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Title:
SUCTION/COMPRESSION ROTATING MECHANISM, ROTARY COMPRESSOR AND ROTARY ENGINE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/082095
Kind Code:
A2
Inventors:
NGUYEN HAI (VN)
Application Number:
VN2019/000011
Publication Date:
April 23, 2020
Filing Date:
July 08, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
NGUYEN HAI (VN)
International Classes:
F04C18/16
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Rotary suction/compression mechanism includes: a- the pump chamber is two connected cylinders whose center line is parallel to each other, two axes located at the center lines of the two cylinders, which are driven by a pair of matching gears; two bearing plates are fastened on two axes and located in the middle of the pump chamber; these bearing plate have a diameter equal to the inner diameter of the pump chamber, with two bearing plates on a working stage; b- with two pump walls on a working stage, on the pump walls with cylinders protruding from the pump wall, entering the space between the two pistons on the same side of the piston bearing plate, the top of the cylinder is close to the side surface of the bearing plates, the center line of the cylinders coincides with the center line of the pump axes, the outer diameter of the cylinders is equal to the inner diameter of the pistons; the side corresponding to the other axis, cylinder surface there is a concave arc with a radius equal to the outer radius of the piston; center line of concave arc coincides with the center line of other side axis of the pump case; there are 4 cylinders on a working stages; c- the pistons are mounted in pair symmetrically across the sides of the bearing plate and symmetrically through the centerline of the compressor shaft; the outer diameter of the piston by the diameter of the bearing plate and by the inner diameter of the pump chamber; the inner diameter of the piston is equal to the outer diameter of the cylinders protruding from the pump chamber wall as mentioned in section b above; when operating the piston blocks will rotate around 02 pump shafts paralleled through the bearing plates and rotate in the .space between the inner surface of the compressor casing and the outer surface of the cylinders; the base curve for creating the profile of piston top is created by letting point A rotating around point o in a plane parallel to the plane B and passing through two points o and p with oq radius; plane B rotates around point p with the same angular velocity as that of point A but in the opposite direction; point A will draw on the B plane a curve, which is the base curve to create the profile of piston top and the bearing plate; profile of piston top the curver profile of piston top consists of two curves ab and be, where the curve ab is part of the base curve abd, which is the curve as mentioned in the previous section ; curve be is the symmetry of the remaining bd part of the base curve through the straight line ef that through the center of rotation T1 and point b; with piston lobes we always have H <(R1 + R2), this is the condition for the concave curver of cylinders Cl and C2 exists, i.e. the length mn> 0; the compression mechanism of this invention is added with cylinder C l and C2, which are mounted on the walls of the compressor chamber, they have the center axis coinciding with the rotation center of the piston blocks, the outer radius of the cylinders are equal with the inner radius of the piston blocks; these cylinders are cut a concave arc with a radius equal to the outer radius of the piston blocks and the center of the arc coincides with the center of rotation of the opposite piston blocks; the length of the cylinder is equal to the width of the pistons, which makes the sealing of the fully piston blocks as "surface" contact and the tightness of the compressor significantly increased compared to the existing lobed compressors current; that mounting of symmetrical pistons on the bearing plate is for the entire rotary movement of the compressor to be fully balanced, the compressor can operate in high rotation mode, providing high durability and large flow of compressor

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profile of the bearing plate and the basic parameters the bearing plate is a metal plate with its thickness much smaller than the thickness of the piston, the bearing plate is mounted on the rotating shaft of the compressor in the middle position of the compression chamber, located between the two ends of the cylinders Cl and C2; the front edge of the bearing plate is similar in structure to that of the piston head, but there is a much smaller curve be, the curve be on profile of bearing plates top is purpose only " to blunt" to the sharp edge of the bearing plate; the R3 radius of the bearing plate can be considered approximate as the outer radius R1 of the bearing plate; the profile of the bearing plate is in fact a special case of the piston profile, when R1 + R2 = H, at this point the curve length mn = 0;

DV1 is the volume fraction limited by a profile of the bearing plate and the compressor case;

