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Title:
A PROCESS FOR PREPARING R(+)-TERODILINE AND SALTS THEREOF
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1991/007366
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A novel process for preparing the R(+)-enantiomer of terodiline (N-tert.butyl-1-methyl-3,3-diphenylpropylamine) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof by optical resolution of a racemic mixture of terodiline using tartaric acid, comprises the steps of (a) removing a major part of the S(-)-terodiline enantiomer from the racemic mixture of terodiline by precipitation with L(+)-tartaric acid in an organic solvent, (b) recovering from the mother liquid of step (a) a terodiline product which is enriched in the (+)-enantiomer, (c) forming the hydrochloride of said terodiline product in an aqueous solution so as to precipitate R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride from said aqueous solution. The R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride obtained in step (c) is preferably (d) subjected to one or more re-crystallizations from water. The R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride obtained from step (c) or (d) may, if desired, (e) be converted into the free base or into a different pharmaceutically acceptable salt by means of conventional procedures.

Inventors:
Jönsson
Nils
Åke
Application Number:
PCT/SE1990/000740
Publication Date:
May 30, 1991
Filing Date:
November 15, 1990
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KABIVITRUM AB JÖNSSON
Nils
Åke
International Classes:
C07B57/00; C07C209/88; C07C211/27; (IPC1-7): C07B57/00; C07C211/27; C07C213/10
Foreign References:
GB2166732A1986-05-14
EP0287523A21988-10-19
Other References:
XENOBIOTICA, Vol. 17, No. 11, 1987, B. LINDEKE et al., "Biotransformation of Terodiline. III. Opposed Stereoselectivity in the Benzylic and Aromatic Hydroxylations in Rat Liver Microsomes", pages 1269-1278.
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN, Vol. 6, No. 11, (C-88); JP,A,56 135 447, Published 22 October 1981.
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN, Vol. 6, No. 11, (C-88); JP,A,56 135 446, Published 22 October 1981.
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Claims:
Claims
1. A process for preparing the R(+)enantiomer of terodi¬ line (Ntert.butyllmethyl3,3diphenylpropylamine) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof by optical resolu tion of a racemic mixture of terodiline using tartaric acid, comprising the steps of a) removing a major part of the S()terodiline enantiomer from the racemic mixture of terodiline by precipitation with L(+)tartaric acid in an organic solvent, b) recovering from the mother liquid of step a) a terodi¬ line product which is enriched in the (+)enantiomer, c) forming the hydrochloride of said terodiline product in an aqueous solution so as to precipitate R(+)terodiline hydrochloride from said aqueous solution, d) optionally recrystallizing the precipitated R(+)tero diline hydrochloride from water, and e) if desired, converting the R(+)terodiline hydrochloride into the free base or into a different pharmaceutically acceptable salt.
2. A process according to claim 1, wherein step c) compri¬ ses treatment of said terodiline product with hydrochloric acid in water.
3. A process according to claim 1 or 2, which further com¬ prises isolation of the free amine before step c) .
4. A process according to claim 1, wherein step c) com¬ prises treatment in water of said terodiline product with a water soluble base, which readily forms water soluble salts with L(+)tartaric acid, and precipitation of R(+)terodiline hydrochloride from the solution by addition of a chloride salt of a base which forms a readily water soluble salt with L(+)tartaric acid.
5. A process according to claim 4, wherein said treatment with a water soluble base comprises adjustment of the pH of the aqueous solution to about 5 to 6.
6. A process according to claim 4 or 5, wherein said water soluble base is ammonia.
7. A process according to claim 4, 5 or 6, wherein said chloride salt is ammonium chloride.
8. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the precipitation of the S()terodiline enantiomer in step a) includes seeding with S()terodiline hydrogen L(+)tartrate.
9. A process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the precipitation of the S()terodiline enantiomer in step a) comprises combining racemic terodiline with an approximately equimolar amount of L(+)tartaric acid in an organic solvent.
10. A process according to claim 9, wherein said organic solvent is a lower alkanol, especially ethanol.
Description:
A p rocess for preparing R(+)-terodiline and salts thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to optical resolution of racemic mixtures into the individual enantiomers. More speci- fically, the invention relates to a novel process for prepa¬ ring optically pure R(+)-terodiline and salts thereof from a racemic mixture of terodiline [(+/-)-N-tert.-butyl-1-methyl- 3,3-diphenylpropylamine] .

Background of the invention Terodiline is an antichlorinergic substance which in the form of its hydrochloride (terodiline hydrochloride) is widely used to treat urinary incontinence. It is known that the anticholinergic activity mainly resides in the R(+)-form of the compound, and that the R(+)- and S(-)-forms are diffe- rently metabolized (B. Lindeke, ό. Ericsson, A. Jδnsson and B. Vangbo. Xenobiotica 12 (1987) 1269). It is thus desirable to use the pure R(+) enantiomer in therapy.

A process for the resolution of (+/-)-terodiline using (+)- and (-)-tartaric acid has been described (loc. cit.). However, this process is uneconomic on an industrial scale as it reguires the use of the very expensive D(-)- form of tartaric acid, which is used to form a crystalline salt with R(+)-terodiline. There is thus a need of improved processes for preparing optically pure R(+)-terodiline hydrochlorides. Object of the invention

The primary object of the invention is to provide a novel process for recovering optically pure R(+)-terodiline and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof from racemic terodiline. A special object of the invention is to provide a pro¬ cess of the indicated type, which does not require expensive reactants, is simple and convenient to carry out and produces an end product of high optical purity in high yields.

These and other objects of the invention will be ex- plained further in the following description of the inven¬ tion.

