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Title:
PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF SULFAMIDE DERIVATIVES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2006/127184
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention is directed to a process for the preparation of sulphonylimine derivatives [particularly those of formula (XII)] and sulphamide derivatives [particularly those of formula (I)]. The process comprises reacting an aldehyde with a substituted or unsubstituted sulphamide, in presence of an acid or TMSCI to yield the corresponding sulphonylimine and optionally reducing or hydrogenating the sulphonylimine to yield the corresponding sulphamide derivative.

Inventors:
Abdel-magid, Ahmed F. (1383 Jasper Drive, Ambler, Pennsylvania, 19002, US)
Mehrman, Steven J. (1468 Sunflower Ct, Quakertown, Pennsylvania, 18951, US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2006/014766
Publication Date:
November 30, 2006
Filing Date:
April 19, 2006
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
JANSSEN PHARMACEUTICA N.V. (Turnhoutseweg 30, Beerse, B-2340, BE)
Abdel-magid, Ahmed F. (1383 Jasper Drive, Ambler, Pennsylvania, 19002, US)
Mehrman, Steven J. (1468 Sunflower Ct, Quakertown, Pennsylvania, 18951, US)
International Classes:
C07C303/34; C07C307/06; C07D209/14; C07D211/96; C07D307/81; C07D333/58; C07D409/12; C07H1/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2006023861A1
Foreign References:
GB1111706A
DE2022370A1
GB1087602A
DE1211166B
US2527861A
Other References:
G. WEISS, ET AL.: "Herstellung und Reaktionen von N-Monoalkylamidosulfonylchloriden" LIEBIGS ANNALEN DER CHEMIE, vol. 729, December 1969 (1969-12), pages 40-51, XP002187581 VERLAG CHEMIE, WEINHEIM, DE ISSN: 0075-4617
B.E. MARYANOFF, ET AL.: "Structure-activity studies on anticonvulsant sugar sulphmates related to topiramate. Enhanced potency with cyclic sulphate derivatives" JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 41, no. 8, 1998, pages 1315-1343, XP002149867 AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, WASHINGTON, DC, US ISSN: 0022-2623
B.E. MARYANOFF, ET AL.: "Comparison of sulphamate and sulphamide groups for the inhibition of carbonic anhydrase-II by using topiramate as a structural platform" JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 48, no. 6, 13 December 2004 (2004-12-13), pages 1941-1947, XP002345002 AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, WASHINGTON, DC, US ISSN: 0022-2623
H. KOHNO, ET AL.: "A novel synthesis of isoquinolines containing an electron withdrawing substituent" HETEROCYCLES, vol. 51, no. 1, 1999, pages 103-117, XP008052600 ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS, AMSTERDAM, NL ISSN: 0385-5414
A. VANDI, ET AL.: "Synthesis and properties of some N-substituted sulphamides" JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol. 26, no. 4, April 1961 (1961-04), pages 1136-1138, XP002394144 AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, WASHINGTON, DC, US
C.W. WHITEHEAD, ET AL.: "Diuretics. II. Alkoxymercuration oby mixed anion salts of mercury" JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol. 80, no. 9, 5 May 1958 (1958-05-05), pages 2182-2185, XP002393746 AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, WASHINGTON, DC, US
S.V. PANSARE, ET AL.: "Intramolecular imine cross-coupling in dibenzylidine sulphamides: synthesis of unsymmetrical 1,2-diaryl ethanediamines" TETRAHEDRON LETTERS, vol. 37, no. 16, 15 April 1996 (1996-04-15), pages 2859-2862, XP004029817 ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS, AMSTERDAM, NL ISSN: 0040-4039
R. TEN HAVE, ET AL.: "Novel synthesis of 4(5)-monosubstituted imidazoles via cycloaddition of tosylmethyl isocyanide to aldimines" TETRAHEDRON, vol. 53, no. 33, 18 August 1997 (1997-08-18), pages 11355-11368, XP004106007 ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS, AMSTERDAM, NL ISSN: 0040-4020
W. TRAUBE, ET AL.: "Zur Kenntnis des Sulfamids" BERICHTE DER DEUTSCHEN CHEMISCHEN GESELLSCHAFT, vol. 56, 1923, pages 1656-1663, XP002393747 VERLAG CHEMIE, WEINHEIM, DE
M. HUISMAN, ET AL.: "Synthesis of N-(diemthylsulphamoyl)aldimines, a new type of aldimine derivative" SYNTHETIC COMMUNICATIONS, vol. 27, no. 6, 1997, pages 945-952, XP008067473 MARCEL DEKKER, NEW YORK, NY, US
B.S. DRACH, ET AL.: "N-1,2,2,2-tetra- chloroethyl-N',N'-dimethylsulphamide" JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY OF THE USSR., vol. 13, no. 7, July 1977 (1977-07), pages 1289-1294, XP008067470 PLENUM PUBLISHING, NEW YORK, NY, US
E. ZIEGLER, ET AL.: "Zur Reaktivität von C=N-Doppelbindungssystemen, VI. Reaktionen mit Sulfonamiden und Sulfamiden" ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR NATURFORSCHUNG, vol. 30b, 1975, pages 951-953, XP008067475 VERLAG DER ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR NATURFORSCHUNG, TUEBINGEN, DE
M. PEDRAS, ET AL.: "Toward the control of Leptosphaeria maculans: Design, syntheses, biological activity, and metabolism of potential detoxification inhibitors of the crucifer phytoalexin brassinin" BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 14, no. 14, 17 April 2006 (2006-04-17), pages 4958-4979, XP005458688 ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD., OXFORD, GB ISSN: 0968-0896
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Johnson, Philip S. (Johnson & Johnson, One Johnson & Johnson Plaza New Brunswick, New Jersey, 08933, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
We Claim:
1. A process for the preparation of a sulfamide derivative, comprising reacting an aldehyde with a substituted or unsubstituted sulfamide, in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding sulfonylimine; reducing or hydrogenating the sulfonylimine, in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding sulfamide derivative.
2. The process of Claim 1 wherein the sulfonylimine is reduced to the corresponding sulfamide derivative.
3. A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (I) wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; R3 and R4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; alternatively, R3 and R4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound to form a monocyclic or bicyclic, saturated, partially unsaturated, partially aromatic or aromatic ring structure; wherein the ring structure is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; comprising reacting a compound of formula (X) with a compound of formula (Xl), in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding compound of formula (XII); <XII> (D reducing or hydrogenating the compound of formula (XII), in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding compound of formula (I).
4. The process of Claim 3, wherein the compound of formula (XII) is reduced to the corresponding compound of formula (I).
5. The process of Claim 4, wherein the compound of formula (XII) is reduced by reacting with Na(OAc3)BH or LiBH4 to yield the corresponding compound of formula (I).
6. A product prepared according to the process of Claim 1.
7. A product prepared according to the process of Claim 3.
8. A process for the preparation of a sulfonylimine derivative, comprising reacting an aldehyde with a substituted or unsubstituted sulfamide, in a suitable organic solvent, in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, to yield the corresponding sulfonylimine derivative.
9. A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (XII) wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; R3 and R4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; alternatively, R3 and R4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound to form a monocyclic or bicyclic, saturated, partially unsaturated, partially aromatic or aromatic ring structure; wherein the ring structure is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; comprising reacting a compound of formula (X) with a compound of formula (Xl), in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding the compound of formula (XII).
10. A compound of formula (XII) wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; R3 and R4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; alternatively, R3 and R4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound to form a monocyclic or bicyclic, saturated, partially unsaturated, partially aromatic or aromatic ring structure; wherein the ring structure is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
11. A product prepared according to the process of Claim 8.
12. A product prepared according to the process of Claim 9.
Description:
PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF SULFAMIDE DERIVATIVES

