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Title:
PROCESS FOR PRODUCING RUTHENIUM COMPLEXES AND INTERMEDIATES THEREOF AND THEIR USE IN OLEFIN METATHESIS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/055945
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention provides a new process for producing ruthenium complexes represented by the Formula 1. Invention provides also the use of ruthenium complexes represented by the Formula 1 as precatalysts and/or catalysts in olefin metathesis reactions.

Inventors:
SKOWERSKI, Krzysztof (Jabłonowo Pomorskie, 9Stara -, 87-330 Jabłonowo Pomorskie, 87-330, PL)
RAFAL, Gawin (Krymska 3/1, 02-759 Warszawa, 02-759, PL)
Application Number:
IB2016/054486
Publication Date:
April 06, 2017
Filing Date:
July 27, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
APEIRON SYNTHESIS S.A. (Wrocław, 9Duńska -, 54-427 Wrocław, 54-427, PL)
International Classes:
C07F15/00; B01J31/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2011056881A22011-05-12
Foreign References:
US20030069374A12003-04-10
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DARGIEWICZ, Joanna (Wrocław, 12Rudolfa Weigla, 53-114 Wrocław, 53-114, PL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 ,

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R\ and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C C^ perfluoroalkyl, C C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R1 and R2 are each independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, in which R' is Ci-C12 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, or C2-C25 alkenyl group, wherein R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system, can also independently be an alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S+R'2), sulphone (-S02R'), sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), amine (-NR'2), ammonium (-N+R'3), nitro (-N02), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR')2), phosphine (-PR'2), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R'2), phosphonium (- P+R'3), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2, or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom, or Ci -C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, are also independently C^C^ alkyl group, C3-C12 cycloalkyi, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

characterised in that the alkylidene rutheni represented by the Formula 2

2

wherein:

L1 , L2 are each a neutral ligand selected from a group including phosphine, in particular P(R')3, wherein each R' is independently C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyi, C5-C20 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 5- 12-membered heteroaryl; two R' can be combined together to form cycloalkyi ring containing phosphorus atom in the ring.

X1 , X2 are each an anionic ligand selected independently from a group including halide anions, -CN, - SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyi, C2-C12 alkenyl, or C5-C20 aryl, which is optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom ;

R1 1 , R12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted Ci -C25 alkyl, optionally substituted C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkene, optionally substituted C3- C7 cycloalkyi, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted C^C^ alkoxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryl, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-C24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R1 1 and R12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C3-C7 cycloalkyi, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci -C25 alkyl, Ci -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyi, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, Ci -C25 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle;

is reacted with carbene represented by the Formula 3

3

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C1 -C12 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, d-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom, or Ci -C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently Ci -Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

thus formed reaction mixture is then contacted with the com ound represented by the Formula 4

4

wherein:

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 and R2, are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci -C25 alkyl group, Ci -C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci -C25 alkyl group, Ci -C25 alkoxy group, or C2-C25 alkenyl group, wherein R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system; can independently also be alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S+R'2), sulphone (-S02R'), sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), amine (- NR'2), ammonium (-N+R'3), nitro (-N02), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR')2), phosphine (-PR'2), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R'2), phosphonium (- P+R'3), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2, or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl;

R13 is a hydrogen atom, C C25 alkyl group, C C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system or a halogen atom;

to form the compound represented by the Formula 1.

2. A process according to claim 1 , characterised in that the reaction mixture is contacted with the compound represented by the Formula 4 in the presence of phosphine ligand scavenger PR'3 and/or CAAC ligand scavenger.

3. A process for producing compound represented by the Formula 1 according to claims 1 or 2, characterised in that carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided to the reaction medium by their generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors, CAAC salts represented by the Formula 3a,

3a

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one CrC12 alkyl, CrC12 perfluoroalkyl, CrC12 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom, or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

X" is a halide anion, or BF4", PF6", CI04", CF3S020" .

involving contacting compound represented by the Formula 3a with suitable base selected from potassium A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, lithium A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, sodium Ν,Ν'- bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, potassium ferf-amylate, potassium ferf-butoxide, sodium hydride.

4. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterised in that carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors represented by the Formula 3a, which are contacted with a base such as alkali metal A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide.

5. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their thermal generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors represented by the Formula 3b which are chloroform or alcohol adducts,

3b

wherein:

G is CCI3 or OR', wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, or C5-C20 aryl, which is optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy or a halogen atom ;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom.

6. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterised in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex represented by the Formula 2 is contacted with the compound represented by the Formula 3c which acts as CAAC carbene ligand donor represented by the Formula 3,

3c

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or Ci -C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently Ci -Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C2o aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

X is a halide anion or BF4~, PF6", CI04~, CF3S03~.

7. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to claim 1 to 2, characterised in that the carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided to the reaction medium by their direct adding to the reaction mixture.

8. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterised in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex represented by the Formula 2 is reacted with carbene represented by the Formula 3 to form an intermediate represented by the Formula 5

5

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 1 , R12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted Ci -C25 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkene, optionally substituted C3- C7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted C1 -C25 alkoxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C2o heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryl, optionally substituted C5-C2o heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-C24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R1 1 and R12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle;

which then is contacted with the compound re resented by the Formula 4

4

wherein:

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 and R2, are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl group, Ci-C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl group, Ci-C25 alkoxy group, or C2-C25 alkenyl group, wherein R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system ; can also independently be an alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S+R'2), sulphone (-S02R'), sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), amine (-NR'2), ammonium (-N+R'3), nitro (-N02), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR')2), phosphine (-PR'2), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R'2), phosphonium (- P+R'3), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2, or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl; R13 is a hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl group, C1 -C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, C1 -C12 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C2o aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C2o heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system or a halogen atom;

to form the compound represented by the Formula 1.

9. A process according to claim 8, characterised in that the reaction of compound 5 with compound 4 is conducted in the presence of phosphine ligand scavenger PR'3 and/or CAAC ligand scavenger.

10. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 2 to 7 or 9, characterised in that as phosphine ligand scavenger PR'3 and/or CAAC ligand scavenger a compound selected from copper(l) salts and/or HCI is used.

1 1 . A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterised in that all reaction steps are conducted in a polar and/or nonpolar solvent, preferably in aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, over a period of 1 minute to 24 hours.

12. A compound represented by the Formula 1 ,

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is Ci -Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one CrC12 alkyl, CrC12 perfluoroalkyl, CrC12 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one CrC12 alkyl, CrC12 perfluoroalkyl, CrC12 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R1 and R2, are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci -C25 alkyl group, Ci -C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, in which R' is Ci -C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, sulfoxide group (-S(O)R'), sulphonamide group (-S02NR'2), phosphonate group (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate group (-P(O)R'(OR')), phosphoninum group (- P(OR')2), phosphine group (-PR'2), nitro group (-N02), nitroso group (-NO), carboxy group (-COOH), ester group (-COOR'), formyl group (-CHO), ketone group (-COR'), wherein R' is C^Cs alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl ;

wherein when R1 and R2 are -CH3 group, then at least one of R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents is not hydrogen atom;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or Ci -C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, are also independently C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom.

13. A compound according to claim 12 of a structure represented by the formula selected from 1 b, 1c, 1 e,

14. A compound represented by the Formula 5,

5

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R\ and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or Ci-C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently Ci-Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 1 , R12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted C^C^ alkyl, optionally substituted C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkene, optionally substituted C3- C7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted Ci-C25 alkoxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryl, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-C24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R1 1 and R12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle.

15. A compound according to claim 14 of a structure represented by the formula selected from 5a -5j:

5c 5d 5e 5f

16. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 1 produced by the process according to any one of claims 1 to 1 1 as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions, particularly in ring- closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross-metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, isomerisation reactions, in diastereoselective ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM) reaction, „alkene-alkyne" (en-yn) type metathesis or ROMP type polymerisation reactions.

17. The use according to claim 16, wherein compound represented by the Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in a reaction mixture over a period of 1 minute to 24 hours in an organic solvent, mixture of organic solvents or without solvent.

18. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 1 produced by the process according to any one of claims 1 to 1 1 as a substrate to synthesis of other ruthenium complex compounds being olefin metathesis precatalysts and/or catalysts.

19. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 5 according to claims 14 or 15 as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions, particularly in ring-closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross-metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, isomerisation reactions, in reaction of diastereoselective ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM), „alkene-alkyne" (en-yn) type metathesis ROMP type polymerisation reactions and in metathetic depolymerisation reaction.

20. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 5 according to claims 14 or 15 as precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions in the presence of CAAC ligand scavenger.

AMENDED CLAIMS

received by the International Bureau on 06 February 2017 (06.02.2017)

1

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ; R1 and R2 are each independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, in which R' is Ci-Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, or C2-C25 alkenyl group, wherein R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system, can also independently be an alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S+R'2), sulphone (-S02R'), sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), amine (-NR'2), ammonium (-N+R'3), nitro (-N02), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR')2), phosphine (-PR'2), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R'2), phosphonium (- P+R'3), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2, or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C^Cs alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom, or C1 -C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, are also independently C1 -C12 alkyl group, C3-C12 cycloalkyi, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C C^ perfluoroalkyl, C C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

characterised in that the alkylidene rutheni represented by the Formula 2

2

wherein:

L1 , L2 are each a neutral ligand selected from a group including phosphine, in particular P(R')3, wherein each R' is independently Ci -Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyi, C5-C20 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 5- 12-membered heteroaryl; two R' can be combined together to form cycloalkyi ring containing phosphorus atom in the ring.

X1 , X2 are each an anionic ligand selected independently from a group including halide anions, -CN , - SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyi, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, or C5-C20 aryl, which is optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom ;

R1 1 , R12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted Ci -C25 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci -C25 perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkene, optionally substituted C3- C7 cycloalkyi, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted C^C^ alkoxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryl, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-C24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R1 1 and R12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C3-C7 cycloalkyi, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyi, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, Ci -C25 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle;

is reacted with carbene represented by the Formula 3

3

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom, or C C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, Ci-C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

thus formed reaction mixture is then contacted with the com ound represented by the Formula 4

4

wherein:

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci2 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 and R2, are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl group, Ci-C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, C1-C2s alkyl group, Ci-C25 alkoxy group, or C2-C25 alkenyl group, wherein R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system ; can independently also be alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S+R'2), sulphone (-S02R'), sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), amine (- NR'2), ammonium (-N+R'3), nitro (-N02), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR')2), phosphine (-PR'2), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R'2), phosphonium (- P+R'3), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2, or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C^Cs alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl;

R13 is a hydrogen atom, C C25 alkyl group, C C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system or a halogen atom;

to form the compound represented by the Formula 1.

2. A process according to claim 1 , characterised in that the reaction mixture is contacted with the compound represented by the Formula 4 in the presence of phosphine ligand scavenger PR'3 and/or CAAC ligand scavenger.

3. A process for producing compound represented by the Formula 1 according to claims 1 or 2, characterised in that carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided to the reaction medium by their generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors, CAAC salts represented by the Formula 3a,

3a

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C rC12 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom, or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, Ci-C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

X" is a halide anion, or BF4", PF6", CI04", CF3S020" .

involving contacting compound represented by the Formula 3a with suitable base selected from potassium A/,/V'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, lithium A/,/V'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, sodium Ν,Ν'- bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, potassium ferf-amylate, potassium fert-butoxide, sodium hydride.

4. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterised in that carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors represented by the Formula 3a, which are contacted with a base such as alkali metal A/,/V'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide.

5. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their thermal generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors represented by the Formula 3b which are chloroform or alcohol adducts,

3b

wherein:

G is CCI3 or OR', wherein R' is C C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, or C5-C2o aryl, which is optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C i -C12 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or Ci -C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently Ci -Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom.

6. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterised in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex represented by the Formula 2 is contacted with the compound represented by the Formula 3c which acts as CAAC carbene ligand donor represented by the Formula 3,

3c

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C i -C12 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C2o aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

X is a halide anion or BF4~, PF6", CI04~, CF3S03~.

7. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to claim 1 to 2, characterised in that the carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided to the reaction medium by their direct adding to the reaction mixture.

8. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterised in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex represented by the Formula 2 is reacted with carbene represented by the Formula 3 to form an intermediate represented by the Formula 5

5

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ; R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 1 , R12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted Ci -C25 alkyl, optionally substituted C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkene, optionally substituted C3- C7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted C1 -C25 alkoxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C2o heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryl, optionally substituted C5-C2o heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-C24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R1 1 and R12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C25 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle;

which then is contacted with the compound re resented by the Formula 4

4

wherein:

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C C^ perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 and R2, are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl group, Ci-C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, C1-C2s alkyl group, Ci-C25 alkoxy group, or C2-C25 alkenyl group, wherein R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic system; can also independently be an alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S+R'2), sulphone (-S02R'), sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), amine (-NR'2), ammonium (-N+R'3), nitro (-N02), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR')2), phosphine (-PR'2), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R'2), phosphonium (- P+R'3), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2, or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C^Cs alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl; R13 is a hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl group, C1 -C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, C1 -C12 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C2o aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C2o heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system or a halogen atom;

to form the compound represented by the Formula 1.

9. A process according to claim 8, characterised in that the reaction of compound 5 with compound 4 is conducted in the presence of phosphine ligand scavenger PR'3 and/or CAAC ligand scavenger.

10. A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 2 to 7 or 9, characterised in that as phosphine ligand scavenger PR'3 and/or CAAC ligand scavenger a compound selected from copper(l) salts and/or HCI is used.

1 1 . A process for producing a compound represented by the Formula 1 according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterised in that all reaction steps are conducted in a polar and/or nonpolar solvent, preferably in aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, over a period of 1 minute to 24 hours.

12. A compound represented by the Formula 1 ,

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is CrCi2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one CrC12 alkyl, CrC12 perfluoroalkyl, CrC12 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C rC12 alkyl, CrC12 perfluoroalkyl, CrC12 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, and C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ; R1 and R2, are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci -C25 alkyl group, Ci -C25 alkoxy group, C2-C25 alkenyl group, CrC12 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, in which R' is Ci -Ci2 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci 2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R3, R4, R5, R6 are each independently hydrogen atom, phosphonate group (-P(0)(OR')2), phosphinate group (-P(O)R'(OR')), phosphoninum group (-P(OR')2), phosphine group (-PR'2), nitro group (-N02), nitroso group (-NO), carboxy group (-COOH), ester group (-COOR'), formyl group (-CHO), ketone group (-COR'), wherein R' is C^Cs alkyl, C C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl ; wherein when R1 and R2 are -CH3 group, then at least one of R3, R4, R5, R6 substituents is not hydrogen atom;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, are also independently C^C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom.

13. A compound according to claim 12 of a structure represented by the formula selected from 1 b, 1 c, 1 e, 1f, 1 h, 1 Ϊ-1 Ι:

5

wherein:

X1 and X2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R\ and -OSi(R')3 group, wherein R' is d-C^ alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one _d 2 alkyl, d_d 2 perfluoroalkyl, d_d 2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci-C12 alkyl, Ci-Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are each independently hydrogen atom or Ci-C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 can be combined with R9 and/or R10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently Ci-Ci2 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C2-Ci2 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, Ci-C5 perfluoroalkyl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and C5-C24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, d-d 2 perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R1 1 , R12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted C^C^ alkyl, optionally substituted C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkene, optionally substituted C3- C7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted Ci-C25 alkoxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryl, optionally substituted C5-C20 heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-C24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R1 1 and R12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C5-C24 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle.