DV2 is the volume fraction between two pump axes limited by two boundary segments of the two bearing plates when they form a closed space; the outer radius of the plate is equal to the outer radius of the piston blocks,

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so generally the outer radius of piston blocks are Rl, which makes the working chamber of the compressor cylindrical simple, quite similar to the machine chamber of conventional screw air compressors or lobe blower, their manufacturing is simple and nothing special; combining both piston and bearing plate, there are the following basic parameters: the compression ratio of the compressor is E: E = (PV1 + DV1)/(PV2 + DV2) the flow of the compressor is V: V = 4 (PV1 + DV1) * spin speed distance between two H-axes may fluctuate in the range of:

H = 1.35R1 to 1.75R1 internal radius of piston R2 may fluctuate in the range of:

R2 = 0.45R1 to 0.8R1 radius R3 divides the profile of piston top in the range of:

R3 - R2 + 0.5(R1 - R2) to R3 = R2 + 0.6(R1 - R2)

E compression ratio will be: E = 6 to 30 the equation for calculating the trajectory of the base curve is: 1 cos(3p - 2a)

By = H.sin (a - b ) + R1.sin( 3b - 2a) in which: angle opd = b angle opa = g angle opb = a a is the variable angle when point B runs on the base curve, a has the initial value is b when point B coincides with point d, and the final value is g when point B coincides with point a;

R1 is the outer radius of the piston;

R2 is the inner radius of the piston;

H is the distance between two shaft;

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the base curve is the curve ad.

2. The suction/compression mechanism in accordance with the claim 1 , wherein this compression device also has: a- the scanning bars are placed on the inside of the pump casing to seal the gap between the outside of the piston and the inside of the pump chamber; b- the scanning bars are placed around the circumference of the cylinder to seal the gap between the outer surface of the cylinder and the inner surface of the piston on

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the same pump shaft; c- the scanning bars are placed on the concave surface of the cylinder to seal the gap between the concave surface of the cylinder and the outside of the piston on the opposite axis; d- sealing rings placed at the ends of the cylinders to seal the gap between the head face of the cjylinder and the side of the piston plate; e- the scanning bars are placed on the inside of the pump casing to seal the gap between the outside of the piston and the inside of the pump chamber; f- the sealing parts are placed continuously around the small diameter cylinder section of the bearing plate to seal the gap between the small cylinder section of the bearing plate on one axis with the large diameter portion of the bearing plate on other axis.

3. Air compressors include a suction/compression mechanism in accordance with

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the claim 1, wherein this mechanism operates in compression mode.

4. The rotary motor consists of a number of successive compression floors with suction/compression mechanisms in accordance with the claim 1 or claim 2 above to produce high pressure compressed air, which is then mixed with fuel and combusted in a combustion chamber located outside of the force-generating floor.

5. The motor rotates in accordance with the claim 4, where the fuel mixture after being combusted is divided into closed chambers with rotating air valves, from which to expand in some floors of parallelism the structure is created from the i

suction/compression devices according to point 1 or point 2, wherein the suction/compression mechanisms in these floors of activity operate in engine mode, expand to generate force.

6. The rotary motor in accordance with the claim 5, in which the fuel gas mixture after being combusted is expanded directly into a number of successive force generating floors constructed from the suction/compression mechanisms in accordance with the claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the suction/compression mechanisms in these stages of activity operate in engine mode, expand generating the force.

Description:
SUCTION/COMPRESSION ROTATING MECHANISM, ROTARY

COMPRESSOR AND ROTARY ENGINE

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to highly efficient suction and compression rotating mechanisms, particularly the compression mechanism with piston blocks mounted on two axes and driven by a pair of matching gears in the field of compressors and vacuums or hydraulic system such as oil pump, hydraulic motor, hydraulic gearbox, specifically there is application that uses this mechanism to create one rotary motor with multi compression stages, force-generating stages and continuous fuel burning regime.

BACKGROUND ART

Currently there are many compression or vacuum rotary mechanism in practical use such as screw compressors, vane pumps, rotary lobe blowers, centrifugal fans, etc. Each type has its own strengths and weaknesses. For example, two-lobed rotary air blowers with large flow, simple structure but low pressure because of poor sealing, screw compressors have a relatively high working pressure but normally must be sealed with oil so should be mounted with complex oil filter system, etc.

