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Title:
SELF DECOUPLED COMPACT CAVITY ANTENNA
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/001038
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An antenna assembly for a mobile communication device includes a group of at least two self decoupled cavity antennas. The cavity antennas are disposed in a cavity defined in a side frame member of the mobile communication device. The cavity antennas are disposed end to end, with a gap separating adjacent antennas. An antenna feed point is disposed in connection with each antenna. One antenna element of each cavity antenna is disposed on a surface of side frame member surrounding the cavity. An other antenna element of each cavity antenna is disposed within the cavity and separated from the side frame member.

Inventors:
PENNANEN, Jouni (SE)
SOWPATI, Arun (SE)
Application Number:
EP2019/067883
Publication Date:
January 07, 2021
Filing Date:
July 03, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. (CN)
SOWPATI, Arun (SE)
International Classes:
H01Q1/24; H01Q1/52; H01Q9/44; H01Q13/10; H01Q21/28; H01Q13/18
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KREUZ, Georg (DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An antenna assembly (10) for a mobile communication device (20), the mobile communication device (20) having a frame (22) with a side frame member (14), the side frame member (14) defining a cavity (26), the antenna assembly (10) comprising: a first antenna (100) and a second antenna (200) disposed within the cavity (26) defined by the side frame member (14); the first antenna (100) comprising a first end (102) and a second end (104), a first antenna feed point (106) disposed between the first end (102) and the second end (104); the second antenna (200) comprising a first end (202) and a second end (204), a second antenna feed point (206) disposed between the first end (202) and the second end (204); and the second end (104) of the first antenna (100) being disposed adjacent to the first end (202) of the second antenna (200) with a gap (12) separating the second end (104) of the first antenna (100) from the first end (202) of the second antenna (200).

2. The antenna assembly (10) according to claim 1 , wherein the side frame member (14) of the frame (22) of the mobile communication device (20) comprises one or more of a left side member, a right side member, a top side member or a bottom side member of the frame (22).

3. The antenna assembly (10) according to claim 1, wherein the first antenna (100) and the second antenna (200) are disposed lengthwise within the cavity (26) defined by the side frame member (14).

4. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the first antenna (100) comprises a first antenna element (110) and a second antenna element (120), the first antenna element (110) being disposed on a surface (30) surrounding the cavity (26) and the second antenna element (120) extending away from the first antenna element (110) and into the cavity (26)

5. The antenna assembly (10) according to claim 4, further comprising a first edge member (112) of the first antenna element (110) being connected to a first edge member (122) of the second antenna element (120).

6. The antenna assembly (10) according to claim 5, further comprising a second edge member (114) of the first antenna element (110) of the first antenna (100) being connected to the surface (30) of the side frame member (14) surrounding the cavity (26).

7. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the second antenna (200) comprises a first antenna element (210) and a second antenna element (220), the first antenna element (210) of the second antenna (200) being disposed on the surface (30) and the second antenna element (220) of the second antenna (200) extending away from the first antenna element (210) of the second antenna (200) and into the cavity (26).

8. The antenna assembly (10) according to claim 7, further comprising a first edge member (212) of the first antenna element (210) of the second antenna (200) being connected to a first edge member (222) of the second antenna element (220) of the second antenna (200).

9. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of claims 4 to 8, further comprising the second antenna element (120) of the first antenna (100) being aligned parallel to the side frame member (14) and separated from the surface (30) of the side frame member (14).

10. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of claims 4 to 9, wherein the surface (30) comprises an inner surface (32) of the side frame member (14) or an outer surface (34) of the side frame member (14).

11. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a shape of the cavity (26) is one of a rectangular shape or a cylindrical shape, and a length (LI) of the cavity (26) has a dimension that is greater than a width (Wl) of the cavity (26).

12. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of the preceding claims wherein a shape of the first antenna (100) and a shape of the second antenna (200) is one of an L-shape, a T-shape, a Z-shape or an S-shape.

13. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of the preceding claims 12, wherein the gap (12) between the first antenna (100) and the second antenna (200) defines a T-shaped slot.

14. The antenna assembly (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the first antenna feed point (106) is disposed adjacent to the second antenna feed point (206).

Description:
SELF DECOUPLED COMPACT CAVITY ANTENNA

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The aspects of the present disclosure relate generally to wireless communication devices and more particularly to an antenna assembly for a mobile communication device with reduced coupling between antennas.

