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Title:
RUTHENIUM COMPLEXES, METHOD OF PRODUCING THEM, AND THEIR USE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/092424
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The subject of the present invention are novel ruthenium complexes defined by the general Formula 1. The present invention also relates to method of manufacturing of a novel metal complexes defined by the general Formula 1 as well as their use in olefin metathesis reactions.

Inventors:
GRELA, Karol (Warszawa, 22bPełczyńskiego 45, 01-471 Warszawa, 01-471, PL)
SMOLEŃ, Michał (Rędziny, 6Broniewskiego 24, 42-242 Rędziny, 42-242, PL)
Application Number:
IB2015/059287
Publication Date:
June 16, 2016
Filing Date:
December 02, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UNIWERSYTET WARSZAWSKI (Warszawa, 26/28Krakowskie Przedmieście -, 00-927 Warszawa, 00-927, PL)
International Classes:
C07F15/00; B01J31/28; C08F4/00; C08F32/04; C08F32/08
Foreign References:
US20030144437A12003-07-31
Other References:
ANNA KAJETANOWICZ ET AL: "Metathesis of renewable raw materials-influence of ligands in the indenylidene type catalysts on self-metathesis of methyl oleate and cross-metathesis of methyl oleate with (Z)-2-butene-1,4-diol diacetate", GREEN CHEMISTRY, vol. 16, no. 3, 10 December 2013 (2013-12-10), GB, pages 1579, XP055261184, ISSN: 1463-9262, DOI: 10.1039/c3gc42194e
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DARGIEWICZ, Joanna (ul. Rudolfa Weigla 12, 53-114 Wrocław, 53-114, PL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1 . A compound defined by Formula 1

1

in which:

X1 and X2 are an anionic ligand independently selected from group encompassing halogen anion, the groups - CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', and -OSi(R')3, where R" is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, or C5-C20 aryl, which optionally may be substituted with at least one C^C^ alkyl, C C^ perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci2 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, or halogen atom;

R1 is heteroaryl group;

R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl group, C^C^ alkoxyl group, or C2-C25 alkenyl group, wherein the groups R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 may be mutually connected into ring that form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Ci0 cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic structure;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, or C^C^ alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 may be connected with R9 and/or R10, to form a cycle;

n is 0 or 1 ;

R1 1 and R12 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl optionally substituted, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl optionally substituted, C2-C25 alkene optionally substituted, C3-C7 cycloalkyl optionally substituted, C2-C25 alkenyl optionally substituted, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl optionally substituted, C2-C25 alkynyl optionally substituted, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl optionally substituted, C^C^ alkoxyl optionally substituted, C5-C24 aryloxyl optionally substituted, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl optionally substituted, C5-C24 aryl optionally substituted, C5-C20 heteroaryl optionally substituted, C7-C24 aralkyl optionally substituted, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl optionally substituted, 3-12 membered heterocycle optionally substituted;

wherein groups R1 1 and R12 may be mutually connected into ring selected from among C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3- C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted by at least one and/or more substituents selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, a halide atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alken, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle;

wherein groups R1 1 and R12 are preferably hydrogen atom or aryl independently substituted by an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a sulphoxide (-S(O)R') group, a sulphonium (-S+R'2) group, a sulphone (- S02R') group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, an amine (-NR'2) group, an ammonium (-N+R'3) group, a nitro (-NO2) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, a phosphonate (-P(0)(OR')2) group, a phosphinate (-P(O)R'(OR')) group, a phosphonite (-P(OR')2) group, a phosphine (-PR'2) group, a phosphine oxide (-P(0)R'2) group, a phosphonium (-P+R'3) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which each R' independently has the following meaning: a C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl;

G is selected from group among such as

- a ligand L

in which R1 , R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 have meaning are in Formula 1 , whereas substituents R11 and R12 are mutually connected into ring selected from group encompassing a C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted by one and/or more substituents selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C^C^ alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, and then dashed line between G and R12 does not mean a chemical bond;

- heteroatom selected from among oxygen atom, nitrogen atom, sulphur atom, and phosphorus atom, optionally substituted by group selected from among hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, cyanide (-CN), carboxyl (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR'2), sulphone (-S02R'), formyl (-CHO), sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), keto (-COR'), in which group R' are a d-C5 alkyl, CrC5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and then dashed line between G and R12 means a chemical bond between a heteroatom and R12 substituent, which is aryl optionally substituted by 1 , 2, 3, or 4 substituents independently selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N02) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amino (-NR'2) group, an ammonium (-N+R'3) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S02R') group, a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (- S02NR'2) group, a keto (-COR') group, in which group R' has the following meaning: a C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl.

2. A compound according to Claim 1 defined by Formula 1a

in which:

X1 , X2, R1 , R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 have the same meaning as in Formula 1 ;

R13, R14, R15, R16, R17, R18, R19, R20, R21 , and R22 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 alkyloamino, C1 -C25 alkyloammonium, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C3-C12 heterocycle, 3-12 membered heterocycle, a thioether (-SR'), an ester (-COOR'), an amide (- CONR'2), a suphone (-S02R'), a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2), or a ketone (-COR'), in which group R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C5-C25 aryl, or C5-C25 perfluoroaryl.

3. A compound according to Claim 2 defined by Formula 1a,

in which:

R1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl group;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X1 , and X2 are halogen atom;

R13, R14, R15, R16, R17, R18, R19, R20, R21 , and R22 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C C25 alkoxyl.

4. A compound according to Claim 1 defined by Formula 1 b

1 b

in which:

X1 , X2, R1 , R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, and R10 have the same meaning as in Formula 1 ; R1 1 is hydrogen atom;

R23, R24, R25, and R26 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2- C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C2o heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N02) group, Cynaide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR'2) group, an ammonium (-N+R'3) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S02R') group, a sulphone (- S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituent R' denotes: a C^Cs alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, whereas R23, R24, R25, and R26 are preferentially hydrogen atom;

R27 is hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituent R' is C C5 alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl;

E is heteroatom selected from atoms encompassing oxygen, sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus.

5. A compound according to Claim 4 defined by Formula 1 b,

in which:

R1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X1 , and X2 are halogen atom;

R1 1 is a hydrogena atom;

R23, R24, R25, and R26 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2- C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C2s cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C2s cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N02) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR'2) group, an ammonium (-N+R'3) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S02R') group, a sulphone (- S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituents R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, wherein R23, R24, R25, and R26 are preferably hydrogen atom;

R27 is C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C2o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituent R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl;

E is heteroatom selected from atoms encompassing oxygen or sulphur atom.

6. A compound according to claim 1 , of the structural formula selected from the following formulae 1aa, 1ab, 1ac, 1 ba, and 1bb:

7. A method of producing a compound defined by Formula 1 according to Claims from 1 to 6, characterized in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex defined by Formula 2

2

in which:

R1 1 , and R12 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C1 -C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle,

wherein groups R1 1 and R12 may be mutually connected into ring selected from among C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3- C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, which may be independently substituted by at least one and/or more substituents selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C2o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocyle; wherein groups R1 1 , and R12 are preferentially hydrogen atom or aryl independently substituted by an ether group (-OR'), a thioether group (-SR'), a sulphoxide group (-S(O)R'), a sulphonium group (-S+R'2), a sulphone group (-SO2R'), a sulphonamide group (-S02NR'2), an amino group (-NR'2), an ammonium group (-N+R'3), a nitro group (-N02), Cyanide group (-CN), a phosphonate group (-P(0)(OR)2), a phosphinate group (- P(0)R'(OR')), a phosphonite group (-P(OR')2), a phosphine group (-PR'2), a phosphine oxide group (-P(0)R'2), a phosphonium group (-P+R'3), carboxyl group (-COOH), an ester group (-COOR'), an amide group (- CONR'2), a formyl group (-CHO), a ketone group (-COR'), where each R' independently is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl;

L1 is neutral ligand selected from group encompassing pyridine or substituted pyridine, P(R')3, P(OR')3, 0(R')2, N(R')3, in which each R' is independently a C1 -C12 alkyl, C3-Ci2 cycloalkyl, C5-C2o aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, a 5-12 membered heteroaryl;

Z is selected from such as ligand L1 , and then substituents R1 1 , and R12 are mutually connected to form ring selected from group encompassing a C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C2s cycloalkenyl, C3-C2s cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted at least one substituent selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, a halogen, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C2s cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C2s cycloalkynyl, C1 -C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C2o heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C2o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, and then dashed line between Z and R12 does not mean a chemical bond; heteroatom selected from group encompassing oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, or phosphorus atom, optionally substituted by group selected from such as hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (- COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which group R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and then dashed line between heteroatom and R12 means a chemical bond between a heteroatom and R12 substituent, which is aryl optionally substituted by 1 , 2, 3, or 4 substituents independently selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C C25 alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alken, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N02) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR'2) group, an ammonium (-N+R'3) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S02R') group, a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (- S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which R' has the following meaning: a C^Cs alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl;

X1 , and X2 are an anionic ligand selected independently from group encompassing halide anions, a -CN, - SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', -OSi(R')3 group, where R' is CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, or C5-C20 aryl, which is optionally substituted at least one Ci -Ci2 alkyl, Ci -Ci2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci -Ci2 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl or halogen atom;

is subjected to a reaction with a carbene defined by Formula 3a

3a

in which:

R1 is heteroaryl group;

R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 are independently hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 alkoxyl, or alkenyl C2-C25, wherein substituents R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 may be mutually connected into ring that form substituted or unsubstituted C4-C10 cyclic or C4-C12 polycyclic structure;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently hydrogen atom or a Ci-C25 alkyl group, R7 and/or R8 may be mutually connected with R9 and/or R10, to form a cycle;

n is 0 or 1 .

8. A method of producing a compound defined by Formula 1 according to Claim 7, characterized in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex defined by Formula 2 is subjected to a reaction with a carbene compound defined by Formula 3b

3b

in which:

R1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl;

n is 0 or 1 .

9. A method of producing a compound defined by Formula 1 according to any of Claims from 1 to 6 characterized in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex defined by Formula 2

2

in which:

R1 1 , and R12 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1-C25 alkyl, C1-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, wherein R1 1 and R12 is preferably hydrogen atom or an aryl substituted by a nitro (-N02) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which group R' is C^Cs alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl ;

L1 is a neutral ligand selected from groups encompassing pyridine or substituted pyridine, P(R')3, P(OR')3, 0(R')2, N(R')3, where each R' is independently a CrC12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C5-C20 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5- C24 perfluoroaryl, a 5-12 membered heteroaryl ;

Z is selected from among such as, ligand L1 , and then substituents R1 1 and R12 are mutually connected to form cyclic structure selected from groups encompassing a C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted with at least one or more substituents selected from groups encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, and then dashed line between Z and R12 does not mean a chemical bond ; heteroatom selected from group encompassing oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, or phosphorus atom, optionally substituted by group selected from such as hydrogen atom, Ci-C25 alkyl, Ci-C25 perfluoroalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, cyanide (- CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2), a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which group R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, and then dashed line between heteroatom and R12 group means a chemical bond, which is aryl optionally substituted by 1 , 2, 3, or 4 substituents independently selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci -C25 alkyl, Ci -C25 perfluoroalkyl, a alkene C2-C25, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N02) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR'2) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR'2) group, an ammonium (-N+R'3) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S02R') group, a sulphone (-S02R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S02NR'2) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which group R' has the following meaning: a C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl;

X1 , and X2 are an anionic ligand independently selected from groups encompassing halide anions, a -CN, - SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S02)R', -OSi(R')3, where R" is d-C12 alkyl, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C2-C12 alkenyl, C5-C20 aryl, which may possibly be substituted with AT east one a C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxylem, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl or halogen atom;

is subjected to a reaction with a carbene generated in situ as a result of the reaction of base selected from such as potassium ferf-pentoxide, potassium ferf-butoxide, potassium A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, or sodium hydride, with carbene precursor defined by Formula 4a

4a

in which:

R1 is heteroaryl group;

R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 are independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ alkoxyl, or C2-C25 alkenyl, wherein substituents R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 may be mutually connected, to form substituted or unsubstituted C4-Cio cyclic or C4-Ci2 polycyclic structure;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently hydrogen atom or a C^C^ alkyl, R7 and/or R8 may be mutually connected with R9 and/or R10, to form cycle;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X" is a halide anion, or BF4", PF6", or CI04".

10. A method of producing a compound defined by Formula 1 according to Claim 9, characterised in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex defined by Formula 2 is subjected to a reaction with a carbene generated in situ as a result of the reaction of base selected from such as potassium ferf-pentoxide, potassium ferf-butoxide, potassium A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, or sodium hydride, with carbene precursor defined by Formula 4b

4b

in which:

R1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R7, R8, R9, and R10 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X" is halogen anion, or BF4", PF6", CI04".

