until the reaction is complete. In one embodiment of the invention, the process comprises reacting a benzylhalide of formula I

wherein R 3 , R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N, O or S; and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate of formula Il

wherein R 8 and Rg are each independently H, halogen, an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and R 9 when attached to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6- membered aromatic aryl ring in the presence of a base optionally in the presence of a solvent to give a benzylsulfonylarene of formula III

( ) wherein R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove. The reaction is shown in flow diagram I.

In the specification and claims, an optionally substituted moiety may be substituted with one or more substituents. The substituent groups, which are optionally present, may be one or more of those customarily employed in the development of pharmaceutical compounds or the modification of such compounds to influence their structure/activity, persistence, absorption, stability or other beneficial property. Specific examples of such substituents include halogen atoms, nitro, cyano, thiocyanato, cyanato, hydroxyl, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, formyl, alkoxycarbonyl, carboxyl, afkanoyl, alkylthio, alkylsuphinyl, alkylsulphonyl, carbamoyl, alkylamido, phenyl, phenoxy, benzyl, benzyloxy, heterocyclyl or cycloalkyl groups, preferably halogen atoms or lower alkyl or lower alkoxy groups. Unless otherwise specified, typically 0-4 substituents may be present. When any of the foregoing substituents represents or contains an alkyl substituent group, this may be linear or branched

and may contain up to 12 carbon atoms, preferably up to 6 carbon atoms, more preferably up to 4 carbon atoms.

In another embodiment, the term "optionally substituted" means that the moiety is substituted with 0-4 substituents independently selected from halogen atoms, C 1 -C 6 alkyl, C 1 - C 6 alkoxy, C 1 -C 6 haloalkyl, C 1 -C 6 haloalkoxy, C 1 -C 6 alkylamino, di- C 1 -C 6 alkylamino or combinations thereof. In another preferred embodiment, the term "optionally substituted" means that the moiety is substituted with 0-4 substituents independently selected from halogen atoms, C 1 -C 6 alkyl, C 1 -C 6 alkoxy, C 1 -C 6 alkylamino, di- C 1 -C 6 alkylamino or combinations thereof. In another more preferred embodiment, the term "optionally substituted" means that the moiety is substituted with 0-4 substituents independently selected from halogen atoms, C 1 -C 6 alkyl, C 1 - C 6 alkylamino, di-C 1 -C 6 alkylamino or combinations thereof.

As used in the specification and claims, the ring "NR 6 R 7 " denotes an optionally substituted 5-7 membered heterocyclic ring. In one embodiment, "NR 6 R 7 " is an optionally substituted ring of formula VIr

wherein m and n are each independently an integer of 1 to 3; Y is CH or N with the proviso that if Y is N, n is 2 or 3; and R 10 and each R 11 are independently selected from H, C 1 -C 6 alkyl, C 1 -C 6 alkoxy, C 1 -C 6 alkylamfno or di-C 1 -C 6 alkylamino.

Reference to "activated" or "an activating group" or "G a H as used herein is a group that, when bound to a center, increases the reactivity at that center. Non-limiting examples of an activating group include a substituent bound to an electrophilic center and capable of being displaced by a nudeophile; a substituent bound to a nucleophilic center and capable of being displaced by an electrophile; a substituent capable of being displaced by a radical; or a substituent bound to a center wherein, following gain or loss of an electron, the substituent is capable of leaving as an anion or cation with formation of a radical at the center. Examples of preferred activating groups are halogens, such as F, Cl, Br or I; triflate; mesylate, or tosylate; carbonyl groups in aldehydes or ketones; alkoxy groups in esters; the oxygen in epoxides; boronic acid groups (e.g. B(OH) 2 ); boronic ester groups, such as (B(Oalkyl) 2 ) and the like. An

example of an activating group is chlorine in benzylchloride, which is readily attacked by a nucleophile, such as piperidine group to form a benzylpiperidine functionality.

As used herein, "activating" a compound refers to reacting the compound at a center with a reagent to introduce at the center an activating group, wherein the activating group is optionally converted to another activating group in one or more steps. Examples of activating include halogenation at a carbon center, optionally followed by hydroboration wherein the halogen group is converted to an optionally sustituted borane; tosylation, mesylation, or triflation at an oxygen center; and nitration at a carbon center optionally followed by reduction of the nitro group to an amino group and conversion of the amino group to a diazo group. As used in the specification and claims, the term "aryl" designates a phenyl or naphthyl group.

