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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
QUARTER WINDOW
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2009/011453
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A quarter window (20) attached to a door frame (12) of a vehicle rear door (11) is disclosed. The quarter window includes a quarter window panel (21) and a window frame (31). The quarter window panel is made of a synthetic resin material. The window frame includes a division bar (32) and a sealing portion (33). The division bar is configured such that a glass run (15) can be fitted to the division bar, and the sealing portion includes, as a part, the division bar. The sealing portion is integrally coupled to the quarter window panel so as to extend along the periphery of a side of the quarter window panel that faces inside of the vehicle. A part of the sealing portion is capable of being fitted to the door frame. The quarter window panel and the window frame are integrally molded. The window frame is made of a synthetic resin having a high rigidity. A fixing portion (35) for fixing the window frame to the door frame is integrally formed with the window frame.

Inventors:
TERAI, Hideaki (2-1 Toyoda-cho, Kariya-sh, Aichi 71, 4488671, JP)
MATSUDA, Yukio (1 Toyota-cho, Toyota-sh, Aichi 71, 4718571, JP)
Application Number:
JP2008/063327
Publication Date:
January 22, 2009
Filing Date:
July 17, 2008
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI (2-1 Toyoda-cho, Kariya-shi Aichi, 71, 4488671, JP)
TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA (1 Toyota-cho, Toyota-shi Aichi, 71, 4718571, JP)
TERAI, Hideaki (2-1 Toyoda-cho, Kariya-sh, Aichi 71, 4488671, JP)
MATSUDA, Yukio (1 Toyota-cho, Toyota-sh, Aichi 71, 4718571, JP)
International Classes:
B60J1/00; B60J10/02; B60J10/04
Foreign References:
US20050269741A12005-12-08
GB2422398A2006-07-26
US20050229496A12005-10-20
US20050269741A12005-12-08
JPS62265018A1987-11-17
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ONDA, Hironori et al. (12-1, Ohmiya-cho 2-chomeGifu-shi, Gifu 31, 5008731, JP)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A quarter window attached to a door frame of a vehicle rear door, comprising: a quarter window panel made of a synthetic resin material; and a window frame including a division bar and a sealing portion, the division bar being configured such that a glass run can be fitted to the division bar, and the sealing portion including, as a part, the division bar, wherein the sealing portion is integrally coupled to the quarter window panel so as to extend along the periphery of a side of the quarter window panel that faces inside of the vehicle, a part of the sealing portion being capable of being fitted to the door frame, wherein the quarter window panel and the window frame are integrally molded, and wherein the window frame is made of a synthetic resin having a high rigidity, and wherein a fixing portion for fixing the window frame to the door frame is integrally formed with the window frame.

2. The quarter window according to claim 1, wherein the synthetic resin material having a high rigidity is a fiberglass reinforced plastic.

3. The quarter window according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the window frame has a channel-like cross section so as to have two side walls defining an opening, and wherein a reinforcing rib is integrally formed with the window frame, the rib extending between the side walls.

4. The quarter window according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the rigidity of the window frame is higher than

the rigidity of the window panel .

5. The quarter window according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the sealing portion includes a hypotenuse portion fitted to the door frame, wherein the hypotenuse portion has a first fitting portion that projects to the door frame from the edge of the surface of the quarter window panel facing outside of the vehicle, wherein the quarter window panel includes a second fitting portion that is located closer to the door frame than the first fitting portion, wherein the first and second fitting portions are fitted to a fitting groove formed in the door frame, and wherein a gap between the first and second fitting portions and the inner surface of the fitting groove is sealed by a sealing member.

Description:

DESCRIPTION

QUARTER WINDOW

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a quarter window provided in a vehicle rear door.

BACKGROUND ART

A quarter window provided in an automobile rear door is disclosed, for example, in Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 62-265018. As shown in Figs. 5A and 5B, a quarter window 70 disclosed in the publication has a window panel 71 made of a synthetic resin. The window panel 71 is shaped like a right triangle in a plan view, and includes an opposite side portion, a hypotenuse portion, and a base portion. On a side of the window panel 71 facing inside of the automobile, insert portions each extending along either the opposite side portion (Fig. 5A) or the hypotenuse portion (Fig. 5B) are provided. Each insert portion 72 forms a peripheral portion of the window panel 71, and a holding portion 74 that has a substantially channel-like cross section. The window panel 71 and the insert portions 72 are molded integrally through, for example, injection. A sealing member 73 is integrally coupled to the surface of the window panel facing inside of the automobile with the insert portions 72. The sealing member 73 extends along the entire periphery of the window panel 71. The holding portion 74 is covered by the sealing member 73. The sealing member 73 is formed of a polymer elastic material (rubber or thermoplastic elastomer) .

