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Title:
QUICK CONNECT COUPLING WITH CONCENTRIC CONFIGURATION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1997/013095
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a rapid-action coupling comprising a male part (2) connected to a first (4) and a third conduit (5) and a female part (3) connected to a second (6) and a fourth conduit (7) for releasable mutual connection of at least the first to the second conduit and also for releasable mutual connection of the third conduit to the fourth conduit, wherein the male part and the female part of the rapid-action coupling each comprise a shell formed in one piece. At least at the position of the separating surface between the male and the female part the connecting channels arranged in the said parts are preferably concentric. According to another embodiment the first and the third conduit and the second and the fourth conduit are mutually concentric at least at the connection between the male part respectively the female part and the conduits.

Inventors:
SCHUETZ CHRISTIAAN ARNOLD (NL)
Application Number:
PCT/NL1996/000384
Publication Date:
April 10, 1997
Filing Date:
October 02, 1996
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HOLMATRO B V (NL)
SCHUETZ CHRISTIAAN ARNOLD (NL)
International Classes:
F16L37/00; F16L37/30; F16L37/32; F16L37/56; F16L39/00; (IPC1-7): F16L37/56; F16L37/30; F16L39/00
Foreign References:
FR2466697A11981-04-10
US5297574A1994-03-29
EP0172996A11986-03-05
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. Rapidaction coupling comprising a male part connected to a first and a third conduit and a female part connected to a second and a fourth conduit for releasable mutual connection of at least the first to the second conduit and also for releasable mutual connection of the third conduit to the fourth conduit, characterized in that the male part and the female part of the rapid action coupling each comprise a shell formed in one piece.
2. Rapidaction coupling as claimed in claim l, characterized in that at least at the position of the separating surface between the male and the female part the connecting channels arranged in the said parts are concentric.
3. Rapidaction coupling as claimed in claim l or 2, characterized in that the first and the third conduit and the second and the fourth conduit are mutually concentric at least at the connection between the male part respec¬ tively the female part and the conduits.
4. Rapidaction coupling as claimed in claim 2 or 3, wherein one of the conduits is connected to a source of pressure, characterized in that one of the internal conduits is connected to a source of pressure.
5. Rapidaction coupling as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the coupling is adapted during coupling to make an initial connection between internal channels arranged in both coupling parts and to make a subsequent connection between external channels arranged in the coupling parts.
6. Rapidaction coupling as claimed in claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the channels connected to the first and the third, respectively the second and the fourth conduit are mutually connected in the noncoupled situa¬ tion of the parts of the coupling.
7. Rapidaction coupling as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the coupling surface of both parts are closed in the noncoupled situation by elements each located in one plane.
8. Rapidaction coupling as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, characterized in that one of the parts of the coupling is provided with a concentric locking ring which is movable only in a rotation position in axial direction to the releasing poεition and that a spring is arranged to urge the locking ring to another position.
Description:
QUICK CONNECT COUPLING WITH CONCENTRIC CONFIGURATION

The invention relates to a rapid-action coupling. Such rapid-action couplings are known. They are used for instance to couple conduits which are adapted to transport a fluid, for instance a gas or a liquid. Such rapid-action couplings are thus used for instance to mutually connect flexible hydraulic conduits.

Particularly in the case of applications in hydrau¬ lics, for instance connecting a hydraulically driven apparatus to a hydraulic drive element, it is necessary for the hydraulic pump to be connected to the tool not only by means of a pressure line but also by a return line.

According to the prior art use is made herein of separate rapid-action couplings, i.e. one for the pres- sure line and another for the return line.

This is less than desirable in many situations, particularly when such a connection must be effected within a short space of time. Such a situation also occurs for instance when such a connection must be ef- fected in a stress situation. There is also the danger here, if the couplings are not different, of an incorrect connection being made.

From GB-L-009087 is known a rapid-action coupling comprising a male part connected to a first and a third conduit and a female part connected to a second and a fourth conduit for releasable mutual connection of at least the first to the second conduit and for releasable mutual connection of the third conduit to the fourth conduit. In this coupling of the prior art the male and female coupling elements are each mounted on a carrier. By moving the carriers toward each other the male and female coupling parts can be brought into mutual contact

to form a connection. There is however the danger herein of the carriers being moved toward each other at an angle so that a properly sealing coupling is not effected. This coupling of the prior art further results in an awkward construction which is difficult to handle. Another draw¬ back is that at least one of the coupling parts must be fixed in one of the plates with a certain clearance because couplings of such a construction can never be manufactured with the required precision. The object of the present invention is to obviate the above stated problems.