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application claims the benefit of U. S. Provisional Application 60/683,151 , filed on May 20, 2005, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to a novel process for the preparation of sulfonylimine and sulfamide derivatives.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to a process for the preparation of a sulfonylimine derivative, comprising reacting an aldehyde with a substituted or unsubstituted sulfamide, in a suitable organic solvent, in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, to yield the corresponding sulfonylimine derivative.

The present invention is further directed to a process for the preparation of sulfamide derivative or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, comprising reacting an aldehyde with a substituted or unsubstituted sulfamide, in a suitable organic solvent, in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, to yield the corresponding sulfonylimine; reducing or hydrogenating the sulfonylimine, in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding sulfamide derivative.

In an embodiment, the present invention is directed to a process for the preparation of compounds of formula (I)

wherein

R 1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; R 3 and R 4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; alternatively, R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound to form a monocyclic or bicyclic, saturated, partially unsaturated, partially aromatic or aromatic ring structure; wherein the ring structure is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof;

comprising

reacting a compound of formula (X) with a compound of formula (Xl), in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding compound of formula (XII);

(XIi) (I) reducing or hydrogenating the compound of formula (XII), in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding compound of formula (I).

In another embodiment of the present invention is a process for the preparation of a compound of formula (XII)

wherein R 1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino,

dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl;

R 3 and R 4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl; wherein the alkyl, carbocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; alternatively, R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound to form a monocyclic or bicyclic, saturated, partially unsaturated, partially aromatic or aromatic ring structure; wherein the ring structure is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, carboxy, halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkoxy, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamindo, alkoxycarbonyl and aryloxycarbonyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; comprising

reacting a compound of formula (X) with a compound of formula (Xl), in the presence of an acid or TMSCI, in a suitable organic solvent, to yield the corresponding the compound of formula (XII).

The present invention is further directed to compounds of formula (XII), as herein defined.

The present invention is further directed to a product prepared according to any of the processes described herein.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to a process for the preparation of sulfonylimine derivatives. The present invention is further directed to a process for the preparation of sulfamide derivatives and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. The sulfonylimine derivatives are useful, for example, as intermediates in the synthesis of pharmaceutical agents such as the sulfamide derivatives described herein. The sulfamide derivatives, for example, the compounds as listed in Table 1 herein, are useful for the treatment of epilepsy.

In an embodiment, the present invention is directed to a process for the preparation of sulfamide derivatives of formula (I)

C) wherein R 1 , R 3 and R 4 are as herein defined.

In an embodiment of the present invention R 1 is unsubstituted alkyl. In another embodiment of the present invention R 1 is an aromatic ring structure. In another embodiment of the present invention, R 1 is a 5-6 membered aromatic ring structure. In another embodiment of the present invention, R 1 is selected from the group consisting of aryl and heteroaryl, wherein the aryl or heteroaryl is optionally substituted.

