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Title:
PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITORS AND METHODS OF TREATMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/003544
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to chemical compounds of formula (I) and methods for their use and preparation. In particular, the invention relates to substituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine based compounds which can be used in treating proliferative disorders, use of these compounds in methods of therapy and the manufacture of medicaments as well as compositions containing these compounds.

Inventors:
LESSENE GUILLAUME LAURENT (AU)
BAELL JONATHAN BAYLDON (AU)
BURGESS ANTONY WILKS (AU)
MARUTA HIROSHI (AU)
Application Number:
AU2011/000858
Publication Date:
January 12, 2012
Filing Date:
July 08, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
INST MEDICAL W & E HALL (AU)
LUDWIG INST FOR CANCER RES LTD (US)
LESSENE GUILLAUME LAURENT (AU)
BAELL JONATHAN BAYLDON (AU)
BURGESS ANTONY WILKS (AU)
MARUTA HIROSHI (AU)
International Classes:
C07D487/04; A61K31/519; A61P19/02; A61P29/00; A61P35/00; A61P35/02; C07D231/38
Domestic Patent References:
WO2008039218A22008-04-03
WO2010009342A22010-01-21
WO2002080926A12002-10-17
WO2002076986A12002-10-03
WO2011046964A22011-04-21
WO2008039218A22008-04-03
WO2010009342A22010-01-21
Foreign References:
US20070293516A12007-12-20
US5593997A1997-01-14
Other References:
APSEL ET AL.: "Targeted polypharmacology: discovery of dual inhibitors of tyrosine and phosphoinositide kinases", NATURE CHEMICAL BIOLOGY, vol. 4, no. 11, 2008, pages 691 - 699, XP007909493
See also references of EP 2590982A4
T.W. GREENE; P. WUTZ: "Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis", JOHN WILEY & SON
LAROCK R C: "Comprehensive Organic Transformations: a guide to functional group preparations", 1989, VCH PUBLISHERS, INC.
FEICHTINGER ET AL., J. ORG. CHEM., vol. 63, 1998, pages 8432
JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS, vol. 65, 1983, pages 55 - 63
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LUCAS, Mathew A. (1 Nicholson StreetMelbourne, VIC 3000, AU)
Download PDF:
Claims:
16

THE CLAIMS:

A compound of formula (I) or

Formula (I) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S02)-optionally substituted aryl, -(S02)-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6; R2 is selected from hydrogen and C1-C3 alkyl;

R3 and R4 are independently C1-C3 alkyl;

L is selected from a bond, -0-, -S-, -N(R9)-, optionally substituted alkylene, - N(R9)C(X')-N(Rg')-, where each of R9 and R9' is independently hydrogen or C)-C4 alkyl;

R5 is selected from optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, and optionally substituted cycloalkyl;

X and X' are independently selected from O, S and NR7;

R6 is selected from optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted Q-C alkoxy, optionally substituted C2-C6alkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R.7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted C] -C6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0)2R8, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R8 is selected from optionally substituted C i -C6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

A compound of formula (I) or salt thereof according to claim 1 , wherein L is a bond

3. A compound of formula (I) or salt thereof according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein L is a bond and R5 is is a phenyl group substituted one or two times with substituent groups independently selected from halo, hydroxyl, acyl, C i -C8 alkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, C2-C6 alkenyloxy, amino, oxyacylamino, C i-C8 alkoxy, aryl, aryloxy, carboxyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyloxy, cyano, sulphate, phosphate, heterocyclyl, heterocyclyloxy, heteroaryl, heteroaryloxy, trihalomethyl, and trialkylsilyl, and preferably C 1-C4 alkyl, hydroxy, oxyacylamino, heteroaryl, aryloxy, and halo.

4. A compound of formula (I) or salt thereof according to claim 1, wherein

5. A compound of formula (la) or a salt thereof,

Formula (la) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S02)-optionally substituted aryl, -(S02)-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6;

R2 is selected from hydrogen and C1-C3 alkyl;

R3 and R4 are independently C1-C3 alkyl;

Rio is selected from hydrogen, halo, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkynyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, arylalkyl, OR1 (where R1 is H, C,-C3 alkyl or aryl), COOR2 (where R2 is H, C,-C3 alkyl or aryl), nitro, cyano, amino, trihalomethyl, thio, and thio C1-C3 alkyl;

X is selected from O, S and NR7;

R is selected from optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0)2R8, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R8 is selected from optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

6. A compound of formula (lb) or a salt thereof,

R

Formula (lb) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S02)-optionally substituted aryl, -(S02)-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6;

R2 is selected from hydrogen and C 1 -C3 alkyl;

R3 and R4 are independently C 1-C3 alkyl;

Rio is C 1-C4 alkyl or halo;

X is selected from O, S and NR7;

R6 is selected from optionally substituted C i-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted C i-C6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C2-C alkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, acyl, optionally substituted C i-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0)2R8, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and R.8 is selected from optionally substituted C i -C6 alkyl, and optionally substituted aryl. 7. A compound of formula (Ic) or

Formula (Ic) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S02)-optionally substituted aryl, -(S02)-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6;

R2 is selected from hydrogen and C 1-C3 alkyl;

R3 and R4 are independently C 1-C3 alkyl;

X is selected from O, S and NR7;

R<5 is selected from optionally substituted C i-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0)2R8, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R8 is selected from optionally substituted CpC6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

8. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 7, or salt thereof where R3 and R4 are independently selected from C 1 -C2 alkyl, preferably methyl.

9. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 8, or salt thereof wherein R2 is hydrogen or methyl.

A compound of formula (Ie), or

Formula (Ie) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S02)-optionally substituted aryl, -(S02)-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6; X is selected from O, S and NR7;

R6 is selected from optionally substituted C i -C6 alkyl, optionally substituted C i -C6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C2-C6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted C i-C6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0)2R8, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and R is selected from optionally substituted C i-C6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

1 1. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 10, or salt thereof wherein Ri is selected from: a) hydrogen;

b) optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkyl, and more preferably Ci-C6 alkyl;

c) -(S02)- optionally substituted aryl or -(S02)- optionally substituted heteroaryl; or d) C(=X)-R where X is O, S and NR7, wherein R6 is selected from optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted aryl-C i-3alkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl-Ci.3alkyl, optionally substituted aryl-C i-3alkoxy, optionally substituted heteroaryl-Ci-3alkoxy, trifluoroalkyl, NR'R" (where R' is hydrogen or Ci-3 alkyl, and R" is hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, or optionally substituted arylacyl) and R7 is hydrogen, optionally substituted aryl, or optionally substituted Ci-3alkyl.

12. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 10, or salt thereof wherein Ri is selected from

ο O

I I I I

-C— optionally substituted heteroaryl/heterocyclyl -C optionally substituted aryl

O O

I I I I

-C-Q-CF - optionally substituted aryl -C optionally substituted Q-Q alkyl

O

I I I I

— C-0-CH2 optionally substituted heteroaryl/heterocyclyl -C-CF3

-C]-C4alkyl -C— optionally substituted

heteroary 1 heterocy cly 1

-C— optionally substituted aryl — C-C, -C3alkyl

— C-0-CH2— optionally substituted aryl -C— 0-CH2- optionally substituted heteroaryl/heterocyclyl

S NH

I I I I

-C-CF3 -C-NH,

NH

N(C,-C3alkyl) -C-NHCN

-C-NH,

O

I I

-C-NH-C,.3alkyl

I I

-C-NH,

-C— H— optionally substituted aryl

O

I I

-S— optionally substituted aryl/heteroaryl O

I I O C— optionally substituted aryl wherein heteroaryl preferably represents: a 5-membered heteroaryl group selected from pyrrole, 2H-pyrrole, furan, pyrazole, thiophene, isothiazole, thiazole, 1 ,2,3-triazole, 1 ,2,4-triazole, 1 ,2,3-oxadiazole, 1 ,2,5-oxadiazole, 1 ,3,4-thiadiazole, tetrazole, imidazole, oxazole, and isoxazole; or (ii) a 6-membered heteroaryl group selected from pyridine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, and 1 ,3,5-triazine; wherein heterocyclyl preferably represents:

(i) 5-membered heterocyclyl group selected from 1 -pyrroline, 2-pyrroline, 3- pyrroline, pyrrolidine, tetrahydrofuran, tetrahydrothiophene, 2-pyrazoline, 3- pyrazoline, 2-imidazoline, pyrazolidine, imidazolidine, 3-dioxolane, thiazolidine, and isoxazolidine; or

(ii) a 6-membered heterocyclyl group selected from 2H-pyran, 4H-pyran, 3,4-dihydro- 2H-pyran, piperidine, 1 ,4-oxazine, 1,4-dioxine, piperazine, mo holine, 1-4- dioxane, 1 ,4-thazine, thiomo holine, 1 ,4-oxathane, 1 ,4-dithane, 1 ,3,5-trioxane, 6H- l ,2,5-thiadiazine, 2H- l ,5,2-dithiazine, and 1 ,3,5-trithiane; and wherein preferably aryl is selected from phenyl, napthyl and anthracenyl; and where the heteroaryl, heterocyclyl or aryl group may be substituted from 1 to 4 times by groups consisting of hydroxyl, acyl, C 1 -C4 alkyl, C i-C4 alkoxy, C2-C6 alkenyl, C2-C6 alkenyloxy, C2-C6 alkynyl, C2-C6 alkynyloxy, -0-(CH2)n-OH, -0-(CH2)n-OC i-C3 alkyl, - (CH2)n-amino, -(CH2)n-diCi-C3 alkyl amino, -(CH2)n-aminoacyl, -(CH2)n-thio, arylalkyl, - (CH2)n-arylalkoxy, -(CH2)n-aryl, -(CH2)n-aryloxy, -(CH2)n-carboxyl, -(CH2)n-cycloalkyl, cyano, halogen, nitro, sulphate, phosphate, -(CH2)n-heterocyclyl, -(CH2)n-heteroaryl, - (CH2)n-trihalomethyl, and -(CH2)n-trialkylsilyl, wherein n is an integer from 0-6.

13. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 12, or salt thereof, wherein R\ is C(0) 6 and R6 is as defined in claim 1.

14. A compound of formula (If) or a salt thereof,

15. A compound according to claim 14 or salt thereof, wherein the optionally substituted heteroaryl group is pyridyl or thiazolyl.

16. A compound represented by one of the following formulae:

2TFA

17. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 17 or a salt thereof, with at least one pharmaceutically acceptable adjuvant, carrier or diluent. 18. A method of treating a disease or condition characterised by cell proliferation including the step of administering an effective amount of a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 17 or a salt thereof to a patient in need thereof.

19. Use of a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 17 or a salt thereof, in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of a disease or condition characterised by cell proliferation, including cell hyperproliferation.

20. Use of a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 17 or a salt thereof, for the treatment of a disease or condition characterised by cell proliferation, including cell hyperproliferation.

21. A method or use according to any one of claims 18 to 20 wherein the disease or condition characterised by cell proliferation is a tumour. 22. A method or use according to claim 21 wherein the tumour is colon cancer.

23. A method or use according to claim 21 wherein the tumour is breast cancer.

24. A method or use according to any one of claims 18 to 20 wherein the disease or conditions characterised by cell proliferation is selected from psoriasis, immunoregulation

(graft rejection), atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthrities, acute and chronic inflammatroy conditions and Crohn's disease.

Description:
PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITORS

AND METHODS OF TREATMENT

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates generally to chemical compounds and methods for their use and preparation. In particular, the invention relates to substituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine based compounds which can be used in treating proliferative disorders, use of these compounds in methods of therapy and the manufacture of medicaments as well as compositions containing these compounds.

Background of the Invention Tyrosine protein kinases (TPKs) are able to catalyse the transfer of the terminal phosphate of adenosine triphosphate to tyrosine residues in protein substrates. TPK are a subgroup of the larger protein kinase class of enzymes. The enzymes' ability to phosphorylate is an important mechanism in signal transduction for the regulation of cellular activity. Cellular proliferation in thought to rely (at least to some extent) on TKRs. Mutations can cause some TPKs to become constitutively active, and this aberrant activity has been thought to contribute to initiation or progression of proliferative disorders such as cancer. Accordingly, in relation to the treatment of diseases and conditions characterised by the proliferation of cells the TPK subgroup of enzymes represents an attractive target. A family of proto-oncogenic TPKs referred to herein as SFKs (Src family kinases) have provided researchers with a better understanding of the mechanism of cancer as a disease state where normally healthy cellular signalling is disrupted. SFKs have been observed to play a critical role in cell adhesion, invasion, proliferation, survival and angiogenesis during tumour development. SFKs comprise nine family members that share similar structure and function. The nine members are c-Src, Yrk, Yes, Fyn, Fgr, Lyn, Lck, Hck, and Blk. The overexpression or high activation of these SFKs has been observed in many tumours.

SFKs can interact with tyrosine kinase receptors, such as the EGFR and the VEGF receptor. SFKs are thought to affect cell proliferation through the Ras/ERK/MAPK pathway and may regulate gene expression via transcription factors such as STAT molecules. SFKs like some other TPKs can also affect cell adhesion and migration. The SFKs are thought to act via interaction with integrins, actins, GTPase-activating proteins, scaffold proteins, such as pl30 CAS and paxillin, and kinases such as focal adhesion kinases. Furthermore, SFKs have also been shown to regulate angiogenesis via gene expression of angiogenic growth factors, such as VEGF, interleukin 8, and fibroblast growth factor. Due to this recognition and better understanding as to role being played by TPKs in general and SFKs in particular, small-molecule SFK inhibitors are being developed for the treatment of hyperproliferative disorders such as cancer. At this stage however of a number of promising SFK inhibitors (e.g., Bosutinib, AZ0530, and Desatinib as shown below) only Desatinib is approved whereas the others are presently still undergoing clinical trials and as such there is no guarantee that any further acceptable SFK inhibitor (based on the currently recognised compounds) will reach the market.

Desatinib

In one aspect the invention provides compounds of formula (I) or salts thereof,

Formula (I) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted aryl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R 6 ; R 2 is selected from hydrogen and C [-C3 alkyl;

R 3 and R4 are independently C i -C 3 alkyl;

L is selected from a bond, -0-, -S-, -N(R )-, optionally substituted alkylene, - N(R9)C(X')-N(R9')-, where each of R and R9' is independently hydrogen or C 1 -C4 alkyl;

R 5 is selected from optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, and optionally substituted cycloalkyl;

X and X' are independently selected from O, S and NR 7 ;

R6 is selected from optionally substituted C i-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted C)-C alkoxy, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R 7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted C i-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0) 2 Rg, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R 8 is selected from optionally substituted C i -C 6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

In a further aspect the invention provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof, together with at least one pharmaceutically acceptable adjuvant, carrier or diluent.

In a further aspect the invention provides a method of treating a disease or condition characterised by cell proliferation including the step of administering an effective amount of a compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof to a patient in need thereof.

In still a further aspect the invention provides the use of a compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of a disease or condition characterised by cell proliferation, including cell hyperproliferation.

In yet a further aspect the invention also provides the use of a compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof for the treatment of a disease or condition characterised by cell proliferation, including cell hyperproliferation.

Detailed Description of the Invention The term "alkyl" as used herein refers to monovalent alkyl groups which may be straight chained or branched and preferably have from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, more preferably 1 to 6 carbon atoms and most preferably 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Examples of such alkyl groups include methyl, ethyl, w-propyl, wo-propyl, «-butyl, wobutyl, and the like. The term "alkylene" as used herein refers to divalent alkyl groups. Examples of such alkylene groups include methylene (-CH 2 -), ethylene (-CH 2 CH 2 -), and the propylene isomers (e.g., - CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 - and -CH(CH 3 )CH 2 -), and the like.

The term "aryl" as used herein refers to an unsaturated aromatic carbocyclic group having a single ring (eg., phenyl) or multiple condensed rings (eg., naphthyl or anthryl), preferably having from 6 to 14 carbon atoms. Examples of aryl groups include phenyl, naphthyl and the like.

The term "acyl" refers to groups H-C(O)-, alkyl-C(O)-, cycloalkyl-C(O)-, aryl-C(O)-, heteroaryl-C(O)- and heterocyclyl-C(O)-, where alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocyclyl are as described herein.

The term "arylacyl" as used herein refers to the group -C(0)aryl where the aryl group is as described above. The term "alkenyl" as used herein refers to a monovalent alkenyl groups which may be straight chained or branched and preferably have from 2 to 10 carbon atoms, more preferably 2 to 6 carbon atoms and most preferably 2 to 4 carbon atoms and have at least 1 and preferably from 1-2, carbon to carbon, double bonds. Examples include ethenyl (-CH=CH 2 ), «-propenyl (-CH 2 CH=CH 2 ), wo-propenyl (-C(CH 3 )=CH 2 ), but-2-enyl (-CH 2 CH=CHCH 3 ), and the like.