This object is achieved in that the male part and the female part of the rapid-action coupling each com¬ prise a shell formed in one piece. According to a preferred embodiment, at least at the position of the separating plane between the male and female part, the connecting channels arranged in the said parts are concentric.

This results in the advantage that the male part of the rapid-action coupling can rotate relative to the female part of the rapid-action coupling, which reduces possible torsional tensions in the rapid-action couplings and the conduits connected thereto.

According to yet another embodiment the first and the third conduit and the second and the fourth conduit are mutually concentric at least at the connection to the male part respectively the female part. This has the advantage that concentric conduits can be used, which simplifies the conduit configuration; for the user it is then aε if he couples only at least one conduit instead of two.

Other attractive embodiments will become apparent from the description following hereinbelow which also serves as elucidation of the annexed drawings, in which: figure 1 shows a schematic perspective view of the configuration of the coupling according to the present invention;

figure 2 shows a sectional view of a preferred embodiment of a male part and a female part of the cou¬ pling according to the present invention in the non- coupled situation; and figure 3 is a view corresponding with figure 2 in the coupled situation.

Shown in figure 1 is a rapid-action coupling 1 which is formed by a male part, designated in its entirety with 2, and a female part 3, designated in its entirety with 3. The male part 2 is connected to a first conduit 4 which is arranged centrally and to a third conduit 5 which is arranged concentrically relative to the first conduit 4 and extending therearound. In similar manner the female part 3 is connected to a second conduit 6 and to a fourth conduit 7 arranged concentrically there¬ around.

For fixation of the male and female part the female part 2 is provided with a groove extending all around on the outer surface side, into which groove at least one ball stop 9 connected to the male part 3 engages during fixation in the male part.

The construction and operation of the coupling will now be described with reference to figure 3.

As shown in figure 3, the male part 2 comprises an external bushing 10 which is narrowed toward the coupling surface. On the side of conduit 5 the bushing 10 is provided with an edge toothing 11 for engagement on conduit 5. Fixedly connected to bushing 10 in the interi¬ or thereof is an internal bushing 12 which is connected to the external bushing 10 by radially extending connect¬ ing elements (not shown in the drawing) . The internal bushing 12 is also provided with a toothing 13 extending therearound.

Further arranged in bushing 10 is a movable bushing 14 which is urged by means of a helical spring 15 to the position which is shown in figure 2 and in which the end surface of bushing 10 coincides with the end surface of the movable bushing 14. By means of exerting an inward

directed force on the end surface it is possible to cause bushing 14 to move to the position shown in figure 3, wherein a narrowing 16 of the end surface is received into a cavity 17 arranged in the internal bushing 12. 5 Further formed in the movable bushing 14 is a hollow space 18 in which a central bushing 19 is movable in longitudinal direction. The central bushing 19 is here also urged by means of a helical spring 20 to its posi¬ tion as shown in figure 2. Finally, a recess 21 is ar-

10 ranged in the end surface of central bushing 19, in which recess is arranged a sealing cap 22 which is urged by means of a spring 23 to its position as shown in figure 2. The end surface of cap 22 forms a flat end face to¬ gether with the end surface of bushing 10 and internal

15 bushing 14. This is important in preventing fouling; in the drawn situation possible contaminants can easily be wiped off.

Further arranged in the diverse components are annular recesses 24,25,26 and 27 in which sealing O-rings

20 28,29,30 and 31 respectively are arranged. The function of such O-rings will of course be apparent; this function requires no explanation here.

The female part 3 of the coupling is formed essen¬ tially by an outer bushing 32 which is provided with an

25 array of annular fastening ribs 32 intended for fastening to the fourth conduit 7. Arranged around the outer bush¬ ing 32 and concentrically thereof is a fixation bushing 34 which is pressed by means of a helical spring 35 to the position shown in figure 2, in which the ball stops 9

30 are received in a groove arranged in the locking bushing 34.

The female part 3 of the coupling further comprises an internal bushing 36 which is connected to outer bush¬ ing 32 by means of ribs (not shown) extending in radial

35 direction. Inner bushing 36 and outer bushing 32 thus form a rigid whole. Arranged on the outside of the inner bushing is an array of fixing teeth 37 onto which the second conduit 6 is connected.

