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Title:
A RUBBER COMPOUND FOR TYRE PRODUCTION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/092765
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A rubber compound for tyres comprising a cross-linkable unsaturated chain polymer base comprising, in turn, at least a rubber of synthetic origin, a silica-free filler at least partially comprising carbon black, a vulcanization system and a mercapto carboxylic acid.

Inventors:
COSSU, Giancarlo (Via Ascrea 30, Roma, I-00135, IT)
FORTE, Gianluca (Via Corridonia 45, Roma, I-00156, IT)
Application Number:
IB2014/067166
Publication Date:
June 25, 2015
Filing Date:
December 19, 2014
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION (1-1 Kyobashi 3-Chome, Chuo-KuTokyo, 104-8340, JP)
COSSU, Giancarlo (Via Ascrea 30, Roma, I-00135, IT)
FORTE, Gianluca (Via Corridonia 45, Roma, I-00156, IT)
International Classes:
B60C1/00; C08L9/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO2008071208A12008-06-19
Foreign References:
US3645935A1972-02-29
EP2511106A12012-10-17
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BOSMAN, Cesare et al. (Via Viotti 9, Torino, I-10121, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A rubber compound for tyres comprising a cross-linkable unsaturated chain polymer base comprising at least a rubber of synthetic origin, a silica-free filler at least partially comprising carbon black, and a vulcanization system; said compound being characterized in that it comprises a mereapto carboxylic acid.

2. A rubber compound according to claim 1, characterized in that said mercapto carboxylic acid has the -CO2H and -SH functional groups spaced apart by a chain consisting of 4 to 40 atoms .

3. A rubber compound according to claim 2, characterized in that said mercapto carboxylic acid has the following formula

(I)

wherein n ranges from 1 to 37.

4. A rubber compound according to claim 3, characterized in that said mercapto carboxylic acid is

5. A rubber compound according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said mercapto carboxylic acid is used in the compound in a quantity ranging from 0.05 to 10 phr.

6. A rubber compound according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said filler consists exclusively of carbon black.

7. A rubber compound according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the carbon black is of the type indicated by codes Nl or N3 according to the ASTM D1765 Standard. 8. A rubber compound according to one of the preceding claims , characterized in that said cross -linkable unsaturated chain polymer base comprises a rubber of synthetic origin.

9. A tyre portion characterized in that it is manufactured with a compound according to claim 8.

10. A tyre characterized in that it comprises a tyre portion according to claim 9.

11. A method for the production of rubber compounds for the preparation of a tyre portion; said rubber compound comprising a cross-linkable unsaturated chain polymer base at least parti ally comprising a rubber of synthetic origin, a silica- free filler at least partially comprising carbon black, and a vulcanization system; said method being characteri zed in that it comprises a pretreatment step wherein said rubber of synthetic origin and said carbon black are mixed in the presence of a mercapto carboxyl ic acid. 12. A method for the production of rubber compounds according to claim 11, characterized in that in said pretreatment step, the rubber of synthetic origin is mixed exclusively with the carbon black and the mercapto carboxylic acid .

Description:
_ i _

"A RUBBER COMPOUND FOR TYRE PRODUCTION"

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a rubber compound for tyre production . The compound forming the subj ect of the present invention is characterized by a simultaneous improvement of its mechanical characteristics, rolling resistance and processability.

BACKGROUND ART

There is increasing market demand for tyres with low rolling resistance . In thi s regard, part of the research in the tyre field is concentrated on finding solutions capable of achieving lower rolling resistance without compromising other characteristics of the tyre, such as, for example , the mechanical and/or processability character stics. In fact, it is known that improving performance in terms of rolling resistance causes a simultaneous deterioration in the mechanical and processability characteristics.

Strangely enough, the applicant has produced a solution to obtain rubber compounds that exhibit an improvement in terms of ro lling resistance and, at the same time , an improvement in the mechanical and processability characteristics .

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

The subject of the present invention is a rubber compound for tyres comprising a cross-linkable unsaturated chain polymer base comprising, in turn, a rubber of synthetic origin, a silica-free filler at least partially comprising carbon black, and a vulcanization system; said compound being characterized in that it comprises a mercapto carboxylic acid . Here and in the following, the term "cross-linkable unsaturated chain polymer base" means any natural or synthetic non-cross-linked polymer able to assume all the chemical- physical and mechanical characteristics typically taken by e1astomers following cross-linkage (vulcanization) with sulphur-based systems .

Here and in the following, vulcanization system means a complex of ingredients comprising at least sulphur and accelerator compounds, which are added in the final mixing phase of compound preparation for the purpose of facilitating the vulcanization of the polymer base once the compound is subjected to a vulcanization temperature.

Preferably, said mercapto carboxylic acid has the -CO2H and - SH functional groups spaced apart by a chain consisting of 4 to 40 atoms .

Preferably, said mercapto carboxylic acid has the following formula (I)

where n ranges from 1 to 37

Preferably, said mercapto carboxylic acid is

HOOCCH2CH2 (CH 2 ) 7CH2SH

Preferably, said mercapto carboxylic acid is present in the compound in a quantity ranging from 0.05 to 10 phr .

Preferably, said filler is composed exclusively of carbon black .

Preferably, the carbon black is of the type indicated by codes Nl or N3 according to the ASTM D1765 Standard.

Preferably, said cross-linkable unsaturated chain polymer base comprises a rubber of synthetic origin. The synthetic rubber can have a solid or liquid form.

A further subject of the present invention is a tyre portion produced with the above-defined compound.

