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Title:
RADIANT TUBOLAR ELEMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL PLANTS AND SIMILAR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/110852
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Tubular radiant element (10) for industrial plants and the like, made of a metal material resistant to high temperatures, comprising at least one vertical tubular portion (12), optionally at least a curved tubular portion (14), provided with a surface (S), comprising at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) arranged on at least a portion of the surface (S) of the tubular radiant element (10).

Inventors:
BISSON, Massimiliano (Via Nazionale 83C/2, Tezze Sul Brenta, I-36056, IT)
Application Number:
IB2011/050607
Publication Date:
August 23, 2012
Filing Date:
February 14, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BISSON, Massimiliano (Via Nazionale 83C/2, Tezze Sul Brenta, I-36056, IT)
International Classes:
F27D99/00; F23C3/00; H05B3/64
Foreign References:
US2642858A1953-06-23
GB537290A1941-06-16
US3187798A1965-06-08
US4669974A1987-06-02
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
FELTRINELLI, Secondo Andrea et al. (Via Ca' di Cozzi 41, Verona, I-37124, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

Tubular radiant element (10) for industrial plants and the like, comprising at least one vertical tubular portion (12) , optionally comprising at least one curved tubular portion (14), provided with a surface (S) , characterised in that it comprises at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) arranged on at least a portion of said surface (S) of said tubular radiant element (10) .

Tubular radiant element according to claim 1, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) is provided on at least a portion of said vertical tubular portions (12) and/or on at least a portion of said curved tubular portions (14) and/or on the entire surface (S) of the same tubular radiant element (10), and/or in zones of said tubular radiant element (10) where it is necessary to have a larger radiant surface and/or a better stiffening of the same.

Tubular radiant element according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) comprises an indentation and/or a protrusion and/or a corrugation and/or a coupling and/or a ribbing and/or a channel, etcetera, projecting inside and/or outside relative to the surface (S) of the tubular radiant element (10) and/or a reticular element and/or any other element capable of increasing the radiant surface and the stiffening of the tubular radiant element (10) .

Tubular radiant element according to any of the previous claims, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening element (18) has any geometrical shape, for example spheroid, cap, ovoid, ellipsoidal, annular, parallelepiped, cubic, polyhedral, prismatic, pyramid, conical, linear, etcetera shape, and/or a plan and/or section configuration of any shape, for example rectangular, square, oval, ellipsoidal, helical, circular, polygonal, reticular, with rounded edges, etcetera. Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) may be obtained by processing the material that constitutes said tubular radiant element (10), such as the moulding of the same on a special mould or the pressing by special presses or other equipment suitable for the purpose .

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) comprises means already formed that may be obtained by moulding and/or forming of sheet and/or rolled sections and/or melting and/or pressure melting and/or any other method and then applicable to the tubular radiant element (10), for example by welding or other methods suitable for the purpose.

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) exhibits variable dimensions, for the larger dimension, between 0.2 mm up to the entire length and/or circumference and/or perimeter of the tubular radiant element (10) and for the smaller dimension, between 0.2 mm and 200 mm, and projecting relative to said surface (S) by about 0.1 cm-10 cm.

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) has variable dimensions, for the largest dimension, between 2 cm and 10 cm and for the smallest dimension, between 2 cm and 4 cm, and projecting relative to said surface (S) from about 0.5 cm to about 1 cm.

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) is made of a metal material resistant to high temperatures, or alloys thereof, such as nickel and chromium alloys, Inconel 600, 601 or 602, Incoloy 800, Incoloy 800H, stainless steel AISI304, 310, 309, 309S, 316, 316Ti, 330, 321, AVESTA235MA, ALUFER, ALLOY X, Kanthal materials such as APM, APMT, etcetera, Mitsubishi materials such as MA230, MA250, etcetera, cast iron Ni-resist or other cast iron derivatives, molten metal materials with or without nickel components, chromium, aluminium, etcetera, such as Gx40CrNi 26- 20, KHR48N, KHR35H, etcetera, and/or other metal or non metal materials suitable for the purpose.

10. Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said at least one radiation and stiffening means (18) exhibits a predetermined arrangement and shape, for example in substantially linear lines and columns, spacing out a means in vertical position with a means in horizontal position and/or in lines with substantially parallel pattern and/or in reticulated shape, with meshes of any shape and dimension and/or circular, etcetera.

11. Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, comprising a coating layer (20) at said at least one radiation and stiffening means

18.

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said coating layer (20) has a substantially even thickness of at least 0.2 mm and preferably comprised between 0.2 mm and 10 mm.

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said coating layer (20) is arranged within the tubular radiant element (10), has a substantially tubular shape or corresponding to the tubular element wherein it is inserted and exhibits a substantially smooth and continuous or corrugated surface.

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said tubular radiant element (10) has a thickness of about 0.5-14 mm depending on the material it is made of.

Tubular radiant element according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said tubular radiant element (10) has a substantially circular section and/or any other type of section, for example oval, rectangular, square, polygonal, etcetera.

Description:
Description of the patent for industrial invention entitled :

"RADIANT TUBOLAR ELEMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL PLANTS AND SIMILAR"

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a tubular radiant element for industrial plants and the like, usable in the field of heat treatments of steel and/or other metals .

More in particular, the present invention relates to a tubular radiant element usable in the field of heat treatment furnaces, galvanisation and annealing lines for sheet tapes or plates and/or other products made of steel and/or other metals.

PRIOR ART

In the field of steel heat treatments, in particular sheet, special types of radiant tubes are used, made of a material resistant to high temperatures, connected to burners capable of developing the temperatures required for the sheet passing, in the shape of a continuous tape, in the proximity of the same, to undergo the desired heat treatment.

The radiant tubes usually used in the field can take several shapes, the most common of which may be defined as a "I", "U", double "U", "W" or "M" , single "P", "double P", double "M" shapes. Such radiant tubes are connected to a burner wherein the combustion takes place. Such tubes generally exhibit a portion wherein the flame and/or the fumes directly coming from the burner circulate, and optionally further portions wherein such combustion fumes can circulate. The combustion fumes cross the tube bringing it to such temperatures as to allow the heat exchange with the material to be treated by radiation.

Instead of being connected to a burner in which the combustion takes place, the known radiant tubes may also be heated by electrical resistors, positioned therein or outside the same tubes, which generate the temperatures required for the operation of such tubes. Due to the resistance to high temperatures they must exhibit, the known radiant tubes are usually made by the process of sheet centrifugation and/or moulding and/or processing and subsequently, welded to any curves or flanges, always obtained from sheet and/or rolled sections or melts of any type, which allow obtaining the desired final shape.

However, the radiant tubes currently used have some drawbacks. In particular, since they have a substantially circular section, they exhibit a radiant surface defined and limited to the outer surface of the same tube .

Moreover, due to the high temperatures they are subject to, the known tubes may collapse and bend on themselves. In certain zones, this causes a consequent decrease of the radiant power of the same, causing a lack of homogeneity in the heat treatment for the steel products subject to such process and the immediate need to replace the radiant tube.

Moreover, the vibrations caused by the burner connected to the known radiant tubes cause a high mechanical stress to the same tube, causing possible breakage in the welding zones (such as, in particular, the burner coupling flanges and the "support" of the same radiant tube on the furnace casing side) , in the material of which such tube is made, or twisting of the same tube.

OBJECTS OF INVENTION

Therefore the technical task of the present invention is to improve the prior art.

Within the scope of such technical task, it is an object of the present invention to provide a tubular radiant element with larger radiant surface compared to the tubes known in the field.

A further object of the present invention consists in providing a tubular radiant element more resistant to the mechanical and heat stresses it is subject to.

This task and this object are achieved by the tubular radiant element according to the annexed claim 1.

