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Title:
SELECTIVE NR2B ANTAGONISTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/066366
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The disclosure generally relates to compounds of formula I, including their salts, as well as compositions and methods of using the compounds. The compounds are ligands of the NR2B receptor and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system.

Inventors:
ISLAM, Imadul (3184 Garrity Way, #333Richmond, California, 94806, US)
THANGATHIRUPATHY, Srinivasan (Biocon Special Economic ZonePlot No. 2 & 3,Bommasandra Industrial Area IV Phase,Jigani Line Road Bommasandr, Bangalore Karnataka 9, 099, IN)
WARRIER, Jayakumar Sankara (Biocon Special Economic ZonePlot No. 2 & 3,Bommasandra Industrial Area IV Phase,Jigani Line Road Bommasandr, Bangalore Karnataka 9, 099, IN)
CHERUKU, Srinivas (Biocon Special Economic ZonePlot No. 2 & 3,Bommasandra Industrial Area IV Phase,Jigani Line Road Bommasandr, Bangalore Karnataka 9, 099, IN)
SHETTY, Poornima (Biocon Special Economic ZonePlot No. 2 & 3,Bommasandra Industrial Area IV Phase,Jigani Line Road Bommasandr, Bangalore Karnataka 9, 099, IN)
GUPTA, Grandhi Venkat Ram Krishna Mohan (No #9/3, Sai Serene ApartmentsHMT Main Road, SubaydarPalaya,Bangalore North,Yeswanthpur, Bangalore Karnataka 2, 560022, IN)
MACOR, John E. (Route 206 and Province Line RoadPrinceton, New Jersey, 08543, US)
Application Number:
US2016/056714
Publication Date:
April 20, 2017
Filing Date:
October 13, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (Route 206 and Province Line Road, Princeton, New Jersey, 08543, US)
International Classes:
C07D401/12; A61K31/496; A61P25/02; A61P25/24; A61P25/28; C07D471/08
Domestic Patent References:
2015-07-16
2015-07-16
2009-01-08
2004-12-16
Foreign References:
US20020169167A12002-11-14
Other References:
G. SANACORA, NATURE REV. DRUG DISC., vol. 7, 2008, pages 426 - 437
ZARATE ET AL., ARCH. GEN. PSYCHIATRY, vol. 63, 2006, pages 856 - 864
PRESKOM ET AL., J. CLIN. PSYCHOPHARMACOL., vol. 28, 2008, pages 631 - 637
F. S. MENNITI ET AL., CNS DRUG REVIEWS, vol. 4, no. 4, 1998, pages 307 - 322
MUTEL V; BUCHY D; KLINGELSCHMIDT A; MESSER J; BLEUEL Z; KEMP JA; RICHARDS JG ., JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY, vol. 70, no. 5, 1998, pages 2147 - 2155
PORSOLT RD; BERTIN A; JALFRE M.: "Behavioral despair in mice: a primary screening test for antidepressants.", ARCH INT PHARMACODYN THER, vol. 229, 1977, pages 327 - 36
HAYASHI E; SHIMAMURA M; KURATANI K; KINOSHITA M; HARA H.: "Automated experimental system capturing three behavioral components during murine forced swim test.", LIFE SCI., vol. 88, no. 9-10, 28 February 2011 (2011-02-28), pages 411 - 7
YUAN P; TRAGON T; XIA M; LECLAIR CA; SKOUMBOURDIS AP; ZHENG W; THOMAS CJ; HUANG R; AUSTIN CP; CHEN G: "Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors enhance sexual pleasure-seeking activity in rodents.", PHARMACOL BIOCHEM BEHAV, vol. 98, no. 3, 2011, pages 349 - 55, XP028156097, DOI: doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2011.02.001
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
EPPERSON, James et al. (Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Route 206 and Province Line RoadPrinceton, New Jersey, 08543, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

We claim:

1. A compound of the formula I

I

where:

Ar1 is phenyl and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, and haloalkoxy;

Ar2 is pyridinyl or pyrimdinyl, and is substituted with 1 OR substituent and with 0-2 halo or alkyl substituents;

R is hydrogen or a prodrug moiety selected from the group consisting of alkyl esters, amino acid esters, alkoxy esters, phosphonic acids, phosphonic alkyl esters, alkoxyphosphononate acid, alkoxyphosphonate alkyl esters, alkyl carabamates, amino acid carbamates, alkyl phosporamidates, aryl phosphoramidates, and sulfamates;

X is a bond or C1-C3 alkylene; n is 1 or 2; ring A is piperazinyl , homopiperazinyl, or 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes, piperazin-2-one and is substituted with 0-4 substituents selected from halo, alkyl, hydroxy, or alkoxy; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

2. A compound of claim 1 where n is 1 and ring A is piperazinyl substituted with 0-2 alkyl substituents.

3. A compound of claim 1 where Ar1 is phenyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, and haloalkoxy.

4. A compound of claim 1 where Ar2 is selected from

and R is selected from hydrogen, amino acid esters, phosphonic acids,

alkoxyphosphononate acid, , alkyl carabamates, amino acid carbamates, alkyl phosporamidates, aryl phosphoramidates, and sulfamates.

5. A compound of claim 1 where X is methylene.

6. A compound of claim 1 where R is hydrogen.

7. A compound of claim 1 where R is P(=0)(OH)2.

8. A compound of claim 1 selected from the group consisting of

87

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

9. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

10. A method for the treatment of depression, Alzheimer's disease, neuropathic pain, or Parkinson's disease, which comprises administering to a patient a therapeutically affective amount of a compound of claim 1.

11. The method of claim 10 directed to the treatment of depression.

12. The method of claim 10 directed to the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

13. The method of claim 10 directed to the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Description:
SELECTIVE NR2B ANTAGONISTS

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims the benefit of Indian Provisional Patent Application serial number 3308/DEL/2015 filed October 14, 2015 hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The disclosure generally relates to compounds of formula I, including their salts, as well as compositions and methods of using the compounds. The compounds are ligands for the NR2B NMDA receptor and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system.

BACKGROUND

N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are ion channels which are gated by the binding of glutamate, an excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. They are thought to play a key role in the development of a number of neurological diseases, including depression, neuropathic pain, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. Functional NMDA receptors are tetrameric structures primarily composed of two NR1 and two NR2 subunits. The NR2 subunit is further subdivided into four individual subtypes: NR2A, NR2B, NR2C, and NR2D, which are differentially distributed throughout the brain. Antagonists or allosteric modulators of NMDA receptors, in particular NR2B subunit-containing channels, have been investigated as therapeutic agents for the treatment of major depressive disorder (G. Sanacora, 2008, Nature Rev. Drug Disc. 7: 426-437).

The NR2B receptor contains additional ligand binding sites in additon to that for glutamate. Non-selective NMDA antagonists such as Ketamine are pore blockers, interfering with the transport of Ca ++ through the channel. Ketamine has demonstrated rapid and enduring antidepressant properties in human clinical trials as an i.v. drug. Additionally, efficacy was maintained with repeated, intermittent infusions of Ketamine (Zarate et al, 2006, Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 63: 856-864). This class of drugs, though, has limited therapeutic value because of its CNS side effects, including dissociative effects.

An allosteric, non-competitive binding site has also been identified in the N- terminal domain of NR2B. Agents which bind selectively at this site, such as

Traxoprodil, exhibited a sustained antidepressant response and improved side effect profile in human clinical trials as an i.v. drug (Preskom et al, 2008, J. Clin.

Psychopharmacol., 28: 631 -637, and F. S. Menniti, et al, 1998, CNS Drug Reviews, 4, 4, 307-322). However, development of drugs from this class has been hindered by low bioavailability, poor pharmacokinetics, and lack of selectivity against other pharmacological targets including the hERG ion channel. Blockade of the hERG ion channel can lead to cardiac arrythmias, including the potentially fatal Torsades de pointe, thus selectivity against this channel is critical. Thus, in the treatment of major depressive disorder, there remains an unmet clinical need for the development of effective NR2B-selective negative allosteric modulators which have a favorable tolerability profile.

NR2B receptor antagonists have been disclosed in PCT publication WO

2009/006437.

The invention provides technical advantages, for example, the compounds are novel and are ligands for the NR2B receptor and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system. Additionally, the compounds provide advantages for pharmaceutical uses, for example, with regard to one or more of their mechanism of action, binding, inhibition efficacy, target selectivity, solubility, safety profiles, or bioavailability.

SUMMARY

In a first embodiment, the disclosure provides a compound of the formula I

where: Ar 1 is phenyl and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, and haloalkoxy;

Ar 2 is pyridinyl or pyrimdinyl, and is substituted with 1 OR substituent and with 0-2 halo or alkyl substituents;

R is hydrogen or a prodrug moiety selected from the group consisting of alkyl esters, amino acid esters, alkoxy esters, phosphonic acids, phosphonic alkyl esters,

alkoxyphosphononate acid, alkoxyphosphonate alkyl esters, alkyl carabamates, amino acid carbamates, alkyl phosporamidates, aryl phosphoramidates, and

sulfamates;

X is a bond or C1-C3 alkylene;

n is 1 or 2;

ring A is piperazinyl , homopiperazinyl, or 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes,

piperazin-2-one and is substituted with 0-4 substituents selected from halo, alkyl, hydroxy, or alkoxy;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

DESCRIPTION

It will be understood that any given exemplary embodiment can be combined with one or more additional exemplary embodiments.

Unless specified otherwise, these terms have the following meanings. "Alkyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group composed of 1 to 6 carbons. "Alkenyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group composed of 2 to 6 carbons with at least one double bond. "Alkynyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group composed of 2 to 6 carbons with at least one triple bond. "Cycloalkyl" means a monocyclic ring system composed of 3 to 7 carbons. Terms with a hydrocarbon moiety (e.g. alkoxy) include straight and branched isomers for the hydrocarbon portion. "Halo" includes fluoro, chloro, bromo, and iodo. "Haloalkyl" and "haloalkoxy" include all halogenated isomers from monohalo to perhalo. "Aryl" means a monocyclic or bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbon groups having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, or a bicyclic fused ring system wherein one or both of the rings is a phenyl group. Bicyclic fused ring systems consist of a phenyl group fused to a four- to six-membered aromatic or non-aromatic carbocyclic ring. Representative examples of aryl groups include, but are not limited to, indanyl, indenyl, naphthyl, phenyl, and tetrahydronaphthyl. "Heteroaryl" means a 5 to 7 membered monocyclic or 8 to 1 1 membered bicyclic aromatic ring system with 1-5 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. Parenthetic and multiparenthetic terms are intended to clarify bonding relationships to those skilled in the art. For example, a term such as ((R)alkyl) means an alkyl substituent further substituted with the substituent R.

The invention includes all pharmaceutically acceptable salt forms of the compounds. Pharmaceutically acceptable salts are those in which the counter ions do not contribute significantly to the physiological activity or toxicity of the compounds and as such function as pharmacological equivalents. These salts can be made according to common organic techniques employing commercially available reagents. Some anionic salt forms include acetate, acistrate, besylate, bromide, chloride, citrate, fumarate, glucouronate, hydrobromide, hydrochloride, hydroiodide, iodide, lactate, maleate, mesylate, nitrate, pamoate, phosphate, succinate, sulfate, tartrate, tosylate, and xinofoate. Some cationic salt forms include ammonium, aluminum, benzathine, bismuth, calcium, choline, diethylamine, diethanolamine, lithium, magnesium, meglumine,

4-phenylcyclohexylamine, piperazine, potassium, sodium, tromethamine, and zinc.

Some Formula I compounds contain at least one asymmetric carbon atom, an example of which is shown below. The invention includes all stereoisomeric forms of the compounds, both mixtures and separated isomers. Mixtures of stereoisomers can be separated into individual isomers by methods known in the art. The compounds include all tautomeric forms.

The invention is intended to include all isotopes of atoms occurring in the present compounds. Isotopes include those atoms having the same atomic number but different mass numbers. By way of general example and without limitation, isotopes of hydrogen include deuterium and tritium. Isotopes of carbon include 1 C and 14 C. Isotopically- labeled compounds of the invention can generally be prepared by conventional techniques known to those skilled in the art or by processes analogous to those described herein, using an appropriate isotopically-labeled reagent in place of the non-labeled reagent otherwise employed. Such compounds may have a variety of potential uses, for example as standards and reagents in determining biological activity. In the case of stable isotopes, such compounds may have the potential to favorably modify biological, pharmacological, or pharmacokinetic properties.

The abbreviations used in the present application are well-known to those skilled in the art. One aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I

I

where:

Ar 1 is phenyl and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, and haloalkoxy;

Ar 2 is pyridinyl or pyrimdinyl, and is substituted with 1 OR substituent and with 0-2 halo or alkyl substituents;

R is hydrogen or a prodrug moiety selected from the group consisting of alkyl esters, amino acid esters, alkoxy esters, phosphonic acids, phosphonic alkyl esters, alkoxyphosphononate acid, alkoxyphosphonate alkyl esters, alkyl carabamates, amino acid carbamates, alkyl phosporamidates, aryl phosphoramidates, and sulfamates;

X is a bond or C1-C3 alkylene;

n is 1 or 2;

ring A is piperazinyl , homopiperazinyl, or 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes, piperazin-2-one and is substituted with 0-4 substituents selected from halo, alkyl, hydroxy, or alkoxy;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where n is 1 and ring A is piperazinyl substituted with 0-2 alkyl substituents.

Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where Ar 1 is phenyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, and haloalkoxy.

Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where Ar 2 is selected from

and R is selected from hydrogen, amino acid esters, phosphonic acids,

alkoxyphosphononate acid, , alkyl carabamates, amino acid carbamates, alkyl phosporamidates, aryl phosphoramidates, and sulfamates. Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where X is methylene.

Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where R is hydrogen. Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where R is P(=0)(OH)2. Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I selected from the group consisting of:

5

In a second aspect, a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

In a third aspect, a method for the treatment of depression, Alzheimer's disease, neuropathic pain, or Parkinson's disease, which comprises administering to a patient a therapeutically affective amount of a compound of formula I.

In a second embodiment of the third aspect, the compound of formula I, directed to the treatment of depression.

In a third embodiment of the third aspect, the compound of formula I is directed to the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

In a fourth embodiment of the third aspect, the compound of formula I is directed to the treatment of neuropathic pain.

EXAMPLES

The present disclosure will now be described in connection with certain embodiments which are not intended to limit its scope. On the contrary, the present disclosure covers all alternatives, modifications, and equivalents as can be included within the scope of the claims. Thus, the following examples, which include specific embodiments, will illustrate one practice of the present disclosure, it being understood that the examples are for the purposes of illustration of certain embodiments and are presented to provide what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of its procedures and conceptual aspects.

The compounds of the present disclosure may be prepared using the reactions and techniques described in this section, as well as, other synthetic methods known to those of ordinary skill in the art. The reactions are performed in solvents appropriate to the reagents and materials employed and suitable for the transformation being affected. Also, in the description of the synthetic methods described below, it is to be understood that all proposed reaction conditions, including choice of solvents, reaction temperature, duration of the experiment and workup procedures, are chosen to be the conditions standard for that reaction, which should be readily recognized by one skilled in the art. It is understood by one skilled in the art of organic synthesis that the functionality present on various portions of the molecule must be compatible with the reagents and reactions proposed. Such restrictions to the substituents which are compatible with the reaction conditions will be readily apparent to one skilled in the art and alternate methods must then be used.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the synthesis of the compounds of instant disclosure can be set forth in the following schematic representations.

Scheme 1:

Step 1: tert-butyl 4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate

To a stirred solution of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (5.99 g, 32.2 mmol) in Toluene (100 mL) was added 5-(benzyloxy)-2-bromopyridine (8.5 g, 32.2 mmol), SODIUM TERT-BUTOXIDE (7.73 g, 80 mmol) and BINAP (4.01 g, 6.44 mmol) at RT and the reaction mixture was purged with N2 for 15 min, followed by the addition of Pd2 (dba)3 (2.95 g, 3.22 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 100 °C for l 8 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was filtered through celeite and was washed with ethyl acetate (200 ml); the filtrate was concentrated to remove ethyl acetate and toluene. The residue was added water (250 ml) and the product was extracted with ethyl acetate (3* 100 mL), the combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get crude 20g. The crude product was purified by ISCO using 120g silica gel column, the product was eluted with 40% ethyl acetate in pet ether to get tert-butyl 4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (5 g, 12.99 mmol, 40.4 % yield) as yellow solid. LCMS: Buffer: lOmM Ammonium Acetate pH -5 adjusted with HCOOH, Mobile phase A:Buffer:ACN (95:5), Mobile phase B:Buffer:ACN (5:95), Method:%B:

Omin-5%: l. lmin -95%: 1.7min-95%Column Name: Acquity BEH C18 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 u Method:C:\MassLynx, Flow: 0.8 ml/min, RT-1.28min, M(+l)-370.

Step 2: tert-butyl 4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate

To a stirred solution of tert-butyl 4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)piperazine-l- carboxylate (2.00 g, 5.41 mmol) in Methanol (10 mL) was added Pd/C (0.576 g, 5.41 mmol), stirred under hydrogen bladder pressure through vaccume bend and was stirred at RT for 18 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was filtered through celeite and filtrate was concentrated to get tert- butyl 4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.4 g, 5.01 mmol, 93 % yield) as brown gummy material.

LCMS: %B: Omin-2%: 1.0min -98%: 1.6min-98%, Mobile phase B: Acetonitrile, Mobile phase A:0.1% TFA in water , Method:C:\MassLynx , RT- 0.64min, M(+l)- 280. -(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol, HCl.

To a stirred solution of tert-butyl 4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl) piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.5 g, 5.37 mmol) in 1,4-Dioxane (15 mL) was added 4M HCl in 1,4-dioxane (5 mL, 5.37 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 12 hrs. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was concentrated to get 6-(piperazin-l-yl) pyridin-3-ol, HCl (1 g, 4.08 mmol, 76 % yield) as off white solid. LCMS : Buffer: lOmM Ammonium Acetate pH -5 adjusted with HCOOH, Mobile phase A:Buffer:ACN (95:5), Mobile phase B:Buffer:ACN (5:95), Method:%B: Omin-5%: l. lmin -95%: 1.7min-95%Column Name: Acquity BEH C18 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 u Method:C:\MassLynx, Flow: 0.8 ml/min, RT-0.35min, M(+l)-180. Scheme 2:

To a stirred solution of 2-chloro-5-methoxypyrimidine (1 g, 6.92 mmol) in

DMF (20 mL) was added tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.2 g, 6.44 mmol) and TEA (3 mL, 21.52 mmol) in a sealed tube mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 48 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to get crude residue, which was dissolved in ethyl acetate ( 100 mL) and washed with water (2*100 mL), the organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude ( 1.5 g) as brown liquid. The crude compound was purified by combi ( 24g silica gel column, eluted with 15% ethyl acetate / Pet ether ) to get tert-butyl 4-(5- methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (550 mg, 1.738 mmol, 25.1 % yield) as off white solid.

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ιηιη-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, LCMS RT = 2.2 min M(+l) -295.

Step 2:

To a stirred solution of tert-butyl 4-(5-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)piperazine-l- carboxylate (330 mg, 1.121 mmol) in 1,4-Dioxane (10 mL) at 0° C was added HCl in 1,4 dioxane (1.121 mL, 1.121 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored through LCMS. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to get crude compound which was triturated with ethyl acetate ( 2* 10 mL ) and the solid obtained was filtered to get 5-methoxy-2- (piperazin-l-yl)pyrimidine hydrochloride (200 mg, 0.607 mmol, 54.1 % yield) as off white solid.

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ιηιη-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 0.946 min, M (+1) - 195 .

Step 3:

To a stirred solution of 5-methoxy-2-(piperazin-l-yl)pyrimidine hydrochloride (50 mg, 0.217 mmol) was added DIPEA (0.114 mL, 0.650 mmol) and 3-bromo-l-(4- chloro-3-fluorophenyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (95 mg, 0.325 mmol) in dry DMF (1.5 mL). The reaction mixture was heated under MW at 120 °C for 90 minutes. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to get l-(4-chloro-3- fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)p yrrolidin-2-one (60mg, 0.093mmol, 43% yield) crude compound with 63% purity by LCMS, which was used to next step without purification. LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ιηιη-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 2.2 min, M (+1) -406.

: l-(5-(benz loxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepane.

To stirred solution of 1,4-diazepane (4.10 g, 41.0 mmol) in Toluene (10 mL) was added 5-(benzyloxy)-2-chloropyridine (3.00 g, 13.66 mmol) and POTASSIUM TERT-BUTOXIDE (3.06 g, 27.3 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was purged with N2 for 15 minutes followed by the addition of Tetrakis (1.578 g, 1.366 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was heated at 110 °C for 4 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was filtered through celeite and the filtrate was concentrated to get crude 9g. The crude product was purified by ISCO using 40g basic alumina column, the product was eluted with 75% ethyl acetate in pet ether to get l-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepane (1.5 g, 4.29 mmol, 31.4 % yield) as brown gummy material. LCMS: %B: Omin-2%: 1.0min -98%: 1.6min-98%, Mobile phase B: Acetonitrile, Mobile phase A:0.1% TFA in water , Method:C:\MassLynx , RT-0.66min, M(+l)- 284.

Step 2a:

To a stirred solution of l-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepane (0.200 g, 0.169 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added TEA (0.071 mL, 0.508 mmol) and (S)-l-(4- methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.096 g, 0.339 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred at 120° C for 2 h in microwave. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was concentrated to get crude 0.45g. The crude was purified by prep TLC; the plate was developed with ethyl acetate to get (R)-3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepan-l-yl)-l-(4 - methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.04 g, 0.085 mmol, 50.2 % yield) as off white solid. LCMS: Buffer: lOmM Ammonium Acetate pH -5 adjusted with HCOOH, Mobile phase A:Buffer:ACN (95:5), Mobile phase B:Buffer:ACN (5:95), Method:%B: Omin-5%: l. lmin -95%: 1.7min-95%Column Name: Acquity BEH C18 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 u Method:C:\MassLynx, Flow: 0.8 ml/min, RT- 1.3min, M(+l)-471. Step 2b:

To a stirred solution of l-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepane (0.05 g, 0.176 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added TEA (0.074 mL, 0.529 mmol) and l-(4- chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.081 g, 0.265 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred at 120° C for 2 h in microwave. 28% desired product mass by LCMS. The reaction mixture was concentrated under high vacuum to get crude 3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepan-l-yl)-l-(4- chloro-3-fluorophenyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.2 g, 0.113 mmol, 64.1 % yield) as brown gummy and the crude as such was taken for next step without further purification.

LCMS: Buffer: lOmM AmmoniumAcetate pH -5 adjusted with HCOOH, Mobile phase A:Buffer:ACN (95:5), Mobile phase B:Buffer:ACN (5:95), Method:%B: Omin-5%: l. lmin -95%: 1.7min-95%Column Name: Acquity BEH C18 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 u Method:C:\MassLynx, Flow: 0.8 ml/min, rt-1.25min, M(+l)-495.

Step 1: (lS,4S)-tert-butyl 5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylate

To a solution of (lS,4S)-tert-butyl 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2- carboxylate (2.5 g, 12.61 mmol) in 1,4-Dioxane (50 mL) was added 5-(benzyloxy)-2- chloropyridine (3.05 g, 13.87 mmol) and CESIUM CARBONATE (8.22 g, 25.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was degassed with nitrogen for 15 minutes then was added XANTPHOS (1.094 g, 1.891 mmol) followed by PdOAc 2 (0.283 g, 1.261 mmol) and heated to 110 °C for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Reaction mass was filtered through celite and was washed with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to get crude 5.5g. The crude was purified by ISCO system (25 % EA:Hexane ,40 g silica gel column) to afford (lS,4S)-tert-butyl 5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylate (0.8 g, 2.097 mmol, 16.63 % yield) as yellow solid.

LCMS: Column-Ascentis Express C18 (50Χ2.1ιηηι-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM Ammonium Acetate in water, Mphase B : CAN, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : % A : %B : : 0.0 : 100.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 0.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0 : 100.0, RT - 2.505min, \1( 1 ) - 382. -2-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2. l]heptane

To a solution of (lS,4S)-tert-butyl 5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylate (0.8 g, 2.097 mmol) in 1,4-Dioxane (5 mL) was addded 4 M HCI in Dioxane (5 mL, 20.00 mmol) and stirred at RT for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mass was concentrated under vacuum to get crude solid. The solid was triturated with ethyl acetate (2x 50 mL). To the solid compound 10% sodium bicarbonate solution(50 mL) was added and the product was extracted with ethylacetate ( 3x 50 mL), the combined organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to get (lS,4S)-2-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane (0.5 g, 1.066 mmol, 50.8 % yield) as brown solid. LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B : 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 4.0 : 100.0, RT - 1.726min, M (+l) - 282.

Step 3: (R)-3-((lS,4S)-5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl)-l-(4-fluorobenzyl)pyrrolidin -2-one.

To a solution of (l S,4S)-2-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane (0.075 g, 0.267 mmol) in Acetonitrile (3 mL) was added DIPEA (0.140 mL, 0.800 mmol) and (S)-l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.115 g, 0.400 mmol) then heated to 85 °C for overnight. The reaction mass was concentrated under reduced pressure and partitioned between sodium bicarbonate (10%) solution (50 mL) and ethylacetate (50 mL), the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to get (R)-3- ((lS,4S)-5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2. 1]heptan-2-yl)-l-(4- fluorobenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.18 g, 0.194 mmol, 72.9 % yield) as brown gummy. LCMS: %B: Omin-2%: 1.0min -98%: 1.6min-98%, Mobile phase B: Acetonitrile, Mobile phase A:0.1% TFA in water , Method:C:\MassLynx, RT - 1.21 min, M(+l) - 473.

Scheme 5:

Step 1: tert-butyl 3-methyl-4-((R)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3- yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate.

To a solution of tert-butyl 3-methylpiperazine-l-carboxylate (0.530 g, 2.65 mmol) in Acetonitrile (30 mL) added (S)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (1.5 g, 5.29 mmol) and raised the temperature to 130°C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (30 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (2x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was dried over sodiumsulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified over CI 8, 40 g Reverse phase Combiflash eluted with 80% Acetonitrile + 20% 10mm Ammonium acetate mixture to get crude tert-butyl 3-methyl-4-((R)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin- 3-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (950 mg, 2.255 mmol, 85 % yield) as off white solid.

LCMS : RT: 2.368 min ACN/H2O with HCOONH4, Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1 ιηηι-2.7μιη), gradient = 1.7 min, wavelength = 220 nm; MS (ES): mfz 388. M+H. -(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one , TFA

To a stirred solution of tert-butyl 3-methyl-4-(l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2- oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (1 g, 2.58 mmol) in DCM (25 mL) was added TFA (1.988 mL, 25.8 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure and washed with diethyl ether (20 mL) and the solid was dried under reduced pressure to get l-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(2- methylpiperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one, TFA (856 mg, 1.919 mmol, 74.4 % yield). LCMS: ACN/H2O with HCOONH4, Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1 πιιη-2.7μιη), gradient - 1.7 min, wavelength - 220 nm, RT -1.75 min , M (+1) - 288.

