Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PUMP
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/023171
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A description is given of a pump comprising a suction space which is at least partly bounded by a flexible body and which is located between end elements at least one of which can be driven so as to move in a reciprocating manner, a delivery space which surrounds the suction space and around which a housing is provided, and valves provided in the housing and in at least one of the end elements, the valves being constructed such that when the volume of the suction space is increased, a medium is sucked into said suction space, which, when the volume is reduced, flows through one of the valves to the delivery space from which it is expelled when the volume of the delivery space is reduced.

Inventors:
BERNDSEN, Joost Robert (Pastoor van Angerenstraat 11, 7037 AH Beek, gem. Montferland, 7037 AH, NL)
BERNDSEN, Miechiel Anthony (Sint Martinusstraat 18, 7037 AB Beek, gem. Montferland, 7037 AB, NL)
Application Number:
NL2016/050565
Publication Date:
February 09, 2017
Filing Date:
August 01, 2016
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
ALTOP PATENTS B.V. (Matjeskolk 23, Montferland, 7041 GX, NL)
International Classes:
F04B43/02; F04D9/04
Foreign References:
US6409478B12002-06-25
DE102007003466A12008-07-31
US3578880A1971-05-18
US6616427B22003-09-09
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KLAVERS, Cornelis W.A.M. (Postbus 1642, 1300 BP Almere, 1300 BP, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A pump comprising:

- a suction space which is at least partly bounded by a flexible body and which is located between end elements at least one of which can be driven so as to move in a reciprocating manner,

- a delivery space which surrounds the suction space and around which a housing is provided, and

- valves provided in the housing and in at least one of the end elements, the valves being constructed such that when the volume of the suction space is increased, a medium is sucked into said suction space, which, when the volume is reduced, flows through one of the valves to the delivery space from which it is expelled when the volume of the delivery space is reduced.

2. The pump according to claim 1, characterized in that the suction space is a substantially cylindrical space, of which at least part of the circumference is formed by the flexible body.

3. The pump according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the flexible body is a bellows, or a belt, tyre, in particular an outer tyre.

4. The pump according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the at least one valve provided between the suction space and the delivery space in the respective end element is a valve which opens and closes in response to excess pressure and reduced pressure,

respectively, in the suction space.

5. The pump according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the pump comprises an intake and an outlet for the medium, which are each connected to the suction space and the delivery space, respectively, through one of the valves.

6. The pump according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that part of the housing of the pump forms a fixed end element of the suction space.

7. The pump according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the end elements are substantially flat end plates.

8. The pump according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the pump comprises a rod which can be driven so as to move in a reciprocating manner, which is connected to the at least one end element which can be driven so as to move in a reciprocating manner.

9. The pump according to claim 8, characterized in that the pump comprises a mechanism, such as an eccentric mechanism or a crankshaft mechanism, which is connected to the drivable rod and by means of which, if required, the stroke of the rod can be set .

10. The pump according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the valves are automatically

operating valves.

11. A method wherein, inside a pump, by reciprocating a flexible body which is subjected to flexural strain

thereby:

- during a first phase, the volume of a suction space which is at least partly bounded by the body is reduced, causing a medium contained therein to be forced, through a valve, into a delivery space which surrounds the suction space, after which

- during a second phase, when expansion of the suction space takes place, and when the valve closes, a reduced pressure is formed therein and, at the same time, an excess pressure is formed in the delivery space, causing the medium to be expelled.

12. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the reduced pressure in the suction space during the second phase causes medium to be drawn into the suction space through an intake, and the excess pressure in the suction space during the first phase causes said medium to be forced into the delivery space through the valve.

13. The method according to claim 11 or 12, characterized in that the pump is a pump according to any one of the claims 1 to 10, which is used as a vacuum pump and which is connected to a non-self-starting pump, such as a

centrifugal pump.

14. Use of the pump according to any one of claims 1 to 10, in the process of pumping a medium or a mixture of mediums, which may or may not contain air, or in the process of pumping water or water vapour which may or may not contain air, or in the process of pumping air which may or may not contain water and/or water vapour.

15. Use of the pump according to claim 14, characterized in that the pump is used a vacuum pump, wherein the medium is air, which may or may not contain dirty water, such as waste water, sewage water or groundwater, or which

comprises surface water or water obtained from well-point de-watering .

