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Title:
ROTARY TO LINEAR TORQUE TRANSMISSION DEVICE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/212925
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A torque transmission device has a pinion that includes a plurality of rollers that mesh with a plurality of teeth of an output. Each roller is supported by a bearing having rotating bearing elements. A clearance compensation for the diametrical difference between a diameter of each roller and an inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements is included in the plurality of teeth of the output such that there is no interference between the plurality of rollers and the plurality of teeth.

Inventors:
KLIBER, Anthony Will (4820 159th Ave. NW, Andover, Minnesota, 55304, US)
KLAEHN, Isaac Kenneth (7995 Kimbro Ave. N, Stillwater, Minnesota, 55082, US)
BERGE, Daniel Robert (166 Woodridge Lane, Lino Lakes, Minnesota, 55014, US)
Application Number:
US2019/029556
Publication Date:
November 07, 2019
Filing Date:
April 29, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NEXEN GROUP, INC. (560 Oak Grove Parkway, Vadnais Heights, Minnesota, 55127, US)
International Classes:
F16H19/04; F16H55/10; F16H55/28
Foreign References:
JPS62220763A1987-09-28
US20110239795A12011-10-06
EP0851150A11998-07-01
JP2017100819A2017-06-08
US6023989A2000-02-15
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KAMRATH, Alan D. (55 Madison Avenue, Suite 400Morristown, New Jersey, 07960, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A torque transmission device comprising:

an output having teeth; and

a pinion having a plurality of rollers that mesh with the teeth of the output, wherein each roller is supported by a bearing having rotating bearing elements and each bearing includes a clearance between the roller and the rotating bearing elements, wherein the clearance creates an interference between at least one roller and at least one tooth of the teeth of the output, and wherein the teeth of the output include a clearance compensation that is equal to the diametrical difference between a diameter of each roller and an inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements.

2. The device of claim 1, wherein the plurality of rollers travels in a trochoidal motion and parametric equations for a trochoid that provide clearance compensation are:

where X is the value of a trochoid on a horizontal axis, Y is the value of the trochoid on a vertical y-axis, R is the radius of a circle, Q is the angle through which the circle is rotated, PCD is the distance between the center of the circle and a shifted profile line, d is a roller diameter, and c is the clearance compensation.

3. The device of claim 1, wherein the teeth are defined in a rack or gear.

4. The device of claim 1, wherein the bearings are needle bearings.

5. A method of compensating for dimensional clearances in a torque

transmission device, comprising: providing a rack having a plurality of teeth;

providing a pinion having a plurality of rollers that mesh with the plurality of teeth of the rack;

providing a bearing to rotationally support each roller, with each bearing having rotating bearing elements, wherein each bearing includes a dimensional clearance between the roller and the rotating bearing elements that creates an interference between at least one roller and at least one tooth of the plurality of teeth of the rack; and

providing a clearance compensation between the plurality of rollers and the bearings of the plurality of rollers of the pinion,

wherein the clearance compensation is based upon a diametrical difference between a diameter of each roller and an inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the plurality of rollers travels in a trochoidal motion and parametric equations for a trochoid that provide clearance compensation are:

sinf Q) d— c s n

,P , sini ) * (:

Y = R - PCD * cos(0) + (- PCB )

(sin(0 PCD * sin( ) where X is the value of a trochoid on a horizontal axis, Y is the value of the trochoid on a vertical y-axis, R is the radius of a circle, Q is the angle through which the circle is rotated, PCD is the distance between the center of the circle and a shifted profile line, d is a roller diameter, and c is the clearance compensation.

7. The method of claim 5, wherein the bearings are needle bearings.

AMENDED CLAIMS

received by the International Bureau on 14 October 2019 (14.10.2019)

1. A torque transmission device (1) including:

an output having teeth (4); and

a pinion (7) having a plurality of rollers (6) that mesh with the teeth (4) of the output, wherein each roller (6) is supported by a bearing (10) having rotating bearing elements and each bearing includes a clearance (C) between the roller (6) and the rotating bearing elements, wherein the clearance creates an interference between at least one roller (6) and at least one tooth of the teeth (4) of the output, and

characterized in that the teeth (4) of the output include a clearance compensation (c) that is equal to the diametrical difference between a diameter of each roller (6) and an inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements.

2. The device of claim 1, wherein the plurality of rollers (6) travels in trochoidal motion and parametric equations for a trochoid that provide the clearance compensation (c) are:

. , . PCD * cos{9 )— R..