Step 3:

To a stirred solution of 5-(benzyloxy)-2-chloropyridine (650 mg, 2.96 mmol) was added l-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-on e (850 mg, 0.696 mmol), BINAP (43.3 mg, 0.070 mmol) and SODIUM TERT-BUTOXIDE (201 mg, 2.088 mmol). The reaction mixture was purged with nitrogen for 10 minutes then was added Pd2(dba)3 (51.0 mg, 0.056 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 110° C for 18 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated ammonium chloride solution and extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude 1.5g. The crude was purified over C18 (24gms, Rreverse phase column, silicycle) eluted with 40% Acetonitrile in 10mm ammonium acetate to get 3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2- methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (650 mg, 0.994 mmol, 33.6 % yield) as pale yellow liquid with 72% purity by LCMS.

LCMS : Column-Ascentis Express C18 (50Χ2.1ιηηι-2.7μιη ),Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98:02),Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 100.0, 3.2 : 0.0, RT -2.489min,M(+l) - 471.

Scheme 6:

tep 1: l-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-3,3-dimethylpiperazine CI— ^ i— OBn

NaO(t-Bu), BINAP,

To a solution of 5-(benzyloxy)-2-chloropyridine (1.731 g, 7.88 mmol) in 1,4- Dioxane (20 mL) was added 2,2-dimethylpiperazine (1 g, 8.76 mmol), BINAP (0.545 g, 0.876 mmol), SODIUM TERT-BUTOXIDE (2.104 g, 21.89 mmol). The reaction mixture was purged with Nitrogen for 15 minutes and was added Pd2(dba)3 (0.642 g, 0.701 mmol). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 5 h under nitrogen. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was diluted with water 50mL and the product was extracted with ethyl acetate (3*50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution (100 mL), dried over Na2S04 and evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude residue 3g. The crude was purified over 120 g CI 8 Redisep reverse phase column eluted with 40%

Acetonitrile + 60% 10mm ammonium acetate to get l-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)- 3,3-dimethylpiperazine (1.3 g, 4.33 mmol, 49.4 % yield). LCMS : ACN/H2O with HCOONH4, Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x2.1 ιηιη-2.7μιη), gradient = 1.7 min, wavelength = 220 nm, RT - 1.94 min , M(+l) - 298.

Step 2: (R)-3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpiperazin-l -yl)-l-(4- methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one.

To a solution of 3-bromo-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (135 mg, 0.504 mmol) in DMF (2mL) was added l-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-3,3- dimethylpiperazine (100 mg, 0.336 mmol) and TEA (0.047 mL, 0.336 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was heated at 120° C for 1.5 h in CEM microwave. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was added water (25 mL) and the product was extracted with ethyl acetate (3*15 mL), the combined organic layer was dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude residue 0.3g. The crude was subjected to Reverse phase purification CI 8, 24gms silica gel column eluted with 80% Acetonitrile +20% 10mm TFA to get (R)-3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpiperazin-l -yl)- l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (25 mg, 0.046 mmol, 13.81 % yield).

LCMS: ACN/H2O with HCOONH4, Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1 πιιη-2.7μιη), gradient = 1.7 min, wavelength = 220 nm, RT - 2.562 min, M(+l) - 485.

General Intermediates

Example l(Racemate) : l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyrimidin- 2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one. To a stirred solution of l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5- methoxypyrimidin-2-yl) piperazin-l-yl) pyrrolidin-2-one (60 mg, 0.148 mmol) in DCM (8 mL) at -78° C was slowly added BBr3 in DCM (5 mL, 5.00 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored through LCMS. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0° C and quenched with saturated NaHCC solution (25 mL). The product was extracted with DCM (2*25 mL), the combined organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate, filtered and evaporation under reduced pressure to get crude compound. The crude compound was submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm,5um; Mobile Phase A:5:95

Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NFUOAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NFUOAc; Gradient: 5-35% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 35% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B;Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyrimidin-2-yl)pi perazin-l- yl)pyrrolidin-2-one ( 29.1 mg ,0.148 mmol,50.2% yield ) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac;Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm, 2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; lOmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile; lOmM NH40AC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp: 50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1) mm, 2.7μιη, Time (min): 0—3, %B : 0—100, LCMS RT = 1.34 min (M+H, 392).

¾ NMR: (400MHz, METHANOLS)□ = 8.03 (s, 2 H), 7.87 - 7.81 (m, 1 H), 7.54 - 7.39 (m, 2 H), 3.90 - 3.70 (m, 7 H), 3.04 - 2.95 (m, 2 H), 2.76 - 2.68 (m, 2 H), 2.39 - 2.31 (m, 1 H), 2.27 - 2.16 (m, 1 H).

Example 2 (PI & P2):

To a stirred solution of (S)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.108 g, 0.382 mmol) in ACN (5 mL) was added 6-(piperazin-l- yl)pyridin-3-ol (0.057 g, 0.318 mmol) and DIPEA (0.139 mL, 0.795 mmol) and heated to 80 °C for 16 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (15 mL), and the aqueous layer was separated and extracted with EtOAc (3 χ 25 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with water (15 mL) and brine (15 mL) and dried over Na2S04. The mixture was filtered, and the solvent was removed in vacuum to give the crude product. The crude compound was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge C18,19xl50mm^m; Guard Column:Waters XBridge

C18,19xl0mm,5pm; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 10mM NH4OAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 5 -30% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 30% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get 2; 3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2- yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (30mg, 0.0816 mmol, 25.74 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm , 2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm, 2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 50°C; Gradient: 0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

The chiral screening of compound 2 shows two peaks, indicates the racemization.

The racemic mixture 2 was submitted for SFC for chiral separation. The fractions from SFC were collected and concentrated to get PI; (S)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2- yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one and P2; (R)-3-(4-(5- hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrol idin-2-one.

The compound was registered as BMT-173283 01 -003 (with 57% ee).

BMT-173283-01-003 (98564-126-02) ee: 57% was purified by SFC

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column: Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 23.2, Total Flow

: 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.2, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back

Pressure : 101. Peak Info:

Number Peak Name RT (min) Area Area %

1 Peakl 3.37 431.3981 21.027

2 Peak2 4.82 1620.2377 78.973

SFC Purification method:

Analytical SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

4.6)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 3.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature : 25°C, UV: 244.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

21)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 75.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 244, Peak number : Retention Time :: Peak 1 : 3.00 :: Peak 2 : 4.00, Solubility: Methanol in 5ml, Loadability/Inj : 9.00mg/mL, Total No of injections: 15, Total Time for

purification l.Ohr, Instrument details: Make/Model: Thar SFC-80.

For PI (Homochiral): (S)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4- methylbenzyl) pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ιηιη-2.7μιη ), Mphase A :

0. l%HCOOH in water, Mphase B : CAN, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : % A : %B : : 0.0 : 100.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 0.0 : 100.0 :: 3.2 : 0.0 : 100.0, RT - 1.669, M(+l)-367.

Chiral Purity: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 23.7, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.2, Co-Solvent % :40, Back Pressure : 99, RT-2.9min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.03-2.09 (m, 1H), 2.22 (t, J = 7.60 Hz, 1H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.78 (t, J = 11.20 Hz, 2H), 3.11 (t, J = 21.20 Hz, 2H), 3.21-3.27 (m, 2H), 3.42- 3.43 (m, 4H), 3.71 (t, J = 17.20 Hz, 1H), 4.37 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 4.49 (d, J = 14.40 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 10.00 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.19 (m, 5H), 7.73 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H).

For P2 (Homochiral): (R)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4- methylbenzyl) pyrrolidin-2-one

Chiral Purity: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 23.7, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.2, Co-Solvent % :40, Back Pressure : 99, RT-4.95min.

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B : 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : % A : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.5 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 100.0, RT - 1.733, M(+l)-367.

1NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.01-2.08 (m, 1H), 2.15-2.20 (m, 1H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.67-2.73 (m, 2H), 2.98-3.03 (m, 2H), 3.19-3.26 (m, 2H), 3.38 (t, J = 10.40 Hz, 4H), 3.62 (t, J = 17.60 Hz, 1H), 4.36 (d, J = 14.40 Hz, 1H), 4.49 (d, J = 14.40 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J = 8.80 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.73 (m, 5H), 7.73 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H).

Example 3(Racemate) : 3-(4-(5-hydroxypyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin- 1-yl)- 1-(4- methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2- one.

To a stirred solution of 3-(4-(5-methoxypyrimidin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4- methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (60 mg, 0.157 mmol) in DCM (8 mL) at -78° C was slowly added BBn in DCM (5 mL, 5.00 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0° C and quenched with sat NaHCCb solution extracted with DCM (2 x25 mL), the organic layer was dried over sodiumsulphate and evaporation under reduced pressure to get crude compound 75 mg. The crude compound was submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge C18, 19x150mm, 5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge 8,19χ10ιηιη,5μιη; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM LtOAc;

Gradient:5-35% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 35% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get 3-(4-(5- hy droxypyrimidin-2-y l)piperazin- 1 -y 1)- 1 -(4-methy lbenzy l)pyrrolidin-2-one (15.1 mg, 0.041 mmol, 26.1 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm ,2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH 4 OAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm, 2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C; Gradient: 0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 )□ = 8.03 (s, 2 H), 7.17 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 4 H), 4.53 - 4.46 (m, 1 H), 4.41 - 4.33 (m, 1 H), 3.74 - 3.59 (m, 5 H), 3.30 - 3.19 (m, 3 H), 2.97 - 2.88 (m, 4 H), 2.68 - 2.59 (m, 2 H), 2.34 (s, 3 H), 2.24 - 2.14 (m, 1 H), 2.10 - 1.98 (m, 1 H).

LCMS Method info: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; lOmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp: 50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μιη, Time (min) : 0—3, %B: 0—100, LCMS RT = 1.24 min ,M (+1) - 368.

Chiral screening : Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent :0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux Cellulose 4 (250 X 4.6)mm,5u, Column Temperature ; 27.1, Total Flow A, C02 Flow Rate :2.4 , Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % AO, Back Pressure :99, Chiral RT :5.59 min.

Example 4:

l-(3-fluoro-4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypy ridin-2-yl)piperazin- -yl)pyrrolidin-2-one

To a solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol hydrochloride (20 mg, 0.093 mmol) in Acetonitrile (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.049 mL, 0.278 mmol) heated to 80 °C was added l-(3-fluoro-4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (43.1 mg, 0.121 mmol) in Acetonitrile (1 mL) over 1 min. The mixture was then stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The mixture was allowed to cool to RT and then concentrated. The residue was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιηιη,5μιη; Guard ColummWaters XBridge C18,19xl0mm^m; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NFUOAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NFUOAc; Gradient: 10-45% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 45% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B;

Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(3-fluoro-4-

(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)pip erazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2- one (1.5 mg, 3.34 μιτιοΐ, 3.60 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm ,2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NFUOAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm ,2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: 1.1 ml/min.

¾ NMR: (400 MHz, DMSO-c e)□ ppm 8.87 - 9.06 (m, 1 H) 7.90 - 7.99 (m, 1 H) 7.71 - 7.78 (m, 1 H) 7.53 - 7.64 (m, 2 H) 6.98 - 7.13 (m, 2 H) 6.67 - 6.76 (m, 1 H) 3.64 - 3.87 (m, 3 H) 2.89 - 2.99 (m, 2 H) 2.57 - 2.71 (m, 2 H) 2.18 - 2.37 (m, 1 H) 2.00 - 2.13 (m, 1 H).

LCMS: Method info: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; lOmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile; 10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp: 50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1) mm, 2.7μηι, Time (min): 0—3, %B: 0—100, RT - 1.49 min, M(+l) - 441.

To a solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol hydrochloride (20 mg, 0.093 mmol) in Acetonitrile (2mL) and and DIPEA (0.049 mL, 0.278 mmol) heated to 80 °C was added l-(3-fluoro-4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (25 mg, 0.070 mmol) in ACN (lmL) over 1 minut. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 12 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT and evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude compound which was submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιηιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm^m; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NFUOAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NFUOAc; Gradient: 10-45 % B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 45% B and 5 minute hold at 100%

B;Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(3-fluoro-4- (trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)pipera zin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2- one (4.7 mg, 10.25 μηιοΐ, 11.05 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity. Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm ,2.7μηι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm ,2.7μηι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C; Gradient: 0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

LCMS : Method info: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; lOmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp: 50°C, Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x2.1) mm ,2.7μη Time (min) : 0—3, %B: 0—100, RT - 1.484 min, M(+l)- 441.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 8.98 (br s, 1H), 7.93-7.69 (m, 2H), 7.73-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.59 (s, 2H), 6.95-7.20 (m, 1H), 6.71-6.95 (m, 1H), 3.71-3.81 (m, 3H), 3.32- 3.37 (m, 4H), 2.89-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.60-2.73 (m, 2H), 2.24-2.45 (m, 2H).

To a stirred solution of 3-bromo-l-(4-fluorobenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.042 g, 0.153 mmol), 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol, HCl (0.03 g, 0.139 mmol) and DIPEA (0.024 mL, 0.139 mmol) in Acetonitrile (5 mL) was heated at 90 °C for 18 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (15 mL) and the aqueous layer was separated and extracted with EtOAc (3 χ 25 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with water (15 mL) and brine (15 mL) and dried over Na2S04. The mixture was filtered, and the solvent was removed in vacuum to give the crude product. The crude was submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge

C18,19xl50mm,5pm; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm,5pm; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH4OAC; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 10-30% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 30% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B;

Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (+/-)l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-(5- hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (45.1 mg, 0.122 mmol, 88 % yield) as pale yellow solid.Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac;Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

The Racemic compound was separated by Chiral SFC.

