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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
RUPTURE ELEMENT IN CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/201840
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a rupture element, which is located in concrete structures and the rupture element comprises a sheet material with edges that are bent at an angle so that they produce a tenon-shape. The rupture element, if necessary, is waterproof and produces slightly weakened cracks in the predefined location of concrete.

Inventors:
UUSALU INDREK (EE)
Application Number:
IB2020/050514
Publication Date:
October 08, 2020
Filing Date:
January 23, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
WPMEESTI OUE (EE)
International Classes:
E04B1/68
Foreign References:
EP3093412A12016-11-16
DE202010016481U12011-04-14
US5918428A1999-07-06
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KOITEL PATENT & TRADEMARK AGENCY (EE)
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Claims:
Claims

1. A rupture element in concrete structures, which includes a sheet of sheet material, where watertight material is installed on both sides, a sheet element (2) with right angle profile is attached to the sheet (1 ) of sheet material, characterized in that the sheet elements (2) are attached on both sides of the sheet (1 ) of sheet material, the sheet (1 ) of sheet material is coated with a watertight bonding material (4) and the elements (2) of sheet material have edges (3), which are bent at an angle.

2. A rupture element according to claim 1 , characterized in that the edges (3) of the elements of sheet material are bent at an angle from 1 to 179 degrees. 3. A rupture element according to claim 2, characterized in that the edges (3) of the elements of sheet material are bent at an angle from 20 to 25 degrees.

4. A rupture element according to claim 2, characterized in that the edges (3) of the elements of sheet material are bent at an angle from 40 to 50 degrees.

5. A rupture element according to claim 2, characterized in that the edges (3) of the elements of sheet material are bent at a 22 degree angle.

6. A rupture element according to claim 2, characterized in that the edges (3) of the elements of sheet material are bent at a 45 degree angle.

7. A rupture element according to claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the water tight bonding material (4) of the sheet (1 ) of sheet material is a mineral or artificial or organic material/binder.

8. A rupture element according to claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the sheet (1 ) of sheet material is without a watertight bonding material (4), if the rupture element is installed in a concrete structure, which is not exposed to water.

9. A rupture element according to claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the sheet (1 ) of sheet material and the sheet metal element (2) with right angle profile are produced from sheet metal.

10. A rupture element according to claim 9, characterized in that the sheet (1 ) of sheet material and the sheet metal element (2) with right angle profile are produced from sheet steel.

Description:
Rupture element in concrete structures

Technical field

The invention belongs in the field of construction, specifically the invention relates to a rupture element of sheet material, intended for creating predetermined cracks in concrete structures.

Prior Art

Known is a crack inducer plate for concrete (US5918428, Engineered Devices Corporation, published 06.07.1999). The invention relates to a device and method for creating predetermined (controlled) cracks in concrete to avoid occurrence of undesired cracks in concrete structures. The plate assembly includes a core plate, where the opposite sides and the inner edge (blade) are covered with a waterproof and resilient waterstop member made, for example, of PVC plastic. The waterstop is fixed to the core plate, for example by silicone adhesive, waterproof sealant or adhesive. The waterproof and resilient waterstop controls (guides) the formation of cracks in the concrete, avoiding the occurrence of similar cracks in the outer surface of the concrete and controlling that the location and shape of the crack was straight. Cross-plates are welded to the core plate in order to attach it to the reinforcing rods of the concrete. A disadvantage of this invention is the complexity of structures, also that the solution creates only vertical watertight cracks in a desired location in the concrete, without transferring the strength of its cross-section.

Known are PVC crack inducers (http://www.dynahurst.com/reinforcement- accessories/crack-inducers/) used for creating controlled cracks in specific places in concrete slabs. A two-piece or a one-piece crack inducer is installed in a wet concrete slab to form a controlled crack. A disadvantage of this solution is that it can only be used in a horizontal surface. Furthermore, the crack inducers must be installed after casting, making the time of their installation especially complex. The solution is also unsuitable for load-bearing structures.

Known is the WFP GmbFI WFP Rupture Element SFR 125 (https://wfp- waterproofing.de/en/products/rapture-elements), which consists of a straight steel element coated or uncoated with rubber bitumen on both sides, and a holding element fixed in the middle at a 90 degree angle. This solution is used for creating vertical cracks in monolithic walls and involves no transfer of strength.