15. A compound according to claim 14 of a structure represented by the formula selected from 5a -5j:

5c 5d 5e 5f

16. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 1 produced by the process according to any one of claims 1 to 1 1 as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions, particularly in ring- closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross-metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, isomerisation reactions, in diastereoselective ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM) reaction, „alkene-alkyne" (en-yn) type metathesis or ROMP type polymerisation reactions.

17. The use according to claim 16, wherein compound represented by the Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in a reaction mixture over a period of 1 minute to 24 hours in an organic solvent, mixture of organic solvents or without solvent.

18. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 1 produced by the process according to any one of claims 1 to 1 1 as a substrate to synthesis of other ruthenium complex compounds being olefin metathesis precatalysts and/or catalysts.

19. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 5 according to claims 14 or 15 as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions, particularly in ring-closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross-metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, isomerisation reactions, in reaction of diastereoselective ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM), „alkene-alkyne" (en-yn) type metathesis ROMP type polymerisation reactions and in metathetic depolymerisation reaction.

20. The use of a compound represented by the Formula 5 according to claims 14 or 15 as precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions in the presence of CAAC ligand scavenger.

Description:
Process for producing ruthenium complexes and intermediates thereof and their use in olefin metathesis

The invention provides a new process for producing ruthenium complexes and their use in olefin metathesis as precatalysts and/or catalysts. This invention finds its application in the broadly defined organic synthesis using olefin cross-metathesis (CM), ring-closing metathesis (RCM), ring closing enyne metathesis (RCEYM) reactions, in a diastereoselective ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM) reaction, in polymerization of olefins in ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) reactions and an acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET).

Over the last few years a great progress has been made in olefin metathesis applications in organic synthesis [R. H. Grubbs (ed.), A. G. Wenzel (ed.), D. J. O'Leary (ed.), E. Khosravi (ed.), Handbook of Olefin

In the prior art there are known dozens of commercially available ruthenium carbene complexes acting as precatalysts and/or catalysts, characterised by both high activity in various types of metathesis reactions, and a broad tolerance of functional groups. The above combination of properties determines the suitability of this type of precatalysts and/or catalysts in the organic synthesis. The most prevalent in the literature ruthenium complexes in olefin metathesis reactions are 1 st, 2nd and 3rd generation Grubbs- type ruthenium complexes (Gru-I, Gru-ll and Gru-lll), Hoveyda-type complexes (Hov-I and Hov-ll) and indenylidene complexes (Ind-I, lnd-ll and Ind-lll), [Grubbs et al. Chem. Rev. 2010, 1 10, 1746-1787; Nolan et al. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 10355-10375]. In other cases, the majority of olefin metathesis catalyst structures are derived from the above-mentioned ruthenium complexes. 3% 7%

In the prior art there are known few methods of second generation Hoveyda-type precatalyst preparation [K. Grela, et al., Organometallics, 2007, 26, 1096-1099]. They involve contacting second generation Grubbs-type complexes (Gru-ll) with 1 -isopropoxy-5-nitrostyrene, or 1 -isopropoxy-4-nitro-2- propenylbenzene in the presence of a copper(l) salt, Path (a). Another method of second generation Hoveyda-type complex preparation is a three-step one-pot procedure, Path (b). It involves in situ N- heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand generation, and contacting it with Gru-I complex and then addition of 1 -isopropoxy-5-nitrostyrene in the presence of copper(l) chloride. Unfortunately, the use of styrene derivatives in large-scale synthesis is undesirable. Such compounds are obtained using cumbersome Wittig reaction or Stille coupling reaction. Much more desirable on an industrial scale is the use of propenyl derivatives such as 1 -isopropoxy-4-nitro-2-propenylbenzene. Propenyl derivatives are obtained in a sequence of reactions: alkylation of a suitable phenol derivative with an allyl halide, Claisen rearrangement [3,3], and C=C bond isomerisation.

Alternative synthesis routes of the second generation Hoveyda-type complexes (Hov-ll) involve contacting the first generation Hoveyda-type complexes (Hov-I) with NHCs, generated in situ, or provided to the reaction medium in another way, Paths (c), (d), and (e). These methods are complementary to the previously presented but they are not free of important industrial flaws. Yield = 32%

Yield = 75%

Yield = 92-98%

The most important of them is the first generation Hoveyda-type catalyst synthesis (Hov-I) which requires the use of a diazo compound [A. H. Hoveyda et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121 , 791 -799]. Alternatively, Hov-I may be obtained in a reaction of the first generation catalyst containing two phosphine ligands (e.g. Gru-I or lnd-l) with 2-isopropoxystyrene, which synthesis, as mentioned above, is cumbersome. What is important, the first generation catalysts containing two phosphine ligands do not react neither with the easily obtained 2-isopropoxypropenylbenzene not with its substituted in the aromatic ring derivatives.

In practical terms, the use of olefin metathesis reaction particularly on an industrial scale the most important parameters are the turn over number (TON) and the reaction selectivity. One type of olefin metathesis reaction of a huge industrial potential is a cross metathesis with ethylene (i.e. ethenolysis), particularly the ethenolysis of unsaturated fatty acid derivatives.

The first generation catalysts show relatively good selectivity in the ethenolysis reaction but unsatisfactory efficiency (low TON). On the other hand, the second generation catalysts containing NHC ligands show good efficiency (high TON) but low selectivity. The best ethenolysis reaction results are obtained with complexes containing both CAAC (Cyclic AlkyI Amino Carbene) ligands and Hoveyda-type benzylidene

Known in the prior art Hov-CAAC complex synthesis method involves contacting CAAC ligand (in its pure form or generated in situ) with Hov-I complex, synthesis similar to Paths (c), (d), and (e). This method is unfavourable not only because of cumbersome Hov-I complex synthesis [A. H. Hoveyda et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121 , 791 -799], but also due to its low yields and the use of a glovebox [US2014309433A1 ; G. Bertrand, and R. H. Grubbs et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed, 2015, 54, 191 9-1923]. The disadvantage of this synthetic approach is a difficult benzylidene ligand modification, which may affect the activity and efficiency of the target ruthenium complex. Obtaining the second generation Hoveyda-type complexes containing CAAC ligand and modified benzylidene ligand according to a method known in the prior art would require each time a synthesis of a properly modified 2- isopropoxystyrene and then respective first generation Hoveyda-type complex.

In the prior art, there is also known a problem with preparation of precatalysts containing both CAAC-type ligand and modified benzylidene ligand. French patent [FR2947189B1 ] provides a cumbersome method of the non-activated benzylidene (=CH-C 6 H 4 -OCH(CH 3 ) 2 ) ligand replacement in the Hov-CAAC-type precatalyst, which for this reason was contacted with 5 molar equivalents of 1 -isopropoxy-5-diethylamino- 2-propenylbenzene in the presence of ethylene gas, which served as a reaction activator.

Known is also in the prior art a CAAC carbene reaction with Grubbs-type complex containing both tricyclohexylphosphine and two pyridine ligands Gru-I-Py 2 , Path (f). Such reaction leads to a phosphine ligand substitution with CAAC carbene and formation of a respective third generation Gru-lll-CAAC complex which had unexpectedly low activities in the standard RCM reaction of diene ring closing [G. Bertrand nd R. H. Grubbs et al., Angew. Chem., 2007, 1 19, 7400-7403].

Gru-I-Py 2

Gru-lll-CAAC

Above-described most preferable synthesis method of the second generation Hoveyda-type complexes containing NHC ligands in which ruthenium precursor is the first generation complex containing two phosphine ligands never was employed in the Hov-CAAC-type complex synthesis.

Synthesis of the Hov-CAAC-type complexes from the first generation complexes containing two phosphine ligands would be advantageous particularly from the large-scale production aspect. Moreover, it would be particularly advantageous if this three-step synthesis could be performed in a single reaction vessel (one-pot synthesis).

During laboratory studies on the ruthenium complexes it has been surprisingly found that CAAC-type ligands react with the first generation complexes containing two phosphine ligands causing replacement of the both phosphines leading to a complex containing two CAAC ligands. With 1 .25 to 2 molar equivalents of the CAAC ligand by TLC analysis one can observe formation of only small amounts of complex containing both one CAAC ligand and one phosphine ligand. It has been surprisingly found that in the presence of a compound which can form complexes with carbenes (e.g. CuCI or other phosphine and/or NHC ligand scavenger) complexes containing two CAAC ligands react with respective propenylbenzene derivatives providing Hov-CAAC-type complexes. Moreover, it has been noted that this reaction can be conducted without isolating the complex containing two CAAC ligands, that is Hov- CAAC-type complex may be easily obtained by multi-step one-pot type procedure, starting from the first generation complex containing two phosphine ligands. The method according to the invention allows avoiding cumbersome Hov-I complex synthesis and allows a simple modification of the benzylidene ligand. Catalytic properties of the complexes obtained could be modulated by choosing the right CAAC ligand, benzylidene ligand or anionic ligands. During studies it has also been noted, that the activity and efficiency of the complexes containing two CAAC ligands depend strongly on structure of the CAAC ligand. Relatively fast-initiating complexes containing two CAAC ligands showed to be perfect catalysts for olefin metathesis.

The present application provides a general and economically advantageous method of Hov-CAAC-type complex synthesis in which ruthenium precursor is any first generation complex containing two phosphine ligands e.g. Gru-I, lnd-1, or Umicore M10™. The invention provides also complexes containing two CAAC ligands, which may serve as precursors in the Hov-CAAC complex synthesis, and also as olefin metathesis catalysts.

The invention will be described in more detail in the preferred embodiment and in embodiments of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 summarizes commercially available olefin metathesis precatalysts and catalysts, and novel precatalysts and catalysts of the present invention.

Therefore, the present invention provides a process for producing compound represented by the Formula 1 ,

wherein:

X 1 and X 2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S0 2 )R\ and -OSi(R') 3 group, wherein R' is C r C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, C 3 -Ci 2 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, CrC 12 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one CrC 12 alkyl, CrC 12 perfluoroalkyl, CrC 12 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, and C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R 1 and R 2 are each independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -Ci 0 cyclic or C 4 -Ci 2 polycyclic system, can be also an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 ), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R') group or a halogen atom, in which R' is C1 -C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyi, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 2 o aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C1 -C12 alkyl, C1 -C12 perfluoroalkyl , C1 -C12 alkoxy, C 5 -C 2 4 aryloxy, C5-C20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom ;

R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 are each independently hydrogen atom , C C 2 5 alkyl group, C C 2 5 alkoxy group, or C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, wherein R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic system , can also independently be an alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S + R' 2 ), sulphone (-S0 2 R'), sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ), amine (-NR' 2 ), ammonium (-N + R' 3 ), nitro (-N0 2 ), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR') 2 ), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR') 2 ), phosphine (-PR' 2 ), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R' 2 ), phosphonium (- P + R' 3 ), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 , or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl ;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom , or C^C^ alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, are also independently C^C^ alkyl group, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyi, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl , C 5 -C 20 aryl , C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl , C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl , Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom ;

characterised in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex represented by the Formula 2

wherein :

L 1 , L 2 are each a neutral ligand selected from a group including phosphine, in particular P(R') 3 , wherein each R' is independently C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyi, C 5 -C 20 aryl , C 7 -C 24 aralkyl , C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 5- 12-membered heteroaryl ; two R' can be combined together to form cycloalkyi ring containing phosphorus atom in the ring.

X 1 , X 2 are each an anionic ligand selected independently from a group including halide anions, -CN, - SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0) R', -0(S0 2 )R', and -OSi(R') 3 group, wherein R' is C r C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyi, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, or C 5 -C 20 aryl, which is optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom ;

R 1 1 , R 12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom , optionally substituted Ci-C 25 alkyl, optionally substituted C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkene, optionally substituted C 3 - C 7 cycloalkyi, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkenyl , optionally substituted C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted C^C^ alkoxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C5-C24 aryl, optionally substituted C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, optionally substituted C 7 -C 2 4 aralkyl, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R 1 1 and R 12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C 25 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle;

is reacted with carbene represented by the Formula 3

3

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom, or C^C^ alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, C 3 -Ci 2 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

thus formed reaction mixture is then contacted with the com ound represented by the Formula 4

wherein:

Z is an atom selected from the group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R 1 and R 2 , are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl group, Ci-C 25 alkoxy group, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -Ci 0 cyclic or C 4 -Ci 2 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 ), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C1 -C12 alkyl, C1 -C12 perfluoroalkyl, C1 -C12 alkoxy, C 5 -C 2 4 aryloxy, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 are each independently hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl group, C1 -C25 alkoxy group, or C 2 -C 2 5 alkenyl group, wherein R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic system; can independently also be alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S + R' 2 ), sulphone (-S0 2 R'), sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ), amine (- NR' 2 ), ammonium (-N + R' 3 ), nitro (-N0 2 ), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR') 2 ), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR') 2 ), phosphine (-PR' 2 ), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R' 2 ), phosphonium (- P + R' 3 ), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 , or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl;

R 13 is a hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic system or a halogen atom;

to form the compound represented by the Formula 1.

Preferably, the reaction mixture is contacted with the compound represented by the Formula 4 in the presence of phosphine ligand PR' 3 scavenger and/or CAAC ligand scavenger.

Preferably, carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their generation in situ from suitable carbene recursors, CAAC salts represented by the Formula 3a,

3a

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci 2 alkyl group, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

X " is a halide anion, or BF 4 " , PF 6 " , CI0 4 " , CF 3 S0 2 0 " .

involving contacting the compound represented by the Formula 3a with a suitable base selected from potassium A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, lithium A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, sodium Ν,Ν'- bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, potassium ferf-amylate, potassium ferf-butoxide, and sodium hydride.

Preferably, carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors represented by the Formula 3a, which are contacted with a base such as alkali metal A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide. Preferably, carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their thermal generation in situ from suitable carbene precursors represented by the Formula 3b which are chloroform or alcohol adducts,

3b

wherein:

G is CCI 3 or OR', wherein R' is C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, or C 5 -C 20 aryl, which is optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy or a halogen atom ;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, and C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, C 3 -Ci 2 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom.

Preferably, alkylidene ruthenium complex represented by the Formula 2, is contacted with the compound represented by the Formula 3c, which acts as CAAC carbene ligand donor represented by the Formula 3,

3c

wherein:

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, and C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

X is a halide anion or BF 4 " , PF 6 " , CI0 4 " , CF 3 S0 3 ~ . Preferably, carbenes represented by the Formula 3 are provided in the reaction medium by their direct adding to the reaction mixture.