SFC Purification Method:

Analytical SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

4.6)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 3.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature : 25°C, UV: 243.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

21)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 70.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 243, Peak number : Retention Time : : Peak 1 : 3.00 : : Peak 2 : 4.00, Solubility: Methanol+THF(l : l) in 5ml, Loadability/Inj : 8.00mg/mL, Total No of injections: 15, Total Time for purification l.Ohr, Instrument details: Make/Model: Thar SFC-80

Chiral Purification resulted in l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2- yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (17 mg, 0.046 mmol, 33.0 % yield) and l-(4- fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyr rolidin-2-one (14 mg, 0.038 mmol, 27.2 % yield). For PI (Homochiral): l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin- l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT-2.182min, M(+l) - 371.

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature: 23.4, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate: 1.2, Co-Solvent % :40, Back Pressure : 100, RT- 2.57min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.05 (t, J = 15.20 Hz, 1H), 2.15-2.20 (m, 1H), 2.67- 2.71 (m, 2H), 2.97-3.00 (m, 2H), 3.23-3.28 (m, 2H), 3.42-3.43 (m, 2H), 3.60 (t, J = 17.60 Hz, 1H), 4.40 (d, J = 14.40 Hz, 1H), 4.51 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 8.80 Hz, 1H), 7.06-7.10 (m, 2H), 7.12-7.15 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.73-7.74 (m, 1H).

For P2(Homochiral): l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin- -yl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT-2.188min, M(+l) - 371.

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature: 23.4, Total Flow 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate: 1.2, Co-Solvent % AO, Back Pressure : 100, RT- 4.11min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.02-2.11 (m, 1H), 2.16-2.20 (m, 1H), 2.65-2.71 (m, 2H), 2.96-3.02 (m, 2H), 3.21-3.28 (m, 2H), 3.30-3.38 (m, 4H), 3.60 (t, J = 17.60 Hz, 1H), 4.43 (d, J = -8.40 Hz, 1H), 4.51 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 8.80 Hz, 1H), 7.06-7.10 (m, 2H), 7.12-7.15 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.74 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H).

To a solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (250 mg, 1.395 mmol) in Acetonitrile (10 mL) was added Tri ethyl amine (706 mg, 6.97 mmol) and 3-bromo-l- (3-chloro-4-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (475 mg, 1.395 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred at 90°C for 1.5 h in CEM Microwave. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was diluted with sat. ammonium chloride solution (50 mL) and the product was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2S04 and evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude residue 0.9g Crude Purity: 51%. The crude was purified through Reverse phase HPLC to get (+/-)l-(3-chloro-4-

(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)pipe razin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2- one (100 mg, 0.227 mmol, 16.33 % yield).

HPLC Method Information: Column: SUNFIRE C18 250X30 lOu , Mobile Phase A: lOmM NH40AC IN WATER, Mobile Phase B: CAN Solubility: CAN+THF, Flow: 30ml/min Loadability: 50mg, T/%B: 0/30,10/60 No. Of Injections: 16, Total Purification Time: 8min.

LCMS (TFA): RT0.67 min; {Mobile phase A:0.1% TFA in water, Mobile phase B: Acetonitrile} Acquity BEH C18 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 u, gradient = 2.25 min, wavelength = 220 nm; MS (ES): m/z 439 M+H. The Racemic mixture was subjected to SFC purification to give Isomer -PI, isomer P2.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Luxcellulose-2(250 X

21.5)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 70.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 247, Peak number : Retention Time : : Peak 1 : 4.30 : : Peak 2 : 5.90, Solubility: Methanol in 30.0ml.

For P l(Homochiral) : l-(3-chloro-4-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-3-(4-(5- pyrrolidin-2-one

HPLC : 95/5 to 5/95 H 2 O/CH 3 CN/0.05%TFA, flow=lmL/min, gradient=15min, Sunfire Cie 4.6x150mm : RT= 5.59 min; Purity @220nm: 94.033 %; @254nm: 94.16 %. Xbridge Phenyl 3.5um, 4.6x150mm: RT= 6.55 min; Purity @220nm:

89.82%; @254nm:92.52 %.

LCMS : Column-Ascentis Express C18 (50Χ2.1ιηηι-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 2.072 min, M(+l) - 439.

SFC : C02 3.0_Colvent_100.met; Flow:- total flow 3, C02 flow rate 2.1, Co- solvent (0.3% DEA in Methanol) 0.9; Column :- Chiralpak AD H (250 x 4.6) mm 5μ; RT 3.17min, Purity® 217nm : 100%.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.18-2.24 (m, 1H), 2.31-2.35 (m, 1H), 2.73-2.78 (m, 2H), 3.02-3.07 (m, 2H), 3.31-3.41 (m, 4H), 3.72-3.85 (m, 3H), 6.65-7.02 (m, 2H),

7.13-7.16 (m, 1H), 7.32 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.60 (m, 1H), 7.74 (d, J = 3.20 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J = 75.60 Hz, 1H).

For P2(Homochiral): ( l-(3-chloro-4-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-3-(4-(5- hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one.

HPLC: 95/5 to 5/95 H 2 O/CH 3 CN/0.05%TFA, flow=lmL/min, gradient=15min, Sunfire Cie 4.6x150mm : RT= 5.6 min; Purity @220nm: 93.02 %; @254nm: 93.29 %. Xbridge Phenyl 3.5um, 4.6x150mm: RT= 6.536 min; Purity @220nm: 91.18%; @254nm:93.24 %.

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT: 2.068 min, M(+l) - 439.

SFC: C02 3.0_Colvent_100.met; Flow:- total flow 3, C02 flow rate 2.1, Co-solvent (0.3% DEA in Methanol) 0.9; Column :- Chiralpak AD H (250 x 4.6) mm 5μ; RT 4 min; Purity® 217nm :98.86%.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.16-2.26 (m, 1H), 2.32-2.38 (m, 1H), 2.73-2.78 (m, 2H), 3.03-3.07 (m, 2H), 3.38-3.41 (m, 4H), 3.72-3.84 (m, 3H), 6.65-7.02 (m, 2H),

7.13-7.16 (m, 1H), 7.32 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.60 (m, 1H), 7.74 (d, J = 3.20 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J = 75.60 Hz, 1H).

Example 8 (PI & P2):

Procedure: DIPEA (0.039 mL, 0.223 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 6- (piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (0.04 g, 0.223 mmol) in Acetonitrile (5 mL) at RT and heated to 50°C after 5min l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.124 g, 0.402 mmol) was dissolved in Acetonitrile (5 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at 85 °C for 18 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness, and was submitted to SCP for purification. The chiral screening of 8 shows two major peaks, indicates the racemization. The racemic mixture 8; l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4- (5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (20 mg, 0.051 mmol, 22.8% yield) was separated by SFC obtained PI; l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5- hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one and P2; l-(4-chloro-3- fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyr rolidin-2-one.

Chiral screening For 8: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in

Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 129.

Peak Info

Number Peak Name RT (min) Area Area %

1 Peakl 1.52 224.6273 3.2263

2 Peak2 2.16 28.7287 0.4126

3 Peak3 3.02 3801.0048 54.5936

4 Peak4 6.49 2908.0087 41.7675

SFC Purification method

Analytical SFC Conditions : Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

4.6)mm,5u, % C02: 60%,% Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 4.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature : 25°C, UV: 247. Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

21)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 70.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 247.

For Pl(Homochiral):

¾ NMR : (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 ) δ = 7.85 (dd, J= 2.5, 12.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.76 (d, J= 2.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.53 - 7.40 (m, 2 H), 7.20 - 7.10 (m, 1 H), 6.79 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.94 - 3.71 (m, 3 H), 3.53 - 3.39 (m, 4 H), 3.20 - 3.00 (m, 3 H), 2.78 (s, 2 H), 2.27 - 2.16 (m, 2 H).

LCMS: Column-Ascentis Express C18 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 0.0, RT - 2.18min, M (+1) -391. Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3%DEA in Methanol, Column : chiralpak-ODH(4.6*250)mm5u, Column Temperature : 22.6, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent :40, Total Flow : 4, Back Pressure : 97, RT - 3.15min. ForP2(Homochiral):

LCMS: Column-Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 2.21min, M(+l) -391.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 )□ = 7.85 (dd, J= 2.5, 12.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.76 (d, J= 2.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.53 - 7.40 (m, 2 H), 7.20 - 7.10 (m, 1 H), 6.79 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.94 - 3.71 (m, 3 H), 3.53 - 3.39 (m, 4 H), 3.20 - 3.00 (m, 3 H), 2.78 (s, 2 H), 2.27 - 2.16 (m, 2 H).

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3%DEA in Methanol, Column : chiralpak-ODH(4.6*250)mm5u, Column Temperature : 22.1, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent :40, Total Flow : 4, Back Pressure : 101, RT - 6.6min.

To a solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (40 mg, 0.185 mmol) in Acetonitrile (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.097 mL, 0.556 mmol) heated to 80 °C was added (S)-l-(3- fluoro-4-methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (84 mg, 0.278 mmol)) in Acetonitrile (1 mL) over 1 min. The mixture was then stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to RT and then concentrated. The residue was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge Ο18,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0rnm,5pm; Mobile Phase A:5:95

Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient:5-35% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 35% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (+/-)1 -(3-fluoro-4-methylbenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piper azin-l - yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (20 mg, 0.052mmol, 27.8 % yield) as pale yellow solid.

Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm, 2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C; Gradient: 0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min. SFC purification method:

Analytical SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

4.6)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 3.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature : 25°C, UV: 245.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

21)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 60.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 245, Peak number : Retention Time, Peak 1 : 3.00 : : Peak 2 : 4.00, Solubility: Methanol in 10.0ml, Loadability/Inj : 5.00mg/mL, Total No of injections: 10, Total Time for

purification l.Ohr, Instrument details: Make/Model: Thar SFC-80.

For Pl(Homochiral):

LCMS : Column-Kinetex XB-C18 (75Χ3ιηιη-2.6μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM

NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Time : %B : Flow : : 0 : 20 : 1 : : 4 : 100 : 1 : : 4.6 : 100 : 1.5 : : 4.7 20 1.5, RT - 1.653 min , M(+l) - 385.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,DMSO-de)□ = 9.06 - 8.88 (m, 1 H), 7.79 - 7.68 (m, 1 H), 7.33 - 7.19 (m, 1 H), 7.10 - 7.03 (m, 1 H), 7.00 - 6.90 (m, 2 H), 6.76 - 6.65 (m, 1 H), 4.43 - 4.24 (m, 2 H), 3.52 - 3.40 (m, 1 H), 3.29 - 3.23 (m, 4 H), 3.20 - 3.01 (m, 2 H), 2.95 - 2.84 (m, 2 H), 2.22 (d, J= 1.5 Hz, 3 H), 2.15 - 2.02 (m, 1 H), 1.99 - 1.81 (m, 1 H).

Chiral Purity: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent :0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(250 X 4.6)mm,5u, Column Temperature ; 27.1, Total Flow :4, C02 Flow Rate :2.4 , Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % :40, Back Pressure :99, RT - 4.94 min. For P2(Homochiral):

LCMS : Column-Kinetex XB-C18 (75Χ3ηιηι-2.6μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM

NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Time : %B : Flow : : 0 : 20 : 1 : : 4 : 100 : 1 : : 4.6 : 100 : 1.5 : : 4.7 20 1.5, RT - 1.656 min , M(+l) - 385.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,DMSO-d6) δ = 9.02 - 8.90 (m, 1 H), 7.80 - 7.67 (m, 1 H), 7.34 - 7.23 (m, 1 H),7.11 - 7.03 (m, 1 H), 7.00 - 6.90 (m, 1 H), 6.76 - 6.63 (m, 1 H), 4.44 - 4.24 (m, 2 H), 3.55 - 3.44 (m, 1H), 3.30 - 3.22 (m, 4 H), 3.20 - 3.10 (m, 2 H), 2.96 - 2.87 (m, 2 H), 2.60 - 2.53 (m, 2 H), 2.22 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 3 H), 2.16 - 2.03 (m, 1 H), 2.00 - 1.83 (m, 1 H).

Chiral Purity: Injection Volume; 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column: Chiralcel OD-H (4.6X250) mm,5u, Column Temperature: 23.5 , Total

Flow: 3, C02 Flow Rate: 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.2, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure; 100, RT - 5.42 min.

Example lO(Homochiral):

To a solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (0.111 g, 0.622 mmol) in 1.0 mL of CH 3 CN and DIPEA (0.271 mL, 1.554 mmol) at 80 °C was added a solution of (S)-l-(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.2 g, 0.622 mmol) in 0.5 mL of CH3CN over 1.5 h. The mixture was then stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was cool to RT and was concentrated to get crude 0.3g. The crude residue was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge C18,19xl50mm^m; Guard Column:Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm,5pm; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac;

Gradient:5-35% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 35% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (R)-l-(4- chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin -l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (45 mg, 0.11 lmmol, 16.63% yield). Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ηιηι,2.7μηι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ηιηι,2.7μηι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Chiral Screening: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent: 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column: Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature: 24.3, Total Flow: 3, C02 Flow Rate: 1.95, Co-Solvent Flow Rate: 1.05, Co-Solvent % : 35, Back Pressure : 101, RT- 6.12 min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.56 (t, J = -8.00 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, J = 12.00 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (t, J = 36.00 Hz, 2H), 6.69-6.71 (m, 4H), 4.38 (d, J = 4.00 Hz, 2H), 3.47 (t, J = 20.00 Hz, 1H), 3.31-3.28 (m, 5H), 3.27-3.19 (m, 2H), 2.90 (t, J = 24.00 Hz, 2H), 2.53 (t, J = 24.00 Hz, 2H), 2.29-2.01 (m, 1H), 1.95-1.89 (m, 1H).

LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% Acetonitrile;10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT-2.27min, M(+l) - 405. Example 11 (PI & P2):

To a stirred solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol hydrochloride (70 mg, 0.325 mmol) in dry DMF (1.5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.170 mL, 0.974 mmol) and 3-bromo-l-(4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (209 mg, 0.649 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated under MW at 120 °C for 90 min. Completion of the reaction was monitored through LCMS. The reaction mixture as such was submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm,5pm; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 10mM NH4OAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient:5-35% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 35% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (60 mg, 0.142 mmol, 4.39 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm ,2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm, 2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C; Gradient: 0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min. SFC purification method:

Analytical SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: chiralcel OD-H(250 X

4.6)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 3.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature : 24°C, UV: 210.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: chiralcel OD-H(250 X

21.5)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 60.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 210, Peak number : Retention Time :: Peak 1 : 2.50 :: Peak 2 : 4.20, Solubility: Methanol in 6.0ml, Loadability/Inj : 2.5mg/mL, Total No of injections: 12, Total Time for purification l.Ohrs, Instrument details: Make/Model: Thar SFC-80.

For Pl(Homochiral):

3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4- (trifluoromethyl)benzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS : Method info: Column- Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ιηιη-2.7μιη ), Mphase A: 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B: 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B :: 0.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 100.0 :: 4.0 : 100.0, RT - 1.798 min, M(+l) - 421.

¾ NMR : (400MHz ,DMSO-de) δ = 9.10 - 8.88 (m, 1 H), 7.74 (s, 3 H), 7.50 - 7.41 (m, 2 H), 7.10 - 7.00 (m, 1 H), 6.76 - 6.65 (m, 1 H), 4.58 - 4.36 (m, 2 H), 3.64 - 3.44 (m, 2 H), 3.25 - 3.08 (m, 4 H), 2.99 - 2.87 (m, 3 H), 2.55 (br. s., 4 H), 2.20 - 2.05 (m, 1 H), 2.01 - 1.80 (m, 1 H).

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 25.9, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.2, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 44, RT - 3.05 min.

For P2(Homochiral):

3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4- (trifluoromethyl)benzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS : Method info : Column-Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B : 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B :: 0.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 100.0 :: 4.0 : 100.0, RT - 1.793 min, M(+l) - 421.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,DMSO-de) δ = 9.04 - 8.92 (m, 1 H), 7.74 (br. s., 3 H), 7.51 - 7.42 (m, 2 H), 7.10 - 7.02 (m, 1 H), 6.76 - 6.66 (m, 1 H), 4.57 - 4.38 (m, 2 H), 3.54 - 3.44 (m, 1 H), 3.26 - 3.13 (m, 3 H), 2.97 - 2.86 (m, 2 H), 2.63 - 2.54 (m, 5 H), 2.18 - 2.07 (m, 1 H), 2.01 - 1.92 (m, 1 H).

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 25.8, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.8, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.2, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 52, RT - 3.94 min.

To a solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (20 mg, 0.112 mmol) in

Acetonitrile (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.058 mL, 0.335 mmol) heated to 80 °C was added ((S)-l-(4-chlorobenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (50.8 mg, 0.167 mmol) in Acetonitrile (1 mL) over 1 min. The mixture was then stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The mixture was cool to RT. Then concentrated to get crude compound. The crude was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge€18,19χ150ηιηι,5μηι; Guard Column: Waters XBridge€18,19χ10ηιηι,5μηι; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1%TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1%TFA; Gradient: 5 -25% B over 25 minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 25% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (R)-l-(4-chlorobenzyl)-3-(4- (5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (26 mg, 0.064 mmol, 57.2 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2. l)mm ,2.7μπι; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 )□ = 7.70 - 7.69 (m, 1 H), 7.47 - 7.44 (m, 1 H), 7.41 - 7.38 (m, 2 H), 7.33 - 7.29 (m, 2 H), 7.12 - 7.09 (m, 1 H), 4.59 - 4.45 (m, 2 H), 4.25 - 4.19 (m, 1 H), 3.74 - 3.60 (m, 6 H), 3.44 - 3.35 (m, 3 H), 3.29 - 3.23 (m, 2 H), 2.50 - 2.42 (m, 1 H), 2.27 - 2.18 (m, 1 H).

LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; lOmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% Acetonitrile; 10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp: 50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μιη, Time (min) : 0—3, %B: 0—100, RT -1.33 min, M(+l) - 387.

Chiral screening : Injection Volume : 10, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralpak AS H 4 (250 X 4.6)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26.7, Total Flow :3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.95 , Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.05, Co-Solvent % : 35, Back Pressure : 97, RT - 3.16 min. Example 13 Pl(Homochiral):

l-(4-(difluoromethoxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyr idin-2-yl)piperazin- -yl)pyrrolidin-2-one

To a suspension of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (39.6 mg, 0.221 mmol) in Acetonitrile (10 mL) was added DIPEA (0.116 ml, 0.663 mmol) and heated the reaction mass to 50°C for 10 minutes. At this temperature was added l-(4- (difluoromethoxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (75 mg, 0.221 mmol) in Acetonitrile (1 mL) and stirred the reaction mass at 80 °C for 18 h. The mixture was cool to RT. Then concentrated to get crude compound. The crude was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge Ο18,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge Ο18,19χ10ιηιη,5μιη; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1%TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1%TFA; Gradient: 5 -25% B over 25 minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 25% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(4-(difluoromethoxy)-3- fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyr rolidin-2-one (8.5 mg, 0.020 mmol, 9.01 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac;Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min. LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile;10mM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95%, Acetonitrile;10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μιη, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT-1.331min M(+l)-423.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 )□ = 7.85 (dd, J= 2.5, 13.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.77 (d, J= 2.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.45 - 7.40 (m, 1 H), 7.37 - 7.30 (m, 1 H), 7.17 (dd, J= 3.0, 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.03 - 6.64 (m, 2 H), 3.91 - 3.74 (m, 3 H), 3.42 (t, J= 5.0 Hz, 4 H), 3.07 (td, J = 5.1, 10.8 Hz, 2 H), 2.82 - 2.74 (m, 2 H), 2.42 - 2.32 (m, 1 H), 2.29 - 2.16 (m, 1 H).

Chiral screening: Injection Volume: 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3%DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-2(4.6*250)mm5u, Column Temperature : 21.2, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent : 40, Total Flow : 4, Back pressure :98, RT- 3.86min.

Example 13 P2(Homochiral): l-(4-(difluoromethoxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-

To a suspension of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (39.6 mg, 0.221 mmol) in

Acetonitrile (10 mL) was added DIPEA (0.116 ml, 0.663 mmol) and heated the reaction mass to 50 °C for 10 minutes. At this temperature was added l-(4- (difluoromethoxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (75mg, 0.221 mmol) in Acetonitrile (1 mL) and stirred the reaction mass at 80°C for 18 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The mixture was cool to RT. Then concentrated to get crude compound. The crude was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge 8,19χ10ιηιη,5μιη; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1%TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1%TFA; Gradient:5-25% B over 25 minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 25% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B;

Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(4-(difluoromethoxy)-3- fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyr rolidin-2-one (21 mg, 0.049 mmol, 22.27 % yield) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95%, Acetonitrile;10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x2. l)mm ,2.7μιη, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT - 1.332min M(+l) - 423.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 )□ = 7.85 (dd, J= 2.5, 12.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.76 (d, J= 3.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.45 - 7.40 (m, 1 H), 7.36 - 7.31 (m, 1 H), 7.19 - 7.15 (m, 1 H), 7.02 - 6.64 (m, 2 H), 3.89 - 3.74 (m, 3 H), 3.44 - 3.40 (m, 4 H), 3.07 (td, J= 5.3, 10.9 Hz, 2 H), 2.78 (td, J= 5.1, 10.8 Hz, 2 H), 2.41 - 2.33 (m, 1 H), 2.29 - 2.18 (m, 1 H).

Chiral screening: Injection Volume: 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3%DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-2(4.6*250)mm5u, Column Temperature : 21.2, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent : 40, Total Flow : 4, Back pressure :98, RT- 3.17min.

Example 14 (PI & P2):

Example 14 Pl(Homochiral):

To a stirred solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (0.04 g, 0.223 mmol) in Acetonitrile (6 mL) was added DIPEA (0.117 mL, 0.670 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was heated to 50°C and was added l-(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-2- oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.115 g, 0.402 mmol) in Acetonitrile (2 mL) slowly drop wise. The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C for 18h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The mixture was to RT. Then concentrated to get crude compound. The crude was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge C18,19xl50mm^m; Guard ColummWaters XBridge C18,19xl0rnm^m; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 10-35% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 35% B and 5 minute hold at 100%

B;Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-3- (4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (16.5mg , 0.0445mmol, 19.95%) as pale yellow solid. Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity.

Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac;Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιτιιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l . lml/min.

¾ NMR: (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 )□ = 7.76 (d, J = 3.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.57 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.32 - 7.23 (m, 1 H), 7.16 (dd, J= 3.0, 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.80 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.60 (s, 1 H), 3.88 - 3.71 (m, 2 H), 3.51 (s, 1 H), 3.42 (t, J= 5.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.16 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.10 - 3.00 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (dd, J= 5.5, 10.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.32 - 2.20 (m, 1 H).

LCMS : A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile;10mM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% , cetonitrile;10rnM NH40AC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT-1.32min, M(+l) -371.

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3%DEA in Methanol, Column: Lux cellulose-4 (4.6X250)mm 5u, Column Temperature : 18.8, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Total Flow : 4, Back

Pressure : 102, RT- 4.09min, 97.6% ee.

To a stirred solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (0.04 g, 0.223 mmol) in Acetonitrile (6 mL) was added DIPEA (0.117 mL, 0.670 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was heated to 50°C and was added l-(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-2- oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.115 g, 0.402 mmol) in Acetonitrile (2 mL) slowly drop wise. The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C for 18h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The mixture was allowed to cool to RT. Then concentrated to get crude compound. The crude was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge 8,19χ10ιηιη,5μιη; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1%TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1%TFA; Gradient:5-25% B over 25 minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 25% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B;

Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-3-(4-(5- hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (13mg, 0.035mmol, 15.10 % yield).

¾ NMR : (400MHz ,METHANOL-d 4 )□ = 7.76 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.63 - 7.50 (m, 1 H), 7.33 - 7.23 (m, 2 H), 7.16 (dd, J= 3.0, 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.80 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.60 (s, 1 H), 3.89 - 3.69 (m, 3 H), 3.50 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.42 (t, J= 5.3 Hz, 2 H), 3.19 - 3.14 (m, 1 H), 3.06 (dd, J = 5.3, 11.3 Hz, 2 H), 2.83 - 2.67 (m, 2 H), 2.36 (br. S., 1 H), 2.28 - 2.11 (m, 2 H).

LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% , Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, LCMS RT - 1.32min, M(+l) - 371.

Chiral screening: Injection Volume: 5, Co-Solvent: 0.3%DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-4 (4.6X250)mm 5u,Column Temperature : 21.6, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Total Flow : 4, Back Pressure : 97, RT -4.73min.

Example 15 (Homochiral):

To a stirred solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol (0.015 g, 0.084 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added TEA (0.035 mL, 0.251 mmol) and (S)-l-benzyl-2- oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.045 g, 0.167 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred at 120° C for 2 h in microwave. Major desired product mass by LCMS. The reaction mixture as such was submitted to SCP. The crude compound was purified by SCP to obtain (R)-l-benzyl-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl) piperazin- 1-yl) pyrrolidin-2-one (2 mg, 5.39 μιτιοΐ, 6.44 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS : A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% Acetonitrile;! OmM NH40AC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT-1.161min, M(+l)-353.

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 5, Co-Solvent: 0.3%DEA in Methanol, Column : chiralcel-ASH(250*4.6)5u, Column Temperature : 24.6, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Total Flow : 4, Back Pressure : 103, RT-2.3min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 2.08 (s, 2H), 2.92 (bs, 2H), 3.18-3.22 (m, 6H), 3.37-3.42 (m, 2H), 4.34-4.46 (m, 3H), 6.75 (s, 1H), 6.96 (s, 1H), 7.07-7.09 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.28-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.35-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.75 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H).

Example 16 (PI , P2, P3 & P4):

3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4- m

To a solution of 3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l- (4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (650 mg, 1.381 mmol) in Methanol (20 mL) was added Pd/C (147 mg, 1.381 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred under hydrogen pressure for 18 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite and was washed with methnol (100 mL), filtrate was dried over Na2S04 and evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude residue. The crude was purified over C18 Reverse phase silicycle column eluted with 50% Acetonitrile + 10mm Ammonium acetate to give pure fractions, which on evaporation gave 3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2- methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (420 mg, 0.993 mmol, 71.9 % yield) as pale yellow solid.

LCMS : RT: 1.93 min ACN/H2O with HCOONH4, Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1 ιηηι-2.7μιη), gradient = 1.7 min, wavelength = 220 nm; MS (ES): m/z 381. M+H. SFC: C02 3.0_Colvent_100.met; Flow:- total flow 3, C02 flow rate 2.1, Co-solvent (0.3% DEA in Methanol) 0.9; Column :- Chiralpak AD H (250 x 4.6) mm 5μ; RT 3.9 min; Purity@ 217nm :32%, RT 4.7 min; Purity @ 217nm :16%, RT 6 min; Purity @ 217nm : 16%, RT 10 min; Purity® 217nm :33%.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralcel OD-H(250 X

21)mm,5u, % C02: 75%, % Co solvent: 25%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 60.0g/min Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 245, Peak number : Retention Time :: Peak 1 : 3.90 :: Peak 2 : 4.70 :: Peak 3 : 6.00 :: Peak 4 : 10.00, Solubility: 60ml in Methanol, Loadability/Inj : 5.0mg/mL, Total No of

injections: 120Total Time for purification 15.0hrs. Instrument details: Make/Model: Thar SFC-80.

