Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PROTECTIVE COATING COMPOSITION FOR SILICEOUS SUBSTRATES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/142253
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present disclosure relates to an aqueous coating composition for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, comprising: a) polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 100,000 g/mol; b) an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane; c) phosphoric acid; and d) at least 70 wt% of water, based on the weight of the overall coating composition. In another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a method of imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of: a) providing a siliceous substrate; b) applying a coating composition described above to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate. According to still another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a coated article comprising a siliceous substrate and a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate, wherein the coating layer comprises a layer of the coating composition as described above which has been dried and/or cured onto the siliceous substrate.

Inventors:
SCHUELL CHRISTOPH T R (DE)
JING NAIYONG (US)
Application Number:
IB2018/050490
Publication Date:
August 09, 2018
Filing Date:
January 26, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES CO (US)
International Classes:
C03C17/00; C03C17/22; C03C17/30; C03C17/32; C08L83/02; C09D133/08; C09D183/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2010062893A12010-06-03
WO2010062893A12010-06-03
WO2005100521A12005-10-27
WO2005100520A12005-10-27
Foreign References:
KR20130082300A2013-07-19
JP2002302637A2002-10-18
US5976680A1999-11-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LOWN, Jean A., et al. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An aqueous coating composition for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, comprising:

a) a polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 100,000 g/mol;

b) an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane;

c) phosphoric acid; and

d) at least 70 wt% of water, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

2. A coating composition according to claim 1, wherein the polyacrylic acid has a weight average molecular weight comprised between 120,000 g/mol and 1,000,000 g/mol, between 120,000 g/mol and 500,000 g/mol, between 120,000 g/mol and 400,000 g/mol, between 140,000 g/mol and 350,000 g/mol, between 150,000 g/mol and 300,000 g/mol, between 160,000 g/mol and 280,000 g/mol, between 180,000 g/mol and 250,000 g/mol, or even between 200,000 g/mol and 250,000 g/mol.

3. A coating composition according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the alkyl groups of the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane comprise from 1 to 6, from 1 to 4, or even from 1 to 2 carbon atoms.

4. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane is selected from the group of tetra methoxysilane and tetra ethoxysilane, preferably tetra ethoxysilane.

5. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, which comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount comprised between 0.25 wt% and 10 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 8 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 6 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 5 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 4 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 3 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 2.5 wt%, or even between 1.0 wt% and 2.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

6. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, which comprises an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane in an amount comprised between 0.25 wt% and 10 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 8 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 6 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 5 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 4 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 3 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 2.5 wt%, or even between 1.0 wt% and 2.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

7. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the (polyacrylic acid : organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane) weight ratio is comprised between 20:80 and 80:20, between 25:75 and 75:25, between 30:70 and 70:30, between 35:65 and 65:35, between 40:60 and 60:40, or even between 45:55 and 55:45.

8. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, which has a total solid concentration greater than 0.5 wt%, greater than 1.0 wt%, greater than 1.50 wt%, greater than 1.75 wt%, greater than 2.0 wt%, greater than 2.5 wt%, greater than 3.0 wt%, greater than 4.0 wt%, greater than 5.0 wt%, greater than 6.0 wt%, greater than 8.0 wt%, or even greater than 10.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition. 9. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, which comprises phosphoric acid in an amount effective to provide the coating composition with a pH of about 2.

10. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the siliceous substrate is selected from the group consisting of glass, glass containing substrates, ceramics and silicate surfaces.

11. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the siliceous substrate is selected from the group consisting of glass and glass containing substrates.

12. A coating composition according to any of the preceding claims, which is suitable for reducing oily contamination from the siliceous substrate.

13. A method of imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate;

b) applying a coating composition according to any of claims 1 to 12 to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and

c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

14. A coated article comprising a siliceous substrate and a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate, wherein the coating layer comprises a layer of the coating composition according to any of claims 1 to 12 which has been dried and/or cured onto the siliceous substrate. 15. Use of a coating composition according to any of claims 1 to 12 for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate.

Description:
PROTECTIVE COATING COMPOSITION FOR SILICEOUS SUBSTRATES

Cross Reference To Related Application

This application claims the benefit of European Patent Application No. 17154603.9, filed

February 3, 2017, the disclosure of which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

Technical Field

The present disclosure relates generally to the field of protective coatings for siliceous substrates, more specifically to the field of aqueous protective coating compositions for imparting easy- to-clean properties to siliceous substrates. The present disclosure also relates to a method of treating a siliceous substrate.