In an embodiment of the present invention R 3 and R 4 are each independently selected from hydrogen or Ci -4 alkyl. In another embodiment of the present invention, R 3 and R4 are each independently selected from hydrogen or

methyl. In another embodiment of the present invention, R 3 and R 4 are each hydrogen.

In an embodiment of the present invention, R 3 and R 4 are taken together to form a 5 to 7 membered, substituted or unsubstituted ring structure. Preferably, the 5 to 7 membered ring structure is saturated or aromatic.

Additional embodiments of the present invention, include those wherein the substituents selected for one or more of the variables defined herein (i.e. R 1 , R 3 , and R 4 ) are independently selected to be any individual substituent or any subset of substituents selected from the complete list as defined herein.

Compounds of formula (I) may be prepared according to the process outlined in detail in Scheme 1 below.

0

Scheme 1

Accordingly, a suitably substituted compound of formula (X), a known compound or compound prepared by known methods, is reacted with a suitably substituted compound of formula (Xl), a known compound or compound prepared by known methods;

in the presence an acid such as p-toluene sulfonic, TFA, acetic acid, HCI (preferably anhydrous HCI), sulfamic acid, and the like, preferably in the presence of p-toluene sulfonic acid or sulfamic acid; or in the presence of TMSCI; wherein acid is present in present in at least a catalytic amount, preferably in amount in the range of from about a catalytic amount to about 10 mole % relative to the aldehyde (for example, compound of formula (X)), more preferably, in about a catalytic amount; wherein the TMSCI is present in at least a catalytic amount, preferably in amount in the range of from about a catalytic amount to about 2 equivalents, more preferably, at about 1 equivalent; in a suitable organic solvent such as THF, acetonitrile, methanol, ethanol, propanol, DMF, and the like, preferably in a polar organic solvent, more preferably, in a polar organic solvent which dissolves the compound of formula (Xl) at least partially, more preferably still, in ethanol or THF; preferably, at a temperature greater than or equal to about 20°C, more preferably, at a temperature in the range of from about 40 0 C to about 60 0 C; to yield the corresponding compound of formula (XII), wherein the compound of formula (XII) is preferably not isolated.

One skilled in the art will recognize that the acid is preferably strong enough to activate the carbonyl portion of the aldehyde of compound of formula (X), thereby facilitating the nucleophilic reaction between the aldehyde and the substituted or unsubstituted sulfamide. Suitable examples of such acids include, but are not limited to, p-toluene sulfonic, TFA, acetic acid, HCI (preferably anhydrous HCI), sulfamic acid, and the like.

The compound of formula (XII) is reacted with a reducing agent such as NaBH 4 , LiBH 4 , Na(OAc) 3 BH, LAH, and the like; in a suitable organic solvent such as THF, acetonitrile, methanol, ethanol, propanol, DMF, dichloroethane, and the like, preferably in a polar organic solvent, more preferably, in the same

solvent used in the previous reaction step; to yield the corresponding compound of formula (I). One skilled in the art will recognize that the organic solvent is selected to be compatible with the selected reducing agent. For example, one skilled in the art will recognize that the suitable organic solvent when using LAH would be an ether such as THF, diethyl ether, dioxane, dimethoxyethane, and the like; but would not be methanol, ethanol, propanol acetonitrile, DMF, and the like.

Alternatively, the compound of formula (XII) is hydrogenated by reacting with hydrogen gas or a source of hydrogen; in the presence of a catalyst such as Pd on carbon, rhodium on alumina, PdCb, and the like; in a suitable organic solvent which is not reactive under the hydrogenation conditions, such as THF, methanol, ethanol, propanol, DMF, and the like, preferably in a polar organic solvent such as an alcohol, more preferably, in the same solvent used in the previous reaction step; to yield the corresponding compound of formula (I).

One skilled in the art will recognize that wherein a substituent on the aldehyde (e.g. a substituent on the compound of formula (X), for example an aldehyde, carboxylic acid, amino, alkylamino, and the like) is reactive to the sulfamide, said substituent is preferably protected prior to reacting the aldehyde with the sulfamde and then de-protected following the reduction/hydrogenation, to yield the corresponding sulfamide derivative.

One skilled in the art will further recognize that in reacting the compound of formula (XII) to yield the corresponding compound of formula (I), the reducing or hydrogenating conditions are selected to avoid reactions with any substituent groups and therefore to provide the desired product.

One skilled in the art will further recognize that the sulfamide comprises two amine groups which may have the same or different reactivity relative to the aldehyde. One skilled in the art will further recognize that by protecting one of the two amines on the sulfamide, the reaction can be directed to yield coupling

between the unprotected amine portion of the sulfamide and the aldehyde. The protected amine portion of the sulfamide is then, optionally, de-protected to yield the corresponding sulfamide derivative.

As used herein, "halogen" shall mean chlorine, bromine, fluorine and iodine.

As used herein, the term "alkyl" whether used alone or as part of a substituent group, include straight and branched chains, preferably a straight or branched chain comprising one to ten carbon atoms. For example, alkyl radicals include methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, t- butyl, pentyl and the like. Unless otherwise noted, "Ci- 4 alkyl" means a carbon chain composition of 1-4 carbon atoms.

As used herein, unless otherwise noted, "aryl" shall refer to unsubstituted carbocylic aromatic groups such as phenyl, naphthyl, fluorenyl, and the like. Preferably, the aryl group is phenyl or naphthyl, more preferably, phenyl.