The term "alkynyl" as used herein refers to monovalent alkynyl groups which may be straight chained or branched and preferably have from 2 to 10 carbon atoms, more preferably 2 to 6 carbon atoms and most preferably 2 to 4 carbon atoms and have at least 1 , and preferably from 1-2, carbon to carbon, triple bonds. Examples of alkynyl groups include ethynyl (-C≡ CH), propargyl (-CH 2 C≡ CH), pent-2-ynyl (-CH 2 C≡CCH 2 -CH 3 ), and the like.

The term "amino" as used herein refers to the group -NR*R* where each R* is independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, and heterocyclyl and where each of alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocyclyl is as described herein.

The term "aminoacyl" as used herein refers to the group -C(0)NR*R* where each R* is independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl and aryl, and where each of alkyl, aryl, and cycloalkyl, is as described herein.

"Acylamino" refers to the group -NR*C(0)R* where each R* is independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocyclyl and where each of alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, and heterocyclyl are as described herein, and preferably hydrogen and C 1 -C4 alkyl.

"Oxyacylamino" refers to the group -NR*C(0)OR* where each R* is independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl and heterocyclyl and where each of alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, and heterocyclyl are as described herein, and preferably hydrogen and C 1-C4 alkyl. The term "cycloalkyl" as used herein refers to cyclic alkyl groups having a single cyclic ring or multiple condensed rings, preferably incorporating 3 to 8 carbon atoms. Such cycloalkyl groups include, by way of example, single ring structures such as cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclooctyl, and the like, or multiple ring structures such as adamantanyl, and the like.

"Cycloalkenyl" refers to cyclic alkenyl groups having a single cyclic ring and at least one point of internal unsaturation, preferably incorporating 4 to 8 carbon atoms. Examples of suitable cycloalkenyl groups include, for instance, cyclobut-2-enyl, cyclopent-3-enyl, cyclohex-4-enyl, cyclooct-3-enyl and the like.

The term "halo" or "halogen" as used herein refers to fluoro, chloro, bromo and iodo. "Heteroaryl" refers to a monovalent aromatic carbocyclic group, preferably of from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur within the ring. The most preferred heteroatoms are nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. Such heteroaryl groups can have a single ring (e.g., pyridyl, pyrrolyl, imididazolyl, thienyl, or furanyl) or multiple condensed rings (e.g., indolizinyl or benzothienyl).

"Heteroarylacyl" refers to the group -C(0)heteroaryl where heteroaryl is given the meaning referred to above.

"Heteroarylthio" as used herein refers to the group -S-heteroaryl wherein the heteroaryl group is as described above.

"Heterocyclyl" as used herein refers to a monovalent saturated or unsaturated group having a single ring or multiple condensed rings, preferably from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and from 1 to 4 hetero atoms selected from nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, selenium or phosphorous within the ring. The most preferred heteroatoms are nitrogen and oxygen. Examples of heterocyclyl groups include morpholinyl, piperidinyl and piperazinyl.

"Heterocyclylacyl" as used herein refers to the group -C(0)heterocyclyl where heterocyclyl is given the meaning referred to above.

In this specification the term "optionally substituted" is taken to mean that a group may or may not be further substituted or fused (so as to form a condensed polycyclic group) with one or more groups. Substituents may be selected from hydroxyl, acyl, alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkenyloxy, alkynyl, alkynyloxy, amino, aminoacyl, oxyacylamino, thio, arylalkyl, arylalkoxy, aryl, aryloxy, carboxyl, cycloalkyl, cyano, halogen, nitro, sulphate, phosphate, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyloxy, heteroaryloxy, trihalomethyl, and trialkylsilyl.

In an embodiment L is -0-, -S-, -N(R.9)-, optionally substituted alkylene (preferably C 1 -C3 alkylene), or -N(R9)C(X')-N(R 9 )-, where each of R9 and is independently hydrogen or C\- C 4 alkyl.

In an embodiment L is a bond. In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is selected from optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, and optionally substituted cycloalkyl.

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is an optionally substituted aryl or optionally substituted heteroaryl.

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is an optionally substituted phenyl.

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted one to three times with substitutent groups independently selected from halo, hydroxyl, acyl, Ci-C 8 alkyl, C 2 -C6 alkenyl, C 2 -C 6 alkenyloxy, amino, oxyacylamino, C i-C 8 alkoxy, aryl, aryloxy, carboxyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyloxy, cyano, sulphate, phosphate, heterocyclyl, heterocyclyloxy, heteroaryl, heteroaryloxy, trihalomethyl, and trialkylsilyl.

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted one or two times with substituent groups independently selected from halo, hydroxyl, acyl, C C 8 alkyl, C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, C 2 -C 6 alkenyloxy, amino, oxyacylamino, Ci-C 8 alkoxy, aryl, aryloxy, carboxyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyloxy, cyano, sulphate, phosphate, heterocyclyl, heterocyclyloxy, heteroaryl, heteroaryloxy, trihalomethyl, and trialkylsilyl, and preferably C 1 -C4 alkyl, hydroxy, oxyacylamino, heteroaryl, aryloxy, and halo.

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with hydroxyl.

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with Ci-C 4 alkoxy and - NHC(0)OC ,-C 4 alkyl.

In an embodiment -LR 5 is

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with halo and hydroxy. In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a heteroaryl group.

In an embodiment -LR5 is embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with aryloxy.

In an embodiment -LR 5 is

In an embodiment L is -CH 2 - and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with halo, hydroxy, and C i- C 3 alkyl.

In an embodiment L is -CH 2 - and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with hydroxy.

In an embodiment -LR5 is .

In an embodiment L is -CH 2 - and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with C 1-C3 alkyl.

In an embodiment -LR5 is In an embodiment, L is -CH 2 - and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with chloro and C 1 -C4 alkyl. In an embodiment -LR 5 is

In an embodiment -LR 5 is phenyl.

In an embodiment L is a bond and R 5 is a phenyl group substituted with a substituent group selected from halo, hydroxyl, acyl, C i-C 8 alkyl, C 2 -C6 alkenyl, C 2 -C 6 alkenyloxy, amino, d- C 8 alkoxy, aryl, aryloxy, carboxyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyloxy, cyano, sulphate, phosphate, heterocyclyl, trihalomethyl, and trialkylsilyl.

In a preferred embodiment, where L is a bond and R is a phenyl group, the substituent group, if present, is in the para position.

Accordingly, in a further aspect the invention provides compounds of formula (la) or salts thereof,

R

Formula (la) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted aryl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6; R.2 is selected from hydrogen and C 1 -C3 alkyl;

R 3 and R4 are independently C 1 -C3 alkyl;

Rio is selected from hydrogen, halo, C 1 -C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkynyl, C 2 -C 4 alkenyl, arylalkyl, OR 1 (where R 1 is H, C ,-C 3 alkyl or aryl), COOR 2 (where R 2 is H, C 1-C3 alkyl or aryl), nitro, cyano, amino, trihalomethyl, thio, and thio C 1 -C3 alkyl;

X is selected from O, S and NR 7 ;

R¾ is selected from optionally substituted C) -C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted C]-C 6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R 7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted C i-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0) 2 R 8 , and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R 8 is selected from optionally substituted C i -C 6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

With reference to compounds of formula (I) and (la), preferably Rio is C 1 -C4 alkyl or halo.

In a further preferred embodiment and with reference to compounds of formula (I) and (la), R3 and R4 are independently C 1-C3 alkyl, and Rio is C1-C4 alkyl or halo.

In a further aspect the invention provides compounds of formula (lb) or salts thereof, R

Formula (lb) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted aryl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6;

R 2 is selected from hydrogen and C1-C3 alkyl;

R 3 and R4 are independently C1 -C3 alkyl;

Rio is C1 -C4 alkyl or halo;

X is selected from O, S and NR 7 ;

R6 is selected from optionally substituted C) -C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted C | -C 6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R 7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, acyl, optionally substituted C i -C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R 8 is selected from optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, and optionally substituted aryl.

In an embodiment and with reference to formula (la) or (lb), Rio is methyl or chloro. In a further embodiment and with reference to formula (la) or (lb), Rio is methyl.

Accordingly, in a further aspect the invention provides compounds of formula (Ic) thereof,

Formula (Ic) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted aryl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6;

R 2 is selected from hydrogen and C 1-C3 alkyl;

R 3 and R4 are independently C 1-C3 alkyl;

X is selected from O, S and NR 7 ;

Rf, is selected from optionally substituted C i -C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted C i-C 6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl; R 7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted C i-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0) 2 R8, and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and R 8 is selected from optionally substituted C i -C 6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

In an embodiment and with reference to formula (I), (la), (lb) or (Ic), R 3 and R4 are independently selected from C 1-C2 alkyl.

In a further embodiment and with reference to formula (I), (la), (lb) or (Ic), R 3 and j are methyl.

Accordingly, in a further aspect the invention provides compounds of formula (Id) or salts thereof,

Formula (Id) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted aryl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6; R 2 is selected from hydrogen and C pC 3 alkyl;

X is selected from O, S and NR 7 ;

R is selected from optionally substituted C i-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci -C 6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R 7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0) 2 R 8 , and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R 8 is selected from optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl.

In an embodiment and with reference to formula (I), (la), (lb), (Ic) or (Id), R 2 is hydrogen or methyl.

In a further embodiment and with reference to formula (I), (la), (lb), (Ic) or (Id), R 2 is hydrogen.

Accordingly in a further aspect the invention provides compounds of formula (Ie), or salts thereof,

Formula (Ie) wherein:

Ri is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted aryl, -(S0 2 )-optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, and C(=X)-R6; X is selected from O, S and NR 7 ;

R6 is selected from optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkoxy, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, optionally substituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted amino, optionally substituted acylamino, optionally substituted arylacyl, optionally substituted heteroarylacyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylacyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylacyl, and trihalomethyl;

R 7 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, S(0) 2 R 8 , and optionally substituted aminoacyl; and

R 8 is selected from optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkyl and optionally substituted aryl. still a further embodiment and with reference to formula (I),(Ia), (lb), (Ic), (Id) or (le) Ri is lected from the following preferred groups:

a) hydrogen;

b) optionally substituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, and more preferably Ci-C alkyl;

c) -(S0 2 )- optionally substituted aryl or -(S0 2 )- optionally substituted heteroaryl; d) C(=X)-R6 where X is O, S and NR 7 , wherein R6 is selected from optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted aryl-Ci_ 3 alkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl-Ci -3 alkyl, optionally substituted aryl-C i -3 alkoxy, optionally substituted heteroaryl-Ci. 3 alkoxy, trifluoroalkyl, NR'R" (where R' is hydrogen or Ci- alkyl, and R" is hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, or optionally substituted arylacyl) and R 7 is hydrogen, optionally substituted aryl, or optionally substituted Ci -3 alkyl. still a further embodiment and with reference to formula (I),(Ia), (lb), (Ic), (Id) or (le) Ri is selected from the following preferred groups: o O

I I I I

— C— optionally substituted heteroaryl/heterocyclyl — C— optionally substituted aryl

O O

I I I I

-C-0-CH 2 optionally substituted aryl -C— optionally substituted C C 6 alkyl

O

II I I

— C-0-CH 2 optionally substituted heteroaryl/heterocyclyl -C-CF3

-Ci-C 4 alkyl -C— optionally substituted

heteroaryl/heterocyclyl

-C optionally substituted aryl — C— Ci-C3alkyl

— C-0-CH 2 — optionally substituted aryl -C-0-CH 2 — optionally substituted heteroaryl/heterocyclyl

NH

11 11

-C-CF -C-NH,

NH

N(C,-C 3 alkyl) -C-NHCN

-C-NH 2

O

-C-NH-C,. 3 alkyl

-C— NH— optionally substituted aryl

O

I I

-S— optionally substituted aryl/heteroaryl S O

I I I I

O -C—NH-C— optionally substituted aryl wherein heteroaryl preferably represents: (i) a 5-membered heteroaryl group selected from pyrrole, 2H-pyrrole, furan, pyrazole, thiophene, isothiazole, thiazole, 1 ,2,3-triazole, 1 ,2,4-triazole, 1 ,2,3-oxadiazole, 1 ,2,5-oxadiazole, 1 ,3,4-thiadiazole, tetrazole, imidazole, oxazole, and isoxazole; or

(ii) a 6-membered heteroaryl group selected from pyridine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, and 1 ,3,5-triazine; wherein heterocyclyl preferably represents:

(i) 5-membered heterocyclyl group selected from 1 -pyrroline, 2-pyrroline, 3- pyrroline, pyrrolidine, tetrahydrofuran, tetrahydrothiophene, 2-pyrazoline, 3- pyrazoline, 2-imidazoline, pyrazolidine, imidazolidine, 3-dioxolane, thiazolidine, and isoxazolidine; or

(ii) a 6-membered heterocyclyl group selected from 2H-pyran, 4H-pyran, 3,4-dihydro- 2H-pyran, piperidine, 1 ,4-oxazine, 1 ,4-dioxine, piperazine, morpholine, 1 -4- dioxane, 1 ,4-thazine, thiomo holine, 1 ,4-oxathane, 1 ,4-dithane, 1 ,3,5-trioxane, 6H- l ,2,5-thiadiazine, 2H- 1 ,5,2-dithiazine, and 1 ,3,5-trithiane; and wherein preferably aryl is selected from phenyl, napthyl and anthracenyl; and where the heteroaryl, heterocyclyl or aryl group may be substituted from 1 to 4 times by the group consisting of hydro xyl, acyl, C 1 -C4 alkyl, C 1 -C4 alkoxy, C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, C 2 -C 6 alkenyloxy, C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, C 2 -C 6 alkynyloxy, -0-(CH 2 ) n -OH, -0-(CH 2 )n-OC i-C 3 alkyl, - (CH2)n-amino, -(CH 2 ) n -diCi-C 3 alkyl amino, -(CH 2 ) n -aminoacyl, -(CH 2 ) n -thio, arylalkyl, - (CH 2 ) n -arylalkoxy, -(CH 2 ) n -aryl, -(CH 2 ) n -aryloxy, -(CH 2 ) n -carboxyl, -(CH 2 ) n -cycloalkyl, cyano, halogen, nitro, sulphate, phosphate, -(CH 2 ) n -heterocyclyl, -(CH 2 ) n -heteroaryl, - (CH 2 ) n -trihalomethyl, and -(CH 2 ) n -trialkylsilyl, wherein n is an integer from 0-6.

In an embodiment, -C(0)-optionally substituted C i-C alkyl includes: -C(0)-(CH 2 ) n -substituent,

where n is an integer from 1 to 6

and the substituent group is selected from:

a) -NC(0)0-optionally substituted phenyl;

b) -C(0)C,-C 3 alkyl;

c) -OC,-C 3 alkyl;

d) -O-optionally substituted phenyl;

e) -optionally substituted phenyl;

f) -CN;

g) -0-Ci-C 3 alkylene - optionally substituted phenyl; and

h) -amino.

In a further embodiment and with reference to formula (I), (la), (lb), (Ic), or (Ie), Ri is C(0)R 6 where R6 is defined above.

In a further embodiment the invention provides compounds of formula (If):

substituted heteroaryl

(if)

Preferably, and with reference to formula (If) compounds, the optionally substituted heteroaryl group is selected from optionally substituted pyridyl or optionally substituted thiazolyl. Preferred substituents, when present, include -(CH 2 ) n -heterocyclyl, optionally substituted C 1 -C4 alkoxy and optionally substituted phenyl, where n is an integer from 0-4.

Representative compounds of the present invention

The compounds of the present invention may be prepared by the following general reaction sequence depicted in the Schemes below:

Scheme 1

Step B

(5) (4)

Step D

(7) (8)

Step F

(10) (9)

Wherein ® and ® represent nitrogen protecting groups, and variables R3-R.5 and L are as defined above. Preferred conditions for the steps outlined in Scheme 1 include:

Step A: Addition of the 2,2-disubstituted nitroethene (1) to protected carbazate (2) may be facilitated by mixing the starting materials (in preferably equimolar amounts) in an aqueous solvent system. Preferably the solvent system is 1 : 1 water/acetonitrile. Preferably the reaction is conducted at room temperature. The reaction progress can be monitored by layer chromatography (TLC) [e.g., CH 2 Cl2/MeOH 90: 10].

Step B: The reduction of (3) to primary amine (4) may be facilitated by any suitable reducing agent known in the art such as FeCl 3 , and sodium dithionite. The reduction may also be facilitated by hydrogenation using pallasium (Pd) or Raney nickel as catalysts. More preferably the reduction process is catalysed by 10% Pd/C in the presence of ammonium formate in a polar protic solvent such as methanol. This reaction is preferably conducted at room temperature and the reaction progress may be monitored by TLC (e.g., CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH 95 :5). The crude reaction product may be separated from the catalyst by filtration and used in the next step without any further purification.

Step C: Involves t rotection of the primary amine group. Suitable nitrogen protecting groups for are known to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis and include acyl groups (e.g., acetyl, trifluoroacetyl, and benzoyl), acyloxy groups (e.g., benzylester), aryl (e.g., phenyl), alkylaryl (e.g., benzyl), etc. Other nitrogen protecting groups may be found in Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, T.W. Greene and P. W John Wiley & Son, 3 rd edition. In a preferred embodiment the protecting group is t-butyloxy carbonyl (BOC). In a preferred embodiment the protecting group is the N-benzyloxy carbonyl group (Cbz). Protection may be facilitated by reacting the amine (4) in acetonitrile with triethylamine and N- (Benzyloxycarbonyloxy)succinimide.

