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Title:
REVERSIBLY MODULAR ELASTIC CUTTER FOR PRODUCING SAUSAGES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/011730
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, constituted by a first element (10) and a second element (20), said first element (10) constituted by a sharp profile (11) and two larger bending arms (12-12') provided with a convexity (13-13'), and with two concavities (14-14') between the sharp profile (11) and the proximal end of the larger bending arms (12-12'); said second element (20) constituted by a sharp profile (21) and two smaller bending arms (22-22') provided with a convexity (23-23'), and with two concavities (24-24') between the sharp profile (21) and the proximal end of the smaller bending arms (22-22'); said elements (10, 20) being suitable to be engaged in an assembled configuration in which the convexities (13-13') of the larger bending arms (12-12') are lodged in the concavities (24-24') and convexities (23-23') are lodged in the concavities (14-14'); said first assembled configuration, conferring a predetermined tensional load to the larger (12-12') and smaller (22-22') bending arms; said cutter (100) being in assembled configuration that can be inserted into a seat (205) arranged on the cutter holder (200); said cutter (100) also being susceptible to take a disassembled configuration, when removed from said cutter holder (200), in which the first element (10) and the second element (20) are separated.

Inventors:
QUADRANA, Marcello (Via Rigosa 46, Zola Predosa, I-40069, IT)
Application Number:
IB2017/054206
Publication Date:
January 18, 2018
Filing Date:
July 12, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
QUADRANA, Marcello (Via Rigosa 46, Zola Predosa, I-40069, IT)
International Classes:
A22C17/00; B02C18/36
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
FIAMMENGHI, Eva et al. (Via delle Quattro Fontane 31, Roma, I-00184, IT)
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Claims:
Claims

Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages suitable to be reversibly engaged with the radial a m (203) of a cutter holder (200) suitable to be used in the in the step of cutting/mincing animal meat in an industrial sausage production plant; said cutter ( 100) being characterised in that it is made up of at least one first H-shaped element (10) and a second C-shaped element (20), said first element (10) being made up of an outer sharp profile (1 1 ) and a pair of larger bending arms (12-12') provided, at the relative distal ends, with a convexity (13-13'), said first element (10) also being provided with a pair of concavities (14-14') arranged substantially at the centre of said first element (10), or arranged between the inner surface of the outer sharp profile (11) and the proximal end of said larger bending arms (12-12'); said second element (20) being constituted by an outer sharp profile (21) and by a pair of smaller bending elements (22-22') provided - at the relative distal ends - with a convexity (23-23'), said second element (20) also being provided with a pair of concavities (24-24') substantially arranged at the centre of said second element (20), or arranged between the inner surface of the outer sharp profile (21) and the proximal end of said smaller bending arms (22- 22'); said elements (10, 20) being suitable to be mutually and reversibly engaged in a first assembled configuration, characterised in that the convexities (13-13') of the two larger bending arms (12-12') of said first element (10) are reversibly lodged in the corresponding concavities (24-24') of said second element (20) and the convexities (23- 23') of the two smaller bending arms (22-22') of said second element (20) are reversibly but stably lodged in the corresponding concavities (14-14') of said first element (10); said first assembled configuration, being provided with a configuration such to confer to said larger (12-12') and smaller (22-22') bending arms a predetermined tensionai load; said cutter (100) being suitable to be reversibly inserted, when in said first assembled configuration, in a special seat (205) arranged on each of the radial arms (203) constituting the cutter holder (200) of the industrial meat production plant; said cutter (100) also being suitable to quickly and easily take a second disassembled configuration, when removed from said cutter holder (200), characterised in that said first element (10) and said second element (20) are separated from each other to allow cleaning and maintenance operations.

2. eversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to claim 1 , characterised in that, when in the first assembled configuration, between said sharp profile ( 1 1) of said first element ( 10) and said smaller bending arms (22-22'), between said smaller bending arms (22-22') and larger bending arms (12-12') and between said larger bending arms (12-12') and said sharp profile (21) of said second element (20), a plurality of fissures (30) are created that are suitable to allow the bending of said larger bending arms (12-12') and said smaller bending arms (22-22') i.e. : when the meat to be minced presses and deforms the fixed disc upstream, it takes a frustoconical shape and the cutter (100) deforms absorbing part of the deformation imparted by the meat thus avoiding peak loads that could lead to unwanted wear out.

3. Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to the preceding claim 2, characterised in that the thickness of said fissures (30) is comprised between 0.5 mm and 3 mm, preferably 1.5 mm.

4. Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that said first element (10) and said second element (20) can be reversibly assembled and disassembled in said first assembled configuration and in said second disassembled configuration using common mechanical means such as, for example, grippers, which allow the pre-loading of the larger and smaller bending arms (12-12', 22-22').

5. Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that it is reversiblv engaged at one of the radial a ms (203) of a common cutter holder (200), the latter being constituted by a central metal body (202), provided with a central hole (201 ), from which a plurality of radial arms (203) depart terminating in a perimeter circular crown (204) concentric to said central metal body (202), each of said radial arms (203) being characterised by a housing seat (205) constituted by a longitudinal fissure arranged in proximity of said perimeter circular crown (204), suitably dimensioned to be engaged with one of said cutters (100) in said first assembled configuration.

6. Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to the preceding claim 5, characterised in that said radial arm (203) at said seat (205), can be provides with common mechanical means such as screws, pins or the like, for stably but reversibly fixing said cutter ( 00) at said relative seat (205).

7. Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that, when in said first assembled configuration it is inscribed in a parallelepiped-shaped element measuring between 30 mm X 15 mm X 3 mm and 90 mm X 30 mm X 10 mm.

8. Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that said larger and smaller bending arms (12-12', 22-22') are provided with a longitudinal extension equivalent to about ¼ of the total length of the cutter (100, 100').

9. Reversibly modular elastic cutter (100) for producing sausages, according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that it is constituted by any metal or metal alloy, preferably any elastic metal material.

Description:
"Reversibly modular elastic cutter for producing sausages"

Description

Field of the art

The present invention refers to the mechanical industry. More in detail, the present invention refers to a distinctive cutter to be used in industrial plant cutting devices suitable for processing animal meat for producing sausages.

Sausages, and pork cold cuts in general, are currently one of the food-stuffs most produced, sold and bought by consumers worldwide. These products are generally raw or cooked meat- based food-stuffs containing salt, animal fat, spices, preservatives (if any), and that are inserted into closed containers, conventionally constituted by animal intestines.

The production process is known and it is absolutely particular. Modern technology provides for that fresh meat reaches the production plant in separately frozen anatomic pieces of swine. After reaching an ideal temperature for processing thereof, this meat is minced and turned into a creamy emulsion through various stages in special meat mincing machines. Depending on the type of sausage to be produced, fat cubes measuring about one cubic centimetre and obtained from the neck fat, the hardest and most prestigious fat and from the lard obtained from the back part of the pork, can be prepared separately. The thin emulsion is then mixed with the fat cubes and then salt, water and spices (or flavours in form of powder or solution) are added. Furthermore, additives are added subsequently and the mixture thus obtained is stuffed into the casing at the desired amounts. The casings used for stuffing can be natural or artificial and the latter are usually used for the smaller dimensions. In addition, the sausage is subjected to cooking using special dry air ovens, within times that vary from a few hours up to a whole day depending on the amount and it is important that the internal temperature reaches 70°C. Then their follows sprinkling using cold water and storage in a cooler to stabilise the product. The quality of a sausage mainly depends on factors such as the quality of the raw material utilised, for instance the composition, the chemical-physical characteristics and microbiological characteristics, the additives utilised, storage, distribution of the finished product definitely as well as the production technology applied. Though it can be deemed advanced, the latter reveals some drawbacks lying in the need for performing specific process steps by means of components and systems that can - at times - entail problems regarding the damage and early wear of the very components and which often affect the properties of the finished product. More in detail, the rubbing of the cutters or the meat cutting devices against the fixed discs for the extrusion of mortadella often causes the release of metal material with high content of iron and other metals in the product being processed. This rubbing is rather consistent if we consider the very high quantities, such as pressure and force, acting on the components of the plant. The release and presence of these metal substances in the minced product actually causes subsequent oxidation-reduction mechanisms that occur when these substances come to contact with the meat thus altering the final properties thereof. The current utilised cutting devices are substantially disc-shaped, rotating around a central axis. The cutters are constituted by a support, suitable to support the blades and by a plurality of variously shaped blades but which are usually rectangular. These cutters are positioned between two fixed extrusion discs, thus generating an alternating sequence of discs and cutters in the cutting unit. The cutters, alongside the support and blades thereof, are arranged so as to have - both in inoperative and operative condition - the upper and lower surfaces arranged at contact with the surfaces of the neighbouring extrusion fixed discs. This structural and configuration characteristic causes strong rubbing of the contact surfaces when the plant is running. More in detail, the rubbing occurs when the passage of considerable amount of meat, pressed towards the cutting blades by the auger, causes the occurrence of high pressure on the circular surfaces of the elements involved in the process. In addition, the pressure that develops is not distributed uniformly over all points of the surfaces but it is higher in proximity of the central areas of said surfaces. The effect of this aspect determines the occurrence of deformations and concavities in the central areas of the fixed discs and cutters. Besides the aforementioned consequences regarding the release of metal material into the processing product, these deformations trigger the undesired rubbing phenomena between the surfaces of the cutters and the surfaces of the fixed discs.