Background

Siliceous substrates and materials, such as glass and ceramics, are widely used in the fields of transportation, electronics, architecture, construction, health care, as well as in household appliances and decorative surfaces. Most siliceous surfaces, in particular glass substrates, are particularly susceptible to fogging phenomenon especially when exposed to high humidity environment. Such fogging may severely affect the visual and optical characteristics of the siliceous surfaces. Accordingly, various methods for imparting anti-fogging properties to such surfaces have been developed. Exemplary methods for providing fogging protection to siliceous surfaces, in particular glass substrates, are described, for example, in US Patent No. 5,976,680 (Ikemori et al.) and in WO 2010/062893 (Xi et al.). The disclosed methods make use of coating compositions comprising hydrophilic polymers, such as for example, a polyacrylate.

Siliceous substrates, in particular glass substrates, are particularly sensitive to contamination, in particular inorganic and oily contamination. Cleaning and protective compositions for hard surfaces, including siliceous surfaces, are described, for example, in WO 2005/100521 (Evers et al.) and in WO 2005/100520 (Evers et al.). The disclosed cleaning and protective coating compositions are typically liquid aqueous acidic compositions delivering lime scale and soap scum benefits on hard surfaces.

In contrast, protective coating compositions suitable for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, in particular suitable for reducing oily contamination from the siliceous substrate are not widely described in the art. Oily contaminants such as fingerprints, stains or marks originating from oily of fat components, are known to be typically found on siliceous substrates, in particular glass substrates. These contaminants present on siliceous substrates, in particular transparent and shiny surfaces, not only detrimentally affect their aesthetic appearance, but may also attract additional dirt such as lint or dust. The ability to remove or clean oily contamination from siliceous substrates is particularly challenging mainly owing to their particular surface anchoring chemistry. Without contesting the technical advantages associated with the cleaning and protective coating compositions known in the art for siliceous substrates, there is still a need for a protective coating composition providing excellent easy-to-clean properties to siliceous substrates, in particular towards oily contamination. Other advantages of the coating compositions and methods of the disclosure will be apparent from the following description.

Summary

According to one aspect, the present disclosure relates to an aqueous coating composition for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, comprising:

a) a polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (M w ) greater than 100,000 g/mol;

b) an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane;

c) phosphoric acid; and

d) at least 70 wt% of water, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

In another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a method of imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate;

b) applying a coating composition as described above to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

According to still another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a coated article comprising a siliceous substrate and a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate, wherein the coating layer comprises a layer of the coating composition as described above which has been dried and/or cured onto the siliceous substrate.

According to yet another aspect, the present disclosure relates to the use of a coating composition as described above for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate.

Detailed Description

According to a first aspect, the present disclosure relates to an aqueous coating composition for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, comprising:

a) a polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 100,000 g/mol;

b) an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane;

c) phosphoric acid; and

d) at least 70 wt% of water, based on the weight of the overall coating composition. In the context of the present disclosure, it has been surprisingly found that a coating composition as described above provides excellent easy -to-clean properties, in particular towards oily contamination, present on siliceous substrates.

Without wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that this excellent easy-to-clean property is due to the outstanding hydrophilic properties provided by the interconnecting network of polyacrylic acid and condensated tetrafunctional alkoxysilane to the treated siliceous substrates, and which is particularly beneficial for the removal of an oily contamination, in particular with water.

In the context of the present disclosure, the expression "hydrophilic" surface is meant to designate a surface that has the ability to be wet by aqueous solutions. Surfaces on which drops of water or aqueous solutions exhibit an advancing water contact angle of less than 45° will herewith be referred to as "hydrophilic" as per ASTM D7334-08. In contrast, "hydrophobic" surfaces are herewith meant to designate surfaces have an advancing water contact angle of 90° or greater as per ASTM D7334-08.

Advantageously, the coating composition as described above provides outstandingly durable easy -to-clean properties to the treated siliceous substrates. Without wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that this remarkable mechanical durability of the protective coating composition, in particular against wet mechanical abrasion, is due to the interpenetrating network formed by the polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 100,000 g/mol and the condensated organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes promoted by the catalytic phosphoric acid. In this network, it is believed that the condensated alkoxysilanes provide excellent attachment/anchoring to the treated siliceous substrates.

The coating composition of the present disclosure is outstandingly suitable for reducing oily contamination from a siliceous substrate. As such, the protective coating compositions of the present disclosure are particularly suited for imparting "easy-to-clean" or "easy removal" properties to a siliceous substrate, in particular cleaning or removal with water or aqueous cleaning compositions. The coating compositions of the present disclosure may find utility as protective coating for siliceous substrates, in particular glass substrates, encountered in a large variety of articles including those present in household appliances and decorative items, in automotive vehicles, in architecture and construction, or in consumer electronics (touch panels and screens for mobile phones, tablet PCs, and computers).

The coating compositions of the present disclosure provide outstanding easy-to-clean properties with regard to oily contamination on a treated siliceous substrate even upon prolonged exposure to wet environments. The siliceous substrates treated with the coating compositions of the present disclosure are further provided with excellent hydrolytic stability, as the beneficial properties of the coating compositions of the present disclosure may be maintained after prolonged immersion of the coating composition into water. This is particularly surprising as the hydrophilic (co)polymers for use herein are highly water-soluble. This excellent hydrolytic stability reflects the outstanding attachment/anchoring of the interpenetrating network formed by the polyacrylic acid and the condensated alkoxysilanes to the treated siliceous substrate. The coating composition of the present disclosure comprises, as a first technical feature, a polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 100,000 g/mol.