Current rotary lobe air compressors such as air blowers, screw air compressors, sealing positions between the rotating lobe or between the rotary lobe and the compression chamber shell are usually exposed in the form of "line" as the contact of two curved surfaces with different radius of curvature. In general, rotary compressors or rotary vacuum have a simpler structure and higher flow than reciprocating types, but return-type compressors have difficulty iri keeping its working chambers sealed because it is hard to create the absolute precision and to place the parts that sealed the gap between the rotating core and the chamber wall or amongst the rotating cores together.

Engines with force-generating translational motion mechanisms have the following weaknesses:

- There must be a mechanism that turn translational motion to rotary motion such as a connecting rod, crank shaft, etc. This complicate the structure of the reciprocating engine, hight fabrication cost, engine is hard to maintain its dynamic balance, complex repair and maintenance mode.

- With the reciprocating motor, the intake air flow into the combustion chamber is not stable, in case of high speed rotation mode, the intake efficiency will be reduced by the inertia delay of the intake gas, and the ability of capacity increase is rapidly decreased in hight speed rotation mode. If you want to increase the engine capacity, must use the booster system attached.

- Power loss on translational moving parts increases by the squared scale of the number of motor turns. Generating large dynamic loads acting on engine supports also follows the same ratio, reducing the life of the engine parts.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

The purpose of this invention is to create a rotary compression mechanism with:

Simple structure, easy to fabricate; Less leakage and high efficiency;

Do not utilize lubricating oil or sealing oil;

Full rotation balance;

Large flow;

Balance the forces generated by the internal pressure of the pump;

Small friction;

Easily increase engine power.

To achieve the above goal, this invention provides a rotary compression mechanism with rotary lobes (similar to air blowers), but has special structures to increase the tightness. The new rotary lobe structure in this invention provides a close contact between curved surfaces with the same radius, which is a "surface-to- surface" contact with much better tightness than "line" contact. Note that the word "contact" here is a symbolic representation, because in fact it is necessary to avoid the actual contact between the rotating lobes or between the rotating lobes with the compression chamber to eliminate friction during working, which can cause destruction of compressor parts, further creating space for thermal expansion of compressor parts during working process. The "surface-to-surface" contact in the sealing positions facilitates the installation of sealing parts at all gaps between the rotating core and the pump chamber or among the rotating parts. Meanwhile, the profile of the rotating core do not need to be fabricated accurately while still not affecting the tightness of the pump chamber. However, the fact that the compression structure must be a solid structure, fully dynamic balance and simple fabrication, so the rotating lobe structure here is divided into two main parts:

-The main lobe. We can name it the rotating piston, as its sealing parts are all in the "surface-to-surface" form as in the reciprocating compressor piston. It is the main working part of the compression mechanism. These main rotary lobes are symmetrically mounted on both sides of the sub-lobes.

-The sub-lobes: It has the same structure as the rotary lobes in existing lobe compressors, the sealing position is in "line" contact. However, these sealing position are very small compared to all the sealing parts of the compression mechanism, so the sealing effect of the compression mechanism is higher than that of conventional rotary lobe mechanisms. Although this sub-lobes also partially engages in compression, its main use is to place the main rotary parts and to drive the main lobes. This sub-lobes section is mounted directly on the drive shaft. Here we will call them bearing plates.

In order for high efficiency of the compressor, this invention also provides a special profile for the top face of the piston and the bearing plates. Both have the same basic profile and these profiles are changed to suit their different working requirements and will be discussed later.