Step D: Involves the deprotection of the ® group of (5) to prepare the salt (6).

Step E: In a preferred embodiment, the reaction product (6) from step D is not purified but instead directly reacted (in situ) with 2-(methoxy-optionally substituted aryl- methylene)-malonitrile (7) to afford the substituted pyrazole (8). This cyclisation step may be facilitated with the use of a suitable non-nucleophilic base (such as Hiinigs base, or TEA). The reaction is preferably conducted at elevated temperatures (e.g., between 50°-70°C).

Step F: The subsequent ring forming step to prepare the pyrazole-[3,4,d]-pyrimidine (9)

may be facilitated by reacting (8) with formamide or formamidine acetate (in mol excess) (HN=CHNH 2 · CH 3 COOH) at elevated temperatures (e.g., between 1 10° - 160°C). To drive the reaction to completion further amounts of formamidine acetate may be required over the course of the reaction.

Step G: Involves a deprotection step which may be facilitated by a suitable deprotection agent known in the art. Such agents include those discussed in Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, T.W. Greene and P. Wutz, John Wiley & Son, 3 rd edition. Usually such deprotection agents include inorganic and organic acids and accordingly Α Θ represents an anion which has been exchanged during the deprotection step using the inorganic or organic acid. Accordingly, depending on the deprotection agents employed in the process, both Χ Θ and Α Θ may be the same or different. Preferably, Χ Θ and Α θ are different. In relation to the embodiments where is a Cbz group, the deprotection agent may be a HBr solution. In this instance, Α Θ would be represented as ΒΓ Θ (bromide).

Accordingly, it would be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the compounds of formula (8), (9) and (10) represent key intermediates in the production of the compounds of the present

invention as these intermediates are endowed with the group (or a salt or protected form thereof) which provides greater accessibility and convergency to the compounds of formula (I) in relation to variations in R 2 or more particularly Ri .

Accordingly, in a further aspect the invention provides a process for preparing a compound of formula (8):

(8) said process comprising the steps of: a) reacting a compound of formula (1)

K4 / ^N0 2 (1) with a compound of formula (2), in a suitable polar solvent for a time and under conditions sufficient to obtain (3) b) reducing (3) to obtain (4)

(4) c) protecting the primary amine of (4) to obtain (5)

(5) ; and d) treating (5) with a deprotection agent to obtain (6)

(6) ; and e) reacting (6) with (7)

(7) in the presence of a non-nucleophile base in a polar solvent for a time and under conditions sufficient to obtain (8).

In a further aspect the invention also provides a process for preparing a compound of formula (9): said process comprising the step of: a) reacting a compound of formula (8)

R5

(8)

with formamide or formamidine acetate in a suitable polar solvent for a time and under conditions sufficient to obtain (9).

In an embodiment the reaction is conducted at elevated temperatures, preferably between 130°-160°C.

In a further embodiment the reaction is conducted at elevated temperatures, using methoxyethanol as solvent.

In a further aspect the invention also provides a process for preparing a compound of formula (10) said process comprising the step of:

a) deprotecting a compound of formula (9)

(9)

In an embodiment the deprotection step involves treating a compound of formula (10) with an acid, and preferably an inorganic acid selected from HBr or HC1, more preferably an aqueous solution of HBr.

With (10) in hand the compounds of formula (I) with variable and R 2 groups may be prepared, for instance, using conventional nucleophilic chemistry by initially treating the salt (9) with a suitable non-nucleophilic base (e.g., Hunigs base or TEA) and then reacting with a desired electrophilic group (e.g, a substituted anhydride).

In still a further aspect the invention also provides a process for preparing a compound of formula (I):

said process comprising the step of: a) reacting a compound of formula (10)

or the free base thereof, with a suitable substrate for a time and under conditions sufficient to form a compound of formula (I).

Other methods for preparing the compounds may include the following process steps: Scheme 2

Step A': Uses hydrazine or salt thereof maybe in presence of base in EtOH at reflux

Step B': Starting material heated at, for instance, 180°C in formamide or reacted with formamidine acetate in ethoxyethanol at 120°C. Other classical methods of pyrrazolopyrimidine synthesis can be used. Step C: Starting material and substituted nitroalkene stirred in, for instance, DMF at 95°C for 48 hrs.

Step D': Aliphatic nitro reduction methods apply here. Used for this work: Zn, 6M HCl, EtOH or Pd(OH) 2 in MeOH under hydrogen.

Scheme 3

Step A": Usual iodination methods. Methods used: N-iodosuccinimide in DMF at 80°C.

Step B": Metal mediated coupling reactions such as Suzuki or Negishi coupling reactions can be applied here. For example, boronic acid and Pd(Ph 3 ) 4 in dioxane at 180°C in microwave reactor for 10 minutes; or aryl- or alk l- potassium trifluoroborate salts with palladium catalysts.

Step C" and D": As with step C and D' above.

Another variation is to add, remove or modify the substituents of the product to form new derivatives which fall within the scope of the compounds of the present invention. This could be achieved again by using standard techniques for functional group inter-conversion, well known in the industry such as those described in Comprehensive Organic Transformations: a guide to functional group preparations by Larock R C, New York, VCH Publishers, Inc. 1989.

Examples of possible functional group inter-conversions are: -C(0)NRR' from -C0 2 CH 3 by heating with or without catalytic metal cyanide, e.g. NaCN, and HNRR' in CH 3 OH; -OC(0)R from -OH with e.g., C1C(0)R' in pyridine; -NR-C(S)NR'R" from -NHR with an alkylisothiocyanate or thiocyanic acid; -NRC(0)OR from -NHR with alkyl chloroformate; - NRC(0)NR'R" from -NHR by treatment with an isocyanate, e.g. HN=C=0 or RN=C=0; - NRC(0)R from -NHR by treatment with C1C(0)R' in pyridine; -C(=NR)NR'R" from - C(NR'R")SR"' with H 3 NR + OAc " by heating in alcohol; -C(NR'R")SR from -C(S)NR'R" with R-I in an inert solvent, e.g. acetone; -C(S)NR'R" (where R' or R" is not hydrogen) from - C(S)NH 2 with HNR'R"; -C(=NCN)-NR'R" from -C(=NR'R")-SR with NH 2 CN by heating in anhydrous alcohol, alternatively from -C(=NH)-NR'R" by treatment with BrCN and NaOEt in EtOH; -NR-C(=NCN)SR from -NHR' by treatment with (RS) 2 C=NCN; -NR"S0 2 R from - NHR' by treatment with CIS0 2 R by heating in pyridine; -NR'C(S)R from -NR'C(0)R by treatment with Lawesson's reagent [2,4-Z)w(4-methoxyphenyl)-l ,3,2,4-dithiadiphosphetane- 2,4-disulfide]; -NRS0 2 CF 3 from -NHR with triflic anhydride and base, -CH(NH 2 )CHO from - CH(NH 2 )C(0)OR' with Na(Hg) and HCl/EtOH; -CH 2 C(0)OH from -C(0)OH by treatment with SOCl 2 then CH 2 N 2 then H 2 0/Ag 2 0; -C(0)OH from -CH 2 C(0)OCH 3 by treatment with PhMgX/HX then acetic anhydride then Cr0 3 ; R-OC(0)R' from RC(0)R' by R"C0 3 H; - CCH 2 OH from -C(0)OR with Na / R'OH; -CHCH 2 from -CH 2 CH 2 OH by the Chugaev reaction; -NH 2 from -C(0)OH by the Curtius reaction; -NH 2 from -C(0)NHOH with TsCl/base then H 2 0; -CHC(0)CHR from -CHCHOHCHR by using the Dess-Martin Periodinane regent or Cr0 3 / aqH 2 S0 4 / acetone; -C 6 H 5 CHO from -C 6 H 5 CH 3 with Cr0 2 0 2 ; - CHO from -CN with SnCl 2 / HC1; -CN from -C(0)NHR with PC1 5 ; -CH 2 R from -C(0)R with N 2 H 4 / OH; -S(0) 2 R from -SR with mCPBA.

As mentioned previously, the preferred compounds of the invention are inhibitors of tyrosine kinase and in particular Src kinase and therefore can be useful in methods of therapy. The compounds of the present invention have also been observed to target serine/threonin protein kinases, and in particular RIP 2 and ME 5. As such these compounds may be used for treating tumours. As used herein the term "tumour" is used broadly to define any malignant cancerous growth, and may include leukemias, melanomas, colon, lung, ovarian, skin, breast, prostate, CNS, and renal cancers, as well as other cancers.

The compounds of the invention having Src kinase inhibitory activity may also be used in the treatment of tumours, and in particular colon cancer.

The invention also provides for the use of a compound of formula (I), (la), (lb), (Ic), (Id), (Ie) or (If) in the manufacture of a medicament for treating tumours, and in particular colon cancer.

There is also provided a method of treatment of tumours (in particular colon cancer) comprising the administration of an effective amount of a compound of formula (I), (la), (lb), (Ic), (Id), (Ie) or (If) to a subject in need thereof. In another embodiment the tumour is breast cancer.

However, it will be understood that the compounds of the invention can be used in treating diseases or conditions characterised by cell proliferation (including cell hyperproliferation) which is initiated and/or progressed by aberrant TP activity and more particualrly serine/threonine protein kinase and/or Src kinase activity. In particular, the present compounds can also be used in treating psoriasis, immunoregulation (graft rejection), atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthrities, acute and chronic inflammatroy conditions, Crohn's disease and the like. Known related pyrazolopyrimidines PPl and PP2 (as disclosed in US 5,593,997)

PPl PP2 have been reported as potent inhibitors of SFKs, althought they do not discriminate between members of this kinase family. They also inhibit other tyrosine kinases such as EGF-R. While such activity would appear to be therapeutically useful, PP1 and PP2 are poorly soluble and accordingly these compounds are not viewed as being "drug like". It has been surprisingly found that the compounds of the present invention have improved solubility and drug-like profiles (especially under acidic conditions) while at the same time retain potent inhibitory acitivity.

Compounds of the invention which possess bioactivity, such as Src kinase inhibitory activity, can be formulated as a composition, particularly a pharmaceutical composition, together with a pharmaceutically acceptable additive.

The compounds of the invention are administered to the subject in a treatment effective amount. As used herein, a treatment effective amount is intended to include at least partially attaining the desired effect, or delaying the onset of, or inhibiting the progression of, or halting or reversing altogether the onset or progression of the particular disease of condition being treated (e.g., colon cancer).

As used herein, the term "effective amount" relates to an amount of compound which, when administered according to a desired dosing regimen, provides the desired therapeutic activity. Dosing may occur at intervals of minutes, hours, days, weeks, months or years or continuously over any one of these periods. Suitable dosages may lie within the range of about 0.1 ng per kg of body weight to 1 g per kg of body weight per dosage. A typical dosage is in the range of 1 μg to 1 g per kg of body weight per dosage, such as is in the range of 1 mg to 1 g per kg of body weight per dosage. In one embodiment, the dosage may be in the range of 1 mg to 500 mg per kg of body weight per dosage. In another embodiment, the dosage may be in the range of 1 mg to 250 mg per kg of body weight per dosage. In yet another embodiment, the dosage may be in the range of 1 mg to 100 mg per kg of body weight per dosage, such as up to 50 mg per body weight per dosage.

Suitable dosage amounts and dosing regimens can be determined by the attending physician and may depend on the particular condition being treated, the severity of the condition as well as the general age, health and weight of the subject.

The active ingredient may be administered in a single dose or a series of doses. While it is possible for the active ingredient to be administered alone, it is preferable to present it as a composition, preferably as a pharmaceutical composition. The formulation of such compositions is well known to those skilled in the art. The composition may contain any suitable carriers, diluents or excipients. These include all conventional solvents, dispersion media, fillers, solid carriers, coatings, antifungal and antibacterial agents, dermal penetration agents, surfactants, isotonic and absorption agents and the like. It will be understood that the compositions of the invention may also include other supplementary physiologically active agents.

The carrier must be pharmaceutically "acceptable" in the sense of being compatible with the other ingredients of the composition and not injurious to the subject. Compositions include those suitable for oral, rectal, nasal, topical (including buccal and sublingual), vaginal or parental (including subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous and intradermal) administration. The compositions may conveniently be presented in unit dosage form and may be prepared by any methods well blown in the art of pharmacy. Such methods include the step of bringing into association the active ingredient with the carrier which constitutes one or more accessory ingredients. In general, the compositions are prepared by uniformly and intimately bringing into association the active ingredient with liquid carriers or finely divided solid carriers or both, and then if necessary shaping the product. Compositions of the present invention suitable for oral administration may be presented as discrete units such as capsules, sachets or tablets each containing a predetermined amount of the active ingredient; as a powder or granules; as a solution or a suspension in an aqueous or non-aqueous liquid; or as an oil-in-water liquid emulsion or a water-in-oil liquid emulsion. The active ingredient may also be presented as a bolus, electuary or paste. A tablet may be made by compression or moulding, optionally with one or more accessory ingredients. Compressed tablets may be prepared by compressing in a suitable machine the active ingredient in a free-flowing form such as a powder or granules, optionally mixed with a binder (e.g inert diluent, preservative disintegrant (e.g. sodium starch glycolate, cross-linked polyvinyl pyrrolidone, cross-linked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose) surface-active or dispersing agent. Moulded tablets may be made by moulding in a suitable machine a mixture of the powdered compound moistened with an inert liquid diluent. The tablets may optionally be coated or scored and may be formulated so as to provide slow or controlled release of the active ingredient therein using, for example, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose in varying proportions to provide the desired release profile. Tablets may optionally be provided with an enteric coating, to provide release in parts of the gut other than the stomach.

Compositions suitable for topical administration in the mouth include lozenges comprising the active ingredient in a flavoured base, usually sucrose and acacia or tragacanth gum; pastilles comprising the active ingredient in an inert basis such as gelatine and glycerin, or sucrose and acacia gum; and mouthwashes comprising the active ingredient in a suitable liquid carrier.

Compositions suitable for topical administration to the skin may comprise the compounds dissolved or suspended in any suitable carrier or base and may be in the form of lotions, gel, creams, pastes, ointments and the like. Suitable carriers include mineral oil, propylene glycol, polyoxyethylene, polyoxypropylene, emulsifying wax, sorbitan monostearate, polysorbate 60, cetyl esters wax, cetearyl alcohol, 2-octyldodecanol, benzyl alcohol and water. Transdermal patches may also be used to administer the compounds of the invention.

Compositions for rectal administration may be presented as a suppository with a suitable base comprising, for example, cocoa butter, glycerin, gelatine or polyethylene glycol.

Compositions suitable for vaginal administration may be presented as pessaries, tampons, creams, gels, pastes, foams or spray formulations containing in addition to the active ingredient such carriers as are known in the art to be appropriate.

Compositions suitable for parenteral administration include aqueous and non-aqueous isotonic sterile injection solutions which may contain anti-oxidants, buffers, bactericides and solutes which render the composition isotonic with the blood of the intended recipient; and aqueous and non-aqueous sterile suspensions which may include suspending agents and thickening agents. The compositions may be presented in unit-dose or multi-dose sealed containers, for example, ampoules and vials, and may be stored in a freeze-dried (lyophilised) condition requiring only the addition of the sterile liquid carrier, for example water for injections, immediately prior to use. Extemporaneous injection solutions and suspensions may be prepared from sterile powders, granules and tablets of the kind previously described.

Preferred unit dosage compositions are those containing a daily dose or unit, daily sub- dose, as herein above described, or an appropriate fraction thereof, of the active ingredient.

It should be understood that in addition to the active ingredients particularly mentioned above, the compositions of this invention may include other agents conventional in the art having regard to the type of composition in question, for example, those suitable for oral administration may include such further agents as binders, sweeteners, thickeners, flavouring agents disintegrating agents, coating agents, preservatives, lubricants and/or time delay agents. Suitable sweeteners include sucrose, lactose, glucose, aspartame or saccharine. Suitable disintegrating agents include cornstarch, methylcellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone, xanthan guni, bentonite, alginic acid or agar. Suitable flavouring agents include peppermint oil, oil of wintergreen, cherry, orange or raspberry flavouring. Suitable coating agents include polymers or copolymers of acrylic acid and/or niethacrylic acid and/or their esters, waxes, fatty alcohols, zein, shellac or gluten. Suitable preservatives include sodium benzoate, vitamin E, alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, methyl paraben, propyl paraben or sodium bisulphite. Suitable lubricants include magnesium stearate, stearic acid, sodium oleate, sodium chloride or talc. Suitable time delay agents include glyceryl monostearate or glyceryl distearate.

