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Title:
PRODUCING AN ASEPTIC FOOD PRODUCT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/129816
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A method and system (100) for producing an aseptic food product, the method comprising mixing, in a mixer unit (1), ingredients (11-15) into a mixture (M) comprising: 20-35 wt% fat; 8-12 wt% milk protein; 0,5-3 wt% thickener; 0,5-2,5 wt% acidifier; 0,5-4,5 wt% flavorer; and water that balances the mixture (M). The mixture (M) is heat treated in a heat exchanger (3), such that an aseptic mixture (AM) is obtained, and filled in aseptically sealed packages (6), such that the heat treated mixture (AM) forms an aseptic food product.

Inventors:
OESTENGAARD, Svend Erik (Mariendalsvej 50H 4 tv, 2000 Frederiksberg, 2000, DK)
ABELHA, Kamila (Gånglåtsvägen 1a, Malmö, 21578, SE)
Application Number:
EP2018/097034
Publication Date:
July 04, 2019
Filing Date:
December 27, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
TETRA LAVAL HOLDINGS & FINANCE S.A. (70 Avenue Général-Guisan, PULLY, PULLY, CH-1009, CH)
International Classes:
B65B55/00; A23C13/08; A23C19/097; A23D7/06
Foreign References:
US20110151081A12011-06-23
US20130045315A12013-02-21
EP0340857A11989-11-08
US20040241305A12004-12-02
US5738891A1998-04-14
JP4846865B12011-12-28
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
TETRA PAK - PATENT ATTORNEYS SE (AB Tetra Pak, Patent Department Ruben Rausings gata, LUND, 22186, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . A method for producing an aseptic food product, the method comprising mixing (204), in a mixer unit (1 ), ingredients (1 1 -15) into a mixture (M) comprising

- 20-35 wt% fat that comprises any combination of vegetable fat and milk based fat,

- 8-12 wt% milk protein,

- 0,5-3 wt% thickener comprising or consisting of any combination of

Grindsted CH 315, emulsifying salt Solva 85 and emulsifying salt Joha T

New,

- 0,5-2, 5 wt% acidifier comprising or consisting of any combination of

Glucono-Delta-Laction and citric acid,

- 0,5-4, 5 wt% flavorer such as EMC Mozzarella MZG-8518 and EMD SCG-

8006, and

- water that balances the mixture (M),

heat treating (206) the mixture (M) in a heat exchanger (3), such that a heat treated, aseptic mixture (AM) is obtained, and

filling (210) heat treated mixture (AM) in packages (6) that are aseptically sealed, such that the heat treated mixture (AM) forms an aseptic food product inside the package (6).

2. The method for producing a food product according to claim 1 , wherein the mixture (M) is void of preservatives.

3. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the mixture (M) is substantially lactose free.

4. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the mixing (204) comprises supplying heat (205) through a heating jacket (16) of the mixer unit (1 ), such that the mixture (M) is given a temperature of 50 to 60°C.

5. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, comprising providing (203) sub-atmospheric pressure inside the mixer unit (1 ) when introducing (202) into the mixer unit (1 ) ingredients that have powder form.

6. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the heat exchanger (3) is a coil heat exchanger.

7. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the heat treating (206) comprises rising (207) the temperature of the mixture (M) to a temperature of at least 135°C, at a rate of at least 4°C per second.

8. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the heat treating (206) comprises decreasing (208) the temperature of the mixture (M), after the mixture (M) has reached a maximum temperature, at a rate that is less than 1 °C per second.

9. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the heat treating (206) comprises conveying (209) the mixture (M) through at least a part of the heat exchanger (3) at a pressure of at least 80 bar.

10. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the heat treating (206) and the filling (210) are performed such that the mixture (AM) in the aseptically sealed packages (6) has a shelf life of at least 150 days at an ambient temperature of at least 15°C.

1 1. The method for producing a food product according to any preceding claim, wherein the mixer unit (1 ) comprises a tank (17), and a rotor (18) and a stator (19) that are arranged at a bottom (171 ) of the tank (17) to provide the mixing (204).

12. A system for producing an aseptic food product, the system comprising a mixer unit (1 ) arranged to mix ingredients (1 1 -15) into a mixture (M) comprising

- 20-35 wt% fat that comprises any combination of vegetable fat and milk based fat, - 8-12 wt% milk protein,

- 0,5-3 wt% thickener comprising or consisting of any combination of

Grindsted CH 315, emulsifying salt Solva 85 and emulsifying salt Joha T New,

- 0,5-2, 5 wt% acidifier comprising or consisting of any combination of

Glucono-Delta-Laction and citric acid,

- 0,5-4, 5 wt% flavorer such as EMC Mozzarella MZG-8518 and EMD SCG-

8006, and

- water that balances the mixture (M),

a heat exchanger (3) arranged to heat treat the mixture (M), such that a heat treated, aseptic mixture (AM) is obtained, and

a filling machine (5) arranged to fill the heat treated mixture (AM) in packages (6) that are aseptically sealed, such that the heat treated mixture (AM) forms an aseptic food product inside the packages (6).