1 1 . A method of producing a compound defined by Formula 1 according to any of Claims from 7 to 10, characterised in that the alkylidene ruthenium complex defined by Formula 2a

in which:

X1 , X2, and L1 have the same meaning as defined by Formula 2.

12. A method of producing a compound according to any of Claims from 7 to 10, characterised in that as the alkylidene ruthenium complex is used compound defined by Formula 2b

2b

in which:

X1 , X2, and L1 , have the same meaning as defined above;

R1 1 is hydrogen atom;

E is a heteroatom selected from such as oxygen, sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus.

13. A use of a compound defined by Formula 1 as defined in Claims from 1 to 6, as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in the olefin metathesis reactions.

14. The use according to Claim 13, in which compound defined by Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in ring closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, isomerisation, in diastero ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM), in en-yne metathesis or ROMP type polymerization reaction.

15. The use according to Claim 13, in which compound defined by Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of dicyclopentadiene or norbornene.

16. The use according to Claim 13, in which compound defined by Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in the reaction mixture from 1 minute to 24 hours.

17. The use according to Claim 13, in which compound defined by Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in non-polar solvents or without solvents (neat mixtures).

18. A use of compound defined by Formula 1 according to any of Claims from 1 to 6, as a substrate for the synthesis of other ruthenium complex compound which are precatalyst and/or catalyst in the olefin metathesis reactions.

Description:
Ruthenium complexes, method of producing them, and their use

The present invention relates to novel ruthenium complexes, a method of producing them, and their use as precatalysts and/or catalysts in the olefin metathesis reactions. This invention is applicable in the wide understood organic synthesis reactions using olefin cross-metathesis (CM), ring closing metathesis (RCM), ring closure enyne metathesis (RCEYM), diastereo ring-rearrangement metathesis (DRRM), ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP), and acyclic diene metathesis polymerization (ADMET).

In recent years, applications of olefin metathesis in organic synthesis has achieved significant progress [Grela, K. ; edt. Olefin Metathesis: Theory and Practice, 2014, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 608 pages].

The state of the art encompasses several ruthenium carbene complexes acting as a precatalysts and/or catalysts, that both possess a high activity in various types of olefin metathesis reactions as well as have a broad functional group tolerance. This combination of properties determine the usefulness of such precatalysts and/or catalysts in organic synthesis. Well-known applications of ruthenium complexes in organic synthesis include Grubbs' complexes (Gru-I, Gru-ll, Gru-lll and Gru-ΙΙΓ), Hoveyda complexes (Hov-I and Hov-ll), and indenylidene complexes (lnd-1, lnd-ll and Ind-lll), 1 st , 2 nd and 3 rd generation [Grela et al.. Chem. Rev. 2009, 109, 3708-3742; Grubbs et al.. Chem. Rev. 2010, 110, 1746-1787; Lemcoff, et al.. Dalton Trans. 2012, 41, 32-43; A. Hoveyda, J. Org. Chem. 2014, 79, 4763-4792; Nolan et al.. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 10355-10375].

From the practical point of view, application of olefin metathesis reaction, particularly on an industrial scale, highly demands that these ruthenium complexes exhibit a prolonged stability at elevated temperatures and may be stored, purified and applied in commercially available solvents without need of inert gas atmosphere. In some applications, it is important that depending on the reaction conditions such a latent precatalysts and/or catalysts have a delayed initiation and after initiation, the promote the reaction in a controlled manner.

Gru-lfl Gru-!ll' Ind-MI

Me-= 2,4,6-srimetytofeny!

There are many known ruthenium complexes active in olefin metathesis [for examples, see review articles: Chem. Rev. 2010, 1 10, 1746; Chem. Rev. 2009, 109, 3708]. It has been demonstrated that benzylidene ruthenium complexes without phosphine ligands, but having two pyridine ligands: Gru-lll i Gru-ΙΙΓ are characterized by much higher rate of initiation and propagation in many metathesis reactions, including ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). Similarly, European researchers have introduced indenylidene complex Ind-lll, that contains only one molecule of pyridine, as a convenient precatalyst for olefin metathesis also having a high activity in ROMP polymerization.

bis-4 bis-5 bis-6

In the state of the art, there are also known precatalysts and/or catalysts for olefin metathesis reactions in which the two neutral ligands are A/-heterocyclic carbenes. Ruthenium benzylidene complexes bearing two identical symmetrical NHC ligands have been obtained for the first time by Herrmann et al.. in 1998 [EP1087838B1 ; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 1998, 37, 2490-2493; Organometallics 2003, 22, 1986-1988]. Subsequently, ruthenium benzylidene complexes active in olefin metathesis bearing two identical unsymmetrical NHC ligands, that possess two different substituents on the nitrogen atoms [Organometallics 2007, 26, 1052-1056; Organometallics 2012, 31, 2476-2481 ]. In the art, there are also known benzylidene precatalysts and/or catalysts containing two NHC ligands inseparably connected via hydrocarbon or aromatic bridge [J. Organomet. Chem. 2006, 691, 5204-5210; Organometallics 2012, 31, 580-587]. Next, there are also known benzylidene precatalysts and/or catalysts bearing two different NHC ligands [Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2009, 48, 5191 -5194; Organometallics 2009 , 29, 250-256; Chem. Eur. J. 2010, 16, 3983-3993; J. Organomet. Chem. 2010, 695, 2418-2422]. In the art, there are also known indenylidene ruthenium complexes bearing two different NHC ligands [Organometallics 2010, 29, 2761 -2766; Organometallics 2010, 29, 3007-301 1 ; J. Organomet. Chem. 2012, 710, 68-74].

In the state of the art, there are known Grubbs and Hoveyda type ruthenium complexes active in olefin metathesis bearing unsymmetrical Λ/,Λ/'-disubstituted NHC ligands [Organometallics 2006, 25, 25-28; Adv. Synth. Catal. 2007, 349, 1692-1 700; Organometallics 2007, 26, 2469-2472; Chem. Eur. J. 2008, 14, 7545- 7556]. Recent reports in the literature have revealed unprecedented Z-selectivity in olefin cross metathesis performed in the presence of Hoveyda type complexes bearing unsymmetrical Λ/,Λ/'-disubstituted NHC ligands [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011 , 133, 8525-8527], and high selectivity in ethenolysis reactions [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011 , 133,

Cat 1 Cat 2 Cat 3 Cat 4 Cat 5 A long, complicated, and costly synthesis pathways of ruthenium complexes without phosphine and having one or two NHC ligands that require the use of expensive reagents such as silver salts, strong bases, dry and deoxygenated solvents; they all represent obstacles for the synthesis of ruthenium complexes, and the widespread usage of olefin metathesis in the industry. In addition, there are only a few known complexes that are stable and resistant to high temperatures, as well as such precatalysts that its activation leading to catalysts may be controlled during the reaction at elevated temperature. Research for new possibly application of olefin metathesis reaction in the industry is an important cause for continuous search of new ruthenium complexes having modified catalytic properties. In particular, ruthenium complexes with controlled activity during the reaction at elevated temperature.

Unexpectedly, it was found that novel ruthenium complexes defined by the general formula 1 :

having in their structure indenylidene alkylidene, bearing two neutral NHC carbene ligands lacking phosphine ligand type, or Hoveyda type having one NHC ligand and chelating benzylidene typical for olefin metathesis precatalyst, that exhibits a significantly higher thermal stability both in solution as well as in the solid state, and at the same time effectively catalyze metathesis reactions at the elevated temperatures.

Unexpectedly, it has been found that catalysts represented by the structure of formula 1 are activated in a slow and controlled manner at high temperatures, as compared to commercially available ruthenium complexes. Complexes of general Formula 1 combines features of the "latent catalyst" and high stability features of ll-generation catalysts.

In the laboratory scale, the reaction rate is of moderate importance for the overall process, whereas in the industrial scale when reactions are performed in large volume, the reaction rate is a key parameter. Delayed or slowed down initiation of olefin metathesis precatalysts is a desirable feature of a ruthenium complexes, because it allows preparation of substrate-precatalyst mixture at room temperature, controlled handling of such a mixture, its transport and introduction into the reactor or the mold, where the reaction takes place. The chemical reaction is started only at the certain high temperature, which initiate precatalyst. This is critical feature for the use of these precatalysts in organic synthesis in the large scale. Precatalysts described by the invention prevent the uncontrolled chemical reaction, that increases the safety of industrial installations and employees. Valid control of the reaction allows easy delivery and/or receiving of energy that is required for the reaction performance, and the discharge of resulting gas products.

Unexpectedly, it was found that the synthesis of indenylidene ruthenium complexes bearing two NHC ligands represented by Formula 1 is considerably shorter, less expensive and easier to apply on an industrial scale than the prior art syntheses of ruthenium precatalysts and/or catalysts, because they does not require the use of a silver salt, and it involves a one-step modification of commercially available complex Umicore M1™ (Ind-

Complexes according to the invention, represented by general Formula 1 , find usage in a wide range of reaction. These complexes may performed with a good result either numerous ring-closing metathesis reactions, homometathesis, enyne metathesis (RCEYM), cross-metathesis, including ethenolysis, diastereo ring rearrangements metathesis (DRRM), as well as ring opening polymerization (ROMP), and acyclic diene polymerization (ADMET).

The subject of the present invention is compound defined by the general Formula 1

1

in which:

X 1 and X 2 are an anionic ligand independently selected from group encompassing halogen anion, the groups - CN, -SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S0 2 )R', and -OSi(R') 3 , where R" is d-C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, or C 5 -C 20 aryl, which optionally may be substituted with at least one Ci-Ci 2 alkyl, Ci-Ci 2 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-Ci 2 alkoxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxyl, or halogen atom;

R 1 is heteroaryl group;

R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl group, Ci-C 25 alkoxyl group, or C 2 -C 25 alkenyl group, wherein the groups R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 and R 6 may be mutually connected into ring that form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic structure;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, or Ci-C 25 alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 may be connected with R 9 and/or R 10 , to form a cycle;

n is 0 or 1 ;

R 1 1 and R 12 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl optionally substituted, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl optionally substituted, C 2 -C 25 alkene optionally substituted, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl optionally substituted, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl optionally substituted, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl optionally substituted, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl optionally substituted, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl optionally substituted, Ci-C 25 alkoxyl optionally substituted, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl optionally substituted, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxyl optionally substituted, C 5 -C 24 aryl optionally substituted, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl optionally substituted, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl optionally substituted, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl optionally substituted, 3-12 membered heterocycle optionally substituted;

wherein groups R 1 1 and R 12 may be mutually connected into ring selected from among C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 3 - C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted by at least one and/or more substituents selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, a halide atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alken, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C^C^ alkoxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryloxyl, C 5 -C 2 4 aryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C 7 -C 2 4 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle;

wherein groups R 1 1 and R 12 are preferably hydrogen atom or aryl independently substituted by an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a sulphoxide (-S(O)R') group, a sulphonium (-S + R' 2 ) group, a sulphone (- S0 2 R') group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, an amine (-NR' 2 ) group, an ammonium (-N + R' 3 ) group, a nitro (-N0 2 ) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, a phosphonate (-P(0)(OR') 2 ) group, a phosphinate (-P(O)R'(OR')) group, a phosphonite (-P(OR') 2 ) group, a phosphine (-PR'2) group, a phosphine oxide (-P(0)R' 2 ) group, a phosphonium (-P + R' 3 ) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which each R' independently has the following meaning: a C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl;

G is selected from group among such as

- a L ligand

in which R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 have meaning denoted in Formula 1 , whereas substituents R 1 1 and R 12 are mutually connected into ring selected from group encompassing a C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted by one and/or more substituents selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C 25 alkoxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, and then dashed line between G and R 12 does not mean a chemical bond;

- heteroatom selected from among oxygen atom, nitrogen atom, sulphur atom, and phosphorus atom, optionally substituted by group selected from among hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, cyanide (-CN), carboxyl (-COOH), ester (-COOR'), amide (-CONR' 2 ), sulphone (-S0 2 R'), formyl (-CHO), sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ), keto (-COR'), in which group R' are a C r C 5 alkyl, C r C 5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and then dashed line between G and R 12 means a chemical bond between a heteroatom and R 12 substituent, which is aryl optionally substituted by 1 , 2, 3, or 4 substituents independently selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N0 2 ) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amino (-NR' 2 ) group, an ammonium (-N + R' 3 ) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S0 2 R') group, a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (- S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a keto (-COR') group, in which group R' has the following meaning: a C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl. In a preferable embodiment of the present invention, compound 1 has a structure defined by the general

Formula 1 a

in which:

X 1 , X 2 , R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 have the same meaning as in Formula 1 ;

R 13 , R 14 , R 15 , R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , R 19 , R 20 , R 21 , and R 22 independently of one another are hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C C 2 5 alkyl, C C 2 5 alkyloamino, C C 2 5 alkyloammonium, C C 2 5 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C 1 -C25 alkoxyl, C 5 -C 2 4 aryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C3-C 12 heterocycle, 3-12 membered heterocycle, a thioether (-SR'), an ester (-COOR'), an amide (- CONR' 2 ), a suphone (-S0 2 R'), a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ), or a ketone (-COR'), in which R' group is C^Cs alkyl, C 1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 25 aryl, or C 5 -C 25 perfluoroaryl.