Summary of the invention

The above and related objects of the invention have been achieved by means of a novel process for preparing the R(+)- enantiomer of terodiline (N-tert.butyl-l-methyl-3,3-diphenyl- propylamine) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof by optical resolution of a racemic mixture of terodiline using tartaric acid, which comprises the steps of a) removing a major part of the S(-)-terodiline enantiomer from the racemic mixture of terodiline by precipitation with L(+)-tartaric acid in an organic solvent, b) recovering from the mother liquid of step a) a terodi¬ line product which is enriched in the (+)-enantiomer, c) forming the hydrochloride of said terodiline product in an aqueous solution so as to precipitate R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride from said aqueous solution.

The R(+)-terodiline hydrocloride obtained in step c) is preferably d) subjected to one or more re-crystallizations from water. If desired, the R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride obtained from step c) or d) may e) be converted into the free base or into a different pharmaceutically acceptable salt by means of convention¬ al procedures.

In step a) it is preferred to use from about 0.8 to about 1.5 moles of (+)-tartaric acid per 1 mole of the tero¬ diline racemate, most preferably approximately equimolar amounts. Other preferred embodiments of the claimed process are disclosed below and/or are indicated in the sub-claims.

By means of this novel process it has become possible to circumvent the use of expensive D(-)-tartaric acid in the resolution by taking advantage of the differences in solubi¬ lity in water between the terodiline hydrochloride in the (+)-form and that of the racemate of terodiline. In parti¬ cular, it has surprisingly been found that the R(+)-form of terodiline and its pharmaceuticallyacceptable salts can be obtained in very high purity and high yields despite the fact that the differences in water solubility are not very large (the solubility in water at 10°C is 24 g/L for the (+/-)-form

and 14 g/L for the (+)-form). In particular, the invention makes it possible to design a simple and economic process for the production of R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride from the racemic amine in a yield of at least 60% and an optical purity higher than 99%.

Description of preferred embodiments

In a first preferred embodiment of the process of the process according to the invention, most of the S(-)-terodi- line is first removed from a solution of the racemate in a suitable solvent, preferably ethanol, by precipitation with an approximately equimolar amount of L(+)-tartaric acid, whereupon amine enriched in the (+)-form is recovered from the mother liquor and the (+)-hydrochloride is precipitated from water with hydrochloric acid. An alternative preferred embodiment comprises the same initial step as the first embodiment, viz. precipitation of S(-)-terodiline hydrogen L(+)-tartrate. The mother liquor from this precipitation step is then concentrated to a thick syrup and worked up without isolation of the free amine. The syrup is dissolved in water whereupon the solution is ad¬ justed to pH about 5 to 6 using a water soluble base, pre¬ ferably ammonia, that forms readily water soluble salts with L(+)-tartaric acid. R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride is then precipitated from the solution by the addition of a readily water soluble chloride salt that forms a readily water soluble salt with L(+)-tartaric acid, the preferred salt being ammonium chloride.

The crude (+)-terodiline hydrochloride thus obtained is preferably further purified by recrystallization from water. One or two such crystallizations produce R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride of better than 99% enantiomeric purity and a melting point of 224-225°C. (The racemic material occurs in several polymorphic forms, the highest melting of which melts at 186-188°C) . If desired, the obtained hydrochloride can be converted into the free amine or to other pharmaceutically acceptable salts in conventional manner.

The following working examples are illustrations of how the process according to the invention can be put into prac-

tice.

EXAMPLE 1

(+/-)-Terodiline (2.50 kg; 8.88 ol) and L(+)-tartaric acid (1.34 kg; 8.93 mol) are dissolved in 10 L of 95% ethanol at 40-50°C. The clear solution is chilled to about 35°C and seeded with about 1 g of pre-prepared S(-)-terodiline hydro¬ gen L(+)-tartrate. After cooling at about 10-20°C for a few hours the crude salt is sucked off, washed with about 5 L of ethanol and recrystallized from 8 L of boiling ethanol with cooling as above. The crystalline material is sucked off and washed with about 3 L of ethanol and dried to yield 1.95 kg of S(-)-terodiline hydrogen L(+)-tartrate.

The combined mother liquors and washings from the above procedures are evaporated under reduced pressure at 50-100°C to a thick syrup. This is dissolved in about 10 L of hot water and the solution is made strongly alkaline with 45% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The free amine separates as an upper layer which is collected and washed once with water. It is suspended in about 8 L of water at about 50°C and neutralized to about pH 4-5 with concentrated hydrochlo¬ ric acid (about 380 ml). The solution is then chilled to about 10°C for several hours. The precipated salt is sucked off and washed with cold water. A dried sample melts at 215- 220°C. The product is recrystallized from 4 L of boiling water with cooling and isolation as above. After drying 0.90 kg (64% of theoretical) of R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride is obtained with m.p. 22.4-225°C (Kofler bench) and an enantiome- ric purity of >99%, determined using HPLC on a chiral AGP column. EXAMPLE 2

S(-)-Terodiline hydrogen L(+)-tartrate is isolated from 844 g (3.00 mol) of (+/-)-terodiline using 450 g (3.00 mol) of L(+)-tartaric acid in 4.5 L of 95% ethanol following the procedure of Example 1. The combined mother liquors and washings are concentrated to a thick syrup at 50-100°C under vacuum. The syrup is dissolved in 6 L of boiling water. Remaining alcohol is removed by distilling off about 1 L of

solvent. The volume is restored by the addition of water and ammonia is added to pH 5-6. Solid ammonium chloride (120 g) is then added and the solution is allowed to cool to room temperature. The precipitated crude R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride is sucked off and washed with cold water. The moist material (a dried sample melts at about 218-220°C) is recrystallized from 4 and 2 L of water to yield 310 g (65% of theoretical) of pure R(+)-terodiline hydrochloride melting at 224-225°C (Kofler bench) and having an enantiomeric purity, determined as in Example 1, of better than 99%.