The novel bioactive compounds of the invention can be administered to a subject as a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. It will be appreciated however that non- pharmaceutically acceptable salts also fall within the scope of the present invention since these may be useful as intermediates in the preparation of pharmaceutically acceptable salts. Suitable pharmaceutically acceptable salts include, but are not limited to salts of pharmaceutically acceptable inorganic acids such as hydrochloric, sulphuric, phosphoric, nitric, carbonic, boric, sulfamic, and hydrobromic acids, or salts of pharmaceutically acceptable organic acids such as acetic, propionic, butyric, tartaric, maleic, hydroxymaleic, fumaric, maleic, citric, lactic, mucic, gluconic, benzoic, succinic, oxalic, phenylacetic, methanesulphonic, toluenesulphonic, benezenesulphonic, salicyclic sulphanilic, aspartic, glutamic, edetic, stearic, palmitic, oleic, lauric, pantothenic, tannic, ascorbic and valeric acids. Base salts include, but are not limited to, those formed with pharmaceutically acceptable cations, such as sodium, potassium, lithium, calcium, magnesium, ammonium and alkylammonium. In particular, the present invention includes within its scope cationic salts eg sodium or potassium salts, or alkyl esters (eg methyl, ethyl) of the phosphate group. Basic nitrogen-containing groups may be quartemised with such agents as lower alkyl halide, such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl chlorides, bromides and iodides; dialkyl sulfates like dimethyl and diethyl sulfate; and others.

It will be appreciated that any compound that is a prodrug of a compound of formula (I), (la), (lb), (Ic), (Id), (Ie) or (If) is also within the scope and spirit of the invention. The term "prodrug" is used in its broadest sense and encompasses those derivatives that are converted in vivo to the compounds of the invention. Such derivatives would readily occur to those skilled in the art, and include, for example, compounds where a free hydroxy group is converted into an ester, such as an acetate or phosphate ester, or where a free amino group is converted into an amide (eg a-aminoacid amide). Procedures for esterifying, eg. acylating, the compounds of the invention are well known in the art and may include treatment of the compound with an appropriate carboxylic acid, anhydride or chloride in the presence of a suitable catalyst or base.

The compounds of the invention may be in crystalline form either as the free compounds or as solvates (e.g. hydrates) and it is intended that both forms are within the scope of the present invention. Methods of solvation are generally known within the art. It will also be recognised that compounds of the invention may possess asymmetric centres and are therefore capable of existing in more than one stereoisomeric form. The invention thus also relates to compounds in substantially pure isomeric form at one or more asymmetric centres eg., greater than about 90% ee, such as about 95% or 97% ee or greater than 99% ee, as well as mixtures, including racemic mixtures, thereof. Such isomers may be prepared by asymmetric synthesis, for example using chiral intermediates, or mixtures may be resolved by conventional methods, eg., chromatography, or use of a resolving agent.

Furthermore, depending on the substitution pattern the compounds of the present invention may be capable of undergoing tautomerism. Accordingly, all possible tautomers of a compound of the present invention fall within the scope and spirit of the invention.

The mode of proliferative diseases, such as tumors, is multi-factorial. In the treatment of such diseases drugs with different mechanisms may be combined (ie combination therapies). The compounds of the invention may be particularly useful in combination therapy, eg. combining the treatment with other chemotherapeutic or radiation treatments.

For instance in order to potentiate anti-tumour treatments using the compounds of the present invention one or more other cytotoxic compounds including 5-FU, oxaliplatin, paclitaxel, gemcitabine, docetaxel, cisplatin, and doxorubicin may also be administered. The combination therapy may also include the addition of other Src kinase inhibitors such as AZD- 0530 (Saracatinib), Dasatinib (BMS-354825 or Sprycel) and Bosutinib (S I0606) or inhibitors of E K5, ME 5, RIP 5, and FA (PT 2) such as AZD6244, U0126, SB202190, and PF-562271.

The combination partners in such therapies may be administered together, one after the other, separately in one combined unit dosage or in separate unit dosage forms.

Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the invention described herein in susceptible to variations and modifications other than those specifically described. It is to be understood that the invention includes all such variations and modifications which fall within the spirit and scope. The invention also includes all of the steps, features, compositions and compounds referred to or indicated in this specification, individually or collectively, and any and all combinations of any two or more of said steps or features.

Certain embodiments of the invention will now be described with reference to the following examples which are intended for the purpose of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the generality hereinbefore described. Example

Synthetic examples

Example 1: Preparation of N'-(l ,l -Dimethyl-2-nitro-ethyl)-hydrazinecarboxylic acid tert- butyl ester tert-Butyl carbazate (2.61 g, 19.8 mmol) was added to mixture of 2,2-dimethyl- nitroethylene (2 g, 19.8 mmol) in 20 mL of 1 : 1 water/acetonitrile. After one hour, TLC (CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH 90: 10) indicated complete reaction. The reaction was diluted with water. The aqueous phase was washed three times with EtOAc. The combined organic phases were rinsed with water and brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. The solid residue was purified on Si0 2 using CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH 95:5 to 90: 10. A white solid was obtained (m = 3.6 g, 78%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.26 (s, 6H), 1.49 (s, 9H), 4.43 (s, 2H), 6.12 (br s, 1 H). I3 C NMR (ppm, CDCI3): 23.24, 28.23, 57.91 , 81.35, 82.06, 158.20. LCMS (+esi): 256 (M+Na + ).

IB: Preparation of N'-(2-Benzyloxycarbonylamino- 1, 1 -dimethyl-ethyl) hydrazinecarboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Pd/C (10%, 240 mg) was added to a mixture of compound 1A (1 g, 4 mmol) and ammonium formate (1.16 g, 18.4 mmol) in 8 mL of dry methanol. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour (strong gas evolution) after which time TLC (CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH 95:5) indicated complete consumption of starting material. The reaction was filtered through a pad of celite and the solids were rinsed with methanol. The filtrate was concentrated. The colourless oil was used in the next step without further purification. Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): δ 1.16 (s, 6H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 2.78 (s, 2H), 3.03 (br s, 2H +H 2 0), 6.6 (br s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 204.1 (M+H + ).

The amine was dissolved in 8 mL of anhydrous acetonitrile. Triethylamine (0.5 mL, 3.6 mmol) and N-(Benzyloxycarbonyloxy)succinimide (897 mg, 3.6 mmol) were successively added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours and then concentrated. The residue was taken into EtOAc and 10% citric acid. The aqueous layer was extracted three times with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with 10% citric acid, water and brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. A colourless oil was obtained that crystallised slowly upon standing. No further purification was required (m = 1.2 g, 90% for two steps). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 1.01 (s, 6H), 1.43 (s, 9H), 3.04 (d, J = 6.57 Hz, 2H), 3.51 (br s, 1H), 5.09 (s, 2H), 6.22 (br s, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 5H). 13 C NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 22.91 , 28.25, 46.36, 57.73, 66.67, 81.08, 128.00, 128.06, 128.46, 136.76, 157.23, 157.61.

1C: Preparation of [2-(5-Amino-4-cyano-3-phenyl-pyrazol-l -yl)-2-methyl-propyl]-carbamic acid benzyl ester

Compound I B (310 mg, 0.92 mmol) was dissolved in 1 mL of dry acetonitrile. Tosic acid (875 mg, 4.6 mmol) was dissolved in 3 mL of dry acetonitrile. Molecular sieves were added to both solutions and stood for 30 minutes. The solution of tosic acid was then added the other mixture and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. After that time the reaction was filtered and the solid washed with acetonitrile and CH 2 C1 2 ). The filtrate was concentrated to afford a thick colourless oil. It was dissolved in 2 mL of ethanol. Triethylamine (640 //L, 1.48 mmol) and 2-(Methoxy-p-tolyl-methylene)-malononitrile (182 mg, 0.92 mmol) were successively added. The reaction was then heated at 60°C for 3 hours. After cooling down, the reaction was concentrated. Water and EtOAc were then added and the aqueous phase was extracted three times with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. The oily residue obtained was purified by flash chromatography on Si0 2 using 100% CH 2 C1 2 then CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH 99: 1. A colourless oil that solidifies slowly overnight was obtained (m = 270 mg, 73%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.58 (s, 6H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 3.77 (d, J = 6.63 Hz, 2H), 4.40 (br s, 2H), 5.08 (s, 2H), 5.59 (br t, J = 5.94 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.55 Hz, 2H), 7.31 (m, 5H), 7.74 (d, J = 8.13 Hz, 2H). C NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): (5 21.35, 24.18, 50.56, 63.17, 66.99, 76.34, 1 15.22, 126.09, 128.15, 128.22, 128.33, 128.55, 129.42, 136.34, 139.1 1 , 149.13, 151.57, 156.96. LCMS (+esi): 404.3 (M+H + ). I D: Preparation of [2-(4-Amino-3-phenyl-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-l -yl)-2-methyl-propyl]- carbamic acid benzyl ester

Compound 1C (100 mg, 0.25 mmol) and formamidine acetate (108 mg, 1 mmol) were reacted at 150°C in 0.4 mL of methoxyethanol. 3 more portions of formamidine acetate were added at one hour interval to reaction mixture. After that time, water and EtOAc were added. The aqueous phase was extracted three times with EtOAc. The combined organic phases were washed two times with water and brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. The thick yellowish oil obtained was purified by two successive flash chromatographies: first using CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH 100:0 to 97:3 then CH 2 Cl 2 /EtOAc 70:30 to 50:50. A colourless oil was obtained which solidified slowly (m = 76 mg, 71 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 1.71 (s, 6H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 3.87 (d, J = 6.63 Hz, 2H), 5.02 (s, 2H), 5.82 (br t, J = 6.33 Hz, 1 H), 5.94 (br s, 2H), 7.23-7.28 (m, 7H), 7.45 (d, J = 8.07 Hz, 2H), 8.23 (s, 1 H). 13 C NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 21.34, 25.02, 49.82, 64.24, 66.77, 99.18, 128.12, 128.16, 128.35, 128.51 , 129.87, 130.15, 136.58, 139.50, 143.79, 152.50, 153.71 , 156.83, 156.86. LCMS (+esi): 431.3 (M+H + ).

I E: Preparation of l -(2-Amino-l, l -dimethyl-ethyl)-3-phenyl-l H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamine hydrobromide

Compound I D (85 mg, 0.2 mmol) was treated with 1 mL of 33% solution of HBr in glacial acetic acid. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Dry ether was then added to the mixture leading to the formation of a precipitate. It was collected by filtration, rinsed thoroughly with Et 2 0 and dried. 50 mg of the compound were redissolved in 50 mL of water and freeze dried for two days. A white solid was obtained. Ή NMR (ppm, DMSO-d 6 ): «5 1.73 (s, 6H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 3.59 (br q, J = 5.67 Hz, 2H), 7.33 (d, J = 7.89 Hz, 2H), 7.53 (d, J= 8.07 Hz, 2H), 7.95 (br s, 3H), 8.40 (s, 1H). 13 C NMR (ppm, DMSO-d 6 ): 20.93, 24.83, 46.51, 61.41 , 98.47, 128.33, 128.76, 129.80, 138.82, 144.85, 149.49, 152.83, 154.21. LCMS (+esi): 297 (M-Br ).

Example 2:

Compound I E (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) was dissolved in 1 mL of dry CH2CI2. The solution was cooled to 0°C and triethylamine (38 pL, 0.27 mmol) followed by acetic anhydride (13 / L, 0.13 mmol) were added. The reaction was stirred for 1 hour at 0°C after which time more triethylamine (19 L, 0.132 mmol) and acetic anhydride (3 /L, 0.03 mmol) were added. The reaction was stirred for a total of 2.5 hours. TLC (90: 10 CH 2 Cl2 MeOH) indicated complete reaction. The mixture was diluted with CH 2 C1 2 and poured onto water. The mixture was extracted three times with CH2CI2. The combined organic phases were washed with water end brine and dried over Na 2 S0 4 . Concentration afforded the expected compound, which did not require further purification (m = 24.5 mg, 56%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 1.77 (s, 6H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 3.96 (d, J= 6.36 Hz, 2H), 5.74 (br s, 2H), 7.02 (br s, 1 H), 7.35 (d, J= 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.55 (d, J= 8.07 Hz, 2H), 8.33 (s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 339.1 (M+H + ).

Example 3:

Compound I E (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) was dissolved in 275 / L of CH 2 CI 2 . Acetic acid (55 juL), 37% formaldehyde (275 μ and 550 μΐ of a 1 M solution of NaBH 3 CN in THF were added. The reaction was stirred for 30 minutes. After that time, the reaction was diluted with CH 2 CI 2 and water was added. The aqueous phase was extracted three times with CH 2 Cl 2 . The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine and dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The residue was purified by flash chromatography using CH 2 Cl 2 EtOAc (70:30 to 30:70). A white solid was obtained (m = 22 mg, 51%). Ή NMR (ppm, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 1.72 (s, 6H), 2.05 (br s, 6H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 2.98 (br s, 2H), 6.7 (br s, 2H), 7.33 (d, J = 8.34 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (d, J = 8.07 Hz, 2H), 8.21 (s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 325.2 (M+H + ).

4A: Compound IE (50 mg, 0.132 mmol) was dissolved in 1.5 mL of dry CH 2 C1 2 under nitrogen. DMAP (1.6 mg, 0.0132 mmol) and freshly distilled triethylamine (40 mg, 55.1 //L, 0.398 mmol) were added. The solution was cooled to 0°C in an ice bath and stirred. In a separate flask, trifluoroacetic anhydride (41.6 mg, 27.5 / L, 0.198 mmol) was dissolved in 1 mL of CH2CI2. This solution was added into the first flask and the reaction was stirred overnight. The product was directly purified by flash chromatography on Si0 2 using EtOAc/petroleum ether (20:80 to 40:60). The product was obtained as a pale pink solid (m = 27 mg, 52%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): 5 1.79 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 3.98 (d, J = 6.18 Hz, 2H), 5.74 (br s, 2H), 7.34 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.54 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 2H), 8.33 (s, 1H), 9.27 (br s, 1H). 1 3 C NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 21.3, 25.3, 48.6, 63.2, 1 16.2, 128.1, 130.2, 139.5, 143.7, 153.9, 1 4.8, 157.0 (q), 158.1. LCMS (+esi): 393.2 (M+H + ).

4B: Compound 4A (40 mg, 0.102 mmol), Cs 2 C0 3 (99.7 mg, 0.31 mmol,) and Tetrabutylammonium bromide (3.3 mg, 0.01 mmol) was dissolved in 1 mL of acetone. Mel (22.3 /L, 0.36 mmol) in solution in acetone was added. The solution was stirred for 48 hr. The TLC (EtOAc Petroleum Ether 50:50) showed 2 new products but no starting material. The mixture was filtered through celite and the filtrate concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica using EtOAc/Petroleum Ether 20:80 to eliminate the first product (dimethylated) and then 40:60 to give the expected product as a white solid (12 mg, 28%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.87 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.54 (q, = 1.64 Hz, 3H), 4.30 (s, 2H), 5.66 (br s, 2H), 7.34 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.54 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 8.34 (br s, 1 H). 13 C NMR (ppm, CDCI3): £ 21.3, 25.7, 35.6, 56.1 , 63.8, 128.3, 130.1 , 139.4, 143.5, 153.7, 154.6, 157.39, 158.02. LCMS (+esi): 407.1 (M+H + ).

4C: Compound 4B (15.1 mg, 0.04 mmol) was dissolved in 1.5 mL of methanol/water (94:6) and K 2 CC»3 (26.8 mg, 0.194 mmol) was added. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr. TLC showed starting material left so the mixture was heated at reflux for 2h. The solvent was removed and 5 mL of water was added. The product was extracted with dichloromethane (3x5 mL), the combined organic layers were washed with water, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated to give 12.3 mg of compound 4C (82%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.83 (s, 6H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 3.27 (s, 2H), 5.52 (br s, 2H), 7.32 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 7.56 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 8.31 (br s, 1 H). 13 C NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 521.3, 25.9, 29.7, 36.9, 56.1, 60.9, 63.4, 128.5, 129.9, 130.6, 138.9, 142.8, 154.5, 157.9. LCMS (+esi): 31 1.1 (M+H + ).

Example 5:

5A: Compound I E (50 mg, 0.13 mmol), N^V-Di-Boc-N'-triflylguanidine (prepared according to Feichtinger et al, J. Org. Chem., 1998, 63, 8432; 48.7 mg, 0.120 mmol) and triethylamine (37 μί, 0.266 mmol) were dissolved in dry dichloromethane (1 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 18 hr. It was then diluted in CH 2 C1 2 , washed with 2M sodium bisulfate, saturated sodium bicarbonate and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated to give a white solid. The crude product was then purified on silica gel using CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH (100:0 to 95:5). A white solid was obtained (m = 38.7 mg, 55%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.49 (s, 9H), 1.84 (s, 6H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 4.14 (d, J = 5.81 Hz, 2H), 5.76 (br s, 2H), 7.30 (d, J = 7.92 Hz, 2H), 7.71 (d, J = 7.92 Hz, 2H), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 9.21 (t, J = 5.81 Hz, 1 H). 13 C NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 21.3, 24.8, 28.1, 28.3, 49.3, 63.0, 79.0, 82.7, 99.8, 128.7, 129.8, 130.5, 138.9, 143.2, 152.8, 154.3, 154.6, 156.7, 158.0, 163.8. LCMS (+esi): 539.0 (M+H + ).