Preferably, the alkylidene ruthenium complex represented by the Formula 2 is reacted with the carbene represented by the Formula 3 to form an intermediate compound represented by the Formula 5

5

wherein:

X 1 and X 2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S0 2 )R\ and -OSi(R') 3 group, wherein R' is C r C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, and C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom or Ci-C 25 alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R 1 1 , R 12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted Ci-C 25 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkene, optionally substituted C 3 - C 7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted Ci-C 25 alkoxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 aryl, optionally substituted C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, optionally substituted C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R 1 1 and R 12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle; which is then contacted with the compound represented by the Formula 4

4

wherein:

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is C1 -C12 alkyl, C 3 -Ci 2 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R 1 and R 2 are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl group, Ci-C 25 alkoxy group, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 ), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, wherein R' is Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, C 3 -Ci 2 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci -Ci 2 alkyl, Ci -Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 are each independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl group, Ci-C 25 alkoxy group, or C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, wherein R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 substituents can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic system ; can also independently be an alkoxy (-OR'), sulphide (-SR'), sulfoxide (-S(O)R'), sulphonium (-S + R' 2 ), sulphone (-S0 2 R'), sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ), amine (-NR' 2 ), ammonium (-N + R' 3 ), nitro (-N0 2 ), cyano (-CN), phosphonate (-P(0)(OR') 2 ), phosphinate (- P(0)R'(OR')), phosphoninum (-P(OR') 2 ), phosphine (-PR' 2 ), phosphine oxide (-P(0)R' 2 ), phosphonium (- P + R' 3 ), carboxy (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 , or -NR'C(O)R'), formyl (-CHO), and ketone (- COR') group, wherein R' is Ci-C 5 alkyl, Ci-C 5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl;

R 13 is a hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic system or a halogen atom;

to form the compound represented by the Formula 1.

Preferably, Compound 5 is reacted with the Compound 4 in the presence of the phosphine ligand scavenger PR' 3 and/or CAAC ligand scavenger.

Preferably, as the phosphine ligand scavenger PR' 3 and/or the CAAC ligand scavenger a compound selected from copper(l) salts and/or HCI is used.

Preferably, all reaction steps are conducted in a polar and/or nonpolar solvent, preferably in aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, over a period of 1 minute to 24 hours.

The invention provides also a compound represented by the Formula 1 ,

wherein:

X 1 and X 2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S0 2 )R\ and -OSi(R') 3 group, wherein R' is C r C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Z is an atom selected from a group of O, S, NR', wherein R' is Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, C 3 -Ci 2 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, CrC^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ;

R 1 and R 2 are each independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxy group, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or can be combined together to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -Ci 0 cyclic or C 4 -Ci 2 polycyclic system, can also be an ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 ), formyl (-CHO), ketone (-COR'), and hydroxamic (-CON(OR')(R')) group or a halogen atom, in which R' is C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C C^ perfluoroalkyl, C C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 are each independently hydrogen atom, sulfoxide group (-S(O)R'), sulphonamide group (-S0 2 NR' 2 ), phosphonate group (-P(0)(OR') 2 ), phosphinate group (-P(O)R'(OR')), phosphoninum group (- P(OR') 2 ), phosphine group (-PR' 2 ), nitro group (-N02), nitroso group (-NO), carboxy group (-COOH), ester group (-COOR'), formyl group (-CHO), and ketone group (-COR'), wherein R' is Ci-C 5 alkyl, Ci-C 5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl ;

wherein, when R 1 and R 2 are -CH 3 group, then at least one of R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 substituents is not hydrogen atom;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, are also independently C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -Ci 2 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, Ci-C 5 perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl group, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or halogen.

Preferably, the invention provides a compound of a structure represented by the formula selected from 1 b, 1c, 1e, 1f, 1 h, 1 i, 1j, 1 k, 11:

The invention provides also a compound represented by the Formula 5,

wherein:

X 1 and X 2 are each independently an anionic ligand selected from halogen atoms, -CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S0 2 )R', and -OSi(R') 3 group, wherein R' is C r C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, or a halogen atom;

Ar is an aryl group substituted with hydrogen atoms or optionally substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, and C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom; R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are each independently hydrogen atom or C^C^ alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 can be combined with R 9 and/or R 10 to form cyclic system, can be also independently C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, which are optionally substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, and C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy group, or a halogen atom ;

R 1 1 , R 12 are each independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, optionally substituted Ci-C 25 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkene, optionally substituted C 3 - C 7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, optionally substituted C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, optionally substituted C^C^ alkoxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 aryl, optionally substituted C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, optionally substituted C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, optionally substituted C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, optionally substituted 3-12-membered heterocycle;

wherein R 1 1 and R 12 substituents can be combined together to form a ring selected from a group including C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle, which can be substituted independently with one and/or more substituents selected from a group including hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C 25 alkoxy, C 5 -C 24 aryloxy, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxy, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12-membered heterocycle.

The invention provides also the use of a compound represented by the Formula 1 , obtained by the above- mentioned method, as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions, particularly in ring- closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross-metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, and isomerisation reactions, in reaction of diastereoselective ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM), in „alkene-alkyne" (en-yn) type metathesis or ROMP type polymerisation reactions.

Preferably, compound represented by the Formula 1 is used as the precatalyst and/or catalyst in a reaction mixture over a period of 1 minute to 24 hours in organic solvents or without solvent.

The invention relates also to the use of compound represented by the Formula 1 , obtained as described above, as a substrate for the synthesis of other ruthenium complex compounds which are precatalysts and/or catalysts for olefin metathesis.

The present invention provides also the use of the compound represented by the Formula 5 as the precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions, particularly in ring-closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross-metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, and isomerisation reactions, in reaction of diastereoselective ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM), in "alkene-alkyne" (en-yn) type metathesis or ROMP type polymerisation reactions, and also the use of the compound represented by the Formula 5 as the precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions in the presence of a CAAC ligand scavenger. The present invention and its advantageous effects are shown in the figures, wherein:

Fig. 1 shows structures of the compounds of the present invention;

Fig. 2 shows graphs depicting relationship between area under the peak (AUP) on the chromatogram and the concentration (mg/mL) of the analysed compound for reaction of the Example XXXX;

Fig. 3 shows graphs depicting relationship between area under the peak (AUP) on the chromatogram and the concentration (mg/mL) of the analysed compound for reaction of the Example XXXXI;

Fig. 4 shows standard curve for product P9 of the Example XXXXVI.

Terms used the present specification have the following meanings:

The term "halogen atom" or "halogen" means an element selected from F, CI, Br, I.

The term "carbene" means a particle containing a neutral carbon atom of a valence number two and two unpaired (triplet state) or paired (singlet state) valence electrons. The term "carbene" encompasses also carbene analogues, wherein the carbon atom is replaced by other chemical element such as boron, silicon, germanium, tin, lead, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, selenium, and tellurium.

The term "alkyr refers to a saturated, straight, or branched hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number. Examples of an alkyl substituent are -methyl, -ethyl, -n-propyl, -n-butyl, -n-pentyl, - n-hexyl, -n-heptyl, -n-octyl, -n-nonyl, and -n-decyl. Representative branched -(C1 -C10)alkyls include - isopropyl, -sec-butyl, -isobutyl, -ferf-butyl, -isopentyl, -neopentyl, -1 -methylbutyl, -2-methylbutyl, -3- methylbutyl, -1 ,1 -dimethylpropyl, -1 ,2-dimethylpropyl, -1 -methylpentyl, -2-methylpentyl, -3-methylpentyl, - 4-methylpentyl, -1 -ethylbutyl, -2-ethylbutyl, -3-ethylbutyl, -1 ,1 -dimethylbutyl, -1 ,2-dimethylbutyl, -1 ,3- dimethylbutyl, -2,2-dimethylbutyl, -2,3-dimethylbutyl, -3,3-dimethylbutyl, -1 -methylhexyl, -2-methylhexyl, - 3-methylhexyl, -4-methylhexyl, -5-methylhexyl, -1 ,2-dimethylpentyl, -1 ,3-dimethylpentyl, -1 ,2- dimethylhexyl, -1 ,3-dimethylhexyl, -3,3-dimethylhexyl, -1 ,2-dimethylheptyl, -1 ,3-dimethylheptyl, and -3,3- dimethylheptyl, and the like.

The term "alkoxy" refers to an alkyl substituent as described above connected by an oxygen atom.

The term "perfluoroalkyf means an alkyl group as described above, in which all hydrogen atoms were replaced with the same or different type of halogen atoms.

The term "cycloalkyr refers to a saturated mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number. Examples of a cycloalkyl substituent are -cyclopropyl, -cyclobutyl, -cyclopentyl, - cyclohexyl, -cycloheptyl, -cyclooctyl, -cyclononyl, -cyclodecyl, and the like.

The term "alkenyf refers to a saturated, straight, or branched acyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number and containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Examples of an alkenyl substituent are -vinyl, -allyl, -1 -butenyl, -2-butenyl, -isobutylenyl, -1 -pentenyl, -2-pentenyl, -3- methyl-1 -butenyl, -2-methyl-2-butenyl, -2,3-di-methyl-2-butenyl, -1 -hexenyl, -2-hexenyl, -3-hexenyl, -1 - heptenyl, -2-heptenyl, -3-heptenyl, -1 -octenyl, -2-octenyl, -3-octenyl, -1 -nonenyl, -2-nonenyl, -3-nonenyl, - 1 -decenyl, -2-decenyl, -3-decenyl, and the like.

The term " cycloalkenyf refers to a saturated mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number and containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Examples of cycloalkenyl substituent are -cyclopentenyl, -cyclopentadienyl, -cyclohexenyl, -cyclohexadienyl, -cycloheptenyl, -cycloheptadienyl, -cycloheptatrienyl, -cyclooctenyl, -cyclooctadienyl, -cyclooctatrienyl, -cyclooctatetraenyl, -cyclononenyl, -cyclononadienyl, -cyclodecenyl, -cyclodecadienyl, and the like. The term "alkynyr refers to a saturated, straight, or branched acyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number and containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Examples of an alkynyl substituent are -acetylenyl, -propynyl, -1 -butynyl, -2-butynyl, -1 -pentynyl, -2-pentynyl, -3-methylo- 1 -butynyl, -4-pentynyl, -1 -hexynyl, -2-hexynyl, -5-hexynyl, and the like.

The term " cycloalkynyf refers to a saturated mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number and containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Examples of cycloalkynyl substituent are -cyclohexynyl, -cycloheptynyl, -cyclooctynyl, and the like.

The term "aryl' refers to an aromatic mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number. Examples of an aryl substituent are -phenyl, -tolyl, -xylyl, -naphthyl, -2,4,6- trimethylphenyl, -2-fluorophenyl, -4-fluorophenyl, -2,4,6-trifluorophenyl, -2,6-difluorophenyl, -4-nitrophenyl, and the like.

The term "aralkyr refers to an alkyl substituent, as described above, substituted with at least one aryl as described above. Examples of an aralkyl substituent are -benzyl, -diphenylmethyl, -triphenylmethyl, and the like.

The term "heteroaryf refers to an aromatic mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number, wherein at least one carbon atom was replaced with a heteroatom selected from O, N and S atoms. Examples of heteroaryl substituent are -furyl, -thienyl, -imidazolyl, -oxazolyl, -thiazolyl, - isoxazolyl, triazolyl, -oxadiazolyl, -thiadiazolyl, -tetrazolyl, -pyridyl, -pyrimidyl, -triazinyl, -indolyl, -benzo[b]furyl, -benzo[b]thienyl, -indazolyl, -benzimidazolyl, -azaindolyl, -quinolyl, -isoquinolyl, -carbazolyl, and the like.

The term " heterocycle" refers to a saturated or partly unsaturated, mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated carbon atom number, wherein at least one carbon atom was replaced with a heteroatom selected from O, N and S atoms. Examples of a heterocyclic substituent are furyl, thiophenyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolyl, isoxazolyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl, triazinyl, pyrrolidinonyl, pyrrolidinyl, hydantoinyl, oxiranyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydrothiophenyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, chromonyl, coumarinyl, indolyl, indolizinyl, benzo[b]furanyl, benzo[b]thiophenyl, indazolyl, purinyl, 4H-quinolizinyl, isoquinolyl, quinolyl, phthalazinyl, naphthyridinyl, carbazolyl, β-carbolinyl, and the like.

The term "neutral ligand' refers to an uncharged substituent, which is able to form a coordinate bond with a metal centre (ruthenium atom). Examples of such ligands may be: amines, phosphines and their oxides, alkyl and aryl phosphites and phosphates, arsines and their oxides, ethers, alkyl and aryl sulphides, coordinated hydrocarbons, alkyl and aryl halides.

The term "indenylidene" refers to an unsaturated hydrocarbon substituent with an indene (benzocyclopentadiene) backbone linked via a double bond to a metal atom.

The term " heteroindenylidene" refers to an indenylidene substituent, defined above, wherein at least one carbon atom was replaced with heteroatom from a group including nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur.

The term "anionic ligand' refers to a substituent, which is able to form a coordinate bond with a metal centre (ruthenium atom) having a charge which is able to partially or totally compensate the charge of the metal centre. Examples of such ligands may be fluorine, chloride, bromide, iodide, cyanide, cyanate, and thiocyanate anions, carboxylic acid anions, alcohol anions, phenol anions, thiol and thiophenol anions, anions of hydrocarbons with a delocalised charge (e.g. cyclopentadiene), anions of (organo)sulphuric and (organo)phosphoric acids and esters thereof (such as e.g. anions of alkylsulphonic and arylsulphonic acids, anions of alkylphosphoric and arylophosphoric acids, anions of sulphuric acid alkyl and aryl esters, anions of phosphoric acid alkyl and aryl esters, anions of alkylphosphoric and arylphosphoric acid alkyl and aryl esters). Optionally, anionic ligand may have L 1 , L 2 and L 3 group, linked in the same way as catechol anion, acetylacetone anion, and salicylaldehyde anion. Anionic ligands (X 1 , X 2 ) and neutral ligands (L 1 , L 2 , L 3 ) can be combined together to form polydentate ligands, for example bidentate ligand (X 1 -X 2 ), tridentate ligand (X 1 -X 2 -L 1 ), tetradentate ligand (X 1 -X 2 -L 1 -L 2 ), bidentate ligand (X 1 -L 1 ), tridentate ligand (X 1 -L 1 -L 2 ), tetradentate ligand (X 1 -L 1 -L 2 -L 3 ), bidentate ligand (L 1 -L 2 ), tridentate ligand (L 1 -L 2 -L 3 ). Examples of such ligands are: catechol anion, acetylacetone anion, and salicylaldehyde anion.

The term " heteroatorrf means an atom selected from a group of oxygen, sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus, and others.

The term "chlorinated solvent means a solvent containing in its structure at least one atom of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine; more preferably more than one. Examples of such solvents are dichloromethane, chloroform, tetrachloromethane (carbon tetrachloride), 1 ,2-dichloroethane, chlorobenzene, perfluorobenzene, perfluorotoluene, freons, and others.

The term "nonpolar solvent means a solvent characterised by a zero or very small dipole moment. Examples of such solvents are pentane, hexane, octane, nonane, decane, benzene, toluene, tetrahydrofuran (THF) and its derivatives, diethyl ether, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, chloroform, and others.

The term "DEDAM' means diethyl diallylmalonate, used as a model diene in RCM reactions comparing activities of available precatalysts and catalysts for olefin metathesis reactions.

The term "GC" means gas chromatography.

The term "HPLC means high pressure liquid chromatography, and solvents designated as solvents for "HPLC" are solvents of suitable purity for HPLC analysis.

The term "NMR" means nuclear magnetic resonance.

The term "NHC means A/-heterocyclic carbene.

The term " TLC" means thin layer chromatography.

The term "alkenyne" means a compound having in its structure a double and triple bond (en-yne).

The term "precatalyst means, in the case of ruthenium complexes, a 16-electrone chemical compound, which after one ligand dissociation or molecular reorganisation step is converted into a proper 14- electrone olefin metathesis catalyst, which takes an active part in the catalytic cycle.

