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Title:
RESOLUTION PROCESS FOR (R)-(-)-2-HYDROXY-2-(2-CHLOROPHENYL) ACETIC ACID
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2003/000636
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The subject of the present invention is the preparation of the (R)-(-)-2-hydroxy-2-(2-chlorophenyl)acetic acid of the formula (I) by the resolution of the corresponding racemic compound by using the compounds of the general formula (II).

Inventors:
Bálint, József (Jász u. 92/A Budapest, H-1131, HU)
Csatáriné, Nagy Marianna (Géza u. 110. Erdökertes, H-2113, HU)
Dombrády, Zsolt (Sólyom u. 10 Budapest, H-1126, HU)
Fogassy, Elemér (Ördögorom u. 20 Budapest, H-1112, HU)
Gajáry, Antal (Bölöni Gy. u. 15/b Budapest, H-1021, HU)
Suba, Charles (1 rue des Cordeliers Sisteron, F-04200, FR)
Application Number:
PCT/HU2002/000054
Publication Date:
January 03, 2003
Filing Date:
June 14, 2002
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Sanofi-synthelabo (174 Avenue de France Paris, F-75013, FR)
Bálint, József (Jász u. 92/A Budapest, H-1131, HU)
Csatáriné, Nagy Marianna (Géza u. 110. Erdökertes, H-2113, HU)
Dombrády, Zsolt (Sólyom u. 10 Budapest, H-1126, HU)
Fogassy, Elemér (Ördögorom u. 20 Budapest, H-1112, HU)
Gajáry, Antal (Bölöni Gy. u. 15/b Budapest, H-1021, HU)
Suba, Charles (1 rue des Cordeliers Sisteron, F-04200, FR)
International Classes:
C07C51/487; C07B55/00; C07B57/00; C07C51/02; C07C51/41; C07C51/43; C07C59/56; C07C215/36; C07C229/26; (IPC1-7): C07C51/41; C07C51/02; C07C215/10; C07C229/26
Other References:
HOOVER, J.R.E. ET AL: "Semisynthetic cephalosporins. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 7-mandelamido-3-cephem-4-carboxylic acids", JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 17, no. 1, 1974, pages 34 - 41, XP002215649
DATABASE WPI Section Ch Week 200251, Derwent World Patents Index; Class B05, AN 2002-475211, XP002215650
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Sanofi-synthelabo (György Mihályi and Katalin Mármarosi Tó u. 1-5 Budapest, H-1045, HU)
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Claims:
Claims
1. Process for the preparation of (R) ()2hydroxy2 (2chlorophenyl) acetic acid, characterized in that, the racemic 2hydroxy2 (2chlorophenyl) acetic acid is resolved with a substituted amine of the general formula (II)where Rl means hydroxymethyl group or carboxyl group, W means phenyl group, nitrophenyl group or a C1C4 alkyl group substituted with an amino group, R3 means hydroxyl group or hydrogen atom.
2. Process according to claim 1, characterized in that, (lS, 2S) (+)lphenyl2amino1, 3 propanediole covered by the general formula (II) is used as resolving agent.
3. Process according to claim 1, characterized in that, (lR, 2R)treo ()1 (4nitrophenyl) 2amino1, 3propanediole covered by the general formula (II) is used as resolving agent.
4. Process according to claim 1, characterized in that, L (+)lysine covered by the general formula (II) is used as resolving agent.
5. Process according to claim 1, characterized in that, the salt of the racemic 2hydroxy2 (2chlorophenyl) acetic acid and a compound of the general formula (II)where the meaning of Rl, R2 or R3 is as given aboveis formed in an organic solvent or in the mixture of water and one or more organic solvents, and the salt separated due to its different solubility from the pair of diastereomeric salts is obtained from the reaction mixture and the compound of the formula (I) is obtained from the salt or from the mother lye of the resolution.
6. Process according to claim 1, characterized in that, the optical purity of the crude compound of the formula (I) obtained by resolution is increased by selective crystallisation.
7. Process according to claim 6, characterized in that, the selective crystallisation is carried out in toluene or in isopropylacetate.
8. Process according to claim 6, characterized in that, the compound of high optical purity of the formula (I) obtained by selective crystallisation is separated from the solvent at a temperature between +40° and +100 °C.
9. Process according to claim 1, characterized in that, the (S) (+)2hydroxy2 (2 chlorophenyl) acetic acid obtained by resolution is racemised and then it is returned to the resolution process.
10. Process according to claim 9, characterized in that, the racemisation is carried out with an alkali metal hydroxyde, advantageously with sodium hydroxyde.
11. Process according to claim 9, characterized in that, the racemisation is carried out in water in the presence of a small quantity of aprotic solvent, advantageously in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxyde, sulfolane, dimethyl formamide, hexamethyl phosphoric acid triamide or Nmethylpyrrolidone.
12. (IS, 2S) (+)lphenyl2amino1, 3propanediole (S) (+)2hydroxy2 (2 chlorophenyl) acetic acid salt.
13. (1R, 2R) ()treo1 (4nitrophenyl)2amino1, 3propanediole (R) ()2hydroxy2 (2 chlorophenyl) acetic acid salt.
14. (R) ()2hydroxy2 (2chlorophenyl) acetic acidL (+)lysine salt.
Description:
RESOLUTION PROCESS FOR (R)- (-)-2-HYDROXY-2- (2-CHLOROPHENYL) ACETIC ACID The object of the present invention is a new resolution process of the racemic 2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl)-acetic acid which makes possible the preparation of (R)- (-)- 2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid of the formula (I).