BACKGROUND

[0002] High throughput is one of the properties of the fifth generation (5G) mobile communication applications. Large bandwidths and Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) in addition to efficient modulation schemes are needed for high throughput. 5G brings new frequency bands of operation with the new radio (NR) air interface, which frequencies are mostly above the current Long Term Evolution Advanced (LTE-A) 3 rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) frequency bands that cover frequencies up to 2.7GHz in most regions. Millimeter wave antenna systems are required for gigabit-level bandwidths, but the operation distance is limited when compared to sub-6-gigahertz radio systems. Existing 3GPP bands B42 (3.4-3.6GHz) and B43 (3.6-3.8GHz) will be a subset of 5G NR bands n77 (3.3-4.2GHz) and n79 (4.4-5.0GHz). The 5G NR bands n77 and n79 have a combined bandwidth of 1.5GHz, which is more than all the existing cellular bands together in a typical user equipment (UE).

[0003] Wide-band antennas with frequency bandwidth of more than lGHz are needed that can be located over the display or other conductive structural parts (i.e.,“on ground”) of a user equipment (UE). Moreover, the length of the antennas should in the vicinity of half wavelengths of the lowest resonance frequency in free space due to the need for at least four Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) antennas and much smaller in other directions. [0004] Existing Long Term Evolution antennas are usually found in the top and bottom regions of a user equipment (UE) such as a mobile communication device. Thus, when adding antennas, the only free volume is typically found on or along the long edges or sides of the mobile communication device. The most challenging environment for side antenna designs is in mobile communication devices such as smart phones with metal frames or metal rings. The reason for this is that metal frames typically have very small spacing relative to the nearby metal parts inside of the smart phone, such as the battery compartment wall, battery, cameras, shielding cans on the nearby printed circuit boards (PCBs), etc. This leaves very limited antenna volume and antennas become narrow-band and with low radiation efficiency. There are additional constraints due to the utilization of large displays (called also full or infinity displays), which again tends to limit the available antenna volume in a mobile communication device.

[0005] For MIMO antennas, it is essential to have good isolation between antennas to avoid antenna performance degradation. To achieve isolation, grounding is required between antennas which are operating at same frequency.

[0006] Accordingly, it would be desirable to be able to provide an antenna assembly for a mobile communication device that addresses at least some of the problems identified above.

SUMMARY

[0007] It is an object of the disclosed embodiments to provide an antenna assembly for a mobile communication device. This object is solved by the subject matter of the independent claims. Further advantageous modifications can be found in the dependent claims. [0008] According to a first aspect the above and further objects and advantages are obtained by an antenna assembly for a mobile communication device that has a frame with a side frame member. The side frame member defines a cavity. In one embodiment, the antenna assembly includes a first antenna and a second antenna. The first antenna and the second antenna are disposed within the cavity. The first antenna has a first end and a second end, with a first antenna feed point disposed between the first end and the second end. The second antenna has a first end and a second end with a second antenna feed point disposed between the first end of the second antenna and the second end of the second antenna. The second end of the first antenna is disposed adjacent to the first end of the second antenna. There is a gap separating the second end of the first antenna from the first end of the second antenna. The aspects of the disclosed embodiments provide a multi MIMO antenna solution for a mobile device with a metal frame with broadband and efficient performance as well as isolation between antennas. Grounding is not required between the MIMO antennas and mutual coupling of coupled antennas is reduced. [0009] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect, the side frame member of the frame of the mobile communication device comprises one or more of a left side member, a right side member, a top side member or a bottom side member of the frame. The aspects of the disclosed embodiments are directed to adding additional antennas into a free volume of the frame of the mobile communication device, while reducing mutual coupling of coupled antennas.

[0010] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect, the first antenna and the second antenna are disposed lengthwise within the cavity defined by the side frame member. The aspects of the disclosed embodiments are directed to adding additional antennas into a free volume of the frame of the mobile communication device, which is typically the long side or edge, such as the left or right side.

[0011] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect, the side frame member is a long side of the frame. The aspects of the disclosed embodiments are directed to adding additional antennas into a free volume of the frame of the mobile communication device, which is typically the long side or edge, such as the left or right side.

[0012] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect, the first antenna and the second antenna are disposed lengthwise within the cavity along a long side of the frame member. The aspects of the disclosed embodiments provide for MIMO cavity antennas operating at the same frequency to be adjacently spaced, such as side by side or end to end, while acting as decoupled antennas without the need for any matching components or structure in between them.

