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Title:
RATCHET SCREWDRIVER AND CONNECTION ARRANGEMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2008/018865
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A ratchet screwdriver having an handle (10) and two pivotal pawls (26, 27) and a selector (51) rotatable relative to the handle for actuation of the pawls relative to a gear (18) . The selector and gear are axially connected together and are arranged to be disassembled as a sub- assembly from the remainder of the screwdriver for cleaning the screwdriver. The pawls are mounted to pivot in parallel planes and on opposite sides of a radial plane extending along a longitudinal axis of the screwdriver, and they have V-shaped teeth for gear engagement . There is permanent indicia on the screwdriver showing four settings for the screwdriver, including a cleaning setting.

Inventors:
RINNER, James, A. (585 92nd St, Franksville, WI, 53126, US)
Application Number:
US2006/030801
Publication Date:
February 14, 2008
Filing Date:
August 08, 2006
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
RINNER, James, A. (585 92nd St, Franksville, WI, 53126, US)
International Classes:
B25B13/46
Foreign References:
US20060075621A12006-04-13
US4777852A1988-10-18
US5749272A1998-05-12
US6997084B12006-02-14
US6047802A2000-04-11
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HANSMANN, Arthur, J. (5200 Washington Ave, Racine, WI, 53406, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is :

1. In a ratchet screwdriver having a handle (10), a gear (18) connected with said handle, pawl means (26, 27) supported on said handle and being selectively engageable with said gear for rotating said gear about an axis (A) for driving a workpiece, a selector (51) operative on said pawl means for moving said pawl means relative to engagement with said gear, the improvement comprising: said gear being movable along said axis for connection with said handle, and said gear and said selector being connected together in a sub-assembly and being movable along said axis for movement of said sub-assembly away from said handle.

2. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 1, further comprising: said handle having a front end and an opening (13) extending along said axis and through said front end, and said gear being disposed in said opening and movable away from said handle by moving out of said opening.

3. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 1 , further comprising: said gear being cylindrical and said selector being rotatable on said gear about said axis.

4. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 1 , further comprising: said handle and said selector being axially connected together by a rotation connection (54, 78) therebetween and being releasable from each other by relative rotation therebetween beyond a limited amount of relative rotation, and said pawl means being disposed in the rotation path of said selector for limiting rotation of said selector

relative to said handle, and said pawl means being movable out of the rotation path for rotation of said selector relative to said handle beyond said limited amount of rotation for release of said selector, from said handle .

5. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 4, further comprising: said rotation connection being a bayonet connection arranged to be connected within limited rotation of said selector relative to said handle.

6. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 5, further comprising: the bayonet connection including tanges (54, 78) extending radially in a view along said axis for axial release of said selector only upon rotation of said selector in only one direction .

7. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 6, further comprising: said pawl means being two pivotal pawls orbital about said axis and said selector having two stop surfaces (58, 59) in the orbital paths of said pawl means for the limiting of rotation of said selector relative to said handle, and one (27) of said pawl means being accessible from the exterior of said screwdriver for the movement of said one pawl out of the path σf selector rotation.

8. In a ratchet screwdriver having a handle (10), a gear (18) connected with said handle, pawl means (26, 27) supported on said handle and being selectively engageable with said gear for rotating said gear about an axis (A) for driving a workpiece, a selector (51) operative on said pawl means for moving said pawl means relative with respect to

engagement with said gear, the improvement comprising: said, pawl means being two pivotal pawls (26, 27) pivotal in respective parallel planes on opposite sides of a central radial plane (R) extending along said axis , and pivot pins (33, 34) supported by said handle and respectively pivotally supporting said two pawls and extending on pivot axes disposed perpendicular to said central radial plane.

9. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 8, further comprising: said gear having exteriorly extending gear teeth (19) disposed in a cylindrical pattern, and said pawls being pivotally in respective planes extending tangentially to the cylindrical pattern for engagement with said gear teeth.