In another preferable embodiment of the present invention, compound 1 has a structure defined by the general Formula 1a

in which:

R 1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl group;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X 1 , and X 2 are halogen atom;

R 13 , R 14 , R 15 , R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , R 19 , R 20 , R 21 , and R 22 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C C 25 alkyl, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, Ci-C 25 alkoxyl.

In another preferable embodiment of the present invention, compound 1 has a structure defined by the general Formula 1 b

1b in which:

X 1 , X 2 , R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 have the same meaning as in Formula 1 ;

R 1 1 is hydrogen atom;

R 23 , R 24 , R 25 , and R 26 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 - C25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N0 2 ) group, Cynaide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR' 2 ) group, an ammonium (-N + R' 3 ) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S0 2 R') group, a sulphone (- S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituent R' denotes: a C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, whereas R 23 , R 24 , R 25 , and R 26 are preferentially hydrogen atom;

R 27 is hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 2 4 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituent R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl;

E is heteroatom selected from atoms encompassing oxygen, sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus.

In another preferable embodiment of the present invention, compound 1 has a structure defined by the general Formula 1b

in which:

R 1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X 1 , and X 2 are halogen atom;

R 1 1 is hydrogen atom;

R 23 , R 24 , R 25 , and R 26 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 - C25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C3-C25 cycloalkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C3-C25 cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N0 2 ) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR' 2 ) group, an ammonium (-N + R' 3 ) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S0 2 R') group, a sulphone (- S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituents R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, wherein R 23 , R 24 , R 25 , and R 26 are preferably hydrogen atom;

R 27 is C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which substituent R' is C 1 -C5 alkyl, C 1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 2 4 aryl, C 5 -C 2 4 perfluoroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl;

E is heteroatom selected from atoms encompassing oxygen or sulphur atom.

In another preferable embodiment of the present invention, compound 1 has a structure defined by the general Formula selected from among 1aa, 1ab, 1ac, 1 ba, and 1 bb:

The subject of present invention is also a method of producing compound defined by the general Formula 1 , which encompasses reactions of alkylidene ruthenium complex by general Formula 2,

2

in which:

R 1 1 , and R 12 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C^C^ alkoxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle,

wherein groups R 1 1 and R 12 may be mutually connected into ring selected from among C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 3 - C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, which may be independently substituted by at least one and/or more substituents selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, Ci-C 25 alkoxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocyle; wherein groups R 1 1 , and R 12 are preferentially hydrogen atom or aryl independently substituted by an ether group (-OR'), a thioether group (-SR'), a sulphoxide group (-S(O)R'), a sulphonium group (-S + R' 2 ), a sulphone group (-S0 2 R'), a sulphonamide group (-S0 2 NR' 2 ), an amino group (-NR' 2 ), an ammonium group (-N + R' 3 ), a nitro group (-N0 2 ), Cyanide group (-CN), a phosphonate group (-P(0)(OR) 2 ), a phosphinate group (- P(0)R'(OR')), a phosphonite group (-P(OR') 2 ), a phosphine group (-PR' 2 ), a phosphine oxide group (-P(0)R' 2 ), a phosphonium group (-P + R' 3 ), carboxyl group (-COOH), an ester group (-COOR'), an amide group (- CONR' 2 ), a formyl group (-CHO), a ketone group (-COR'), where each R' independently is C^Cs alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl;

L 1 is neutral ligand selected from group encompassing pyridine or substituted pyridine, P(R') 3 , P(OR') 3 , 0(R') 2 , N(R') 3 , in which each R' is independently a C^C^ alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, a 5-12 membered heteroaryl;

Z is selected from such as ligand L 1 , and then substituents R 1 1 , and R 12 are mutually connected to form ring selected from group encompassing a C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C5-C20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 2 4 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted at least one substituent selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, a halogen, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C1 -C25 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, and then dashed line between Z and R 12 does not mean a chemical bond; heteroatom selected from group encompassing oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, or phosphorus atom, optionally substituted by group selected from such as hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (- COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which group R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and then dashed line between heteroatom and R 12 means a chemical bond between a heteroatom and R 12 substituent, which is aryl optionally substituted by 1 , 2, 3, or 4 substituents independently selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C 1 -C 25 alkyl, C 1 -C 25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alken, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 2 s cycloalkynyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N0 2 ) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR' 2 ) group, an ammonium (-N + R' 3 ) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S0 2 R') group, a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (- S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which R' has the following meaning: a C^Cs alkyl, C^Cs perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl;

X 1 , and X 2 are an anionic ligand selected independently from group encompassing halide anions, a -CN, - SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S0 2 )R', -OSi(R') 3 group, where R' is C r C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, or C 5 -C 2 o aryl, which is optionally substituted at least one C1 -C12 alkyl, C1 -C12 perfluoroalkyl, C1 -C12 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl or halogen atom;

is subjected to a reaction with a carbene defined by the general Formula 3a

3a

in which:

R 1 is heteroaryl group;

R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are independently hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 alkoxyl, or alkenyl C2-C25, wherein substituents R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 may be mutually connected into ring that form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -C 10 cyclic or C 4 -C 12 polycyclic structure;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are independently hydrogen atom or a C1 -C25 alkyl group, R 7 and/or R 8 may be mutually connected with R 9 and/or R 10 , to form a cycle;

n is 0 or 1 .

In another preferable embodiment of the present invention, ruthenium alkilidene complex defined by the general Formula 2 is subjected to a reaction with carbene defined by the general Formula 3b

3b

in which:

R 1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are independently hydrogen atom, methyl;

n is 0 or 1 .

In another preferable embodiment of the present invention, ruthenium alkylidene complex defined by general Formula 2

2

in which:

R 1 1 , and R 12 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C2-C25 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C C 2 5 alkoxyl, C5-C24 aryloxyl, C5-C20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, wherein R 1 1 and R 12 is preferably hydrogen atom or an aryl substituted by a nitro (-N0 2 ) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which group R' is C1 -C5 alkyl, C1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl ;

L 1 is a neutral ligand selected from groups encompassing pyridine or substituted pyridine, P(R')3, P(OR') 3 , 0(R') 2 , N(R') 3 , where each R' is independently a C1 -C12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 5 -C 2 o aryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C 5 - C 24 perfluoroaryl, a 5-12 membered heteroaryl ;

Z is selected from among such as, ligand L 1 , and then substituents R 1 1 and R 12 are mutually connected to form cyclic structure selected from groups encompassing a C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 3 -C 2 s cycloalkenyl, C 3 -C 2 s cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, which may be independently substituted with at least one or more substituents selected from groups encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 2 -C 2 5 alkene, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 2 5 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 1 -C 25 alkoxyl, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxyl, C5-C24 aryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C7-C24 aralkyl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, and then dashed line between Z and R 12 does not mean a chemical bond ; heteroatom selected from group encompassing oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, or phosphorus atom, optionally substituted by group selected from such as hydrogen atom, C1 -C25 alkyl, C1 -C25 perfluoroalkyl, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C5-C24 aryl, C5-C24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 2 o heteroaryl, C 7 -C 2 4 aralkyl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an acyl (-COR') group, cyanide (- CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ), a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which group R' is C 1 -C5 alkyl, C 1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 2 4 aryl, C 5 -C 2 4 perfluoroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, and then dashed line between heteroatom and R 12 group means a chemical bond, which is aryl optionally substituted by 1 , 2, 3, or 4 substituents independently selected from group encompassing hydrogen atom, halogen atom, Ci-C 25 alkyl, Ci-C 25 perfluoroalkyl, a alkene C 2 -C 25 , C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkenyl, C 2 -C 25 alkynyl, C 3 -C 25 cycloalkynyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryl, 3-12 membered heterocycle, an ether (-OR') group, a thioether (-SR') group, a nitro (-N0 2 ) group, Cyanide (-CN) group, carboxyl (-COOH) group, an ester (-COOR') group, an amide (-CONR' 2 ) group, an imide (-CONR'COR') group, an amine (-NR' 2 ) group, an ammonium (-N + R' 3 ) group, an amide (-NR'COR') group, a sulphonamide (-NR'S0 2 R') group, a sulphone (-S0 2 R') group, a formyl (-CHO) group, a sulphonamide (-S0 2 NR' 2 ) group, a ketone (-COR') group, in which R' group has the following meaning: a C 1 -C5 alkyl, C 1 -C5 perfluoroalkyl, C 5 -C 24 aryl, C 5 -C 24 perfluoroaryl, C 7 -C 24 aralkyl;

X 1 , and X 2 are an anionic ligand independently selected from groups encompassing halide anions, a -CN, - SCN, -OR', -SR', -0(C=0)R', -0(S0 2 )R', -OSi(R') 3 , where R" is d-C 12 alkyl, C 3 -C 12 cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 12 alkenyl, C 5 -C 20 aryl, which may possibly be substituted with at least one a C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ perfluoroalkyl, C^C^ alkoxylem, C 5 -C 24 aryloxyl, C 5 -C 20 heteroaryloxyl or halogen atom;

is subjected to a reaction with a carbene generated in situ as a result of the reaction of base selected from such as potassium ferf-pentoxide, potassium ferf-butoxide, potassium A/,A/'-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, or sodium hydride, with carbene precursor defined by general Formula 4a

4a

in which:

R 1 is heteroaryl group;

R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are independently hydrogen atom, C^C^ alkyl, C^C^ alkoxyl, or C 2 -C 25 alkenyl, wherein substituents R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 may be mutually connected, to form substituted or unsubstituted C 4 -Cio cyclic or C 4 -Ci 2 polycyclic structure;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are independently hydrogen atom or a C^C^ alkyl, R 7 and/or R 8 may be mutually connected with R 9 and/or R 10 , to form cycle;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X " is a halide anion, or BF 4 " , PF 6 " , or CI0 4 " .

In another preferable embodiment of the present invention, ruthenium alkylidene complex defined by general Formula 2 is subjected to a reaction with a carbene generated in situ as a result of the reaction of base selected from such as potassium ferf-pentoxide, potassium ferf-butoxide, potassium Λ/,Λ/'- bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, or sodium hydride, with carbene precursor defined by general Formula 4b

4b

in which:

R 1 is heteroaryl selected from a group encompassing furan, thiophene, benzothiophene, benzofuran;

R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl, isopropyl, halogen atom;

R 7 , R 8 , R 9 , and R 10 are independently hydrogen atom or methyl;

n is 0 or 1 ;

X " is halogen anion, or BF 4 " , PF 6 " , CI0 4 " .

In another preferably embodiment of the present invention, as a ruthenium alkylidene complex compound defined by general Formula 2a

2a

in which:

X 1 , X 2 , and L 1 have the same meaning as defined by Formula 2.

In another preferably embodiment of the present invention, as a ruthenium alkylidene complex is used compound defined by general Formula 2b

2b

in which:

X 1 , X 2 , and L 1 , have the same meaning as defined above;

R 1 1 is hydrogen atom;

E is a heteroatom selected from such as oxygen, sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus.

The subject of the present invention is also the use of compound defined by general Formula 1 as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in olefin metathesis reactions.

Preferably, compound defined by general Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in ring closing metathesis (RCM), homometathesis, cross metathesis (CM), ethenolysis, isomerisation, in diastero ring- rearrangement metathesis (DRRM), in en-yne metathesis or ROMP type polymerization reaction. 1

Preferably, compound defined by general Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in the ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of dicyclopentadiene or norbornene.

Preferably, compound defined by general Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in reaction mixture in time from 1 minute to 24 hours.

Preferably, compound defined by general Formula 1 is used as a precatalyst and/or catalyst in non-polar solvents or without solvent.

The subject of the present invention is also the use of compound defined by general Formula 1 as a substrate for the synthesis of other ruthenium complex compound which are precatalyst and/or catalyst in the olefin metathesis reactions.

Brief description of drawings :

Fig. 1 shows summary of olefin metathesis precatalysts and catalysts available on the market as well as novel precatalysts and catalysts according to the present invention.

Fig. 2 shows structure of compound 1aa obtained by x-ray structural analysis.

Fig. 3 shows structure of compound 1ab obtained by x-ray structural analysis.

Fig. 4 shows structure of compound 1ac obtained by x-ray structural analysis.

Fig. 5 shows structure of compound 1 ba obtained by x-ray structural analysis.

Fig. 6 shows structure of compound 1 bb obtained by x-ray structural analysis.