Closest to the present invention by its technical nature is the WFP GmbH rupture element SFG (https://wfp-waterproofing.de/en/products/rapture-elements), which includes a straight steel element coated or uncoated with rubber bitumen on both sides, and an element with a right angle profile attached on top of it. This solution is used for sealing triple-layer wall elements in the corners of straight joints to achieve a water-tight diagonal breaking point. The solution creates cracks in vertical surfaces, but does not transfer strength. Summary of the invention

A problem involved in casting concrete walls, floors and ceilings is that large surfaces cannot be cast all at once due to the shrinking of concrete, which results in cracks caused by volume shrinking. In underground parts of a building, water penetrates these cracks, which damages concrete structures. In order to eliminate this problem, a rupture element is presented, which is an element of sheet material installed into concrete structures, creating controlled cracks (at preset locations), which are watertight if necessary, and cause only minor weakening of the cross-section of the concrete structure.

The rupture element includes a sheet of sheet material to which an L-profile element of sheet material is attached on top and underneath, and where the sections perpendicular to the sheet have edges (borders), while the edges (borders) are bent at such an angle as to form a tenon-shaped cross-section. The rupture element can also be used as a joint between different concrete castings. When the rupture element is used in a structure exposed to water, the sheet of the sheet material of the rupture element is supplied optionally with a special watertight bonding material of mineral or organic (e.g. bitumen) or artificial material/binder applied on one or the other side. The sheet of the sheet material and the element with the right angle profile of sheet material are preferably produced from sheet metal, specifically sheet steel, but other materials such as RST, Zn, rubber, plastic or certain carbon material, etc. can also be used. Description of figures

Figure 1 shows a preferred embodiment of the rupture element of sheet material, where the sides are bent at 22.5 degree angle,

Figure 2 shows a preferred embodiment of the rupture element of sheet material, where the sides are bent at 45 degree angle.

Embodiment of the invention

The rupture element comprises sheet 1 of sheet material, where sheet elements 2 with right angle profile and edges (borders) 3 are welded centrally on both sides of sheet 1. The edges 3 are bent at an angle from 1 to 179 degrees, forming a tenon- shaped cross-section to the crack created and thereby retaining the strength properties of the concrete structure. The preferable angle is 20 to 25 degrees, most preferably 22 degrees or 40 to 50 degrees, most preferably 45 degrees. The sheet (1 ) of the sheet material and the element (2) with right angle profile are preferably produced from sheet metal, specifically from sheet steel. The rupture element is installed to the surface to be cast prior to casting the concrete surface, followed by uninterrupted casting of the concrete structure or slab (floor, ceiling, wall) of any size. The sheet elements 2 of the rupture element create joints in the concrete structure, determining the areas, where cracks will be forming in the concrete. The elements 2 folded at an angle provide the crack with a tenon-shaped cross-section, which will retain the strength of the concrete structure. The rupture element is installed in the center of the concrete structure, between reinforcements. The rupture element creates immediately controlled cracks in the concrete. The rupture elements are mechanically joined together by means of screws for sheet metal or special clamps. When the rupture element is used underground or otherwise in a structure exposed to water, a special watertight bonding material 4 is applied on one or both sides of the rupture element sheet 1 , to bond with the concrete around and thereby prevent penetration of water between the rupture element sheet 1 and concrete, and ensuring thereby the waterproofness (water-tightness) of the created crack. The bonding material can be a material/binder produced from a mineral or organic (e.g. bitumen) or artificial material/substance. Tests have shown that in hardened concrete the material is watertight at up to 2.5 bar.

If the rupture element is used on the ground or in places where it is not exposed to water (e.g. ceilings, walls above ground) then it is not necessary to cover the rupture element sheet 1 with the bonding material 4.

Advantages of the invention: the rupture element creates joints in concrete structures (cast concrete) in a controlled manner and determines the positions where cracks will occur in the concrete, whereas waterproofness (water-tightness) of the element and its joints is ensured as needed, whereas it has only a minor weakening effect on the cross- section of the concrete; using the rupture element as a joint allows casting large concrete structures (or surfaces, e.g. the whole floor or ceiling or wall) all at once; time-saving in concrete work and later preserving of the quality of the concrete structure as well as savings gained from the use of reinforcements in the concrete work are substantial.