The particular shape of the tubular radiant element according to the present invention allows obtaining a better irradiation, both in quantitative terms and as far as the treatment homogeneity is concerned, as well as a higher resistance and duration, compared to the tubes of the prior art.

Moreover, the tubular radiant element according to the invention could allow limiting the harmful emissions caused by the same combustion, thus ensuring a more eco-friendly product compared to the products used on the market so far.

Further advantageous features are described in the dependent claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The features of the invention shall be better understood by any man skilled in the art from the following description and annexed drawing tables, provided by way of a non-limiting example, wherein:

figure 1 is a front view of a known radiant tube; figure 2 is a front view of a tubular radiant element according to the present invention; figure 3 is a front view of a detail of the tubular radiant element of figure 2 ;

figure 4 shows a detail of a version of the tubular radiant element according to the present invention;

figure 5 shows a detail of a further version of the tubular radiant element according to the present invention;

figure 6 is a front view of a version of the tubular radiant element according to the present invention;

figure 7 is a cutaway view of a detail of a version of the tubular radiant element according to the present invention;

figure 8 is a cutaway view of a detail of a further version of the tubular radiant element according to the present invention;

figure 9 is a perspective view of still a further version of the present invention;

figure 10 is a cutaway view of a detail of the tubular radiant element according to the present invention .

EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

With reference to the annexed figure 1, a known radiant tube is shown, the outer and inner surfaces whereof are smooth and continuous in all the portions of the same tube .

With reference to figure 2, on the other hand, a tubular radiant element globally indicated with reference numeral 10 is shown, according to the present invention .

The tubular radiant element 10 may comprise at least one vertical tubular portion 12, optionally at least one curved tubular portion 14 and at least one union element 16.

The at least one union element 16, optionally shaped as known welds and/or joints, connects and combines together the at least one vertical tubular portion 12 with the optional at least one curved tubular portion 14 and/or with other devices or portions required for the operation thereof.

The tubular radiant element 10 may be shaped as a "I", "U", "double U", "W" or "M", single "P", "double P", double "M" or may have any other shape suitable for the purpose.

By way of a non-limiting example only, the annexed figures show a tubular radiant element 10 shaped as a "double P".

Each portion 12, 14 of the tubular radiant element 10 has a substantially circular section but it may also have other types of section, without departing from the scope of protection of the present invention, such as an oval, rectangular, square, polygonal section, etcetera

The tubular radiant element 10 may be made of a metal material resistant to high temperatures, optionally as metal alloys, in particular capable of resisting at least up to 1300 °C, such as: nickel and chromium alloys, for example Inconel 600, 601 or 602, Incoloy 800, Incoloy 800H, AISI304, 310, 309, 309S, 316, 316Ti, 330, 321, AVESTA235MA, ALUFER, ALLOY X, Kanthal materials such as APM, APMT, etcetera, Mitsubishi materials such as MA230, MA250, etcetera, cast-iron Ni- resist or other cast iron derivatives, molten metal materials with or without nickel, chromium, aluminium components etcetera, such as Gx40CrNi 26-20, KHR48N, KHR35H, etcetera, and/or other materials suitable for the purpose.

The tubular radiant element 10 is obtained by cutting, calendering, forming, pressing and welding of the sheet and/or rolled sections, and/or through melting and/or forging and/or extrusion, etcetera, according to the material used.

The tubular radiant element has a thickness of about 0.5-14 mm depending on the material it is made of, for example a thickness from 0.5 mm to 14 mm for tubular radiant elements made of sheet and/or rolled sections and a thickness from 6 mm to 14 mm for tubular radiant elements made through melting, forging, extrusion, etcetera

The tubular radiant element 10 comprises at least one radiation and stiffening element 18. In particular, the tubular radiant element 10 comprises a plurality of radiation and stiffening means 18, provided on at least a portion of the surface S of the tubular radiant element 10.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 may be provided on at least a portion of the vertical tubular portions 12 and/or on at least a portion of the curved tubular portions 14 and/or on the entire surface S of the same tubular radiant element 10.