Fig. 7 shows kinetic profile of RCM reaction of diethyl diallylmalonate (DEDAM) catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 90°C in toluene, carried out under argon.

Fig. 8 shows kinetic profile of RCM reaction of diethyl diallylmalonate (DEDAM) catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 90 °C in toluene, carried out in the air.

Fig. 9 shows kinetic profile of RCM reaction of diethyl diallylmalonate (DEDAM) catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 70 °C in toluene, carried out under argon.

Fig. 10 shows kinetic profile of RCM reaction of diethyl diallylmalonate (DEDAM) catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 70 °C in toluene, carried out in the air.

Fig. 11 shows kinetic profile of RCM reaction of diethyl diallylmalonate (DEDAM) catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 50 °C in toluene, carried out under argon.

Fig. 12 shows kinetic profile of RCM reaction of diethyl diallylmalonate (DEDAM) catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 50 °C in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, carried out under argon.

Definitions of frequently used terms

In the present invention the terms have the meanings as follow. Terms not specifically defined herein should be given the meanings that would be given to them by one of skill in the art in light of the disclosure and the context. As used in the specification, however, unless specified to the contrary, the following terms have the meaning indicated and the following conventions are adhered to.

The term„halogen atom" is an element selected from among F, CI, Br, and I.

The term "carbene" is a molecule containing a neutral carbon atom with the valence number 2 and two unpaired (triplet carbene) or paired (singlet carbene) valence electrons. The term "carbene" also encompasses carbene analogues in which the carbon atom has been substituted by another chemical element such as boron, silicon, germanium, tin, lead, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, selenium, and tellurium. The term "alkyr refers to a saturated, linear or branched hydrocarbon substituent with an indicated number of carbon atoms. Examples of alkyl substituents are -methyl, -ethyl, -n-propyl, -n-butyl, -n-pentyl, -n-hexyl, -n- heptyl, -n-octyl, -n-nonyl, and -n-decyl. Representative branched -(CrC^) alkyls encompass -isopropyl, -sec-butyl, -isobutyl, -ferf-butyl, -isopentyl, - neopentyl, -1 -methylbutyl, -2-methylbutyl, -3-methylbutyl, -1 ,1 -dimethylpropyl, -1 ,2-dimethylpropyl, -1 - methylpentyl, -2-methylpentyl, -3-methylpentyl, -4-methylpentyl, -1 -ethylbutyl, -2- ethylbutyl, -3-ethylbutyl, -1 ,1 -dimethylbutyl, -1 ,2-dimethylbutyl, -1 ,3-dimethylbutyl, -2,2-dimethylbutyl, -2,3- dimethylbutyl, -3,3-dimethylbutyl, -1 -methylhexyl, -2-methylhexyl, -3-methylhexyl, -4-methylhexyl, -5- methylhexyl, -1 ,2-dimethylpentyl, -1 ,3- dimethylpentyl, -1 ,2-dimethylhexyl, -1 ,3-dimethylhexyl, -3,3- dimethylhexyl, -1 ,2-dimethylheptyl, -1 ,3-dimethylheptyl, and -3,3-dimethylheptyl, and the like.

The term "alkoxyf refers to alkyl or cycloalkyl substituents as defined above and attached via an oxygen atom.

The term " perfluoroalkyf is an alkyl group as defined above, wherein all hydrogen atoms

have been substituted by identical or different halide atoms.

The term "cycloalkyr refers to a saturated mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with the indicated number of carbon atoms. Examples of cycloalkyl substituents are -cyclopropyl, -cyclobutyl, -cyclopentyl, - cyclohexyl, -cycloheptyl, -cyclooctyl, -cyclononyl, cyclodecyl, and the like.

The term "alkenyf refers to an unsaturated, linear, or branched acyclic hydrocarbon substituent with the indicated number of carbon atoms and containing at least one double carbon-carbon bond. Examples of an alkenyl substituent include -vinyl, -allyl, -1 -butenyl, -2-butenyl, -isobutylenyl, -1 -pentenyl, -2-pentenyl, -3- methyl-1 -butenyl, -2-methyl-2-butenyl, -2,3-dimethyl-2-butenyl, -1 -hexenyl, -2-hexenyl, -3-hexenyl, -1 - heptenyl, -2-heptenyl, -3-heptenyl, -1 -octenyl, -2-octenyl, -3-octenyl, -1 -nonenyl, -2-nonenyl, -3-nonenyl, -1 - decenyl, -2-decenyl, -3-decenyl, and the like.

The term " cycloalkenyf refers to an unsaturated mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with the indicated number of carbon atoms and containing at least one double carbon-carbon bond. Examples of a cycloalkenyl substituent include -cyclopentenyl, -cyclopentadienyl, -cyclohexenyl, -cyclohexadienyl, - cycloheptenyl, -cycloheptadienyl, -cycloheptatrienyl, -cyclooctenyl, -cyclooctadienyl, -cyclooctatrienyl, - cyclooctatetraenyl, -cyclononenyl, -cyclononadienyl, -cyclodecenyl, -cyclodecadienyl, and the like.

The term "alkynyf refers to an unsaturated, linear, or branched acyclic hydrocarbon substituent with the indicated number of carbon atoms and containing at least one triple carbon-carbon bond. Examples of an alkynyl substituent include -acetylenyl, -propynyl, -1 -butynyl, -2-butynyl, -1 -pentynyl, -2-pentynyl, -3-methyl-1 - butynyl, -4-pentynyl, -1 -hexynyl, -2-hexynyl, -5-hexynyl, and the like.

The term "cycloalkynyf refers to an unsaturated mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with the indicated number of carbon atoms and containing at least one triple carbon-carbon bond. Examples of a cycloalkynyl substituent include -cyclohexynyl, -cycloheptynyl, -cyclooctynyl, and the like.

The term "ary refers to an aromatic mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with the indicated number of carbon atoms, possibly substituted with at least one alkyl, alkoxyl, aryloxyl, halogen atom, hydroxyl group, nitro group, ester group or ketone group, cyanide group, amide group, carboxyl group, sulphonamide group, formyl group or ether group. Examples of an aryl substituent include -phenyl, -tolyl, -xylyl, -naphthyl, -2,4,6- trimethylphenyl, -2-fluorophenyl, -4-fluorophenyl, -2,4,6-trifluorophenyl, -2,6-difluorophenyl, -4-nitrophenyl, and the like.

The term "aralkyr refers to alkyl substituents as defined above, substituted with at least one aryl as defined above. Examples of an aralkyl substituent include -benzyl, -diphenylmethyl, -triphenylmethyl, and the like. The term "heteroaryf refers to an aromatic mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent with the indicated number of carbon atoms, in which at least one carbon atom has been substituted by a heteroatom selected from among O, N, and S. Examples of heteroaryl substituents include -furyl, -thienyl, -imidazolyl, -oxazolyl, - thiazolyl, -isoxazolyl, -triazolyl, -oxadiazolyl, -tiadiazolyl, -tetrazolyl, -pyridyl, -pyrimidyl, -triazynyl, -indolyl, - benzo[b]furyl, -benzo[b]tienyl, -indazolyl, -benzoimidazolyl, -azaindolyl, -quinolyl, -isoquinolyl, -carbazolyl, and the like.

The term " perfluoroaryf is an aryl group as defined above in which all hydrogen atoms have been substituted by identical or different halogen atoms.

The term " heterocycle" refers to a saturated or partially unsaturated, mono- or polycyclic hydrocarbon substituent, with the indicated number of carbon atoms, in which at least one carbon atom has been substituted by a heteroatom selected from among O, N and S. Examples of a heterocyclic substituent include -furyl, -thiophenyl, -pyrolyl, -oxazolyl, -imidazolyl, -thiazolyl, -isoxazolyl, -pirazolyl, -isothiazolyl, -triazynyl, - pyrolidynonyl, -pyrolidynyl, -hydantoinyl, -oxiranyl, -oxethanyl, -tetrahydrofuranyl, -tetrahydrotiophenyl, - quinolinyl, -isoquinolinyl, -chromonyl, -cumarynyl, -indolyl, -indolizynyl, -benzo[b]furanyl, -benzo[b]tiophenyl, - indazolyl, -purynyl, -4A7-quinolizynyl, -isoquinolyl, -quinolyl, -phthalazynyl, -naphthyrydynyl, -carbazolyl, -β- carbolinyl, and the like.

The term "neutral ligand" refers to a substituent devoid of charge, capable of coordinating with a metallic centre (ruthenium atom). Examples of such ligands may include: amines, phosphines and their oxides, phosphorines, alkyi and aryl phosphates, arsines and their oxides, ethers, aryl and alkyi sulphides, coordinated hydrocarbons, alkyi and aryl halides.

The term Jndenylidene" refers to unsaturated hydrocarbon substituent of indene backbone (benzocyclopentadiene) connected via double bound with metallic atom center.

The term„heteroindenylidene" refers to substituent indenylidene defined above, in which at least one carbon atom has been substituted by a heteroatom selected from among: nitrogen, oxygen, and sulphur.

The term "anionic ligand' refers to a substituent capable of coordinating with a metallic centre (ruthenium atom) possessing a charge, capable of partially or completely compensating the charge of the metallic centre. Examples of such ligands may be: such anions as fluoride, bromide, iodide, cyanide, cyanate and thiocyanate, carboxylic acid anions, alcohol anions, phenolic anions, thiol and thiophenol anions, hydrocarobon anions with a delocalised charge (i.e. cyclopentadiene), anions of (organo)sulphuric and (organo)phosphoric acids and esters thereof (such as i.e. anions of alkylsulphonic and arylsulphonic acids, anions of arylphsophoric and alkylphosphoric acids, anions of aryl and alkyi esters of sulphuric acids, anions of aryl and alkyi esters of phosphoric acids, anions of anions of aryl and alkyi esters of alkylphosphoric and arylophosphoric acids). Possibly, an anionic ligand may possess bound groups L 1 , L 2 , and L 3 , connected such as a catechol anion, an acetylacetone anion or a salicyl aldehyde anion. The anionic ligands (X 1 , X 2 ) and neutral ligands (L 1 , L 2 , L 3 ) may be together connected to one another forming multidentate ligands, such as a: bidentate ligand (X 1 -X 2 ), tridentate ligand (X 1 -X 2 -L 1 ), tetradentate ligand (X 1 -X 2 -L 1 -L 2 ), bidentate ligand (X 1 -L 1 ), tridentate ligand (X 1 -L 1 - L 2 ), or bidentate ligand (L 1 -L 2 ). Examples of such ligands include a catechol anion, an acetylacetone anion as well as a salicylic aldehyde anion.

The term ^ heteroatom" refers to element selected from among oxygen, sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus, and the like.

The term ^ chlorinated solvent refers to solvents, in which at least one hydrogen atom has been substituted by halogen atom from among F, CI, Br and I; preferably more than one. Examples of a chlorinated solvents are: dichloromethane, chloroform, tetrachloromethane (carbon tetrachloride), 1 ,2-dichloroethane, chlorobenzene, 1 ,2-dichlorobenzene, hexafluorobenzene, octafluorotoluene, freons, and the like. The term ,,ηοη-polar solvent refers to solvent with zero or a very small dipole moment. Examples of a chlorinated solvents are: pentane, hexane, octane, nonane, decane, benzene, toluene, tetrahydrofuran (THF) and derivatives thereof, diethyl ether, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, chloroform, and the like.

The term „DEDAM" is diethyl diallylmalonate, used as a model diene in RCM reactions that compare the activity of olefin metathesis precatalysts and catalysts.

The term„GC" is gas chromatography.

The term„HPLC" is high pressure liquid chromatography, whereas the solvents indicated as "HPLC solventa" refers to solvents of sufficient purity for HPLC analysis.

The term„NMR" is nuclear magnetic resonance.

The term„NHC is A/-heterocyclic carbene.

The term ,JLC" is thin layer chromatography.

The term„en-yne" is compound having in its structure a double and a triple bond.

The term „precatalysf refers to ruthenium complexes 16-electron chemical compound, which after dissociation of one ligand or compound's structure reorganization turn into the corresponding 14-electron olefin metathesis catalyst, which is actively involved in the catalytic cycle.

Compounds of the invention have been prepared according to the sequence of the following reaction shown in schemes 1 -3. In the first step, amine's synthesis of general formula (III) have been obtained, which is shown on the scheme 1 (examples l-IV).

Scheme 1

The basic reaction for preparation of A/,/V-disubstituted diamine (III) is conducted according to the one pot procedure, i.e. the procedure in one reaction vessel, involving formation of the imine (reaction between aldehyde (I) and diamine (II)) and then reduction of imine into diamine (III).

Then, corresponding NHC hydrochloride salt were obtained via condensation reaction of diamine (III) hydrochloride, by treating them with triethylorthoformate and anion exchange into tetrafluoroborate using NH4BF4. Synthesis of compounds (IV) were conducted according to the general reactions presented on scheme 2 (Examples V-VIII).