This invention also refers to rotary engines with a similar fuel combustion and force-generation expansion mode to gas turbines based on a rotary compression structure. This engine cycle is similar to the gas turbine cycle, which is the brayton cycle. The only difference with gas turbines is the operation of the gas in this place in the closed space, while the operation of the gas in the gas turbine is open space. The engine operates in such a mode that the intake air pressure is loaded by the pressure in the combustion chamber is much higher than the intake pressure of the automobile cycle engines. Thus, these rotary motors need more than one compression stage to achieve high load pressure and intake efficiency. There are two options for rotary motors using the new compression mechanism mentioned above. Both options work on the Brayton cycle.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

Figure 1A is a perspective drawing showing an overview of the general structure and the main details of the compressor in a separate state;

Figure IB is a longitudinal section showing details in the working position;

Figure 2 is a perspective drawing of removable parts that show the comparison of the thickness of pistons and piston plates;

Figure 3 is a schematic drawing showing how to create the baseline of piston

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profile and bearing plates;

Figure 4 is a schematic drawing showing the piston's boundary and the effects of basic parameters;

Figure 5 is a schematic drawing showing the edge of the bearing plate and basic parameters;

Figure 6 is a sectional view showing the locations where sealing bars can be installed;

Figure 7 is a schematic diagram of the engine principle according to option l ; Figure 8 is a schematic drawing showing the engine's operating stages according to option 1 ;

Figure 9 is a schematic drawing showing the engine operation principle according to option 2;

Figure 10 is a diagram showing the main profile trajectory of the piston and piston plate.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

Figure 1: Overview of the general structure and the main details of the compressor:

The pair of drive gears (1) is fastened on the two shafts (1 1), they drive the pistons to work together accordingly; The pump walls (2) and pump casing (4) are precisely assembled together thanks to the positioning brackets on the pump wall that forming the pump chamber; Ball bearings (5) are bearings that support axes, which are placed in cylinders (3) protruding from the pump wall (2); The springs (6) are also arranged in the cylinders (3) they always push the sealing rings (7) close to the side of the bearing plates (9) to seal the gap between the top face of the cylinders (3) and the side of the bearing plates (9);

The bearing plates (9) are fastened on the shaft (1 1 ) and the piston (8); The pistons (8) are symmetrically mounted on both sides of the plates (9) and symmetrically double through the center of rotation of the axes (1 1 ), which makes the whole block around the axes (1 1) balanced completely, while enhancing the bearing capacity of the whole unit during operation; The scanning bars (12) seal the gap between the inside of the piston (8) and the circumference of the cylinder

(3);

Scanning bars (13) seal the gap between the concave surface of the cylinder (3) and the out side of the opposite piston (8); The scanning bars ( 14) seal the gap between the inside of the pump chamber (4) and the outside of the piston (8); Sealing plates (10) seal the gap between the side surfaces of the piston (8) and the pump walls .

Figure 2: The image of comparison the thickness of the piston and piston plates

The thickness of the piston is D, the thickness of the bearing plate is d. The smaller the fatio of d/D, the better operation is, as long as it ensures the durability of the plate during operation of the pump.

Figure 3: Base curve for creating profile of the piston top and bearing plate

Suppose we have 3 points A, o, p and plane B. Point A rotates around point o in a plane parallel to plane B and passes through two points o and p with a oq radius. Plane B rotates around point p with the same angular velocity as that of point A but in opposite direction. Point A will draw on the B-plane a curve, which is the base curve to create the profile of the piston top and the bearing plate.

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(On the drawing: When point A rotates around point o with an angle a, and plane B also rotates around point p at an angle a but in the opposite direction, then the projection of point A on plane B is the curve sq). The oq turning radius of point A will be the outer radius of the piston or radius of the bearing plate.

Figure 4: Describe how to create piston profile and basic parameters Profile of piston top

In the above image, we have 4 symmetrical piston blocks in pairs, piston P I is symmetrical with piston P2 through the axis Tl , P3 piston is symmetrical with P4 piston block through axis T2. The piston blocks rotate in opposite directions in the space limited by compressor case and cylinders Cl and C2.

The profile of piston top consists of two curves ab and be, where the curve ab is part of the base curve abd, which is the curve as mentioned in the previous section. The curve be is the symmetry of the remaining bd part of the base curve through the straight line ef going through the center of rotation T2 and point b.

The profile at the other end of the piston is symmetrically aligned to the center of rotation so that the angle is created by two vertices of the piston and the center of rotation is 90 degrees. The angle gkh will be 90 degrees

With the piston lobe we always have H <(R1 + R2), this is the condition for the segment of the concave curve on cylinders Cl and C2 exists, i.e. the length mn > 0.

