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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PSYLLIUM PET FOOD COMPOSITION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/160303
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A pet food is comprised of about 49.7% starch source, about 36.5% protein source, about 5.3% fiber, about 1.7% vitamins and minerals; and wherein about 4% of the fiber (or about 0.2 wt% of the pet food) is psyllium husk.

Inventors:
BRINKMANN, Mark (6006 Cobblestone Ct, Jefferson City, Missouri, 65101, US)
Application Number:
US2018/015746
Publication Date:
September 07, 2018
Filing Date:
January 29, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SUGAR CREEK PET PRODUCTS LLC (103 North Olive Street, Meta, Missouri, 65058, US)
International Classes:
A23K10/18; A23K10/30; A23K20/147; A23K20/158; A23K20/163; A23K20/20; A23K50/40
Foreign References:
US20040037942A12004-02-26
US20080038403A12008-02-14
US20090311366A12009-12-17
US20150150932A12015-06-04
US20160021914A12016-01-28
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SOIFER, Jonathan P. (Polster, Lieder Woodruff & Lucchesi, L.C.,12412 Powerscourt Drive,Suite 20, St. Louis Missouri, 63131, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . A pet food mixture comprised of:

about 45 wt% to about 55 wt% of a starch,

about 30 wt% to about 40 wt% protein,

about 1 wt% to about 3 wt% mineral ingredients, and

about 2 wt% to about 7 wt% fiber, wherein up to about 12% of the fiber is psyllium husk.

2. The pet food of Claim 1 wherein the pet food is about 0.15 wt% to about 0.25 wt% psyllium husk.

3. The pet food of Claim 1 or 2 wherein the pet food is comprised of about 49.7% starch source, about 36.5% protein source, about 5.3% fiber, about 1 .7% vitamins and minerals; and wherein about 4% of the fiber (or about 0.2 wt% of the pet food) is psyllium husk.

4. The pet food of any of Claims 1 -3 wherein the pet food is further comprised of about 5% fat sources; about 1 .7% vitamins and minerals; about 0.1 % probiotics and prebiotics; about 1 .5% flavoring.

5. The pet food of any of Claims 1 -3 wherein the pet food further includes a preservative and probiotics.

Description:
PSYLLIUM PET FOOD COMPOSITION

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority to US App. No. 62/464940 filed February 28, 2017, entitled Psyllium Pet Food Composition, and which is incorporated herein by reference.

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY

SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

[0002] Not Applicable.

BACKGROUND

[0003] This application relates to pet foods, and in particular to a pet food for dogs or cats which includes psyllium husks as a source of fiber.

[0004] Psyllium husks are derived from the seed of the Plantago psyllium L plant. Mucilage produced from psyllium husks can absorb up to 10 times its weight in water, and has been used to normalize bowel movements in pets as well as in humans. Psyllium's ability to bind fecal matter, and thus increase stool size, has also been found to be beneficial for treating anal gland disease.

[0005] Studies have shown that psyllium may lower cholesterol and LDL's. There have also been indications that psyllium can decrease glucose absorption in humans with type-2 diabetes. However, psyllium is also known to detrimentally affect the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and some medications. In addition, psyllium can alter the action of some medications. In view of these contraindications, psyllium has not been promoted for continuous (i.e., daily) use.

[0006] However, we have found that psyllium can be included in pet food in small amounts (i.e., below 0.3 wt% of the pet food, and preferably in the range of about 0.15% to about 0.25% by weight). At these levels, the beneficial effects of the psyllium are still evident, and the potential for the noted side effects are substantially reduced. SUMMARY

[0007] Briefly stated, a pet food mixture is comprised of about 45 wt% to about 55 wt% of a starch, about 30 wt% to about 40 wt% protein, about 1 wt% to about 3 wt% mineral ingredients, and about 2 wt% to about 7 wt% fiber, wherein up to about 12% of the fiber is psyllium husk.

[0008] In accordance with an aspect of the pet food, the pet food is about 0.15 wt% to about 0.25 wt% psyllium husk.