Ruthenium complex compounds of the present invention are prepared by reactions shown on the following general reaction scheme, Scheme 1 and 2. CAAC precursor 1-3 molar equivalents base 1-3 molar equivalents

' SL N 'Si - M ©

Θ

toluene

80°C

1 -10 minutes

1 .2 molar equivalents

Scheme 1

Scheme 1 shows a general course of reactions in the individual steps of the method of preparation complex compounds represented by the Formula 1 according to the invention. First step is obtaining CAAC carbene in a deprotonation reaction of the CAAC salt using a suitable base. The most preferable bases are hexamethyldisilazane salts [metal bis(trimethylsilyl)amides] represented by the Formula MHMDS, wherein M is an alkali metal, such as potassium or lithium. Process of deprotonation or contacting together suitable reagents could conducted in many polar or nonpolar solvents. Preferably toluene is used as a solvent. In the following step, the CAAC carbene formed is contacted with first generation ruthenium complex containing in its structure two phosphine-type ligands.

It has been shown, that the main product of this reaction is a second generation complex containing two CAAC ligands. In the TLC analysis one could observe also small amounts of the other second generation complex which most probably contains one CAAC ligand and one phosphine ligand, Scheme 1 and 2.

major

5

Scheme 2

The last process step is the addition of benzylidene ligand 4 to the mixture of unknown proportion of major and minor intermediates 5, in the presence of phosphine ligand scavenger and/or CAAC ligand scavenger (Scheme 2). Scheme 2 shows only the proposed course of 16-electrone ruthenium complex formation without detailed analysis of the metathesis process mechanism. Preferably, as a benzylidene ligand 2-isopropoxypropenylbenzene derivatives are used. It appeared that the preferable phosphine and/or CAAC ligand scavengers were copper(l) salts, including CuCI. Reactions shown in the Scheme 1 and 2 were conducted in a single reaction vessel without isolation of the intermediates (Embodiments I- XIV).

To confirm that the intermediate compound 5 takes part actively in the preparation process of the precatalysts represented by the Formula 1 , the previous one-pot type process was divided into two independent reaction parts, (a) and (b) in the Scheme 3. Ruthenium complexes represented by the general formula 5 were isolated and characterised with the NMR and MS analysis, confirming lack of phosphine ligand in the structure and presence of the two CAAC ligands. It has been shown, that compounds represented by the structure 5 in the reaction with benzylidene ligand 4 in the presence of CAAC ligand scavenger provide compounds represented by the Formula 1. Reactions for individual steps were shown in the Scheme 3 (part (a) in Embodiments XV, XVI and XVIII and part (b) in Embodiments XVII and XIX). Moreover, the inventors decided to check, whether intermediate compounds represented by the general formula 5 are active precatalysts in the olefin metathesis, what was shown in the Example XXII.

Scheme 3

In the examples described below the preparation methods and use of the new ruthenium complexes of the invention were illustrated. The examples shown below are provided for the better understanding of the invention and they are not intended to limit its scope in any way. Examples of the catalyst preparation of the invention confirm higher process yields and more preferable ruthenium complex preparation parameters on the industrial scale. Comparative Examples with known complexes used confirm that complexes of the invention show different catalytic properties.

E M B O D I M E N TS O F T H E I N V E N T I O N EXAMPLE I

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1a

To salt 3aa (1 .73 g, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (20 mL) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 5.0 mL, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (2.22 g, 2.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.529 g, 3.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.866 g, 8.75 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1a (0.584 g, 40%).

1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 16.41 (s, 1 H), 7.33-7.28 (m, 1 H), 7.22-7.18 (m, 2H), 7.16-7.1 1 (m, 1 H), 7.01 (dd, J = 7.6; 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 6.64 (td, J = 7.4; 0.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.46-6.42 (m, 1 H), 4.67 (septet, J = 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.87-2.78 (m, 2H), 2.45-2.35 (m, 2H), 2.23 (s, 6H), 1 .77 (s, 2H), 1 .70 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H), 0.97-0.92 (m, 12H) ppm.

Example II

Preparation method of precatalyst 1a; attempt with a greater amount of CAAC salt 3aa - here 3 molar e uivalents.

To salt 3aa (1 .40 g, 4.05 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (10 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 4.05 ml_, 4.05 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .20 g, 1 .35 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Ligand 4a (0.286 g, 1 .62 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.601 g, 6.08 mmol, 4.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1a (0.408 g, 52%). Comparison with Example I. EXAMPLE III

Preparation method of Hoveyda-type precatalyst 1a using other first generation precursor, here M1 Umicore M1™).

To salt 3aa (1 .06 g, 3.07 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (12 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 3.07 ml_, 3.07 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M1 (1 .42 g, 1 .53 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 10 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.325 g, 1 .84 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.532 g, 5.37 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixturewas stirred for 10 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1a (0.520 g, 58%). Comparison with the Example I.

EXAMPLE IV

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1 a using other first generation precursor, here Gru-I.

To salt 3aa (1 .04 g, 3.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (12 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 3.0 ml_, 3.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex Gru-I (1 .23 g, 1 .5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 30 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.317 g, 1 .8 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.520 g, 5.25 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 10 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1a (0.409 g, 47%). Comparison with Example I.

EXAMPLE V

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1 b containing nitro group-activated benzylidene

4b 1 b ligand

To salt 3aa (3.45 g, 10.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (40 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 10.0 ml_, 10.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (4.43 g, 5.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4b (1 .33 g, 6.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (1 .73 g, 1 7.5 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1 b (1 .57 g, 50%).

1 H NMR (CD 2 Ck 500 MHz) : δ = 16.29 (s, 1 H), 8.46 (dd, J = 9.1 ; 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.72-7.65 (m, 2H), 7.51 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.08 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.26 (septet, J = 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.61 -2.49 (m, 4H), 2.21 (s, 2H), 2.07 (s, 6H), 1 .77 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 6H), 1 .33 (s, 6H), 0.91 (t, J =7.4 Hz, 6H) ppm.

1 3 C NMR (CD Ck 125 MHz) : δ = 290.4, 263.8, 1 65.6, 157.1 , 143.7, 143.4, 138.8, 129.9, 127.7, 125.7, 1 18.3, 1 13.7, 79.4, 78.2, 56.5, 52.3, 29.9, 28.9, 25.3, 22.4, 14.9 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 2 8H39N 2 0 3 Ru [M-2CI+H] + : 553.2006; found: 553.2004.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 2 8H3 8 N 2 Cl 2 0 3 Ru:

C 54.02; H 6.1 5; N 4.50; CI 1 1 .39; found: C 54.1 8; H 6.09; N 4.42; CI 1 1 .20. EXAMPLE VI

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1 c containing hydroxamic group-activated benzylidene

To salt 3aa (3.45 g, 10.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (40 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 10.0 ml_, 10.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (4.43 g, 5.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4c (1 .66 g, 6.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (1 .73 g, 1 7.5 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene -> ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 3:7 v/v). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in a minimal amount of methylene chloride and was added n-heptane. Methylene chloride was removed slowly on the evaporator, the resulting crystals were filtered off, washed with a small amount of n-heptane and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1c (1 .05 g, 31 %).

1 H NMR (CD,Ck 500 MHz): δ = 16.46 (s, 1 H), 7.62-7.55 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.46 (m, 1 H), 7.43-7.39 (m, 1 H), 7.03 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.97 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.92-6.89 (m, 1 H), 5.50 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 2.90 (dq, J = 15.0; 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 2.66 (dq, J = 15.0; 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 2.58 (dq, J = 14.0; 7.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.32 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 2.25-2.21 (m, 1 H), 2.15-2.1 1 (m, 1 H), 1 .94 (s, 3H), 1 .31 (s, 3H), 1 .22 (s, 3H), 1 .1 1 (t, J = 7.4 Hz , 3H), 0.98 (dd, J = 9.2; 6.9 Hz, 6H), 0.79 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD 2 Ck 125 MHz) : δ = 305.2, 267.2, 1 70.0, 154.3, 146.0, 143.8, 143.4, 140.2, 130.0, 129.0, 127.2, 126.9, 123.6, 123.4, 1 13.2, 79.9, 79.8, 78.2, 62.3, 62.2, 56.3, 53.4, 32.6, 32.5, 31 .3, 31 .2, 30.9, 29.4, 29.3, 25.6, 25.5, 25.4, 25.1 , 25.0, 19.9, 18.2, 14.8, 14.7, 14.6 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 3 3H4 9 N 2 0 4 Ru [M-2CI+CH 3 0] + : 639.2740; found: 639.2718.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 32 H 46 N 2 Cl 2 0 3 Ru:

C 56.63; H 6.83; N 4.13; CI 10.45; found: C 56.63; H 6.73; N 4.01 ; CI 10.25. EXAMPLE VII

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1d

To salt 3ab (1 .73 g, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (20 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 5.0 ml_, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (2.22 g, 2.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.529 g, 3.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.866 g, 8.75 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1d (0.688 g, 47%).

1 H NMR (CD 2 Ck 500 MHz): δ = 16.20 (s, 1 H), 7.60-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.47 (m, 1 H), 7.29 (ddd, J = 7.4; 1 .7; 0.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.97 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.92-6.85 (m, 2H), 5.16 (sept, J = 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.98 (sept, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.24 (s, 3H), 2.23-2.16 (m, 2H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1 .75 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 3H), 1 ,71 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 3H), 1 .40 (s, 3H), 1 .36 (s, 3H), 1 .28 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3H), 0.67 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

EXAMPLE VIII

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1d; attempt with a reduced amount of CAAC salt 3ab.

To salt 3ab (1 .08 g, 3.13 mmol, 1 .25 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (22 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 3.0 ml_, 3.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (2.22 g, 2.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.529 g, 3.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.619 g, 6.25 mmol, 2.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1d (0.596 g, 41 %). Comparison with Example VI.

EXAMPLE IX

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1e containing nitro group-activated benzylidene

4b 1e ligand

To salt 3ab (1 .73 g, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (20 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 5.0 ml_, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (2.22 g, 2.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4b (0.664 g, 3.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.866g, 8.75 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1e (0.663 g, 42%).

1 H NMR (CD £ Ck 500 MHz): δ = 16.19 (s, 1 H), 8.45 (dd, J = 9.1 ; 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.70 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.65 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.55 (dd, J = 8.0; 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (ddd, J = 7.5; 1 .6; 0.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.08 (d, J = 8.9 Hz, 1 H), 5.26 (sept, J = 6.2 Hz, 1 H), 2.97 (sept, J = 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 2.26-2.19 (m, 5H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 2.03 (s, 3H), 1 .77 (dd, J = 16.1 ; 6.1 Hz, 6H), 1 .43 (s, 3H), 1 .38 (s, 3H), 1 .30 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 0.68 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD z Ck 125 MHz) : δ = 290.2, 264.6, 1 57.2, 149.1 , 143.5, 143.4, 138.5, 138.4, 130.4, 130.0, 126.5, 125.8, 1 18.4, 1 13.7, 79.4, 78.2, 56.6, 52.3, 29.9, 29.7, 29.6, 29.1 , 28.9, 26.3, 24.3, 22.4, 22.3, 21 .8 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for Cj-eHaeCINzOaRu [M-CI] + : 587.1613; found : 587.1636.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 2 8H3 8 N 2 Cl 2 0 3 Ru:

C 54.02; H 6.1 5; N 4.50; CI 1 1 .39; found: C 54.1 9; H 6.18; N 4.37; CI 1 1 .21 . EXAMPLE X

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1f containing h droxamic group-activated benzylidene

To salt 3ab (1 .73 g, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (20 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 5.0 ml_, 5.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (2.22 g, 2.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4c (0.832 g, 3.0 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.866 g, 8.75 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene -> ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 3:7 v/v). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in a minimal amount of methylene chloride and n-heptane was added. Methylene chloride was removed slowly on the evaporator, the resulting crystals were filtered off, washed with a small amount of n-heptane and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1f (0.390 g, 23%). A mixture of isomers A:B = 1 .8:1 .

Due to a very complex 1 H NMR spectrum only the characteristic benzylidene proton shifts were given : isomer A: singlet 16.42 ppm, isomer B: singlet 1 6.45 ppm (CD 2 CI 2 ).

1 3 C NMR (CDpCk 125 MHz): δ = 304.0 (A), 303.5 (B), 268.1 (B), 267.9 (A), 170.0 (A), 169.4 (B), 154.4 (A), 154.3 (B), 149.0 (B), 148.6 (A), 145.4 (B), 145.3 (A), 139.9 (B), 139.8 (A), 138.8 (A), 138.5 (B), 130.2

(A) , 130.16 (B), 130.0 (A), 129.9 (B), 129.2 (B), 129.2 (A), 126.2 (B), 125.9 (A), 123.8 (B), 123.8 (A), 123.7 (B), 123.5 (A), 1 13.3 (B), 1 13.1 (A), 79.8 (B), 79.6 (A), 78.1 (B), 78.0 (A), 62.4 (A), 62.2 (B), 56.4

(B) , 56.3 (A), 53.7 (A), 53.5 (B), 32.6 (A), 32.4 (B), 31 .3 (A), 31 .1 (B), 30.8 (B), 30.8 (B) 30.7 (A), 30.6 (A), 29.0 (B), 28.9 (A), 28.7 (B), 28.6 (A), 26.9, 24.9 (A), 24.8 (B), 22.3 (A), 21 .7 (B), 20.0 (B), 19.9 (A), 18.2 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 3 3H4 9 N 2 0 4 Ru [M-2CI+CH 3 0] + : 639.2740; found: 639.2756.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 32 H 46 N 2 Cl 2 0 3 Ru:

C 56.63; H 6.83; N 4.13; CI 10.45; found: C 56.69; H 6.80; N 4.07; CI 10.41 . EXAMPLE XI

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1g

ligand 1 g

To salt 3ac (0.413 g, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (4 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 1 .0 ml_, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (0.443 g, 0.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.106 g, 0.6 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.173 g, 1 .75 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 25 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1g (0.1 18 g, 37%).

1 H NMR (CgDg. 500 MHz): δ = 16.56 (s, 1 H), 7.38-7.35 (m, 1 H), 7.28-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.1 1 (m, 1 H), 7.03-7.00 (m, 1 H), 6.65 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.44 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.66 (sept, J = 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.77 (td, J = 13.0; 3.4 Hz, 2H), 3.21 (sept, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 2.50 (d, J= 12.7 Hz, 2H), 1 .93 (s, 2H), 1 .90-1 .85 (m, 2H), 1 .74 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H), 1 .70-1 .60 (m, 2H), 1 .43-1 .34 (m, 2H), 1 .16 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H), 1 .00 (s, 6H), 0.93 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 6H) ppm.

Example XII

Preparation method of precatalyst 1g ; attempt with other base to generate CAAC carbene - here KHMDS.

ligand

To salt 3ac (1 .65 g, 4.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (12 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of KHMDS in toluene (0.5M, 8.0 ml_, 4.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .77 g, 2.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.423 g, 2.4 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.693 g, 7.0 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 25 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1g (0.580 g, 45%). Comparison with Example XI .

EXAMPLE XIII

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1 h containing nitro group-activated benz lidene

4b

ligand 1h

To salt 3ac (1 .65 g, 4.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (16 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 4.0 ml_, 4.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .77 g, 2.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4b (0.531 g, 2.4 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.693 g, 7.0 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 25 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1 h (0.550 g, 40%).