[0013] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect, the first antenna comprises a first antenna element and a second antenna element. The first antenna element is disposed on a surface surrounding the cavity. The second antenna element extends away from the first antenna element and into the cavity. The two antenna elements form an antenna resonating structure where one of the antenna elements is located on or along a surface of the cavity and the other antenna element is located inside the cavity. [0014] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect a first edge member of the first antenna element is connected to a first edge member of the second antenna element. The two antenna elements form an antenna resonating structure where one of the antenna elements is located on a surface of the cavity and the other antenna element is located inside the cavity. [0015] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect a second edge member of the first antenna element of the first antenna is connected to the surface of the side frame member defining the cavity. The two antenna elements form an antenna resonating structure where one of the antenna elements is located on a surface of the cavity and the other antenna element is located inside the cavity.

[0016] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect the second antenna comprises a first antenna element and a second antenna element. The first antenna element of the second antenna is disposed on the surface of the side frame member defining the cavity and the second antenna element of the second antenna extends away from the first antenna element and into the cavity. The pair of MIMO antennas cover the same frequencies without the need for matching components or structures between them.

[0017] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect a first edge member of the first antenna element of the second antenna is connected to a first edge member of the second antenna element of the second antenna. The two antenna elements form an antenna resonating structure where one of the antenna elements is located on a surface of the side frame member defining the cavity and the other antenna element is located inside the cavity.

[0018] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect the second antenna element of the first antenna is aligned parallel to the side frame member and is separated by a distance from the long side of the side frame member. The inductance L is formed from loop currents and capacitance C is formed between the antenna element inside the cavity and the longer edges or sides of the cavity. Self decoupling behaviour comes from the LC resonance that is formed in the antenna structure itself, and mutual coupling between the two antennas is reduced. [0019] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect the surface comprises an inner surface of the side frame member or an outer surface of the side frame member. The inductance L is formed from loop currents and capacitance C is formed between the antenna element inside the cavity and the longer edges or sides of the cavity. Self decoupling behaviour comes from the LC resonance that is formed in the antenna structure itself, and mutual coupling between the two antennas is reduced.

[0020] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect a shape of the cavity defined by the side frame member is one of rectangular or cylindrical, and a length of the cavity defined by the side frame member has a dimension that is greater than a width of the cavity. An antenna resonating structure is formed by the two antenna elements. The cavity may have dimensions that are substantially less than half of a wavelength at the antenna's desired operating frequency.

[0021] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect a shape of the first antenna and a shape of the second antenna is one of an L-shape, a T- shape, a Z-shape, an S-shape or a step shape. The design of optimal dimensions of the cavity antenna elements can lead to optimized efficiency and isolation for the multi-antenna system. By adjusting the shape of the cavity antenna element it is possible to tune the resonance frequency of the cavity antenna, where the width of the cavity antenna is limited.

[0022] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect the gap between the first antenna and the second antenna defines a T-shaped slot. By making a T-shaped slot between the two antenna resonating elements, further isolation improvement is realized.

[0023] In a possible implementation form of the antenna assembly according to the first aspect the first antenna feed point is disposed adjacent to the second antenna feed point. The antenna elements and the feeding points can be mirrored to each other. Further isolation improvement is realized.

[0024] These and other aspects, implementation forms, and advantages of the exemplary embodiments will become apparent from the embodiments described herein considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood, however, that the description and drawings are designed solely for purposes of illustration and not as a definition of the limits of the disclosed invention, for which reference should be made to the appended claims. Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description that follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention. Moreover, the aspects and advantages of the invention may be realized and obtained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0025] In the following detailed portion of the present disclosure, the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to the example embodiments shown in the drawings, in which:

[0026] Figures 1 illustrates a perspective schematic view of exemplary antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments. [0027] Figure 2 illustrates a cross-sectional schematic view of a side frame member of a mobile communication device with an antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments. [0028] Figure 3 illustrates a sectional view of an exemplary antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments.

[0029] Figure 4 illustrates a sectional schematic view of an exemplary antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments. [0030] Figure 5 illustrates a perspective schematic view of an exemplary antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments.

[0031] Figure 6 illustrates a perspective schematic view of an exemplary antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments.

[0032] Figure 7 illustrates a sectional view of a frame member of a mobile communication device including an exemplary antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments.

[0033] Figure 8 illustrates exemplary loop surface currents which form inductances in a cavity antenna of an antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments.