In order to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks, various solutions have been proposed over the last years, most of which represent the patent application contents, (with the applicant in question as the designated inventor) which revealed to be efficient at overcoming the aforementioned drawbacks observed in the processing of the meat, for producing the sausages and mortadelia in this specific case.

For example, document WO2014162225 describes a cutting device comprising a support having a plurality of radial arms suitable to support a respective plurality of blades. Each blade is connected to the radial arm thereof thanks to a pin to be housed in a channel that extends longitudinally into the body of each blade. Said housing does not coincide with the longitudinal axis of the blade but it is offset with respect to the latter so as to define two asymmetric portions for each blade. This characteristic enables generating an oscillating motion of the blade with respect to the inner pin thereof and reducing friction between the blades and the neighbouring extrusion discs under the action of the pressure exerted by the meat being processed. The entirety reducing friction and the release of metal material into the meat being processed.

Document WO2014162222 describes an improved cutter holder machine, for processing meat. In particular said document refers to a cutter holder rotor with improved cutters for a machine for processing meat for producing mortadelia. The rotor comprises a central hub from which various radial arms integrally joined with said central hub extend. In addition, the ends of such radial arms, opposite to the central hub, are connected to radial cutters by means of a connection appendage or mounting appendage. The latter is preferably integrally joined to the corresponding cutter, substantially forming the base thereof that can be inserted and bolted into a respective recess obtained in the end of the radial arm. One of the main characteristics of the rotor subject of the aforementioned document lies in that said appendage bears a groove in the material it is made of. Such groove confers a given degree of elastic yieldability which enables a given degree of oscillation of the cutters that adapt to the deformations of the neighbouring fixed disc due to the pressure exerted by the meat being processed. The entirety reducing friction and the possibility of releasing metal material into the meat being processed and thus into the finished product in this case too.

The aforementioned documents and other patents filed in this field of application show that it is important to define a partial mobility and elasticity of the cutters, precisely with the aim of reducing if not eliminating the release of metal material into the minced product, thus also averting evident risks for the health of the consumers. Another object attained by the currently available patents lies in enabling an easy and quick maintenance of the single cutters as well as the cleanliness thereof from minced meat, failure to which the functionality thereof would be ineffective.

Regarding this, an object of the present industrial invention patent application, described in detail hereinafter, is to provide a new and innovative type of disassemblable cutter, to be used in sausage production plants and, specifically, in the step of cutting/mincing meat, that - besides offering all the advantages revealed by the devices subject of the aforementioned documents - is easy to install, uninstail and maintain. A further object of the present invention is to pre-load each cutter with a predetermined tension, which enables a pre- established elastic movement of the bending arms of each cutter it is provided with.

Description of the invention

The present invention refers to a new and innovative cutter that can be used for processing animal meat for the industrial production of sausages. More in detail, the cutter of the present industrial invention patent application represents one of the parts of the cutting units comprised in animal meat processing plants for producing sausages. Even more in detail, said cutter represents one of the parts that intervene in the step for cutting and extruding/mincing meat being processed to obtain a mixture subsequently subjected to other processing steps.

