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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PROTECTIVE PANEL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2004/038132
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a parking pad (2) for use in parking garages or the like. The pads (2) are intended to be attached to columns (1) or walls (6) by means of hook and loop fastener means (4) or by means of screws in order to enable quick and efficient replacement. The parking pad (2) is equipped with a padding surrounded by a durable plastic cover. The part of the pad (2) facing the vehicle is equipped with a large number of silicon points in order to reduce the friction between teh parking pad (2) and the vehicle in case of contact. The hook and loop fastener means (4) is preferably attached to the pad (2) along the longitudinal sides of the pad (2).

Inventors:
Anderson, Ronny (Trosterudveien 23 A, Oslo, N-0778, NO)
Nedrelid, Rune (Gjøtulsvingen 22, Nesoddtangen, N-1450, NO)
Nerland, Sven E. (Trosterudveien 23A, Oslo, N-0778, NO)
Application Number:
PCT/NO2003/000345
Publication Date:
May 06, 2004
Filing Date:
October 17, 2003
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Pro, Parking Pad AS. (Lilleakerveien 2E7, Oslo, N-0283, NO)
Anderson, Ronny (Trosterudveien 23 A, Oslo, N-0778, NO)
Nedrelid, Rune (Gjøtulsvingen 22, Nesoddtangen, N-1450, NO)
Nerland, Sven E. (Trosterudveien 23A, Oslo, N-0778, NO)
International Classes:
E04H6/42; (IPC1-7): E04H6/42
Foreign References:
DE29903398U11999-05-12
DE29916563U12000-04-13
FR2773376A11999-07-09
US3416484A1968-12-17
US5072979A1991-12-17
Other References:
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 006, no. 005 (M - 136) 15 June 1982 (1982-06-15)
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Abc-patent, Siviling Rolf Chr Larsen B. A. S. (Brynsveien 5, Oslo, N-0667, NO)
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Claims:
Claims
1. Protection means for protecting columns (1) or walls (6) when touched by a vehicle and for protecting the vehicle body, comprising a pad (2) formed of a padding (9) of a material having shock absorbing qualities, the padding being able to resist impact from a vehicle, and further comprising a surrounding plastic cover, characterized in that the plastic cover is formed of a durable material which offers reduced frictional resistance with vehicle enamel and having sufficient inherent elasticity to be able to stretch tightly around a vertical edge on the column (1) or the wall (6) in order to secure a tight fit of the pad (2) on the column (1) or the wall (6) ; the plastic cover further is equipped with incorpo rated reinforcement threads (7) in order to increase the durability of the plastic cover; the ends of the plastic cover are sealed in order to prevent displacement of the padding (9) when exposed to pressure; and that the pad (2) further is provided by attachment means for securing the pad (2) to a surface of concrete or metal, either painted or not.
2. Protection means according to claim 1, wherein the attachment means comprises a hook and loop fastener means (4) attached to the rear side of the pad (2) along the outer edges of the pad (2).
3. Protection means according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the plastic cover is made of PVC sheets.
4. Protection means according to claim 3, wherein a large number of silicon points are arranged exterior on the front side of the plastic cover, in order to reduce friction even further.
5. Protection means according to claim 3 or 4, wherein colours, logos or other types of visual identifications are applied to the exterior front side of the pad (2).
6. Protection means according to any one of the claims 15, wherein the rear side of the pad (2), intended to be fixed to the column (1) or the wall (6), is plane.
7. Protection means according to any one of the claims 16, wherein both the pad (2) and the column (1) or the wall (6) are provided with interacting hook and loop fastener means (4).
8. Protection means according to any one of the claims 17, wherein the pad is provided with reinforced corners.
9. Protection means according to any one of the claims 18, wherein the pad is provided with flanges (5) extending along its edges.
10. Protection means according to any one of the claims 19, wherein the padding (9) is provided with one or more grooves or notches (10) extending in lateral direction with respect to the longitudinal direction of the pad (2).
11. Protection means according to any one of the claims 110, wherein the padding (9) is formed by a plurality of separated units arranged adjacent to each other.
12. Protection means according to claim 11, wherein the plastic sheets forming the rear side and the front side of the pad (2) are welded together along the entire periphery of the pad (2) and wherein the interior of the pad (2) is exposed to an underpressure in order to form a notch or groove (10) between each adjacent units.
Description:
PROTECTIVE PANEL The invention relates to means for protecting columns and walls in a parking house on the one side and corre- spondingly for protection of motor vehicles. The pro- tection means is in the form of pads or similar elastic, relatively soft shock absorbing means.

It has long been a problem that drivers of vehicles bump into columns or walls in a parking garage or in parking lot when parking the vehicle. Such bumping may cause damage to the car body or its enamel and damage to the columns or the walls of the parking garage. In certain parking garages this is solved by installing temporary bumpers or pads of a shock absorbing material on collision prone surfaces or areas. In other parking garages this problem is solved by repeated repair of the columns or walls by means of plastering and paint. Such latter solution is expensive and inefficient. Further, the damage to the vehicles are not sufficiently reduced or eliminated.