Description:
PUMP

The present invention relates to a pump. The present invention also relates to a method in which said pump serves as a double acting pump, and to the use of such a pump for transferring the medium.

A pump assembly in the form of a centrifugal pump which is self-starting by means of a vacuum pump comprising a float feature is disclosed in US 6,616,427 B2. This assembly is configured such that a double acting pump is obtained comprising two mutually cooperating pumps, namely the centrifugal pump and the vacuum pump. The vacuum pump comprises a housing having a suction space which is bounded by a flexible, ring-shaped, flat diaphragm and which comprises oppositely located end plates, of which the upper plate can be moved in a reciprocating manner. The flexible, ring-shaped diaphragm, which is circumferentially fixed between the upper end plate and the two portions of the housing, and which is tensile loaded when movement occurs, divides the housing into two spaces of equal volume. On one side there is the suction space and on the other side of the upper end plate there is the delivery space. The lower end plate is provided with a valve, which is to be opened when there is a reduced pressure in the suction space, and through which valve air is drawn in from an air inlet, and the upper end plate is provided with a valve, which is to be opened by means of a tappet when there is an excess pressure in the suction space, and through which valve air is expelled at the next stroke to an air vent via a valve which is to opened when there is an excess pressure in the delivery space.

A drawback resides in that the displacement volume of the pump operating only as a vacuum pump is limited, and that said pump is vulnerable to water and/or water vapour in the medium drawn in, namely air. In addition, it has been found in practice that the reciprocating, flexible diaphragm will wear and tear relatively quickly, which adversely affects the service life.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a universally applicable pump and method, which are not sensitive to water or water vapour, and which are capable of displacing large amounts of different media, such as a liquid but also air, and which pump in addition has both a long service life and a reduced sensitivity to wear.

To achieve this, the pump according to the invention is characterized in that it comprises:

- a suction space which is at least partly bounded by a flexible body and which is located between end elements at least one of which can be driven so as to move in a reciprocating manner,

- a delivery space which surrounds the suction space and around which a housing is provided, and

- valves provided in the housing and in at least one of the end elements, the valves being constructed such that when the volume of the suction space is increased, a medium is sucked into said suction space, which, when the volume is reduced, flows through one of the valves to the delivery space from which it is expelled when the volume of the delivery space is reduced.

The corresponding method in accordance with the invention is characterized in that, inside a pump, by reciprocating a flexible body which is subjected to flexural strain

thereby :

- during a first phase, the volume of a suction space which is at least partly bounded by the body is reduced, causing a medium contained therein to be forced, through a valve, into a delivery space which surrounds the suction space, after which

- during a second phase, when expansion of the suction space takes place, and when the valve closes, a reduced pressure is formed therein and, at the same time, an excess pressure is formed in the delivery space, causing the medium to be expelled.

An advantage of the pump and the method according to the invention resides in that when the flexible body located between the end elements is moved up and down, said flexible body is exposed to bending loads, not tensile load. By virtue thereof, the service life of the pump is increased considerably and, in addition, larger volumes of various kinds of media can be pumped. The media to be pumped are not limited to gaseous media, since the gaseous media may also contain water or water vapour, but in addition also liquid media or gasses can be drawn in and transferred by the pump according to the invention. The housing of the pump accommodates the delivery space and the delivery space accommodates the suction space, as a result of which the flexible body makes a bending movement within the delivery space during the reciprocating movement. If required, for the valves to be applied in the pump according to the invention use can advantageously be made of automatically operating valves, so that the valves are operated by means of excess pressure or reduced pressure in the medium to be pumped. By virtue thereof, features to open and close the valves, at the right points in time, can be dispensed with, as a result of which the pump according to the invention is lighter in weight and the cost price can remain low, without the optimum operation being adversely affected. But by virtue thereof, pumps can additionally be connected in parallel in a simple manner, if this is required because a larger volume must be pumped, or pumps can be connected in series if the media must be transferred over larger distances.

A particularly cost price-friendly pump is

characterized in that the flexible body is a bellows, or a belt, tyre, in particular an outer tyre.

