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Title:
SCROLL TYPE DEVICE HAVING LIQUID COOLING THROUGH IDLER SHAFTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/108238
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A scroll device is disclosed having a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll, an inlet formed in the housing and/or the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid, and a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid.

Inventors:
SHAFFER, Bryce, R. (510 Burbank Street, Broomsfield, CO, 80020, US)
MATTICE, Justin (510 Burbank Street, Broomfield, CO, 80020, US)
WILSON, John (510 Burbank Street, Broomfield, CO, 80020, US)
Application Number:
US2018/000118
Publication Date:
June 06, 2019
Filing Date:
May 16, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
SHAFFER, Bryce, R. (510 Burbank Street, Broomsfield, CO, 80020, US)
International Classes:
F04C29/04; F01C1/00; F01C21/00; F04C18/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015164453A22015-10-29
Foreign References:
US20110256007A12011-10-20
US3986799A1976-10-19
US5938419A1999-08-17
EP0780576A21997-06-25
CN105402134A2016-03-16
US20160327042A12016-11-10
US6008557A1999-12-28
US20060045783A12006-03-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KELLIS, David B. et al. (Sheridan Ross PC, 1560 Broadway Suite 120, Denver Colorado, 80202, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; and

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid. 2. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid; and

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid.

3. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a radial shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing.

4. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a radial shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing.

5. A scroll device comprising: a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

an access cross hole for a sealing check.

6. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

an access cross hole for a sealing check.

7. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a sealed bearing for supporting the idler shaft; an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a radial shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing, a seal retainer plate, and a cover.

8. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a sealed bearing for supporting the idler shaft; an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a radial shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing, a seal retainer plate, and a cover.

9. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll; a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a plate having a fin for directing flow of the cooling liquid to reduce any stagnated flow of the cooling liquid.

10. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a plate having a fin for directing flow of the cooling liquid to reduce any stagnated flow of the cooling liquid.

1 1. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll; an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a dynamic shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing. 12. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a dynamic shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing.

13. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll; a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid;

a dynamic shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing; and

a bearing slinger cover.

14. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid;

a dynamic shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing; and

a bearing slinger cover.

15. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a mechanical shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing.

16. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a mechanical shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing. 17. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll; a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a drain for draining any cooling liquid.

18. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a drain for draining any cooling liquid.

19. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid;

a drain for draining any cooling liquid; and

a slinger. 20. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid;

a drain for draining any cooling liquid; and

a slinger.

21. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and a slinger.

22, A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll;

a bearing for supporting the idler shaft;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid;

a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid; and

a slinger.

23. A scroll device comprising;

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft; an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; and

a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid. 24. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft; an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft; an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid; and

a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid. 25. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft; an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; and

a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid with the first idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid to flow in a first direction and the second idler shaft and the third idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid to flow in a second direction with the first direction being opposite to the second direction.

26. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft; an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid; and

a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid with the first idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid to flow in a first direction and the second idler shaft and the third idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid to flow in a second direction with the first direction being opposite to the second direction. 27. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft; a pair of bearings for supporting the idler shafts; an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid; and

a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid.

28. A scroll device comprising:

a housing;

a motor having a shaft;

an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll;

a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll;

a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft; a pair of bearings for supporting the idler shafts;

an inlet formed in the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid; and a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid.

Description:
SPECIFICATION

To All Whom It May Concern:

Be it known that we, Bryce R. Shaffer, Justin Mattice, and John Wilson are all citizens of the United States, residing in the City of

Broomfield, County of Broomfield, and the State of Colorado, and having a mailing address of 510 Burbank Street, Broomfield, Colorado 80020, have invented new and useful improvements in SCROLL TYPE DEVICE HAVING LIQUID COOLING

THROUGH IDLER SHAFTS

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This PCT/lnternational application claims priority to the non- provisional patent application having Serial No. 15/732,593, having filing date November 30, 2017, which claims priority to the provisional patent application having Serial No. 62/497,869, filed on December 6, 2016.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This disclosure relates to a scroll type device and more particularly to a scroll type device, such as a compressor, expander, or a vacuum pump, having liquid cooling though idler shafts.