5B: Compound 5A (38.9 mg, 0.072 mmol) was dissolved in 1 mL of dry CH 2 C1 2 and cooled at 0°C. Then TFA (495 L, 6.5 mmol) was added dropwise. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and was stirred for 6 hrs. Solvent was removed under vacuum to give a thick brown oil. Toluene was added and evaporated to remove the remaining TFA. The product, still oily, was dissolved in a water/acetonitrile mixture and freeze-dried to give 3 1.6 mg (78%) of a white solid. Ή NMR (ppm, MeOD): δ 1.89 (s, 6H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 3.99 (s, 2H), 7.41 (d, J = 6.24 Hz, 2H), 7.60 (d, J = 6.90 Hz, 2H), 8.40 (s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 339.0 (M- 2TFA+H + ).

Example 6:

6A: Compound IE (50 mg, 0.132 mmol) was free-based by treating a suspension of the hydrobromide salt in CH2CI2 with saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 , drying over 2 C0 3 and concentrating. The residue was dissolved in 1 mL of acetone and triethylamine (18.4 μί, 0.132 mmol) was added. In a separate flask, PhCOCl (21.5 //L., 0.185 mmol,) was added dropwise to a solution of NH 4 SCN (15.1 mg, 0.198 mmol) in 1 mL of acetone. A white precipitate was observed. The mixture was stirred and heated at reflux for 15 min and then cooled to room temperature. The solution of neutralised 1 E in acetone was added quickly and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for lh. The mixture was then poured into excess cracked ice with stirring. A white precipitate was formed; it was filtered off and washed with water and then methanol: water (1 : 1 ). The solid was dried in a vacuum oven to afford 30 mg of a white powder (49%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.92 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 4.58 (d, J = 6.09 Hz, 2H), 5.83 (br s, 2H), 7.36 (d, J = 7.92 Hz, 2H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.61 (t, J = 7.53 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J= 8.07 Hz, 2H), 7.81 (d, J= 7.26 Hz, 2H), 8.35 (s, 1H), 9.00 (s, 1H).

6B: NaOH aq. 10% (2 mL) was to the crude compound 6A. The mixture was stirred and heated at 90°C for 1 hr and was then poured in a mixture of HC1 4M and ice. Na 2 C0 3 was added to basify the solution until pH = 8-10. The product was extracted with dichloromethane (3 times). The combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated to afford 12 mg of crude product. LCMS showed a mix of starting material and desired product. The crude mixture was purified by preparative HPLC preparative to afford 1.5 mg (3% yield) of the expected compound. Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.82 (s, 6H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 4.35 (br s, 2H), 6.09 (br s, 1 H), 7.37 (d, J= 7.53 Hz, 2H), 7.54 (d, J= 7.89 Hz, 2H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 8.25 (s, 1H). LCMS (+esi): 356.0 (M+H + ).

Example 7:

Compound I E ( 15 mg, 0.05 mmol) was neutralised (suspended in CH 2 C1 2 and treated with saturated NaHC0 3 aqueous solution, dried over 2 C0 3 and concentrated). The residue was dissolved in 0.6 mL of dry THF. Ethyl isocyanate (4 L, 0.05 mmol) was added at 0°C. The solution turned white cloudy. The mixture was stirred overnight and was then diluted with Ether (5 mL), washed with 1 M HC1, saturated NaHC0 3 and then brine. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. As no expected compound was present in the organic layer, the combined aqueous layers were extracted twice with CH 2 C1 2 , dried and concentrated again to give 17.2 mg of a white solid. This crude product was purified on silica gel using MeOH/CH 2 Cl 2 (0: 100 to 10:90) to afford 12.7 mg (69%) of a white solid. Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): (5 1.09 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.77 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 3.16 (q, J = 6.96 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (d, J = 4.38 Hz, 2H), 4.44 (br s, 1 H), 5.68 (br s, 2H), 5.81 (br s, 1 H), 7.34 (d, J = 7.77 Hz, 2H), 7.54 (d, J = 7.92 Hz, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 368.0 (M+H + ).

Example 8:

Compound I E (50 mg, 0.132 mmol), acetone (48.5 μί, 0.66 mmol) and NaBH 3 CN (33 mg, 0.53 mmol) were dissolved in 1.5 mL of methanol. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days (the reaction was monitored by TLC 10% MeOH in CH 2 C1 2 ). Solvents and volatiles were removed in vacuum, water. The residue was dissolved in CH 2 C1 2 . The aqueous layer was extracted 3 times with CH2CI2. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated to afford 34 mg of a colourless oil. The crude was purified on silica gel using MeOH/CH 2 Cl2, (0: 100 to 6:94). A white solid was obtained (m = 21 mg, 47%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.01 (d, J = 6.27 Hz, 6H), 1.82 (s, 6H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.76 (hept, J = 6.36 Hz, 1 H), 3.27 (s, 2H), 5.62 (br s, 2H), 7.32 (d, J = 8.37 Hz, 2H), 7.56 (d, J= 8.04 Hz, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 338.4 (M+H + ).

Example 9:

Compound IE (50 mg, 0.132 mmol), DMAP (49 mg, 0.40 mmol), phenyl acetic acid (20 mg, 0.145 mmol) and EDCI (33 mg, 0.172 mmol) were dissolved in 2 mL of dry CH 2 C1 2 . The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction was diluted with CH 2 C1 2 and washed successively with HCl IN, NaHC0 3 sat., water and brine. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. NMR and LCMS indicated that the compound was pure (m = 31 mg, 56%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): «5 1.71 (s, 6H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 3.59 (s, 2H), 3.92 (d, J = 6.42 Hz, 2H), 5.74 (br s, 2H), 6.96 (br t, J = 6.06 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (s, 5H), 7.33 (d, J = 7.92 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (d, J= 8.19 Hz, 2H), 8.12 (s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 415.0 (M+H + ).

Example 10:

10A: 4-(2-aminethyl)-benzoic acid (200 mg, 0.99 mmol) and Boc 2 0 (260 mg, 1.2 mmol) were dissolved in 1 mL of 1 M aqueous NaOH. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 4 hrs. After this time, ethyl acetate was added followed by 10 % aqueous solution of citric acid. A white solid precipitated. It was removed by filtration. The filtrate was then extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on Si0 2 using CH 2 Cl 2 /MeOH (100:0 to 95:5). A white solid was obtained (m = 47 mg, 16%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.33 (s, 9H), 2.74 (t, J = 7.44 Hz, 2H), 3.14 (quar, J = 6.78 Hz, 2H), 6.84 (br t, J= 5.43 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (d, J= 8.28 Hz, 2H), 7.83 (d, J= 8.25 Hz, 2H).

10B: Compound 10B was prepared using the same procedure described in example I E using compound I E (20 mg, 0.053 mmol) and compound 10A. After work up the resulting crude compound was purified by flash chromatography on Si0 2 using CH 2 Cl 2 MeOH (99: 1 to 98:2). A white solid was obtained (m = 15 mg, 53%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): 1.41 (s, 9H), 1.83 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.83 (t, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 3.37 (br quar, J = 6.72 Hz, 2H), 4.12 (d, J = 6.12 Hz, 2H), 4.58 (br s, 1 H), 5.78 (br s, 1H), 7.23 (d, J = 7.95 Hz, 2H), 7.36 (d, J = 8.28 Hz, 2H), (d, J= 8.07 Hz, 2H), 7.74 (d, J = 8.01 Hz, 2H), 8.35 (br s, 2H overlapping).

IOC: Compound 10B (15 mg, 0.03 mmol) dissolved in 1 mL of CH 2 Cl 2 was treated with 200 juL of TFA. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 16 hrs. 200 //L of TFA was added and the reaction was left for a further 24 hours. The TFA was removed by azeotroping with toluene (3 times) to afford a colourless oil. A white solid precipitated upon addition of Et 2 0. The solid was collected by filtration, rinsed with Et 2 0 and dried in a vacuum oven. NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 1.81 (s, 6H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 2.92 (br s, 2H), 3.07 (br s, 2H), 4.02 (br s, 2H), 7.10 (br s, 2H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 2H), 7.29-7.46 (m, 4H), 7.72 (br s, 2H), 8.6 (br s, 3H). LCMS (+esi): 444.1 (M+H + ).

Example 11:

CH2CI2

Compound from example I E (64 mg, 0.17 mmol) was neutralised by treating a suspension of the hydrobromide salt in CH 2 C1 2 with saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 , drying over K 2 C0 3 and concentrating. The residue was dissolved in CH 2 C1 2 and benzoic acid (22 mg, 0.18 mmol) followed by solid supported DCC (Novabiochem, 390 mg, 0.5 1 mmol) were added and the reaction was placed on an orbital shaker for 24 hrs. The reaction was then filtered through a pad of celite. The solids were rinsed with CH 2 C1 2 . Concentration afforded a colourless oil (m = 40 mg, 59%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.85 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 4.14 (d, J = 6.18 Hz, 2H), 5.69 (br s, 2H), 7.34-7.48 (m, 5H), 7.57 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.81 (t d, J = 8.37 Hz, 2H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 8.39 (br t, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 401.1 (M+H + ).

Example 12:

Compound 12: Compound 12 was prepared according to the procedure used to prepare compound from example 1 1 using picolinic acid (22 mg, 0.18 mmol). The off-white solids obtained were triturated with Et 2 0, collected by filtration and rinsed with more Et 2 0. A white powder was obtained (15 mg, 22%). NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.87 (s, 6H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 4.20 (d, J = 6.66 Hz, 2H), 5.75 (br s, 2H), 7.37 (d, J = 7.68 Hz, 2H), 7.41 -7.43 (m, 1 H), 7.69 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.83 (t d, J = 7.71 , 1.65 Hz, 1 H), 8.20 (d, J = 7.83 Hz, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 8.55 (d, J= 4.8 Hz, 1 H), 9.23 (br t, J= 6.06 Hz, 1H). LCMS (+esi): 402.1 (M+H + ).

Example 13:

13 A: Compound 13A was prepared according to the procedure described for example 10A with 4-amino-methyl benzoic acid (200 mg, 1.94 mmol). A white solid was obtained (m = 232 mg, 52%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): 5 1.47 (s, 9H), 4.39 (br d, J = 5.19 Hz, 2H), 4.94 (br s, 1 H), 7.38 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.06 (d, J= 8.31 Hz, 2H).

13B: Compound 13B was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 , using 13 A. The product was obtained as a white foam. Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.45 (s, 9H), 1.84 (s, 6H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.82 (br s, 1 H), 4.1 1 (d, J= 6.21 Hz, 2H), 4.33 (d, J= 5.82 Hz, 2H), 4.95 (br s, 1 H), 5.78 (br s, 1H), 7.33 (dd, J= 2.25 Hz, 8.46 Hz, 4H), 7.55 (d, J = 8.07 Hz, 2H), 7.77 (d, J= 8.31 Hz, 2H), 8.33 (br s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H).

13C: Compound 13C was prepared according to the procedure described for compound IOC, using 13B as the BOC-protected amine. Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): ^ 1.88 (s, 6H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 4.02 (m, 4H), 6.37 (br s, 2H), 7.34 - 7.51 (m, 8H), 8.13 (br s, 1 H), 8.40 (br s, 2H), 10.41 (br s, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 430.3 (M+H + ). Example 14:

Compound 14 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1, using 2- (lH-imidazol-l-yl)benzoic acid (6.7 mg, 0.04 mmol). The expected product was obtained as a white solid (10.3 mg, 55%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 1.72 (s, 6Η), 2.42 (s, 3Η), 3.98 (d, J = 6.30 Hz, 2H), 5.68 (br s, 2H), 7.01 (bs, IH), 7.05 (br s, IH), 7.29 (d, J = 1.44 Hz, IH), 7.32 (s. IH), 7.35 (s, IH), 7.41 (bs, IH), 7.45 (d,J= 1.41 Hz, IH), 7.47 (d,J= 1.65 Hz, IH), 7.49 (d, J = 2.01 Hz, IH), 7.51 (s, IH), 7.54 (s, IH), 7.65 (d,J= 1.83 Hz, IH), 7.68 (d,J= 1.62 Hz, IH), 8.22 (s, IH). LCMS (+esi): 467.2 (M+H + ).

Similarly, the following examples were prepared from the corresponding acids:

Example 40:

Compound 40 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 6- bromopicolinic acid (17.9 mg, 88.7 μπιοΐ). A white solid was obtained (3.4 mg, 8 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC13): δ 9.35 (s, 1 H), 8.43-8.12 (m, 3H), 7.79-7.22 (m, 5H), 5.61 (br s, 2H), 4.18 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 1.78 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 482.0 (M+H + ), RT = 6.96 min.

Example 41:

Compound 41 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 6- fluoropicolinic acid (12.5 mg, 88.7 / mol). A cream solid was obtained (19.9 mg, 54%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): «5 9.27 (s, 1 H), 8.38-7.06 (m, 8H), 5.82 (br s, 2H), 4.16 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 1.89 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 420.1 (M+H + ), RT = 6.71 min.

Example 42:

Example 42 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 4- bromopicolinic acid (17.9 mg, 88.7 μπ ο\). A dark cream solid was obtained ( 18.6 mg, 43%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): δ 9.02 (s, 1 H), 8.41 -8.30 (m, 3H), 7.68-7.36 (m, 5H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.16 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.75 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 482.0 (M+H + ), RT = 7.05 min.

Example 43:

Compound 43 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 2- chloroisonicotinic acid ( 12.7 mg, 88.7 mol) A yellow solid was obtained (27.5 mg, 75%). 1H NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 9.03 (s, 1H), 8.50-8.39 (m, 3H), 7.76-7.27 (m, 5H), 5.89 (s, 2H), 4.09 (d, J= 6.7 Hz, 1H), 2.47 (s, 3H), 1.83 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 436.1 (M+H + ), RT = 6.36 min.

Example 44:

Compound 44 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 2- chloropyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid (14.1 mg, 88.7 mol). A cream solid was obtained (18.4 mg, 50%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): δ 9.62 (s, 1 H), 8.85-7.38 (m, 7H), 5.60 (br s, 2H), 4.16 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 1.88 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 437.0 (M+H + ), RT min.

Example 45:

Compound 45 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 5- bromopicolinic acid (17.9 mg, 88.7 μηιοΐ). A white solid was obtained (10 mg, 25 %). LCMS (+esi): 482.0 (M+H + ), RT = 6.28 min.

Example 46:

Compound 46 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using pyridazine-4-carboxylic acid (l l .O mg, 88.7 //mol). A cream solid was obtained (18.0 mg, 53%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 9.58 (s, 1H), 8.39-7.28 (m, 8H), 5.25 (br s, 2H), 4.16 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.77 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 403.1 (M+H + ), RT = 5.68 min. Example 47:

Compound 47 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 2,6- dichloronicotinic acid (16.9 mg, 88.7 μπιοΐ). A cream solid was obtained (19.7 mg, 49%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.30-8.09 (m, 2H), 8.18 (s, 1 H), 7.54-7.26 (m, 5H), 7.26 (s, 2H), 4.20 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 1.88 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 470.0 (M+H + ), RT = 6.49 min.

Example 48:

Compound 48 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 3,6- dichloropicolinic acid ( 16.2 mg, 88.7 / mol). A cream solid ( 17.9 mg, 45%») was obtained. Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): ^ 9.16 (s, 1 H), 8.40-8.19 (m, 2H), 7.76-7.57 (m, 5H), 5.57 (s, 2H), 4.12 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.16 (s, 3H), 1.76 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 470.0 (M+H + ), RT = 6.76 min. Example 49:

Compound 49 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 3- bromo-6-chloropicolinic acid (20.0 mg, 88.7 mol). A white solid was obtained (24.6 mg, 56 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): S 8.95 (s, 1H), 8.35-7.33 (m, 7H), 5.71 (s, 2H), 4.12 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 1.85 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 516.0 (M+H + ), RT = 6.90 min. Example 50:

To a stirred solution of lithium hydroxide (20.0 mg, 0.84 mmol) in water (1 mL), methyl quinoline-2-carboxylate (20.0 mg, 0.1 1 mmol) in methanol (3 mL) was added. The solution was left to stir at room temperature for 2 h. The solution was then concentrated in vacuo. The yellow solid residue was dissolved in water and made acidic with concentrated hydrochloric acid. The organic material was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were dried with anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to yield quinoline-2- carboxylic acid as a white solid.

Compound 50 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using quinoline-2-carboxylic acid (16.6 mg, 88.7 μνηο\). A white solid was obtained (23.4 mg, 61 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.32 (d, 1 H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1 H), 7.56 (d, 1H), 7.55 (d, 1H), 7.34 (m, 1 H), 7.31 (m, 1 H), 5.50 (s, 1H), 5.30 (s, 4H), 3.38 (s, 2H), 2.43 (s, 6H), 2.17 (s, 2H), 1.73 (s, 3H). LCMS (+esi): 440.1 (M+H + ), RT = 5.78 min.