[0034] Figure 9 illustrates the capacitance behaviour in a cavity antenna of an antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments.

[0035] Figure 10 is a graph illustrating results of S-parameter efficiency of an antenna assembly incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments.

[0036] Figure 11 is a graph illustrating the efficiencies of two self decoupled antenna assemblies incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSED EMBODIMENTS

[0037] Referring to Figure 1 there can be seen a perspective view of a portion of an antenna assembly 10 implemented in exemplary apparatus such as a mobile communication device 20. The aspects of the disclosed embodiments are directed to an antenna assembly, such as a multi MIMO antenna assembly, for a user equipment 20 that has a conductive or metal frame 22. The MIMO antenna assembly can include a 4x4 MIMO antenna or an 8x8 MIMO antenna, for example. The user equipment 20 in this example comprises a mobile communication device, such as a smartphone, for example. In alternate embodiments, the mobile communication device 20 can comprise any suitable communication device, other than including a smartphone. Despite being disposed in the metal frame 22 of the mobile communication device 20, the antenna assembly 10 of the disclosed embodiments provides broadband and efficient performance with good isolation between the antennas and does not require any grounding between the antennas. Mutual coupling between coupled antennas is reduced. [0038] As shown in Figure 1 , the mobile communication device 20 has a frame 22 with at least one side member 14, also referred to herein as a side frame member. While only one side frame member 14 will be referred to herein, the aspects of the disclosed embodiments are not so limited. As will generally be understood, a typical frame 22 of a mobile communication device 20 has four side frame members, namely a top, bottom, left and right side member. The antenna assembly 10 of the disclosed embodiments can be implemented in any one or more of the four side frame members, depending upon size requirements and space limitations. However, since existing long term evolution (LTE) antennas are usually found in the top and bottom regions of a mobile communication device, the aspects of the disclosed embodiments will be described with respect to adding additional antenna to the side regions, or side frame members.

[0039] The aspects of the disclosed embodiments are directed to disposing two antennas adjacently in a free volume of a side frame member 14 of the frame 22 of the mobile communication device 20. While two antennas are referred to herein, the aspects of the disclosed embodiments are not so limited. In alternate embodiments, the antenna assembly 10 can include any suitable number of antennas, other than including two. In one embodiment, antenna assembly 10 is directed to a group with a minimum of two antennas.

[0040] In one embodiment, the antenna assembly 10 is configured to be disposed in a long side frame member of the frame 22. The left side member and the right side member of a mobile communication device 20 tend to be longer than the top side member and the bottom side member. A longer side frame member will typically present a larger space where multiple antennas can be placed, as is further described herein.

[0041] As shown in Figure 1, the antenna assembly 10 includes at least a first antenna 100 and a second antenna 200. The first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 can also be referred to singularly as a“cavity antenna” or collectively as“cavity antennas.” As is illustrated in the sectional view of Figure 2, the side frame member 14 of the frame 22 defines a cavity 26. The first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 are configured to be disposed within the cavity 26. While the description herein will generally be with respect to the first antenna 100 and/or the second antenna 200, the description herein also applies to any antenna that may comprise the antenna assembly 10.

[0042] In the example of Figure 1 , the first antenna 100 has a first end 102 and a second end 104. An antenna feed point 106, referred to herein as the first antenna feed point 106, is configured to be disposed between the first end 102 and the second end 104 of the first antenna 100.

[0043] The second antenna 200 has a first end 202 and a second end 204. In this example, an antenna feed point 206, referred to herein as a second antenna feed point 206, is configured to be disposed between the first end 202 and the second end 204 of the second antenna 200.

[0044] The antenna feed points 106, 206 can comprise any suitable antenna feeding structure. An antenna feeding structure with its matching circuit can lead to optimizing antenna resonances and efficiency. In one embodiment, the antenna feed points 106, 206 can be formed from printed multiyear flexible printed circuits (FPC) and attached to corresponding feeding tabs/posts. The antenna feed points 106, 206 can have capacitive or inductive coupling.