Scroll devices have been used as compressors, expanders, pumps, and vacuum pumps for many years. In general, they have been limited to a single stage of compression due to the complexity of two or more stages. In a single stage, a spiral involute or scroll upon a rotating plate orbits within a fixed spiral or scroll upon a stationery plate. A motor shaft turns a shaft that orbits a scroll eccentrically within a fixed scroll. The eccentric orbit forces a gas through and out of the fixed scroll thus creating a vacuum in a container in communication with the fixed scroll. An expander operates with the same principle only turning the scrolls in reverse. When referring to compressors, it is understood that a vacuum pump can be substituted for compressor and that an expander can be an alternate usage when the scrolls operate in reverse from an expanding gas.

Scroll type compressors, expanders, and vacuum pumps generate heat as part of the compression, expansion, or pumping process. The higher the pressure ratio the higher the temperature of the compressed fluid. In order to keep the compressor hardware to a reasonable temperature, the compressor must be cooled or damage may occur to the hardware. In some cases, cooling is accomplished by blowing cool ambient air over the compressor components. However, in some cases, such as space limitations or that there is too much heat to be dissipated, air cooling may not be effective. The use of a liquid to cool a compressor may be beneficial because liquid has a much higher heat transfer coefficient than air. One attempt to liquid cool a compressor involves the use of a flexible bellows type device to transfer heat from the compressor to the liquid. Although bellows are useful, bellows are also expensive and have limited life. If the bellows fails then the compressor may be damaged.

The present disclosure overcomes the limitations of the prior art where a need exists for liquid cooling of a scroll type device. The present disclosure provides a scroll type device that incorporates liquid cooling through the use of the idler shafts.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, the present disclosure is a scroll device that comprises a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll, an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid, and a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid.

In another embodiment of a scroll device of the present disclosure, a scroll device comprises a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll, a bearing for supporting the idler shaft, an inlet formed in the housing and/or the fixed scroll for receiving a cooling liquid, a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid, and a radial shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing.

In still another embodiment of a scroll device constructed according to the present disclosure, a scroll device comprises a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll, a bearing for supporting the idler shaft, an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid, a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid, and an access cross hole for a sealing check.

Another embodiment of a scroll device comprises a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll, a bearing for supporting the idler shaft, an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid, a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid, and a radial shaft seal for preventing any cooling liquid to leak into the bearing, a seal retainer plate, and a cover.

In yet another embodiment of a scroll device, the scroll device comprises a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, an idler shaft for aligning the orbiting scroll and the fixed scroll, a bearing for supporting the idler shaft, an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid, a channel formed in the idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid, and a plate having a fin for directing flow of the cooling liquid to reduce any stagnated flow of the cooling liquid.

In another embodiment of a scroll device constructed according to the present disclosure, a scroll device comprises a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft, an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid, and a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid with the first idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid to flow in a first direction and the second idler shaft and the third idler shaft for receiving the cooling liquid to flow in a second direction with the first direction being opposite to the second direction.

Also, a scroll device comprises a housing, a motor having a shaft, an orbiting scroll connected to the shaft for moving the orbiting scroll, a fixed scroll mated to the orbiting scroll, a first idler shaft, a second idler shaft and a third idler shaft, a pair of bearings for supporting the idler shafts, an inlet formed in the housing for receiving a cooling liquid, and a channel formed in each of the idler shafts for receiving the cooling liquid.

Various other embodiments of a scroll device are disclosed herein.

Therefore, the present disclosure provides a new and improved scroll device from the machine class of compressors, vacuum pumps, and expanders for gases that incorporates liquid cooling through the use of idler shafts.

The present disclosure provides a scroll type device that is capable of operating at lower temperatures.

The present disclosure also provides a scroll device that is capable of longer life as compared to other scroll type devices.

The present disclosure provides a scroll device that is capable of reducing heat generated by the scroll device through the use of a cooling fluid or liquid that may flow through one or more idler shafts associated with the scroll device.

The present disclosure relates to a scroll device that uses liquid cooling to cool any bearings associated with idler shafts incorporated into the scroll device.

The present disclosure further provides a scroll device that has idler shafts that have channels for a cooling fluid or liquid to flow therein to reduce the temperature of bearings contained within the scroll device so that the useful life of the bearings is increased.

The present disclosure also provides a scroll device that employs a fin design to force the flow any cooling fluid or liquid within the scroll device to reduce an stagnated flow of the cooling fluid or liquid.

Also, the present disclosure provides a scroll device that employs dynamic shaft seals and a bearing slinger cover to prevent the escape of any cooling fluid or liquid from within the scroll device.

The present scroll device has mechanical shaft seals to prevent the escape of any cooling fluid or liquid from within the scroll device that may contact any bearings in the scroll device.

