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Title:
A ROCKER ARM MECHANISM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/117825
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a rocker arm mechanism (1) which is capable of selectively adjusting the timing of opening or closing the intake or exhaust valve (c) by shifting according to the crankshaft angle and by gradually changing the maximum valve opening, or which, again selectively, allows for engine braking by decompression by opening the exhaust valves (c) before the compression stroke in internal combustion engines.

Inventors:
BOZ, Hakan (Ford Otomotiv Sanayi A. Ş. Akpınar Mahallesi Hasan Basri Caddesi No:2, Istanbul, 34885, TR)
MAŞAT, Mehmet (Ford Otomotiv Sanayi A. Ş. Akpınar Mahallesi Hasan Basri Caddesi No:2, Istanbul, 34885, TR)
KURNAZ, Göktan (Akpınar Mahallesi Hasan Basri Caddesi No:2, Istanbul, TR)
Application Number:
TR2018/050045
Publication Date:
June 20, 2019
Filing Date:
February 07, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
FORD OTOMOTIV SANAYI A. S. (Akpinar Mahallesi Hasan Basri Caddesi No:2, Sancaktepe/Istanbul, 34885, TR)
International Classes:
F01L13/06; F01L1/18; F01L13/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2016207348A12016-12-29
Foreign References:
CN102840005A2012-12-26
EP0294682A11988-12-14
EP3061926A12016-08-31
US6257201B12001-07-10
EP2520773A22012-11-07
CN105736086A2016-07-06
US20150204250A12015-07-23
GB2540736A2017-02-01
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ANKARA PATENT BUREAU (Bestekar Sokak No:10, Kavaklidere, Ankara, 06680, TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A rocker arm mechanism (1) which is capable of selectively adjusting the timing of opening or closing the intake or exhaust valve (C) by shifting according to the crankshaft angle and by gradually changing the maximum valve opening, or which, again selectively, allows for engine braking by decompression by opening the exhaust valves (C) before the compression stroke in internal combustion engines, basically comprising:

at least one rocker arm (2) which is engaged with the camshaft (A) from one side and with the exhaust valve (C) from the other side thereof and which transfers the movement formed by means of the camshaft (A) to the exhaust valve (C), and characterized by:

at least one movement member (3) which is connected to the side of the rocker arm (2) engaged with the exhaust valve (C) and capable of rotating clockwise or counterclockwise around an axis; and which permits optionally changing the opening and closing time and interval of the valves by applying a force to the exhaust valve (C) as a consequence of such rotation in the direction of the axis in which the exhaust valve (C) moves, changing the position of the exhaust valve (C) in said axis independent of the movement received from the camshaft (A) and relatively.

2. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) the clockwise or counterclockwise movement of which is ensured by way of a first force applying means (8) and a second force applying means (9) via a rotating bracket (4) passing through the middle portion thereof.

3. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which passes through the center of the rotating bracket (4) and at one side of which the first force applying means (8) acts and at the other side the second force applying means (9) acts in the axis which is perpendicular to the movement direction of the exhaust valve (C).

4. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a first force applying means (8) which can be activated and is capable of rotating the movement member (3) in a direction by applying a force on the movement member (3); which at the same time has, within the rocker arm (2), a brake piston (8.3), a force piston (8.1) capable of moving axially inside the brake piston (8.3), and a first resilient element (8.2) capable of preloading between the force piston (8.1) and the brake piston (8.3).

5. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a second force applying means (9) which has a passive configuration and applies a force on the movement member (3) only at a determined strength in reverse direction to the direction in which the first force applying means (8) rotates the movement member (3); which at the same time has a positioning piston (9.1) which is in contact with the movement member (3) in a way to control the position of the movement member (3) and a second resilient element (9.2) preloading this positioning piston (9.1).

6. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which is rotatable about a rotating bracket (4) at the side of the bridge (11) enabling both the exhaust valves (C) of the rocker arm (2) to be opened simultaneously; and which also comprises, in a way to pass through its center, a first extension (3.1) as well as a second extension (3.2) which is in contact with the bridge (11) when the engine brake is not activated, said extensions serving as a contact interface so that it will perform pushing, pulling, or rotating movements with the first force applying means (8) and the second force applying means (9).

7. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a bridge (11) which, in order to ensure that the distance between itself and the movement member (3) is adjustable, has an adjusting pin (12) which is attached on one of the exhaust valves (C) in a spaced manner and enables the vertical position thereof to be adjusted by being engaged in the thread provided in the area coinciding with the exhaust valve (C), and a fastening element (13) enabling said adjusting pin (12) to be secured at the end of adjustment.

8. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which has a bend (3.3) and plane (3.4) between the radial distances, with respect to the center of main rotator support (6), which enables the space between the camshaft (A) and main rotator (5) to be selectively adjusted and around which the main rotator (5) is capable of rotating clockwise and counterclockwise, of which there exists a difference at least as much as the size of the exhaust valve opening defined during engine braking.

9. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which is in contact with a positioning piston (9.1) preloaded by the second resilient element (9.2) and the second extension (3.2) of which becomes in linear contact with the bridge (11) upon the force applied by the positioning piston (9.1).

10. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which is moved by the force piston (8.1), said force piston being controlled by a fluid selectively delivered by a solenoid-controlled valve mechanism when the engine brake is preferred to be activated in the engine, with a larger force than that of the second resilient element (9.2).

11. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which leans against a reference point in the rocker arm (2) near an angle that is close to the maximum relative angle formed thereby with the rocker arm (2) in order to pass from the fixed-radius bend (3.3) to the plane (3.4), the normal operating portion, so as to be able to close the engine brake in every exhaust cycle by making use of the relative angle formed by the rocker arm (2) with a horizontal direction every time the exhaust valve (C) gets close to maximum valve opening when the engine brake is activated.

12. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which is in contact with the positioning piston (9.1) and the rocker arm (2) when the engine brake is activated, wherein the torque created by the force formed thereon by the second resilient element (9.2) is less than that created by the brake piston (8.3).

13. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which has a bend (3.3) which is in contact at a safe distance with respect to the bridge (11) and plane (3.4) when the engine brake is activated; wherein the torque created thereon by the brake piston (8.3) is bigger than the torque in reverse direction created by the second resilient element (9.2).

14. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a second force applying means (9) which has a second resilient element (9.2) which is incorporated behind the positioning piston (9.1) and which is capable of applying a force which is relatively big with respect to the force formed by the brake piston (8.3) when the engine brake is not activated, and relatively small when the engine brake is activated; and which keeps the movement member (3) away from the bridge (11) at a predetermined distance such that it will allow the bend (3.3) disposed in the movement member (3) to contact with the bridge (11) in the right position.

15. A rocker arm mechanism (1) as in Claim 1, characterized by a movement member (3) which, in the deactivation of the engine brake, returns to its normal operating position by the force formed by the second resilient element (9.2) subsequent to interrupting the oil feeding the brake piston (8.3) by means of the solenoid and opening the volume remaining behind the brake piston (8.3) to the atmosphere.

Description:
A ROCKER ARM MECHANISM Field of the Invention

The invention relates to a rocker arm mechanism which is capable of selectively adjusting the timing of opening or closing the intake or exhaust valve by shifting according to the crankshaft angle and by gradually changing the maximum valve opening, or which, again selectively, allows for engine braking by decompression by opening the exhaust valves before the compression stroke in internal combustion engines.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Internal combustion engines present one of the machines that convert chemical energy to mechanical energy with combustion. Internal combustion engines create a force as a result of combusting fossil fuels in the cylinder, which force enables them to perform a rotational movement. Internal combustion engines basically consist of an engine block, a cylinder head, a clutch shaft, a clutch lever, cylinders, pistons and a crankshaft. The preservation of the upper portion of the engine block is ensured by way of the cylinder head. The cylinder head is provided therein with igniters by which combustion takes place, intake valves for filling of the air- fuel mixture into the cylinder, and exhaust valves opened for transferring the exhaust gas formed after combustion to the outer environment.