Given that it is a preferably industrial use, it should be observed that the plants for producing sausages use a plurality of devices designated for cutting/extruding/mincing meat. Thus, in such type of plant, the cutter in question, which is part of a cutting device, is used combined with other identical cutting devices. Specifically, said cutting devices should be arranged axial ly to each other and so as to be spaced by meat extrusion discs. The surfaces of the extrusion discs and surfaces of the neighbouring cutting devices come into contact and, as previously mentioned, when the plant is running, such contact is so consistent under the action of the pressure exerted by the considerable amount of meat that there occurs high frictions leading to unwanted consequences both as regards the characteristics observable in the finished product and as concerns the wholeness of the plant components themselves. The cutting device provided with the cutters in question, brilliantly overcomes the aforementioned drawbacks thanks to the modular features of the cutters comprised therein and their easy mode of assembly to the body of said device. More in detail, similarly to those of the prior art, the cutter holder 200 required for the installation of the cutters in question, appears as a radial structure in which a plurality of radial arms 203 - that terminate in a perimeter circular crown 204, concentric to said central metal body 202 - depart from a central metal body 202, provided with a central hole 201 suitable to be connected to the driving shaft of the entire plant. Advantageously, each of said radial arms 203 is provided with a housing seat 205 constituted by a longitudinal direction fissure configured to enable the reversible housing of a corresponding cutter 100 like the one described hereinafter. More in detail, said housing seat 205 will be arranged in proximity of said perimeter circular crown 204 and, possibly, the radial arm 203 shall be provided, at said seat 205, with common mechanical means such as screws, pins or the like, for stably but reversibly fixing the cutter 100, in the correct operating position. Given the configuration of the sequence made up of a fixed disc-cutter holder-fixed disc, such mechanical means for holding the cutter 100 in place may not even be necessary and the position of the cutter 100 is almost stationary given the high workloads. The dimensioning of said seat 205 must consider the total dimensions of the cutter 100 intended to be utilised in the plant. In particular, said cutter 100, regardless of the embodiment thereof selected in the scope of protection provided for by the claims, shall always be possibly inscribed in a parallelepiped-shaped element with measurements comprised between 30 mm X 15 mm X 3 mm and 90 mm X 30 mm X 10 mm.

Advantageously, the cutter 100 in question is made up of two parts: a first H- shaped element 10 and a second C-shaped element 20, characterised by a mutually complementary geometry.

More specifically, said first H-shaped element 10 is constituted by an outer sharp profile 1 1 and by a pair of larger bending arms 12-12' which extend from the centre towards the body of the first element 10. In addition, said larger bending arms 12-12' are provided with a convexity 13-13' at the relative distal ends. Furthermore, the first element 10 is also advantageously provided with a pair of concavities 14-14' arranged substantially at the centre of said first element 10, i.e. arranged between the inner surface of the outer sharp profile 1 1 and the proximal end of the larger bending arms 12-12', thus forming the characteristic "H" shape.

Said second element 20 is instead constituted by an outer sharp profile 21 and by a pair of smaller bending arms 22-22' which extend towards the centre from the ends of the body of the second element 20. In addition, said smaller bending arms 22-22' are provided with a convexity 23-23' at the relative distal ends. The second element 20 is also advantageously provided with a pair of concavities 24-24' arranged substantially at the centre of said second element 20, i.e. arranged between the inner surface of the outer sharp profile 21 and the proximal end of said smaller bending arms 22-22', thus forming the characteristic "C" shape. Both as regards the first element 10 and the second element 20, it is preferable that the length of the bending arms 12-12', 22-22' be equivalent to about ¼ of the overall length of the cutter 100.

Advantageously, given the mutual complementarity of the shapes of the first element 10 and the second element 20, the latter are suitable to be mutually and reversibly engaged in a first assembled configuration, in which the convexities 13-13' of the two larger bending arms 12- 12' are reversibly but stably lodged in the corresponding concavities 24-24' of the second element 20. In this first assembled configuration, in particular, the convexities 23-23 ' of the two smaller bending arms 22-22' are reversibly but stably lodged in the corresponding convexities 14-14' of the first element 10,

Advantageously, the composition of the first and the second element 10, 20 in said first assembled configuration, may occur using common mechanical means, such as, for example, a gripper, so that the larger 12-12' and smaller 22-22' bending arms are pre-loaded with a pre-established tension.