The present disclosure is further directed to a scroll device that uses drains to drain any cooling fluid or liquid away from any bearings in the scroll device.

The present disclosure is directed to a a scroll device that uses slingers and drains to drain any cooling fluid or liquid away from any bearings in the scroll device.

The present disclosure is also directed to a scroll device that employs idler shafts that have channels formed therein to allow a cooling fluid or liquid to flow therein with one of the idler shafts being used as an inlet for the cooling fluid or liquid and another idler shaft being used as an exit for the cooling fluid or liquid allowing the cooling fluid to enter and exit and cool the orbiting scroll.

These and other advantages may become more apparent to those skilled in the art upon review of the disclosure as described herein, and upon undertaking a study of the description of its preferred embodiment, when viewed in conjunction with the drawings. DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a scroll device having liquid cooling through use of idler shafts constructed according to the present disclosure having an inlet for liquid;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a scroll device having liquid cooling through use of idler shafts constructed according to the present disclosure having an inlet for liquid;

FIG. 3 is a front view of a front face of the scroll device

constructed according to the present disclosure;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the scroll device shown partially in phantom;

FIG. 5 is a partial side view of the scroll device, shown partially in phantom, showing the flow of cooling fluid through the idler shafts into the orbiting scroll;

FIG. 6 is a partial cross-section of an idler shaft of the scroll device constructed according to the present disclosure;

FIG. 7 is a side view of an orbiting scroll of the scroll device constructed according to the present disclosure;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the scroll device shown partially in phantom;

FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the scroll device shown partially in phantom;

FIG. 10 is a side view of an orbiting scroll of the scroll device having a fin design;

FIG. 11 is a partial perspective view of the scroll device, shown partially in phantom;

FIG. 12 is a partial perspective view of an idler shaft of the scroll device constructed according to the present disclosure, with components of the scroll device shown partially in phantom;

FIG. 13 is a partial cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the idler shaft constructed according to the present disclosure showing a lip type seal;

FIG. 14 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the idler shaft constructed according to the present disclosure showing a mechanical shaft seal;

FIG. 15. is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the idler shaft constructed according to the present disclosure showing drain holes to drain off any cooling liquid that gets past the seals;

FIG. 16 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the idler shaft constructed according to the present disclosure showing slingers to sling any cooling fluid that leaks past the seals away from the bearings; and

FIG. 17 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the idler shaft constructed according to the present disclosure showing the idler shaft positioned behind the orbiting scroll.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring now to the drawings, wherein like numbers refer to like items, number 10 identifies a preferred embodiment of a scroll device having liquid cooling though use of idler shafts constructed according to the present disclosure. In FIGS. 1 and 2, the scroll device 10 is shown to comprise a housing 12 that is connected to a motor 14. A fixed scroll 16 has three idler shafts 18, 20, and 22 being spaced approximately 120° apart. The fixed scroll 16 also has an inlet 24. The inlet 24 allows a cooling fluid or liquid (not shown) to be inserted therein. Although not shown in detail in this particular view, it is known that the scroll device 10 has incorporated within the housing 12 components such as an orbiting scroll which is driven by a center shaft connected to the motor 14. The center shaft is supported by a front bearing or a pair of front bearings and a rear bearing or a pair of rear bearings. The motor 14, which may be an electric motor, is used to drive the center shaft. The bearings and the motor 14 are mounted in the housing 12. The fixed scroll 16 is mated to the orbiting scroll. The orbiting scroll has a first involute and the fixed scroll 16 has a second involute. In order to balance the rotary motion of the orbiting scroll, a pair of balance weights may be positioned co-axially with the first involute to dynamically balance the orbiting scroll. Also, a pair of counterweights may be positioned on the center shaftl to dynamically balance the orbiting scroll. The orbiting scroll is coupled to the center shaft that moves or orbits the orbiting scroll eccentrically, following a fixed path with respect to the fixed scroll 16, creating a series of crescent-shaped pockets between the two scrolls. In the case of a scroll compressor, the working fluid moves from the periphery (inlet) towards the center (discharge) through increasingly smaller pockets, generating compression. Similar principles apply for a scroll vacuum pump and a scroll expander. The idler shafts 18, 20, and 22 are supported by the front bearings in the orbiting scroll and the rear bearings in the fixed scroll 16. A center line of the idler shaft is offset from a center line of the center shaft. To seal any working fluid within the center shaft a labyrinth seal may be used. The labyrinth seal may be positioned between the bearings or after the rear bearing.