[0009] In accordance with an aspect of the pet food, the pet food is comprised of about 49.7% starch source, about 36.5% protein source, about 5.3% fiber, about .7% vitamins and minerals; and wherein about 4% of the fiber (or about 0.2 wt% of the pet food) is psyllium husk.

[0010] The pet food can also include a preservative and probiotics.

[0011] In an illustrative embodiment, the pet food can further comprise about 5% fat sources, about 1 .7% vitamins and minerals, about 0.1 % probiotics and prebiotics, about 1.5% flavoring.

DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

[0012] The Figure is a graph of fecal consistency observation ratings found in Table 10 with the frequency distribution.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0013] The following detailed description illustrates the claimed invention by way of example and not by way of limitation. This description will clearly enable one skilled in the art to make and use the claimed invention, and describes several embodiments, adaptations, variations, alternatives and uses of the claimed invention, including what I presently believe is the best mode of carrying out the claimed invention. Additionally, it is to be understood that the claimed invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangements of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The claimed invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or being carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.

[0014] In our tests, we found that pet food mixture comprised generally of about 45 wt% to about 55 wt% of starch sources, about 30 wt% to about 40 wt% protein sources, about 1 wt% to about 3 wt% mineral ingredients, and about 2 wt% to about 7 wt% fiber, wherein up to about 12% of the fiber is psyllium husk (such that the pet food has about 0.15 wt% to about 0.25 wt% psyllium) is easily digestible for the dog, and is easy on the dog's stomach.

[0015] In a preferred embodiment, the pet food is comprised of about 49.7% starch source, about 36.5% protein source, about 5.3% fiber, about 5% fat sources; about 1 .7% vitamins and minerals; about 0.1 % probiotics and prebiotics; and about 1 .5% flavoring. The pet food also preferably includes a preservative and probiotics. About 4% of the fiber (or about 0.2 wt% of the pet food) is psyllium A first formulation for the pet food is shown in Table 1.

Table 1

Ingredient Wt% ingredient Purpose

White Potatoes 49.727 Starch source

Egg Product 29.000 Protein source

Potato Protein 7.500 Protein source

Tomato Pomace 5.000 Soluble fiber

Chicken Fat 2.000 Fat source

Flaxseed 2.000 Omega 3 Source

Natural Dog Flavor 1.500 Flavoring

Menhaden Oil 1.000 Omega fatty acid

Calcium and Phosphorus

Dical Phosphate 1.000

Source

Psyiiium Husks 0.200 Fiber

Ginger 0.200 Stomach soother

Mineral Mix Dog 0.200 Mineral source

Calcium Carbonate 0.200 Calcium source

Vitamin Pmx Dog 0.200 Vitamin source

Dried Chicory Root 0.100 Prebiotic Fiber

Choline Chloride 0.100 Vitamin Source

Natural Antioxidant 0.070 Preservative

Probiotics Blend 0.003 Probiotics for gut health [0016] This formulation results in the nutritional composition shown below in Table 2:

TABLE 2

[0017] The formulation of Table 1 was fed to six dogs (four male and two female) each of which was at least one year of age, for 10 days. The test diet was the sole source of food for the 10-day period. During the 10- day testing period, the dogs were housed individually and presented with the test diet on an individual basis (i.e., each dog had its own food bowl). Cages and bowls were cleaned daily and sanitized in accordance with the Animal Welfare Act. The dogs were fed once daily at the same time each day. Body weights were recorded on Days 1 through 6, and on Day 10. The first five (5) days of the 10-day test period were considered an acclimation period for the dogs to become acclimated to the pet food. Food consumption was recorded daily. On days 6 through 1 1 , fecal matter/stool was collected and analyzed. Stool quality observations were measured and recorded according to a photo grading sheet a minimum of three times daily during the collection period. A summary of body weights, food consumption, and grams of fecai output can be found in Tables 3 through 5 respectively. Fecal consistency observation ratings can be found in Table 10 with the frequency distribution in Graph 1. After the final fecal collection, each of six (6) individual fecal samples was sent to Eurofins US, a laboratory services firm located Des Moines, Iowa, for analytical determination as appears in Table 6. A sample of test diet of Table 1 was also analyzed and the results of the analyses can be found in Table 6.