Engine braking is a frequently used braking method particularly used in heavy commercial vehicles. Engine braking is the method in which braking of a vehicle is ensured without using a service brake. This method is based on the principle of using the rolling friction of the engine in order to reduce the vehicle speed. Even if the gas pedal is not stepped on while driving downhill and fuel is not delivered to the cylinders, the crankshaft of the engine will be forced to rotate due to the torque applied to wheels while gear is engaged. However, the crankshaft resists against rotation (due to the compression in cylinders and the resistance of the friction components). Due to such resistance, the wheels also roll slowly, causing the vehicle to slow down. Apart from this, downshifting causes the crankshaft to rotate faster despite the fact that vehicle speed remains unchanged. As the engine revolution increases, so does the rolling friction of the engine. Accordingly, low gear leads to higher engine braking force.

Particularly in heavy commercial vehicles, the continuous use of service brakes causes the maintenance frequency and operating costs to increase. Engine braking is used so as to avoid such increase in costs. Nevertheless, the engine brakes used in heavy commercial vehicles today are operated by hydraulic lock mechanism; and the engine braking performance can be adversely affected as a result of such parameters as oil temperature, engine speed, and cylinder pressure increasing hydraulic losses. In the systems capable of braking without the use of hydraulic lock mechanism, however, the risk of damage exists due to overloading of the components as they cannot provide sufficient force transmission area instantaneously during critical switches to/from engine brake opening/closing.

The Chinese Patent Application No. CN105736086 (A) in the state of the art discloses a combustion braking and pressure reduction braking combined engine braking method. In this design, the engine braking control module is not opened when the engine braking is not needed. The engine operates normally. Conventional ignition exhaust cam and a braking exhaust cam of an engine reduced pressure braking assembly are disposed on the first axial position of the spline camshaft. When the engine brake is operated, the engine throttle valve is partly opened and fuel injection takes place. The engine decompression brake control module is operated so that the conventional ignition exhaust cam and the braking exhaust cam of the engine reduced pressure braking assembly will be moved to the second axial position of the spline camshaft. The engine brake exhaust cam drive actuates the exhaust valve for engine decompression.

In the U.S. Patent Application No. US2015204250 (Al) in the state of the art, a valve actuation mechanism for an internal combustion engine on an automotive vehicle is disclosed. The invention also relates to a truck equipped with a valve actuation mechanism. The valve actuation mechanism in this design comprises a camshaft rotatable around a longitudinal axis. The camshaft comprises several cams, each being dedicated to moving the valves of one cylinder of an internal combustion engine. Each cam has a cam profile which may comprise one or several “bumps”, i.e. valve lift sectors where the cam profile exhibits a bigger eccentricity with respect to axis than the base radius of the cam.

The British (United Kingdom) Patent Application No. GB2540736 (A) in the state of the art discloses a rocker arm assembly that opens only one exhaust valve during a braking event in drive (combustion) mode. In this design, the exhaust valve rocker arm assembly comprises an exhaust rocker arm that rotates about a rocker shaft. Exhaust valve rocker arm assembly further comprises a valve bridge, a valve assembly, and an engine brake actuator. The valve bridge engages a first and second exhaust valve associated with a cylinder of an engine. The exhaust rocker arm rotates around the rocker shaft based on a lift profile of a cam shaft. The exhaust valve rocker arm assembly can have an actuator assembly having an actuator lever, an actuator piston, an actuator spring and a registering bolt.

The present invention, however, allows for selectively changing the exhaust valve timing in internal combustion engines, preferably four-stroke internal combustion engines. Thus, engine braking is made by decompression through opening the exhaust valves prior to compression stroke. In doing so, a mechanism based on mechanical distance compensation is utilized instead of hydraulic lock mechanism; hence, the problem of being affected by the oil condition is overcome. The problems regarding oil filling at high engine speeds is also eliminated thanks to the continuous activated state. With the present invention, the frictional differences between cylinders are reduced and with a more stable engine brake operation, reduced crankshaft torsional vibrations are formed. With a design safe against breakdown during critical switches (opening/closing), the overloading of the mechanism is prevented. The invention is not limited to the exhaust valves and engine brakes; rather, it can be adapted to other replaceable valve timing systems as well.

Objects of the Invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a rocker arm mechanism which allows for selectively changing the exhaust valve timing in internal combustion engines.

And another object of the present invention is to provide a rocker arm mechanism which performs engine braking by decompression through opening the exhaust valves prior to compression stroke.