With reference now to FIG. 3, a front view of the fixed scroll 16 of the scroll device 10 is shown with some of the components within the housing 12 shown in phantom. In this particular view, the scroll device 10 has a fixed scroll passage way 26 formed within the housing 12. Any fluid or liquid 28, shown by arrows, that has entered through the inlet 24, may flow around the passage way 26. Heat generated by the scroll device 10 may be transferred to the liquid 28. A channel 30 is also provided to allow an exit or outlet for the liquid 28. The idler shafts 18,

20, and 222 are also shown.

FIG. 4 depicts a perspective view of the scroll device 10 shown partially in phantom. The scroll device 10 has the housing 12 and the fixed scroll 16 having the passage way 26 in which the liquid 28, shown as arrows, may flow from the inlet 24 around the passage way 26 and out through the channel 30. The channel 30 is shown as passing through the idler shaft 22 and bearings 32 are shown supporting the idler shaft 22. The fluid 28 is capable of flowing through the channel 30.

Referring now to FIG. 5, a partial side view of the scroll device 10, shown partially in phantom, is illustrated. The scroll device 10 has the housing 12 and the fixed scroll 16 having the channel 30 that passes through the idler shaft 22 from the fixed scroll 16 to an orbiting scroll 36. Although the idler shaft 22 is shown, it is to be understood that the other idler shafts 18 and 20 also have the channel 30 in which the fluid 28 may flow or pass. As the fluid 28 flows from the fixed scroll 16 to the orbiting scroll 36, any heat generated by the scrolls 16 and 36 is transferred to the liquid 28. The idler shaft 22 also has radial shaft seals 38 that are used to prevent an leakage of the liquid 28 into the bearings 32. An access cross hole 40 is also provided for sealing checks.

FIG. 6 shows a partial cross-section of the idler shaft 22. The idler shaft 22 has the channel 30 that is used to receive the fluid 28 (not shown) there through. The idler shaft 22 also has the radial shaft seal 38, a seal retainer plate 42, a Nilos seal 44, and the sealed bearings 32.

With particular reference now to FIG. 7, a side view of the orbiting scroll 36 is shown. The orbiting scroll 36 is capable of having the cooling fluid or liquid 28 (not shown) pass into a jacket 46. The jacket 46 has caps 48 that are used to cover the channel 30. Sealing to prevent leakage of the liquid 28 is accomplished by the use of O-rings 50.

FIG. 8 illustrates a perspective view of the scroll device 10 shown partially in phantom. The scroll device 10 has the orbiting scroll 36 being cooled by the liquid 28 flowing through the idler shafts 18, 20, and 22 into a jacket 52. The jacket 52 is formed or machined so that the liquid 28 moves across the jacket 52 and then down into a cooling passage 54. The idler shafts 18 and 22 also have inlets 56 and 58, respectively, for the liquid 28 and the idler shaft 20 also has an outlet 60 for the liquid 28.

Referring now to FIG. 9, a perspective view of the scroll device 10 is shown partially in phantom. The scroll device 10 has the liquid 28 that exits from cross channels 62 and passes through the jacket passage 54. Again, the liquid 28 is used to cool the orbiting scroll 36.

FIG. 10 is a side view of the orbiting scroll 36 having a fin design. The orbiting scroll 36 uses fins 64 to direct or force liquid 28 to a center 66 of the scroll device 10. This minimizes any pressure drop and directs the flow of liquid 28 optimally to reduce any stagnated flow of liquid 28 in the scroll device 10. The idler shafts 18, 20, and 22 are also shown in this particular view.

Turning now to FIG. 11 , a partial perspective view of the scroll device 10, shown partially in phantom, is illustrated. The scroll device 10 has the orbiting scroll 36 with liquid 28 being able to exit through the idler shaft 20. Liquid 28 is also enter through the idler shafts 18 and 22. The inlet 24 is also depicted in this particular view.

FIG. 12 is a partial perspective view of the idler shaft 20 of the scroll device 10 shown partially in phantom. The idler shaft 20 has a channel 68 through which liquid 28 may flow. The idler shaft 20 is supported by a first bearing 70 and a second bearing 72. As liquid 28 passes through the channel 68, any heat generated by the scroll device 10 is transferred to the liquid 28.