This new compression mechanism has added cylinders C l and C2, which f

are mounted on the walls of the compressor chamber, having the center axis coinciding with the center of rotation of the piston blocks, the outer radius of the cylinders respectively with internal radius of piston blocks. These cylinders are concave cut by arc mn with radius corresponding to the outer radius of the piston blocks and the center of the arc mn coincides with the center of rotation of the opposite piston blocks. The length of cylinder is equal to the width of the piston blocks. This makes the sealing of fully piston blocks a "surface-to-surface" contact and the compressor's tightness significantly increased compared to existing rotary lobe compressors.

That mounting of symmetrical piston blocks on the bearing plate is for the entire rotary movement of the compressor to be fully balanced, the compressor can operate in high rotation mode, providing high durability and large flow of compressor.

Different ratios of dimensions Rl , R2, and R3 and the distance H between

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two rotary centers T1 and T2 will create compressors with different compression flow and compression ratios. PV1 slash section is the volume limited by out side and top side of piston PI, P2, cylinder and compressor case. The slash section PV2 is a volume that smaller than the limited by the curved surfaces mn on cylinders Cl, C2 and top side of pistons PI, P4 at the time they form the closed space during rotation.

The profile of the piston top are not involved in sealing, ie the piston top of the two pistons on the two axes do not need to touch each other, in fact the magnitude of the gap between them during the operation completely selected by the designer. The sealing is entirely dependent on the gap between the inside sutface of the pump chamber, the piston body surface, the outer surface of the cylinder and the side surface of the bearing plate. The profile of the piston top only works to optimize the compression ratio, increasing the efficiency of the compressor. This makes the construction of the compressor simpler. The accurate when processing the profile of piston top and the profile of the bearing plate and the pair of drive gears that are not as strict as in the other rotary lobe compressors.

Figure 5: Describe the profile of the bearing plate and the basic parameters. The bearing plate is a metal plate with its thickness much smaller than the thickness of the piston, the bearing plate is mounted on the rotating shaft of the compressor in the middle position of the compression chamber, located between the two ends of the cylinders Cl and C2. The front edge of the bearing plate is similar in structure to that of the piston head but there is a much smaller curve be, the curve be on profile bearing place top is only the purpose to make "blunt" the sharp edge 1 of the bearing plate. The R3 radius of the bearing plate can be considered approximately as the outer radius R1 of the bearing plate. The profile of the bearing plate is in fact a special case of the piston profile, when R1 + R2 = H, at this point the curve length mn = 0.

DV1 is the volume fraction limited by a profile of the bearing plate, the compressor walls and the compressor case

DV2 is the volume limited by two profile of the two bearing plates and the compressor walls when they form a closed space.

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The main task of the bearing plate is to mount the piston blocks with the rotating shaft into a uniform rotating block, the bearing plate also participates in a very small part in compressing the like the rotary lobes of the compressors with the rotary lobe in the form of "line", however, because the bearing plate's thickness is very small compared to the thickness of the piston blocks, it does not much affect the tightness of the compressor.

The thickness of the bearing plate is only designed to be durable enough to avoid destruction during the compressor's working process. The piston blocks can be fabricatdd separately and then mounted on the bearing plate or can be monolithic fabricated with the bearing plate. The outer radius of the bearing plate is equal to the outer radius of the piston blocks, so the outer radius of whole block is Rl, which makes the chamber shape of the compressor becomming simple cylindrical, quite similar to the machine chamber of conventional screw air compressors or lobe blowers, manufacturing is simple and nothing special.

Combining both piston and bearing plate, there are the following basic parameters:

Name the compression ratio of the compressor is E: E = (PV 1 + DV 1 )/(PV2 + DV2)

Name the flow of the compressor is V: V = 4 (PV1 + DV1 ) * spin speed.

Because the thickness of the bearing plate is small compared to the thickness of the piston block, the compression ratio of the compressor is mainly the result of the ratio between PV1 and PV2.