In one version of the invention, the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 is provided in at least some of the portions of the tubular radiant element 10 not directly contacting the flame coming from the burner.

By way of a non-limiting example, shown in figure 6, the tubular radiating . element 10 has a central vertical tubular portion 12 provided with a smooth surface in the bottom portion, connected to the burner and reached by the flame coming from the same, and a top portion, not reached by the burner flame but only by the combustion fumes, provided with at least one radiation and stiffening element 18.

In one version of the invention, the central vertical tubular portion 12 does not exhibit radiation and stiffening elements 18.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 is provided in the zones of the tubular radiant element 10 where it is necessary to have a larger radiant surface and/or a better stiffening of the structure thereof, while optionally preventing the forming of possible turbulences or vortices in the hottest portions of the same or in the portions closer to the burner.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 allows obtaining a series of advantages related to the radiant capabilities of the tubular radiant element 10, such as: a greater heat radiation efficiency, an increase of the overall radiant surface, a better heat radiation evenness, consequently achieving a product of steel and/or other metals treated in a better way and therefore with better properties.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 further allows obtaining a series of advantages related to the stiffness of the tubular radiant element, such as: lower deformation over time, longer duration over time, greater absorption of the mechanical waves generated by the connected burner, and by the same operation of the tubular element, which cause mechanical stress to the same tubular radiant element 10 causing the breakage or twisting thereof, less elongation of the same tubular radiant element 10 by deformation and/or a more adequate elongation, higher resistance to heating and cooling thermal shocks which cause changes in temperature between 600°C and 1300°C, etcetera

Moreover, thanks to the presence of the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18, it may be possible to obtain a better flame vortex within the tubular radiant element 10, which may cause an acceleration of the resulting fumes. In this way it could be possible to obtain a shorter ignition time of the burner, while reducing the consumptions related thereto. Such speeding up of the fumes may cause a greater combustion in the return step of the same, with consequent reduction of the emission of harmful substances, such as nitrogen oxides and mixtures thereof.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 may comprise an indentation and/or a protrusion and/or a corrugation and/or a coupling and/or a ribbing and/or a channel, etcetera, projecting inside and/or outside relative to surface S of the tubular radiant element 10 and/or a reticular element and/or any other element capable of increasing the radiant surface and the stiffening of the same tubular radiant element 10.

The at least one radiation and stiffening element 18 has any geometrical shape, for example spheroid, cap, ovoid, ellipsoidal, annular, parallelepiped, cubic, polyhedral, prismatic, pyramid, conical, linear, etcetera, a plan and/or section configuration of any shape, for example rectangular, square, oval, ellipsoidal, helical, circular, polygonal, reticular, with rounded edges, etcetera.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 may be obtained by processing the material that constitutes the tubular radiant element 10, such as the moulding of the same on a special mould or the pressing by special presses or other equipment suitable for the purpose. In one version of the invention, visible in the figures 4 and 5, the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 may comprise means already formed obtained by moulding and/or forming of the sheet and/or rolled sections and/or melting of any type and/or pressure melting or any other method implying the realisation of structures projecting relative to surface S of the tubular radiant element 10.

Such at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 comprising means already formed may subsequently be applied to the tubular radiant element 10, for example by welding or other methods suitable for the purpose.

In this way, in fact, the radiation surface of the tubular radiant element 10 is increased and at the same time, the structure thereof is stiffened, making it more resistant to the mechanical and dynamic stresses, for example given by the vibrations imparted by the burner .

In yet a further version of the invention, visible in figures 7 or 8, the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18, projecting outwards, may correspondingly be provided with a coating layer 20. Such coating layer 20 has a substantially even thickness of at least 0.2 mm and preferably ranging between 0.2 mm and 10 mm. Such coating layer 20 is arranged within at least one portion of the tubular radiant element 10, has a substantially tubular shape or corresponding to that of the portion of the tubular radiant element 10 in which it is arranged and has a surface substantially smooth and continuous.