1 H NMR (CDgCk 500 MHz) : δ = 1 6.42 (s, 1 H), 8.44 (dd, J = 9.1 ; 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.71 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.65 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.51 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.10-7.07 (m, 1 H), 5.25 (sept, J = 5.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.30-3.21 (m, 2H), 2.96 (sept, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.31 (s, 2H), 2.28-2.22 (m, 2H), 1 .96-1 .89 (m, 2H), 1 .78 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H), 1 .60-1 .46 (m, 4H), 1 .35 (s, 6H), 1 .26 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H), 0.64 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD 2 Ck 125 MHz) : δ = 288.9, 264.7, 1 57.5, 148.7, 143.3, 142.9, 136.7, 130.4, 126.5, 125.7, 1 18.4, 1 13.8, 79.0, 78.2, 62.8, 44.9, 35.3, 30.8, 28.9, 26.8, 26.1 , 24.6, 23.6, 22.5 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 3 3H4 7 N 2 0 3 Ru [M-2CI+H] + : 621 .2634; found: 621 .2630.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C33H4 6 N 2 CI 2 0 3 Ru:

C 57.38; H 6.71 ; N 4.06; CI 10.27; found: C 57.27; H 6.58; N 4.1 8; CI 10.12. EXAMPLE XIV

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1 i containing hydroxamic group-activated benzylidene

ligand -U

To salt 3ac (1 .16 g, 2.8 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (1 1 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 2.8 ml_, 2.8 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .24 g, 1 .4 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4c (0.466 g, 1 .68 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.485 g, 4.9 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 5 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene -> ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 3:7 v/v). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in a minimal amount of methylene chloride and n-heptane was added. Methylene chloride was removed slowly on the evaporator, the resulting crystals were filtered off, washed with a small amount of n-heptane and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1 i (0.324 g, 31 %).

1 H NMR (CD Ck 500 MHz): δ = 16.74 (s, 1 H), 7.62-7.55 (m, 1 H), 7.48-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.28 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.07 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.93 (td, J = 7.4; 0.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.84 (dd, J = 7.5; 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 5.51 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.73 (s, 3H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 3.16 (sept, J = 6.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.80-2.70 (m, 2H), 2.65 (sept, J = 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 2.22 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 1 .36 (s, 3H), 1 .33 (s, 3H), 1 .32-1 .28 (m, 6H), 1 .25 (s, 3H), 1 .19 (dd, J = 15.4; 6.6 Hz, 6H), 0.98 (dd, J = 8.8; 6.8 Hz, 6H), 0.76 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 3H), 0.57 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD z Ck 125 MHz) : δ = 299.3, 267.8, 1 69.1 , 154.6, 148.8, 148.6, 145.1 , 144.1 , 137.8, 132.9, 130.2, 130.0, 129.7, 126.3, 126.0, 125.1 , 124.2, 123.4, 1 13.4, 81 .5, 79.5, 78.1 , 62.3, 62.1 , 58.3, 45.8, 45.5, 37.3, 35.5, 34.6, 32.5, 32.0, 31 .7, 30.2, 29.9, 29.6, 29.1 , 28.6, 27.5, 27.2, 26.5, 25.8, 25.6, 25.0, 24.8, 24.0, 23.8, 23.7, 22.4, 19.9, 18.3 ppm.

LRMS-ESI calculated for C38H57N2O4RU [M-2CI+CH 3 0] + : 707.3; found: 707.3.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 37 H54N 2 0 3 NaCI 2 Ru [M+Na] + : 769.2453; found 769.2437. Example XV

Preparation method of intermediate 5a from first eneration precursor M1.

To salt 3aa (1 .20 g, 3.48 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (14 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 3.48 ml_, 3.48 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M1 (1 .60 g, 1 .74 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 20 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Reaction mixture was filtrated through a small amount of silica gel and washed with toluene. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 1 :9 v/v). Red fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. It was dissolved in n-pentane and slowly concentrated to dryness (the product crystallised during solvent removal). Red crystalline solid was obtained - an intermediate compound 5a (1 .07 g, 70%).

1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 9.74 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 0.25H), 9.09 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 0.5H), 8,16 (s, 0.25H), 7.95-7.75 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.1 8 (m, 6H), 7.10-6.20 (m, 7H), 3.86-3.66 (m, 1 H), 3.30-2.50 (m, 6H), 2.37 (d, J = 13.0 Hz, 9H), 1 .75-1 .22 (m, 12H), 1 .10-0.85 (m, 20H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD,Ck 125 MHz): δ = 279.9, 278.5, 277.8, 276.2, 145.5, 144.1 , 143.6, 143.5, 141 .3, 141 .1 ,

140.8, 140.7, 140.2, 139.0, 138.6, 138.4, 137.9, 137.6, 134.3, 134.1 , 130.6, 129.8, 129.4, 129.2, 128.2,

127.9, 127.6, 127.4, 127.0, 126.9, 126.7, 125.7, 125.5, 124.9, 124.7, 1 16.5, 1 1 6.1 , 81 .3, 79.7, 61 .5, 56.9, 56.4, 55.0, 34.7, 32.5, 32.0, 31 .5, 31 .0, 30.5, 30.3, 30.0, 29.9, 29.6, 29.2, 27.5, 27.4, 25.3, 25.2, 24.7,

22.9, 14.8, 14.7, 14.4, 13.5, 13.2, 12.9 ppm.

LRMS-ESI calculated for C 51 H 64 CIN 2 Ru [M-CI] + : 841 .4; found: 841 .4.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 51 H 64 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 876.3490; found 876.3471 .

Elemental analysis: calculated for C5i H 64 N 2 Cl2Ru :

C 69.84; H 7.36; N 3.1 9; CI 8.08; found: C 69.88; H 7.22; N 3.21 ; CI 8.05. Example XVI

Preparation method of intermediate 5a from precursor M1 - attempt with a greater amount CAAC salt 3aa - here 3 molar e uivalents.

To salt 3aa (1 .40 g, 4.05 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (10 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 4.05 ml_, 4.05 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M1 (1 .25 g, 1 .35 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 5 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Reaction mixture was filtrated through a small amount of silica gel and washed with toluene. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 1 :9 v/v). Red fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. It was dissolved in n-pentane and slowly concentrated to dryness (the product crystallised during solvent removal). Red crystalline solid was obtained - an intermediate compound 5a (1 .02 g, 86%). Comparison with Example XV.

Example XVII

Preparation method of precatalyst 1a - one-step procedure from intermediate 5a.

To the solution of an intermediate 5a (0.948 g, 1 .08 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) in dry deoxygenated toluene (10 ml_) at 60°C benzylidene ligand 4a (0.228 g, 1 .29 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.214 g, 2.1 6 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1a (0.390 g, 62%). Example XVIII

To salt 3aa (2.76 g, 8.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (32 mL) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 8.0 mL, 8.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 2 minutes solid complex Gru-I (3.29 g, 4.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 25 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Reaction mixture was filtrated through a small amount of silica gel and washed with toluene. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 1 :9 v/v). Brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. It was dissolved in n-pentane and slowly concentrated (the product crystallised during solvent removal). It was filtrated off and washed with cold n- pentane. Brown crystalline solid was obtained - an intermediate compound 5b (1 .55 g, 50%).

A mixture of isomers A:B = 3.2:1 . Due to a very complex 1 H NMR spectrum only the characteristic benzylidene proton shifts were given: isomer A: singlet 17.60 ppm, isomer B: singlet 18.52 ppm (CD 2 CI 2 ).

13 C NMR (CD 2 Ck 125 MHz) : δ = 283.7, 280.0, 279.9, 278.7, 150.6, 148.3, 143.7, 143.1 , 141 .6, 141 .0, 140.7, 139.7, 139.0, 138.3, 132.5, 131 .7, 131 .3, 129.7, 128.5, 128.4, 127.7, 127.5, 127.4, 127.3, 127.2, 125.7, 125.5, 125.1 , 124.8, 81 .0, 79.5, 79.4, 59.0, 56.7, 56.1 , 53.7, 53.4, 32.3, 31 .7, 31 .1 , 30.9, 30.6, 30.2, 29.6, 29.0, 28.5, 28.2, 27.3, 27.1 , 25.7, 25.4, 24.4, 22.9, 1 5.2, 14.9, 14.5, 14.4, 12.5, 12.4 ppm. LRMS-ESI calculated for C 43 H 60 CIN 2 Ru [M-CI] + : 741 .3; found: 741 .3.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 4 3H 6 oN 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 776.3177; found 776.31 56.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 43 H 60 N 2 CI 2 Ru:

C 66.47; H 7.78; N 3.61 ; CI 9.13; found: C 66.42; H 7.75; N 3.59; CI 9.18. Example XIX

Preparation method of precatalyst 1a from intermediate 5b.

To the solution of intermediate 5b (0.801 g, 1 .03 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) in dry deoxygenated toluene (10 ml_) at 60°C benzylidene ligand 4a (0.21 7 g, 1 .23 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.204 g, 2.06 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) were added. Reaction mixture was stirred for 10 minutes and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1a (0.385 g, 65%).

Example XX

Preparation method of precatalyst 1j containing hydroxamic group-activated benzylidene and iodide ligands.

1c

To suspension of sodium iodide (1 .04 g, 6.97 mmol, 30 molar equivalents) in acetone (2.3 ml_) solid precatalyst 1c (0.158 g, 0.232 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. The whole was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and then concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in methylene chloride and inorganic salts were removed by filtration. The residue was filtrated through a small amount of silica gel (eluent ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 3:7 v/v). The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in a minimal amount of methylene chloride and n-heptane was added. Methylene chloride was removed slowly on the evaporator, the resulting crystals were filtered off, washed with a small amount of n-heptane and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid 1j (0.178 g, 89%).

1 H NMR (CD Ck 500 MHz): δ = 15.83 (s, 1 H), 7.60 (dt, J = 8.7; 4.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.57-7.52 (m, 1 H), 7.47-7.44 (m, 1 H), 7.42-7.38 (m, 1 H), 7.03 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.95 (d, J = 4.5 Hz, 2H), 5.50 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 3.41 (s, 3H), 3.24 (dq, J = 15.1 ; 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.80-2.62 (m, 3H), 2.44-2.36 (m, 4H), 2.24-2.20 (m, 1H), 2,15 (s, 3H), 2.14-2.10 (m, 1H), 1.35 (s, 3H), 1.26 (s, 3H), 1.20 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H), 1.04 (dd, J = 7.0; 5.3 Hz, 6H), 0.94 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDgCk 125 MHz): δ = 306.5, 271.3, 170.8, 155.0, 146.3, 144.1, 143.7, 140.3, 130.2, 129.0, 127.3, 127.0, 123.8, 123.3, 113.6, 80.9, 78.4, 62.5, 55.7, 53.2, 35.2, 34.8, 33.4, 32.6, 30.0, 29.5, 27.2, 26.7, 20.8, 18.6, 15.5, 15.3 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 3 2H46lN 2 0 3 Ru [M-l] + : 735.1600; found: 735.1636.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 3 2H4 6 N2l20 3 Ru:

C 44.61 ; H 5.38; N 3.25; I 29.46; found: C 44.47; H 5.37; N 3.21 ; I 29.29.

EXAMPLE XXI

Application of precatalysts 1a - 1j in ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reactions of diethyl diallylomalonate S1 leading to a cyclic compound P1.

1a-1j (0.1 mol%)

S1 P1

To the solution of diethyl diallylomalonate S1 (120.1 mg, 0.5 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (5 mL) at 29°C a solution of respective precatalyst (1a-1j), 0.1 mol%) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) was added. It was stirred in argon atmosphere. At certain time intervals 0.1 mL samples of reaction mixture were collected to which one drop of ethyl vinyl ether was added to deactivate the catalyst. The substrate conversion as a function of time was determined by GC analysis. A summary is presented in Table 1.

Table 1. DEDAM conversion as a function of time.

Conversion (%)

Time (min) 1a 1b 1c 1d 1e 1f ig 1h 1i 1j

5 6 10 67 6 9 80 - - - 5

10 19 32 87 16 31 94 - - - 20

20 43 63 95 38.5 71 98 - - - 47

30 62 76 97 54 86 99 - - — 60

45 77 85 98 68 93 99.5 - - - 71

60 84 90 98.5 77 95 99.5 - - - 77

120 92 95 99 88 98 99.5 - - - 86

180 - - - 91 99 99.6 2.3 5 30 89 EXAMPLE XXII

Application of precatalyst 5a in ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reactions of diethyl diallylomalonate S1 leading to cyclic compound P1.

Et0 2 C 5a (0.1 mol%)

toluene, 60 °C

S1 P1

To the solution of diethyl diallylomalonate S1 (480.6 mg, 2.0 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (20 mL) at 60°C a solution of precatalyst 5a (1 .75 mg, 0.002 mmol, 0.1 mol%) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) was added. In case of reaction with CAAC carbene scavenger, CuCI (1 .98 mg, 0.02 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere. At certain time intervals 0.1 mL samples of reaction mixture were collected to which one drop of ethyl vinyl ether was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion reaction as a function of time was determined by GC analysis. A summary is presented in Table 2.

Table 2. DEDAM conversion with intermediate 5a as a function of time.

EXAMPLE XXIII

Application of precatalysts 1a-1j in ethenolysis reactions of fatty acid methyl esters which were obtained by rapeseed oil transesterification (MOR).

To the reaction, a mixture of fatty acid methyl esters which were obtained by rapeseed oil transesterification (MOR), was used, composed of: about 61 % methyl oleate, about 21 % linoleic acid methyl ester, about 10% a-linolenic acid ester, about 7% saturated fatty acid methyl esters including about 4% methyl palmitate and about 2% methyl stearate. To degassed MOR (610 g) cooled to 0°C a solution of catalyst (0.052 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (5 mL) was added. The mixture was vacuum-pumped to an autoclave and stirred for 2 hours at 30 °C at 10 bar of ethylene. After 2 hours the reaction was quenched and to the reaction mixture 6 mL 0.1 M solution of SnachCat [CAS: 51641 -96-4 was added to deactivate the catalyst.

SnatchCat

The samples were analyzed using gas chromatography. The conversion was determined using methyl palmitate as an internal standard.

Reaction mixtures obtained in reactions catalysed with 1d and 1e after filtration through short pad of silica gel were distilled under reduced pressure, giving 1 73 g and 179 g of 9-decenoic acid methyl ester (9- DAME), respectively.

Conversion and percentage (GC peak area) of 9-decenoic acid methyl ester (9-DAME) were given in the Table 3.

Table 3. MOR conversion in ethenolysis reaction with precatalysts 1a— 1 i

Analytical data obtained for 9-DAME:

1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 500 MHz): δ = 5.79 (ddt, J = 17.0; 10.2; 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.98 (dq, J = 17.1 ; 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 4.92 (ddd, J = 1 1 .4; 2.3; 1 .2 Hz, 1 H), 3.66 (s, 3H), 2.29 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.06-1 .99 (m, 2H), 1 .66-1 .56 (m, 2H), 1 .40-1 .24 (m, 8H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDCk 125 MHz) : 174.3, 139.1 , 1 14.2, 51 .4, 34.1 , 33.7, 29.1 , 28.9, 28.8, 24.9 ppm. EXAMPLE XXIV

Preparation method of intermediate 5c from recursor M10 and CAAC salt 3ad.