As used herein, unless otherwise noted, the term "cycloalkyl" shall mean any stable monocyclic, bicyclic, polycyclic or bridged, saturated ring system, for example cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, norbornyl, decahydronapthyl, and the like.

As used herein, unless otherwise noted, the term "carbocyclyl" shall mean any stable monocyclic, bicyclic, polycyclic or bridged ring structure, wherein the ring structure comprises is saturated, partially unsaturated or partially aromatic. Suitable examples include, tetrahydronaphthyl, cyclohexenyl, and the like.

As used herein, unless otherwise noted, "heteroaryl" shall denote any five or six membered monocyclic aromatic ring structure containing at least one

heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N and S, optionally containing one to three additional heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of O, N and S; or a nine or ten membered bicyclic aromatic ring structure containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O 1 N and S, optionally containing one to four additional heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of O, N and S. The heteroaryl group may be attached at any heteroatom or carbon atom of the ring such that the result is a stable structure.

Examples of suitable heteroaryl groups include, but are not limited to, pyrrolyl, furyl, thienyl, oxazolyl, imidazolyl, purazolyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, triazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyridyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, pyranyl, furazanyl, indolizinyl, indolyl, isoindolinyl, indazolyl, benzofuryl, benzothienyl, benzimidazolyl, benzthiazolyl, purinyl, quinolizinyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, isothiazolyl, cinnolinyl, phthalazinyl, quinazolinyl, quinoxalinyl, naphthyridinyl, pteridinyl, and the like.

As used herein, the term "heterocycloalkyl" shall denote any five to seven membered monocyclic, saturated or partially unsaturated ring structure containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N and S, optionally containing one to three additional heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of O, N and S; or a nine to ten membered saturated, partially unsaturated or partially aromatic bicyclic ring system containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N and S, optionally containing one to four additional heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of O, N and S; or any polycyclic ring structure containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N and S, optionally containing one or more, preferably one to three, additional heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of O, N and S. The heterocycloalkyl group may be attached at any heteroatom or carbon atom of the ring such that the result is a stable structure.

Examples of suitable heteroaryl groups include, but are not limited to, pyrrolinyl, pyrrolidinyl, dioxalanyl, imidazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, pyrazolinyl, pyrazolidinyl, piperidinyl, dioxanyl, morpholinyl, dithianyl, thiomorpholinyl, piperazinyl, trithianyl, indolinyl, chromenyl, 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl, 2,3- dihydrobenzofuryl, and the like.

When a particular group is "substituted" (e.g., alkyl, phenyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl), that group may have one or more substituents, preferably from one to five substituents, more preferably from one to three substituents, most preferably from one to two substituents, independently selected from the list of substituents.

With reference to substituents, the term "independently" means that when more than one of such substituents is possible, such substituents may be the same or different from each other.

To provide a more concise description, some of the quantitative expressions given herein are not qualified with the term "about". It is understood that whether the term "about" is used explicitly or not, every quantity given herein is meant to refer to the actual given value, and it is also meant to refer to the approximation to such given value that would reasonably be inferred based on the ordinary skill in the art, including approximations due to the experimental and/or measurement conditions for such given value.

One skilled in the art will recognize that wherein a reaction step of the present invention may be carried out in a variety of solvents or solvent systems, said reaction step may also be carried out in a mixture of the suitable solvents or solvent systems. .

Where the processes for the preparation of the compounds according to the invention give rise to mixture of stereoisomers, these isomers may be

separated by conventional techniques such as preparative chromatography. The compounds may be prepared in racemic form, or individual enantiomers may be prepared either by enantiospecific synthesis or by resolution. The compounds may, for example, be resolved into their component enantiomers by standard techniques, such as the formation of diastereomeric pairs by salt formation with an optically active acid, such as (-)-di-p-toluoyl-D-tartaric acid and/or (+)-di-p-toluoyl-L-tartaric acid followed by fractional crystallization and regeneration of the free base. The compounds may also be resolved by formation of diastereomeric esters or amides, followed by chromatographic separation and removal of the chiral auxiliary. Alternatively, the compounds may be resolved using a chiral HPLC column.

Where the compounds according to this invention have at least one chiral center, they may accordingly exist as enantiomers. Where the compounds possess two or more chiral centers, they may additionally exist as diastereomers. It is to be understood that all such isomers and mixtures thereof are encompassed within the scope of the present invention. Furthermore, some of the crystalline forms for the compounds may exist as polymorphs and as such are intended to be included in the present invention. In addition, some of the compounds may form solvates with water (i.e., hydrates) or common organic solvents, and such solvates are also intended to be encompassed within the scope of this invention.

During any of the processes for preparation of the compounds of the present invention, it may be necessary and/or desirable to protect sensitive or reactive groups on any of the molecules concerned. This may be achieved by means of conventional protecting groups, such as those described in Protective Groups in Organic Chemistry, ed. J.F.W. McOmie, Plenum Press, 1973; and T.W. Greene & P. G. M. Wuts, Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, 1991. The protecting groups may be removed at a convenient subsequent stage using methods known from the art.