[0018] The results of the analyses on the feces and the test diet were used to calculate dry matter, protein, caloric digestibility and metabo!izable energy as presented in Table 7. Actual equations for the calculations are presented in Table 1 1 . Comparison of metabolizable energy between proximate analysis method and digestibility trial method can be found in Tables 8 and 9.

TABLE 4: Daily Food Consumption (g)

og Day Day Day Da Day Day Day Day Day Day Day 6-10 ID 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total

300 207 310 157 320 330 330 254 94 202 Ϊ 3Ϊ0

260 203 190 163 11 1 141 189 186 261 214 99Ϊ

167 168 148 129 107 1 16 128 213 156 250 863

219 281 300 310 189 320 320 320 320 320 1600

217 192 255 132 108 130 268 300 238 300 1236

173 216 222 300 Ϊ 99 300 300 300 300 300 1500

Mean 1250

SEM 1 163 TABLE 5: Fecal Wei hts

TABLE 6: Diet & Fecal Anal sis

" ABLE 8: Digestibility Tria Method

Gross

Energy Gross

Food Food Energy Protei

o AF Iniak Feces Fecal Protei n Correctio ME g (kcal/g e AF (kcal/g Outpu n Food Feces n Factor (kcal/kg

ID ) (g) ) t (g) AF (%) (%) ..... Dog ... )

1 4.88 1310 1.04 524 24.28 6.04 1.25 4191

2 4.88 991 1.25 221 24.28 7.80 1.25 4319

3 4.88 863 1.12 428 24.28 6.23 1.25 4060

4 4.88 1600 0.99 709 24.28 5.38 1.25 4168

5 4.88 1236 1.10 660 24.28 6.86 1.25 4035

6 4.88 1500 1.09 688 24.28 6.42 1.25 4113

TABLE 9: Pet Food Analysis

Crude Crude Crude

Protein Fat Fiber Moisture Ash NFE Gross

(%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) Energy ME

AF AF AF AF AF AF (kcal/g) (kcal/g)

24.28 15.44 2.6 4.50 5.97 47.21 4.78 3815

TABLE 10: Total Fecal Consistenc Observation Ratings

*food vomit

The rating scale or the fecai matter observations are as follows:

Table 9 - Calculations

Dry Matter (Total) Digestibility = [{(Total Food Consumed) x (% Dry Matter of Food)}— {(Total Weight of Stool) x (% Dry Matter of Stool)}] {(Total Food Consumed) x (% Dry Matter of Food)}

Protein Digestibility = [{(Total Food Consumed) x (% Protein of Food)} — {(Total Weight of Stool) x (% Protein of Stool)}] ÷ {(Total Food Consumed) x (% Protein of Food)}

Fat Digestibility = [{(Total Food Consumed) x (% Fat of Food)}— {(Total Weight of Stool) x (% Fat of Stool)}] ÷ {(Total Food Consumed) (% Fat of Food)}

Caloric Digestibility = [{(Total Food Consumed) x (Gross Energy per gram of diet)}— {(Total Weight of Stool) x (Gross Energy per gram of Stool)}] ÷ {(Total Food Consumed) x (Gross Energy per gram of diet)}

Metabolizable Energy (M.E.) = {Gross Energy of Diet— Gross Energy of Stool— (Grams Protein Digested x 1.25 kcal/g)} ÷ Amount of Food Consumed

Calculated Gross Energy = ((9.4 x Fecal Fat) + (5.65 x Fecal Protein) + (4.15 x Fecal NFE))/10

Nitrogen-free Extract (NFE) = 100— (% Crude Protein + % Crude Fat + % Crude Fiber + % Moisture + % Ash)

Modified Atwater M.E. (kcal/kg) = 10 x {(3.5 x Crude Protein) + (8.5 x Crude Fat) + (3.5 x NFE)} • Gross Energy (kcal/g) = {(5.65 x Crude Protein) + (4.15 x NFE) + (9.4 x Crude Fat)} ÷ 100

[0019] As various changes could be made in the above compositions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.