For Pl(Homochiral):

3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4 - methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS : Column- Ascentis Express C8 (50X2.1ιηιη-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B : 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B :: 0.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 100.0 :: 4.0 : 100.0, RT -1.774 min, M(+l)-381. ¾ NMR : (400 MHz, METHANOLS) d ppm 7.75 (dd, J=3.01, 0.50 Hz, 1 H) 7.13 - 7.21 (m, 5 H) 6.77 (dd, J=9.04, 0.44 Hz, 1 H) 4.55 (s, 1 H) 4.42 (s, 1 H) 4.13 (t, J=9.00 Hz, 1 H) 3.77 - 3.88 (m, 2 H) 3.36 - 3.39 (m, 2 H) 3.24 - 3.30 (m, 2 H) 3.02 (d, J=0.25 Hz, 1 H) 2.95 (td, J=11.66, 3.17 Hz, 1 H) 2.88 (d, J=0.69 Hz, 1 H) 2.58 - 2.73 (m, 4 H) 2.34 (s, 3 H) 2.07 - 2.19 (m, 1 H) 1.95 - 2.05 (m, 3 H) 1.18 - 1.24 (m, 3 H). Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 10 , Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 2.25, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 0.75, Co-Solvent % : 25, Back Pressure : 99, RT - 5.3 min.

For P2(Homochiral):

3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4 - methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS : Column- Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B : 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B :: 0.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 100.0 :: 4.0 : 100.0, RT -1.751 min, M(+l)-381.

¾ NMR: (400 MHz, METHANOL-cU) d ppm 7.75 (dd, J=2.98, 0.53 Hz, 1 H) 7.13 - 7.20 (m, 7 H) 6.77 (dd, J=9.04, 0.50 Hz, 1 H) 4.49 (d, J=14.56 Hz, 1 H) 4.30 - 4.35 (m, 1 H) 4.05 (dd, J=9.60, 7.72 Hz, 1 H) 3.74 - 3.86 (m, 3 H) 3.36 - 3.45 (m, 3 H) 3.21 - 3.31 (m, 2 H) 2.99 - 3.03 (m, 2 H) 2.89 - 2.99 (m, 3 H) 2.88 (d, J=0.63 Hz, 2 H) 2.57 - 2.70 (m, 3 H) 2.23 - 2.35 (m, 3 H) 1.94 - 2.08 (m, 3 H) 1.24 (s, 3 H). Chiral purity: Injection Volume: 10 , Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 25.9, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 2.25, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 0.75, Co-Solvent % : 25, Back Pressure : 103, RT - 6.4 min.

For P3(Homochiral):

3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4 - methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS : Column- Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B : 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B :: 0.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 100.0 :: 4.0 : 100.0, RT -1.774 min, M(+l)-381.

¾ NMR : (400 MHz, METHANOL-cU) d ppm 7.75 (dd, J=3.01, 0.44 Hz, 1 H) 7.14 - 7.22 (m, 5 H) 6.75 - 6.80 (m, 1 H) 4.50 - 4.56 (m, 1 H) 4.38 - 4.44 (m, 1 H) 4.13 (t, J=9.00 Hz, 1 H) 3.78 - 3.88 (m, 2 H) 3.36 - 3.38 (m, 2 H) 3.24 - 3.30 (m, 2 H) 3.02 (d, J=0.31 Hz, 1 H) 2.95 (td, J=11.64, 3.20 Hz, 1 H) 2.88 (d, J=0.63 Hz, 1 H) 2.59 - 2.74 (m, 6 H) 2.34 (s, 4 H) 2.08 - 2.19 (m, 1 H) 1.94 - 2.06 (m, 4 H) 1.19 - 1.24 (m, 3 H).

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 10 , Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 25.9, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 2.25, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 0.75, Co-Solvent % : 25, Back Pressure : 100, RT - 7.6 min.

For P4(Homochiral):

3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4- methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one

LCMS : Column- Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : 2%ACN - 98 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Mphase B : 98%ACN - 2 %H20-10mM NH4C00H, Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B :: 0.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 100.0 :: 4.0 : 100.0, RT -1.750 min, M(+l)-381. ¾ NMR: (400 MHz, METHANOL-cU) d ppm 7.75 (dd, J=3.01, 0.50 Hz, 1 H) 7.13 - 7.20 (m, 5 H) 6.77 (d, J=8.66 Hz, 1 H) 4.49 (d, J=14.56 Hz, 1 H) 4.29 - 4.35 (m, 1 H) 4.05 (dd, J=9.60, 7.72 Hz, 1 H) 3.75 - 3.86 (m, 2 H) 3.37 - 3.44 (m, 4 H) 3.21 - 3.31 (m, 1 H) 2.87 - 3.02 (m, 1 H) 2.57 - 2.69 (m, 1 H) 2.34 (s, 2 H) 2.22 - 2.31 (m, 1 H) 1.98 - 2.07 (m, 1 H) 1.93 - 1.96 (m, 6 H) 1.24 (s, 3 H).

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 10 , Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 24.8, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 2.25, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 0.75, Co-Solvent % : 25, Back Pressure : 100, RT - 15.1 min.

Example 17(Homochiral): Preparation:

To a stirred solution of (R)-3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepan-l- yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.1 g, 0.212 mmol) in Methanol (10 mL) was added Pd/C (0.023 g, 0.212 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was connected to a hydrogen bladder through vaccume bend and was stirred at RT for 18 h. Major desired product mass by LCMS. The reaction mixture was filtered through celeite and the filtrate was concentrated to get crude 0.04g. The crude was submitted to SCP. The crude compound was purified by SCP to obtain (R)-3-(4-(5- hy droxypyridin-2-y 1)- 1 ,4-diazepan- 1 -y 1)- 1 -(4-methy lbenzy l)py rrolidin-2-one (6.5 mg, 0.017 mmol, 7.88 % yield) as pale yellow solid.

LCMS: Solvent A : 5 % ACN, 95 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Solvent B : 95 % ACN, 5 % Water,10mM NH40AC, Flow Rate : 4 ml/min, Temp : 50° C, Column :Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x4.6)mm ,2.7μιη, Time (min): 0— 4, % B :0— 100, RT- 1.93min, M(+l)-381. Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 3, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralpak AD H (250 X 4.6)mm 5u, Column Temperature : 26.4, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate : 1.95, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.05, Co-Solvent % : 35, Back Pressure : 99, RT -9.73min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 1.80 (bs, 3H), 2.08 (d, J = 6.40 Hz, 1H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 2.68-2.68 (m, 2H), 2.91 (bs, 1H), 3.02-3.10 (m, 2H), 3.11-3.19 (m, 2H), 3.52- 3.55 (m, 3H), 3.60 (s, 2H), 4.24-4.35 (m, 2H), 6.47 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 7.01-7.04 (m, 1H), 7.08-7.16 (m, 4H), 7.68 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H), 8.66 (s, 1H).

To a solution of (R)-4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l-(l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2- oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)piperazin-2-one (0.15 g, 0.182 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added Pd/C (0.12 g, 0.113 mmol) and stirred at RT under hydrogen balloon pressure for 12h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Reaction mass was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure to get crude 0.12g. The crude was submitted to SCP. The crude was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge C18,19xl50mm^m; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm^m; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Methanol: water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Methanol: water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 15-60% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 60% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min.

Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (R)-4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-l-(l-(4-methylbenzyl)- 2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)piperazin-2-one (21mg, 0.055 mmol, 30.1 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS: Solvent A : 5 % ACN, 95 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Solvent B : 95 % ACN, 5 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Flow Rate : 4 ml/min, Temp : 50° C,

Column :Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x4.6)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min): 0— 4, % B :0— 100, RT - 1.735min, M(+l) - 381.

H-NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 1.98-2.05 (m, 1H), 2.15-2.22 (m, 1H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 3.19-3.22 (m, 2H), 3.24-3.28 (m, 1H), 3.36-3.43 (m, 1H), 3.65 (t, J = 28.00 Hz, 2H), 3.91-4.02 (m, 2H), 4.30 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 4.41 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 5.06 (t, J = 19.20 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 8.80 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J = 11.60, Hz, 1H), 7.13- 7.17 (m, 4H), 7.76 (d, J = 3.20 Hz, 1H), 9.05 (s, 1H).

Chiral Screening: Injection Volume : 3, Co-Solvent: 0.3% DEA in Methanol,

Column: Chiralcel OD-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature: 25, Total Flow: 3, C02 Flow Rate: 1.95, Co-Solvent Flow Rate: 1.05, Co-Solvent % : 35, Back Pressure : 99, RT- 3.97min.

To a solution of l-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-2-one, HC1 (0.03 g, 0.131 mmol) in Acetonitrile (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.392 mmol) heated to 60 °C for 30 minutes then was aded (S)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2- oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.041 g, 0.144 mmol) in Acetonitrile (1 mL) then heated to 85°C for overnight. Reaction mass was concentrated udner reduced pressure then dissolved in 2 mL of DMF was submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιηιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm^m; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 5-30% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 30% B and 5 minute hold at 100%

B;Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (R)-l-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-4- (l-(4-methylbenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)piperazin-2-one (5mg, 0.013 mmol, 10.06 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS: Solvent A : 5 % ACN, 95 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Solvent B : 95 % ACN, 5 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Flow Rate : 4 ml/min, Temp : 50° C, Column :Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x4.6)mm ,2.7μη Time (min): 0— 4, % B : 0—100, RT - 1.677min, M(+l) - 381.

H-NMR: 1H NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.03-2.09 (m, 1H), 2.25-2.26 (m, 1H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 2.97-3.00 (m, 1H), 3.24-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.34-3.35 (m, 1H), 3.47 (d, J = 16.80 Hz, 1H), 3.72-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.85 (t, J = 10.80 Hz, 2H), 4.40 (d, J = 14.40 Hz, 1H), 4.51 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.21 (m, 4H), 7.28 (dd, J = 12.00, Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 8.01-8.02 (m, 1H).

Chiral Screening: Injection Volume: 5, Co-Solvent: 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column: Lux cellulose-2(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature: 29.1, Total Flow: 4, C02 Flow Rate: 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure: 98, RT - 5.76min.

To a solution of l-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-2-one, HC1 (0.03 g,

0.131 mmol) in Acetonitrile (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.392 mmol) heated to 60 °C for 30 minutes then was added (S)-l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-2- oxopyrrolidin-3-yl methanesulfonate (0.041 g, 0.144 mmol) in Acetonitrile (1 mL) then heated to 85 °C for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Reaction mass was concentrated under reduced pressure then dissolved in 2 mL of DMF was submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard ColummWaters XBridge C18,19xl0mm,5um; Mobile Phase A:5:95

Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient:5-30% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 30% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (R)-4-(l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)-l-(5-hydroxy pyridin-2- yl)piperazin-2-one (lmg, 2.55 μηιοΐ, 1.952 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS: Solvent A : 5 % ACN, 95 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Solvent B : 95 % ACN, 5 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Flow Rate : 4 ml/min, Temp : 50° C,

Column :Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x4.6)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min): 0— 4, % B :0— 100, RT - 1.551min, M(+l) - 385. H-NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.04-2.10 (m, 1H), 2.25-2.30 (m, 1H), 2.97-3.02 (m, 1H), 3.26-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.34-3.37 (m, 1H), 3.47 (d, J = 16.40 Hz, 1H), 3.72-3.81 (m, 2H), 3.85 (t, J = 11.20 Hz, 2H), 4.45 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 4.53 (d, J = 14.40 Hz, 1H), 7.09-7.13 (m, 2H), 7.28 (dd, J = 11.60, Hz, 1H), 7.31-7.35 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H).

Chiral screening: Injection Volume: 4, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-2(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 23, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate :2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % :40, Back Pressure : 99, RT - 4.64min.

To a solution of 3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpiperazin-l- yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (25 mg, 0.052 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) was added Pd/C (1.098 mg, 10.32 μηιοΐ) at RT. The reaction mixture was stirred under Hydrogen bladder pressure for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite and the filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure to get crude 30 mg. The crude compound was purified by SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge€18,19χ10ηιηι,5μηι; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 10mM NH4OAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water, with 10mM NH4OAc; Gradient: 10-40% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 40% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (+/-)(4-(5- hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpiperazin-l-yl)-l-(4-methyl benzyl)pyrrolidin-2- one (4 mg, O.OlOlmmol, 19.65 % yield) as pale yellow solid.

Two analytical LC/MS injections were used to determine the final purity. Injection 1 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιηιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with 10 mM NH40Ac; Temprature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes; Flow: l. lml/min. Injection 2 conditions: Column: Ascentis Express CI 8(50x2.1)ιηιη,2.7μιη; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

Acetonitrile:water with 0.1% TFA; Temprature: 50°C;Gradient:0-100%B over 3 minutes; Flow: l.lml/min. The racemic mixture was separated by SFC.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Chiralpak AD-H(250 X 21)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 60.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 220, Peak number : Retention Time :: Peak 1 : 3.40 :: Peak 2 : 4.40, Solubility: 4mL in Methanol.

For P l(Homochiral) : (4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpiperazin- 1-yl)- 1- (4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one . HPLC: 95/5 to 5/95 H 2 O/CH 3 CN/0.05%TFA, flo =lmL/min, gradient=15min, Sunfire Cis 4.6xl50mm : RT= 10.32 min; Purity @220nm: 89.04 %; @254nm: 91.96 %. Xbridge Phenyl 3.5um, 4.6x150mm: RT= 11.57 min; Purity @220nm: 90.7%; @254nm:94.77 %.