10- The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 9, further comprising: said handle having an opening (13) extending along said axis for reception of said gear, and said gear being movable along said axis and away from said handle and said pawls for removal from said handle.

11. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 10, further comprising: said selector being connected with said gear for removal from said handle along with the removal of said gear.

12. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 8, further comprising: an abutment wall (41 , 42) supported by said handle and in respective contact with each of said pawls and facing a respective direction of rotation of said handle for transmitting rotation force from said handle and thereby

transmitting orbital action to said pawls about said axis .

13. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 8, further comprising: said gear and said pawls having V-shaped teeth (19, 28) in an axial view thereof for mutually rotatably engaging said gear and said pawls *

14. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 13, further comprising: said pawls being elongated and extending between two opposite ends and having said pivot pins at one of said pawl ends and said teeth at the other of said pawl ends, and a spring (47) operative on each of said pawls and being located at said other end of each respective ones of said pawls .

15. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 13, further comprising: said selector has a cam (61) thereon and said pawls each have a cam follower (46) thereon for pivot action of said pawls in response to rotation of said selector over said followers, and, said pawls being arranged on a cylindrical shape whereby said pawls include said teeth and said followers.

16. In a ratchet screwdriver having a handle (10), a gear (18) connected with said handle, pawl means (26, 27) supported on said handle and being selectively engageable with said gear for rotating said gear about an axis (A) for driving a workpiece, a selector (51) operative on said pawl means for moving said pawl means relative to engagement with said gear, the improvement comprising: said handle and said selector being axially connected together by a rotation connection (54, 78) therebetween and

being releasable from each other by relative rotation therebetween beyond a limited amount of relative rotation in only one direction of rotation and said pawl means being disposed in the rotation path of said selector for limiting rotation of said selector relative to said handle and said pawl means being movable out of the path of rotation of said selector, and said screwdriver having an opening (72) exposed to said pawl means for contacting said pawl means for moving said pawl means out of the rotation path for rotation of said selector relative to said handle beyond said limited amount of rotation for release of said selector from said handle.

17. In a ratchet screwdriver having a handle (10), a gear (18) connected with said handle, pawl means (26, 27) supported on said handle and being selectively engageable with said gear for rotating said gear about an axis (A) for driving a workpiece, a selector (51) operative on said pawl means for moving said pawl means relative to engagement with said gear, the improvement comprising: said selector being separable from said handle upon rotation relationship of said selector to said handle, and indicia (R, CLEAN) on said screwdriver marking the selector rotation relationship required for the separation of said selector from said handle.

18. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 17 , further comprising: additional indicia (R, N, L) on said screwdriver in addition to the separation indicia and thereby showing the rotational positioning of said selector for right hand and left hand and neutral setting for the screwdriver drive, for a total of four indicia.

19. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 18, further comprising: indicia (Fig. 14) on said screwdriver showing instruction for selector rotation and probing of said pawl means for release of said selector from said handle, and with the latter said indicia being the word CLEAN.

20. In a ratchet screwdriver having a handle (10), a gear (18) with teeth (19) and being connected with said handle, two pawls (26, 27) pivotally supported on said handle and being selectively engageable with said gear for rotating said gear about an axis (A) for driving a workpiece, a selector (51) operative on said pawls for moving said pawls relative to engagement with said gear, the improvement comprising: each of said pawls having teeth (28) extending throughout an arcuate angle from axis A of up to thirty degrees for meshing with said gear teeth.

21. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 20, further comprising: each of said pawls being mounted on a pivot pin (33, 34) having a longitudinal axis and being movable along said pivot pin in the direction of said pin axis for meshing adjustment with said gear teeth.

22. The ratchet screwdriver as claimed in claim 21, further comprising: said handle supporting an abutment adjacent each of said pawls for respectively engaging said pawls and thereby effecting orbital movement of said pawls about said axis upon rotation of said handle about axis A.