When manufacturing the quarter window 70, the window panel 71 and a division bar 76 are placed in a mold (not shown) , and a polymer elastic material is injected into a cavity defined in the mold and cured. As a result, the sealing member 73 is integrally molded with the insert portions 72.

As shown in Fig. 5B, a section of the holding portion 74 at the hypotenuse portion holds a frame flange 78 of the rear door 77. As shown in Fig. 5A, a section of the holding portion 74 at the opposite side portion holds a slider 81 of a rear door glass 80 with a glass run 79 fitted to the division bar 76. Accordingly, the quarter window 70 is installed in the rear door 77, and, as shown in Fig. 5B, the rear portions of the window panel 71 and the rear door 77 are substantially flush, which improves the appearance.

According to the configuration disclosed in the above publication, the holding portions 74 hold the frame flange 78 and the slider 81, and the division bar 76 and the base portion of the window panel 71 are pressed into the rear door 77, so that the quarter window 70 is installed in the rear door 77. The inner surfaces of the holding portions 74 are coated with the sealing member 73 made of a polymer elastic material. Therefore, after the quarter window 70 is installed in the rear door 77, the quarter window 70 might come off the rear door 77 due to elastic deformation of the sealing member 73.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is an objective of the present invention to provide a quarter window that has an improved appearance and is securely fixed to a rear door.

To achieve the foregoing objective and in accordance with one aspect of the present invention, a quarter window attached to a door frame of a vehicle rear door is provided. The quarter window includes a quarter window panel made of a synthetic resin material and a window frame including a division bar and a sealing portion. The division bar is configured such that a glass run can be fitted to the division bar. The sealing portion includes, as a part, the division bar. The sealing portion is integrally coupled to the quarter window panel so as to extend along the periphery of a side of the quarter window panel that faces inside of the vehicle. A part of the sealing portion is capable of being fitted to the door frame. The quarter window panel and the window frame are integrally molded. The window frame is made of a synthetic resin having a high rigidity. A fixing portion for fixing the window frame to the door frame is integrally formed with the window frame.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 is a perspective view schematically showing a rear door according to one embodiment of the present invention; Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing the quarter window of Fig. 1, as viewed from the outside of the automobile;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view showing the quarter window of Fig. 1, as viewed from the inside of the automobile; and

Figs. 5A and 5B are cross-sectional views illustrating a quarter window described in BACKGROUND ART section.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

One embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 4.

As shown in Fig. 1, a rear door 11 of an automobile, which is a vehicle, has a window panel 13 attached to a door frame 12, and a quarter window 20 fixed to the door frame 12. In Fig. 2, the lower side corresponds to the inside of the automobile, while the upper side corresponds the outside of the automobile.

The quarter window 20 will now be described in detail. As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the quarter window 20 includes a quarter window panel 21 and a window frame 31. The quarter window panel 21 is made of transparent polycarbonate, which is a synthetic resin. The window frame 31 is made of a material having a higher rigidity than that of the window panel 21. Specifically, the window frame 31 is made of a synthetic resin material having a high rigidity, or polycarbonate containing glass fiber (fiberglass reinforced plastic) . The quarter window panel 21 and the window frame 31 are integrally molded by two-color molding. "Synthetic resin having a high rigidity" refers to an elastic synthetic resin having a rigidity higher than that of elastic resin material such as rubber and thermoplastic elastomer.

As shown in Fig. 3, the quarter window panel 21 includes a portion that is substantially shaped as a right triangle in a front view, and an elongated portion that extends downward along the opposite side of the right triangle portion. The window frame 31 includes a division bar portion 32, which extends vertically when the window frame 31 is fixed to the door frame 12. The window frame 31 has a sealing portion 33 that is integrally coupled to the quarter

window panel 21 so as to extend along the entire periphery of the quarter window panel 21 facing inside of the automobile. Part of the sealing portion 33 is fitted to the door frame 12 That is, the window frame 31 is formed by integrating the division bar portion 32 and the sealing portion 33. The window frame 31 is colored in black.