The optically active compound of the formula (I) is one of the starting materials of the known optically active trombocyta antiaggregant compound clopidogrel (Plavix (g)) (WO- 99/18110).

The racemic 2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid may be obtained by different processes/Chem. Ber. 37 S. 3173 (1904), J. Am. Chem. Soc. 55 p 2593 (1933), Chem.

Ber. 92 S 1739 (1959)/. Several processes are known for the preparation of the optically active compound of the formula (I) from the literature (Chirality 7 (8) p 652-76 (1995), Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. (1973) 12, Pt 2,3330) but they have drawbacks from the industrial point of view because they either use expensive resolution agents (alkaloids) or they applied microbiological processes requiring large volumes and their productivity is low.

(EP-A-610048, EP-A-449648, EP-A-527553). It was aimed to find a more advantageous chemical process than the known ones which give a technically simpler and cheaper process for the preparation of the compound of the formula (I).

Unexpectedly we found that the compounds of the general formula (II) form a poorly soluble salt with only one enantiomer or racemic 2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid and thus one of the enantiomers may be selectively removed from the reaction mixture of the resolution process.

According to the invention the compound of the formula (I) is yielded from its solid diastereomeric salt formed with a compound of the general formula (II) or it is yielded from the mother liquor of the resolution process and optionally its optical purity is increased by selective recrystallization.

The process according to the invention may be carried out preferably in an organic solvent for example in methanol or a mixture of water and an organic solvent for example in a water-ethylacetate or a water-methanol or an isopropyl acetate-methanol-water mixture.

As a compound of the general formula (II) the (1 S, 2S)-(+)-l-phenyl-2-amino-1, 3-propane- diol, (lR, 2r)-treo- (-)-1- (4-nitrophenyl)-2-amino-1, 3-propane-diol or the L- (+)-lyzine are applicable the most preferably./Aldrich Cat. No. L- (+)-lizin : 16971-4 (2000-1); (1S, 2S)-

(+)-1-fenil-2-amino-1, 3-propan-diol : 18654-6 (2000-1); (1R, 2R)-treo- (-)-1- (4-nitrofenil)- 2-amino-1, 3-propan-diol : A 7070-4 (2000-1)/.

The compounds of the general formula (II) are generally used in an equimolar ratio counted to the racemic acid.

The resolution process is carried out preferably between 10°C and 30°C. The optical purity of the crude compound of the formula (I) thus obtained is 84-98%. The compound of the formula (I) in almost 100% optical purity may be received by a recrystallization of the crude compound of the formula (I) at 40-100°C using toluene or isopropyl-acetate as solvent. The solvent is used between 1.5-10 volumetric units preferably 6-8 volumetric units counted on a mass unit of the compound to be recrystallized.