Description:

RATCHET SCREWDRIVER AND CONNECTION ARRANGEMENT This invention relates to a ratchet screwdriver and its connection arrangement. It includes features desired for a screwdriver for use in the medical industry.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The prior art is already aware of ratchet screwdrivers which have precision features suitable for use in the medical industry, for instance. The present invention improves upon the prior art in that it provides a ratchet screwdriver which is exemplary precise in its construction and use, and is capable of transmitting substantial amounts of torque with only the user's hand forces.

The ratchet teeth have a spacing less than that in the prior art and they are thus smooth in their action. Rotating a selector to the clockwise direction, namely to the right, will produce clockwise, that is right-hand, drive. Further, permanent indicia on the screwdriver shows the usual three operative settings. The screwdriver has a fourth permanent indicia which shows a setting for disassembly of the screwdriver for purpose of on-site cleaning and sanitizing in the medical usage. In that disassembly, all parts are retained in two sub-assemblies, and there are no loose parts. Also, the screwdriver is easily and readily reassembled on site.

In the above sanitizing, there is no requirement for special tools nor skills, so the user can readily and easily do the disassembly, cleaning, and subsequent reassembly. All that can be accomplished and the screwdriver does not require any lubrication for its precise and smooth action.

There is also the inherent method of assembling and disassembling the screwdriver, and communicating to the user, with indicia on the screwdriver, how those functions are accomplished. All in a readily understandable manner and without the need for any special tool.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 is a side eievatiori view of a screwdriver of this invention.

Figs . 2 and 3 are respectively front and rear elevation views of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a Jfront perspective view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is a slightly enlarged fragmentary section view taken on a plane designated by the line 5-5 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged exploded front perspective view of the screwdriver shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 7 is an enlarged side elevation view of the screwdriver shown in Fig. 1, shown in two sub-assemblies .

Fig. 8 is a section view taken on a plane designated by the line 8-8 of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is a side elevation view of only the handle shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 10 is a front elevation view of Fig. 9.

Fig. 11 is a section view taken on a plane designated by the line 11-11 of Fig. 10.

Fig. 12 is an enlarged front perspective view of a part shown in Fig. 6.

Fig. 13 is a rear perspective view of Fig. 12.

Fig. 14 is a top plan view of Fig. 13.

Fig. 15 is a side elevation view of 13.

Fig. 16 is a left side elevation view of Fig. 15.

Fig. 17 is a section view taken on a plane designated by the line 17-17 of Fig. 16.

Fig. 18 is a perspective view of a part shown in Fig. 6.

Fig. 19 is a side elevation view of Fig. 18.

Fig. 20 is a section view taken on a plane designated by the line 20-20 of Fig. 19.

Fig. 21 is a rear perspective view of a part shown in Fig. 6.

Fig. 22 is a side elevation view of Fig. 21.

Fig. 23 is a top plan view of Fig. 21.

Fig. 24 is a section view taken on a plane designated by the line 24-24 of Fig. 23.

Fig. 25 is a rear perspective view of Fig. 21 but seen from a perspective different from Fig. 21.

Fig. 26 is a rear elevation view of the part in Fig. 25.

Fig. 27 and 28 are enlarged perspective views of two parts shown in Fig. 6.

Fig. 29 is a top plan view of Fig. 27.

Figs. 30, 31, and 32 respectively are front, right, and left elevation views of the part of Fig. 29.

Fig. 33 is a top plan view of Fig. 28 but rotated as shown.

Figs. 34, 35, and 36 respectively are front, right, and left elevation views of the part of Fig. 33.

Fig. 37 is a side elevation fragmentary view of Fig. 1 in a setting slightly different from Fig. 1 and with a piece added thereto .

Fig. 38 is a section view taken on a plane designated by the line 38-38 of Fig. 37.

Fig. 39 is a fragmentary section taken on a plane designated by the line 39-39 of Fig. 38.