In order to confer appropriate tension by compensating the first and the second element 10, 20 in the first assembled configuration, it is suitable that the cutter 100 it is constituted of be made of any metal or metal alloy, preferably any elastic metal material.

Still using grippers or any other suitable mechanical means, the first and the second element 10, 20 can be disassembled in a quick, easy and reversible manner so as to confer a second disassembled configuration to the cutter 100. Thus, the cutter 100 maintenance and cleaning operations are advantageously simplified.

When said cutter 100 is in assembled configuration, it should be observed that only the convexities and the concavities come into contact, while fissures 30 form between the outer sharp profiles 1 1, 21 and the larger and smaller bending arms 12-12', 22-22' . The fissures have the advantageous function of enabling the bending of the larger and smaller bending arms 12-12', 22-22' due to the pressure caused by the resistance of the meat to be minced. Actually, the strong pressure exerted by the meat deforms the fixed disc arranged upstream of the cutter holder 200. Pressure and temperatures high enough to melt the metal and release part thereof into the minced meat would occur were the cutters 100 to be completely rigid. The elasticity of the cutter 100 has the function of adapting to the deformations that occur during operation, thus guaranteeing an optimal quality of the meat and the cutting efficiency. Advantageously, the thickness of said fissures 30 is comprised between 0.5 mm and 3 mm, preferably 1.5 mm. Advantageously, the cutter 100 in question reveals an elastic behaviour under the action of strong mechanical stresses, thus serving the purpose of the invention even for a long period of operation.

The entirety enabling the cutter 100 in question to considerably efficiently serve the purpose of the invention.

Description of the figures

The invention will be described hereinafter in at least one preferred embodiment, provided by way of non-limiting example, with reference to the attached figures, wherein:

- FIGURE 1A shows the cutter 100 in a second disassembled configuration. In particular, shown is the first H-shaped element 10 regarding which there can be seen the outer sharp profile 11, the two concavities 14-14' and the two larger bending arms 12-12' with the relative convexities 13-13' at the ends. Also shown is the second C-shaped element 20 regarding which there can be seen the outer sharp profile 21, the two concavities 24-24' and the two smaller bending arms 22-22' with the relative convexities 23-23' at the ends.

- FIGURE IB shows the same cutter 100 of FIG. 1A but in a first assembled configuration corresponding to the operating configuration. In particular the fissures 30 which contribute to bending the arms and the cutting action are shown.

- FIGURE 1C shows an axonometric view of the action for assembling the first element 10 with the second element 20 to obtain the assembled configuration.

- FIGURE 2 illustrates a part of cutter holder 200 suitable to be used in the production plant that provides for the use of cutters 100 of the present invention. More in detail, the central metal body 202, with the central hole 201 suitable for the passage of the plant driving shaft, is shown. The radial arms 203 (of which just one is represented fully) terminating in the circular perimeter crown 204 depart from said central metal body 202, In the radial arm 203 represented in the figure, a cutter 100 is shown that is arranged in the special housing seat 205, - FIGURE 3 shows a farther view of the cutter holder 200, alone, suitable to house the cutters 100 of the present invention . The particular configuration of the radial arms 203 which reveal a special seat 205 for housing each cutter 100, is shown .

Detailed description of the invention

Now, the present invention will be illustrated purely by way of non-limiting example, with reference to the figures illustrating some embodiments regarding the present inventive concept.

With reference to FIGS 2 and 3, a part of the sausages production plant, in particular the cutter holder 200 designated for the step of cutting/mincing the meat is represented. More specifically, this cutter holder 200, just like the prior art cutters, is provided with a central metal body 202 provided with a central hole 201 through which the plant driving shaft that transmits motion to all rotary components of the plant itself passes. A plurality of radial arms 203 that terminate in the circular perimeter crown 204 concentric to said central metal body 202 depart from said central metal body 202. The distinctive trait of thi s cutter holder 200 with respect to the currently available ones lies in that each of the radial arms 203, in proximity of said perimeter crown 204, has a seat 205 for housing a cutter 100 of the present invention. Arranged longitudinally with respect to the radial arm 203, it is a fissure replicating the dimensions of the cutter 100 with which it is reversibly engaged. More in detail, any embodiment of the cutter 100 of the present invention shall always be inscribed in a parallelepiped-shaped element with dimensions measuring between 30 mm X 15 mm X 3 mm and 90 mm X 30 mm X 10 mm. The configuration of the plant provides stability to the position of the cutter 100 with respect to the cutter holder 200, given the vicinity of the extrusion fixed discs arranged both upstream and downstream of the cutter holder 200. In any case, should it be deemed necessary, every radial arm 203 may be provided, at said seat 205, with common mechanical means such as screws, pins or the like, for fixing the cutter 100 stably but reversibly.

