Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
REPLACEABLE BLADE PIECE AND BLADE PIECE HOLDER OF A WORKING CYLINDER OF A SCREEN CRUSHER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/068239
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a replaceable blade piece (1) of a working cylinder of a screen crusher, which as viewed from the side is substantially T-shaped. The blade piece has a frame portion (2) forming the vertical shaft of the T and a blade portion (3) forming the horizontal arm of the T, the longitudinally opposite front surfaces of which form the actual work surfaces (4). The frame portion (2) has a through hole (5) extending in the longitudinal direction of the blade portion (3). Into the frame portion (2) is formed, on the opposite sides containing the hole (5), a channel-like section (6), which extends in the vertical direction of the frame portion (2), between the edge areas (8, 9) of the side with the hole (5). The invention further relates to a replaceable blade piece holder (11) of a working cylinder of a screen crusher, said holder having a U-shaped frame portion comprising arm portions (12, 13), through which extends a longitudinal hole (15) of the frame portion, and a bottom portion (14) with a curved bottom connecting the arm portions (12, 13). On the opposite surfaces of the arm portions (12, 13), onto their middle area is formed a bulge (16), which extends in the vertical direction of the arm portion, travelling at the hole (15).

Inventors:
MÄKELÄ, Toimmi (Jokimäentie 1, Pennala, 16320, FI)
Application Number:
FI2016/050717
Publication Date:
April 27, 2017
Filing Date:
October 14, 2016
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
ALLU FINLAND OY (Jokimäentie 1, Pennala, 16320, FI)
International Classes:
E02F3/407; B02C18/06; B28D1/18; E02F7/06; E02F9/28; E21C35/18
Foreign References:
EP2687639A12014-01-22
US20090159732A12009-06-25
US20090174252A12009-07-09
EP1780375A12007-05-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LEITZINGER OY (Tammasaarenkatu 1, Helsinki, 00180, FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A replaceable blade piece (1) of a working cylinder of a screen crusher, which as viewed from the side is substantially T-shaped, said blade piece having a frame por- tion (2) forming the vertical shaft of the T and a blade portion (3) forming the horizontal arm of the T, the longitudinally opposite front surfaces of which form the actual work surfaces (4), said frame portion (2) having a through hole (5) extending in the longitudinal direction of the blade portion (3), characterized in that into the frame portion (2) is formed, on the opposite sides containing the hole (5), a chan- nel-like section (6), which extends in the vertical direction of the frame portion (2), between the edge areas (8, 9) of the side with the hole (5).

2. A blade piece (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the hole (5) is located at least primarily within the channel-like section.

3. A blade piece (1) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the channellike section (6) has a substantially flat bottom, wherein between the bottoms of the channel-like sections of opposite sides is formed a substantially uniformly thick ridge (7).

4. A blade piece (1) according to any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that the frame portion (2) and the lower surface (10) of blade portion (3) are substantially at a 90 degree angle to each other with a small radius of curvature. 5. A blade piece (1) according to any one of claims 1-4, characterized in that into the lower edge of the side without a hole in the frame portion (2) is formed a bevel (7')-

6. A holder (11) for a blade piece (1) according to any one of claims 1-5, having a U-shaped frame portion comprising arm portions (12, 13), through which extends a longitudinal hole (15) of the frame portion, and a bottom portion (14) with a curved bottom connecting the arm portions (12, 13), characterized in that, on the opposite surfaces of the arm portions (12, 13), onto their middle area is formed a bulge (16), which extends in the vertical direction of the arm portion, travelling at the hole (15).

7. A blade piece holder (11) according to claim 6, characterized in that the bulge (16) has a substantially flat outermost surface (17).

8. The use of a blade piece according to any one of claims 1-5 in a holder according to claim 6 or 7.

Description:
Replaceable blade piece and blade piece holder of a working cylinder of a screen crusher

The present invention relates to a replaceable blade piece of a working cylinder of a screen crusher, which as viewed from the side is substantially T-shaped, said blade piece having a frame portion forming the vertical shaft of the T and a blade portion forming the horizontal arm of the T, the longitudinally opposite front surfaces of which form the actual work surfaces, said frame portion having a through hole extending in the longitudinal direction of the blade portion. The invention further re- lates to a replaceable blade piece holder of a working cylinder of a screen crusher, said holder having a U-shaped frame portion comprising arm portions, through which extends a longitudinal hole of the frame portion, and a bottom portion with a curved bottom connecting the arm portions. The object of the present invention is to provide an improved blade piece and blade piece holder of a screen crusher. Such replaceable blade pieces are used, for example, in connection with the working cylinder of a screen crusher described in patent US7506461B2. As viewed from the side, the blade pieces are substantially T- shaped, and they are placed in U-shaped holders such that the blade portion form- ing the horizontal arm portion of the blade piece settles in the longitudinal direction of the holder on top of the arm portions in the holder. The through hole in the blade piece settles into alignment with the through hole in the holder, and the blade piece is locked into the holder with a locking pin or corresponding locking element extending through the holes of the blade piece and the holder.

In these blade pieces and holders of known art, their opposite surfaces of the vertical shaft of the blade piece and of the arms of the holder are flat and the hole in them causes relatively great cutting forces to be directed to the locking element during the use of the screen crusher. In blade pieces and their holders of known art, problems have been observed in practise, i.a. in terms of their durability and replaceability.

