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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
REMOVABLE PROFILE STRUCTURE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/196197
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a removable profile structure, primarily for sliding panels, comprising a concealed support (2) with an inverted "U" shape which comprises at least two rectangular sections (3) and a "W" shaped detachable base (1) able to receive a glass (4). This solution, in which the concealed support (2) and the detachable base (1) are independent, allows the remova1 of the sliding pane1 without interfering with the state of the pavement coating.

Inventors:
DE SOUSA GUEDES, José Fernando (Rua D. Marcos da Cruz, 1240, 4455-482 Perafita-Matosinhos, 4455-482, PT)
Application Number:
PT2016/000004
Publication Date:
November 16, 2017
Filing Date:
May 12, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
JOFEBAR, S.A. (Rua D. Marcos da Cruz, 1240, 4455-482 Perafita-Matosinhos, 4455-482, PT)
International Classes:
E06B3/46; E05D15/06
Foreign References:
US20120291392A12012-11-22
US20120005975A12012-01-12
US20070234657A12007-10-11
PT2361339E2013-09-10
US20120291392A12012-11-22
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DE SAMPAIO, Gonçalo (Rua do Salitre, 195 R/C Drt, 1269-063 Lisboa, 1269-063, PT)
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Claims:
CLAIMS 1 . Removable profile structure, primarily for sliding panels, comprising at least one detachable base (1) and a concealed support( 25 independent and able to cooperate with one another, in particular in a calliper forming, characterised in that:

- The concealed support (25 comprises a protuberance (b) , designed to support the weight of the detachable base ( 1) and at least two recesses (c) incorporating two substantially rectangular sections (3) in contact with displacement means;

- The detachable base (1) comprises at least four contact surfaces (d) with the protuberance (b) , the respective fit being done by means of friction and;

- When joined together the contact surfaces( di promote a gradual increase in stability according to the weight and size of panel. 2. Removable profile structure according to claim 1, characterized in that the detachable base (1) has a configuration that, upon placement, of the glasse(s 45, comprises at least four bonding areas between said detachable base (1) and glasses (4) . 3. Removable profile structure according to claim 1, characterized in that the concealed support (25 comprises a protuberance (b) making an aperture angle with the line of symmetry thereof preferably between 79° and 81°.

4. Removable profile structure according to the previous claims, characterized in that the rectangular sections (3) act as damping factor of the entire structure. 5. Removable profile structure according to the previous claims, characterized in that the concealed support (2) allows the placing of a pavement (7) on part of its surface . 6. Removable profile structure according to the previous claims, characterised in that the separation between the detachable base (1) and the concealed support (2) is performed at any time using simple tools.

Removable profile structure according to the previous claims, characterized in that the contact between the base structure (8) and the movable carrier (6) is performed with a plush (5) for this purpose.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

Removable profile structure

Actually there are numerous solutions for the construction of windows and doors for large spans and that can be divided into two large groups: sliding structures and opening structures. Each solution has its advantages and disadvantages in terms of manufacturing costs, durability, sealing systems, etc .

In what concerns the sliding structures, and to meet the architects will, it relate to the necessity of the rails supporting the mobile structure, especially at floor level, being too large, of creating the possibility of being partially covered to lessen the visual impact to the user. This challenge increases with the size of the moving structures, as, for constructive reasons, the large windows / doors have necessarily a considerable weight, requiring robust rails with considerable size and strong visual impact in order not to compromise the quality and durability of the final product.

State of the art

The sliding windows or doors consist basically in a sliding structure containing the glasses and a structure attached to the building consisting in hoops, usually perpendicular to each other, forming a closed structure. The hoops that normally support the weight are often called the rail, which in addition to supporting all the weight of the sliding structure should also work as a guide in the opening and closing of the window / door. Accordingly, in large windows / doors the rail turns out to be fairly large, making a significant visual impact on the user.

Manufacturers of this type of structures have proposed several solutions over the years, either by changing the shape of the rails, or by creating solutions that try to reduce the visual impact of the rail, covering it partially. One example of these solutions is disclosed in Patent PT2361339 in which the bearings are incorporated in the rails (see Fig. 4). Another way of solving this drawback is disclosed in U.S. Patent US2012 / 02S1392A1 proposing the extension of the pavement over the rails and the use of additional parts to cover almost completely the rails and thereby obtaining a quite satisfactory result in terms of visual impact of the rails without, compromising its structural characteristics.