Another object of the present invention are salts of the compound of the formula (I) formed with compounds of the general formula (II).

Efficiency of this invented process is increased by the decomposition of the diastereometric salt formed from (S)- (+)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid and from a compound of the general formula (I), the (S)- (+)-isomer is racemized and it is resolved again according to the present invention.

The racemisation process is a further object of the present invention.

Thus the starting racemic compound can be transformed into the desired enantiomer almost in full extent.

The racemisation can be carried out in the presence of a base, preferably aqueous sodium- hydroxyde or potassium-hydroxyde may be used. The use of a small amount of aprotic solvent in the aqueous medium accelarate the racemisation process. Preferred aprotic solvents are dimethysulfoxide, sulfolan, dimethylformamide, hexamethylphosphotriamide or the N-methyl-pyrrolidone. The racemisation is made preferably at the boiling point of the reaction mixture in the presence of 0.1-0.5 volumetric units of aprotic solvent.

Further details of the present invention are shown in the following examples without limiting our claims to their content.

Example 1 Resolution of racemic 2-hvdroxv-2- (2-chlorophenyl)-acetic acid bv (1S, 2S)- (+-phenvl- 2-amino-1, 3-propane diol (The compound of the general formula (II)-wherein Rl is a hydroxy-methyl group, R2 is a phenyl group, R3 is a hydroxy group)

Racemic 2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid (20.0 g 107 mmol) was dissolved in 60 cm3 of ethylacetate saturated with water and (lS, 2S)-(+)-l-phenyl-2-amino-1, 3-propane- diol (18. 0 g 107.5 mmol) was added thereto and then the mixture was seed by a salt formed from (S)- (+)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetate and (lS, 2S)- (+)-1-phenyl 2-amino-1, 3- propane-diol at room temperature.

The mixture was stirred for 3 hours at room temperature, the precipitated substance was filtered off and it was washed with ethyl-acetate and it was dried: 30.7 g of white crystalline substance were received. This substance was dissolved in a mixture of 50 cm3 of water and 15 cm3 of 37% hydrochloric acid and it was extracted with methyl-tert. butyl- ether. The extract was dried on sodium-sulfate and the solvent was evaporated: 15.3 g of enantiomeric mixture rich in (S)- (+)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid were obtained ([o] D20 = +38° (c = 4, methyl alcohol/, optical purity is 24%) which can be racemized according to Example 4 and recycled into the process.

The mother liquor obtained from the resolution was concentrated, dissolved in the mixture of 15 cm3 of water and 4.0 cm3 of 37% hydrochloric acid and it was extracted with methyl- tert.-butyl-ether. The combined extracts were dried on sodium sulfate and concentrated: 4.3 g of (R)- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid were obtained ( [a] =-132. 2° (c = 4, methyl-alcohol) with optical purity of 84.2%. This product was recrystallized from toluene, it was filtered at 60°C, washed with toluene. After drying 3.62 g (19.4 mmol 18.1%) of R- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid were obtained ( [a] =-157° (c = 4, methyl-alcohol).

Example 2 Resolution of racemic 2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid by (1R, 2R)- (-)-treo-l- (4- nitrophenvl 3-propane-diol) (compound of the general formula (II ! wherein is a hydroxymethyl group, R2 is a p-nitrophenyl group, R3 is a hydroxy group ! Racemic 2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid (20.0 g 107 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of 120 g of isopropyl acetate, 16 cm3 of methanol and 2 cm3 of water.

22.8 g (107 mmol) of (IR, 2R)- (-)-treo-l- (4-nitrophenyl)-2-amino-1, 3-propane-diol were added thereto during mild heating to help the dissolution. At room temperature the mixture was seeded with salt of (lR, 2R)- (-)-treo-l- (4-nitrophenyl)-2-amino-1, 3-propane-diol formed with R- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours at room temperature and the precipitated substance was filtered off,

washed and dried, 13.6 g of crystalline substance were obtained, which is the salt of the above diol and the (R)- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid.