[0045] As shown in the example of Figure 1, the first antenna 100 is disposed adjacent to the second antenna 200 in the cavity 26. The second end 104 of the first antenna 100 is configured to be disposed adjacent to the first end 202 of the second antenna 200. In this example, the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 are disposed lengthwise, end to end. A gap or space 12 separates the second end 104 of the first antenna 100 from the first end 202 of the second antenna 200. In one embodiment, a size or dimension of the separation or gap 12 is in the range of 5 millimeters to and including 7 millimeters. In alternate embodiments, the dimensions of the antennas 100, 200 and the separation 12 are any dimensions suitable for the particular application, such as a mobile communication device. Because of the unique arrangement and configuration of the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 220, there is no need for a ground connection, decoupling networks, matching components or other structure and coupling between the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200. [0046] The first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 are configured as cavity antenna structures, with lengths that are less than half-wavelength. In one embodiment, the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 are configured to cover for example, the 5G New Radio (NR) frequency range (FR) frequency bands n77 and n79. In alternate embodiments, the antenna assembly 10 of the disclosed embodiments can be configured to cover any suitable frequency range.

[0047] Figure 2 illustrates a cross-sectional view of an exemplary side frame member

14 and the first antenna 100 of antenna assembly 10 in the cavity 26. While reference is made herein only to the first antenna 100, the description that follows also applies to the second antenna 200, and any further cavity antenna of the antenna assembly 10. In this example, the cavity 26 has a substantially oval or oblong shape. The wall 24 on one side of the cavity 26 can represent another component or device of the mobile communication device, such a battery, battery compartment or printed circuit board. In alternate embodiments, the shape of the cavity 26 can be any suitable shape, such as a rectangular or cylindrically shaped cavity. [0048] The surfaces of the cavity 26 formed by the side frame member 14 include an inner surface 32 and an outer surface 34. The length of the side frame member 14 will be longer than a width of the cavity 26. The dimensions of the cavity 26 may be substantially less than a half of a wavelength at the desired operating frequency of the antenna assembly 10.

[0049] As shown in Figure 2, the first antenna 100 has a first antenna element 110 and a second antenna element 120. The first antenna element 110 has a first side or edge 112 and a second side or edge 114. The second antenna element 120 has a first side or edge 122 and a second side or edge 124. The first sides 112, 122 and the second sides 114, 124 form the longer edges of the respective antenna elements 110, 120. The length of the antenna elements 110, 120 shown in Figure 2 are longer than their height and width. [0050] In the example of Figure 2, the first antenna element 110 is disposed on or in connection with the inner surface 32 of the side frame member 14 defining the cavity 26 or the outer surface 34 of the side frame member 14. The second antenna element 120, which is connected to the first antenna element 110, is disposed within the cavity 26. In one embodiment, the second antenna element 120 is configured to be oriented substantially parallel to and with the length of the side frame member 14 but separated from the side frame member 14 by a distance. The feed point 106 for the first antenna 100 in this example is connected to the second antenna element 120.

[0051] In one embodiment, the first antenna element 120 is configured to be disposed on and/or conform to a shape of the inner surface 32 or the outer surface 34 of the side frame member 14, depending upon the application. For example, in one embodiment, one or more of the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 can be formed from printed multilayer flexible printed circuits (FPC), foil tape, copper tape, or conductive paint, such silver paint. These materials can be applied to conform to the applicable surface 32, 34. [0052] Figure 3 illustrates a cross-sectional view of an exemplary side frame member

14 incorporating an antenna assembly 10 of the disclosed embodiments. In this example, the mobile communication device 10 includes a glass back cover 40. The first antenna element 110 is disposed on and/or connected to an inner surface 32 of the glass back cover 40 and/or the side frame member 14. The second antenna element 120 is disposed within the cavity 26. As shown in Figure 3, the first antenna element 110 is configured to conform to the shape of the glass back cover 40 or the inner surface 32 of the side frame member 14.

[0053] In the example of Figure 3, the cavity 26 is filled with a dielectric material 310.

The dielectric material 310 can have different permittivity and provide good structural strength to support the antenna assembly 10, and in particular the second antenna element 120. The cavity 26 can also be filled with or include glass, ceramic, carbon fiber, composites or other dielectric layers.

[0054] Figure 4 illustrates another example of an antenna assembly 10 incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments. In this example, the shape of the exemplary antenna 100 is configured to include an additional antenna element 410. This particular configuration can be referred to as a Z-shape, reverse Z-shape or a step shape. In this example, antenna element 410 is connected to an end of antenna element 120. In alternate embodiments, antenna element 410 can be connected to any suitable or desired portion of the antenna elements 110 and 120. By adjusting the shape of the antenna 100, is possible to tune the self-resonance frequency of antenna 100. This is particularly beneficial where width of the cavity 26 is limited. Figure 5 illustrates an additional antenna element 510 of the second antenna 200.