Example 51:

To a stirred solution of lithium hydroxide (20.0 mg, 0.84 mmol) in water (1 mL), ethyl quinoxaline-2-carboxylate (20.0 mg, 0.99 mmol) in methanol (3 mL) was added. The solution was left to stir at room temperature for 2 h. The solution was concentrated in vacuo. This cream solid residue was dissolved in water and made acidic with concentrated hydrochloric acid. The organic material was extracted into ethyl acetate. The organic layers were dried with anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to yield quinoxaline-2- carboxylic acid as a white solid.

Compound 51 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid (15.4 mg, 88.7 //mol). A white solid was obtained (25.2 mg, 66 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 9.66 (s, 1 H), 8.30-7.26 (m, 10H), 5.62 (br s, 2H), 3.94 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 1.78 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 453.1 (M+H + ), RT = 5.75 min.

Example 52:

Compound 52 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 5- bromopicolinic acid (17.9 mg, 88.7 /mol). A white solid was obtained (0.3 mg, 0.7 %). LCMS (+esi): 482.0 (M+H + ), RT = 7.08 min.

Example 53:

Compound 53 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 4- fluorobenzoic acid (12.4 mg, 88.7 mol). A white solid was obtained (28.7 mg, 81 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.35 (s, 1 H), 8.18-7.05 (m, 9H), 5.90 (br s, 2H), 4.1 1 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.84 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 419.1 (M+H + ), RT = 7.64 min.

Example 54:

Compound 54 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 2- fluorobenzoic acid (12.4 mg, 88.7 μηιοΐ). A white solid was obtained (14.8 mg, 42 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.59-7.03 (m, 9H), 5.29 (br s, 2H), 4.1 1 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 1.82 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 419.1 (M+H + ), RT = 7.70 min.

Example 55:

Compound 55 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 3- fluorobenzoic acid (12.4 mg, 88.7 mol). A white solid was obtained (22.8 mg, 65 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 0 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.60-7.15 (m, 8H), 5.29 (br s, 2H), 4.12 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.85 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 419.1 (M+H + ), RT = 7.63 min.

Example 56:

Compound 56 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (12.2 mg, 88.7 μπιοΐ). A beige solid was obtained (2.8 mg, 8 %). LCMS (+esi): 403.1 (M+H + ), RT = 7.16 min.

Example 57:

Compound 57 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid ( 12.2 mg, 88.7 μτηο\). A beige solid was obtained (12.5 mg, 37 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 9.31 (s, 1 H), 9.17 (s, 2H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.37 (s, 4H), 5.66 (s, 1 H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 1.73 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 403.1 (M+H + ), RT = 6.76 min.

Example 58:

Saturated sodium hydrogen carbonate (10 mL) was added to compound I E (106 mg, 0.29 mmol) in dichloromethane (10 mL) and left to stir at room temperature for 5 min. The organic material was extracted into dichloromethane (3 x 10 mL), dried with anhydrous potassium carbonate, and concentrated in vacuo. This was combined with pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (45 mg, 0.38 mmol), HBTU (164 mg, 0.43 mmol) and DIPEA (77.8 μ\,, 0.45 mmol) in DMF (6 mL) and placed in the orbital shaker overnight. The resulting solution was diluted with dichloromethane and washed with a saturated aqueous solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate and water. The organic layer was dried with anhydrous magnesium sulphate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to yield a yellow oil. This oil was purified using HPLC to yield compound 58 as a yellow solid (3.7 mg, 3.2%). LCMS (+esi): 403.1 (M+H + ), RT = 6.80 min.

Example 59:

To a stirring solution of I E (58.4 mg, 0.16 mmol) in dichloromethane (6 mL) at 0°C, triethylamine (64.5 //L, 0.46 mmol) was added. A solution of benzenesulfonyl chloride (27.4 mg, 0.15 mmol) in dichloromethane (2 mL) was then added dropwise. After 20 min at 0°C, the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The solution was then hydrolysed with saturated ammonium chloride, and extracted with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were washed with water, dried with anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated in vacuo to yield compound 59 as a white powder (46.7 mg, 69 %). LCMS (+esi): 437.1 (M+H + ), RT = 7.57 min.

Example 60:

Compound 60 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using nicotinic acid ( 10.9 mg, 88.7 μχηοΐ). A beige solid was obtained (26.8 mg, 79 %). LCMS (+esi): 402.1 (M+H + ), RT = 7.04 min.

Example 61:

Compound 61 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 4- methoxypicolinic acid ( 13.7 mg, 88.7 μηιοΐ). A cream solid was obtained ( 14.6 mg, 40 %). LCMS (+esi): 432.3 (M+H + ), RT = 8.80 min.

Example 62:

Compound 62 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using pyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid (10.6 mg, 88.7 μτηοϊ). A yellow solid was obtained (5.8 mg, 17 %). LCMS (+esi): 403.3 (M+H + ), RT = 7.93 min.

Example 63:

Compound 63 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 4- chloropicolinic acid (12.7 mg, 88.7 μπ\ο\). A white solid was obtained (7.8 mg, 21 %). LCMS (+esi): 436.3 (M+H + ), RT = 9.38 min. Example 64:

Compound 64 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using thiazole-4-carboxylic acid (1 1.5 mg, 88.7 /mol). A white solid was obtained (4.8 mg, 14 %). LCMS (+esi): = 408.1 (M+H + ), RT = 8.05 min.

Example 65:

Compound 65 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 4- methylpicolinic acid (1 1.5 mg, 88.7 /mol). A brown solid was obtained (17.2 mg, 49 %). LCMS (+esi): 416.3 (M+H + ), RT = 8.84 min. Example 66:

Compound 66 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using 4- phenylpicolinic acid (17.7 mg, 88.7 /mol). A white solid was obtained (9.6 mg, 24 %). LCMS (+esi): 478.3 (M+H + ), RT = 9.91 min.

Example 67:

Compound 67 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using isonicotinic acid (10.4 mg, 88.7 mol). A white solid was obtained (4.9 mg, 14 %). LCMS (+esi): 402.1 (M+H + ), RT = 6.70 min.

Example 68: N SH

68A: A solution of 2-Mercaptopyridine (100 mg, 0.9 mmol) in 2.5 mL of concentrated sulfuric acid cooled at 0°C was treated with 5.6 mL of 12.5% sodium hydrochloric solution added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes, then poured on ice and water, extracted three times with dichloromethane, dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated. Compound 68 A was obtained as a colourless oil (1 10 mg, 70%yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 7.69 (t, J= 5.9 Hz, 1H), 8.09 (m, 2H), 8.80 (d, J= 3.9 Hz, 1 H).

68B: A solution of compound I E (59 mg, 0.16 mmol) in 3 mL of dichloromethane was treated with triethylamine (65 L, 0.47 mmol). This solution was stirred for 6 hours. 68A (28 mg, 0.16 mmol) in 3 mL of dichloromethane was then added dropwise at 0°C. The mixture was stirred 20 minutes at 0°C and 24 hours at room temperature. After 24 hours, the solution was treated with a saturated solution of ammonium chloride and extracted 3 times with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated. Compound 68B was obtained as white crystal (53 mg, 78% yield). Ή NMR

(ppm, CDCI3): δ 1.78 (s, 6H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 3.82 (s, 2H), 5.81 (br s, 2H), 7..26-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.48 (m, 3H), 7.86 (td, J=1.7 and 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.97 (dt, J = 7.8 and 1.1 Hz, 1 H), 8.1 1 (s, 1 H), 8.64 (d, J= 3.9 Hz, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 438.1 (M+H + ). Purity: 94.2%.

Example 69:

69A: 4-Chloropicolinic acid (200 mg, 1.27 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of 2 mL of THF and 600 of methanol and cooled to 0°C. Trimethylsilyldiazomethane (552 L, 1.1 mmol) were added dropwise (strong gas evolution). The solution was stirred for 3 hours at 0°C, then overnight at room temperature. After that time, a few drops of acetic acid were added, followed by water. The aqueous solution was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated in vacuo. Compound 69A was obtained as a white crystalline solid (210 mg, 96% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): «54.01 (s, 3H), 7.50 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz and 5.3 Hz, 1 H), 8.13 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (d, J= 5.3 Hz, 1H). LCMS (+esi): 171.9 (M+H + ).

69B: compound 69A (100 mg, 0.58 mmol) and pipendine (171 /vL, 1.7 mmol) were heated at 1 10°C overnight. 776 L of an 8% aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (1.7 mmol) were then added and the brown solution was stirred at 1 10°C for 2 hours. The solution was then cooled at 0°C and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in boiling water and heated at 1 10°C for 5 minutes then kept at -20°C for 1 hour and at 4°C for 72 hours. Filtration afforded compound 69B as brown crystals (18 mg, 9 % yield). Ή NMR (ppm, MeOD): δ 1.78 (s, 6 H), 3.77 (s, 4H), 7.21 (dd, J = 3.1 and 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.67 (d, J = 3.1 Hz, 1H), 8.07 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H). LCMS (+esi): 207.1 (M+H + ).

69C: Compound 69C was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using acid 69B (31.4 mg, 0.08 mmol). Compound 69C was obtained as a white solid (24 mg, 71 % yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 1.65 (s, 6H), 1.85 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 3.40 (s, 4H), 4.18 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 5.57 (br s, 2H), 6.67 (dd, J = 2.8 and 5.9 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.61 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.71 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 8.14 (d, J = 5.9 Hz, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 9.21 (t, J= 6.3 Hz, 1H). LCMS (+esi): 485.2 (M+H + ). Purity: 98.8 %. Example 70:

70A: 4-Bromopicolinic acid (127.5 mg, 0.63 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of 1 mL of THF and 300 /L of methanol and cooled at 0°C. Trimethylsilyldiazomethane (276 L, 1.87 mmol) was added dropwise at 0°C (strong gas evolution). The solution was stirred for 2 hours at 0°C, then over night at room temperature. A few drop of acetic acid were then added followed by water. The aqueous solution was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated in vacuo. Compound 70A was obtained as a yellow oil (71 mg, 60% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): S 3.98 (s, 3H), 7.64 (dd, J= 1.9 and 5.2 Hz, 1H), 8.27 (d, J = 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 8.54 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1 H).

70B: compound 70A (120 mg, 0.56 mmol) was dissolved in morpholine (146 L, 1.68 mmol) and the red solution was stirred at 1 10°C overnight. 381.6 μί of an 8% aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (1.68 mmol) were added and this solution was stirred at 1 10°C for 7 hours. The dark solution was concentrated in vacuo and the brown oil was crystallized in water. Compound 70B was obtained as brown crystals (35.2 mg, 30 % yield). Ή NMR (ppm, MeOD): 3.86-3.76 (m, 8H), 7.28 (dd, J = 3.1 and 7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 209.1 (M+H + ).

70C: compound 70C was prepared according to the procedure described for example 1 1 using acid 70B (35 mg, 0.17 mmol). A colourless oil was obtained (22 mg, 30% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.85 (s, 6H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 3.36 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 4H), 3.83 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 4H), 4.18 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 6.64 (dd, J= 2.7 and 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.70 (br m, 2H), 7.36 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 7.64 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.71 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 8.22 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 9.23 (t, J= 6.4 Hz, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 487.2 (M+H + ). Purity: 92%. Example 71:

Compound I E (50 mg, 0.14 mmol) was treated with a saturated aqueous solution of NaHC0 3 solution and dichloromethane. The two layers were stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The aqueous layer was then extracted 3 times with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers are dried over 2 C0 3 and concentrated in vacuo to yield a white solid. To the neutral from of I E were added methylpicolinic acid (19.8 mg, 0.15 mmol), then l-ethyl-3-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (34.4 mg, 0.18 mmol) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (10 mg, 0.08 mmol). 2 mL of dimethylformamide were then added and the colourless solution was stirred for 18 hours. A further 10 mg of 4-dimethylaminopyridine (0.08 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred overnight. Dichloromethane was added and the yellow mixture was extracted 3 times with HCl 4M. The combined aqueous layers were basified with a saturated Na 2 C0 3 aqueous solution, and a white precipitate appears. Filtration and rinsing with water afforded compound 71 as a white solid (20.2 mg, 37% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): «5 1.86 (s, 6H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.73 (s, 3H), 4.16 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 5.53 (br s, 2H), 7.27 (dd, J= 4.6 and 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 7.56 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.67 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 9.19 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 1 H). LCMS (+esi): 438.2 (M+Na + ). Purity: 98.6%.

Example 72:

Compound 72 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 71 using 5- methylpicolinic acid (20 mg, 0.15 mmol). A white solid is obtained (28.2 mg, 51% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.85 (s, 6H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 4.19 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 5.59 (br s, 2H), 7.37 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.61 (d, J= 7.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.70 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 2H), 8.09 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 9.19 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H). LCMS (+esi): 438.2 (M+Na + ). Purity: 98.5%. Example 73:

Compound 73 was prepared according to the procedure described for example 72 using 6- methylpicolinic acid (20 mg, 0.15 mmol). A white solid is obtained (24.1 mg, 44% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 1.85 (s, 6H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 4.18 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 5.61 (br s, 2H), 7.23 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 7.67-7.71 (m, 3H), 8.00 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 9.31 (br s, 1H). LCMS (m/z): 416.1 (M+H + ). Purity: 94.1%. Example 74:

74A: NaH (725 mg, 30 mmol) was added to a suspension of malononitrile (1 g, 15.1 mmol) in 15 mL of THF at 0°C. After the addition was complete, 4-chlorobenzoyl chloride (1 g, 5.75 mmol) was added dropwise at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 mins. HC1 IN was added and the acid aqueous layer was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combine organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to obtain compound 74A as pale yellow solid (1.12 g,

95%). Ή NMR (ppm, MeOD): £ 7.69 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.55 (d, J = 8.9 Hz, 2H), 4.12 (s,

3H).

74B: Compound 74A (1.92 g, 9.4 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of dioxane (15 mL) and water (2 mL) in a two-neck flask. Sodium bicarbonate (6.2 g, 74.3 mmol) was added to the mixture followed by dimethylsulfate (8.3 g, 65.9 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 84°C for 2 hr 30 mins. Water was added and the aqueous layer was extracted with tert-Butylmethyl ether followed by diethyl ether. The combine organic phases were dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting mixture was recrystallised with methanol to yield compound 74B as white solid (1.3 g, 65%). Ή NMR (ppm, MeOD): £ 7.56 (d, J= 8.6 Hz, 2H), 7.47 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (s, 3H). LCMS (+esi): 219 (M+H + ).

NEt 3 , 60°C

74C: Compound I B (1 g, 4.2 mmol) was dissolved in 4.3 mL of dry acetonitrile. Tosic acid (4 g, 21.1 mmol) was dissolved in 29 mL of dry acetonitrile. Molecular sieves were added to both solutions and stood for 30 minutes. The solution of Tosic acid was then added to the solution of IB and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The reaction was filtered and the solid washed with acetonitrile and dichloromethane. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford a thick and colourless oil. The colourless oil was dissolved in 5 mL of ethanol. Triethylamine (696 mg, 6.9 mmol) and compound 74A (300 mg, 1.4 mmol) were successively added. The reaction was then stirred at 60°C for 3 hours. After cooling down, the reaction was concentrated. Water and ethyl acetate were then added and the aqueous phase was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combine organic layers were dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated. The oily residue obtained was purified by flash chromatography on Si0 2 using 100% DCM then MeOH/DCM 1 :99 to afford compound 74C as a semi solid (387 mg, 67%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 7.83 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (d, J = 2.6 Hz, 2H), 7.33 (m, 5 H), 5.52 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 1 H), 5.10 (s, 2H), 4.48 (s, 2H), 3.78 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 1.60 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 423 (M+H + ).

74D: Compound 74C (372 mg, 0.88 mmol) and formamidine acetate (366 mg, 3.52 mmol) were reacted at 150°C in 1.5 mL of 2-methoxyethanol. 3 more portions of formamidine acetate were added to the reaction mixture within 1 hour interval. The reaction mixture was refluxed at 150°C overnight. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature; water and ethyl acetate were added. The aqueous phase was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combine organic phases were washed two times with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The yellow oil obtained was purified by flash chromatography eluted with 30%-50% EtOAc/Petroleum spirit to yield compound 74D as clear oil, which solidified overnight (241 mg, 61%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.60 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 2H), 7.34 (m, 5H), 5.94 (t, J= 6.2 Hz, 1H), 5.44 (s, 2H), 5.09 (s, 2H), 3.96 (d, J= 6.6 Hz, 2H), 1.78 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 452 (M+H + ).

74E: Compound 74D (240 mg, 0.53 mmol) was treated with 2.7 mL of a 33% solution of HBr in glacial acetic acid. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for one hour. Dry ether was then added to the reaction mixture leading to yellow precipitate. It was collected by filtration and rinsed thoroughly with ether and dried for a day to afford compound 74E as white solid (140 mg, 84%). Ή NMR (ppm, DMSO-d 6 ): 8.32 (s, 1 H), 7.94 (s, 2H), 7.69 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 2H), 7.61 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 3.65 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 2H), 1.76 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 317 (M+H+).