French patent specification No. 2.773. 376 describes a method to protect the wall of a garage by padding the wall in front of the vehicle in order to eliminate damage to the vehicle when driving into the garage. Correspondingly the side walls and the roof are padded on location exposed to possible contact with the doors when opened or during entering or leaving the vehicle. This publication does not show, nor indicate use of such pads in a simple, quick releasable manner in parking garages.

The disadvantages of the known solutions are that the walls and the columns must be repaired often due to un-deliberate contact with a vehicle, also causing damage to the vehicle. Such un-deliberate contact may further cause scratches, scaling, marks or wear on the paint surface.

The object of the present invention is to provide a collision protection for columns in a parking garage or lot in order to protect both the vehicle and the column and/or the walls. The collision protection is of a type which easily and in a simple manner may be installed and/or removed and substituted subsequent to a collision

with a vehicle.

A further object according to the invention is to make the driver of the vehicle aware of the fact that some of the columns and walls may be exposed to bumping with the car and in such manner serve in a preventive manner.

According to the invention this is solved by arranging removable parking pads on the columns or the walls in a parking garage. The parking pads may easily be removed from its support by maintenance staff. According to the invention the parking pads are provided with a hook or loop fastener means arranged on the side of the pad intended to face towards the column or the wall. Corre- spondingly, a loop or hook fastener means is attached to the column or the wall.

The parking pad eases maintenance of the parking garage and reduces maintenance costs. In addition, the vehicles are protected against damage to the vehicle body and the enamel. Reduction in degree of damages reduces claims for damage and insurance costs and damages. Further the frequency of damage to the vehicle is reduced.

The parking pads may further be used as signs or for advertisements, since the parking pads have an exposed surface area of 30x90cm. The design of the parking pads may be varied in order to adapt to the visual identity of the shopping centre or the parking garage in question.

The parking pads are simple to attach and may be replaced in a simple operation by a non-skilled person.

According to an alternative embodiment the parking pad may be attached on the column or the wall by means of conventional attachment means, such as glue, double sided tape or screws. In the latter case four screws may for example be used, one for each of the parking pad. The parking pad is in such case provided with strengthened corners, for example by means of reinforced holes, adapted to the screw to be used.

The invention will in the following be described in closer details, referring to the drawings wherein: Figure 1 show a perspective view of a column with a parking pad attached, according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 2 show a corresponding view as shown on Figure 1, where parts of the parking pad is omitted in order to show the position of the hook and loop fastener means on the column ; Figure 3 shows a parking pad attached to a wall, the parking pad having a logo or the like printed on its exterior ; Figure 4 shows in enlarge scale a possible surface texture of the parking pad; Figure 5 shows a section through a parking pad, showing part of the interior of the padding ; Figure 6 shows parts of the protective pad, showing in part the internal padding; Figure 7 shows the backside of a parking pad, showing the flange and the hook and loop fastener means ; and Figure 8 shows a column and a parking pad attached to the column by means of screws.

Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a column 1, on to which a parking pad 2 is attached according to one embodiment of the invention. As shown in the Figure the parking pad 2 is folded around a vertical edge 3 on the column 1.

Figure 2 shows a corresponding perspective view where parts of the parking pad 2 is removed in order to show the position of the hook and loop fastener 4 attached to the column and to the rear side of the parking pad 2.

The parking pad shown in Figure 2 is further provided with flanges or edges 5 along its periphery.

Figure 3 shows a corresponding parking pad 2 attached to a plane wall 6. As shown in the Figure the parking pad 2 is provided with logo, advertisements, given colours and a design which is adapted to the visual identity or the like.

Figure 4 shows in enlarged scale an alternative texture or surface of a parking pad according to the invention. It should be appreciated, however, that the surface or texture may have any desired or preferred texture or surface without deviating from the inventive idea. The embodiment shown in Figure 4 is a conventional

embodiment made up of warp 7 and fillings 8.

Figure 5 shows a vertical section through a parking pad 2, provided with a flange or edge 5 extending along its periphery. The padding 9 is also shown. As shown in Figure 5 the parking pad 2 has a plane rear side, intended to rest firmly against the column 1 (ref. Figure 1) or the wall 6 (ref. Figure 3). The flange or edge 5, i. e. the combined edge of the rear sheet and the front sheet, may preferably be welded together. In order to ensure that such weld does not rupture, for example due to possible strain appearing when attaching the pad, the weld seam is strengthened by substituting or adding a large number of welding seams extending in lateral direction with respect to the longitudinal direction of the welding seam.

Figure 6 shows a vertical view of the parking pad 2, partial in section. As shown in Figure 6 the padding 9 may preferably be provided with vertical notches or grooves 10. The purpose of the notches or the grooves 10 is to obtain a more tightly fitted support against the wall 6 or the column 1 when folding the parking pad 2 around an edge or a corner 3. In such manner tight fit of the ends of the parking pad 2 towards its support is secured, avoiding the tendency of said ends to stand out stiffly from the support 1,6.

