|1.||ed are defined as follows: In combination, a machining vise having an upwardly facing surface, a removable jaw and a positioning plate for holding a workpiece in a work position in said machining vise comprising: said positioning plate having a front surface, a rear surface, a top surface and a bottom surface, a cleat affixed to and protruding from said rear surface of said positioning plate adjacent said bottom surface thereof, said removable jaw having a front side, a rear side, a top side and a bottom side, means for attaching said removable jaw to said machining vise, means for attaching said cleat to said removable jaw for holding said bottom surface of said positioning plate in engagement with said upwardly facing surface of said machining vise, wherein said means for attaching said cleat to said removable jaw comprises spring loaded member means attached to threaded members inserted in threaded holes in said removable jaw, being adapted to engage said cleat for holding said positioning plate in position.|
|2.||The positioning plate recited in claim 1 wherein said cleat has an upper surface inclined to said bottom surface of said positioning plate at an acute angle.|
|3.||The positioning plate recited in claim 1 wherein said cleat is square in cross section.|
|4.||The positioning plate recited in claim 1 wherein said cleat is in the form of a part of a cylindrical surface.|
|5.||The positioning plate recited in claim 1 wherein said top surface is parallel to said bottom surface.|
|6.||The positioning plate recited in claim 1 wherein said top surface is inclined at an acute angle to said bottom surface.|
|7.||The combination recited in claim 1 further comprising means for receiving said cleat in said removable jaw comprising a recess generally complementary in shape to said cleat and extending along at least a portion of the length of said removable jaw and extending from a point in said bottom side generally upwardly and outwardly to a point in said front side.|
|8.||In combination, a machinists vise having a base, a fixed jaw, a movable jaw, a first removable jaw attached to said fixed jaw, a second removable jaw attached to said movable jaw, a first positioning plate and a second positioning plate, said first removable jaw and said second removable jaw each being generally rectangular in cross section and having top, bottom, front and rear surfaces, said first positioning plate and said second positioning plate each being generally rectangular in cross section and having top, bottom, front, and rear surfaces, said base having a generally flat upwardly facing sur ace, said bottom surface of said removable jaws and said bottom surface of said positioning plates resting on said upwardly facing surface of said base, a first cleat attached to said first positioning plate adjacent said bottom surface thereof, a second cleat attached to said second positioning plate adjacent said bottom surface thereof, a first recess formed in said bottom surface of said first removable aw and defined by a recess surface terminating in said front surface of said first removable jaw, said first recess being complementary in shape to said first cleat whereby said first recess receives said first cleat, a second recess formed in said bottom surface of said second removable jaw and defined by a recess surface terminating in said front surface of said second removable jaw, said second recess being complementary in shape to said second cleat whereby said second recess receives said second cleat, first holes in said first removable jaw and second holes in said second removable jaw, said holes extending from said top surfaces of said removable jaws to said recess surfaces, members received in said holes and means on said members engaging said cleats whereby said cleats are clamped between said removable jaws and said flat upwardly facing surface of said base wherein said means for engaging said cleats comprises spring loaded member means attached to said members, being adapted to hold said positioning plates in position and said first and said second positioning plates are prevented from creeping longitudinally or upwardly along said front surfaces of said first and said second removable jaws when a work piece is clamped between said first and said second removable jaws of said machining vise.|
|9.||The positioning plate recited in claim 8 wherein said cleat has a top inclined surface inclined to said bottom surface at an acute angle.|
|10.||The positioning plate recited in claim 8 wherein said cleat is fixed to said machining vise and terminates at a position spaced from the ends thereof.|
|11.||The positioning plate recited in claim 8 wherein said cleat is square in cross section.|
|12.||The positioning plate recited in claim 8 wherein said cleat is cylindrical in cross section.|
|13.||The positioning plate recited in claim 8 wherein said top surface is parallel to said bottom surface.|
|14.||The positioning plate recited in claim 8 wherein said top surface is inclined at an acute angle to said bottom surface.|