. sm{$) { d c ) * ( ea * sin (9) ^

Y = R— PCD * cos(S ) f ( - j·) * {- )

{L , ^CD * cos{9) - ,,4

(sm(e)2)2

1 · + 1 PCD * sin(e) where X is the value of a trochoid on a horizontal axis, Y is the value of the trochoid on a vertical y-axis, R is the radius of a circle, Q is the angle through which the circle is rotated, PCD is the distance between the center of the circle and a center of the inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements, d is a roller diameter, and c is the clearance compensation.

3. The device of claim 1, wherein the teeth (4) are defined in a rack (5) or gear.

4. The device of claim 1, wherein the bearings (10) are needle bearings.

5. A method of compensating for dimensional clearances in a torque transmission device, including:

providing a rack (5) having a plurality of teeth (4); and

providing a pinion (7) having a plurality of rollers (6) that mesh with the plurality of teeth (4) of the rack (5):

providing a bearing (10) to rotationally support each roller (6), with each bearing (10) having rotating bearing elements, wherein each bearing (10) includes a dimensional clearance (C) between the roller and the rotating bearing elements that creates an interference between at least one roller (6) and at least one tooth of the plurality of teeth (4) of the rack (5);

the method characterized in:

providing a clearance compensation (c) between the plurality of rollers and the bearings (10) of the plurality of rollers (6) of the pinion (7),

wherein the clearance compensation (c) is based upon a diametrical difference between a diameter of each roller (6) and an inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the plurality of rollers (6) travels in trochoidal motion and parametric equations for a trochoid that provide the clearance compensation (c) are:

where X is the value of a trochoid on a horizontal axis, Y is the value of the trochoid on a vertical y-axis, R is the radius of a circle, Q is the angle through which the circle is rotated, PCD is the distance between the center of the circle and a center of the inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements, d is a roller diameter, and c is the clearance compensation.

7. The method of claim 5, wherein the bearings (10) are needle bearings.

Description:
Rotary to Linear Torque Transmission Device

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a rotary to linear torque transmission device and, more particularly, to a linear torque transmission device having a pinion that includes a plurality of rollers each supported by a bearing, with the plurality of rollers meshing with a plurality of teeth of an output, and with the device including a feature on the plurality of teeth that compensates for a radial clearance in the bearing.

BACKGROUND

Advances in transmission devices for converting rotary motion and torque to linear motion have found recent success in the industrial automation market. For example, U.S. Patent No. 6,023,989 discloses a transmission device for converting a torque between rotary movement and linear movement. In particular, the transmission device disclosed therein includes a rack having a plurality of teeth and a pinion having rollers that mesh with the teeth of the rack. The industrial automation market is continually demanding products having higher precision to use in their machines. Thus, a need exists for a rotary to linear torque transmission device with enhanced motion precision.

SUMMARY

In an aspect of the invention, a torque transmission device includes a pinion having a plurality of rollers that mesh with teeth of an output. Each roller is supported by a bearing having rotating bearing elements. Each bearing includes a clearance between the roller and the rotating bearing elements, and the clearance may create an interference between at least one roller and at least one tooth of the teeth of the output. The teeth of the output include a clearance compensation that is equal to the diametrical difference between a diameter of each roller and an inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements, therefore, eliminating the chance of interference. In another aspect of the invention, a method of compensating for dimensional clearances in a torque transmission device includes providing a rack having a plurality of teeth and a pinion having a plurality of rollers that mesh with the teeth of the rack. The method also includes providing bearings to rotationally support each roller, with each bearing having rotating bearing elements and with each bearing including a dimensional clearance that may create an interference between at least one roller and at least one tooth of the rack if not compensated for. In addition, the method includes providing a clearance compensation between the plurality of rollers and the bearings with the clearance compensation determined based upon the diametrical difference between a diameter of each roller and an inscribed diameter of the associated rotating bearing elements and applied to the teeth of the rack.

The illustrative embodiments will become clearer in light of the following detailed description described in connection with the drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The illustrative embodiments may best be described by reference to the accompanying drawings where:

Figure 1 shows a partial view of a conventional torque transmission device including a rack having a plurality of teeth and a pinion in which rollers are provided to mesh with the teeth of the rack.

Figure 2 is an enlarged view of enclosed section E of Figure 1 and depicts a model of conventional torque transmission device technology.

Figure 3 shows a clearance C between the roller and bearing supporting the roller, and an interference A created due to a lack of compensation for the clearance in a traditional torque transmission device.