According to the embodiment shown in Figure 6 the padding is made as one single unit, provided with vertical notches or grooves 10 on both side of the padding. It should be appreciated, however, that such notches or grooves alternatively may be arranged along only on of the sides of the padding.

According to an alternative embodiment the padding 9 may be formed by separate units adjacently arranged apart from each other. According to this embodiment the front and rear sheets are welded together along the entire edges of said two sheets whereupon the padding 9 and the space between the two sheets are subjected to a permanent under- pressure. Such under-pressure forces the two sheets together forming the grooves or notches 10 between two adjacent padding units. The under-pressure causes the padding 9 to remain in its intended position between the

front and the rear sheets. Further, the under-pressure causes superfluous sheet material in the area between two padding units to be sucked into the notches or grooves formed between said two padding units. This provides a maximum contact surface between the rear side of the parking pad and its support when attached to a column or a wall.

The grooves or notches and/or use of several, separately arranged units, ensures that wrinkles or folds caused by excessive material from the rear sheet is elimi- nated when folding the parking pad around a corner or edge or folding around a circular, oval or polygonal column.

It should be appreciated that the number of separate units within the parking pad may be varied without deviating from the inventive idea. For example, if the parking pad is to be attached to a column having a circular or oval cross sectional area, or to a column having a polygonal cross sectional area, the number of separate units may be more than six, each for example with a welding seam extending laterally with respect to the padding. Alternatively, the folding edge may be formed by exposing the interior of the parking pad to an under- pressure. Combined with the laterally extending welding seams, or by a number of separate units arranged adjacent to each other, the under-pressure will produce such folding edge.

Figure 7 shows the rear side of a parking pad 2 provided with a hook and loop fastener means 4 arranged along the two longitudinal sides of the pad 2. As shown in the figure the hook and loop fastener means 4 is attached to the flanges or edges 5 of the parking pad 2.

Figure 8 shows a perspective view of a column 1, showing the parking pad 2 attached to the column 1 by means of screws.

It is essential that the pads 2 are given a proper, compliant and sufficient soft padding 9 for protection of the column 1 or the wall 6 and simultaneously avoids body or enamel damage to the vehicle. The padding 9 and the pads may have sufficient elasticity to provide a tight and proper fit around the corner edges of the column 1. The

material used in the pads 2 should for such purpose have a certain inherent elasticity enabling the pads to be stretched during attachment, thereby securing a tight attachment to the column or the wall.

In order to enable the parking pad to be attached tightly to the column or the wall in a simple manner, and substantially remain in position subsequent to a collision with a vehicle, it is advisable to attach the pads to its supports by means of hook and loop fastener means extending along the two longitudinal sides of the pad, i. e. in horizontal direction with respect to the column and/or the wall.

Alternatively, the parking pad may be glued directly on to the column or the wall. A further option may be to use a double sided tape or similar attachment means.

In order to ensure that the parking pads shall prevent enamel damage to the vehicle, the material used in the parking pad should have a durable surface providing low friction when hit by a vehicle, and at the same time be able to resist such impact.

The hook and loop fastener means may preferably be glued to the wall or the column. When attaching the pad to a support consisting of clean, raw concrete surface, the surface must be rinsed properly applying a strong cleaning liquid in order to remove dirt, fat and loose particles in the area for attachment of the hook and loop fastener means. A primer may then optionally be applied prior to adding the glue to the intended surface for attachment of the hook and loop fastener means. The fastener means is then attached, exerting a pressure to the fastener means.

For attachment to painted surfaces-painted con- crete or metal-the paint is cleaned thoroughly in the area for attachment of the fastener means, whereupon a primer is applied to said surface. Glue is then applied and the fastener means is attached in the same manner as described above.

The hook and loop fastener means is glued on the column or the wall in such pattern that they corresponds with the ones on the rear side of the parking pad. When attaching the pad, the pad is pressed against the

corresponding attachment element on the column or the wall so that the attachment means on the pad comes into contact with the attachment means on the column or the wall.

A parking pad according to the invention may for example have the dimensions 33x100 cm and may be formed of sheets of plastic materials having a durable surface and offering low friction against vehicle enamel. The surface may for example be made of PVC sheets with reinforcement threads in order to improve the durability. Optionally, the surface may also be provided with a large number, e. g.

500 small silicon spots, providing low friction when in contact with a vehicle.

The parking pad may be filled with a shock absorbing element. Such shock absorbing element may for example consist of a soft plastic padding with dimensions 30x90 cm and having a thickness of 0.25 cm or more. The element must be able to resist compression and may have inherent shock absorbing properties without changing shape or properties when hit by a vehicle.

When fabricating the parking pad, the padding, either as a unit with notches or grooves, or as several separate units, is placed in position on the rear sheet, hereupon the front sheet is applied and the edges of the rear sheet and the front sheet are then welded together.

Air is removed from the interior of the pad, forming a tight, compact unit with a high degree of flexibility and elasticity.