As used herein, the term "sulfonylimine" is intended to denote a derivative which comprises the following chemical group

Under standard nomenclature used throughout this disclosure, the terminal portion of the designated side chain is described first, followed by the adjacent functionality toward the point of attachment. Thus, for example, a "phenylC-r C 6 alkyl-amino-carbonyl-CrC 6 alkyl-" substituent refers to a group of the formula

-ζ — C r C 6

Abbreviations used in the specification, particularly the Schemes and

Examples, are as follows: DCM Dichloromethane DMF N,N-Dimethylformamide HPLC High pressure liquid chromatography LAH Lithium aluminum hydride

Na(OAc) 3 BH Sodium triacetoxyborohydride NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance THF Tetrahydrofuran TFA Trifluoroacteic acid TLC Thin Layer Chromatography TMSCI Chlorotrimethylsilane

Representative sulfamide compounds which were prepared according to the process of the present invention, as described in more detail in the Examples which follow, are as listed in Table 1 , below.

Table 1 : Representative Compounds of Formula (I)

Additional compounds prepared according to the procedures as described in the Schemes above and the Examples which follow include those listed in Table 2 below.

Table 2

The following Examples are set forth to aid in the understanding of the invention, and are not intended and should not be construed to limit in any way the invention set forth in the claims which follow thereafter.

Example 1 ΛHbenzor/?1thien-3-ylmethyl)-sulfamide (Compound #1)

Thianaphthene-3-carboxaldehyde (1.62 g, 10.0 mmol) was dissolved in anhydrous ethanol (50 ml_). Sulfamide (4.0 g, 42 mmol) was added and the mixture was heated to reflux for 16 hours. The mixture was cooled to room temperature. Sodium borohydride (0.416 g, 11.0 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for three hours. The reaction was diluted with water (50 ml_) and extracted with chloroform (3 x 75 ml_). The extracts were concentrated and chromatographed (5% methanol in DCM) to yield the title compound as a white solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.98 (1 H 1 dd, J = 6.5, 2.3 Hz), 7.92 (1 H, dd, J = 6.6, 2.4 Hz), 7.62 (1 H, s), 7.36-7.45 (2H, m), 7.08 (1 H, t, J= 6.3 Hz), 6.72 (2H, s), 4.31 (2H, d, J= 6.3 Hz).

Example 2 ΛHd -methyl-1/τMndol-3-vπmethvπ-sulfamide (Compound #7)

N-Methylindole-3-carboxaldehyde (1.66 g, 10.4 mmol) was dissolved in anhydrous ethanol (50 ml_). Sulfamide (4.5 g, 47 mmol) was added and the mixture was heated to reflux for 16 hours. Additional sulfamide (1.0 g, 10.4 mmol) was added and the mixture was heated to reflux for 24 hours. The mixture was cooled to room temperature. Sodium borohydride (0.722 g, 12.5 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. The reaction was diluted with water (50 ml_) and extracted with DCM (3 x 75 ml_). The extracts were concentrated and about 1 ml_ of methanol was added to create a slurry which was filtered to yield the title compound as a white powder. 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD): δ 7.67 (1H, d, J = 5.9 Hz), 7.32 (1 H 1 d, J = 6.2 Hz),

7.14-7.19 (2H, m), 7.06 (1 H, dt, J= 7.7, 0.7 Hz), 4.36 (2H, s), 3.75 (3H, s) MS (M-H)- 237.6.

Example 3

ΛH(2-methyl-3-benzofuranyl)methyl1-sulfamide (Compound #13)

2-Methylbenzofuran-3-carbaldehyde (0.51 g, 3.18 mmol) was dissolved in anhydrous ethanol (25 mL). Sulfamide (1.5 g, 16 mmol) was added and the mixture was heated to reflux for 4 days. The mixture was cooled to room temperature. Sodium borohydride (0.132 g, 3.50 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction was diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (3 x 75 mL). The extracts were concentrated and suspended in a minimal amount of DCM and filtered to yield the title compound as a white solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-de): δ 7.65 (1 H 1 dd, J = 6.4, 2.6 Hz), 7.43-7.47 (1 H, m), 7.19-7.23 (2H, m), 6.87 (1 H, t, J= 6.2 Hz), 6.68 (2H, s), 4.11 (2H, d, J= 6.2 Hz), 2.42 (3H, s).

Example 4 ΛH(5-bromobenzorά1thien-3-vQmethvπ-sulfamide (Compound #15)

5-Bromobenzothiophene (1.60 g, 7.51 mmol) and dichloromethyl methyl ether (1.29 g, 11.3 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous 1 ,2-dichloroethane (75

mL). Titanium tetrachloride (2.14 g, 11.3 mmol) was added, turning the solution dark. After one hour at room temperature, the reaction was poured into a mixture of saturated aqueous NaHCθ 3 and ice. The mixture was stirred for about 30 minutes and then was extracted with DCM (2 x 100 mL). The extracts were concentrated and chromatographed (0 to 5% ethyl acetate in hexane) to yield 5-bromo-benzo[b]thiophene-3-carbaldehyde (1.32 g). The 5- bromobenzothiophene-3-carboxaldehyde (1.20 g, 4.98 mmol) and sulfamide (4.0 g, 42 mmol) were combined in anhydrous ethanol (25 mL) and heated to reflux for three days. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and sodium borohydride (0.207 g, 5.47 mmol) was added. After five hours, water (50 ml) was added and the solution was extracted with chloroform (3 x 50 mL). The extracts were concentrated, suspended in a minimal amount of DCM, and filtered to provide the title compound as a yellow solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-c/e): δ 8.12 (1 H, d, J= 1.8 Hz), 7.97 (1 H, d, J = 8.6), 7.71 (1 H, s), 7.52 (1 H, dd, J = 8.6, 1.9 Hz), 7.12 (1 H, t, J= 6.3 Hz), 6.72 (2H, s), 4.28 (2H, d, J= 6.2 Hz).