Scheme 2

Ruthenium complex, compound of the general formula 1 according to the present invention is obtained in the general method described on scheme 3 (experimental data, see Examples IX - XIII), consisting of reaction between the NHC carbene (V), generated Jn s/ ' ft ' from the corresponding NHC salt (IV), and corresponding first generation ruthenium alkylidene complex (Umicore M1™ bearing two phosphine ligands or Hov-I bearing one phosphine ligand). NHC carbene was obtained in the deprotonation of the corresponding NHC salt with a base, preferably potassium ferf-pentoxide, sodium hydride, KHMDS; carried out in non-polar solvents, aromatic or aliphatic hydrocarbons, preferably toluene, hexane. (2,2 equivalent) (2,2 equivalent)

toluenl

75 °C 1 - 5 min

1a

Scheme 3

In the embodiments illustrated below, the preparation method and use of new ruthenium complexes of the invention are described. The examples below are designed for a better understanding of the present invention, but they are not intended to limit the scope thereof in any way. The examples of comparative reactions using known complexes confirmed that the novel complexes of the invention are more thermally stable than complexes already known in the art. Moreover, novel ruthenium complexes show different catalytic properties.

Examples

Example I

Synthesis of A/-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-A/'-(furan-2-ylmethyl)-1 ,2-diaminoethane (diamine 1 according to Scheme 1 )

To the solution of diamine (A/-(2,6-diisopropylphfenyl)-1 ,2-diaminoethane 1 1 .0 g, 50 mmol) in methanol (150 ml), aldehyde (furfural 4.8 g, 50 mmol) was added in one portion, then subsequently 3 droplets of 85% formic acid and sodium sulphate (1 g) were added. Stirring for 24 hours at room temperature. Next, sodium borohydride (15.9 g, 400 mmol) was added portionwise and stirring was continued for additional 24 hours. Then, 5% solution of NaOH (200 ml) was added, and methanol was evaporated from the mixture. The mixture was washed with methylene chloride (4x1 00 ml). The combined fractions were dried over dry sodium sulphate, solvent was evaporated. Crude product was purified on column chromatography with silica gel, using as eluent 10%, and then 30% ethyl acetate/cyclohexane. After solvent evaporation, 12.1 g of yellow oil was obtained (which is 80% of theoretical yield).

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CDCk): δ = 7.38 (dd, J = 1 .9 Hz, J = 0.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 - 7.04 (m, 3H), 6,34 (dd, J = 3.2 Hz, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 6.20 (dd, J = 3.2 Hz, J = 0.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.86 (s, 2H), 3.31 (septet, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 3.00 - 2.97 (m, 2H), 2.89 - 2.87 (m, 2H), 2.53 (broad s, 2H), 1 .24 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 12H) ppm.

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CDCk): δ = 154.2; 143.5; 142.6; 141 .9; 123.7; 123.6; 1 10.3; 1 06.9; 51 .2; 49.2; 46.1 ; 27.7; 24.4 ppm.

IR (film from CH 2 CI 2 ): v = 3357, 31 14, 3060, 3029, 2961 , 2929, 2868, 2835, 1678, 1590, 1 505, 1459, 1445, 1383, 1362, 1334, 1254, 1 199, 1 147, 1 1 1 1 , 1073, 1055, 1 01 1 , 920, 884, 800, 755, 734, 599, 577, 529, 432

-1

cm

Elemental Analysis for C 19 H 28 N 2 0; calculated: %C, 75.96; %H, 9.39; %N, 9.32; found : %C, 75.86; %H, 9.35; %N, 9.31 .

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C 19 H 28 N 2 NaO [M+Na] + : calculated: 323.2; found: 323.1 .

Example II

Synthesis of A/-(2,6-diizopropylphenyl)-A/'-(tiofen-2-ylomethyl)-1 ,2-diaminoethan (diamine 2 according to Scheme 1 ).

The same procedure as described for diamine 1 (in Example I) was employed [using Λ/-(2,6- diisopropylphenyl)-1 ,2-diaminoethan - 1 1 .0 g, 50 mmol and 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde - 5.61 g, 50 mmol], white solid was obtained (13.0 g, 82% of yield). Melting point = 52 - 53 S C.

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CDCk): δ = 7.25 (dd, J = 4.8 Hz, J = 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.13 - 7.05 (m, 3H), 7,00 - 6.96 (m, 2H), 4.08 (s, 2H), 3.36 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.03 - 3.00 (m, 2H), 2.97 - 2.94 (m, 2H), 1 .27 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 12H) ppm. (NH hydrogen's were not observed).

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CDCk): δ = 144.4; 143.6; 142.5; 126.7; 124.8; 124.5; 123.7; 123.6; 51 .3; 49.3; 48.6; 27.7; 24.5 ppm. IR (KBr): v = 3362, 3349, 3279, 31 1 1 , 3067, 3047, 3030, 2959, 2930, 2868, 2833, 2753, 1902, 1845, 1791 , 1767, 1696, 1 643, 1591 , 1 540, 1490, 1456, 1382, 1362, 131 1 , 1250, 1222, 1204, 1 168, 1 146, 1 1 1 1 , 1035, 1003, 974, 958, 941 , 904, 852, 822, 804, 792, 749, 691 , 619, 580, 534, 504, 478, 456, 426 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 19 H 28 N 2 S; calculated: %C, 72.10; %H, 8.92; %N, 8.85; %S, 1 0.13; found: %C, 72.24; %H, 8.91 ; %N, 8.82; %S, 10.05.

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C 19 H 28 N 2 NaS [M+Na] + : calculated: 339,2; found: 339,0.

Example III

Synthesis of A/-benzo[i>]thiophen-2-ylomethyl-A/-(2,6-diisopropylpheny l)-1 ,2-diaminoethane (diamine 3 according to Schem

The same procedure as described for diamine 1 (in Example I) was employed (using Λ/-(2,6- diisopropylphenyl)-1 ,2-diaminoethane - 7.71 g, 35 mmol and benzo[b]thiophen-2-carboxyaldehyde - 5.68 g, 35 mmol), white solid was obtained (1 1 .2 g with 87% of yield). Melting point = 79 - 80 S C.

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CDCk): δ = 7.83 (dd, J = 7.7 Hz, J = 0.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.73 - 7.71 (m, 1 H), 7.37 - 7.29 (m, 2H), 7.19 (broad s, 1 H), 7.14 - 7.05 (m, 3H), 4.1 7 (broad s, 2H), 3.62 (broad s, 1 H), 3.37 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.02 - 2.99 (m, 4H), 1 .68 (broad s, 1 H), 1 .27 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 12H) ppm.

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CDCk): δ = 145.6; 143.5; 142.5; 139.9; 139.8; 124.3; 124.0; 123.7; 123.6; 123.2; 122.5; 121 .2; 51 .3; 49.4; 49.3; 27.7; 24.5 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3345, 3281 , 3080, 3070, 3057, 3041 , 2965, 2927, 2865, 2826, 2701 , 1 925, 1897, 1864, 1820, 1808, 1790, 1 690, 1661 , 1 588, 1458, 1442, 1417, 1381 , 1367, 1361 , 1340, 131 7, 1302, 1279, 1254, 1242, 1230, 1206, 1 185, 1 143, 1 129, 1 1 16, 1090, 1067, 1051 , 1040, 1014, 1002, 986, 959, 944, 933, 914, 896, 881 , 856, 831 , 791 , 756, 742, 726, 708, 675, 626, 586, 566, 555, 534, 488, 475, 447, 428, 41 8 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 23 H 30 N 2 S; calculated: %C, 75.36; %H, 8.25; %N, 7.64; %S, 8.75; found: %C, 75.52; %H, 8.1 6; %N, 7.68; %S, 8.50.

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C 23 H 3 oN 2 NaS [M+Na] + : calculated: 389.2; found: 389.1 .

Example IV

Synthesis of N-(2, 4, 6-trimethylphenyl)-A/'-(thiohen-2-ylmethyl)-1 ,2-diaminoethane (diamine 4 according to Scheme 1 )

diamine 4

The same procedure as described for diamine 1 (in Example I) was employed (using Λ/-(2,4,6- trimethylphenyl)-1 ,2-diaminoethane - 12.5 g, 70 mmol, 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde - 8.01 g, 70 mmol and sodium borohydride - 223 g, 560 mmol), dense colourless oil was obtained (15.4 g which is 80% of theoretical yield).

1 H NMR (500 MHz. CDCk): δ = 7.25 (dd, J = 5.0 Hz, J = 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 - 6.97 (m, 2H), 6.86 (s, 2H), 4.07 (broad s, 2H), 3.1 0 - 3.07 (m, 2H), 2.93 - 2.91 (m, 2H), 2.67 (broad s, 2H), 2.33 (s, 6H), 2.27 (s, 3H) ppm. 13 C NMR (125 MHz. CDCU): δ = 144.1 ; 143.7; 131 .1 ; 129.7; 129.5; 126.7; 124.9; 124.5; 49.2; 48.3; 48.2; 20.6; 18.5 ppm.

IR (film from CH 2 CI 2 ): V = 3351 , 3069, 2938, 291 5, 2852, 2730, 1593, 1485, 1443, 1371 , 1304, 1232, 1 1 12, 1036, 852, 823, 697 cm -1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 16 H 22 N 2 S; calculated: %C, 70.03; %H, 8.08; %N, 10.21 ; %S, 1 1 .68; found: %C, 70.15; %H, 8.09; %N, 10.26; %S, 1 1 .84.

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C 16 H 22 N 2 NaS [M+Na] + : calculated: 297.1 ; found: 297.1 .

Example V

Synthesis of 1 -(2,6-diizopropylofenylo)-3-(furano-2-ylometylo)-4,5-dihydro -3 -/-imidazoliowego tetrafluoroborate (NHC 1 according to Scheme 2)

Diamine 1 (1 0.5 g, 35.0 mmol) and triethyl orthoformate (59.5 ml, 350 mmol) were placed in the flask and stirred at room temperature. After 10 minutes, HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane (17.5 ml, 4 mol/dm 3 , 70.0 mmol) was added dropwise. Then, the reaction mixture was heated to 90 S C and stirred for 12 hours. At the end, temperature was increased to 120 S C and stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled down, white precipitate was filtered off, washed with n-hexane and dried. Crude product was dissolved in hot water, and stirring ammonium tetrafluoroborate (4,1 6 g, 38,5 mmola) was added portionwise. The mixture was cooled down, 100 ml of methylene chloride was added and the mixture was extracted (it was repeated CH 2 CI 2 3x50 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over dry magnesium sulphate, filtered off and carefully concentrated. Then, toluene was added and resulting mixture was slowly concentrated under reduced pressure on the rotary evaporator without heating, to remove methylene chloride. The resulting suspension of NHC salt was filtered off on the fritted glass funnel under reduced pressure, washed with toluene, n-hexane and dried. White solid was obtained (1 1 ,2 g which is 80% of theoretical yield). Melting point: 158 - 160 S C.

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD?CI 2 ): δ = 8.10 (s, 1 H), 7.50 (dd, J = 1 .9 Hz, J = 0.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.49 - 7.45 (m, 1 H), 7.28 - 7.26 (m, 2H), 6.61 (dd, J = 3.3 Hz, J = 0.7 Hz, 1 H), 6.44 (dd, J = 3.3 Hz, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 4.87 (s, 2H), 4.23 - 4.12 (m, 4H), 2.86 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1 .26 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1 .21 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CD 2 CI 2 ): δ = 158.6; 146.9; 146.4; 144.5; 131 .6; 130.0; 125.3; 1 12.0; 1 1 1 .4; 54.0; 49.1 ; 45.0; 29.0; 24.8; 24.2 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3158, 3070, 2965, 2929, 2871 , 1643, 1593, 1514, 1479, 1462, 1443, 1389, 1366, 1359, 1346, 1290, 1270, 1253, 1235, 1 192, 1 151 , 1063, 101 1 , 980, 935, 913, 884, 834, 807, 764, 660, 602, 553, 540, 522, 481 , 458, 413 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 20 H 27 BF 4 N 2 O; calculated: %C, 60.32; %H, 6.83; %N, 7.03; found: %C, 60.36; %H, 7.04; %N, 7.05.

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C 20 H 27 N 2 O [M-BF 4 ] + : calculated: 31 1 .2; found: 31 1 .1 .