This solution, although solving quite well the problem, of the visual impact, of the rails, raises another not minor- difficulty; in case of breakage or malfunction of the glasses it is necessary to remove the pavement (7), which is usually time consuming and expensive.

The object of the present invention is to resolve this drawback by proposing a solution allowing the removal of the sliding structure (window or door) without being necessary to remove the pavement (or portion thereof) that covers the rail.

This effect is achieved through a. new sliding structure consisting of two independent parts, a concealed support and a detachable base, wherein the concealed support (2) slides on the bearings of the base structure (8) and the detachable base (1) is part of the sliding structure and serves as a support for the glass elements (4).

For an easier understanding of the invention it follows a description of the figures that represent preferred embodiments of the invention that, however, are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

Description or the figures

Fig. 1 shows the removable profile structure in the fitted position where it can be seen that the detachable base ( 1 ) rests on the concealed support (2), wherein the top of the latter does not contact the base (1).

Fig. 2 shows the removable profile structure in the disengaged position. It is apparent that only the detachable base (1) separates itself from the remaining set, the set remaining unchanged.

Fig. 3 highlights the contact areas id) between the detachable base (1) and the concealed support (2) and also the rectangular sections (3) that are coupled in the recesses (c) of the support.

Description of the main components

1 - detachable base;

2 - concealed support; a. Concealed base;

b. Protuberance;

c. Recesses;

d. Contact area;

3 - rectangular sections;

4 - glass;

5 - plush; 6 - removable pavement carrier;

7 - pavement;

8 - structure of the concealed base (fixed). Detailed description of the invention

As referred above, one of the solutions to reduce the visual impact of the rail consist of the extension of the floor of the space where the windows or doors are to be installed, thus covering part of it .

Nowadays, and according to the state of the art, in order to replace a damaged glass it is necessary to previously remove the applied pavement (7), which greatly increases the costs and repair times.

Given the state of the art herein described, a solution has been searched that would allow the removal of the sliding structure without, having to remove the pavement, without compromising the robustness of the sliding structures or fixed structure .

The solution consists in dividing the sliding structure into two sections (1 and 2) which can easily be separated using simple tools and thus allowing the removal of the section (1) without having to remove the pavement (7) or other parts placed to cover the fixed rail (8), because the part (2) of the sliding structure will remain under the pavement and in contact with the fixed rail (8) .

This solution resulted in the development of two independent parts, which will be hereinafter designated by Concealed Support (2) and Detachable Base (1).

After development and extensive testing, we have come to the conclusion that the optimal configuration of the Concealed Support (2) in order to support, the weight of the Detachable Base (1) and simultaneously to serve as a guide for the opening and closing of the structure should be the one presented in Figure 1, and which consists essentially of a base containing two recesses (C) for the engagement of the rectangular sections (3) with the bearings, and a protuberance (B) with the top having a shape of an inverted "U" . This area (excluding the top of the support) will serve as the contact area (D) to receive the fit with a "W" shape of the detachable base (1) .

This structure proved to have the necessary stability to a good performance of the detachable base (1), as well as an extreme durability under extreme conditions of operation. The contact surfaces between the two profiles are smooth, in order not to hinder the separation of the elements, but. the incline of the faces of the profiles (1) and (2) produces a gradual increase in stability which is necessary for the connection between the profiles, the larger the panel and therefore its weight. The fact that the detachable base (1) and the concealed support (2) come together in a calliper forming gives the assembly a greater stability, the resistance of the concealed support (2) also providing the assembly with a smoother operation due to a better planimetry arising from its section, dimensions and mass, making the contact between the base of the panels and the bearings more precise.

We have also concluded that the ideal slope of the v/aiis of the fit, by friction, would be 80° (+/- 1°) .

It is noted that the connection between the concealed support (2) and the fit of the detachable base (1) is made solely by friction, there is no welding or riveting, and therefore the separation of detachable base (1) from the concealed support (2) can be accomplished at any time, quickly and using simple tools.

The fact that the glass support profile has a "W" shape (double U) allows greater bonding area, duplicating that section, because advantage is taken of the adhesion on both sides of each glass (double) .

The glass has structural features, its components being always tempered.