74F: Compound 74F was obtained following the procedure used to prepare compound 1 1 using compound 74E (50 mg, 0.16 mmol) and benzoic acid (19 mg, 0.16 mmol). Compound 74F was obtained as white solid (40 mg, 61%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £8.41 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (t, J= 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.81 (d, J= 8.6 Hz, 2H), 7.63 (d, J= 8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.46 (m, 5H), 5.61 (s, 2H), 5.29 (s, 1 H), 4.15 (d, J= 5.5 Hz, 2H), 1.85 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 421 (M+H + ).

Example 75:

Compound 75 was obtained following the procedure used to prepare compound 1 1 using compound 74E (50 mg, 0.16 mmol) and picolinic acid (19 mg, 0.16 mmol). Compound 75 was obtained as white solid (32 mg, 48%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 9.20 (s, 1H), 8.2-8.53 (m, 3H), 7.29-7.86 (m, 5H), 5.54 (s, 2H), 4.2 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 1.86 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 422 (M+H + ).

Example 76:

Compound I E (73 mg, 0.19 mmol) was neutralised (suspended in CH 2 C1 2 and treated with saturated sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution, dried over potassium carbonate and concentrated). The residue dissolved in 0.7 mL of EtOH was added to a solution of ethyl benzimidate hydrochloride (36 mg, 0.19mmol) in 0.1 mL of EtOH followed by triethylamine (60 mg, 0.58 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to remove excess EtOH. It was then purified by preparative HPLC to afford compound 76 as white solid (12 mg, 16%). Ή NMR (ppm, MeOD): £ 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.67 (s, 1 H), 7.47-7.7.58 (m, 6H), 7.37 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 5.48 (s, 1H), 4.20 (s, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.00 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 400 (M+H + )

Example 77:

To a stirred suspension of 2-cyanopyridine (50 mg, 0.49 mmol) in 1.4 mL of dry methanol was added a 0.5 M sodium methoxide solution in methanol (0.35 mL, 0.18 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for two days to allow the imidate ester to form. To this solution of imidate ester (0.1 mL, 0.08 mmol) was added compound I E (30 mg, 0.08 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature until all the starting material had reacted. A white precipitate formed while stirring overnight. The reaction mixture was stopped and concentrated in vacuo to remove methanol. The mixture was purified by preparative HPLC to afford compound 77 as white solid (7.5 mg, 23%). Ή NMR (ppm, MeOD): £ 8.75 (s, 1 H), 8.24 (s, 1 H), 8.07 (d, J = 5.3 Hz, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1 H), 7.61 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.24 (s, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.96 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 401 (M+H + ).

Example 78:

Compound I E (22.7 mg, 0.06 mmol) was neutralised (suspended in CH 2 C1 2 and treated with saturated sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution, dried over potassium carbonate, filtered and concentrated). The residue and 4,5-dihydro-2-(methylthio)-lH-imidazole hydroiodide (30 mg, 0.12 mmol) in 0.4 mL of dry methanol were refluxed for 1 day under nitrogen. Another equivalent of 4,5-hydro-2-(methylthio)-l H-imidazole hydroiodide was added to the reaction mixture and stirred at reflux for another day. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to remove methanol. The mixture was purified using preparative HPLC to afford compound 78 as semi-white solid (5 mg, 20%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 8.33 (s, 1 H), 7.59 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H), 7.34 (d, J= 7.7 Hz, 2H), 6.91 (s, 2H), 5.43 (t, J= 3.9 Hz, 2H), 4.15 (s, 4H), 3.65 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 2H), 3.53 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 1.90 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 364 (M+H + ). Example 79:

79A: To a solution of 2-w-tolylacetic acid (1 g, 6.7 mmol) in 10 mL of dichloromethane were added oxalyl chloride (887 mg, 7 mmol) and one drop of DMF. The resulting solution was stirred for l h at room temperature. The solvent was removed in vacuo, and the resulting product was directly used in the next step without further purification.

79B: malonitrile (440 mg, 6.6 mmol) in 5 mL of THF was treated with sodium hydride (320 mg, 13.3 mmol). Compound 79A in solution in THF was then added dropwise. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr. Aqueous IN HC1 solution was then added, and the mixture was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were then dried over MgS0 4 and concentrated. The resulting crude material was purified by column chromatography on Si0 2 using ethyl acetate/cyclohexane (50:50). Compound 79B was obtained as a brown oil (477 mg, 36% yield). Ή NMR (CDC1 3 ): 7.03 (m, 4H), 3.63 (s, 2.23 (s, 3H).

79C: To sodium hydrogen carbonate (1.62 g, 19 mmol) in 3.9 mL of 1,4-dioxane were slowly added compound 79B (477 mg, 2.4 mmol) and dimethyl sulphate (2.1 g, 17 mmol). After stirring at 80°C for 3h, water was added, and the mixture was extracted three times with tert- butylmethyl ether. The combined organic layers were then dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. Purification by column chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (1 :99) led to compound 79C as a pale yellow oil (235 mg, 46% yield). Ή NMR (CDC1 3 ): 67.27 (t, J= 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1 H), 7.05 (m, 2H), 3.99 (s, 3H), 3.99 (s, 2H), 2.37 (s, 3H).

79D: the procedure used to prepare compound ID was followed using 1C (126 mg, 0.64 mmol) and 79C (135 mg, 0.64 mmol). Purification by column chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (1 :99) afforded compound 79D as a pale yellow oil (210 mg, 79% yield). Ή NMR (CDC1 3 ): £7.34 (m, 6H), 7.04 (m, 3H), 5.65 (br s, 1 H), 5.10 (s, 2H), 4.4 (br s, 2H), 3.81 (s, 2H), 3.69 (m, 2H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 1.51 (s, 6H).

79E: compound 79D (210 mg, 0.5 mmol) and formamidine acetate (209 mg, 2 mmol) were stirred in 2.7 mL of methoxyethanol. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 4h and 4 additional portions of formamidine acetate (209 mg each, 2 mmol) were added in the reaction mixture every hour. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature and the solvent was evaporated in vacuo. The crude product was then dissolved in dichloromethane, and the brown precipitate was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated and purified by column chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98) to afford compound 79C (1 16 mg, 52% yield). Ή NMR (CDCI3): £8.21 (s, 1 H), 7.33 (m, 6H), 7.20 (t, J= 6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1 H), 6.01 (br t, 1 H), 5.09 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 5.05 (br s, 2H), 4.23 (s, 2H), 3.62 (d, J = 6 Hz, 2H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 1.59 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 444.9 (M+H + ), RT = 6.46 min.

79D: Compound 79C (1 16 mg, 0.26 mmol) was treated with 2 mL of a 33% solution of hydrobromic acid in acetic acid. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5h (monitored by TLC). The solvent was then removed in vacuo and the crude product was dried in a vacuum oven. Dichloromethane was added and the precipitate was filtered off and dried in vacuo. This precipitate was then stirred in dichloromethane and saturated NaHC0 3 solution for 30min for neutralization. The reaction mixture was then extracted three times with dichloromethane, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated, to give compound 79D as an orange powder (28 mg, 35% yield). LCMS (+esi): 31 1.2 (M+H + ), RT = 4.51 min.

79E: Compound 79D (28 mg, 0.09 mmol), NN'-diBoc-N"-trifluoromethanesulfonylguanidine (32 mg, 0.08 eq) and triethylamine (12 L, 0.09 mmol) were dissolved in 0.7 mL of dry dichloromethane. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Dichloromethane was then added and this organic layer was washed successively with a 0.2 M sodium bisulphate aqueous solution, saturated sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution and brine. The combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated, to give compound 79E as yellow oil (57 mg, quantitative). LCMS (+esi): 353.1 (M-Boc + ), RT = 5.68 min.

79F: Compound 79E (57 mg, 0.13 mmol) was dissolved in 1.8 mL of dry dichloromethane and cooled to 0°C. 0.7 mL of Trifluoroacetic acid was then added dropwise. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred overnight. The solvent was removed in vacuo, and toluene was then added and evaporated to remove the remaining TFA. The brown oil that was obtained was dissolved in water and acetonitrile and placed into the freeze dryer to afford a white solid. Preparative HPLC afforded compound 79F as a white powder. NMR (CDC1 3 ): 8.53 (br s, 1H), 8.15 (s, 1 H), 7.19 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (s, 1 H), 7.04-7.00 (m, 2H), 4.31 (s, 2H), 3.96 (s, 2H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 1.78 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 353.3 (M+H + ), RT = 4.62 min.

Example 80:

To a solution of compound IE (10 mg, 0.03 mmol) in 1 mL of dichloromethane was added a saturated aqueous solution of NaHC0 3 and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours at room temperature. The reaction mixture was then extracted three times with dichloromethane, dried over anhydrous K 2 C0 3 and concentrated to give the free amine. A mixture of this amine and ethylacetamidate hydrochloride (3.3 mg, 0.03 mmol) in 200 μΐ ^ of methanol was stirred at room temperature for 25 h. The solution was then evaporated under reduced pressure and 1 mL of acetonitrile was added to the residue. The mixture was then alkalized with a 0.1 M aqueous solution of NaOH and extracted thrice with dichloromethane. The solution was then dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, concentrated in vacuo, and purified by preparative HPLC to give compound 80 as white powder (1.5 mg, 17% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.27 (s, 1 H), 7.53 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.36 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (s br, 2H), 2.40-2.44 (m, 6H), 1.85 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 338.2 (M+H + ), RT = 4.37 min.

Example 81:

To a solution of Compound I E (30 mg, 0.08 mmol) in 0.5 mL of 1-butanol was added sodium dicyanamide (7.1 mg, 0.08 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 140°C overnight. The mixture was concentrated and the residue purified by preparative HPLC to give compound 81 as a white powder (12 mg, 41% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £8.29 (s, 1 H), 7.55 (d, J= 6.9 Hz, 2H,), 7.36 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.87 (s, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 1.83 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 364.4 (M+H + ), RT = 4.31 min. Example 82:

82A: To a solution of 4-Bromopicolinic acid (0.5 g, 3.2 mmol) in 5 mL of /-butanol was added pyridine (1.5 mL, 19 mmol) and cooled to 0°C. Toluene sulfonyl chloride (1.8 g, 9.5 mmol) was then added portion-wise. The reaction was stirred at 0°C for 10 minutes and at room temperature overnight. The mixture was slowly poured into saturated sodium hydrogen carbonate and extracted three times with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were washed with brine and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98). Compound 82A was obtained as a white solid (735 mg, 89%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 8.53 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1 H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.58 (d, J= 4 Hz, 1H), 1.63 (s, 9H). LCMS (+esi): 259 (M+H + ).

82B: in an oven dried Schlenk tube were added palladium acetate (13 mg, 0.02 mmol), butyl di-l -adamantyl phosphine (14 mg, 0.04 mmol), potassium (piperidin-l -yl)- methyltrifluoroborate (0.08 g, 0.4 mmol), compound 82A (0.1 g, 0.4 mmol) and cesium carbonate (0.38 g, 1.2 mmol). The tube was filled with nitrogen and evacuated three times. 2 mL of anhydrous toluene were added and the mixture stirred for 5 minutes, followed by the addition of 200 / L of water. The mixture was heated up to 95°C and left stirring for 24 hours. The reaction was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was re-dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with water, brine and dried over sodium sulphate. The product was purified via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (5:95). A clear oil was obtained (104 mg, 94%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 8.63 (d, J = 9 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (s, 1 H), 7.47 (d, J = 9 Hz, 1H), 3.54 (s, 2H), 2.3-2.41 (m, 4H), 1.58-1.66 (m, 1 1 H), 1.38-1.46 (m, 4H). LCMS (+esi): 277 (M+H + ).

82C: Compound 82B (0.06 g, 0.22 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (1 mL) and 0.5 mL of a 2M solution of sodium hydroxide was added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. The methanol was concentrated down and the remaining aqueous layer was acidified to pH 2 with 1 M aqueous hydrogen chloride. The aqueous layer was placed on freeze drier overnight. The sodium salt was used in the next reaction without further purification.

82D: to compound I E (64 mg, 0.17 mmol) dissolved in 2 mL of dichloromethane was added saturated sodium carbonate. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were dried over 2 C0 3 and concentrated in vacuo. The neutralized product (50 mg, 0.17 mmol), compound 82C (40 mg 0.17 mmol), l-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl)carbodiimide (40 g, 0.22 mmol) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (62 mg, 0.51 mmol) were dissolved in 2 mL of anhydrous dimethylformamide. The reaction was stirred for 24 hours at room temperature. After this time, water was added to the reaction. The aqueous layer was extracted three times with ethyl acetate; the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated. The crude mixture was purified via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98). Compound 82D was obtained as a white solid (41 mg, 49%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 9.23 (t, J = 6 Hz, 1H), 8.44 (d, J = 5 Hz, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 8.1 1 (d, J= 1 Hz, 1 H), 7.68 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (m, 1 H), 7.26 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 5.60 (br s, 2H), 4.18 (d, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 3.5 (s, 2H), 2.99 (s, 3H), 2.34-2.37 (m, 4H), 1.85 (s, 6H), 1.53-1.60 (m, 4H), 1.42-1.44 (m, 2H). LCMS (+esi): 499 (M+H + ).

Example 83:

83 A: In an oven dried Schlenk tube were added palladium acetate (13 mg, 0.02 mmol), butyl di-l-adamantyl phosphine (14 mg, 0.04 mmol), potassium (morpholin-4-yl) methyltrifluoroborate (80 mg, 0.4 mmol), compound 82A (100 mg, 0.4 mmol) and cesium carbonate (380 mg, 1.2 mmol). The tube was filled with nitrogen and evacuated three times. 2 mL of anhydrous toluene were added and the mixture was stirred for 5 minutes. 200 <L of water were then added. The mixture was heated up to 95°C and stirred for 24 hours. After this time, the reaction was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was redissolved in ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with water, brine and dried over sodium sulphate. The crude material was purified via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (5:95). Compound 83 A was obtained as a clear oil (95 mg, 85%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.62 (d, J = 5 Hz, 1 H), 7.97 (s, 1 H), 7.42 (d, J = 5 Hz, 1 H), 3.68-3.71 (m, 4H), 3.53 (s, 2H), 2.42-2.45 (m, 4H), 1.59 (s, 9H). LCMS (+esi): 279 (M+H + ).

83B: compound 83B was obtained following the procedure described for the preparation compound 82C using compound 83A (50 mg, 0.18 mmol).

83C: Compound 83C was obtained following the procedure described for the preparation of compound 82D using compound I E (67 mg, 0.17 mmol) and compound 83B (40 mg, 0.17 mmol). Purification via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98) afforded compound 83C as a white solid (45 mg, 53%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 9.25 (t, J = 6 Hz, 1 H), 8.47 (d, J = 5 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, J= 8 Hz, 2H), 7.42 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2 H), 5.80 (br s, 2H), 4.19 (d, J = 7 Hz, 2 H), 3.69-3.72 (m, 4H), 3.55 (s, 2H), 2.45 (s, 7H), 1.86 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 501 (M+H + ).

Example 84: 84A: Compound 84A was prepared according to the procedure described for the preparation of compound 10A using caproic acid (200 mg, 1.32 mmol). A white solid was obtained (296 mg, 97%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.52-1.37 (m, 4H), 1.65 (quint., J = 7.59 Hz, 2H), 2.35 (t, J= 7.35 Hz, 2H), 3.1 1 (br q, J= 6.06 Hz, 2H), 4.54 (br s, 1 H).

84B: Compound 84B was prepared according to the procedure described for compound 82D using compound 84A (41 mg 0.17 mmol). Purification via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98) afforded compound 84B as a clear oil (63 mg, 73%). 1H NMR (ppm, CDCI 3 ): £8.28 (s, 1 H), 7.52 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.31 (d, J= 8 Hz, 2H), 7.05 (s, 1 H), 5.89 (br s, 2H), 4.62 (s, 1 H), 3.92 (d, J = 6 Hz, 2H), 2.99-3.05 (m, 2H), 2.41 (s, 3 H), 2.12 (t, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 1.74 (s, 6H), 1.57-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.44 (m, 1 1 H), 1.22-1.29 (m, 2H). LCMS (+esi): 510 (M+H + ).

84C: compound 84B (24 mg, 0.05 mmol) was dissolved in 1 mL of dichloromethane and 0.5 mL of trifluoroacetic acid was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 hours. The solvents were concentrated in vacuo and the residue was redissolved in toluene and concentrated again. This process was repeated three times. Compound 84C was obtained as a glassy solid (22 mg, 100%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 3.88 (s, 2H), 3.29-3.34 (m, 1 H), 2.78 (t, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3 H), 2.05 (t, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 1.85 (s, 6H), 1.41 - 1.59 (m, 4H), 1.28- 1.31 (m, 2H). LCMS (+esi): 410 (M+H + ).