Description:
PRODUCING AN ASEPTIC FOOD PRODUCT

Technical Field

The invention relates to producing aseptic food products.

Background

Today many different techniques are used for producing a large variety of food products. Packing the food products and distributing them safely to consumers is often of critical importance, in particular when there is a risk of microbiological growth in the products in case it is not handled correctly. For reducing health risks, many types of food are aseptically produced and packaged. The food product can then often be stored for several months at ambient temperature conditions, without risking that microorganisms starts to grow in the food and reach levels that can be harmful when the food is consumed by eating or drinking.

Several techniques for aseptically producing and packing food are currently successfully employed. However, since the types and varieties of available food is ever increasing and evolving, there is also a need for improving and developing the related production techniques, to ensure that the food can be produced and distributed in a cost efficient manner. To achieve this, specific production methods must be

continuously developed for new food products, in particular for dairy based food products.

Summary

It is an object of the invention to at least partly overcome one or more limitations of the prior art. In particular, it is an object to provide a method for producing an aseptic food product, where the production has been optimized in view of the ingredients that form the food.

In one aspect of the invention, this is achieved by a method for producing an aseptic food product, which method comprises mixing, in a mixer unit, ingredients into a mixture comprising: 20-35 wt% fat that comprises any combination of vegetable fat and milk fat; 8-12 wt% milk protein; 0,5-3 wt% thickener; 0,5-2, 5 wt% acidifier; 0,5-4, 5 wt% flavorer; and water that balances the mixture. The mixture is heat treated in a heat exchanger, such that a heat treated, aseptic mixture is obtained, and the heat treated mixture is filled in packages that are aseptically sealed, such that the heat treated mixture forms an aseptic food product inside the packages. The method is advantageous in that it may provide a food product in form of spreadable cheese, which can be manufactured very efficiently and stored at ambient temperature for a long time.

In another aspect, the above objects are achieved by a system for producing an aseptic food product. The system comprises a mixer unit arranged to mix ingredients into a mixture comprising: 20-35 wt% fat that comprises any combination of vegetable fat and milk fat; 8-12 wt% milk protein; 0,5-3 wt% thickener; 0,5-2, 5 wt% acidifier; 0,5- 4,5 wt% flavorer; and water that balances the mixture. The system has a heat exchanger that is arranged to heat treat the mixture, such that a heat treated, aseptic mixture is obtained, and a filling machine that is arranged to fill the heat treated mixture in packages that are aseptically sealed, such that the heat treated mixture forms an aseptic food product inside the packages.

All features and embodiments described herein in connection with the method may be implemented for the system, and vice versa.

Still other objectives, features, aspects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following detailed description as well as from the drawings.

Drawings

Embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings, where

Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a system for producing an aseptic food product, and

Fig. 2 is a flow chart illustrating a method for producing an aseptic food product.

Detailed Description

Embodiments of the invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which some, but not all, embodiments of the invention are shown. The invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein.

With reference to Fig. 1 a system 100 for producing an aseptic food product is illustrated. The system 100 has a mixer unit 1. The mixer unit 1 has a tank 17, a rotor 18 and a stator 19 that are arranged at a bottom 171 of the tank 17 to accomplish mixing of ingredients 1 1-15 that are introduced into the mixer unit 1. The ingredients 11-15 form a mixture M after they have been mixed in the mixer unit 1. The ingredients 11-15 are held in containers that are connected to the tank 17 for supplying the ingredients into the mixer unit 1. A suction pump (not shown) is connected to draw air from the tank 17, such that a sub-atmospheric pressure can be provided inside the mixer unit 1. A jacket 16 is arranged around the tank 17, such that a content of the mixer unit 1 can be given a desired temperature, by e.g. supplying heating water, steam, or cooling water through the jacket 16.

A first pump 81 is connected to the mixer unit 1 to feed a content of the mixer unit 1 , typically the mixture M, to a holding tank 2. Alternatively, the mixture M can be transported or transferred in batches from the mixer unit 1 to the holding tank 2, for example by emptying the mixture M into the holding tank 2. When the desired amount of mixture M is obtained in the holding tank 2, then a second pump 82 is arranged to pump the mixture M from the holding tank 2 and through a heat exchanger 3. The heat exchanger 3 is preferably a coil heat exchanger, having a pipe 31 that runs in a spiral shaped manner around a core 32 of the heat exchanger 3. The mixture M passes through a pipe 31 (coil) inside the heat exchanger and baffles 33 direct a heating media along the spiral shaped (coiled) pipe 31. The mixture M is then heat treated inside the heat exchanger 3, such that the mixture M is transferred into a heat treated, aseptic mixture AM.