Example 5 ΛH(4-bromobenzorJblthien-3-yl)methyll-sulfamide (Compound #17)

4-Bromobenzothiophene (1.8 0 g, 8.45 mmol) and dichloromethyl methyl ether (1.46 g, 12.7 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous DCM (100 mL).

Titanium tetrachloride (2.40 g, 12.7 mmol) was added, turning the solution dark.

After 30 minutes at room temperature, the reaction was poured into a mixture of saturated aqueous NaHCO 3 and ice. The mixture was stirred for about 30 minutes and then was extracted with DCM (2 x 150 mL). The extracts were

concentrated and chromatographed (0 to 15% ethyl acetate in hexane) to yield 4-bromobenzothiophene-3-carboxaldehyde (0.910 g). The 4- bromobenzothiophene-3-carboxaldehyde (0.910 g, 3.77 mmol) and sulfamide (3.0 g, 31 mmol) were combined in anhydrous ethanol (25 ml_) and heated to reflux for three days. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and sodium borohydride (0.157 g, 4.15 mmol) was added. After five hours, water (50 ml) was added and the solution was extracted with chloroform (3 x 50 mL). The extracts were concentrated, suspended in a minimal amount of DCM, and filtered to yield the title compound as a yellow solid. 1 H NMR (DMSO-dβ): δ 8.05 (1 H, dd, J = 8.1 , 0.8 Hz), 7.78 (1 H, s), 7.64

(1 H, dd, J= 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 7.27 (1 H, t, J = 7.9 Hz), 7.13 (1 H, t, J= 6.3 Hz), 6.72 (2H, br s), 4.65 (2H, d, J= 5.3 Hz).

Example 6 ΛH(7-fluorobenzorfr1thien-3-yl)methvπ-sulfamide (Compound #18)

2-Fluorothiophenol (4.14 g, 32.6 mmol) was dissolved in anhydrous THF (100 mL). Potassium tert-butoxide (1.0 M in THF, 35.8 mL) was added and the suspension was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes. 2- Chloroacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal was added and the mixture was stirred for 3 days. Water (100 mL) was added and the solution was extracted with diethyl ether (3 x 100 mL). The extracts were concentrated to a yellow oil and chromatographed (5 to 20% ethyl acetate in hexane) to yield 1-(2,2-dimethoxy- ethylsulfanyl)-2-fluoro-benzene (6.42 g) as a colorless oil. Chlorobenzene (25

ml_) was heated to reflux and polyphosphoric acid (1 ml_) was added. The 1- (2,2-dimethoxy-ethylsulfanyl)-2-fluoro-benzene was then added slowly turning the solution dark. After 3 hours of heating, the reaction was cooled to room temperature and diluted with water (50 ml_). The solution was extracted with benzene (2 x 50 ml_). The extracts were concentrated and chromatographed (0 to 15% ethyl acetate in hexane) to yield 7-fluorobenzothiophenyl (0.77 g). The 7-fluorobenzothiophenyl (0.77 g, 5.1 mmol) and dichloromethyl methyl ether (0.872 g, 7.6 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous DCM (25 ml_). Titanium tetrachloride (1.0 M in DCM, 7.6 ml_, 7.6 mmol) was added, turning the solution dark. After 30 minutes at room temperature, the reaction was poured into a mixture of saturated aqueous NaHCθ 3 and ice. The mixture was stirred for about 30 minutes and then was extracted with DCM (2 x 50 mL). The extracts were concentrated and chromatographed (0 to 15% ethyl acetate in hexane) to yield 7-fluorobenzothiophene-3-carboxaldehyde (0.642 g). The 7- fluorobenzothiophene-3-carboxaldehyde (0.642 g, 3.77 mmol) and sulfamide (1.7 g, 18 mmol) were combined in anhydrous ethanol (20 mL) and heated to reflux for three days. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and sodium borohydride (0.148 g, 3.92 mmol) was added. After two hours, water (25 ml) was added and the solution was extracted with chloroform (3 x 25 mL). The extracts were concentrated, suspended in a minimal amount of DCM, and filtered to yield the title compound as a yellow solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-CZ 6 ): δ 7.78 (1 H, d, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.43-7.50 (1 H, m), 7.27 (1 H, dd, J = 10.3, 7.9 Hz), 7.14 (1 H, t, J= 6.4 Hz) 1 6.74 (2H, br s), 4.31 (2H, d, J= 6.4 Hz).

Example 7

1-f(Aminosulfonyl)inrιino1-1-dleoxy-2,3:4,5-bis-0-πsopr opylidene)-

P-fructopyranose (Compound #25)

2,3:4,5-bis-O-(isopropylidene)-D-fructopyranose aldehyde, a compound of the formula

(1.O g, 3.9 mmol) and sulfamide (0.7 g, 8 mmol) were heated to 100°C in toluene (20 ml_) for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature. The resulting solid was filtered and crystallized from methanol (20 ml_). The solid was filtered and dried to yield the title compound as a brown solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-CZ 6 ): δ 6.85 (1 H, s), 6.47 (1 H, s), 7.62 (1 H, s), 4.92 (1 H 1 s), 4.57 (1 H, dd, J= 8.5 Hz, J = 2.4 Hz), 4.30 (1 H, d, J = 2.4 Hz), 4.25 (1 H, d, J = 8.8 Hz), 3.72 (2H, q, J = 13.0 Hz, J = 7.9 Hz), 1.48 (3H, s), 1.41 (3H, s), 1.37 (3H, s), 1.29 (3H, s).