|15.||An improved machining vise of the type in which positioning plates supported on an upwardly facing surface of said machining vise are used to position a workpiece wherein the improvement comprises: a cleat protruding from a surface of said positioning plate adjacent a bottom surface thereof, spring loaded member means supported in said machining vise engage said cleat to hold said positioning plate in position in said machining vise.|
|16.||The improved machining vise recited in claim 15 further comprising: a recess in said machining vise complementary in shape to said cleat whereby said recess receives said cleat.|
|17.||The improved machining vise recited in claim 15 wherein said cleat has a top inclined surface inclined to said bottom surface at an acute angle.|
|18.||The improved machining vise recited in claim 15 wherein said cleat is fixed to said machining vise and terminates at a position spaced from the ends thereof.|
|19.||The improved machining vise recited in claim 15 wherein said top surface is inclined at an acute angle to said bottom surface.|
|20.||The improved machining vise recited in claim 5 wherein said top surface is parallel to said bottom surface.|
CROSS REFERENCE TO PRIOR APPLICATION This application is a Continuation-In-Part of my co- pending U.S. patent application Serial No. 941,747, filed December 15, 1986, abandoned.
SHORT STATEMENT OF THE INVENTION Parallels and angle plates used in machine vises are traditionally held in place by springs which are inconvenient to use and which become separated from the vise. Also, chips tend to work their way between the vise and the parallels or angle plates and the accuracy of the positioning of the workpiece in the vise is therefore disturbed. The particular parallel and angle plates disclosed herein are made of a single plate with parallel or angled surfaces and a cleat rearwardly extending from the plate at its bottom which may be received in a complementary shaped slot in the removable jaw of the vise. The plates are held in place by spring loaded detent pins.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to an improved lock in parallel and angle mechanism that permits the quick attachment and detachment of the parallel or angle mechanism.
There is a long felt need for a simple efficient and economical locking or holding device for holding parallels and angles securely in machine vises. The parallel and angle system according to the present invention includes a cleat that is received in a slot in a removable jaw of the machine vise. Spring loaded detents hold the cleat in place in a complementary shaped slot in the removable jaw of the vise.
It is an object of the invention to provide improved parallels and angle plates for use on a machine vise.
Another object of the invention is to provide a parallel and angle plate for a machine vise and means to hold the jaw in place which is simple in construction, economical to manufacture and simple and efficient to use. This will in turn make it more economical to make and accurate to perform machining operations on parts being held in the machine vise.
With the above and other objects in view, the present invention consists of the combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that changes may be made in the form, size, proportions and minor details of construction without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more fully apparent from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment, the appended claims and the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is an isometric view of a machine vise with a parallel system supported on it according to the invention;
FIGURE 2 is a partial view of the vise and parallel system, shown in Figure 1 with a parallel having an inclined top according to the invention;
FIGURE 3 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of the vise of Figure 1;
FIGURE 4 is a cross sectional view similar to Figure 3 showing a cross sectional view of the vise with a different parallel holding device thereon;
FIGURE 5 is an isometric view of another embodiment of the parallel for a machine vise;
FIGURE 6 is an isometric view of another form of cleat removably supported on the jaw; and,
FIGURE 7 is an isometric view of yet another form of the parallel cleat.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Now with more particular reference to the drawing, I show a machine vise 10 of conventional construction in Figure 1 equipped with my improved jaw. The machine vise 10 has a base 11, a fixed jaw 12 fixed to base 11 and a movable jaw 13 slidably supported on base 1 and having a screw 14 threadably received in base 12 and engaging movable jaw 13 for moving it toward and away from fixed jaw 12. Base 11 has ears 18 integrally attached to it and extending outwardly from it. Ears 18 have bores 19 that receive screws for holding vise 10 to a milling machine table or the like. Handle 15 extends through screw 14 and has knobs 16 and 17 on its ends ' for rotating the screw and moving the movable jaw 13.