The object of the present invention is thus to provide a solution, which decreases the loads directed to the locking elements and thus decreases the need for servicing and the resulting downtimes and further improves the replaceability of the blade

In order to achieve this object, a blade piece according to the invention is character- ized in that into the frame portion is formed, on the opposite sides containing the hole, a channel-like section, which extends in the vertical direction of the frame portion, between the edge areas of the side with the hole. A blade piece holder according to the invention is characterized in that, on the opposite surfaces of the arm portions, onto their middle area is formed a bulge, which extends in the vertical direction of the arm portion, travelling at the hole.

In the following, the invention is described in more detail with reference to the accompanying figures, in which: Figs. 1-3 show a preferred embodiment of a blade piece according to the invention diagrammatically as an oblique view seen from above, as a view seen from directly in front and as an oblique view seen from below, respectively, Figs. 4-6 show the blade piece of Figs. 1-3 correspondingly as a view seen from below, as a view seen from the side and as a view seen from above, show a preferred embodiment of a blade piece holder according to the invention diagrammatically as an oblique view seen from above, as a view seen directly in front and as an oblique view seen from below, respectively,

Figs. 10-12 show the holder of Figs. 7-9 correspondingly as a view seen from below, as a view seen from the side and as a view seen from above, and

Fig. 13 shows an example of a working cylinder of a screen crusher according to prior art, in which a blade piece with its holder according to the invention can be used. The blade piece 1 shown in Figs. 1-6 comprises a T-shaped body having a frame portion 2 forming the vertical shaft of the T and a blade portion 3 forming the horizontal arm of the T, the opposing longitudinal front surfaces of which form the actual work surfaces 4. The frame portion 2 has, extending in the longitudinal direc- tion of the blade portion 3, a through hole 5 receiving the locking element (not shown).

The blade piece holder 11 shown in Figs. 7-12 comprises a U-shaped frame having arm portions 12 and 13 and connecting these a bottom portion 14, which is shaped as curved at its lower surface. The holder 11 is preferably connected by welding, for example, to the axis 19 of the working cylinder 20 shown in Fig. 13, between the screening discs 21 that are at an axial distance from each other, wherein the holder settles longitudinally in the circumferential direction of the axis 19. The curvature of the bottom portion of the holder corresponds substantially to the curvature of the outer surface of the axis 19. The holders are placed at the desired sites in the circumferential direction of the axis 19, adjacent holders being preferably at different circumferential sites on the axis.

The arms 12, 13 of the holder have a hole 15 going through them which receives the locking element (not shown) and extends in the longitudinal direction of the holder. The blade pieces 1 are placed in the holder such that the hole 5 of the blade piece settles into alignment with the holes 15 of the corresponding holder 11 and are locked into place with a locking pin or corresponding locking element (not shown). In this case, the blade portion 3 of the blade piece 1 settles on top of the arms 12, 13 of the holder, the front surface 4 of the blade portion facing towards the rotational direction of the working cylinder. The frame portion 2 of the blade piece 1 and the lower surface 10 of the blade portion 3 are substantially at a 90 degree angle to each other with a smaller radius of curvature than earlier, making the edge site nearly sharp. In this case, the blade piece is also suitable for use in existing holders.

The radial extension of the blade pieces 1 is greater than the extension of the screening discs 21, and the working cylinder 20 is placed next to the other working cylinder (not shown) of the screen crusher close enough to each other that the screening discs 21 nearly touch (or touch) each other, wherein the blade pieces 1 fall between the screening discs of the adjacent working cylinder.

The use of such blade pieces in the working cylinders of a screen crusher is known, for example, from above said patent publication US7506461B2.

Into the frame portion 2 of a blade piece according to the invention, on the opposite sides containing the hole 5, is formed a channel-like section 6, which extends in the vertical direction of the frame portion 2, between the edge areas 8, 9 of the side with the hole. The hole 5 is located substantially within the channel-like section. The channel-like section has a flat bottom, wherein between the bottoms of the channellike sections of opposite sides is formed a substantially uniformly thick ridge 7. Onto the inner surface of the arms 12, 13 of the holder 11 is formed a bulge 16 to be placed into cooperation with the channel-like section of the blade piece 1, said bulge extending in the vertical direction of the arm portion, travelling at the hole 15. The bulge 16 has a substantially flat outermost surface 17 corresponding substantially to the flat bottom of the channel-like section 6 of the blade piece. When a blade piece 1 is placed into the holder 11, the channel-like section 6 and the bulge 16 form a form locking, serving to reduce the stresses directed to the locking ele- ment.

In order to facilitate replacement of a blade piece 1, into the lower edge of the sides without holes is formed a bevel 7', which extends to the ridge 7. In this case, the tool (not shown) to be used to remove a blade piece is more easily made to settle between the lower surface of the blade piece and the holder for prying the blade piece off from the holder. Bevels 18 are also formed into the lower portion of the sides without holes in the arms 12, 13 of the holder, which provides for that the blade holder can be positioned tightly against the surface of the cylinder pipe between the screening discs. The bevels skirt the welding seam of the screening discs, enabling good compatibility.