Example VI

Synthesis of 1 -(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-3-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4,5-dihydro -3 -/-imidazolinium tetrafluoroborate (NHC 2 according to Scheme 2)

The same procedure as described for NHC 1 (in Example V), using diamine 2 (12.5 g, 39.4 mmol), triethyl orthoformate (66.9 ml, 394 mmol), HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane (19.7 ml, 4 mol/dm 3 , 78.8 mmol) and ammonium tetrafluoroborate (4.68 g, 43.3 mmol), white solid was obtained (13.9 g with 85% of yield). Melting point: 184 -

185 S C.

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD?CI 2 ): δ = 8.12 (s, 1 H), 7.48 - 7.43 (m, 2H), 7.28 - 7.25 (m, 3H), 7.07 (dd, J = 5.1 Hz, J = 3.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.05 (s, 2H), 4.24 - 4.12 (m, 4H), 2.87 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1 .26 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1 .21 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CD 2 CI 2 ): δ = 158.1 ; 147.0; 134.5; 131 .6; 130.3; 130.1 ; 128.3; 128.2; 125.3; 54.0; 48.8; 46.9; 29.1 ; 24.9; 24.1 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3124, 3072, 2963, 2928, 2870, 2587, 1972, 1898, 1828, 1646, 1590, 1 532, 1512, 1477, 1461 , 1449, 1387, 1364, 1336, 1343, 1292, 1270, 1259, 1233, 1214, 1 194, 1 171 , 1 148, 1067, 936, 912, 877, 852, 808, 764, 741 , 679, 655, 612, 593, 553, 522, 482, 456, 410 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 2 oH 27 BF 4 N 2 S; calculated: %C, 57.98; %H, 6.57; %N, 6.76; %S, 7.74; found: %C, 58.05; %H, 6.61 ; %N, 6.78; %S, 7.68.

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C 20 H 27 N 2 S [M-BF 4 ] + : calculated : 327.2; found: 327.1 .

Example VII

Synthesis of 1 -(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-3-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4,5-dihydro -3 -/-imidazolinium tetrafluoroborate (NHC 3 according to Scheme 2)

The same procedure as described for NHC 1 (in Example V), apart from that, after addition of solution of HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane, reaction mixture was heated to a 90 S C and held at this temperature for 12 hours, then temperature was increased to 130 S C and the whole mixture was mixing for two hours, using diamine 3 (10.9 g, 29.7 mmol), triethyl orthoformate (50.5 ml, 297 mmol), HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane (14.8 ml, 4 mole/dm 3 , 59.4 mmol) and ammonium tetrafluoroborate (3.53 g, 32.7 mmol)], white solid was obtained (10.4 g with 75% of yield). Melting point: 205 - 207 S C.

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD 2 CI 2 ): δ = 8.21 (s, 1 H), 7.88 - 7.79 (m, 2H), 7.50 (broad s, 1 H), 7.48 - 7.45 (m, 1 H), 7.43 - 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.28 - 7.26 (m, 2H), 5.16 (s, 2H), 4.27 - 4.13 (m, 4H), 2.90 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1 .27 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1 .24 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H) ppm.

1 3 C NMR (100 MHz. CD 2 CI 2 ): δ = 158.3; 147.0; 140.8; 139.7; 135.3; 131 .7; 130.0; 127.2; 125.8; 125.3; 125.3; 124.6; 122.9; 54.0; 48.8; 47.9; 29.1 ; 24.9; 24.2 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3072, 2964, 2929, 2871 , 1641 , 1592, 1570, 1537, 1508, 1476, 1458, 1452, 1387, 1368, 1357, 1334, 1292, 1274, 1255, 1237, 1 1 84, 1 164, 1 149, 1060, 936, 869, 842, 812, 765, 742, 724, 708, 686, 674, 638, 61 1 , 593, 566, 522, 494, 477, 456, 424 cm "1 . ^

Elemental Analysis for C24H29BF4N2S; calculated: %C, 62.07; %H, 6.29; %N, 6.03; %S, 6.91 ; found: %C, 62.1 1 ; %H, 6.21 ; %N, 5.96; %S, 6.82.

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C24H29N2S [M-BF 4 ] + : calculated : 377.2; found: 377.1 .

Example VIII

Synthesis of 1 -(2,4,6-trimethylphfenyl)-3-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4,5-dihydr o-3H-imidazolinium tetrafluoroborate (NHC 4 according to Scheme 2)

diamine 4 NHC 4 BF 4 The same procedure as described for NHC 1 (in Example V), apart from that, after addition of solution of HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane, reaction mixture was heated to a 80 S C and held at this temperature for 12 hours, then temperature was increased to 120 S C and the whole mixture was mixing for an hours, using diamine 4 (15.4 g, 56.1 mmol), triethylu orthoformate (96 ml, 561 mmol), HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane (37.4 ml, 3 mole/dm 3 , 1 12 mmol) and ammonium tetrafluoroborte (6.67 g, 61 .7 mmol). At that time, formation of a yellow oil was observed. After cooling down of the mixture, solvent was evaporated, and resulting yellow oil was dissolved in the mixture of solvents water/methanol (2/1 , volume) and ammonium tetrafluoroborate was added. Then, proceeded as in Example V. White solid was obtained (15.9 g with 76% of yield). Melting point: 142.1 - 143.2 S C.

1 H NMR (500 MHz. CDCU): δ = 8.12 (s, 1 H), 7.33 (dd, J = 5.1 Hz, J = 1 .2 Hz, 1 H), 7.21 (dd, J = 3.5 Hz, J = 1 .2 Hz, 1 H), 6.99 (dd, J = 5.1 Hz, J = 3.5 Hz, 1 H), 6.88 (broad s, 2H), 5.01 (s, 2H), 4.17 - 4.08 (m, 4H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.21 (s, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (125 MHz. CDCU): δ = 158.0; 140.4; 135.5; 134.5; 130.6; 130.0; 129.9; 127.9; 127.6; 51 .2; 48.3; 46.5; 21 .1 ; 17.5 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3089, 2921 , 2743, 1643, 1450, 1488, 1376, 1250, 1217, 1 185, 1 134, 1053, 860, 712, 470 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 17 H 21 BF 4 N 2 S; calculated: %C, 54.85; %H, 5.69; %N, 7.53; %S, 8.61 ; found: %C, 54.78; %H, 5.79; %N, 7.37; %S, 8.72.

LRMS ESI (m/z) for C 17 H 21 N 2 S [M-BF 4 " ] + : calculated : 285.1 ; found: 285.1 .

Example IX

Synthesis of indenylidene type of precatalyst bearing two NHC with furan [(Fur-NHC-DiPP) 2 RuCI 2 (lnd)] (1aa according to S

Salt NHC 1 (213 mg 0.535 mmol) and toluen (10 ml) was placed under argon in Schlenk vessel. Potassium ferf-pentoxide (0.3 ml of 25% solution in toluene) was added to the reaction mixture at 75 S C and stirred for 5 minutes. Then, complex Umicore M1™ (224 mg, 0.243 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred for additional 10 minutes. After this time, TLC analysis indicated indicate the presence only a traces of Umicore M1™. The reaction mixture was cooled down, and concentrated on rotary evaporator under reduced pressure. The product was isolated on column chromatography with silica gel, using as eluent 5% ethyl acetate/cyclohexane, and then 20% ethyl acetate/cyclohexane. Collected fractions were concentrated on the rotary evaporator under reduced pressure, and the residues that containing significant amount of tricyclohexylphosphine, were purified for the second time on the column chromatography with silica gel, using as eluent 5% ethyl acetate/cyclohexane, until appeared the first drops containing the expected product, which was eluted with 1 0% solution of ethyl acetate/cyclohexane. Collected and combined fractions were concentrated on the rotary evaporator. The crude product was crystallised from a solvent mixture CH 2 CI 2 /n- hexane. Precatalyst 1aa was obtained as a brick red solid (165 mg which is 69% of theoretical field).

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD 2 CI 2 ): δ = 8.56 - 8.54 (m, 1 H), 7.54 (dd, J = 1 .8 Hz, J = 0.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.52 - 7.48 (m, 3H), 7.41 - 7.29 (m, 4H), 7.22 (dd, J = 7.7 Hz, J = 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.1 5 - 7.07 (m, 3H), 6.91 (dd, J = 7.7 Hz, J = 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 6.67 (dd, J = 7.7 Hz, J = 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 6.63 (dd, J = 7.8 Hz, J = 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 6.44 (dd, J = 3.2, J = 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 6.34 - 6.30 (m, 2H), 6.13 (dd, J = 3.2 Hz, J = 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 5.91 (s, 1 H), 5.89 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1 H), 5.29 (d, J = 14.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.29 (d, J = 14.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.25 - 4.20 (m, 1 H), 4.04 (d, J = 15.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.97 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.76 - 3.68 (m, 1 H), 3.59 - 3.37 (m, 4H), 3.21 - 3.06 (m, 4H), 2.90 (septet, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.37 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 1 H), 1 .73 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 1 .61 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 1 .27 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H), 1 .1 8 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.81 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3H), 0.66 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CD?CI 2 ): δ = 300.4: 215.6: 212.8: 151 .5; 150.2; 149.9; 148.1 ; 147.5; 147.4; 142.9; 142.6; 141 .9; 141 .5; 140.9; 138.9; 137.3; 136.6; 135.9; 129.7; 129.3; 129.1 ; 128.8; 128.7; 128.0; 128.0; 127.0; 124.2; 124.1 ; 123.8; 123.8; 1 17.8; 1 1 1 .4; 1 1 0.8; 1 10.7; 108.8; 55.0; 54.6; 49.0; 47.9; 47.0; 45.0; 30.3; 28.7; 28.3; 27.5; 27.3; 26.8; 26.7; 26.6; 24.2; 23.1 ; 22.6; 22.0 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 31 13, 3059, 3027, 2959, 2926, 2867, 1587, 1530, 1477, 1457, 1442, 1419, 1386, 1346, 1300, 1249, 1 174, 1 146, 1 1 12, 1073, 1050, 1027, 1009, 983, 928, 883, 849, 800, 773, 756, 734, 695, 664, 641 , 615, 598, 580, 564, 532, 472, 429 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 5 5H 62 CI 2 N 4 0 2 Ru; calculated: %C, 67.20; %H, 6.36; %CI, 7.21 ; %N, 5.70; found: %C, 67.28; %H, 6.31 ; %N, 5.56; %CI, 7.16.

Structure of compound 1aa was confirmed using X-ray structural analysis and it is presented on Figure 2.

Example X

Synthesis of indenylidene precatalysts bearing two NHC ligands with thiophene [(Tio-NHC-DiPP) 2 RuCI 2 (lnd)] (1ab according to Scheme 3)

The same procedure as described for 1aa (in Example IX) using NHC 2 (221 mg 0.535 mmol), dry toluene (10 ml), potassium ferf-pentoxide (0.3 ml 25% solution in toluene), Umicore M1™ (224 mg, 0.243 mmol)], compound 1ab was obtained as brick red solid (1 90 mg with 62% of yield).

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD £ CI £ ): δ = 8.58 - 8.56 (m, 1 H), 7.53 - 7.48 (m, 3H), 7.43 - 7.29 (m, 5H), 7.18 - 7.15 (m, 2H), 7.1 1 - 7.08 (m, 2H), 7.07 - 7.03 (m, 2H), 6.97 (dd, J = 7.7 Hz, J = 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 6.74 (dd, J = 5.1 Hz, J =

3.5 Hz, 1 H), 6.69 - 6.66 (m, 2H), 6.60 (d, J = 3.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.32 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.86 (s, 1 H), 5.44 (d, J = 14.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.64 (d, J = 14.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.26 (d, J = 14.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.25 - 4.1 7 (m, 1 H), 4.00 (septet, J = 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 - 3.39 (m, 5H), 3.28 - 3.10 (m, 3H), 3.01 - 2.95 (m, 1 H), 2.90 (septet, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.40 (septet, J = 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 1 .75 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 1 .61 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 1 .28 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 1 .26 (d, J =

6.6 Hz, 3H), 1 .19 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.81 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3H), 0.68 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.34 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H) ppm. 13 C NMR (100 MHz. CD Z CI Z ): δ = 300.5: 214.9: 212.5: 150.1 ; 148.2; 147.6; 147.5; 142.7; 141 .6; 140.9; 140.7 139.5; 139.0; 137.3; 136.8; 136.0; 129.6; 129.4; 129.0; 128.8; 128.8; 128.7; 128.0; 127.9; 127.5; 127.0; 126.7 126.5; 126.4; 126.0; 124.3; 124.2; 123.9; 123.9; 1 1 7.9; 55.2; 54.4; 49.4; 48.5; 47.4; 46.8; 30.4; 28.8; 28.4 27.8; 27.6; 26.9; 26.6; 26.6; 24.3; 23.2; 22.8; 22.1 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3059, 2962, 2925, 2898, 2866, 1702, 1586, 1533, 1475, 1441 , 1389, 1361 , 1340, 1300, 1248, 1212, 1 177, 1 138, 1072, 1 050, 1025, 982, 926, 903, 850, 802, 774, 755, 708, 639, 617, 580, 560, 531 , 486, 467, 426 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 5 5H 62 CI 2 N 4 RuS 2 ; calculated: %C, 65.07; %H, 6.1 6; %N, 5.52; %S, 6.32; %CI, 6.98; found: %C, 65.33; %H, 5.95; %N, 5.42; %S, 6.28; %CI, 6.77.