The ratios of Rl, R2, R3 and H generate different compressions and compression ratios of compressors, when the designed flow increases, the compression ratio decreases and vice versa.

The distance between two H-axes may fluctuate in the range of:

H = 1.35R1 to 1.75R1

The internal radius of piston R2 may fluctuate in the range of:

R2 = 0.45R1 to 0.8R1

Radius R3 divides the profile of piston top in the range of:

R3 = R2 + 0.5(Rl - R2) to R3 = R2 + 0.6(R1 - R2)

E compression ratio will be: E = 6 to 30

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In which R1 is the outer radius of the piston.

If all sealing parts of the pump are made of suitable materials, such as with low friction, abrasion resistance, heat resistance, the compressor will not need oil to lubricate or to seal.

Figure 6: The locations where sealing bars can be installed:

The scanning bars (14) are placed on the pump case to seal the gap between the outside of the piston and the inner wall of the pump case; The scanning bars

(12) are placed on the cylinder (HI .3) to seal the gap between the inside of the piston and the outside of the cylinder (HI .3); Sealing plates ( 10) mounted on pistons to seal the gap between piston's side and the pump wall (H 1.2); The sealing plates (7) are mounted on the ends of the cylinders to seal the gap between the cylinder's top (HI .3) with side surface of bearing plates (HI .9); The scanning bars

(13) are mounted on the cylinders (HI .3) to seal the concave surfaces of cylinder (HI .3) and the outside of the piston on the opposite side.

Figure 7: Diagram of the engine operation principle according to option 1 :

Air passes through the inlet of the primary compressor (20). After primary air compression is fed into a gas tank (22) and continues into the secondary compressor (21). The high pressure air passes through the one-way valve (23) to the combustion chamber (23). Here the fuel is sprayed through a nozzle (25) of high pressure mixed with compressed air and in the combustion chamber (24). The burning gas is directed into the force-generating stage. When the rotary gas distribution valve (26) open the inlet compartments (27) and closes the cavity at the top of j biston, the burning gas passing through into the compartments (27). When the rotary gas distribution valve (26) closes the inlet compartments (27) and open the cavity at the piston top open throught with the compartment (27) the hot air will expand and generate energy.

The rotary gas distribution valve (26) is driven according to the rotation speed of the motor shaft so that the process of air distribution and expansion is smooth.

There are 4 pistons on each force-generating stages, so on one rotation of a compressiori floor there will be 4 expansion processes of combustion gas.

The ratio of the cavity (27) on a piston expansion volume can reach 1 : 25 or more, thus taking advantage of the expansion energy of combustion gas, enhance the efficiency of the engine.

Compression stages and the force-generating stages are driven by a pair of gears through two active axes. The rotary gas distribution valve (26) are driven by belt gear pairs (29) and (30), which rotate at the same speed with the engine axes.

The principle diagram here shows that the engine has two sequential compression stages and two parallel force-generating stages, the number of compression or force-generating floors may be more or less depending on the purpose or actual requirements.

Figure 8: Description of the engine operation stages according to option 1 :

H8-a: Rotary valve (RV) is a hollow tube with gate inlets and outlets ; The belt wheel (N2) is attached to the drive shaft, through the toothed belt or chain to transmits to the belt wheel (N 1 ) as the air valve (RV) rotating with the same speed of the motor shaft; On each rotary valve (RV) there are 4 gas gates for one force generating stage: gates 1, 2, 3 and 4; Doors 1 and 2 are staggered with gate 3 and gate 4 along the valve; The compartments (L) and (R) are also placed alternately in the following order: gate 1 and gate 2 are placed corresponding to the cavity (R), gate 3 and gate 4 are set corresponding to the cavity (L); The There are 4 pistons on each force-generating stages, so on one rotation of a compression floor there will be 4 expansion processes of combustion gas.

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The ratio of the cavity (27) on a piston expansion volume can reach 1 : 25 or more, thus taking advantage of the expansion energy of combustion gas, enhance the efficiency of the engine.

Compression stages and the force-generating stages are driven by a pair of gears through two active axes. The rotary gas distribution valve (26) are driven by belt gear pairs (29) and (30), which rotate at the same speed with the engine axes.