5c

To salt 3ad (6.00 g, 14.73 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) in argon atmosphere dry deoxygenated toluene (35 mL) was added. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 14.73 mL, 14.73 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (4.35 g, 4.91 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (2 mL) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 100 mL toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5c (1 .73 g, 35%).

1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 9.59 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.06 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.76 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.49-7.43 (m, 3H), 7.42-7.37 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.23 (m, 6H), 7.22-7.06 (m, 5H), 7.01 -6.97 (m, 1 H), 6.88 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.81 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 6.64 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 6.34 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.14 (dq, J = 14.9; 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.10-2.83 (m, 4H), 2.83-2.73 (m, 1 H), 2.73-2.63 (m, 1 H), 2.57-2.48 (m, 1 H), 2.05 (d, = 12.3 Hz, 1 H), 1 .94-1 .89 (m, 1 H), 1 .84 (d, J = 12.7 Hz, 1 H), 1 .78 (s, 3H), 1 .62 (d, J = 12.7 Hz, 1 H), 1 .48-1 .40 (m, 6H), 1 .03 (dt, J = 14.5; 7.3 Hz, 6H), 0.95 (dt, J = 14.5; 7.3 Hz, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.71 (s, 3H), 0.63 (s, 3H), 0.50 (s, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 288.1 , 279.5, 273.4, 263.3, 150.5, 148.9, 148.1 , 147.8, 147.2, 146.6, 144.9, 143.8, 143.8, 143.3, 142.0, 141 .6, 141 .4, 140.5, 140.2, 139.0, 138.9, 138.6, 138.1 , 137.9, 137.5,

136.6, 135.9, 135.0, 131 .0, 130.7, 130.4, 130.0, 129.9, 129.7, 129.2, 128.8, 128.7, 128.2, 128.1 , 127.8,

127.7, 127.6, 127.5, 127.4, 127.3, 127.3, 127.2, 127.2, 127.2, 127.0, 126.9, 126.8, 126.6, 126.5, 126.4, 126.3, 126.3, 126.1 , 125.4, 125.0, 124.7, 1 1 8.7, 1 1 6.5, 1 15.7, 96.2, 81 .5, 80.5, 79.0, 68.9, 66.0, 65.1 , 57.1 , 55.4, 52.1 , 49.1 , 44.4, 32.2, 31 .5, 30.2, 29.7, 29.4, 29.1 , 28.6, 28.0, 27.7, 27.6, 27.3, 27.2, 26.6, 25.7, 25.5, 24.8, 24.8, 24.4, 16.3, 16.1 , 14.5, 14.4, 14.0, 13.6, 13.4, 12.4 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 61 H 68 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 1000.3803; found 1000.3798.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 6 i H 68 N 2 CI 2 Ru: C 73.18; H 6.85; N 2.80; CI 7.08; found: C 73.14; H 7.00; N 2.95; CI 7.10.

EXAMPLE XXV

Pre aration method of intermediate 5d from precursor M10 and CAAC salt 3ae.

5d

To salt 3ae (2.36 g, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (14 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 6.0 ml_, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .77 g, 2.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (2 ml_) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 50 ml_ toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5d (0.345 g, 18%).

1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 9.69-9.49 (m, 1 H), 8.17-7.99 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.65 (m, 2H), 7.60-7.23 (m, 9H), 7.23-7.04 (m, 6H), 7.02-6.10 (m, 6H), 3.14-2.76 (m, 4H), 2.74-2.46 (m, 2H), 2.38-2.24 (m, 3H), 2.10- 1 .35 (m, 12H), 1 .31 -1 .23 (m, 2H), 1 .08-0.92 (m, 5H), 0.80-0.59 (m, 10H) ppm.

1 3 C NMR (C 6 D 6 , 125 MHz): δ = 290.2, 289.9, 289.0, 288.6, 280.9, 279.2, 279.1 , 274.5, 274.2, 274.0, 149.4, 149.3, 149.3, 149.2, 149.0, 148.3, 145.3, 145.3, 145.2, 144.4, 144.2, 144.1 , 144.1 , 142.4, 142.1 , 141 .9, 141 .8, 141 .8, 141 .1 , 140.9, 139.6, 139.4, 139.2, 139.1 , 139.0, 138.8, 138.6, 138.2, 138.1 , 138.1 , 136.9, 136.6, 136.0, 136.0, 135.7, 135.6, 135.5, 135.2, 131 .1 , 131 .0, 130.9, 130.8, 130.7, 130.6, 130.4, 130.3, 130.1 , 130.0, 129.9, 129.7, 129.6, 129.5, 129.1 , 129.1 , 129.0, 128.7, 128.3, 128.0, 127.9, 127.8, 127.8, 127.7, 127.7, 127.7, 127.6, 127.6, 127.3, 127.2, 126.8, 126.8, 126.7, 126.5, 126.3, 124.8, 124.6, 1 16.9, 1 16.9, 81 .7, 81 .5, 81 .1 , 80.9, 80.7, 69.1 , 69.0, 65.4, 65.3, 65.2, 56.8, 56.7, 56.6, 55.5, 55.1 , 53.9, 53.6, 31 .0, 30.7, 30.2, 29.9, 29.9, 29.6, 29.6, 29.5, 29.3, 29.2, 29.0, 28.0, 27.9, 27.6, 27.4, 27.4, 27.3, 27.1 , 25.8, 25.5, 25.4, 25.2, 25.1 , 25.1 , 25.0, 24.2, 24.0, 22.7, 22.6, 14.9, 14.8, 14.0, 13.8, 12.6, 12.6 ppm.

HRMS-ESI : calculated for C 59 H 64 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 972.3490; found 972.3475.

Elemental analysis: calculated for CsgH^^C^Ru: C 72.82; H 6.63; N 2.88; CI 7.29; found: C 72.69; H 6.68; N 2.71 ; CI 7.07.

EXAMPLE XXVI

Preparation method of intermediate 5e from recursor M10 and CAAC salt 3ab.

5e

To salt 3ab (8.29 g, 24.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (56 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 24.0 ml_, 24.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (7.09 g, 8.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (5 ml_) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 75 ml_ toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5e (2.89 g, 41 %).

1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 10.05-8.65 (m, 1 H), 8.50-7.45 (m, 3H), 7.40-7.15 (m, 7H), 7.05-6.05 (m, 5H), 3.86-3.62 (m, 1 H), 3.12-2.89 (m, 1 H), 2.86-2.02 (m, 8H), 1 .92-1 .1 1 (m, 22H), 1 .10-0.65 (m, 14H), 0.44 (s, 2H) ppm.

1 3 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 281 .7, 281 .0, 280.1 , 279.1 , 278.5, 147.6, 146.3, 142.0, 141 .8, 141 .1 , 140.9, 139.9, 139.8, 139.5, 137.7, 136.7, 136.4, 136.1 , 134.0, 131 .8, 130.7, 130.0, 129.8, 129.5, 129.4, 129.2, 129.0, 128.7, 127.5, 127.3, 127.2, 127.0, 126.6, 125.8, 125.4, 1 16.6, 1 1 6.5, 80.3, 80.3, 62.7, 61 .9, 61 .4, 57.3, 56.8, 56.0, 32.0, 31 .4, 30.8, 30.0, 28.9, 28.8, 28.6, 28.4, 27.8, 27.5, 27.3, 26.9, 26.5, 26.4, 25.7, 25.4, 24.0, 23.8, 23.2, 22.7 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 51 H 64 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 876.3490; found 876.3477.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 51 H 64 N 2 CI 2 Ru:

C 69.84; H 7.36; N 3.1 9; CI 8.08; found: C 69.94; H 7.43; N 3.14; CI 8.17.

EXAMPLE XXVII

Preparation method of intermediate 5e from precursor M1 and CAAC salt 3ab.

5e

To salt 3ab (1 .04 g, 3.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (7 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80 °C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 3.0 ml_, 3.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M1 (0.923 g, 1 .0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 10 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (1 ml_) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 25 ml_ toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5e (0.72 g, 82%).

Analytical data for compound 5e obtained in this Example were identical as in Example XXVI.

EXAMPLE XXVIII

Preparation method of intermediate 5f from precursor M10 and CAAC salt 3af.

5f

To salt 3af (2.36 g, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (14 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 6.0 ml_, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .77 g, 2.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (2 ml_) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 50 mL toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5f (0.210 g, 1 1 %).

1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 9.57 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 8.14 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.73 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.61 (s, 1 H), 7.52 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.44 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.37-7.1 6 (m, 5H), 7.15-7.1 1 (m, 1 H), 7.08- 6.80 (m, 5H), 6.64 (s, 1 H), 6.42 (s, 1 H), 5.90 (s, 1 H), 2.85 (s, 3H), 2.32 (s, 6H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.1 9 (s, 3H), 2.10 (d, J = 12.5 Hz, 1 H), 1 .95-1 .84 (m, 2H), 1 .77 (s, 3H), 1 .70 (s, 3H), 1 .64 (d, J = 12.7 Hz, 1 H), 1 .50 (s, 3H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.72 (s, 3H), 0.67 (s, 3H), 0.61 (s, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 286.8, 278.5, 272.1 , 148.7, 147.8, 144.8, 141 .2, 139.1 , 138.8, 138.5, 138.2, 137.7, 137.6, 136.6, 136.1 , 136.0, 135.2, 134.3, 131 .7, 131 .0, 130.3, 130.2, 129.8, 129.6, 128.8, 128.6, 128.1 , 127.5, 127.3, 127.3, 127.0, 126.6, 126.4, 1 16.0, 82.0, 81 .9, 68.8, 65.0, 57.0, 55.6, 30.39, 30.16, 29.55, 28.50, 27.86, 27.37, 24.64, 24.30, 21 .91 , 21 .13, 21 .0 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 5 9H 6 4N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 972.3490; found 972.3483.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 59 H 64 N 2 CI 2 Ru:

C 72.82; H 6.63; N 2.88; CI 7.29; found: C 72.88; H 6.78; N 2.71 ; CI 7.16.

EXAMPLE XXIX

Pre aration method of intermediate 5g from precursor M10 and CAAC salt 3ag.

5g

To salt 3ag (1 .99 g, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (14 mL) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 6.0 mL, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute, solid complex M10 (1 .77 g, 2.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (2 mL) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 50 mL toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5g (0.561 g, 33%).

1 H NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 500 MHz): δ = 8.51 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.75-7.65 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.46 (m, 1 H), 7.46-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.14 (s, 1 H), 7.1 1 -7.04 (m, 1 H), 7.03-6.96 (m, 1 H), 6.84 (dd, J = 7.2; 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 6.23 (s, 2H), 5.79 (s, 2H), 2.16 (s, 6H), 2.1 1 (s, 6H), 2.06-2.03 (m, 10H), 1 .86 (s, 6H), 1 .72 (s, 6H), 1 .1 8 (s, 6H), 1 .12 (s, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 280.2, 277.9, 144.0, 140.7, 138.2, 137.9, 137.4, 136.4, 135.8, 135.4, 134.1 , 129.7, 129.6, 129.3, 129.2, 127.3, 127.0, 126.6, 126.6, 1 1 5.5, 80.9, 56.9, 54.5, 32.3, 32.1 , 30.2, 29.5, 21 .6, 21 .4, 21 .0 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 49 H 60 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 848.3177; found 848.31 61 .

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 49 H 60 N 2 CI 2 Ru:

C 69.32; H 7.12; N 3.30; CI 8.35; found: C 69.40; H 7.03; N 3.22; CI 8.56.

EXAMPLE XXX

Pre aration method of intermediate 5g and minor compound 6g from precursor M1 and CAAC salt 3ag.

5g

To salt 3ag (1 .99 g, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (14 mL) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 6.0 mL, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M1 (1 .85 g, 2.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 30 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (2 mL) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 50 mL toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. Crude products 5g and 6g were isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Two red brown fractions were collected and concentrated to dryness. First fraction residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 6g (0.270 g, 15%). Second fraction residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5g (0.350 g, 21 %).

Analytical data for compound 5g obtained in this Example were identical as in Example XXIX.

Analytical data for compound 6g :

1 H NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 500 MHz) : δ = 8.61 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.70 (dd, J = 8.2; 1 .4 Hz, 2H), 7.54-7.47 (m , 1 H), 7.42 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.30 (s, 1 H), 7.24-7.1 8 (m, 1 H), 7.1 7-7.1 1 (m , 1 H), 7.06-7.01 (m, 1 H), 6.39 (s, 1 H), 6.01 (s, 1 H), 2.50-2.38 (m, 3H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 2.1 7 (s, 3H), 2.14 (d, J = 1 .8 Hz, 2H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1 .93 (s, 3H), 1 .90-1 .80 (m , 3H), 1 .76-1 .54 (m , 12H), 1 .53-1 .34 (m, 6H), 1 .22 (s, 6H), 1 .20- 1 .06 (m , 9H) ppm .

1 3 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 287.7, 287.7, 274.7, 274.2, 144.8, 141 .4, 138.3, 137.4, 1 37.3, 137.3, 136.9, 136.5, 136.2, 130.0, 129.9, 129.6, 129.5, 128.1 , 128.1 , 1 27.8, 126.8, 1 1 6.5, 80.3, 80.3, 57.5, 57.4, 53.5, 53.5, 36.1 , 35.6, 32.8, 32.7, 31 .9, 31 .6, 30.4, 30.1 , 29.9, 28.8, 28.6, 28.5, 28.4, 28.3, 27.6, 27.5, 27.2, 27.1 , 26.9, 26.9, 26.8, 22.9, 21 .7, 21 .4, 21 .2 ppm.

31 P NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 202 MHz) : δ = 28.7 ppm .

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 5 oH 68 NCI 2 RuP [M ' ] + : 885.351 0; found 885.3506.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 50 H 68 CI 2 NPRu :

C 67.78; H 7.74; N 1 .58; CI 8.00; found : C 67.84; H 7.67; N 1 .47; CI 7.91 .

EXAMPLE XXXI

Pre aration method of intermediate 5h from precursor M10 and CAAC salt 3ah .

5h

To salt 3ah (1 .99 g, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (14 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80 °C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 6.0 ml_, 6.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .77 g, 2.0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane/ethyl acetate (9:1 v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in a small amount of methylene chloride and excess of methanol was added. Methylene chloride was removed under reduced pressure - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold methanol and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5h (0.589 g, 35%). 1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 9.88-8.08 (m, 1 H), 8.02-7.40 (m, 3H), 7.39-7.20 (m, 4H), 7.12-6.85 (m, 3H), 6.75-6.10 (m, 5H), 3.85-2.90 (m, 2H), 2.87-2.67 (m, 1 H), 2.66-2.50 (m, 1 H), 2.46-2.22 (m, 12H), 2.21 -2.01 (m, 3H), 1 .80-1 .1 5 (m, 7H), 1 .14-0.65 (m, 18H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 280.4, 280.3, 277.9, 277.8, 277.6, 144.2, 144.1 , 141 .1 , 141 .0, 140.9, 139.5, 139.4, 139.1 , 139.1 , 138.8, 137.9, 137.8, 137.8, 137.4, 135.5, 135.0, 134.6, 134.5, 131 .0, 130.5, 129.7, 129.3, 129.2, 129.1 , 129.0, 128.7, 128.4, 127.8, 127.7, 127.4, 127.3, 127.0, 126.8, 126.7, 126.6, 126.5, 125.2, 124.3, 1 16.3, 1 16.2, 1 16.1 , 81 .9, 80.6, 80.5, 61 .5, 57.0, 56.9, 56.5, 54.9, 54.8, 54.7, 54.6, 32.7, 32.4, 32.4, 32.0, 31 .8, 31 .0, 30.2, 29.6, 29.5, 29.1 , 28.8, 27.4, 25.2, 25.1 , 24.6, 22.1 , 21 .8, 14.7, 13.1 , 12.7 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 4 9H 6 oN 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 848.3177; found 848.31 59.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 49 H 60 N 2 CI 2 Ru:

C 69.32; H 7.12; N 3.30; CI 8.35; found: C 69.15; H 7.30; N 3.48; CI 8.40.