A second holding tank 4 is connected to an outlet of the heat exchanger 3, to thereby receive the heat treated mixture AM after it has left the heat exchanger 3. A third pump 83 is arranged to pump the heat treated mixture AM from the second holding tank 4 to a filling machine 5 that is arranged to fill the heat treated mixture AM in packages that are aseptically sealed by the filling machine 5, such that the heat treated mixture AM forms an aseptic food product inside the sealed packages 6.

With reference to Fig. 2, a flow chart illustrating a method 200 for producing an aseptic food product is illustrated. The method 200 may be performed on, for example, the system 100 described in connection with Fig. 1.

The method 200 comprises introducing 202 and mixing 204, in the mixer unit 1 , ingredients 1 1-15 into a mixture M. The ingredients may be as follow: 20-35 wt% fat that comprises any combination of vegetable fat and milk fat, 8-12 wt% milk protein, 0,5-3 wt% thickener, 0,5-2, 5 wt% acidifier, 0,5-4, 5 wt% flavorer, and water that balances the mixture M. This means that the mixture M is given this composition, as it is made of the ingredients. The mixture M has a high viscosity due to the relatively large amount of solids in the mixture M. Typically, the mixture M is not liquid, but has the form (texture) of a spreadable paste.

The mixture M is heat treated 206 in the heat exchanger 3, such that a heat treated, aseptic mixture AM is obtained.

Sub-atmospheric pressure is provided 203 inside the mixer unit 1 when introducing 202 into the mixer unit 1 ingredients that have powder form. For example, the milk protein and the thickener typically have the form of powders. The sub- atmospheric pressure may be less than 800 mbar. The mixture M may be void of preservation agents. Generally, no preservation agent (preservatives) is among the ingredients added into the mixture M. The mixture M is substantially lactose free, i.e. lactose that naturally might be present in any ingredient is reduced by at least 85%.

The mixing 204 comprises supplying heat 205 through the heating jacket 16 of the mixer unit 1 , such that the mixture M is given a temperature of 50°C to 60°C. This may be accomplished by pumping an appropriate amount of heating fluid through the jacket 16.

The heat treating 206 inside the heat exchanger 3 may comprise rising 207 the temperature of the mixture M to a temperature of at least 135°C, at a rate of at least 4°C per second. The heat treating 206 may also comprise decreasing 208 the temperature of the mixture M, after the mixture M has reached a maximum

temperature, at a rate that is less than 1 °C per second. Such decrease may be accomplished by actively or passively cooling the mixture M inside the heat exchanger 3. For this purpose the heat exchanger 3 may have one or more dedicated flow channels for a cooling media, while another channel is provided for the heating media. The heat treating 206 may comprise conveying 209 the mixture M through the heat exchanger 3 at a pressure of at least 80 bar. Such conveying at this pressure is done through all or through at least a part of the heat exchanger 3. The pressure may be accomplished with the second pump 82.

After the heating treating 206, the heat treated mixture AM is filled 210 in packages 6 and the packages are aseptically sealed, such that the heat treated mixture AM forms an aseptic food product inside the packages 6. The heat treating 206 and the filling 210 provides for that the mixture AM in the aseptically sealed packages 6 has a shelf life of at least 150 days when stored at an ambient temperature of at least 15°C.

Regarding the ingredients, the fat may be all vegetable fat (Kristal Special AKK). It may be vegetable fat that is mixed with milk based fat such as butter fat. The milk protein may have the form of one or both of skimmed milk powder or

Nutrilac® CH-8313. The thickener (stabilizer) may be any combination of Grindsted CH 315 (Dupont), emulsifying salt Solva 85 (ICL) and emulsifying salt Joha T New (ICL). The thickener may comprise or consist of any combination of Grindsted CH 315 (Dupont), emulsifying salt Solva 85 (ICL) and emulsifying salt Joha T New (ICL). The acidifier may be a combination or one of GDL (Glucono-Delta-Laction) and/or citric acid. The acidifier may comprise or consist of any combination of GDL (Glucono-Delta- Laction) and citric acid. The flavorer may be any suitable flavorer, such as EMC Mozzarella MZG-8518 (Jeneil) and EMD SCG-8006 (Jeneil). The flavorer may comprise or consist of any combination of EMC Mozzarella MZG-8518 (Jeneil) and EMD SCG-8006 (Jeneil). The various embodiments or thickener, acidifier and flavorer may be freely combined with each other to form the aseptic food product. Other ingredients are conceivable.

From the description above follows that, although various embodiments of the invention have been described and shown, the invention is not restricted thereto, but may also be embodied in other ways within the scope of the subject-matter defined in the following claims.