Structure of compound 1ab was confirmed using X-ray structural analysis and it is presented on Figure 3. Example XI

Synthesis of indenylidene type of precatalyst bearing two NHC lignads with benzothiophene [(BTio-NHC- DiPP) 2 RuCI 2 (lnd)] (1ac according to Scheme 3).

The same procedure as described for 1aa (in Example IX) using NHC 3 (497 mg 1 .07 mmol), dry toluene (20

a TM

ml), potassium ferf-pentoxide (0.6 ml 25% solution in toluene), Umicore M1 (449 mg, 0.486 mmol), and compound 1ac was obtained as red brick solid (358 mg with 66% of yield).

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD?CI 2 ): δ = 8.62 - 8.59 (m, 1 H), 7.92 - 7.85 (m, 2H), 7.68 - 7.65 (m, 1 H), 7.53 - 7.48 (m, 4H), 7.44 - 7.36 (m, 4H), 7.33 - 7.28 (m, 3H), 7.22 - 7.19 (m, 2H), 7.1 7 - 7.15 (m, 2H), 7.03 - 7.00 (m, 1 H), 6.97 - 6.93 (m, 1 H), 6.79 (s, 1 H), 6.70 - 6.68 (m, 2H), 6.33 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.90 (s, 1 H), 5.53 (d, J = 14.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.76 (d, J = 14.4 Hz, 1 H), 4.34 (d, J = 14.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.26 - 4.18 (m, 1 H), 4.02 (septet, J = 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.74 - 3.41 (m, 5H), 3.37 - 3.34 (m, 1 H), 3.31 (d, J = 14.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.26 - 3.18 (m, 1 H), 3.09 - 3.04 (m, 1 H), 2.99 (septet, J = 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 2.43 (septet, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 1 .79 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 1 .64 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 1 .35 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 3H), 1 .28 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1 .20 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3H), 0.69 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.36 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H) ppm.

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CD £ CI £ ): δ = 300.7: 215.3: 212.9: 150.2; 148.2; 147.6; 147.5; 142.7; 142.1 ; 141 .5; 141 .2 141 .0; 141 .0; 140.8; 139.8; 139.7; 138.9; 137.2; 136.7; 136.0; 129.7; 129.5; 129.1 ; 128.8; 128.8; 128.1 ; 127.9 127.0; 125.5; 124.6; 124.5; 124.3; 124.3; 124.2; 123.9; 123.9; 123.9; 123.4; 122.8; 122.5; 1 17.9; 55.3; 54.5 50.3; 48.8; 47.8; 47.7; 30.4; 28.8; 28.4; 28.0; 27.6; 26.9; 26.6; 26.6; 24.3; 23.1 ; 23.0; 22.0 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3057, 2960, 2926, 2899, 2866, 1586, 1533, 1475, 1458, 1439, 1384, 1350, 1294, 1253, 1 175, 1 154, 1 1 18, 1054, 1027, 929, 901 , 852, 802, 774, 748, 727, 696, 644, 615, 574, 530, 484, 463, 428 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 63 H 66 CI 2 N 4 RuS 2 ; calculated: %C, 67.84; %H, 5.96; %N, 5.02; %S, 5.75; %CI, 6.36; found: %C, 67.87; %H, 6.09; %N, 4.97; %S, 5.66; %CI, 6.1 6.

Structure of compound 1ac was confirmed using X-ray structural analysis and it is presented on Figure 4. Example XII

Synthesis of Hoveyda type of precatalyst bearing one NHC ligand with thiophene [(Tio-NHC-Mes)RuCI 2 (Hov)] (1 ba according to Scheme 3).

Salt NHC 4 (265 mg, 0.713 mmol) and dry toluene (20 ml) were placed in the Schlenk vessel under argon. Potassium ferf-pentoxide (0.4 ml 25% solution in toluene) was added at 75 S C and stirred for 1 minute. Then, complex Hov-I (389 mg, 0.648 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 5 minutes. The reaction was monitored using TLC chromatography. After 5 minutes, CuCI (64.8 mg, 0.648 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture, and stirred for 5 minutes. The reaction mixture was filtered off through small amount of silica gel on the G4 fritted glass funnel under reduced pressure, additionally using for elution 75% solution of cyclohexane/ethyl acetate at temperature of 50 S C. The filtrate was concentrated and crystallized from a mixture of CH 2 CI 2 /CH 3 OH. Methanol was decanted and crystallization was repeated, methanol from above product was discarded. The residue was dried on the rotary evaporator under reduced pressure, and then etyl acetal was added at 50 S C until the entire quantity of green product was dissolved. The solution was quickly filtered through cotton, and then solvent was evaporated on rotary evaporator. The residue was crystallized three times from the mixture of CH 2 CI 2 /CH 3 OH, on rotary evaporator, to separate unreacted substrate - Hov-I. Methanol from the above the crystals was decanted, the crystals were washed with additional portion of methanol and decanted. Product was pre dried on the rotary evaporator under reduced pressure, and then under reduced pressure, to afford 252 mg compound 1 ba as a green solid powder, that is 64% theoretical yield.

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD 2 CI 2 ): δ = 16.13 (s, 1 H), 7.57 (ddd, J = 8.8 Hz, J = 6.7 Hz, J = 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.40 (dd, J = 5.1 Hz, J = 1 .2 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (d, J = 3.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.1 1 (s, 2H), 7.08 (dd, J = 5.1 Hz, J = 3.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.02 - 6.95 (m, 3H), 5.78 (s, 2H), 5.1 9 (septet, J = 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.96 - 3.91 (m, 2H), 3.78 - 3.73 (m, 2H), 2.47 (s, 3H), 2.22 (s, 6H), 1 .72 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H) ppm.

1 3 C NMR (100 MHz. CD?CI 2 ): δ = 290.5: 209.8: 152.7; 144.0; 139.4; 139.2; 138.3; 138.0; 129.9; 128.5; 127.1 ; 126.9; 122.9; 122.5; 1 13.3; 75.6; 52.3; 51 .0; 48.1 ; 22.2; 21 .3; 18.1 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3077. 3061 , 3026, 2979, 2917, 2882, 1953, 1913, 1834, 1731 , 1606, 1 589, 1574, 1483, 1451 , 1415, 1382, 1335, 1303, 1293, 1271 , 1246, 1219, 1 1 92, 1 162, 1 154, 1 144, 1 109, 1 094, 1036, 964, 934, 903, 878, 853, 840, 796, 787, 772, 752, 732, 704, 665, 644, 616, 582, 570, 480, 438 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 27 H 32 CI 2 N 2 ORuS; calculated: %C, 53.64; %H, 5.33; %N, 4.63; %S, 5.30; %CI, 1 1 .73; found: %C, 53.39; %H, 5.44; %N, 4.38; %S, 5.39; %CI, 1 1 .87.

Structure of compound 1 ba was confirmed using X-ray structural analysis and it is presented on Figure 5.

Example XIII

Synthesis of Hoveyda type precatalyst bearing one NHC ligand with thiophene [(Tio-NHC-DiPP)RuCI 2 (Hov)] (1 bb according to Scheme 3).

The same procedure as described for 1 ba (in Example XI) using salt NHC 2, apart from the product's isolation method. According to which, the filtrate was concentrated to a small volume and the product was isolated by using silica gel column chromatography, with 5% ethyl acetate/cyclohexane as eluent, and then 20% ethyl acetate/cyclohexane. After that, the collected fractions were concentrated on the rotary evaporator under reduced pressure, and the resulting residues were dissolved in ethyl acetate, filtered off through cotton, and solvent was evaporated on the rotary evaporator, the resulting residue was crystallized from the mixture of solvents CH 2 CI 2 /CH 3 OH and then proceeded as in Example XI, using salt NHC 2 (295 mg 0.713 mmol), toluene (20 ml), potassium ferf-pentoxide (0.4 ml 25% solution in toluene), Hov-I (389 mg, 0.648 mmol) and CuCI (64.8 mg, 0.648 mmol). Compound 1 bb was obtained as green solid (320 mg with 76% of yield).

1 H NMR (400 MHz. CD 2 CI»): 5 = 16.1 1 (s, 1 H), 7.63 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.54 (ddd, J = 8.4 Hz, J = 7.1 Hz, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.42 - 7.40 (m, 3H), 7.38 - 7.36 (m, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, J = 5.1 Hz, J = 3.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.95 - 6.88 (m, 2H), 5.82 (s, 2H), 5.18 (septet, J = 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.95 - 3.90 (m, 2H), 3.79 - 3.74 (m, 2H), 3.13 (septet, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1 .75 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H), 1 .22 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 6H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 6H) ppm.

13 C NMR (100 MHz. CD £ CI £ ): δ = 288.1 : 210.3: 153.0; 148.8; 143.5; 139.2; 137.7; 130.0; 129.7; 128.6; 127.1 ; 126.9; 125.2; 122.8; 122.2; 1 13.3; 75.7; 55.6; 51 .3; 48.0; 28.2; 25.7; 23.9; 22.4 ppm.

IR (KBr): v = 3084, 3062, 3024, 2987, 2965, 2923, 2886, 2865, 1955, 1916, 1872, 1 585, 1573, 1479, 1454, 1444, 1425, 1383, 1372, 1344, 1306, 1292, 1271 , 1249, 1234, 121 7, 1210, 1 183, 1 155, 1 145, 1 1 10, 1093, 1053, 1034, 962, 932, 879, 853, 840, 806, 795, 764, 753, 737, 665, 641 , 622, 607, 575, 477, 442, 431 cm "1 .

Elemental Analysis for C 3 oH38CI 2 N 2 ORuS; calculated: %C, 55.72; %H, 5.92; %N, 4.33; %S, 4.96; %CI, 10.96; found: %C, 55.68; %H, 5.71 ; %N, 4.34; %S, 4.99; %CI, 10.78.

Structure of compound 1 bb was confirmed using X-ray structural analysis and it is presented on Figure 6. Example XIV

The study of catalytic activity in RCM of diethyl diallylmalonate (S1 ), 1 H NMR method.

S1 P1

Procedure A. Samples preparation in dry solvents, methylene chloride and toluene under argon atmosphere. Solution of substrate S1 (140 mg, 583,4 μιτιοΙ) in dry methylene chloride or toluene under argon atmosphere was prepared in a measuring flask of 5 ml volume fitted with septa. In another measuring flask of 1 ml volume, solution of precatalyst (7.0 μιτιοΙ) was prepared. Next, solution of substrate (0.6 ml, 70 μιτιοΙ), was placed in a NMR tube fitted with septa under argon and then precatalyst (100 μΙ, 0.7 μιτιοΙ) was added.

Procedure B. Samples preparation in toluene HPLC (Siqma-Aldrich) without using protective gas. Solution of substrate S1 (140 mg, 583.4 μιτιοΙ) in toluene HPLC was prepared in a measuring flask of 5 ml_ volume. In another measuring flask of 1 ml volume, solution of precatalyst (7.0 μιτιοΙ) was prepared. Next, solution of substrate (0.6 ml, 70 μιτιοΙ), was placed in a NMR tube, then precatalyst (100 μΙ, 0.7 μιτιοΙ) was added and tube was closed with cap.

Procedure C. Samples preparation in dry 2-methyltetrahvdrofuran under argon atmosphere. Solution of precatalyst (5.834 μιτιοΙ) under argon atmosphere in dry 2-methyltetrahydrofuran was prepared in a measuring flask of 5 ml volume fitted with septa. In another measuring flask of 1 ml volume, solution of substrate S1 (168 mg, 700 μιτιοΙ) was prepared. Next, solution of substrate S1 (100 μΙ, 70 μιτιοΙ) was placed in NMR tube fitted with septa, and then solution of precatalyst (0.6 ml, 0.7 μιτιοΙ) was added. In this procedure, a new solvent was used (2-methyltetrahydrofuran), which is obtained from agricultural waste, such as oat hulls, corn cobs, or bagasse remaining after removal of juice, oil or plant material. Use of this solvent allows carrying out the reaction of olefin metathesis in the environment friendly reaction media instead of toxic chlorinated and/or aromatic solvents.

Measurement of the RCM reaction profile for S1 : The time measurement was started just after precatalyst addition, NMR tube was placed in NMR apparatus and 1 H NMR spectrum was recorded using„array" function. Recorded FID file was interpreted in the MesteNova programme, integrating methylene signals for S1 5 H [p P m] = 2,73 (dublet) and P1 8 H [pp m ] = 3,04 (singlet). Yield was calculated based on the following formula :

[product!