EXAMPLE XXXII

Pre aration method of intermediate 5i from precursor M10 and CAAC salt 3ai.

5i

To salt 3ai (0.847 g, 2.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (8 mL) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 2.0 mL, 2.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (0.887 g, 1 .0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (1 mL) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 50 mL toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Red brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving an orange brown crystalline solid - compound 5i (0.147 g, 14%) as a mixture of isomers (isomer A - major and isomer B - minor). The filtrate was evaporated to dryness. It was dissolved in a small amount of methylene chloride and excess of methanol was added. Methylene chloride was evaporated under reduced pressure - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold methanol and dried under high vacuum giving red crystalline solid - compound 5i (0.184 g, 18%) as a mixture of isomers (isomer A - minor and isomer B - major).

1 H NMR (C 6 D 6 , 500 MHz): δ = 9.86-8.38 (m, 1 H), 8.35-7.65 (m, 6H), 7.62-7.53 (m, 1 H), 7.51 -7.45 (m, 1 H), 7.44-7.37 (m, 1 H), 7.35-7.25 (m, 5H), 7.10-6.55 (m, 5H), 4.04-3.72 (m, 1 H), 3.45-2.75 (m, 3H), 2.08- 1 .94 (m, 3H), 1 .65-1 .05 (m, 35H), 0.98-0.71 (m, 14H) ppm (mixture of isomers).

13 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 282.3, 281 .1 , 280.2, 279.0, 278.9, 277.5, 145.9, 145.3, 144.5, 144.5, 144.4, 142.8, 142.4, 141 .2, 140.6, 140.2, 138.0, 137.5, 135.0, 134.7, 134.4, 134.4, 134.2, 133.2, 132.8, 132.6, 132.6, 132.5, 132.4, 132.4, 132.2, 131 .8, 131 .8, 131 .4, 131 .2, 130.6, 130.5, 129.5, 129.4, 129.2, 129.1 , 129.0, 128.9, 128.7, 128.4, 128.0, 127.9, 127.6, 127.5, 127.4, 127.3, 127.2, 127.2, 127.1 , 126.9, 126.2, 126.0, 125.7, 125.7, 125.6, 125.4, 125.2, 125.1 , 124.7, 123.7, 123.6, 1 1 6.1 , 1 15.6, 1 1 5.3, 81 .5,

81 .3, 80.8, 80.1 , 62.0, 61 .5, 56.5, 56.2, 55.8, 55.3, 54.8, 35.5, 35.4, 35.0, 34.3, 33.2, 32.2, 32.2, 31 .6, 31 .5, 31 .3, 31 .3, 30.8, 30.7, 30.6, 30.6, 30.5, 30.5, 30.4, 30.2, 30.1 , 30.0, 29.9, 29.7, 29.5, 29.5, 28.9, 28.9, 28.8, 28.7, 28.3, 27.6, 27.5, 27.3, 26.8, 26.2, 26.0, 25.7, 25.7, 25.4, 24.9, 24.8, 24.7, 24.6, 24.5,

24.4, 24.3, 24.2, 23.8, 23.3, 23.2, 23.1 , 23.1 , 23.0, 22.9, 22.5 ppm.

Analytical data for isomer A-enriched mixture:

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 63 H 76 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 1032.4429; found 1032.4402.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 63 H 76 N 2 CI 2 Ru:

C 73.23; H 7.41 ; N 2.71 ; CI 6.86; found: C 73.19; H 7.46; N 2.60; CI 6.84.

Analytical data for isomer B-enriched mixture:

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 63 H 76 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 1032.4429; found 1032.4426.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C 63 H 76 N 2 CI 2 Ru:

C 73.23; H 7.41 ; N 2.71 ; CI 6.86; found: C 73.16; H 7.31 ; N 2.74; CI 6.97.

EXAMPLE XXXIII

Preparation method of intermediate 5 from precursor Gru-I and CAAC salt 3ab.

To salt 3ab (1 .04 g, 3.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (7 mL) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80 °C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 3.0 mL, 3.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex Gru-I (0.823 g, 1 .0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Triethylamine (1 mL) was added and filtrated through a short pad of silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine), which was washed with 25 mL toluene/triethylamine mixture (95:5 v/v). Solvents were evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (deactivated with triethylamine; eluent: from cyclohexane/triethylamine (95:5 v/v) to cyclohexane/ethyl acetate/triethylamine (90:5:5 v/v/v)). Brown fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in n-pentane. Solvent was evaporated to 25% of its original amount - precipitate formed during evaporation was filtrated off, washed with a minimal amount of cold n-pentane and dried under high vacuum giving dark brown crystalline solid - compound 5j (0.441 g, 57%).

1 H NMR (C K D K . 500 MHz): δ = 18.29 (s, 1 H), 9.41 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.12-7.07 (m, 1 H), 7.01 -6.95 (m, 1 H), 6.84 (dd, J = 7.9; 1 .6 Hz, 2H), 6.67 (td, J = 7.6; 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 6.42 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 6.22 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1 H), 5.93 (dd, J = 7.5; 1 .6 Hz, 2H), 3.23 (hept, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 2.31 (d, J = 4.1 Hz, 12H), 2.21 (s, 6H), 1 .74-1 .60 (m, 10H), 1 .18 (s, 6H), 1 .1 1 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H), 0.73 (s, 6H) ppm (main isomer).

13 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 285.0, 284.9, 281 .5, 149.4, 145.3, 139.1 , 136.8, 131 .9, 130.9, 129.1 , 128.3, 127.6, 127.5, 127.3, 124.5, 79.3, 56.5, 55.2, 32.8, 31 .8, 31 .1 , 29.8, 28.9, 28.5, 28.4, 28.3, 26.8, 22.2 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 43 H 60 N 2 CI 2 Ru [M ' ] + : 776.3177; found 776.3140.

Elemental analysis: calculated for

C 66.47; H 7.78; N 3.61 ; CI 9.13; found: C 66.24; H 7.75; N 3.46; CI 9.01 .

EXAMPLE XXXIV

Pre aration method of precatalyst 1 k from precursor M10 and CAAC salt 3aj.

1 k

To salt 3aj (0.331 g, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (4 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 1 .0 mL, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (0.443 g, 0.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.106 g, 0.6 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.173 g, 1 .75 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. The whole was stirred for 20 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1 k (0.1 12 g, 40%).

1 H NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 500 MHz): δ = 16.22 (s, 1 H), 7.61 (ddd, J = 8.2; 7.1 ; 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.15 (s, 2H), 7.01 -6.89 (m, 3H), 5.16 (hept, J = 6.2 Hz, 1 H), 2.48 (s, 3H), 2.20 (s, 8H), 2.07 (s, 6H), 1 .71 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H), 1 .41 (s, 6H) ppm. 13 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 298.3, 298.1 , 266.5, 152.6, 144.9, 139.2, 138.6, 138.2, 131 .2, 131 .0, 130.9, 123.8, 122.6, 1 13.6, 79.2, 75.5, 56.5, 52.5, 29.7, 29.3, 22.3, 21 .3, 20.9 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C 27 H 37 NONaCI 2 Ru [M+Na] + : 586.1 193; found 586.1 185.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C27H 37 NOCI 2 Ru:

C 57.54; H 6.62; N 2.49; CI 12.58; found: C 57.51 ; H 6.62; N 2.39; CI 12.68.

EXAMPLE XXXV

Pre aration method of precatalyst 11 from precursor M10 and CAAC salt 3ai.

To salt 3ai (1 .27 g, 2.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (12 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 3.0 ml_, 3.0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (1 .33 g, 1 .0 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes the mixture was cooled down to 60°C. Benzylidene ligand 4a (0.317 g, 1 .8 mmol, 1 .2 molar equivalents) and CuCI (0.520 g, 5.25 mmol, 3.5 molar equivalents) were added. The whole was stirred for 10 minutes at 60°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and filtrated. The solvent was evaporated, the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 11 (0.517 g, 53%).

1 H NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 500 MHz): δ = 1 5.98 (s, 1 H), 8.1 1 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.87-7.84 (m, 1 H), 7.81 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.68 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.47 (ddd, J = 8.3; 7.4; 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (dd, J = 8.5; 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 6.90 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.76 (td, J = 7.5; 0.9 Hz, 1 H), 6.52 (dd, J = 7.6; 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 5.12 (hept, J = 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.23 (hept, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.97 (hept, J = 6.9 Hz, 1 H), 2.38-2.33 (m, 4H), 2.29-2.25 (m, 1 H), 2.05 (s, 3H), 1 .76 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 3H), 1 .66 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 3H), 1 .45 (s, 3H), 1 .39 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3H), 1 .20 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 6H), 1 .17 (s, 3H), 0.80 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

1 3 C NMR (CD 2 CI 2 , 125 MHz) : δ = 296.2, 296.0, 268.5, 152.8, 146.6, 145.4, 143.8, 134.6, 132.1 , 131 .7, 131 .0, 130.1 , 127.6, 126.6, 124.4, 124.1 , 123.6, 122.3, 1 13.4, 79.0, 75.5, 56.7, 52.7, 34.8, 31 .0, 30.2, 29.6, 29.4, 29.2, 25.4, 24.4, 23.8, 23.4, 22.4, 22.3 ppm.

HRMS-ESI calculated for C34H45NOKCI2RU [M+K] + : 694.1559; found 694.1 552.

Elemental analysis: calculated for C34H 45 NOCI 2 Ru:

C 62.28; H 6.92; N 2.14; CI 10.81 ; found: C 62.25; H 6.88; N 1 .98; CI 10.76.

EXAMPLE XXXVI Application of precatalysts 5a-5i in ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reactions of diethyl diallylomalonate S1 leading to a cyclic compound P1 .

S1 P1

To the solution of diethyl diallylomalonate S1 (480.6 mg, 2.0 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (20 mL) at 40°C or 60°C a solution of respective precatalyst 5a-5i (0.002 mmol, 0.1 mol%) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) was added. The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere. At certain time intervals 0.1 mL samples of reaction mixture were collected to which one drop of ethyl vinyl ether was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion of substrate was determined by gas chromatography. A summary is presented in Table 4 (40 < €) and Table 5 (60 < €).

Table 4. DEDAM conversion as a function of time for a reaction conducted at 40 °C.

Table 5. DEDAM conversion as a function of time for reaction conducted at 60 °C.

T=60°C Conversion (%)

Time 5h 5g 5f 5i

(min)

2 - - 10 36

4 - - 21 69

6 - 4 33 85

8 - - 44 93 10 1 5 54 97

15 - - 74 99

20 3 - 86 99.6

30 6 7 96 99.7

60 22 10 99.6 99.8

120 63 20 -

180 89 38 -

EXAMPLE XXXVII

Application of recatalysts 5c - 5i in ethenolysis reactions of methyl oleate (MO).

OD-9-ENE DIESTER-C18

To degassed MO (35.0 g, 1 18 mmol) a catalyst (10 ppm or 5 ppm) solution in dry deoxygenated toluene (100 μΙ_) was added. The mixture was vacuum-pumped to an autoclave and stirred for 5 hours in a suitable temperature at 10 bar of ethylene. After 5 hours the reaction was quenched and after removal of ethylene from the reactor to the reaction mixture 0.1 mL 0.1 M SnatchCat solution [CAS: 51641 -96-4] in methylene chloride was added to deactivate the catalyst. The samples were diluted with methylene chloride and analysed by gas chromatography. The conversions were calculated using residual methyl stearate as an internal standard. The results were summarised in Table 6.

In order to determine the FID detector response factors to individual components of the reaction mixture a mixture of substrate - methyl oleate (MO), desired reaction products: 1 -DECENE and 9-DAME, and reaction by-products OD-9-ENE and DIESTER-C18 diester according to the table below was prepared. The resulting mixture was diluted with toluene to 10 mL and analysed by gas chromatography. The area under the peak (AUP) for each component (mean of seven injections) was divided by the component mass of the analytical sample taking into account its purity and obtaining absolute response factor of a given component Rf. Assuming the response factor of methyl oleate (MO) equal to Rf=1 , from the proportions the absolute response factors Rf for remaining components were calculated.

Table 6.

Component Analytical Purity Area under the Absolute Response

sample according peak response factor for MO mass to GC [%] AUP [μνχε] factor

Rf

[mg] Rf'=AUP/

(mxpurity) ^Vxs/mg]

1 -DECENE 23.91 99.9 101514.2 4249.9 0.63

9-DAME 28.74 98.0 1 12831 .5 4006.1 0.60

OD-9-ENE 20.65 98.0 1451 12.4 7170.6 1 .07

MO 18.74 96.3 121077.7 6709.2 1 .00

DIESTER-C18 19.75 97.4 102791 .4 5343.6 0.80

In the further calculations, the area under the peak of a given component on the chromatogram was converted into percentage in the mixture using response factors calculated above.

Reaction selectivity (S) was determined from the formula:

S = 100 x (n 1 -D ECENE+n9-DAME) [(ni-DECENE+n 9 -DAME) +2x (n 0 D-9-ENE+n D iESTER-ci8)]. where n is the number of moles

Reaction yield (Y) was determined from the formula:

Y= Conversion x Selectivity / 100

TON = Reaction yield / catalyst amount in ppm x 10000.

Table 7. Methyl oleate (MO) ethenolysis with 5c-5i and 1d precatalysts application.

EXAMPLE XXXVIII

Application of precatalyst 5c in ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reaction of diallyl tosylamide S2 leading to a cyclic compound P2.

P2

To solution of diallyl tosylamide S2 (205.0 mg, 0.816 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (3 mL) at 55 °C a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.041 mg, 0.041 μιτιοΙ, 50 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μί) was added. The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere. After 20 minutes a 0.1 mL sample of reaction mixture was collected to which a drop of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion of substrate determined by gas chromatography was above 99.5%.

EXAMPLE XXXIX

Application of precatalyst 5c in ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reaction of compound S3 leading to a cyclic compound P3.

S3 P3

To solution of compound S3 (212.0 mg, 0.776 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (3 mL) at 55 °C solution of precatalyst 5c (0.039 mg, 0.039 μιτιοΙ, 50 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μί) was added. The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere. After 1 hour a 0.1 mL sample of reaction mixture was collected to which a drop of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion of substrate determined by gas chromatography was above 99.5%. No by-products were observed.

1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 500 MHz): δ = 7.39-7.27 (m, 5H), 5.74-5.62 (m, 2H), 5.19-5.10 (m, 2H), 4.46-4.06 (m, 2H), 3.64-3.56 (m, 1 H), 2.26-2.08 (m, 2H), 1 .93-1 .67 (m, 2H), 1 .15 (dd, J = 6.4; 4.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDCU. 125 MHz) : δ = 156.04, 155.96, 137.2, 137.1 , 131 .7, 131 .4, 128.4, 128.3, 127.8, 127.7, 127.6, 127.4, 66.9, 66.7, 52.5, 52.3, 39.4, 39.1 , 34.0, 33.9, 27.1 , 26.9, 19.6, 19.1 ppm.