Yet a further subject of the present invention is a tyre comprising a portion produced with the above-defined compound.

A further subject of the present invention is a method for the production of rubber compounds for the preparation of a tyre portion; said rubber compound comprising a cross-linkable unsaturated chain polymer base at least partially comprising a rubber of synthetic origin, a silica-free filler at least partially comprising carbon black, and a vulcanization system; said method being characterized in that it comprises a pretreatment step wherein said rubber of synthetic origin and said carbon black are mixed in the presence of a mercapto carboxylic acid.

Preferably, in said pretreatment step, the rubber of synthetic origin is mixed exclusively with the carbon black and the mercapto carboxylic acid .

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

For a better understanding of the invention, some embodiments are described below, purely by way of non-limitative example .

EXAMPLES

A comparison compound (compound A) and a compound according to the present invention (compound B) were produced, the composition of compound B being the same as that of compound A except for the presence of mercapto carboxylic acid . Compounds A and B were prepared according to a standard procedure, which is not relevant for the purposes of the present invention .

- preparation of the compounds -

(First mixing step)

Before starting the mixing, the ingredients shown in Table I were loaded into a mixer, with tangential rotors and an internal volume of between 230 and 270 litres , reaching a filling factor in the range 66-72%.

The mixer was operated at a speed of 40-60 rpm and the mixture that was formed was discharged once a temperature in the range 140-160°C was reached.

(Second mixing step)

The mixture obtained in the previous step was processed again in the mixer, which was operated at speed of 40-60 rpm, and subsequently discharged once a temperature in the range 130- 150 °C was reached .

(Third mixing step)

The vulcanization system, as indicated in Table I , was added to the mixture obtained from the previous step, reaching a filling factor in the range 63-67% .

The mixer was operated at a speed of 20-40 rpm and the mixture that was formed was discharged once a temperature in the range 100~110°C was reached.

In addition, another compound (compound C ) was prepared according to the invention . Compound C differed from the other compound according to the invention ( compound B) in the preparation procedure used. The applicant has found that further advantages can be achieved with the implementation of a pretreatment step for the rubber of synthetic origi . This pretreatment step provides for the synthetic rubber to be mixed with carbon black and mercapto carboxylic acid separately from the other ingredients .

The preparation procedure is the same as that described above for compounds A and B regarding the (first, second and third) mixing steps , while a preliminary pretreatment step is provided, this being implemented under identical conditions to those described above for the first mixing step .

Table I lists the composition of the compounds in phr and indicates the steps in which the ingredients were added .

TABLE I

S-SBR is a styrene-butadiene rubber in solution with a mean molecular weight between 800 and 1500xl0 3 and between 500 and 900xl0 3 respectively; a styrene content of between 10 arid 45%, a vinyl content of between 20 and 70% and an oil content of between 0 and 30%.

The CB used was N330.

6PPD is the compound N-l, 3-dimethyl-butyl-N' -phenyl- paraphenylenediamine , with an antidegradant function.

TMQ is the compound poly ( 1 , 2-dihydro-2 , 2 , 4 -trimethylquinoline, 'with an antidegradant function.

TBBS is the compound N-tert-bu yl-2-benzothiazole sulfenamide, with a vulcanization accelerant function.

The mercapto carboxylic acid used is:

The three compounds were subjected to experimental tests to verify the advantages of the compound according to the present invention with respect to the comparison compound.

In particular, the three compounds were subjected to tests regarding mechanical and dynamic properties. The mechanical properties were measured in accordance with the ASTM D412C Standard, while the dynamic properties were measured in accordance with the ISO 4664 Standard.

As an expert in the field will know, the rolling resistance parameter is closely related to tan δ values at 60 °C: the smaller the tan5 value at 60 °C, the better the rolling resistance .

The parameters known as "bound rubber" and "X-link density" were also measured .

The bound rubber parameter is commonly used in the literature as an indicator of the polymer-filler chemical-physical interaction; the test is performed on non-vulcanized samples and the fraction of the compound that is not solubilised after treatment in THF (24 hours at room temperature ) is usually determined.

The X- link density parameter is a measure of the level of cros s -linkage of the compound. This measurement is obtained through swel ling measurements on the vulcanized compound in organic solutions.

Table 11 lists the values of the experimental tests performed, indexed to the values of comparison compound A.

TABLE II

From the values listed in Table II, it can be clearly seen that with respect to the comparison compound, the compounds produced according to the present invention exhibit. a simultaneous improvement in terras of rolling resistance and in terms of mechanical properties .

Moreover, strangely enough, it has be found that in addition to exhibiting the advantages revealed above by the values listed in Table II, the compounds forming the subj ect of the present invention also exhibit improved processability due to the efficacious adhesion of the compounds to the rollers during calendering and/or extrusion operations . In fact , as an expert in the field will know, an improvement in the rolling resistance of rubber compounds is generally accompanied by deterioration in processability due to the low stickiness of the compound on the rollers of the mills feeding the calenders and/or extruders .

From the data listed in Tables I and II, it can be seen that the compounds forming the sub ect of the present invention also have the advantage of not needing ste3.XT 1 C dCid and nO, without this causing deterioration in the compound' s dynamic and mechanical properties . The advantages regarding the possibility of not using stearic acid and ZnO lies substantially in lower production costs and in lower weight for the compound .

In conclusion, the applicant has found, strangely enough, that the use of a mercapto carboxylic acid in a rubber compound for tyres is capable of improving the compound in terms of rolling resistance , mechanical and processability properties , and, at the same time, enables the use of stearic acid and ZnO to be avoided .