Removable jaw plates 20 are held to fixed jaw 11 and to movable jaw 13 in a conventional manner by means of screws 23 shown. Parallel plates 21 are held to fixed jaw 12 and to movable jaw 13 respectively by means of cleats 22, which are received in complementary shaped slots 41 at the lower edge of removable jaws 20. The top surface 24 of base 11 is flat. The bottom surface of movable jaw 13, as well as the bottom surface of parallel jaw 21, and cleat 22 slide over top surface 24 when the screw 14 is rotated by the handle 15.
As shown in Figure 3, removable jaw plates 20 are in the form of rectangular shaped plates with a parallel front surface 25 which is parallel to rear surface 26 and both
surfaces 25 and 26 are perpendicular to bottom surface 27. The slot 41 in the front surface 25 has a back surface 42 and a top surface 43 that inclines upwardly and toward back surface 42. Parallel jaw 21 has front surface 30 and rear surface 31 parallel to it which are both perpendicular to bottom surface 32. Cleat 22 has a flat bottom surface that is a continuation of bottom surface 32 of the parallel plate 21, a rear surface 28 and a top surface 29 that inclines downwardly and toward rear surface 31. Each cleat 22 is complementary in shape to the corresponding slot 41 in the lower edge of each removable jaw 20. Removable jaw 20 has two spaced bores 33 and 34 which are threaded at 35 and receive a threaded screw 36 that engages spring 37 and urges detent member 38 into engagement with the top surface 29 of cleat 22. Detent member 38 may be in the shape of a ball, as shown in the drawing, or it may be made in other con igurations adapted to engage cleat 22. The tension on spring 37 may be increased by adjusting threaded screw 36.
The embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 4 is similar to the one shown in Figure 3, excepting parallel plate 121 has a cleat 122 on its lower end which is engaged by screws 136 themselves instead of a detent ball and the screws 136 are received in threaded bores 134 in removable jaw 120.
Parallel plate 221 shown in Figure 5 has a front surface 230, a rear surface 231 and a bottom surface 232 and is similar in shape and configuration to parallel plates 21 shown in Figure 3. However, cleat 222 is removable and threadably attached to parallel plates 221 by means of screws 239 which clamp cleat 222 to parallel plate 221. Cleat 222 will fit in a groove 41 of complementary shape in removable jaw plate 20 and is held in place by screws such as 33 and 34 as shown in the embodiment of Figure 1.
Angle plate 321 shown in the embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 2 may have a cleat shaped like any of those shown in the embodiment of Figures 1 and 3 through 7 but its upper edge 340 is inclined relative to the bottom surface 332 of angle plate 321, thus allowing a piece being held in vise to be supported at a predetermined position. Depending on the angle desired, several angle plates with various top surface angles may be provided.
The embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 6 has a cleat 422 fixed to the rear surface 431 of parallel plate 421. Parallel plate 421 has a front surface 430 and a bottom surface 432 similar to the other embodiments. The cleat 422 is attached to the parallel plate by screws 439 and has an inclined upper surface 429 similar to the top surface 29 shown in Figure 3.
In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 7, parallel plate 521 has a front surface 530, a rear surface 531, a bottom surface 532 and a cylindrical shaped cleat 522 held in place by screws 539. The removable jaw of the milling machine vise will have a slot at its bottom complementary in shape to cylindrical cleat 522. It may be shorter than the width of parallel plate 521.
Cleats may be attached to the parallel plates by screws or other means but also can be of one unit such as being cast complete as one unit or being machined out of one piece of metal as a complete unit as shown in Figure 3.
The foregoing speci ication sets forth the invention in its preferred, practical forms but the structure shown is capable of modification within a range of equivalents without departing from the invention which is to be understood is broadly novel as is commensurate with the appended claims.
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