Summary of the Invention

The rocker arm mechanism which has been embodied for achieving the objects of the present invention and which is defined in the first claim as well as the other dependent claims is preferably provided with a rocker arm. One side of said rocker arm is in communication with the camshaft while the other side is engaged with the exhaust valve. A hole is made in an area close to the middle portion of the rocker arm so that the rocker shaft will be positioned therein. The rocker arm transfers the movement that it receives from the camshaft around said hole axis, to the exhaust valve. The side of the rocker arm in connection with the exhaust valve is provided with a movement member. Said movement member is capable of rotating clockwise or counterclockwise around its own axis by means of a rotating bracket. The movement member in this embodiment of the invention is able to perform such rotations via a first force applying means and a second force applying means.

Detailed description of the Invention

The rocker arm mechanism which has been developed for achieving the objects of the present invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1. Perspective view of the rocker arm mechanism along with the camshaft and rocker shaft.

Fig. 2. Perspective view of the rocker arm mechanism from an angle.

Fig. 3. Perspective view of the rocker arm mechanism from another angle.

Fig. 4. Perspective view of the rocker arm mechanism from another angle.

Fig. 5. Perspective view of the rocker arm mechanism from another angle.

Fig. 6. Perspective view of the rocker arm mechanism along with the exploded view of the first force applying means.

Fig. 7. Perspective view of the movement member, the first force applying means, and the second force applying means.

Fig. 8. Cross-sectional view of the movement member within the rocker arm mechanism when the engine brake is closed.

Fig. 9. Cross-sectional view of the movement member within the rocker arm mechanism when the engine brake is opened.

Fig. 10. Perspective view of the movement member. The parts in the drawings are enumerated individually and the reference numbers corresponding thereto are presented below.

1. Rocker arm mechanism

2. Rocker arm

3. Movement member

3.1. First extension 3.2. Second extension

3.3. Bend

3.4. Plane

4. Rotating bracket

5. Main rotator

6. Main rotator support

7. Oil plug

8. First force applying means

8.1. Force piston

8.2. First resilient element

8.3. Brake piston

9. Second force applying means

9.1. Positioning piston

9.2. Second resilient element

10. Bushing

11. Bridge

12. Adjusting pin

13. Fastening element

A. Camshaft

B. Rocker shaft

C. Exhaust valve

The rocker arm mechanism (1) which is capable of selectively adjusting the timing of opening or closing the intake or exhaust valve (C) by shifting according to the crankshaft angle and by gradually changing the maximum valve opening, or which, again selectively, allows for engine braking by decompression by opening the exhaust valves (C) before the compression stroke in internal combustion engines, basically comprises:

at least one rocker arm (2) which is engaged with the camshaft (A) from one side and with the exhaust valve (C) from the other side thereof and which transfers the movement formed by means of the camshaft (A) to the exhaust valve (C), and

at least one movement member (3) which is connected to the side of the rocker arm (2) engaged with the exhaust valve (C) and capable of rotating clockwise or counterclockwise around an axis; and which permits optionally changing the opening and closing time and interval of the valves by applying a force to the exhaust valve (C) as a consequence of such rotation in the direction of the axis in which the exhaust valve (C) moves, changing the position of the exhaust valve (C) in said axis independent of the movement received from the camshaft (A) and relatively.