Unless otherwise stated, the weight average molecular weight of polyacrylic acid for use herein is typically determined using conventional gel permeation chromatography (GPC) techniques well known to those skilled in the art, and described for example, in ASTM MNL17-2ND.

Polyacrylic acid polymers for use herein are not particularly limited. Any polyacrylic acid commonly known in the art may be used in the context of the present disclosure, as long as they fulfill the above-mentioned minimum weight average molecular weight requirement. Suitable polyacrylic acids for use herein will be easily identified by those skilled in the art, in the light of the present description.

Typically, the polyacrylic acid for use herein is the polymerization reaction product of a

(co)polymerizable material comprising acrylic (co)monomers. Accordingly, the polyacrylic acid for use herein may be selected from the group of polyacrylic acid (co)polymers, acrylic acid homopolymers, and any combinations, mixtures or salts thereof.

In the context of the present disclosure, it has been surprisingly discovered that coating compositions comprising polyacrylic acids having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 100,000 g/mol, not only provide advantageous easy-to-clean properties on siliceous substrates, but also provide these coated substrates with improved mechanical durability, in particular against wet mechanical abrasion, when compared to similar coating compositions comprising a hydrophilic (co)polymer having a weight average molecular weight of less than 100,000 g/mol. It is further believed that polyacrylic acids having a weight average molecular weight of at least 100,000 g/mol lead to the forming of more densely packed protective coatings onto the siliceous substrate, due in particular to efficient cross-linking of the coating layer on the treated siliceous substrate.

In a particular aspect of the present disclosure, the polyacrylic acid for use herein has a weight average molecular weight of at least 120,000 g/mol, at least 140,000 g/mol, at least 150,000 g/mol, at least 160,000 g/mol, at least 180,000 g/mol, at least 200,000 g/mol, or even at least 220,000 g/mol.

In another particular aspect, the polyacrylic acid for use in the present disclosure has a weight average molecular weight of no greater than 5,000,000 g/mol, no greater than 1,000,000 g/mol, no greater than 500,000 g/mol, no greater than 400,000 g/mol, no greater than 350,000 g/mol, no greater than 300,000 g/mol, or even no greater than 250,000 g/mol.

In a preferred aspect of the present disclosure, the polyacrylic acid for use herein has a weight average molecular weight comprised between 120,000 g/mol and 1,000,000 g/mol, between 120,000 g/mol and 500,000 g/mol, between 120,000 g/mol and 400,000 g/mol, between 140,000 g/mol and 350,000 g/mol, between 150,000 g/mol and 300,000 g/mol, between 160,000 g/mol and 280,000 g/mol, between 180,000 g/mol and 250,000 g/mol, or even between 200,000 g/mol and 250,000 g/mol.

In a typical aspect, the coating composition according to the present disclosure comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount greater than 0.25 wt%, greater than 0.5 wt%, greater than 0.75 wt%, greater than 1.0 wt%, greater than 1.25 wt%, greater than 1.50 wt%, greater than 1.75 wt%, greater than 2.0 wt%, greater than 3.0 wt%, greater than 4.0 wt%, or even greater than 5.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

In another typical aspect, the coating composition according to the present disclosure comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount greater than 0.25 wt%, greater than 0.5 wt%, greater than 0.75 wt%, greater than 1.0 wt%, greater than 1.25 wt%, greater than 1.50 wt%, greater than 1.75 wt%, greater than 2.0 wt%, greater than 3.0 wt%, greater than 4.0 wt%, or even greater than 5.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

According to a preferred aspect of the present disclosure, the coating composition comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount greater than 0.25 wt%, greater than 0.5 wt%, greater than 0.75 wt%, greater than 1.0 wt%, greater than 1.25 wt%, greater than 1.50 wt%, greater than 1.75 wt%, greater than 2.0 wt%, greater than 3.0 wt%, greater than 4.0 wt%, or even greater than 5.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

According to another preferred aspect of the present disclosure, the coating composition comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount of less than 10 wt%, less than 8 wt%, less than 6 wt%, less than 5 wt%, less than 4 wt%, or even less than 3 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

According to still another preferred aspect of the present disclosure, the coating composition comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount comprised between 0.25 wt% and 10 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 8 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 6 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 5 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 4 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 3 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 2.5 wt%, or even between 1.0 wt% and 2.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

The coating composition of the present disclosure comprises, as a further technical feature, an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane. Organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes for use herein are not particularly limited. Any organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane commonly known in the art may be used in the context of the present disclosure. Suitable organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes for use herein will be easily identified by those skilled in the art, in the light of the present description.