Fig. 40 is a side elevation fragmentary view of Fig. 1 with a piece added thereto .

Fig. 41 is a section view taken on a plane designated by the line 41-41 of Fig. 40.

Fig. 42 is a side elevation fragmentary view of Fig. 1 in a setting slightly different from Fig. 1.

Figs . 43 and 44 are section views taken respectively on the planes designated by the lines 43-43 and 44-44 of Fig. 42.

Fig. 45 is a side elevation fragmentary view of Fig. 1 in a setting slightly different from Fig. 1.

Figs . 46 and 47 are section views taken respectively on the planes designated by the lines 46-46 and 47-47 of Fig. 45.

Fig. 48 is a side elevation fragmentary view of Fig. 1 in a setting slightly different from Fig. 1.

Figs. 49 and 50 are section views taken respectively on the planes designated by the lines 49-49 and 50-50 of Fig. 48.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The screwdriver includes an elongated handle 10 and a ratchet section 11 with all extending along an axis A. The operator can grip the handle 10 and simultaneously operate the section ' 11 with thumb and a finger, all to set the driver in a selected operative mode while holding the handle 10. The entire driver, as seen in Fig. 5, has a passageway 12 completely therethrough for cannulation if desired.

The handle 10 has a cylindrical opening 13 which snugly receives an insert 14 having cylindrically disposed splines 15 for fixed connection of the insert 14 with the handle such that the handle 10 and insert rotate in unison about the axis A and under the influence of the operator's hand. A circular end wall 16 on the handle abuts a circular wall 17 on the insert 14 and thereby establishes the axial relation between the handle and the insert.

A cylindrical gear piece 18 has gear teeth 19 exteriorly thereon, and the insert 14 rotatably snugly and fully receives the gear 18. A shown ball bearing 20 abuts the gear end 21 and the handle wall 22 for axially stabilizing the gear and providing for free rotation of the gear in the handle. Also, the gear 18 has a driver configuration at 23 for receiving an unshown but conventional work piece such that the gear can rotate the work piece, such as a screwdriver bit. Also, the gear 18 is rotatably supported in a cylindrical opening 24 in the insert 14.

Fig. 6 shows the insert 14 pivotally supports two pawls 26 and 27 which orbit about the axis A with the rotation of the insert 14. Teeth 28 on each pawl can engage the gear teeth 19 for rotation of the gear piece 18 with the insert 14, as desirably selected. Thus the insert 14 has two pockets 31 and 32 for respective pivotal reception of the pawls 26 and 27.

The insert 14 carries two pawl pivot pins 33 and 34 which extend tangentially relative to the gear 18 and which extend into openings 36 and 37 in the pawls for the pivotal mounting of the pawls for pivoting in respective planes extending tangentially relative to the gear. The pawls are not aligned on a central radial plane relative to the gear 18 but instead they are offset in positions on opposite sides of a central plane ' from the gear, thus the term tangential. The teeth on. the gear and on the pawls extend along a common arc and can be spaced apart at 7.5 angular degrees per tooth and thus produce smooth engagement action. Exterior teeth on the gear are on the circular configuration, and the pawl teeth can extend on the circular configuration for flush meshing engagement with the gear teeth throughout at least several meshing teeth.

The pivot pins 3i and 34 respectively extend through the Fig. 14 two openings 38 and 39 in the insert 14, and the pins can be pressed into the insert 14 and they provide a tangentially extending pivot axis for each respective pawl and relative to the gear 18. Also, the insert pockets 31 and 32 are in part defined by planar walls 41 and 42 for respective snug and flush contact support for the respective pawls in the respective left and right driving rotation action of the particular pawl. So the pawls have respective planar walls 43 and 44 for flush contact with the pocket walls 4.1 and 42 and to be orbited thereby.