Further arranged in the female part is a plurality of movable bushings, i.e. a first movable bushing 38 which extends partially in a slot 39 arranged in outer bushing 32 and extending all around. Arranged in slot 39 is a helical spring 40 which presses the first movable bushing to its position as shown in the drawing. In order to limit the movement of the first movable bushing 38 this latter is provided with an edge 41 which engages against an edge 42 arranged on outer bushing 32. A second movable bushing 43 is further arranged which is likewise movable in longitudinal direction and which is urged to its shown position by means of a heli¬ cal spring 44. The second movable bushing 43 is provided with an edge 45 with which its movement is limited in one direction. Its longitudinal movement in the other direc¬ tion is limited by a third movable bushing 46.

The third movable bushing 46 extends round a fourth movable bushing 47. The fourth movable bushing 47 is movable inside a cavity 48 which is arranged in internal bushing 36 and in which a helical spring 49 is arranged for urging the fourth bushing 47 to its position as shown in the drawing. A helical spring 50 is arranged round the fourth bushing 47 for urging the third bushing 46 to the shown position. Finally, inside a cavity 51 arranged in the fourth movable bushing is arranged a stamp 52 which likewise extends through the cavity 48 arranged in internal bush¬ ing 36.

Further arranged in a number of bushings is a number of grooves 53,54,55, in each of which is arranged an 0- ring 56,57,58.

The movable bushing 38 is connected by means of a rod 62 to a lever 63 which is mounted in internal bushing 36. The free end of lever 63 engages onto the shank of stamp 52.

The operation of the rapid-action coupling will now be elucidated.

It is pointed out initially that in the male part 2 of the coupling the first conduit 4 connects onto a cavity arranged in internal bushing 12 and serving as guide channel. In the position shown in figure 2 this cavity 59 communicates via the passage between internal bushing 12 and movable bushing 10 with the space between external bushing 10 and internal bushing 12. This results in the shown situation in a short-circuit between the first and the third conduit. In similar manner there is a short-circuit in the female part 3 between the space between outer bushing 32, internal bushing 36 and the internal cavity 48 via pas¬ sage 60. This brings the advantages as stated in the preamble of the present text. When a coupling is made, the stepped part of the outer bushing 10 of the male part 2 of the coupling is placed into contact with the flat surface of the female part 3 of the coupling. The male part 2 is subsequently pushed inward. The four movable bushings 38,43,46 and 47 of the female part 3 of the coupling are herein initially pushed inward, this until the groove 8 arrives beneath the groove 61 arranged in the outer bushing 32 of the female part 3 and the balls 9 are pressed into the groove 8. Due to the action of spring 35 the fixation bushing 34 of the female part is then moved toward the male part 2, whereby the ball stops 9 are enclosed in cavity 8 and fixation takes place.

When both parts are moved into engagement the exter¬ nal bushing 10 of the male part will press inward against the end face of the first movable bushing 38. Via rod 62 and lever 63 the stamp 52 is then pressed into the male part 2. The central bushing 19 is hereby pressed inward.

According to a preferred embodiment the fixation bushing 34 is provided with a spring (not shown) which causes the rotation bushing 34 to rotate around the central axis of the coupling. A bayonet-like construction is further provided whereby in the thus obtained position the fixation bushing 34 cannot be moved to the position

shown in figure 2, thus obtaining a bayonet fitting-type fixa ion.

The diverse bushings are further urged to positions as shown in figure 3 by the diverse springs included in the construction of both parts 2,3, whereby a coupling of the first conduit 4 to the second conduit 6 and of the third conduit 5 to the fourth conduit 7 is obtained. The thus obtained situation is shown in figure 3. It is pointed out here that due to the mutual displacement of internal bushing 12 and movable bushing 14 the short- circuit between the first and the third channel is closed and that by shifting the third movable bushing 46 rela¬ tive to the fourth movable bushing 47 the passage 60 is closed, whereby the short-circuit is likewise eliminated on the relevant side.

As stated above, the remaining components shift such that continuous channels are created, this in accordance with the situation shown in figure 3.

It will be apparent that it is possible to deviate from the thus described construction in diverse ways without falling outside the scope of the invention.




 
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