[0055] The shape of the antenna 100 can include any suitable shape, such as an L shape, a Z shape, an S shape, or a T shape, for example. The configurations can also be inverted or backwords, such as the inverted Z shape shown in Figure 4. The design of optimal dimensions of antenna elements for the antenna 100 can lead to optimized efficiency and isolation for the antenna assembly 10.

[0056] In the example of Figure 4, the antenna 100 has a Z type shape. Exemplary dimensions for the shape of the antenna 100 shown in Figure 4 include approximately 1.9 millimeters in the X direction, approximately 1.6 millimeters in the Y direction and approximately 1.4 millimeters in the Z direction. In alternate embodiments, the X, Y and Z dimensions of the antenna 100 can be any suitable dimensions.

[0057] Referring to Figure 5, in this example, the shape of the gap or slot 12 between the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 is a T-shaped slot. By shaping the slot 12 between the two antennas 100, 200, it is possible to further improve the isolation between the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200.

[0058] Figure 6 illustrates another exemplary antenna assembly 10. In this example the positions of the respective antenna feed points 106, 206 are shifted relative to the embodiment shown in Figure 1. In the example of Figure 6, the antenna feed points 106, 206 are disposed closer to one another. As shown in Figure 6, the antenna feed point 106 of the first antenna 100 is positioned adjacent to the antenna feed point 206 of the second antenna. In one embodiment, the antenna feed points 106, 206 can be disposed side by side. The slot 12 in this example is a T-shaped slot, although any suitably shaped slot can be used. In this example, the antennas 100 and 200 include additional antenna elements 410 and 510, respectively.

[0059] Figure 7 illustrates a sectional view of an antenna assembly 10 incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments implemented in a mobile communication device 20. In this example, the antenna assembly 10 includes a first antenna element 110 and a second antenna element 120 disposed in a long side frame member 14. A battery device 240 is disposed on one side or wall 24 of the side frame member 14. The example of Figure 7 illustrates the antenna feed point 106 of the antenna assembly 100 and its corresponding connection point(s) 706. In this example the antenna feed point 106, also referred to as an antenna feeding structure, is formed from printed multilayer FPC with matching lumped components.

[0060] Referring to Figures 8 and 9, the self-decoupling behavior of the antenna assembly 10 comes from the LC resonance, which is formed in the antenna structure itself, such that mutual coupling between the first antenna 100 and the second antenna 200 is reduced. As is illustrated in Figure 8, the inductance is formed from loop currents, generally illustrated as arrows 80. In the example of Figure 9, the side frame member 14 is metal and the capacitance C is formed between an interior surface 310 of the second antenna element 120 and the inner surface 32 of the side frame member 14.

[0061] Figure 10 is a graph illustrating the S-parameters (S2,l) of two self decoupled cavity antennas incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments operating at same frequency bands. In this example, the the isolation S2,l at 4.3 GHz is -16 dB while the return loss is -18 dB.

[0062] Figure 11 is a graph illustrating the efficiencies of two self decoupled cavity antennas incorporating aspects of the disclosed embodiments. As is seen in the exemplary graph of Figure 11 , good wide band radiation performance is achieved.

[0063] The antenna assembly 10 of the disclosed embodiments is directed to a minimum group of two cavity antennas, such as antennas 100, 200, which will reduce mutual coupling and provide good isolation between the different cavity antennas without the need of grounding, circuits or additional structure connecting or between them. The antenna assembly 10 will provide improved wide bandwidth and efficiency comparing to the ordinary antennas with ground in middle between antennas.

[0064] The cavity antennas of the antenna assembly 10 are generally configured as

MIMO antennas operating at the same frequency and act as self-decoupled antennas. The antenna assembly of the disclosed embodiments eliminates the need for any matching components or structure, such as a ground connection or an LC resonator network, connected between the different cavity antennas.

[0065] Thus, while there have been shown, described and pointed out, fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to the exemplary embodiments thereof, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the form and details of devices and methods illustrated, and in their operation, may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the presently disclosed invention. Further, it is expressly intended that all combinations of those elements, which perform substantially the same function in substantially the same way to achieve the same results, are within the scope of the invention. Moreover, it should be recognized that structures and/or elements shown and/or described in connection with any disclosed form or embodiment of the invention may be incorporated in any other disclosed or described or suggested form or embodiment as a general matter of design choice. It is the intention, therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the claims appended hereto.