As used herein, the term "alkyl" includes both a straight chain and a branched chain saturated hydrocarbon moiety. More particularly, "alkyl" refers to monovalent saturated aliphatic hydrocarbyl groups having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms and preferably, 1 to 6 carbon atoms (C 1 - Cβalkyl) and more preferably, 1 to 4 carbon atoms ( C 1 -C 4 alkyl). Examples of saturated hydrocarbon alkyl moieties, which are C 1 -C 6 alkyl groups include, but are not limited to, methyl (CH 3 -); ethyl (CH 3 CH 2 -); propyl, e.g., n-propyl (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 -) and isopropyl ((CH 3 ) 2 CH-); butyl, e.g., n-butyl (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 ), tert-butyl ((CH 3 ) 3 C-), isobutyl ((CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 CH 2 -), and sec-butyl ((CH 3 )(CH 3 CH 2 )CH-); pentyl, e.g., n-pentyl (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 -) and neopentyl ((CH 3 ) 3 CCH 2 -); and hexyl groups, e.g., n-hexyl (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 -), or the like. A branched alkyl group has at least 3 carbon atoms (e.g., an isopropyl group), and in various embodiments, has up to 6 carbon atoms. Examples of branched C 1 -C 6 alkyl groups include, but are not limited to:

isopropyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, and tert-pentyl.

Specifically included within the definition of alkyl are those alkyl groups that are optionally substituted. Suitable preferred alkyl substitutions include, but are not limited to, CN, OH, halogen, amine, alkylamine, dialkylamine, phenyl, carbamoyl, carbonyl, alkoxy or aryloxy.

The term "alkoxy" as used herein, refers to the group alkyl-O- where alkyl group is as defined herein. Specifically included within the definition of alkoxy are those alkoxy groups that are optionally substituted. Suitable alkoxy substitutions include, but are not limited to, halogen, amine, alkylamine, dialkylamine, phenyl, carbamoyl, carbonyl or aryloxy, preferably dialkylamine.

"Amino" refers to the group -NH 2 . "Cyano" refers to the group -C

As used herein, the term "haloalkyl" designates a C n H 2n+I group having from one to 2n+1 halogen atoms which may be the same or different. Examples of haloalkyl groups include CF 3 , CH 2 CI, C 2 H 3 BrCI, C 3 H 5 F 2 , or the like. A further example of a haloalkyl group is CHF 2 .

The term "halogen" or "halo", as used herein, designates fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine.

"Hydroxy" or "hydroxyl" refers to the group -OH.

"Nitro" refers to the group -NO 2 .

Unless indicated otherwise, the nomenclature of substituents that are not explicitly defined herein are arrived at by naming the terminal portion of the functionality followed by the adjacent functionality toward the point of attachment. For example, the substituent "arylalkyloxycabonyl" refers to the group (aryl)-(alkyl)-O-C(O)-.

It is understood that in all substituted groups defined above, polymers arrived at by defining substituents with further substituents to themselves (e.g., substituted aryl having a substituted aryl group as a substituent which is itself substituted with a substituted aryl group, which is further substituted by a substituted aryl group etc.) are not intended for inclusion herein. In such cases, the maximum number of such substitutions is three. For example, serial substitutions of substituted aryl groups with two other substituted aryl groups are limited to -substituted aryl-(substituted aryl)-substituted aryl.

Similarly, it is understood that the above definitions are not intended to include impermissible substitution patterns (e.g., methyl substituted with 5 ffuoro groups). Such impermissible substitution patterns are well known to the skilled artisan.

At various places in the present specification, substituents of compounds are disclosed in groups or in ranges. It is specifically intended that the description include each and every individual sυbcombination of the members of such groups and ranges. For example, the term "C 1 -6 alky!" is specifically intended to individually disclose C 1 , C 2 , C 3 , C 4 , C 5 , C 6 . C 1 -C 6 , C 1 -C 5 , C 1 -C 4 , C 1 -C 3 , C 1 -C 2 , C 2 -C 6 , C 2 -C 5 , C 2 -C 4 , C 2 -C 3 , C 3 -C 6 , C 3 -C 5 , C 3 -C 4 , C 4 -C 6 , C 4 -C 5 , and C 5 -C 6 alky I. By way of another example, the term "5-7 membered ring" is specifically intended to individually disclose a ring having 5, 6, 7, 5-7, and 5-6 ring atoms.