Examples of suitable organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes for use herein include organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes, wherein the alkyl groups of the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane comprise from 1 to 6, from 1 to 4, or even from 1 to 2 carbon atoms.

According to one preferred aspect of the coating composition of the present disclosure, the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane for use herein is selected from the group of tetra methoxysilane and tetra ethoxysilane, preferably tetra ethoxysilane.

In the context of the present disclosure, it was found that the presence of organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes in the coating compositions, when efficiently condensed with the help of phosphoric acid, helps forming a durable interpenetrating network involving the condensed tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes and the polyacrylic acid polymer. According to a typical aspect of the present disclosure, the coating composition comprises an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane in an amount comprised between 0.25 wt% and 10 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 8 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 6 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 5 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 4 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 3 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 2.5 wt%, or even between 1.0 wt% and 2.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

In an advantageous aspect of the coating composition of the present disclosure, the (polyacrylic acid : organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane) weight ratio is comprised between 20:80 and 80:20, between 25:75 and 75:25, between 30:70 and 70:30, between 35:65 and 65:35, between 40:60 and 60:40, or even between 45:55 and 55:45.

In a preferred aspect, the (polyacrylic acid : organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane) ratio is selected to be 50:50.

According to an advantageous aspect, the coating composition of the present disclosure has a total solid concentration greater than 0.5 wt%, greater than 1.0 wt%, greater than 1.50 wt%, greater than 1.75 wt%, greater than 2.0 wt%, greater than 2.5 wt%, greater than 3.0 wt%, greater than 4.0 wt%, greater than 5.0 wt%, greater than 6.0 wt%, greater than 8.0 wt%, or even greater than 10.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

The coating composition of the present disclosure comprises phosphoric acid, as a further technical feature.

In a typical aspect, the coating composition comprises phosphoric acid in an amount effective to provide the coating composition with a pH of about 2. The amount of phosphoric acid necessary to achieve a pH of about 2 is typically referred to as a catalytic amount. Suitable amounts of phosphoric acid for use herein will be easily identified by those skilled in the art, in the light of the present description.

In the context of the present disclosure, it was found that the addition of phosphoric acid in the coating compositions not only advantageously affects their stability by improving the solubility of the ingredients present in the coating composition, but also promotes efficient condensation of the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane and thereby helps forming a durable interpenetrating network involving the condensed tetrafunctional alkoxysilanes and the polyacrylic acid polymer. Surprisingly still, it has been found that the specific use of phosphoric acid, when compared to other inorganic acids such as e.g. nitric acid or sulfuric acid, provides the coating composition with improved water resistance, in particular to water immersion resistance.

In a typical aspect, the coating composition of the present disclosure has a water content of at least 75 wt%, at least 80 wt%, at least 85 wt%, at least 90 wt%, or even at least 95 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

According to a less preferred aspect of the present disclosure, the coating composition further comprises an organic co-solvent, which is preferably a water-miscible solvent. Examples of suitable water-miscible solvents are primary or secondary mono- or polyalcohols having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, such as, for example, methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol isobutanol, pentanol, hexanol or cyclohexanol. Other suitable water-miscible solvents include water- soluble ethers, such as dipropyleneglycol monomethylether (DPM), 2-butoxy ethanol or diethylene glycol dimethylether (Diglyme).

In a particular aspect, the organic co-solvent is an alcohol. Examples of suitable alcohols for use herein include, but are not limited to, methanol, ethanol, propanol and isopropanol.

According to a beneficial aspect though, the coating composition of the disclosure is substantially free of any co-solvent, in particular an alcohol. In a preferred aspect of the coating composition, the solvent for use herein consists essentially of water, preferably deionized water.

The coating composition of the present disclosure may further comprise optional additives commonly known in the field. Suitable additives will be typically selected depending on the targeted application. Exemplary additives include, but are not limited to, surface-active compounds, corrosion inhibitors, complexing agents, galvanization assistants, coating additives, coloring pigments, chelating agents, detergents, stabilizers, dispersants, enzymes, dyes or perfumes.

The coating composition according to the present disclosure may be obtained according to techniques commonly known in the art. In a typical aspect, the coating composition is obtained by simply mixing the various ingredients - including the hydrophilic (co)polymer and optionally, the multivalent metal salt - into the solvent. The hydrophilic (co)polymer may be obtained by commonly known polymerization techniques or may be commercially purchased and used as such.

The coating compositions of the present disclosure may be in the form of a solution, emulsion, suspension, dispersion or aerosol, depending on the targeted application. According to a typical aspect, the coating composition is in the form of an aqueous solution.

Suitable siliceous substrates for use herein will be easily identified by those skilled in the art, in the light of the present description. According to an advantageous aspect, the siliceous substrate for use herein is selected from the group consisting of glass, glass containing substrates, ceramics and silicate surfaces. In a preferred aspect, the siliceous substrate for use herein is selected from the group consisting of glass and glass containing substrates.