The rocker arm mechanism (1) in an embodiment of the invention is preferably provided with a rocker arm (2). Said rocker arm (2) is engaged with the camshaft (A) from one side and with the exhaust valve (C) from the other side thereof. The side of the rocker arm (2) in connection with the exhaust valve (C) is provided with a movement member (3). Said movement member (3) is rotatable clockwise or counterclockwise and/or slidable in axial direction by means of a rotating bracket (4) passing through its middle portion. Both sides of the rotating bracket (4) are connected to the side of the rocker arm (2) in engagement with the exhaust valve (C). In the middle portion of the rotating bracket (4), there exists a movement member (3). The movement member (3) is in engagement with the rotating bracket (4) and capable of rotating about the rotating bracket (4) freely. In order for the rocker arm (2) to be driven by the cams disposed in the camshaft (A) in a time- dependent manner, there exist a main rotator (5) at the side of the rocker arm (2) in engagement with the camshaft (A). Said main rotator (5), in turn, is in connection with the rocker arm (2) by a main rotator support (6). Similar to the movement member (3), the main rotator (5) is also capable of rotating freely about the main rotator support (6) in both directions. The contact surface permanently changes thanks to the engagement of the main rotator (5) with the camshaft (A), and to the fact that the main rotator (5) rotates around its own axis every time it contacts with the camshaft (A). The movement member (3) provided in this embodiment of the invention is moved clockwise or counterclockwise by way of a first force applying means (8) and a second force applying means (9). The axis which passes through the center of the movement member (3) and is perpendicular to the movement direction of the exhaust valve (C) is provided with the first force applying means (8) at one side and with the second force applying means (9) at the other side thereof. The movement member (3) is in direct engagement with said first force applying means (8) and second force applying means (9). The first force applying means (8) in this embodiment of the invention is configured such that it will be activated when preferred and rotate the movement member (3) in a direction by applying a force on the movement member (3). In this embodiment of the invention, the second force applying means (9) is passive, i.e. it applies a force on the movement member (3) only at a determined strength in reverse direction to the direction in which the first force applying means (8) rotates the movement member (3). In other words, in case the movement member (3) is rotated in a direction by means of the first force applying means (8), then the second force applying means (9) applies a rotational force on the movement member (3) in the other direction, thereby trying to make the movement member (3) assume its original position.

The rocker arm mechanism (1) in this embodiment of the invention can be described in further detail as below. Provided in the middle portion of the rocker arm (2) is a hole through which the rocker shaft (B) can pass. The rocker shaft (B) is passed through said hole; thus, the movement received by the rocker arm (2) from the camshaft (A) is transmitted to the exhaust valve (C). The rocker arm (2) has a bushing (10) in the hole, into which the rocker shaft (B) is introduced. Said bushing (10) is arranged between the rocker shaft (B) fixed in the cylinder head and the hole mentioned above. As mentioned above, there exists a main rotator (5) which rotates about the main rotator support (6) in order to avoid wearing out likely to result from the high force formed during the transmission of the cam profile disposed in the camshaft (A). The rocker arm (2) is provided with a movement member (3) which is rotatable about a rotating bracket (4) at the side of the bridge (11) enabling both the exhaust valves (C) thereof to be opened simultaneously; and which also comprises, in a way to pass through its center, a first extension (3.1) as well as a second extension (3.2) which is in contact with the bridge (11) when the engine brake is not activated, said extensions being arranged at two sides thereof serving as a contact interface so that it will perform pushing, pulling, or rotating movements with the first force applying means (8) and the second force applying means (9). The movements of the movement member (3), on the other hand, are performed by the first force applying means (8) and the second force applying means (9) as mentioned above. The first force applying means (8) preferably consists of a force piston (8.1), a first resilient element (8.2), and a brake piston (8.3). The second force applying means (9), on the other hand, preferably consists of a positioning piston

(9.1) and a second resilient element (9.2). In the rocker arm (2), there exists a second force applying means (9) which has a positioning piston (9.1) which is in contact with the movement member (3) in a way to control the position of the movement member (3) and a second resilient element (9.2) preloading this positioning piston

(9.1). The rocker arm (2) is further provided therein with a first force applying means (8) which has a brake piston (8.3), a force piston (8.1) capable of moving axially inside the brake piston (8.3), and a first resilient element (8.2) capable of preloading between the force piston (8.1) and the brake piston (8.3).

In the rocker arm mechanism (1) provided in this embodiment of the invention, the rocker arm (2) preferably has channels with various diameters and sizes which allow the fluid to reach the components that are hydraulically controlled and to oil the components that are in contact therewith, and oil plugs (7) which serve for creating pressure by closing the areas through which said channels open to the atmosphere.

In the rocker arm mechanism (1) in this embodiment of the invention, in order to ensure that the distance between the bridge (11) and movement member (3) is adjustable, there exist an adjusting pin (12) which is attached on one of the exhaust valves (C) in a spaced manner and enables the vertical position of the bridge (11) to be adjusted by being engaged in the thread provided in the area coinciding with the exhaust valve (C), and a fastening element (13) enabling said adjusting pin (12) to be secured at the end of adjustment.