As shown in Fig. 2, the division bar portion 32 has a substantially channel-like cross section along a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the division bar 32, and the channel-like shape opens to the front of the automobile. The division bar portion 32 has a pair of side walls 32a located on the side facing inside of the automobile and the side facing outside of the automobile, so as to be opposed to each other. A plurality of reinforcing ribs 32b extend between the side walls 32a. The reinforcing ribs 32b are arranged at intervals along the longitudinal direction of the division bar 32.

As shown in Figs. 3 and 4, a plurality of fixing portions 35 for fixing the window frame 31 to the door frame 12 are integrally formed on the inner side wall 32a. The fixing portions 35 arranged along the longitudinal direction of the division bar 32 at an interval. A fixing hole 35a is formed in each fixing portion 35.

The sealing portion 33 will now be described. As shown in Fig. 3, the outline of the sealing portion 33 is shaped like a right triangle frame. The sealing portion 33 includes an opposite side portion 38, a base portion 39, hypotenuse portion 40, and a top portion 41. The opposite side portion 38 corresponds to the opposite side of a right triangle, and serves as an upper section of the division bar portion 32. The base portion 39 corresponds to the base of a right

triangle, and extends from a longitudinal center of the division bar portion 32 in a direction perpendicular to the division bar portion 32. The hypotenuse portion 40 corresponds to the hypotenuse of the right triangle, and extends diagonally relative to the direction in which the base portion 39 extends. The top portion 41 connects the upper end of the opposite side portion 38 and the upper end of the hypotenuse portion 40.

As shown in Fig. 4, the base portion 39 has a substantially channel-like cross section along a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the base portion 39, and the channel-like shape opens to the inside of the automobile. As shown in Fig. 2, the hypotenuse portion 40 is shaped such that its cross section along a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction opens to the inside of the automobile. The hypotenuse portion 40 has a pair of side walls 40a that forms the opening. A plurality of reinforcing ribs 40b extend between the side walls 40a. The reinforcing ribs 40b are arranged at intervals along the longitudinal direction of the hypotenuse portion 40. As shown in Fig. 4, a fixing portion 42 for fixing the window frame 31 to the door frame 12 extends into the automobile from the top portion 41. A threaded hole (not shown) is formed in the fixing portion 42. A screw (not shown) attached to the door frame 12 is threaded to the threaded hole.

As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the surface of the sealing portion 33 that faces outside of the automobile is integrally coupled to the peripheral portion of the surface of the quarter window panel 21 that faces inside of the automobile. Since the window frame 31 and the quarter window panel 21 are molded integrally, the gap between the surface of the sealing portion 33 that faces outside of the automobile and the

surface of the quarter window panel 21 that faces inside of the automobile is sealed.

In the state where the quarter window panel 21 is coupled to the sealing portion 33, the peripheral portion of the hypotenuse portion 40 projects outward from the edge of the surface of the quarter window panel 21 that faces outside of the automobile. The projecting part serves as a first fitting portion 40c. Also, a side edge of the quarter window panel 21 that corresponds to the hypotenuse portion 40 forms a second fitting portion 21a that projects outward from the edge of the hypotenuse portion 40. The quarter window panel 21 is transparent, and the window frame 31 is colored in black. Thus, when the quarter window 20 is viewed from the outside of the automobile, the sealing portion 33 is seen through the quarter window panel 21.

The above described quarter window 20 is fixed to the door frame 12 in the following manner. The screw (not shown) attached to the door frame 12 is threaded to the fixing portion 42 formed on the top portion 41, so that the top portion 41 is fixed to the door frame 12. Screws (not shown) are threaded to the door frame 12 through the fixing holes 35a of the fixing portions 35 provided to the division bar portion 32, so that the division bar portion 32 is fixed to the door frame 12. Further, as shown in Fig. 2, the first fitting portion 40c of the hypotenuse portion 40 and the second fitting portion 21a of the quarter window panel 21 are fitted to a fitting groove 12a formed in the door frame 12, and the gap between the first and second fitting portions 21a, 40c and the inner surfaces of the fitting groove 12a is sealed by the sealing member 50. Accordingly, the quarter window 20 is fixed to the door frame 12. Also, a glass run 15 is fitted to the division bar portion 32 and the door frame

12, and the window panel 13 is fitted to the glass run 15, so that the rear door 11 is completed.