The principle diagram here shows that the engine has two sequential compression stages and two parallel force-generating stages, the number of compression or force-generating floors may be more or less depending on the purpose or actual requirements.

Figure 8: Description of the engine operation stages according to option 1 :

H8-a: Rotary valve (RV) is a hollow tube with gate inlets and outlets ; The belt wheel (N2) is attached to the drive shaft, through the toothed belt or chain to transmits to the belt wheel (N1 ) as the air valve (RV) rotating with the same speed of the motor shaft; On each rotary valve (RV) there are 4 gas gates for one force generating stage: gates 1 , 2, 3 and 4; Doors 1 and 2 are staggered with gate 3 and gate 4 along the valve; The compartments (L) and (R) are also placed alternately in the following order: gate 1 and gate 2 are placed corresponding to the cavity (R), gate 3 and gate 4 are set corresponding to the cavity (L); The burning gas under high pressure is passing through the pipe (Gl) passing through doors 2 and 3 into the rotary valve (RV); The burning gas begins to under high pressure is passing through the pipe (Gl) passing through doors 2 and 3 into the rotary valve (RV); The burning gas begins to expand from the cavity (L) into the piston chamber on the left; The exhaust gas passes through the exhaust gate (G2).

H8-b: burning gas from inside the valve (RV) through gate 1 into the cavity (R); The expansion process continues on the left piston chamber; burning gas is still going through gate 2 into the valve (RV).

H8-c: the expansion of the piston chamber on the left ends; The process of filling high pressure air into the cavity (R) ends.

H8-d: burning gas from the cavity (R) begins to expand into the right piston chamber.

H8-e: Burning gas go through door 4 into the rotary valve (RV); Burning gas enters the cavity (L) through gate 3; The process of expansion on the right piston chamber is continuing.

H8-f: Burning gas flows into the rotary valve (RV) through both gates 4 and 1 ; The process of expansion on the right piston chamber ends.

H8-g: Burning gas continues into the rotary valve (RV) through door 1 ; Burning gas from the cavity (L) is expanding into the left piston chamber; Burning gas go into cavity (R) through gate 2. H8-h: Sealing parts between the left piston and the right piston.

- The piston assemblies at the force-generating floors on the same axis are arranged to rotate evenly around the axis for the purpose of creating a smooth torque for the engine. Therefore the combustion gas mixture from the combustion chamber is always continuously loaded into the rotary valves at all times.

When the air supply valve is closed, it will allow the expansion air into the piston chamber, so if the volume of these closed chambers is of sufficient size, the engine will be able to maximize the energy of the hot gas with expansion pressure that come close to the pressure of the environment. The engine will achieve high efficiency.

-The motor has all the details that are symmetrical and fully rotated, there are no reciprocating movements so the engine is perfectly rotating balanced.

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-The engine uses continuous fuel combustion so the engine can use a variety types of fuels.

- The engine is easily seal between the parts moving relative to each other by sealing parts.

Figure 9: Diagram of the engine operation principle according to option 2:

The air is compressed through a number of sequential compression stages, which are compressed stages (Vcl), (Vc2) and (Vc3); The compressed air with high pressure passes through the one-way valve (W) into the combustion chamber (C); Fuel is sprayed into the combustion chamber (C) through the nozzle (F) mixed with air and burned; Burning gas expand through a number of force-generating sequential stages, there are the force-generating stage (Vel ), (Ve2) and (Ve3); The working volume of these stages increases with the direction of the expanding gas.

Figure 10: The trajectory of the base curve

The equation for calculating the trajectory of the base curve is:

Bx = H. cos(a— b ) - R1.cos(3p - 2a)

By = H.sin (a - b ) + R1.sin( 3b - 2a)

In which:

Angle opd = b

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Angle opa = g Angle opb = a

(a is the variable angle when point B runs on the base curve, a has the initial value is b when point B coincides with point d, and the final value is g when point B coincides with point a).

R1 is the outer radius of the piston;

R2 is the inner radius of the piston;

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H is the distance between two shaft;

The base curve is the curve ad.