Example 8

1 -F(Am i nosu If on vQam ιno1-1 -deoxy-2,3 : 4,5-bis-0-(isopropyl idene)- D-fructopyranose (Compound #26)

1-[(Aminosulfonyl)imino]-1-deoxy-2,3:4,5-bis-O-(isopropyl idene)-D- fructopyranose, prepared as in Example 7 above, (0.2 g, 0.6 mmol) was dissolved in anhydrous ethanol (1 ml_). Sodium borohydride (0.05 g, 2.0 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. The reaction was quenched by addition of 1 N HCI, the product extracted with ethyl acetate (1OmL) and concentrated to yield the title compound.

1 H NMR (CDCL 3 ): δ 5.13-5.01 (1 H, m), 4.88-4.75 (2H, m), 4.61 (1 H, d, J = 7.2 Hz), 4.31-4.21 (2H, m), 3.84, (2H, q, J= 19.7 Hz, J= 14.5 Hz), 3.58-3.35 (2H, m), 1.66 (3H, s), 1.55 (3H, s), 1.42 (3H, s), 1.37 (3H, s).

Example 9 N-Aminosulfonyl Benzylideneamine (Compound #30)

Benzaldehyde (5 g, 4 mmol) and sulfamide (9.06 g, 94 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous ethanol (100 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to

reflux for 2 hours then cooled to room temperature. The resulting solid was filtered and dried to yield the title compound.

1 H NMR (DMSO-de): δ 8.95 (1 H, s), 8.02 (2H, d, J = 7.9 Hz), 7.71 (1 H, t, j = 6.9 Hz), 7.61 , (2H, dd, J = 7.9 Hz, J = 6.9 Hz), 7.44 (2H, s).

Example 10

Λ/-(benzorf?1thien-3-ylmethyl)-sulfamide (Compound #1)

Thianaphthene-3-carboxaldehyde (5 g, 30.8 mmol) was dissolved in anhydrous ethanol (50 ml_). Sulfamide (12.22 g, 123.30 mmoles) and sulfamic acid (0.29 g, 3.08 mmoles) were added and the reaction mixture heated to

45°C for 18h. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature.

Sodium borohydride (1.2 g, 30.8 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour. 1 N HCI (30 ml_, 30 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was filtered through Celite. The filtered solution was then diluted with water (100 ml_). The precipitate was filtered to yield the title compound as a off white solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-de): δ 7.98 (1 H, dd, J = 6.5, 2.3 Hz), 7.92 (1 H, dd, J =

6.6, 2.4 Hz), 7.62 (1H, s), 7.36-7.45 (2H, m), 7.08 (1 H, t, J= 6.3 Hz), 6.72 (2H, s), 4.31 (2H, d, J= 6.3 Hz).

Example 11

Λ/-(benzor/?lthien-3-vlmethvD-sulfamide (Compound #1)

Thianaphthene-3-carboxaldehyde (5 g, 30.8 mmol) was dissolved in

THF (50 ml_). Sulfamide (12.22 g, 123.30 mmoles) and sulfamic acid (0.29 g, 3.08 mmoles) were added and the reaction mixture heated to 45°C for 18h. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature and filtered through a sintered glass funnel. The resulting solution was treated with lithium borohydride (2.0 M in THF, 5 mL, 10 mmol) via addition funnel. After addition (5 minutes) the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour. 1 N HCI (20 mL, 20 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture concentrated to remove THF. The resulting suspension was treated with water (100 mL) and vigorously stirred. The resulting solid was filtered and dried to yield the title compound as a light pink solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-c/e): δ 7.98 (1 H, dd, J = 6.5, 2.3 Hz), 7.92 (1 H 1 dd, J = 6.6, 2.4 Hz), 7.62 (1 H, s), 7.36-7.45 (2H, m), 7.08 (1 H, t, J = 6.3 Hz), 6.72 (2H, s), 4.31 (2H, d, J= 6.3 Hz).

Example 12 i-Aminosulfonyl-4-phenyl-piperidine (Compound #31)

4-Phenyl-piperidine (10 g, 62 mmol) was dissolved in dioxane (100 mL). Sulfamide (23.8 g, 248 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture heated

to 100 0 C for 14h. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature, quenched by addition of 1 N HCI and then concentrated to remove dioxane. The product was extracted with ethyl acetate (10OmL), dried (Na 2 SO 4 ), filtered and concentrated to yield the title compound as a light brown solid. 1 H NMR (DMSO-CZ 6 ): 6 7.35-7.15 (5H, m), 7.92 (1 H 1 s), 6.76 (1 H, s), 3.58

(2H, d, J = 12.2 Hz), 2.68-2.50 (3H, m), 1.85 (2H, d, J = 10.7 Hz), 1.68 (2H, dt, J = 12.2, 12.2 Hz).