This salt was dissolved in 20 cm3 of water and the solution was acidified by 5.7 cm3 of concentrated hydrochloric acid and it was extracted with methyl-tert.-butylether, the extracts were combined, dried, concentrated and 5.84 g (31.3 mmol) of crude (R)- (-)-2- hydroxy- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid were obtained ([oc] D20 =-151° (c = 4, methyl alcohol), its optical purity is 96%.

This crude acid was recrystallized from 41 cm3 of toluene at 60°C and the product was dried. The weight of (R)- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid is 5.6 g (30.0 mmol).

Yield is 28%. ([(x] D20 =-157° (c = 4, methyl alcohol).

The mother liquor of the resolution was concentrated, dissolved in 40 cm3 of water, acidified with 12.3 cm3 of 37% hydrochloric acid and it was extracted with methyl-tert.- butylether and the obtained substance rich in (S)- (+)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chloropehyl) acetic acid which is an enantiomeric mixture is 13.8 g (73.95 mmol) ( [0) 0 = +61° (c = 4, methyl alcohol), optical purity is 39%. This substance is racemisable and its recyclation into the process is possible.

Example 3 Resolution of racemic 2-hYdroxy-2-(2-chlorophenvl ! acetic acid with L- (+)-lyzine (compound of the general formula (II)-wherein R1 is a carboxvl group R2 is a 3-amino- propyl group and R3 is a hydrogen atom) 15.64 g (107 mmol) of L- (+)-lyzine were dissolved in 60 cm3 of methanol and in an another 60 cm3 of methanol 20 g (107 mmol) of racemic 2-hydroxy-2-(2- chlorophenyl) acetic acid were dissolved. These two solutions were combined and heated till the total dissolution to 40-45°C. The mixture was seeded with L- (+)-lyzine salt of (R)- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid at 40°C. The mixture was stirred at 40°C for two hours and at 30°C for two hours, then it was filtered and the precipitated substance was washed with methanol and dried thus 9.44 g of (R)- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid- (L)- (+)-lyzine salt were obtained. This obtained dry salt was dissolved in 10 cm3 of water and it was acidified with 5.4 cm3 of 37% hydrochloric acid and extracted with methyl-tert.-butyl-ether. The extract was dried on sodium sulfate and concentrated: 5.3 g of R- (-)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid were obtained, ( [a] D2o-_153. ° (c = 4, methyl alcohol), optical purity is 98%) which was recrystallized with toluene (42 cm3) and it was filtered off at 60°C and covered with toluene.

5.2 g (27.86 mmol) of (R)-(-)-2-hydroxy-2-(2-chlorophenyl) acetic acid were received after drying. Yield: 26% [a] D20 =-157° (c = 4, methyl alcohol).

The mother liquor of the resolution was concentrated, dissolved in 40 cm3 of water, acidified with 13.2 cm3 of 37% hydrochloric acid and it was extracted with methyl-tert.- butyl ether. After evaporation 13.9 g (74.54 mmol) of enantiomeric mixture rich in (S)- (+)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl)-acetic acid were obtained, ( [a] D 20 = +57' (c = 4, methyl alcohol) which was racemisable and recyclable into the process.

Example 4 Racemisation 13.5 g of enantiomeric mixture rich in (S)- (+)-2-hydroxy-2- (2-chlorophenyl)-acetic acid obtained in Example 3 were dissolved in 24 cm3 of water and it was alkalized with 11.56 g (289 mmol) of sodium hydroxyde, 2.4 cm3 of dimethyl-sulfoxide were added and the mixture was stirred for 5 hours at 100°C.

The received reaction mixture was diluted with 20 cm3 of water and acidified with 24.3 cm3 of 37% hydrochloric acid (289 mmol) and it was extracted with methyl-tert.-butyl ether.

Extract was dried, clarified with 1.5 g of activated charcoal, filtered, concentrated and recrystallized from 17.4 cm3 of toluene at 5°C, after filtering it was washed with toluene.

The substance obtained after drying was 12.8 g (68.6 mmol) of 2-hydroxy-2- (2- chlorophenyl) acetic acid ( [a] D 20 = 0. 0° (c = 4, methyl alcohol).

Figure 1 shows the compound of formula (I) and Figure 2 shows the compounds of the general formula (II).