In the rear door 11 described above, the surface of the quarter window panel 21 that faces outside of the automobile, the surface of the door frame 12 that faces outside of the automobile, and the surface of the glass run 15 that faces outside of the automobile are all flush. The division bar portion 32 forms part of the window frame 31 and is colored in black. The division bar portion 32 is coupled to the surface of the quarter window panel 21 that faces inside of the automobile.

The above described embodiment has the following advantages.

(1) Since the division bar portion 32 and the first fitting portion 40c have a high rigidity, the division bar portion 32 is prevented from elastically deformed so that the glass run 15 comes off the division bar portion 32, and the first fitting portion 40c is prevented from elastically deformed so that the first fitting portion 40c comes off the fitting groove 12a. Thus, the quarter window 20 is maintained to be installed in the door frame 12. Further, the fixing portion 35 is integrally formed with the window frame 31, and the window frame 31 is fixed to the door frame 12 by means of the fixing portion 35. This securely fixes the quarter window 20 to the door frame 12.

(2) The quarter window panel 21 is integrally coupled to the surface of the sealing portion 33 that faces outside of the automobile, and the gap between the sealing portion 33 and the quarter window panel 21 is sealed. Since the window frame 31 is fixed to the door frame 12, the quarter window

panel 21 is attached to the door frame 12 without using a weather strip. If a weather strip is used, a step would be formed in the peripheral portion of the quarter window panel 21. However, according to the present embodiment, the quarter window panel 21 is attached to be flush with the door frame 12 and the glass run 15. As a result, wind roar caused by steps is reduced, and the aerodynamic drag is reduced. Also, the division bar 32 is integrally coupled to the surface of the quarter window panel 21 that faces inside of the automobile. Thus, the division bar portion 32 is not exposed to the outside of the automobile, and only the glass run 15 is exposed between the window panel 13 and the quarter window panel 21. This improves the appearance of the rear door 11.

(3) The fixing portions 35, 42 are integrally formed with the window frame 31. Therefore, compared to a case where separate brackets coupled to the division bar 32 to serve as the fixing portions 35, 42, the quarter window 20 is formed easily.

(4) The reinforcing ribs 32b, 40b are integrally formed with the division bar portion 32 and the hypotenuse portion 40, respectively. This increases the rigidity of the division bar 32 and the hypotenuse portion 40. As a result, the division bar portion 32 and the hypotenuse portion 40 are prevented from being deformed. Therefore, the glass run 15 is reliably prevented from coming off the division bar portion 32, and the hypotenuse portion 40 is reliably prevented from coming off the fitting groove 12a.

(5) The window frame 31 including the division bar portion 32 and the sealing portion 33, and the quarter window panel 21 are manufactured in a single manufacturing step by two-color molding. Therefore, the quarter window 20 is easily

manufactured compared to the prior art quarter window, which is manufactured by placing a window panel and a division bar in a mold, and then injecting molten resin for molding a sealing member. Also, since the quarter window 20 is formed only of a synthetic resin material, the number of types of materials is reduced compared to the prior art quarter window, which is formed by using a metal material and a synthetic resin material. Thus, the manufacturing costs and the weight of the quarter window 20 are reduced.

The above described embodiment may be modified as follows .

The integral molding of the window frame 31 and the quarter window panel 21 may be performed by a method other than the two-color molding. For example, the window frame 31 and the quarter window panel 21 may be integrally molded by insert molding.

The materials of the quarter window panel 21 and the window frame 31 may be changed. For example, the quarter window panel 21 may be made of an ABS based material, and the window frame 31 may be made of a PET based material. Further, the quarter window panel 21 and the window frame 31 may be made of the same material.

As long as the window frame 31 has a required rigidity, the window frame 31 may be formed of a synthetic resin material containing no glass fiber.

The reinforcing ribs 32b of the division bar portion 32 and the reinforcing ribs 40b of the hypotenuse portion 40 may be omitted if the required rigidity of the division bar portion 32 is ensured without them.