The coating composition of the present disclosure is outstandingly suitable for reducing oily contamination from the siliceous substrate.

Oily contamination for use herein are not particularly limited. Any oily contamination commonly encountered on siliceous substrates, in particular glass substrates, present for example in articles or parts present in household appliances and decorative items, in automotive vehicles, in architecture and construction, or in consumer electronics (touch panels and screens for mobile phones, tablet PCs, and computers), may be envisaged in the context of the present disclosure. Suitable oily contamination envisaged herein will be easily identified by those skilled in the art, in the light of the present description. Exemplary oily contamination for use herein include, but are not limited to, stains originating from oily or fat components.

In a particular aspect of the coating composition according to the disclosure, the oily contamination takes the form of a stain originating from oily or fat components selected from group consisting of moisturizing creams, body protection creams, sun creams, facial creams, therapeutic creams, human body fat, edible fat, edible oil, food oil, and any combinations or mixtures thereof.

According to a preferred aspect, the oily contamination takes the form of a fingerprint.

In another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a method of treating a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate;

b) applying a coating composition as described above to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

The step of applying the coating composition may be performed according to techniques commonly known in the art. Suitable application methods depend on the number, size and shape of the siliceous substrate to be treated, and are not particularly limited. Exemplary applications techniques include, but are not limited to, spraying, rolling, wiping or dipping. In a particular aspect, the step of applying the coating composition is performed by wiping or dipping.

The step of applying the coating composition may comprise a plurality of individual process steps, including pretreatment steps of the siliceous substrate. For example, the siliceous substrate may be cleaned with a suitable preparation before treatment or treated with a suitable physical surface treatment such as e.g. corona or plasma treatment. The siliceous substrate may be appropriately washed after and between such pre-treatment steps.

After the step of applying the coating composition, the treated siliceous substrate may be allowed to drip off to remove the excess of coating compositions. The excess coating composition and any resulting residues may alternatively be removed by means of a wipe, a squeegee or doctor blade. As an additional, but optional step, the layer of coating composition formed onto the siliceous substrate after the application step may be subjected to a drying and/or curing step. The drying and/or curing may be performed according to techniques well known in the art. Suitable drying and/or curing may be performed at room temperature or at elevated temperature, typically at temperatures comprised between 20°C and 210°C, in particular between 20°C and 180°C. Conditions and temperatures for performing the drying and/or curing step may be appropriately chosen by the person skilled in the art. A typical drying and/or curing step may be performed e.g. in an appropriate oven.

In a typical aspect of the present disclosure, the drying/curing step for use herein, in particular the curing step, is performed at elevated temperatures typically comprised between 50°C and 160°C, between 70°C and 150°C, between 80°C and 140°C, between 80°C and 120°C, or even between 85°C and 110°C.

In still another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a method of imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate;

b) applying a coating composition as described above to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

In yet another aspect of the present disclosure, it is provided a method of reducing oily contamination from a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate;

b) applying a coating composition as described above to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

All particular and preferred aspects relating to, in particular, the polyacrylic acid, organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane, the phosphoric acid, the siliceous substrate and the oily contamination as described above in the context of the coating composition, are fully applicable to the description of the methods of the present disclosure, as described above.

According to still another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a coated article comprising a siliceous substrate and a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate, wherein the coating layer comprises a layer of the coating composition as described above which has been dried and/or cured onto the siliceous substrate.

According to an advantageous aspect, the coated article of the present disclosure has a static water contact angle of less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, when measured according to the static water contact angle measurement method described in the experimental section.

According to another advantageous aspect, the coated article of the present disclosure has a static water contact angle of less than 25°, less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, after 10 wet mechanical abrasion cycles when measured according to the wet abrasion test method described in the experimental section.

According to still another advantageous aspect, the coated article of the present disclosure has a static water contact angle of less than 30°, less than 25°, less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, after 50 wet mechanical abrasion cycles when measured according to the wet abrasion test method described in the experimental section. According to yet another advantageous aspect, the coated article of the present disclosure has a static water contact angle of less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, when measured according to the water resistance test method described in the experimental section.

According to yet another aspect, the present disclosure relates to an article having easy-to-clean properties, which comprises a siliceous substrate and a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate, wherein the coating layer comprises a layer of the coating composition as described above which has been dried and/or cured onto the siliceous substrate.

All particular and preferred aspects relating to, in particular, the polyacrylic acid, organic tetraiunctional alkoxysilane, the phosphoric acid, the siliceous substrate and the oily contamination as described above in the context of the coating composition, are fully applicable to the description of the coated article and article of the present disclosure, as described above.

According to still another aspect, the present disclosure relates to the use of a coating composition as described above for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate.

In yet another aspect, the present disclosure relates to the use of a coating composition as described above for reducing oily contamination from a siliceous substrate.