Example 13 4-Phenyl-piperidine-1 -sulfonic acid (benzorbithiophen-3-ylmethyl)- amide (Compound #32)

4-Phenyl-piperidine-1 -sulfonic acid amide (1.5g, 6.24 mmol) was dissolved in ethanol (20 mL). Benzo[b]thiophene-3-carbaldehyde (1.0 g, 6.24 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was warmed to 45°C overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and then treated with sodium borohydride (0.2g, 5.29 mmol). The reaction was then quenched by addition of 1 N HCI. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The product precipitated from solution and was removed by vacuum filtration to yield the title compound as a white solid.

1 H NMR (DMSO-d 6 ): 6 7.99 (2H 1 q, J = 12.0, 7.7 Hz), 7.86 (1 H, dd, J = 5.0 Hz), 7.66 (1 H, s), 7.42 (2H, dt, J= 14.0, 6.7 Hz), 7.35-7.24 (3H, m), 7.24- 7.09 (2H, m), 4.37 (2H, d, J =5.8 Hz), 3.56 (2H, d, J= 11.5 Hz), 2.75-2.59 (3H, m), 1.68 (2H, d, J = 13.5 Hz), 1.31 (2H, dd, J= 25.0, 13.5 Hz).

Example 14 Recrvstallizaton of ΛH(Benzorb1thiophen-3-vDmethyllsulfamide From Water

A 30 gal reactor was charged with crude Λ/-[(benzo[b]thiophen-3- yl)methyl]sulfamide (470 g; 1.94 moles) followed by addition of water (25 L). The stirred mixture was heated to reflux and the heating was maintained until dissolution of the solid occurred. At this point the solution was hot filtered under pressure through an inline filter to a receiving vessel (20 gal) over a period of 30 minutes. The solution was then cooled to room temperature, over 2.5h. The resulting solid was collected by filtration and rinsed with water, then air-dried under vacuum overnight to yield the title compound as a white solid.

Example 15 Recrvstallizaton of Λ/-r(Benzorb1thiopheri-3-yl)methyl1sulfamide from

MTBE/Water

A 4L Erlenmeyer flask was charged with crude Λ/-[(benzo[b]thiophen-3- yl)methyl]sulfamide (72Og; 2.97 moles) followed by addition of methyl te/t-butyl ether (2.5L) and water (80.0 mL, 4.44 mole) and the mixture was heated slowly to reflux. The resulting solution was hot filtered through a pad of CELITE® into

a 5L four-necked reaction flask pre-warmed to 40°C and equipped with an overhead stirrer, heating mantle, temperature control unit and vacuum adapter. The filter pad was washed with methyl te/t-butyl ether (4OmL). After filtration the filtrate was allowed to cool slowly. When the temperature reached 6O 0 C, the solution was seeded with a small amount of pure product, which induced crystallization of product shortly thereafter. Slow cooling was continued to room temperature and the mixture was maintained at room temperature overnight. The mixture was further cooled in an ice bath to 5°C. and the solid was collected by filtration, then air-dried to yield the title compound as a crystalline product

DSC m.p. 106.8°C

Elemental analysis calculated for C9H1 0 N2O 2 S 2 :

Calculated: C, 44.61 ; H, 4.16; N, 11.56; O, 13.21 ; S; KF:26.47% Measured: C: 44.43, H: 3.87, N: 11.57, S; KF 26.23%

Example 16

In Vivo Assay: Maximal Electroshock Test (MES) Anticonvulsant activity was determined using the MES test, run according to the procedure described in detail below. Swinyard EA, Woodhead JH, White HS, Franklin MR. Experimental selection, quantification, and evaluation of anticonvulsants. In Levy RH, et al., eds. Antiepileptic Drugs. 3 rd ed. New York: Raven Press, 1989:85-102

CF-1 male albino mice (25-35g) were fasted for 16 hours before testing. Mice were randomly selected into control and test groups, with the animals dosed with vehicle or test compound, at varying concentrations, respectively.

On the study date, at 30 minutes prior to shock, the mice were orally dosed with vehicle (0.5% methylcellulose) or test compound (100-300 mg/kg).

Seizures were induced by trans-corneal electric shock using a 60-Hz alternating current, 50 mA, delivered for 0.2 sec. The mice in the test groups were subjected to electrical stimulus at time intervals between 15 minutes and

4 hours following administration of test compound. The shock resulted in an immediate full body tonic extension. The test was complete when the entire course of the convulsion has been observed (typically, less than 1 minute after electrical stimulation), and the mice were then immediately euthanized by carbon dioxide inhalation.

Abolition of the full body tonic extensor component of the seizure was taken as the endpoint of the test. Absence of this component indicated that the test compound had the ability to prevent the spread of seizure discharge through neural tissue. The ED 50 value of the test compound (calculated when appropriate) was the calculated dose required to block the hind limb tonic- extensor component of the MES-induced seizure in 50% of the rodents tested. A probit analysis was used to calculate the ED 50 and 95% fiducial limits (FL).

Representative compounds of the present invention were tested according to the procedure described above, with results as listed in Table 3 below. Results are listed as (number of mice with full body tonic extension prevented) / (total number of mice tested) (@ a given time).

Table 3: MES Activity

Example 17 (Prophetic)

As a specific embodiment of an oral composition, 100 mg of the Compound #1 prepared as in Example 1 is formulated with sufficient finely divided lactose to provide a total amount of 580 to 590 mg to fill a size O hard gel capsule.

While the foregoing specification teaches the principles of the present invention, with examples provided for the purpose of illustration, it will be understood that the practice of the invention encompasses all of the usual variations, adaptations and/or modifications as come within the scope of the following claims and their equivalents.