So the pawls Zb and λ ' l are left hand and right hand pawls relative to the drive direction, and they are mirror images in configuration, and they each have a cylindrical cam follower 46 extending parallel to the axis A. Also, each pawl has a compression, spring 47 engaged therewith to urge the pawls radially inwardly. The springs 47 sit in a respective opening 48 in each pawl, and the springs are also supported against the insert 14 to thereby bear radially inwardly onto the pawl ,

Nat fully shown herein, but it should be understandabIe by one skilled in the art, a plurality of each of the pawls 26

— S—

or 27 can be manufactured out of a hollow cylindrical base wherein the pawl teeth 28 can be formed to extend in the herein shown axial direction and on the cylindrical bases interior wall which defines the hollow interior. Also, the cam followers 46 can be formed on the cylinder at circular locations spaced around the end wall of the cylinder. Finally, the pawl side walls, such as 43 and 44, can be formed in the cylinder, 'and the cylinder can then be cut into segments which each include a cam follower 46 and thereby also each include a set of interior pawl teeth 28. The process can be repeated on another cylinder for the manufacture of a plurality of the other of the pawls 26 or 27. That assures arcuity, precision, and uniformity of the pawls and their teeth.

There is shown indicia for three operative settings for the driver, namely, L for left drive, which is counterclockwise, and R for right drive, which is clockwise, and N for neutral, which is drive in both directions. Figs. 42 through 50 show these three settings. The Insert has an indicator thereon, namely SELECT, with a shown arrow, and the three settings are on a selector cap 51 which is annular and thereby ring-shaped and rotatably mounted on the insert circular surface 52 with its interior circular wall 53. The insert also has indicia, as shown in Fig. 14, for instruction as to how to effect the release of the cap 51 from the insert 14, such as for cleaning the driver. The cap forms a front end closure for the driver.

The cap 51 and the insert 14 have mutually releasably engagable portions, and that can be the bayonet type tangs 54 and the tangs 56 respectively on the insert and the cap for relative offset and then rotated for aligned overlapping, all arranged to releasably restrict the axial movement of the cap relative to the insert. Of course, in the fully engaged relationship as mentioned above, the cap can rotate limitedly on the insert for the various setting markings to have the cap in the respective operative positions relative to the insert,

with all in the fully assembled relationship. A limit to that rotation i.s established by the cam followers 46 of the pawls being disposed in a groove 57 in the cap 51. End walls 58 and 59, defining the groove 57, present abutment walls to the pawl followers for that limit to cap rotation. Intermediate those abutments 58 and 59 is a cam 61 vjhich is on the cap and orbits with cap rotation and into the path of the extensions of the pawl followers 46. The cam 61 can thus lift the cam followers to pivot the pawls away from tooth engagement with the gear 18, as shown in Figs. 44 and 50.

Also, a pin 62 extends between the insert and the cap and is spring-urged bγ a spring 6.3 to s Lide among the four recesses 64 in the cap, as labeled in Fig. 26, for releasably holding the cap in the four rotated positions relative to the insert, as selected. A plug 66 retains the pin 58 on the inseirt -

The cap 5T and the gear 18 are ax.ia.lly connected together by a locking ring 67 which is shown in a groove in the gear and. in axial abutment with the cap. Also,- the cap and. gear present axial facing abutable surfaces for each other at 68 of Fig. 8. ϊϊrusly, the cap and gear are axialiy restricted relative to each other, but they are separately rotatable, and are they are connected as one sub-assembly of the driver. The remainder of the driver constitutes the other sub-assembly of that two sub-assembly entire- driver. With the disassembly such as shown in Fig. I 1 the driver can be cleaned and/or sterilized in its interior.