LCMS : Column-Ascentis Express C18 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 2.136 min, M(+l) - 395.

SFC : C02 3.0_Colvent_100.met; Flow:- total flow 3, C02 flow rate 2.1, Co-solvent (0.3% DEA in Methanol) 0.9; Column :- Chiralpak AD H (250 x 4.6) mm 5μ; RT 4.12; Purity® 217nm : 100%. ¾ NMR: (400 MHz, METHANOL-^)□ ppm 7.72 (dd, J=3.01, 0.56 Hz, 1 H) 7.12 - 7.21 (m, 4 H) 6.75 (dd, J=9.10, 0.56 Hz, 1 H) 4.49 - 4.55 (m, 1 H) 4.36 - 4.42 (m, 1 H) 4.11 (t, J=9.25 Hz, 1 H) 3.65 - 3.71 (m, 1 H) 3.51 (dt, J=3.29, 1.62 Hz, 1 H) 3.42 (dd, J=11.92, 1.63 Hz, 1 H) 3.04 - 3.27 (m, 3 H) 2.86 - 2.96 (m, 2 H) 2.48 (dt, J=11.40, 3.58 Hz, 1 H) 2.04 - 2.15 (m, 3 H) 1.29 (s, 3 H) 1.17 (s, 3H).

ForP2(Homochiral): 3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpiperazin-l-yl)- l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one .

HPLC : 95/5 to 5/95 H 2 O/CH 3 CN/0.05%TFA, flow=lmL/min, gradient=15min, Sunfire Cis 4.6xl50mm : RT= 10.32 min; Purity @220nm: 86.63 %; @254nm: 88.45%. Xbridge Phenyl 3.5um, 4.6xl50mm: RT= 11.566 min; Purity @220nm: 89.57%; @254nm:92.52 %. LCMS : Column-Ascentis Express C18 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B :: 0.0 : 0.0 :: 1.7 : 100.0 :: 3.0 : 100.0 :: 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 2.133 min, M(+l) - 395.

SFC : C02 3.0_Colvent_100.met; Flow:- total flow 3, C02 flow rate 2.1, Co-solvent (0.3% DEA in Methanol) 0.9; Column :- Chiralpak AD H (250 x 4.6) mm 5μ; RT 6.07; Purity® 217nm : 100%. ¾ NMR: (400 MHz, METHANOL-^) δ ppm 7.71 (dd, J=3.04, 0.60 Hz, 1 H) 7.11 - 7.21 (m, 5 H) 6.76 (d, J=0.56 Hz, 1 H) 4.53 (s, 1 H) 4.34 - 4.42 (m, 1 H) 4.11 (t, J=9.19 Hz, 1 H) 3.65 - 3.71 (m, 1 H) 3.38 - 3.51 (m, 1 H) 3.18 - 3.25 (m, 2 H) 3.03 - 3.16 (m, 1 H) 2.86 - 2.96 (m, 2 H) 2.47 (dt, J=11.28, 3.55 Hz, 1 H) 2.04 - 2.11 (m, 1 H) 1.27 - 1.33 (m, 3 H) 1.16 (s, 3 H).

Example 22(P1 & P2):

Example 22 (PI) (Homochiral): l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5- iazepan-l-yl)pyrrolidin-

To a stirred solution of 3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepan-l-yl)- l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.186 g, 0.376 mmol) in Methanol (10 mL) was added Pd/C (0.04 g, 0.376 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was connected to a hydrogen bladder through vaccum bend and was stirred at RT for 18 h. Major desired product mass, the reaction mass was filtered through celeite and the filtrate was concentrated to get the crude product 0.15g. The crude compound was purified by SCP to get l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-l,4 - diazepan-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (4 mg, 9.39 μιτιοΐ, 2.497 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS: Solvent A : 5 % ACN, 95 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Solvent B : 95 % ACN, 5 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Flow Rate : 4 ml/min, Temp : 50° C,

Column :Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x4.6)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min): 0— 4, % B :0— 100, RT-1.474min, M(+l)-405.

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 7, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OJ-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26.6, Total Flow 4, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 99, RT - 2.78min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 2.12-2.16 (m, 2H), 2.31-2.34 (m, 1H), 2.45-2.49 (m, 1H), 3.19-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.35-3.38 (m, 1H), 3.43-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.53-3.64 (m, 3H), 3.80-3.92 (m, 4H), 4.59 (t, J = 19.60 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 7.30- 7.33 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.64-7.69 (m, 2H), 7.86 (dd, J = 12.00, Hz, 1H).

Example 22 (P2) (Homochiral): l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-

To a stirred solution of 3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-l,4-diazepan-l-yl)- l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.186 g, 0.376 mmol) in Methanol (10 mL) was added Pd/C (0.04 g, 0.376 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was connected to a hydrogen bladder through vaccum bend and was stirred at RT for 18 h. Major desired product mass, the reaction mass was filtered through celeite and the filtrate was concentrated to get the crude product. The crude compound was purified by SCP to obtain l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-l,4 - diazepan-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (10 mg, 0.023 mmol, 6.18 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS: Solvent A : 5 % ACN, 95 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Solvent B : 95 % ACN, 5 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Flow Rate : 4 ml/min, Temp : 50° C, Column :Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x4.6)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min): 0— 4, % B :0— 100, RT-1.468min, M(+l)-405.

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 4, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Chiralcel OJ-H(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26.5, Total Flow : 3, C02 Flow Rate : 1.95, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.05, Co-Solvent % : 35, Back Pressure : 99, RT - 6.14min.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 2.12-2.16 (m, 2H), 2.31-2.34 (m, 1H), 2.45-2.49 (m, 1H), 3.19-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.35-3.38 (m, 1H), 3.43-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.53-3.64 (m, 3H), 3.80-3.92 (m, 4H), 4.59 (t, J = 19.60 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 7.30- 7.33 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.64-7.69 (m, 2H), 7.86 (dd, J = 12.00, Hz, 1H).

To a solution of (R)-3-((lS,4S)-5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin -2-one (0.18 g, 0.142 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added Pd/C (0.15 g, 0.141 mmol) and stirred at RT under hydrogen balloon pressure for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Reaction mass was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure to got crude was dissolved in 2 mL of DMF and submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge 8,19χ10ιηιη,5μιη; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile: water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 10-45% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 45% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (R)-3-((l S,4S)-5-(5- hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl)-l-( 4- methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (4mg, 9.83 μιτιοΐ, 6.92 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% , Acetonitrile;10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μιη, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT- 1.171min, M(+l) - 379.

H-NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 1.71-1.81 (m, 3H), 2.07-2.11 (m, 1H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 2.73 (d, J = 10.00 Hz, 1H), 3.00-3.17 (m, 4H), 3.22 (d, J = 9.60 Hz, 1H), 3.35- 3.37 (m, 1H), 3.88 (s, 1H), 4.24 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 4.30 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 4.40 (s, 1H), 6.39 (d, J = 8.80 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (dd, J = 12.00, Hz, 1H), 7.06 (d, J = 7.60 Hz, 2H), 7.13 (d, J = 8.00 Hz, 2H), 7.67 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H), 8.73 (s, 1H).

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Whelk-01(R,R) (250 X 4.6)mm 5u, Column Temperature : 26.7, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate: 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 101. RT - 5.7min.

Example 24(Homochiral): To a solution of (R)-3-((lS,4S)-5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl)-l-(4-fluorobenzyl)pyrrolidin -2-one (0.18 g, 0.194 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added Pd/C (0.15 g, 0.141 mmol) and stirred at RT under hydrogen bladder pressure for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Reaction mass was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure to got crude was dissolved in 2ml of DMF and submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge 8,19χ150ιτιιη,5μιη; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm,5pm; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile: water with 10mM NH4OAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile: water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 10-35% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 35% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator (R)-l-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-((l S,4S)-5- (5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2. l]heptan-2-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (1 lmg, 0.028 mmol, 14.66 % yield) as pale yellow solid. LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% , Acetonitrile;10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μηι, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT -1.07min, M(+l) - 383. 1H-NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 1.91-1.98 (m, 3H), 2.27-2.31 (m, 1H), 2.99 (d, J = 11.60 Hz, 1H), 3.20-3.30 (m, 3H), 3.34-3.43 (m, 2H), 3.50 (d, J = 10.00 Hz, 1H), 4.09 (s, 1H), 4.35 (d, J = 14.80 Hz, 1H), 4.45 (d, J = 15.20 Hz, 1H), 4.50 (s, 1H), 6.51 (d, J = 9.60 Hz, 1H), 7.05-7.09 (m, 2H), 7.15 (dd, J = 12.00, Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.68 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, 1H).

Chiral screening : Injection Volume : 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column: Lux cellulose-2(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature: 26.8, Total Flow: 4, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 101, RT - 3.75min.

Example 25 (PI & P2):

To a stirred solution of 6-(piperazin-l-yl)pyridin-3-ol hydrochloride (70 mg, 0.325 mmol) in dry DMF (1.5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.170 mL, 0.974 mmol) and 3-bromo-l-(3-fluoro-4-methylbenzyl)piperidin-2-one (97 mg, 0.325 mmol) mixture was heated under MW at 120 °C for 90 min . The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was concentrated to remove DMF. The crude as such was purified by ISCO. The crude compound was purified by ISCO (40 g silica gel column, eluted with 50% ethyl acetate / Pet ether ) to get 25 (a racemic mixture); l-(3-fluoro-4-methylbenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)pipe razin-l- yl)piperidin-2-one (60 mg, 0.151 mmol, 46.4 % yield) as brown gum. The racemic mixture was submitted to Chiral SFC to get PI; l-(3-fluoro-4-methylbenzyl)-3-(4- (5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)piperidin-2-one (11.1 mg, 0.026 mmol, 8.07 % yield) and P2; l-(3-fluoro-4-methylbenzyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2- yl)piperazin-l-yl)piperidin-2-one (9.6 mg, 0.023 mmol, 7.13 % yield).

SFC Purification method:

Analytical SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Luxcellulose-2(250 X 4.6)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 40%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 4.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature : 25°C, UV: 244.

Preparative SFC Conditions: Column/dimensions: Luxcellulose-2(250 X

21.5)mm,5u, % C02: 60%, % Co solvent: 45%(0.25% DEA in Methanol), Total Flow: 75.0g/min, Back Pressure: 100 bar, Temperature: 25°C, UV: 244, Peak number : Retention Time : : Peak 1 : 4.20 : : Peak 2 : 6.00, Solubility: 10ml in Methanol, Loadability/Inj : 6mg/mL, Total No of injections:6, Total Time for purification 0.50hrs, Instrument details: Make/Model: Thar SFC-80. For Pl(Homochiral):

¾ NMR: (400MHz, DMSO-de) d = 8.98 - 8.92 (m, 1H), 7.75 - 7.71 (m, 1H), 7.28 - 7.21 (m, 1H), 7.08 - 7.04 (m, 1H), 7.01 - 6.95 (m, 2H), 6.73 - 6.67 (m, 1H), 4.52 - 4.40 (m, 3H), 3.29 - 3.17 (m, 6H), 3.16 - 3.08 (m, 1H), 2.98 - 2.90 (m, 2H), 2.70 - 2.62 (m, 2H), 2.23 - 2.19 (m, 3H), 1.91 - 1.75 (m, 4H).

LCMS: Column- Ascentis Express CI 8 (50Χ2.1ιηιη-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 1.99 min, M(+l) -399.

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 7, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-2(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26.4, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 100, RT - 4.12 min.

For P2(Homochiral):

¾ NMR: (400MHz, DMSO-de) d = 9.05 - 8.90 (m, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (s, 1H), 7.05 (dd, J=9.0, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.00 - 6.95 (m, 2H), 6.70 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 4.46 (d, J=13.1 Hz, 2H), 3.28 - 3.08 (m, 7H), 2.94 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 2H), 2.66 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 2.21 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 3H), 1.86 (br. s., 3H), 1.75 - 1.65 (m, 1H).

LCMS : Column-Ascentis Express C18 (50Χ2.1ηιηι-2.7μηι ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), Flow = 1ML/MIN, Time : %B : : 0.0 : 0.0 : : 1.7 : 100.0 : : 3.0 : 100.0 : : 3.2 : 0.0, RT - 1.99 min, M(+l) -399.

Chiral purity: Injection Volume : 7, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-2(4.6X250)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26.3, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 94, RT - 4.67 min.

Example 26(Homochiral): To a solution of 3-((l S,4S)-5-(5-(benzyloxy)pyridin-2-yl)-2,5- diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl)-l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)p yrrolidin-2-one (0.18 g, 0.215 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added Pd/C (0.11 g, 0.103 mmol) and stirred at RT under hydrogen bladder pressure for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Reaction mass was filtered through celite and

concentrated under reduced pressure to got crude was dissolved in 2 mL of DMF and submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge C18,19xl50mm^m; Guard Column:Waters XBridge 8,19χ10ιηιη,5μιη; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with

0.1%TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile: water with 0.1%TFA; Gradient: 0-20% B over 25 minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 20% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get l-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)- 3-((lS,4S)-5-(5-hydroxypyridin-2-yl)-2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1] heptan-2-yl)pyrrolidin- 2-one (2mg, 4.96 μιτιοΐ, 2.305 % yield) as pale yellow solid.

LCMS: A: 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile; 1 OmM NH40AC, B: 5% Water:95% , Acetonitrile; 10mM NH4OAC, Flow: 1.1 ml/min, Temp :50°C, Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50x2.1)mm ,2.7μιη, Time (min) : 0—3, %B : 0—100, RT - 1.302min, M (+l) - 403.