Yield (%) = T — ^—— x 100%

LproductJ + [substrate]

Attention: Shifts of methylene signal for S1 and P1 are given for indication purposes, due to lack of the characteristic reference signal on the NMR spectrum, which normally is the residual signal of the deuterated solvent.

The course of kinetic profiles in the RCM reaction of diethyl diallylmalonate (DEDAM) catalyzed of selected ruthenium complexes has been illustrated on Figures from Fig. 7 to Fig. 12:

Figure 7 presents course of kinetic profiles in RCM reaction of DEDAM catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 90 °C in dry toluene carried out under argon (procedure A). Eight ruthenium complexes were studied. Ruthenium complexes commercially available (M2™, Hov-ll, and HovSIPr) in the similar conditions catalysed reaction very fast in the uncontrolled manner, similarly new Hoveyda type complex (1ba) is very active, just about 2 minutes is enough to finish the reaction quantitatively. Using new ruthenium complexes (1 bb, 1ab, 1aa, and 1ac) reaction is carried out in the controlled manner, because end of the reaction took place after significantly longer period of time (about 10, 20, 40 and 50 minutes respectively) in the quantitatively manner.

Figure 8 presents course of kinetic profiles in RCM reaction of DEDAM catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 90°C in commercially available non-dried toluene performer on the air (procedure B). On the Figure course of reaction catalysed by three selected bisNHC indenylidene ruthenium complexes (1aa, 1 ab, and 1 ac) are presented. On the figure, it is shown controlled activity at high temperature. Among them, within the first 30 minutes the most active precatalyst was 1aa (with furan group), less active was precatalyst 1 ac (with benzothiophene group), and the least active was precatalyst 1ab (with thiophene group). Novel ruthenium complexes were studied, and they maintain their good catalytic properties despite the lack of inert gas atmosphere, as well as using non-dried solvent (containing water) toluene.

Figure 9 presents course of kinetic profiles in RCM reaction of DEDAM catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 70 °C in dry toluene carried out under argon (procedure A). Eight ruthenium complexes were studied. Ruthenium complexes commercially available (M2, Hov-ll, and HovSIPr) in the similar conditions catalysed reaction very fast in the uncontrolled manner. New Hoveyda type complex (1 ba) is very active, but better controlled than complexes available on the market. Using new ruthenium complexes (1aa, 1ab, 1ac, and 1 bb) reaction is carried out in the controlled manner, because the end of the reaction is after an extended time period (even over 200 minutes), that confirmed high stability of newly obtained complexes in the reaction medium.

Figure 10 presents course of kinetic profiles in RCM reaction of DEDAM catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 70°C in commercially available non-dried toluene performer on the air (procedure B). The figure shows course of four reaction catalyzed by selected ruthenium Hoveyda type complexes (1 ba, 1 bb, Hov-ll, and HovSIPr), the figure presents their controlled activity at a elevated temperature. Among them, commercially available ruthenium complexes (Hov-ll and HovSIPr) finish reaction in less than 5 minutes, whereas novel Hoveyda type complexes (1 ba and 1 bb) reach full conversion of the reaction much later (after about 10 and 40 minutes respectively). Novel ruthenium complexes were studied, and they maintain their good catalytic properties despite the lack of inert gas atmosphere, as well as using non-dried solvent (containing water) toluene.

Figure 1 1 presents course of kinetic profiles in RCM reaction of DEDAM catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 50°C in toluene carried out under argon (procedure A). Four selected ruthenium complexes were studied. Commercially available ruthenium complexes (Hov-ll and HovSIPr) in the said reaction conditions, catalyzed reactions fast and in an uncontrolled manner, novel Hoveyda type complex 1 ba is active, and better controlled than ruthenium complexes on the market (completion of the process after about 30 minutes). On the other hand, the best-controlled ruthenium complex is complex 1 bb, for which a completion of studied reaction was observed after about 150 minutes.

Figure 12 presents course of kinetic profiles in RCM reaction of DEDAM catalyzed by selected ruthenium complexes at 50°C in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran carried out under argon (procedure C). Four selected ruthenium complexes (1ba, 1bb, Hov-ll and HovSIPr) were studied. Commercially available ruthenium complexes in the said conditions, catalyzed reactions fast and in an uncontrolled manner, novel Hoveyda type complex 1ba is active, and better controlled than ruthenium complexes on the market (completion of the process after about 30 minutes). On the other hand, the best-controlled ruthenium complex is complex 1 ba, for which a completion of studied reaction was observed after about 1 50 minutes.

Example XV

The study of catalytic activity in dRRM of diene (S2) on the air, GC method

trans

S2 P2-trans

Substrate S2 (5.89 mg, 23 μιτιοΙ), durene (1 ,2,4,5-tetramethylbenzene; 1 .57 mg, 1 1 .6 μιτιοΙ) were placed in the measuring flask of 1 ml volume and added CDCI 3 to the mark. In another measuring flask of 1 ml volume, solution of a precatalyst (7.0 μιτιοΙ) was prepared. Then, solution of substrate S2 (0.6 ml, 14 μιτιοΙ) was placed in NMR tube fitted with septum, and cooled it down in the cooling bath and bubbling through ethylene. Then, solution of a precatalyst (1 00 μΙ, 0.7 μιτιοΙ) was added at room temperature (Hoveyda complexes: 1 ba and 1 bb) or 50 S C (bisNHC indenylidene complexes: 1 aa, 1ab and 1ac). Then, conversion and proportion of trans/cis isomers were measured with GC method, using the following programme of heating the oven: 120 S C for 1 minute, then increase of temperature 10 s C/min to 200 S C and next increase 20 s C/min to 270 S C. Under these conditions, the retention times are as follows: t duren = 4,90 [minutes], t S 2 = 8,43 [minutes], t P3 = 8,51 [minutes], t P2 = 8,72 [minutes]. In the reaction study using ruthenium complexes 1aa, 1ab and 1ac, after addition of substrate at 50 °C there was no progress of the reaction for about 1 .5 hours, that indicates dormant character of these precatalysts at the initial time of the reaction.

Table 1 .

Example XVI

The study of catalytic activity in RCM reaction (usinq S3 and S4) as well as in RCEYM reaction(S5), GC methods.

An appropriate substrate S3-S5 (0.1 mmol), 1 ,2,4,5-tetramethylbenzene (13.4 mg, 0.1 mmol) and toluene HPLC (S3, S4: 0.9 ml, S5: 0.8 ml) were placed in round bottom flak of 5 ml_ volume. Then, the mixtures were heated to 50 S C (for complexes 1 ba, 1 bb) or 90 S C (for complexes 1aa, 1ab, 1ac) and solution of precatalyst (for S3, S4: 100 μΙ, 0.001 mmol; S5: 200 μΙ, 0.002 mmol) was added. In the appropriate time intervals, a sample (50 μΙ) of the reaction mixture was collected in a vial, ethyl vinyl ether (100 μΙ) and DCM (500 μΙ) were added. Conversion was measured with GC methods, using the following programme of heating the oven : 100 S C for 1 minute, then increase of temperature 10 s C/min to 300 S C and after reaching it, the temperature was hold for 9 minutes. Under these conditions, the retention times are as follows: t dU ren = 6,33 [minutes], t S 3 = 15,51 [minutes], t P4 = 16,1 6 [minutes], t S 4 = 1 7,24 [minutes], t P5 = 1 8,1 6 [minutes], t S s = 14,58 [minutes], t P6 = 16,24 [minutes].

S3 Table 2.

Table 4. 50 10 96

50 30 99

50 5 34

lnd-ll 50 10 86

50 30 >99

90 5 21

90 10 40

1ab

90 30 90

90 60 >99

90 5 24

90 10 45

90 30 85

1aa

90 60 95

90 120 98

90 180 >99

90 5 17

90 10 37

1ac 90 30 82

90 60 96

90 120 >99

Example XVII

The study of the catalytic activity of new precatalvsts in CM reaction, GC methods

S6 S7 P6 P7

Compound S6 (1 00 mg, 0.83 mmol), compound S7 (286 mg, 1 .66 mmol) and toluene HPLC (7 ml) were placed in 25 mL round bottom flask. The solution was heated to 50 S C or 90 S C, and then solution of precatalyst in toluene HPLC (1 ml, 0.0166 mmol) was added. After 4 hours the reaction mixture was immediately cooled down to room temperature, solvent was evaporated and products P6 and P7 were isolated on column chromatography with silica gel, using as eluent 10% ethyl acetate/cyclohexane. Products were identified on TLC plate using water solution of KMn0 4 . Solvents were evaporated, and the residue was dried under reduced pressure. The product mass was weighted, yield was calculated and proportion of trans/cis isomers was analysed using GC, using the following programme of heating the oven: 120 S C during 1 minute, then increase of temperature 5 s C/min to 170 S C, then increase 10 s C/min to 250 S C and finally increase 15 s C/min to 270 S C. Under these conditions the retention times are as follows : t P10 = 12,41 [min], t P9 = 12,51 [min]. „

Table 5.

Example XVIII

The study of catalytic activity of new precatalvsts in the ethenolysis reaction, GC methods.

Ethyl oleate 4.66 g (15 mmol) 0.8 ml tetradecane as a internal standard were placed in the pad of the autoclave. Before reaction, ethyl oleate was filtered off through thin pad of aluminum oxide (neutral, activity I) of about 2 cm height, diameter of column/glass tube of about 1 cm (without need of additional solvents). Then, two drops of the reaction mixture was taken, placed in GC vial and refilled with methylene chloride (this sample was used to record chromatogram before the ethenolysis reaction - ie.„blank sample"). Solution of the precatalyst (0.1 ml, 0.0075 mmol, 500 ppm) in dry methylene chloride was added using Hamilton syringe to ethyl oleate in the pad of the autoclave. After placing the pad in the autoclave the system was flushed three times with ethylene of about 10 bar pressure (by cyclic filling the autoclave with ethylene to 10 bar and releasing ethylene from the autoclave). The ethenolysis reaction was performed from 3 to 72 hours (see Table 6) at temperature from 40 to 100 S C (see Table 6) under constant pressure 10 bar (with a constant flow of ethylene, ie. line autoclave-gas cylinder was open - equipped with a reducer). After that time, ethylene was released from the autoclave. 1 mL of the reaction mixture was taken, and 4 ml (2M) of ethyl-vinyl ether solution in methylene chloride was added. From this solution, sample of 0.2 ml were collected in GC vial and methylene chloride was added to an overall volume of 1 ml. Then, each chromatogram was recorded twice, determining the composition of the sample (using an internal standard calibration) and the reaction parameters such as conversion and selectivity. Table 6. Ethyl oleate ethenolysis

Ethenolysis reaction is planned reaction of cross metathesis between substartes S8 and S9.

Homometathesis reaction is undesired side reaction, in which substrate S8 reacts with another molecule of substrate S8 to form octadec-9-ene and diethyl ester of 1 ,18-dicarboxyloctadec-9-ene.

Example XIX

The study of catalytic activity of new precatalvsts in ROMP polymerization.

Procedure A : synthesis of polydicyclopentadiene (pDCPD)

Dicyclopentadiene (1 g, 7.56 mmol) was placed in the vial on the air, which was melted before in temperature of 35 S C. Then, at temperature of 60 S C precatalyst 1 bb (7.43 mg, 0,00756 mmol, 0.1 mol%) added in 0.2 ml methylene chloride or 1 bb (4.89 mg, 0.00756 mmol, 0.1 mol%) in 0.2 ml methylene chloride, mixing whole the time. The hard solid was obtained, which was ROMP polymerization product. Additionally, it was observed during experiments, that after addition of precatalyst 1 bb polymerization underwent immediately to form a hard solid product, whereas in the case of precatalyst 1aa only after 3 minutes reaction mixture started to thicken. After next 3 minutes, gelatinous mass was created, which after 40 minutes of heating has transformed into hard solid polymer.

Procedure B : synthesis of polynorbornene (pNB)

2-Norbornene was placed in round bottom flask of 10 mL volume on the air (100 mg, 1 .06 mmol) and 5 ml methylene chloride. The solution was heated to 30 S C and 100 μΙ (0.001 06 mmol, 0.1 mol%) of catalyst was added, resulted from dissolving :

a) 1aa (5,20 mg in 500 μΙ methylene chloride)

b) 1bb (3,43 mg in 500 μΙ methylene chloride)

The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 hours. After that, methylene chloride was evaporated on rotary evaporator, 1 5 ml of methanol was added, a white solid was precipitated. Methanol was decanted, the solid was washed with additional portion of fresh methanol, was decanted and pre dried on a rotary evaporator, and then dried under reduced pressure on the vacuum pump. The following quantities of the product were obtained. Using 1aa 21 mg of pNB was obtained, whereas using 1 bb 93 mg of pNB was obtained.