In the normal operating mode of the engine provided in this embodiment of the invention, the exhaust valves (C) are required to be opened only during the exhaust stroke. The transmission of the peaks, which are required for the operation of the engine brake disposed on the camshaft (A), to the exhaust valves (C) as movement during normal operating conditions must be prevented. In order to achieve this, a space at least as high as said peaks must be provided between the bridge (11) and movement member (3). The movement member (3) is provided with a first extension (3.1) and a second extension (3.2) at two separate sides of the axis which passes through the center of the movement member (3) and is perpendicular to the movement direction of the exhaust valve (C). The first extension (3.1) is in direct engagement with the first force applying means (8) while the second extension (3.2) is in direct engagement with the second force applying means (9). There is a difference between the radial distances of the bend (3.3), provided on the movement member (3), and the plane (3.4) with respect to the axis of the rotating bracket (4) around which the movement member (3) is capable of moving clockwise and counterclockwise, said distance being at least as much as the size of the valve opening to which the peak, which is disposed on the camshaft (A) and required for the operation of the engine brake, corresponds. In other words, the movement member (3) has a bend (3.3) and plane (3.4) between the radial distances, with respect to the center of main rotator support (6), which enables the space between the camshaft (A) and main rotator (5) to be selectively adjusted and around which the main rotator (5) is capable of rotating clockwise and counterclockwise, of which there exists a difference at least as much as the size of the exhaust valve opening defined during engine braking. When the engine brake is not activated, i.e. during the normal operating mode, the second extension (3.2) is in contact with the bridge (11). The movement member (3) is also in contact with a positioning piston (9.1) preloaded by the second resilient element (9.2). Upon the force applied by this positioning piston (9.1), the second extension (3.2) disposed in the movement member (3) becomes in linear contact with the bridge (11). When the camshaft (A) moves the rocker arm (2) towards the bridge (11) by way of the main rotator (5), the second resilient element (9.2) is compressed and the distance between the movement member (3) plane (3.4) and bridge (11). By this means, the bridge (11) can be maintained stably without being moved.

In the engine provided in this embodiment of the invention, the movement member (3) is required to be taken from the position in Fig. 8 to the position in Fig. 9 in case the engine brake is preferred to be activated. In order to perform this operation, the movement member (3) is moved by the force piston (8.1) with a larger force than that of the second resilient element (9.2). The fluid selectively delivered, preferably from a solenoid-controlled valve mechanism reaches the force piston (8.1) pool in order to allow said movement. Here, the force piston (8.1) is designed taking its diameter and the minimum engine brake activation pressure of the second resilient element (9.2) into account. The distance between the bridge (11) and the movement member (3) disposed at the exhaust valve (C) side of the rocker arm (2) moved by the exhaust valve (C) timing profile changes during normal operating conditions, except for the exhaust stroke. Said changing distance is at a degree that will enable the movement member (3) to rotate at a limited time of the whole valve movement (during a given crank angle). During other times, this distance becomes quite smaller and nullified during the exhaust stroke. Therefore, the force piston (8.1) pool is completely filled with fluid for a full activation. There remains limited time for this filling operation depending on the engine speed. Since it is not possible move the movement member (3) physically during the exhaust stroke, the fluid delivered in the meantime is used for preloading the first resilient element (8.2). The first resilient element (8.2) preloaded in the exhaust stroke applies a force on the movement member (3) after the exhaust valves (C) are closed and makes the movement member (3) assume the position in Fig. 9 for a brief time, thereby enabling the engine brake to be opened. Subsequent to the activation of the engine brake in this embodiment of the invention, there is a linear contact between the second extension (3.2) of the movement member (3) and the bridge (11). This contact can be transformed into a surface contact by adding a cavity on the surface of the bridge (11) with the same radius. Similarly, the contact surface can be optimized by providing the first extension (3.1) and the second extension (3.2) disposed on the movement member (3) with various geometries provided that the difference in their distances to the center of the movement member (3) will be preserved. When the engine brake is activated, the distance between the bridge (11) and the movement member (3) is shorter than that in the normal operating condition of the engine. The first extension (3.1) of the movement member (3) is selected with fixed radius with respect to the center of the rotating bracket (4), and thus preventing the formation of torque upon the engine braking forces acting on the movement member (3) and it is prevented from assuming the normal operating position, i.e. the position of the movement member (3) illustrated in Fig. 8. The radius can be increased at a certain degree at the continuation of the first extension (3.1) with fixed radius on the movement member (3). Thus, the movement member (3), during the engine braking operation, rotates a little more towards the position shown in Fig. 9, and making up this distance.