1 Jt 1 he three operative positions, namely left, neutral, and right, are shown in Figs. 42 thru 50. Fig. 49 shows the driver in the R setting which is the right drive, clockwise from the handle end. Also, the follower for that driving cam λ'l is abutting the cap stop 59, so in that mode no further rotation of the cap is possible. However, if cleaning is desired., then a probe 71 of Fig. 37 is inserted into a radial extending- opening 1λ which xs adjacent the indicia CLEAM on

the insert. A plug 73 is radially movable on the insert in the opening 72, and the pawl spring 47 presses on the pawl flat end 74 and normally pivots the pawl radially outwardly against the plug to have the plug cover the hole 72 for protecting the driver interior from any contamination. The probe 71 contacts the plug which in turn contacts the pawl flat end 74 and pivots the pawl 27 to where its follower 46 is radially moved outwardly off the stop 59, as in Figs. 38 and 39. That releases the cap for rotation to where the engaged tangs on the cap and the insert are no longer overlapping engaged. At that condition, the sub-assembly of the cap and gear can be removed from the remaining sub-assembly of the driver, as shown in Fig. 7. Reassembly of the entire driver is bringing the two sub-assemblies together, with the use of the probe, and then rotating for tang engagement. All can be readily done in the field by the driver user.

Fig. 41 shows the indicia for the four steps to be followed in the disassembly, namely, first set to R, which setting aligns the pawl 27 with the hole 72. Next, the pin 71 is pushed into the insert hole, then the cap is rotated to the position of aligning CLEAN indicia with the SELECT indicia. Then withdraw the cap. Fig. 15 shows the indicia SELECT on the insert for guiding the cap rotation in aligning the various settings shown and described above.

In preference, and as shown in Fig. 43, there is a radial plane R extending along the axis, and the two pawls 26 and 27 are each fully disposed on opposite sides of that plane R as viewed along the axis A. The pawl pivot posts 33 and 34 lie along an axis which is perpendicular to that plane R. Thus, the pawls pivot only in the respective parallel planes which are tangential to the gear teeth 19. Also, only one cam 61 is required for pivoting both pawls 26 and 27, and in neutral it extends between the two pawls. The pawls have their respective teeth 28 disposed in an arcuate shape to thereby fully mesh and be in the same circular shape of the gear teeth 19. Also,

the selector groove 57 has its end portion 76 extending circularly beyond the stop 59 for accommodating the additional rotation of the selector beyond the stop 59 for that release of the connection between the selector and the handle. Fig. 26 also shows that the groove portion 76 is within the radial alignment of the gap 77 between the tangs 78 of the selector, for axial movement of the insert tangs 54 through the openings 77 in the axial removal of the selector from the handle. The tangs 54 on the insert 14 are shown in Fig. 16 to be equally spaced around the insert, and the gaps 77 for the axial passage of those tangs 54 through the gaps 77 are equally spaced around cap 51 , so the rotation of the selector to receive the follower 46 in the groove portion 76 presents the required alignment and the then axial release of the selector. That is with the indicia of CLEAN aligned with SELECT indicia.

Fig. 26 also shows that the cam 61 is central from the two stops 58 and 59. The groove 57 is defined by radially inward arcuate surfaces 79 but the followers 46 are free to move radially inwardly to where the pawl teeth 28 fully mesh with and rest upon the gear teeth 19. In the release of the pawl 27 off the stop 59, upon rotation of the selector, the follower 46 of the pawl 27 can slide on the surface 81 which holds the pawl 27 away from the stop 59 and thus in its released position beyond stop 59, as seen in Fig. 41. The teeth 19 and 28 are all V-shaped in axial view, and teeth 28 are on teeth 19 for an angulation of at least thirty degrees and move inward in their tangential planes into full teeth mesh. Also, springs 47 are located in line with the teeth 28 for firm mesh engagement. The pawl pockets 31 and 32 and the pawl thicknesses can present gaps 82 of Fig. 46, and the pawls can slide along the pivot pins 33 and 34 into gear full mesh.

The foregoing discloses a preferred embodiment, as is required, but those skilled in the art will know of changes which can be employed within the scope of this disclosure, and the claims present the scope of this invention protection.