EXAMPLE XXXX

Application of precatalyst 5c in homometathesis reaction of 9-decenoic acid methyl ester 9-DAME leading to compound DIESTER-C18.

9-DAME DIESTER-C18

To 9-decenoic acid methyl ester 9-DAME (5.53 g, 30.0 mmol) at 60°C a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.060 mg, 0.060 μιτιοΙ, 2 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μί) was added. The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere (argon was bubbled through the reaction mixture). After 2 hours the reaction mixture was cooled to the ambient temperature, 5 drops of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution were added and reaction mixture was stirred for the next 30 minutes. In order to plot standard curves two analytical samples of substrate and product, respectively, were prepared. Analytical samples were diluted to obtain respective standard solution concentrations. Graphs depicting relationship between area under the peak (AUP) on the chromatogram and the concentration (mg/mL) of the analysed compound were shown in the Fig. 2.

28.70 mg of the analytical sample of the post-reaction mixture was prepared and diluted to 10 mL (2.87 mg/mL).

On the chromatogram of such obtained solution AUP for the substrate was 1 66469.8 μΝ/xs (mean of three injections) and AUP for product was 47666.1 μΝ/xs (mean of three injections), what corresponded to the substrate concentration of 0.89 mg/mL (based on the substrate standard curve) and product concentration of 1 .95 mg/mL (based on the product standard curve).

Conversion and yield were determined from the formulas:

Conversion = 100% x (1 -(0.89/2.87)) = 68.99%

Yield = 100% x 1 .95/2.87 = 67.94%.

Selectivity = 100% x Yield/Conversion = 98.48%.

TON = 169850.

A mixture of E/Z isomers (1 .5:1 ).

1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 500 MHz): δ = 5.36 (ddd, J = 5.3; 3.7; 1 .6 Hz, 2H, £), 5.32 (ddd, J = 5.7; 4.3; 1 .1 Hz, 2H, Z), 3,65 (s, 6H), 2.29 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 4H), 2.03-1 .90 (m, 4H), 1 .68-1 .56 (m, 4H), 1 .35-1 .23 (m, 16H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDCI3, 125 MHz): δ = 174.25 (£), 174.24 (Z), 130.3 (£), 129.8 (Z), 51 .4, 34.1 , 32.5, 29.6 (Z), 29.5 (£), 29.12 (Z), 29.08 (£), 29.07 (£), 29.05 (Z), 28.9, 27.1 (Z), 24.9 (£) ppm.

EXAMPLE XXXXI

Application of recatalyst 5c in homometathesis reaction of 1-DECENE leadin to octadec-9-ene E.

1-DECENE OD-9-ENE

To 1-DECENE (5.22 g, 37.2 mmol) at 60°C a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.037 mg, 0.037 μιτιοΙ, 1 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μί) was added. The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere (argon was bubbled through the reaction mixture). After 2 hours the reaction mixture was cooled to the ambient temperature, 5 drops of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution were added and it was stirred for the next 30 minutes. Then two solutions of reaction mixture with known concentration were prepared separately. Conversion (64%) and yield (63%) were determined by gas chromatography using external standard method (calculations are performed analogously to those shown in Example XXXX). Graphs depicting relationship between area under the peak (AUP) on the chromatogram and the concentration (mg/mL) of the analysed compound were shown in the Fig. 3. Reaction selectivity 98%. TON was 316398.

A mixture of E/Z isomers (4:1 ).

1 H NMR (CDCI3, 500 MHz): δ = 5.39 (ddd, J = 5.3; 3.7; 1 .6 Hz, 2H, £), 5.35 (ddd, J = 5.7; 4.4; 1 .1 Hz, 2H, Z), 2.06-1 .91 (m, 4H), 1 .38-1 .18 (m, 24H), 0, 88 (t, J = 6.9 Hz, 6H) ppm. 13 C NMR (CDCI3, 125 MHz) : δ = 130.4 (£), 129.9 (Z), 32.6, 31 .9, 29.8 (Z), 29.7 (£), 29.53 (Z), 29.51 (£), 29.3, 29.2 (£), 27.2 (Z), 22.7, 14.1 ppm.

EXAMPLE XXXXII

Application of precatalyst 5c in cross-metathesis reaction of 9-decenoic acid methyl ester 9-DAME with acrylonitrile S6 leading to compound P6.

5c (200 ppm) ^^ ^\/\/ C0 2 e

0.05 M toluene, 60 °C

9-DAME S6 P6

To solution of 9-decenoic acid methyl ester 9-DAME (184.0 mg, 1 .0 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (20 ml_) acrylonitrile S6 (99 μΙ_, 1 .50 mmol, 1 .5 molar equivalents) and methyl stearate (10 mg, internal standard) were added at 60°C, following by a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.1 mg, 0.1 μιτιοΙ, 100 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_). Reaction mixture was stirred in argon atmosphere. After 1 hour and then after 2 hours further portions of precatalyst 5c (2x 0.05 mg, 0.05 μιτιοΙ, 50 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) were added. Totally 0.2 mg, 0.2 μιτιοΙ, 200 ppm precatalyst 5c was used. After another hour 0.1 ml_ reaction mixture sample was collected to which a drop of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion of substrate determined by gas chromatography with internal standard was 87%. Content of the P6 product on the chromatogram was 75%.

A mixture of E/Z isomers (1 :4).

1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 500 MHz): δ = 6.69 (dt, J = 16.4; 7.0 Hz, 1 H, £), 6.46 (dt, J = 10.9; 7.7 Hz, 1 H, Z), 5.30 (dt, J = 16.4; 1 .7 Hz, 1 H, £), 5.29 (dt, J = 10.9; 1 .3 Hz, 1 H, Z), 3.65 (s, 3H, E + 3H, Z), 2.40 (dq, J = 7.6; 1 .3 Hz, 2H, Z), 2.29 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H, E + 2H, Z), 2.20 (qd, J = 7.1 ; 1 .7 Hz 2H, £), 1 .64-1 .54 (m, 2H, E + 2H, Z), 1 .50-1 .39 (m, 2H, E + 2H, Z), 1 .36-1 .26 (m, 6H, E + 6H, Z) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDCI3, 125 MHz): δ = 1 74.12 (Z), 174.08 (£), 156.0 (£), 155.0 (Z), 1 17.5 (£), 1 16.0 (Z), 99.6 (£), 99.5 (Z), 51 .39 (£), 51 .37 (Z), 33.95 (Z), 33.92 (£), 33.2 (£) 31 .7 (Z), 28.87 (Z), 28.85 (£), 28.83 (Z+E), 28.72 (Z), 28.68 (E), 28.1 (Z), 27.5 (E), 24.77 (Z), 24.75 (E) ppm.

EXAMPLE XXXXIII

Application of precatalyst 5c in cross-metathesis reaction of 9-decenoic acid methyl ester 9-DAME with methyl acrylate S7 leading to compound P7.

5c (200 ppm) ,;ii^^^^ C0 2 e

Me

0.5 M toluene, 60"C C0 2 Me

9-DAME S7 P7

To solution of 9-decenoic acid methyl ester 9-DAME (400.0 mg, 2.17 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (4 ml_) methyl acrylate S7 (0.98 ml_, 10.9 mmol, 5 molar equivalents), methyl stearate (20 mg, internal standard) were added at 60 , following by a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.109 mg, 0.109 μιτιοΙ, 50 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_). The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere. After 1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours further portions of precatalyst 5c (3x 0.1 09 mg, 0.109 μιτιοΙ, 50 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) were added. Totally 0.436 mg, 0.436 μιτιοΙ, 200 ppm of precatalyst 5c was used. After another hour 0.1 ml_ reaction mixture sample was collected to which a drop of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion of substrate determined by gas chromatography with an internal standard was 99%. Content of product P7 in postreaction mixture was 97%.

A mixture of E/Z isomers (87:13).

Isomer E:

1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 500 MHz): δ = 6.94 (dt, J = 15.7; 7.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.80 (dt, J = 15.6; 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 (s, 3H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 2.28 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.1 7 (dq, J = 7.1 ; 1 .6 Hz, 2H), 1 .64-1 .56 (m, 2H), 1 .47-1 .39 (m, 2H), 1 .33-1 .26 (m, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDCI3, 125 MHz): δ = 174.2, 1 67.1 , 149.6, 133.4, 120.8, 51 .4, 51 .3, 34.0, 32.1 , 29.0, 28.9, 27.9, 24.8 ppm.

Isomer Z:

1 H NMR (CDCI3, 500 MHz): δ = 6.22 (dt, J = 1 1 .6; 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.76 (dt, J = 1 1 .5; 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 3.70 (s, 3H), 3.66 (s, 3H), 2.64 (dq, J = 7.5; 1 .7 Hz, 2H), 2.30 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 1 .65-1 .56 (m, 2H), 1 .47-1 .39 (m, 2H), 1 .34-1 .28 (m, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDCk 125 MHz) : δ = 174.3, 166.8, 150.8, 1 19.2, 51 .4, 51 .0, 34.1 , 29.1 , 29.0, 28.9, 24.9, 24.8 ppm.

EXAMPLE XXXXIV

Application of precatalyst 5c in ring-closing metathesis reaction of S8 leading to compound P8 having a tetrasubstituted double bond.

To solution of compound S8 (509.0 mg, 1 .82 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (6.8 ml_) at 60°C, in argon atmosphere every 10 minutes a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.182 mg, 0.1 82 μιτιοΙ, 100 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) was added up to a total amount of 1000 ppm of precatalyst 5c (10 portions). The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere for an additional hour. 0.1 ml_ of the reaction mixture sample was collected to which a drop of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion of substrate determined by gas chromatography was 90%. The product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel. White solid, 361 mg (79%).

1 H NMR (CDCI3, 500 MHz): δ = 7.70 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.30 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.96 (s, 4H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 1 .53 (s, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (CDCU. 125 MHz) : δ = 143.2, 134.2, 129.6, 127.4, 126.1 , 58.7, 21 .4, 1 1 .0 ppm.

EXAMPLE XXXXV

Application of precatalyst 5c in homometathesis reaction of methyl oleate MO leading to OD-9-ENE and DIESTER-C18 compounds.

To methyl oleate MO (19.52 g, 65.9 mmol) at 60°C in argon atmosphere every 30 minutes a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.066 mg, 0.066 μιτιοΙ, 1 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) was added, up to 5 ppm of precatalyst 5c (5 portions). The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere for an additional hour. A drop of reaction mixture was collected and diluted with ethyl acetate to 1 ml_, and then a drop of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution was added to deactivate the catalyst. The sample was analysed by gas chromatography. In the chromatogram obtained the OD-9-ENE/MO/DIESTER-C18 area ratio was 21 %/57%/22%, respectively.

EXAMPLE XXXXVI

Application of precatalyst 5c in ring-closing metathesis reaction of compound S9 leading to macrocyclic lactone P9.

S9 P9

To solution of compound S9 (213.0 mg, 0.799 mmol) in dry deoxygenated toluene (160 ml_, C S 9=5mM) at 70°C, in argon atmosphere every 15 minutes a solution of precatalyst 5c (0.040 mg, 0.040 μιτιοΙ, 50 ppm) in dry deoxygenated toluene (50 μΙ_) was added up to a total amount of (pre)catalyst 250 ppm (5 portions). The whole was stirred in argon atmosphere for an additional hour. 1 ml_ of the reaction mixture sample was collected to which a drop of 0.1 M SnatchCat solution was added to deactivate the catalyst. Conversion of substrate determined by gas chromatography with external standard was 95%. E/Z = 65:35. Standard curve for product P9 was shown in the Fig. 4.

Postreaction mixture was analysed with GC without further dilutions. Cumulative area under the peaks (E and Z isomers) of the product was 1 165868 (mean of three injections). Product concentration in postreaction mixture was 4.56 mM (C=1 1 65868 / 255756). Yield GC Y = 4,56 mMxl 00%/5 mM = 91 %.

1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 500 MHz) : δ = 5.43-5.23 (m, 2H), 4.13 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H, Z), 4.1 1 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H, E), 2.35-2.27 (m, 2H), 2.07-1 .98 (m, 4H), 1 .67-1 .55 (m, 4H), 1 .44-1 .16 (m, 12H) ppm.

1 3 C NMR (CDCI3, 125 MHz): δ = 173.8, 131 .8 (£), 130.3 (£), 130.1 (Z), 129.5 (Z), 64.1 (Z), 63.9 (E), 34.7 (£), 33.8 (Z), 32.0 (£), 31 .9 (£), 29.1 (Z), 28.4 (Z), 28.3 (£), 28.3 (£), 28.2 (£), 28.1 (Z), 28.0 (£), 27.9 (Z), 27.6 (Z), 27.21 (£), 27.1 8 (Z), 27.1 (Z), 26.6 (Z), 26.5 (£), 26.4 (Z), 25.4 (£), 25.20 (Z), 25.18 (E) ppm.

EXAMPLE XXXXVII

Preparation method of precatalyst 1d without CuCI.

To salt 3ab (0.345 g, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (4 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 1 .0 ml_, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (0.443 g, 0.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes benzylidene ligand 4a (0.176 g, 1 .0 mmol, 2.0 molar equivalents) was added. The whole was stirred for 30 minutes at 105°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and evaporated and the residue was washed with isopropanol and dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1d (0.130 g, 45%).

Analytical data for product 1d obtained by this method were identical as in Example VII.

EXAMPLE XXXXVIII

Preparation method of recatalyst 1 m without CuCI.

To salt 3ad (0,407 g, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (4 ml_) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 1 .0 ml_, 1 .0 mmol, 2 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (0.443 g, 0.5 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 2 minutes benzylidene ligand 4a (0.176 g, 1 .0 mmol, 2.0 molar equivalents) was added. The whole was stirred for 30 minutes at 105°C and cooled down to the room temperature. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: toluene). Green fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in methylene chloride and excess of isopropanol was added. Methylene chloride was evaporated under reduced pressure, the resulting precipitate was filtrated off and washed with a small amount of isopropanol. It was dried under high vacuum giving green crystalline solid - precatalyst 1 m (0.151 g, 47%). A mixture of A:B isomers = 1 :4. Due to a very complex 1 H NMR spectrum only the characteristic benzylidene proton shifts were given : isomer A: singlet 17.88 ppm, isomer B: singlet 1 6.51 ppm (C 6 D 6 ).

EXAMPLE XXXXIX

Preparation method of intermediate 5a from first generation precursor M10

To salt 3aa (10.00 g, 29.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) dry deoxygenated toluene (50 mL) was added in argon atmosphere. The mixture was heated to 80°C and solution of LiHMDS in toluene (1 M, 29.0 mL, 29.0 mmol, 3 molar equivalents) was added. After 1 minute solid complex M10 (8.56 g, 9.66 mmol, 1 molar equivalent) was added. After 5 minutes the mixture was cooled down to the room temperature. Reaction mixture was filtrated through a small amount of silica gel and washed with toluene. The crude product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: ethyl acetate/cyclohexane 1 :9 v/v). Red fraction was collected and concentrated to dryness. It was dissolved in n-pentane and slowly concentrated to dryness (the product crystallised during solvent removal). Red crystalline solid was obtained - an intermediate compound 5a (5.02 g, 59%). Comparison with Example XV.

The project leading to this application has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 635405.