Advantageously, the pump and the method according to the invention can be universally used and applied in the process of pumping a medium or a mixture of mediums, which may or may not contain air, or in the process of pumping water or water vapour which may or may not contain air, or in the process of pumping air which may or may not contain water and/or water vapour. Further detailed, possible embodiments, which are set forth in the remaining claims, are mentioned together with the associated advantages in the following description.

The pump and the method according to the present invention will now be explained in greater detail with reference to the figure mentioned below, in which a possible embodiment is shown, but by means of which also further possible embodiments as well as the principle on which the present invention is based will be explained.

The figure shows a pump 1 comprising a housing 2 within which a delivery space 3 is located within which there is a suction space 4. The walls of the predominantly cylindrical suction space 4 are formed by a flexible body 5, which is connected to end elements 6-1, 6-2. In this case, the element 6-1 can be driven in a reciprocating manner by means of a mechanism 7, which will be elucidated hereinafter. If the end elements 6-1, 6-2 approach one another, the volume of the suction space is minimal, and the consequently inwardly bent body 5 is in a folded-up state, like a bellows, between said elements, and the volume of the delivery space 3 is maximal. Conversely, in the case that the end elements 6-1, 6-2 are the maximum distance apart, the consequently outwardly bent body 5 is in an unfolded state between said elements, and the volume of the suction space 4 is maximal, while that of the delivery space is minimal.

The pump 1 comprises an intake pipe 8 connected to the suction space 4, and a valve 9 arranged therebetween, which, in the case shown, opens automatically if a medium is drawn from the intake pipe 8 through the valve 9. An end element in the form of an end plate 6-1 is shown, which moves in a reciprocating manner under the influence of a movable rod 10 which is connected to said end plate and which is part of the mechanism 7 of the pump 1. In the embodiment shown, the end plate 6-2 forms part of the fixed lower side of the housing 2.

The pump 1 further comprises an outlet pipe 11 connected to the delivery space 3 through a valve 12. In the end plate 6-1, there is provided a valve 13 which closes automatically during the abovementioned medium- drawing process. If the direction of movement of the rod 10 reverses, causing the valve 9 to close automatically and likewise the valve 13 to open automatically due to the medium pressure in the suction space 4, the medium flows, during this transition phase, from the suction space 4 to the delivery space 3 until the minimum volume of the suction space 4 is reached. If the direction of movement of the rod reverses again, and hence the space 4 expands, the valve 13 closes automatically and, during this delivery phase, the medium is forced towards the outlet pipe 11 through the valve 12 which is in the process of opening. Also, during this delivery phase, the suction space 4 is filled again with medium drawn through the open valve 9. The method explained hereinabove continues.

The flexible body 5, which, as shown in the figure, is completely located inside the delivery space, may be a r

- 6 - bellows known per se, but also a belt, a tyre, in

particular an outer tyre. The two plates 6-1, 6-2, which are generally substantially flat in practice, with which the respective edges of the tyres are connected are similar to the rim of a wheel, however, as explained hereinbefore, the plates 6 are constructed so as to be movable with respect to one another. Advantageously, use can even be made of worn tyres 5 costing near to nothing or nothing at all .

The movable end plate 6-1 shown in the figure is connected, as explained hereinbefore, to a rod 10 which can move in a reciprocating manner and which is connected, via a bushing 14 in the other end plate 6-2, with the suitable mechanism 7, such as an eccentric mechanism or a crankshaft mechanism 7. In a manner which is known per se, this mechanism 7 is arranged so as to be capable of setting the length of stroke of the rod, by means of which the suction and pressure capacity of the pump 1 can be influenced. The mechanism 7 is connected, in practice, with a rotating driving motor, not shown.

The pump 1 may be an autonomous pump, for example for drawing and pumping out a medium or a mixture of mediums which may or may not contain air. Said mixture may be water containing water vapour or air, but it may also be air containing water and/or water vapour. The pump 1 may also be used as a vacuum pump or, for example, it may be

connected with a non-self-starting pump, such as a centrifugal pump, to draw water to the eye of such a pump, as a result of which this combination can readily start by itself.

The pump 1 itself is insensitive to contamination in the medium, allowing it to transfer even dirty water, such as waste water, sewage water or groundwater, wether or not in alternation with medium originating from surface water or well-point de-watering.