Example 85:

85A: Compound 85A was prepared according to the procedure described for the synthesis of compound 10A using butyric acid (200 mg, 1.52 mmol). A white solid was obtained (206 mg, 67%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): δ 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.82 (quint, J = 6.96 Hz, 2H), 2.40 (t, J = 6.33 Hz, 2H), 3.18 (br q, J= 6.33 Hz, 2H), 4.67 (br s, 1 H).

85B: Compound 85B was prepared according to the procedure described for the synthesis of compound 82D using compound 85 A (36 mg 0.17 mmol). Purification via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98) afforded compound 84B as a clear oil (46 mg, 56%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £8.31 (s, 1 H), 7.53 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.32 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.19 (s, 1 H), 5.74 (br s, 2H), 4.82 (s, 1 H), 3.95 (d, J = 6 Hz, 2H), 3.08-3.14 (m, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3 H), 2.18 (t, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 1.75-1.81 (m, 8H), 1.38 (s, 9H). LCMS (+esi): 482 (M+H + ).

85C: Compound 85C was prepared according to the procedure described for the synthesis of compound 84C using compound 85B (24 mg 0.04 mmol). A glassy solid was obtained (26 mg, 100%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDCI3): £6.86 (s, 1H), 6.06 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 5.88 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 2.42 (s, 2H), 1.79-1.81 (m, 2H), 2.10 (t, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 0.94 (s, 3 H), 0.71 (t, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 0.24-0.34 (m, 8H). LCMS (+esi): 382 (M+H + ).

Example 86:

86A: 3- -Tolyl- l H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (100 mg, 0.44 mmol) and 2-methyl-l - nitroprop- 1 -ene (90 mg, 0.88 mmol) were dissolved in 2 mL of dimethylformamide. The reaction vessel was sealed and the mixture was stirred at 95°C for 48 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and diluted with water. The aqueous layer was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine and dried over sodium sulphate. The product was purified via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98). Compound 86A was obtained as yellow solid (99 mg, 69 %). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 8.33 (s, 1 H), 7.54 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.31 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 5.72 (br s, 2H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 1.96 (s, 9H). LCMS (+esi): 327 (M+H + ).

86B: compound 86A (20 mg, 0.06 mmol) was dissolved in 2 mL of ethanol. Next, 589 / L of 6M of hydrogen chloride was added followed by zinc dust (60 mg, 0.92 mmol). The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The excess zinc was removed by filtration and the ethanol was concentrated in vacuo. Saturated sodium hydrogen carbonate was added until ph 9 and dichloromethane was added to the aqueous layer and was stirred for 30 minutes. The aqueous layer was further extracted with dichloromethane and the crude compound 86B was obtained. LCMS (+esi): 297 (M+H + ).

Example 87:

87A: To a solution of hydrazine in water (65%, 2.5 g, 50 mmol) was added portionwise ethoxymethylene malonitrile (3.35 g, 28 mmol). An exothermic reaction occurred during the addition. After the addition was complete, the brown solution was heated to 90°C for 5 hours. The resulting solution was placed in a refrigerator for 2 days. Light brown crystals were collected by filtration, washed with cold water and ether and dried under vacuum to give compound 87A as brown crystals (1.78 g, 60% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, DMSO): J7.70 (s, 1 H), 5.99 (s, 2H).

87B: Compound 87A (800 mg, 7.4 mmol) was dissolved in 8 mL of formamide and the resulting solution was heated at 180°C overnight under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction was cooled and water was added. The resulting solid was filtered and rinsed with cold water. The solid was dried in vacuo to give compound 87B as a pale yellow powder (790 mg, 79% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, DMSO): «58.13 (s, 1 H), 8.07 (s, 1H) 7.57 (s, 2H).

87C : Compound 87B (700 mg, 5.18 mmol) and N-iodo-succinimide (1.75 g, 7.77 mmol) were dissolved in 12 mL of Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide and stirred at 80°C overnight under nitrogen atmosphere. The mixture was cooled and 30 mL of water were added. The resulting solid was filtered and rinsed with cold ethanol. The product was dried in vacuo. Compound 87C was obtained as a brown powder (935 mg, 69% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, DMSO): 8.17 (s, 1H). LCMS (+esi): 262.0 (M+H + ).

87D: Compound 87C (200 mg, 0.77 mmol), ,P0 (488 mg, 2.30 mmol), 4-phenoxybenzene boronic acid (491 mg, 2.32 mmol) and Tetrakis-(triphenylphosphine)palladium (124 mg, 0.1 1 mmol) were dissolved in 2.5 mL of dioxane in a microwave vial. The vial was sealed and the reaction mixture was heated to 180°C for 10 min under microwave irradiation. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water and ethylacetate and the organic layer was separated, dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on Si0 2 using MeOH/CH2C12 (0: 100 to 10:90). Compound 87D was obtained as a white powder (92 mg, 41% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, DMSO): 8.21 (s, 1 H), 7.66 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.43 (t, J= 7.9 Hz, 2H), 7.21-7.1 1 (m, 5H). LCMS (+esi): 304.2 (M+H + ).

87E: Compound 87D (80 mg, 0.26 mmol) was dissolved in 2 mL of DMF. 2-methyl-l- nitroprop- 1 -ene (53 mg, 0.52 mmol) was added to the solution and the resulting mixture was stirred at 95°C for 2 days. The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted three times with ethylacetate. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on Si0 2 using MeOH/CH2C12 (0: 100 to 5:85). Compound 87EA was obtained as a brown oil (33 mg, 31% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDCb): £ 8.33 (s, 1 H), 7.61 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.41-7.37 (m, 2H), 7.17-7.04 (m, 5H), 5.26 (s, 2H), 1.97 (s, 6H).

87D: Compound 87E ( 10 mg, 0.025 mmol) was placed into an oven dried round bottom flask. 1 mL of anhydrous methanol and glacial acetic acid (5 μί, 0.09 mmol) were then added followed by 20% palladium hydroxyde (16 mg, 0.022 mmol). The round bottom flask was filled with hydrogen gas and evacuated three times. The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight under hydrogen atmosphere. The mixture was then filtered through a plug of celite and concentrated. Compound 87D was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (+esi): 375.1 (M+H + ).

87E: Compound 87C (8 mg, 0.021 mmol) was dissolved in 1.5 mL of N,N- dimethylformamide. l-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (4.7 mg, 0.025 mmol), 4-Dimethylaminopyridine (7.8 mg, 0.064 mmol) and picolinic acid (2.7 mg, 0.022 mmol) were added to the solution. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water was added to the solution and the mixture was extracted three times with ethylacetate. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC. Compound 87E was obtained as a white powder (1.6 mg, 16% yield). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): £ 8.51 (s, 1 H), 8.25 (s, 1 H), 8.21-8.14 (m, 1 H), 7.85-7.82 (m, 1 H), 7.65 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.43-7.36 (m, 3H), 7.23-7.08 (m, 6H), 4.17 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.15 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 1.90 (s, 4H), 1.82 (s, 2H). LCMS (+esi): 480.2 (M+H + ).

Example 88:

Compound IE (75 mg, 0.2 mmol), 2-chloropyrimidine (25 mg, 0.22 mmol), Cs 2 C0 3 (196 mg, 0.6 mmol) were stirred at 80°C in 250 mL of DMF for 12 hours. After this time, water was added. The white solid that precipitated was collected by filtration and rinsed with water. It was then further purified by preparative HPLC. A white solid was obtained (m = 12 mg, 16%). Ή NMR (ppm, CDC1 3 ): 8.3 (s, 1 H), 8.21 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 2H), 7.55 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.34 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 6.48 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.15 (br t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.34 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 1.84 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 375.1 (M+H + ).

Example 89:

89A: Sodium (54 mg, 2 mmol) was placed into an oven dried Schlenk tube. 5 mL of anhydrous tetrahydrofuranwere then added followed by 2-methoxy-ethanol (0.18 mL, 2 mmol). A gas evolution occurred. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. It was then heated to 50°C until all the sodium had disappeared. In another flask 4- chloropicolinic tert-butyl ester (0.5 g, 2 mmol) was dissolved in 5 mL of anhydrous tetrahydrofuran. The solution of the alkoxide was then added to the reaction mixture and the reaction was stirred at reflux for 5 hours. Another solution of alkoxide was prepared and was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred for a further 15 hours at reflux. The reaction was then cooled to room temperature and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was taken up into ethyl acetate and washed several times with water. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated. The crude product was purified via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (5:95). Compound 89A was obtained as a brown oil (328 mg, 55 %). Ή NMR (CDC1 3 , 300 MHz): δ 8.54 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1 H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 6.98 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 4.53 (t, J = 5 Hz, 2H), 4.21 (t, J = 5 Hz, 2H), 3.74 (m, 4 H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 3.41 (s, 3H). LCMS (+esi): 256 (M+H + ).

89B: Compound 89 A (50 g, 0.18 mmol) was dissolved in 1 mL of methanol and 0.5 mL of 2M sodium hydroxide was added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. The methanol was concentrated down and the aqueous layer was acidified to pH 2 with 2 mL of 1M hydrogen chloride. The aqueous layer was placed on a freeze drier overnight. Compound 89B was used in the next step without further purification.

89C: Compound 89C was obtained following the procedure described for the preparation of compound 82D using compound I E (67 mg, 0.17 mmol) and compound 89B (37 mg 0.19 mmol). Purification via flash chromatography on Si0 2 using methanol/dichloromethane (2:98) afforded compound 89C as a white solid (54 mg, 67%). Ή NMR (CDC1 3 , 300 MHz): S 9.24 (s, 1H), 8.31 (m, 2H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 7.26 (d, J = 7 Hz, 2H), 6.91 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1 H), 5.82 (br s, 2H), 4.16 (m, 4H), 3.74 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 1.84 (s, 6H). LCMS (+esi): 476.6 (M+H + ). Biological data

Protocol for SRC kinase inhibition assay.

Compounds of the invention were tested for in vitro activity in the following assay:

A biotin labeled peptide was used as substrate (amino acid sequence: Biotin-Glu-Gly-Pro-Trp-

Leu-Glu-Glu-Glu-Glu-Glu-Ala-Tyr-Gly-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH 2 ). Src recombinant enzyme was purchased as N-terminally His 6 tagged full-length human protein. The 15 μL· assay reactions were run in Greiner brand white 384-well low volume plates. All reactions contained 10 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 25 mM NaCl, 10 mM MgCl 2 , 0.01 % (v/v) Tween-20, 50 μ Na 3 V0 4 , 0.01% (w/v) albumin from chicken egg white, 1 1 1 nM peptide substrate, 80 μΜ ATP, and 0.3 ng/reaction Src enzyme, with the enzyme being omitted from negative control reactions. Compounds were added in a volume of 100 nL from dilution series made up in DMSO, positive and negative control reactions receiving the same volume DMSO without compounds. The plates were sealed with adhesive seals and incubated for 90 minutes at 30 degree Celsius. The reactions were stopped with the detection reagents added at the same time. Product formation was quantified as photochemiluminescence between PerkinElmer AlphaScreen™ beads, using Streptavidin-coated donor and anti-phosphotyrosine (P-Tyr-100) acceptor beads. To each reaction, 5 μΐ, containing 10 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 25 mM NaCl, lOO mM EDTA, 0.01 % (v/v) Tween-20, and 6.25 μg/mL of each bead type were added. Plates were incubated for 5 hours before being read on a PerkinElmer EnVision™ plate reader in HTS Alphascreen™ mode. IC50 values were obtained by calculating percent inhibition (%I) for each reaction relative to controls on the same plate (%I=(I-CN)/(CP-CN) where CN/ CP are the averages of the negative/ positive reactions, respectively), then fitting the %I data vs. compound concentration [I] to %1=(A+((B-A)/(1+((C/[I]) A D)))) where A is the lower asymptote, B is the upper asymptote, C is the IC 50 value, and D is the slope factor. Example No IC50 (SRC)

1 (compound I E) B

2 B

3 C

4 (compound 4C) B

5 (compound 5B) A

6 (compound 6B) A

7 A

8 B

9 C

10 (compound IOC) A

1 1 B

12 A

13 (compound 13C) A

14 B

15 B

16 C

17 A

18 B

19 A

20 B

21 B

22 B

23 A

24 C

25 C

26 A

27 B

28 A

29 B

30 B

31 B

32 B

33 B

34 B

35 B

36 B Example No IC50 (SRC)

37 B

38 B

39 B

40 B

41 B

42 A

43 B

44 B

45 C

46 B

47 B

48 B

49 C

50 B

51 B

52 C

53 B

54 B

55 C

57 C

56 A

58 A

59 B

60 B

61 A

62 A

63 B

64 A

65 B

66 A

67 C

68 (compound 68B) B

69 (compound 69C) A

70 (compound 70C) B

72 A

73 C

71 D Example No IC50 (SRC)

74 (compound 74E) B

75 A

76 C

77 A

78 B

80 B

81 A

82 A

83 A

84 (compound 84C) B

85 (compound 85C) B

88 B

89 A

A: 0.001 μΜ-0.10μΜ

B: 0.10 μΜ- 1.0 μΜ

C: 1.0μΜ-10μΜ

ϋ:>10μΜ

Example of cellular activity

A. Cells, inhibitors and incubation

1. Cell lines

LIM 1899 colon carcinoma derived epithelial cells were grown in RPMl + Adds 1 + 10%FCS.

Cell plating in 96 well plate.

Assay medium: RPMl + Adds + 5% FCS Cells are trypsinized, washed once in assay medium and brought to the required concentration as described below:

Need 10 4 cells per well in 100 /L per well

= l O 3 per mL for plating

After washing, cells were resuspended in 5 mL and counted (1 x T75 flask gives approx 2-3 x 10eg 6 per mL).

Cells were then diluted to 10 3 cells/mL (need 10 mL minimum per plate).

Eg. Cell count in 5 mL is 25xl 0 5 /mL

For 10 5 /mL, dilute 1 mL to 25mL

100 μ , per well cells were plated with multistepper pipette, over the whole plate. Plates were incubated overnight at 37°C + 5% C0 2 incubator.

Inhibitor stocks

Inhibitors were dissolved in DMSO for 10 mM stocks. MW and amount of compound given was used to calculate the volume required for each.

4x the highest concentration of the compound in the assay was calculated to prepare the working stocks.

eg 1 st well final concentration in assay was 10 μΜ.

Therefore working stock was 40 μΜ

Stock solution is 10 mM→ 40 μΜ = 4 μ\ in 1.0 mL assay medium for working stock. Plate plan:

Rows A,B: Inhibitor 1

Rows C,D: Inhibitor 2 Rows E,F: Inhibitor 3

Row G: RPMI + Adds +5% FCS (= maximum growth)

Row H: RPMI + Adds serum free (= minimum growth)

Titration of inhibitors

A 96 well plate was used to titrate the inhibitors for each assay plate:

150 assay medium was added to each well of a 96 well plate.

150 of Inhibitor 1 working stock was added wells Al and B l .

Repeated with Inhibitor 2 to C 1 and Dl

Repeated with Inhibitor 3 to E 1 and F 1

Serial ½ dilutions were performed across the plate, rows A to F, left to right with 150

Transfer titrated inhibitors to cell assay plate: final volume 200μ1

Using a multichannel pipette, 100 //L was transferred from the corresponding wells of the titration plate to the cell assay plate, rows A to G.

Row H: medium was carefully removed from the cell wells with a 200 μί, tip, and replaced with 200 / L serum free medium.

Incubation

Plates were incubated for 4 days at 37°C with 5% C0 2 .

Use of MTT to measure cell growth

MTT preparation and storage

MTT Sigma M-2128 5 g Dissolved in PBS, at 5 mg/mL

5 g bottle dissolved in 1 litre PBS (some impurities remain)

Filter sterilized and aliquoted in 50 mL tubes, stored at -20°C

As needed, 50 mL tube was thawed and aliquoted in 5 mL tubes, re-stored at -20°C

Stable at 4°C for 1 month (unstable if left at 37°C too long while thawing)

2. MTT Solvent a. 1 M HC1:

Mixed 44.6 mL cone HCl ( 1 1.2M) in 500 mL DDW b. Acidified isopropanol (Isopropanol with 0.04 N HCl):

Mixed 20 mL 1 M HCl with 480 mL isopropanol (Propan-2-ol, iso-Propyl Alcohol)

3. MTT Assay

After cell incubation (above):

Added 10 /L MTT to each well.

Incubated 4 hrs in 37°C incubator.

Spun plates, 5 min, 1500 rpm.

Carefully flicked out medium into the sink, without disturbing the crystals.

Added 200 //L acidified isopropanol per well.

Placed on plate shaker, RT, speed 6.5, for 10 min- 30 min.

Read OD of plates on Thermo Multiskan Ex, at 560/690 nm. Additives for culture of LIM cell lines: 10 μΜ thioglycerol, 0.025 U/mL insulin, 1 //g/mL hydrocortisone Reference

Mosmann, T.

Rapid colorimetric assay for cellular growth and survival: application to proliferation and cytotoxic assays. Journal of Immunological Methods (1983), 65:55-63.

Table with examples of cellular data

The compounds in this invention display cellular activities against a range of tumour or transformed cell lines in particular colon cancer cell lines such as LIM 1215, LIM2537 and LIM 1899.