Figure 4 depicts a form of tooth 4 A that accurately transmits the rotary motion of the pinion into linear motion on a rack without unwanted interference.

Figure 5 depicts a form of tooth 4A from Figure 4 including reference to terms in parametric equations including clearance compensation.

Figure 6 is a chart showing position versus error of a torque transmission device in accordance with the invention before and after clearance compensation. All figures are drawn for ease of explanation of the basic teachings of the present invention only; the extensions of the figures with respect to number, position, relationship, and dimensions of the parts to form the illustrative embodiments will be explained or will be within the skill of the art after the following description has been read and understood. Further, the exact dimensions and dimensional proportions to conform to specific force, weight, strength, and similar requirements will likewise be within the skill of the art after the following description has been read and understood.

DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENTS

Referring to Fig. 1 , a torque transmission device 1 has a rack 5 having a plurality of teeth 4 and a pinion 7 in which rollers 6 are provided to mesh with the teeth 4 of the rack 5 to rotationally move the pinion 7 in unison with the input shaft 2. With rotary movement of the pinion 7, the rack 5 is slidingly driven. In this regard, the disclosure of U.S. Patent No. 6,023,989 is hereby incorporated herein by reference, with the same reference numbers being utilized herein.

Referring to Figure 2, a schematic of a model of conventional torque

transmission device technology such as that described in U.S. Patent No. 6,023,989 is shown. Particularly, as shown in Figure 2, the rollers 6 are fully supported by

corresponding bearings 10 and one tangent at location T to the surface of the tooth 4 in the torque transmission device 1.

It is known that, in a torque transmission device such as that described in U.S. Patent No. 6,023,989, the rollers 6 or rolling elements travel in a trochoidal motion that create a tooth profile with the governing parametric equations of:

. where X is the value of a trochoid on a horizontal x-axis, Y is the value of the trochoid on a vertical y-axis, R is the radius of a circle that the pinion will roll on in a trochoidal motion, Q is the angle through which the circle is rotated, and PCD is the distance between center of the circle and a shifted profile line, and d is the radius of roller 6.

It was found by the inventors herein that different size bearings 10 created different clearances between rollers 6 and the inscribed circle created by bearing 10 and created different inaccuracies that were not accountable in predictive math models. Based upon this, the inventors herein found that there is another source of error that was undiscovered. Referring to Figure 3, rollers 6 (for purposes of illustration, rollers 6A, 6B, 6C are shown) are supported by some type of bearing 10, most commonly needle bearings 10. These bearings 10 must have some clearance to compensate for machining tolerances and for part tolerances and to operate the bearing per the manufacturers’ recommendations. The clearance causes the rollers 6 to not be located at the exact center of the rolling diameter where all traditional math models assume the center is located. However, two of the rollers (i.e. rollers 6A and 6B) shift out causing the middle roller 6C to contact the root of the tooth 4. This contact creates a clearance C and an interference area A and introduces an accuracy error. Thus, the model described in connection with Figure 2 does not compensate for the clearance between the rollers 6 and the inscribed circles created by the supporting bearings 10.

The present invention compensates for the clearance between the rollers 6 and the supporting bearings 10. According to the present invention, a clearance component is added to the parametric equations:

where X is the value of a trochoid on a horizontal axis, Y is the value of the trochoid on a vertical y-axis, R is the radius of a circle, Q is the angle through which the circle is rotated, PCD is the distance between the center of the circle and shifted profile line, d is the roller size, and c is a clearance compensation. In accordance with the invention, the clearance compensation is the diametrical difference between the diameter 12 of the roller 6 and the inscribed diameter 14 of rotating bearing elements such as needle rollers 16 in the needle bearing 10.

Referring to Figures 4 and 5, utilizing this math model provides a form of tooth 4A that accurately transmits the rotary motion of the pinion (i.e. roller 6 and bearings 10) into linear motion on racks 5 without unwanted interference at the root B of teeth 4A.

Figure 6 is a chart of position verses error of the torque transmission device L with this roller compensation and also without this roller compensation. Figure 5 shows there is a substantial improvement in the accuracy of the torque transmission device 1 between before compensation BC and after compensation AC.

Thus, since the invention disclosed herein may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or general characteristics thereof, some of which forms have been indicated, the embodiments described herein are to be considered in all respects illustrative and not restrictive. The scope of the invention is to be indicated by the appended claims, rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are intended to be embraced therein.