In a further version of the invention (not shown) the surface of the coating layer 20 has corrugations and/or a non smooth shape.

Such coating layer 20 may be made of the same material that constitutes the tubular radiant element 10 or another material resistant to high temperatures and suitable for the purpose.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 may exhibit any dimension. In particular, the dimensions of the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 may range, for the larger dimension, between 0.2 mm and the entire length and/or circumference and/or perimeter of the tubular radiant element 10 whereon they are made, and for the smaller dimension, between 0.2 mm and 200 mm.

In one version of the invention, the dimensions of the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 are comprised, for the larger dimension, between 2 cm and 10 cm and for the smaller dimension, between 2 cm and 4 cm.

The at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 projects relative to surface S of the tubular radiant element 10 by about 0.1 cm - 10 cm.

In one version of the invention, the projection dimensions of the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 range between 0.5 cm and 1 cm.

Such at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 made be made a of the same materials that constitute the tubular radiant element 10 or other similar materials suitable for the purpose.

Such at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 exhibits a predetermined arrangement and shape so that the end result exhibits the desired features of stiffening and increase of the radiation surface. In particular, the forming of the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 is prevented from causing the forming of undesired cracks, slits and/or deformations which could weaken the overall structure of the tubular radiant element 10 itself.

In a non-limiting exemplary embodiment of the invention, outside surface S of the tubular radiant element 10 there is a plurality of radiation and stiffening means 18 arranged according to a circular arrangement and/or into substantially linear lines and columns, spacing out a means arranged in vertical direction with a means arranged in horizontal direction, as seen in figures 2 and 3, or the radiation and stiffening means 18 may be arranged into lines with a substantially parallel pattern, as seen in figure 4, or they may be arranged in a reticulated shape, with meshes of any shape and dimension, of which an example is shown in figure 5, etcetera. The plurality of radiation and stiffening means 18 may also exhibit other arrangements, without departing from the scope of protection of the present invention.

Figure 9 shows a further version of the invention wherein the tubular radiant element 10 is shaped, by way of a non-limiting example only, as a "double P". The tubular radiant element 10 comprises a central vertical tubular portion 12 substantially with a circular section and two vertical side tubular portions with substantially oval section. The larger portion of the vertical tubular portions with oval section faces the product to be treated, so as to have a larger radiation surface.

On such vertical side tubular portions there is at least one radiation and stiffening element 18 substantially shaped as a channel or ribbing, arranged according to the longitudinal axis of the same tubular portion and with length substantially equal to that of the latter.

Generally, in one embodiment, the at least one radiation and stiffening means 18 causes a thickness variation, positive or negative, compared with the thickness of the tubular radiant element 10, by about 10%.

By way of a non-limiting example only, below are some examples of the increase of the radiant surface of tubular radiant elements 10 provided with a plurality of radiation and stiffening means 18.

Example 1

The increase of radiant surface on the vertical side tubular portions 12 is equal to about 13256 mm 2 thanks to the presence of 94 radiation and stiffening means 18 in vertical position, and 95 radiation and stiffening means 18 in horizontal position.

Example 2

The increase of radiant surface on the central vertical tubular portion 12, having a larger diameter than the side ones, is equal to 26460 mm 2 thanks to the presence of 189 radiation and stiffening means 18 in vertical position, and 189 radiation and stiffening means 18 in horizontal position.

Example 3

The increase of radiant surface on the curved tubular portion 14 is equal to about 5320 mm 2 thanks to the presence of 38 radiation and stiffening means 18 in vertical position, and 38 radiation and stiffening means 18 in horizontal position.

It has thus been observed that the invention achieves the intended objects.

The present invention has been described according to preferred embodiments but equivalent versions may be conceived without departing from the scope of protection offered by the following claims.