Advantageously, the process of the invention may be used in the manufacture of a 3- sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand. Accordingly, the present invention provides a process for the manufacture of a 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV

wherein R 4 and R 5 are each independently H, halogen, NO 2 , NR 6 R 7 , an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group; R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered ring optionally containing an additional heteroatom selected from N, O or S; and R 8 and R 9 are each independently H 1 halogen, an optionally substituted alkyl or an optionally substituted alkoxy group or R 8 and R 9 when attached to adjacent carbon atoms are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring which process comprises the following steps:

1 ) reacting a 2-nitrobenzylhalide of formula Ia

wherein R 4 and R 5 are as described hereinabove for formula IV and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a sodium arylsulfinate of formula Il

wherein R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove for formula IV in the presence of a base to give a compound of formula MIa

wherein R 4 , R 5 , R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove;

2) reacting said formula Ilia compound with reducing agent to give an amine of formula V

optionally in the presence of a solvent; and

3) reacting said formula V amine with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the desired 3-sulfonylindazole 5-HT6 ligand of formula IV.

The process is shown in flow diagram II.

In one embodiment, if R 5 is NR 6 R 7 , the process comprises preparing a compound of formula Ia by reacting HNR 6 R 7 with a compound of formula Ic:

wherein G 3 is an activating group and R 4 and Hal are as described above for formula Ia.

In another embodiment, the process for the manufacture of a compound of formula IV described hereinabove comprises:

1) reacting a compound of formula Ib

(Ib) wherein X is either an activating group G 3 or R 5 ; R 4 and R 5 are as described hereinabove for formula IV and Hal is Cl, Br or I with a compound of formula Il

wherein R 8 and Rg are as described hereinabove for formula IV in the presence of a base to give a compound of formula HIb

wherein X, R 4 , R 8 and R 9 are as described hereinabove;

wherein, where X in formula Ib is R 5 and R 5 is NR 8 R 7 , the process optionally comprises reacting a compound of formula Ic

with HNR 6 R 7 to give the compound of formula Ib; with the proviso that if X of formula INb is G a and R 5 of formula IV is NR 6 R 7 , then the process further comprises reacting said compound of formula IHb with HNR 6 R 7 to give the compound of formula IHb wherein X is R 5 and R 5 is NR 6 R 7 ;

2) reacting said compound of formula IHb wherein X is R 5 with a reducing agent optionally in the presence of a solvent to give a compound of formula V

; and

3) reacting said compound of formula V with NaNO 2 in the presence of an acid optionally in the presence of a solvent to give the compound of formula IV. In one embodiment of the above-described processes, activating group G 3 is Cl, Br or I.

Other suitable activating groups include those described above.

In another embodiment of these processes, "NR 6 R 7 " is an optionally substituted ring of formula Vl:

wherein m and n are each independently an integer of 1 to 3;

Y is CH or N with the proviso that if Y is N 1 n is 2 or 3; and

R 10 and each R 11 are independently selected from H 1 C 1 -C 6 alkyl, C 1 -C 6 alkoxy, C 1 -C 6 alkylamino or di-C 1 -C 6 alkylamino.

Bases suitable for use in the process of the invention include alkali metal carbonates such as K 2 CO 3 , Na 2 CO 3 , or the like; alkali metal bicarbonates such as KHCO 3 , NaHCO 3 , or the like; or any base known to be suitable for use in conventional synthetic procedures, preferably an alkali metal carbonate, more preferably K 2 CO 3 .

Reducing agents suitable for use in the process of the invention include Sn, HCI; H 2 , Pd catalyst, Ra Ni, or the like, preferably Sn, HCI or H 2 , Pd catalyst.

Acids suitable for use in Step 3 of the inventive process include mineral acids such as HCI, HBr, or the like, preferably HCI.

Solvents suitable for use in the inventive process include ethers such as tetrahydrofuran; amides such as dimethyl formamide; esters such as ethyl acetate; aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene; aprotic solvents such as acetonitrile; or the like; preferably tetrahydrofuran.

Among the arylsulfonylindazole compounds of formula IV which may be prepared by the process of the invention are those formula IV compounds wherein R 8 and R 9 are attached to adjacent carbon atoms and are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form an optionally substituted 6-membered aromatic aryl ring. In one embodiment, R 8 and R 9 are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached to form a naphthyl ring. Another group of arylsulfonylindazole compounds of formula IV which may be prepared by the process of the invention are those formula IV compounds wherein R 5 is an optionally substituted alkoxy group or an NR 6 R 7 group; and R 6 and R 7 are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a piperizine ring. A further group of arylsulfonylindazole compounds of formula IV which may be prepared by the process of the invention is those formula IV compounds wherein R 5 is a 3-(dialkyl- amino)propoxy group. In order to facilitate a further understanding of the invention, the following examples are presented primarily for the purpose of illustrating more specific details thereof. The invention is not to be limited thereby except as defined in the claims.