The cutter 100 represented in the cutter holder 200, still with reference to FIG. 2, is the same one represented in detail in FIGS. 1 A, I B and I C. In order to serve both its cutting purpose and have the advantage of flexibility and maintenance ease, the cutter 100 in question is made up of two components that are reversibly and easily modulatable.

The first element 10 is H-shaped and it is constituted by an outer sharp profile 11 and by a pair of larger bending arms 12-12' provided with a convexity 13-13 ' at the relative distal ends. Said larger bending arms 12-12' depart from the central portion of the first element 10 and extend towards the ends of the cutter 100, thus conferring to said first element 0 its "H" shape. Furthermore, substantially at the centre of said first element 10, i.e. between the inner surface of the outer sharp profile 1 and the proximal end of said larger bending arms 12- 12', said first element 10 is provided with a pair of concavities 14-14'.

The second element 20 is C-shaped and it is constituted by an outer sharp profile 21 and by a pair of smaller bending arms 22-22' provided with a convexity 23-23' at the relative distal ends. Said smaller bending arms 22-22', depart from the ends of the cutter 100 and extend towards the centre, conferring the aforementioned "C" shape to said second element. Furthermore, substantially at the centre of said second element 20, i.e. between the inner surface of the outer sharp profile 21 and the proximal end of said smaller bending arms 22- 22', said first element 20 is provided with a pair of concavities 24-24'.

FIGS. IB and IC enable to easily understand the composition of said elements 10, 20 in an assembled configuration in which the latter are engaged mutually and reversibly. In said first assembled configuration, in particular, the convexities 13-13' of the two larger bending arms 12-12' of the first element 10 are reversibly but stably lodged in the corresponding concavities 24-24' of the second element 20. Thus, the convexities 23-23' of the two smaller bending arms 22-22' of the second element 20 are also reversibly but stably lodged in the corresponding concavities 14-14' of the first element 10. It is clear that in order to ensure that the previously described assembled configuration is maintained, it is required to have a given tension between the first and the second element 10, 20. As a matter of fact, said first assembled configuration is such to confer a predetermined tensional load to said larger 12-12' and smaller 22-22' bending arms. Thus, two elements 10, 20 are necessarily obtained using common mechanical means such as grippers or the like. Similarly, the disassembly of said elements 10, 20, performed with the sole purpose of enabling normal cleaning and maintenance operations in an easy and quick manner, will be obtained using the same instruments.

Given the pre-load tension that said bending arms 12-12', 22-22' must bear, it is suitable that the metal or metal alloy material selected to obtain the cutter 100 be an elastic metal material.

As observable in FIG. B, when the cutter 100 is in assembled configuration, fissures 30 are created between the sharp profile 1 of the first element 10 and the smaller bending arms 22- 22', between the smaller bending arms 22-22' and the larger bending arms 12-12' and between the larger bending arms 12-12' and the sharp profile 21 of the second element 20. Such fissures 30 are suitable to enable the bending of said bending arms 12-12', 22-22' due to the pressure caused by the resistance of the meat to be minced. The bending of the cutters 100 is actually the characteristic that prevents the release of metal parts into the meat, by avoiding excessive friction between the components of the plant and thus attaining the object of the invention.

In the case of the cutter 100 represented in FIGS. 1 A and IB, the thickness of said fissures 30 will be comprised between 0.5 mm and 3 mm, preferably equivalent to 1.5 mm.

Lastly, it is clear that the invention described up to now may be subjected to modifications, additions or variants obvious to a man skilled in the art, without departing from the scope of protection outlined by the attached claims.