With particular reference now to FIG. 13, a partial cross-sectional view of the idler shaft 18 is shown. The idler shafts 20 and 22

constructed in the same manner. The idler shaft 18 has a channel 74 formed therein in which liquid 28 may pass or flow. The flow of liquid 28 is in an opposite direction to the flow of liquid 28 in the idler shaft 20 (See FIG. 12). The idler shaft 18 has a pair of first bearings 76 and a pair of second bearings 78. The fixed scroll 16 and the orbiting scroll 36 are also shown. The pair of first bearings 76 has a dynamic shaft seal 80 that is used to prevent any liquid 28 from contacting the pair of first bearings 76 or from escaping from the channel 74. The second pair of bearings 78 also has a dynamic shaft seal 82 that is used to seal the liquid 28 in the channel 74. A bearing slinger cover 84 positioned next to the pair of second bearings 78 is also used to prevent any liquid 28 from escaping from the channel 74.

FIG. 14 shows a partial cross-sectional view of another

embodiment of the idler shaft 18. The idler shafts 20 and 22 may be constructed in the same manner. The idler shaft 18 has a channel 86 formed therein in which liquid 28 may pass or flow. The flow of liquid 28 is in an opposite direction to the flow of liquid 28 in the idler shaft 20 (See FIG. 12). The idler shaft 18 has a pair of first bearings 88 and a pair of second bearings 90. The fixed scroll 16 and the orbiting scroll 36 are also shown. The pair of first bearings 88 has a mechanical shaft seal 92 that is used to prevent any liquid 28 from contacting the pair of first bearings 88 or from escaping from the channel 86. The second pair of bearings 90 also has a mechanical shaft seal 94 that is used to seal the liquid 28 in the channel 86.

Referring now to FIG. 15, a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the idler shaft 18 is depicted. The idler shafts 20 and 22 may be constructed in the same manner. The idler shaft 18 has a channel 96 formed therein in which liquid 28 may pass or flow. The flow of liquid 28 is in an opposite direction to the flow of liquid 28 in the idler shaft 20 (See FIG. 12). The idler shaft 18 has a pair of first bearings 98 and a pair of second bearings 100. The fixed scroll 16 and the orbiting scroll 36 are also shown. The pair of first bearings 98 has a drain 102 that is used to prevent any liquid 28 from contacting the pair of first bearings 98. The second pair of bearings 100 also has a drain104 that is used to prevent any liquid 28 from contacting the pair of second bearings 100.

FIG. 16 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the idler shaft 18. The idler shafts 20 and 22 may be constructed in the same manner. The idler shaft 18 has a channel 106 formed therein in which liquid 28 may pass or flow. The flow of liquid 28 is in an opposite direction to the flow of liquid 28 in the idler shaft 20 (See FIG.

12). The idler shaft 18 has a pair of first bearings 108 and a pair of second bearings 110. The fixed scroll 16 and the orbiting scroll 36 are also shown. The pair of first bearings 108 has a drain 1 12 and a slinger 1 14 that are used to prevent any liquid 28 from contacting the pair of first bearings 108. The second pair of bearings 1 10 also has a drainl 16 and a slinger 118 that are used to prevent any liquid 28 from contacting the pair of second bearings 110.

With particular reference now to FIG. 17, a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the idler shaft 18 is depicted. The idler shaft 18 is positioned behind the orbiting scroll 36 and is supported by bearings 120 in the orbiting scroll 36 and bearings 122 in the housing 12. All previously described variations of seals, drain holes, and slingers may be employed when the ilder shaft 18 is positioned behind the orbiting scroll 36 as is shown in FIG. 17. Also, the other idler shafts 20 and 22 may be constructed in the same manner as ithe idler shaft 18 shown in FIG. 17. From the aforementioned description, a scroll device 10 from the machine class of scroll compressors, pumps, and expanders has been described. The scroll device 10 is capable of expanding and

compressing a fluid cyclically to evacuate a line, device, or space connected to the scroll device 10 without intrusion of the nearby atmosphere. The scroll device 10 receives its motive power directly from a motor or alternatively from a motor connected to a magnetic coupling, further minimizing the incidence of atmospheric intrusion within the housing and the working fluid. The present disclosure and its various components may adapt existing equipment and may be manufactured from many materials including but not limited to metal sheets and foils, elastomers, steel plates, polymers, high density polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, nylon, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, various alloys, and composites.

From all that has been said, it will be clear that there has thus been shown and described herein a scroll device having liquid cooling through use of idler shafts. It will become apparent to those skilled in the art, however, that many changes, modifications, variations, and other uses and applications of the subject scroll device are possible and contemplated. All changes, modifications, variations, and other uses and applications which do not depart from the spirit and scope of the disclosure are deemed to be covered by the disclosure, which is limited only by the claims which follow.