Unless otherwise noted, all parts are parts by weight. The terms THF and EtOAc designate tetrahydrofuran and ethyl acetate, respectively. The term HPLC designates high performance liquid chromatography.

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 1: Preparation 1-[(5-Fluoro-2-nitrobenzyl)sulfonyl1naphthalene

A mixture of THF, 5-fluoro-2-nitrobenzylbromide (2g, 8.5 mmol), and potassium carbonate (1.2 g, 0085 mol) was stirred under a nitrogen blanket and cooled to 0-5 °C. Sodium naphthalene-1-sulfinate (1.8g, 8.5 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The mixture was stirred at 65-67 °C for two hours and the solvent was removed by distillation. The resultant residue was purified by column chromatography (silica gel, 8:2 heptane:EtOAc as elute) to give the title product as a white solid, 2.4g, 80% yield.

EXAMPLE 2: Preparation of 2-(Phenylsulfonylmethyl)naphthalene

A mixture of THF, K 2 CO 3 (2.5g, 0.018 mol), and sodium benzenesulfinate, (2g, 0.012 mol) was stirred for 15 minutes under a nitrogen blanket and cooled to 0-5 °C. 2- Bromomethylnaphthalene (2.7g, 0.012 mol) was added to the reaction mixture. The mixture was stirred at 65 - 67 °C for twelve hours and the solvent was removed by distillation. The resultant solid residue was recrystallized from isopropanol to give the title product, 2.9g, 86% yield, 88% purity by HPLC.

EXAMPLE 3:Preparation of 3-Methoxy-1-(phenylsulfonylmethyl)benzene

A mixture of THF, K 2 CO 3 (2.5g, 0.018 mol), and sodium benzenesulfinate (2g, 0.012 mol) was stirred for 15 minutes under a nitrogen blanket and cooled to 0-5 °C. 3-Methoxybenzyl bromide (2.6 g, 0.012 mol) was add ure. The mixture was stirred at 65-67

°C for twelve hour, diluted with water and filtered. The The filtercake was dried and recrystallized from isopropanol to give the title product, 3.1g, 99% yield, 88% purity by HPLC.

EXAMPLE 4: Preparation of 4-Nitro-1-(phenylsulfonylmethyl)benzene

A mixture of THF, K 2 CO 3 (2.5g, 0.018 mol), and sodium benzenesulfinate (2g, 0.012 mol) was stirred for 15 minutes under a nitrogen blanket and cooled to 0-5 °C. 4-Nitrobenzyl bromide (2.6 g, 0.012 mol) was added to the reaction mixture. The mixture was stirred at 65-67 °C for twelve hours, diluted with water and filtered. The The filtercake was dried and recrystallized from isopropanol to give the title product, 3.1g, 93% yield, 87% purity by HPLC.

EXAMPLE 5: Preparation of 4-Chloro-1-[(3-methoxyphenylsulfonyl)methyllbenzene

A mixture of THF, K 2 CO 3 (0.77g, 6.0 mmol), and sodium 4-chloro- benzenesulfinate

(0.75g, 3.7 mmol) was stirred for 15 minutes under a nitrogen blanket and cooled to 0-5 °C. 3- Methoxybenzyl bromide (0.7 g, 3.7 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The mixture was stirred at 65-67 °C for two hours and the solvent was removed by distillation. The resultant solid residue was recrystallized from isopropanol to give the title product, 0.45 g, 64% yield, 99% purity by HPLC.

EXAMPLE 6: Preparation of 2-f(4-chlorophenylsulfonyl)methyllnaphthalene

A mixture of THF, K 2 CO 3 (0.77 g 0 006 mol) and sodium 4-chloro- benzenesulfinate

(0.75 g, 3.7 mmol) was stirred for 15 en blanket and cooled to 0-5 °C.

Naphth-2-ylmethylbromide (0.81 g, 3.7 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The mixture was stirred at 65 - 67 °C for two hours and the solvent was removed by distillation. The resultant solid residue was recrystallized from isopropanol to give the title product, 0.30g, 51% yield, 99% purity by HPLC.