All particular and preferred aspects relating to, in particular, the polyacrylic acid, organic tetraiunctional alkoxysilane, the phosphoric acid, the siliceous substrate and the oily contamination as described above in the context of the coating composition, are fully applicable to the description of uses of the present disclosure, as described above.

Item 1 is an aqueous coating composition for imparting easy-to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, comprising:

a) a polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) greater than 100,000 g/mol;

b) an organic tetraiunctional alkoxysilane;

c) a catalytic amount of phosphoric acid; and

d) at least 70 wt% of water, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

Item 2 is the coating composition according to item 1, wherein the polyacrylic acid is selected from the group of polyacrylic acid (co)polymers, acrylic acid homopolymers, and any combinations, mixtures or salts thereof.

Item 3 is a coating composition according to any of item 1 or 2, wherein the polyacrylic acid has a weight average molecular weight of at least 120,000 g/mol, at least 140,000 g/mol, at least 150,000 g/mol, at least 160,000 g/mol, at least 180,000 g/mol, at least 200,000 g/mol, or even at least 220,000 g/mol.

Item 4 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the polyacrylic acid has a weight average molecular weight of no greater than 5,000,000 g/mol, no greater than 1,000,000 g/mol, no greater than 500,000 g/mol, no greater than 400,000 g/mol, no greater than 350,000 g/mol, no greater than 300,000 g/mol, or even no greater than 250,000 g/mol. Item 5 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the polyacrylic acid has a weight average molecular weight comprised between 120,000 g/mol and 1,000,000 g/mol, between 120,000 g/mol and 500,000 g/mol, between 120,000 g/mol and 400,000 g/mol, between 140,000 g/mol and 350,000 g/mol, between 150,000 g/mol and 300,000 g/mol, between 160,000 g/mol and 280,000 g/mol, between 180,000 g/mol and 250,000 g/mol, or even between 200,000 g/mol and 250,000 g/mol.

Item 6 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the alkyl groups of the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane comprise from 1 to 6, from 1 to 4, or even from 1 to 2 carbon atoms.

Item 7 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane is selected from the group of tetra methoxysilane and tetra ethoxysilane, preferably tetra ethoxysilane.

Item 8 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount greater than 0.25 wt%, greater than 0.5 wt%, greater than 0.75 wt%, greater than 1.0 wt%, greater than 1.25 wt%, greater than 1.50 wt%, greater than 1.75 wt%, greater than 2.0 wt%, greater than 3.0 wt%, greater than 4.0 wt%, or even greater than 5.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

Item 9 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount of less than 10 wt%, less than 8 wt%, less than 6 wt%, less than 5 wt%, less than 4 wt%, or even less than 3 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

Item 10 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which comprises a polyacrylic acid in an amount comprised between 0.25 wt% and 10 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 8 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 6 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 5 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 4 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 3 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 2.5 wt%, or even between 1.0 wt% and 2.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

Item 11 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which comprises an organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane in an amount comprised between 0.25 wt% and 10 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 8 wt%, between 0.5 wt% and 6 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 5 wt%, between 0.8 wt% and 4 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 3 wt%, between 1.0 wt% and 2.5 wt%, or even between 1.0 wt% and 2.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

Item 12 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the (polyacrylic acid : organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane) weight ratio is comprised between 20:80 and 80:20, between 25:75 and 75:25, between 30:70 and 70:30, between 35:65 and 65:35, between 40:60 and 60:40, or even between 45:55 and 55:45.

Item 13 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the

(polyacrylic acid : organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane) ratio is selected to be 50:50. Item 14 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which has a total solid concentration greater than 0.5 wt%, greater than 1.0 wt%, greater than 1.50 wt%, greater than 1.75 wt%, greater than 2.0 wt%, greater than 2.5 wt%, greater than 3.0 wt%, greater than 4.0 wt%, greater than 5.0 wt%, greater than 6.0 wt%, greater than 8.0 wt%, or even greater than 10.0 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

Item 15 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which comprises phosphoric acid in an amount effective to provide the coating composition with a pH of about 2.

Item 16 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which has a water content of at least 75 wt%, at least 80 wt%, at least 85 wt%, at least 90 wt%, or even at least 95 wt%, based on the weight of the overall coating composition.

Item 17 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which further comprises an organic co-solvent, in particular an alcohol.

Item 18 is a coating composition according to any of items 1 to 16, which is substantially free of any co-solvent, in particular an alcohol.

Item 19 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the siliceous substrate is selected from the group consisting of glass, glass containing substrates, ceramics and silicate surfaces.

Item 20 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, wherein the siliceous substrate is selected from the group consisting of glass and glass containing substrates.

Item 21 is a coating composition according to any of the preceding items, which is suitable for reducing oily contamination from the siliceous substrate.

Item 22 is a coating composition according to item 21, wherein the oily contamination takes the form of a fingerprint.