In this embodiment of the invention, as the main rotator (5) will follow the cam on the camshaft (A) a little closer at a predetermined degree when the engine brake is engaged, normal closing time of the exhaust valves (C) is delayed and the maximum exhaust valve (C) opening is increased. Since the piston gets closer to the top dead center at the end of the exhaust stroke, it is important that the safe distance between the piston and the exhaust valve (C) is maintained by way of a pocket in the pistons, or by closing the engine brake henceforth. In order to pass from the fixed-radius bend (3.3) shown in Fig. 10 to the plane (3.4), the normal operating portion, so as to be able to close the engine brake in every exhaust cycle by making use of the relative angle formed by the rocker arm (2) with a horizontal direction every time the exhaust valve (C) gets close to maximum valve opening, the movement member (3) leans against a reference point in the rocker arm (2) near an angle that is close to the maximum relative angle formed by the movement member (3) with the rocker arm (2) when the engine brake is activated, the movement member (3) being in between the first extension (3.1) and the plane (3.4) in the meantime. In other words, maximum angle of the movement member (3) in the position shown in Fig. 9 is defined depending on the form. Thanks to remaining at the fixed radius in terms of relative shifting angle formed between the rocker arm (2) and the movement member (3) when the exhaust valves (C) reach the engine brake opening, the exhaust valves (C) are kept open while the piston gets close to the top dead center; however, the movement member (3) returning its position shown in Fig. 8 subsequent to additional shifting to occur in an area close to the exhaust valve (C) opening enables the exhaust valves (C) to be closed as in normal operating mode of the engine. After the exhaust valves (C) are closed, the engine brake is activated again, repeating this operation in every cycle. When the engine brake is engaged, the positioning piston (9.1) and the rocker arm (2) are in contact with the movement member (3). In the meantime, the torque created by the force formed on the movement member (3) by the second resilient element (9.2) is less than that created by the brake piston (8.3).

While the bend (3.3) disposed in this embodiment of the invention is in contact with the bridge (11) and plane (3.4) at a safe angular distance when the engine brake is opened, the movement member (3) is at the same time in contact with the positioning piston (9.1). At this moment, the torque created on the movement member (3) by the brake piston (8.3) is bigger, in every operation angle, than the torque in reverse direction created by the second resilient element (9.2) and tends to cause the movement member (3) to rest against the rocker arm (2). The second resilient element (9.2) which is incorporated behind the positioning piston (9.1) and which is capable of applying a force which is relatively big with respect to the force formed by the brake piston (8.3) when the engine brake is not activated, and relatively small when the latter is activated, keeps the movement member (3) away from the bridge (11) at a predetermined distance such that it will allow the bend (3.3) disposed in the movement member (3) to contact with the bridge (11) in the right position. Hence, the relative angle that will be formed even in maximum exhaust valve (C) opening when the engine brake is activated will compress the second resilient element (9.2) and the movement member (3) will rotate around its own axis instead of sliding on the bridge (11). When the engine brake is engaged, the positioning piston (9.1) and the movement member (3) are in contact with one another. In the meantime, the torque created by the force formed on the movement member (3) by the second resilient element (9.2) is less than that created by the brake piston (8.3) whereas the torque resulting from the forces formed by the second resilient element (9.2) on the positioning piston (9.1) is equal to the torque created by the force formed by the brake piston (8.3).

In this embodiment of the invention, in the activation of the engine brake, the oil feeding the brake piston (8.3) pool is interrupted by means of the solenoid when the engine brake is closed by the driver or control unit, and the volume remaining behind the brake piston (8.3) opens to the atmosphere. As of this moment, the force created by the second resilient element (9.2) makes the movement member (3) assume the position shown in Fig. 8, i.e. the normal operating position. As a result, normal exhaust valve (C) activation is performed.