1H NMR: 400 MHz, MeOD: δ 2.12-2.26 (m, 4H), 2.61 (t, J = 12.00 Hz, 1H), 3.51- 3.54 (m, 1H), 3.72 (bs, 3H), 3.80-3.93 (m, 3H), 4.17 (bs, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 9.20 Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.51 (m, 3H), 7.55 (s, 1H), 7.78-7.81 (m, 1H).

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 7, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-4 (250 X 4.6)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 98, RT - 4.43min.

To a solution of (R)-3-(4-(5-(benzyloxy)-3-methylpyridin-2-yl)piperazin-l- yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (0.15 g, 0.169 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added Pd/C (0.1 g, 0.094 mmol) and stirred at RT under hydrogen bladder pressure for overnight. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Reaction mass was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure to get crude was dissolved in 2 mL of DMF and submitted to SCP. The crude material was purified via preparative LC/MS with the following conditions: Waters Xbridge C18,19xl50mm,5uni; Guard Column: Waters XBridge C18,19xl0mm,5um; Mobile Phase A:5:95 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 Acetonitrile:water with lOmM NH40Ac; Gradient: 10-45% B over 25minutes, followed by a 10 minute hold at 45% B and 5 minute hold at 100% B;

Flow: 15ml/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried using a Genevac centrifugal evaporator to get (R)-3-(4-(5-hydroxy-3-methylpyridin- 2-yl)piperazin-l-yl)-l-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one (6mg, 0.015 mmol, 9.15 % yield) as pale yellow solid.

LCMS: Solvent A : 5 % ACN, 95 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Solvent B : 95 % ACN, 5 % Water, lOmM NH40AC, Flow Rate : 4 ml/min, Temp : 50° C,

Column :Ascentis Express CI 8 (50x4.6)mm ,2.7μη Time (min): 0— 4, % B :0— 100, RT - 2.112min, M(+l) -381.

IH NMR: 400 MHz, DMSO-d6: δ 2.08 (s, 3H), 2.21 (s, IH), 2.31 (s, 3H), 2.35-2.41 (m, 2H), 3.26-3.32 (m, 8H), 4.36-4.49 (m, 4H), 6.98-7.11 (m, IH), 7.16-7.23 (m, 4H), 7.72 (d, J = 2.80 Hz, IH).

Chiral screening: Injection Volume : 5, Co-Solvent : 0.3% DEA in Methanol, Column : Lux cellulose-4 (250 X 4.6)mm,5u, Column Temperature : 26.9, Total Flow : 4, C02 Flow Rate : 2.4, Co-Solvent Flow Rate : 1.6, Co-Solvent % : 40, Back Pressure : 100, RT - 4.58min. Example 28:

2: 6-(4-(l-(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)piper azin-l-

To a solution of l-(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-3-(4-(5-hydroxypyridin-2- yl)piperazin-l-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one (55mg, 0.148 mmol) in 1.0 mL of dry DCM and TRIETHYLAMINE (0.145 mL, 1.039 mmol) at -20 °C was added POCh (0.069 mL, 0.742 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 3 h. The reaction mixture was added water 2 mL. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 18 h. The completion of the reaction was monitored by LCMS. The reaction mixture was concentrated to get crude residue 0. lg. The crude was purified by reverse phase Prep-HPLC. After completion of purification the fractions were lyophilized to get 6- (4-(l-(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl)piperaz in-l-yl)pyridin-3-yl dihydrogen phosphate (23.56 mg, 0.051 mmol, 34.5 % yield) as off white solid. HPLC: COLUMN: CHIRAL PAK ADH ( 250 X 4.6mm), 5 micron, MOBILE PHASE: 0.2% DEA n-HEXANE:ETHANOL: 80:20 , RT - 26.88min. LCMS: Column-Ascentis Express C8 (50Χ2.1ιηηι-2.7μιη ), Mphase A : lOmM NH4C00H IN WATER: ACN(98: 02), Mphase B : lOmM NH4C00H IN

WATER:ACN(02:98), RT - 0.8 min, M(+l) - 451.

¾ NMR : (400 MHz, DMSO-de) d ppm 1.99 - 2.13 (m, 4 H) 2.21 (d, J=1.51 Hz, 2 H) 2.31 - 2.37 (m, 4 H) 2.57 - 2.71 (m, 2 H) 2.88 - 3.01 (m, 2 H) 3.61 - 3.81 (m, 3 H) 6.74 (d, J=8.53 Hz, 1 H) 7.04 - 7.20 (m, 1 H) 7.25 - 7.44 (m, 3 H) 7.63 (dd, J=12.80, 2.26 Hz, 1 H) 7.91 (br. s., 1 H). Biological Methods

Radioligand binding assay. Binding experiments to determine binding to NR2B-subtype NMDA receptors were performed on forebrains of 8-10 weeks old male Sprague Dawley rats (Harlan, Netherlands) using ¾ Ro 25-6981 (Mutel V; Buchy D; Klingelschmidt A; Messer J; Bleuel Z; Kemp JA; Richards JG . Journal of Neurochemistry , 1998, 70(5):2147-2155. Rats were decapitated without anesthesia using a Guillotine (approved by animal ethics committee) and the harvested brains were snap-frozen and stored at -80 °C for 3-6 months for membrane preparation.

For membrane preparation, rat forebrains were thawed on ice for 20 minutes in homogenization buffer composed of 50mM KH2PO4 (pH adjusted to 7.4 with KOH), lmM EDTA, 0.005% Triton X 100 and protease inhibitor cocktail (Sigma Aldrich). Thawed brains were homogenized using a Dounce homogenizer and centrifuged at 48000 X g for 20 min. The pellet was resuspended in cold buffer and homogenized again using a Dounce homogenizer. Subsequently, the homogenate was aliquoted, snap-frozen and stored at -80 °C for not more than 3-4 months.

To perform the competition binding assay, thawed membrane homogenate was added to each well of a 96-well plate (20 μg/well). The experimental compounds were serially diluted in 100% DMSO and added to each row of the assay plate to achieve desired compound concentrations, keeping the DMSO concentration in the assay plate at 1.33 % of the final reaction volume. Next, ¾ Ro 25-6981 (4 nM) was added to the assay plate. After incubation for 1 hr at room temperature, the membrane bound radioligand was harvested on to GF/B filter plates (treated with 0.5% PEI for 1 hr at room temperature). The filter plates were dried at 50 °C for 20 mins, incubated with microscint 20 for 10 minutes and finally, the counts were read on TopCount (Perkin Elmer). Non-specific binding was determined using MK-0657 (the preparation of this compound is described as example 1 in WO 2004 108705 (40 μΜ). CPM values were converted to % inhibition and the concentration response curves were plotted using custom made software. Each experiment was repeated at least twice to obtain the final binding Ki values for experimental compounds. Using this assay, the compound of example 14, P-l shows a binding Ki of 4 nM.

Ex vivo occupancy assay. This assay demonstrates that the cmpound of example 1 occupies brain-resident NR2B-subtype receptors in animals after dosing. 7-9 weeks old male CD-I mice were dosed intravenously in a vehicle consisting of 10% dimethylacetamide, 40% PEG-400, 30% hydroxypropyl betacyclodextrin, and 30% water with experimental compounds and the forebrains were harvested 15 minutes post-dosing by decapitation. The brain samples were immediately snap- frozen and stored at -80 °C. On the following day, the dosed brain samples were thawed on ice for 15-20 minutes followed by homogenization using Polytron for 10 seconds in cold homogenization buffer composed of 50 mM KH2PO4 (pH adjusted to 7.4 with KOH), lmM EDTA, 0.005% Triton X 100 and protease inhibitor cocktail (Sigma Aldrich). The crude homogenates were further homogenized using a Dounce homogenizer and the homogenized membrane aliquots from all animals were flash- frozen and stored at -80 °C until further use. The whole homogenization process was performed on ice.

For determining occupancy, the membrane homogenates were first thawed on ice and then needle-homogenized using a 25 gauge needle. The homogenized membrane (6.4 mg/ml) was added to a 96-well plate followed by addition of ¾ Ro 25-6981 (6 nM). The reaction mixture was incubated for 5 minutes on a shaker at 4 °C and then harvested onto GF/B filter plates (treated with 0.5% PEI for 1 hr at room temperature). The filter plates were dried at 50 °C for 20 mins, incubated with microscint 20 for 10 minutes and read on TopCount (Perkin Elmer). Each dose or compound group consisted of 4-5 animals. The control group of animals was dosed with vehicle alone. Membrane from each animal was added in triplicates to the assay plate. Non-specific binding was determined using 10 μΜ Ro 25-6981 added to the wells containing membrane homogenates from vehicle-dosed animals. Specific counts/minute was converted to % occupancy at each dose of a compound for each animal using the following equation:

' ? eg& 3¾¾ fi? s esfslrs ^ * Using this procedure, the compound of example 14, PI shows 86% NR2B receptor occupancy after a 3 mg/Kg i.v. dose. Drug levels were determined by mass spectroscopy in the usual manner. Drug levels in the blood plasma were 1018 nM in at this dose, and drug levels in the homogonized brain tissue were 1342 nM. hERG electrophysiology assay. The experimental compounds were assessed for hERG activity on HEK 293 cells stably expressing hERG channels using patch clamp technique. Coverslips plated with hERG expressing cells were placed in the experimental chamber and were perfused with a solution composed of (in mM): 140 NaCl, 4 KC1, 1.8 CaCh, 1 MgCh, 10 Glucose, 10 HEPES (pH 7.4, NaOH) at room temperature. Borosilicate patch pipettes had tip resistances of 2-4 Mohms when filled with an internal solution containing: 130 KC1, 1 MgCk, 1 CaCl 2 , 10 EGTA, 10 HEPES, 5 ATP-K 2 (pH 7.2, KOH). The cells were clamped at -80 mV in whole cell configuration using an Axopatch 200B (Axon instruments, Union City, CA) patch clamp amplifier controlled by pClamp (Axon instruments) software. Upon formation of a gigaseal, the following voltage protocol was repeatedly (0.05 Hz) applied to record tail currents: depolarization step from -80 mV to +20 mV for 2 seconds followed by a hyperpolarization step to -65 mV (3 seconds) to elicit tail currents and then, back to the holding potential. Compounds were applied after stabilization of tail current. First, tail currents were recorded in presence of extracellular solution alone (control) and subsequently, in extracellular solution containing increasing compound concentrations. Each compound concentration was applied for 2-5 minutes. The percentage inhibition at each concentration was calculated as reduction in peak tail current with respect to the peak tail current recorded in the presence of control solution. Data analysis was performed in custom made software. The percent inhibitions at different concentrations were plotted to obtain a concentration response curve, which was subsequently fitted with a four parameter equation to calculate the hERG IC50 value. Using this procedure, the compound of example 14, P-l is a poor inhiibitor of the hERG channel, with an IC50 = 8.9 μΜ.

Mouse Forced swim test (mFST). Forced Swim Test (FST) is an animal model used to assess antidepressant compounds in preclinical studies. The FST was performed similar to the method of Porsolt et al. with modifications (Porsolt RD, Bertin A, Jalfre M. Behavioral despair in mice: a primary screening test for antidepressants. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther 1977; 229:327-36). In this paradigm, mice are forced to swim in an inescapable cylinder filled with water. Under these conditions, mice will initially try to escape and eventually develop immobility behavior; this behavior is interpreted as a passive stress-coping strategy or depression-like behavior. Swim tanks were positioned inside a box made of plastic. Each tank was separated from each other by opaque plastic sheets to the height of cylinders. Three mice were subjected to test at a time. Swim sessions were conducted for 6 min by placing mice in individual glass cylinders (46 cm height X 20 cm diameter) containing water (20-cm deep, maintained at 24-25 ° C). At this water level, the mouse tail does not touch the bottom of the container. The mouse was judged to be immobile whenever it remained floating passively without struggling in the water and only making those movements necessary to keep its nose/head above the water and to keep it afloat. The duration of immobility was evaluated during the total 6 min of the test and expressed as duration (sec) of immobility. Each mouse was tested only once. At the end of each session, mice were dried with a dry cloth and returned to their home cage placed on a thermal blanket to prevent hypothermia. Water was replaced after each trial. All testing sessions were recorded with a video camera (Sony Handicam, Model: DCR-HC38E; PAL) and scoring was done using the Forced Swim Scan, Version 2.0 software (Clever Systems Inc., Reston, VA,

USA; see Hayashi E, Shimamura M, Kuratani K, Kinoshita M, Hara H. Automated experimental system capturing three behavioral components during murine forced swim test. Life Sci. 2011 Feb 28;88(9-10):411-7 and Yuan P, Tragon T, Xia M, Leclair CA, Skoumbourdis AP, Zheng W, Thomas CJ, Huang R, Austin CP, Chen G, Guitart X. Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors enhance sexual pleasure-seeking activity in rodents. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2011; 98(3):349-55). For NCE testing: Test compound was administered in mice 15 min before swim session by i.v. route and immobility time was recorded for next 6min. At the end of FST, the mouse were euthanized by rapid decapitation method and plasma and brain samples were collected and stored under -80°C till further analysis. In the mouce forced swim assay, the compound of example 1 was dosed intraveneously in a vehicle of 30% hydroxypropyl betacyclodextrin / 70% citrate buffer pH 4 at a 5 mL/Kg dosing volume. The compound of example 14, P-l demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in immobility time at 3 mg/Kg under these conditions. Drug levels were 314 nM in the plasma and 410 nM in the brain at this dose. The NR2B receptor occupancy was determined as reported above and was determined to be 67%. It will be evident to one skilled in the art that the present disclosure is not limited to the foregoing disclosure and that it can be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the essential attributes thereof. It is therefore desired that the instant disclosure be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, reference being made to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing disclosure, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.