Item 23 is a coating composition according to item 21, wherein the oily contamination takes the form of a stain originating from oily of fat components selected from group consisting of moisturizing creams, body protection creams, sun creams, facial creams, therapeutic creams, human body fat, edible fat, edible oil, food oil, and any combinations or mixtures thereof.

Item 24 is a method of treating a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate;

b) applying a coating composition according to any of the preceding items to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and

c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

Item 25 is a method of imparting easy -to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate; b) applying a coating composition according to any of items 1 to 23 to the siliceous substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and

c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

Item 26 is a method of reducing oily contamination from a siliceous substrate, which comprises the steps of:

a) providing a siliceous substrate;

b) applying a coating composition according to any of items 1 to 23 to the siliceous

substrate thereby forming a layer of the coating composition adjacent to the siliceous substrate; and

c) drying and/or curing the layer of the coating composition thereby forming a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate.

Item 27 is a method according to item 26, wherein the oily contamination takes the form of a fingerprint.

Item 28 is a method according to item 26, wherein the oily contamination takes the form of a stain originating from oily of fat components selected from group consisting of moisturizing creams, body protection creams, sun creams, facial creams, therapeutic creams, human body fat, edible fat, edible oil, food oil, and any combinations or mixtures thereof.

Item 29 is a method according to any of items 24 to 28, wherein the drying/curing step, in particular the curing step, is performed at a temperature comprised between 50°C and 160°C, between 70°C and 150°C, between 80°C and 140°C, between 80°C and 120°C, or even between 85°C and 110°C.

Item 30 is a coated article comprising a siliceous substrate and a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate, wherein the coating layer comprises a layer of the coating composition according to any of items 1 to 23 which has been dried and/or cured onto the siliceous substrate.

Item 31 is a coated article according to item 30, wherein the siliceous substrate is selected from the group consisting of glass, glass containing substrates, ceramics and silicate surfaces.

Item 32 is a coated article according to item 30 or 31, wherein the siliceous substrate is selected from the group consisting of glass and glass containing substrates.

Item 33 is a coated article according to any of items 30 to 32, which has a static water contact angle of less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, when measured according to the static water contact angle measurement method described in the experimental section.

Item 34 is a coated article according to any of items 30 to 33, which has a static water contact angle of less than 25°, less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, after 10 wet mechanical abrasion cycles when measured according to the wet abrasion test method described in the experimental section. Item 35 is a coated article according to any of items 30 to 34, which has a static water contact angle of less than 30°, less than 25°, less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, after 50 wet mechanical abrasion cycles when measured according to the wet abrasion test method described in the experimental section.

Item 36 is a coated article according to any of items 30 to 35, which has a static water contact angle of less than 20°, less than 15°, less than 10°, or even less than 5°, when measured according to the water resistance test method described in the experimental section.

Item 37 is an article having easy-to-clean properties, which comprises a siliceous substrate and a coating layer adjacent to the siliceous substrate, wherein the coating layer comprises a layer of the coating composition according to any of items 1 to 23 which has been dried and/or cured onto the siliceous substrate.

Item 38 is the use of a coating composition according to any of items 1 to 23 for imparting easy- to-clean properties to a siliceous substrate.

Item 39 is the use of a coating composition according to any of items 1 to 23 for reducing oily contamination from a siliceous substrate.

EXAMPLES

The present disclosure is further illustrated by the following examples. These examples are merely for illustrative purposes only and are not meant to be limiting on the scope of the appended claims.

Test methods and procedures:

Contact Angle Measurement

Static contact angle measurements are performed using Millipore water with a Kriiss DSAIOO contact angle analyzer. Contact angle is measured on sessile drop (3 μί) and is measured 30 seconds after deposition. The values reported are the average of at least 3 separate measurements.

Mechanical wet abrasion testing (Durability testing)

Abrasion tests are performed on a 5900 Reciprocating Abraser (available from Taber Industries) by employing a 5N force and a velocity of 60 cycles/minutes. The cloth used for the abrasion cycles is a 13.5 crockmeter cloth (crockmeter squares, 100% cotton) wetted with deionized water. The durability of the coatings is measured after subjecting the coating to various wet abrasion wipes (lOx or 5 Ox) followed by static water contact angle measurements as detailed above. Water-Resistance testing

Coated Substrates are immerged in a jar filled with deionized water, equipped with a magnetic stirring bar. Coated substrates are left standing in the bath overnight before removal and drying on air for one day, followed by static water contact angle measurements.

Easv-to-Clean testing: Dipping into water

Three drops of sunflower oil (purchased from ALDI, Germany) colored with Oil Red (purchased from Sigma-Aldrich) are placed on a coated and a non-coated substrate. The substrates are immerged into a beaker filled with 200 mL of tap water for 15 seconds and removed. The easy-to-clean performance is assessed by visual inspection of the substrates after immersion. The two-scale rating is defined as follows: poor (no complete removal of the oily contamination) to good (complete removal of the oily contamination).

Easy-to-Clean testing: Rinsing with water

Three drops of sunflower oil (purchased from ALDI, Germany) colored with Oil Red (purchased from Sigma Aldrich) are placed on a coated and a non-coated substrate. Then, 15 mL of de-ionized water are rinsed over the substrate to remove to oil contamination. The easy-to-clean performance is assessed by visual inspection of the substrates after immersion. The two-scale rating is defined as follows: poor (no complete removal of the oily contamination) to good (complete removal of the oily contamination).

Materials employed:

In the examples, the following raw materials are used:

Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA-225) is a sodium salt of poly(acrylic acid) having a weight average molecular weight of 225,000 g/mol, commercially available as a 20% solution in water from Polysciences Europe, Edenkoben, Germany.

Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA-50) is a poly(acrylic acid) having a weight average molecular weight of 50,000 g/mol, commercially available as a 25% solution in water from Polysciences Europe, Edenkoben, Germany.

Phosphoric acid is obtained from Sigma-Aldrich.

Nitric acid is obtained from Sigma-Aldrich.

Sulfonic acid is obtained from Sigma-Aldrich.

Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) is obtained from Sigma-Aldrich.

3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) is commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich.

Sunflower oil, commercially available from Aldi (Germany). Oil Red O is a dye, commercially available from Sigma- Aldrich.

All performance testing was performed on glass substrates (obtained by Rocholl GmbH, Arnsberg, Germany) having suitable dimensions (typically 10x10cm). Preparation of the coating compositions:

The coating compositions are typically prepared at a lOg scale, by first adding an aqueous solution of poly(acrylic acid) into de-ionized water placed in a vial. The mixture is then gently mixed so as to dissolve the polymer. Next, the organic tetrafunctional alkoxysilane and phosphoric acid (typically in an amount effective to provide the coating composition with a pH of about 2) are added and the mixture is stirred for at least 30 min and until one homogenous phase is obtained.

Coating procedure and curing:

Nine drops of the coating solution are applied evenly distributed on the non-tin-side of the float glass substrate, followed by gentle wiping with a paper tissue (KimWipes by Kimberly-Clark) to homogenously distribute the coating on the surface. The coated substrate is then placed in an oven (Heraeus, Germany) for 10 min at 100°C

Examples: Various compositions according to the present disclosure are described in Table 1 below.

Table 1 :

(*) catalytic amount to provide the composition with a pH of 2. Various comparative compositions (not according to the present disclosure) are described in Table 2 below. Composition CI does not comprise any phosphoric acid. Composition C2 comprise a polyacrylic acid having a weight average molecular weight (M w ) lower than 100,000 g/mol. Composition C3 comprises a trifunctional silane. Composition C4 comprises nitric acid instead of phosphoric acid. Composition C5 comprises sulfuric acid instead of phosphoric acid.

Table 2:

(*) catalytic amount to provide the composition with a pH of 2.

Examples 1 to 8:

Examples El to E4 and Comparative Examples CEl to CE5: hydrophilic properties and wet mechanical abrasion resistance.

Examples El to E4 are examples using compositions according to the disclosure. Comparative Examples CEl to CE5 are comparative examples. The coating formulations used in the experiments are applied on a glass plate. The data presented in Table 3 reflect the hydrophilic properties and wet mechanical abrasion resistance of the various coating compositions.

Table 3:

As shown in Table 3, protective coating compositions according to the present disclosure combine both excellent hydrophilic and wet mechanical abrasion resistance properties (WCA < 10°). In contrast, coating compositions not according to the disclosure are deficient in either hydrophilic or wet mechanical abrasion resistance properties.

Example E5 and Comparative Examples CE6 to CE7: water resistance.

Example E5 is an example using a composition according to the disclosure. Comparative Examples CE6 to CE7 are comparative examples. The coating formulations used in the experiments are applied on a glass plate and tested according to the water resistance test described above. The data presented in Table 4 reflect the water immersion resistance of the various coating compositions. Table 4:

As shown in Table 4, a protective coating composition according to the present disclosure has excellent water immersion resistance (WCA < 5°). In contrast, coating compositions not according to the disclosure have a WCA above 10° after overnight water immersion.

Example E6 and Comparative Example CE8: easy-to-clean properties.

Example E6 is an example using a composition according to the disclosure. Comparative Example CE8 is an uncoated glass panel control. The coating formulations used in the experiments are applied on a glass plate and tested according to the easy-to-clean test method (dipping and rinsing) described above. The data presented in Table 5 reflect the easy-to-clean performance of the various coating compositions.

Table 5:

As shown in Table 5, a protective coating composition according to the present disclosure has excellent easy -to-clean performance both under dipping and rinsing conditions. In contrast, an uncoated glass panel control has poor easy-to-clean performance.